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  • 1.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Ingemansson Havenvid, Malena
    NTNU, Norway.
    Linné, Åse
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro University and The Ratio Institute, Sweden.
    Start-ups and networks: Interactive perspectives and a research agenda2019In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 80, p. 58-67Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces Industrial Marketing Management's special issue on start-ups and networks. To begin with, we stress the relevance of understanding the context wherein entrepreneurship unfolds – a context filled with social, technical and economic connections to which the start-up needs to relate. We also present and confront three network perspectives which bring different insights to the interplay between start-ups and networks: Social Network (SN) theory, the Industrial Marketing & Purchasing (IMP) view, and Actor-Network Theory (ANT). Next, we introduce the 12 papers of this special issue and place them on a continuum covering a start-up's process of network embedding and including the three periods of establishment, consolidation and stabilization. We conclude with a research agenda suggesting five avenues for further research: (1) tracing start-ups' process of network embedding, (2) mapping the connections between the different networks affecting a start-up, (3) grasping the negative effects of networks on start-ups, (4) making longitudinal case studies on start-ups and networks more comparable via common analytical tools, and (5) investigating how policy influences the complex interplay between start-ups and networks.

  • 2.
    Blåvarg, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The alluring nature of episodic odor memory: Sensory and cognitive correlates across age and sex2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Episodic memory for olfactory information is still relatively uncharted. The overall purpose of this thesis is to investigate the sensory and cognitive causes of the well-established age-related decline in olfactory episodic odor memory and of the age-independent sex difference in olfactory episodic memory. The purpose of Study I was to investigate the causes of the sex difference in olfactory episodic memory. The results show that the female advantage in episodic recognition memory seems to be explained by women´s higher aptitude in odor identification for familiar odors. With this background, the purpose of Study II was to investigate the age-related decline in olfactory episodic memory, with a particular eye to the role of odor identification. When controlling for the sensory variables olfactory threshold and odor quality discrimination, and the cognitive factor mental speed, the age-related deterioration in odor identification was eliminated. This suggests that changes in basic sensory and cognitive abilities underlie the age-related impairment in odor identification. The purpose of Study III was to investigate the role of recollective experience and intention to memorize for age-related and sex-related differences in episodic odor memory. Younger adults reported more experiences of remembering, and the elderly adults more experiences of feeling of knowing. The participants benefited from intentionality at encoding when the odors were unfamiliar, but intentionality did not affect memory for the familiar odors. The purpose of Study IV was to investigate the role of subjectively perceived qualities of the encoded odors for episodic memory across age and sex. Odors perceived as unpleasant, intense, and irritable were more easily remembered throughout the adult life span. The oldest adults selectively recognized the odors they rated as highly irritable indicating compensatory use of trigeminal activation. Overall, the result suggests that episodic odor memory rely heavily on both sensory and cognitive abilities, but in a different manner depending on demographic factors. The age-related decline appears to be driven by a sensory flattening disabling adequate cognitive processing. The age-independent sex difference on the other hand, is mainly cognitively mediated and driven by cognitive factors such as the ability to verbalize olfactory information.

    List of papers
    1. Differential sex effects in olfactory functioning: The role of verbal processing
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differential sex effects in olfactory functioning: The role of verbal processing
    2002 (English)In: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, ISSN 1355-6177, E-ISSN 1469-7661, Vol. 8, p. 691-698Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Keywords
    Olfaction, Sex, Recognition memory, Familiarity, Identification, Verbal processing, Quality discrimination
    National Category
    Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-264975 (URN)
    Available from: 2015-10-20 Created: 2015-10-20 Last updated: 2017-12-01
    2. Odor Identification in Old Age: Demographic, Sensory, and Cognitive Correlates
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Odor Identification in Old Age: Demographic, Sensory, and Cognitive Correlates
    2005 (English)In: Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, ISSN 1382-5585, E-ISSN 1744-4128, Vol. 12, p. 231-244Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Keywords
    Olfaction, Age, Sex, Identification, Speed, Verbal fluency, Threshold, Quality discrimination
    National Category
    Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
    Research subject
    Psychology; Geriatrics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-264976 (URN)10.1080/138255890968385 (DOI)
    Available from: 2015-10-20 Created: 2015-10-20 Last updated: 2017-12-01
    3. Recollective experience in odor recognition: influences of adult age and familiarity
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recollective experience in odor recognition: influences of adult age and familiarity
    2006 (English)In: Psychological Research, ISSN 0340-0727, E-ISSN 1430-2772, Vol. 70, p. 68-75Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Keywords
    Olfaction, Episodic memory, Recollective experience, Age, Sex, Familiarity, Intentionality, identification
    National Category
    Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-265008 (URN)10.1007/s00426-004-0190-9 (DOI)
    Available from: 2015-10-20 Created: 2015-10-20 Last updated: 2017-12-01
    4. Bad Odors Stick Better Than Good Ones: Olfactory Qualities and Odor Recognition
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bad Odors Stick Better Than Good Ones: Olfactory Qualities and Odor Recognition
    2009 (English)In: Experimental Psychology, ISSN ISSN-L 1618-3169, ISSN-Print 1618-3169, ISSN-Online 2190-5142, Vol. 56, no 6, p. 375-380Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Keywords
    odor, adult, age, sex, odor recognition memory, odor quality, hedonics, pleasantness, intensity, irritability, trigeminal
    National Category
    Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
    Research subject
    Psychology; Geriatrics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-265009 (URN)10.1027/1618-3169.56.6.375 (DOI)
    Available from: 2015-10-20 Created: 2015-10-20 Last updated: 2015-12-16
  • 3.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Larsson, Maria
    Bäckman, Lars
    Differential sex effects in olfactory functioning: The role of verbal processing2002In: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, ISSN 1355-6177, E-ISSN 1469-7661, Vol. 8, p. 691-698Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Larsson, Maria
    Bäckman, Lars
    Odor Identification in Old Age: Demographic, Sensory, and Cognitive Correlates2005In: Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, ISSN 1382-5585, E-ISSN 1744-4128, Vol. 12, p. 231-244Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Larsson, Maria
    Bäckman, Lars
    Recollective experience in odor recognition: influences of adult age and familiarity2006In: Psychological Research, ISSN 0340-0727, E-ISSN 1430-2772, Vol. 70, p. 68-75Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Öberg-Blåvarg, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bad Odors Stick Better Than Good Ones: Olfactory Qualities and Odor Recognition2009In: Experimental Psychology, ISSN ISSN-L 1618-3169, ISSN-Print 1618-3169, ISSN-Online 2190-5142, Vol. 56, no 6, p. 375-380Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 6 of 6
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