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  • 1.
    Aalto, Aino-Maija
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Mörk, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Sjögren, Anna
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Childcare - A safety net for children? 2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze how access to childcare affects health outcomes of children with unemployed parents using a reform that increased childcare access in some Swedish municipalities. For 4–5 year olds, we find an immediate increase in infection-related hospitalization, when these children first get access to childcare. We find no effect on younger children. When children are 10–11 years of age, children who did not have access to childcare when parents were unemployed are more likely to take medication for respiratory conditions. Taken together, our results thus suggest that access to childcare exposes children to risks for infections, but that need for medication in school age is lower for children who had access.

  • 2. Cronqvist, Henrik
    et al.
    Heyman, Fredrik
    Nilsson, Mattias
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Vlachos, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet.
    Do Entrenched CEOs pay Their Workers More?2009In: Journal of Finance, ISSN 0022-1082, E-ISSN 1540-6261, Vol. 64, p. 309-339Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3. Hakkala, Katariina
    et al.
    Norbäck, Pehr-Johan
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning.
    Asymmetric Effects of Corruption on FDI. Evidence from Swedish Multinational Firms2008In: Review of Economics and Statistics, ISSN 0034-6535, E-ISSN 1530-9142, Vol. 90, no 4, p. 627-642Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the effect of corruption on foreign direct investment (FDI). Starting out from the theory of FDI, we show that corruption can have different effects on horizontal investments, which are primarily aimed at sales to the local market, compared with vertical investments, which are made to access lower factor costs for export sales. Using Swedish firm-level data, we find that corruption reduces the probability that a firm will invest in a country. Moreover, when studying the different types of investments, we find that horizontal investments, measured by affiliate local sales, are deterred by corruption to a larger extent than are vertical investments. We are also able to establish a causal effect of corruption on FDI

  • 4. Hartman, Laura
    et al.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning.
    Hur stor är risken för bestående hög arbetslöshet?2010In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 38, no 6, p. 16-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare erfarenheter från djupa lågkonjunkturer visar att arbetslösheten tenderar att bestå även när konjunkturen vänder. Utvecklingen på den svenska arbetsmarknaden efter 1990-talskrisen är ett exempel på detta. I den här artikeln diskuterar vi denna risk i dagsläget. Vår analys baseras på en beskrivning av hur arbetslösheten utvecklats för olika grupper och på de förändringar som gjorts av institutionerna på arbetsmarknaden. Vår slutsats är att mycket tyder på att risken för att arbetslösheten kommer att bita sig fast på en hög nivå är mindre i dag än vad som var fallet efter 1990-talskrisen. Men risken finns att vi i Sverige dras ned i en djupare lågkonjunktur på grund av situationen i Europa och USA.

  • 5.
    Heyman, Fredrik
    et al.
    Institutet för näringslivsforskning.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Vlachos, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet.
    Competition, Takeovers and Gender Discrimination2013In: Industrial & labor relations review, ISSN 0019-7939, E-ISSN 2162-271X, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 409-432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Theories of taste-based discrimination predict that competitive pressures will drive discriminatory behavior out of the market. The authors analyze how firm takeovers and product market competition affect firms’ gender composition and gender wage gap using detailed matched employer-employee data. Taking into account several endogeneity concerns while using a difference-in-difference framework, they find that the share of female employees increases as a result of an ownership change when product market competition is weak. Furthermore, a takeover reduces the gender wage gap. Although the estimated effects are small, the results support the main theoretical predictions.

  • 6.
    Lundberg, Evelina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Birth Order and Child Health2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has established that birth order affects outcomes such as educational achievements, IQ and earnings. The mechanisms behind these effects are, however, still largely unknown. In this paper, we examine birth-order effects on health, and whether health at young age could be a transmission channel for birth-order effects observed later in life. We find no support for the birth-order effect having a biological origin; rather firstborns have worse health at birth. This disadvantage is reversed in early age and later-born siblings are more likely to be hospitalized for injuries and avoidable conditions, which could be related to less parental attention. In adolescence and as young adults, younger siblings are more likely to be of poor mental health and to be admitted to hospital for alcohol induced health conditions. We also critically test for reverse causality by estimating fertility responses to the health of existing children. We conclude that the effects on health are not severely biased; however, the large negative birth-order effects on infant mortality are partly due to endogenous fertility responses. Overall our results suggest that birth order effects are due to differential parental investment because parents’ time and resources are limited.

  • 7.
    Mörk, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sjögren, Anna
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Childcare costs and the demand for children-evidence from a nationwide reform2013In: Journal of Population Economics, ISSN 0933-1433, E-ISSN 1432-1475, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 33-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Exploiting the exogenous variation in user fees caused by a Swedish childcare reform, we are able to identify the causal effect of childcare costs on fertility in a context in which childcare enrollment is almost universal, user fees are low, and labor force participation of mothers is very high. Anticipation of a reduction in childcare costs increased the number of first and higher-order births, but only seemed to affect the timing of second births. For families with many children we also find a marginally significant negative income effect on fertility.

