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  • 1.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet .
    A basic income for all: crazy or essential?2017In: OUP blogArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Arbete, frihet och den generella välfärdsstaten2008In: Tvärsnitt, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Basic Income2016In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics, Oxford University Press , 2016, p. 1-30Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea that states should provide a means-tested guaranteed minimum income for citizens who are unable to meet their basic needs is widely shared and has been a central component in the evolution of social citizenship rights in existing welfare states. However, an increasing number of activists and scholars defend the more radical option of establishing a universal basic income, that is, an unconditional income paid to all members of society on an individual basis without any means test or work requirement. Indeed, some political philosophers have argued that basic income is one of the most important reforms in the development of a just and democratic society, comparable to other milestones in the history of citizenship rights, such as universal suffrage or even the abolishment of slavery. Basic income or similar ideas, such as a basic capital or a negative income tax, have been advanced in many versions since the 18th century in different parts of the world and under a great variety of names. However, while these were previously often isolated and disconnected initiatives, basic income has more recently become the object of an increasingly cumulative research effort to shed light on the many aspects of this idea. It has also inspired policy developments and given rise to experiments and pilot projects in several countries.

  • 4.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Basic Income Reconsidered: Social Justice, Liberalism, and the Demands of Equality2012 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Basinkomst - ett instrument för rättvisa och hållbarhet?2013In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 41, no 6, p. 17-27Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    När förslaget om basinkomst fördes fram i europeisk debatt i mitten av 1980-talet framstod det för många som en obskyr och politiskt utsiktslös idé. Under senare år har emellertid tanken om en allmän och villkorsfri inkomstgaranti väckt allt större intresse i det vetenskapliga samtalet. Samtidigt har den stått i centrum för pilotprojekt i olika delar av världen. I denna artikel introducerar jag centrala teman i denna forskning och argumenterar för att diskussionen om basinkomst har utvecklats till en värdefull inspirationskälla i debatten om den generella välfärdens framtid.

  • 6.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Book review of Colin Farrelly’s Justice, Democracy and Reasonable Agreement2009In: Mind (Print), ISSN 0026-4423, E-ISSN 1460-2113, Vol. 118, no 471, p. 827-830Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Environmental co-governance, legitimacy, and the quest for compliance: When and why is stakeholder participation desirable?2016In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 306-323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Deliberative forms of stakeholder participation have been widely embraced as a key measure for addressing legitimacy deficits and non-compliance in environmental governance. However, the great significance of such collaborative structures for state-stakeholder interaction is much too often accepted uncritically as an established truth in the environmental policy discourse. Building on examples from the literature on fisheries co-governance, this article constructs a conceptual and normative framework for interpreting and assessing such views about co-governance, legitimacy and compliance. Analysing central claims in this discourse in relation to different concepts and standards of legitimacy helps us identify and distinguish many powerful reasons to welcome co-governance. However, the article defends the need to do so cautiously and reflectively. It is conceptually misleading to suggest that more intense forms of co-governance will generally improve the overall level of social legitimacy and, thereby, compliance rates among stakeholders. Furthermore, it is argued that the democratic value of co-governance is not fundamental. The democratic desirability of such arrangements should be primarily assessed on instrumental-pragmatic grounds, focusing on their capacity to serve the wider ideals of equal citizenship and public reason.

  • 8.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Introduction: Basic Income, Sustainability and Post-Productivism2010In: Basic Income Studies, ISSN 1932-0183, E-ISSN 1932-0183, Vol. 4, no 2, p. Art 3-1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Just Distribution: Rawlsian Liberalism and the Politics of Basic Income2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Should liberal egalitarians endorse the idea of an unconditional basic income for all? This thesis defends a politics of unconditional universalism, offering a liberty-respecting and non-perfectionist basis for maximin-guided policies. The argument starts off from a Rawlsian justification of basic income in the context of institutional ideal theory. This view is based on the aim of maximising the prospects of the least advantaged in ways consistent with a robust protection of people’s effective freedom, the social bases of self-respect and access to meaningful activities at each stage of their lives.

    The thesis then moves on to specify such a position in response to objections based on ideas of fair cooperation and strong reciprocity. Linking John Rawls’ arguments on property-owning democracy to Philippe Van Parijs’ case for ‘gift-equalisation’, the study defends the view that a basic income is not inherently exploitative or beyond the scope of justice. To the extent that unconditional universalism is tied to the idea of sharing gift-like resources, it is just a matter of distributing wealth to which nobody has a justified prior claim, not an unfair redistribution of labour income.

    Introducing a problem of feasibility, however, the thesis also argues that unconditional wealth sharing may fail to meet liberal commitments and to counter structural exploitation unless constrained by other requirements of justice. The latter include a minimal autonomy constraint on maximin-objectives and the set of in kind transfers and social infrastructure needed to foster the activities and virtues on which the stability of this ideal relies. The thesis concludes with a study on the application of such standards to real-world conditions. It is argued that policy options combining a modest basic income with work-based social insurance and universal access to social services are more promising than strategies where a high basic income would replace core components of the welfare state.

