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  • 1.
    Andersson Sunden, E.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Skiba, Mateusz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sangaroon, Siriyaporn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Wodniak, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Developments of time-of-flight and proton recoil neutron spectrometry techniques in view of a possible JET DT campaign and for ITER2011In: 38th EPS Conference on Plasma Physics 2011 (EPS 2011): Europhysics Conference Abstracts, 2011, p. 329-332Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ballabio, Luigi
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Gatu Johnson, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Gorini, Giuseppe
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ognissanto, Flora
    Ronchi, Emanuele
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sjöstrand, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Tardocchi, Marco
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Evaluation of neutron spectrometer techniques for ITER using synthetic data2013In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 701, p. 17p. 62-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A neutron spectrometer at ITER is expected to provide estimates of plasma parameters such as ion temperature, Ti, fuel ion ratio, nt/nd, and Qthermal/Qtot, with 10-20% precision at a time resolution, Δt, of at least 100 ms. The present paper describes a method for evaluating different neutron spectroscopy techniques based on their instrumental response functions and synthetic measurement data. We include five different neutron spectrometric techniques with realistic response functions, based on simulations and measurements where available. The techniques are magnetic proton recoil, thin-foil proton recoil, gamma discriminating organic scintillator, diamond and time-of-flight. The reference position and line of sight of a high resolution neutron spectrometer on ITER are used in the study. ITER plasma conditions are simulated for realistic operating scenarios. The ITER conditions evaluated are beam and radio frequency heated and thermal deuterium-tritium plasmas. Results are given for each technique in terms of the estimated time resolution at which the parameter determination can be made within the required precision (here 10% for Ti and the relative intensities of NB and RF emission components). It is shown that under the assumptions made, the thin-foil techniques out-perform the other spectroscopy techniques in practically all measurement situations. For thermal conditions, the range of achieved Δt in the determination of Ti varies in time scales from ms (for the magnetic and thin-foil proton recoil) to s (for gamma discriminating organic scintillator).

  • 3. Batistoni, P.
    et al.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Binda, Federico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Dzysiuk, Nataliia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Possnert, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sjöstrand, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Skiba, Mateusz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Zychor, I.
    14 MeV calibration of JET neutron detectors-phase 1: calibration and characterization of the neutron source2018In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 58, no 2, article id UNSP 026012Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In view of the planned DT operations at JET, a calibration of the JET neutron monitors at 14 MeV neutron energy is needed using a 14 MeV neutron generator deployed inside the vacuum vessel by the JET remote handling system. The target accuracy of this calibration is +/- 10% as also required by ITER, where a precise neutron yield measurement is important, e.g. for tritium accountancy. To achieve this accuracy, the 14 MeV neutron generator selected as the calibration source has been fully characterised and calibrated prior to the in-vessel calibration of the JET monitors. This paper describes the measurements performed using different types of neutron detectors, spectrometers, calibrated long counters and activation foils which allowed us to obtain the neutron emission rate and the anisotropy of the neutron generator, i.e. the neutron flux and energy spectrum dependence on emission angle, and to derive the absolute emission rate in 4 pi sr. The use of high resolution diamond spectrometers made it possible to resolve the complex features of the neutron energy spectra resulting from the mixed D/T beam ions reacting with the D/T nuclei present in the neutron generator target. As the neutron generator is not a stable neutron source, several monitoring detectors were attached to it by means of an ad hoc mechanical structure to continuously monitor the neutron emission rate during the in-vessel calibration. These monitoring detectors, two diamond diodes and activation foils, have been calibrated in terms of neutrons/counts within +/- 5% total uncertainty. A neutron source routine has been developed, able to produce the neutron spectra resulting from all possible reactions occurring with the D/T ions in the beam impinging on the Ti D/T target. The neutron energy spectra calculated by combining the source routine with a MCNP model of the neutron generator have been validated by the measurements. These numerical tools will be key in analysing the results from the in-vessel calibration and to derive the response of the JET neutron detectors to DT plasma neutrons starting from the response to the generator neutrons, and taking into account all the calibration circumstances.

  • 4.
    Binda, Federico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Nocente, Massimo
    Cazzaniga, Carlo
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Analysis of the fast ion tails observed in the NE213pulse height specta measured during third harmonicradio-frequency heating experiments at JETManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we investigate the possibility of using a NE213 liquid scintillator as aneutron spectrometer to diagnose the fast ion tails produced in experiments with 3rd harmonicradio-frequency heating.We discuss mainly the instrumental effects that need to be considered and corrected for in orderto obtain a good agreement between measured data and models: gain drift, pile-up, impact of theassumption of a standard proton light yield function. We also address problems related to thepresence of triton burn-up events in the spectrum.The expected ion distribution is obtained from a simple 1D Fokker-Planck model. The parametersof the model are estimated using the data collected by the TOFOR neutron spectrometer.The agreement between the data and the model is good and it is possible to make a clear distinctionbetween discharges that had different electron densities and thus different cut-off energies. Wecan conclude that NE213 scintillators can provide useful spectroscopic information for this kind ofexperiments.

  • 5. Blanken, T. C.
    et al.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Klimek, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Wodniak, I
    Yadykin, Dimitry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Dori, V
    Real-time plasma state monitoring and supervisory control on TCV2019In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 59, no 2, article id 026017Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In ITER and DEMO, various control objectives related to plasma control must be simultaneously achieved by the plasma control system (PCS), in both normal operation as well as off-normal conditions. The PCS must act on off-normal events and deviations from the target scenario, since certain sequences (chains) of events can precede disruptions. It is important that these decisions are made while maintaining a coherent prioritization between the real-time control tasks to ensure high-performance operation. In this paper, a generic architecture for task-based integrated plasma control is proposed. The architecture is characterized by the separation of state estimation, event detection, decisions and task execution among different algorithms, with standardized signal interfaces. Central to the architecture are a plasma state monitor and supervisory controller. In the plasma state monitor, discrete events in the continuous-valued plasma state arc modeled using finite state machines. This provides a high-level representation of the plasma state. The supervisory controller coordinates the execution of multiple plasma control tasks by assigning task priorities, based on the finite states of the plasma and the pulse schedule. These algorithms were implemented on the TCV digital control system and integrated with actuator resource management and existing state estimation algorithms and controllers. The plasma state monitor on TCV can track a multitude of plasma events, related to plasma current, rotating and locked neoclassical tearing modes, and position displacements. In TCV experiments on simultaneous control of plasma pressure, safety factor profile and NTMs using electron cyclotron heating (ECI I) and current drive (ECCD), the supervisory controller assigns priorities to the relevant control tasks. The tasks are then executed by feedback controllers and actuator allocation management. This work forms a significant step forward in the ongoing integration of control capabilities in experiments on TCV, in support of tokamak reactor operation.

  • 6.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Liquid Scintillators Neutron Response Function: A Tutorial2019In: Journal of fusion energy, ISSN 0164-0313, E-ISSN 1572-9591, Vol. 38, no 3-4, p. 356-375Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This tutorial is devoted to the understanding of the different components that are present in the neutron light output pulse height distribution of liquid scintillators in fusion relevant energy ranges. The basic mechanisms for the generation of the scintillation light are briefly discussed. The different elastic collision processed between the incident neutrons and the hydrogen and carbon atoms are described in terms of probability density functions and the overall response function as their convolution. The results from this analytical approach is then compared with those obtained from simplified and full Monte Carlo simulations. Edge effect, finite energy resolution, light output and transport and competing physical processes between neutron and carbon and hydrogen atoms and their impact on the response functions are discussed. Although the analytical treatment here presented allows only for a qualitative comparison with full Monte Carlo simulations it enables an understanding of the main features present in the response function and therefore provides the ground for the interpretation of more complex response functions such those measured in fusion plasmas. Although the main part of this tutorial is focused on the response function to mono-energetic 2.45 MeV neutrons a brief discussion is presented in case of broad neutron energy spectra and how these can be used to infer the underlying properties of fusion plasmas via the application of a forward modelling method.

  • 7.
    Cecconello, Marco
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Boeglin, W.
    Florida Int Univ, Dept Phys, 11200 SW, Miami, FL 33199 USA.
    Keeling, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, Culham Ctr Fus Energy, United Kingdom Atom Energy Author, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Klimek, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Perez, R. , V
    Discrepancy between estimated and measured fusion product rates on MAST using TRANSP/NUBEAM2019In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 59, no 1, article id 016006Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Experimental evidence is presented of a discrepancy between the predicted and measured D-D fusion product rates on MAST Both the neutron and proton production rates, measured independently with a neutron camera and charged fusion product detector array, are approximately 40% lower than those predicted by TRANSP/NUBEAM codes. This deficit is scenario independent and cannot be explained by uncertainties in the typical plasma parameters suspected for such discrepancies, such as electron temperature, the plasma effective charge and the injected neutral beam power. Instead, a possible explanation is an overestimate of the neutron emissivity due to the guiding centre approximation used in NUBEAM to model the fast ion orbits.

  • 8.
    Cecconello, Marco
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Marocco, D.
    ENEA, CR Frascati, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Moro, F.
    ENEA, CR Frascati, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Esposito, B.
    ENEA, CR Frascati, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Neural network implementation for ITER neutron emissivity profile recognition2017In: Fusion engineering and design, ISSN 0920-3796, E-ISSN 1873-7196, Vol. 123, p. 637-640Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ITER Radial Neutron Camera (RNC) is a neutron diagnostic intended for the measurement of the neutron emissivity radial profile and the estimate of the total fusion power. This paper presents a proof of-principle method based on neural networks to estimate the neutron emissivity profile in different ITER scenarios and for different RNC architectures. The design, optimization and training of the implemented neural network is presented together with a decision algorithm to select, among the multiple trained neural networks, which one provides the inverted neutron emissivity profile closest to the input one. Examples are given for a selection of ITER scenarios and RNC architectures. The results from this study indicate that neural networks for the neutron emissivity recognition in ITER can achieve an accuracy and precision within the spatial and temporal requirements set by ITER for such a diagnostic.

  • 9.
    Cecconello, Marco
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Donato, M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Marini-Bettolo, C.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sangaroon, Siriyaporn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Measurement of the gamma-ray energy resolution function of EJ301 liquid scintillator using a dual channel ADC2014In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 753, p. 34-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A comparison of three different methods for the energy calibration of liquid scintillators using gamma-ray sources using only a delay unit and a dual channel ADC is presented. Single Compton edge measurements combined with MCNP simulations of the pulse height spectra are compared with the results obtained using Compton coincidence methods. Good agreement between the three methods is found. Measurements from the three different methods are then combined to provide the best estimate of the energy resolution function. The technique here presented could be easily used in laboratory courses as high performing ADCs become more common and affordable. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 10.
    Cecconello, Marco
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Jones, O. M.
    Boeglin, W. U.
    Perez, R. V.
    Darrow, D. S.
    Klimek, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sharapov, S. E.
    Fitzgerald, M.
    McClements, K. G.
    Keeling, D. L.
    Allan, S. Y.
    Michael, C. A.
    Akers, R. J.
    Conway, N. J.
    Scannell, R.
    Turnyanskiy, M.
    Ericsson, G.
    Energetic ion behaviour in MAST2015In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 014006-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies of fast ion transport resulting from a range of instabilities, including n = 1 internal kink modes (fishbones and long-lived modes), toroidal Alfven eigenmodes and sawteeth have been carried out at MAST. Strong correlations were found between relative changes in magnetic edge coils signals, edge D alpha signal a fast ion D alpha system, a prototype collimated neutron flux monitor and a recently installed prototype charged fusion product detector array, indicating both redistribution and loss of fast ions. Preliminary interpretation of these observations with a suite of stability, modelling and interpretative codes is discussed.

  • 11.
    Cecconello, Marco
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Jones, O. M.
    Garzotti, L.
    McClements, K. G.
    Carr, M.
    Henderson, S. S.
    Sharapov, S. E.
    Klimek, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Impurity transport driven by fishbones in MAST2015In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 55, no 3, article id 032002Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In MAST, bursting toroidal Alfven eigenmodes and fishbones are observed to give rise to an asymmetric perturbation to the soft x-ray (SXR) emission close to the magnetic axis which grows and decays on the time scale of the fishbone evolution. As the fishbone nears its maximum amplitude, the SXR emission starts to increase (decrease) at radial positions smaller (larger) than the radial position of the magnetic axis. This trend in the SXR emission persists for a few milliseconds, until the fishbone starts to decay in amplitude and the slower overall trend of the SXR emission once again becomes dominant. A preliminary analysis suggests that the change in the SXR emission is due to the localized accumulation of high-Z impurities, sustained against parallel transport by the effects of fishbones on the fast ion population.

  • 12.
    Cecconello, Marco
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sangaroon, Siriyaporn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Donato, Mattia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Marini Bettolo, Cecilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Ronchi, Emanuele
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Ström, Petter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Wodniak, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Turnyanskiy, Mikhail
    Akers, Rob
    Cullen, Andy
    Fitzgerald, Ian
    McArdle, Graham
    Pacoto, Chris
    Thomas-Davies, Nigel
    The 2.5 MeV neutron flux monitor for MAST2014In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 753, p. 72-83Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Cecconello, Marco
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sangaroon, Siriyaporn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Turnyanskiy, M.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Wodniak, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Akers, R. J.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Observation of fast ion behaviour with a neutron emission profile monitor in MAST2012In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 52, no 9, p. 094015-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Preliminary measurements of neutron emissivity at the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST) along collimated lines-of-sight showa clear correlation between the neutron emissivity temporal and spatial evolution and the evolution of different MHD instabilities. In particular, the variations in neutron emissivity during sawtooth oscillations are compared with changes in the classical fast ion slowing-down time, while fast ion losses are observed in bursts during fishbones or as a continuous process during long-lived modes.

  • 14.
    Cecconello, Marco
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sperduti, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Study of the effect of sawteeth on fast ions and neutron emission in MAST using a neutron camera2018In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 60, no 5, article id 055008Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of the sawtooth instability on the confinement of fast ions on MAST, and the impact it has on the neutron emission, has been studied in detail using the TRANSP/NUBEAM codes coupled to a full orbit following code. The sawtooth models in TRANSP/NUBEAM indicate that, on MAST, passing and trapped fast ions are redistributed in approximately equal number and on a level that is consistent with the observations. It has not been possible to discriminate between the different sawtooth models since their predictions are all compatible with the neutron camera observations. Full orbit calculations of the fast ion motion have been used to estimate the characteristic time scales and energy thresholds that according to theoretical predictions govern the fast ions redistribution: no energy threshold for the redistribution for either passing and trapped fast ions was found. The characteristic times have, however, frequencies that are comparable with the frequencies of a m = 1, n = 1 perturbation and its harmonics with toroidal mode numbers n = 2, ..., 4, suggesting that on spherical tokamaks, in addition to the classical sawtooth-induced transport mechanisms of fast ions by attachment to the evolving perturbation and the associated E x B drift, a resonance mechanism between the m = 1 perturbation and the fast ions orbits might be at play.

  • 15.
    Cecconello, Marco
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics. EURATOM VR Assoc, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sperduti, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics. EURATOM VR Assoc, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Fitzgerald, I.
    Culham Sci Ctr, EURATOM CCFE Fus Assoc, Abingdon, Oxon, England.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics. EURATOM VR Assoc, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Holm, Stefan Jarl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics. EURATOM VR Assoc, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics. EURATOM VR Assoc, Uppsala, Sweden.
    The neutron camera upgrade for MAST Upgrade2018In: Review of Scientific Instruments, ISSN 0034-6748, E-ISSN 1089-7623, Vol. 89, no 10, article id 10I110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Neutron Camera Upgrade (NCU) is a neutron flux monitor consisting of six lines of sight (LoSs) under installation on Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak (MAST) Upgrade. The NCU is expected to contribute to the study of the confinement of fast ions and on the efficiency of non-inductive current drive in the presence of on-axis and off-axis neutral beam injection by measuring the neutron emissivity profile along the equatorial plane. This paper discusses the NCU main design criteria, the engineering and interfacing issues, and the solutions adopted. In addition, the results from the characterization and performance studies of the neutron detectors using standard gamma-rays sources and a Cf-252 source are discussed. The proposed design has a time resolution of 1 ms with a statistical uncertainty of less than 10% for all MAST Upgrade scenarios with a spatial resolution of 10 cm: higher spatial resolution is possible by moving the LoSs in-between plasma discharges. The energy resolution of the neutron detector is better than 10% for a light output of 0.8 MeVee, and the measured pulse shape discrimination is satisfactory.

  • 16.
    Cruz, N.
    et al.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, P-1049001 Lisbon, Portugal..
    Pereira, R. C.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, P-1049001 Lisbon, Portugal..
    Santos, B.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, P-1049001 Lisbon, Portugal..
    Fernandes, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, P-1049001 Lisbon, Portugal..
    Sousa, J.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, P-1049001 Lisbon, Portugal..
    Marocco, D.
    ENEA, CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, Via E Fermi,45 Frascati, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Riva, M.
    ENEA, CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, Via E Fermi,45 Frascati, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Centioli, C.
    ENEA, CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, Via E Fermi,45 Frascati, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Correia, C. M. B.
    Univ Coimbra, Dept Fis, LIBPhys UC, P-3004516 Coimbra, Portugal..
    Goncalves, B.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, P-1049001 Lisbon, Portugal..
    Esposito, B.
    ENEA, CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, Via E Fermi,45 Frascati, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Real-time software tools for the performance analysis of the ITER Radial Neutron Camera2017In: Fusion engineering and design, ISSN 0920-3796, E-ISSN 1873-7196, Vol. 123, p. 1001-1005Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Radial Neutron Camera (RNC) diagnostic is a neutron detection system with multiple collimators aiming at characterizing the neutron emission that will be produced by the ITER tokamak. The RNC plays a primary role for basic and advanced plasma control measurements and acts as backup for system machine protection measurements. During the RNC system level design phase the following real-time data processing algorithms were developed to assess RNC data throughput needs and measurement performances: (i) real-time data compression block (ii) real-time calculation of the neutron emissivity radial profile, based on Tikhonov regularization, starting from the line-integrated measurements, the line-of-sight geometry and using the magnetic flux information [1] (iii) real-time calculation of the neutron emissivity profile using a priori trained neural networks, the line-integrated measurements and the magnetic flux information (the best output from different neural networks being evaluated by a figure of merit that maps the neutron emissivity profile to the original line-integrated measurements) [21]. This paper presents results for the processing times of the various algorithms and their minimum control cycle for different conditions, such as number of lines of sight, number of magnetic flux surfaces and measurement error on the line integrated RNC measurements.

  • 17.
    Drenik, A.
    et al.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, Garching, Germany; Jozef Stefan Inst, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Binda, Federico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Dzysiuk, Nataliia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Possnert, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sjöstrand, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Skiba, Mateusz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Zychor, I.
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res NCBJ, Otwock, Poland.
    Analysis of the outer divertor hot spot activity in the protection video camera recordings at JET2019In: Fusion engineering and design, ISSN 0920-3796, E-ISSN 1873-7196, Vol. 139, p. 115-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hot spots on the divertor tiles at JET result in overestimation of the tile surface temperature which causes unnecessary termination of pulses. However, the appearance of hot spots can also indicate the condition of the divertor tile surfaces. To analyse the behaviour of the hot spots in the outer divertor tiles of JET, a simple image processing algorithm is developed. The algorithm isolates areas of bright pixels in the camera image and compares them to previously identified hot spots. The activity of the hot spots is then linked to values of other signals and parameters in the same time intervals. The operation of the detection algorithm was studied in a limited pulse range with high hot spot activity on the divertor tiles 5, 6 and 7. This allowed us to optimise the values of the controlling parameters. Then, the wider applicability of the method has been demonstrated by the analysis of the hot spot behaviour in a whole experimental campaign.

  • 18.
    Ericsson, G.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Conroy, S.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Johnson, M. Gatu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Andersson Sundén, E.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Sangaroon, S.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Neutron spectroscopy as a fuel ion ratio diagnostic: Lessons from JET and prospects for ITER2010In: Review of Scientific Instruments, ISSN 0034-6748, E-ISSN 1089-7623, Vol. 81, no 10, p. 10D324-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The determination of the fuel ion ratio n(t)/n(d) in ITER is required at a precision of 20%, time resolution of 100 ms, spatial resolution of a/10, and over a range of 0.01<10. We use simplified but realistic Monte Carlo models of ITER to assess the possibility to use neutron emission spectroscopy ((NES) for such measurements. We show that NES meets the requirements for ion temperatures T-i>6 keV and for n(T)/n(D)<0.6. A crucial issue is the signal-to-background situation in the measurement of the weak 2.5 MeV emission from DD reactions in the presence of a background of scattered 14 MeV DT neutrons. Important experimental input and corroboration for this assessment are presented from the time-of-flight neutron spectrometer at JET where the presence of a strong component of backscattered neutrons is observed. Neutron emission components on ITER due to beam-thermal and tritium-tritium reactions can further enhance the prospects for NES.

