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  • 1.
    Ekeberg, Tomas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik. DESY, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Svenda, Martin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Seibert, M. Marvin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Abergel, Chantal
    CNRS, Informat Genom & Struct UMR7256, Parc Sci Luminy,Case 934, F-13288 Marseille 9, France.;Aix Marseille Univ, Inst Microbiol Mediterranee FR3479, Parc Sci Luminy,Case 934, F-13288 Marseille 9, France..
    Maia, Filipe R.N.C.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Seltzer, Virginie
    CNRS, Informat Genom & Struct UMR7256, Parc Sci Luminy,Case 934, F-13288 Marseille 9, France.;Aix Marseille Univ, Inst Microbiol Mediterranee FR3479, Parc Sci Luminy,Case 934, F-13288 Marseille 9, France..
    DePonte, Daniel P.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, LCLS, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA..
    Aquila, Andrew
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, LCLS, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.;European XFEL, Albert Einstein Ring 19, D-22761 Hamburg, Germany..
    Andreasson, Jakob
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Iwan, Bianca
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik. Ctr Etud Saclay, Commissariat Energie Atom & Energies Alternat, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
    Jönsson, H. Olof
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik.
    Westphal, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Odic, Dusko
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Andersson, Inger
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Barty, Anton
    DESY, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Liang, Meng
    DESY, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.;SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, LCLS, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA..
    Martin, Andrew V.
    DESY, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.;Univ Melbourne, 161 Barry St, Melbourne, Vic 3010, Australia..
    Gumprecht, Lars
    DESY, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Fleckenstein, Holger
    DESY, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Bajt, Sasa
    DESY, Photon Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Barthelmess, Miriam
    DESY, Photon Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Coppola, Nicola
    DESY, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Claverie, Jean-Michel
    CNRS, Informat Genom & Struct UMR7256, Parc Sci Luminy,Case 934, F-13288 Marseille 9, France.;Aix Marseille Univ, Inst Microbiol Mediterranee FR3479, Parc Sci Luminy,Case 934, F-13288 Marseille 9, France..
    Loh, N. Duane
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford PULSE Inst, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.;Natl Univ Singapore, Ctr BioImaging Sci, 14 Sci Dr 4 Blk S1 A, Singapore 117546, Singapore..
    Bostedt, Christoph
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, LCLS, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA..
    Bozek, John D.
    Synchrotron SOLEIL, Lorme Merisiers Roundabout St Aubin, F-91190 St Aubin, France..
    Krzywinski, Jacek
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, LCLS, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA..
    Messerschmidt, Marc
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, LCLS, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA..
    Bogan, Michael J.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford PULSE Inst, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA..
    Hampton, Christina Y.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford PULSE Inst, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA..
    Sierra, Raymond G.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford PULSE Inst, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA..
    Frank, Matthias
    Lawrence Livermore Natl Lab, 7000 East Ave,Mail Stop L-211, Livermore, CA 94551 USA..
    Shoeman, Robert L.
    Lomb, Lukas
    Max Planck Inst Med Res, Jahnstr 29, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Foucar, Lutz
    Max Planck Inst Med Res, Jahnstr 29, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.;Max Planck Adv Study Grp, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Epp, Sascha W.
    Max Planck Adv Study Grp, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.;Max Planck Inst Kernphys, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Rolles, Daniel
    Max Planck Inst Med Res, Jahnstr 29, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.;Max Planck Adv Study Grp, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.;Kansas State Univ, Dept Phys, JR Macdonald Lab, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506 USA..
