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  • 1.
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Swedish Biodiversity Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hilding-Rydevik, Tuija
    Swedish Biodiversity Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    “A Thousand flowers are flowering just now” – towards integration of ecosystem services concept into decision making2018Ingår i: Ecosystem Services, ISSN 2212-0416, E-ISSN 2212-0416, Vol. 30, s. 181-191Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the integration of the ecosystem services (ES) concept in decision making.

    We use the three dimensions of learning to investigate the use of the ES concept.

    ES concept seems to meet several positive expectations put forward in science and policy.

    A main contribution from the concept may potentially be its function as a “boundary object”.

    Implementing ES into practice is a complex process and a multifaceted task.

  • 2.
    Szendro, Enrique
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Accumulation by Conservation: Conflicts between aquaculture, protected mangroves and small-scale fisheries in Marismas Nacionales, Mexico2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Brackish water ecosystems such as mangroves are among the most biodiverse in the world. The mangroves located in the Gulf of California, Mexico are not an exception. This sea has been studied several times due to its biodiverse coastal ecosystems, one of these sites being “Marismas Nacionales” or National Marshes in the southeast area of the Gulf, which was the focus of the thesis. Local fishing communities have been present in the area since pre-Hispanic times and the area became recognized for their abundant oyster, shrimp, and finfish yields during the XX century. Overexploitation of fisheries in Mexico and national financial crisis opened the door to neoliberal policy and law reforms which affected directly and still affect the subsistence, economy and political power of the fishers in the area. Because of the neoliberal reforms, shrimp aquaculture became an important economic activity in and around the region of Marismas Nacionales by the end of the 1980s. By the 1990s international and national protection, instruments were implemented to revert the damages and pressures created by overexploited fishers, as well as by the new aquaculture practices introduced in the ecosystem, giving Marismas Nacionales the status of the biosphere reserve. The figure of biosphere reserve has reverted the damages in the ecosystem while preserving the communal land inside of it. Nevertheless, since the biosphere reserve does not cover the whole ecosystem, the political boundaries of the biosphere reserve have also been detrimental for the ecosystem and local fishers’ land tenure that remained outside of it, creating an inside/outside effect. The study was done considering the perspectives of the actors involved, mainly the fishers in the area through semi-structured interviews gathered using a snowball method, through second-hand sources collection and literature review. The analysis was done through the political ecology and political economy perspectives to examine the conflicts that were found. The neoliberal laws from the period between 1986 and 1992 have not stopped the depletion of fisheries in the Marismas Nacionales ecosystem. Additionally, with the combination of a lack of formal credit schemes leading to an exploitation by permit holders and middlemen; fishers, in particular, free fishers, in the Marismas Nacionales ecosystem have become vulnerable, as well as scapegoats for the shortcomings of the flawed policies. The most affected fishers inside Marismas Nacionales ecosystem where found outside the limits of the biosphere reserve, demonstrating the deficiencies of the biosphere reserve. Additionally, I claim that conservation instruments and areas around Mexico could potentially become part of a process of primitive accumulation which could end up in privatizing those areas as seen in other places around the world. Moreover, shrimp aquaculture seems to benefit from the conservation policies. Further research is advised in regulatory processes and conservation law schemes, as well as an accurate implementation in the Marismas Nacionales wetlands, that considers all those implicated.

  • 3.
    Westin, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    Hellquist, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    Allt är inte möjligt, men inget är heller förutbestämt: Föreställningar om makt i medborgardialogens praktik och teori2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Makt är ett centralt begrepp i diskussionerna om medborgardialogers risker och möjligheter. Vissa menar att dialogerna kan ge förutsättningar för samskapande mellan medborgare, politiker och planerare, där konsensus ersätter maktrelationer. Medan andra hävdar att dialogerna är skendemokratiska tillställningar som legitimerar rådande maktordningar. I den bitvis polariserade diskussionen om makt i medborgardialoger lyser planerares egna erfarenheter med sin frånvaro. Syftet med den här studien är därför att tillgängliggöra och analysera en planerares erfarenheter av att hantera maktrelationer under en medborgardialog om utvecklingen av Lina Sandells park i Uppsala. Därigenom är vår avsikt både att sprida erfarenheter från medborgardialogens praktik och att dra ut teoretiska implikationer avseende makt i medborgardialoger. I den här rapporten publiceras planerarens berättelse i sin helhet och rapportförfattarna analyserar berättelsen med avsikt att rekonstruera de föreställningar om makt som reflekteras i berättelsen.Planerarens berättelse ger oss inblick i en praktik med kritisk udd riktad mot orättfärdig maktskillnader. Samtidigt får vi en känsla för hur medborgardialogens genomförande kräver pragmatiska avväganden mellan dilemman, där det bästa inte bör bli det godas fiende. Det är en praktik bortom både de deterministiska förutsägelserna om att dialoger tjänar de rådande maktordningarna och de naiva föreställningarna om att vi alltid bör ersätta maktrelationer med konsensus. Därmed lär oss berättelsen att allt inte är möjligt, samtidigt som inget är förutbestämt. Den illustrerar vad det innebär att ta sig an makt i medborgardialoger med ett kritiskt pragmatiskt förhållningssätt.Vår studie och andra studier visar att planerare ställs inför många olika typer av maktrelationer och att de därför behöver tillgång till en mångfald av konceptuella verktyg för att analysera maktrelationer. Vi anser därför att det sökande efter universella svar på frågor om makt och en allmängiltig teori om makt som kännetecknar delar av planeringsteorin inte är så fruktbart ur planerares perspektiv. Forskare bör förstås fortsätta att granska varandras försök att förstå makt och sträva efter att förfina sina respektive teorier. Men mer fokus behöver läggas på att överbrygga olika traditioner och teorier för att utveckla den breda palett av begrepp, definitioner och teorier som planerare behöver för att hantera de maktdilemman de ställs inför.

  • 4.
    Hållenius, Gustav
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Analys av bottensediment från västra Gotlandsbassängen i Egentliga Östersjön2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten ämnar undersöka bottensediment bärgade från ett område i västraGotlandsbassängen i Östersjön. Östersjön är ett ansträngt bräckvattenhav medutbredda övergödningsproblem, döda bottnar och hotad biologisk fauna. Söktaresultat berör fosforhalt, förekommande metaller, mineralsammansättning,kornstorleksfraktioner samt organisk halt för ett projekt där målet ärsedimentbärgning för betongindustrin och brytning av fosfor som arbetar motövergödning med kretslopp och cirkulär ekonomi. Detta uppnås med följandeanalysmetoder: ICP-MS, XRD, TGA och laserdiffraktometer tillsammans med RISE CBI. Analyserna visade att sedimentet är ett finsediment med en hög organisk halt ochkan klassificeras som postglacial siltgyttja och innehåller 1,63 mg/kg TS fosfor.Förekommande mineral är albit, kvarts och glimmer. Metaller som påträffades var,men inte uteslutande kisel, 214000 mg/kg TS, aluminium 80600 mg/kg torrt sediment(TS) och järn 49900 mg/kg TS. Under diskussionen hanteras renings-ochseparationsprocesser för fosfor och metaller, av vilka Bio-P metoden ochhyperackumulerande växter tas upp.

  • 5.
    Rodriguez Ewerlöf, Ivana
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Användning av byggnadsinformationsmodellering (BIM) för effektivare klimat- och livscykelanalyser av byggnadskonstruktioner2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Byggprocesser och produktionen av byggmaterial orsakar stora delar av världens och Sveriges växthusgasutsläpp. För att uppnå en hållbar utveckling är det av stor vikt att minska klimatpåverkan från byggnadskonstruktioner. Genom att göra klimat- och livscykelanalyser av byggnader i tidiga designskeden ökar möjligheten att påverka design, material- och produktval för att minska klimatpåverkan.

    I denna studie undersöktes hur byggnadsinformationsmodeller (BIM) och BIM-metodik kan användas för ökade möjligheter att effektivt utföra klimat- och livscykelanalyser av ingående byggnadsmaterial iterativt under projekteringsprocessen. Två 3D-modeller importerades till två verktyg för klimat- och livscykelanalyser, Bidcon och One Click LCA. Mängdavtagningen från objekten i modellen till båda LCA-verktygen fungerade automatiskt medan kopplingen mellan objekten och databaser med miljöpåverkansdata för byggobjekt och material innebar mycket handpåläggningsarbete. Processerna förutsätter att modellerna innehåller någon information om de ingående materialen i modellens objekt, vilket därför bör kravställas under projekteringen. För att kopplingen mellan materialbeskrivningar och databaser i LCA-programmen ska ske mer automatiskt bör materialen eller objekten benämnas standardiserat, till exempel med BSAB-koder, ett klassifikationssystem från Svensk Byggtjänst. Benämningarna bör sedan kunna kopplas automatiskt till poster i databaser för effektivare klimat- och livscykelanalyser. 

    Även intervjuer utfördes, i syfte att undersöka hur metodiken för integrering av BIM och LCA kan tillämpas i byggprojekt. Möjligheten att tillämpa detta i konsultföretag beror på beställarens krav samt i vilka skeden och discipliner konsulterna arbetar. Integreringsprocesser av BIM- och LCA-verktyg borde kombineras med interdisciplinära möten för bättre resultat. Detta tillsammans med ökad efterfrågan på klimat- och livscykelanalyser, exempelvis för att uppnå miljöcertifieringar, kan öka motivationen att använda metodiken. På så sätt kan byggnadsinformationsmodellering användas för effektivare klimat- och livscykelanalyser vilket bidrar till minskad klimatpåverkan från byggnadskonstruktioner.

