uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Refine search result
1 - 29 of 29
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildiko
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Bock, Bettina B.Rural Sociology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands .
    Gender regimes, citizen participation and rural restructuring2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book aims to unravel how rural gender regimes are constituted, enforced, made sense of and resisted how struggles of resistance lead to empowerment and change in various countries in the four corners of Europe as well as Australia and India. The book focuses on the intricate relationship between laws and institutions and everyday life. It analyzes on the one hand how laws and institutions are constituted and on the other hand how gender regimes are built at the local rural level, sometimes in compliance with these frames and sometimes contesting them. The articles, in diverse ways, give voice both to women’s struggles for recognition and men’s voices in gendered rural societies. Through applying the concepts of the welfare state and gender regimes within rural research, this book contributes to the further development of a comparative theoretical framework for rural gender studies. The importance of integrating rural gender studies into both the mainstreams of rural and feminist research has been emphasized in previous research, as has that of developing comparative analytical frameworks. The conceptual framework adopted in this volume sets out to meet this challenge by approaching rural gender relations as the meeting point of two core research areas: gender regimes and rural transformative processes. Research into gender regimes offers a promising analytical framework for comparing gender relations in diverse rural settings. At the same time, by addressing rural concerns deriving from the specificity of rural transition processes and gender regimes, the approach also contributes to an elucidation of the complexity of citizenship.

  • 2.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Södertörns högskola.
    A life of labor, a life of love: Telling the life of a young peasant mother facing collectivization2012In: And they lived happily ever after: Norms and everyday practices of family and parenthood in Russia and Central Europe / [ed] Helene Carlbäck, Yulia Gradskova and Zhanna Kravchenko, Budapest: Central European University Press , 2012, p. 65-85Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. UCRS, Uppsala University and Mälardalen university.
    Can renewable energy contribute to poverty reduction?: Study of Romafa, a Hungarian LEADER2015In: Evaluating the European Approach to rural development: Grass-roots Esperiences of the LEADER programme / [ed] Leo Granberg, Kjell Andersson & Imre Kovách, Farnham: Ashgate, 2015, p. 183-206Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After Hungary’s accession to the European Union in 2002, LEADER became a key model for rural development, thus providing the tools to local action groups (LAGs) to define the targets for local development (See alo Csurgó and Kovách in Chapter 4 of this volume). FA LEADER,[1] founded in 2008, is based on a consortium of 44 resource-poor, small to larger size municipalities in the areas surrounding an industrial city in northeast Hungary. The strategy of the FA LEADER is to strengthen the position of municipalities and the citizens by increasing their energy self-sufficiency and decreasing their dependency on large-scale suppliers of energy in monopoly positions through the utilisation of renewable energy sources. Further, the FA LEADER’s energy villages are to utilise ‘clean’, renewable energy sources, including agricultural waste, warm sources, wind, kitchen waste, manure, water streams and thermo energy from mines for the production of energy and heat. These energy sources are not being utilised at the moment and getting rid of the waste is an expense for the communities. Thirdly, the project aims to develop the communities through the creation of new workplaces for inhabitants with low levels of education and those who are qualified but currently unemployed. Fourthly, FA LEADER aims to increase the quality of life of the inhabitants through cleaning the communities of garbage and improving slum areas where inhabitants had no resources or a previous willingness to engage in such activities. This would also improve the possibilities for developing village tourism.

    Romafa is a specific sub-project of FA LEADER targeting marginalised Roma enclaves aiming at ‘promoting the energy production of small communities for decreasing their dependency on social benefits and creating a self-sufficient source of income’ by the joint utilisation of renewable energy sources, the development of the traditional, hierarchical system of representation, the support of Romani traditions, religion, morality, culture, arts, education and the support of self-sufficient production among Romani households.

    Three concrete goals were identified targeting Romani communities through the development of 15 municipal and small regional ecological waste collection and processing ‘eco-units’ for concrete waste according to EU standards:

    1.      Biogas generators could be operated by deliveries of biomass gathered by resource-poor Romani (and non-Romani), who could either be compensated with cash payments or energy coupons. The compensation model would increase the self-interest, self-respect and autonomous agency of those participating to increase the maximisation of their inputs. Meanwhile, they could promote their respectability as citizens.

