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  • 1.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Att rentvå svagheten2007In: Kvalitativa analyser med grundad teori: Teoretiska perspektiv och tillämpningar, Uppsala: Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet , 2007, p. 139-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Doing chairing, negotiating professional asymmetries: Administration and medicine in Swedish sick leave status meetings2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    'Filling one's days': managing sick leave legitimacy in an online forum2011In: Sociology of Health and Illness, ISSN 0141-9889, E-ISSN 1467-9566, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 761-776Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An inherent part of the general understanding of illness is that it is incapacitating, making those who are ill unable to do things that they would normally do. Staying at home from work is a common consequence, and what 'ill' people do while at home then becomes accountable. This article explores online discourse about the kinds of activities people engage in when on sick leave. It employs a discursive psychological framework for analysis, drawing heavily on conversation analysis. A Swedish internet forum thread on sick leave is examined, focusing on how the participants describe and account for the things they do when staying home from work due to illness. The analysis suggests that the participants' accounts of their activities delicately manage the legitimacy of their sick leave. In examining how this is done in practice, the analysis makes visible the balancing act between being ill enough to stay home from work and well enough for other activities. In the context of recent debates in Sweden and elsewhere about the legitimacy of sick leave in different situations, the analysis of how legitimacy is actually negotiated is an important concern, making visible the moral work of being on sick leave.

  • 4.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Good Girls on Sick Leave: Online Identities and the People Behind the Screen2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Humour and irony as resources in online text-in-interaction2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Invoking gender ironically in online text-in-interaction2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Legitimacy and knowledge in sick leave status meetings in Sweden2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Legitimacy Work: Managing Sick Leave Legitimacy in Interaction2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies how sick leave legitimacy is managed in interaction and develops an empirically driven conceptualization of ‘legitimacy work’. The thesis applies an ethnomethodological framework that draws on conversation analysis, discursive psychology, and membership categorization analysis. Naturally occurring interaction is examined in two settings: (1) multi-party meetings at the Swedish Social Insurance Agency, in which participants assess and discuss the ‘status’ of the sick leave and plan for work rehabilitation; (2) peer-based online text-in-interaction in a Swedish forum thread that gathers people on sick leave.

    The thesis shows how mental states, activities and alternative categories function as resources for legitimacy work. However, such invocations are no straight-forward matter, but impose additional contingencies. It is thus crucial how they are invoked. By detailed analyses of the interaction, with attention to aspects such as lexicality and delivery, the thesis identifies a range of discursive features that manage sick leave legitimacy. Deployed resources are also subtle enough to be deniable as legitimacy work, that is, they also manage the risk of an utterance being seen as invested or biased.

    While legitimate sick leave is a core concern for Swedish policy-making, administration, and public debate on sick leave, previous research has for the most part been explanatory in orientation, minding legitimacy rather than studying it in its own right. By providing detailed knowledge about the legitimacy work that people on long-term sick leave do as part of both institutional and mundane encounters, the thesis contributes not only new empirical knowledge, but a new kind of empirical knowledge, shedding light on how the complexities of sick leave play out in real-life situations.

    Traditional sociological approaches have to a significant extent treated legitimacy as an entity with beginnings and ends that in more or less direct ways relate to external norms and cognitive states, or that focus on institutions, authority or government. By contrast, the herein emerging concept ‘legitimacy work’ understands legitimacy as a locally contingent practicality – a collaborative categorially oriented accomplishment that is integral to the interactional situation.

