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  • 1.
    Berner, Boel
    et al.
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Themat Studies Technol & Social Change, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Björkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Modernizing the flow of blood: Biomedical technicians, working knowledge and the transformation of Swedish blood centre practices2017In: Social Studies of Science, ISSN 0306-3127, E-ISSN 1460-3659, Vol. 47, no 4, p. 485-510Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The early 1980s saw a paradigm change' in how donated blood was handled and used by blood centres, hospitals and pharmaceutical companies. In Sweden, a five-year state-financed R&D programme initiated a swift modernization process, an alleged revolution' of existing blood centre practices. In this article, we use interviews and archival material to analyse the role of female biomedical technicians in this rapid technical and organizational change. In focus is their working knowledge, or savoir-faire, of blood, instruments and techniques. We give a detailed analysis of technicians' embrained and embodied skills to create safety in blood and its representations, handle contingencies and invent new procedures and techniques. These transformations are analysed as sociomaterial entanglements, where the doing and undoing of gender, sociomaterial practices, hierarchies of authority and expertise, and emotions are intertwined.

  • 2.
    Bjorkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    The Emergence of Genetic Counseling in Sweden: Examples from Eugenics and Medical Genetics2015In: Science in Context, ISSN 0269-8897, E-ISSN 1474-0664, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 489-513Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Argument This paper examines the intertwined relations between eugenics and medical genetics from a Swedish perspective in the 1940s and 1950s. The Swedish case shows that a rudimentary form of genetic counseling emerged within eugenic practices in the applications of the Swedish Sterilization Act of 1941, here analyzed from the phenomenon of heredophobia (arftlighetsskrack). At the same time genetic counseling also existed outside eugenic practices, within the discipline of medical genetics. The paper argues that a demand for genetic counseling increased in the 1940s and 1950s in response to a sense of reproductive responsibility engendered by earlier eugenic discourse. The paper also questions the claim made by theoreticians of biopolitics that biological citizens have emerged only during the last decades, especially in neoliberal societies. From the Swedish case it is possible to argue that this had already happened earlier in relation to the proliferation of various aspects of eugenics to the public.

  • 3.
    Bjorkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    The Long Road to Stockholm: The Story of MRI. An Autobiography.2014In: British Journal for the History of Science, ISSN 0007-0874, E-ISSN 1474-001X, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 391-392Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4. Björkman, Maria
    Författarinnor med naziideal: Recension av Bruna pennor - nazistiska motiv i svenska kvinnors litteratur2013In: Populär Historia, no 7, p. 67-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5. Björkman, Maria
    Mästerligt ur barnperspektiv: Recension av Christina Kjellssons Solknepet2013In: Horisont (Svenska Österbottens litteraturförening), ISSN 0439-5530, no 3Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Björkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Prostatan - det ständiga gisslet?: Mannen och prostatan i kultur, medicin och historia2018Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Prostatan är för många ett organ med oklar funktion, som framför allt förknippas med cancer. Såväl förr som nu har den setts som en problemskapare men också som en njutningskörtel. Kunskapen om prostatan är fortfarande fragmenterad. I boken förmedlar en samling forskare informativa insikter om prostatans funktioner och dess symbolvärden och visar också hur körteln behandlats över tid. Boken ger även inblickar i hur prostatan kopplats ihop med olika manlighetsideal och normer och hur dessa fortfarande påverkar män, mäns hälsa och livskvalitet. Skribenterna är en tvärvetenskaplig grupp sociologer, idéhistoriker, genusvetare och medicinskt verksamma. De samlas här för att nyansera synen på prostatan och skapa förståelse för och insyn i det delvis tabubelagda ämnet. 

  • 7.
    Björkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Prostatan - ett evigt gissel?: En introduktion2018In: Prostatan - det ständiga gisslet?: Mannen och prostatan i kultur, medicin och historia / [ed] Maria Björkman, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2018, p. 9-12Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Björkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Reproduction by Design: Sex, Robots, Trees, and Test-Tube Babies in Interwar Britain2013In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 54, no 2, p. 415-417Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Björkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Reproduction by Design: Sex, Robots, Trees, and Test-Tube Babies in Interwar Britain by Angus McLaren (review)2012In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 54, no 2, p. 415-417Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 10. Björkman, Maria
    Självhjälpsbok för blivande författare: Recension av Karen S. Wiesner, First draft in 30 days2013In: Horisont (Svenska Österbottens litteraturförening), ISSN 0439-5530, no 3Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11. Björkman, Maria
    Skandalen kring neurosedynet2013In: Populär Historia, no 6, p. 67-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Björkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Vi vet för lite om steriliseringarna2013In: Uppsala Nya Tidning, Vol. 5 okt.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Björkman, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Persson, Alma
    Prostatan gör mannen?: Män, sexualitet och prostatan under tidigt 1900-tal2018In: Prostatan - det ständiga gisslet?: Mannen och prostatan i kultur, medicin och historia / [ed] Maria Björkman, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2018, p. 123-137Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Björkman, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Tunlid, Anna
    The Establishment of Genetic Counselling in Sweden : 1940–19802017In: History of Human Genetics / [ed] Petermann, Heike I.; Harper, Peter S.; Doetz, Susanne, Cham: Springer International Publishing , 2017, p. 339-366Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Genetic counselling in Sweden may be traced to the eugenics movementin the early twentieth century. A rudimentary form of what we might call geneticcounselling today was practised within the state governed Medical Board in the1940s and 1950s by the scientific advisor Nils von Hofsten. In the 1950s, Jan ArvidBöök, professor of medical genetics at Uppsala University, realised the importanceof studies in broadly distributed genetic diseases. At the same time as he establisheda modern laboratory for chromosome analysis, he also held genetic counsellingsessions. In B€o€oks’s ways of navigating between the older traditions of eugenicsand the new movement towards individual choice, there are signs of both continuityand discontinuity in relation to the Swedish eugenic project and population policyof the 1930s and 1940s. When the correct chromosome number of man wasdemonstrated in 1956, medical genetics as well as genetic counselling changed inmany ways. New types of diagnosis could be made and new at-risk groups wereidentified. The geneticists trained at B€o€ok’s department contributed significantly totransfer both laboratory research and counselling activities from the academicsetting to the clinic. Development of medical techniques like amniocentesis andprenatal diagnosis further increased the need for more systematised geneticcounselling within the healthcare system.In this chapter we provide an overview of the beginning of genetic counselling inSweden. More specifically, we analyse the ways in which the first three generationsof genetic counsellors constructed their roles as medical and genetic experts and thenorms and values that characterized their counselling activities. We argue that this period was characterised by the development of a professional ethos that, whileemphasising the importance of individual autonomy, also underscored the psychological and socioeconomic benefits of new diagnostic technologies to decrease the number of genetically diseased children. During the period, there was a markedshift from state-controlled eugenics to individual autonomy. However, we want toemphasise that not only did the individual autonomy increase but also the individualresponsibility. At-risk individuals and families were supposed to make informedchoices about their reproduction. And even if the individuals were at the centre,societal interests were clearly present, both as norms and values about whatconstituted a good life and as economic calculations within the healthcare system.

1 - 14 of 14
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