    Rudenko, Artem
    Max Planck Adv Study Grp, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.;Max Planck Inst Kernphys, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.;Kansas State Univ, Dept Phys, JR Macdonald Lab, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506 USA..
    Hartmann, Robert
    PNSensor GmbH, Otto Hahn Ring 6, D-81739 Munich, Germany..
    Hartmann, Andreas
    PNSensor GmbH, Otto Hahn Ring 6, D-81739 Munich, Germany..
    Kimmel, Nils
    Max Planck Inst Halbleiterlabor, Otto Hahn Ring 6, D-81739 Munich, Germany.;Max Planck Inst Extraterr Phys, Giessenbachstr, D-85741 Garching, Germany..
    Holl, Peter
    PNSensor GmbH, Otto Hahn Ring 6, D-81739 Munich, Germany..
    Weidenspointner, Georg
    Max Planck Inst Halbleiterlabor, Otto Hahn Ring 6, D-81739 Munich, Germany.;Max Planck Inst Extraterr Phys, Giessenbachstr, D-85741 Garching, Germany..
    Rudek, Benedikt
    Max Planck Adv Study Grp, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.;Max Planck Inst Kernphys, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Erk, Benjamin
    Max Planck Adv Study Grp, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.;Max Planck Inst Kernphys, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Kassemeyer, Stephan
    Max Planck Inst Med Res, Jahnstr 29, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Schlichting, Ilme
    Max Planck Inst Med Res, Jahnstr 29, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.;Max Planck Adv Study Grp, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Strueder, Lothar
    PNSensor GmbH, Otto Hahn Ring 6, D-81739 Munich, Germany.;Univ Siegen, Emmy Noether Campus,Walter Flex Str 3, D-57068 Siegen, Germany..
    Ullrich, Joachim
    Max Planck Adv Study Grp, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.;Max Planck Inst Kernphys, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.;Phys Tech Bundesanstalt, Bundesallee 100, D-38116 Braunschweig, Germany..
    Schmidt, Carlo
    Max Planck Adv Study Grp, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.;Max Planck Inst Kernphys, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany..
    Krasniqi, Faton
    Max Planck Inst Med Res, Jahnstr 29, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.;Max Planck Adv Study Grp, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Hauser, Guenter
    Max Planck Inst Halbleiterlabor, Otto Hahn Ring 6, D-81739 Munich, Germany.;Max Planck Inst Extraterr Phys, Giessenbachstr, D-85741 Garching, Germany..
    Reich, Christian
    PNSensor GmbH, Otto Hahn Ring 6, D-81739 Munich, Germany..
    Soltau, Heike
    PNSensor GmbH, Otto Hahn Ring 6, D-81739 Munich, Germany..
    Schorb, Sebastian
    Tech Univ Berlin, Inst Opt & Atomare Phys, Hardenbergstr 36, D-10623 Berlin, Germany..
    Hirsemann, Helmut
    DESY, Photon Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Wunderer, Cornelia
    DESY, Photon Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Graafsma, Heinz
    DESY, Photon Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Chapman, Henry
    DESY, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.;Univ Hamburg, Notkestr 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Hajdu, Janos
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik. European XFEL, Albert Einstein Ring 19, D-22761 Hamburg, Germany..
    Single-shot diffraction data from the Mimivirus particle using an X-ray free-electron laser2016Inngår i: Scientific Data, E-ISSN 2052-4463, Vol. 3, artikkel-id UNSP 160060Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Free-electron lasers (FEL) hold the potential to revolutionize structural biology by producing X-ray pules short enough to outrun radiation damage, thus allowing imaging of biological samples without the limitation from radiation damage. Thus, a major part of the scientific case for the first FELs was three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of non-crystalline biological objects. In a recent publication we demonstrated the first 3D reconstruction of a biological object from an X-ray FEL using this technique. The sample was the giant Mimivirus, which is one of the largest known viruses with a diameter of 450 nm. Here we present the dataset used for this successful reconstruction. Data-analysis methods for single-particle imaging at FELs are undergoing heavy development but data collection relies on very limited time available through a highly competitive proposal process. This dataset provides experimental data to the entire community and could boost algorithm development and provide a benchmark dataset for new algorithms.

