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  • 1.
    Widmark, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Elegisk terror: Poesimässande talibaner och diktande krigsherrar2014In: Iran: 4000 år av historia, konst, religion, litteratur och språk / [ed] Ashk Dahlén och Carina Jahani, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2014, 119-127 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Widmark, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Ensam mot världen: Afghanska livsberättelser om identitet, exil och utanförskap2014In: Dragomanen: Årsskrift utgiven av Svenska Forskningsinstitutet i Istanbul, ISSN 1402-358X, Vol. 16, 87-97 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Widmark, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Experiences of Revenge as Reflected in the Pashto Short Story2010In: Best Served Cold: Studies on Revenge / [ed] Sheila C. Bibb & Daniel Escandell Montiel, Oxford: Inter-Disciplinary Press , 2010, 153-161 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Approaching a decade of US/NATO military engagement in Afghanistan, the scholarly interest over the area has gradually reawakened. However, emphasis has though mainly been directed towards the political and social implications of war, while cultural functions and expressions still remain by and large unexplored. This is especially true about the Pashtun community. Research has suggested that revenge, included under the Pashto concept of badal, is an essential element constituting Pashtun identity. Badal, which is part of a larger set of unwritten tribal codes of honour called pashtūnwalī, does not apply to a neutral conception of revenge but is more related to the ‘defence of honour’. Previous studies, as well as the media, have often emphasised this idea rather incautiously, stressing desire of revenge or vindictiveness to be a main characteristic of this group’s collective identity. Far from being a static phenomenon, pashtūnwalī displays great variation of observance depending on both temporal and local context. This study engages the contemporary Pashto short story genre, being the most popular and widely practised type of modern narrative prose fiction among the Pashtuns, and explores how the concept of revenge is formulated upon within this type of texts. The study delves into the question whether revenge, considering that modern Pashto literature is mainly an urban reality, is narrated according to its traditional denotation of ‘defending honour’, or if a more neutral or materialistic type of revenge may be discerned. It will also investigate whether revenge is a typical characteristic of Pashtun life, as has been proposed in prior descriptions, or if it is a theme of only peripheral occurrence. Searching for keywords related to ‘revenge’ in Pashto short stories published on the Internet followed by a close reading analysis of each entrance, an assessment of the urban Pashtun view upon revenge may be deduced.

     

  • 4.
    Widmark, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Voices at the Borders, Prose on the Margins: Exploring the Contemporary Pashto Short Story in a Context of War and Crisis2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is a study of contemporary Pashto prose writing in a context of war and crisis based on a corpus of digitally published and/or printed short stories from the 1990s onwards. Out of this larger corpus, 16 stories have been selected and analysed under four topics: "The Terrorist", Female agency: Representations of and by, "The Madman", and Axtar: Longing for peace or imaging disillusion. A central idea is that the analysis should be text-oriented, but the contextualisation of the analysed texts is a secondary important focus.

    Chapter one presents the material and gives a general context to the study. In the second chapter, after a general conceptualisation of the short story genre, I discuss the borders between prose and poetry. In chapter three I provide an overview of Pashto literature where the aim is to pinpoint certain characteristics of literature in what I call a poeticised community, such as that of the Pashtuns. The fourth chapter contains an introduction to the four topics mentioned above, a summary of each of the four stories belonging to the specific topic with selected parts in direct translation from the Pashto original, as well as a discussion of form and contents of each topic separately. Chapter five consists of a general conclusion. An appendix with the original Pashto text of translated sections is found before the bibliography.

    One feature that has emerged from this study is the notion of how the narratives are often found to communicate and respond to their immediate surroundings, in time as well as in space. Another important conclusion is that devices normally regarded as belonging to the realm of poetry are not uncommon in Pashto short story writing.

  • 5.
    Widmark, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    "Voicing the Unvoiced: Readings of Contemporary Women’s Writing in Pashto"2014In: The Dynamics of Change in Conflict Societies: Pakhtun Region in Perspective: Conference Proceedings / [ed] M Ayub Jan and Shahida Aman, 2014, 15-32 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
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