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  • 1.
    Adolfo, Eldrigde
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Nyström, Daniel
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Electoral Violence in Africa2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the time period 2012–2013, over 20 national elections and two constitutional referendums are scheduled in Africa. In several of these elections, violence is anticipated to play a prominent role. There is great urgency to support the establishment of effective and legitimate electoral institutions and electoral frameworks; institute reforms aimed at lowering the stakes of elections; encourage the devolution of powers; improve the socio-economic standing of the populace; and devise strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence.

  • 2.
    Jarstad, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Åkebo, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala University.
    Söderström, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Department of Government, Uppsala University.
    Saati, Abrak
    Umeå universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kostić, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sahovic, Dzenan
    Umeå universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Peace agreements in the 1990s – what are the outcomes 20 years later?2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the 1990s, a number of protracted armed conflicts were finally ended. This period can be described as a paradigmatic shift with regards to how armed conflicts are brought to an end. When the logic of the Cold War no longer hindered the United Nations (UN) to intervene, the number of UN peace operations rose dramatically and became more comprehensive. In addition, conflicts increasingly ended through negotiated settlements rather than military victory. The peace processes of the 1990s gave rise to great optimism that negotiations and peacebuilding efforts, often with considerable international involvement, would bring sustainable peace to war-affected countries. The outcomes of these peace processes, however, appears to be far from unanimously positive. Today, 20 years after the war endings of the 1990s, it is therefore imperative to critically analyze and evaluate these peace processes and their long-term results. What is the situation like today in countries where conflicts ended in the 1990s? What has become of the peace? In this paper, the long-term outcomes of peace processes that took place in the 1990s are evaluated through brief analyses of a number of cases,demonstrating that the nature and quality of peace today show great diversity. The paper also includes a conceptualization of the ”peace triangle” aimed at distinguishing between different forms of peace, as well as a study of the relationship between peacebuilding and democracy in UN peace operations in the 1990s, concluding that outcomes with regards to democratic development in the intervened countries are generally poor.

  • 3.
    Kovacs, Mimmi Söderberg
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Costly Democracy: Peacebuilding and Democratization after war2014In: Perspectives on Politics, ISSN 1537-5927, E-ISSN 1541-0986, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 300-301Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Kovacs, Mimmi Söderberg
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Hertie Sch Governance, Berlin, Germany.
    Peace agreements: finding solutions to intra-state conflicts2018In: Cambridge Review of International Affairs, ISSN 0955-7571, E-ISSN 1474-449X, Vol. 30, no 2-3, p. 294-297Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Kovacs, Mimmi Söderberg
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Hertie Sch Governance, Berlin, Germany..
    When conflict resolution fails: an alternative to negotiation and dialogue2018In: Cambridge Review of International Affairs, ISSN 0955-7571, E-ISSN 1474-449X, Vol. 30, no 2-3, p. 294-297Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Kovacs, Mimmi Söderberg
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Hatz, Sophia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Rebel-to-party transformations in civil war peace processes 1975-20112016In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, Vol. 23, no 6, p. 990-1008Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has established the critical relevance of better understanding the conditions that either facilitate or obstruct rebel-to-party transformations for the sake of strengthening the prospects for both peace and democracy in post-war societies. In this study, we contribute to this growing research agenda in two ways. We first present and analyse data collected by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) on all peace agreements that contain specific rebel-to-party provisions during the time period 1975-2011. Second, we introduce new data on rebel-to-party outcomes during the same time period. The descriptive findings confirm several of our theoretical expectations. Rebel-to-party provisions are exclusive to the post-Cold War era, and are commonly included in peace agreements with third-party presence. Somewhat surprisingly, we have seen almost twice as many agreements with such provisions in Africa compared to other regions, and only in peace agreements in governmental conflicts. However, we find several cases of rebel-to-party outcomes in territorial conflicts. Our data also confirm that rebel-to-party provisions are neither necessary nor sufficient for rebel-to-party outcomes, and highlight the potential relevance of other political provisions also supporting the group's political integration.

  • 7.
    Nilsson, Desirée
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Kovacs Söderberg, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Different Paths of Reconstruction: Military Reform in Post-War Sierra Leone and Liberia2013In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 2-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Security Sector Reform (SSR) has developed into a key component of international peacebuilding agendas. However, there is a lack of sufficient knowledge of the advantages and drawbacks of different reform processes. This study offers a comparative analysis of two post-war states with diverse approaches to the reconstruction of the national armed forces after a civil war: Sierra Leone after the 1999 Lome Peace Accord, where the competing warring parties were integrated into a single force; and Liberia following the 2003 Accra Peace Agreement, where the old army was disbanded and a new force was recruited and built from scratch. The findings show that each approach was associated with distinct benefits and risks during the implementation process. However, the outcomes are also similar in many important respects, and raise questions about the long-term sustainability of these reforms.

