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  • 1.
    Andersson, Viktor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    A Swedish Nuclear Future: Using explorative scenarios to assess energy security in low-carbon electricity systems2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Positioned within the concepts of sustainable development and energy security, this study evaluates the prospects for Swedish electricity production to assist in reaching both national and international climate targets. The main purpose is to assess the capability of nuclear energy to form part of a national climate change mitigation approach, as well as a viable energy source for Sweden to rely on in the future. Swedish energy security is quantitatively analyzed from a scheme based on the 4 As of energy security and with the use of a two-dimensional decision matrix. Swedish electricity production has a long record of being characterized by high levels of reliability and performance. It is also almost entirely fossil free, a situation largely explained by the significant shares of electricity being generated from nuclear and hydropower. However, current national market conditions are causing a strained financial situation for the existing nuclear power plants. Therefore, this study also performs an explorative scenario analysis on what could happen to the Swedish energy system if certain factors were to experience substantial changes in the years to come. The results from the energy security analysis demonstrate that, in order to facilitate reaching established climate targets, all of the current main sources of power generation are viable to include in a national electricity mix. Furthermore, in maintaining the current electricity production, the scenario analysis highlights three factors which seem to be of particular importance. These are: production costs for different energy sources; public opinion regarding significant societal developments; and rising emissions taxes. The findings also indicate that nuclear energy constitutes a suitable and reliable source of base load electricity and that maintaining a diversified energy mix, in terms of energy security, is a sound pathway for Sweden to follow.

  • 2.
    van den Heuvel, Lotte
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    Rönnbäck, Patrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Blyth, Samuel
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Catch reporting in recreational fishing: Swedish anglers’ attitudes and preferences and the effect of social factors2020Ingår i: Fisheries Research, ISSN 0165-7836, E-ISSN 1872-6763, Vol. 223, artikel-id 105444Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 3.
    van den Heuvel, Lotte
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Fac Sci, Inst Sci Soc, Heyendaalseweg 135, NL-6525 AJ Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Blyth, Samuel
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Rönnbäck, Patrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Catch reporting in recreational fishing: Swedish anglers’ attitudes andpreferences, and the effect of social factors2020Ingår i: Fisheries Research, ISSN 0165-7836, E-ISSN 1872-6763, Vol. 223, artikel-id 105444Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recreational fishing activities have the potential to negatively affect fish populations worldwide, but data about fishing pressure is lacking in many countries. The Swedish government anticipates tackling this problem by implementing a national catch reporting program. Through an online survey among members of the Swedish Anglers Association (±60.000 members), this study gathers the attitudes and preferences of Swedish anglers (n=910) through a variety of statements relating to the potential introduction of a catch reporting program and investigates the effects of different social factors (consumptive orientation, motivations to fish, centrality to life and environmental attitude) on these attitudes and preferences. The results reveal that support for a potential catch reporting program was high for most anglers. Significant positive relationships were found between support for a catch reporting program and the sense of responsibility towards conservation issues, the desire to catch big fish and experiencing the environment as a motivation to fish. On the other hand, the desire to keep fish and catch large numbers of fish had a significant negative relationship with catch reporting support. Support for a mandatory catch reporting program increased with age, education level, income and years of fishing experience. Despite the generally positive attitude towards a potential catch reporting program, consumptive orientation, motivations to fish, environmental attitude and demographic characteristics were proven to play an important role in the anglers’ preferences towards catch reporting, and should not be overlooked when designing such a program. Our study shows that investigation of the social composition of an angler population is vital to obtain a better understanding of the diversity of attitudes and preferences towards recreational fisheries management, which can in turn facilitate implementation of management measures, such as catch reporting programs. Since this study focused only on members of the national angling association, who are likely more avid than non-members, additional research is needed to obtain results that are more representative of the total Swedish angler population.

  • 4.
    He, Lei
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Consumer Behaviour in Collaborative Consumption: A study of sustainable consumption behavioural change on the online sharing platforms for products2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The urgency for a drastic reduction in greenhouse gas emission is emphasised in the new Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, in order to maintain the security and sustainable development of humanity. As proposed in the report, changing individual consumption behaviour can considerably alleviate the environmental impact of consumption and emissions. However, transforming individual to sustainable consumption behaviour has proven over time to be a challenging task involving all aspects of the society and industry. Sharing practice is a form of collaborative consumption proven to be applicable in fulfilling user needs with minimised environmental impact and material consumption as well as creating a sustainable consumption behaviour. A case study is conducted on the online peer-to-peer stuff sharing platform to discover what challenges users to perform sharing practice, what influences the participation in sharing practice, and what strategy a platform can have to stimulate the participation in sharing practice. The method of this thesis is a qualitative content analysis of the user reviews from the online stuff sharing platform, and the approach is inspired by grounded theory. The findings of the thesis present the difficulties of platform users in sharing practice, i.e. information transparency, arrangement, quality, security, and user knowledge. Also, the findings state the factors underlying identified difficulties, namely social presence, competence in sharing practice, and platform responsibility. The study concludes with strategies that can be applied for optimising sharing practice and platform. Besides, the initiative of the platform is highlighted to create transformation toward sustainable consumption behaviour. Otherwise, the development of sharing practice can be jeopardised. Besides, further research is necessary to establish a holistic outlook of sharing practice and facilitating the transformation toward sustainable consumption.

    Publikationen är tillgänglig i fulltext från 2021-02-05 16:22
  • 5.
    Åslund, Tove
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Hade vi behövt agendan tidigare?: En undersökning av den nya stadsdelen Vega som hållbar stad utifrån Agenda 20302020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhällsplaneringen utgör en betydelsefull del för att kunna skapa en hållbar utveckling. I en tid när vi beskrivs som de sista med möjlighet att kunna stoppa klimatförändringar är det av största vikt att det som byggs idag strävar i rätt riktning. Som stöd för det arbetet antogs år 2015 Agenda 2030 med globala mål för en hållbar utveckling. Uppsatsen syftar därmed till att undersöka om ett byggnadsprojekt som byggs idag kan ligga i linje med att uppnå en stadsutveckling som bidrar till hållbara städer och samhällen, formulerat i mål 11 i Agenda 2030. En fallstudie av den nya stadsdelen Vega i Haninge kommun har genomförts där en kvalitativ metod har använts, genom analys av dokument och intervjuer med olika aktörer inom projektet. Litteratur som berör arbetet mot en hållbar utveckling används även i analysen för att förstå hur begreppet används vid planering och utförande. Resultatet som presenteras tyder på att det till följd av en utvecklad debatt och ökad medvetenhet om hållbar utveckling går att relatera Vegas hållbarhetsarbete till mål 11. Det finns både tydliga förutsättningar och hinder som grundar möjligheten att ligga i linje med denna målsättning, där verkligt intresse, kunskap, komplexitet och normativa värderingar är utmärkande.