  • 8.
    Mörk, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Sjögren, Anna
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Effekter av barnomsorgsavgifter på barnafödandet2009In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 59-69Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Mörk, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sjögren, Anna
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Parental unemployment and child health2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze to what extent health outcomes of Swedish children are worse among children whose parents become unemployed. To this end we combine Swedish hospitalization data for 1992-2007 for children 3-18 years of age with register data on parental unemployment. We find that children with unemployed parents are 17 percent more likely to be hospitalized than other children, but that most of the difference is driven by selection. A child fixed-effects approach suggests a small effect of parental unemployment on child health.

  • 10.
    Mörk, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sjögren, Anna
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Parental Unemployment and Child Health2014In: CESifo Economic Studies, ISSN 1610-241X, E-ISSN 1612-7501, Vol. 60, no 2, p. 366-401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze to what extent health outcomes of Swedish children are worse among children whose parents become unemployed. To this end we combine Swedish hospitalization data for 1992-2007 for children 3-18 years of age with register data on parental unemployment. We find that children with unemployed parents are 17% more likely to be hospitalized than other children, but that most of the difference is driven by selection. A child fixed-effects approach suggests a small effect of parental unemployment on child health. (JEL-codes: I12, J13).

  • 11.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Self-employment and the local business cycle2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The business cycle is likely to be of importance for self-employment rates. When the economy is growing, business opportunities open up and encourage the set-up of new firms. In downturns, self-employment may be a way to avoid unemployment. The strength of these pull and push factors may depend on the amount of human capital a person has. The findings in this paper show that although the local business cycle is of minor importance for total self-employment rates in Sweden, there are heterogeneous effects across groups. People with higher human capital endowments are more likely to be pulled into self-employment, while those with lower human capital endowments are to a larger extent pushed into self-employment. This pattern is particularly strong for women

  • 12.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Self-employment and the local business cycle2015In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 55-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The business cycle is likely to be of importance for self-employment rates. When the economy is growing, business opportunities open up and encourage the set-up of new firms. In downturns self-employment may be a way to avoid unemployment. The strength of these pull and push factors may depend on the amount of human capital a person has. The findings in this paper show that although the local business cycle is of minor importance for total self-employment rates in Sweden there are heterogeneous effects across groups. People with higher human capital endowments are more likely to be pulled into self-employment, while those with lower human capital endowments are to a larger extent pushed into self-employment. This pattern is particularly strong for women. The study contributes to our knowledge of how individuals respond to business cycle changes as well as towards understanding why the association between the business cycle and self-employment rates differ across countries.

  • 13.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning.
    Women’s Representation and Public Spending2009In: European Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0176-2680, E-ISSN 1873-5703, Vol. 93, p. 355-372Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies whether the degree of women's representation in Swedish local councils affects local public expenditure patterns. To empirically address this question, I first analyze the differences in preferences between men and women expressed by elected local council representatives using survey data. This enables me to make precise predictions about the effects of women's representation on spending. The subsequent panel study on the composition of public spending supports the predictions that increased representation of women in the local council increases spending on childcare and education relative to elderly care.

  • 14.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    et al.
    Institutet för näringslivsforskning.
    Vlachos, Jonas
    Financial markets, the pattern of industrial specialization and comparative advantage: Evidence from OECD countries2005In: European Economic Review, ISSN 0014-2921, E-ISSN 1873-572X, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 113-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to underlying technological and organizational differences, industries differ in their need for external finance. Since services provided by the financial sector are largely immobile across countries, the pattern of industrial specialization should be influenced by the level of financial development. Among OECD countries we find a strong causal effect of the financial sector on industrial specialization. Further, the financial sector is a source of comparative advantage in a way consistent with the Hecksher–Ohlin–Vanek model. Results are also presented on which aspects of financial systems are important for specialization and comparative advantage.

  • 15.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm university.
    Vlachos, Jonas
    Markets for risk and openness to trade: how are they related?2002In: Journal of International Economics, ISSN 0022-1996, E-ISSN 1873-0353, p. 369-395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    If protectionist trade policies aim to insure domestic industries against swings in world market prices, the development of financial markets could lead to trade liberalization. Likewise, trade liberalization could lead to the development of financial markets that help agents diversify the added risks. In this paper, we empirically address the hypothesis that there is a positive interdependence between financial development and liberal trade policies. We find a positive and economically significant relationship between the two, with causation running in both directions. The results are, however, somewhat dependent on the measure of trade policy being used.

  • 16.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    et al.
    Institutet för näringslivsforskning.
    Vlachos, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet.
    Political Rents in a Non-Corrupt Democracy2009In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 95, p. 355-372Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 16 of 16
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