  • 2.
    Iwan, Bianca
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Creating and Probing Extreme States of Materials: From Gases and Clusters to Biosamples and Solids2012Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Free-electron lasers provide high intensity pulses with femtosecond duration and are ideal tools in the investigation of ultrafast processes in materials. Illumination of any material with such pulses creates extreme conditions that drive the sample far from equilibrium and rapidly convert it into high temperature plasma. The dynamics of this transition is not fully understood and the main goal of this thesis is to further our knowledge in this area.

    We exposed a variety of materials to X-ray pulses of intensities from 1013 to above 1017 W/cm2. We found that the temporal evolution of the resulting plasmas depends strongly on the wavelength and pulse intensity, as well as on material related parameters, such as size, density, and composition.

    In experiments on atomic and molecular clusters, we find that cluster size and sample composition influence the destruction pathway. In small clusters a rapid Coulomb explosion takes place while larger clusters undergo a hydrodynamic expansion. We have characterized this transition in methane clusters and discovered a strong isotope effect that promotes the acceleration of deuterium ions relative to hydrogen. Our results also show that ions escaping from exploding xenon clusters are accelerated to several keV energies.

    Virus particles represent a transition between hetero-nuclear clusters and complex biological materials. We injected single mimivirus particles into the pulse train of an X-ray laser, and recorded coherent diffraction images simultaneously with the fragmentation patterns of the individual particles. We used these results to test theoretical damage models. Correlation between the diffraction patterns and sample fragmentation shows how damage develops after the intense pulse has left the sample.

    Moving from sub-micron objects to bulk materials gave rise to new phenomena. Our experiments with high-intensity X-ray pulses on bulk, metallic samples show the development of a transient X-ray transparency. We also describe the saturation of photoabsorption during ablation of vanadium and niobium samples.

    Photon science with extremely strong X-ray pulses is in its infancy today and will require much more effort to gain more knowledge. The work described in this thesis represents some of the first results in this area.

    Delarbeid
    1. Explosion, ion acceleration and molecular fragmentation of methane clusters in the pulsed beam of a free-electron laser
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Explosion, ion acceleration and molecular fragmentation of methane clusters in the pulsed beam of a free-electron laser
    Vise andre…
    2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 86, nr 3, s. 033201-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    X-ray lasers offer new possibilities for creating and probing extreme states of matter. We used intense and short x-ray pulses from the FLASH soft x-ray laser to trigger the explosions of CH4 and CD4 molecules and their clusters. The results show that the explosion dynamics depends on cluster size and indicate a transition from Coulomb explosion to hydrodynamic expansion in larger clusters. The explosion of CH4 and CD4 clusters shows a strong isotope effect: The heavier deuterons acquire higher kinetic energies than the lighter protons. This may be due to an extended inertial confinement of deuterons vs. protons near a rapidly charging cluster core during exposure.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-180987 (URN)10.1103/PhysRevA.86.033201 (DOI)000308286600008 ()
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-09-14 Laget: 2012-09-14 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-07bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. TOF-OFF: A method for determining focal positions in tightly focused free-electron laser experiments by measurement of ejected ions
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>TOF-OFF: A method for determining focal positions in tightly focused free-electron laser experiments by measurement of ejected ions
    Vise andre…
    2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: High Energy Density Physics, ISSN 1574-1818, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 336-342Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Pulse intensities greater than 1017 Watt/cm2 were reached at the FLASH soft X-ray laser in Hamburg, Germany, using an off-axis parabolic mirror to focus 15 fs pulses of 5–70 μJ energy at 13.5 nm wavelength to a micron-sized spot. We describe the interaction of such pulses with niobium and vanadium targets and their deuterides. The beam produced craters in the solid targets, and we measured the kinetic energy of ions ejected from these craters. Ions with several keV kinetic energy were observed from craters approaching 5 μm in depth when the sample was at best focus. We also observed the onset of saturation in both ion acceleration and ablation with pulse intensities exceeding 1016 W/cm2, when the highest detected ion energies and the crater depths tend to saturate with increasing intensity.