  • 6.
    Rosvall, Max
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och industriell teknik, Industriell teknik.
    In Pursuit of Sustainability: Decentralized Renewable Energy Services in India2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the grand challenges of transforming the energy sector towards sustainability and harvesting the potential from decentralized solar PV, a holistic and systemic perspective is required. This study presents the case of decentralized renewable solutions in Karnataka India. The diffusion of solar home lighting systems has an environmentally, socially and financially positive impact. This study applies the interdisciplinary framework of Technological Innovation Systems (TIS) to explain the structural elements and system dynamics that create the enabling conditions for this diffusion. Five key mechanisms that induces the systems overall performance are identified: (1) A need-based approach that allows for the customization of solutions to the need of the customer; (2) The utilization of local knowledge and authority through local champions; (3) Relentless efforts to build and maintain the personal relations with the customers, partners and employees; (4) Having a strong network with high trust and wellestablished channels for communication enables the diffusion of learnings and innovations in the ecosystem; and (5) Work to build partnerships that is reinforced through a social mission to serve the underserved, which forms strong connections and increases the motivation among partners and employees. Key blocking mechanisms for an increased diffusion of solar home lighting systems are: Vague national and regional policies, damaged reputation for solar technologies through substandard solar products and installations, and decreased engagement from banks. The identification of both the inducing and blocking mechanisms has proved the value of examining system dynamics. Evaluating sustainability in the methods to diffuse sustainable technologies, and not only the technology itself, is an interesting insight from this study. These findings resonate with previous research calling for an expansion of the TIS framework to better explain system building and resource management activities.

  • 7.
    Gustavsson, Annie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Innehållet och lärarstudenterna: Lärarstudenters innehållsval, examinationsformer och bedömningar under sin verksamhetsförlagda utbildning2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Geografiämnet har förändrats kontinuerligt under tiden det varit ett ämne i de svenska skolorna. De ämnen och frågor som varit aktuella i samhället har influerat ämnet och skapat ett tidsenligt innehåll som är tvärvetenskapligt vilket väcker många elevers intresse. Ämnet har inkluderat regionala företeelser som hjälpt elever i sin vardag men även innefattat att ge elever verktyg för att kunna utveckla ett etiskt ställningstagande gällande resursfördelning och hållbar utveckling.

    Den här uppsatsen ämnar undersöka vilka innehållsval som ämneslärarstudenter i geografi gör under sin verksamhetsförlagda utbildning samt vilka examinationsformer de använder sig av och hur de utför en bedömning av momentet. En textanalys har gjorts av 52 inlämnade uppgifter som gjorts av lärarstudenter vid Uppsalauniversitet mellan höstterminen 2014 och höstterminen 2019. Uppgiften innebar att studenterna skulle redovisa en provfråga samt en beskrivning av undervisningen och den examination som genomfördes.

  • 8.
    Frogner-Kockum, Paul
    et al.
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute, SE-211 22 Malmö, Sweden.
    Kononets, Mikhail
    Department of Marine Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Box 461, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Apler, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Geological Survey of Sweden, Department of marine environment & planning, Box 670, SE-751 28 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hall, Per O.J.
    Department of Marine Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Box 461, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Snowball, Ian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Less metal fluxes than expected from fibrous marine sediments2020Ingår i: Marine Pollution Bulletin, ISSN 0025-326X, E-ISSN 1879-3363, Vol. 150, artikel-id 110750Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Deposits of fibrous sediment, which include fiberbanks and fiber-rich sediments, are known to exist on the Swedish seafloor adjacent to coastally located former pulp and paper industries. These deposits contain concentrations of hazardous substances that exceed national background levels and contravene national environmental quality objectives (EQOs). In this study of metal fluxes from fibrous sediments using benthic flux chamber measurements (BFC) in situ we obtained detected fluxes of Co, Mo, Ni and Zn, but no fluxes of Pb, Hg and Cr. The absence of fluxes of some of the analyzed metals indicates particle bound transport of Pb, Cr and Hg from fiberbanks even though Hg might become methylated under anoxic conditions and, in that case, may enter the food chain. We found less metal fluxes than expected and thus emphasize the importance of in-situ flux measurements as a compliment to sediment metal concentrations within risk assessments of contaminated sediments.

  • 9.
    May, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Narratives in the spotlight: an analysis of two positions in sustainability2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    People’s view of the world can cause them to make decisions that may not be sensible or based on incomplete information. A way to rectify this problem is by drawing upon ideas that are presented within bestselling popular science publications, in this case relating to sustainable development. This thesis sets out to map two positions in sustainability, techno optimism (based around technological solutions for societal and ecological problems) and eco centrism (based around the importance and irreplaceability of natural capital). Four parameters were selected for analysis; overpopulation, energy, decentralization, and economy, to analyse the key ideas of the respective positions. A small number of texts were used, based on the prominence of the authors and their relevance to the field. The two positions were chosen for their similarities, and how others had attempted to combine them in the past. In addition, a chapter on the Sustainocene was added, an idea based around humans living sustainably within the environment; important due to including ideas from both positions. A similar concept, the arcology, was also included. Both concepts were discussed as a means of bridging the gap between eco centrism and techno optimism. It was found that there were some similarities between the two positions, although several important differences, mainly relating to the role of ecosystems and limits to growth. A future thesis would ideally further build on this one in discussing ways in which the two positions could be combined further within sustainable development.

  • 10.
    Tritschoks, Annkatrin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Settling the Scales: Justice in International Environmental Negotiations and Beyond2020Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Parties to international negotiations typically invoke conflicting notions of justice. If these can be reconciled, this has positive effects on the negotiation process and outcome. If conflicts over justice persist, negotiations can stall or result in suboptimal outcomes. However, research to date paid scant attention to the means by which justice in international negotiations can be attained. This dissertation addresses this gap and studies two aspects of justice in international negotiations, as well as factors that shape them. The first two essays of the composite dissertation focus on perceptions of justice during negotiations; the latter two on shared justice formulas that parties devise to guide the negotiations. The empirical focus lies primarily on international environmental negotiations – an issue area where justice is central and often explicitly addressed. The final essay extends the analysis of justice to the Cyprus Talks – negotiations on a protracted social conflict that share some key characteristics with environmental negotiations in terms of complexity and interlinkages. Essay I develops the concept of justice and suggests a comprehensive approach to justice in international environmental negotiations. This conceptualization better explains variations in parties’ perceptions of justice than conventional approaches, which only cover some of the four components identified in the comprehensive approach. Essay II finds that the relationship between the chairperson and the negotiating parties affects perceptions of justice. Justice is attained, when the actors involved build a cooperative relationship based on their ability to form expectations and on a positive assessment of their exchange. If necessary, such relationship formation can be facilitated through the involvement of intermediary actors. Essay III distinguishes between three different types of shared justice formula that parties devise in international environmental negotiations. A cursory analysis shows that different explanatory factors shape the different types of shared justice formula, which furthermore are linked in different ways to negotiation effectiveness, both fruitful avenues for future research. Essay IV finds that ripeness theory – in a modified form that accounts for complexity and relationships among a multitude of players – helps to explain when parties devise a shared justice formula to guide negotiations. In conjunction, the essays contribute to current debates in the literature on justice and international negotiations, by taking account of complexity in the study of justice, and by stressing the importance of relationship formation with actors beyond the negotiating parties to attain justice.