  • 6.
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Smithers, Richard J.
    Ricardo Energy & Environm, Didcot OX11 0QR, Oxon, England..
    Bialowieza Forest: Political stands2018Ingår i: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 359, nr 6376, s. 646-646Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Kremer, A.
    et al.
    Alfred Wegener Inst, Helmholtz Ctr Polar & Marine Res, Bremerhaven, Germany..
    Stein, R.
    Alfred Wegener Inst, Helmholtz Ctr Polar & Marine Res, Bremerhaven, Germany..
    Fahl, K.
    Alfred Wegener Inst, Helmholtz Ctr Polar & Marine Res, Bremerhaven, Germany..
    Ji, Z.
    State Ocean Adm, Inst Oceanog 2, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Yang, Z.
    State Ocean Adm, Inst Oceanog 2, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Wiers, S.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Matthiessen, J.
    Alfred Wegener Inst, Helmholtz Ctr Polar & Marine Res, Bremerhaven, Germany..
    Forwick, M.
    UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Tromso, Norway..
    Lowemark, L.
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden..
    O'Regan, M.
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Chen, J.
    State Ocean Adm, Inst Oceanog 2, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Snowball, Ian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Changes in sea ice cover and ice sheet extent at the Yermak Plateau during the last 160 ka - Reconstructions from biomarker records2018Ingår i: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, E-ISSN 1873-457X, Vol. 182, s. 93-108Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Yermak Plateau is located north of Svalbard at the entrance to the Arctic Ocean, i.e. in an area highly sensitive to climate change. A multi proxy approach was carried out on Core PS92/039-2 to study glacial interglacial environmental changes at the northern Barents Sea margin during the last 160 ka. The main emphasis was on the reconstruction of sea ice cover, based on the sea ice proxy IP25 and the related phytoplankton - sea ice index PIP25. Sea ice was present most of the time but showed significant temporal variability decisively affected by movements of the Svalbard Barents Sea Ice Sheet. For the first time, we prove the occurrence of seasonal sea ice at the eastern Yermak Plateau during glacial intervals, probably steered by a major northward advance of the ice sheet and the formation of a coastal polynya in front of it. Maximum accumulation of terrigenous organic carbon, IP25 and the phytoplankton biomarkers (brassicasterol, dinosterol, HBI III) can be correlated to distinct deglaciation events. More severe, but variable sea ice cover prevailed at the Yermak Plateau during interglacials. The general proximity to the sea ice margin is further indicated by biomarker (GDGT) - based sea surface temperatures below 2.5 degrees C.

  • 8.
    Strindevall, Linda
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Coherence between National and International Environmental Policies – the case of Sweden2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Policy coherence is receiving increasing attention due to the interconnectedness, urgency and global character of the challenges that humanity faces today. Policy coherence provides an effective approach to tackle the complex macrochallenges of today since it entails achieving policies from different levels and sectors striving towards the same objectives in a supportive and reinforcing manner, producing an effective and long-lasting response to the challenges. Considering the broad, ambitious and universal Agenda 2030, policy coherence is of greater importance than ever before. This study investigates the policy coherence between Agenda 2030 and the national level looking into the case of Sweden with focus on the environmental dimension of sustainable development by evaluating the coherence between the environmental SDGs and Sweden’s national environmental quality objectives. Coherence between the two policy levels is evaluated using a qualitative data analysis by comparing official policy documents from respective policy agenda and applying the OECD’s (2016) Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development framework to Sweden. The conclusion indicates that the policy agendas fit together in a reasonable way but has the potential to be more coherent. Urgency is seldom addressed, but rather challenges are pointed out as critical and taking action is noted as significant. Both of the policy agendas address the interconnectedness of the challenges, the SDGs in a vague manner pointing out ‘links’ and the national environmental quality objectives in a more detailed manner pointing out more specific examples. The global character of the challenges is addressed in both of the policy agendas, more so in the SDGs than the national environmental quality targets. Incoherence is at times difficult to point out due to the vague terms used in Agenda 2030 compared to Sweden’s national policy. However, the vagueness of Agenda 2030 seems to serve a function whereas the country specific goals go into further detail according to the context. Despite the difficulty, results show that a broader perspective would benefit both policy agendas in addressing the global challenges coherently, since it consequently implies that the concept of policy coherence is applied at a larger scale.

  • 9.
    Gallagher, Andrew
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Cultivating Social Capital in Thessaloniki: Contesting neoliberal governance on Urban Agricultural Gardens2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The economic crisis of 2008 and subsequent implementation of austerity policies in Greece has had profound negative socio-economic impacts on Greek citizens. One way people seek to improve their socio-economic conditions is through participation in community organisations that have been studied for their ability to provide access to resources and representation. Through the application of a conceptual framework that connects the concepts of Social Capital and empowerment, this thesis investigates in what ways participation in Urban Agricultural Gardens (UAGs) in Thessaloniki benefits citizens. Specifically, the research aims to identify in what ways the formation of social relationships on these organisations produces and distributes Social Capital and whether this has empowering effects on individuals. The research positions itself within an ongoing discussion in what is referred to as a ‘neoliberal transition’, where in the last two decades social movements have increasingly contested forms of neoliberal governance and sought alternative forms of social organisation. Using empirical data from two Urban Agricultural Gardens in Thessaloniki, this thesis further investigates in what ways citizen empowerment may lead to contestations of neoliberal governance. While Social Capital was found to be generated at both organisations, there were differences in the ways it was produced and distributed. Stronger social ties were formed at PERKA due to an organisational structure that was conducive to social interaction. Similarly, narratives of contestation were found to be intensified by the physical and ideational practices at the organisation.

  • 10. Lowe, Robert
    et al.
    Andreasson, Rebecca
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Alenljung, Beatrice
    Lund, Anja
    Billing, Erik
    Designing for a wearable affective interface for the NAO robot: A study of emotion conveyance by touch2018Ingår i: Multimodal Technologies and Interaction, ISSN 2414-4088, Vol. 2, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 11.
    Apler, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Geological Survey of Sweden.
    Dispersal and environmental impact of contaminants in organic rich, fibrous sediments of industrial origin in the Baltic Sea2018Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The health of the Baltic Sea is negatively affected by hazardous substances such as metals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs), which include legacy pollutants that were banned decades ago, but still circulate in the ecosystem. Elevated levels of legacy pollutants, identified by HELCOM as key hazardous substances, have been found in accumulations of fibrous sediments, so-called fiberbanks and fiber-rich sediments, which derive from old pulp mills along the Swedish north coast. The fiberbanks are deposited in shallow water and bathymetrical models show evidence of their erosion, potentially caused by propeller wash, submarine landslides and gas ebullition. This thesis addresses the potential dispersal of key substances from three fiberbank sites located in a non-tidal Swedish estuary, in which metals and POPs are present in concentrations that may pose a risk for benthic organisms. Metals and POPs are partitioned to organic material and, as expected, show the highest partitioning coefficients (KD) in fiberbanks that have higher TOC levels compared to adjacent areas with fiber-rich sediments (natural clay sediments mixed up with fibers) or relatively unaffected postglacial clays. However, many analytes were found to be present in quantifiable concentrations in pore water, which indicates diffusion of substances from the solid phase to the aqueous phase. To assess the dispersive influence of an abrupt erosional event on dispersion, metals were measured in undisturbed bottom water and in bottom water disturbed by artificial re-suspension of fibrous sediments. The bioavailable, dissolved fraction of metals decreased in bottom water after re-suspension, probably due to the particle concentration effect. In contrast, the total concentrations of metals and number of quantifiable metals increased with particle concentration caused by re-suspension. At one station, the total concentration of chromium (Cr) was elevated to a level where it may lower the ecological status of the water body during periods of substantial erosion (e.g. spring floods or submarine landslides). Analyses of disturbed bottom water revealed, however, that minerogenic particles were preferentially re-suspended compared to organic. This suggests that physical erosion and re-suspension of fiberbank sediments might have a larger effect on dispersal of metals than on POPs.

    Delarbeten
    1. Distribution and dispersal of metals in contaminated fibrous sediments of industrial origin
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Distribution and dispersal of metals in contaminated fibrous sediments of industrial origin
    (Engelska)Ingår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Submitted
    Nyckelord
    Fiberbank, fiber-rich sediments, metals, bottom water, pore water, dispersal, sorption
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-349805 (URN)
    Projekt
    TREASURE
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Forskningsrådet Formas, 214-2014-63Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning (SGU), 362-1493/2013Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning (SGU), 411-1578/2013
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-02 Skapad: 2018-05-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-02
    2. Persistent organic pollutants in wood fiber contaminated sediments from the Baltic Sea
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Persistent organic pollutants in wood fiber contaminated sediments from the Baltic Sea
    Visa övriga...
    (Engelska)Ingår i: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Submitted
    Nyckelord
    Chlorinated pollutants, organic carbon, fibrous sediment, pore water, pulp and paper emissions.
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Naturvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-349824 (URN)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Forskningsrådet Formas, 214-2014-63
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-02 Skapad: 2018-05-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-02
  • 12.
    Kuchler, Magdalena
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Global Energy Systems.
    Bridge, Gavin
    Durham University, United Kingdom.
    Down the black hole: Sustaining national socio-technical imaginaries of coal in Poland2018Ingår i: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the socio-technical imaginaries surrounding infrastructures of coal mining and coal combustion in Poland. Contemporary policy makers in Poland mobilise a national imaginary inherited from communist times – encapsulated in the slogan ‘Poland stands on coal’ – that fuses infrastructures of coal extraction and combustion with the fate of the nation. This socio-technical imaginary provides support for coal futures, even in the face of contradictory evidence for domestic resource depletion, poor regional air quality, and global climate change. To examine this process, the paper brings research on socio-technical imaginaries into conversation with work on resource materialities. It highlights how certain materialities of coal (abundance, accessibility, energy density, location) were integral to the emergence of a national socio-technical imaginary of modernisation via coal; and how other materialities (declining resource quality, effects of emissions on respiratory health, coal as CO2-in-waiting) now collide with the political strategies of a government determined to reassert ‘black gold’ as a bedrock of national development for years to come. The paper considers how contemporary political efforts to rehabilitate coal and secure its future in Poland draw selectively upon a socio-technical imaginary of coal-fuelled national modernisation.

