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  • 1.
    André, Tomas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    Dawod, Ibrahim
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. European XFEL, Holzkoppel 4, DE-22869 Schenefeld, Germany.
    Cardoch, Sebastian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    Caleman, Carl
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Notkestraße 85 DE-22607 Hamburg, Germany.
    Macromolecule classification using X-ray laser induced fragmentation simulated with hybrid Monte Carlo/Molecular DynamicsManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We have developed a hybrid Monte Carlo and classical molecular dynamics code to follow the ultrafast atomic dynamics in biological macromolecules induced by a femtosecond X-ray laser. Our model for fragmentation shows good qualitative agreement with ab-initio simulations of small molecules, while being computationally faster.  We applied the code for macromolecules and simulated the Coulomb explosion dynamics due to the fast ionization in six proteins with different physical properties. The trajectories of the ions are followed and projected onto a detector, where the particular pattern depends on the protein, providing a unique footprint. We utilize algorithms such as principal component analysis  and t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding to classify the fragmentation pattern. The results show that the classification algorithms are able to separate the explosion patterns into distinct groups. We envision that this method could be used to provide additional class information, like particle mass or shape, in structural determination experiments using X-ray lasers.

  • 2.
    Dawod, Ibrahim
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. European XFEL, Holzkoppel 4, DE-22869 Schenefeld, Germany.
    Cardoch, Sebastian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    André, Tomas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    De Santis, Emiliano
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Biokemi.
    E, Juncheng
    European XFEL, Holzkoppel 4, DE-22869 Schenefeld, Germany.
    Mancuso, Adrian P.
    European XFEL, Holzkoppel 4, DE-22869 Schenefeld, Germany. Department of Chemistry and Physics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria 3086, Australia. Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot OX11 0DE, UK.
    Caleman, Carl
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Notkestraße 85 DE-22607 Hamburg, Germany.
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    MolDStruct: modelling the dynamics and structure of matter exposed to ultrafast X-ray lasers with hybrid collisional-radiative/molecular dynamicsManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We describe a method to compute photon-matter interaction and atomic dynamics with X-ray lasers using a hybrid code based on classical molecular dynamics and collisional-radiative calculations. The forces between the atoms are dynamically computed based on changes to their electronic occupations and the free electron cloud created due to the irradiation of photons in the X-ray spectrum. The rapid transition from neutral solid matter to dense plasma phase allows the use of screened potentials, which reduces the number of non-bonded interactions required to compute. In combination with parallelization through domain decomposition, large-scale molecular dynamics and ionization induced by X-ray lasers can be followed. This method is applicable for large enough samples (solids, liquids, proteins, viruses, atomic clusters and crystals) that when exposed to an X-ray laser pulse turn into a plasma in the first few femtoseconds of the interaction. We show several examples of the applicability of the method and we quantify the sizes that the method is suitable for. For large systems, we investigate non-thermal heating and scattering of bulk water, which we compare to previous experiments. We simulate molecular dynamics of a protein crystal induced by an X-ray pump, X-ray probe scheme, and find good agreement of the damage dynamics with experiments. For single particle imaging, we simulate ultrafast dynamics of a methane cluster exposed to a femtosecond X-ray laser. In the context of coherent diffractive imaging we study the fragmentation as given by an X-ray pump X-ray probe setup to understand the evolution of radiation damage.

  • 3.
    Dawod, Ibrahim
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. European XFEL, Holzkoppel 4, DE-22869 Schenefeld, Germany.
    Patra Kumar, Kajwal
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    Cardoch, Sebastian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    Jönsson, H. Olof
    Department of Applied physics, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SE-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sellberg, Jonas A.
    Department of Applied physics, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SE-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Martin, Andrew V.
    School of Science, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia.
    Binns, Jack
    School of Science, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia.
    Grånäs, Oscar
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialteori.
    Mancuso, Adrian P.