    Delarbeten
    1. Rethinking Justice in International Environmental Negotiations: Toward a More Comprehensive Framework
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Rethinking Justice in International Environmental Negotiations: Toward a More Comprehensive Framework
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Negotiation, ISSN 1382-340X, E-ISSN 1571-8069, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 446-477Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Justice is of central importance in international environmental negotiations. Key characteristics of this type of negotiation augment the complexities of justice issues and warrant a customized approach. Based on a discussion of these characteristics, the article derives four components that are central to a more comprehensive theoretical framework for analyzing justice in environmental negotiations: 1) going beyond narrow self-interest, 2) extending the notion of reciprocity, 3) linking backward- and forward-orientation, and 4) connecting process and outcome. The usefulness of the framework is illustrated by applying it to two important Conferences of the Parties (<small>COP</small>) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change – COP15 in Copenhagen and COP21 in Paris – which are compared. The framework is suited for a systematic analysis of the complex role played by justice issues in international environmental negotiation, as a key avenue for addressing global threats emerging from anthropogenic environmental change.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2018
    Nyckelord
    COP15, COP21, international environmental negotiations, justice, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-357803 (URN)10.1163/15718069-23031159 (DOI)000444496300005 ()
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Vetenskapsrådet, 421-2012-5580
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-08-21 Skapad: 2018-08-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Fair Chair – Fair Share?: The President, the Parties, and Perceived Justice in Climate Change Negotiations
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Fair Chair – Fair Share?: The President, the Parties, and Perceived Justice in Climate Change Negotiations
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous literature links perceived justice to improved negotiation effectiveness. However, the means by which the latter can be attained remain poorly understood. Tying into debates on the importance of leadership in international negotiations, this study suggests that the relationship between the chair and the parties contributes in important ways to perceptions of justice. Drawing on Leader-Member-Exchange (LMX) theory, the theoretical framework contributes to the existing literature by explicitly taking parties’ demand for leadership into account. Using a two-layered research design, I first compare two Conferences of the Parties (COPs) under the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change. The comparison shows that, at COP6, the chair and the parties were able to form expectations for their engagement, and they assessed it positively as well. This made it possible for a cooperative relationship to emerge at the conference, which in turn resulted in perceived justice. At COP15, by contrast, an impeded ability to form expectations and a negative assessment of the engagement resulted in a non-cooperative relationship, and consequently in perceived violation of justice principles. I then proceed to an in-depth analysis of the recent COP24, wherein I explore further how the involvement of the president in the preparatory process shaped relationship formation and perceptions of justice. The second component of the analysis also disaggregates expectations and assessment on the part of individual parties. It corroborates findings from the first component, whereupon it further notes that, when the president’s involvement in the preparatory process is impeded (for example by time), the formation of a cooperative relationship – and perceived justice in turn – can be furthered if intermediaries are involved. These findings contribute theoretically to the literature on leadership, justice, and international negotiations; and empirically to our understanding of climate change negotiations. They also hold important policy implications for how to increase perceived justice, and in turn for how to improve negotiation effectiveness in climate change negotiations, which are one of the main avenues for addressing one of the key challenges of the Anthropocene.

    Nyckelord
    Chairman, Climate Change, Conflict Management/Resolution (Mediation, Negotiation), Environment, Leadership, Justice
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier) Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Freds- och konfliktforskning
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-398381 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2019-12-05 Skapad: 2019-12-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-12-12
    3. Constructive Ambiguity, Compromise, or Comprehensive Solution: A Typology of Shared Justice Formulas
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Constructive Ambiguity, Compromise, or Comprehensive Solution: A Typology of Shared Justice Formulas
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Parties enter international negotiations with conflicting notions or differing interpretations of the justice principles that should guide the negotiations. Previous research has linked parties’ ability to devise a shared justice formula to different aspects of negotiation effectiveness. While empirics suggest that parties take differing approaches to accommodating conflicting justice principles and that shared justice formulas take different forms, studies to date have not differentiated between such types. This limits the theorizing and study of both the determinants and the effects of different types of shared justice formula. In this study, I develop a conceptual typology of shared justice formulas based on the approach that parties take to accommodate conflicting justice principles. Constructive Ambiguity is based on circumvention, Compromise on a distributive approach, and a Comprehensive Solution on an integrative approach. Applying the typology to a set of 16 international environmental negotiations highlights the value of the typology in differentiating cases and uncovering trends. The study also draws on the set of cases to illustrate opportunities for future research to investigate the impact of different types of shared justice formula on aspects of negotiation effectiveness and its determinants in the context of aspects of relational power. This analysis highlights the contribution of the conceptual typology to the growing research on justice in international negotiations.

    Nyckelord
    Climate Change, Conflict Management/Resolution, Environment, Justice, Negotiation, Typology
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier) Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Freds- och konfliktforskning
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-398412 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2019-12-05 Skapad: 2019-12-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-12-12
    4. When the Stars Align: Devising a Shared Justice Formula in Negotiations on Protracted Social Conflicts
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>When the Stars Align: Devising a Shared Justice Formula in Negotiations on Protracted Social Conflicts
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In protracted social conflicts, longevity, complexity, and deep emotional roots impede the negotiation of substantive issues and make finding a solution immensely difficult. In view of this, previous research has suggested to focus initially on the mode of engagement necessary for rebuilding trust. A shared justice formula to guide the negotiations can serve this purpose, and it has also been linked previously to negotiation effectiveness. This study explores a question not yet addressed in the literature, namely: when do parties converge on or diverge from a shared justice formula, here understood as principles for guiding the negotiations? A turning point analysis of the latest phase of the Cyprus Talks – i.e., the period between 2004 and 2019 – serves to trace and to compare moments of ripeness to devise a shared justice formula that occur when relevant actor constellations align in a motivation to escape the conflict. The analysis is based on novel interview data collected in Cyprus in early 2019, as well as on research, policy, and media reports. The findings show that convergence on or divergence from a shared justice formula is not driven by a single actor constellation; rather different actors play a decisive role at different points in time. Rather than complete alignment being necessary, there is a threshold effect for ripeness to devise a shared justice formula, which arises when enough of the key actors are aligned. Given the positive role that a shared justice formula plays in resolving protracted social conflicts, as well as in other complex, multilateral negotiations, the findings here are relevant to both research and policy, and they should encourage future research on the subject.

