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  • 1.
    Ahlberg, Beth Maina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH), International Maternal and Reproductive Health and Migration. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hamed, Sarah
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Bradby, Hannah
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Invisibility of Racism in the Global Neoliberal Era: Implications for Researching Racism in Healthcare2019In: Frontiers in Sociology, ISSN 2297-7775Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the difficulties of researching racism in healthcare contexts as part of the wider issue of neoliberal reforms in welfare states in the age of global migration. In trying to understand the contradiction of a phenomenon that is historical and strongly felt by individuals and yet widely denied by both institutions and individuals, we consider the current political and socioeconomic context of healthcare provision. Despite decades of legislation against racism, its presence persists in healthcare settings, but data on these experiences is rarely gathered in Europe. National systems of healthcare provision have been subject to neoliberal reforms, where among others, cheaper forms of labor are sought to reduce the cost of producing healthcare, while the availability of services is rationed to contain demand. The restriction both on provision of and access to welfare, including healthcare, is unpopular among national populations. However, the explanations for restricted access to healthcare are assumed to be located outside the national context with immigrants being blamed. Even as migrants are used as a source of cheap labor in healthcare and other welfare sectors, the arrival of immigrants has been held responsible for restricted access to healthcare and welfare in general. One implication of (im)migration being blamed for healthcare restrictions, while racism is held to be a problem of the past, is the silencing of experiences of racism, which has dire consequences for ethnic minority populations. The implications of racism as a form of inequality within healthcare and the circumstances of researching racism in healthcare and its implication for the sociology of health in Sweden are described.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    et al.
    Department of Thematic Studies Linköping University.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Department of Thematic Studies Linköping University.
    Mediated Communications of Violence: The example of "Happy Slapping"2011In: Journal of Children and Media, ISSN 1748-2798, E-ISSN 1748-2801, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 230-234Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Binswanger, Christa
    et al.
    Centre for Gender Studies at the University of Basle.
    Samelius, Lotta
    National Swedish Police Academy, Linköping University.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Palimpsests of Sexuality and Intimate Violence: Turning Points as Transformative Scripts for Intervention2011In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 25-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we explore transdisciplinary understandings of scripts as transformative interventions. Script refers, on the one hand, to cognitive, routinized behavioural patterns; on the other hand, it is a multilayered process of enacting, interpreting, and rewriting interaction within a specific context. The metaphor of the palimpsest, embodying and provoking interdisciplinary encounters, links the various layers of practised and narrated scripts. The interrelation of the scripts of the palimpsest is marked by inextricability as they use the same space and create an illusionary intimacy. We develop our ideas about script as intervention, reflecting on scripts of violence and sexual experience. We make use of the psychoanalytic term “cryptic incorporation”. Cryptic incorporation entails the idea of an experience psychically “swallowed whole” by the subject and therefore not accessible to conscious reflection, once incorporated.

    Our methodological readings are both empirical and fictional. The empirical example is based on an interview with one respondent, who has experienced intimate violence during the course of her life. The autobiographical text of Shedding, written in 1975 by the Swiss author Verena Stefan, is an example of fiction. Both texts engage in the inextricability of vulnerability and intimacy. Analysing these narratives, we pay special attention to “turning-points”. As turning-points represent decisive changes within evolving life-stories, they are read as palimpsestuous scripts of a transformative process. Thus, we focus on the human ability to change scripts, to rewrite biographical events. We look for a productive entanglement of our scientific writing, understanding the writing process itself as a palimpsestuous layer of script as intervention.

  • 4.
    Bradby, Hannah
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hamed, Sarah
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ahlberg, Beth Maina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Skaraborg Institute, Skövde, Sweden.
    Undoing the unspeakable: researching racism in Swedish healthcare using a participatory process to build dialogue2019In: Health Research Policy and Systems, ISSN 1478-4505, E-ISSN 1478-4505, Vol. 17, article id 43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Racism is difficult to discuss in the context of Swedish healthcare for various cultural and administrative reasons. Herein, we interpret the fragmentary nature of the evidence of racialising processes and the difficulty of reporting racist discrimination in terms of structural violence.

