uu.seUppsala universitets publikationer
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
1 - 8 av 8
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Blom, Magnus
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Light-Triggered Conformational Switches for Modulation of Molecular Recognition: Applications for Peptidomimetics and Supramolecular Systems2015Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The main focus of this thesis is on photochemical modulation of molecular recognition in various host-guest systems. This involves the design, synthesis and integration of light-triggered conformational switches into peptidomimetic guests and molecular tweezer hosts. The impact of the switches on guest and host structures has been assessed by spectroscopic and computational conformational analysis. Effects of photochemical structure modulation on molecular recognition in protein-ligand and supramolecular host-guest systems are discussed.

    Phototriggerable peptidomimetic inhibitors of the enzyme M. tuberculosis ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) were obtained by incorporation of a stilbene based amino acid moiety into oligopeptides between 3-9 residues long (Paper I). Interstrand hydrogen bond probability in the E and Z forms of the peptidomimetics was used as a tool for predicting conformational preferences. Considerable differences in inhibitory potency for the E and Z photoisomers were demonstrated in a binding assay.

    In order to advance the concept of photomodulable inhibitors, synthetic routes towards amino acid derivatives based on the more rigid stiff-stilbene chromophore were developed (Paper II).  The effect of E-Z isomerization on the conformational properties of peptidomimetic inhibitors incorporating the stiff-stilbene chromophore was also assessed computationally (Paper III). It was indicated that inhibitors with the more rigid amino acid derivative should display larger conformational divergence between photoisomers than corresponding stilbene derivatives.

    Bisporphyrin tweezers with enediyne and stiff-stilbene spacers have been synthesized, and the conformational characteristics imposed by the spacers have been studied and compared to a glycoluril linked tweezer. The effects of spacers on tweezer binding of diamine guests and helicity induction by chiral guests have been investigated (Paper IV). Connections between spacer flexibility and host-guest binding strength have been established. The structural properties of the stiff-stilbene spaced tweezer made it particularly susceptible to helicity induction by both monotopic and bitopic chiral guests. Finally, the possibility of photochemical bite-size variation of tweezers with photoswitchable spacers has been assessed. Initial studies have shown that photoisomerization of the tweezers is possible without photochemical decomposition. Conformational analyses indicate that isomerization should impact binding characteristics of the tweezers to a significant extent (Paper V).

    Delarbeten
    1. Phototriggerable peptidomimetics for the inhibition of Mycobacterium turberculosis ribonucleotide reductase by targeting protein-protein binding
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Phototriggerable peptidomimetics for the inhibition of Mycobacterium turberculosis ribonucleotide reductase by targeting protein-protein binding
    Visa övriga...
    2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Organic and biomolecular chemistry, ISSN 1477-0520, E-ISSN 1477-0539, Vol. 13, nr 9, s. 2612-2621Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Incorporation of an artificial amino acid 2 with a stilbene chromophore into peptidomimetics with three to nine amino acids yields phototriggerable candidates for inhibition of the binding between the R1 and R2 subunits of the M. tuberculosis ribonucleotide reductase (RNR). Interstrand hydrogen bond probability was used as a guideline for predicting conformational preferences of the photoisomers. Binding of these inhibitors has been rationalized by docking studies with the R1 unit. Significant differences in binding of the photoisomers were observed. For the shorter peptidomimetics, stronger binding of the Z isomer might indicate hydrophobic interactions between the stilbene chromophore and the binding site.

    Nationell ämneskategori
    Organisk kemi Läkemedelskemi
    Forskningsämne
    Kemi med inriktning mot organisk kemi; Läkemedelskemi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-239491 (URN)10.1039/C4OB01926A (DOI)000350144600018 ()25580895 (PubMedID)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Vetenskapsrådet
    Tillgänglig från: 2014-12-28 Skapad: 2014-12-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-11Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Synthesis and characterization of photoswitchable stiff-stilbene based amino acid derivatives
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Synthesis and characterization of photoswitchable stiff-stilbene based amino acid derivatives
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Synthetic routes towards the Boc-protected amino acids 1 and 2 incorporating the stiff stilbene chromophore via the corresponding indanone carboxylic acids have been devised. Crucial steps are a reductive McMurry coupling of the indanone carboxylic acids, yielding stiff stilbene dicarboxylic acid esters. Hydrolysis to the monoester and conversion to the azides, followed by a Curtius rearrangement afforded the Boc-protected amino acid ester 1.