    2.      Another plan would initiate the creation of a waste-management system. In this plan, low educated, unemployed Romani (and non-Romani) could find employment by selecting waste under controlled working conditions. The products could be sold to aggregates, which would then reutilise diverse waste such as pet bottles, rubber, etc. in order to generate energy. Additionally, a reparation workshop could contribute to the reutilisation of repairable tools found in the waste.

    3.      Finally, under the leadership of local Romani leaders, marginalised Romani village communities could be upgraded and hygienic standards increased and maintained, similar to the clean and established villages and small towns of the region. This would be achieved by the self-organising of Romani communities.

    The sub-projects for Renewable energy systems (RES) technology-based municipal energy plants were the first to be realised. On the contrary, the realisation of the Romafa was still waiting for resource-strong stakeholders, at the time of this research (Febuary 2012 to May 2013). No municipalities or private entrepreneurs seemed ready to support the Romani Minority Self-government (RMS or in Hungarian CKÖ) initiatives. Instead, the municipalities asked were satisfied with the current arrangement for waste management. Three biogas aggregators were in the phase of ‘projectification’. Two of these planned units were to be arranged in collaboration with several municipalities and they planned to introduce a coupon system, though none of the planned plants were envisioned to be connected to the electricity supply of marginalised housing areas and were not to be placed adjacent to Romani settlements.

    By focusing on the Romafa project’s efforts to incorporate social aspects into the utilisation of renewable energy, this chapter will contribute to our understanding of how different interests influence the targeting and realisation of developmental goals, aimed at improving the living conditions of marginalised groups, and whether and under which conditions the new model of governance can work, on the local level, for the benefit of those with the least resources.

    [1] FA LEADER is one of Hungary’s regional leader groups. It is a pseudo-name, as are the names used for sub-projects and persons in this chapter in order to keep them anonymous.

  • 4.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Mälardalen University.
    Collectivization and the transfer of soft capital in two life stories from Hungary2012In: Journal of Depopulation and Rural Development Studies, ISSN 1578-7168, E-ISSN 2340-4655, Vol. 13, p. 125-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through the analysis of two life stories of former peasants who had experienced collectivization in the early sixties in Hungary the paper sets focus on personal strategies of handling the trauma of societal transitions. Firstly, with help of social and cultural capital theories the importance of what Bourdieu named the transubstantiation of immaterial assets is explored in the process of adaptation from one system to the other. Secondly, the paper elucidates how these survival strategies constitute key elements of self-representations and which kind of meanings are attached to the collectivization experience in the personal life story. Following Gergen's distinction between the plot and the story, the paper elaborates narrative constructions of the representations of self. Emphasis is placed on how the representations allow the narrator to reinstate self-respect through positioning the self in the traumatic event of collectivization. Realistic and constructivist approaches are combined utilizing life story analysis. The two cases represent gender- and class-specific polarities characterizing diversities of the collectivization experience.

  • 5.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Emancipation's dead-end roads?: Studies in the formation and development of the Hungarian model for agriculture and gender, 1956-19891999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis explores the formation and development of agricultural production co-operativesin the context of market socialist transition. It examines how changes in the organisation ofproduction and reproduction affected gender relations. At the same time, it explores the waysin which the prevailing relationships between men and women provided incentives andcreated patterns for economic development. State socialist emancipatory rhetoric aimed atdeveloping a 'humanised' society. Humanisation was to come about through participation insocialist wage labour, while the functions of the family household were to shrink and giveway to the all-pervasive expansion of the state. These two principles were common in thestate socialist projects of agricultural collectivisation and of women's emancipation. However, the proletarianisation of the peasantry could not be accomplished due to the stubbornresistance of the peasantry. They kept alive the institution of household-based production.,Meanwhile, the state placed dual demands on women's creative forces: they were to reachparity with men in the labour force while, at the same time, they were also to nurture thecoming generations. The economy's demands for more workers mobilised the female labourreserves, but women's integration presupposed a reduction of women's reproductive responsibilities. However, rather than balancing out the burdens between men and women, reproductive rights were constructed as women's rights. Consequently, women were integrated as a 'deviant' labour force. The evolving gender segregation of labour in the collective and household sphere was explained by the changing constructions of 'masculinities' and 'femininities'. The evolving economic differentiation served as the basis for the materialisation of gender relations yet could not by itself determine the gender specific outcome of the changes in economic cycles.