    Methods:

    In response to the unspeakable nature of racism in Swedish healthcare, we propose a phased participatory process to build a common vocabulary and grammar through a consultative framework involving healthcare providers and service users as well as policy-makers. These stakeholders will be involved in an educational intervention to facilitate discussion around and avoidance of racism in service provision.

    Discussion:

    Both the participatory process and outcomes of the process, e.g. educational interventions, will contribute to the social and political conversation about racism in healthcare settings. Creating new ways of discussing sensitive topics allows ameliorative actions to be taken, benefitting healthcare providers and users. The urgency of the project is underlined.

  • 5.
    Dwyer, Claire
    et al.
    University College London.
    Modood, Tariq
    the University of Bristol.
    Sanghera, Gurchathen
    University of St Andrew.
    Shah, Bindi
    University of Southampton.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Educational Achievement and Career Aspiration for Young British Pakistanis2011In: Global migration, ethnicity and Britishness / [ed] Tariq Modood, John Salt, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011, p. 177-204Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6. Farahani, Fataneh
    et al.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Postcolonial Masculinities: Diverse, Shifting and in Flux2019In: Routledge International Handbook of Masculinity Studies / [ed] Lucas Gottzén, Ulf Mellström, Ulf and Tamara Shefer, Routledge, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Moving beyond the seminal contributions of Beauvoir and Fanon on the discursive construction of Otherness, our chapter critically engages with the race-blindness of (western) feminist theories, the gender blindness and heteronormativity of (male) postcolonial theory and the ethnocentrism, race blindness and lack of historical specificity of Western (and white) masculinity studies. We draw on a postcolonial critical masculinities framework to examine the migratory and diasporic experiences of racialised men as gendered subjects in diverse contexts. We highlight how these masculinities are (re)articulated, contested and negotiated in and through specific historical moments, spatial and socio-political contexts, local/transnational discourses and in relation to other dominant/hegemonic (White) masculinities.

  • 7.
    Gurchathen, Sanghera
    et al.
    School of International Relations, University of St. Andrews, UK.
    Suruchi, Thapar-Björkert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Imagination and Social Capital: Transnational agency and practices among Pakistani Muslims in the UK2012In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 141-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we argue that "imagination" is an important tool in the formation of social capital for young Pakistani Muslim men and women in the city of Bradford, UK. The desire for social mobility and the ambition to overcome disadvantage becomes the drivers for change. These aspirations are supported by the transnational habitus, which acts as an important resource and encourages young people to imagine change in their everyday lives and situations. Unprecedented access to electronic media and new information and communications technologies not only assists the imagination but also invests agency in people's everyday lives.

  • 8. Koobak, Redi
    et al.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Becoming non-Swedish: locating the paradoxes of in/visible identities2012In: Feminist review (Print), ISSN 0141-7789, E-ISSN 1466-4380, no 102, p. 125-134Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Maiorano, Diego
    et al.
    Univ Nottingham, Sch Polit & Int Relat, Nottingham NG7 2RD, England..
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Blomkvist, Hans
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The paradoxes of empowerment: gendering NREGA in the rural landscape of India2016In: Development in Practice, ISSN 0961-4524, E-ISSN 1364-9213, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 127-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The growing importance of public works programmes (PWPs) as a social protection tool has attracted significant scholarly attention. However, despite the fact that the empowerment of marginalised communities is one of the key objectives of most PWPs, scant attention has been dedicated to this crucial issue. We contextualise these concerns in relation to India's Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). In particular, we propose two areas which are relatively unexplored. First, the methodologies currently used to research NREGA and PWP, more generally, need to be broadened. Second, the processes that lead to empowerment need to be researched empirically.