  • 13.
    Naunova, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Education for Sustainable Development for Everyone: Massive Open Online Courses and global, climate literate, sustainable citizens2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contributes to knowledge about how Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) as educational online platforms can be utilized in achieving the purposes of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). Starting out from a view that, in the face of global challenges every individual is an important actor with agency to drive for necessary social changes, the overall ambition of this thesis is to investigate the role of MOOCs, as a specific form of online learning, in empowering and enabling learners to acquire the competences needed to take responsible actions and informed decisions in a rapidly changing, interdependent and unequal world. More specifically, this thesis aims at providing a deeper insight into the question of whether the pedagogic approaches used in ESD (learner-centered, action-oriented and transformative learning) and the learning processes that they promote, can be incorporated in the MOOC environment. This issue holds importance due to the global and intergenerational character of ESD where providing access to training and learning for sustainable development for all is vital. In this respect, MOOCs have been envisioned as revolutionary in the provision of access to education to a wider audience. Nevertheless, the “massive” part of MOOCs could pose a challenge in connection to ESD, due to the fact that ESD is not easily generalized and aims at upholding local relevance. Therefore, this thesis also looks into the question of the implications posed by scale and the issue of scalability when investigating how MOOCs can enable the application of ESD pedagogic approaches, thus also contributing to the achievement of the purposes and learning objectives of ESD and Climate Change Education as its constituent part. Utilizing a case study methodology, the MOOC in Climate Change Leadership at Uppsala University is chosen as a case example of the MOOC learning environment and learning circumstances. By conducting a content analysis of the MOOC materials as presented on the online platform, and developing an analytical framework based on the ESD pedagogic approaches, this thesis reaches the conclusion that some aspects of the ESD approaches benefit from the networked environment and large-scale participation in the MOOC environment, while the incorporation of others is more challenging and asks for further research and improvement of the MOOC learning environment in order for them to provide for the optimal learning circumstances and outcomes in connection to ESD.

  • 14.
    Islami, Lander
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Education for Sustainable Development in the Kosovo: The Voice of Youth2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this project is to explore the state of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) in Kosovo, from a student's perspective. The education system in Kosovo has for some years undergone reform. The principles of Education for Sustainable Development have been incorporated in ministerial policy and the curriculum. Throughout the past years, numerous research papers and reports have assessed the practice of ESD in Kosovo. An assessment of the voice of youth regarding this topic seems to be lacking. This project contributes towards filling this gap. The results of this study show that official policy in Kosovo makes reference to ESD, yet educational practice remains far from living up to what is desirable and doable in terms of ESD. By and large, this study suggests there is a large gap between the rhetoric of ESD in the education system in Kosovo and the actual practice in schools. Further research is hence needed to provide a more in-depth and representative analysis of ESD in the Kosovo education practice. Moreover, this study concludes that it is increasingly important to recognize the opinion of young people, they are marginalized and have been left out of the decision making about the future of the country. More importantly, youth will determine what Kosovo will be in 10-20 years and therefore they should be heard more strongly and more often.

  • 15.
    Eriksson, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Bergman, Elsa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    En älv till låns: De strategiska samverkansprocesserna mellan ICEHOTEL och dess intressenter sett ur ett miljöperspektiv2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbar utveckling är en grundpelare inom ICEHOTEL:s verksamhet och ett uppmärksammat begrepp i samhället. För att kunna driva sin verksamhet behöver ICEHOTEL samverka med sina intressenter. Tidigare forskning uppmärksammar dessa samverkansprocesser och talar även om hur ICEHOTEL:s arbete med hållbar utveckling skapar intresse bland aktörer såsom leverantörer och gäster. Med detta i åtanke är studiens syfte att kartlägga nätverket som ICEHOTEL verkar inom och studera hur samverkansprocesser mellan hotellet och dess intressenter påverkar ICEHOTEL:s förmåga att upprätthålla en hållbar verksamhet. Studien har baserats på material från intervjuer samt en observationsstudie som gjordes på ICEHOTEL i Jukkasjärvi. Intressenterna identifierades till “government”, “customers”, “employees”, “media”, “competitors” och “suppliers”. Undersökningen resulterade också i en förståelse att ICEHOTEL vidtar många åtgärder för att minska sin klimatpåverkan och att alla intressenter påverkar detta arbete på olika sätt genom att både möjliggöra och begränsa hotellets arbete. Vidare har alla intressenter både en ekonomisk och miljömässig påverkan på ICEHOTEL och studien visar att det finns ett samspel mellan dessa två typer av inverkan. Avslutningsvis menar denna studie att ytterligare begrepp för att förklara syftet med samverkansprocesser är nödvändigt då samverkan är ett icke-neutralt begrepp med skiftande betydelse.

  • 16.
    Hureau, Alexandre
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Exploring opportunities for the improvement of recycling behaviours in universities: The case of the Blåsenhus campus of Uppsala University2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As the environmental footprint of humans continue s to grow, and the amount of easily available resources keeps dwindling, many countries and institutions have turned towards the concept of circular economy as a way of diminishing their impact on the environment. Based in the idea of closing the resource loop by reducing the need for new resources, increasing efficiency, and reusing resources that are already extracted, many efforts have gone towards transforming our sys tem towards a circular economy. Unfortunately, recycling, identified as a vital part of the move towards circular economy, has been found to be less than optimal in many countries, despite efforts to improve the system. This study examines methods of improving environmental and recycling behaviour in the context of a university setting, the Blåsenhus campus of Uppsala University. Identifying barriers to remove and incentives to apply through a series of focus groups, this study then runs a trial period wher e measures are implemented. These include ads on the campus’ monitors, as well as posters indicating the benefits of recycling, as well as the impacts of failing to do so, information sheets clearly indicating how to recycle the most commonly misplaced ite ms, and the movement of certain bins to make recycling easier to access in relation to the burnables bins. The findings of this study are that the combined use of barrier removal along with the implementation of incentives, can be beneficial to the rates at which waste is recycled.

  • 17.
    Plummer, Ryan
    et al.
    Brock Univ, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, St Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada;Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Baird, Julia
    Brock Univ, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, St Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada;Brock Univ, Dept Geog & Tourism Studies, St Catharines, ON, Canada.
    Bullock, Ryan
    Univ Winnipeg, Dept Environm Studies & Sci, Winnipeg, MB, Canada;Univ Winnipeg, Ctr Forest Interdisciplinary Res, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.
    Dzyundzyak, Angela
    Brock Univ, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, St Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada.
    Dupont, Diane
    Brock Univ, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, St Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada;Brock Univ, Dept Econ, St Catharines, ON, Canada.
    Swartling, Asa Gerger
    Stockholm Ctr, Stockholm Environm Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johannessen, Ase
    Stockholm Ctr, Stockholm Environm Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Huitema, Dave
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Inst Environm Studies, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Lyth, Anna
    Univ Tasmania, Sch Land & Food, Geog & Spatial Studies, Hobart, Tas, Australia;Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Maroochydore, Australia.
    Zurita, Maria de Lourdes Melo
    Univ Sydney, Sch Geosci, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.
    Munaretto, Stefania
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Inst Environm Studies, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Smith, Timothy
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling. Brock Univ, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, St Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada;Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Maroochydore, Australia.
    Thomsen, Dana
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling. Brock Univ, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, St Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada;Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Maroochydore, Australia.
    Flood Governance: A multiple country comparison of stakeholder perceptions and aspirations2018Ingår i: Environmental Policy and Governance, ISSN 1756-932X, E-ISSN 1756-9338, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 67-81Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Flooding is routinely among the most disastrous annual events worldwide with extensive impacts on human wellbeing, economies and ecosystems. Thus, how decisions are made about floods (i.e. flood governance) is extremely important and evidence shows that it is changing, with non-governmental actors (civil society and the private sector) becoming involved in new and sometimes hybrid governance arrangements. This study investigates how stakeholders perceive floods to be governed and how they believe decision-making ought to occur, with the intent of determining to what extent changing governance is evident on the ground and how well (or poorly) it aligns with desired governance arrangements. Flood governance stakeholders were surveyed in five flood-prone geographical areas from Australia, Canada, Italy, the Netherlands and Sweden. The findings suggest that a reconfiguration of flood governance is underway with relatively little consensus regarding the specific arrangements and mechanisms in place during this transitionary period. Across the five cases, stakeholders indicated that they wanted flood governance to be organized at multiple levels, with strong government involvement and with diverse actor groups, and through mechanisms that match the involvement of these actors, with a lack of desirability for some specific configurations involving the private sector in particular. There was little alignment between stakeholder perceptions of governance currently in place and their desired arrangements, except for government involvement. Future research directions highlight the importance of the inclusion of stakeholder perspectives in assessing flood governance, and following the transition in flood governance over time. Copyright (c) 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment

  • 18.
    Almquist, Isabelle
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindblom, Ellen
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Framtidens miljöhjältar: En undersökning av hur Skolverkets läroplan igenkänns i barns uttryck kring miljö- och hållbarhetsfrågor2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna C-uppsats presenteras en kvalitativ fallstudie där barns sätt att uttrycka sig i miljöfrågor undersöks. Studien behandlar även barnens relation till naturen. För detta ändamål har fem barn ur en förskolegrupp intervjuats. Intervjuer har även gjorts med förskolepersonal i syfte att ge inblick i förskolans arbete med miljö- och hållbarhetsfrågor. Skolverkets perspektiv på vad barn ska förstå inom miljöfrågor synliggörs genom analyser av målen i Skolverkets läroplan för förskolan. Resultatet visar att läroplanens mål delvis kan igenkännas i barnens sätt att uttrycka sig om miljö och natur. Genom studien åskådliggörs även utmaningar och möjligheter kopplade till implementeringen av läroplanens miljörelaterade mål. Tidsbrist och svårigheter i att tolka läroplanen identifieras som de främsta utmaningarna för förskolepersonalen. Ur ett ECESD-perspektiv finns dock goda möjligheter att uppnå läroplanens mål med till synes enkla medel. Vidare behandlar studien problematiken i att översätta barns uttryck till ett mått på deras förståelse.

  • 19.
    Hodell, Frida
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Geografi utan framtid – en framtid utan geografi?: En kvalitativ studie om vilken roll hållbar utveckling och framtidsfrågor spelar i geografiundervisningen på gymnasieskolan2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbar utveckling har länge varit integrerat i den svenska läroplanen och det framgår där att samtliga ämnen ska dela på detta ansvar. Trots att begreppet betonas i styrdokument finns det en risk att det bortprioriteras eller glöms bort eftersom inget ämne har något huvudansvar och det inte finns någon form av kontroll att det tas upp i skolorna. Vissa geografer menar därför att geografiämnet bör ta just detta ansvar för hållbar utveckling då det skulle ge geografiundervisningen en röd tråd samtidigt som hållbar utveckling skulle få en tydlig inramning. I tillägg menas det att såväl hållbar utveckling som geografiämnet behöver få ett tydligare framtidsperspektiv för att förbereda dagens ungdomar för morgondagen. Syftet med denna studie är därmed att diskutera vilken roll geografi har i förhållande till hållbar utveckling, samt på vilket sätt utbildning för hållbar utveckling kan bedrivas inom ämnet. Studien har genomförts genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med geografilärare samt med både elever som läser geografi på gymnasiet och elever som inte gör det. Resultatet visar att synen på geografiämnets roll i förhållande till hållbar utveckling bland lärarna och eleverna skiljer sig åt. Lärarna förknippar geografi med hållbar utveckling i större grad än eleverna. Eleverna som läser geografi på gymnasiet förknippar geografi mer med hållbar utveckling än de elever som inte läser geografi, vilka förknippar hållbar utveckling främst med naturvetenskapliga ämnen. Varken elever som läser geografi eller de som inte gör det anser att de diskuterar framtidsperspektiv i sin undervisning och för att elever ska ta till sig budskapet av hållbar utveckling behöver begreppet solidaritet få en större roll i utbildningen.