  • 6.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Mälardalen university.
    Gender Equality: An intersectional analysis with focus on Roma women in Hungarian NGOs2015In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. 8, no 3-4, p. 34-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    I will focus on the ways that agents of NGOs engaged with Roma and/or women’s recognition struggles can be classified, and how these constructions make sense of the conditions forming the lives of Roma women and furthermore how Roma women’s interests are positioned. Detacting the intersecting aspects of ethnic-, gender-, and class-based relations that constitute Roma women’s position, I seek to identify which segments of the complex of relations different NGOs articulate as central. I aim to explore whether Roma women’s NGOs can be seen as more reflexive of the intersectional complexity of Roma women’s relations compared to Roma and women’s organizations.

  • 7.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Mälardalen University.
    Handing Down – Taking Care: Generation Transfer in Hungarian Farm Families in the Context of Transitions2013In: Acta Ethnographica Hungarica, ISSN 1216-9803, E-ISSN 1588-2586, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 57-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper intends to shed light on the shifting patterns of the intergenerational transfer of assets in family farms that experienced collectivization in Hungary. Although household-based production maintained its importance after collectivization, only some of the rural households could be considered as entrepreneurial and lead to extended reproduction. The traditional patterns of handing over the farm were abruptly halted, with the immaterial forms of transferring capital subsequently gaining in importance. In addition, considerations for securing care provided in old age became more clearly addressed, and were weighed against the previously dominant emphasis given on handing over the farm to the most suitable son.Through the analysis of the life stories of two families, the paper explores the emerging patterns of generation transfer along the following dimensions: 1) Has the relationship between caring for the elderly and handing over the family farm/enterprise changed? 2) Have different patterns of capital transfer emerged that are dependent on the ability of a family to initiate entrepreneurial household production during state socialism? 3) Since caring evoked the labour of women as either daughters or daughter-in-laws, can we detect shifts in the gender patterns of transfer and women’s ability to convert their caring labour into material assets and status within the family?

  • 8.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    How to combine motherhood and wage labour: Hungarian labour expert debate during the sixties2007In: Gender, equality and difference during and after state socialism, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan , 2007Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Following the 1956 revolt in Hungary, the Stalinist doctrine on women’s emancipation was reframed in the context of a wider process of “consolidation” of political, social and economic relations. Post-Stalinist rhetoric and practice questioned the suitability of women’s bodies with their reproductive functions for “masculine” work tasks and argued that women’s role in society should be based on “realistic” assessments of gender difference. Women were to be offered “suitable jobs” which could accommodate their family roles and maternal duties. Simultaneously, the family’s responsibility for providing childcare during infancy was reappraised, reinforcing demands on women’s time and energy. The paper argues that the shift in gendered constructions of the organisation of labour, which is reflected in the expert articles analysed here, represents an intersection of class- and gender-based power struggles. In these power struggles, managers gained extended autonomy and control over decisions pertaining to recruitment and the organisation of labour within their enterprises. Working class men gained power through securing their positions against newcomers and establishing their right to maintain higher positions in the gender and class-based hierarchy of labour. Managers and working men seemed to have reached a mutually acceptable compromise. Labour experts lent their support to “realistic” arguments, thus backing managerial/working class interests against ideologically motivated goals. However, they maintained a degree of professional integrity, by alluding to scientific studies, and warning against generalised essentialist assumptions about women’s capabilities. Nonetheless, they failed to problematise the underlying gender contract, accepting instead a view of women’s reproductive responsibilities as natural.

  • 9.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Mälardalen högskola.
    “I do not understand how I became a farmer”: The small-peasant path to family farm enterprise in post-socialist rural Hungary2014In: Development Studies Research, ISSN 2166-5095, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 88-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Family farm enterprises emerged in the transition to capitalism following the reprivatization and decollectivization of agriculture in Hungary. This paper explores the generative processes of capital accumulation. It focuses on the intergenerational transfer as well as the life time generation of material and immaterial resources that were mobilized for the creation of the family farm enterprise. The life stories of six family members belonging to three generations of a successful enterprise of low peasant origin were selected from fieldwork conducted between 2000 and 2007 exploring the specificities of the genesis of farms with small peasant roots. Immaterial capital assets were the most important for the expanded reproduction of the farm, while reprivatized land had mostly symbolic importance. The farm relied on traditional peasant cultural heritage, such as striving for autonomy, self-sacrificing work mentality and traditional forms of bonding social capital, in the form of kin and local community reciprocal work relations. Meanwhile, the farm needed nontraditional cultural capital, such as entrepreneurial mentality and bridging social capital to find suitable markets for the products. These later emerged through education, by learning from experience, establishing trust relationships and with the help of mentors.