    Nyckelord
    Peptidomimetics
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Organisk kemi
    Forskningsämne
    Kemi med inriktning mot organisk kemi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267829 (URN)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Vetenskapsrådet, 621-2012-3379
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-11-27 Skapad: 2015-11-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-01-13
    3. Photoswitchable peptidomimetics with a stiff-stilbene chromophore for inhibition of Mycobacterium tuberculosis RNR
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Photoswitchable peptidomimetics with a stiff-stilbene chromophore for inhibition of Mycobacterium tuberculosis RNR
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Peptidomimetics incorporating two amino acids 1 and 2 with a stiff stilbene chromophore have been screened by a computational study and compared to a previously investigated analog 3 with stilbene chromophore. The effect of E-Z isomerization of the chromophores on the conformational properties of the petidomimetics was assessed via the frequency of hydrogen bonding between the two peptide strands attached to either side of the chromophore. Substantial differences between the three amino acids were thus indicated, in line with the anticipated effect of chromophore rigidity variation.

    Nyckelord
    Peptidomimetics, conformational analysis
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Organisk kemi
    Forskningsämne
    Kemi med inriktning mot organisk kemi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267830 (URN)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Vetenskapsrådet, 621-2012-3379
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-11-27 Skapad: 2015-11-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-01-13
    4. Synthesis and Properties of Bis-Porphyrin Molecular Tweezers: Effects of Spacer Flexibility on Binding and Supramolecular Chirogenesis
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Synthesis and Properties of Bis-Porphyrin Molecular Tweezers: Effects of Spacer Flexibility on Binding and Supramolecular Chirogenesis
    Visa övriga...
    2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Molecules, ISSN 1420-3049, E-ISSN 1420-3049, Vol. 21, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Ditopic binding of various dinitrogen compounds to three bisporphyrin molecular tweezers with spacers of varying conformational rigidity, incorporating the planar ene-diyne (1), the helical stiff stilbene (2), or the semirigid glycoluril motif fused to  the porphyrins (3) are compared. Binding constants Ka = 10^4 to 10^6 M^-1 reveal subtle  differences between these tweezers, that are discussed in terms of porphyrin dislocation  modes. Exciton coupled circular dichroism (ECCD) of complexes with chiral dinitrogen  guests provides experimental evidence for the conformational properties of the tweezers. The results are further supported and rationalized by conformational analysis.

    Nyckelord
    Bisporphyrin tweezers, metalloporphyrins, porphyrinoids, host-guest chemistry, supramolecular chemistry, chirogenesis, chirality transfer, exciton coupled circular dichroism, conformational analysis
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Organisk kemi Teknik och teknologier
    Forskningsämne
    Kemi med inriktning mot organisk kemi; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot nanoteknologi och funktionella material
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267826 (URN)10.3390/molecules21010016 (DOI)000369485600001 ()
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Vetenskapsrådet, 621-2012-3379Vetenskapsrådet, 621-2011-4423
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-11-27 Skapad: 2015-11-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-01Bibliografiskt granskad
    5. Photomodulable bis-porphyrin molecular tweezers as dynamic host systems for diamine guests
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Photomodulable bis-porphyrin molecular tweezers as dynamic host systems for diamine guests
    Visa övriga...
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Bisporphyrin molecular tweezers with an enediyne (1) or a stiff stilbene (2) photoswitchable spacer are proposed as systems for modulation of bitopic binding to diamine guests via E/Z photoisomerization. The photoisomerization has been monitored by UV-Vis and 1H NMR spectroscopy and occurs without side reactions such as Bergman cyclization. Possible applications are rationalized in terms of competitive binding involving monoamine/diamine mixtures, and are supported by conformational analysis of the envisioned host-guest complexes. Binding dynamics for conformationally flexible guests show significantly different performance of aliphatic 1,w-diamine guests with varying N-N distance.