    Nyckelord
    Conflict Management/Resolution, Cyprus, International Conflict, Justice, Negotiation, Protracted Social Conflict
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
    Forskningsämne
    Freds- och konfliktforskning
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-398616 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2019-12-08 Skapad: 2019-12-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-12-12
  • 11.
    Mickelsson, Martin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    Sharing Good Examples, Then What?: Investigations of Contingency and Continuity in the Scaling-of-ESD-Activities-as-Learning2020Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to contribute to a deepened and nuanced understanding of scaling in environmental and sustainability education (ESE) research, specifically, to develop a conceptual framework for engaging with issues of scaling in policy and practice regarding education for sustainable development (ESD). Three research objectives are formulated.

    The first objective is to develop analytical methods drawing on transactional learning theory for conducting empirical investigations of meaning making concerning educational content in scaling processes. This objective is achieved through an iterative participatory research process including, scaling researchers and practitioners, resulting in the development of the conceptual framework of Scaling-ESD-Activities-as-Learning (SEAL).

    The second objective of the thesis is to examine how workshop participants’ experiences and agency create conditions for the scaling of educational content in ESE. The objective is achieved through analysis of written reflections from scaling practitioners, reports on scaling ESD-activities and participatory research workshop discussions.

    The third objective is to investigate how educational content interplay with environments, such as natural and social environments, when scaling educational activities in ESE. This objective is achieved through analysis of the initial stages of scaling an ESD-activity and analysis of ESD-activities that have progressed to later stages of scaling.

    Four studies address the three research objectives: in three of the studies, empirical data was generated through participatory research workshops in Sweden, South Africa and Ecuador (Paper I, II, IV), while in one study empirical data was generated through a case study of an ESD-course in Southern Africa (Paper III).

    Drawing for its theoretical foundation on John Dewey’s transactional approach to learning, the thesis emphasises the importance of considering experience and aspects of contingency and continuity in learning processes.

    The results of the thesis show that approaching the scaling of ESD-activities as learning enables the identification of conditions for scaling that is characterised by deep and meaningful improvement of practice, sustainability over time along with the ability to evolve when faced with changing circumstances.

    The thesis contributes to ESE research with temporal perspectives on the scaling of ESD-activities, i.e. by considering contingency and continuity in the scaling process, maintaining the relevance of ESD-activities over time and through changing circumstances. Furthermore, by considering multiple, on the face disparate, scaling efforts as part of the same scaling event, the thesis highlight how each iteration of scaling an ESD-activity can constitute learning opportunities for further developing the activity at hand.

    Delarbeten
    1. Consider the Unexpected: Scaling ESD as a matter of learning
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Consider the Unexpected: Scaling ESD as a matter of learning
    2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 135-150Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to introduce a view of scaling as a learning process. In the article we discuss the concept of ‘scaling up’ or ‘scaling’ of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) activities on the basis of how ‘scaling up’ ESD is highlighted in the UNESCO Global Action Programme (GAP) on ESD. Drawing on a Deweyan theory of learning as processes of transactional encounters, the article presents a conceptual framework of scaling-ESD- activities-as-learning. This conceptual framework is intended to have implications for ESD policy and ESE research. The theoretical specications and practical implications presented are results of data collected using a participatory research approach (Re-Solve) and an abductive analysis. In this article, we argue that viewing scaling as a learning process enables a nuanced notion of scaling ESD-activities. This should be seen in relation to (a) complex sustainability challenges, (b) ethical aspects, (c) a more attentive and strict approach to scaling in ESD policy and (d) addressing questions of signicant importance to scaling research.

    Nyckelord
    scaling, education for sustainable development, biosocial becomings, global action programme on education for sustainable development, expansive learning
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Didaktik
    Forskningsämne
    Didaktik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-327985 (URN)10.1080/13504622.2018.1429572 (DOI)000464582800009 ()
    Projekt
    Scaling of Education for Sustainable Development
    Tillgänglig från: 2017-08-14 Skapad: 2017-08-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-16Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Scaling and subjectification in an ESD educational project
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Scaling and subjectification in an ESD educational project
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Education for Sustainable Development, ISSN 0973-4082, E-ISSN 0973-4074, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 28-46Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to investigate, in light of the emphasis put on scaling by UNESCO (UNESCO, 2014), how subjectification of those involved in educational innovations both enables and constricts scaling understood as a learning process. This is done through a case study of the Alforja Educativa, an educational project in Ecuador on antibiotic resistance (ABR). ABR has been described as a sustainability challenge comparable to climate change. The way in which subjectification enables and constrict scaling as a learning process is analysed by drawing on educational scaling research and the article illustrates how the subject positions of those involved in scaling emerge as scaling subjects in transactional relationships, both with the sites where the educational project is to be scaled, and in relation to that, which will be scaled.

    Nyckelord
    Scaling, education for sustainable development, transaction, antibiotic resistance, global action programme on education for sustainable development
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Didaktik
    Forskningsämne
    Didaktik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-349783 (URN)10.1177/0973408218773268 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-04-27 Skapad: 2018-04-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-16Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Projecting change: Scaling the change project approach in Southern Africa
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Projecting change: Scaling the change project approach in Southern Africa
    2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Submitted
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to contribute with knowledge about how transactional learning encounters involved in the spreading of ESD-activities can both enable and limit scaling efforts. In this article, four series of assignments developed through the change project approach (CPA) from Southern Africa are studied as cases for exploring what a conceptualisation of scaling-ESD-activities-as-learning demonstrates enabling and limiting conditions for scaling ESD-activities.  By studying shifts in participants’ understandings as a result of transactional learning encounters the article constitutes a response to the assertion in ESD policy that the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (DESD) was unsuccessful in up-scaling ESD-activities. The article illustrates how the inherent complexity of spreading ESD-activities can be explored and addressed. Through consideration and engagement with the environing conditions and environment(s) in action that are involved in the scaling of ESD-activities, the ‘scaling’ process can enable stakeholder participation as well as development and exercise of agency that has potential to support the sustainability of  ESD-activities.