     

  • 10.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    “Municipality Responses to a Renewable Energy Based LEADER Project Aiming to Overcome Poverty in Marginalized Roma Communities in Hungary” and “Can Technology for the Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources be the Key for Overcoming Poverty? A Case Study of Romavirka, a LEADER Project in Hungary2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Mälardalen university.
    On the Roma Precarious Experience Facing Free Christianism2015In: The New Social Division: Making and Unmaking Precariousness / [ed] Donatella della Porta, Sakari Hänninen, Martti Siisiäinen, Tiina Silvasti, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, p. 139-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization and the transition to a service society, together with a strengthening of neoliberalism in governance, led to a changing balance between capital and welfare and the growth of what Guy Standing (2011) has named the precariat. This implied declining labour security and labour costs and the increased flexibilization of labour. Grounds for eligibility to social rights weakened, and an increasing section of the labour force became excluded from these rights, while a rising proportion of the population found themselves unemployable and part of a growing underclass (Castells, 2010).

    There is a need for further research concerning Central and Eastern European (CEE)[SPi1]  countries, which provide a specific context for the formation of the precariat due to their roots in state socialist regimes prior to the neoliberal turn. In addition, the impact of stratifying forces such as gender, ethnicity, and religion on the development of the precariat has been more neglected. Furthermore, the focus has been on processes generating precariousness and marginalization. Less attention has been paid to resilience and forces that can potentially counteract precarization. This chapter is intended to contribute to research concerning the three areas above. It will focus on the example of CEE Roma following post-socialist transition – a group identified as an ethnified/racialized underclass (Ladányi and Szelényi, 2004) – with special consideration given to dynamics of resilience and change.

    Precariousness refers to a human condition threatened by falling outside. Roma communities, throughout their history, have been composed of groups that have suffered from exclusion and persecution. Their precariousness prevailed even during the state socialist period’s materialistically conceived social integration project, since the Roma constituted the unskilled reserve army of state socialist industrialization and they were constrained in their freedom of ethnic identity construction and association.

    Post-socialist economic transition resulted in mass exclusion from the labour force, where the precarization of Roma intensified, since the shutting down of former heavy industries and mines led to the loss of unskilled jobs (Kemény et al., 2004; Kovács, 2008; Vajda and Dupcsik, 2008; Váradi, 2010; Bodrogi and Kádár, 2013). The period following the major epoch of transition has not led to the creation of work opportunities, allowing the integration of those who became marginalized in the first phase. Those Roma who live in peripheral rural communities can be seen as multiply marginalized, due to lower levels of education compared to majority society, higher levels of exclusion from the labour market, and geographic isolation from labour opportunities. Neoliberal and neoconservative turns in welfare policies displaced the state socialist models, in which work was both a right and a duty, opening for social rights (Szalai, 2007). The state transferred the task of poverty management to municipalities and to the civil sphere. These efforts to a large degree became conditional on local welfare regimes (Szalai, 2007; Asztalos Morell, 2011). Needs-based rights opened for moralizing between deserving and undeserving poor, where Romanness and undeservingness often unhappily associated in discourses concerning eligibility (Schwartz, 2012). Kligman (2001) argues that ‘“Roma” as a category has been expanded, in certain contexts, to essentialize a purported relationship between “race” and “poverty”’ (Kligman, 2001, p. 63). Thus in CEE, poverty obtained a ‘Roma face’ (p. 64) and Roma were accused of being poor due to their allegedly essentialist features.

    Experiences of social and economic exclusion are often coupled with internal syndromes of social deprivation and anomy. One explanation for this anomy complementary to structural and discriminatory explanations is its association with a culture of poverty characterized by lack of long-term perspective and lack of trust both within the community and outwards (Ladányi and Szelényi, 2004).

