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  • 1. Choyke, Alice M.
    et al.
    Vretemark, Maria
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Levels of social identity expressed in the refuse and worked bone from Middle Bronze Age Százhalombatta-Földvár, Vatya culture, Hungury2004In: Behaviour Behind Bones: the zooarchaeology of ritual religion, status and identity / [ed] Sharyn Jones O´Day, Win Van Neer, Anton Ervynck, Durham: Oxbow Books, 2004, p. 177-189Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Fraser, Magdalena
    et al.
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Sten, Sabine
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Götherström, Anders
    Department of Ecology and Genetics, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 18D, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Neolithic Hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) from the Island of Gotland show early contacts with the Swedish mainland2012In: Journal of Archaeological Science, ISSN 0305-4403, E-ISSN 1095-9238, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 229-233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research probing early migrations and contacts in the Baltic Sea area is characterized by the analysis of different chronologies and subsistent strategies on all sides of the Sea. Several studies performed on artifact typology, ceramics, grave rituals and physical anthropology ended with varying results. Although the question of human origins remains inconclusive, in this study, we rely on the phylogeography of an animal associated with humans to elucidate findings regarding prehistoric human migration and contacts.

    Hedgehogs, along with other fauna on Gotland, were brought over to the island by humans. We examined hedgehog mitochondrial DNA from the Pitted Ware Culture (Middle Neolithic). The genetic signatures of the animals on the island were investigated to determine the animals origin.

    From the 23 bones originally examined, twelve bones from all five locations studied yielded reliable results and resembled published extant Erinaceus europaeus sequences from Sweden, Norway and Denmark. We postulate that a western heritage for the Neolithic hedgehogs on Gotland indicates early human contact with the Swedish mainland.

  • 3.
    Fraser, Magdalena
    et al.
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Sten, Sabine
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Malmborg, Gustav
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Ancient DNA Preserved in 5000 Year Old Hedgehog Bones2010In: The Gotland Papers: Selected Papers from the VII International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific : Migration, Identity, and Cultural Heritage / [ed] Paul Wallin, Helene Martinsson Wallin, Gotland University Press, 2010, p. 507-510Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The patterns of DNA degradation are partly known. Cold and dry environments with a neutral or slightly above neutral pH will preserve DNA better than hot, humid, or acidic conditions. But little is yet known on what types of material preserves DNA. So far, most of the genetic studies on ancient specimens have been conducted on mammals with large bones, few studies have been done on micro mammals. Here we investigate the possibility to retrieve DNA from small mammalian bones, from hedgehogs, from the Baltic island Gotland. We use bones from ancient hedgehogs from known archaeological sites. Of the 13 samples used in the study, all between 5000 and 1000 years old, 6 yielded reproducible DNA that could be assigned to hedgehog. We conclude that it is possible to retrieve DNA, and that this opens the possibility to study early migrations routs to the Baltic island Gotland.

  • 4. Myrdal, Janken
    et al.
    Sten, SabineGotland University, Department of Archeology and Osteology.
    Svenska Husdjur från medeltid till våra dagar1994Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Sten, Sabine
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Benfynd från rådhusgrävningen, Halmstad1980In: Föreningen Gamla Halmstads årsbok, Halmstad: Föreningen Gamla Halmstad, , 1980, p. 9-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Sten, Sabine
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Bosau IV. Untersuchung einer Siedlungskammer in Ostholstein, Naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen1984In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, no 79Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Sten, Sabine
    Gotland University, Department of Archeology and Osteology.
    Bovine teeth in age assessment, from medieval cattle to Belgian Blue: methodology, possibilities and limitations2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The kill-off pattern of domestic animals in archaeological faunal assemblages is most commonly established from deciduous and permanent tooth eruption and tooth wear patterns. During the last decades, however, the method of counting cemental incremental lines has been used on wild mammals, specifically to assess the time of seasonal settlement in archaeological materials. The method is relatively new and its potential is still being explored. Thus, further studies are needed to better define the accuracy, precision, sensitivity and specificity of the age assessment method of counting incremental lines in the dental cementum of domestic animals. The literature on this method is quite limited.

    The overall aim is to develop and characterise an age assessment method based on incremental lines in dental cementum using contemporary bovine teeth and teeth from archaeological faunal assemblages. The investigations also include two other age assessment methods: tooth wear pattern and macroscopic dental measurements. The first permanent mandibular molar and lower jaws from 70 contemporary cattle of known age were made available for this study. In addition, 170 teeth from 170 animals and lower jaw molars when available from ten different Swedish archaeological sites were used. The following conclusions were drawn:

    “Are there incremental lines in the dental cementum of cattle?” In transmitted polarised light, both distinct narrow light layes and wide dark layer were present in ground sections of teeth from medieval as well as contemporary cattle.