    List of papers
    1. Wanting to work: Managing the sick role in high-stake sickness insurance meetings
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wanting to work: Managing the sick role in high-stake sickness insurance meetings
    2017 (English)In: Sociology of Health and Illness, ISSN 0141-9889, E-ISSN 1467-9566, Vol. 39, no 7, p. 1149-1165Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article respecifies and develops Parsons's sick role theory, focusing on the postulate that the sick person must want' to get well. Using conversation analysis and discursive psychology to study how the psychological term want' is used in high-stake, multi-professional meetings with sickness benefit claimants in Sweden, the article shows how establishing that one wants' to get well requires extensive interactional work. In the examined meetings, the sick person's want' formulations make explicit the relationship between wants' and illness or inabilities, thus allowing for motivational character to be established without committing to its implications, and without appearing strategic or biased. By contrast, professional parties in the meetings invoke the sick person's wants' either to hold them accountable, or for establishing a desired course of recovery, confirming the centrality of such wants' in this setting as well as the risks associated with expressing them. The article suggests that analysing psychological matters as they are oriented to by participants renders sick role theory relevant for a wide range of settings and respecifies criticism of the model.

    National Category
    Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Occupational Health and Environmental Health
    Research subject
    Sociology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267403 (URN)10.1111/1467-9566.12567 (DOI)000410766100011 ()28503755 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2015-11-22 Created: 2015-11-22 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
    2. 'Filling one's days': managing sick leave legitimacy in an online forum
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Filling one's days': managing sick leave legitimacy in an online forum
    2011 (English)In: Sociology of Health and Illness, ISSN 0141-9889, E-ISSN 1467-9566, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 761-776Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    An inherent part of the general understanding of illness is that it is incapacitating, making those who are ill unable to do things that they would normally do. Staying at home from work is a common consequence, and what 'ill' people do while at home then becomes accountable. This article explores online discourse about the kinds of activities people engage in when on sick leave. It employs a discursive psychological framework for analysis, drawing heavily on conversation analysis. A Swedish internet forum thread on sick leave is examined, focusing on how the participants describe and account for the things they do when staying home from work due to illness. The analysis suggests that the participants' accounts of their activities delicately manage the legitimacy of their sick leave. In examining how this is done in practice, the analysis makes visible the balancing act between being ill enough to stay home from work and well enough for other activities. In the context of recent debates in Sweden and elsewhere about the legitimacy of sick leave in different situations, the analysis of how legitimacy is actually negotiated is an important concern, making visible the moral work of being on sick leave.

    Keywords
    sick leave, legitimacy, discursive psychology, conversation analysis, internet forums
    National Category
    Sociology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-156966 (URN)10.1111/j.1467-9566.2011.01330.x (DOI)000292921200009 ()
    Available from: 2011-08-20 Created: 2011-08-11 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
    3. Making equality relevant: Gender, housework, and sick leave legitimacy in online interaction
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making equality relevant: Gender, housework, and sick leave legitimacy in online interaction
    2014 (English)In: Feminism and Psychology, ISSN 0959-3535, E-ISSN 1461-7161, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 295-313Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses discursive psychology and conversation analysis to examine a Swedish online forum thread in which participants, who present as women on long-term sick leave, make gender equality relevant when discussing housework. Doing housework can challenge the legitimacy of the sick leave, and as a woman, one risks being categorized as a "housewife." Such a categorization can work to undermine sick leave legitimacy and is also problematic given norms of gender equality in Sweden. In the studied data, such inferences are managed by invoking a (male) partner in accounts for housework or by humorous and ironic gendered categorizations. The analysis focuses on how this is done in the fine details of the interaction, showing how sick leave legitimacy is managed within a normative framework of gender equality. The study provides a practically oriented approach to the gendered aspects of sick leave legitimacy and sheds light on the delicate interplay between gender equality and sick leave in everyday life.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Sage, 2014
    Keywords
    Gender equality, housework, sick leave, online interaction, conversation analysis, discursive psychology, accounts, categorization, humor
    National Category
    Psychology Gender Studies
    Research subject
    Sociology; Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-229579 (URN)10.1177/0959353513515295 (DOI)000340165600001 ()
    Available from: 2014-08-12 Created: 2014-08-11 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
  • 9.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Legitimating Sickness Absence: Identity Constructions in Illness Narratives2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Making equality relevant: Gender, housework and sick leave legitimacy in online interaction2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Making equality relevant: Gender, housework, and sick leave legitimacy in online interaction2014In: Feminism and Psychology, ISSN 0959-3535, E-ISSN 1461-7161, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 295-313Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses discursive psychology and conversation analysis to examine a Swedish online forum thread in which participants, who present as women on long-term sick leave, make gender equality relevant when discussing housework. Doing housework can challenge the legitimacy of the sick leave, and as a woman, one risks being categorized as a "housewife." Such a categorization can work to undermine sick leave legitimacy and is also problematic given norms of gender equality in Sweden. In the studied data, such inferences are managed by invoking a (male) partner in accounts for housework or by humorous and ironic gendered categorizations. The analysis focuses on how this is done in the fine details of the interaction, showing how sick leave legitimacy is managed within a normative framework of gender equality. The study provides a practically oriented approach to the gendered aspects of sick leave legitimacy and sheds light on the delicate interplay between gender equality and sick leave in everyday life.