  • 10.
    Nilsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    ‘People Constantly Remind Me of My Past … and Make Me Look Like a Monster’: Re-visiting DDR Through a Conversation With Black Diamond2013In: International feminist journal of politics, ISSN 1461-6742, E-ISSN 1468-4470, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 110-118Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Reuterswärd, Camilla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Molyneux, Maxine
    University of London, Institute for the Study of the Americas.
    Abortion Law Reforms in Colombia and Nicaragua: Issue Networks and Opportunity Contexts2011In: Development and Change, ISSN 0012-155X, E-ISSN 1467-7660, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 805-831Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses two instances of abortion law reform in Latin America. In 2006, after a decades-long impasse, the highly controversial issue of abortion came to dominate the political agenda when Colombia liberalized its abortion law and Nicaragua adopted a total ban on abortion. The article analyses the central actors in the reform processes, their strategies and the opportunity contexts. Drawing on Htun’s (2003) framework, it examines why these processes concluded with opposing legislative outcomes. The authors argue for the need to understand the state as a non-unitary site of politics and policy, and for judicial processes to be seen as a key variable in facilitating gender policy reforms in Latin America. In addition, they argue that ‘windows of opportunity’ such as the timing of elections can be critically important in legislative change processes.

  • 12.
    Samelius, Lotta
    et al.
    Independent researcher.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Binswanger, Christa
    University of St Gallen, Switzerland.
    Turning points and the ‘everyday’: Exploring agency and violence in intimate relationships2014In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 264-277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article the authors approach material and symbolic violence through transdisciplinary readings of theoretical debates, fiction and empirical narratives. They make use of the concept of turning points which disrupt dichotomous and static categorizations of victim and survivor, and their association with passivity and agency respectively. In situations of violence, turning points represent temporality instead of timelessness, dialogism instead of monologism, multilayering rather than any fixed identity. The authors draw on the theorists Bakhtin and Certeau, whose work highlights the significance of meaning-making between self and other. They analyse empirical and fictional narratives to understand the creation of dialogic spaces, a space that both subordinates and subverts. Pointing to the procedural nature of turning points within the everyday, the authors argue that women, despite the pain and trauma, are neither just a victim nor just a survivor in a violent relationship.

  • 13. Sanghera, Gurchathen S.
    et al.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    'LET'S TALK ABOUT . . . MEN' Young British Pakistani Muslim Women's Narratives about Co-Ethnic Men in 'Postcolonial' Bradford2012In: Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, ISSN 1369-801X, E-ISSN 1469-929X, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 591-612Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In media and political representations, Muslims have been constructed as 'ultimate Others' who pose a threat to western human rights, democracy and freedoms. These representations, however, are gendered. Muslim men and women are positioned in ambiguous and contradictory ways: Muslim men are often represented as embodying a masculinity that is inherently misogynistic, controlling and dangerous and, more recently, associated with radicalization and Islamic terrorism, while Muslim women are presented as victims of patriarchy, passive and voiceless. This essay explores the complexities of the gendered social worlds of Pakistani Muslim men and women, and provides an intimate analysis of urban lives in 'postcolonial' Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK, through the narratives of young British Pakistani Muslim women about co-ethnic men.(1) Situated in their everyday lives, the essay explores how young Pakistani Muslim women at times adopt methods of 'strategic essentialism' to critique and resist co-ethnic men and masculinities. Adopting an interpretivist approach, this essay draws on research conducted with young Pakistani Muslim women in Bradford.

  • 14.
    Sanghera, Gurchathen S.
    et al.
    Univ St Andrews, St Andrews, Scotland.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Transnationalism, social capital and gender - young Pakistani Muslim women in Bradford, UK2017In: Migration Letters, ISSN 1741-8984, E-ISSN 1741-8992, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 88-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article considers the relationship between transnationalism and social capital amongst young Pakistani Muslim women in Bradford, West Yorkshire. The central aim of the article is to explore how second generation Pakistani Muslim women accrue faith based social capital to negotiate and resist transnational gendered expectations, norms and practices. In particular, they use faith based social capital that is transnationally informed: to challenge the patriarchal expectations and norms of their families; to gain access to higher/further education and thereby improve their life opportunities; and to resist growing anti-Muslim sentiment. This paper draws on qualitative research (in-depth interviews) conducted in Bradford.

