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  • 1.
    Anderson, Kevin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Univ Manchester, Sch Engn, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England.
    Wrong tool for the job: Debating the bedrock of climate-change mitigation scenarios2019Inngår i: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 573, nr 7774, s. 348-348Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Anderson, Kevin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, CEMUS. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden;Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
    Broderick, John
    University of Manchester, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research.
    Stoddard, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, CEMUS. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    A factor of two: how the mitigation plans of ‘climate progressive nations’ fall far short of Paris-compliant pathways2020Inngår i: Climate Policy, ISSN 1469-3062, E-ISSN 1752-7457, Vol. 20, nr 10, s. 1290-1304Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Paris Agreement establishes an international covenant to reduce emissions in line with holding the increase in temperature to 'well below 2 degrees C horizontal ellipsis and to pursue horizontal ellipsis 1.5 degrees C.' Global modelling studies have repeatedly concluded that such commitments can be delivered through technocratic adjustments to contemporary society, principally price mechanisms driving technical change. However, as emissions have continued to rise, so these models have come to increasingly rely on the extensive deployment of highly speculative negative emissions technologies (NETs). Moreover, in determining the mitigation challenges for industrialized nations, scant regard is paid to the language and spirit of equity enshrined in the Paris Agreement. If, instead, the mitigation agenda of 'developed country Parties' is determined without reliance on planetary scale NETs and with genuine regard for equity and 'common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities', the necessary rates of mitigation increase markedly. This is evident even when considering the UK and Sweden, two nations at the forefront of developing 'progressive' climate change legislation and with clear emissions pathways and/or quantitative carbon budgets. In both cases, the carbon budgets underpinning mitigation policy are halved, the immediate mitigation rate is increased to over 10% per annum, and the time to deliver a fully decarbonized energy system is brought forward to 2035-40. Such a challenging mitigation agenda implies profound changes to many facets of industrialized economies. This conclusion is not drawn from political ideology, but rather is a direct consequence of the international community's obligations under the Paris Agreement and the small and rapidly dwindling global carbon budget. Key Policy Insights Without a belief in the successful deployment of planetary scale negative emissions technologies, double-digit annual mitigation rates are required of developed countries, from 2020, if they are to align their policies with the Paris Agreement's temperature commitments and principles of equity. Paris-compliant carbon budgets for developed countries imply full decarbonization of energy by 2035-40, necessitating a scale of change in physical infrastructure reminiscent of the post-Second World War Marshall Plan. This brings issues of values, measures of prosperity and socio-economic inequality to the fore. The stringency of Paris-compliant pathways severely limits the opportunity for inter-sectoral emissions trading. Consequently aviation, as with all sectors, will need to identify policies to reduce emissions to zero, directly or through the use of zero carbon fuels. The UK and Swedish governments' emissions pathways imply a carbon budget of at least a factor of two greater than their fair contribution to delivering on the Paris Agreement's 1.5-2 degrees C commitment.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 3.
    Anderson, Kevin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, CEMUS. Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr, Sch Engn, Manchester, England; Univ Bergen, Ctr Climate & Energy Transformat CET, Bergen, Norway.
    Buck, Holly Jean
    Univ Buffalo, Dept Environm & Sustainabil, Buffalo, NY 14260 USA..
    Fuhr, Lili
    Ctr Int Environm Law CIEL, Fossil Econ Program, Berlin, Germany..
    Geden, Oliver
    German Inst Int & Secur Affairs SWP, Res Cluster Climate Policy & Polit, Berlin, Germany..
    Peters, Glen P.
    CICERO Ctr Int Climate Res, Oslo, Norway..
    Tamme, Eve
    Climate Principles, Tallinn, Estonia..
    Controversies of carbon dioxide removal2023Inngår i: Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, E-ISSN 2662-138X, Vol. 4, nr 12, s. 808-814Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Various methods of carbon dioxide removal (CDR) are being pursued in response to the climate crisis, but they are mostly not proven at scale. Climate experts are divided over whether CDR is a necessary requirement or a dangerous distraction from limiting emissions. In this Viewpoint, six experts offer their views on the CDR debate.

  • 4.
    Anderson, Kevin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala. Univ Manchester, Energy & Climate Change, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Peters, Glen
    Ctr Int Climate & Environm Res, Oslo, Norway..
    Act now, not tomorrow2016Inngår i: New scientist (1971), ISSN 0262-4079, Vol. 232, nr 3098, s. 20-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5.
    Anderson, Kevin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala. Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England..
    Peters, Glen
    Ctr Int Climate & Environm Res Oslo CICERO, N-0318 Oslo, Norway..
    The promise of negative emissions Response2016Inngår i: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 354, nr 6313, s. 714-715Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Anderson, Kevin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala. Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England..