  • 20.
    van Schaik, Florian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Global satellite data as proxies for urbanization in flood prone areas2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Delta regions are typically characterized by their high population density, low elevation, and risk of flooding. Long term planning and preparation is needed to mitigate the adverse effects of floods. Disaster management planning and flood protection measures require information about urbanization patterns, but this information is lacking in many parts of the world. Global satellite data could potentially aid or replace local urbanization data in such data scarce areas. This master thesis assesses the suitability of two global satellite datasets to serve as proxies for urbanization in flood prone areas: the Global Human Settlement (data for 1975, 1990, 2000 and 2014) and stable Nighttime Lights data series (annual data, 1992-2013). The assessment is performed through comparison of spatial-temporal urbanization trends of the global datasets with a previous study performed in the Netherlands using detailed local data. These spatial-temporal trends involve the share or urban area that is situated in flood prone zones and the average inundation depth. Through analysis based on Geographic Information Systems it was found that the Global Human Settlement data series indicates a stable increase in the percentage of urban area in flood prone zones from 31.60% in 1975 to 36.54% in 2014. Potentially, this increase results from the flood protection measures installed between 1954 and 1997. The Nighttime Lights data series shows values of around 36% throughout its time period, with no clear increase or decrease. These values are on average 15-17% higher over the whole time series than the values found with the use of the local data. The Global Human Settlements dataset shows values for the average inundation depth from 1.47m in 1975 to 1.72m in 2014, similar to the local data. The increase could be explained by the fact that only areas with higher inundation depths are available for urbanization. The Nighttime Lights does not show a clear trend with values ranging from 1.52m to 1.70m and large annual variation. Overall, the suitability of the Global Human Settlement dataset is higher than the stable Nighttime Lights dataset for this study area as it shows values more similar to the local data and does not require prerequisite threshold analysis, which is the case for the Nighttime Lights data.

  • 21.
    Habibi Shahbolaghi, Sanaz
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    GMO perceptions among Swedish stakeholders and their implication on the acceptance of a new biotechnological advancement2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    With the global population expected to reach more than 10 billion by the year 2050, one of the global challenges will be in meeting the growing food demand. Coupled with the effects of climate change on the environment, the world will need plant varieties that can adapt to changing environmental conditions to meet the food production challenge. A viable option to aid food production is using genetic modification for more specific plant breeding and crop optimization. The usage of genetic modification has been highly debated since the course of its first developed commercialized crop. The consumer concerns, stringent regulations and rigorous testing genetically modified crops face, may be circumvented with the legally undefined development of new biotechnological advancements such as CRISPR. This study aims to investigate whether arguments used against GMOs from different stakeholders and antiGM NGOs in Sweden are applicable to the CRISPR technique. Through content analysis of policy documents of influential stakeholders and a literature review of the scientific literature, major concerns with GMOs are identified and their applicability to the CRISPR technique analyzed. This study finds that the most prevalent reservations against GMOs do not apply to the new biotechnology, although the applicability and in effect acceptance of CRISPR among Swedish stakeholders depends on its legal classification, which the European Commission has yet to determine. The findings in this study also indicate that the reservations against GMOs are based on misconceptions and that if CRISPR falls into the same legal category, it will be subject to the same obstacles in its implementation. The implications of its categorical classification may in addition affect a possible utilization of CRISPR among Swedish crop producers in taking part in the global food production challenge. This study concludes that while the prevalent reservations against GMOs do not apply to CRISPR, its acceptance may solely rely on its legal classification and as such there is a need for a closer look on the regulations around the various biotechnologies, as well as a need for better biotechnological communication between researchers, decision makers and consumers.

  • 22.
    Johansson, Emelie
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Lindqvist Wallén, Pernilla
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Hållbar utveckling i förskolan: En empirisk fallstudie som synliggör hur hållbar utveckling behandlas i förskolans undervisning och om barns möjlighet till inkludering i det hållbara arbetet.2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att belysa hur hållbar utveckling och återanvändning behandlas i olika undervisningssammanhang utifrån de tre undervisningstraditionerna; faktabaserade, normerande och pluralistiska. Studien synliggör även barns delaktighet i det hållbara arbetet. Förskolans läroplan är tolkningsbar och eftersom hållbar utveckling inte nämns explicit i dokumentet kan uppfattningen, över vad hållbar utveckling är, variera. Bakgrunden till studien är att vi vill undersöka hur hållbar utveckling och återanvändning praktiseras, i de två förskolorna vi undersökt, som mål för undervisningen. Studiens material samlades in av oss studenter, genom anteckningar samt aktivt deltagande i undervisningen. Resultatet visar att den normerande och den pluralistiska undervisningstraditionen dominerade i projekten medan den faktabaserade undervisningstraditionen fick minst utrymme.

  • 23.
    Stiwenius, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Hållbar utveckling i gymnasieskolan: En diskursanalys av hållbar utveckling i gymnasiekursen geografi 12018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to examine how textbooks that are used in the upper secondary school course geography 1, construct the term sustainable development. Four textbooks, as well as the curriculum for the course have been analyzed from a Foucaultian perspective of a discourse analysis. In the study both texts and pictures have been analyzed to understand how textbooks create the concept of sustainable development. The results show that the curriculum defines sustainable development as a central part of the course, but also describes other things that relate to the term without necessarily defining it as sustainable development. The textbooks presented a few themes that is relatable to sustainable development. Firstly, it is clear that sustainable development is a good thing and that it is something the reader is to strive for. It does so by promoting a lifestyle that is in line with sustainable development. Secondly, the textbooks present the difference between rich and poor countries and gives the picture that if we, the rich, help the poor people, then we will reach a sustainable development. Lastly the textbooks present faith in technological advancement as the solution to reach sustainable development.

  • 24.
    Pettersson, Louise
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Unnebäck, Tea
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Hållbarhet för att behålla kund?: En undersökning om förekomsten av CSR hos B2B- och B2C-företag2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns, både bland individer och företag, ett ökat intresse och en ökad medvetenhet kring betydelsen av hållbar utveckling. Detta har exempelvis inneburit att förväntningarna som ställs på företag har skiftat, från enkom ett fokus på vinstmaximering till att verksamheterna även förväntas bidra till en positiv samhällsutveckling. Därför har intresset för begreppet och fenomenet Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), företagens samhällsansvar, ökat. Den tidigare litteraturen har huvudsakligen fokuserat på varför CSR kan vara värdeskapande för ett företag och hur företag kommunicerar ut och skapar CSR. Denna uppsats fokuserar på varför företag väljer att bedriva CSR-arbete, och därför undersöks vilken sorts företag som väljer att jobba med CSR. Uppsatsen studerar om business-to-business-företag, B2B, och business-to-consumer-företag, B2C, väljer att utföra samt kommunicera ut att de ska genomföra olika mängder av CSR-arbete, och undersöker därmed om intressentgruppen kunder påverkar nivån av CSR hos företaget. För att svara på frågan används multipel OLSregression, med omsättning samt bransch som kontrollvariabler. Studien använder ett index över hur mycket CSR-arbete företag noterade på large cap-segmentet på Stockholmsbörsen sommaren 2017 har utfört och säger sig ska utföra. Resultaten visar att B2B-företag både utför mindre CSR-arbete samt kommunicerar ut att de ska utföra mindre CSR-arbete än B2Cföretag. 

  • 25.
    Höök, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Mapping Chinese Supply2018Ingår i: Nature Energy, ISSN 0028-212X, E-ISSN 2213-0217, Vol. 3, nr 3, s. 166-167Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Documenting the emissions and net energy of a crude supply could be essential to meeting national emission and energy security targets. Using data from hundreds of fields worldwide, a well-to-refinery study presents a high-granularity profile of China’s crude oil supply in terms of emissions and energy return on input.

    Publikationen är tillgänglig i fulltext från 2018-08-27 08:56
  • 26.
    Hellquist, Alexander
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    Westin, Martin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    Medborgardialog om komplexa samhällsfrågor: Delrapport 2 från följeforskarna2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna andra delrapport redovisar resultat från den följeforskning som Uppsala universitet bedriver för att stödja SKL:s projekt för att utveckla metoder för medborgardialog om komplexa samhällsfrågor 2015-2018. Rapporten fokuserar på medborgardialoger som har genomförts i Stockholmsstadsdelen Enskede-Årsta-Vantör, Linköping, Fagersta och Svenljunga. Rapporten bygger på deltagande observation av dessa medborgardialoger under 2016 och första halvåret 2017; enkäter till deltagare i dialogerna i Fagersta och Svenljunga; analyser av skriftligt material från alla kommuner i nätverket samt observationer från de nätverksmöten som SKL arrangerat för erfarenhetsutbyte mellan kommunerna. Studierna avser en kort tids arbete med dialoger, som visserligen har avslutats i en första iteration men som i flera av kommunerna troligen kommer att fortsätta i någon form framöver. Därför gör rapporten inte anspråk på att beskriva långsiktiga resultat och effekter.

  • 27.
    Jieying, Shi
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Modeling response of glacier discharge to future climate change, Gacier No.1, Ürümqi2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 80 poäng / 120 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Glaciers are known to be prone to climate change. The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China, has approximately 20,000 glaciers, which accounts for half number of glaciers in China. One of important function of glacier is that it provides meltwater, therefore, the glacier response to a warming temperature in this area is becoming critical to be investigated in relation to water sustainable development. The Ürümqi Glacier No.1 (UG1), as one of the most important glaciers, has a dominant role of providing meltwater for the capital city, Ürümqi. In this thesis, the Distributed Enhanced Temperature Index Model (DETIM) was employed, and calibrated to perform UG1’s historical discharge pattern. Then the calibrated discharge model was grafted to future climate projection of four Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) from fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), in order to investigate UG1’s water supply potential in the future. Moreover, UG1’s water supply role was discussed under a dynamic interaction between water supply and human society in the end. The result showed that the computation meltwater volume is between 121 million m³ to 131 million m³ in 35 years, from 2016 to 2050.

  • 28.
    Lougheed, Bryan C.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Uppsala UniUniv Paris Saclay, IPSL, LSCE, CEA,CNRS,UVSQ, F-91190 Gif Sur Yvette, France.
    Metcalfe, Brett
    Univ Paris Saclay, IPSL, LSCE, CEA,CNRS,UVSQ, F-91190 Gif Sur Yvette, France;Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Earth Sci, Fac Sci, De Boelelaan 1085, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Ninnemann, Ulysses S.
    Univ Bergen, Dept Earth Sci, Allegaten 41, N-5007 Bergen, Norway.
    Wacker, Lukas
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Lab Ion Beam Phys, Otto Stern Weg 5, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland.
    Moving beyond the age-depth model paradigm in deep-sea palaeoclimate archives: dual radiocarbon and stable isotope analysis on single foraminifera2018Ingår i: Climate of the Past, ISSN 1814-9324, E-ISSN 1814-9332, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 515-526Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Late-glacial palaeoclimate reconstructions from deep-sea sediment archives provide valuable insight into past rapid changes in ocean chemistry. Unfortunately, only a small proportion of the ocean floor with sufficiently high sediment accumulation rate (SAR) is suitable for such reconstructions using the long-standing age-depth model approach. We employ ultra-small radiocarbon (C-14) dating on single microscopic foraminifera to demonstrate that the long-standing age-depth model method conceals large age uncertainties caused by post-depositional sediment mixing, meaning that existing studies may underestimate total geochronological error. We find that the age-depth distribution of our C-14-dated single foraminifera is in good agreement with existing bioturbation models only after one takes the possibility of Zoophycos burrowing into account. To overcome the problems associated with the age-depth paradigm, we use the first ever dual C-14 and stable isotope (delta O-18 and delta C-13) analysis on single microscopic foraminifera to produce a palaeoclimate time series independent of the age-depth paradigm. This new state of the art essentially decouples single foraminifera from the age-depth paradigm to provide multiple floating, temporal snapshots of ocean chemistry, thus allowing for the successful extraction of temporally accurate palaeoclimate data from low-SAR deep-sea archives. This new method can address large geographical gaps in late-glacial benthic palaeoceanographic reconstructions by opening up vast areas of previously disregarded, low-SAR deep-sea archives to research, which will lead to an improved understanding of the global interaction between oceans and climate.

  • 29.
    Strömme, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Nanoteknologi och funktionella material.
    Nanoteknik gör material som skapar hållbar utveckling2018Ingår i: Gjuteridagarna 2018 / [ed] Svensk Gjuteriförening, 2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 30.
    Balciuniene, Dovile
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Nord Stream 2 project debate in light of the three pillars of the EU energy policy: security of supply, competitiveness and sustainability2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy and its policy has been a priority for the EU since its establishment. The EU indicates the competitiveness, sustainability and security of supply to be the core pillars of energy policy, which guide energy projects and their implementations in the EU territory. Nonetheless, disagreements and different opinions on the natural gas transmission pipeline Nord Stream 2 reveal that the solidarity in terms of energy policy is not apparent. Hence, the purpose of this study is to reveal how the framings of the project are constructed by the most vocal actors - the EU institutions, Germany, Poland and Russia – in order to indicate implications of the frames to the future of the project and the EUenergy policy. The purpose of the study is achieved by adopting energy security concept as theoretical lens and frame analysis as a primary method of research. The study reveals that the actors frame the project in terms of energy security dimensions and energy security logics. The study concludes that the actors prioritize security of supply pillar to the largest extent and thus it poses complications to attain a currently core element of the EU energy policy – sustainability, and implement the NS2 project due to the lack of solidarity among actors.

  • 31.
    Petersson, Klara
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    (O) Hållbar undervisning?: En studie om begreppet hållbar utveckling inom ämnena geografi och naturkunskap på gymnasieskolan2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbar utveckling har på senare år fått en allt större roll i skolan. Främst har detta skett genom konceptet UHU -utbildning för hållbar utveckling, som ska prägla innehållet i utbildningen, men även sedan tre år tillbaka genom FN:s Agenda 2030. I Agenda 2030 lyfts FN:s globala mål fram, varav ett riktar sig till utbildning - att denna ska främja hållbar utveckling och möjliggöra hållbara livsstilar. Uppsatsen ämnar därför undersöka skillnader och likheter mellan två ämnen i gymnasieskolan, geografi och naturkunskap, när det kommer till vilka kunskaper de förmedlar angående hållbar utveckling. Detta för att se om de elever som inte läser geografi, eventuellt går miste om kunskap gällande hållbar utveckling. Undersökningen utfördes med hjälp av ämnesplaner och läroböcker, metoden som tillämpades var kvalitativ textanalys. Ännu en aspekt som togs in var huruvida läroböckerna gav möjlighet till utbildning om och för hållbar utveckling. Om syftar till att lära eleven om hållbar utveckling, medan för syftar till att påverka elevens livsstil. Analysen visade att geografi berör fler aspekter av hållbar utveckling, men främst håller sig till utbildning om hållbar utveckling. I naturkunskapen berörs istället färre aspekter, dessa gav dock i högre grad möjlighet till utbildning för hållbar utveckling.

  • 32.
    Wachtmeister, Henrik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Henke, Petter
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Höök, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Oil projections in retrospect: Revisions, accuracy and current uncertainty2018Ingår i: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 220, s. 138-153Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Scenarios and projections are important for decision and policy making. Accuracy of past projections can be useful for both scenario users and developers, for insight on current projection uncertainty, and for guiding improvement efforts. This paper compiles projections of oil production, oil prices and upstream investments from the years 2000 to 2016 from the annual World Energy Outlook by the International Energy Agency, and investigates revisions and accuracy of past projections and implied uncertainty of current ones. Revisions of world oil production, price and investments have been motivated by a combination of demand and supply factors. Downward revisions are mainly allocated to OPEC, while recent upward revisions are due to unconventional oil, in particular US tight oil. Non-OPEC conventional projections have been stable. Price and investments have been revised mostly upwards. Projection accuracy follows the size and directions of these revisions, with high accuracy for Non-OPEC (mean absolute percentage error of 4.8% on a 5 year horizon) and low for OPEC (8.9%) and unconventional (37%). Counteracting error directions contribute to accurate total World oil supply projections (4%) while price projections have low accuracy (37%). Scenario users should be aware of implied uncertainty of current oil projections. In planning and decision making, uncertainty ranges such as those presented here can be used as benchmarks. Scenario developers should focus improvements efforts on three areas in particular: tight oil, OPEC and new technology.

  • 33.
    Manero Ruz, Alejandro
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Our Future Destinations: Backcasting for Sustainable Tourism2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The tourism industry has continuously grown in the last fifty years, promoted economic growth and created jobs (UNWTO, 2017). Nevertheless, this industry is impacting and greatly stressing natural environments and societies inciting a transformation towards a more sustainable form of tourism practices (Williams & Ponsford, 2009).

    The United Nations General Assembly declared 2017 as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development (UNWTO, 2016). The purpose of the declaration was to position the tourism industry as a tool to address the Universal 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (UNWTO, 2016).

    A backcasting participatory approach was used to explore the roles of the SDGs in creating future sustainable tourism destinations, using Swedish Lapland as a reference. The study uses backcasting as a method together with a literature review and semi-structured interviews to key stakeholders. The study concludes that SDGs are good parameters to describe current scenarios in order to develop desired ones. It also finds that sustainable future tourism destinations are highly connected with environment and society as part of the core experience, resecting traditions and culture. In order to achieve sustainable future destinations legislation, better practices and alternative methods of transportation need to be implemented alongside creating an experience that is based on responsibility towards nature and societies.

  • 34.
    Hanindyawan Handoko, Jody Raditya
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Presence and Quality of Catch and Release Information and Guidelines on Fishing Tourism Operators' Websites in Sweden2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract:

    Recreational fishing is one of popular outdoor activities and a growing business in Sweden. However, preceding researches had shown that recreational fisheries may contribute to overfishing as much as commercial fisheries. One of the ways to reduce anglers’ impact on fish populations is the practice of releasing caught fish (catch and release; C&R). C&R is often seen as an ethical and sustainable way of fishing that supports fish conservation. Anglers may obtain C&R information and guidelines from different sources, such as fishing club, fishing magazines, state agencies. As the internet is increasingly becoming an important source for anglers to obtain updated fishing information, fishing tourism operators could be a principal actor to provide C&R information and guidelines through their websites. At the same time there is lack of information on the presence and quality of C&R information at Swedish websites. As international tourists are important group of anglers that use tourism operators’ services, and due to the language limitation of the author, this study focused on websites in English language. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the presence and quality of C&R information and guidelines in English language provided by fishing tourism operators’ websites in Sweden. The study followed the quantitative content analysis approach by assigning categories and counting the frequencies in the text found on the fishing tourism operators’ websites. First, the websites were scanned to check if C&R information was present. Then, the number of clicks needed to retrieve this information was counted to measure its accessibility. Finally, a C&R information quality score was calculated by adding up scores based on different type and quality of the information found on the websites, including 12 criteria of the C&R best practice guidelines developed by Sims and Danylchuk (2017). The study found that 66 out of 151 analyzed websites provided C&R information and guidelines which generally easily  accessed (two clicks on average). However, in general the websites had a low average quality score of the C&R information and guidelines. Moreover, there was a high variability in how the information was presented on the websites, suggesting lack of standardized guidelines that fishing tourism operators could refer to. Consequently, there is a need to encourage and support more fishing tourism operators to provide a high quality C&R information and guidelines on their websites.

  • 35.
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Rönnbäck, Patrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Recreational fishing for sea trout – for whom and to what value?2018Ingår i: Fisheries Research, ISSN 0165-7836, E-ISSN 1872-6763, Vol. 204, s. 380-389Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 36.
    Kallio, Emmi-Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Responsibility for sustainability within tourism – an emerging discourse2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The tourism industry is at a pivotal point in time, where the potential and threats associated with the industry have gained global attention. While the field provides numerous development opportunities by being one of the largest global industries, the tourism industry’s contribution to universal threats such as global warming and climate change has been acknowledged. As a response, the industry and academia have experienced a shift towards discourses of sustainable tourism, or more recently responsible tourism, where stakeholders aim to embark on a path of holistic sustainability. The global significance of tourism’s potential to foster sustainable development has further been recognized by the assignment of 2017 as the International year of Sustainable Tourism for Development. At the core of the sustainable tourism debate lies the notion of responsibility, particularly the notion of various stakeholders’ responsibility for sustainability within tourism. Within this paradigm, consumers play a central role, as consumers can guide industry action with their travel related choices. Yet, there is a notable discrepancy between consumer attitudes about sustainability and their travel related behaviour and the disparity begs the question of how consumers perceive their own responsibility for sustainability in a tourism context.

    This study set out to explore the emerging discourse of responsibility for sustainability within tourism by examining how the notion has been addressed, constructed and framed within academia and the industry, with a particular interest in the framing of consumer responsibility for sustainability. Seven themes with additional subthemes of notions about responsibility for sustainability were identified through a literature review consisting of 132 peer-reviewed journal articles and two book chapters. Furthermore, an interpretive content analysis of the recently launched UNWTO Responsible Traveller campaign was carried out. The findings suggest that responsibility for sustainability within tourism has emerged as its own, distinct discourse characterized by an ambiguous and complex nature where the notion of responsibility is influenced by the surrounding context, prevailing social norms and individual identity. While responsibility for sustainability is recognized as the responsibility of all tourism stakeholders, the results suggest that consumers in particular abrogate themselves from a responsibility for sustainability in a tourism context and consequently, the industry is seen to lie in a state of lock-in. The findings indicate that there is a need to re-establish how and by whom responsibility for sustainability is constructed and framed within tourism, while notions of sustainable lifestyles and global citizenship should be fostered together with new social norms that challenge the prevailing status quo.

  • 37.
    Björkskog, Beatrice
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Samtal om människan och naturen: en ansats till tolkning av Läroplanen för grundskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmen 20112018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen studeras utvalda delar i Läroplanen för grundskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet 2011, utifrån kunskapsmålet att elever i utgången av årskurs 3 ska samtala om människan och naturen i skönlitteratur, myter och konst. Tolkningen av begreppen människa och natur är betydelsefulla för att samtalens innehåll ska harmonisera med läroplanens värdegrund och syfte. Forskningen inom det specifika området är begränsat och riktar sig främst  mot undervisning för hållbar utveckling. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten för arbetat vilar i den ekokritiska litteraturteorin. Med stöd i en kritisk diskursanalytisk metod visar den här undersökningen att det finns fler olika positioner för läraren att inta till begreppen människa och natur. Vidare diskuteras vad det skulle kunna innebära i en transformering av läroplanens begreppsliga innehåll i syfte att lyfta fram en didaktisk relevans för uppsatsen.

  • 38.
    Vingmarker, Viktoria
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Seeing is believing is doing?: On the role of future-oriented imagination in developing motivation for a sustainable lifestyle2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental and climate-related sustainability challenges facing the world today are complex, accelerating and urgent, and they call for change from multiple stake­hol­ders. While govern­ments, busi­nes­ses and other insti­tutions hold a high degree of responsibility for initia­ting and enabling the neces­sary change processes towards sustainable practices, so do also individuals and com­munities. Despite inno­va­tive change projects worldwide much remains to be done. However, making changes is difficult for many people, and even more so in situations characterised by uncertainty. In this study the role of future-oriented ima­gination in motivating changes towards sustainable lifestyles was explored through an experimental intervention design. Test group participants were exposed to a guided imagination of a sustainability scenario in the year 2028, followed by a writing assignment allowing them time to en­ga­ge with how they see their own future life. The control group spent the same amount of time listening to a guided present-day reflection and writing about their current everyday life. Pre- and post-intervention, both groups comp­leted lifestyle question­naires. The pre­-­­inter­­vention ques­tion­naire constituted the baseline assessment against which their post-inter­ven­tion questionnaire results (which was asking both groups to record the lifestyle decisions they thought they would be making in the year 2028 on the same behaviours as in the pre-intervention questionnaire) were compared to check for reported degrees of changes. Besides their expected lifestyle changes, their predicted future personal change and degree of pro-environmental self-identity in the year 2028 was measured. The results show that test group participants, who were exposed to the future-oriented imagination, reported a substantially higher degree of future lifestyle changes and future pro-environ­mental self-identity than the control group, as well as predicting a higher degree of future personal change. Future-oriented imagination seems to be a potent pathway for eliciting future-oriented sustainability enga­ge­ment while avoiding some of the risks of negative spillover. This suggests that future-oriented imagination can play an important role in developing motivation for sustainable lifestyle changes, and that it can be a complement to other psychological drivers for pro-environmental behaviours.

  • 39.
    Wahlund, Jessica
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Walldén, Sonja
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Social hållbarhet för en ny stadsdel: Visioner och utmaningar i Rosendal2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Social hållbarhet tolkas på olika sätt och det är svårt att förstå vad det faktiskt innebär. Det har visat sig att det dessutom är något som ofta bort-prioriteras i stadsbyggnadsprojekt till förmån för ekologiska och ekono-miska aspekter. Kommuner har idag höga ambitioner gällande hållbar stadsutveckling men den sociala dimensionen är svår att hantera. I den nya stadsdelen Rosendal i Uppsala fokuserar kommunen på hållbarhet och sociala värden ska främjas.

    Detta examensarbete har genomförts i samarbete med Uppsala kommun med syfte är att undersöka och utvärdera hur byggherrar tol-kar och implementerar kommunens ambitioner och frågeställningar om social hållbarhet för Rosendal, etapp två. Faktorer som kan åsidosätta den sociala hållbarheten granskas liksom definitionen av begreppet. Må-let med studien är att ge Uppsala kommun ett underlag för att fortsätta sin utveckling inom social hållbarhet men också att andra aktörer upp-märksammar och inkluderar detta i sitt hållbarhetsarbete.

    Fyra representanter inom byggherreföretag som ämnar bygga i Rosendal etapp två, intervjuas. För att få ytterligare ett perspektiv på social hållbarhet intervjuas även en professor i hållbar stadsutveckling. Resultatet från dessa intervjuer bearbetas i analysen med stöd från en litteraturstudie och dokumentgranskning.

    Denna studie visar att social hållbarhet tolkas olika i branschen, det är därför viktigt att försöka skapa en mening och definiera begreppet. Att anpassa varje stadsbyggnadsprojekt efter det lokala behovet resulte-rar i konkreta lösningar. För byggherrarna handlar social hållbarhet ofta om miljön utanför huset, de offentliga rummen och hur de är samman-kopplade. Uppsala kommun har en tydlig vision för Rosendal men den behöver smalnas av. Att bostäderna blir för dyra är en faktor som riske-rar att åsidosätta den sociala hållbarheten. En tänkbar åtgärd för detta är att kommunen förtydligar hur utvärderingen av kriterierna i markanvis-ningen går till. Det krävs samarbeten mellan flera aktörer, politiska be-slut och ett helhetstänk för att ambitionen om ett socialt hållbart område ska uppnås. För att erhålla en bredare uppfattning om hur situationen i byggbranschen ser ut just nu bör vidare undersökningar med mer omfattande intervjustudier utföras.

  • 40.
    Vidal, Arturo Martin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Sustainable Urban Mobility: Transportation Solutions for Future Urban Environments2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of urban mobility, where urban areas are defined as diverse and complex locations with a metabolism composed of multiple components and subsystems. Currently, more than 60% of the world’s population live in urban areas, a number expected to grow significantly. Most cities are unsustainable and often in ecological deficit; cities over- consume or pollute their natural resources, while unequal distribution of resources also occur. Thus, leading to serious economic and social imbalances, something that is possible to appreciate in developing nation-states. With population growth and economic concentration in urban areas, transport policies are forcing governments to seek innovative solutions for shaping and re-shaping existing and future transportation systems. Transport infrastructure related to congestion, accidents, local air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) is a challenge for many major cities in the world. This study covers the political and socio-economical processes with regards to the environmental challenges in the Peruvian transport system. It includes an analysis of the strategies and indicators of good governance by the central, metropolitan and local governments, with the aim of identifying the main drivers and barriers to improving the current transport system in Lima. It is important to highlight that urban mobility is an important component of urban planning and is constituted by the urban transport system, land use, traffic management, inter-modality, accessibility and public space management, among other things. The appropriate approach to urban mobility joins the vision of a city with citizenship (Ministerio de Vivienda 2016). From an Urban Political Ecology (UPE) perspective, one can appreciate that the transport system in Lima seems directly derived from complex social, economic and political relations and where environmental challenges are less vocal (Robbins 2012). And seen from the Entrepreneurial or innovative state and as described by Schumpeter, the role that a state or governments hold is crucial in a well-functioning society in the context of a capitalism society. An efficient government is vital in providing goods and services, rules and institutions for ensuring that the market grows, as well as directing citizens to a more prosperous life. Without such a government, sustainable development in social and economical aspects is impossible. However, the results of this study not only presents several challenges to the structure of the national, regional and local governments in Lima, but also the various dimensions to these challenges that exist. These insights are important to highlight and address, as moving towards an urban transformation that is sustainable and durable will require considerable intervention from governments to achieve substantial reductions in GHG emissions.

  • 41.
    Janzon, Tove
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    The quest for sustainability – a critical reading of permaculture literature2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The permaculture concept was coined by Australian scientists Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in 1978. In the beginning, permaculture was presented as a framework for designing self-sustaining cultivation systems which mimic natural ecosystems in as much as possible, in order to make the most use of existing natural resources and minimize the harm done to nature by the agricultural processes. Today, the scope of permaculture has widened to also entail the designing of sustainable social systems and permaculture claims to propose holistic and practical solutions to sustainability challenges of different varieties, not only food production but also financial investment and political organisation. This is reflected in the permaculture ethics which serve as important guidelines to permaculture proponents. The ethics are: 1) care for the earth, 2) care for people and 3) a fair share (of resources). The permaculture ethics resemble the three commonly cited sectors of sustainable development: society, environment and economy. The possible similarities between permaculture and sustainable development initiated this research, which examines whether permaculture could be helpful in promoting sustainable development. To assess this, a critical reading of key permaculture literature was conducted. John Dryzek’s interpretation of sustainable development was used as a lens in the reading. Findings from the research material were also subjected to a linguistic analysis built upon selected elements of the critical discourse analysis (CDA) model, to further support and guide the critical reading. Results show that while permaculture and sustainable development do agree on certain aspects, they carry profound differences in terms of worldviews and visions of what a future, sustainable world should ideally look like. It is therefore unlikely that permaculture could be used to promote sustainable development.

  • 42.
    Ingvarsson, Josef
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Towards a Zero Waste Vision using Insects – Urban Farming producing New Values in a Swedish Supermarket2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The premise of the thesis is that current food systems are unsustainable. In fact, as the global population continues to rise, food systems are under greater strain to deliver quality output in a sustainable way. In sustainable food systems, effective use of agricultural land and reducing food waste are central, as stipulated by Agenda 2030 target to reduce food waste by 50 % to 2030. Insects have gained attention for their ability to effectively convert feed, including feed from food waste, to edible products. Framed by a literature review and an analysis of food waste data from a Swedish supermarket, the ability to rear three insect species, House Cricket (Acheta Domesticus), Yellow Mealworm (Tenebrio Molitor) and Black Soldier fly (Hermetia Illucens) on food waste is examined. The three insect species with the addition of laying hens are also the grounding for evidence-based scenarios. The results indicate that the Black Solider Fly can be reared on unprocessed food waste while the House Cricket requires food waste treated for higher levels of protein and phosphorus and the Yellow Mealworm food waste supplemented by external products such as yeast, carrots or wheat bran. The result from the scenarios shows that substantial amounts of edible output can be produced by providing the insects and laying hens vegetable food waste from the supermarket. The conclusion of this thesis highlights the potential of using insects and laying hens as feed converters in integrated production systems to recover energy and nutrients from food waste and thereby contribute to a food system that produces more output using less land and with less negative environmental impact.

  • 43.
    Svalfors, Ulrika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen, Tros- och livsåskådningsvetenskap, Systematisk teologi med livsåskådningsforskning.
    Ungdomars erfarenheter som resurs för hållbar utveckling: Om utbildning för hållbar utveckling och religionskunskapsämnet i gymnasieskolan2018Ingår i: Prismet, ISSN 0032-8847, E-ISSN 2535-311x, Vol. 69, nr 1, s. 51-68Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel diskuterar hur ungdomars egna erfarenheter kan användas som en resurs i undervisning för hållbar utveckling inom religionskunskapen. Diskussionen sker mot bakgrund av en intervjustudie bland sistaårselever på fyra gymnasieskolor i Sverige. I dessa intervjuer framkommer det att ungdomar har gedigna erfarenheter av såväl engagemang som makt och uthållighet som är så pass integrerade  med ungdomars uppfattningar om sig själva att de kan betraktas som delar av deras livsåskådning. Dessa erfarenheter kan därmed utgöra en resurs i undervisning om hållbar utveckling, vilket blir tydligt i religionskunskapen. Hållbar utveckling är ett tema som kan bidra till att stärka elevernas hermeneutiska förmåga och till mångfald - centralt för religionskunskapen och nödvändig för en hållbar utveckling.

  • 44.
    Ekfeldt, Christopher
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Göhl, Siriann
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Munthe, Victor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Visualisering av klimatkompensation: Seeding Solar2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagsläget saknar ungefär 55 procent av befolkningen i Kenya elektricitet. Istället används fotogenlampor för att få ljus och värme i hemmet. Fotogenlampor är dyra, skadliga för hälsan och miljöovänliga. Med hjälp av solpaneler kan fler människor få tillgång till elektricitet på ett miljövänligt sätt. Seeding solar vill ge företag och privatpersoner möjligheten att investera i solpaneler för att få en positiv miljöpåverkan och klimatkompensera för sina eventuella utsläpp.

    Vi har skapat en prototyp av Seeding solars hemsida för att möjliggöra investeringar med återkoppling för företag och privatpersoner. Återkopplingen ges via en visualisering av de minskade koldioxidutsläppen, samtidigt som användaren får se hur många människor i Kenya som fått tillgång till elektricitet.

    Resultatet är en fungerande webbapplikation med visuell simulering av reducerat koldioxid för varje individuell investerare. Vi har forskat om miljöaspekter, utvecklat algoritmer och skapat en infrastruktur som stöder Seeding Solar på sitt uppdrag för att bidra till en hållbar utveckling.

  • 45.
    Stefansson, Lilly Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Wicked Problems and Educative Spaces for Urban Sustainability Transition: The Case Study of Housing Roar in Uppsala, Sweden2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    For the first time in history, the global urban population now exceeds the global rural population, meaning that more than 50 % of the world’s population now live in cities. Much attention has been paid to the discourse of sustainable development during the last decades, however, many environmental and social scientists point to an increasing problematic realted to climate change. Greehouse gas emissions are rising, water levels are rising and drought periods are becoming longer, and urban areas are becoming more and more populated. Due to an increasing urbanisation, cities now have the highest demand, compared to rural areas, for food, water, energy and healthcare. At the same time, cities are the biggest threats when it comes to environmental impacts, being responsible for 75 % of all resource consumption and 70 % of energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. Drawing from sustainability transition theory, new modes of political governance theory and finally, pragmatist educational theory, this paper attempts to analyze the type of learning taking place in political spaces that exist within an institutional void. Learning, as a concept, is in this paper relating both to the type or learning the participants in the case study are experiencing, as well as what society can learn concerning Urban Sustainability Transitions (USTs). The aim of this paper is to explore theoretically and empirically how political spaces of USTs may function as educative spaces. It poses as its research question: How can pragmatist educational theory be used to understand transition for sustainability in institutional voids? As a case study, Housing Roar Uppsala is investigated as a political space where learning occurs. Two meetings have been recorded and four semi- structured interviews have been made in order to analyze the conversations using Practical Epistemology Analysis. A dramaturgical analysis has also been made in order to understand the setting and staging in which the meetings took place. The paper identifies as its results that there is a lingering gap, a lack of knowledge, occurring throughout the meetings, which in turn leads to another gap: that nothing is happening within the network. Furthermore, the ultimate purpose of the network does not always correlate with the proximate purposes of the participants. This is a source for the lingering gap. Through these findings, this paper suggests that the structure of the meetings might not always be the most beneficial one when trying to transition into sustainability, however, it might be the only one participants have when faced with complex, wicked issues. Wicked issues are problems that do not have a simple, single solution. It also finds that the type of learning taking place within the network might be a negotiation of purposes between participants. Finally, the paper concludes that, in relation to USTs, the type of learning that is taking place is that perhaps a totally open, nonhierarchical, network-type organization in a completely open setting, that bans political figures and private companies from entering into the conversation is not the most successful way of reaching sustainability.

  • 46.
    Wachtmeister, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    World oil supply and unconventional resources: Bottom-up perspectives on tight oil production2018Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Oil is the world’s largest primary energy source. It dominates the transportation sector which underpins the world economy. Yet, oil is a nonrenewable resource, destined not to last forever. In the mid-2000s global conventional oil production stagnated, leading to rising oil prices and fears of permanent oil scarcity. These fears, together with the high prices, receded with the unforeseen emergence of a new supply source: tight oil.

    This licentiate thesis investigates unconventional tight oil production and its impacts on world oil supply in terms of resource availability and oil market dynamics, and in turn briefly discusses some possible wider economic, political and environmental implications of these impacts. The thesis is based on three papers. The first investigates the usefulness of bottom-up modelling by a retrospective study of past oil projections. The second looks at how unconventional tight oil production can be modelled on the well level using decline curve analysis. The third derives typical production parameters for conventional offshore oil fields, a growing segment of conventional production and a useful comparison to tight oil.

    The results show that tight oil production has increased resource availability significantly, as well as introduced a fast responding marginal supply source operating on market principles rather than political ones. The emergence of tight oil production has altered OPEC’s strategic options and led to a period of lower and less volatile oil prices. However, this condition of world oil supply can only last as long as the unconventional resource base allows, and, at the same time, total fossil fuel consumption will have to fall to limit climate change. It is concluded that this breathing space with lower oil prices could be used as an opportunity to develop and implement policy for an efficient managed decline of global oil use in order to achieve the dual goals of increased human economic welfare and limited climate change, and in the process preempt any future oil supply shortage. Unconventional tight oil production can both help and hinder in this endeavor. Accurate models and analyses of oil production dynamics and impacts are therefore crucial when maneuvering towards this preferred future.

    Delarbeten
    1. Oil projections in retrospect: Revisions, accuracy and current uncertainty
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Oil projections in retrospect: Revisions, accuracy and current uncertainty
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 220, s. 138-153Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Scenarios and projections are important for decision and policy making. Accuracy of past projections can be useful for both scenario users and developers, for insight on current projection uncertainty, and for guiding improvement efforts. This paper compiles projections of oil production, oil prices and upstream investments from the years 2000 to 2016 from the annual World Energy Outlook by the International Energy Agency, and investigates revisions and accuracy of past projections and implied uncertainty of current ones. Revisions of world oil production, price and investments have been motivated by a combination of demand and supply factors. Downward revisions are mainly allocated to OPEC, while recent upward revisions are due to unconventional oil, in particular US tight oil. Non-OPEC conventional projections have been stable. Price and investments have been revised mostly upwards. Projection accuracy follows the size and directions of these revisions, with high accuracy for Non-OPEC (mean absolute percentage error of 4.8% on a 5 year horizon) and low for OPEC (8.9%) and unconventional (37%). Counteracting error directions contribute to accurate total World oil supply projections (4%) while price projections have low accuracy (37%). Scenario users should be aware of implied uncertainty of current oil projections. In planning and decision making, uncertainty ranges such as those presented here can be used as benchmarks. Scenario developers should focus improvements efforts on three areas in particular: tight oil, OPEC and new technology.

    Nyckelord
    Oil projections, Scenarios, Revisions, Accuracy, Uncertainty, IEA
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap Energisystem
    Forskningsämne
    Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-347573 (URN)10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.03.013 (DOI)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Vetenskapsrådet, 2014-5246
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-04-04 Skapad: 2018-04-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-16Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Production Decline Curves of Tight Oil Wells in Eagle Ford Shale
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Production Decline Curves of Tight Oil Wells in Eagle Ford Shale
    2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Natural Resources Research, ISSN 1520-7439, E-ISSN 1573-8981, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 365-377Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study derives typical production curves of tight oil wells based on monthly production data from multiple horizontal Eagle Ford shale oil wells. Well properties initial production (IP) rate and production decline rate were documented, and estimated ultimate recovery (EUR) was calculated using two empirical production decline curve models, the hyperbolic and the stretched exponential function. Individual well productivity, which can be described by IP level, production decline curvature and well lifetime, varies significantly. The average monthly IP was found to be around 500 bbl/day, which yields an EUR in the range of 150-290 kbbl depending on used curve, assumed well lifetime or production cutoff level. More detailed analyses on EUR can be made once longer time series are available. For more realistic modeling of multiple wells a probabilistic approach might be favorable to account for variety in well productivity. For less detailed modeling, for example conceptual regional bottom-up production modeling, the hyperbolic function with deterministic parameters might be preferred because of ease of use, for example with the average parameter values IP = 500 bbl/day, D = 0.3 and b = 1 resulting in an EUR of 250 kbbl with a 30-year well lifetime, however, with the recognition that this extrapolation is uncertain.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    SPRINGER, 2017
    Nyckelord
    Tight oil, Shale oil, Well production, Decline rate, EUR, Eagle Ford
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Annan geovetenskap och miljövetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-323016 (URN)10.1007/s11053-016-9323-2 (DOI)000400644300007 ()
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Vetenskapsrådet, 2014-5246
    Tillgänglig från: 2017-06-14 Skapad: 2017-06-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-16Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Offshore oil: Investigating production parameters of fields of varying size, location and water depth
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Offshore oil: Investigating production parameters of fields of varying size, location and water depth
    2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, E-ISSN 1873-7153, Vol. 139, s. 430-440Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper derives empirical estimates of field depletion level, depletion rate, decline rate and characteristic time intervals in offshore oil production based on a global field-by-field database containing 603 offshore oil fields. Statistical distributions as well as arithmetic and weighted averages of production parameters are derived for different categories of fields specified by size, location and water depth. A significant tendency of small fields having higher depletion and decline rates is found. Similarly, OECD countries generally have higher rates compared to non-OECD countries. Trends related to water depth are not clearly distinguishable and require additional investigation of time related aspects. Resulting spreads in derived parameter estimates are found to be well described by positively skewed probability distributions. Also, in line with theory, a strong correlation between depletion and decline rate is found. According to the study, the net share of global offshore production from smaller and deeper fields is increasing. A continuation of these trends would likely have implications for future aggregate offshore production behaviour, most notably, increasing global aggregate decline rates.

    Nyckelord
    Offshore, Oil production, Depletion level, Depletion rate, Decline rate
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240057 (URN)10.1016/j.fuel.2014.09.012 (DOI)000345434700053 ()
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-01-08 Skapad: 2015-01-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-16
  • 47.
    Fuentes, Andrés
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Abolishing Stockholm’s Public Transport Fares2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The decrease of car emission levels has stagnated in the latter years in Stockholm, Sweden. Since the city’s publictransit system is highly developed via its large access to areas located in the city’s outskirts, it could serve as a tool topartially replace the city's car traffic and reduce emissions. This study therefore aims to examine expected travelbehavior changes from a fare-free public transport system and investigate potential limitations when increasing thepublic transport travel degree in Stockholm. The theoretical background consists of the mode choice theory thatdissects the reasons behind travel habits, and the zero-price effect which explains the effects from abolishing priceswhen purchasing a service product. The methodological approach was conducted through a random probabilitysurvey conducted in a face-to-face mix mode survey interviews in outdoor environments and via computer-assistedtelephone interviewing. The data was then analyzed through MS Excel and SPSS to extract patterns and correlations.The results thereafter implicated preferences from the survey participants implying their desire to primarily reduce orabolish the public transport fares, which would lead to significant travel habits changes among the majority ofrespondents. This would result in a high number of both frequent car drivers and frequent public transit commutersthat would commute more by public transit and drive less.

  • 48.
    Andersson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Accounting for foods’ nutritional value when implementing a climate tax on food2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing and increasingly more affluent world population leads to an increase in food demand putting pressure on the planet’s natural resources and contributing to anthropogenic climate change. At the same time, a large part of our population suffers from nutrition related non-communicable diseases. There is an urgent need to develop a food system which provides healthy and sustainable food for all. An increase of public policies and regulations within this area has been deemed important in this quest. However, climate impact and nutrient content can have an inverse correlation, if a climate tax which includes nutrition would be implemented this would need attention so that an increased consumption of unhealthy foods with low climate impact does not increase. Aim: The aim of this project is to evaluate different methods for accounting for food’s nutritional value when implementing a climate tax on food in order to avoid the risk of environmental fiscal policies leading to less healthy eating. The focus is on the use of nutrient indices, which concerns the characterizing of foods based on an assessment of their nutrient quality. The objective is to create a quantitative scoring arrangement based on nutritional information resulting in a composite index which could potentially be used to account for foods’ nutritional content when implementing a climate tax on food. Other methods to account for foods’ nutritional value in a climate tax are also evaluated such as Nyckelhålet, complementing the climate tax with a tax on single nutrients or food items or subsidies on healthy foods. Method: The different methods were evaluated according to the following criteria; capturing of ‘healthiness’, cost to implement the methods, practical concerns during implementation, transparency, credibility and scientific base, risk of driving undesirable consumption, risk for fraud and acceptance of the method among the general public. To investigate the possibility to use nutrient indices as a base for a health- and climate related food tax, a nutrient index applicable to Swedish conditions was designed. This index was called Swedish Nutrient Index [SNI] and when including foods climate impact, it was called Swedish Nutrient Index in relation to Climate Impact [SNICI]. Findings: Of the evaluated methods, nutrient indices capture ‘healthiness’ best but would be more complicated and costly to implement than using Nyckelhålet or a tax on single food items or nutrients. The acceptance and credibility might be higher for nutrient indices and Nyckelhålet than for the other methods and these methods would most likely lead to less unwanted consumption since a wider range of food items will be affected by the method. To create a nutrient index suitable for Sweden, like SNICI, is possible. It’s important that the method is objective, transparent and scientifically justifiable, something that can be difficult as there are so many choices to be made when designing a nutrient index. Conclusion: Nutrient indices captures ‘healthiness’ well and could be a useful yet complicated tool to include nutrition in a climate tax on food. When putting nutrition in relation to climate impact it is important that undesirable, unhealthy consumption does not appear caused by the fact that some foods high nutritional value can get offset by its large climate impact and that some foods with low nutritional value can get favoured if they have a small climate impact. Other methods for including food’s nutritional value such as Nyckelhålet, taxing single nutrients, single food items and/or subsidizing healthy food items could be a preferable option, mainly as it would be easier to implement. However, before introducing such a method in combination with a climate tax, a thorough assessments on the risk of undesirable consumption, health effects, practical implementation, cost, political- and public acceptance, scientific evidence, credibility and transparency would be needed. 

  • 49.
    Norrlander, Amanda
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Agents of Change or Not? A Case Study of Earthchild Project in South Africa.2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This present case study is exploring whether an Education for Sustainable Development initiative, as exemplified by the South African Earthchild Project (ECP), which is focused on yoga, environmental education and hiking, can empower children and enhance their agency to become agents of change for Sustainable Development. With empowerment and agency theories as a backdrop, a quasi-experimental design is adopted. A drawing method is used in combination with follow-up interviews with an experimental group (children exposed to ECP) and a control group (children not exposed to ECP). Additional data were collected by a focus group session, semi-structured interviews and participant observation. These additional sources are youth who have been members of ECP for numerous years. The findings of this research suggest that that children and youth who are exposed to ECP’s activities are more empowered and have more agency in terms of Sustainable Development than those who are not exposed. Taking into account the study’s limitations and imperfections, it can be concluded that ECP, using an ESD-inspired approach, is meeting its intended objectives.

  • 50.
    Svartson, Hanna
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    An investigation of what the changes in ISO 14001:2015 mean from an organisational perspective2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The implementation of an environmental management system such as the standard ISO 14001 is a common way to manage environmental responsibilities in an organisation. In 2015 ISO 14001 was updated with some major changes like Annex SL, management engagement, strategic engagement, risk-based thinking, life cycle perspective, improved environmental management and interested parties. The purpose of ISO 14001 is to improve the environmental performance of the organisation, but also to increase the degree of employee involvement and with that sustainable development can be supported through the implementation of the standard. The involvement of employees in an organisation with an environmental management system was studied at the Swedish University of Agricultural Science (SLU). By law a Swedish university must have an environmental management system. SLU has implemented ISO 14001 as their environmental management system and was chosen for the research.

    The applied methods were a literature review and case study where interviews and a survey were used. The changes in ISO 14001:2015 were investigated as a part of the literature review. In this method, review studies were investigated to see if any of the changes were discussed before the standard was updated. There was no found research that discussed if drawbacks of version 14001:2004 were actually taken into account when the newest version of the standard was produced. This subject therefore makes the study important to perform. Environmental coordinators were interviewed to find out if the changes in 14001:2015 supported increased participation in the standard. A survey was conducted with environmental coordinators at SLU to investigate how the changes in ISO 14001:2015 were viewed and if the results differed if performed from those obtained from a similar comparison at companies. The reason to study the effects of the changes in the standard at a university and to compare the results with companies is important since it is not optional for the university to adopt an environmental management system as it is for another type of organisation.

    Most of the discussed shortcomings from ISO 14001:2004 did match what was changed in the version from 2015. However, the review studies that were investigated did not discuss the life cycle perspective which was considered to be a major and important change. Therefore, this lack of discussion is viewed as a weakness in the review studies. It was also concluded that, even though employees did become involved to a greater extent in the environmental management system at SLU, it could not be made sure if it was because of the implementations of the changes in ISO 14001:2015. It was most likely because of the major work SLU had done the last three years when certifying the whole organisation. Instead, the conclusion was that it is important to work inclusively with the environmental management system and it seems that the more it is discussed in an organisation, the more employees will become involved. Lastly, it was seen in the thesis that a university and the studied companies viewed the environmental work both similarly and differently. Both thought that only small benefits would be the result of the implementation of the changes in ISO 14001:2015. What differed between the two groups of organisations was that SLU thought that the changes would not give any major difficulties while the companies on the other hand thought that it would create substantial extra work.

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