    Nyckelord
    scaling, environmental and sustainability education, environmental education, change project approach, Southern Africa
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Didaktik
    Forskningsämne
    Didaktik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-401061 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2020-01-05 Skapad: 2020-01-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-16Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. I think it works better if we have an example to help us: experiences in collaboratively conceptualizing the scaling of Education for Sustainable Development practices in South Africa
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>I think it works better if we have an example to help us: experiences in collaboratively conceptualizing the scaling of Education for Sustainable Development practices in South Africa
    2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) In press
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to contribute to the knowledge of how the ‘scaling’ of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) activities is conceptualized in practice through transactional learning encounters. In the context of the UNESCO Global Action Programme (GAP) on ESD, I discuss the re-actualisation of experiences as part of these encounters. The study is a result of data collected as part of a Re-Solve participatory research workshop held in South Africa in 2016, involving researchers and practitioners with experiences of ESD-activities in the Southern African region. To identify and analyse the transactional learning encounters a practical epistemology analysis (PEA) is used. The article draws on a Deweyan theory of learning as transactional encounters supported with a tentative conceptual framework of scaling-ESD-activities-as-learning (SEAL). Throughout the study, I illustrate the transactional encounters, including the re-actualisation of participants' past experiences of ESD-activities. These encounters enabled the conceptualization of contextually relevant concepts of scaling, thus constituting an enabling condition for reflective scaling practices.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Taylor & Francis, 2019
    Nyckelord
    Environmental and sustainability education, scaling, scaling-up, Dewey, learning
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Didaktik
    Forskningsämne
    Didaktik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-401062 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2020-01-05 Skapad: 2020-01-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-22Bibliografiskt granskad
  • 12.
    Smith, Malin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Sustainability assessment of sanitation systems in El Alto, Bolivia: A pre-study2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det globala hållbarhetsdelmålet 6.2 syftar till att senast 2030 säkerställa att alla har tillgång till fullgod och rättvis sanitet och hygien och att ingen behöver uträtta sina behov utomhus. År 2012 hade fortfarande 47% av Bolivias befolkning inte tillgång till acceptabel sanitet. Det finns en risk för att aktörer fokuserar på enbart snabb utbyggnation av toaletter, utan att ta hänsyn till behovet av relaterad service som krävs för en hållbar utveckling. För att sanitetssystem ska räknas som hållbara krävs, förutom att de skyddar hälsan, även att de är ekonomiskt genomförbara, socialt accepterade, tekniskt och institutionellt anpassade och att de skyddar miljön och hushåller med naturresurser. Med syftet att öka kunskapen kring hållbarheten av de existerande sanitetssystemen i El Alto, en snabbt växande stad i Bolivia, och för att ge rekommendationer till framtida utveckling av sanitetssystemen, genomfördes en hållbarhetsanalys av två existerande sanitetssystem i området. Det ena var det konventionella systemet tillhörande avloppsledningar och det andra var ett alternativt småskaligt system tillhörande urinsorterande torrtoaletter (UDDT). 

    Resultaten visar på att det ”konventionella systemet” innebär högre hälsorisker än ”UDDT systemet” för arbetarna och för boende som vistas i områdena där systemen finns. Det dåligt underhållna avloppssystemet var den avgörande faktorn, eftersom under regnperioder orsakas översvämningar av avloppsvatten på gatorna. Det konventionella systemet orsakar ungefär sex gånger så höga utsläpp av övergödande ämnen som UDDT systemet. UDDT systemet har potential att återvinna ungefär 64 % av inkommande kväve medan den motsvarande siffran för det konventionella systemet är endast 9%. Det konventionella systemet klarar bättre av förändringar i kvalitet och kvantitet av inflöden än UDDT systemet men båda systemen klarar av perioder då minusgrader inträffar. UDDT systemet förväntas, till skillnad från det konventionella systemet, att kunna hantera eventuell torka eller översvämning bättre som kan inträffa till följd av klimatförändringar. Till stor del på grund av de årligt förekommande översvämningarna av avloppsvatten på gatorna verkar användarna av det konventionella systemet vara mindre nöjda med sitt sanitetssystem än vad användarna av UDDT systemet verkar vara. Det gäller då att viljan att skaffa vattentoaletter är lika låg i hela El Alto som i området där intervjuer gjordes. Den institutionella kapaciteten är högre för det konventionella systemet än för UDDT systemet, vilket gör det svårare för UDDT systemet att expandera. Dessutom har UDDT systemet finansiella svårigheter. 

    Rekommendationer för framtida utveckling av sanitetssystemen i El Alto är delvis att underhålla och förnya avloppsledningarna och att expandera kapaciteten på det konventionella vattenreningsverket innan fler hushåll ansluts till ledningsnätet. Finansiella medel rekommenderas fokuseras på UDDT systemet i områden där avloppsledningar inte täcker.

  • 13.
    Börjeson, Sanna
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Utvärdering av stödet för spetstekniker och avancerade systemlösningar2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the results of the economic support for advanced technologies and system solutions within urban environment that the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (Naturvårdsverket), on behalf of the Swedish Government, announced during 2016-2018. The purpose of the support was to create opportunities for increased use of new innovations that effects the city's environmental, social and economic sustainability. The main focus of this thesis is to perform an assessment of the sustainability performance of the supported technologies as well as the projects technical maturity development. Through the development of an indicator system, a systematic analysis of each innovation project has been carried out. The results show that support has been given to a wide range of projects within different fields and, consequently, the identified effects on sustainable urban development varies. However, to a high degree, the projects led to reduced operating costs compared to conventional technical solutions, reduced energy consumption, better air quality and reduced transport needs. Moreover, the findings show that the main challenges of technical maturity development and market introduction is a lack of research and development funding.

  • 14.
    Hedberg, Hedda
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Follin, Julia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Vikten av barns agerande i skapandet av en hållbar framtid: En observationsstudie om barns möjligheter att utveckla kritisk handlingskompetens genom en pluralistisk undervisning2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 15.
    Stoddard, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper. Centrum för miljö och utvecklingsstudier (Cemus).
    What was education for?: Learning in the shadow of climate change2020Ingår i: Social Ecology and Education: Transforming Worldviews & Practices / [ed] David Wright and Stuart B. Hill, Oxford: Routledge, 2020Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Freduah, George
    et al.
    Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Locked Bag 4, Maroochydore, Qld 4558, Australia.
    Fidelman, Pedro
    Univ Queensland, Ctr Policy Futures, St Lucia, Qld 4072, Australia;Ctr Marine Socioecol, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
    Smith, Timothy F.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling. Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Locked Bag 4, Maroochydore, Qld 4558, Australia;Brock Univ, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, St Catharines, ON, Canada.
    A framework for assessing adaptive capacity to multiple climatic and non climatic stressors in small-scale fisheries2019Ingår i: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 101, s. 87-93Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As climate change and other socio-economic stressors continue to impact coastal social-ecological systems, we need to deepen our knowledge of the capacity to adapt. Global environmental change research has generated several useful concepts and frameworks for understanding and assessing adaptive capacity to climate change impacts, but our ability to effectively integrate and use this wealth of knowledge to mobilise and build the needed adaptive capacity remains low. We build on the capitals and the vulnerability frameworks to develop a new framework to argue for how existing frameworks and concepts can be consolidated for assessing adaptive capacity, how adaptive capacity can be mobilised and the need to assess adaptive capacity in the context of multiple climatic and non-climatic stressors. The framework adds three important insights into the studies of adaptive capacity. First, it recognises that links among various forms of capital (components of adaptive capacity) are critical for mobilising, building or depleting adaptive capacity. Second, it explicitly shows adaptive capacity is better understood when assessed in the context of multiple climatic and non-climatic stressors because the impacts of climate change are bound to manifest in complex coupled human and social systems. Third, it highlights that knowledge of multiple interactions among stressors provides a strong explanation for tackling some inherent developmental issues with climate change adaptation plans and actions. Evidence from smallscale coastal fisheries of Ghana supports the framework's assumptions and arguments.