  • 8.
    Nilsson, Desirée
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The Rise of Islamist Armed Conflicts and Challenges to Conflict Resolution2017Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Nilsson, Desirée
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Breaking the Cycle of Violence: Promises and Pitfalls of the Liberian Peace Process2005In: Presented at the Nordic Africa Days, Uppsala, 30 Sept-2 Oct, 2005Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 10.
    Nilsson, Desirée
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Revisiting an Elusive Concept: A Review of the Debate on Spoilers in Peace Processes2011In: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 606-626Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a seminal article, Stedman (International Security, 22, 1997, 5) suggested that the greatest source of risk to civil war peace processes comes from so-called spoilers, leaders, and groups that perceive peace as threatening and use violence to undermine attempts to achieve it. The spoiler concept has since gained significant ground and widespread legitimacy both in the academic literature and in critical policy circles. In the footsteps of this development, however, we suggest that the spoiler concept has been stretched beyond its original meaning and given raise to a number of ambiguities concerning its definition and empirical applicability. This lack of clarity in regard to some of the key aspects of the spoiler concept does not only risk undermining the usefulness of the concept itself, but also risks hampering the accumulation of valuable research on this pertinent topic. This article presents a reflection on a burgeoning research field and aims to contribute to the same by attempting to offer greater conceptual clarity in regard to a number of issues that are the core of the spoiler debate and by presenting a conceptual framework for analyzing spoilers in future research.

  • 11.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Staudacher, Veronika
    Ermes, David
    From Civil War to Strong Peace in Africa: the Thomas Ohlson Memorial Conference: Summary Report from the Opening Session of the Thomas Ohlson Memorial Conference 20132013Report (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    A Matter of Faith?: Mediation attempts with Boko Haram in Nigeria2017Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    ”Ampa Ampoh!”: Sierra Leone after the announcement of the 2012 election results2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Between Violence and Democracy: Military-Political Organisations in Electoral Processes2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Bringing in the Good, the Bad and the Ugly into the Peace Fold: The Transformation of the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces after the Lomé Peace Agreement2010In: Authors’ conference at the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, USA / [ed] Roy Licklider, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Bringing the Good, the Bad and the Ugly into the Peace Fold: The Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces after the Lomé Peace Agreement2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Bringing the Good, the Bad and the Ugly into the Peace Fold: The Republic of Sierra Leone's Armed Forces after the Lomé Peace Agreement2014In: New Armies from Old: Merging Competing Military Forces after Civil Wars / [ed] Roy Licklider, Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2014, p. 195-212Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Fractions, Followers and Friends: From Rebels to Statesmen in Civil War Peace Processes2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    From Armed Insurgent to New-Born Political Parties in War-to-Democracy Transitions2006Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 20.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    From Armed Insurgents to Political Parties: A Comparative Study of Renamo in Mozambique and RUF in Sierra Leone2005Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 21.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    From Rebel Groups to Political Parties: Renamo in Mozambique and RUF in Sierra Leone2012In: From Intra-State War to Durable Peace: Conflict and its Resolution in Africa After the Cold War / [ed] Thomas Ohlson, Dordrecht: Republic of Letters Publishing, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    From Rebellion to Politics: Political Parties, Peacebuilding, and Democratisation in War-torn Societies2007In: Annual Peace Network Conference, Uppsala, 23–24 October, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Rebels, Soldiers, Governments and Politicians: Three Research Topics on the Transformation from Civil War to Democratic Peace in Africa2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Uncertainty, Competition and Violence in the 2007 Elections in Sierra Leone2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Just Peace, or Just Peace?: The Character of Peace in Post-War Societies2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The Predicament of Elections in War-Torn Societies2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Nilsson, Desirée
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Breaking the Cycle of Violence?: Promises and Pitfalls of the Liberian Peace Process2005In: Civil Wars, ISSN 13698249, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 19-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Nilsson, Desirée
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    To Bring them All in or Start from a Clean Slate?: Reconstructing the Armed Forces in Post-War Sierra Leone and Liberia2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Söderberg, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The Quest for Legitimacy. The Transformation of Rebel Groups to Political Parties in Civil War Peace Processes: A Comparative Study of Renamo in Mozambique and RUF in Sierra Leone2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Söderbergh-Kovacs, Mimmi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Krisen kräver medling2014In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
1 - 30 of 30
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