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  • 1.
    Adolfsson, Päivi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation. Centrum för forskning om funktionshinder.
    Lindstedt, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Center for Clinical Research Dalarna.
    How people with cognitive disabilities experience electronic planning devices2015In: NeuroRehabilitation (Reading, MA), ISSN 1053-8135, E-ISSN 1878-6448, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 379-392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: People with cognitive disabilities have difficulties in accomplishing everyday tasks. Electronic planning devices (EPDs) may compensate for the gap between a person’s capacity and everyday challenges. However, the devices are not always used as intended. Despite that, cognitive assistive technology has been investigated in several studies, knowledge regarding when and what makes adults decide to use EPDs is incomplete. People with cognitive disabilities have difficulties in accomplishing everyday tasks. Electronic planning devices (EPDs) may compensate for the gap between a person’s capacity and everyday challenges. However, the devices are not always used as intended. Despite that, cognitive assistive technology has been investigated in several studies, knowledge regarding when and what makes adults decide to use EPDs is incomplete. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore the subjective experiences of people with cognitive disabilities in relation to the use of EPDs. The aim was to explore the subjective experiences of people with cognitive disabilities in relation to the use of EPDs. METHODS: A qualitative approach was applied with a qualitative content analysis. Twelve respondents were interviewed with support from a study specific guide. A qualitative approach was applied with a qualitative content analysis. Twelve respondents were interviewed with support from a study specific guide. RESULTS: A model representing the respondents’ experiences in the use of EPDs, comprising one theme, Possibility to master my daily life , four categories, Degree of fit to my needs, I am aware of my cognitive disability, I get help to structure my everyday life and The EPD improves my volition and ten subcategories, was developed. A model representing the respondents’ experiences in the use of EPDs, comprising one theme, Possibility to master my daily life , four categories, Degree of fit to my needs, I am aware of my cognitive disability, I get help to structure my everyday life and The EPD improves my volition and ten subcategories, was developed. CONCLUSIONS: EPDs allow people with cognitive disabilities the possibility to deal with daily challenges; those who find EPDs beneficial tend to use them. EPDs can help people with cognitive disabilities in organisation, managing time and improve volition. EPDs allow people with cognitive disabilities the possibility to deal with daily challenges; those who find EPDs beneficial tend to use them. EPDs can help people with cognitive disabilities in organisation, managing time and improve volition.

  • 2.
    Adolfsson, Päivi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lindstedt, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Pettersson, Ingvor
    Univ Örebro, Sch Hlth & Med Sci, Örebro, Sweden.
    Norling Hermansson, Liselotte
    Univ Örebro, Sch Hlth & Med Sci, Örebro, Sweden.; Örebro Cty Council, Dept Prosthet & Orthot, Örebro, Sweden.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Center for Clinical Research Dalarna. Jönköping Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, CHILD, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Perception of the influence of environmental factors in the use of electronic planning devices in adults with cognitive disabilities2016In: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115, Vol. 11, no 6, p. 493-500Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Adults with cognitive disabilities often have difficulties in dealing with the complexity of everyday life. With cognitive assistive technology (e.g. electronic planning devices [EPDs] and individual support), they can bring order to their often chaotic life. Assumptions are that environmental factors influence with non-use of EPDs.

    OBJECTIVE: To explore how adults with cognitive disabilities perceive the influence of environmental factors in the use of EPDs.

    METHODS: A reference group with experience of use of EPDs assisted the researchers. Twelve adults with cognitive disabilities and experience of using EPDs participated. An interview guide was implemented covering environmental factors according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Qualitative content analysis was applied in the analyses.

    RESULTS: Five categories and two themes emerged, which were integrated into a model of facilitating factors influencing the use of EPDs. Measures to prevent or eliminate negative influences of the device use are important to be taken. CONCLUSIONS: Professionals need more knowledge about EPDs, while users need individual adaption of the EPDs. EPDs need to be user-friendly, manageable and work in any seasons. Implications for Rehabilitation The users should have access to specially trained prescribers. There is a need for development of user-friendly and manageable products to function in any climate. Knowledge is lacking on how to implement the users in all stages of the prescribing process. Prescribers should increase knowledge in the use of EPDs to influence the attitudes of the social environment.

  • 3.
    Ahlström, S. Wallin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation.
    Evaluation of a new method to remediate time processing ability in children with intellectual disability (ID) in special schools2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Center for Clinical Research Dalarna.
    Validity in assessing time processing ability, test equating of KaTid-Child and KaTid-Youth2012In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 371-378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: There is a need for instruments with acceptable psychometric properties for measuring time management/time processing ability. KaTid-Child (Swedish: Kit for assessing Time processing ability) was developed for children aged 5-10 years. To meet needs of assessing older children, KaTid-Youth was created. The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of KaTid-Youth.

    METHODS: This study investigates the validity of KaTid-Youth using Rasch models: partial credit and common item equating.

    RESULTS: Results indicate that KaTid-Youth has acceptable psychometric properties and seems to measure the same construct as KaTid-Child.

    CONCLUSIONS: Indications of gender differences in the sample call for further research. The results indicate that time processing ability can be seen as one construct in which time perception, orientation and management can be operationalized as different levels of complexity in time processing ability. Expressions of time processing ability differ at different ages. Thus, early intervention in time perception and time orientation may be needed to promote time management in later childhood. Professionals need to take time processing ability into consideration when meeting children who risk delayed development of daily time management.

  • 5.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Centrum för Klinisk Forskning i Dalarna.
    Granlund, Mats
    Kottorp, Anders
    Evaluating intervention including time aids in children with disabilities2012In: Fr204:2 Diversity and occupation therapy intervention, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation. Centrum för Klinisk Forskning i Dalarna.
    Hayat Roshanay, Afsaneh
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Föräldraskap hos vuxna med ADHD eller Autismspektrumtillstånd, konsekvenser för barnet samt metoder för stöd. Systematisk kunskapsöversikt2015Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation.
    Jöreskog, Karin
    Springer, L.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation.
    Adolfsson, Päivi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation.
    Parents on the outside - a pilot study of a support group for parents with cognitive limitations who have lost the care of their children2014In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 356-356Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation.
    Kottorp, Anders
    Granlund, Mats
    Evaluating intervention using time aids in children with disabilities2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 181-190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate complex intervention using time aids for children with intellectual and developmental disabilities who exhibit limitations in daily time management. Methods: Participating children (n = 47) (F17/M30) were aged 6-11 with ADHD, autism spectrum disorders, mild or moderate intellectual disability, spina bifida, and cerebral palsy. This study used a Randomized Block and Waiting List control group design, with 25 children allocated to control and 22 to intervention group. In total 10 children (21.3%), five from each group, dropped out, leaving 37 children in the data analysis. Results: Children in both groups gained significantly in time-processing ability between the first and second data collection, but the children in the intervention group improved time-processing ability significantly more than controls. The control group also displayed significant changes after receiving intervention between the second and third data collection. The intervention had a large effect (ES Cohen's d = 0.81) on time-processing ability and a medium effect (ES Cohen's d = 0.68) on managing one's time. Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence that time-processing ability and managing one's time can be improved by intervention using time aids in children with intellectual and developmental disabilities, supporting the need to consider time aids in intervention in these children.

  • 9.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Center for Clinical Research Dalarna.
    Lidström Holmqvist, Kajsa
    Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro university.
    White, Suzanne
    State University of New York Downstate Medical CenterNY.
    Holmefur, Marie
    eFaculty of Medicine and Health, School of Health Sciences, Örebro University.
    Assessment of time management skills: psychometric properties of the Swedish version2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 153-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Persons with impaired time management skills are often in need of occupational therapy. Valid and reliable instruments to assess time management and organizational skills are needed for the evaluation of intervention. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the Assessment of Time Management Skills (ATMS-S) for persons with and without impaired time management skills.

    Method: A total of 238 persons participated in the study, of whom 94 had self-reported impaired time management skills due to mental disorders such as schizophrenic spectrum or neurodevelopmental disorders such as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and mild intellectual disabilities, and 144 persons had no reported impaired time management skills. Rasch analysis was used to analyze data.

    Results: Three subscales were detected: the time management subscale with 11 items, the organization & planning subscale with 11 items, and the subscale of regulation of emotions with 5 items, with excellent to acceptable psychometric properties. The conclusions were that: ATMS-S is a valid instrument for self-rating of time management, organization & planning and for the regulation of emotions. ATMS-S can be useful for persons with mental disorders including mild neurodevelopmental disorders.