    Peters, Glen
    CICERO, Pb 1129 Blindern, N-0318 Oslo, Norway..
    The trouble with negative emissions2016Inngår i: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 354, nr 6309, s. 182-183Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Anderson, Kevin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, Cemus.
    Schrage, Jesse
    Stoddard, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, Cemus. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Tuckey, Aaron
    Wetterstedt, Martin
    A Guide for a Fair Implementation of the Paris Agreement within Swedish Municipalities and Regional Governments: Part II of the Carbon Budget Reports Submitted to Swedish Local Governing Bodies in the 2018 Project "Koldioxidbudgetar 2020-2040"2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2015, Uppsala University has hosted the Zennström Visiting Professorship in Climate Change Leadership, part of a 10-year series of visiting professorships (2015-2025) funded by Zennström Philanthropies. The ambition of the initiative is to tackle some of the largest challenges climate change poses to humanity, by developing new solutions and enabling transformational change at the intersection of science, politics and innovation. Kevin Anderson, Professor of Energy and Climate Change at the University of Manchester and Deputy Director at the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research was the second holder of this professorship, taking up the positionin August 2016. He has pioneered research on carbon budgets and pathways to acceptable mitigation levels with a focus on Sweden and the UK (see Anderson et al., 2017 and Kuriakose et al., 2018). In 2017, Järfälla municipality contacted the Climate Change Leadership (CCL) Node at Uppsala University seeking a carbon budget for their municipality which was published later that year (Anderson et al., 2017). When this report was completed, more municipalities contacted CCL to request similar carbon budget calculations. The great interest resulted in the project, “Koldioxidbudgetar 2020-2040” (Carbon budgets 2020-2040) starting in2018 in collaboration with Ramboll. This ongoing project is characterised by a high level of collaboration and knowledge sharing between municipalities (kommuner), regional governments (län) and the Climate Change Leadership Node in order to produce reports that meet the needs and expectations of participating governing bodies. This report is part II of the project. Part I consists of individual carbon budget reports submitted to participating Swedish municipalities and regional governments.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Anderson, Kevin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Centrum för miljö och utvecklingsstudier (Cemus).
    Schrage, Jesse
    Stoddard, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Centrum för miljö och utvecklingsstudier (Cemus).
    Tuckey, Aaron
    Wetterstedt, Martin
    Koldioxidbudget 2020-2040: Del 12018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Anderson, Kevin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, Cemus.
    Stoddard, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, Cemus. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Centrum för miljö och utvecklingsstudier (Cemus).
    Schrage, Jesse
    Carbon budget and pathways to a fossil-free future in Järfälla Municipality2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2015, the global community committed to hold global average temperature increase to “well below 2°C above preindustrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C.”. While nations showed clear commitment to the Paris Agreement’s temperature goals, what would those pledges entail for cities desiring to make a fair contribution to addressing climate change? This report is the result of research that the Centre for Sustainable Development (CEMUS) at Uppsala University and SLU conducted on behalf of Järfälla Municipality. The report describes the calculation of a carbon budget for Sweden, followed by a calculation of Järfälla Municipality's carbon budget. The report concludes with a chapter describing emissions reductions pathways (and possible corresponding measures) for Järfälla Municipality if they are to make their fair contribution to the Paris Agreement and pave the way for the transition to a fossil-free future.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10. Hagedorn, Gregor
    et al.
    Kalmus, Peter
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Joint Inst Reg Earth Syst Sci & Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA.
    Mann, Michael
    Penn State Univ, Ctr Earth Syst Sci, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.
    Vicca, Sara
    Univ Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Van den Berge, Joke
    Univ Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
    van Ypersele, Jean-Pascal
    Catholic Univ Louvain, B-1348 Louvain La Neuve, Belgium.
    Bourg, Dominique
    Univ Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Rotmans, Jan
    Erasmus Univ, NL-3000 DR Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Kaaronen, Roope
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki Inst Sustainabil Sci, Fac Social Sci, Helsinki 00014, Finland.
    Rahmstorf, Stefan
    Potsdam Inst Climate Impact Res, D-14473 Potsdam, Germany.
    Kromp-Kolb, Helga
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Ctr Global Change & Sustainabil, A-1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Kirchengast, Gottfried
    Karl Franzens Univ Graz, Wegener Ctr Climate & Global Change, A-8010 Graz, Austria.
    Knutti, Reto
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Atmospher & Climate Sci, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland.
    Seneviratne, Sonia I.
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Atmospher & Climate Sci, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland.
    Thalmann, Philippe
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Cretney, Raven
    Univ Waikato, Dept Polit Sci & Publ Policy, Hamilton, Waikato, New Zealand.
    Green, Alison
    Scientists Warning UK, Cambridge, England.