    Nyckelord
    Bisporphyrin tweezers, supramolecular chemistry, photochemistry
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Organisk kemi
    Forskningsämne
    Kemi med inriktning mot organisk kemi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267833 (URN)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Vetenskapsrådet, 621-2012-3379
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-11-27 Skapad: 2015-11-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-01-13
  • 2.
    Blom, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Huang, Hao
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Nanoteknologi och funktionella material.
    Gogoll, Adolf
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för biokemi och organisk kemi, Organisk kemi I.
    Photoswitchable peptidomimetics with a stiff-stilbene chromophore for inhibition of Mycobacterium tuberculosis RNRManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Peptidomimetics incorporating two amino acids 1 and 2 with a stiff stilbene chromophore have been screened by a computational study and compared to a previously investigated analog 3 with stilbene chromophore. The effect of E-Z isomerization of the chromophores on the conformational properties of the petidomimetics was assessed via the frequency of hydrogen bonding between the two peptide strands attached to either side of the chromophore. Substantial differences between the three amino acids were thus indicated, in line with the anticipated effect of chromophore rigidity variation.

  • 3.
    Blom, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Huang, Hao
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Nanoteknologi och funktionella material.
    Gogoll, Adolf
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Synthesis and characterization of photoswitchable stiff-stilbene based amino acid derivativesManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Synthetic routes towards the Boc-protected amino acids 1 and 2 incorporating the stiff stilbene chromophore via the corresponding indanone carboxylic acids have been devised. Crucial steps are a reductive McMurry coupling of the indanone carboxylic acids, yielding stiff stilbene dicarboxylic acid esters. Hydrolysis to the monoester and conversion to the azides, followed by a Curtius rearrangement afforded the Boc-protected amino acid ester 1.

  • 4.
    Blom, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Norrehed, Sara
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Andersson, Claes-Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Huang, Hao
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Nanoteknologi och funktionella material.
    Light, Mark E.
    Department of Chemistry, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ, U.K.
    Bergquist, Jonas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Analytisk kemi.
    Grennberg, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Fysikalisk-organisk kemi.
    Gogoll, Adolf
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Synthesis and Properties of Bis-Porphyrin Molecular Tweezers: Effects of Spacer Flexibility on Binding and Supramolecular Chirogenesis2016Ingår i: Molecules, ISSN 1420-3049, E-ISSN 1420-3049, Vol. 21, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Ditopic binding of various dinitrogen compounds to three bisporphyrin molecular tweezers with spacers of varying conformational rigidity, incorporating the planar ene-diyne (1), the helical stiff stilbene (2), or the semirigid glycoluril motif fused to  the porphyrins (3) are compared. Binding constants Ka = 10^4 to 10^6 M^-1 reveal subtle  differences between these tweezers, that are discussed in terms of porphyrin dislocation  modes. Exciton coupled circular dichroism (ECCD) of complexes with chiral dinitrogen  guests provides experimental evidence for the conformational properties of the tweezers. The results are further supported and rationalized by conformational analysis.

  • 5.
    Blom, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Olsson, Sandra
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Norrehed, Sara
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Andersson, Claes-Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Fysikalisk-organisk kemi.
    Grennberg, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Fysikalisk-organisk kemi.
    Gogoll, Adolf
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för biokemi och organisk kemi, Organisk kemi I.
    Photomodulable bis-porphyrin molecular tweezers as dynamic host systems for diamine guestsManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Bisporphyrin molecular tweezers with an enediyne (1) or a stiff stilbene (2) photoswitchable spacer are proposed as systems for modulation of bitopic binding to diamine guests via E/Z photoisomerization. The photoisomerization has been monitored by UV-Vis and 1H NMR spectroscopy and occurs without side reactions such as Bergman cyclization. Possible applications are rationalized in terms of competitive binding involving monoamine/diamine mixtures, and are supported by conformational analysis of the envisioned host-guest complexes. Binding dynamics for conformationally flexible guests show significantly different performance of aliphatic 1,w-diamine guests with varying N-N distance.