  • 19.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Gatu Johnson, M
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Pinches, S D
    Sharapov, S E
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    JET EFDA contributors, .
    Finite Larmor radii effects in fast ion measurements with neutron emission spectrometry2013In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 015008-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When analysing data from fast ion measurements it is normally assumed that the gyro-phase distribution of the ions is isotropic within the field of view of the measuring instrument. This assumption is not valid if the Larmor radii of the fast ions are comparable to—or larger than—the gradient scale length in the spatial distribution of the ions, and if this scale length is comparable to—or smaller than—the width of the field of view of the measuring instrument. In this paper the effect of such an anisotropy is demonstrated by analysing neutron emission spectrometry data from a JET experiment with deuterium neutral beams together with radiofrequency heating at the third harmonic of the deuterium cyclotron frequency. In the experiment, the neutron time-of-flight spectrometer TOFOR was used to measure the neutrons from the d(d,n) 3 He-reaction. Comparison of the experimental data with Monte Carlo calculations shows that the finite Larmor radii of the fast ions need to be included in the modelling to get a good description of the data. Similar effects are likely to be important for other fast ion diagnostics, such as γ -ray spectroscopy and neutral particle analysis, as well.

  • 20.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Binda, Federico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Giacomelli, L.
    CNR, Ist Fis Plasma, Milan, Italy.
    Gorini, G.
    CNR, Ist Fis Plasma, Milan, Italy;Univ Milano Bicocca, Dipartimento Fis G Occhialini, Milan, Italy.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Kiptily, V. G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon, Oxon, England.
    Mantsinen, M.
    BSC, Barcelona, Spain;ICREA, Pg Llus Companys 23, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain.
    Nocente, M.
    CNR, Ist Fis Plasma, Milan, Italy;Univ Milano Bicocca, Dipartimento Fis G Occhialini, Milan, Italy.
    Sahlberg, Arne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Salewski, M.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Sharapov, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon, Oxon, England.
    Tardocchi, M.
    CNR, Ist Fis Plasma, Milan, Italy.
    Measuring fast ions in fusion plasmas with neutron diagnostics at JET2019In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 61, no 1, article id 014027Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fast ions in fusion plasmas often leave characteristic signatures in the neutron emission from the plasma. In this paper, we show how neutron measurements can be used to study fast ions and give examples of physics results obtained on present day tokamaks. The focus is on measurements with dedicated neutron spectrometers and with compact neutron detectors used in each channel of neutron profile monitors. A measured neutron spectrum can be analyzed in several different ways, depending on the physics scenario under consideration. Gross features of a fast ion energy distribution can be studied by applying suitably chosen thresholds to the measured spectrum, thus probing ions with different energies. With this technique it is possible to study the interaction between fast ions and MHD activity, such as toroidal Alfven eigenmodes (TAEs) and sawtooth instabilities. Quantitative comparisons with modeling can be performed by a direct computation of the neutron emission expected from a given fast ion distribution. Within this framework it is also possible to determine physics parameters, such as the supra-thermal fraction of the neutron emission, by fitting model parameters to the data. A detailed, model-independent estimate of the fast ion distribution can be obtained by analyzing the data in terms of velocity space weight functions. Using this method, fast ion distributions can be resolved in both energy and pitch by combining neutron and gamma-ray measurements obtained along several different sightlines. Fast ion measurements of the type described in this paper will also be possible at ITER, provided that the spectrometers have the dynamic range required to resolve the fast ion spectral features in the presence of the dominating thermonuclear neutron emission. A dedicated high-resolution neutron spectrometer has been designed for this purpose.

  • 21.
    Frassinetti, L
    et al.
    Alfven lab, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Brunsell, R
    Alfven lab, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Cecconello, M
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Drake, R
    Alfven lab, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Heat transport modelling in EXTRAP T2R2009In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 025002-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A model to estimate the heat transport in the EXTRAP T2R reversed field pinch (RFP) is described. The model, based on experimental and theoretical results, divides the RFP electron heat diffusivity χ e into three regions, one in the plasma core, where χ e is assumed to be determined by the tearing modes, one located around the reversal radius, where χ e is assumed not dependent on the magnetic fluctuations and one in the extreme edge, where high χ e is assumed. The absolute values of the core and of the reversal χ e are determined by simulating the electron temperature and the soft x-ray and by comparing the simulated signals with the experimental ones. The model is used to estimate the heat diffusivity and the energy confinement time during the flat top of standard plasmas, of deep F plasmas and of plasmas obtained with the intelligent shell.

  • 22.
    Gatu Johnson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Gorini, Giuseppe
    Physics Department, Milano-Bicocca University, and Istituto di Fisica del Plasma del CNR, Milan, Italy (EURATOM-ENEA-CNR Association).
    Nocente, Massimo
    Physics Department, Milano-Bicocca University, and Istituto di Fisica del Plasma del CNR, Milan, Italy (EURATOM-ENEA-CNR Association).
    Ronchi, Emanuele
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Tardocchi, Marco
    Physics Department, Milano-Bicocca University, and Istituto di Fisica del Plasma del CNR, Milan, Italy (EURATOM-ENEA-CNR Association).
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Neutron emission levels during the ITER zero activation phase2010In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 50, no 8, p. 084020-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent experiments at JET, a contribution to the neutron emission from reactions between beryllium and 3He, 4He and H has been identified. With the beryllium walled planned for ITER, this raises the question of possible neutron activation during the ITER zero activation phase. Here, we estimate the neutron emission rates for various heating scenarios foreseen for this ITER phase using Monte Carlo simulations. The emission is seen to be strongly dependent on the scenario chosen and the assumptions involved. We find that fundamental minority heating can contribute on the scale of low temperature deuterium plasmas, depending on minority concentration and ICRH power applied. Harmonic ICRH leads to production of tails that can give rise to significant neutron emission rates, while rates from hydrogen beams will be near zero. Better knowledge of the zero activation phase conditions, and more sophisticated ICRH codes, would be needed to give exact rate predictions. We conclude that rates from so-called zero activation plasmas will be significantly lower than expected for the DD or DT phases, but far from zero.

  • 23.
    Giacomelli, L.
    et al.
    CNR, Ist Fis Plasma P Caldirola, Milan, Italy.
    Rigamonti, D.
    CNR, Ist Fis Plasma P Caldirola, Milan, Italy.
    Nocente, M.
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Dipartimento Fis G Occhialini, Milan, Italy.
    Rebai, M.
    CNR, Ist Fis Plasma P Caldirola, Milan, Italy.
    Tardocchi, M.
    CNR, Ist Fis Plasma P Caldirola, Milan, Italy.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Franke, T.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, Garching, Germany;EUROfus Power Plant Phys & Technol PPPT Dept, Garching, Germany.
    Biel, W.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energy & Climate Res, Julich, Germany;Univ Ghent, Dept Appl Phys, Ghent, Belgium.
    Conceptual studies of gamma ray diagnostics for DEMO control2018In: Fusion engineering and design, ISSN 0920-3796, E-ISSN 1873-7196, Vol. 136, p. 1494-1498Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The future tokamak demonstration fusion reactor (DEMO) will operate at unprecedented physical and technological conditions where high reliability of the system components is required. The conceptual study of a suite of DEMO diagnostics is on-going. Among these, a Gamma-Ray Spectrometric Instrument (GRSI) is being investigated to assess its performance and information quality in view of DEMO control. The GRSI foresees radial orthogonal multi-line of sight viewing DEMO plasma across its poloidal section as a further development of the Gamma-Ray Camera of JET and of the Radial Gamma-Ray Spectrometers proposed for ITER but with stricter technological constraints. These include surface availability in the Tritium Breeding Blankets of DEMO vessel inner wall for diagnostics collimators openings, diagnostics distance from the plasma, neutron irradiation and activation of the reactor structures. On DEMO the gamma-ray (gamma) emission from DT plasmas consists of T(d,gamma)He-5 (E gamma = 16.63 MeV) and T(p,gamma)He-4 (E gamma = 19.81 MeV) reactions which for their high E gamma would allow in principle for background-free measurements. This work reports the assessment on the GRSI diagnostic capability. Reactions cross sections are assessed and used for the calculations of the reactions gamma emission energy spectrum under DEMO DT plasma conditions and compared with 14 MeV neutron emissions before and after the GRSI collimator. Investigation of the GRSI gamma spectrometers performance is also presented. Measurement of the gamma emission intensity of T(d,gamma)He-5 can be in principle used as an independent assessment of DEMO DT plasmas fusion power.

  • 24.
    Harrison, J. R.
    et al.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Akers, R. J.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Allan, S. Y.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Allcock, J. S.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Durham, Ctr Adv Instrumentat, South Rd, Durham DH1 3LE, England.
    Allen, J. O.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Appel, L.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Barnes, M.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford OX1 3PU, England;Plasma Sci & Fus Ctr, 167 Albany St, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA.
    Ben Ayedl, N.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Boeglin, W.
    Florida Int Univ, Dept Phys, 11200 SW, Miami, FL 33199 USA.
    Bowman, C.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Bradley, J.
    Univ Liverpool, Dept Elect Engn & Elect, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GJ, Merseyside, England.
    Browning, P.
    Univ Manchester, Sch Phys & Astron, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England.
    Bryant, P.
    Univ Liverpool, Dept Elect Engn & Elect, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GJ, Merseyside, England.
    Carr, M.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Challis, C. D.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Chapman, S.
    Univ Warwick, Ctr Fus Space & Astrophys, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England.
    Chapman, I. T.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Colyer, G. J.
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford OX1 3PU, England;Univ Exeter, Engn Math & Phys Sci, Exeter EX4 4QF, Devon, England.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conway, N. J.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Cox, M.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Cunningham, G.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Dendy, R. O.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Warwick, Ctr Fus Space & Astrophys, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England.
    Dorland, W.
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford OX1 3PU, England;Univ Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.
    Dudson, B. D.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Easy, L.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Elmore, S. D.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Farley, T.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Liverpool, Dept Elect Engn & Elect, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GJ, Merseyside, England.
    Feng, X.
    Univ Durham, Ctr Adv Instrumentat, South Rd, Durham DH1 3LE, England.
    Field, A. R.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Fil, A.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Fishpool, G. M.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Fitzgerald, M.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Flesch, K.
    Univ Wisconsin, Madison, WI USA.
    Fox, M. F. J.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford OX1 3PU, England;Univ Oxford Merton Coll, Oxford OX1 4JD, England.
    Frerichs, H.
    Univ Wisconsin, Madison, WI USA.
    Gadgil, S.
    Univ Warwick, Ctr Fus Space & Astrophys, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England.
    Gahle, D.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Strathclyde, Dept Phys SUPA, Glasgow G4 ONG, Lanark, Scotland.
    Garzotti, L.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Ghim, Y-C
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford OX1 3PU, England;Korea Adv Inst Sci & Technol, Dept Nucl & Quantum Engn, Daejeon 34141, South Korea.
    Gibson, S.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Durham, Ctr Adv Instrumentat, South Rd, Durham DH1 3LE, England.
    Gibson, K. J.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Hall, S.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Ham, C.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Heiberg, N.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Henderson, S. S.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Highcock, E.
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford OX1 3PU, England;Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Phys, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hnat, B.
    Univ Warwick, Ctr Fus Space & Astrophys, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England.
    Howard, J.
    Australian Natl Univ, Plasma Res Lab, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.
    Huang, J.
    Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Plasma Phys, PO 1126, Hefei 230031, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Irvine, S. W. A.
    Univ Warwick, Ctr Fus Space & Astrophys, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England.
    Jacobsen, A. S.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, Garching, Germany.
    Jones, O.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Durham, Ctr Adv Instrumentat, South Rd, Durham DH1 3LE, England.
    Katramados, I
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Keeling, D.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Kirk, A.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Klimek, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Kogan, L.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Leland, J.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Liverpool, Dept Elect Engn & Elect, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GJ, Merseyside, England.
    Lipschultz, B.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Lloyd, B.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Lovell, J.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA.
    Madsen, B.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Marshall, O.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Martin, R.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    McArdle, G.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    McClements, K.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    McMillan, B.
    Univ Warwick, Ctr Fus Space & Astrophys, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England.
    Meakins, A.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Meyer, H. F.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Militello, F.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Milnes, J.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Mordijck, S.
    Coll William & Mary, Dept Comp Sci, Williamsburg, VA 23185 USA.
    Morris, A. W.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Moulton, D.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Muir, D.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Mukhi, K.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Manchester, Sch Phys & Astron, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England.
    Murphy-Sugrue, S.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Liverpool, Dept Elect Engn & Elect, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GJ, Merseyside, England.
    Myatra, O.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Naylor, G.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Naylor, P.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Newton, S. L.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    O'Gorman, T.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Omotani, J.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    O'Mullane, M. G.
    Univ Strathclyde, Dept Phys SUPA, Glasgow G4 ONG, Lanark, Scotland.
    Orchard, S.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Pamela, S. J. P.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Pangione, L.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Parra, F.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford OX1 3PU, England.
    Perez, R. , V
    Piron, L.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Price, M.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Reinke, M. L.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA.
    Riva, F.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Roach, C. M.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Robb, D.
    Univ Glasgow, Dept Phys & Astron, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Lanark, Scotland.
    Ryan, D.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Saarelma, S.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Salewski, M.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Scannell, S.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Schekochihin, A. A.
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford OX1 3PU, England;Univ Oxford Merton Coll, Oxford OX1 4JD, England.
    Schmitz, O.
    Univ Wisconsin, Madison, WI USA.
    Sharapov, S.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Sharples, R.
    Univ Durham, Ctr Adv Instrumentat, South Rd, Durham DH1 3LE, England.
    Silburn, S. A.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Smith, S. F.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Sperduti, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Stephen, R.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Thomas-Davies, N. T.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Thornton, A. J.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Turnyanskiy, M.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Valovic, M.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Van Wyk, F.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford OX1 3PU, England;STFC Daresbury Lab, Daresbury WA4 4AD, Cheshire, England.
    Vann, R. G. L.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Walkden, N. R.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Waters, I
    Univ Wisconsin, Madison, WI USA.
    Wilson, H. R.
    CCFE, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England;Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Overview of new MAST physics in anticipation of first results from MAST Upgrade2019In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 59, no 11, article id 112011Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mega amp spherical tokamak (MAST) was a low aspect ratio device (R/a = 0.85/0.65 similar to 1.3) with similar poloidal cross-section to other medium-size tokamaks. The physics programme concentrates on addressing key physics issues for the operation of ITER, design of DEMO and future spherical tokamaks by utilising high resolution diagnostic measurements closely coupled with theory and modelling to significantly advance our understanding. An empirical scaling of the energy confinement time that favours higher power, lower collisionality devices is consistent with gyrokinetic modelling of electron scale turbulence. Measurements of ion scale turbulence with beam emission spectroscopy and gyrokinetic modelling in up-down symmetric plasmas find that the symmetry of the turbulence is broken by flow shear. Near the non-linear stability threshold, flow shear tilts the density fluctuation correlation function and skews the fluctuation amplitude distribution. Results from fast particle physics studies include the observation that sawteeth are found to redistribute passing and trapped fast particles injected from neutral beam injectors in equal measure, suggesting that resonances between the m = 1 perturbation and the fast ion orbits may be playing a dominant role in the fast ion transport. Measured D-D fusion products from a neutron camera and a charged fusion product detector are 40% lower than predictions from TRANSP/NUBEAM, highlighting possible deficiencies in the guiding centre approximation. Modelling of fast ion losses in the presence of resonant magnetic perturbations (RMPs) can reproduce trends observed in experiments when the plasma response and charge-exchange losses are accounted for. Measurements with a neutral particle analyser during merging-compression start-up indicate the acceleration of ions and electrons. Transport at the plasma edge has been improved through reciprocating probe measurements that have characterised a geodesic acoustic mode at the edge of an ohmic L-mode plasma and particle-in-cell modelling has improved the interpretation of plasma potential estimates from ball-pen probes. The application of RMPs leads to a reduction in particle confinement in L-mode and H-mode and an increase in the core ionization source. The ejection of secondary filaments following type-I ELMs correlates with interactions with surfaces near the X-point. Simulations of the interaction between pairs of filaments in the scrape-off layer suggest this results in modest changes to their velocity, and in most cases can be treated as moving independently. A stochastic model of scrape-off layer profile formation based on the superposition of non-interacting filaments is in good agreement with measured time-average profiles. Transport in the divertor has been improved through fast camera imaging, indicating the presence of a quiescent region devoid of filament near the X-point, extending from the separatrix to psi(n) similar to 1.02. Simulations of turbulent transport in the divertor show that the angle between the divertor leg on the curvature vector strongly influences transport into the private flux region via the interchange mechanism. Coherence imaging measurements show counter-streaming flows of impurities due to gas puffing increasing the pressure on field lines where the gas is ionised. MAST Upgrade is based on the original MAST device, with substantially improved capabilities to operate with a Super-X divertor to test extended divertor leg concepts. SOLPS-ITER modelling predicts the detachment threshold will be reduced by more than a factor of 2, in terms of upstream density, in the Super-X compared with a conventional configuration and that the radiation front movement is passively stabilised before it reaches the X-point. 1D fluid modelling reveals the key role of momentum and power loss mechanisms in governing detachment onset and evolution. Analytic modelling indicates that long legs placed at large major radius, or equivalently low B at the target compared with the X-point arc more amenable to external control. With MAST Upgrade experiments expected in 2019, a thorough characterisation of the sources of the intrinsic error field has been carried out and a mitigation strategy developed.

  • 25. Hatano, Y.
    et al.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Binda, Federico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Dzysiuk, Nataliia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Possnert, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sjöstrand, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Skiba, Mateusz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Zychor, I
    Tritium distributions on W-coated divertor tiles used in the third JET ITER-like wall campaign2019In: Nuclear Materials and Energy, E-ISSN 2352-1791, Vol. 18, p. 258-261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tritium (T) distributions on tungsten (W)-coated plasma-facing tiles used in the third ITER-like wall campaign (2015-2016) of the Joint European Torus (JET) were examined by means of an imaging plate technique and beta-ray induced x-ray spectrometry, and they were compared with the distributions after the second (2013-2014) campaign. Strong enrichment of T in beryllium (Be) deposition layers was observed after the second campaign. In contrast, T distributions after the third campaign was more uniform though Be deposition layers were visually recognized. The one of the possible explanations is enhanced desorption of T from Be deposition layers due to higher tile temperatures caused by higher energy input in the third campaign.

  • 26. Joffrin, E.
    et al.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Binda, Federico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Possnert, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Primetzhofer, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sahlberg, Arne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sjöstrand, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Skiba, Mateusz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Zychor, I
    Overview of the JET preparation for deuterium-tritium operation with the ITER like-wall2019In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 59, no 11, article id 112021Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For the past several years, the JET scientific programme (Pamela et al 2007 Fusion Eng. Des. 82 590) has been engaged in a multi-campaign effort, including experiments in D, H and T, leading up to 2020 and the first experiments with 50%/50% D-T mixtures since 1997 and the first ever D-T plasmas with the ITER mix of plasma-facing component materials. For this purpose, a concerted physics and technology programme was launched with a view to prepare the D-T campaign (DTE2). This paper addresses the key elements developed by the JET programme directly contributing to the D-T preparation. This intense preparation includes the review of the physics basis for the D-T operational scenarios, including the fusion power predictions through first principle and integrated modelling, and the impact of isotopes in the operation and physics of D-T plasmas (thermal and particle transport, high confinement mode (H-mode) access, Be and W erosion, fuel recovery, etc). This effort also requires improving several aspects of plasma operation for DTE2, such as real time control schemes, heat load control, disruption avoidance and a mitigation system (including the installation of a new shattered pellet injector), novel ion cyclotron resonance heating schemes (such as the three-ions scheme), new diagnostics (neutron camera and spectrometer, active Alfven eigenmode antennas, neutral gauges, radiation hard imaging systems...) and the calibration of the JET neutron diagnostics at 14 MeV for accurate fusion power measurement. The active preparation of JET for the 2020 D-T campaign provides an incomparable source of information and a basis for the future D-T operation of ITER, and it is also foreseen that a large number of key physics issues will be addressed in support of burning plasmas.