    Bourdieu (1986) explained the reproduction of social inequalities to be related to the differential accumulation and transfer between material and immaterial assets. This study focuses on the dynamic relation between the material and immaterial aspects of precariousness and approaches the role of norms as links of mediation between these spheres. From this perspective, religious beliefs can also be understood to rest on norms regulating conducts of life (Weber, 2003). Within this controlled and repressed sphere of religiosity of state socialism, non-established religious congregations occupied a specifically precarious situation. These religious movements were not only treated as sects and deviants by politics but were also resisted by the established churches. The Roma were typically deprived of religious practice and spiritual identity during this period, due to the unwelcoming attitude of main traditional churches. Conversely, missionizing among the Roma emerged among the non-established, so-called Free Christian congregations (Kopasz, 2011). During the post-socialist transition, most of the Roma continue to live under spiritual deprivation. Although most historical denominations have initiated specific Roma pastorations, Free Christian churches continue to be the most engaged in addressing Roma as subjects of religious transformation, offering them subjectivity and salvation through confession and religious revival according to the norms of the true believers (Bartl, 2013). The paramount role of free churches for the spiritual wakening of Roma communities has been internationally observed (Thurfjell and Marsh, 2014).

  • 12.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Rural Women and the Gender Division of Labour in the Post Communist Transition.1999In: Rural Societies under Communism and Beyond. Hungarian and Polish Perspectives., ISSN ISBN 83-7171-330-4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Mälardalen university.
    Self-sacrificing Motherhood: Reconciling Traumatic Life Experiences of Hungarian Collectivisation2015In: The Soviet Past in the Post-Socialist Present: Methodology and Ethics in Russian, Baltic and Central european Oral History and Memory Studies / [ed] Melanie Ilic & Dalia Leinarte, New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 179-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research that questions the portrayal of women as victims of state socialism and patriarchy or views them as a simple means utilised by state socialism to achieve its goals addresses the issue of women’s identities as sources for agency. There is a growing interest in exploring women’s life experiences as formed in socially as well as time and space-bound citizenship. Women’s experiences have been elucidated in intersecting class and ethnic positions. Although collectivisation transformed agrarian society more than was seen in any other sphere of Hungarian life, rural women’s understandings of the changing context have been underrepresented. While domestic labour and motherhood have been identified as central to women’s subordination, recent research has raised the question of whether self-sacrificing motherhood can be the source of historical agency. This chapter explores how understandings of good motherhood were formed in the context of changing life conditions related to collectivisation in Hungary; and what was the importance of understandings of ‘self-sacrificing motherhood’ in the constructions of these women’s self-identities and for their agency. This chapter also problematizes the ethical concerns arising during fieldwork and analysis, and examines recollections of former traumatizing experiences in later life.

  • 14.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Mälardalen university.
    Social farming as means of poverty reduction in Hungary2015In: sociohu, ISSN 2063-0468, p. 84-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is to set focus on innovative ways to combat food poverty in rural Hungary. Food poverty is associated with malnutrition which can refer both to the lack of food and its dissatisfying quality. Food poverty in the post-socialist rural context does not emerge as a consequence of natural catastrophes or lacking accessibility to food. Rather, it is the outcome of the unequal distribution of incomes and resources. Methods of overcoming food-poverty emerge primarily in the interplay between post-socialist welfare institutions and civil society initiatives, even if market agents occupy an increasing role in neo-neoliberal regimes as donators of charity and resources or as collaborators in poverty alleviation projects. Municipalities work within the paradigms of the welfare state and its social benefit system as redistributors of state resources, in contrast civil society agents represent partial interests and work from principles independent of the state redistributive logic.

    Therefore, it is of interest to explore in which way poverty relief programmes put emphasis on the importance of community development and participation of marginalized groups in the development of individual and group resources necessary for overcoming their exclusion. The paper explores municipality versus civil organization approaches along the dimensions of agency; whether and if so in which way these social food projects worked for the empowerment of marginalized groups. In this pursuit I focus on immaterial aspects of empowerment, where, as argued above, the development of social resources constitutes a central role. Furthermore, the paper explores the differences and potential synergies between municipality and civil organization based social agriculture projects aiming to combat marginalization welfare dependency.