    European XFEL, Holzkoppel 4, DE-22869 Schenefeld, Germany. Department of Chemistry and Physics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria 3086, Australia. Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot OX11 0DE, UK .
    Caleman, Carl
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Notkestraße 85 DE-22607 Hamburg, Germany.
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    Anisotropic melting of ice induced by ultrafast non-thermal heatingManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Water and ice are routinely studied with X-rays to reveal their diverse structures and anomalous properties. We employ a hybrid collisional-radiative/molecular dynamics method to explore how femtosecond X-ray pulses interact with hexagonal ice. We find that ice makes a phase transition into a crystalline plasma where its initial structure is maintained up to tens of femtoseconds. The ultrafast melting process occurs anisotropically, where different geometric configurations of the structure melt on different time scales. The transient state and anisotropic melting of crystals can be captured by X-ray diffraction, which impacts any study of crystalline structures probed by femtosecond X-ray lasers.

  • 4.
    Eliah Dawod, Ibrahim
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. European XFEL, Holzkoppel 4, DE-22869 Schenefeld, Germany.
    Simulations of ultrafast photon-matter interactions for molecular imaging with X-ray lasers2024Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Biological structure determination has had new avenues of investigation opened due to the introduction of X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs). These X-ray lasers provide an extreme amount of photons on ultrafast timescales used to probe matter, and in particular biomolecules. The high intensity of the X-rays destroys the sample, though not before structural information has been acquired. The unique properties of the probe provide the unprecedented opportunity to study the un-crystallized form of biological macromolecules, small crystals of biomolecules and their dynamics. 

    In this work, we study processes in XFEL imaging experiments that could affect the achievable resolution of the protein structure in a diffraction experiment. Elastic scattering is the process which provides structural information and leaves the sample unperturbed. This interaction occurs far less often compared to damage inducing processes, such as photoabsorption, which leads to rapid ionization of the studied sample. By using density functional theory, we study the effect of ultrahigh charge states in small systems, such as amino acids and peptides, on the subsequent bond breaking and charge dynamics. Reproducible fragmentation patterns are studied in order to find features that could be understood in larger systems, such as proteins. 

    Biomolecules are dynamical systems, and the currently used pulse duration is not short enough to outrun the movement of the atoms. The diffraction patterns acquired in an experiment are therefore an incoherent sum of slightly different conformations of the same system. Water can help to reduce these structural variations, but the water molecules themselves will then be a source of noise. Using classical molecular dynamics, we study the optimal amount of water that should be used to achieve the highest resolution. 

    To simulate ultrafast molecular dynamics of larger systems such as proteins, we develop a hybrid Monte Carlo/molecular dynamics model. We utilize it to simulate the fragmentation dynamics of small proteins and investigate the possibility to extract structural information from the fragmentation patterns. For larger systems exposed to X-ray lasers, such as viruses and crystals, we develop a hybrid collisional-radiative and classical molecular dynamics approach. The method is used in several projects, both in theoretical studies and to support experiments conducted at XFEL facilities. In particular, we simulate the interaction of hexagonal ice with an X-ray laser, and show the structure makes a phase transition from the native crystal state to a plasma, while still partly retaining structural order. Furthermore, we note that the structural changes occur in an anisotropic manner, where different local structural configurations in ice decay on different time-scales. 

    Preliminary experimental results show this anisotropic dynamics in an X-ray pump-probe serial femtosecond X-ray crystallography experiment performed on  I3C crystals. The real space dynamics as a function of probe delay given by our theoretical model and the experiment both show good agreement, where the iodine atoms exhibit correlated motion. The model is also used to calculate the expected atomic displacement and ionization in a hemoglobin crystal, revealing the time and length scales of the dynamics in the protein during the experiment. 

    Delarbeid
    1. Femtosecond bond breaking and charge dynamics in ultracharged amino acids
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Femtosecond bond breaking and charge dynamics in ultracharged amino acids
    Vise andre…
    2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 151, nr 14, artikkel-id 144307Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Historically, structure determination of nanocrystals, proteins, and macromolecules required the growth of high-quality crystals sufficiently large to diffract X-rays efficiently while withstanding radiation damage. The development of the X-ray free-electron laser has opened the path toward high resolution single particle imaging, and the extreme intensity of the X-rays ensures that enough diffraction statistics are collected before the sample is destroyed by radiation damage. Still, recovery of the structure is a challenge, in part due to the partial fragmentation of the sample during the diffraction event. In this study, we use first-principles based methods to study the impact of radiation induced ionization of six amino acids on the reconstruction process. In particular, we study the fragmentation and charge rearrangement to elucidate the time scales involved and the characteristic fragments occurring.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-395440 (URN)10.1063/1.5116814 (DOI)000500356200030 ()31615216 (PubMedID)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC), SNIC 2019/8-30Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC), SNIC 2018/3-221Swedish Research Council, 637-2013-7303Swedish Research Council, 2013-3940Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , ICA16-0037
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-18 Laget: 2019-10-18 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-09bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Imaging of femtosecond bond breaking and charge dynamics in ultracharged peptides
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Imaging of femtosecond bond breaking and charge dynamics in ultracharged peptides
    Vise andre…
    2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 1532-1543Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    X-ray free-electrons lasers have revolutionized the method of imaging biological macromolecules such as proteins, viruses and cells by opening the door to structural determination of both single particles and crystals at room temperature. By utilizing high intensity X-ray pulses on femtosecond timescales, the effects of radiation damage can be reduced. Achieving high resolution structures will likely require knowledge of how radiation damage affects the structure on an atomic scale, since the experimentally obtained electron densities will be reconstructed in the presence of radiation damage. Detailed understanding of the expected damage scenarios provides further information, in addition to guiding possible corrections that may need to be made to obtain a damage free reconstruction. In this work, we have quantified the effects of ionizing photon-matter interactions using first principles molecular dynamics. We utilize density functional theory to calculate bond breaking and charge dynamics in three ultracharged molecules and two different structural conformations that are important to the structural integrity of biological macromolecules, comparing to our previous studies on amino acids. The effects of the ultracharged states and subsequent bond breaking in real space are studied in reciprocal space using coherent diffractive imaging of an ensemble of aligned biomolecules in the gas phase.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), 2022
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-468649 (URN)10.1039/d1cp03419g (DOI)000733885500001 ()34939631 (PubMedID)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Swedish Research Council, 2018-05973Swedish Research Council, 2019-03935Swedish Research Council, 2018-00740Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research, ICA16-0037Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-02-28 Laget: 2022-02-28 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-09bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. MolDStruct: modelling the dynamics and structure of matter exposed to ultrafast X-ray lasers with hybrid collisional-radiative/molecular dynamics
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>MolDStruct: modelling the dynamics and structure of matter exposed to ultrafast X-ray lasers with hybrid collisional-radiative/molecular dynamics
    Vise andre…
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We describe a method to compute photon-matter interaction and atomic dynamics with X-ray lasers using a hybrid code based on classical molecular dynamics and collisional-radiative calculations. The forces between the atoms are dynamically computed based on changes to their electronic occupations and the free electron cloud created due to the irradiation of photons in the X-ray spectrum. The rapid transition from neutral solid matter to dense plasma phase allows the use of screened potentials, which reduces the number of non-bonded interactions required to compute. In combination with parallelization through domain decomposition, large-scale molecular dynamics and ionization induced by X-ray lasers can be followed. This method is applicable for large enough samples (solids, liquids, proteins, viruses, atomic clusters and crystals) that when exposed to an X-ray laser pulse turn into a plasma in the first few femtoseconds of the interaction. We show several examples of the applicability of the method and we quantify the sizes that the method is suitable for. For large systems, we investigate non-thermal heating and scattering of bulk water, which we compare to previous experiments. We simulate molecular dynamics of a protein crystal induced by an X-ray pump, X-ray probe scheme, and find good agreement of the damage dynamics with experiments. For single particle imaging, we simulate ultrafast dynamics of a methane cluster exposed to a femtosecond X-ray laser. In the context of coherent diffractive imaging we study the fragmentation as given by an X-ray pump X-ray probe setup to understand the evolution of radiation damage.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-519450 (URN)
    Prosjekter
    In thesis
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Swedish Research Council, 2018- 00740, 2019-03935
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-01-08 Laget: 2024-01-08 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-09
    4. Anisotropic melting of ice induced by ultrafast non-thermal heating
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Anisotropic melting of ice induced by ultrafast non-thermal heating
    Vise andre…
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Water and ice are routinely studied with X-rays to reveal their diverse structures and anomalous properties. We employ a hybrid collisional-radiative/molecular dynamics method to explore how femtosecond X-ray pulses interact with hexagonal ice. We find that ice makes a phase transition into a crystalline plasma where its initial structure is maintained up to tens of femtoseconds. The ultrafast melting process occurs anisotropically, where different geometric configurations of the structure melt on different time scales. The transient state and anisotropic melting of crystals can be captured by X-ray diffraction, which impacts any study of crystalline structures probed by femtosecond X-ray lasers.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-519477 (URN)
    Prosjekter
    In thesis
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Swedish Research Council, 2017-05128, 2018-00740, 2019-03935Carl Tryggers foundation , CTS 18:392The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-01-08 Laget: 2024-01-08 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-09
    5. Radiation damage in a hemoglobin crystal studied with an X-ray free-electron laser
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Radiation damage in a hemoglobin crystal studied with an X-ray free-electron laser
    Vise andre…
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Radiation damage is a topic since the dawn of X-ray crystallography, and has gained new importance in the era of X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs), due to their unprecedented brilliance and pulse duration. One of the driving questions has been how short the XFEL pulse has to be for the structural information to be ”damage free”. Here we compare data from Serial Femtosecond Crystallography (SFX) experiments conducted with a 3 fs and a 10 fs X-ray pulse. We conclude that even if the estimated displacement of atoms in the sample is an order of magnitude larger in the case of the 10 fs experiment, the displacement is still too small to affect the experimental data at a resolution relevant for structural determination.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-519591 (URN)
    Prosjekter
    In thesis
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Swedish Research Council, 2018-00740, 2019-03935
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-01-08 Laget: 2024-01-08 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-18
    6. Macromolecule classification using X-ray laser induced fragmentation simulated with hybrid Monte Carlo/Molecular Dynamics
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Macromolecule classification using X-ray laser induced fragmentation simulated with hybrid Monte Carlo/Molecular Dynamics
    Vise andre…
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We have developed a hybrid Monte Carlo and classical molecular dynamics code to follow the ultrafast atomic dynamics in biological macromolecules induced by a femtosecond X-ray laser. Our model for fragmentation shows good qualitative agreement with ab-initio simulations of small molecules, while being computationally faster.  We applied the code for macromolecules and simulated the Coulomb explosion dynamics due to the fast ionization in six proteins with different physical properties. The trajectories of the ions are followed and projected onto a detector, where the particular pattern depends on the protein, providing a unique footprint. We utilize algorithms such as principal component analysis  and t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding to classify the fragmentation pattern. The results show that the classification algorithms are able to separate the explosion patterns into distinct groups. We envision that this method could be used to provide additional class information, like particle mass or shape, in structural determination experiments using X-ray lasers.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-519565 (URN)
    Prosjekter
    In thesis
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Swedish Research Council, 2018-00740, 2019-03935, 2021-05988
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-01-08 Laget: 2024-01-08 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-09
    7. Structural Heterogeneity in Single Particle Imaging Using X-ray Lasers
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Structural Heterogeneity in Single Particle Imaging Using X-ray Lasers
    Vise andre…
    2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, ISSN 1948-7185, E-ISSN 1948-7185, Vol. 11, nr 15, s. 6077-6083Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    One of the challenges facing single particle imaging with ultrafast X-ray pulses is the structural heterogeneity of the sample to be imaged. For the method to succeed with weakly scattering samples, the diffracted images from a large number of individual proteins need to be averaged. The more the individual proteins differ in structure, the lower the achievable resolution in the final reconstructed image. We use molecular dynamics to simulate two globular proteins in vacuum, fully desolvated as well as with two different solvation layers, at various temperatures. We calculate the diffraction patterns based on the simulations and evaluate the noise in the averaged patterns arising from the structural differences and the surrounding water. Our simulations show that the presence of a minimal water coverage with an average 3 Å thickness will stabilize the protein, reducing the noise associated with structural heterogeneity, whereas additional water will generate more background noise.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-416668 (URN)10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c01144 (DOI)000562064500038 ()32578996 (PubMedID)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC), SNIC 2019/8-30EU, Horizon 2020, 801406Swedish Research Council, 201800740Australian Research Council, DP190103027
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-07-28 Laget: 2020-07-28 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-09bibliografisk kontrollert
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    UUThesis_Eliah Dawod,I-2024
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 5.
    Eliah Dawod, Ibrahim
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. European XFEL, Holzkoppel 4, DE-22869 Schenefeld, Germany.
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    Mancuso, Adrian P.
    European XFEL, Holzkoppel 4, DE-22869 Schenefeld, Germany.;La Trobe Univ, La Trobe Inst Mol Sci, Dept Chem & Phys, Melbourne, Vic 3086, Australia..
    Caleman, Carl
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. DESY, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, DE-22607 Hamburg, Germany.
    Grånäs, Oscar
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialteori.
    Imaging of femtosecond bond breaking and charge dynamics in ultracharged peptides2022Inngår i: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 1532-1543Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    X-ray free-electrons lasers have revolutionized the method of imaging biological macromolecules such as proteins, viruses and cells by opening the door to structural determination of both single particles and crystals at room temperature. By utilizing high intensity X-ray pulses on femtosecond timescales, the effects of radiation damage can be reduced. Achieving high resolution structures will likely require knowledge of how radiation damage affects the structure on an atomic scale, since the experimentally obtained electron densities will be reconstructed in the presence of radiation damage. Detailed understanding of the expected damage scenarios provides further information, in addition to guiding possible corrections that may need to be made to obtain a damage free reconstruction. In this work, we have quantified the effects of ionizing photon-matter interactions using first principles molecular dynamics. We utilize density functional theory to calculate bond breaking and charge dynamics in three ultracharged molecules and two different structural conformations that are important to the structural integrity of biological macromolecules, comparing to our previous studies on amino acids. The effects of the ultracharged states and subsequent bond breaking in real space are studied in reciprocal space using coherent diffractive imaging of an ensemble of aligned biomolecules in the gas phase.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Galchenkova, Marina
    et al.
    Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Notkestraße 85, DE-22607 Hamburg, Germany.
    Dawod, Ibrahim
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. European XFEL, Holzkoppel 4, DE-22869 Schenefeld, Germany.
    Sprenger, Janina
    Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Notkestraße 85, DE-22607 Hamburg, Germany.
    Oberthur, Dominik
    Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Notkestraße 85, DE-22607 Hamburg, Germany.
    Cardoch, Sebastian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    De Santis, Emiliano
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Biokemi.
    Grånäs, Oscar
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialteori.
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    Chapman, Henry N.
    Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Notkestraße 85, DE-22607 Hamburg, Germany. Centre for Ultrafast Imaging, Universität Hamburg, 22761 Hamburg, Germany. Department of Physics, Universität Hamburg, 22761 Hamburg, Germany .
    Caleman, Carl
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Notkestraße 85, DE-22607 Hamburg, Germany.
    Yefanov, Oleksandr
    Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Notkestraße 85, DE-22607 Hamburg, Germany.
    Radiation damage in a hemoglobin crystal studied with an X-ray free-electron laserManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Radiation damage is a topic since the dawn of X-ray crystallography, and has gained new importance in the era of X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs), due to their unprecedented brilliance and pulse duration. One of the driving questions has been how short the XFEL pulse has to be for the structural information to be ”damage free”. Here we compare data from Serial Femtosecond Crystallography (SFX) experiments conducted with a 3 fs and a 10 fs X-ray pulse. We conclude that even if the estimated displacement of atoms in the sample is an order of magnitude larger in the case of the 10 fs experiment, the displacement is still too small to affect the experimental data at a resolution relevant for structural determination.

  • 7.
    Grånäs, Oscar
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialteori.
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik.
    Eliah Dawod, Ibrahim
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik.
    Ragazzon, Davide
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik.
    Trygg, Sebastian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik.
    Souvatzis, Petros
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialteori.
    Edvinsson, Tomas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper.
    Caleman, Carl
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik.
    Femtosecond bond breaking and charge dynamics in ultracharged amino acids2019Inngår i: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 151, nr 14, artikkel-id 144307Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Historically, structure determination of nanocrystals, proteins, and macromolecules required the growth of high-quality crystals sufficiently large to diffract X-rays efficiently while withstanding radiation damage. The development of the X-ray free-electron laser has opened the path toward high resolution single particle imaging, and the extreme intensity of the X-rays ensures that enough diffraction statistics are collected before the sample is destroyed by radiation damage. Still, recovery of the structure is a challenge, in part due to the partial fragmentation of the sample during the diffraction event. In this study, we use first-principles based methods to study the impact of radiation induced ionization of six amino acids on the reconstruction process. In particular, we study the fragmentation and charge rearrangement to elucidate the time scales involved and the characteristic fragments occurring.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8. Kierspel, Thomas
    et al.
    Kadek, Alan
    Barran, Perdita
    Bellina, Bruno
    Bijedic N, Adi
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi.
    Brodmerkel, Maxim N.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Biokemi.
    Commandeur, Jan
    Caleman, Carl
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. Centre for Free-Electron Laser Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestraße 85, E22607, Hamburg, Germany.
    Damjanović, Tomislav
    Dawod, Ibrahim
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. European XFEL, Holzkoppel 4, 22869, Schenefeld, Germany.
    De Santis, Emiliano
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Biokemi.
    Lekkas, Alexandros
    Lorenzen, Kristina
    López Morillo, Luis
    Mandl, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. University of Applied Sciences Technikum Wien, Höchstädtpl. 6, 1200, Vienna, Austria.
    Marklund, Erik G.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Biokemi.
    Papanastasiou, Dimitris
    Ramakers, Lennart A. I.
    Schweikhard, Lutz
    Simke, Florian
    Sinelnikova, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialteori.
    Smyrnakis, Athanasios
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    Uetrecht, Charlotte
    Coherent diffractive imaging of proteins and viral capsids: simulating MS SPIDOC2023Inngår i: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 1618-2642, E-ISSN 1618-2650, Vol. 415, nr 18 SI, s. 4209-4220Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    MS SPIDOC is a novel sample delivery system designed for single (isolated) particle imaging at X-ray Free-Electron Lasers that is adaptable towards most large-scale facility beamlines. Biological samples can range from small proteins to MDa particles. Following nano-electrospray ionization, ionic samples can be m/z-filtered and structurally separated before being oriented at the interaction zone. Here, we present the simulation package developed alongside this prototype. The first part describes how the front-to-end ion trajectory simulations have been conducted. Highlighted is a quadrant lens; a simple but efficient device that steers the ion beam within the vicinity of the strong DC orientation field in the interaction zone to ensure spatial overlap with the X-rays. The second part focuses on protein orientation and discusses its potential with respect to diffractive imaging methods. Last, coherent diffractive imaging of prototypical T = 1 and T = 3 norovirus capsids is shown. We use realistic experimental parameters from the SPB/SFX instrument at the European XFEL to demonstrate that low-resolution diffractive imaging data (q < 0.3 nm−1) can be collected with only a few X-ray pulses. Such low-resolution data are sufficient to distinguish between both symmetries of the capsids, allowing to probe low abundant species in a beam if MS SPIDOC is used as sample delivery.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Mandl, Thomas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik. University of Applied Sciences Technikum Wien, Höchstädtplatz 6, A-1200 Wien, Austria.