  • 27.
    Jones, O. M.
    et al.
    Univ Durham, Dept Phys, South Rd, Durham DH1 3LE, England; Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    McClements, K. G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Klimek, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Akers, R. J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Boeglin, W. U.
    Florida Int Univ, Dept Phys, Miami, FL 33199 USA.
    Keeling, D. L.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Meakins, A. J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Perez, R. V.
    Florida Int Univ, Dept Phys, Miami, FL 33199 USA.
    Sharapov, S. E.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Turnyanskiy, M.
    EUROfus PMU Garching, ITER Phys Dept, D-85748 Garching, Germany.
    Measurements and modelling of fast-ion redistribution due to resonant MHD instabilities in MAST2015In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 57, no 12, article id 125009Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The results of a comprehensive investigation into the effects of toroidicity-induced Alfven eigenmodes (TAE) and energetic particle modes on the NBI-generated fast-ion population in MAST plasmas are reported. Fast-ion redistribution due to frequency-chirping TAE in the range 50 kHz-100 kHz and frequency-chirping energetic particle modes known as fishbones in the range 20 kHz-50 kHz, is observed. TAE and fishbones are also observed to cause losses of fast ions from the plasma. The spatial and temporal evolution of the fast-ion distribution is determined using a fission chamber, a radially-scanning collimated neutron flux monitor, a fast-ion deuterium alpha spectrometer and a charged fusion product detector. Modelling using the global transport analysis code TRANSP, with ad hoc anomalous diffusion and fishbone loss models introduced, reproduces the coarsest features of the affected fast-ion distribution in the presence of energetic particle-driven modes. The spectrally and spatially resolved measurements show, however, that these models do not fully capture the effects of chirping modes on the fast-ion distribution.

  • 28.
    Kazakov, Ye. O.
    et al.
    TEC Partner, Lab Plasma Phys, LPP ERM KMS, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium.
    Possnert, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sjöstrand, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Skiba, M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Binda, F.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Dzysiuk, Nataliia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Kazantzidis, V.
    Natl Tech Univ Athens, Iroon Politechniou 9, Zografos 15773, Greece.
    Efficient generation of energetic ions in multi-ion plasmas by radio-frequency heating2017In: Nature Physics, ISSN 1745-2473, E-ISSN 1745-2481, Vol. 13, no 10, p. 973-978Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We describe a new technique for the efficient generation of high-energy ions with electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves in multi-ion plasmas. The discussed three-ion scenarios are especially suited for strong wave absorption by a very low number of resonant ions. To observe this effect, the plasma composition has to be properly adjusted, as prescribed by theory. We demonstrate the potential of the method on the world-largest plasma magnetic confinement device, JET (Joint European Torus, Culham, UK), and the high-magnetic-field tokamak Alcator C-Mod (Cambridge, USA). The obtained results demonstrate efficient acceleration of He-3 ions to high energies in dedicated hydrogendeuterium mixtures. Simultaneously, effective plasma heating is observed, as a result of the slowing-down of the fast He-3 ions. The developed technique is not only limited to laboratory plasmas, but can also be applied to explain observations of energetic ions in space-plasma environments, in particular, He-3-rich solar flares.

  • 29. Keeling, D. L.
    et al.
    Barrett, T. R.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Challis, C. D.
    Hawkes, N.
    Jones, O. M.
    Klimek, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    McClements, K. G.
    Meakins, A.
    Milnes, J.
    Turnyanskiy, M.
    Mitigation of MHD induced fast-ion redistribution in MAST and implications for MAST-Upgrade design2015In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 55, no 1, article id 013021Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The phenomenon of the redistribution of neutral beam fast ions due to magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) activity in plasma has been observed on many tokamaks and more recently has been a focus of research on MAST (Turnyanskiy et al 2013 Nucl. Fusion 53 053016). n = 1 fishbone modes are observed to cause a large decrease in the neutron emission rate indicating the existence of a significant perturbation of the fast-ion population in the plasma. Theoretical work on fishbone modes states that the fast-ion distribution itself acts as the source of free energy driving the modes that cause the redistribution. Therefore a series of experiments have been carried out on MAST to investigate a range of plasma densities at two neutral-beam power levels to determine the region within this parameter space in which fishbone activity and consequent fast-ion redistribution is suppressed. Analysis of these experiments shows complete suppression of fishbone activity at high densities with increasing activity and fast-ion redistribution at lower densities and higher neutral-beam power, accompanied by strong evidence that the redistribution effect primarily affects a specific region in the plasma core with a weaker effect over a wider region of the plasma. The results also indicate the existence of correlations between gradients in the modelled fast-ion distribution function, the amplitude and growth rate of the fishbone modes, and the magnitude of the redistribution effect. The same analysis has been carried out on models of MAST-Upgrade baseline plasma scenarios to determine whether significant fast-ion redistribution due to fishbone modes is likely to occur in that device. A simple change to the neutral-beam injector geometry is proposed which is shown to have a significant mitigating effect in terms of the fishbone mode drive and is therefore expected to allow effective plasma heating and current drive over a wider range of plasma conditions in MAST-Upgrade.

  • 30. Kiptily, V. G.
    et al.
    von Thun, Perez
    Pinches, D
    Sharapov, E
    Borba, D
    Cecil, E
    Darrow, D
    Goloborod'ko, V
    Craciunescu, T
    Johnson, T
    Nabais, F
    Reich, M
    Salmi, A
    Yavorskij, V
    Cecconello, M
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Gorini, G
    Lomas, P
    Murari, A
    Parail, V
    Popovichev, S
    Saibene, G
    Sartori, R
    Syme, B
    Tardocchi, M
    de Vries, P
    Zoita, V. L.
    Recent progress in fast ion studies on JET2009In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 49, no 6, p. 065030-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents recent results on fast ion studies on JET. A set of diagnostics for both confined and lost fast ions was employed for investigating the response of fast ions to MHD modes and for studying their behaviour in plasmas with toroidal field ripple and in shear-reversed plasmas. A dependence of the losses on MHD mode amplitude was deduced from the experimental data. A study of various plasma scenarios has shown that a significant redistribution of the fast ions happens during changes in the profile of the safety factor from shear-reversed to monotonic. Significant changes in the losses of ICRH accelerated protons were found to be associated with L-H confinement transitions in plasmas. After an L-H transition, an abrupt decrease in the ICRH proton losses was observed. In plasmas with an internal transport barrier, the loss of ICRH accelerated ions was found to increase as the barrier forms. Further results concerning fast ion losses were obtained during JET experiments in which the magnitude of the TF ripple was varied. The ripple losses of fusion products appear similar to classical losses, and are in agreement with modelling.

  • 31.
    Kirk, A.
    et al.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Adamek, J.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Vvi, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Akers, R. J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Allan, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Appel, L.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lucini, F. Arese
    Univ Manchester, Jodrell Bank Ctr Astrophys, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England..
    Barnes, M.
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford 0X1 3NP, England..
    Barrett, T.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ben Ayed, N.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Boeglin, W.
    Florida Int Univ, Dept Phys, Miami, FL 33199 USA..
    Bradley, J.
    Univ Liverpool, Dept Elect Engn & Elect, Liverpool L69 3GJ, Merseyside, England..
    Browning, P. K.
    Univ Manchester, Jodrell Bank Ctr Astrophys, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England..
    Brunner, J.
    Univ Durham, Dept Phys, Durham DH1 3LE, England..
    Cahyna, P.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Vvi, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Cardnell, S.
    Univ Manchester, Jodrell Bank Ctr Astrophys, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England..
    Carr, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Casson, F.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Challis, C.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Chapman, I. T.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Chapman, S.
    Univ Warwick, Ctr Fus Space & Astrophys, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England..
    Chorley, J.
    Univ Durham, Dept Phys, Durham DH1 3LE, England..
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conway, N.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cooper, W. A.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, CRPP, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Cox, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Crocker, N.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Crowley, B.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cunningham, G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Danilov, A.
    Russian Res Ctr, Kurchatov Inst, Inst Nucl Fus, Moscow, Russia..
    Darrow, D.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, POB 451, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Dendy, R.
    Univ Warwick, Ctr Fus Space & Astrophys, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England..
    Dickinson, D.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DQ, N Yorkshire, England..
    Dorland, W.
    Univ Maryland, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Dudson, B.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DQ, N Yorkshire, England..
    Dunai, D.
    KFKI RMKI, Pf 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Easy, L.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DQ, N Yorkshire, England..
    Elmore, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Evans, M.
    Univ Manchester, Jodrell Bank Ctr Astrophys, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England..
    Farley, T.
    Univ Liverpool, Dept Elect Engn & Elect, Liverpool L69 3GJ, Merseyside, England..
    Fedorczak, N.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Field, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fishpool, G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fitzgerald, I.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fox, M.
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford 0X1 3NP, England..
    Freethy, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Garzotti, L.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ghim, Y. C.
    Natl Fusion Res Inst, Daejeon 169148, South Korea..
    Gi, K.
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Frontier Sci, Tokyo 1130032, Japan..
    Gibson, K.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DQ, N Yorkshire, England..
    Gorelenkova, M.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, POB 451, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Gracias, W.
    Univ Carlos III Madrid, Dept Fis, Leganes 28911, Spain..
    Gurl, C.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Guttenfelder, W.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, POB 451, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Ham, C.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Harrison, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Harting, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Havlickova, E.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hawkes, N.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hender, T.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Henderson, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Highcock, E.
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford 0X1 3NP, England..
    Hillesheim, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hnat, B.
    Univ Warwick, Ctr Fus Space & Astrophys, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England..
    Horacek, J.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Vvi, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Howard, J.
    Australian Natl Univ, Plasma Res Lab, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia..
    Howell, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Huang, B.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Imada, K.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DQ, N Yorkshire, England..
    Inomoto, M.
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Frontier Sci, Tokyo 1130032, Japan..
    Imazawa, R.
    Japan Atom Energy Agcy, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Jones, O.
    Univ Durham, Dept Phys, Durham DH1 3LE, England..
    Kadowaki, K.
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Frontier Sci, Tokyo 1130032, Japan..
    Kaye, S.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, POB 451, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Keeling, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Klimek, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics. Uppsala Univ, VR, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Kocan, M.
    ITER Org, CS 90046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Kogan, L.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Komm, M.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Vvi, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Lai, W.
    Univ Warwick, Ctr Fus Space & Astrophys, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England..
    Leddy, J.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DQ, N Yorkshire, England..
    Leggate, H.
    Dublin City Univ, Dublin, Ireland..
    Hollocombe, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lipschultz, B.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DQ, N Yorkshire, England..
    Lisgo, S.
    ITER Org, CS 90046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Liu, Y. Q.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lloyd, B.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lomanowski, B.
    Univ Durham, Dept Phys, Durham DH1 3LE, England..
    Lukin, V.
    Natl Sci Fdn, Arlington, VA 22230 USA..
    Lupelli, I.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Maddison, G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Madsen, J.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Mailloux, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Martin, R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    McArdle, G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    McClements, K.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    McMillan, B.
    Univ Warwick, Ctr Fus Space & Astrophys, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England..
    Meakins, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Meyer, H.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Michael, C.
    Australian Natl Univ, Plasma Res Lab, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia..
    Militello, F.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Milnes, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Morris, A. W.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Motojima, G.
    NIFS, Oroshi Cho, Toki, Gifu, Japan..
    Muir, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Naylor, G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Nielsen, A.
    Natl Lab Sustainable Energy, Riso, POB 49, Roskilde, Denmark..
    O'Brien, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    O'Gorman, T.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    O'Mullane, M.
    Univ Strathclyde, Dept Phys SUPA, Glasgow G4 ONG, Lanark, Scotland..
    Olsen, J.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Omotani, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ono, Y.
    Univ Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 2778561, Japan..
    Pamela, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Pangione, L.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Parra, F.
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford 0X1 3NP, England..
    Patel, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Peebles, W.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Perez, R.
    Florida Int Univ, Dept Phys, Miami, FL 33199 USA..
    Pinches, S.
    ITER Org, CS 90046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Piron, L.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Price, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Reinke, M.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DQ, N Yorkshire, England..
    Ricci, P.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, CRPP, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Riva, F.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, CRPP, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Roach, C.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Romanelli, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ryan, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Saarelma, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Saveliev, A.
    Ioffe Inst, Politekhn Skaya 26, St Petersburg 194021, Russia..
    Scannell, R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Schekochihin, A.
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford 0X1 3NP, England..
    Sharapov, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Sharples, R.
    Univ Durham, Dept Phys, Durham DH1 3LE, England..
    Shevchenko, V.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Shinohara, K.
    Japan Atom Energy Agcy, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Silburn, S.
    Univ Durham, Dept Phys, Durham DH1 3LE, England..
    Simpson, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Stanier, A.
    Univ Manchester, Jodrell Bank Ctr Astrophys, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England..
    Storrs, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Summers, H.
    Univ Strathclyde, Dept Phys SUPA, Glasgow G4 ONG, Lanark, Scotland..
    Takase, Y.
    Univ Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 2778561, Japan..
    Tamain, P.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Tanabe, H.
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Frontier Sci, Tokyo 1130032, Japan..
    Tanaka, H.
    Kyoto Univ, Grad Sch Energy Sci, Kyoto 6068502, Japan..
    Tani, K.
    Tokyo Inst Technol, Meguro Ku, Ookayama Campus,2-12-1 Ookayama, Tokyo 1528550, Japan..
    Taylor, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Thomas, D.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DQ, N Yorkshire, England..
    Thomas-Davies, N.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Thornton, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Turnyanskiy, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Valovic, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Vann, R.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DQ, N Yorkshire, England..
    Van Wyk, F.
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford 0X1 3NP, England..
    Walkden, N.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DQ, N Yorkshire, England..
    Watanabe, T.
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Frontier Sci, Tokyo 1130032, Japan..
    Wilson, H.
    Univ York, York Plasma Inst, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DQ, N Yorkshire, England..
    Wischmeier, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Yamada, T.
    Kyushu Univ, Fac Arts & Sci, Fukuoka 8190395, Japan..
    Young, J.
    Univ Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England..
    Zoletnik, S.
    KFKI RMKI, Pf 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Overview of recent physics results from MAST2017In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 57, no 10, article id 102007Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New results from MAST are presented that focus on validating models in order to extrapolate to future devices. Measurements during start-up experiments have shown how the bulk ion temperature rise scales with the square of the reconnecting field. During the current ramp-up, models are not able to correctly predict the current diffusion. Experiments have been performed looking at edge and core turbulence. At the edge, detailed studies have revealed how filament characteristics are responsible for determining the near and far scrape off layer density profiles. In the core the intrinsic rotation and electron scale turbulence have been measured. The role that the fast ion gradient has on redistributing fast ions through fishbone modes has led to a redesign of the neutral beam injector on MAST Upgrade. In H-mode the turbulence at the pedestal top has been shown to be consistent with being due to electron temperature gradient modes. A reconnection process appears to occur during edge localized modes (ELMs) and the number of filaments released determines the power profile at the divertor. Resonant magnetic perturbations can mitigate ELMs provided the edge peeling response is maximised and the core kink response minimised. The mitigation of intrinsic error fields with toroidal mode number n > 1 has been shown to be important for plasma performance.

  • 32.
    Klimek, Iwona
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Gorelenkova, M.
    Keeling, D.
    Meakins, A.
    Jones, O.
    Akers, R.
    Lupelli, I.
    Turnyanskiy, M.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    TRANSP modelling of total and local neutron emission on MAST2015In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 55, no 2, article id 023003Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The results of TRANSP simulations of neutron count rate profiles measured by a collimated neutron flux monitor-neutron camera (NC)-for different plasma scenarios on MAST are reported. In addition, the effect of various plasma parameters on neutron emission is studied by means of TRANSP simulation. The fast ion redistribution and losses due to fishbone modes, which belong to a wider category of energetic particle modes, are observed by the NC and modelled in TRANSP.

  • 33.
    Klimek, Iwona
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sharapov, S. E.
    Harrison, J.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Determination of hydrogen/deuterium ratio with neutron measurements on MAST2014In: Review of Scientific Instruments, ISSN 0034-6748, E-ISSN 1089-7623, Vol. 85, no 11, p. 11E109-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On MAST, compressional Alfven eigenmodes can be destabilized by the presence of a sufficiently large population of energetic particles in the plasma. This dependence was studied in a series of very similar discharges in which increasing amounts of hydrogen were puffed into a deuterium plasma. A simple method to estimate the isotopic ratio n(H)/n(D) using neutron emission measurements is here described. The inferred isotopic ratio ranged from 0.0 to 0.6 and no experimental indication of changes in radial profile of n(H)/n(D) were observed. These findings are confirmed by TRANSP/NUBEAM simulations of the neutron emission.

  • 34. Labit, B.
    et al.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sperduti, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Zuin, M.
    Dependence on plasma shape and plasma fueling for small edge-localized mode regimes in TCV and ASDEX Upgrade2019In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 59, no 8, article id 086020Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the EUROfusion MST1 work package, a series of experiments has been conducted on AUG and TCV devices to disentangle the role of plasma fueling and plasma shape for the onset of small ELM regimes. On both devices, small ELM regimes with high confinement are achieved if and only if two conditions are fulfilled at the same time. Firstly, the plasma density at the separatrix must be large enough (n(e,sep)/n(G) similar to 0.3), leading to a pressure profile flattening at the separatrix, which stabilizes type-I ELMs. Secondly, the magnetic configuration has to be close to a double null (DN), leading to a reduction of the magnetic shear in the extreme vicinity of the separatrix. As a consequence, its stabilizing effect on ballooning modes is weakened.

  • 35.
    Lawson, K. D.
    et al.
    UKAEA/CCFE, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, OX14 3DB, United Kingdom.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Binda, Federico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Dzysiuk, Nataliia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Possnert, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sjöstrand, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Skiba, Mateusz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Zychor, I
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res NCBJ, PL-05400 Otwock, Poland.
    Population modelling of the He II energy levels in tokamak plasmas: I. Collisional excitation model2019In: Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, ISSN 0953-4075, E-ISSN 1361-6455, Vol. 52, no 4, article id 045001Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Helium is widely used as a fuel or minority gas in laboratory fusion experiments, and will be present as ash in DT thermonuclear plasmas. It is therefore essential to have a good understanding of its atomic physics. To this end He II population modelling has been undertaken for the spectroscopic levels arising from shells with principal quantum number n = 1-5. This paper focuses on a collisional excitation model; ionisation and recombination will be considered in a subsequent article. Heavy particle collisional excitation rate coefficients have been generated to supplement the currently-available atomic data for He II, and are presented for proton, deuteron, triton and alpha-particle projectiles. The widely-used criterion for levels within an n shell being populated in proportion to their statistical weights is reassessed with the most recent atomic data, and found not to apply to the He II levels at tokamak densities (10(18)-10(21) m(-3)). Consequences of this and other likely sources of errors are quantified, as is the effect of differing electron and ion temperatures. Line intensity ratios, including the so-called 'branching ratios' and the fine-structure beta(1), beta(2), beta(3), and gamma ratios, are discussed, the latter with regard to their possible use as diagnostics.

  • 36. Lerche, E.
    et al.
    Van Eester, D.
    Johnson, T. J.
    Hellsten, T.
    Ongena, J.
    Mayoral, M-L
    Frigione, D.
    Sozzi, C.
    Calabro, G.
    Lennholm, M.
    Beaumont, P.
    Blackman, T.
    Brennan, D.
    Brett, A.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Coffey, I.
    Coyne, A.
    Crombe, K.
    Czarnecka, A.
    Felton, R.
    Giroud, C.
    Gorini, G.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Jacquet, P.
    Kiptily, V.
    Knipe, S.
    Krasilnikov, A.
    Maslov, M.
    Monakhov, I.
    Noble, C.
    Nocente, M.
    Pangioni, L.
    Proverbio, I.
    Sergienko, G.
    Stamp, M.
    Studholme, W.
    Tardocchi, M.
    Vdovin, V.
    Versloot, T.
    Voitsekhovitch, I.
    Whitehurst, A.
    Wooldridge, E.
    Zoita, V.
    Experimental investigation of ion cyclotron range of frequencies heating scenarios for ITER's half-field hydrogen phase performed in JET2012In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 54, no 7, p. 074008-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two ion cyclotron range of frequencies ( ICRF) heating schemes proposed for the half-field operation phase of ITER in hydrogen plasmas-fundamental H majority and second harmonic He-3 ICRF heating-were recently investigated in JET. Although the same magnetic field and RF frequencies (f approximate to 42 MHz and f approximate to 52 MHz, respectively) were used, the density and particularly the plasma temperature were lower than those expected in the initial phase of ITER. Unlike for the well-performing H minority heating scheme to be used in He-4 plasmas, modest heating efficiencies (n = P-absorbed/P-launched < 40%) with dominant electron heating were found in both H plasma scenarios studied, and enhanced plasma-wall interaction manifested by high radiation losses and relatively large impurity content in the plasma was observed. This effect was stronger in the He-3 ICRF heating case than in the H majority heating experiments and it was verified that concentrations as high as similar to 20% are necessary to observe significant ion heating in this case. The RF acceleration of the heated ions was modest in both cases, although a small fraction of the 3He ions reached about 260 keV in the second harmonic He-3 heating experiments when 5MW of ICRF power was applied. Considerable RF acceleration of deuterium beam ions was also observed in some discharges of the He-3 heating experiments (where both the second and third harmonic ion cyclotron resonance layers of the D ions are inside the plasma) whilst it was practically absent in the majority hydrogen heating scenario. While hints of improved RF heating efficiency as a function of the plasma temperature and plasma dilution (with He-4) were confirmed in the H majority case, the He-3 concentration was the main handle on the heating efficiency in the second harmonic He-3 heating scenario.