  • 15.
    Thapar-Bjorkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Univ London London Sch Econ & Polit Sci, London WC2A 2AE, England.;Univ Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England.;Univ Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TH, Avon, England..
    Samelius, Lotta
    Sanghera, Gurchathen S.
    Univ Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TH, Avon, England.;Univ St Andrews, Sch Int Relat, St Andrews KY16 9AJ, Fife, Scotland..
    exploring symbolic violence in the everyday: misrecognition, condescension, consent and complicity2016In: Feminist review (Print), ISSN 0141-7789, E-ISSN 1466-4380, no 112, p. 144-162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we draw on Pierre Bourdieu's concepts of 'misrecognition', 'condescension' and 'consent and complicity' to demonstrate how domination and violence are reproduced in everyday interactions, social practices, institutional processes and dispositions. Importantly, this constitutes symbolic violence, which removes the victim's agency and voice. Indeed, we argue that as symbolic violence is impervious, insidious and invisible, it also simultaneously legitimises and sustains other forms of violence as well. Understanding symbolic violence together with traditional discourses of violence is important because it provides a richer insight into the 'workings' of violence, and provides new ways of conceptualising violence across a number of social fields and new strategies for intervention. Symbolic violence is a valuable tool for understanding contentious debates on the disclosure of violence, women leaving or staying in abusive relationships or returning to their abusers. While we focus only on violence against women, we recognise that the gendered nature of violence produces its own sets of vulnerabilities against men and marginalised groups, such as LGBT. The paper draws on empirical research conducted in Sweden in 2003. Sweden is an interesting case study because despite its progressive gender equality policies, there has been no marked decrease in violence towards women by men.

  • 16.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Conversations across Borders: Men and Honour Related Violence in U.K. and Sweden2009In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 47-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper engages with debates on honour related violence (HRV) in the U.K. and Sweden and positions these debates within the broader context of media representations and multiculturalism. The paper highlights two interrelated arguments. First, though academic and policy interventions have made HRV more visible, they have inadvertently reproduced an anti-male rhetoric that fails to expose the vulnerability of men and the shifting subject positions that men can occupy in relation to HRV; as perpetrators, as victims, as observers or as agents of change. Second, these interventions fail to acknowledge that male initiatives to challenge practices of HRV are extremely important to break cycles of gendered violence. In relation to the latter, the paper critically engages with the Sharaf Heroes Project, a unique male intervention in Sweden that works preventively with young boys and men towards challenging and changing attitudes on honour-related violence.

  • 17.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Culture Shock1996Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Entries to the Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics1996In: Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics / [ed] Iain McLean, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 1996, 1, p. 20-21Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 19. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Förtryckta flickor i patriarkala miljöer. Insatser mot hedersrelaterat våld i tre länder2007Report (Other academic)
  • 20. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Gender, Colonialism and Nationalism: Women Activists in Uttar Pradesh, India1996In: New frontiers in women's studies: knowledge, identity and nationalism / [ed] Mary Maynard and June Purvis, London: Taylor and Francis , 1996, p. 203-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    London School of Economics , United Kingdom.
    Gender, Nationalism and the Colonial Jail: a study of women activists in Uttar Pradesh1998In: Women's History Review, ISSN 0961-2025, E-ISSN 1747-583X, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 583-615Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An important aspect of Indian women's political participation in the nationalist struggle against colonial rule was their imprisonment and confinement within the walls of the prison. To counter the difficulty and monotony of their prison existence, women developed strong solidarity networks which not only helped them to adjust to the temporary upheaval in their lives but also resulted in their becoming strong and determined individuals with a nationalist consciousness. These women resisted colonial rule through imprisonment and activities in the jail (such as writing poetry) just as they did through nationalist activities within the domestic sphere (such as spinning and weaving). The jail became a site where identities were continuously shaped and restructured. Feelings of pride, resentment, honour and humiliation were all experienced by women prisoners and were continuously sharpened. Women's entry into male dominated spaces dispelled the British stereotypes about Indian women as subordinate, weak and docile. Women were also aware that by endangering their womanhood on the streets and putting their bodies under risk of attack, they proved that they could share common experiences with their fellow men in the public sphere.