    “Can incremental lines in the dental cementum of cattle be utilised for age assessment purposes?” The growth layers in teeth from medieval and post-Reformation cattle were more distinct than those of contemporary teeth. Thus, there appears to be a sound basis for age assessment of cattle of unknown ages based on incremental lines in dental cementum.

    “Is there a relationship between the number of incremental lines and age in contemporary cattle?” and “Which part of the tooth root is the most reliable for age assessment based number of incremental lines in the dental cementum varied between different parts of the tooth root as well as within one and the same individual. The results from contemporary cattle of known age showed a strong relationship between age and incremental lines in the cementum of the distal part of the mesial root (R2=65.5%) and the known ages of the animals. The lines were thus interpreted as incremental lines related to age.

    “Can the last formed cemental incremental line be used to identify the season in which the animal died?” There was no significant relationship between the appearance of the different parts of the incremental lines (dark or light) and the season of slaughter in contemporary cattle. This may be a consequence of the difficulty of correctly interpreting the outermost line in the ground sections.

    “Do any other factors influence the formation of incremental lines in contemporary cattle?” With the “best” model variation in age could be explained to 65.5% (R2) by the number of incremental lines. Thus, the remaining age variation (approximately 35%) could not be explained by these lines. Other factors than must thus be responsible. However, with the exception of calves born the present material did not reveal any such significant relationship. In a larger material such factors could comprise stress, living conditions, climate, etc.

    “How do other age assessment methods involving teeth compare with age assessment based on the formation of cemental incremental lines?” The results from cattle of known age indicate that the method of assessing age on the basis of cemental incremental lines is more reliable than other methods such as tooth wear or tooth measurements. However, by combining counting incremental lines and one variable assessing tooth dimension (tooth height) a slightly stronger relationship could be obtained (R2=74.5%).

    “Can the methodological results from the contemporary material be applied to an archaeological material and if so, what are the limitations and possibilities of the methods?”

    The results from age assessment of the medieval and post-Reformation cattle emphasize the importance of supplementing any age estimation of archaeological assemblages based on dental indicators with characteristics for the particular assessment model. Furthermore, conclusions based on age assessment with such models can not be drawn with any more detailed time scale than about 2 years leaving at best only 25% (R2) of factors influencing the dental indicator(s) utilized in the model unexplained. One such factor could be the number of calves given birth to. The accuracy of the age assessment required by the particular historical context in which the archaeological remains are found should thus decide what level of accuracy should be chosen.