  • 37. Lerche, E.
    et al.
    Van Eester, D.
    Ongena, J.
    Mayoral, M-L
    Laxaback, M.
    Rimini, F.
    Argouarch, A.
    Beaumont, P.
    Blackman, T.
    Bobkov, V.
    Brennan, D.
    Brett, A.
    Calabro, G.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Coffey, I.
    Colas, L.
    Coyne, A.
    Crombe, K.
    Czarnecka, A.
    Dumont, R.
    Durodie, F.
    Felton, R.
    Frigione, D.
    Gatu Johnson, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Giroud, C.
    Gorini, G.
    Graham, M.
    Hellesen, C.
    Hellsten, T.
    Huygen, S.
    Jacquet, P.
    Johnson, T.
    Kiptily, V.
    Knipe, S.
    Krasilnikov, A.
    Lamalle, P.
    Lennholm, M.
    Loarte, A.
    Maggiora, R.
    Maslov, M.
    Messiaen, A.
    Milanesio, D.
    Monakhov, I.
    Nightingale, M.
    Noble, C.
    Nocente, M.
    Pangioni, L.
    Proverbio, I.
    Sozzi, C.
    Stamp, M.
    Studholme, W.
    Tardocchi, M.
    Versloot, T. W.
    Vdovin, V.
    Vrancken, M.
    Whitehurst, A.
    Wooldridge, E.
    Zoita, V.
    Optimizing ion-cyclotron resonance frequency heating for ITER: dedicated JET experiments2011In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 53, no 12, p. 124019-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past years, one of the focal points of the JET experimental programme was on ion-cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH) studies in view of the design and exploitation of the ICRH system being developed for ITER. In this brief review, some of the main achievements obtained in JET in this field during the last 5 years will be summarized. The results reported here include important aspects of a more engineering nature, such as (i) the appropriate design of the RF feeding circuits for optimal load resilient operation and (ii) the test of a compact high-power density antenna array, as well as RF physics oriented studies aiming at refining the numerical models used for predicting the performance of the ICRH system in ITER. The latter include (i) experiments designed for improving the modelling of the antenna coupling resistance under various plasma conditions and (ii) the assessment of the heating performance of ICRH scenarios to be used in the non-active operation phase of ITER.

