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  • 1.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Studies in Faith and Ideologies, Ethics.
    Anthropomorphism and mechanomorphism2012In: Humanimalia, ISSN 2151-8645, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 107-122Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Studies in Faith and Ideologies, Ethics.
    Assessment of farm animals and intersubjectivity2010In: Global food security: ethical and legal challenges / [ed] Carlos M. Romeo Casabona, Leire Escajedo San Epifanio & Aitziber Emaldi Cirión, Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers , 2010, p. 348-353Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to outline an approach, called the textual approach, to theoretically confirm the intersubjectivity of assessments of animal welfare. The field of medical hermeneutics is used as a source for inspiration of how to correlate results of disparate empirical methods in order to better understand the health status of another being. The textual approach suggests that farm animals should be assessed as physiological objects as well as experiencing subjects. Stress-measurements add information about the animal as an object, while the adjective-based method adds information about the animal as a subject. The textual approach also implies, morally, that the assessed animal should be treated as an intrinsically valued being. The concern for intersubjectivity is thus not only based on scientific concerns, but also concerns for the animals in themselves.

  • 3.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Studies in Faith and Ideologies, Ethics.
    Care ethics and the moving animal: the roles of love and sympathy in encountering the animal being2011In: Animal movements - moving animals: essays on direction, velocity and agency in humanimal encounters / [ed] Jacob Bull, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The care-ethical approach to the animal issue has been developed with the notion of sympathy as a manner to acknowledge that non-human animals lead a relevantly moral existence. Josephine Donovan claims that this approach is inspired by David Hume’s emotive ethics, as well as Simone Weil’s notion of love. I argue that care-ethics may benefit from both Humean notion of moral sentiments, as well as from Weil’s thoughts on love, but that the distintion between the notions must be preserved. Sympathy acknowledges suffering. Love, though, acknowledges existence. The emotions, in relation to animals, thus acknowledge different aspects of the animal. It is logically inconsistent to claim both sympathy and attentive love as the most basic moral emotion. Attentive love is a distinct emotion with a distinct object which also suggests an ethical view where animals are existences among other kinds of existences, of which all are possible objects of love.

  • 4.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Ethics and Philosophy of Religion.
    Weighing Animal Lives: A Critical Assessment of Justification and Prioritization in Animal-Rights Theories2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The project underlying this dissertation aims at analyzing three pro-animal-rights theories, evaluating the theories, and outlining an alternative theoretical account of animal rights. The analytical categories are justification and function of animal rights, the definition of the right holder, and the resolution approach to rights conflict. The categories are applied to a naturalist, a theocentric, and a contractarian approach to defend animal rights. The evaluation is substantiated by the assumption that rights are meant to protect less powerful beings against more powerful aggressors. The constructive segment is an investigation into what extent identified disadvantages of the theories can be avoided by outlining a new model for animal rights.

    The analyses and evaluation suggest that all three theories are at risk of contradicting the proper function of rights-based theories. Tom Regan’s naturalist account of animal rights includes a logical possibility to sacrifice less capable beings for the sake of more capable beings. Andrew Linzey’s theocentric case for animal rights may sometimes mean that vulnerable human persons should be sacrificed for more powerful non-human beings. Mark Rowlands’ outlined contractarian model, further reconstructed in this work, fails to provide a way to resolve rights conflicts, making the function of rights inapplicable to conflicts.

    In conclusion, it is suggested that defining the right holder as a self-preservative being can be supported by, at least, the contractarian rationale. That would also conform to the proper function of rights-based theories. It is also suggested that this means that rights conflicts should be resolved by a voluntary sacrifice of the most powerful being. Practical circumstances should be created where such voluntarity is both genuine and rationally possible.

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