  • 22. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Gender, Nations and Nationalism2013In: The Oxford Handbook on Gender and Politics / [ed] Georgina Waylen, Oxford University Press, 2013, 1, p. 803-828Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    'If there were no khaps [...] everything will go haywire [...] young boys and girls will start marrying into the same gotra' Understanding khap-Directed 'Honour Killings' in Northern India2014In: 'Honour' Killing and Violence: Theory, Policy and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, p. 156-176Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 24. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Nationalist Memories: Interviewing Indian Middle Class Nationalist Women1999In: Oral history, ISSN 0143-0955, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 35-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the difficult terrain of documenting personal testimonies as a non-western researcher. My respondents were ordinary middle class women whose nationalist activities had not been documented before. The process of conducting the interviews made me aware of the significance of the family context, where my identity was continuously negotiated both by the respondents and their extended family. I was simultaneously positioned both as an 'outsider' and an 'insider' in these interviews. I also realised that recovering and interpreting respondent's memories of the nationalist movement raised issues of the construction of self and subjectivity. The ways in which respondents perceived their activities within the domestic sphere challenged the constructed historical knowledge, which associated only the 'public' as 'political'.

  • 25. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Negotiating ‘Otherness’: Dilemmas of a Non-Western Researcher in the Indian Sub-Continent1999In: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 57-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on certain methodological issues that arose while interviewing Indian women activists in Uttar Pradesh, a state of North India. These activists had actively contributed to the anti-colonial struggle from 1920 till India's independence in 1947. This paper addresses two key issues. Firstly, the category 'Other' was not a fixed category. Its meaning was continuously negotiable, both, in my relationship with respondents and in terms of what I understood to be feminist methodology. Moreover, in the Indian context it was difficult to follow the precepts of what I understood to be feminist methodology because I could not write about the respondent's experiences by using their own language. At the same time, present feminist concepts such as gender-equality, oppression and consciousness had little meaning for women born at the turn of the century. Secondly, there were dilemmas around interviewing Indian women which made me aware of issues of class, religion, gender and generation. This paper is divided in three main sections. The first section focuses on other sources of evidence such as official and unofficial records, newspapers and magazines which provide the initial framework as well as help to locate the historical context of any research. However, they have to be studied in conjunction with oral narratives, which provide the crucial link between all the other sources of evidence. The second section deals with the dilemmas of 'Otherness' and the third section focuses on the dilemmas that arose while conducting interviews.

  • 26.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Religion2010In: Gender Matters in World Politics: Feminist Introduction to International Relations / [ed] Laura Shepherd, London: Routledge , 2010, p. 265-279Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    State Policies, Strategies and Implementation in combating patriarchal violence, focusing on honour-related violence: A Comparative Study of Sweden, United Kingdom and Turkey2007Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Centre for the Study of Women and Gender, University of Warwick, Coventry.
    The Domestic Sphere as a Political Site: A Study of Women in the Indian Nationalist Movement1997In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 493-504Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Indian women participated in the nationalist movement not only in the public domain but also from the domestic domain. A large majority of women during the movement retained their traditional roles and still made significant contributions to the movement from within the domestic sphere. The movement's success was dependent on women's contribution and the nationalist movement benefited from the nationalist activities of women. The relationship between the nationalist movement and middle-class women was thus mutually beneficial. The nationalist symbols and representations of women created by the leaders greatly facilitated women's involvement in the movement. The nature of activities that women engaged in helped the politicisation of women's consciousness.