  • 10.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Medborgarlön2013In: NE.se, Malmö: Nationalencyklopedin , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Radical liberalism, Rawls and the welfare state: Justifying the politics of basic income2010In: Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, ISSN 1369-8230, E-ISSN 1743-8772, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 495-516Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In response to recent policy trends towards linking social rights more tightly to work requirements, this article argues that those sharing Rawlsian commitments have good reasons to prefer a radical-liberal policy agenda with a universal basic income at its core. Compared to its main rivals in present policy debates, the politics of basic income has greater potential to promote the economic life prospects of the least advantaged in a way that provides a robust protection for the bases of social recognition and non-subservience. The argument seeks to establish that these concerns should be ascribed priority in the most plausible balancing of Rawlsian objectives and that doing so generates a strong case for basic income. As recent arguments for basic income have suggested that Rawls' theory is insufficient to make the case for such a reform, this analysis also demonstrates that a powerful argument for basic income can be built on Rawlsian foundations alone.

  • 12.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Review of Daniel Raventós' Basic Income: The Material Conditions of Freedom2008In: Basic Income Studies, Vol. 3, no 2Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Review of "Frank Lovett, A General Theory of Domination and Justice"2012In: Basic Income Studies, ISSN 1932-0183, E-ISSN 1932-0183, Vol. 7, no 1Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Rättvis fördelning och den generella välfärdens gränser: Om differensprincipen, aktivering och rätten till en inkomst2010In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 7-32Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Self-Ownership, Liberal Neutrality, and the Realm of Freedom: New Reflections on the Justification of Basic Income2013In: Jurisprudence, ISSN 2040-3313, E-ISSN 2040-3321, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 344-357Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Should surfers be ostracized?: Basic income, liberal neutrality, and the work ethos2011In: Politics, Philosophy and Economics, ISSN 1470-594X, E-ISSN 1741-3060, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 396-419Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Neutralists have argued that there is something illiberal about linking access to gift-like resources to work requirements.  The central liberal motivation for basic income is to provide greater freedom to choose between different ways of life, including  options attaching great importance to non-market activities and disposable time. As argued by Philippe Van Parijs, even those  spending their days surfing should be fed. This article examines Van Parijs' dual commitment to a ‘real libertarian’ justification of basic income and the public enforcement of a strong work ethos, which serves to boost the volume of work at a given rate of taxation. It is argued (contra Van Parijs) that this alliance faces the neutrality objection: the work ethos will largely offset the liberal gains of unconditionality by radically restricting the set of permissible options available. A relaxed, non-obligatory ethos might avoid this implication. This view, however, is vulnerable to the structural exploitation objection: feasibility is achieved only because some choose to do necessary tasks to which most people have the same aversion. In light of these objections, the article examines whether there is a morally untainted feasibility path consistent with liberal objectives.                 

  • 17.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Social republikanism och andelssamhället: Välfärdspolitiska innovationer inom samtida rättviseteori2007In: Retten til basisindkomst: En demokratisk frigørelse, NSU Press, Göteborg , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Theories of the welfare state2013In: Encyclopedia of Modern Political Thought / [ed] Gregory Claeys, Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications , 2013, p. 857-861Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Två föreställningar om jämlikhet: Om rättvisa, självrespekt och välfärdspolitik2010In: Tidsskrift for velferdsforskning, ISSN 0809-2052, E-ISSN 2464-3076, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 70-82Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Universell grundinkomst och den svenska välfärdsstaten: Mot en ny generation av inkomsträttigheter2005In: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Welfare Contractualism, Social Justice, and Republican Citizenship2015In: New Contractualism in European Welfare State Policies / [ed] Rune Ervik, Nanna Kildal, Even Nilssen, Farnham: Ashgate , 2015, p. 17-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bodin, Örjan
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Sandström, Annica
    Tracing the sources of legitimacy: the impact of deliberation in participatory natural resource management2015In: Policy sciences, ISSN 0032-2687, E-ISSN 1573-0891, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 443-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely assumed that stakeholder participation has great potential to improve the perceived legitimacy of natural resource management (NRM) and that the deliberative-democratic qualities of participatory procedures are central to the prospects of success. However, attempts to measure the actual effects of deliberation on the perceived legitimacy of participatory NRM are rare. This article examines the links between deliberation and legitimacy in participatory NRM empirically by tracing the determinants of stakeholders' level of policy support and their views about procedural fairness. The study uses statistical methods to analyse survey data from a state-led initiative to develop new plans for ecosystem-based coastal and marine management through a participatory approach in five coastal areas in Sweden. We find that the perceived quality of deliberation had a positive impact on these aspects of legitimacy. However, both policy support and perceived procedural fairness were mainly driven by instrumental-substantive considerations rather than deliberative-democratic qualities of the process.