  • 10.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lindstedt, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Adolfsson, Päivi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Daily time management and influences of environmental factors on use of electronic planning devices in adults with mental disability2015In: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115, Vol. 10, no 5, p. 371-377Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:  To describe daily time management in adults with and without mental disability and to examine differences in the level of their daily time management; to describe the possessions and use of electronic planning devices (EPDs) in activities and how environmental factors influence the use of EPDs in adults with mental disability. Methods: In a descriptive and cross-sectional design 32 participants using EPDs and a matched comparison group of 32 healthy adults was recruited. Time-Self rating scale measuring daily time management was adapted for adults. A study specific questionnaire was applied to collect data on five ICF environmental factors. Rasch modelling, descriptive and non-parametric statistics were applied. Results: Time-S has acceptable psychometric properties for use on adults with mental disability. People with mental disability and low level of daily time management who use advanced EPDs are more influenced by environmental factors. The study group perceived that encouragement and support from professionals as well as services influence their use of EPDs. Conclusions: Time-S can safely be used for people with mental disability. EPDs do not fully compensate the needs of the target-group. Prescribers need to give considerations to this and therefore they should be provided with more knowledge about this matter.

  • 11.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Centrum för Klinisk Forskning i Dalarna.
    Sjödin, Linda
    Birgitta, Wennberg
    StockholmCenter för Kommunikativt och Kognitivt stöd, Habilitering & Hälsa.
    Tidsuppfattning och tidshantering i vardagen2015In: Arbetsterapi för barn och ungdomar / [ed] Eliasson, Ann-Christine, Lidstrom, Helene, Peny-Dahlstrand, Marie, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, p. 259-270Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation.
    Wallin Ahlström, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Center for Clinical Research Dalarna.
    Granlund, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Evaluation of a new method to remediate time processing ability in children with intellectual disability in special schools2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Lindstedt, Helena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation.
    Adolfsson, Päivi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation.
    Pettersson, Ingvor
    Örebro universitet.
    Norling Hermansson, Liselotte
    Örebro Läns landsting.
    Omgivningens hjälp eller stjälp?: Dokumentation av personers med psykisk funktionsnedsättning erfarenheter av användning av elektroniska planeringshjälpmedel2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Adults with mental disabilities often have problems with their cognitive ability, leading to problems in dealing with everydaylife's hindrancecomplexity. With the needs-based cognitive assistive technology and individual support from knowledgeable staff it is possible for the person to bring order to their often chaotic daily life. However, there are studies and clinical experience which indicate that assistive technology is not used to the extent expected. Assumptions are that complex environmental factors interact with use of the assistive technology.

    The purpose of this study was to document the experiences of facilitating or hindrance environmental factors that people with mental disabilities have of using electronic planning devices.

    Method: Using prescribers and at visits to community activity centres twelve adult persons with mental disabilities and own experience of useing electronic planning devices were, after informed consent, recruited. A study-specific interview guide with open questions, with a content that covers environmental factors according to International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was used in the recorded interviews. The material was analysed by using qualitative inductive content analysis.

    Result: From the interviews six categories and two themes emerged, wich were molded to a model of facilitating or impeding factors affecting the use of electronic planning devices. The categories were named: Insight of disability/needs; Cognisant social environment; Self control and manageability of the device; Benefits and shortcomings of using the device; Assistance of skilled personnel and Clear and simple exercise of authority. The themes are named: A clear desire for participation and Necessity of individual adaption of the device. Measures to prevent or eliminate ambient negative impact of the device use is keen.

  • 14.
    Lindstedt, Helena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation.
    Adolfsson, Päivi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Centre for Disability Research.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Center for Clinical Research Dalarna.
    Pettersson, Ingvor
    Örebro universitet.
    Norling Hermansson, Liselotte
    Örebro läns landsting.
    Omgivningens hjälp eller stjälp?: Dokumentation av personers med psykisk funktionsnedsättning erfarenheter av användning av elektroniska planeringshjälpmedel2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vuxna personer med psykisk funktionsnedsättning har ofta problem med sin kognitiva förmåga, vilket leder till problem med att hantera vardagslivets komplexitet. Med behovsanpassade kognitiva hjälpmedel och individuellt stöd från kunnig personal finns möjlighet för personen att få ordning på sitt ofta kaotiska vardagsliv. Dock finns studier och klinisk erfarenhet som påtalar att hjälpmedel inte används i den utsträckning som förväntats. Antaganden finns om att komplexa faktorer i omgivningen interagerar med hjälpmedelsanvändning.