  • 29. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    The Marginalisation of Women in Writings on the Indian Nationalist Movement1995In: Gender and Colonialism / [ed] Timothy Foley, Lionel Pilkington, Sean Ryder, and Elizabeth Tilley, Galway: Galway University Press , 1995, p. 103-124Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    University of Warwick, England.
    Women as Activists: Women as Symbols, A Study of the Indian Nationalist Movement1993In: Feminist review (Print), ISSN 0141-7789, E-ISSN 1466-4380, no 44, p. 80-96Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Department of Sociology, University of Bristol.
    Women as arm-bearers: Gendered caste-violence and the Indian state2006In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 29, no 5, p. 474-488Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the intersections between gender, caste and violence in a post-colonial context. It analyses how in specific cultural and historical contexts, men, women and children can act as both victims and perpetrators of violence and ‘inhuman atrocities’. This is coupled with the lack of law and order and protection from the state, the state understood in terms of both the pan-Indian state and the provincial state of Bihar. The complexities involved when women do take up violence moves the analyses beyond a circumscribed understanding of women as ‘vulnerable victims’ and ‘recipients of violent acts’. The empirical research draws on recent and ongoing caste conflicts in rural Bihar (but also in Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat), North India. Dalit women are the chief arms bearers who defend their interests over economic resources (land and water) and have taken the responsibility to protect their own integrity against sexual violence from the upper caste men.

  • 32.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    University of Bristol .
    Women in the Indian National Movement: Unseen Faces and Unheard Voices, 1930-422006 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most studies of the role of women in the Indian national movement have concentrated on the contribution made by only a handful of prominent women leaders such as Sarojini Naidu, Vijaylakshmi Pandit, Sucheta Kripalani and Annie Besant. Less acknowledged but equally forceful was the participation of hundreds of women at the local level-out in the streets as well as inside their homes. This book, significantly, focuses on the nationalist participation of ordinary middle-class women in India’s freedom movement, especially in the United Provinces (modern Uttar Pradesh).

  • 33.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Department of Sociology, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.
    Women in the Indian National Movement: Unseen Faces and Unheard Voices, 1930-422015 (ed. 2)Book (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Gender and the ‘integrationist turn’: Comparative perspectives on marriage migration in the UK and Sweden2014In: Tijdschrift voor Genderstudies, ISSN 1388-3186, E-ISSN 2352-2437, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 149-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Family migration policies are part of a larger integration policy trend referred to as the ‘civic integrationist turn’. States across Europe have moved away from more rights-based approaches for the integration of immigrants towards a stronger emphasis on obligations, implying that new arrivals must prove to have attained certain integration achievements before accessing rights in the host country. This development has to be understood in relation to growing concerns about national identity and social cohesion where immigrant groups are seen to pose a threat to existing liberal values. Arguably, discourses of gender equality are at the heart of this debate, and have pushed the question of women’s emancipation closer to the borders of Fortress Europe. It is in this context that we locate our paper on gender equality discourses on family re-unification policies and more specifically marriage migration in the UK and Sweden. The rationale behind our comparative approach is that these countries share a similar ‘multicultural’ integration policy legacy and were previously regarded to be the most committed to the ‘multicultural programme’. But while the UK has made significant policy moves, with the introduction of stricter requirements, Sweden remains reluctant towards the use of civic conditioning of rights as an integration policy tool.

  • 35.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Farahani, Fataneh
    Rasifiering av kunskapsproduktion: En epistemologisk resa genom processer av inkludering och exkludering i olika akademiska forum.2018In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 31-53Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Swahnberg, Katarina
    Wigma, Barbro
    Berterö, Carina
    ‘Mentally Pinioned’: Men’s Perceptions of Being Abused in Health Care2009In: International Journal of Men's Health, ISSN 1532-6306, E-ISSN 1933-0278, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 60-71Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, University of Bristol.
    Henry, Marsha
    School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol.
    Reassessing the research relationship: location, position and power in fieldwork account2004In: International Journal of Social Research Methodology, ISSN 1364-5579, E-ISSN 1464-5300, Vol. 7, no 5, p. 363-381Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we problematize the dualistic and binary model of researcher/researched interaction in the feminist methodological literature, which suggests that manipulation and exploitation only take place by the researcher. We contest assumptions that research participants occupy only one axis of identity, namely, ‘oppressed victimhood’. Through our position as non‐white/non‐western and nonwhite/western researchers in a non‐western research setting, we were able to closely examine the operation of power as it flows and ebbs in the context of a multiplicity of potential identities of both researchers and research participants. Identities were continuously negotiated on issues of national location, age, generation and reciprocity. While we are aware of our power in the ‘final product’, we have explored the different ways in which research participants can also exercise power in the production of the ‘product’. However, our intention is not to place the latter into another rigid category of ‘oppressors’ but to provide a framework for analysis of qualitative research results. By demonstrating that power resides with the research participants, we also seek to challenge the tendency within white western feminism to construct ‘third world’ women as passive recipients.