  • 17.
    Bengtsson, Stefan L.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    A pedagogy of vulnerability2019Ingår i: Dark Pedagogy: Education, Horror and the Anthropocene / [ed] Lysgaard, Jonas; Bengtsson, Stefan; Laugensen, Martin, London & New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 18.
    Lougheed, Bryan C.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Univ Paris Saclay, Lab CNRS CEA UVSQ, IPSL, LSCE, Gif Sur Yvette, France.
    Obrochta, S. P.
    Akita Univ, Grad Sch Int Resource Sci, Akita, Japan.
    A Rapid, Deterministic Age-Depth Modeling Routine for Geological Sequences With Inherent Depth Uncertainty2019Ingår i: PALEOCEANOGRAPHY AND PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, ISSN 2572-4517, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 122-133Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional approaches to age-depth modeling typically assume no uncertainty for the depth value of dated intervals. However, such an assumption may not be fully valid in the case of poor coring recovery or significant sediment deformation, as well as in the case of a large subsampling interval. In consideration of these issues, we present a new age-depth modeling routine, Undatable, which includes uncertainty in both age and depth. Undatable uses Bayesian radiocarbon (C-14) calibration software (MatCal) and a deterministic approach with a positive sediment accumulation rate assumed a priori which, combined with efficient programming practices, allows for the rapid production (in a matter of seconds in many cases) of age-depth models for multiple types of geological archives. Undatable has so far been successfully applied to coral archives, as well as sediment archives from estuarine, lacustrine, and deep-sea environments. Through the inclusion of a bootstrapping option, the software performs particularly well in the case of a large scatter in age-depth constraints by expanding the uncertainty envelope of the age-depth model. Unlike other deterministic models, increasing the density of age-depth constraints results in increased precision in Undatable, even at centennial scale, thus emulating the results of probabilistic models. In addition to the code itself, we also provide an interactive graphical user interface (GUI) that allows users to experiment with multiple age-depth model settings to investigate the sensitivity of a given data set to multiple parameters.

  • 19.
    Do, Thao
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    A Review of Scaling Concepts: ReSolve Scaling Workshops Project2019Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20.
    Friedl, Stella
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Actors' Perspectives on Circular Economy: A Case Study of Uppsala City2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Circular Economy was developed as a response to the prevailing linear model of material use. The goal of the concept is to eliminate waste and mitigate environmental impacts by transforming the economic system into one that pursues a circular flow of materials and resources, in contrast to the current make-use-waste paradigm. While the concept has gained some momentum in the past years, there is still no definition that is agreed upon by scholars and practitioners. While the goal of the Circular Economy is clear, the perspectives on how this can be achieved differ. This study focuses on the Circular Economy at the city level via a case study of Uppsala, Sweden. The aim of this study is to gather the perspectives of actors active in circularity and to determine whether they agree on how the Circular Economy can be achieved. While there are a large number of actors involved in Circular Economy in Uppsala, this study focuses on two actor groups: the municipality and businesses. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and the actors' responses were analysed in regard to the actor's underlying ideology, their role within Circular Economy and their perception on how a transition to a circular system should occur. The study's results reveal that the actors in Uppsala lack an overall consensus on how the Circular Economy should be achieved, even though they tend to agree on some aspects. Furthermore, the interviewed actors do not take into account the systemic perspective of the transition. In response to this finding, the waste hierarchy was updated with the aim to draw attention to this notion. Additionally, it is found that most of the interviewed actors mention co-operation among different organisations as being the key to achieving the Circular Economy, which could help to promote the Circular Economy in the future.

  • 21.
    Freduah, George
    et al.
    Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Sippy Downs, Qld, Australia.
    Fidelman, Pedro
    Univ Queensland, Ctr Policy Futures, St Lucia, Qld, Australia.
    Smith, Timothy F.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling. Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Sippy Downs, Qld, Australia;Brock Univ, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, St Catharines, ON, Canada.
    Adaptive capacity of small-scale coastal fishers to climate and non-climate stressors in the Western region of Ghana2019Ingår i: Geographical Journal, ISSN 0016-7398, E-ISSN 1475-4959, Vol. 185, nr 1, s. 96-110Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Small-scale coastal fisheries (SSCF) in the Western region of Ghana are affected by a combination of climate and non-climate stressors. Coastal communities are particularly vulnerable to these stressors because of their proximity to the sea and high dependence on small-scale fisheries for their livelihoods. A better understanding of how fishing communities, particularly SSCF, respond to climate and non-climate stressors is paramount to improve planning and implementation of effective adaptation action. Drawing on the capitals framework, this study examines the adaptive capacity of SSCF to the combined effects of climate-related (increasing coastal erosion, and wave and storm frequency) and non-climate-related stressors (declining catches; scarcity and prohibitive cost of fuel; inconsiderate implementation of fisheries laws and policies; competition from the oil and gas industry; sand mining; and algal blooms). The findings show how fishers mobilise and use adaptive capacity through exploitation of various forms of capital, including cultural capital (e.g., local innovation); political capital (e.g., lobbying government and local authorities); social capital (e.g., collective action); human capital (e.g., local leadership); and natural capital (e.g., utilising beach sand) to respond to multiple stressors. Nevertheless, in many cases, fishers' responses were reactive and led to negative (maladaptive) outcomes. Furthermore, this study underscores the importance of critically considering the interactive nature of capitals and how they collectively influence adaptive capacity in the planning and implementation of adaptation research, policy and practice.

  • 22.
    Hoigt, Julia
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Adoption and sustained use of energy efficient stoves in rural Uganda2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2011, Energy saving (mud) stoves were introduced in villages around the Kachung Forestplantation in rural Uganda as part of an effort to support local sustainable development. Initial fieldwork showedthat the stoves had not been adopted as much as the apparent benefits would suggest. This has been a commonissue with improved cooking stove projects around the world. In order to find out why the stoves are notadopted, 67 women in charge of the cooking were interviewed additionally participant observations of cooking,other daily work routines and building stoves conducted, as well as interviews with other relevant stakeholders.Results show that women struggle to find enough firewood and are bothered by the smoke produced whencooking, which makes them generally very interested in improved mud stoves. Indeed many women hadadopted a local version of the mud stove in order to ease the burden of firewood collection. The reason for notadopting a mud stove in general can be mainly attributed to work burden in constructing it. As for the moresophisticated energy saving mud stoves introduced, additional factors were that the implementation strategyshows weaknesses in how the knowledge on how to build the stove is supposed to spread. Further, the stoveintroduced is rather complex in the way it is supposed to be built, which makes it difficult to spread theknowledge of how to build it. The implementation strategy needs to be revised under consideration of the localcircumstances in order to achieve a higher adoption rate.

