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  • 1.
    Söderqvist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Att lyfta sig genom läsning: Utbildning mot emancipation, 1850-19502016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 1860-talet introducerades en ny skolform i Sverige: folkhögskolan. De var till en början belägna på landsbygden, då de riktade sig till lantbrukarungdomar som skulle skolas i fosterländsk-, medborgerlig- och praktisk bildning. Skolorna knöts ganska omgående till de nybildade landstingen och fick stöd till finansiering. Folkhögskolornas relativa betydelse på utbildningsmarknaden blev ganska alltså stor vid denna tid, då få läste vidare, åtminstone rent teoretiska ämnen.

    Mitt arbete undersöker faktorer för social mobilitet i Sverige under perioden 1850-1950, genom att kartlägga rörligheten hos individer som valt att studera vidare på olika typer av folkbildningsinstitutioner efter den obligatoriska sexåriga folkskolan. Jag vill undersöka hur social rörlighet såg ut för de som valt att studera mer än folkskolans sex obligatoriska år, men som inte hade tillgång till läroverken och universiteten. Jag är intresserad av de mindre bemedlade gruppernas val av studier, då det är en större investering för dem att läsa på en skola, än för adelns och borgerskapet. En investering dels i reda pengar till kursavgifter och inackordering, men även i form av inkomstbortfall. För att investeringen skall vara betydande, har jag valt att inrikta mig på de som läser vidare på exempelvis en folkhögskola, en vinterkurs på minst 30 veckor. Inte bara en helg- eller kvällskurs. Utbildningarna ska kräva sex år i folkskola, men inte nödvändigtvis realskola. Det finns en rad andra kortare utbildningar som varit viktiga för utbildningsinsatser under denna period, som korrespondenskurser hos Hermods och andra. Men jag vill inrikta mig på de längre utbildningarna i första hand, och de som även genomfördes samlat, på en gemensam fysisk plats. Jag vill fånga in olika yrkesgrupper, och både män och kvinnor. I skrivande stund undersöker jag två folkhögskolor med viss spridning på elevernas sociala situationer. Stockholms läns folkhögskola (senare Väddö folkhögskola) och Brunnsviks folkhögskola. 

  • 2.
    Söderqvist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Bemanningsföretag – en historisk översikt2013In: Arbetarhistoria : Meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens Arkiv och Bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, no 147-148, p. 32-36Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article attempts to give an historical overview of the regulations on temporary employment agencies in Sweden. Thus, the focus is on how the relationship between being employed by a temporary work agency and let out to this agency’s customer has been regulated over time. The article also problematizes the image presented by the sector’s employer organization in their historical description of the origin of temporary work agencies, and it seeks to vary the picture of a much debated area on the Swedish labour market. It summarises political decisions in the Swedish parliament on the historical forms for the mediation of work through fee-charging employment agencies.

  • 3.
    Söderqvist, Jonas
    Arbetarrörelsens arkiv och bibliotek.
    Det var då, och nu är nu2016In: Arbetarhistoria : Meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens Arkiv och Bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, Vol. 4-1, no 156-157Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Ledare om gränskontroller mellan Sverige och Danmark, och om Rolf Edberg och den nordiska passunionen.

  • 4.
    Söderqvist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Educate to Help the Class, or Leave Them Behind?: Motifs among the participants in the first classes at Brunnsvik Folk College, Sweden 1906‐19202017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To pursue your dreams, to leave your small home town and make it in the Big City. These arenarratives common to people living in the 21st century. But among some of the students at BrunnsvikFolk College in the early years of the 20th century, this individualistic approach was frowned upon.You should put your new knowledge to use in the class struggle, not pursue some romantic dream, orthink you suddenly had become better than the masses.As the Swedish labour movement grew stronger, the need for more theoretically skilled organizersbecame important. But access to education higher than primary level had not been attainable foreveryone in Sweden in the late 1800s. This was however changing rapidly. Among the new forms ofeducational institutions were the folkhögskolor (folk colleges, or folk high‐schools), started byorganizations in the civil society, or private persons for philanthropic reasons. They quickly becameimportant institutions as they opened up higher forms of education to new groups in society. One ofthese institutions was Brunnsvik.This paper examines the motifs of the students at Brunnsvik. What expectations did they have of theeducation? What expectations did their comrades in the local trade unions or political organizationshave, when they raised money to send one of their peers to attend the school? And how were thestudents received when they came home? An investigation of the students’ background will shedlight on who they were when they enrolled at Brunnsvik: their political background, educationalachievements, social class, and any previous occupations. How would they benefit from furthereducation and what were their future prospects? Did their time at Brunnsvik improve their lifechances? Was the education a tool for personal emancipation, or for the emancipation of the wholelabour movement?By using memoirs, letters, interviews, debates and protocols from local branches, this study will shedlight on some of these issues.

  • 5.
    Söderqvist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Education - a Tool for Emancipation?: Social mobility among participants in the first classes at Brunnsvik Folk College, Sweden 1906-19202016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As the Swedish labour movement grew stronger, the need for more theoretically skilled organizers became important. But access to education higher than primary level had not been attainable for everyone in Sweden in the late 1800s. This was however changing rapidly.

    Among the new forms of educational institutions were the folkhögskolor (folk colleges, or folk highschools), started by organizations in the civil society, or private persons for philanthropical reasons. They quickly became important institutions as they opened up higher forms of education to new groups in society. One of these institutions was Brunnsvik.

    This paper examines social mobility among the students in the first classes at the adult educational institution of Brunnsvik, 1906-1920. Brunnsvik became an important pillar in the labour movement: the most important place for intellectual education of its members. An investigation of the students’ background will shed light on who they were when they enrolled at Brunnsvik: their political background, educational achievements, social class, and any previous occupations. How would they benefit from further education and what were their future prospects? Did their time at Brunnsvik improve their life chances? Was the education a tool for personal emancipation, or for the emancipation of the whole labour movement?

    By using the historical international standard for classification of occupations, HISCO, and one of the social mobility schemes sprung from it, HISCLASS, I will map the social background and investigate social mobility of the students and their families. These quantitative results will be compared to an in depth investigation into more qualitative data from a number of individual cases. The importance of the educational programme at Brunnsvik and its place in the labour movement will also be put into a historical context. Hopefully, this paper will present the young labour movement’s first attempts to create a political education for its cadre. 

  • 6.
    Söderqvist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Emma Sofia Flood: Agitator, skribent, rösträttskvinna2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon / [ed] Berith Backlund, Linus Karlsson, Ulrika Lagerlöf Nilsson, Cecilia Pettersson, Linnea Åshede och Scharolta Siencnik, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7. Söderqvist, Jonas
    Informellt arbete: En introduktion till temat2018In: Arbetarhistoria : Meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens Arkiv och Bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, no 165-166, p. 6-16Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Söderqvist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Social Mobility or Class Formation?: Goals and ambitions among the students at Brunnsvik Folk College, Sweden 1906-19202018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As the Swedish labour movement grew stronger, the need for more theoretically skilled organizers became important. But access to education higher than primary level had not been attainable for everyone in Sweden in the late 1800s. This was however changing rapidly. Among the new forms of educational institutions were the folkhögskolor (folk colleges, or folk high-schools), started by organizations in the civil society, or private persons for philanthropic reasons. They quickly became important institutions as they opened up higher forms of education to new groups in society. One of these institutions was Brunnsvik.

     

    The students entering Brunnsvik, however, had various backgrounds. Some were organized, politically, in trade unions or in the temperance movement. Some came from wealthier families in the rural area of Kopparberg, were the school was situated. Some were in their 30s and already had work experience, while the youngest still were teenagers living at their family homes. Did all students share the same ambition, or did they strive for different goals?

     

    This paper examines the motifs of the students at Brunnsvik. What expectations did they have of the education? What expectations did their comrades in the local trade unions or political organizations have, when they raised money to send one of their peers to attend the school? And how were the students received when they came home? An investigation of the students’ background will shed light on who they were when they enrolled at Brunnsvik: their political background, educational achievements, social class, and any previous occupations. How would they benefit from further education and what were their future prospects? Did their time at Brunnsvik improve their life chances? Was the education a tool for personal emancipation and social mobility, or for the emancipation of the whole labour movement?

     

    By pairing data from censuses and church records with memoirs, letters, interviews, debates and protocols from political organisations, this study will shed light on some of these issues.

  • 9.
    Söderqvist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    The History of Temporary Work Agencies in Sweden: - A brief overview of political argumentation and legislative processes2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Temporary work agencies, and private placement agencies in Sweden have been regulated in some form since the 1730s with the institution Adress-contoiret with royal privileges, where servants could register for work in Stockholm. In 1935, in coherence with the ILO convention from that time, privately run job centres charging fees from job applicants were banned, as well as work agencies acting as employers offering staffing services to their clients. A few exceptions concerning agencies for musicians and specialist consultants were allowed, but the main political values within the workers’ parties were that workers should not be considered as commodities. This regulation was active until 1993, when the government deregulated this practice.

    This paper will examine the process of legislation in the Swedish Riksdag concerning work mediation, placement agencies and temporary work agencies. Focus will be on the period from 1900 up to the two legislations of 1935 and 1942. During these formative years, the workers’ movement and their parties, the social democratic party and the communist party, were opposed to all forms of private agencies making profit from this practice. In parliament, motions against this practice were written by MPs from both workers’ parties. The paper is based on studies of parliamentary publications, reports from trade union archives and news paper articles.

    There were different kinds of temporary work agencies active during these times, both non-profit and profit. Several trade unions and social movements ran their own non-profit practices, e. g. the bakery workers’ trade union or the Fredrika-Bremer-association concerned with women’s emancipation issues. These practices were not the target of the motions in parliament. Instead they concerned agencies making profit from job mediation. Some agencies charged the job applicants a small fee for enlisting, some added a finder’s fee when the contract was written with the new employer, and some acted as employers and let out their employees as staff to their different clients.

    The issue at hand is that during the first part of the 20th century, the distinction between the parties concerned was between worker, mediator of work, and employer. MPs of the workers’ parties did not seem to make any legal distinction as to whether the workers were employed by the client they were offered to, or if the agency acted as the employer. They rather made a moral distinction and were more concerned with the level of exploitation of the worker than who had the legal responsibility as the employer – the temporary work agency or the agency’s client? This shows a different focus than what is prevalent today.

  • 10.
    Söderqvist, Jonas
    Arbetarrörelsens arkiv och bibliotek.
    Vad finns att forska på för framtidens historiker?2015In: Arbetarhistoria : Meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens Arkiv och Bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, Vol. 3, no 155Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Ledartext om den eventuellt kommande bristen på tillgång till källmaterial för framtidens historiker.

1 - 10 of 10
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