  • 38.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Molina, Irene
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Rana Villacura, Karina
    From Welfare to Warfare: Exploring the Militarisation of the Swedish Suburb2019In: Undoing Homogeneity in the Nordic Region: Migration, Difference and the Politics of Solidarity / [ed] Suvi Keskinen, Unnur Dís Skaptadóttir, Mari Toivanen, Routledge, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Morgan, Karen
    But sometimes I think they put themselves in the situation’: Exploring Blame and Responsibility in Interpersonal Violence2010In: Violence against Women, ISSN 1077-8012, E-ISSN 1552-8448, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 32-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article draws on narratives of volunteers working with women who have experienced violence. It explores how institutional discourses nurture a culture of blame and responsibility. Using qualitative data, it examines the ways in which women victims are seen as complicit in their own victimization. An indirect consequence of the blame/responsibility dichotomy is that victims are depicted as deserving their fate. There is, therefore, a culture of resignation in which violence is normalized. It proposes that if institutional practices are embedded in a feminist tradition, they can provide a more sustainable framework for challenging sexual and domestic violence.

  • 40. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Morgan, Karen
    I’d rather you’d lay me on the floor and start kicking me: Understanding Symbolic Violence in Everyday Life2006In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 29, no 5, p. 441-452Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we argue that to understand the intransigence and plurality of violence, we need to understand the presence of symbolic violence with other direct forms of violence. We argue that it is important to analyse symbolic violence since its subtle and non-visible ways of working do not allow us to understand its mechanisms completely. Drawing on the narratives of women who have experienced violence, we have identified specific features of symbolic violence that were evident in these narratives. We illustrate features of symbolic violence embedded in everyday life such as consent, complicity and misrecognition. At the same time, we also analyse how institutional language and implementation of procedural norms can also be a form of symbolic violence.

  • 41. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Sanghera, Gurchathen
    Because I am Pakistani…and I am Muslim…I am Political’ - Gendering Political Radicalism: Young masculinities and Femininities in Bradford2007In: Islamic Political Radicalism: A European Perspective / [ed] Tahir Abbas, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007, 1, p. 37-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Sanghera, Gurchathen
    Methodological Dilemmas: Gatekeepers and Positionality in Bradford2009In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 543-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the ever-evolving relationship between gatekeepers and the researcher, and the ways in which it may facilitate, constrain or transform the research process by opening and/or closing the gate. We explore the methodological issue of positionality and discuss the ways in which gatekeepers drew on different axes of the researcher's identities religion, ethnicity, gender and age - in ambiguous and contradictory ways. In analysing this relationship, we locate the discussion within its historical context, as we contend that contextuality influenced the way gatekeepers positioned the researcher. This paper draws on the field experiences of the first author in four inner-city neighbourhoods in Bradford, West Yorkshire, a northern city with a well-established Pakistani Muslim community that has become synonymous with the Rushdie affair and the 1995 and 2001 urban disturbances.

  • 43. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Sanghera, Gurchathen
    Political Radicalism in Bradford2007In: The World TodayArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 44. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Sanghera, Gurchathen
    Social Capital and Educational Experiences of Young Pakistani Muslims in the U.K2010In: International Journal of Social Enquiry, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 3-24Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    University of Bristol and University of St. Andrews.
    Sanghera, Gurchathen
    University of Bristol and University of St. Andrews.
    Social capital, educational aspirations and young Pakistani Muslim men and women in Bradford, West Yorkshire2010In: Sociological Review, ISSN 0038-0261, E-ISSN 1467-954X, Vol. 58, no 2, p. 244-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on research with the Pakistani Muslim ‘community’ in inner-city Bradford, West Yorkshire, this paper critically engages with relevant debates on social capital and educational aspirations. It examines the processes and mechanisms in the accumulation of social capital within the family and the immediate community, to demonstrate how three sets of interpersonal relationships (parent-child, child–child and between co-ethnic peers) facilitate educational aspirations among a group that has traditionally been portrayed as under-achieving.