    Anderson, Kevin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Univ Manchester, Manchester, Lancs, England.
    Hedberg, Martin
    Polyfuture Inst SWC, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Douglas
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Environm Sci & Analyt Chem, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kuttner, Amita
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.
    Hayhoe, Katharine
    Texas Tech Univ, Climate Ctr, Lubbock, TX 79409 USA.
    Concerns of young protesters are justified2019Inngår i: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 364, nr 6436, s. 139-140Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Kuriakose, Jaise
    et al.
    Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Sch Engn, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, England..
    Anderson, Kevin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Sch Engn, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, England.;Uppsala Univ, Dept Earth Sci, Nat Resources & Sustainable Dev, Uppsala, Sweden.;Univ Bergen, Ctr Climate & Energy Transformat, Bergen, Norway..
    Darko, Deborah
    CSIR, Water Res Inst, Accra, Ghana..
    Obuobie, Emmanuel
    CSIR, Water Res Inst, Accra, Ghana..
    Larkin, Alice
    Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Sch Engn, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, England..
    Addo, Salifu
    Energy Commiss Ghana, Accra, Ghana..
    Implications of large hydro dams for decarbonising Ghana's energy consistent with Paris climate objectives2022Inngår i: Energy for Sustainable Development, ISSN 0973-0826, E-ISSN 2352-4669, Vol. 71, s. 433-446Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydropower is a renewable source of electricity generation that is a common feature of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC), especially in developing countries. However, far from benign, research shows that signifi-cant greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions emanate from shallow reservoirs when they are sited in the tropics. Ghana provides a case study for exploring the implications of hydro reservoir emissions within a future energy system consistent with the Paris climate objectives. Being a fast-developing country, Ghana needs to generate significant amounts of low-carbon electricity to meet growing demand over the coming 30 years. Analysis of existing Ghanaian dams (Akosombo, Kpong and Bui) and the forthcoming Pwalugu dam suggests that their average emis-sions intensities (gCO2/kWh) are similar to those of coal-fired power stations during the first 30 years of their op-erating lifetime. The case study demonstrates that cumulative (post-2020) carbon dioxide emissions from the planned and identified hydro resources will consume 40 % of Ghana's Paris-compliant carbon budget, yet provide just under 1 % of its future energy demand (under Paris-compliant scenarios). The analysis suggests that new hy-dropower in the tropics can significantly reduce the emission space available for other sectors such as transport and industry when faced with a highly restricted emissions budget. In conclusion, for Ghana specifically, rather than constructing more dams, energy efficiency and diversifying renewable energy supply options, including floating solar power, would deliver an energy transition for Ghana that is much more closely aligned with the Paris goals. (c) 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of International Energy Initiative. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

  • 12.
    Larkin, Alice
    et al.
    Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England;Univ Manchester, Sch Mech Aerosp & Civil Engn, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England.
    Kuriakose, Jaise
    Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England;Univ Manchester, Sch Mech Aerosp & Civil Engn, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England.
    Sharmina, Maria
    Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England;Univ Manchester, Sch Mech Aerosp & Civil Engn, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England.
    Anderson, Kevin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala. Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.
    What if negative emission technologies fail at scale?: Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations2018Inngår i: Climate Policy, ISSN 1469-3062, E-ISSN 1752-7457, Vol. 18, nr 6, s. 690-714Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A cumulative emissions approach is increasingly used to inform mitigation policy. However, there are different interpretations of what 2 degrees C' implies. Here it is argued that cost-optimization models, commonly used to inform policy, typically underplay the urgency of 2 degrees C mitigation. The alignment within many scenarios of optimistic assumptions on negative emissions technologies (NETs), with implausibly early peak emission dates and incremental short-term mitigation, delivers outcomes commensurate with 2 degrees C commitments. In contrast, considering equity and socio-technical barriers to change, suggests a more challenging short-term agenda. To understand these different interpretations, short-term CO2 trends of the largest CO2 emitters, are assessed in relation to a constrained CO2 budget, coupled with a what if' assumption that negative emissions technologies fail at scale. The outcomes raise profound questions around high-level framings of mitigation policy. The article concludes that applying even weak equity criteria, challenges the feasibility of maintaining a 50% chance of avoiding 2 degrees C without urgent mitigation efforts in the short-term. This highlights a need for greater engagement with: (1) the equity dimension of the Paris Agreement, (2) the sensitivity of constrained carbon budgets to short-term trends and (3) the climate risks for society posed by an almost ubiquitous inclusion of NETs within 2 degrees C scenarios.POLICY RELEVANCESince the Paris meeting, there is increased awareness that most policy solutions' commensurate with 2 degrees C include widespread deployment of negative emissions technologies (NETs). Yet much less is understood about that option's feasibility, compared with near-term efforts to curb energy demand. Moreover, the many different ways in which key information is synthesized for policy makers, clouds the ability of policy makers to make informed decisions. This article presents an alternative approach to consider what the Paris Agreement implies, if NETs are unable to deliver more carbon sinks than sources. It illustrates the scale of the climate challenge for policy makers, particularly if the Agreement's aim to address equity' is accounted for. Here it is argued that much more attention needs to be paid to what CO2 reductions can be achieved in the short-term, rather than taking a risk that could render the Paris Agreement's policy goals unachievable.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Mander, Sarah
    et al.
    Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Manchester M13 4PL, Lancs, England..
    Anderson, Kevin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Manchester M13 4PL, Lancs, England.
    Larkin, Alice
    Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Manchester M13 4PL, Lancs, England..
    Gough, Clair
    Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Manchester M13 4PL, Lancs, England..
    Vaughan, Naomi
    Univ East Anglia, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Norwich NR4 7TJ, Norfolk, England..
    The role of bio-energy with carbon capture and storage in meeting the climate mitigation challenge: A whole system perspective2017Inngår i: 13Th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Ghgt-13 / [ed] Dixon, T Laloui, L Twinning, S, Elsevier, 2017, s. 6036-6043Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the role and implications of bio-energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) for addressing the climate change mitigation challenge. Framed within the context of the latest emissions budgets, and their associated uncertainty, we present a summary of the contribution of BECCS within the Integrated Assessment Model (IAM) scenarios used by the climate change community. Within this discussion we seek to shed light on two important areas. Firstly, that BECCS is a central, but often hidden element of many of the modelling work that underpins climate policy from the global to the national scale. The second area we address are the assumptions for BECCS embedded within IAM models, and the wider system consequences of these implied levels of deployment. In light of these challenges, we question whether BECCS can deliver what is anticipated of it within existing climate change policy. (C) 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    Stoddard, Isak
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Anderson, Kevin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom.
    Capstick, Stuart
    Centre for Climate Change and Social Transformation, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, United Kingdom.
    Carton, Wim
    Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden.
    Depledge, Joanna
    Cambridge Centre for Environment, Energy and Natural Resource Governance, Cambridge University, Cambridge CB2 3QZ, United Kingdom.
    Facer, Keri
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. School of Education, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1JA, United Kingdom.
    Gough, Clair
    Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom.
    Hache, Frederic
    Green Finance Observatory, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Hoolohan, Claire
    Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom;Centre for Climate Change and Social Transformation, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, United Kingdom.
    Hultman, Martin
    Department of Technology Development and Management, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hällström, Niclas
    What Next?, SE-756 45 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Kartha, Sivan
    Stockholm Environment Institute, Somerville, Massachusetts 02144, USA.
    Klinsky, Sonja
    School of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA.
    Kuchler, Magdalena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Lövbrand, Eva
    Department of Thematic Studies–Environmental Change, Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden.
    Nasiritousi, Naghmeh
    Department of Political Science, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden;Swedish Institute of International Affairs, SE-114 28 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Newell, Peter
    Department of International Relations, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9SN, United Kingdom.
    Peters, Glen P.
    Center for International Climate Research, 0318 Oslo, Norway.
    Sokona, Youba
    The South Centre, 1219 Geneva, Switzerland.
    Stirling, Andy
    Science Policy Research Unit, Business School, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9RH, United Kingdom.
    Stilwell, Matthew
    Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development, Washington, DC 20007, USA.
    Spash, Clive L.
    Institute for Multi-Level Governance and Development, WU Vienna University of Economics, 1020 Vienna, Austria.
    Williams, Mariama
    The South Centre, 1219 Geneva, Switzerland.
    Three Decades of Climate Mitigation: Why Haven't We Bent the Global Emissions Curve?2021Inngår i: Annual Review Environment and Resources, ISSN 1543-5938, E-ISSN 1545-2050, Vol. 46, nr 1, s. 653-689Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite three decades of political efforts and a wealth of research on the causes and catastrophic impacts of climate change, global carbon dioxide emissions have continued to rise and are 60% higher today than they were in 1990. Exploring this rise through nine thematic lenses—covering issues of climate governance, the fossil fuel industry, geopolitics, economics, mitigation modeling, energy systems, inequity, lifestyles, and social imaginaries—draws out multifaceted reasons for our collective failure to bend the global emissions curve. However, a common thread that emerges across the reviewed literature is the central role of power, manifest in many forms, from a dogmatic political-economic hegemony and influential vested interests to narrow techno-economic mindsets and ideologies of control. Synthesizing the various impediments to mitigation reveals how delivering on the commitments enshrined in the Paris Agreement now requires an urgent and unprecedented transformation away from today's carbon- and energy-intensive development paradigm.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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