  • 23.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Casassas, David
    Social republicanism and basic income2008In: Building a Citizen Society: The Emerging Politics of Republican Democracy, Lawrence and Wishart, London , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    De Wispelaere, Jurgen
    Basic Income in the Capitalist Economy: The Mirage of "Exit" from Employment2016In: Basic Income Studies, ISSN 1932-0183, E-ISSN 1932-0183, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 61-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A widespread argument in the basic income debate is that the unconditional entitlement to a secure income floor improves workers’ bargaining position vis-a-vis their employers. Basic income effectively grants all (potential) workers an exit option from an employment relation that fails to take her interests into account. It gives them the “power to say no”, as argued by Karl Widerquist. Surprisingly, given its importance, the exit argument itself has not been subjected to much systematic analysis by basic income advocates. In this paper we critically examine the exit argument and suggest that, under current economic conditions, an exit strategy might end up worsening rather than strengthening the opportunity set and bargaining position of the most vulnerable workers.

  • 25.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Palme, Joakim
    The Generational Welfare Contracts: Justice, Institutions and Outcomes2017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This groundbreaking book brings together perspectives from political philosophy and comparative social policy to discuss generational justice. Contributing new insights about the preconditions for designing sustainable, inclusive policies for all of society, the authors expose the possibilities of supporting egalitarian principles in an aging society through balanced generational welfare contracts.

  • 26.
    Boonstra, Wiebren J.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Björkvik, Emma
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    The quality of compliance: investigating fishers' responses towards regulation and authorities2017In: Fish and Fisheries, ISSN 1467-2960, E-ISSN 1467-2979, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 682-697Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A substantial amount of scientific effort goes into understanding and measuring compliance in fisheries. Understanding why, how and when fishers follow or violate rules is crucial for designing effective fishery policies that can halt overfishing. Non-compliance was initially explained almost exclusively with reference to economic and self-interested motivations. More recently, however, most explanations involve a combination of economic, social, political and environmental factors. Despite this recent development towards more holistic explanations, many scientists continue to frame the issue in binary terms: fishers either follow rules, or they don't. In this article we challenge this binary interpretation and focus attention on the diversity of fishers' dispositions and perceptions that underpin compliant behaviour. To this aim we construct a typology of fishers' responses towards regulation and authorities, thereby developing conceptual tools to understand different motivations and attitudes that underlie compliance outcomes. For this purpose, we identify the motivational postures of 'creativity' and 'reluctance', and then highlight their empirical relevance with an interview study of Swedish fishers. Reasons for studying the quality and diversity of fishers' motivations and responses are not purely academic. Conceptualizing and observing the quality of compliance can help policymakers and managers gauge and anticipate the potentiality of non-compliant fishing practices that may threaten the resilience of marine ecosystems.

  • 27. Hohlenberg, Johannes
    et al.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Erik, Christensen
    Anthroposophical Reflections on Basic Income2007In: Basic Income Studies, Vol. 2, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the 1930s Danish author and painter Johannes Hohlenberg (1881–1960)

    published several essays in defense of an unconditional income for all. These original writings, strongly influenced by Rudolf Steiner’s anthroposophy, are not widely known. This article makes two of Hohlenberg’s essays on this topic available in English translation for the first time. The first part of this article introduces Hohlenberg’s ideas, followed in section two by English translations of the two Hohlenberg essays: Samfundsarven (The Heritage of Society) (1934) and Dersom nogen ikke vil arbejde, så skal han heller ikke have føden (He who Does not Work, Neither Shall He Eat) (1937).

  • 28.
    Österblom, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Merrie, Andrew
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Metian, Marc
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Boonstra, Wiebren J.
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Blenckner, Thorsten
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Watson, James R.
    Rykaczewski, Ryan R.
    Ota, Yoshitaka
    Sarmiento, Jorge L.
    Christensen, Villy
    Schlüter, Maja
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Gustafsson, Bo G.
    Stockholms universitet, Baltic Nest Institute.
    Humborg, Christoph
    Stockholms universitet, Baltic Nest Institute.
    Mörth, Carl-Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Baltic Nest Institute.
    Muller-Karulis, Bärbel
    Stockholms universitet, Baltic Nest Institute.
    Tomczak, Maciej T.
    Stockholms universitet, Baltic Nest Institute.
    Troell, Max
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Folke, Carl
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Modeling Social—Ecological Scenarios in Marine Systems2013In: BioScience, ISSN 0006-3568, E-ISSN 1525-3244, Vol. 63, no 9, p. 735-744Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human activities have substantial impacts on marine ecosystems, including rapid regime shifts with large consequences for human well-being. We highlight the use of model-based scenarios as a scientific tool for adaptive stewardship in the face of such consequences. The natural sciences have a long history of developing scenarios but rarely with an in-depth understanding of factors influencing human actions. Social scientists have traditionally investigated human behavior, but scholars often argue that behavior is too complex to be repre-ented by broad generalizations useful for models and scenarios. We address this scientific divide with a framework for integrated marine social ecological scenarios, combining quantitative process-based models from the biogeochemical and ecological disciplines with qualitative studies on governance and social change. The aim is to develop policy-relevant scenarios based on an in-depth empirical understanding from both the natural and the social sciences, thereby contributing to adaptive stewardship of marine social-ecological systems.

1 - 28 of 28
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