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  • 1.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Bennich-Björkman, LiUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.Hermansson, JörgenUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.Jarstad, AnnaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.Karlsson, ChristerUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.Widmalm, StenUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Det hotade universitetet2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de drygt två hundra år som förflutit sedan det moderna forskningsuniversitetet såg dagens ljus i dåtida Preussen har vetenskap bevisligen gjort världen bättre. Fyra k:n – kunskap, kreativitet, kritikoch kollegialitet – har utgjort nyckeln till denna exempellösa framgång. Akademins framsteg har dock inte vilat på den demokratisk-politiska logik som genomsyrar dagens samhälle, utan på en parallell och alldeles egen verklighet där ett fritt sökande upprätthållits genom att forskare drivits av sitt engagemang och sin nyfikenhet. När denna anda får råda inom vetenskapen blir det också bra för samhället i stort. Men i det projektsamhälle som alltmer tar form och där tiden, resultaten och utvärderingen är centrala, framstår akademins och vetenskapens sätt att fungera som provocerande. Liksom stora delar av den offentliga verksamheten lever i dag akademin under trycket av kortsiktig resultatleverans.Hur kunde det bli så, och vad gör vi åt det?

    Denna problematik är temat för Det hotade universitetet, som är redigerad och författad av engagerade forskare, tidigare universitetsrektorer och ämbetsmän som är förskräckta över en utveckling där djup kunskap, vildsint kreativitet, kritiska samtal och kollegialt ansvar kastas på sophögen. Denna utveckling kan inte, och får inte, fortsätta. Då rycker vi undan mattan för mänskliga framsteg och ett civiliserat samhälle. Det är hög tid att försvara de värden som akademin har stått för sedan lång tid tillbaka – inte för att de är traditionella, utan för att de är det modernaste vi har.

  • 2. Carlsson, Torsten
    et al.
    Bråkenhielm, Carl Reinhold
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Andersson-Skog, Lena
    Umeå universitet.
    Forsling, Willis
    Luleå tekniska universitet .
    Hilding-Rydevik, Tuija
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet .
    Johansson, Lennart
    Wene, Clas-Otto
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Harms-Ringdahl, Mats
    Stockholms universitet.
    Högdahl, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Kunskapslägesrapport på kärnavfallsområdet 2010: utmaningar för slutförvarsprogrammet : rapport2010Report (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Strategies to Prevent and Manage Electoral Violence: Considerations for Policy2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Toward Electoral Security: Experiences from KwaZulu-Natal2011In: Africa Spectrum, ISSN 0002-0397, E-ISSN 1868-6869, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 33-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing recognition of the dangers of electoral violence. Yet, the theoretical foundation for systematic research and for adequate policy is still underdeveloped. This article aims to develop the theoretical understandings of strategies to manage and prevent electoral violence. This is accomplished by integrating research conducted within the two academic discourses on democratization and conflict management and also by drawing on the experiences from the conflict-ridden province KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. The five strategies identified are monitoring, mediation, legal measures, law enforcement and self-regulating practices. In the article, the functions and mechanisms of the strategies are discussed. In addition, we analyse the limitations and usefulness of each of the strategies in turn and also provide suggestions on how to improve electoral security.

  • 5.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University.
    Consociational Theory and Ethnic Quotas in the Future Re-Unified Cyprus: Striking a balance between a functional state and the equality of two constituent states2004In: Addressing the Settlement of Self-Determination Conflicts through Complex Power-Sharing: The case of Cyprus, 2004Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 6.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Democratisation in postconflict societies: Lessons from the Balkans, Prospects for Iraq2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has largely ignored the implications of the special conditions of a post-war society for the functioning of democracy. I argue that democracy promotion after inter-group conflict may exacerbate the risk of violent conflict. The increased propensity for violence derives from three sources: democracy itself, the transition process, and the design and implementation of assistance to this process. To evaluate democratisation efforts, I develop an assessment instrument with indicators of institutional as well as normative aspects of democratisation. In addition, the paper summarises an analysis of the developments pertaining to democratisation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo and Macedonia. My main conclusion on democratisation efforts in the Balkans, is that local ownership is vital for long-term democratisation. After inter-group conflict, where people are organized along ethnic lines, there is no short cut to escape nationalist politics. International intervention to remove nationalists, run the risk of increasing support for extremism and ethnochauvinism. For this reason, democracy promoters are well advised to embrace the principle that the voters, not international actors, should hold the politicians accountable. This is true also for the prospects of long-term democratisation in Iraq. So far, several opportunities to ensure a legitimate process towards democracy have been missed in the course of U.S. led intervention. However, legitimacy can be ensured, by allowing the Iraqis themselves to work out the rules for political cooperation and to craft their future constitution through a public dialogue.

  • 7.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University.
    Dilemmas of Democratization and Peace-building in War-Torn Societies2006Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 8.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    International assistance to democratisation in Bosnia and Herzegovina2005Report (Other scientific)
  • 9.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    International assistance to democratisation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo and Macedonia2005Report (Other scientific)
  • 10.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Osäker valutgång om Cyperns enande2004In: Utrikesanalys, Utrikespolitiska institutet: publicerad bl a i Borås tidning, Sundsvalls tidning, no 17Article, review/survey (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 11.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Peace Agreements and Power Sharing2005Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 12.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University.
    Powersharing for Peace and Democracy?2006Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 13.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Powersharing for Peace and democracy?2005In: Paper presented in Bergen at Det 10. nordiske migrasjonsforskerseminar (The 10th. Nordic Seminar for Researchers on on Migration and Ethnic Relations), 2005Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 14.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Powersharing for Peace and Democracy?2005In: Presented at the Workshop on dilemmas of democratization, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala, 7 December, 2005, 2005Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 15.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Prevalence of Power-Sharing: Exploring the Patterns of Post-Election Peace2009In: Africa Spectrum, ISSN 0002-0397, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 41-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why are some elections followed by armed conflict, while others are not? This article begins to explore this question by mapping the prevalence of power-sharing agreements and patterns of post-election peace in states shattered by civil war. While democracy builds on the notion of free political competition and uncertain electoral outcomes, power-sharing reduces the uncertainty by ensuring political power for certain groups. Nevertheless, new data presented in this article – the Post-Accord Elections (PAE) data collection – shows that the issues of peace, power-sharing and democracy have become intertwined as the vast majority of contemporary peace agreements provide for both power-sharing and elections. First, in contrast to previous research which has suggested that power-sharing is a tool for ending violence, this study shows that conflict often continues after an agreement has been signed, even if it includes provisions for power-sharing. Second, this investigation shows no evidence of power-sharing facilitating the holding of elections. On the contrary, it is more common that elections are held following a peace process without power-sharing. Third, a period of power-sharing ahead of the elections does not seem to provide for postelection peace. Rather, such elections are similarly dangerous as post-accord elections held without a period of power-sharing. The good news is that power-sharing does not seem to have a negative effect on post-election peace.

  • 16.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Ur askan i elden? Om etnisk kvotering som medel för politisk integration2004In: Engagemang, mångfald och integration: Om möjligheter och hinder för politisk jämlikhet, SOU 2004:49, Fritzes, Stockholm , 2004Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 17.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Costly democracy: peacebuilding and democratization after war, edited by Christoph Zürcher, Carrie Manning, Kristie Evenson, Rachel Hayman, Sarah Riese, and Nora Roehner, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2013, 189 pp., index, £24.99 (paperback), ISBN 978-0-8047-8197-82014In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, Vol. 21, no 7, p. 1351-1352Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Cypern ger EU nya problem2004In: Sydsvenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1104-0068, no 28 aprilArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Democratization after Civil War: Timing and Sequencing of Peacebuilding Reforms2016In: Building Sustainable Peace: Timing and Sequencing of Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding / [ed] Arnim Langer and Graham K. Brown, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, p. 87-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Dilemmas of war-to-democracy transitions: Theories and concepts2008In: From war to democracy: Dilemmas of Peacebuilding, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2008, 1, p. 17-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Local Peace Agreements: The Road to Peace and Democracy in KwaZulu Natal?2010In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 112, no 1, p. 60-68Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    När kan demokratisering leda till krig?2013In: Statsvetenskapens frågor / [ed] Li Bennich-Björkman, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, p. 84-92Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Power sharing: Former enemies in joint government2008In: From War to Democracy: Dilemmas of Peacebuilding, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2008, 1, p. 105-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Review – The Peace In Between: The Peace In Between: Post-War Violence and Peacebuilding, Edited By: Astri Suhrke and Mats Berdal, London and New York: Routledge, 20122013In: E-International Relations, ISSN 2053-8626Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Sharing Power to Build States2013In: Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding / [ed] David Chandler and Timothy D. Sisk, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2013, p. 246-256Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Unpacking Friction in Security Sector Reform in Afghanistan2014In: Peacebuilding, ISSN 2164-7259, E-ISSN 2164-7267, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 381-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Afghanistan, peacebuilding is conducted in parallel to the military involvement. This article unpacks some of the frictional encounters that emerge during efforts to promote local ownership of the security sector reform which seeks to prepare Afghan actors for taking full responsibility for security from 2014. It contributes to the research field both empirically by shedding light on the insider attacks in the context of police training, and theoretically by developing the challenges of local ownership in relation to international support to institutional reconstruction. The outcomes of these frictional encounters include a lowering of the ambition of the international engagement to ‘Afghan good enough’, an orphaned peace process, and an uneasy coexistence of informal and formal security organisations.

  • 27.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Belloni, Roberto
    University of Trento, Italy.
    Introducing Hybrid Peace Governance: Impact and Prospects of Liberal Peacebuilding2012In: Global Governance: a review of multilateralism and international organizations, ISSN 1075-2846, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 1-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iraq, Afghanistan and Lebanon, among other cases, the international efforts to promote peace and democratic institutions frequently clash with different understandings of the meaning and implications of these terms. International and domestic actors enter into a bargainingrelationship whereby each actor attempts to promote its own values, norms, and practices. The end result is a condition of hybrid peace governance,in which contrary elements exist alongside each other in a context where violence, actual or potential, continues to play an important role. More precisely, hybrid refers to a condition where liberal and illiberal norms, institutions, and actors coexist, interact, and even clash. The term peace governance points to the activity of governing this condition. While the articles included in this special issue focus primarily, although not exclusively, on hybridity in political and institutional matters, hybrid conditions are also found in other realms, most notably in culture.

  • 28.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Local violence and politics in KwaZulu-Natal: perceptions of agency in a post-conflict society2015In: Third World Quarterly, ISSN 0143-6597, E-ISSN 1360-2241, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 967-984Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the narratives of survivors of violence in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and addresses the relationship between local violence, politics and agency in a post-conflict setting. In particular, the study advances an understanding of how local political violence serves to increase or decrease agency. In line with previous research on emotions and agency, our study suggests that fear and anxiety encourage risk avoidance and have a pacifying effect on survivors of violence. It also indicates that anger and enthusiasm are emotions experienced by those who have a strong sense of agency and have become politically mobilised after violence. The study contributes to the debate on local capacity for peacebuilding and democracy by showing how local agency is affected by violence and how survivors of violence can become agents of change through politics.

  • 29.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Olsson, Louise
    Folke Bernadotte Academy.
    Hybrid Peace Ownership in Afghanistan: International Perspectives of Who Owns What and When2012In: Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations, ISSN 1075-2846, E-ISSN 1942-6720, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 105-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What does local ownership actually entail in the context of an international peace operation supporting sustainable development and stability? Who should own what? Moreover, when should local ownership be introduced? Using the case of Afghanistan as a fruitful example, this article suggests that local ownership is key for understanding the interactions between international and local actors as it highlights the asymmetry of this power relation. In all three types of roles that the international actors can perform—intervenor, mentor, or facilitator—such an asymmetric power relation exists. For Afghanistan, the result of the different approaches to local ownership has been a complex form of hybrid peace ownership where the international actors have become intertwined in almost all aspects of Afghan life. As the international actors are decreasing their involvement by moving from the role of intervenor to the role of mentor, the sustainability of development and stability in Afghanistan will undoubtedly be put to a test.

  • 30.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sisk, Timothy
    Introduction2008In: From War to Democracy: Dilemmas of Peacebuilding, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2008, 1, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Jarstad, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Umeå universitet.
    Nilsson, Desirée
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Making and keeping promises: regime type and powersharing pacts in peace agreements2018In: Peace and Change, ISSN 0149-0508, E-ISSN 1468-0130, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 1-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Power sharing is increasingly recognized as an important tool forcreating sustainable peace in war-torn societies. However, we have limitedknowledge concerning why political, territorial, and military power-sharingpacts are reached and implemented. This article addresses this gap by providinga global study examining the signing and implementation of powersharing pactsin intrastate armed conflicts. We focus on how the type of political regime caninfluence these choices and theorize about the strategic incentives for warringparties in different types of regimes to sign and implement different pacts.Our large-N analysis is based on data on power-sharing provisions in eighty-threepeace accords in forty intrastate armed conflicts between 1989 and 2004. Inline with our theoretical expectations, we find that political and militarypacts are more likely to be signed in autocracies, whereas territorial pactsare more common in democracies. Somewhat surprisingly, we find no difference inthe implementation patterns across regimes.

  • 32.
    Jarstad, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Nilsson, Desirée
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Political Pacts- No Promise of Peace?: no promise of peace2006In: Paper prepared for the 2006 Conference on Globalization and Peacebuilding, arranged by the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research, Uppsala, 6–8 November 2006, and for the 40th Annual Meeting of the Peace Science Society, Columbus, Ohio, 10–12 November 2006., 2006Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Do political power-sharing arrangements lead to durable peace? Power sharing has become a preferred choice for policy makers to facilitate peacebuilding. However, the scientific support of the effectiveness of power sharing in this regard remains weak. In some cases, such as South Africa, power sharing is indeed associated with democracy and peace. On the other hand, the genocide in Rwanda, following a settlement containing provisions for power sharing, suggests that such changes of power balance can at worst be followed by violent conflict. Also statistical analyses indicate mixed results. Barbara Walter (2002) find that negotiated settlements, which include provisions of power sharing in the central government, may serve to reduce the risk of recurring conflict. In contrast, Matthew Hoddie and Caroline Hartzell (2005) do not find political power sharing in peace agreements to significantly affect the duration of peace.

    These mixed results suggest a need for a deeper analysis of the logic and consequences of power sharing. Drawing on insights from consociational theory we propose that settlements that include provisions for political power sharing should lead to peace if the parties agree on a political pact and if such promises are implemented. Firstly, such pacts guarantee a share of political power, which can enable the parties in overcoming the uncertainties involved in a peace process. Secondly, implementation of political power sharing allows for protracted negotiations in which the parties settle their main incompatibilities in iterative rounds of cooperation and compromises.

    We identify two main limitations in the literature on this topic. The first concerns the definitions used to examine the effect of political power-sharing on durable peace. One possible explanation to the mixed results is that different definitions of political power-sharing are employed. In line with consociational theory, political pacts that guarantee seats in the central government is a central component of political power-sharing (Lijphart 1977; Walter 2002). In other studies, political power-sharing is defined broadly and also includes cases of proportional electoral systems (e.g. Hartzell and Hoddie 2003; Mukherjee 2006). However, when using such a wide definition it is not possible to single out the effect of political pacts on durable peace. Second, previous research only to some extent investigates the implementation of political power sharing. In one of the few studies that do analyze implementation of political pacts, the absence of war is included as an integral part of the definition of implementation (Walter 2002). For this reason, we do not know if the implementation itself has effects on the duration of peace.

    To address these limitations, we introduce the IMPACT dataset (Implementation of Pacts). This new dataset not only contains information on whether the agreements entail provisions concerning political, military and territorial pacts, but also unique data on whether and when these pacts have been implemented. This dataset builds on information from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) and includes all 83 peace agreements signed by the government and one or more rebel groups in internal armed conflicts during the period 1989–2004 (UCDP 2006). We include more peace agreements stipulating political pacts than previous research by studying the entire post-Cold War period, examining full-scale civil wars as well as low intensity armed conflicts, and by focusing not only on the agreements signed by all or the main warring parties.

    The results of this study challenges conventional wisdom and puts into question the effectiveness of political power sharing as a tool for conflict resolution. The findings indicate that even when using a definition that captures the very essence of power sharing by focusing on guaranteed positions in central government, no significant influence on durable peace is found. Perhaps even more surprising, political pacts that are implemented are not shown to enhance the prospects for lasting peace.

  • 33.
    Jarstad, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Umeå universitet.
    Segall, Sandra
    Umeå universitet.
    Grasping the empirical realities of peace in post-war northern Mitrovica2019In: Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal, Vol. 4, no 2-3, p. 239-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While previous research has focused on the conflicts and division in Mitrovica, Kosovo, the present article explores how peace and conflict are intertwined in the post-war city by focusing on sites where communities live side by side in an otherwise segregated city. A key finding is that the most conflictual residential areas in northern Mitrovica also are places where what we call peace acts, peace issues and peace perceptions are found. Our research suggests that even in spaces in the city where a history of violence is entrenched, the situation can seldom be reduced to be seen only as purely conflictual; rather, these ‘hotspots’ often prove to be spaces where reproduction of peace – however quotidian – also occurs at the same time. This points us to the complexity of the realities of peace, where remnants of war and potential for a co-existing peace often overlap and are sometimes intrinsically intertwined.

  • 34.
    Jarstad, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sundberg, Ralph
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Peace by Pact: The Theory and Data of Peace Agreement Implementation2006In: Paper prepared for the 2006 Conference on Globalization and Peacebuilding, arranged by the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research, Uppsala, 6–8 November 2006, 2006Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Is the implementation of peace agreement a severe obstacle for peace? Conventional wisdom holds that the failure to implement peace agreement is an important explanation to the recurrence of war. Much scholarly work has been devoted to how the design of peace agreements can pave the way for peace, stability and democracy. In this regard, power sharing is seen as a viable solution to end civil war. However, the implementation of such power sharing pacts has only to a limited extent been the focus of systematic analysis. This paper presents new data, namely the IMPACT dataset, to remedy this empirical deficit within the literature on post-civil conflict settlements. The IMPACT dataset contains data on internal armed conflict settlement provisions in 83 peace agreements struck in the period of 1989-2004. It includes the most important components of a peace agreement, with regard to the contested incompatibilities, namely political, military and territorial pacts. Furthermore, it includes measurements of to what degree such pacts were implemented following the signing of a peace agreement. This paper will outline the definitions and data collection for the new dataset. It also begins to formulate the causal mechanisms involved in the relationship between implementation of peace agreements and peace. Some theoretical claims on the implementation of settlement provisions are tested.

  • 35.
    Olsson, Louise
    et al.
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    Local ownership of peace: Hobbes, Rosseau and international support for statebuilding in Afghanistan2011In: Building Peace, Creating Conflict?: Conflictual Dimensions of Local and International Peacebuilding / [ed] Hanne Fjelde och Kristine Höglund, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2011, p. 89-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
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