  • 23.
    Baltruschat, Anne
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Adoption of high-technology products in emerging markets: The ACE-1 advanced biomass cookstove in rural Cambodia2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the adoption of clean cooking technologies in developing countries with a focus on the ACE-1 advanced biomass stove (ABS). Marginalized communities in rural environments are often exposed to high levels of Household Air Pollution (HAP) due to the common use of traditional cookstoves. The United Nations (UN) has recognized the adoption of clean cooking technology like the ABS as a key driver and high-impact opportunity in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Nonetheless, the context for adoption is complex. Adoption depends on numerous variables, that can enable or hinder the uptake of modern cookstoves. This study is based on the assumption, that adoption starts with the decision-making process and acquisition of the stove. Based on a field study in rural Cambodia, this research focuses on users at the initial stage of adoption. By means of questionnaire-based interviews, this study identifies how variables related to ‘fuel and technology’ and ‘household and setting’ affect the likeliness of adoption and what opportunities can be identified to facilitate the process of adoption. The study finds, that ABS-suitable biomass fuels are available and accessible in rural Cambodia. Besides, the production of renewable biomass fuels like pellets is growing, which provides opportunities for collaboration with stove distributors. The study confirms the common practice of stove stacking and points out the strong market presence of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) stoves. Market activities need to consider these factors and highlight the competitive advantages of AB, namely fuel efficiency and cost savings. Finally, the impact of social influence and peer relations should be further researched and taken into consideration for sales and marketing activities. 

  • 24.
    Ramaaker, Esmée
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Airport expansion in times of climate crises – examining the discrepancy.: A discursive exercise on the rationale of the Royal Schiphol Group expansion2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study tries to increase the understanding on how expansionist aviation policies are rationalized against the background of climate change politics. The study executes a case study on the Netherlands, focusing on the Royal Schiphol Group aviation expansion project.

    In order to aid the understanding of the rationale justifying the expansion project, a discourse analysis inspired by environmental discourse theory, is employed. The methodological framework is grounded in John S. Dryzek’s literature on environmental discourses and supported by Fairclough’s school of critical discourse analysis. This framework allows the study to touch upon elements of knowledge and power and incorporates elements of explanatory critique. The results of the discourse analysis uncover that the Royal Schiphol Group expansion project is justified by two dominant narratives. The first is a rather practical argument that excludes the aviation sector from the countries national emission reduction pledges, based on the notion of economic competition. The second and most dominant narrative appears to be a reproduction of the discourse of ecological modernization, promoting the idea that ecological conservation and economic growth have a harmonized and even empowering relationship.

    Yet, the discussion uncovers that these discursive elements are largely grounded in false claims. It furthermore explains that, even though the knowledge claims appear to be flawed, they still prevail as alternative knowledge is neglected from the debate. Supported by literature of Geels, it argues that the dominance of these narratives is largely motivated by an attempt to resist structural change to low-carbon futures. 

  • 25.
    Barrineau, Sanna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    Engström, Alexis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, Cemus.
    Schnaas, Ulrike
    Uppsala universitet, Universitetsförvaltningen, Avdelningen för kvalitetsutveckling.
    An Active Student Participation Companion2019Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Active Student Participation imagines learning as a shared venture between educators and students. It invites students to support, empower, and challenge each other’s learning, as well as helping them to be co-creators in planning, facilitating, and evaluating courses within higher education.

    This companion aims to inspire those who want to approach new ways of learning in order to create a better course, as well as those who are out to challenge conventional forms of teaching and learning norms. It summarises a range of experiences in Swedish higher education and provides concrete examples of how students and educators can learn together. By reading this companion, you will meet a variety of voices and perspectives - from students and educators - both via text and through links to a rich collection of media.

    Together, these voices tell us about a significant shift in roles within higher education that creates teaching and learning spaces with the opportunity to do things differently. In essence, Active Student Participation is about transformative learning, succinctly exemplified by one of the student contributors to this companion: “To experience any other form of education now would feel like nothing less than a fundamental step into the past.”

  • 26.
    Norr, Patrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Analysis and assessment of biogas production potential in Sweden for 20502019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The world is about to shift from fossil fuel dependency to independency. The national agenda of Sweden has put forth future goals of becoming a zero net greenhouse gas emitter by the year 2045 and before that, having an 80 % fossil fuel independent transportation fleet by 2030. In order to achieve these goals, the form of energy used in the transport sector needs to be changed into a more renewable solution. Biogas could be part of the solution. The aim of this report has been to review earlier research regarding the future biogas potential in Sweden and to examine how realistic and practically feasible these are. Three of the substrates that has shown the highest future potential according to earlier research; energy crops, manure and black liquor has been chosen for investigating their future potential. Interviews was made with biogas researcher in Sweden as well as government employees working with biogas and other biofuels. Scenario building was another method used were the report have created four future scenarios with varying optimistically future economic and technical outcomes using more practical limitations and restrictions. The result was a combined future potential of between 0,42 – 77,54 TWh/annually from all three substrates using the values and information gathered from the interviewers regarding how to calculate the potential. The result shows that depending on how lucrative the future financial support systems and subsidies as well as how efficient the technical breakthroughs will be, biogas can become a large contributor to the transport sectors transition in becoming less fossil fuel dependent.

  • 27.
    Mulenga, Mukuka Mpundu
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Assessing the awareness, adoptability and sustainability of improved pellet cook stoves of low income households in Lusaks, Zambia.2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 80 poäng / 120 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to attain sustainable development, there is need for clean and reliable energy. Woodfuel (charcoal and firewood) make up over 70 percent of the national energy consumption in Zambia as only about 25 percent of the population has access to electricity. It is among the most important domestic fuels for low income households in Zambia. The country’s low income are continuously affected by the low availability of sustainable, clean and reliable energy. Cooking with solid fuels and inefficient cook stoves has adverse effects for human wellbeing, health and the environment. One initiative for sustainable energy provision in urban Zambia has been the introduction of improved cook stoves (ICS) based on sawdust pellets to replace traditional cooking on charcoal braziers that have dominated usage in homes since the 1930s.

    One of the main motivations for improved cook stove interventions has been to reduce household demand for woodfuel thus to reduce pressures on deforestation. However, adoption of improved cook stoves designed to reduce these impacts remain relatively low while the demand for woodfuel remains predominantly high. Using a user centred approach, the study investigated the awareness, adoptability and sustainability of improved pellet cook stoves in view of government policies of Matero- George compound, Lusaka low income households. It sought the factors influencing households’ preference of traditional or modern cook stoves, the knowledge of available energy options, the challenges households had relating to their current cooking solutions and the options available to them and the appropriateness and effectiveness of government policies promoting the use of improved cooking technologies.