  • 8.
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Dämba 279, Fårö socken, Gotland: En osteologisk analys av två gravar2015Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Gamle fiskbein, styr, strämming, tåsk med fleira2013In: Hushållningssällskapet Gotlands tidskrift, ISSN 2000-5784, no 3, p. 21-23Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Gamle fiskbein, styr, strämming, tåsk med fleira2013Report (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Sten, Sabine
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Kosthållning och pälsjakt: osteologins vittnesbörd1988In: Bondeplågarens borg: om och kring undersökningen av fogdefästet Borganäs i Dalarna / [ed] Mats Mogren, Kenneth Svensson, Stockholm: Byrån för arkeologiska undersökningar, Riksantikvarieämbetet (UV) i samarbete med Borlänge kommun och Dalarnas museum , 1988Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Sten, Sabine
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Middelalderens sygdomme og behandlingsformer i Danmark2000In: Populär Arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, no 2Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Slutrapport i Genomförandeprojektet Osteoporosis och osteoarthritis, då och nu2015Report (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Sten, Sabine
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Tolkning av djurbenen från Borganäs fogdeborg i Dalarna1987In: Meta: Medeltidsarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7903, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Sten, Sabine
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Trading with fish in medieval Sweden: some examples from archaeological bone finds1995In: Archaeofauna : international journal of archaeozoology, ISSN 1132-6891, no 4, p. 65-69Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Sten, Sabine
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Två dalaborgars ekonomiska och sociala struktur belyst av det osteologiska materialet1989In: Den medeltida borgen: aspekter på aktuell borgforskning / [ed] Jan Melander, Gävle: Länsmuseet i Gävleborgs län , 1989, p. 51-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Sten, Sabine
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Öppnandet av Sankt Eriks skrin2010In: Uppsala domkyrka: 5. Inredning och Inventarier / [ed] Herman Bengtsson, Inger Estham och R. Axel Unnerbäck, Uppsala: Upplandsmuseet , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Sten, Sabine
    et al.
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Ahlström, Torbjörn
    University of Lund.
    Alexandersen, Verner
    Borrman, Helene
    University of Gothenburg.
    Christensen, Eva
    National Heritage Board, Stockholm.
    Ekenman, Ingrid
    Huddinge Sjukhus.
    Klouboucek, Jan
    Museum of National Anliquities, Stockholm.
    Königsson, Lars-König
    Possnert, Göran
    Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala.
    Ragnesten, Ulf
    Göteborgs Stadsmuseum.
    Barumkvinnan: nya forskningsrön2000In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, no 2, p. 73-87Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Sten, Sabine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Lovén, Christian
    Riksarkivet,Box 12541, SE-10229 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kjellström, Anna
    Stockholms Univ, Inst Arkeologi Antikens kultur, Osteologiska Skningslab, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Liden, Kerstin
    Stockholms Univ, Inst Arkeologi Antikens kultur, Arkeologiska Skningslabo, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Vretemark, Maria
    Västergotlands Museum, SE-53232 Skara, Sweden..
    Hongslo Vala, Cecilie
    Univ Goteborgs, Enheten Geriatrik Inst Medicin, Sahlgrenska Akademin, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Ljunggren, Östen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrinology and mineral metabolism.
    Fjällstrom, Markus
    Uppsala Univ, Arkeol Forskningslab, SE-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Shalabi, Adel
    Bild­ och funktionsmedicinskt centrum, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Duvernoy, Olov
    Bild­ och funktionsmedicinskt centrum, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Segelsjö, Monica
    Bild­ och funktionsmedicinskt centrum, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Malmström, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Evolution and Developmental Biology.
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Evolution and Developmental Biology.
    Erik den heliges skelett2016In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 111, no 1, p. 27-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Saint Erik was King of Sweden for a few years up to 1160, when he was killed. A skeleton attributed to him is kept in Uppsala Cathedral. It underwent scientific reappraisal in 2014. The analyses included computer tomography, Xray absorptiometry, isotope analysis and DNA sampling. Radiocarbon confirms the alleged age of the bones. They belong to a 35-40-year-old man in excellent physical shape. The many wounds that he received in connection with his death fit surprisingly well with the saint's legend, whose preserved version was written 130 years after the event.

  • 20.
    Sten, Sabine
    et al.
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Mellström, Dan
    Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset.
    Vad kan gamla arkeologiska skelettfynd bidra med i dagens medicinska forskning om osteoporos?2011In: Osteoporos-nytt, ISSN 1404-6199, no 4, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Vala, C. H.
    et al.
    Sahlgrens Acad, Inst Med, Dept Internal Med & Clin Nutr, Geriatr Med, Molndal, Sweden..
    Karrholm, J.
    Molndal Cty Hosp, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Orthoped Surg, Molndal, Sweden..
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Karlsson, M.
    Lund Univ, Skane Univ Hosp, Dept Orthopaed & Clin Sci, Malmo, Sweden..
    Sundh, V.
    Sahlgrens Acad, Inst Med, Dept Internal Med & Clin Nutr, Geriatr Med, Molndal, Sweden..
    Lorentzon, M.
    Sahlgrens Acad, Inst Med, Dept Internal Med & Clin Nutr, Geriatr Med, Molndal, Sweden..
    Mellstrom, D.
    Sahlgrens Acad, Inst Med, Dept Internal Med & Clin Nutr, Geriatr Med, Molndal, Sweden..
    Risk For Hip Fracture 10 Years Before And After Total Knee Replacement Surgery In The Entire Swedish Population2016In: Osteoporosis International, ISSN 0937-941X, E-ISSN 1433-2965, Vol. 27, p. S46-S46Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22. Vretemark, Maria
    et al.
    Sten, Sabine
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Benen från Sankt Knuts kapellruin2008In: Gråborg på Ölan: om en borg, ett kapell och en by / [ed] Göran Tegnér, Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2008, p. 219-220Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23. Vretemark, Maria
    et al.
    Sten, Sabine
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Djur och människor i Gråborg2008In: Gråborg på Öland: om en borg, ett kapell och en by / [ed] Göran Tegnér, Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2008, p. 213-218Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24. Vretemark, Maria
    et al.
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Skeletal Manipulations of Dogs at the Bronze Age Site of Százhalombatta-Földvár in Hungary2010In: Anthropological approaches to zooarchaeology: complexity, colonialism, and animal transformations / [ed] D. Campana, P. Crabtree, S. D. deFrance, J. Lev-Tov and A. Choyke, Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25. Werdelin, Lars
    et al.
    Myrdal, Janken
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Patterns of stature variation in Medieval Sweden2000In: Hikuin, ISSN 0105-8118, no 27, p. 293-306Article in journal (Other academic)
1 - 25 of 25
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