  • 38. Lerche, E.
    et al.
    Van Eester, D.
    Ongena, J.
    Mayoral, M-L
    Laxaback, M.
    Rimini, F.
    Argouarch, A.
    Beaumont, P.
    Blackman, T.
    Bobkov, V.
    Brennan, D.
    Brett, A.
    Calabro, G.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Coffey, I.
    Colas, L.
    Coyne, A.
    Crombe, K.
    Czarnecka, A.
    Dumont, R.
    Durodie, F.
    Felton, R.
    Frigione, D.
    Gatu Johnson, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Giroud, C.
    Gorini, G.
    Graham, M.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellsten, T.
    Huygen, S.
    Jacquet, P.
    Johnson, T.
    Kiptily, V.
    Knipe, S.
    Krasilnikov, A.
    Lamalle, P.
    Lennholm, M.
    Loarte, A.
    Maggiora, R.
    Maslov, M.
    Messiaen, A.
    Milanesio, D.
    Monakhov, I.
    Nightingale, M.
    Noble, C.
    Nocente, M.
    Pangioni, L.
    Proverbio, I.
    Sozzi, C.
    Stamp, M.
    Studholme, W.
    Tardocchi, M.
    Versloot, T. W.
    Vdovin, V.
    Vrancken, M.
    Whitehurst, A.
    Wooldridge, E.
    Zoita, V.
    Optimizing ion-cyclotron resonance frequency heating for ITER: dedicated JET experiments (vol 53, 124019, 2011)2012In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 54, no 6, article id 069601Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Litaudon, X.
    et al.
    Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Culham OX14 3DB, England..
    Abduallev, S.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Abhangi, M.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Abreu, P.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Afzal, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Aggarwal, K. M.
    Queens Univ, Dept Pure & Appl Phys, Belfast BT7 1NN, Antrim, North Ireland..
    Ahlgren, T.
    Univ Helsinki, POB 43, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Ahn, J. H.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Aho-Mantila, L.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000, FIN-02044 Espoo, Finland..
    Aiba, N.
    Natl Inst Quantum & Radiol Sci & Technol, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Airila, M.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000, FIN-02044 Espoo, Finland..
    Albanese, R.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Aldred, V.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Alegre, D.
    Univ Nacl Educ Distancia, Madrid, Spain..
    Alessi, E.
    IFP CNR, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Aleynikov, P.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Alfier, A.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Alkseev, A.
    NRC Kurchatov Inst, 1 Kurchatov Sq, Moscow 123182, Russia..
    Allinson, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Alper, B.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Alves, E.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Ambrosino, G.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Ambrosino, R.
    Univ Napoli Parthenope, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Amicucci, L.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Amosov, V.
    Troitsk Inst Innovating & Thermonucl Res TRINITI, Moscow 142190, Russia..
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Angelone, M.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Anghel, M.
    Natl Inst Cryogen & Isotop Technol, Ramnicu Valcea, Romania..
    Angioni, C.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Appel, L.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Appelbee, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Arena, P.
    Univ Catania, Dipartimento Ingn Elettr Elettron & Informat, I-95125 Catania, Italy..
    Ariola, M.
    Univ Napoli Parthenope, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Arnichand, H.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Arshad, S.
    Fus Energy Joint Undertaking, Josep Pl 2,Torres Diagonal Litoral B3, Barcelona 08019, Spain..
    Ash, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ashikawa, N.
    Natl Inst Fus Sci, Toki, Gifu 5095292, Japan..
    Aslanyan, V.
    MIT, Plasma Sci & Fus Ctr, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA..
    Asunta, O.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Auriemma, F.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Austin, Y.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Avotina, L.
    Univ Latvia, 19 Raina Blvd, LV-1586 Riga, Latvia..
    Axton, M. D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ayres, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bacharis, M.
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Phys, London SW7 2AZ, England..
    Baciero, A.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Baiao, D.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Bailey, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Baker, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Balboa, I.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Balden, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Balshaw, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bament, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Banks, J. W.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Baranov, Y. F.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Barnard, M. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Barnes, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Barnes, M.
    Univ Oxford, Dept Phys, Oxford OX1 2JD, England..
    Barnsley, R.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Wiechec, A. Baron
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Orte, L. Barrera
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Baruzzo, M.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Basiuk, V.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bassan, M.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bastow, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Batista, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Batistoni, P.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Baughan, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bauvir, B.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Baylor, L.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA..
    Bazylev, B.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, POB 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Beal, J.
    Univ York, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Beaumont, P. S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Beckers, M.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Beckett, B.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Becoulet, A.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bekris, N.
    Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Culham OX14 3DB, England..
    Beldishevski, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bell, K.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Belli, F.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Bellinger, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Belonohy, E.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Ben Ayed, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Benterman, N. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bergsaker, H.
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Bernardo, J.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Bernert, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Berry, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bertalot, L.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Besliu, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Beurskens, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, Teilinsitut Greifswald, D-17491 Greifswald, Germany..
    Bieg, B.
    Maritime Univ Szczecin, Waly Chrobrego 1-2, PL-70500 Szczecin, Poland..
    Bielecki, J.
    Inst Nucl Phys, Radzikowskiego 152, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland..
    Biewer, T.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA..
    Bigi, M.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Bilkova, P.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Binda, Federico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Bisoffi, A.
    Univ Trento, Dipartimento Ingn Ind, Trento, Italy..
    Bizarro, J. P. S.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Bjorkas, C.
    Univ Helsinki, POB 43, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Blackburn, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Blackman, K.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Blackman, T. R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Blanchard, P.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Blatchford, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bobkov, V.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Boboc, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bodnar, G.
    Wigner Res Ctr Phys, POB 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Bogar, O.
    Comenius Univ, Dept Expt Phys, Fac Math Phys & Informat, Mlynska Dolina F2, Bratislava 84248, Slovakia..
    Bolshakova, I.
    Lviv Polytech Natl Univ, Magnet Sensor Lab, Lvov, Ukraine..
    Bolzonella, T.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Bonanomi, N.
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Piazza Sci 3, I-20126 Milan, Italy..
    Bonelli, F.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, POB 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Boom, J.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Booth, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Borba, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Culham OX14 3DB, England.;Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Borodin, D.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Borodkina, I.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Botrugno, A.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Bottereau, C.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Boulting, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bourdelle, C.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bowden, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bower, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bowman, C.
    Univ York, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Boyce, T.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Boyd, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Boyer, H. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bradshaw, J. M. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Braic, V.
    Natl Inst Optoelect, Magurele, Romania..
    Bravanec, R.
    Fourth State Res, 503 Lockhart Dr, Austin, TX USA..
    Breizman, B.
    Univ Texas Austin, Inst Fus Studies, Austin, TX 78712 USA..
    Bremond, S.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Brennan, P. D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Breton, S.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Brett, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Brezinsek, S.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Bright, M. D. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Brix, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Broeckx, W.
    SCK CEN, Nucl Res Ctr, B-2400 Mol, Belgium..
    Brombin, M.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Broslawski, A.
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res, PL-05400 Otwock, Poland..
    Brown, D. P. D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Brown, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bruno, E.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bucalossi, J.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Buch, J.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Buchanan, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Buckley, M. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Budny, R.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, James Forrestal Campus, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Bufferand, H.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bulman, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bulmer, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bunting, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Buratti, P.
    Burckhart, A.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Buscarino, A.
    Univ Catania, Dipartimento Ingn Elettr Elettron & Informat, I-95125 Catania, Italy..
    Busse, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Butler, N. K.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bykov, I.
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Byrne, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cahyna, P.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Calabro, G.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Calvo, I.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Camenen, Y.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, PIIM, UMR 7345, F-13013 Marseille, France..
    Camp, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Campling, D. C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cane, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cannas, B.
    Univ Cagliari, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Piazza Armi 09123, Cagliari, Italy..
    Capel, A. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Card, P. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cardinali, A.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Carman, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Carr, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Carralero, D.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Carraro, L.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Carvalho, B. B.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Carvalho, I.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Carvalho, P.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Casson, F. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Castaldo, C.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Catarino, N.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Caumont, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Causa, F.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Cavazzana, R.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Cave-Ayland, K.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cavinato, M.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ceccuzzi, S.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Cecil, E.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, James Forrestal Campus, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Cenedese, A.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Cesario, R.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Challis, C. D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Chandler, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Chandra, D.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Chang, C. S.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, James Forrestal Campus, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Chankin, A.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Chapman, I. T.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Chapman, S. C.
    Univ Warwick, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England..
    Chernyshova, M.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Chitarin, G.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Ciraolo, G.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Ciric, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Citrin, J.
    FOM Inst DIFFER, Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    Clairet, F.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Clark, E.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Clark, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Clarkson, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Clatworthy, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Clements, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cleverly, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Coad, J. P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Coates, P. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cobalt, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Coccorese, V.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Cocilovo, V.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Coda, S.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Coelho, R.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Coenen, J. W.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Coffey, I.
    Queens Univ, Dept Pure & Appl Phys, Belfast BT7 1NN, Antrim, North Ireland..
    Colas, L.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Collins, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Conka, D.
    Univ Latvia, 19 Raina Blvd, LV-1586 Riga, Latvia..
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conway, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Coombs, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cooper, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cooper, S. R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Corradino, C.
    Univ Catania, Dipartimento Ingn Elettr Elettron & Informat, I-95125 Catania, Italy..
    Corre, Y.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Corrigan, G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cortes, S.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Coster, D.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Couchman, A. S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cox, M. P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Craciunescu, T.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Cramp, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Craven, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Crisanti, F.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Croci, G.
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Piazza Sci 3, I-20126 Milan, Italy..
    Croft, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Crombe, K.
    Univ Ghent, Dept Appl Phys UG, St Pietersnieuwstr 41, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Crowe, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cruz, N.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Cseh, G.
    Wigner Res Ctr Phys, POB 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Cufar, A.
    Slovenian Fusion Assoc, Jozef Stefan Inst, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia..
    Cullen, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Curuia, M.
    Natl Inst Cryogen & Isotop Technol, Ramnicu Valcea, Romania..
    Czarnecka, A.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Dabirikhah, H.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Dalgliesh, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Dalley, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Dankowski, J.
    Inst Nucl Phys, Radzikowskiego 152, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland..
    Darrow, D.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, James Forrestal Campus, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Davies, O.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Davis, W.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France.;Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, James Forrestal Campus, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Day, C.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, POB 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Day, I. E.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    De Bock, M.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    de Castro, A.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    de la Cal, E.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    de la Luna, E.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    De Masi, G.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    de Pablos, J. L.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    De Temmerman, G.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    De Tommasi, G.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    de Vries, P.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Deakin, K.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Deane, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Agostini, F. Degli
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Dejarnac, R.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Delabie, E.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA..
    den Harder, N.
    FOM Inst DIFFER, Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    Dendy, R. O.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Denis, J.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Denner, P.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Devaux, S.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany.;Univ Lorraine, CNRS, UMR7198, YIJL, Nancy, France..
    Devynck, P.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Di Maio, F.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Di Siena, A.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Di Troia, C.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Dinca, P.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    D'Inca, R.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Ding, B.
    Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Plasma Phys, Hefei 230031, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Dittmar, T.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Doerk, H.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Doerner, R. P.
    Univ Calif San Diego, Ctr Energy Res, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA..
    Donne, T.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Dorling, S. E.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Dormido-Canto, S.
    Univ Nacl Educ Distancia, Madrid, Spain..
    Doswon, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Douai, D.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Doyle, P. T.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Drenik, A.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany.;Slovenian Fusion Assoc, Jozef Stefan Inst, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia..
    Drewelow, P.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, Teilinsitut Greifswald, D-17491 Greifswald, Germany..
    Drews, P.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Duckworth, Ph.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Dumont, R.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Dumortier, P.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Dunai, D.
    Wigner Res Ctr Phys, POB 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Dunne, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Duran, I.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Durodie, F.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Dutta, P.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Duval, B. P.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Dux, R.
    Dylst, K.
    SCK CEN, Nucl Res Ctr, B-2400 Mol, Belgium..
    Dzysiuk, Natalia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Edappala, P. V.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Edmond, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Edwards, A. M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Edwards, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Eich, Th.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Ekedahl, A.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    El-Jorf, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Elsmore, C. G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Enachescu, M.
    Horia Hulubei Natl Inst Phys & Nucl Engn, Magurele, Romania..
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, F.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Earth & Space Sci, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, L. G.
    European Commiss, B-1049 Brussels, Belgium..
    Esposito, B.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Esquembri, S.
    Univ Politecn Madrid, Grupo I2A2, Madrid, Spain..
    Esser, H. G.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Esteve, D.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Evans, B.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Evans, G. E.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Evison, G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ewart, G. D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fagan, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Faitsch, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Falie, D.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Fanni, A.
    Univ Cagliari, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Piazza Armi 09123, Cagliari, Italy..
    Fasoli, A.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Faustin, J. M.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Fawlk, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fazendeiro, L.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Fedorczak, N.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Felton, R. C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fenton, K.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fernades, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Fernandes, H.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Ferreira, J.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Fessey, J. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fevrier, O.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Ficker, O.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Field, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fietz, S.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Figueiredo, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Figueiredo, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Culham OX14 3DB, England.;Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Fil, A.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Finburg, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Firdaouss, M.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Fischer, U.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, POB 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Fittill, L.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fitzgerald, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Flammini, D.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Flanagan, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fleming, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Flinders, K.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fonnesu, N.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Fontdecaba, J. M.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Formisano, A.
    Second Univ Napoli, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Forsythe, L.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fortuna, L.
    Univ Catania, Dipartimento Ingn Elettr Elettron & Informat, I-95125 Catania, Italy..
    Fortuna-Zalesna, E.
    Warsaw Univ Technol, Dept Mat Sci, PL-01152 Warsaw, Poland..
    Fortune, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Foster, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Franke, T.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Franklin, T.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Frasca, M.
    Univ Catania, Dipartimento Ingn Elettr Elettron & Informat, I-95125 Catania, Italy..
    Frassinetti, L.
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Freisinger, M.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Fresa, R.
    Univ Basilicata, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Frigione, D.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Fuchs, V.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Fuller, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Culham OX14 3DB, England..
    Futatani, S.
    Barcelona Supercomp Ctr, Barcelona, Spain..
    Fyvie, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Gal, K.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany.;Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Galassi, D.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, Ctr Marseille, M2P2 UMR 7340, F-13451 Marseille, France..
    Galazka, K.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Galdon-Quiroga, J.
    Univ Seville, Seville, Spain..
    Gallagher, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Gallart, D.
    Barcelona Supercomp Ctr, Barcelona, Spain..
    Galvao, R.
    Ctr Brasileiro Pesquisas Fis, Rua Xavier Sigaud 160, BR-22290180 Rio De Janeiro, Brazil..
    Gao, X.
    Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Plasma Phys, Hefei 230031, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Y.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Garcia, J.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Garcia-Carrasco, A.
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Garcia-Munoz, M.
    Univ Seville, Seville, Spain..
    Gardarein, J. -L
    Garzotti, L.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Gaudio, P.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Via Politecn 1, Rome, Italy..
    Gauthier, E.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Gear, D. F.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Gee, S. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Geiger, B.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Gelfusa, M.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Via Politecn 1, Rome, Italy..
    Gerasimov, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Gervasini, G.
    IFP CNR, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Gethins, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ghani, Z.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ghate, M.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Gherendi, M.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Giacalone, J. C.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Giacomelli, L.
    IFP CNR, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Gibson, C. S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Giegerich, T.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, POB 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Gil, C.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Gil, L.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Gilligan, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Gin, D.
    Ioffe Phys Tech Inst, 26 Politekhnicheskaya, St Petersburg 194021, Russia..
    Giovannozzi, E.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Girardo, J. B.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Giroud, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Giruzzi, G.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Gloeggler, S.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Godwin, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Goff, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Gohil, P.
    Gen Atom, POB 85608, San Diego, CA 92186 USA..
    Goloborod'ko, V.
    Univ Innsbruck, Fus Osterreich Akad Wissensch OAW, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Gomes, R.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Goncalves, B.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Goniche, M.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Goodliffe, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Goodyear, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Gorini, G.
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Piazza Sci 3, I-20126 Milan, Italy..
    Gosk, M.
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res, PL-05400 Otwock, Poland..
    Goulding, R.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, James Forrestal Campus, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Goussarov, A.
    SCK CEN, Nucl Res Ctr, B-2400 Mol, Belgium..
    Gowland, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Graham, B.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Graham, M. E.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Graves, J. P.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Grazier, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Grazier, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Green, N. R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Greuner, H.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Grierson, B.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, James Forrestal Campus, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Griph, F. S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Grisolia, C.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Grist, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Groth, M.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Grove, R.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA..
    Grundy, C. N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Grzonka, J.
    Warsaw Univ Technol, Dept Mat Sci, PL-01152 Warsaw, Poland..
    Guard, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Guerard, C.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Guillemaut, C.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France.;Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Guirlet, R.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Gurl, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Utoh, H. H.
    Natl Inst Quantum & Radiol Sci & Technol, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Hackett, L. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hacquin, S.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France.;Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Culham OX14 3DB, England..
    Hagar, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hager, R.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, James Forrestal Campus, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Hakola, A.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000, FIN-02044 Espoo, Finland..
    Halitovs, M.
    Univ Latvia, 19 Raina Blvd, LV-1586 Riga, Latvia..
    Hall, S. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cook, S. P. Hallworth
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hamlyn-Harris, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hammond, K.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Harrington, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Harrison, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Harting, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hasenbeck, F.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Hatano, Y.
    Univ Toyama, Toyama 9308555, Japan..
    Hatch, D. R.
    Univ Texas Austin, Inst Fus Studies, Austin, TX 78712 USA..
    Haupt, T. D. V.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hawes, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hawkes, N. C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hawkins, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hawkins, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Haydon, P. W.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hayter, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hazel, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Heesterman, P. J. L.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Heinola, K.
    Univ Helsinki, POB 43, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellsten, T.
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Helou, W.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Hemming, O. N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hender, T. C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Henderson, M.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Henderson, S. S.
    Univ Strathclyde, Dept Phys & Appl Phys, Glasgow G4 ONG, Lanark, Scotland..
    Henriques, R.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Hepple, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hermon, G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hertout, P.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Hidalgo, C.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Highcock, E. G.
    Univ Oxford, Dept Phys, Oxford OX1 2JD, England..
    Hill, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hillairet, J.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Hillesheim, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hillis, D.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA..
    Hizanidis, K.
    Natl Tech Univ Athens, Iroon Politechniou 9, Athens 15773, Greece..
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hobirk, J.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Hodille, E.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Hogben, C. H. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hogeweij, G. M. D.
    FOM Inst DIFFER, Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    Hollingsworth, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hollis, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Homfray, D. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Horacek, J.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Hornung, G.
    Univ Ghent, Dept Appl Phys UG, St Pietersnieuwstr 41, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Horton, A. R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Horton, L. D.
    European Commiss, B-1049 Brussels, Belgium..
    Horvath, L.
    Univ York, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Hotchin, S. P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hough, M. R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Howarth, P. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hubbard, A.
    MIT, Plasma Sci & Fus Ctr, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA..
    Huber, A.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Huber, V.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Huddleston, T. M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hughes, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Huijsmans, G. T. A.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Hunter, C. L.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Huynh, P.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Hynes, A. M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Iglesias, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Imazawa, N.
    Natl Inst Quantum & Radiol Sci & Technol, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Imbeaux, F.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Imrisek, M.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Incelli, M.
    Univ Tuscia, DEIM, Via Paradiso 47, I-01100 Viterbo, Italy..
    Innocente, P.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Irishkin, M.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Ivanova-Stanik, I.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Jachmich, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Culham OX14 3DB, England.;Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Jacobsen, A. S.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Jacquet, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Jansons, J.
    Univ Latvia, 19 Raina Blvd, LV-1586 Riga, Latvia..
    Jardin, A.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Jarvinen, A.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Jaulmes, F.
    FOM Inst DIFFER, Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    Jednorog, S.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Jenkins, I.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Jeong, C.
    Korea Adv Inst Sci & Technol, Dept Nucl & Quantum Engn, Daejeon 34141, South Korea..
    Jepu, I.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Joffrin, E.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Johnson, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Johnson, T.
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johnston, Jane
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Joita, L.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Jones, G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Jones, T. T. C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hoshino, K. K.
    Natl Inst Quantum & Radiol Sci & Technol, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Kallenbach, A.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Kamiya, K.
    Natl Inst Quantum & Radiol Sci & Technol, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Kaniewski, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kantor, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kappatou, A.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Karhunen, J.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Karkinsky, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Karnowska, I.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kaufman, M.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA..
    Kaveney, G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kazakov, Y.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Kazantzidis, V.
    Natl Tech Univ Athens, Iroon Politechniou 9, Athens 15773, Greece..
    Keeling, D. L.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Keenan, T.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Keep, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kempenaars, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kennedy, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kenny, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kent, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kent, O. N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Khilkevich, E.
    Ioffe Phys Tech Inst, 26 Politekhnicheskaya, St Petersburg 194021, Russia..
    Kim, H. T.
    Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Culham OX14 3DB, England..
    Kim, H. S.
    Seoul Natl Univ, Shilim Dong, South Korea..
    Kinch, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    King, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    King, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    King, R. F.
    Kinna, D. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kiptily, V.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kirk, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kirov, K.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kirschner, A.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Kizane, G.
    Univ Latvia, 19 Raina Blvd, LV-1586 Riga, Latvia..
    Klepper, C.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA..
    Klix, A.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, POB 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Knight, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Knipe, S. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Knott, S.
    Univ Coll Cork, Cork, Ireland..
    Kobuchi, T.
    Natl Inst Quantum & Radiol Sci & Technol, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Koechl, F.
    Vienna Univ Technol, Fusi Osterreich Akad Wissensch OAW, Vienna, Austria..
    Kocsis, G.
    Wigner Res Ctr Phys, POB 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Kodeli, I.
    Slovenian Fusion Assoc, Jozef Stefan Inst, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia..
    Kogan, L.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kogut, D.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Koivuranta, S.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000, FIN-02044 Espoo, Finland..
    Kominis, Y.
    Natl Tech Univ Athens, Iroon Politechniou 9, Athens 15773, Greece..
    Koeppen, M.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Kos, B.
    Slovenian Fusion Assoc, Jozef Stefan Inst, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia..
    Koskela, T.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Koslowski, H. R.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Koubiti, M.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, PIIM, UMR 7345, F-13013 Marseille, France..
    Kovari, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kowalska-Strzeciwilk, E.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Krasilnikov, A.
    Troitsk Inst Innovating & Thermonucl Res TRINITI, Moscow 142190, Russia..
    Krasilnikov, V.
    Troitsk Inst Innovating & Thermonucl Res TRINITI, Moscow 142190, Russia..
    Krawczyk, N.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Kresina, M.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Krieger, K.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Krivska, A.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Kruezi, U.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ksiazek, I.
    Opole Univ, Inst Phys, Oleska 48, PL-45052 Opole, Poland..
    Kukushkin, A.
    NRC Kurchatov Inst, 1 Kurchatov Sq, Moscow 123182, Russia..
    Kundu, A.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Kurki-Suonio, T.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Kwak, S.
    Korea Adv Inst Sci & Technol, Dept Nucl & Quantum Engn, Daejeon 34141, South Korea..
    Kwiatkowski, R.
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res, PL-05400 Otwock, Poland..
    Kwon, O. J.
    Daegu Univ, Gyongsan 712174, Gyeongbuk, South Korea..
    Laguardia, L.
    IFP CNR, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Lahtinen, A.
    Univ Helsinki, POB 43, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Laing, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lam, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lambertz, H. T.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Lane, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lang, P. T.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Lanthaler, S.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Lapins, J.
    Univ Latvia, 19 Raina Blvd, LV-1586 Riga, Latvia..
    Lasa, A.
    Univ Helsinki, POB 43, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Last, J. R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Laszynska, E.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Lawless, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lawson, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lawson, K. D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lazaros, A.
    Natl Tech Univ Athens, Iroon Politechniou 9, Athens 15773, Greece..
    Lazzaro, E.
    IFP CNR, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Leddy, J.
    Univ York, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Lee, S.
    Natl Fusion Res Inst, 169-148 Gwahak Ro, Daejeon 305806, South Korea..
    Lefebvre, X.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Leggate, H. J.
    Dublin City Univ, Dublin, Ireland..
    Lehmann, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lehnen, M.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Leichtle, D.
    Fus Energy Joint Undertaking, Josep Pl 2,Torres Diagonal Litoral B3, Barcelona 08019, Spain..
    Leichuer, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Leipold, F.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France.;Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Lengar, I.
    Slovenian Fusion Assoc, Jozef Stefan Inst, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia..
    Lennholm, M.
    European Commiss, B-1049 Brussels, Belgium..
    Lerche, E.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Lescinskis, A.
    Univ Latvia, 19 Raina Blvd, LV-1586 Riga, Latvia..
    Lesnoj, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Letellier, E.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Leyland, M.
    Univ York, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Leysen, W.
    SCK CEN, Nucl Res Ctr, B-2400 Mol, Belgium..
    Li, L.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Liang, Y.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Likonen, J.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000, FIN-02044 Espoo, Finland..
    Linke, J.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Linsmeier, Ch.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Lipschultz, B.
    Univ York, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Liu, G.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Liu, Y.
    Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Plasma Phys, Hefei 230031, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Lo Schiavo, V. P.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Loarer, T.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Loarte, A.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Lobel, R. C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lomanowski, B.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Lomas, P. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lonnroth, J.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland.;Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Culham OX14 3DB, England..
    Lopez, J. M.
    Univ Politecn Madrid, Grupo I2A2, Madrid, Spain..
    Lopez-Razola, J.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Lorenzini, R.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Losada, U.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Lovell, J. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Loving, A. B.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lowry, C.
    European Commiss, B-1049 Brussels, Belgium..
    Luce, T.
    Gen Atom, POB 85608, San Diego, CA 92186 USA..
    Lucock, R. M. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lukin, A.
    PELIN LLC, 27a Gzhatskaya Ulitsa, St Petersburg 195220, Russia..
    Luna, C.
    Arizona State Univ, Tempe, AZ USA..
    Lungaroni, M.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Via Politecn 1, Rome, Italy..
    Lungu, C. P.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Lungu, M.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Lunniss, A.
    Univ York, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Lupelli, I.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lyssoivan, A.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Macdonald, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Macheta, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Maczewa, K.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Magesh, B.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Maget, P.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Maggi, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Maier, H.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Mailloux, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Makkonen, T.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Makwana, R.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Malaquias, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Malizia, A.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Via Politecn 1, Rome, Italy..
    Manas, P.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, PIIM, UMR 7345, F-13013 Marseille, France..
    Manning, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Manso, M. E.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Mantica, P.
    IFP CNR, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Mantsinen, M.
    Barcelona Supercomp Ctr, Barcelona, Spain..
    Manzanares, A.
    Univ Complutense Madrid, Madrid, Spain..
    Maquet, Ph.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Marandet, Y.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, PIIM, UMR 7345, F-13013 Marseille, France..
    Marcenko, N.
    Troitsk Inst Innovating & Thermonucl Res TRINITI, Moscow 142190, Russia..
    Marchetto, C.
    IFP CNR, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Marchuk, O.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Marinelli, M.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Via Politecn 1, Rome, Italy..
    Marinucci, M.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Markovic, T.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Marocco, D.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Marot, L.
    Univ Basel, Dept Phys, Basel, Switzerland..
    Marren, C. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Marshal, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Martin, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Martin, Y.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Martin de Aguilera, A.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Martinez, F. J.
    Univ Nacl Educ Distancia, Madrid, Spain..
    Martin-Solis, J. R.
    Univ Carlos III Madrid, Dept Fis, Madrid 28911, Spain..
    Martynova, Y.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Maruyama, S.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Masiello, A.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Maslov, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Matejcik, S.
    Comenius Univ, Dept Expt Phys, Fac Math Phys & Informat, Mlynska Dolina F2, Bratislava 84248, Slovakia..
    Mattei, M.
    Second Univ Napoli, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Matthews, G. F.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Maviglia, F.
    Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Mayer, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Mayoral, M. L.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    May-Smith, T.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Mazon, D.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Mazzotta, C.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    McAdams, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    McCarthy, P. J.
    Univ Coll Cork, Cork, Ireland..
    McClements, K. G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    McCormack, O.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    McCullen, P. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    McDonald, D.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    McIntosh, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    McKean, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    McKehon, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Meadows, R. C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Meakins, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Medina, F.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Medland, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Medley, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Meigh, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Meigs, A. G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Meisl, G.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Meitner, S.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA..
    Meneses, L.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Menmuir, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.;KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mergia, K.
    NCSR Demokritos, Aghia Paraskevi 15310, Greece..
    Merrigan, I. R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Mertens, Ph.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Meshchaninov, S.
    Troitsk Inst Innovating & Thermonucl Res TRINITI, Moscow 142190, Russia..
    Messiaen, A.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Meyer, H.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Mianowski, S.
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res, PL-05400 Otwock, Poland..
    Michling, R.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Middleton-Gear, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Miettunen, J.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Militello, F.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Militello-Asp, E.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Miloshevsky, G.
    Purdue Univ, 610 Purdue Mall, W Lafayette, IN 47907 USA..
    Mink, F.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Minucci, S.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Miyoshi, Y.
    Natl Inst Quantum & Radiol Sci & Technol, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Mlynar, J.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Molina, D.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Monakhov, I.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Moneti, M.
    Univ Tuscia, DEIM, Via Paradiso 47, I-01100 Viterbo, Italy..
    Mooney, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Moradi, S.
    ULB, Fluid & Plasma Dynam, Campus Plaine CP 231 Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Mordijck, S.
    Gen Atom, POB 85608, San Diego, CA 92186 USA..
    Moreira, L.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Moreno, R.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Moro, F.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Morris, A. W.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Morris, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Moser, L.
    Univ Basel, Dept Phys, Basel, Switzerland..
    Mosher, S.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA..
    Moulton, D.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland.;CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Murari, A.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy.;Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Culham OX14 3DB, England..
    Muraro, A.
    IFP CNR, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Murphy, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Asakura, N. N.
    Natl Inst Quantum & Radiol Sci & Technol, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Na, Y. S.
    Seoul Natl Univ, Shilim Dong, South Korea..
    Nabais, F.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Naish, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Nakano, T.
    Natl Inst Quantum & Radiol Sci & Technol, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Nardon, E.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Naulin, V.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Nave, M. F. F.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Nedzelski, I.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Nemtsev, G.
    Troitsk Inst Innovating & Thermonucl Res TRINITI, Moscow 142190, Russia..
    Nespoli, F.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Neto, A.
    Fus Energy Joint Undertaking, Josep Pl 2,Torres Diagonal Litoral B3, Barcelona 08019, Spain..
    Neu, R.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Neverov, V. S.
    NRC Kurchatov Inst, 1 Kurchatov Sq, Moscow 123182, Russia..
    Newman, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Nicholls, K. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Nicolas, T.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Nielsen, A. H.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Nielsen, P.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Nilsson, E.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Nishijima, D.
    Univ Calif, 1111 Franklin St, Oakland, CA 94607 USA..
    Noble, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Nocente, M.
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Piazza Sci 3, I-20126 Milan, Italy..
    Nodwell, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Nordlund, K.
    Univ Helsinki, POB 43, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Nordman, H.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Earth & Space Sci, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Nouailletas, R.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Nunes, I.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Oberkofler, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Odupitan, T.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ogawa, M. T.
    Natl Inst Quantum & Radiol Sci & Technol, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    O'Gorman, T.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Okabayashi, M.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, James Forrestal Campus, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Olney, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Omolayo, O.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    O'Mullane, M.
    Univ Strathclyde, Dept Phys & Appl Phys, Glasgow G4 ONG, Lanark, Scotland..
    Ongena, J.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Orsitto, F.
    Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Orszagh, J.
    Comenius Univ, Dept Expt Phys, Fac Math Phys & Informat, Mlynska Dolina F2, Bratislava 84248, Slovakia..
    Oswuigwe, B. I.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Otin, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Owen, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Paccagnella, R.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Pace, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Pacella, D.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Packer, L. W.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Page, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Pajuste, E.
    Univ Latvia, 19 Raina Blvd, LV-1586 Riga, Latvia..
    Palazzo, S.
    Univ Catania, Dipartimento Ingn Elettr Elettron & Informat, I-95125 Catania, Italy..
    Pamela, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Panja, S.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Papp, P.
    Comenius Univ, Dept Expt Phys, Fac Math Phys & Informat, Mlynska Dolina F2, Bratislava 84248, Slovakia..
    Paprok, R.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Parail, V.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Park, M.
    Natl Fusion Res Inst, 169-148 Gwahak Ro, Daejeon 305806, South Korea..
    Diaz, F. Parra
    Univ Oxford, Dept Phys, Oxford OX1 2JD, England..
    Parsons, M.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA..
    Pasqualotto, R.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Patel, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Pathak, S.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Paton, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Patten, H.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Pau, A.
    Univ Cagliari, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Piazza Armi 09123, Cagliari, Italy..
    Pawelec, E.
    Opole Univ, Inst Phys, Oleska 48, PL-45052 Opole, Poland..
    Soldan, C. Paz
    Gen Atom, POB 85608, San Diego, CA 92186 USA..
    Peackoc, A.
    European Commiss, B-1049 Brussels, Belgium..
    Pearson, I. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Pehkonen, S. -P
    Peluso, E.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Via Politecn 1, Rome, Italy..
    Penot, C.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Pereira, A.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Pereira, R.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Puglia, P. P. Pereira
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    von Thun, C. Perez
    Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Culham OX14 3DB, England.;Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Peruzzo, S.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Peschanyi, S.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, POB 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Peterka, M.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Petersson, P.
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Petravich, G.
    Wigner Res Ctr Phys, POB 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Petre, A.
    Horia Hulubei Natl Inst Phys & Nucl Engn, Magurele, Romania..
    Petrella, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Petrzilka, V.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Peysson, Y.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Pfefferle, D.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Philipps, V.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Pillon, M.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Pintsuk, G.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Piovesan, P.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Pires dos Reis, A.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, Rua Matao Travessa R 187,Cidade Univ, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Piron, L.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Pironti, A.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Pisano, F.
    Univ Cagliari, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Piazza Armi 09123, Cagliari, Italy..
    Pitts, R.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Pizzo, F.
    Second Univ Napoli, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Plyusnin, V.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Pomaro, N.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Pompilian, O. G.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Pool, P. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Popovichev, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Porfiri, M. T.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Porosnicu, C.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Porton, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Possnert, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Potzel, S.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Powell, T.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Pozzi, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Prajapati, V.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Prakash, R.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Prestopino, G.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Via Politecn 1, Rome, Italy..
    Price, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Price, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Price, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Prior, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Proudfoot, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Pucella, G.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Puglia, P.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, Rua Matao Travessa R 187,Cidade Univ, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Puiatti, M. E.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Pulley, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Purahoo, K.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Puetterich, Th.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Rachlew, E.
    KTH, SCI, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Rack, M.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Ragona, R.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Rainford, M. S. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Rakha, A.
    Barcelona Supercomp Ctr, Barcelona, Spain..
    Ramogida, G.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Ranjan, S.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Rapson, C. J.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Rasmussen, J. J.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Rathod, K.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Ratta, G.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Ratynskaia, S.
    KTH, EES, Space & Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ravera, G.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Rayner, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Rebai, M.
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Piazza Sci 3, I-20126 Milan, Italy..
    Reece, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Reed, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Refy, D.
    Wigner Res Ctr Phys, POB 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Regan, B.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Regana, J.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Reich, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Reid, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Reimold, F.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Reinhart, M.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Reinke, M.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA.;Univ York, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Reiser, D.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Rendell, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Reux, C.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Reyes Cortes, S. D. A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Reynolds, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Riccardo, V.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Richardson, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Riddle, K.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Rigamonti, D.
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Piazza Sci 3, I-20126 Milan, Italy..
    Rimini, F. G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Risner, J.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA..
    Riva, M.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Roach, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Robins, R. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Robinson, S. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Robinson, T.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Robson, D. W.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Roccella, R.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Rodionov, R.
    Troitsk Inst Innovating & Thermonucl Res TRINITI, Moscow 142190, Russia..
    Rodrigues, P.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Rodriguez, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Rohde, V.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Romanelli, F.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Romanelli, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Romanelli, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Romazanov, J.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Rowe, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Rubel, M.
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Rubinacci, G.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Rubino, G.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Ruchko, L.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, Rua Matao Travessa R 187,Cidade Univ, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Ruiz, M.
    Univ Politecn Madrid, Grupo I2A2, Madrid, Spain..
    Ruset, C.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Rzadkiewicz, J.
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res, PL-05400 Otwock, Poland..
    Saarelma, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Sabot, R.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Safi, E.
    Univ Helsinki, POB 43, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Sagar, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Saibene, G.
    Fus Energy Joint Undertaking, Josep Pl 2,Torres Diagonal Litoral B3, Barcelona 08019, Spain..
    Saint-Laurent, F.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Salewski, M.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Salmi, A.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000, FIN-02044 Espoo, Finland..
    Salmon, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Salzedas, F.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Samaddar, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Samm, U.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Sandiford, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Santa, P.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Santala, M. I. K.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Santos, B.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Santucci, A.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Sartori, F.
    Fus Energy Joint Undertaking, Josep Pl 2,Torres Diagonal Litoral B3, Barcelona 08019, Spain..
    Sartori, R.
    Fus Energy Joint Undertaking, Josep Pl 2,Torres Diagonal Litoral B3, Barcelona 08019, Spain..
    Sauter, O.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Scannell, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Schlummer, T.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Schmid, K.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Schmidt, V.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Schmuck, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Schneider, M.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Schoepf, K.
    Univ Innsbruck, Fus Osterreich Akad Wissensch OAW, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Schworer, D.
    Dublin City Univ, Dublin, Ireland..
    Scott, S. D.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, James Forrestal Campus, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Sergienko, G.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Sertoli, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Shabbir, A.
    Univ Ghent, Dept Appl Phys UG, St Pietersnieuwstr 41, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Sharapov, S. E.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Shaw, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Shaw, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Sheikh, H.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Shepherd, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Shevelev, A.
    Ioffe Phys Tech Inst, 26 Politekhnicheskaya, St Petersburg 194021, Russia..
    Shumack, A.
    FOM Inst DIFFER, Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    Sias, G.
    Univ Cagliari, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Piazza Armi 09123, Cagliari, Italy..
    Sibbald, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Sieglin, B.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Silburn, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Silva, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Silva, C.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Simmons, P. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Simpson, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Simpson-Hutchinson, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Sinha, A.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Sipila, S. K.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Sips, A. C. C.
    European Commiss, B-1049 Brussels, Belgium..
    Siren, P.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000, FIN-02044 Espoo, Finland..
    Sirinelli, A.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Sjöstrand, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Skiba, Mateusz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Skilton, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Slabkowska, K.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Slade, B.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Smith, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Smith, P. G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Smith, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Smith, T. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Smithies, M.
    Univ York, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Snoj, L.
    Slovenian Fusion Assoc, Jozef Stefan Inst, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia..
    Soare, S.
    Natl Inst Cryogen & Isotop Technol, Ramnicu Valcea, Romania..
    Solano, E. R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Culham OX14 3DB, England.;CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Somers, A.
    Dublin City Univ, Dublin, Ireland..
    Sommariva, C.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Sonato, P.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Sopplesa, A.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Sousa, J.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Sozzi, C.
    IFP CNR, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Spagnolo, S.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Spelzini, T.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Spineanu, F.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Stables, G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Stamatelatos, I.
    NCSR Demokritos, Aghia Paraskevi 15310, Greece..
    Stamp, M. F.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Staniec, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Stankunas, G.
    Lithuanian Energy Inst, Breslaujos G 3, LT-4403 Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Stan-Sion, C.
    Horia Hulubei Natl Inst Phys & Nucl Engn, Magurele, Romania..
    Stead, M. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Stefanikova, E.
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Stepanov, I.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Stephen, A. V.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Stephen, M.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Stevens, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Stevens, B. D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Strachan, J.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, James Forrestal Campus, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Strand, P.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Earth & Space Sci, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Strauss, H. R.
    HRS Fusion, W Orange, NJ USA..
    Strom, P.
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Stubbs, G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Studholme, W.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Subba, F.
    Politecn Torino, Corso Duca Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Turin, Italy..
    Summers, H. P.
    Univ Strathclyde, Dept Phys & Appl Phys, Glasgow G4 ONG, Lanark, Scotland..
    Svensson, J.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, Teilinsitut Greifswald, D-17491 Greifswald, Germany..
    Swiderski, L.
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res, PL-05400 Otwock, Poland..
    Szabolics, T.
    Wigner Res Ctr Phys, POB 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Szawlowski, M.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Szepesi, G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Suzuki, T. T.
    Natl Inst Quantum & Radiol Sci & Technol, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Tal, B.
    Wigner Res Ctr Phys, POB 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Tala, T.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000, FIN-02044 Espoo, Finland..
    Talbot, A. R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Talebzadeh, S.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Via Politecn 1, Rome, Italy..
    Taliercio, C.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Tamain, P.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Tame, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Tang, W.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, James Forrestal Campus, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Tardocchi, M.
    IFP CNR, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Taroni, L.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Taylor, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Taylor, K. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Tegnered, D.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Earth & Space Sci, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Telesca, G.
    Univ Ghent, Dept Appl Phys UG, St Pietersnieuwstr 41, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Teplova, N.
    Ioffe Phys Tech Inst, 26 Politekhnicheskaya, St Petersburg 194021, Russia..
    Terranova, D.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Testa, D.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Tholerus, E.
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Thomas, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Thomas, J. D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Thomas, P.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Thompson, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Thompson, C. -A
    Thompson, V. K.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Thorne, L.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Thornton, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Thrysoe, A. S.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Tigwell, P. A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Tipton, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Tiseanu, I.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Tojo, H.
    Natl Inst Quantum & Radiol Sci & Technol, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Tokitani, M.
    Natl Inst Fus Sci, Toki, Gifu 5095292, Japan..
    Tolias, P.
    KTH, EES, Space & Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Tomes, M.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Tonner, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Towndrow, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Trimble, P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Tripsky, M.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Tsalas, M.
    FOM Inst DIFFER, Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    Tsavalas, P.
    NCSR Demokritos, Aghia Paraskevi 15310, Greece..
    Jun, D. Tskhakaya
    Univ Innsbruck, Fus Osterreich Akad Wissensch OAW, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Turner, I.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Turner, M. M.
    Dublin City Univ, Dublin, Ireland..
    Turnyanskiy, M.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Tvalashvili, G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Tyrrell, S. G. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Uccello, A.
    IFP CNR, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Ul-Abidin, Z.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Uljanovs, J.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Ulyatt, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Urano, H.
    Natl Inst Quantum & Radiol Sci & Technol, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan..
    Uytdenhouwen, I.
    SCK CEN, Nucl Res Ctr, B-2400 Mol, Belgium..
    Vadgama, A. P.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Valcarcel, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Valentinuzzi, M.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Valisa, M.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Olivares, P. Vallejos
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Valovic, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Van De Mortel, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Van Eester, D.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Van Renterghem, W.
    SCK CEN, Nucl Res Ctr, B-2400 Mol, Belgium..
    van Rooij, G. J.
    FOM Inst DIFFER, Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    Varje, J.
    Aalto Univ, POB 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Varoutis, S.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, POB 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Vartanian, S.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Vasava, K.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat, India..
    Vasilopoulou, T.
    NCSR Demokritos, Aghia Paraskevi 15310, Greece..
    Vega, J.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Verdoolaege, G.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Verhoeven, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Verona, C.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Via Politecn 1, Rome, Italy..
    Rinati, G. Verona
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Via Politecn 1, Rome, Italy..
    Veshchev, E.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Vianello, N.
    IFP CNR, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Vicente, J.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Plasma & Fus Nucl, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Viezzer, E.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany.;Univ Seville, Seville, Spain..
    Villari, S.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Villone, F.
    Univ Cassino, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Vincenzi, P.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Vinyar, I.
    PELIN LLC, 27a Gzhatskaya Ulitsa, St Petersburg 195220, Russia..
    Viola, B.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Vitins, A.
    Univ Latvia, 19 Raina Blvd, LV-1586 Riga, Latvia..
    Vizvary, Z.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Vlad, M.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Voitsekhovitch, I.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Vondracek, P.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Za Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Vora, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Vu, T.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Pires de Sa, W. W.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, Rua Matao Travessa R 187,Cidade Univ, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Wakeling, B.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Waldon, C. W. F.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Walkden, N.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Walker, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Walker, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Walsh, M.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Wang, E.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Wang, N.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Warder, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Warren, R. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Waterhouse, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Watkins, N. W.
    Univ Warwick, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England..
    Watts, C.
    ITER Org, Route Vinon,CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Wauters, T.
    Ecole Royale Mil, Lab Plasma Phys, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Renaissancelaan 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Weckmann, A.
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Weiland, J.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Phys, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Weisen, H.
    Swiss Plasma Ctr, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Wellstood, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    West, A. T.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Wheatley, M. R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Whetham, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Whitehead, A. M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Whitehead, B. D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Widdowson, A. M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Wiesen, S.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Wilkinson, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Williams, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Williams, M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Wilson, A. R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Wilson, D. J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Wilson, H. R.
    Univ York, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Wilson, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Wischmeier, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Withenshaw, G.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Withycombe, A.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Witts, D. M.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Wood, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Wood, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Woodley, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Wray, S.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Wright, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Wright, J. C.
    MIT, Plasma Sci & Fus Ctr, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA..
    Wu, J.
    Univ Elect Sci & Technol China, Chengdu, Sichuan, Peoples R China..
    Wukitch, S.
    MIT, Plasma Sci & Fus Ctr, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA..
    Wynn, A.
    Univ York, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Xu, T.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Yadikin, D.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Earth & Space Sci, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Yanling, W.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Yao, L.
    Univ Elect Sci & Technol China, Chengdu, Sichuan, Peoples R China..
    Yavorskij, V.
    Univ Innsbruck, Fus Osterreich Akad Wissensch OAW, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Yoo, M. G.
    Seoul Natl Univ, Shilim Dong, South Korea..
    Young, C.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Young, D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Young, I. D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Young, R.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Zacks, J.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Zagorski, R.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Zaitsev, F. S.
    Comenius Univ, Dept Expt Phys, Fac Math Phys & Informat, Mlynska Dolina F2, Bratislava 84248, Slovakia..
    Zanino, R.
    Politecn Torino, Corso Duca Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Turin, Italy..
    Zarins, A.
    Univ Latvia, 19 Raina Blvd, LV-1586 Riga, Latvia..
    Zastrow, K. D.
    CCFE Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Zerbini, M.
    ENEA C R Frascati, Unit Tecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Zhang, W.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Zhou, Y.
    KTH, Fusion Plasma Phys, EES, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Zilli, E.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Zoita, V.
    Natl Inst Laser, Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Zoletnik, S.
    Wigner Res Ctr Phys, POB 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Zychor, I.
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res, PL-05400 Otwock, Poland..
    Overview of the JET results in support to ITER2017In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 57, no 10, article id 102001Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2014-2016 JET results are reviewed in the light of their significance for optimising the ITER research plan for the active and non-active operation. More than 60 h of plasma operation with ITER first wall materials successfully took place since its installation in 2011. New multi-machine scaling of the type I-ELM divertor energy flux density to ITER is supported by first principle modelling. ITER relevant disruption experiments and first principle modelling are reported with a set of three disruption mitigation valves mimicking the ITER setup. Insights of the L-H power threshold in Deuterium and Hydrogen are given, stressing the importance of the magnetic configurations and the recent measurements of fine-scale structures in the edge radial electric. Dimensionless scans of the core and pedestal confinement provide new information to elucidate the importance of the first wall material on the fusion performance. H-mode plasmas at ITER triangularity (H = 1 at beta(N) similar to 1.8 and n/n(GW) similar to 0.6) have been sustained at 2 MA during 5 s. The ITER neutronics codes have been validated on high performance experiments. Prospects for the coming D-T campaign and 14 MeV neutron calibration strategy are reviewed.