    A general difficulty in working with micron and sub-micron focusing optics is finding the exact focus of the beam inside a vacuum chamber. Here we propose a direct method to measure the focal position to a resolution better than the Rayleigh length. The method is based on the correlation between the energies of ejected ions and the physical dimensions of the craters. We find that the focus position can be quickly determined from the ion time-of-flight (TOF) data as the target is scanned through the expected focal region. The method does not require external access to the sample or venting the vacuum chamber. Profile fitting employed to analyze the TOF data can extend resolution beyond the actual scanning step size.

    Emneord
    X-ray free-electron laser, FLASH, Ion acceleration, Time-of-flight ion spectrometry, Ablation, Crater formation, Focus determination
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-166857 (URN)10.1016/j.hedp.2011.06.008 (DOI)000298040400020 ()
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-01-17 Laget: 2012-01-16 Sist oppdatert: 2016-04-12bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. Modeling of soft X-ray induced ablation in solids
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Modeling of soft X-ray induced ablation in solids
    Vise andre…
    2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: DAMAGE TO VUV, EUV, AND X-RAY OPTICS III, 2011, Vol. 8077Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Powerful free electron lasers (FELs) operating in the soft X-ray regime are offering new possibilities for creating and probing materials under extreme conditions. We describe here simulations to model the interaction of a focused FEL pulse with metallic solids (niobium, vanadium, and their deuterides) at 13.5 nm wavelength (92 eV) with peak intensities between 10(15) to 10(18) W/cm(2) and a fixed pulse length of 15 femtoseconds (full width at half maximum). The interaction of the pulse with the metallic solids was modeled with a non-local thermodynamic equilibrium code that included radiation transfer. The calculations also made use of a self-similar isothermal fluid model for plasma expansion into vacuum. We find that the time-evolution of the simulated critical charge density in the sample results in a critical depth that approaches the observed crater depths in an earlier experiment performed at the FLASH free electron laser in Hamburg. The results show saturation in the ablation process at intensities exceeding 10(16) W/cm(2). Furthermore, protons and deuterons with kinetic energies of several keV have been measured, and these concur with predictions from the plasma expansion model. The results indicate that the temperature of the plasma reached almost 5 million K after the pulse has passed.

    Serie
    Proceedings of SPIE ; Volym 8077
    Emneord
    X-ray free electron laser; plasma; ion acceleration; ablation; non - local thermodynamics equilibrium
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-169711 (URN)10.1117/12.888988 (DOI)
    Konferanse
    Conference on Damage to VUV, EUV, and X-ray Optics III
    Merknad

    Conference on Damage to VUV, EUV, and X-ray Optics III, Prague, CZECH REPUBLIC, APR 18-20, 2011