    Syftet med studien var att dokumentera erfarenheter av underlättande och hindrande omgivningsfaktorer som personer med psykisk funktionsnedsättning har av användningen av elektroniska planeringshjälpmedel. Metod: tolv personer med psykisk funktionsnedsättning och med erfarenhet av elektroniska planeringshjälpmedel rekryterades efter informerat samtycke via förskrivare och besök vid dagliga verksamheter. En studiespecifik frågeguide med öppna frågor med ett innehåll som täcker omgivningsfaktorer enligt Klassifikation av funktionstillstånd, funktionshinder och hälsa (ICF) användes i de inspelade intervjuerna. Materialet bearbetades med kvalitativ, induktiv innehållsanalys. Resultatet utmynnade i sex kategorier och två teman formade till en modell med underlättande eller hindrande faktorer som inverkar på användning av elektroniska planeringshjälpmedel enligt deltagarna. Kategorierna benämndes: Insikt om funktionsnedsättning/behov; Medveten social omgivning; Egen kontroll och hanterbarhet av hjälpmedel; Nytta av och brister i hjälpmedlets funktion; stöd av Kunnig personal; och Tydligt och lättbegripligt myndighetsutövande. Teman benämndes: Tydlig önskan om delaktighet och Nödvändig individuell anpassnnig. Åtgärder för att förebygga eller förhindra omgivningens negativa inverkan på hjälpmedelsanvändning är angelägen.

  • 15.
    Persson, Marika
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital,Göteborg.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Center for Clinical Research Dalarna.
    Peny Dahlstrand, Marie
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg.
    Daily time management in children with spina bifida2017In: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation medicine, ISSN 1874-5393, Vol. 10, p. 295-302Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Sköld, Annika
    et al.
    Ctr Clin Res Dalarna, Nissers Vag 3, SE-79182 Falun, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Occupat Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Janeslätt, Gunnel Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation. Ctr Clin Res Dalarna, Nissers Vag 3, SE-79182 Falun, Sweden..
    Self-rating of daily time management in children: psychometric properties of the Time-S2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 178-186Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Impaired ability to manage time has been shown in several diagnoses common in childhood. Impaired ability involves activities and participation domain (daily time management, DTM) and body function and structure domain (time-processing ability, TPA). DTM needs to be evaluated from an individual's own perspective. To date, there has been a lack of self-rating instruments for children that focus on DTM.Aim: The aim of this study is to describe psychometric properties of Time-S when used in children aged 10-17 years with a diagnosis of ADHD, Autism, CP or mild ID. Further, to test whether TPA correlates with self-rated DTM.Material and methods: Eighty-three children aged 10-17 years participated in the study. Rasch analysis was used to assess psychometric properties. Correlation analysis was performed between Time-S and a measure of TPA.Results: The 21 items of the Time-S questionnaire fit into a unitary construct measuring self-perceived daily management of an individual's time. A non-significant, small correlation was found between TPA and DTM.Conclusion and significance: The results indicate good psychometric properties for the questionnaire. The questionnaire is potentially useful in intervention planning and evaluation.

  • 17.
    Steel, Emily
    et al.
    School of Business, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Australia; Recover Injury Research Centre, School of Human Services and Social Work, Griffith University, Meadowbrook, Logan, Australia.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Center for Clinical Research Dalarna.
    Drafting standards on cognitive accessibility: a global collaboration2017In: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 385-389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is working on accessibility of products to support people with cognitive impairment. Working Group 10, within the technical committee 173 (assistive products for persons with disability) was formed in 2014 to draft standards for assistive products that support people with cognitive impairment. Method: This article explains the scope and purpose of the working group and the context for its formation, and describes the plans and process for drafting and publishing new international standards. Results: The proposed suite of standards is presented, with examples from a draft standard on daily time management. It draws on international research evidence for the effectiveness of assistive products designed to support time management in people with cognitive impairment. Examples of assistive products and their key features are provided based on domains of time as defined in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth (ICF-CY). Conclusions: The proposed standards will provide design recommendations for features and functions that increase the accessibility of products used by people with cognitive impairment. They are intended to be used by designers, manufactures, educators and services providers, to facilitate their commitment to inclusion and demonstrate their willingness to work with accessibility regulation.