  • 46.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Sanghera, Gurchathen
    The Ascendancy of the Khap Panchayats in Contemporary India: Gender, Caste, Globalisation and Violence2014In: Intersections - Murdoch University. Schoool of Asian Studies, ISSN 1440-9151, E-ISSN 1440-9151, no 34, p. 20-32Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 47. Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Swahnberg, Katarina
    Berterö, Carina
    Nullified: Women’s Perception of Being Abused in Health Care2007In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 161-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. In a study performed with The NorVold Abuse Questionnaire (NorAQ) among Nordic gynecological patients, the prevalence of lifetime abuse in health care (AHC) was 13-28%. In the present study we chose a qualitative approach. Our aim was to develop a more in-depth understanding of AHC; as experienced by female Swedish patients. Study design. Qualitative interviews with 10 Swedish gynecological patients who had experienced AHC. The interviews were analyzed through Grounded Theory. Results. Saturation was reached after six interviews. In the analyses four categories emerged which explain what AHC meant to the participating women: felt powerless, felt ignored, experienced carelessness, and experienced non-empathy. To be nullified is the core category that theoretically binds the four categories together. The women's narratives described intensive current suffering even though the abusive event had taken place several years ago. Conclusions. The fact that AHC exists is a critical dilemma for an institution that has the society's commission to cure and/or to alleviate pain and suffering. In their narratives, women described the experience of 'being nullified', a core category that embodies AHC.

  • 48.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Tlostanova, Madina
    Institutionen för Tema (TEMA) / Tema Genus (TEMAG), Linköpings Universitet.
    Identifying to dis-identify: occidentalist feminism, the Delhi gang rape case and its internal others2018In: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524, Vol. 25, no 7, p. 1025-1040Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Euro-American feminism’s embeddedness in a neo-liberal geo-political framework has created new though contested spaces for knowledge production among scholars, practitioners and policy-makers. In particular, a theoretical tool that has lost its transformatory potential is disidentification, specifically as a signifier for forging collective activism within Europe. In the age of global mobility and border-crossings, Western feminist disidentification is increasingly framed through a pre-conceived notion of the ‘other’ as dis-empowered, exotic and violent. These faulty identifications rather than integrating multi-ethnic intersectional identities deepen the cleavages, especially within the academy. This article draws on two case studies that emerged following the Delhi gang rape case (2012) in New Delhi, India. These studies highlight how debates within the western academy are largely framed from the standpoint of the empowered European feminist self. Thus disidentification, rather than being a process for unpacking hegemonic discourses, becomes, instead, yet another way of packaging new hierarchies of knowledge.

  • 49.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    et al.
    University of Bristol, England.
    Wigma, Barbro
    Hammarström, Nevija
    Swahnberg, Katarina
    Cycles of Abuse Nurtured by Concealment: A Clinical report2007In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 155-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At present, health care staff do not seem to have sufficient knowledge about their patients' abusive experiences. The aim of the present study is to analyze and discuss what the implications might be for the encounter between patients and health care professionals, when experiences of abuse are concealed. The methodology of this article is varied: a personal narrative, medical records, sociological theoretical literature and empirical evidence. From the narrative we learn that concealment of abuse was devastating for the patient. She was "treated'' in vain as a correct diagnosis was not made, while abuse by her father continued. Health care staff also violated her, which she told her therapist, but her protests were not acknowledged. Ten years of treatment thus made her even more sick. This case story focuses on the mechanisms which nurture concealment of a patient's history of abuse, such as structural and symbolic violence. We also suggest ways to break "cycles of abuse''. Help the patient to stop concealing also means that she/he leaves a victim role, gets in charge of the situation and takes a first step towards empowerment. In this way, health care settings can become enabling and empowering environments.

  • 50. Tlostanova, Madina
    et al.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Knobblock, Ina
    Do We Need Decolonial Feminism in Sweden?2019In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394XArticle in journal (Refereed)
1 - 50 of 50
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