  • 12.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Managing Troubled Positions: Irony and Humour as Resources in Online Interaction2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Nervklen eller utbränd?: Konstruktioner av sjukdom och kön i kontrasterande narrativ2008Other (Other scientific)
  • 14.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    'Sick leave culture': Institutional categorization, legitimacy and moral order at the intersection of research and politics2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Sick leave culture: Institutional categorization, legitimacy and moral order at the intersection of research and politics in Sweden2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Wanting to get back to work: Negotiating the sick role in doctors' meetings with sick-listed patients and social insurance case officers2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Wanting to work: Managing the sick role in high-stake sickness insurance meetings2017In: Sociology of Health and Illness, ISSN 0141-9889, E-ISSN 1467-9566, Vol. 39, no 7, p. 1149-1165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article respecifies and develops Parsons's sick role theory, focusing on the postulate that the sick person must want' to get well. Using conversation analysis and discursive psychology to study how the psychological term want' is used in high-stake, multi-professional meetings with sickness benefit claimants in Sweden, the article shows how establishing that one wants' to get well requires extensive interactional work. In the examined meetings, the sick person's want' formulations make explicit the relationship between wants' and illness or inabilities, thus allowing for motivational character to be established without committing to its implications, and without appearing strategic or biased. By contrast, professional parties in the meetings invoke the sick person's wants' either to hold them accountable, or for establishing a desired course of recovery, confirming the centrality of such wants' in this setting as well as the risks associated with expressing them. The article suggests that analysing psychological matters as they are oriented to by participants renders sick role theory relevant for a wide range of settings and respecifies criticism of the model.

  • 18.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    What mothers do: Motherhood as a resource for negotiating sick-leave legitimacy in Swedish sickness insurance interactions2017In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 179-194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sick leave in the Nordic countries is a gendered issue. Alongside other explanations, women’s higher levels of sick leave have been linked to their far-reaching family responsibilities. Meanwhile, studies have shown how such responsibilities induce questioning of the legitimacy of sick leave, indicating that normative aspects linking these categories cannot solely be approached in terms of causal explanations. The current study suggests an alternative way of studying this relationship, approaching motherhood as something being “done” in situated ways, to particular ends; a resource for interaction. By analysing naturally occurring interactions—meetings held by the Swedish Social Insurance Agency—the study renders visible the collaborative production of sick leave as a gendered matter, and motherhood as part of the negotiation of sickness insurance. The analysis shows the meaning and import of motherhood for sick leave to be a live issue for participants, drawing attention to how these categories are neither culturally predefined, nor dispositional, but flexibly assembled for certain purposes. Motherhood functions as a resource in two ways: (1) displaying restricted ability to care for children supports claims of impairment; (2) invoking motherhood works to account for slow or inactive rehabilitation. However, occasioning motherhood in the examined context is also risky: (3) displaying extensive mothering may be treated as indicating low commitment to rehabilitation, and (4) displaying limited mothering may be taken as indicating unfitness as a parent.

  • 19.
    Iversen, Clara
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology, Centre for Social Work - CESAR.
    Flinkfeldt, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Kroppens dubbla roll i medicinsk interaktion: Iscensättande av symptom i sömnapnékonsultationer2018Conference paper (Refereed)
1 - 19 of 19
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