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-03-05 Laget: 2012-03-05 Sist oppdatert: 2016-04-12
    4. Saturated ablation in metal hydrides and acceleration of protons and deuterons to keV energies with a soft-x-ray laser
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Saturated ablation in metal hydrides and acceleration of protons and deuterons to keV energies with a soft-x-ray laser
    Vise andre…
    2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, ISSN 1539-3755, E-ISSN 1550-2376, Vol. 83, nr 1, s. 016403-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of materials under extreme conditions have relevance to a broad area of research, including planetary physics, fusion research, materials science, and structural biology with x-ray lasers. We study such extreme conditions and experimentally probe the interaction between ultrashort soft x-ray pulses and solid targets (metals and their deuterides) at the FLASH free-electron laser where power densities exceeding 1017 W/cm2 were reached. Time-of-flight ion spectrometry and crater analysis were used to characterize the interaction. The results show the onset of saturation in the ablation process at power densities above 1016 W/cm2. This effect can be linked to a transiently induced x-ray transparency in the solid by the femtosecond x-ray pulse at high power densities. The measured kinetic energies of protons and deuterons ejected from the surface reach several keV and concur with predictions from plasma-expansion models. Simulations of the interactions were performed with a nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium code with radiation transfer. These calculations return critical depths similar to the observed crater depths and capture the transient surface transparency at higher power densities.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-147776 (URN)10.1103/PhysRevE.83.016403 (DOI)000286759700006 ()
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-03-01 Laget: 2011-02-28 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-11bibliografisk kontrollert
    5. Explosions of Xenon Clusters in Ultraintense Femtosecond X-Ray Pulses from the LCLS Free Electron Laser
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Explosions of Xenon Clusters in Ultraintense Femtosecond X-Ray Pulses from the LCLS Free Electron Laser
    Vise andre…
    2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 108, nr 13, artikkel-id 133401Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Explosions of large Xe clusters (< N > similar to 11 000) irradiated by femtosecond pulses of 850 eV x-ray photons focused to an intensity of up to 1017 W/cm(2) from the Linac Coherent Light Source were investigated experimentally. Measurements of ion charge-state distributions and energy spectra exhibit strong evidence for the formation of a Xe nanoplasma in the intense x-ray pulse. This x-ray produced Xe nanoplasma is accompanied by a three-body recombination and hydrodynamic expansion. These experimental results appear to be consistent with a model in which a spherically exploding nanoplasma is formed inside the Xe cluster and where the plasma temperature is determined by photoionization heating.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-180993 (URN)10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.133401 (DOI)000302019600004 ()22540697 (PubMedID)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-09-14 Laget: 2012-09-14 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-07bibliografisk kontrollert
    6. Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry to Monitor Sample Expansion in Flash Diffraction Studies on Single Virus Particles
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry to Monitor Sample Expansion in Flash Diffraction Studies on Single Virus Particles
    Vise andre…
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-181365 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-09-22 Laget: 2012-09-22 Sist oppdatert: 2014-09-26
  • 3.
    Iwan, Bianca
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Andreasson, Jakob
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Bergh, Magnus
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Schorb, Sebastian
    Thomas, Heiko
    Rupp, Daniela
    Gorkhover, Tais
    Adolph, Markus
    Bostedt, Christoph
    Hajdu, Janos
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Explosion, ion acceleration and molecular fragmentation of methane clusters in the pulsed beam of a free-electron laser2012Inngår i: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 86, nr 3, s. 033201-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    X-ray lasers offer new possibilities for creating and probing extreme states of matter. We used intense and short x-ray pulses from the FLASH soft x-ray laser to trigger the explosions of CH4 and CD4 molecules and their clusters. The results show that the explosion dynamics depends on cluster size and indicate a transition from Coulomb explosion to hydrodynamic expansion in larger clusters. The explosion of CH4 and CD4 clusters shows a strong isotope effect: The heavier deuterons acquire higher kinetic energies than the lighter protons. This may be due to an extended inertial confinement of deuterons vs. protons near a rapidly charging cluster core during exposure.

  • 4.
    Iwan, Bianca S
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Andreasson, Jakob
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Andrejczuk, A.
    Abreu, E.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Bergh, M.
    Caleman, Carl
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Nelson, A. J.
    Bajt, S.
    Chalupsky, J.
    Chapman, H. N.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Faeustlin, R. R.
    Hajkova, V.
    Heimann, P. A.
    Hjörvarsson, Björgvin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialfysik.
    Juha, L.
    Klinger, D.
    Krzywinski, J.
    Nagler, B.
    Pålsson, Gunnar Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialfysik.
    Singer, W.
    Seibert, Marvin M.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Sobierajski, R.
    Toleikis, S.
    Tschentscher, T.
    Vinko, S. M.
    Lee, R. W.
    Hajdu, Janos
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    TOF-OFF: A method for determining focal positions in tightly focused free-electron laser experiments by measurement of ejected ions2011Inngår i: High Energy Density Physics, ISSN 1574-1818, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 336-342Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Pulse intensities greater than 1017 Watt/cm2 were reached at the FLASH soft X-ray laser in Hamburg, Germany, using an off-axis parabolic mirror to focus 15 fs pulses of 5–70 μJ energy at 13.5 nm wavelength to a micron-sized spot. We describe the interaction of such pulses with niobium and vanadium targets and their deuterides. The beam produced craters in the solid targets, and we measured the kinetic energy of ions ejected from these craters. Ions with several keV kinetic energy were observed from craters approaching 5 μm in depth when the sample was at best focus. We also observed the onset of saturation in both ion acceleration and ablation with pulse intensities exceeding 1016 W/cm2, when the highest detected ion energies and the crater depths tend to saturate with increasing intensity.