     

  • 15.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Malardalen Univ, Sociol, Vasteras, Sweden.
    The agency of Roma women's NGO in marginalised rural municipalities in Hungary2018In: Gendering Postsocialism: Old Legacies and New Hierarchies / [ed] Gradskova, Y Morell, IA, Routledge, 2018, p. 121-137Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Department of Economic History.
    The Evolution of a Plural Production System in Agriculture during the Post-socialist Transition in Hungary. Paper presented at HSFR;s conference for the research programm on 'Research on Europe'. Prauge.1997Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 17.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    The importance of cultural, economic and social capital in the genesis of farm family enterprises during the transition from state socialism to capitalism in Hungary2009In: Trends in Land Succession / [ed] Àgnes Neményi, Cluj: Cluj University Press , 2009, p. 97-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Thesis to the Feminist Analysis of Gender Differences Evolving During the State Socialist Period)1997In: Szociológiai SzemleArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Mälardalen university.
    Voicing Roma Women: Intersectional Marginalities and social entrepreneurship of a Roma women's NGO in Hungary2015In: Institutionalizing Gender Equality: Historical and Global Perspectives / [ed] Yulia Gradskova & Sara Sanders, Lanham: Lexington Books, 2015, Vol. 8, no 3-4, p. 149-173Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper explores how the complexity of Roma women’s status is addressed in Szines Gyöngyök (SZGY) a Roma women’s NGO in Hungary:

    Firstly, by analysing the ways in which Roma women’s multiple marginalities are constructed within their own communities and the broader society as well as in the public and private spheres. This approach highlights the workings of gender and ethnic discrimination and reveals the importance of maternalism as a counterhegemonic perspective for Roma women.

    Secondly by investigating to what degree Roma women’s NGOs elaborate their programmes and initiatives in reference to broader gender equality frameworks. What are the economic dynamisms and dependencies behind NGO-isation and how do dependencies influence the processes of ideation of gender equality? Most importantly, the paper explores whether the ideation processes are empowering, participatory, bottom-up processes growing out of the culturally and socially specific conditions of the NGOs’ constituencies or are donor driven.

  • 20.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Mälardalen university.
    Workfare with a human face?: Innovative utilization of public work in rural municipalities in Hungary2014In: Metszetek, ISSN 2063-6415, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 4-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public work is currently the major national tool for the reintegration of the long-term unemployed into the world of labour in Hungary. As a result of the expansion of resources the government allotted to facilitate public work employment, labour statistics improved substantially. Nonetheless, public labour as an institution is objected to intense criticism. Since employment as public worker is not bound to citizenship rights, local municipalities have a large degree of discretion about selecting whom they hire. Criticism most often focuses on employment discrimination. In contrast, this research takes a progressive municipality, with anti-discriminatory profile as an example, where public work was adapted as a welfare, rather than purely workfare praxis. Uszka, a rural small-sized municipality, is characterized by high ethnified unemployment. Its politicians and administrators adapted varied strategies to help combat poverty and unemployment. The paper explores the place of public work in the context of social policy instruments and poverty reduction strategies applied and the degrees of freedom and limitations municipalities have in adapting state instruments.

  • 21.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Carlbäck, Helene
    Gender Transitions in Russia and Eastern Europe2005Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Malardalen Univ, Sociol, Vasteras, Sweden.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    Sodertorn Univ, Hist, Huddinge, Sweden;Sodertorn Univ, Dept Gender Studies, Huddinge, Sweden;Sodertorn Univ, Ctr Baltic & East European Studies, Huddinge, Sweden.
    The gendered subject of postsocialism State-socialist legacies, global challenges and (re)building of tradition2018In: Gendering Postsocialism: Old Legacies and New Hierarchies / [ed] Gradskova, Y Morell, IA, Routledge, 2018, p. 1-17Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Tiurikova, Irina
    Single Men, Single Stories: Alternative Paths in the Transition from the Late Soviet to the Neoliberal Market Economy in the Light of Life Stories2014In: Debatte, ISSN 0965-156X, E-ISSN 1469-3712, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 329-351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research investigates life strategies of physical worker Russian men, belonging to the generation of people who were the most active group in the late Soviet period, went through the collapse of USSR and the transformation to capitalism. The historical biographic perspective allows reproducing common social experiences which have formed this generation. The in depth biographical interviews were conducted with six men of age 46-63, single, with officially low income, who started their working lives in the public sector. The research shows the diversity of men's alternative life strategies to adjust to the neoliberal economy established after the collapse of the USSR. The paper explores the biographies as representations of diverse forms of masculinities formed along gender, age, social position and marital status based marginalization processes emerging in the transition context.