  • 6.
    Karlsson, Christoffer
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC.
    Blom, Magnus
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Johansson, Miranda
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Jansson, Anna M.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi.
    Scifo, Enzo
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi.
    Karlén, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för läkemedelskemi, Avdelningen för organisk farmaceutisk kemi.
    Govender, Thavendran
    Catalysis and Peptide Research Unit, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.
    Gogoll, Adolf
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
    Phototriggerable peptidomimetics for the inhibition of Mycobacterium turberculosis ribonucleotide reductase by targeting protein-protein binding2015Ingår i: Organic and biomolecular chemistry, ISSN 1477-0520, E-ISSN 1477-0539, Vol. 13, nr 9, s. 2612-2621Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Incorporation of an artificial amino acid 2 with a stilbene chromophore into peptidomimetics with three to nine amino acids yields phototriggerable candidates for inhibition of the binding between the R1 and R2 subunits of the M. tuberculosis ribonucleotide reductase (RNR). Interstrand hydrogen bond probability was used as a guideline for predicting conformational preferences of the photoisomers. Binding of these inhibitors has been rationalized by docking studies with the R1 unit. Significant differences in binding of the photoisomers were observed. For the shorter peptidomimetics, stronger binding of the Z isomer might indicate hydrophobic interactions between the stilbene chromophore and the binding site.

  • 7.
    Olsson, Sandra K.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Organisk kemi.
    Benito Perez, Oscar
    Universitat de Barcelona.
    Blom, Magnus
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Organisk kemi.
    Gogoll, Adolf
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Organisk kemi.
    Effect of Ring Size on Photoisomerization Properties of Stiff Stilbene macrocyclesManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of stiff stilbene macrocycles have been studied in order to investigate the possible impact of macrocycle ring size on their photo-dynamic properties. The results show that reducing the ring size counteracts the photoisomerization ability of the macrocycles. However, even the smallest macrocycle studied (stiff stilbene subunits linked by a six carbon chain) showed some degree of isomerization when irradiated. DFT calculations of the energy differences between the E- and Z-isomers show the same trend as the experimental results. Interestingly the DFT study highlights that the energy difference between the E- and Z-isomers of even the largest macrocycle (linked by a twelve carbon chain) is significantly higher than that of the stiff stilbene unit itself. This indicates that a flexible chain may significantly affect the efficiency of photoisomerizations.

  • 8.
    Olsson, Sandra K.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Organisk kemi.
    Schäfer, Clara
    Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg.
    Blom, Magnus
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Organisk kemi.
    Gogoll, Adolf
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Organisk kemi.
    Exciton-Coupled Circular Dichroism Characterization of Monotopically Binding Guests in Host-Guest Complexes with a Bis(zinc porphyrin) Tweezer2018Ingår i: ChemPlusChem, ISSN 2192-6506, Vol. 83, s. 1169-1178Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A stiff-stilbene-linked bisporphyrin tweezer with inherent helicity was used for exciton-coupled circular dichroism (ECCD) characterization of a series of monotopically binding amine guest molecules. CD signals were observed for a variety of monoamines at relatively low tweezer/amine (host/guest) ratios between 1 :10 to 1: 70. For the amines producing the most intense CD signals, a binding stoichiometry of 1:2 was found. A likely explanation is the presence of guest-guest interactions in the complexes. This is supported by the correlation observed between CD signal intensity and magnitude of possible noncovalent binding between the guests, which can be divided into three groups showing no, moderate and strong response, respectively. Further support for this rationalization comes from molecular modelling.

1 - 8 av 8
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf