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  • 1.
    Nilsson, Doris
    et al.
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Behav Sci & Learning, Psychol Sect, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Nordenstam, Carin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Green, Sara
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Behav Sci & Learning, Psychol Sect, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Wetterhall, Annika
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Behav Sci & Learning, Psychol Sect, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Lundin, Tom
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Svedin, Carl Goran
    Linkoping Univ, Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Dept Clin & Expt Med, Fac Hlth Sci, SE-58185 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Acute stress among adolescents and female rape victims measured by ASC-Kids: A pilot study2015In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 69, no 7, p. 539-545Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Rape is considered a stressful trauma and often with durable consequences. How the aftermath of rape is for young adolescents' girls considering acute stress is an overlooked field and remains to be studied. Aims: In this study, we wanted to investigate acute stress among adolescent victims of rape and the psychometric properties of the Acute Stress Checklist for Children (ASC-Kids). Methods: A clinical sample (n = 79) of raped girls, 13 - 17 years old who had turned to a special rape victim unit for treatment, answered the ASC-Kids. ASC-Kids was also given to a group of minor stressed, non-raped adolescents in the same age range (n = 154) together with the University of California at Los Angeles Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index (UCLA PTSD RI), and the Sense of Coherence Scale 13 (SOC-13). Results : The scores from the groups were compared and showed significant differences in mean values on all the diagnostic criteria of acute stress disorder. In the clinical group, 36.7% obtained full ASD criteria. ASC-Kids could discriminate well between groups. Cronbach's alpha was found to be excellent, and the correlation between the UCLA PTSD RI and ASC-Kids found to be good; both ASC-Kids and UCLA PTSD RI had a good and moderate negative correlation with SOC-13. Conclusion: Adolescent female rape victims were shown to have a very high level of acute stress, and the ASC-Kids was found to have sound psychometrics and can be a valuable screening instrument to support clinicians in their assessments of an indication of adolescents after potentially stressful events such as rape.

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