  • 40.
    McClements, K. G.
    et al.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Akers, R. J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Boeglin, W. U.
    Florida Int Univ, Dept Phys, Miami, FL 33199 USA.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Keeling, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Jones, O. M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England; Univ Durham, Dept Phys, Durham DH1 3LE, England.
    Kirk, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.
    Klimek, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Perez, R. V.
    Florida Int Univ, Dept Phys, Miami, FL 33199 USA.
    Shinohara, K.
    Japan Atom Energy Agcy, Naka, Ibaraki 3110193, Japan.
    Tani, K.
    Tokyo Inst Technol, Meguro Ku, Tokyo 1528550, Japan.
    The effects of resonant magnetic perturbations on fast ion confinement in the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak2015In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 57, no 7, article id 075003Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of resonant magnetic perturbations (RMPs) on the confinement of energetic (neutral beam) ions in the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST) are assessed experimentally using measurements of neutrons, fusion protons and fast ion D alpha (FIDA) light emission. In single null-diverted (SND) MAST pulses with relatively low plasma current (400 kA), the total neutron emission dropped by approximately a factor of two when RMPs with toroidal mode number n = 3 were applied. The measured neutron rate during RMPs was much lower than that calculated using the TRANSP plasma simulation code, even when non-classical (but axisymmetric) ad hoc fast ion transport was taken into account in the latter. Sharp drops in spatially-resolved neutron rates, fusion proton rates and FIDA emission were also observed. First principles-based simulations of RMP-induced fast ion transport in MAST, using the F3D-OFMC code, show similar losses for two alternative representations of the MAST first wall, with and without full orbit effects taken into account; for n = 6 RMPs in a 600 kA plasma, the additional loss of beam power due to the RMPs was found in the simulations to be approximately 11%.

  • 41. Meyer, H.
    et al.
    Abel, I. G.
    Akers, R. J.
    Allan, A.
    Allan, S. Y.
    Appel, L. C.
    Asunta, O.
    Barnes, M.
    Barratt, N. C.
    Ben Ayed, N.
    Bradley, J. W.
    Canik, J.
    Cahyna, P.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Challis, C. D.
    Chapman, I. T.
    Ciric, D.
    Colyer, G.
    Conway, N. J.
    Cox, M.
    Crowley, B. J.
    Cowley, S. C.
    Cunningham, G.
    Danilov, A.
    Darke, A.
    De Bock, M. F. M.
    De Temmerman, G.
    Dendy, R. O.
    Denner, P.
    Dickinson, D.
    Dnestrovsky, A. Y.
    Dnestrovsky, Y.
    Driscoll, M. D.
    Dudson, B.
    Dunai, D.
    Dunstan, M.
    Dura, P.
    Elmore, S.
    Field, A. R.
    Fishpool, G.
    Freethy, S.
    Fundamenski, W.
    Garzotti, L.
    Ghim, Y. C.
    Gibson, K. J.
    Gryaznevich, M. P.
    Harrison, J.
    Havlickova, E.
    Hawkes, N. C.
    Heidbrink, W. W.
    Hender, T. C.
    Highcock, E.
    Higgins, D.
    Hill, P.
    Hnat, B.
    Hole, M. J.
    Horacek, J.
    Howell, D. F.
    Imada, K.
    Jones, O.
    Kaveeva, E.
    Keeling, D.
    Kirk, A.
    Kocan, M.
    Lake, R. J.
    Lehnen, M.
    Leggate, H. J.
    Liang, Y.
    Lilley, M. K.
    Lisgo, S. W.
    Liu, Y. Q.
    Lloyd, B.
    Maddison, G. P.
    Mailloux, J.
    Martin, R.
    McArdle, G. J.
    McClements, K. G.
    McMillan, B.
    Michael, C.
    Militello, F.
    Molchanov, P.
    Mordijck, S.
    Morgan, T.
    Morris, A. W.
    Muir, D. G.
    Nardon, E.
    Naulin, V.
    Naylor, G.
    Nielsen, A. H.
    O'Brien, M. R.
    O'Gorman, T.
    Pamela, S.
    Parra, F. I.
    Patel, A.
    Pinches, S. D.
    Price, M. N.
    Roach, C. M.
    Robinson, J. R.
    Romanelli, M.
    Rozhansky, V.
    Saarelma, S.
    Sangaroon, S.
    Saveliev, A.
    Scannell, R.
    Seidl, J.
    Sharapov, S. E.
    Schekochihin, A. A.
    Shevchenko, V.
    Shibaev, S.
    Stork, D.
    Storrs, J.
    Sykes, A.
    Tallents, G. J.
    Tamain, P.
    Taylor, D.
    Temple, D.
    Thomas-Davies, N.
    Thornton, A.
    Turnyanskiy, M. R.
    Valovic, M.
    Vann, R. G. L.
    Verwichte, E.
    Voskoboynikov, P.
    Voss, G.
    Warder, S. E. V.
    Wilson, H. R.
    Wodniak, I.
    Zoletnik, S.
    Zagorski, R.
    Overview of physics results from MAST towards ITER/DEMO and the MAST Upgrade2013In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 53, no 10, p. 104008-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New diagnostic, modelling and plant capability on the Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak (MAST) have delivered important results in key areas for ITER/DEMO and the upcoming MAST Upgrade, a step towards future ST devices on the path to fusion currently under procurement. Micro-stability analysis of the pedestal highlights the potential roles of micro-tearing modes and kinetic ballooning modes for the pedestal formation. Mitigation of edge localized modes (ELM) using resonant magnetic perturbation has been demonstrated for toroidal mode numbers n = 3, 4, 6 with an ELM frequency increase by up to a factor of 9, compatible with pellet fuelling. The peak heat flux of mitigated and natural ELMs follows the same linear trend with ELM energy loss and the first ELM-resolved T-i measurements in the divertor region are shown. Measurements of flow shear and turbulence dynamics during L-H transitions show filaments erupting from the plasma edge whilst the full flow shear is still present. Off-axis neutral beam injection helps to strongly reduce the redistribution of fast-ions due to fishbone modes when compared to on-axis injection. Low-k ion-scale turbulence has been measured in L-mode and compared to global gyro-kinetic simulations. A statistical analysis of principal turbulence time scales shows them to be of comparable magnitude and reasonably correlated with turbulence decorrelation time. T-e inside the island of a neoclassical tearing mode allow the analysis of the island evolution without assuming specific models for the heat flux. Other results include the discrepancy of the current profile evolution during the current ramp-up with solutions of the poloidal field diffusion equation, studies of the anomalous Doppler resonance compressional Alfven eigenmodes, disruption mitigation studies and modelling of the new divertor design for MAST Upgrade. The novel 3D electron Bernstein synthetic imaging shows promising first data sensitive to the edge current profile and flows.

  • 42.
    Meyer, H.
    et al.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Eich, T.
    Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.;Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Beurskens, M.
    Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.;Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.;Teilinst Greifswald, Max Planck Inst Plasmaphys, D-17491 Greifswald, Germany..
    Coda, S.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Hakola, A.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000, FI-02044 Espoo, Finland. Wigner Res Ctr Phys, POB 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Martin, P.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Adamek, J.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Agostini, M.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Aguiam, D.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Ahn, J.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Aho-Mantila, L.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000, FI-02044 Espoo, Finland. Wigner Res Ctr Phys, POB 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Akers, R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Albanese, R.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Aledda, R.
    Univ Cagliari, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Piazza Armi, I-09123 Cagliari, Italy..
    Alessi, E.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Allan, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Alves, D.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Ambrosino, R.
    Univ Napoli Parthenope, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Amicucci, L.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Anand, H.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Anastassiou, G.
    Natl Tech Univ Athens, Athens, Greece..
    Andrebe, Y.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Angioni, C.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Apruzzese, G.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Ariola, M.
    Univ Napoli Parthenope, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Arnichand, H.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Arter, W.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Baciero, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal.;CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Barnes, M.
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford, England.;Culham Ctr Fusion Energy, Abingdon, Oxon, England..
    Barrera, L.
    EUROfus PMU, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany.;Univ Seville, CS Fernando 4, Seville 41004, Spain..
    Behn, R.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Bencze, A.
    Bernardo, J.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Bernert, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Bettini, P.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Bilkova, P.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Bin, W.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Birkenmeier, G.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Bizarro, J. P. S.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Blanchard, P.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Blanken, T.
    Eindhoven Univ Technol, POB 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    Bluteau, M.
    Univ Strathclyde, Dept Phys, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NG, Lanark, Scotland..
    Bobkov, V.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Bogar, O.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Boehm, P.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Bolzonella, T.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Boncagni, L.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Botrugno, A.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Bottereau, C.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bouquey, F.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bourdelle, C.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bremond, S.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Brezinsek, S.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Brida, D.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Brochard, F.
    Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, F-54000 Nancy, France..
    Buchanan, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bufferand, H.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Buratti, P.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Cahyna, P.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Calabro, G.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Camenen, Y.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, PIIM, F-13013 Marseille, France..
    Caniello, R.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Cannas, B.
    Univ Cagliari, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Piazza Armi, I-09123 Cagliari, Italy..
    Canton, A.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Cardinali, A.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Carnevale, D.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Via Politecn 1, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Carr, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Carralero, D.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Carvalho, P.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Casali, L.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Castaldo, C.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Castejon, F.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Castro, R.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Causa, F.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Cavazzana, R.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Cavedon, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ceccuzzi, S.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Cesario, R.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Challis, C. D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Chapman, I. T.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Chapman, S.
    Univ Warwick, Dept Phys, Ctr Fus Space & Astrophys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England..
    Chernyshova, M.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Choi, D.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Cianfarani, C.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Ciraolo, G.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Citrin, J.
    FOM Inst DIFFER Dutch Inst Fundamental Energy Res, Nieuwegein, Netherlands..
    Clairet, F.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Classen, I.
    FOM Inst DIFFER Dutch Inst Fundamental Energy Res, Nieuwegein, Netherlands..
    Coelho, R.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Coenen, J. W.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Colas, L.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Conway, G.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Corre, Y.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Costea, S.
    Univ Innsbruck, Inst Ionen & Angew Phys, Tech Str 25, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Crisanti, F.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Cruz, N.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Cseh, G.
    Czarnecka, A.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    D'Arcangelo, O.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    De Angeli, M.
    ITER Org Route Vinon, CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    De Masi, G.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    De Temmerman, G.
    ITER Org Route Vinon, CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    De Tommasi, G.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Decker, J.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Delogu, R. S.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Dendy, R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Denner, P.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Di Troia, C.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Dimitrova, M.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    D'Inca, R.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Doric, V.
    Univ Split, Fac Elect Engn Mech Engn & Naval Architecture, R Boskovica 32, Split 21000, Croatia..
    Douai, D.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Drenik, A.
    Jozef Stefan Inst, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.;Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Dudson, B.
    Univ York, Dept Phys, York Plasma Inst, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Dunai, D.
    Dunne, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Duval, B. P.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Easy, L.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Elmore, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Erdos, B.
    Budapest Univ Technol & Econ, Inst Nucl Tech, POB 91, H-1521 Budapest, Hungary..
    Esposito, B.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Fable, E.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Faitsch, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Fanni, A.
    Univ Cagliari, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Piazza Armi, I-09123 Cagliari, Italy..
    Fedorczak, N.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Felici, F.
    Eindhoven Univ Technol, POB 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    Ferreira, J.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Fevrier, O.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Ficker, O.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Fietz, S.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Figini, L.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Figueiredo, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Fil, A.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Fishpool, G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fitzgerald, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fontana, M.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Ford, O.
    Teilinst Greifswald, Max Planck Inst Plasmaphys, D-17491 Greifswald, Germany..
    Frassinetti, L.
    KTH, EES, Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Fridstr, R.
    Frigione, D.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Fuchert, G.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Fuchs, C.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Palumbo, M. Furno
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Futatani, S.
    Barcelona Supercomp Ctr, Jordi Girona 29, Barcelona 08034, Spain..
    Gabellieri, L.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Galazka, K.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Galdon-Quiroga, J.
    Univ Seville, CS Fernando 4, Seville 41004, Spain..
    Galeani, S.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Via Politecn 1, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Gallart, D.
    Barcelona Supercomp Ctr, Jordi Girona 29, Barcelona 08034, Spain..
    Gallo, A.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Galperti, C.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.;CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Gao, Y.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Garavaglia, S.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Garcia, J.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Garcia-Carrasco, A.
    KTH, EES, Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Garcia-Lopez, J.
    Univ Seville, CS Fernando 4, Seville 41004, Spain..
    Garcia-Munoz, M.
    Univ Seville, CS Fernando 4, Seville 41004, Spain..
    Gardarein, J. -L
    Garzotti, L.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Gaspar, J.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, PIIM, F-13013 Marseille, France..
    Gauthier, E.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Geelen, P.
    Eindhoven Univ Technol, POB 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    Geiger, B.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Ghendrih, P.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Ghezzi, F.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Giacomelli, L.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Giannone, L.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Giovannozzi, E.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Giroud, C.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Gleason Gonzalez, C.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, POB 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Gobbin, M.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Goodman, T. P.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Gorini, G.
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Piazza Sci 3, I-20126 Milan, Italy..
    Gospodarczyk, M.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Via Politecn 1, I-00133 Rome, Italy..
    Granucci, G.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Gruber, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Gude, A.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Guimarais, L.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Guirlet, R.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Gunn, J.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Hacek, P.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Hacquin, S.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Hall, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ham, C.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Happel, T.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Harrison, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Harting, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hauer, V.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, POB 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Havlickova, E.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Hellsten, T.
    KTH, EES, Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Helou, W.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Henderson, S.
    Univ Strathclyde, Dept Phys, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NG, Lanark, Scotland..
    Hennequin, P.
    Ecole Polytech, UMR7648, CNRS, Lab Phys Plasmas, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Heyn, M.
    Graz Univ Technol, Inst Theoret Phys, A-8010 Graz, Austria..
    Hnat, B.
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford, England.;Culham Ctr Fusion Energy, Abingdon, Oxon, England..
    Holzl, M.
    Ecole Royale Mil Renaissancelaan, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Plasma Phys Lab, 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Hogeweij, D.
    FOM Inst DIFFER Dutch Inst Fundamental Energy Res, Nieuwegein, Netherlands..
    Honore, C.
    Ecole Polytech, UMR7648, CNRS, Lab Phys Plasmas, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Hopf, C.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Horacek, J.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Hornung, G.
    UG Ghent Univ, Dept Appl Phys, St Pietersnieuwstr 41, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Horvath, L.
    Budapest Univ Technol & Econ, Inst Nucl Tech, POB 91, H-1521 Budapest, Hungary..
    Huang, Z.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Huber, A.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Igitkhanov, J.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, POB 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Igochine, V.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Imrisek, M.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Innocente, P.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Ionita-Schrittwieser, C.
    Univ Innsbruck, Inst Ionen & Angew Phys, Tech Str 25, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Isliker, H.
    Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece..
    Ivanova-Stanik, I.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Jacobsen, A. S.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Jacquet, P.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Jakubowski, M.
    Teilinst Greifswald, Max Planck Inst Plasmaphys, D-17491 Greifswald, Germany..
    Jardin, A.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Jaulmes, F.
    FOM Inst DIFFER Dutch Inst Fundamental Energy Res, Nieuwegein, Netherlands..
    Jenko, F.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Jensen, T.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Busk, O. Jeppe Miki
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Jessen, M.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Joffrin, E.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Jones, O.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Jonsson, T.
    KTH, EES, Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kallenbach, A.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Kallinikos, N.
    Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece..
    Kalvin, S.
    Kappatou, A.
    FOM Inst DIFFER Dutch Inst Fundamental Energy Res, Nieuwegein, Netherlands.;Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Karhunen, J.
    Aalto Univ, Dept Appl Phys, POB 14100, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Karpushov, A.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Kasilov, S.
    Graz Univ Technol, Inst Theoret Phys, A-8010 Graz, Austria..
    Kasprowicz, G.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Kendl, A.
    Univ Innsbruck, Inst Ionen & Angew Phys, Tech Str 25, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Kernbichler, W.
    Graz Univ Technol, Inst Theoret Phys, A-8010 Graz, Austria..
    Kim, D.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Kirk, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Kjer, S.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Klimek, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Kocsis, G.
    Kogut, D.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Komm, M.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Korsholm, S. B.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Koslowski, H. R.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Koubiti, M.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, PIIM, F-13013 Marseille, France..
    Kovacic, J.
    Jozef Stefan Inst, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia..
    Kovarik, K.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic.;Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford, England.;Culham Ctr Fusion Energy, Abingdon, Oxon, England..
    Krawczyk, N.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Krbec, J.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Krieger, K.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Krivska, A.
    Ecole Royale Mil Renaissancelaan, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Plasma Phys Lab, 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Kube, R.
    Univ Innsbruck, Inst Ionen & Angew Phys, Tech Str 25, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Kudlacek, O.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy.;Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Kurki-Suonio, T.
    Aalto Univ, Dept Appl Phys, POB 14100, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Labit, B.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Laggner, F. M.
    Tech Univ Wien, Inst Angew Phys, Wiedner Hauptstr 8-10, A-1040 Vienna, Austria..
    Laguardia, L.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Lahtinen, A.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Lalousis, P.
    Fdn Res & Technol, Iraklion, NE, Greece..
    Lang, P.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Lauber, P.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Lazanyi, N.
    Budapest Univ Technol & Econ, Inst Nucl Tech, POB 91, H-1521 Budapest, Hungary..
    Lazaros, A.
    Natl Tech Univ Athens, Athens, Greece..
    Le, H. B.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Lebschy, A.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Leddy, J.
    Univ York, Dept Phys, York Plasma Inst, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Lefevre, L.
    Univ Grenoble Alpes, LCIS, F-26902 Valence, France..
    Lehnen, M.
    ITER Org Route Vinon, CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Leipold, F.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Lessig, A.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Leyland, M.
    Univ York, Dept Phys, York Plasma Inst, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Li, L.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Liang, Y.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Lipschultz, B.
    Univ York, Dept Phys, York Plasma Inst, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Liu, Y. Q.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Loarer, T.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Loarte, A.
    ITER Org Route Vinon, CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Loewenhoff, T.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Lomanowski, B.
    Univ Durham, Dept Phys, Durham DH1 3LE, England..
    Loschiavo, V. P.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Lunt, T.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Lupelli, I.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lux, H.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Lyssoivan, A.
    Ecole Royale Mil Renaissancelaan, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Plasma Phys Lab, 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Madsen, J.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Maget, P.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Maggi, C.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Maggiora, R.
    Politecn Torino, DET, Turin, Italy..
    Magnussen, M. L.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Mailloux, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Maljaars, B.
    Eindhoven Univ Technol, POB 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    Malygin, A.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Mantica, P.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Mantsinen, M.
    Barcelona Supercomp Ctr, Jordi Girona 29, Barcelona 08034, Spain.;ICREA, Pg Lluis Companys 23, Barcelona 08010, Spain..
    Maraschek, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Marchand, B.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Marconato, N.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Marini, C.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Marinucci, M.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Markovic, T.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Marocco, D.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Marrelli, L.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Martin, Y.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Solis, J. R. Martin
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Martitsch, A.
    Graz Univ Technol, Inst Theoret Phys, A-8010 Graz, Austria..
    Mastrostefano, S.
    Univ Cassino, DIEI, CREATE, ENEA, Via Di Biasio 43, I-03043 Cassino, FR, Italy.;Univ Napoli Parthenope, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Mattei, M.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Matthews, G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Mavridis, M.
    Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece..
    Mayoral, M. -L
    Mazon, D.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    McCarthy, P.
    Univ Coll Cork, Cork, Ireland..
    McAdams, R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    McArdle, G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    McClements, K.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    McDermott, R.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    McMillan, B.
    Univ Warwick, Dept Phys, Ctr Fus Space & Astrophys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England..
    Meisl, G.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Merle, A.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Meyer, O.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Milanesio, D.
    Politecn Torino, DET, Turin, Italy..
    Militello, F.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Miron, I. G.
    Natl Inst Laser Plasma & Radiat Phys, POB MG-36, Bucharest, Romania..
    Mitosinkova, K.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Mlynar, J.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Mlynek, A.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Molina, D.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Molina, P.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Monakhov, I.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Morales, J.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Moreau, D.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Morel, P.
    Ecole Polytech, UMR7648, CNRS, Lab Phys Plasmas, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Moret, J. -M
    Moro, A.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Moulton, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Mueller, H. W.
    Nabais, F.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Nardon, E.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Naulin, V.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Nemes-Czopf, A.
    Budapest Univ Technol & Econ, Inst Nucl Tech, POB 91, H-1521 Budapest, Hungary..
    Nespoli, F.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Neu, R.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Nielsen, A. H.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Nielsen, S. K.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Nikolaeva, V.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Nimb, S.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Nocente, M.
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Piazza Sci 3, I-20126 Milan, Italy..
    Nouailletas, R.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Nowak, S.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Oberkofler, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Oberparleiter, M.
    Chalmers, Dept Earth & Space Sci, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Ochoukov, R.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Odstrcil, T.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Olsen, J.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Omotani, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    O'Mullane, M. G.
    Univ Strathclyde, Dept Phys, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NG, Lanark, Scotland..
    Orain, F.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France.;Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Osterman, N.
    Jozef Stefan Inst, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia..
    Paccagnella, R.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Pamela, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Pangione, L.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Panjan, M.
    Jozef Stefan Inst, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia..
    Papp, G.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Paprok, R.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Parail, V.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Parra, I.
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Oxford, England.;Culham Ctr Fusion Energy, Abingdon, Oxon, England..
    Pau, A.
    Univ Cagliari, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Piazza Armi, I-09123 Cagliari, Italy..
    Pautasso, G.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Pehkonen, S. -P
    Pereira, A.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Cippo, E. Perelli
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Ridolfini, V. Pericoli
    Univ Napoli Parthenope, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Peterka, M.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Petersson, P.
    KTH, EES, Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Petrzilka, V.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Piovesan, P.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Piron, C.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Pironti, A.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Pisano, F.
    Univ Cagliari, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Piazza Armi, I-09123 Cagliari, Italy..
    Pisokas, T.
    Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece..
    Pitts, R.
    ITER Org Route Vinon, CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Ploumistakis, I.
    Fdn Res & Technol, Iraklion, NE, Greece..
    Plyusnin, V.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Pokol, G.
    Budapest Univ Technol & Econ, Inst Nucl Tech, POB 91, H-1521 Budapest, Hungary..
    Poljak, D.
    Univ Split, Fac Elect Engn Mech Engn & Naval Architecture, R Boskovica 32, Split 21000, Croatia..
    Poloskei, P.
    Budapest Univ Technol & Econ, Inst Nucl Tech, POB 91, H-1521 Budapest, Hungary..
    Popovic, Z.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Por, G.
    Budapest Univ Technol & Econ, Inst Nucl Tech, POB 91, H-1521 Budapest, Hungary..
    Porte, L.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Potzel, S.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Predebon, I.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Preynas, M.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Primc, G.
    Jozef Stefan Inst, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia..
    Pucella, G.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Puiatti, M. E.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Putterich, T.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Rack, M.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Ramogida, G.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Rapson, C.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Rasmussen, J. Juul
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Rasmussen, J.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Ratta, G. A.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Ratynskaia, S.
    KTH, EES, Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ravera, G.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Refy, D.
    Reich, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Reimerdes, H.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Reimold, F.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany.;Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Reinke, M.
    Univ York, Dept Phys, York Plasma Inst, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Reiser, D.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Resnik, M.
    Jozef Stefan Inst, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia..
    Reux, C.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Ripamonti, D.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Rittich, D.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Riva, G.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Rodriguez-Ramos, M.
    Univ Seville, CS Fernando 4, Seville 41004, Spain..
    Rohde, V.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Rosato, J.
    Ecole Polytech, UMR7648, CNRS, Lab Phys Plasmas, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Ryter, F.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Saarelma, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Sabot, R.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Saint-Laurent, F.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Salewski, M.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Salmi, A.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000, FI-02044 Espoo, Finland. Wigner Res Ctr Phys, POB 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Samaddar, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Sanchis-Sanchez, L.
    Univ Seville, CS Fernando 4, Seville 41004, Spain..
    Santos, J.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Sauter, O.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Scannell, R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Scheffer, M.
    Eindhoven Univ Technol, POB 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    Schneider, M.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France.;ITER Org Route Vinon, CS 90 046, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Schneider, B.
    Univ Innsbruck, Inst Ionen & Angew Phys, Tech Str 25, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Schneider, P.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Schneller, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Schrittwieser, R.
    Univ Innsbruck, Inst Ionen & Angew Phys, Tech Str 25, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Schubert, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Schweinzer, J.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Seidl, J.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Sertoli, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Sesnic, S.
    Univ Split, Fac Elect Engn Mech Engn & Naval Architecture, R Boskovica 32, Split 21000, Croatia..
    Shabbir, A.
    UG Ghent Univ, Dept Appl Phys, St Pietersnieuwstr 41, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Shalpegin, A.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Shanahan, B.
    Univ York, Dept Phys, York Plasma Inst, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Sharapov, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Sheikh, U.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Sias, G.
    Univ Cagliari, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Piazza Armi, I-09123 Cagliari, Italy..
    Sieglin, B.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Silva, C.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Silva, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Fuglister, M. Silva
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Simpson, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Snicker, A.
    Aalto Univ, Dept Appl Phys, POB 14100, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Sommariva, C.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Sozzi, C.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Spagnolo, S.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Spizzo, G.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Spolaore, M.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Stange, T.
    Teilinst Greifswald, Max Planck Inst Plasmaphys, D-17491 Greifswald, Germany..
    Pedersen, M. Stejner
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Stepanov, I.
    UG Ghent Univ, Dept Appl Phys, St Pietersnieuwstr 41, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Stober, J.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Strand, P.
    Chalmers, Dept Earth & Space Sci, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Susnjara, A.
    Univ Split, Fac Elect Engn Mech Engn & Naval Architecture, R Boskovica 32, Split 21000, Croatia..
    Suttrop, W.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Szepesi, T.
    Tal, B.
    Tala, T.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000, FI-02044 Espoo, Finland. Wigner Res Ctr Phys, POB 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Tamain, P.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Tardini, G.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Tardocchi, M.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Teplukhina, A.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Terranova, D.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Testa, D.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Theiler, C.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Thornton, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Tolias, P.
    KTH, EES, Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Tophoj, L.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Phys, Bldg 309, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark..
    Treutterer, W.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Trevisan, G. L.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Tripsky, M.
    Ecole Royale Mil Renaissancelaan, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Plasma Phys Lab, 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Tsironis, C.
    Natl Tech Univ Athens, Athens, Greece..
    Tsui, C.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Tudisco, O.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Uccello, A.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Urban, J.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Valisa, M.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Vallejos, P.
    KTH, EES, Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Valovic, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Van den Brand, H.
    FOM Inst DIFFER Dutch Inst Fundamental Energy Res, Nieuwegein, Netherlands..
    Vanovac, B.
    FOM Inst DIFFER Dutch Inst Fundamental Energy Res, Nieuwegein, Netherlands..
    Varoutis, S.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, POB 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Vartanian, S.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Vega, J.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Verdoolaege, G.
    UG Ghent Univ, Dept Appl Phys, St Pietersnieuwstr 41, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Verhaegh, K.
    Univ York, Dept Phys, York Plasma Inst, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Vermare, L.
    Ecole Polytech, UMR7648, CNRS, Lab Phys Plasmas, F-91128 Palaiseau, France..
    Vianello, N.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy.;Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Vicente, J.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Viezzer, E.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Vignitchouk, L.
    KTH, EES, Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Vijvers, W. A. J.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Ctr, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.;FOM Inst DIFFER Dutch Inst Fundamental Energy Res, Nieuwegein, Netherlands..
    Villone, F.
    Univ Cassino, DIEI, CREATE, ENEA, Via Di Biasio 43, I-03043 Cassino, FR, Italy..
    Viola, B.
    ENEA CR Frascati, UnitaTecn Fus, Via E Fermi 45, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Vlahos, L.
    Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece..
    Voitsekhovitch, I.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.;EUROfus PMU, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Vondracek, P.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Vu, N. M. T.
    CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Wagner, D.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Walkden, N.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Wang, N.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Wauters, T.
    Ecole Royale Mil Renaissancelaan, Koninklijke Mil Sch, Plasma Phys Lab, 30 Ave Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Weiland, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Weinzettl, V.
    AS CR, Inst Plasma Phys, Slovankou 1782-3, Prague 18200 8, Czech Republic..
    Westerhof, E.
    FOM Inst DIFFER Dutch Inst Fundamental Energy Res, Nieuwegein, Netherlands..
    Wiesenberger, M.
    Univ Innsbruck, Inst Ionen & Angew Phys, Tech Str 25, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Willensdorfer, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Wischmeier, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Wodniak, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Wolfrum, E.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Yadykin, Dimitry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Zagorski, R.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, Hery 23, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Zammuto, I.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Zanca, P.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Zaplotnik, R.
    Jozef Stefan Inst, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia..
    Zestanakis, P.
    Natl Tech Univ Athens, Athens, Greece..
    Zhang, W.
    UG Ghent Univ, Dept Appl Phys, St Pietersnieuwstr 41, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Zoletnik, S.
    Zuin, M.
    Consorzio RFX, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Overview of progress in European medium sized tokamaks towards an integrated plasma-edge/wall solution2017In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 57, no 10, article id 102014Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Integrating the plasma core performance with an edge and scrape-off layer (SOL) that leads to tolerable heat and particle loads on the wall is a major challenge. The new European medium size tokamak task force (EU-MST) coordinates research on ASDEX Upgrade (AUG), MAST and TCV. This multi-machine approach within EU-MST, covering a wide parameter range, is instrumental to progress in the field, as ITER and DEMO core/pedestal and SOL parameters are not achievable simultaneously in present day devices. A two prong approach is adopted. On the one hand, scenarios with tolerable transient heat and particle loads, including active edge localised mode (ELM) control are developed. On the other hand, divertor solutions including advanced magnetic configurations are studied. Considerable progress has been made on both approaches, in particular in the fields of: ELM control with resonant magnetic perturbations (RMP), small ELM regimes, detachment onset and control, as well as filamentary scrape-off-layer transport. For example full ELM suppression has now been achieved on AUG at low collisionality with n = 2 RMP maintaining good confinement H-H(98,H-y2) approximate to 0.95. Advances have been made with respect to detachment onset and control. Studies in advanced divertor configurations (Snowflake, Super-X and X-point target divertor) shed new light on SOL physics. Cross field filamentary transport has been characterised in a wide parameter regime on AUG, MAST and TCV progressing the theoretical and experimental understanding crucial for predicting first wall loads in ITER and DEMO. Conditions in the SOL also play a crucial role for ELM stability and access to small ELM regimes.

  • 43. Neverov, V. S.
    et al.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Binda, Federico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Dzysiuk, Nataliia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Possnert, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sjöstrand, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Skiba, Mateusz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Zychor, I
    Determination of isotope ratio in the divertor of JET-ILW by high-resolution H alpha spectroscopy: H-D experiment and implications for D-T experiment2019In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 59, no 4, article id 046011Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The data of the H alpha high-resolution spectroscopy, collected on the multiple lines of sight, which cover the entire divertor space in poloidal cross-section, during the recent hydrogen-deuterium experiments in JET-ILW (ITER-like wall), are processed. A strong spatial inhomogeneity of the hydrogen concentration, H/(H + D), in divertor is found in many pulses. Namely, the H/(H + D) ratio may be lower in the inner divertor than that in the outer divertor by the values of 0.15-0.35, depending on the conditions of gas puffing and plasma heating. This effect suggests the necessity of spatially-resolved measurements of isotope ratio in the divertor in the upcoming deuterium-tritium experiments. Also, separation of the overlapped T alpha and D alpha spectral lines is shown to be a challenging task especially when the local Doppler-broadened (Gaussian) line shapes are noticeably distorted by the net inward flux of fast non-Maxwellian neutral atoms. We use the respective, formerly developed model of an asymmetric spectral line shape, while analysing the data of the first deuterium-tritium experiment in JET-C (carbon wall), and test the model via comparing the isotope ratio results with another diagnostic's measurements. This model is shown to increase the accuracy of tritium concentration measurements in the divertor.