  • 24.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Asztalos Morell, IldikóUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Bilden av ingenjören2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Ildikó, Asztalos Morell
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Post-socialist rural transformation and gender construction processes2000In: Journal of IAOArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Ildikó, Asztalos Morell
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The discourse on suitable jobs for women. Economic expansion and regendering of the labour force in Hungary during the sixties1999In: Conference of the Swedish Sociological Association in Stockholm, in the section: Genus, klass, etnicitet: Dimensioner av genusforskning", 1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Morell, Ildiko Asztalos
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Between harmony and conflicting interests: Gendered marital negotiations in Hungarian post-socialist farm family enterprises2007In: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, ISSN 0047-2328, E-ISSN 1929-9850, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 435-458Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores decision making processes in farm families with off farm working wives in post socialist Hungary based on an interview material with ten farm families. Decision making concerning issues of consumption and production is seen as a key arena for the articulation of gender relations within the farm family. Farm familieswith the husband being the head of the enterprise and the wife having an off farm wage labour constitute a specific case. Off fann incomes, in Hungary, played a crucial role in the capital accumulation phase of the farms. As previous research indicated, off farm incomes often constitute an integral part of the overall farm strategy. Off farm working wives contribute to the reproduction of the farm enterprise in diverse ways, such as through direct participation in the farm labour, through their reproductive labour and by releasing the farm from supplying consumption expenses by bringing in additional assets. Meanwhile, the economic boundaries (i.e. ownership of assets and economic liability) of the family farm are intimately interwoven with the family as a reproductive, kinship and consumption unit. This paper explores family relations as -formed along dynamics of power (i.e. of equality Vs inequality) and dynamics of solidarity (focus on individual autonomy vs processes strengthening couple relations). With roots in the capability approach participation in decision making is seen as an expression of the ability to voice, negotiate and or enforce initiatives grounded in individual interests.

  • 28.
    Morell, Ildiko Asztalos
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Brandth, Berit
    Family and gender in the transformation of the countryside2007In: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, ISSN 0047-2328, E-ISSN 1929-9850, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 371-377Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue presents articles which explore how gender relations evolved in-rural families in the context of the ongoing transformation of rural life at large and farming in specific related to the global trends of modemisation. The effects of modernisation on rurality are contextual. The case studies in this volume represent diverse patterns of modernisation along different paths to industrialisation (cases studies from Northern, highly industrialised versus Southern late industrialised countries) as well as along different paths to capitalism (see the case studies from post-socialist societies). Large-scale socioeconomic forces led to the transition and dissolution of the "traditional farm family". New forms of existence emerge for rural families complementing and even replacing the role of farming. The volume elucidates how gender relations are formed in rural families representing a diversity of emerging rural family life-styles, such as one-man farms, summer farms, farms engaged with tourism or having complementary off farm incomes. Gender relations are also studied in the light of changing gender ideologies, such as the case of post-socialist societies. The case studies in the volume provide empirical and theoretical frameworks exploring how the relation between the ongoing transformation of family farms (such as processes of masculinisation vs feminisation) and of rural families (such as retraditio-nalisation vs detraditionalisation) can be related to changing gender relations (women's empowerment vs reconstitution of gender inequalities).

  • 29.
    Sätre, Ann-Mari
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Asztalos Morell, IldikóUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Mälardalen university.
    Attitudes, poverty and agency in Russia and Ukraine2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the main ideas behind this book was to trace continuities from the Soviet time to post-Soviet Russia. There are many similarities between Russia and Ukraine, indicating such a continuation. Russia and Ukraine had a lot in common in terms of culture, language and history, partly also because of their common origin. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, however, the two independent countries chose different routes of development. This makes it possible to distinguish between the effects of politics/reforms on the one hand, and the impacts from the Soviet system on the other. After some more or less chaotic development paths in the 1990s, showing clear differences between the two countries, and before the contemporary conflict broke out in Eastern Ukraine (2013), they had once again more similarities in terms of political leadership and policies in general.

    The chapters in this book focus on Ukraine and on two regions in Russia: Nizhny Novgorod and Archangelsk. Contributors look at attitudes towards poverty and poor people; strategies of the poor; and policies against poverty. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe.

1 - 29 of 29
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf