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  • 1.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Demokratisering och dess gränser: etnopolitik, exit och voice i Georgiens kortslutna transition2010Ingår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 24, nr 1, 7-34 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to highlight and problematise the boundaries of democratisation, with Georgia's troubled transition as empirical point of reference. The argument proceeds from the established idea that democratisation requires a demos, the presence of which provides the state undergoing transition with horizontal legitimacy. However, there are no good ways to decide where or how to draw the boundaries of democratisation in ethnopolitically contested states. Transitions occurring under such circumstances tend to be short-circuited. No nation wishes to be subjugated to the will of another nation within a state owned by another nation. Whether conflicts over the boundaries of democratisation are resolved to the satisfaction of the majority or minority depends to a significant degree - but by no means exclusively - on the vertical legitimacy of the host state. Depending on whether the relationship between the majority population and the state institutions is characterised by distrust or trust, the host state will be either weak or strong, and hence have low or high ability to contain resentful minorities. The article argues that between 1991 and 2003, Georgia was characterised by low vertical legitimacy, whereas since 2004, the state has acquired higher vertical legitimacy.

  • 2.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Georgia's Local Elections: Revitalizing the Rose Revolution?2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Tax Policy Formation and the Transnationalization of the Public Policy Arena. A Case Study of Georgia2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 4.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Georgia between Dominant-Power Politics, Feckless Pluralism, and Democracy2014Ingår i: Demokratizatsiya, ISSN 1074-6846, E-ISSN 1940-4603, Vol. 22, nr 3, 445-470 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article charts the last decade of Georgian politics (2003-2013) through theories of semi-authoritarianism and democratization. It first dissects Saakashvili’s system of dominant-power politics, which enabled state-building reforms, yet atrophied political competition. It then analyzes the nested two-level game between incumbents and opposition in the run-up to the 2012 parliamentary elections. After detailing the verdict of Election Day, the article turns to the tense cohabitation that next pushed Georgia in the direction of feckless pluralism. The last section examines if the new ruling party is taking Georgia in the direction of democratic reforms or authoritarian closure.

  • 5.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Georgiens parlamentsval: demokratiskt genombrott eller semi-auktoritär regimcykel?2013Ingår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 27, nr 2, 115-139 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the democratisation process in Georgia, whose citizens on 1 October 2012 succeeded in changing their government through the ballot box. Did this event mark a democratic breakthrough or the beginning of another semi-authoritarian regime cycle? I tackle this question by navigating across the last decade of Georgian politics through the lens of theories on democratisation and semi-authoritarianism. I first expose the system of «dominant-power politics» that allowed Saakashvili to implement much needed state-building reforms, yet also atrophied political competition. I thereafter analyse the tug-of-war between the ruling party and the opposition during the run-up to last year’s elections. After recounting the culmination of this struggle, I examine Georgia’s trajectory in the aftermath of Election Day. Rather than transitioning to democracy, Georgia has developed towards «feckless pluralism». This is to be expected since Prime Minister Ivanishvili and President Saakashvili have been forced into an uneasy cohabitation under a divided-executive constitution. However, if a genuine opening is to ensue, then the protagonists must «accept the existence of diversity in unity and, to that end, to institutionalize some crucial aspect of democratic procedure» (Rustow 1970: 355).

  • 6.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Georgia2013Ingår i: The Handbook of Political Change In Eastern Europe / [ed] Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Kevin Deegan-Krause & Terje Knutsen, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, 3, 775-821 s.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Reframing Democratization: Ethnopolitics, Exit and Voice in Georgia's Troubled Transition2010Ingår i: Perspectives on State-Building and Democracy / [ed] Thomas Denk, Saarbrücken: VDM , 2010, 77-111 s.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has assumed that state-building is a prerequisite for democratization. This book challenges this assumption. An alternative approach is presented. State-building and democratization is regarded as two processes that may be integrated with each other. When integrated, the two processes are expected to be connected on different society level. The chapters address one or other of the following questions: How is state-building and democratization expected to be connected? How has the international community approached weakened and failing states? How do fundamental dimensions of state-building affect the probability for democracy in new states? How are conflicts over boundaries a part of state-building that affects the conditions for democratization? How does the capital city play role in state-building and democratization? How does inclusion and exclusion work? These questions are explored through comparative analysis and examination of recent cases of state-building and democracy. It is essential reading for researchers that have an interest in state-building, democratization, and formation of demos.

  • 8.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Georgien: demokratisering i skuggan av Sovjetunionen?2010Ingår i: Prometokrati: mellan diktatur och demokrati / [ed] Sten Widmalm & Sven Oskarsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2010, 127-169 s.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Borders and Belonging: Nation-Building in Georgia's Armenian and Azerbaijani Ethno-Regions, 2004–20122016Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the fall of the Soviet Union, scholars researching ethnic politics have approached the South Caucasus as a testing ground for theories of separatism and conflict. But the 2003 Rose Revolution brought a new generation of politicians to power in Georgia. President Mikheil Saakashvili distanced himself from the ethnic nationalism of the past, which had poisoned relations between Georgians and their Armenian and Azerbaijani compatriots. The incoming authorities instead sought to foster an inclusive nationalism, wherein belonging hinged on speaking the state language and all Georgian-speakers, regardless of origin, were to be equals.

    This thesis investigates this nation-building project and its influence on the integration of Georgia's Armenian and Azerbaijani borderlands. I first examine the mode through which these peripheries were incorporated into post-Soviet Georgia. Since Armenians controlled "their own" domain to a greater extent than the Azerbaijanis, I infer that the former were absorbed along integralist and the latter along colonial lines. Moving to the time-period after the Rose Revolution, I next explore if Georgian officials and Georgian adolescents were tolerant towards Georgian-speaking minorities. With the help of elite interviews and a socio-linguistic experiment (n = 792), I reveal that officials and adolescents were open to integrated Armenians and Azerbaijanis alike. I then proceed to inspect the centre's nationalising agencies and their efforts to incentivise minorities to interact with Georgians, and to use the state language during these contacts. Last but not least, I turn to the reactions this nation-building project elicited in the borderlands. On the basis of interviews with local elites and a socio-linguistic experiment involving Armenian and Azerbaijani adolescents (n = 434; n = 483), I discovered sharp differences: Armenians reacted with defiance and Azerbaijanis with compliance.

    These findings augment our knowledge of ethno-linguistic stereotypes in the Caucasus. They also demonstrate that inclusive nation-building projects can inspire minorities to integrate – despite adverse circumstances – but hint at one condition conducive to this end. Armenians perceived the state language as a battering ram against "their own" domain, while Azerbaijanis saw it as a tool to escape their isolation. This within-country comparison suggests that similar nation-building projects can trigger different reactions in integralist and colonial borderlands.

  • 10.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    “Forward to David the Builder!”: Georgia's (re)turn to language-centered nationalism2016Ingår i: Nationalities Papers, ISSN 0090-5992, E-ISSN 1465-3923, Vol. 44, nr 4, 522-542 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    After the Rose Revolution, President Saakashvili tried to move away from the exclusionary nationalism of the past, which had poisoned relations between Georgians and their Armenian and Azerbaijani compatriots. His government instead sought to foster an inclusionary nationalism, wherein belonging was contingent upon speaking the state language and all Georgian speakers, irrespective of origin, were to be equals. This article examines this nation-building project from a top-down and bottom-up lens. I first argue that state officials took rigorous steps to signal that Georgian-speaking minorities were part of the national fabric, but failed to abolish religious and historical barriers to their inclusion. I next utilize a large-scale, matched-guise experiment (n = 792) to explore if adolescent Georgians ostracize Georgian-speaking minorities or embrace them as their peers. I find that the upcoming generation of Georgians harbor attitudes in line with Saakashvili's language-centered nationalism, and that current Georgian nationalism therefore is more inclusionary than previous research, or Georgia's tumultuous past, would lead us to believe.

  • 11.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    'Forward to David the Builder!' Armenians and Azerbaijanis under Georgia's Civic Nationalism2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the Rose Revolution, President Saakashvili sought to transcend the ethnic nationalism that had poisoned relations between Georgians and the country's Armenian and Azerbaijani minorities. A civic nation was to be forged by encouraging minorities to learn the state language. But for the Armenians and Azerbaijanis to see incentives in doing so, it is necessary that all Georgian-speakers be treated as equals - regardless of residual ethnic features. After examining official policies and rhetoric as well as attitudes among adolescent Georgians, this article concludes that previous scholars have underestimated the civic-ness of nationalism in Saakashvili's Georgia.

  • 12.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    At the Crossroads: Georgia Between Dominant-Power Politics, Feckless Pluralism and Democracy2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This article charts the last decade of Georgian politics through theories of semi-authoritarianism and democratization. I first dissect Saakashvili’s system of "dominant-power politics", which enabled state-building reforms, yet also atrophied political competition. I then analyze the "nested two-level game" between incumbents and opposition in the run-up to the 2012 parliamentary elections. After recounting the outcome of election day, I examine the Darwinian cohabitation that next pushed Georgia in the direction of "feckless pluralism". With presidential elections and a new constitution looming, protagonists must cease using state institutions for partisan purposes in order to set Georgia on a democratic trajectory. 

  • 13.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    'Forward to David the Builder!' Armenians and Azerbaijanis under Georgia's Civic Nationalism2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 14.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Forging of a Demos in Georgia's Armenian Borderland?2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Lost in Transition: State- and Nation-Building as Challenges to Democratisation in Georgia2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Weber's Secret Admirer in the Caucasus: Saakashvili and the Nationalization of Georgia’s Armenian and Azerbaijani Borderlands2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    After the 2003 Rose Revolution, the Georgian government strove to integrate its disaffected Armenian and Azeri minorities, settled in southern Georgia across the border from their kin states. This article examines these untold efforts. It argues that the centre's nation-building entrepreneurs – known as the Mississippdaleulni – laboured to spur minorities in the ethnic enclaves first to interact with the heartland, and then to adapt to its language. Officials invested in infrastructure and extended the state's clout into the borderlands so as to foster inter-ethnic contacts. In tandem, the authorities promoted the Georgian language in the civil service, demoted the Russian tongue, and acculturated pupils to the state language. This nationalisation drive drew upon the same set of tools that Eugen Weber recorded French authorities as using in the opposite corner of Europe centuries ago.

  • 17.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Uppsala Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Berglund, Sten
    Örebro universitet.
    Feckless Pluralism2017Ingår i: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior / [ed] Fathali Moghaddam, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2017, 295-296 s.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Feckless pluralism refers to political systems that fall short of democratic standards, but contain contested elections and alternation of power between different political groups. It is a form of government that is neither democratic nor autocratic. Hybrid regimes of this sort caught the attention of political scientists in the wake of the third wave of democratisation, as a number of countries in Eurasia, Africa and Latin America seemingly got stuck along the road towards democracy. Some political regimes in the grey zone between democracy and autocracy are referred to as dominant power politics systems. This entry introduces Thomas Carothers’ concept of feckless pluralism and its relation to the wider notion of hybrid regimes. 

  • 18.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Blauvelt, Timothy
    Ilia State University.
    Redefining the Nation: From Ethnic Fragmentation to Civic Integration?2016Ingår i: 25 Years of Independent Georgia: Achievements and Unfinished Projects / [ed] Ghia Nodia, Tbilisi: Konrad Adenauer Stiftung & Ilia State University Press , 2016, 11-55 s.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Engvall, Johan
    Utrikespolitiska Institutet.
    How Georgia Stamped Out Corruption on Campus2015Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Jonsson, Michael
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Larson, Christian Nils
    AML/CFT.
    Götz, Elias
    Aarhus universitet, Institut for Statskundskab.
    Combating Money Laundering in Eurasia: Lessons from Kyrgyzstan and Georgia2008Ingår i: China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly, ISSN 1653-4212, Vol. 6, nr 3, 21-44 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Anti-money laundering (AML) policies are instrumental both in combating organized crime and political corruption and in promoting financial transparency and economic growth. This article provides an overview of AML efforts in Eurasia, with a particular focus on Central Asia and the South Caucasus. De facto achievements in the fight against money laundering often lag behind legal frameworks and AML regulations are sometimes misused as political tools. Within their respective regions, Kyrgyzstan and Georgia stand out as the most successful countries. Kyrgyzstan has adopted AML regulations but has not taken many steps towards enforcing them. Individual banks, however, may implement AML regulations more quickly than national regulators to gain a competitive advantage. Following the Rose Revolution, Georgia adopted and began to actively enforce AML regulations. Tbilisi’s AML progress is linked to political will stemming from a unique set of domestic and foreign policy considerations.

  • 21.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Jonsson, Michael
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Institute for Security and Development Policy, Stockholm.
    Larson, Christian Nils
    AML/CFT.
    Götz, Elias
    Aarhus University.
    Combating Money Laundering in Eurasia: Lessons from Kyrgyzstan and Georgia2009Ingår i: Combating Money Laundering: Transnational Perspectives / [ed] A Sabitha, Hyderabad: Icfai University Press, 2009, 190-217 s.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 22. Blauvelt, Timothy
    et al.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Armenians in the Making of Modern Georgia2016Ingår i: Armenians in Post-Socialist Europe / [ed] Konrad Siekierski & Stefan Troebst, Köln: Böhlau, 2016, 69-85 s.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    While sharing a common ethnic heritage and national legacy, and an ambiguous status in relation to the Georgian state and ethnic majority, the Armenians in Georgia comprise not one, but several distinct communities with divergent outlooks, concerns, and degrees of assimilation. There are the urbanised Armenians of the capital city, Tbilisi (earlier called Tiflis), as well as the more agricultural circle of Armenians residing in the Javakheti region in southwestern Georgia. Notwithstanding their differences, these communities have both helped shape modern Armenian political and cultural identity, and still represent an intrinsic part of the societal fabric in Georgia.

  • 23. Dragojevic, Marko
    et al.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Blauvelt, Timothy
    Figuring Out Who's Who: The Role of Social Categorization in the Language Attitudes Process2017Ingår i: Journal of language and social psychology, ISSN 0261-927X, E-ISSN 1552-6526Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the role of social categorization in the language attitudes process. Participants (N = 1,915) from three ethnolinguistic groups residing in the republic of Georgia—Georgians, Armenians, and Azerbaijanis—listened to a speaker reading a text in a Tbilisi-accented (standard variety) and a Mingrelian-accented (nonstandard variety) Georgian guise. We predicted that the three groups would vary in their ability to correctly categorize the two guises and that this intergroup variation in categorization accuracy would result in intergroup variation in language attitudes. These hypotheses were supported. Georgians were more accurate than Armenians and Azerbaijanis in their categorization of both guises. The Tbilisi-accented (Mingrelian-accented) guise was evaluated more (less) favorably when categorized correctly than when miscategorized. This resulted in intergroup variation in language attitudes: Overall, Georgians evaluated the Tbilisi-accented (Mingrelian-accented) guise more (less) favorably than Armenians and Azerbaijanis, due in part to Georgians’ higher categorization accuracy of both guises. 

  • 24. Dragojevic, Marko
    et al.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Blauvelt, Timothy
    Figuring Out Who's Who: Social Categorization and Stereotypes as Determinants of Attitudes Toward Georgian Accents2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A matched-guise experiment tested the prediction that variation in language attitudes can arise due to differences in both social categorization and stereotypes. Participants from three different ethnolinguistic groups – Georgians (= 780), Armenians (n = 591), Azerbaijanis (n = 544) – listened to audio recordings of a story read in Tbilisi-accented Georgian (standard variety) and Mingrelian-accented Georgian (nonstandard variety). We predicted that, compared to Armenians and Azerbaijanis, Georgians would evaluate the Tbilisi-accented guise more favorably and the Mingrelian-accented guise less favorably because they would (a) be more accurate in their categorization of both guises and (b) have more positive (negative) stereotypes of Tbiliselis (Mingrelians). These hypotheses were largely supported. Georgians evaluated the Tbilisi-accented guise more favorably and the Mingrelian-accented guise less favorably than Armenians and Azerbaijanis. Georgians were more accurate than Armenians and Azerbaijanis in their categorization of both guises. Participants who correctly categorized the Tbilisi-accented guise evaluated it more favorably than participants who miscategorized it. Among participants who correctly categorized the Tbilisi-accented guise, Georgians evaluated it most favorably, suggesting they had the most positive stereotypes of Tbiliselis. Conversely, participants who correctly categorized the Mingrelian-accented guise evaluated it less favorably than participants who miscategorized it. Among participants who correctly categorized the Mingrelian-accented guise, Georgians evaluated it less favorably than Azerbaijanis (but not Armenians), suggesting they had more negative stereotypes of Mingrelians than did Azerbaijanis. These results provide compelling evidence that variation in language attitudes can arise due to differences in both categorization and stereotypes. Theoretical and methodological implications will be discussed.

  • 25.
    Dragojevic, Marko
    et al.
    University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Blauvelt, Timothy K.
    Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia.
    Attitudes Toward Tbilisi- and Mingrelian-Accented Georgian Among Georgian Youth: On the Road to Linguistic Homogenization?2015Ingår i: Journal of language and social psychology, ISSN 0261-927X, E-ISSN 1552-6526, Vol. 34, nr 1, 90-101 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Two matched-guise studies examined language attitudes among Georgian youth towards two varieties of spoken Georgian: Tbilisi-accented Georgian (standard variety) and Mingrelian-accented Georgian (nonstandard variety). Study 1, conducted in Tbilisi, found that listeners (N = 106) attributed more status and solidarity to the standard variety, regardless of self-reported regional identity (Tbiliseli, Mingrelian, Other). Study 2, conducted in Samegrelo, found that self-identified Mingrelians (N = 96) attributed more status and solidarity to the standard variety, regardless of language use at home. Together, these findings suggest that Mingrelians may be undergoing a generational shift in their language attitudes in favor of linguistic homogenization.

  • 26.
    Driscoll, Jesse
    et al.
    School of Global Policy and Strategy, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Blauvelt, Timothy
    Soviet and Post Soviet Studies Department, Ilia State University/American Councils for International Education:ACTR/ACCELS, Tbilisi, Georgia.
    Language hierarchies in Georgia: an experimental approach2016Ingår i: Caucasus survey, ISSN 2376-1199, E-ISSN 2376-1202, Vol. 4, nr 1, 44-62 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    How do Georgian citizens of different nationalities evaluate people when they speak in different languages? This article presents the results of three sets of “matched-guise” experiments, a method long used by sociolinguists to evaluate attitudes to different language varieties and their speakers. The results are revealing of the language hierarchies that prevail in Tbilisi and in the southern border regions of Samtskhe-Javakheti and Kvemo Kartli (where Georgia's Armenian and Azerbaijani populations are concentrated). Our results suggest that social rewards for linguistic assimilation from one national group to another are very low in both rural and urban parts of Georgia. These findings show that with linguistic assimilation unrewarded, contemporary language hierarchies leave room for Russian to be sustained as a bridge language between communities. The results also show that native speakers of English are afforded higher social status than native speakers of Russian in Tbilisi.

  • 27.
    Jonsson, Michael
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Safe Haven? - Radical Islam's Scandinavian Links2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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