    A general difficulty in working with micron and sub-micron focusing optics is finding the exact focus of the beam inside a vacuum chamber. Here we propose a direct method to measure the focal position to a resolution better than the Rayleigh length. The method is based on the correlation between the energies of ejected ions and the physical dimensions of the craters. We find that the focus position can be quickly determined from the ion time-of-flight (TOF) data as the target is scanned through the expected focal region. The method does not require external access to the sample or venting the vacuum chamber. Profile fitting employed to analyze the TOF data can extend resolution beyond the actual scanning step size.

  • 5. Nelson, A. J.
    et al.
    Toleikis, S.
    Chapman, H.
    Bajt, S.
    Krzywinski, J.
    Chalupsky, J.
    Juha, L.
    Cihelka, J.
    Hajkova, V.
    Vysin, L.
    Burian, T.
    Kozlova, M.
    Fäustlin, R. R.
    Nagler, B.
    Vinko, S. M.
    Whitcher, T.
    Dzelzainis, T.
    Renner, O.
    Saksl, K.
    Khorsand, A. R.
    Heimann, P. A.
    Sobierajski, R.
    Klinger, D.
    Jurek, M.
    Pelka, J.
    Iwan, Bianca
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Andreasson, Jakob
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Fajardo, M.
    Wark, J. S.
    Riley, D.
    Tschentscher, T.
    Hajdu, Janos
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Lee, R. W.
    Soft x-ray free electron laser microfocus for exploring matter under extreme conditions2009Inngår i: Optics Express, ISSN 1094-4087, E-ISSN 1094-4087, Vol. 17, nr 20, s. 18271-18278Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We have focused a beam (BL3) of FLASH (Free-electron LASer in Hamburg: lambda = 13.5 nm, pulse length 15 fs, pulse energy 10-40 mu J, 5Hz) using a fine polished off-axis parabola having a focal length of 270 mm and coated with a Mo/Si multilayer with an initial reflectivity of 67% at 13.5 nm. The OAP was mounted and aligned with a picomotor controlled six-axis gimbal. Beam imprints on poly(methyl methacrylate) -PMMA were used to measure focus and the focused beam was used to create isochoric heating of various slab targets. Results show the focal spot has a diameter of <= 1 mu m. Observations were correlated with simulations of best focus to provide further relevant information.

  • 6. Thomas, H.
    et al.
    Helal, A.
    Hoffmann, K.
    Kandadai, N.
    Keto, J.
    Andreasson, Jakob
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Iwan, Bianca Stella
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Seibert, Marvin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Hajdu, Janos
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik.
    Adolph, M.
    Gorkhover, T.
    Rupp, D.
    Schorb, S.
    Möller, T.
    Doumy, G.
    DiMauro, L. F.
    Hoener, M.
    Murphy, B.
    Berrah, N.
    Messerschmidt, M.
    Bozek, J.
    Bostedt, C.
    Ditmire, T.
    Explosions of Xenon Clusters in Ultraintense Femtosecond X-Ray Pulses from the LCLS Free Electron Laser2012Inngår i: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 108, nr 13, artikkel-id 133401Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Explosions of large Xe clusters (< N > similar to 11 000) irradiated by femtosecond pulses of 850 eV x-ray photons focused to an intensity of up to 1017 W/cm(2) from the Linac Coherent Light Source were investigated experimentally. Measurements of ion charge-state distributions and energy spectra exhibit strong evidence for the formation of a Xe nanoplasma in the intense x-ray pulse. This x-ray produced Xe nanoplasma is accompanied by a three-body recombination and hydrodynamic expansion. These experimental results appear to be consistent with a model in which a spherically exploding nanoplasma is formed inside the Xe cluster and where the plasma temperature is determined by photoionization heating.

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