    Östlin, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik.
    Dawod, Ibrahim E.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik. European XFEL GmbH, Holzkoppel 4, DE-22869 Schenefeld, Germany.
    Brodmerkel, Maxim N.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Biokemi.
    Marklund, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Biokemi.
    Martin, Andrew V.
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik.
    Caleman, Carl
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik. Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Notkestraße 85, DE-22607 Hamburg, Germany.
    Structural Heterogeneity in Single Particle Imaging Using X-ray Lasers2020Inngår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, ISSN 1948-7185, E-ISSN 1948-7185, Vol. 11, nr 15, s. 6077-6083Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the challenges facing single particle imaging with ultrafast X-ray pulses is the structural heterogeneity of the sample to be imaged. For the method to succeed with weakly scattering samples, the diffracted images from a large number of individual proteins need to be averaged. The more the individual proteins differ in structure, the lower the achievable resolution in the final reconstructed image. We use molecular dynamics to simulate two globular proteins in vacuum, fully desolvated as well as with two different solvation layers, at various temperatures. We calculate the diffraction patterns based on the simulations and evaluate the noise in the averaged patterns arising from the structural differences and the surrounding water. Our simulations show that the presence of a minimal water coverage with an average 3 Å thickness will stabilize the protein, reducing the noise associated with structural heterogeneity, whereas additional water will generate more background noise.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Patra Kumar, Kajwal
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik.
    Dawod, Ibrahim Eliah
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. Uppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden.;European XFEL, Holzkoppel 4, DE-22869 Schenefeld, Germany..
    Martin, Andrew, V
    RMIT Univ, Sch Sci, 124 La Trobe St, Melbourne, Vic 3000, Australia..
    Greaves, Tamar L.
    RMIT Univ, Sch Sci, 124 La Trobe St, Melbourne, Vic 3000, Australia..
    Persson, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för beräkningsvetenskap.
    Caleman, Carl
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. Uppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden.;DESY, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci, Notkestr 85, DE-22607 Hamburg, Germany..
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, Molekylär biofysik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Kemisk och biomolekylär fysik. Uppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Ultrafast dynamics and scattering of protic ionic liquids induced by XFEL pulses2021Inngår i: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, ISSN 0909-0495, E-ISSN 1600-5775, Vol. 28, nr 5, s. 1296-1308Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    X-rays are routinely used for structural studies through scattering, and femtosecond X-ray lasers can probe ultrafast dynamics. We aim to capture the femtosecond dynamics of liquid samples using simulations and deconstruct the interplay of ionization and atomic motion within the X-ray laser pulse. This deconstruction is resolution dependent, as ionization influences the low momentum transfers through changes in scattering form factors, while atomic motion has a greater effect at high momentum transfers through loss of coherence. Our methodology uses a combination of classical molecular dynamics and plasma simulation on a protic ionic liquid to quantify the contributions to the scattering signal and how these evolve with time during the X-ray laser pulse. Our method is relevant for studies of organic liquids, biomolecules in solution or any low-Z materials at liquid densities that quickly turn into a plasma while probed with X-rays.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
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