  • 18.
    Wennberg, Birgitta
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Linköping, Sweden.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Center for Clinical Research Dalarna.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Per A
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Linköping, Sweden.
    Effectiveness of time-related interventions in children with ADHD aged 9–15 years: a randomized controlled study2018In: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 1018-8827, E-ISSN 1435-165X, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 329-342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Specific problems with time and timing that affect daily routines, homework, school work, and social relations have been recognized in children with ADHD. The primary treatments for children with ADHD do not specifically focus on time-related difficulties. The aim of this randomized controlled study (RCT) was to investigate how multimodal interventions, consisting of training in time-processing ability (TPA) and compensation with time-assistive devices (TAD), affect TPA and daily time management (DTM) in children with ADHD and time difficulties, compared with only educational intervention. Thirty-eight children on stable medication for ADHD in the 9-15-year age range were randomly allocated to an intervention or a control group. The children's TPA was measured with a structured assessment (KaTid), and the children's DTM was rated by a parent questionnaire (Time-Parent scale) and by children's self-reporting (Time-Self-rating). The intervention consisted of time-skill training and compensation with TAD. Data were analysed for differences in TPA and in DTM between the control and intervention groups in the 24-week follow-up. Children in the intervention group increased their TPA significantly (p = 0.019) more compared to the control group. The largest increase was in orientation to time. In addition, the parents in the intervention group rated their children's DTM as significantly (p = 0.01) improved compared with the parents in the control group. According to the children, their DTM was not significantly changed. In conclusion, a multimodal intervention consisting of time-skill training and TAD improved TPA and DTM in children with ADHD aged 9-15 years.

  • 19.
    Wennberg, Birgitta
    et al.
    StocKK, SLL.
    Sjödin, Linda
    Buchholz, Margret
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Centrum för Klinisk Forskning i Dalarna.
    Kognitivt stöd i vardagen, kapitel 212015In: Arbetsterapi för barn och ungdomar / [ed] Eliasson, Ann-Christine, Lidstrom, Helene, Peny-Dahlstrand, Marie, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, p. 271-284Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Widehammar, Cathrine
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Ingvor
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Center for Clinical Research Dalarna.
    Hermansson, Liselotte
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    The influence of environment: Experiences of users of myoelectric arm prosthesis—a qualitative study2017In: Prosthetics and orthotics international, ISSN 0309-3646, E-ISSN 1746-1553Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Prostheses are used to varying degrees; however, little is known about how environmental aspects influence this use.

    Objectives:

    To describe users’ experiences of how environmental factors influence their use of a myoelectric arm prosthesis.

    Study design:

    Qualitative and descriptive.

    Methods:

    A total of 13 patients previously provided with a myoelectric prosthetic hand participated. Their age, sex, deficiency level, etiology, current prosthesis use, and experience varied. Semi-structured interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, and analyzed through inductive content analysis.

    Results:

    Four categories were created from the data: “Prosthesis function,” “Other people’s attitudes,” “Support from family and healthcare,” and “Individual’s attitude and strategies.” The overarching theme, “Various degrees of embodiment lead to different experiences of environmental barriers and facilitators,” emerged from differences in individual responses depending on whether the individual was a daily or a non-daily prosthesis user. Environmental facilitators such as support from family and healthcare and good function and fit of the prosthesis seemed to help the embodiment of the prosthesis, leading to daily use. This embodiment seemed to reduce the influence of environmental barriers, for example, climate, attitudes, and technical shortcomings.

    Conclusion:

    Embodiment of prostheses seems to reduce the impact of environmental barriers. Support and training may facilitate the embodiment of myoelectric prosthesis use.

    Clinical relevance

    For successful prosthetic rehabilitation, environmental factors such as support and information to the patient and their social network about the benefits of prosthesis use are important. Local access to training in myoelectric control gives more people the opportunity to adapt to prosthesis use and experience less environmental barriers.

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