  • 44. Oliver, H. J. C.
    et al.
    Sharapov, S. E.
    Akers, R.
    Klimek, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Compressional Alfven and ion-ion hybrid waves in tokamak plasmas with two ion species2014In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 56, no 12, p. 125017-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Compressional Alfven and ion-ion hybrid waves excited by energetic beam ions are studied in plasmas with two ion species. In our experiment, a hydrogen-deuterium (H-D) plasma is used to produce instabilities similar to those likely to be present in the burning deuterium-tritium plasmas of future tokamaks. Modes are suppressed in the deuterium cyclotron frequency range with increasing hydrogen gas puffing. In plasmas with H/D concentrations of 2.57 or higher, short-lived modes with small and predominantly negative toroidal mode numbers are observed at frequencies omega/omega(beta D0) approximate to 2.25, where omega(beta D0) = omega(beta D0)(R-0) is the on-axis deuterium cyclotron frequency. These are the highest mode frequencies yet detected in the ion cyclotron range in a spherical tokamak. Modeling of the transparency regions and plasma resonances using the cold plasma dispersion relation explains the observed features. Mode conversion at ion-ion hybrid resonances and subsequent kinetic damping is believed to be responsible for mode suppression. The high frequency modes are present due to excitation by wave-particle resonances within the transparency region for high hydrogen concentrations. The absence of other wave-particle resonances explains significant features of our experiment. This technique has possible applications in plasma heating, current drive and real-time diagnosis of relative ion concentration in the plasma core.

  • 45. Perez, R. V.
    et al.
    Boeglin, W. U.
    Darrow, D. S.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Klimek, Iwona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Allan, S. Y.
    Akers, R. J.
    Keeling, D. L.
    McClements, K. G.
    Scannell, R.
    Turnyanskiy, M.
    Angulo, A.
    Avila, P.
    Leon, O.
    Lopez, C.
    Jones, O. M.
    Conway, N. J.
    Michael, C. A.
    Investigating fusion plasma instabilities in the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak using mega electron volt proton emissions2014In: Review of Scientific Instruments, ISSN 0034-6748, E-ISSN 1089-7623, Vol. 85, no 11, p. 11D701-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The proton detector (PD) measures 3 MeV proton yield distributions from deuterium-deuterium fusion reactions within the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST). The PD's compact four-channel system of collimated and individually oriented silicon detectors probes different regions of the plasma, detecting protons (with gyro radii large enough to be unconfined) leaving the plasma on curved trajectories during neutral beam injection. From first PD data obtained during plasma operation in 2013, proton production rates (up to several hundred kHz and 1 ms time resolution) during sawtooth events were compared to the corresponding MAST neutron camera data. Fitted proton emission profiles in the poloidal plane demonstrate the capabilities of this new system.

  • 46.
    Rigamonti, D.
    et al.
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Dipartimento Fis G Occhialini, Milan, Italy; CNR, Ist Fis Plasma P Caldirola, Milan, Italy; Univ Milano Bicocca, Piazza Sci 3, I-20126 Milan, Italy.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Binda, Federico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Dzysiuk, N.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Possnert, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sjöstrand, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Skiba, M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Zychor, I
    Natl Ctr Nucl Res NCBJ, PL-05400 Otwock, Poland.
    Neutron spectroscopy measurements of 14 MeV neutrons at unprecedented energy resolution and implications for deuterium-tritium fusion plasma diagnostics2018In: Measurement science and technology, ISSN 0957-0233, E-ISSN 1361-6501, Vol. 29, no 4, article id 045502Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An accurate calibration of the JET neutron diagnostics with a 14 MeV neutron generator was performed in the first half of 2017 in order to provide a reliable measurement of the fusion power during the next JET deuterium-tritium (DT) campaign. In order to meet the target accuracy, the chosen neutron generator has been fully characterized at the Neutron Metrology Laboratory of the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), Teddington, United Kingdom. The present paper describes the measurements of the neutron energy spectra obtained using a high-resolution single-crystal diamond detector (SCD). The measurements, together with a new neutron source routine 'ad hoc' developed for the MCNP code, allowed the complex features of the neutron energy spectra resulting from the mixed D/T beam ions interacting with the T/D target nuclei to be resolved for the first time. From the spectral analysis a quantitative estimation of the beam ion composition has been made. The unprecedented intrinsic energy resolution (<1% full width at half maximum (FWHM) at 14 MeV) of diamond detectors opens up new prospects for diagnosing DT plasmas, such as, for instance, the possibility to study non-classical slowing down of the beam ions by neutron spectroscopy on ITER.

  • 47.
    Riva, M.
    et al.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Esposito, B.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Marocco, D.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Kotula, J.
    Polish Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Phys, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland.
    Moro, F.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Belli, F.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Bocian, D.
    Polish Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Phys, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland.
    Carvalho, P.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, P-1649004 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Centioli, C.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Cieslik, T.
    Polish Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Phys, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cruz, N.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, P-1649004 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Curylo, M.
    Polish Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Phys, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland.
    Fernandes, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, P-1649004 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Di Pace, L.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Kantor, R.
    Polish Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Phys, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland.
    Lampasi, A.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Mazzone, G.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Pompili, F.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Pereira, R. C.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, P-1649004 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Podda, S.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Pollastrone, F.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Dipartimento FSN, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Santos, B.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, P-1649004 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Zimbal, A.
    Phys Tech Bundesanstalt, D-38116 Braunschweig, Germany.
    Brichard, B.
    Fus Energy, Barcelona 08019, Spain.
    High-Priority Prototype Testing in Support of System-Level Design Development of the ITER Radial Neutron Camera2018In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, ISSN 0093-3813, E-ISSN 1939-9375, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 1291-1297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the high-priority testing activities supporting the ITER radial neutron camera (RNC) design, performed by a consortium of European institutes within a framework contract placed by fusion for energy, the ITER European Domestic Agency. The main role of the RNC is to measure the uncollided 14- and 2.5-MeV neutrons from deuterium-tritium and deuterium-deuterium fusion reactions through an array of flux monitors/spectrometers located in collimated lines of sight viewing the plasma through the ITER equatorial port plug #1. The line-integrated neutron fluxes will be used to evaluate, through reconstruction techniques, the radial profile of the neutrons emitted per unit time and volume (neutron emissivity) and, therefore, the neutron yield and the alpha particles' birth profile. The activity of high-priority testing is dedicated to the preparation and the design of experimental test environment, the conduction of appropriate tests and reporting of test results for the high-priority prototypes, clarifying or verifying the expected key function and system behavior, and enhancing learning on specific issues (potential showstoppers).

  • 48.
    Romanelli, F.
    et al.
    JET EFDA, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.;ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Abhangi, M.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428G, Gujarat, India..
    Abreu, P.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Aftanas, M.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Prague 182 00 8, Czech Republic..
    Afzal, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Aggarwal, K. M.
    Queens Univ, Dept Pure & Appl Phys, Belfast BT7 1NN, Antrim, North Ireland..
    Aho-Mantila, L.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, FIN-02044 Espoo, Finland..
    Ahonen, E.
    Aalto Univ, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Aints, M.
    Univ Tartu, Tartu 50090, Estonia..
    Airila, M.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, FIN-02044 Espoo, Finland..
    Albanese, R.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Alegre, D.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Alessi, E.
    IFP CNR, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Aleynikov, P.
    ITER Org, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Alfier, A.
    Consorzio RFX, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Alkseev, A.
    NRC Kurchatov Inst, Moscow 123182, Russia..
    Allan, P.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Almaviva, S.
    Univ Roma, Rome, Italy..
    Alonso, A.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Alper, B.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Alsworth, I.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Alves, D.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Ambrosino, G.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Ambrosino, R.
    Univ Napoli Parthenope, Consorzio CREATE, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Amosov, V.
    Troitsk Inst Innovat & Thermonucl Res TRINITI, Moscow 142190, Russia..
    Andersson, F.
    Chalmers, Dept Earth & Space Sci, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics. ..
    Angelone, M.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Anghel, A.
    Natl Inst Laser Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Anghel, M.
    Natl Inst Cryogen & Isotop Technol, Ramnicu Valcea, Romania..
    Angioni, C.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Appel, L.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Apruzzese, G.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Arena, P.
    Univ Catania, Dipartimento Ingn Elettr Elettr & Sistemi, I-95125 Catania, Italy..
    Ariola, M.
    Univ Napoli Parthenope, Consorzio CREATE, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Arnichand, H.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Arnoux, G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Arshad, S.
    Fus Energy Joint Undertaking, Barcelona 08019, Spain..
    Ash, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Asp, E.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Asunta, O.
    Aalto Univ, FIN-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Atanasiu, C. V.
    Natl Inst Laser Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Austin, Y.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Avotina, L.
    Univ Latvia, LV-1586 Riga, Latvia..
    Axton, M. D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ayres, C.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bachmann, C.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Baciero, A.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Baiao, D.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Bailescu, V.
    Nucl Fuel Plant, Pitesti, Romania..
    Baiocchi, B.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Baker, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Baker, R. A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Balboa, I.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Balden, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Balshaw, N.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bament, R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Banks, J. W.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Baranov, Y. F.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Barlow, I. L.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Barnard, M. A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Barnes, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Barnsley, R.
    ITER Org, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Baron Wiechec, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Baruzzo, M.
    Consorzio RFX, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Basiuk, V.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bassan, M.
    ITER Org, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bastow, R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Batista, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Batistoni, P.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Bauer, R.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Bauvir, B.
    ITER Org, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bazylev, B.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Beal, J.
    Univ York, Heslington YO10 5DD, York, England..
    Beaumont, P. S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Becoulet, A.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bednarczyk, P.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Bekris, N.
    Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Beldishevski, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bell, K.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Belli, F.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Bellinger, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Belo, J. K.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Belo, P.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.;Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Belonohy, E.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Benterman, N. A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bergsaker, H.
    KTH, EES, Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Bernardo, J.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Bernert, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Berry, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bertalot, L.
    ITER Org, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Beurskens, M. N. A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bieg, B.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Bielecki, J.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Biewer, T.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA..
    Bigi, M.
    Consorzio RFX, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Bilkova, P.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Prague 182 00 8, Czech Republic..
    Binda, Federico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Bizarro, J. P. S.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Bjorkas, C.
    Univ Helsinki, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Blackman, K.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Blackman, T. R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Blanchard, P.
    CRPP, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Blanco, E.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    Blatchford, P.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bobkov, V.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Boboc, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bodnar, G.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary. Wigner Res Ctr Phys, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Bogar, O.
    Comenius Univ, Fac Math Phys & Informat, Dept Expt Phys, Bratislava 84248, Slovakia..
    Bolzonella, T.
    Consorzio RFX, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Boncagni, L.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Bonham, R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bonheure, G.
    Koninklijke Militaire Sch Ecole Royale Militaire, Lab Plasma Phys, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Boom, J.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Booth, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Borba, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.;Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Borodin, D.
    Forsch Zentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Botrugno, A.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Boulbe, C.
    Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Lab JA Dieudonne, F-06108 Nice 2, France..
    Boulting, P.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bovert, K. V.
    Forsch Zentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Bowden, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bower, C.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Boyce, T.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Boyer, H. J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bradshaw, J. M. A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Braic, V.
    Natl Inst Optoelect, Magurele, Romania..
    Breizman, B.
    Univ Texas Austin, Inst Fus Studies, Austin, TX 78712 USA..
    Bremond, S.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Brennan, P. D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Brett, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Brezinsek, S.
    Forsch Zentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Bright, M. D. J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Brix, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Broeckx, W.
    SCK CEN, Nucl Res Ctr, B-2400 Mol, Belgium..
    Brombin, M.
    Consorzio RFX, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Brown, B. C.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Brown, D. P. D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Brown, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bruno, E.
    ITER Org, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bucalossi, J.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Buch, J.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428G, Gujarat, India..
    Buckley, M. A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bucko, K.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Budny, R.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Bufferand, H.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Bulman, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bulmer, N.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bunting, P.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Buratti, P.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Burcea, G.
    Nucl Fuel Plant, Pitesti, Romania..
    Burckhart, A.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Buscarino, A.
    Univ Catania, Dipartimento Ingn Elettr Elettr & Sistemi, I-95125 Catania, Italy..
    Butcher, P. R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Butler, N. K.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Bykov, I.
    KTH, EES, Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Byrne, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Byszuk, A.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Cackett, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cahyna, P.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Prague 182 00 8, Czech Republic..
    Cain, G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Calabro, G.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Callaghan, C. P.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Campling, D. C.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cane, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cannas, B.
    Univ Cagliari, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, I-09123 Cagliari, Italy..
    Capel, A. J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Caputano, M.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Card, P. J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cardinali, A.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Carman, P.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Carralero, D.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Carraro, L.
    Consorzio RFX, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Carvalho, B. B.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Carvalho, I.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Carvalho, P.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Casson, F. J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Castaldo, C.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Cavazzana, R.
    Consorzio RFX, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Cavinato, M.
    Consorzio RFX, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Cazzaniga, A.
    IFP CNR, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecil, E.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Cenedese, A.
    Consorzio RFX, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Centioli, C.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Cesario, R.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Challis, C. D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Chandler, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Chandra, D.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428G, Gujarat, India..
    Chang, C. S.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Chankin, A.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Chapman, I. T.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Chapman, S. C.
    Univ Warwick, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England..
    Chernyshova, M.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Chiru, P.
    Natl Inst Laser Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Chitarin, G.
    Consorzio RFX, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Chouli, B.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Chung, N.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ciraolo, G.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Ciric, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Citrin, J.
    FOM Inst DIFFER, NL-3430 BE Nieuwegein, Netherlands..
    Clairet, F.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Clark, E.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Clatworthy, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Clay, R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Clever, M.
    Forsch Zentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Coad, J. P.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.;VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, FIN-02044 Espoo, Finland..
    Coates, P. A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Coccorese, V.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Cocilovo, V.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Coda, S.
    CRPP, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Coelho, R.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Coenen, J. W.
    Forsch Zentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Coffey, I.
    Queens Univ, Dept Pure & Appl Phys, Belfast BT7 1NN, Antrim, North Ireland..
    Colas, L.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Collins, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Conboy, J. E.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cook, N.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Coombs, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cooper, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cooper, S. R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Corre, Y.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Corrigan, G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cortes, S.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Coster, D.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Couchman, A. S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cox, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cox, M. P.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cox, P.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Craciunescu, T.
    Natl Inst Laser Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Cramp, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Crisanti, F.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Cristescu, I.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Croci, G.
    IFP CNR, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Croft, O.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Crombe, K.
    Chalmers, Dept Earth & Space Sci, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden.;Koninklijke Militaire Sch Ecole Royale Militaire, Lab Plasma Phys, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Crowe, R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cruz, N.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Cseh, G.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary. Wigner Res Ctr Phys, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Cull, K.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Cupido, L.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Curran, D.
    Univ Coll Cork UCC, Corcaigh, Ireland..
    Curuia, M.
    Natl Inst Cryogen & Isotop Technol, Ramnicu Valcea, Romania..
    Czarnecka, A.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Czarski, T.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Dalley, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Dalziel, A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Darrow, D.
    Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Davies, R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Davis, W.
    ITER Org, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France.;Princeton Plasma Phys Lab, Princeton, NJ 08543 USA..
    Day, C.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Day, I. E.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    de la Cal, E.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    de la Luna, E.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    De Magistris, M.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    de Pablos, J. L.
    CIEMAT, Lab Nacl Fus, Madrid, Spain..
    De Tommasi, G.
    Univ Napoli Federico II, Consorzio CREATE, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    de Vries, P. C.
    FOM Inst DIFFER, NL-3430 BE Nieuwegein, Netherlands..
    Deakin, K.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Deane, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Decker, J.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Degli Agostini, F.
    Consorzio RFX, I-35127 Padua, Italy..
    Dejarnac, R.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Prague 182 00 8, Czech Republic..
    Delabie, E.
    FOM Inst DIFFER, NL-3430 BE Nieuwegein, Netherlands..
    den Harder, N.
    FOM Inst DIFFER, NL-3430 BE Nieuwegein, Netherlands..
    Dendy, R. O.
    Univ Warwick, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England..
    Denner, P.
    Forsch Zentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Devaux, S.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Devynck, P.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Di Maio, F.
    ITER Org, F-13067 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Di Pace, L.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Dittmar, T.
    Forsch Zentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Dodt, D.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Donne, T.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Dooley, P.
    Consorzio CREATE, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Dorling, S. E.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Dormido-Canto, S.
    Univ Nacl Educ Distancia, Madrid, Spain..
    Doswon, S.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Douai, D.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Doyle, P. T.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Dreischuh, T.
    Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Elect, BU-1784 Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Drewelow, P.
    Teilinst Greifswald, Max Planck Inst Plasmaphys, D-17491 Greifswald, Germany..
    Drozdov, V.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Drozdowicz, K.
    Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, PL-01497 Warsaw, Poland..
    Dumont, R.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Dumortier, P.
    Koninklijke Militaire Sch Ecole Royale Militaire, Lab Plasma Phys, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Dunai, D.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary. Wigner Res Ctr Phys, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Dunne, M.
    Univ Coll Cork UCC, Corcaigh, Ireland..
    Duran, I.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Prague 182 00 8, Czech Republic..
    Durodie, F.
    Koninklijke Militaire Sch Ecole Royale Militaire, Lab Plasma Phys, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Dutta, P.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428G, Gujarat, India..
    Duval, B.
    CRPP, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Dux, R.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Dylst, K.
    SCK CEN, Nucl Res Ctr, B-2400 Mol, Belgium..
    Dzysiuk, N.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Edappala, P. V.
    Inst Plasma Res, Gandhinagar 382428G, Gujarat, India..
    Edwards, A. M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Eich, Th.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Ekedahl, A.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Elevant, T.
    KTH, EES, Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    El-Jorf, R.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Elsmore, C. G.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, A.
    Chalmers, Dept Earth & Space Sci, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, L. G.
    European Commiss, B-1049 Brussels, Belgium..
    Esposito, B.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Esser, H. G.
    Forsch Zentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Esteve, D.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Evans, G. E.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Evans, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ewart, G. D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Ewers, D. T.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fagan, D.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Falie, D.
    Natl Inst Laser Plasma & Radiat Phys, Magurele, Romania..
    Farthing, J. W.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fasoli, A.
    CRPP, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Fattorini, L.
    IFP CNR, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Faugeras, B.
    Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Lab JA Dieudonne, F-06108 Nice 2, France..
    Faustin, J.
    CRPP, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Fawlk, N.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Federici, G.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Fedorczak, N.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Felton, R. C.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fenzi, C.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Fernades, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Fernandes, H.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Ferreira, J.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Fessey, J. A.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Figini, L.
    IFP CNR, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Figueiredo, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Figueiredo, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.;Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Fil, A.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Finburg, P.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Firdaouss, M.
    IRFM, CEA, F-13108 St Paul Les Durance, France..
    Fischer, U.
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Fittill, L.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fitzgerald, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Flammini, D.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Flanagan, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fleming, C.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Flinders, K.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Formisano, A.
    Second Univ Napoli, Consorzio CREATE, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Forsythe, L.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Fortuna, L.
    Univ Catania, Dipartimento Ingn Elettr Elettr & Sistemi, I-95125 Catania, Italy..
    Fortune, M.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Frasca, M.
    Univ Catania, Dipartimento Ingn Elettr Elettr & Sistemi, I-95125 Catania, Italy..
    Frassinetti, L.
    KTH, EES, Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Freisinger, M.
    Forsch Zentrum Julich GmbH, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Fresa, R.
    Univ Basilicata, Consorzio CREATE, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Frigione, D.
    ENEA CR Frascati, Unita Tecn Fus, I-00044 Rome, Italy..
    Fuchs, V.
    Inst Plasma Phys AS CR, Prague 182 00 8, Czech Republic..
    Fyvie, J.
    Culham Sci Ctr, CCFE, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Gadomska, M.
    EUROfus Programme Management Unit, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Gal, K.
    Culham Sci Ctr, EUROfus Programme Management Unit, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England.;Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Galperti, C.
    IFP CNR, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Galvao, R.
    Ctr Brasileiro Pesquisas Fis, BR-22290180 Rio De Janeiro, Brazil..