    The study employed a qualitative approach using semi structured interview questionnaires. The study involved thirty (30) respondents comprising ten (10) key informants from Departments of Energy (3) and Forestry (2) and the Lusaka City Council (5), and 20 households from Matero-George Compound. The study revealed three main types of energy used by different households,’ woodfuel, electricity and the pellet cook stoves and four major determinants of energy choice; in/convenience, economic, health, and risks factors. It also revealed that the expense of the pellet cook stove could be the reason for its slow adoption. Further, the study revealed that the awareness levels of the pellet cook stoves and new technologies was low except for the people involved in the projects. It was clearly pointed out that the government had no policy instruments with regard to dissemination, sensitization and communication strategies on the new cook stoves although they were in the process of developing energy efficient strategies on new cook stoves.

  • 28.
    Persson-Fischier, Ulrika
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Assessment, examination and grading – the last step in the ESD ladder?2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The reformation of higher education through implementing Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is happening all over the world also at Uppsala university. I started by creating a smaller module to be used in courses, then went on to forming full courses and a full master programme based on ESD. I then formed course- and programme expected learning outcomes according to ESD. All this work went very smooth. I was able to do it without any resistance, neither from students, teachers or administrative systems or university management.

     

    It seems to me this work forms a kind of ESD ladder; you start with something small and relatively easy, then work with larger entities, and move from changes that are dependent on individual teachers, to structural changes that are not dependent on individuals, for more durable structural change and quality control. So far so good.

     

    I felt the next step in my work was with assessment, examination and grading. I have felt that the way these things are usually done, and how the administrative systems shape what we can and cannot do, is inadequate for ESD teaching and learning. Because of this, I entered the Change Project Process at SWEDESD in the spring of 2019 with the aim of exploring this.

     

    My realization was is that taking ESD teaching and learning seriously, it is extremely difficult or even impossible to create examinations that give differentiated grades, but instead must use a pass/fail scale. In this paper I will explain why I think this is the case, and also discuss the kind of resistance I have met trying to implement a pass/fail system in my master programme. These challenges have both been of administrative kind, and based in emotional responses; it seems grading is deeply rooted in students and teachers´ conceptions of what we do and why at university, even when irrational. I come to the conclusion that when you try to take this last step in the ESD ladder, it is the first step where you encounter serious challenges, which risk you being thrown down the ladder altogether. This is because assessment and examination direct what we can and must do in the classroom, and if they are not fit for ESD, then implementation of ESD in the classroom becomes very difficult.

  • 29.
    Berglund, Knut-Erland
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Att undervisa i hållbar utveckling: Samarbeten, ämnesdidaktik och geografi2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how teachers use collaboration, didactics and geography to teach sustainable development to upper secondary pupils in Swedish schools. A qualitative and interview method was chosen in order to catch the strategies amongst teachers and their perceptions in these matters. Five in depth interviews were held with experienced teachers in four different schools. These interviews were selected by different strategies such as the Possibility Principle and the understanding of gatekeepers’ roles’. A narrative material was collected. Four theoretical areas were developed for analysing the retrieved material. A school with a clear sustainability profile has both resources and the developed didactical methods, to enhance the understanding of sustainable development. However, the investigated schools have their own varieties of tackling lacking time and resources which have developed competencies’ in different ways. These are complementary didactical methods in order to enhance sustainable development. For further research a historical perspective was suggested.

  • 30.
    Merz, Laura
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    AUTOMATION-INDUCED RESHORING: An Agent-based Model of the German Manufacturing Industry2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of ‘Industry 4.0’ signalises the rise of innovative manufacturing technologies, including industrial robots. Wider applicability of robotic automation and higher efficiency of production processes shift the profitability analysis of strategic relocation decisions. Despite the technological feasibility, diffusion of technology lowers the profitability threshold for robots. Consequently, competitive labour cost advantages, formerly motivating manufacturing firms to offshore production become less relevant. In fact, robots additionally gain importance in the case of shifted global economic realities, such as stricter environmental regulation on global trade and the convergence of the global wage gap. However, the heterogeneous levels of automation among manufacturing firms have not been taken into account when studying the macroeconomic phenomenon of reshoring. This study adds novelty by offering an agent-based perspective which has allowed insights on how the behaviour of firms, guided by simple economic rules on the micro-level, is dynamically influenced by their complex environment in regard to relocation, decision-making hypotheses. Testing various variables sensitive to initial conditions, increased environmental regulations targeting global trade and upward shifting wage levels in formerly offshore production locations have shown to be driving and inhibiting mechanisms of this socio-technical system. Therefore, the dynamic demonstrates a shift from predominantly cited economic reasoning for relocation strategies towards sustainability aspects, pressingly changing these realities on an environmental and social dimension. The popular debate is driven by increased environmental awareness and the proclaimed fear of robots killing jobs. In view of reshoring shaping the political agenda, interest in the phenomenon has recently been fuelled by the rise of populism and protectionism claiming to “bring jobs back home”.

  • 31.
    Gustafsson, Mikaela
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Mattsson, Alice
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Barriärer som hindrar hållbar utveckling från att implementeras i ekonomiutbildningar2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 32.
    Cecconi, Carla
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Beach clean-up as a practical implementation of ESD: effects in students’ knowledge, awareness and behavioural intentions2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of the critical sustainability problem of marine plastic pollution, the present paper presents a quasiexperimental research that explores the effects that participating on beach clean-up has on students’ knowledge,awareness and behavioural intentions. Considering this intervention as an outside of school practical implementation of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), this research aims to determine if the addition of direct experiences with nature within ESD programs can lead to a behavioural change in favour of the environment.

    Analysing the factors that influence pro-environmental behaviour and the role that ESD has on transforming society towards a more sustainable one, a one-time pre-test post-test research with non-equivalent groups was performed. A questionnaire on beach litter and self-reported behaviour, implemented in two schools of the Amalfi Coast, Italy, indicate that in comparison to a group which only received a lecture, a group that participated in a beach clean-up increased their knowledge and awareness towards marine plastic pollution, in addition to their willingness to participate in another beach clean-up. This supports the theory that learning in nature can have a higher influence in shaping pro-environmental behaviour, and therefore the inclusion of this type of activities within ESD programs can help beat marine plastic pollution.

  • 33.
    Onsten, Sara
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    (Bee)coming Revolution: an environmental study with local beekeepers in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I study how the relationships between beekeepers and bees have evolved

    over time in the region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil and how the beekeepers have

    experienced the environmental changes in this region over time. Bees and beekeeping

    practices generate important incomes for rural communities in Rio Grande do Sul, but

    also, they support agricultural systems through pollinating crops and increasing plants

    nutritional value. Inspired by historical ecology and multispecies narratives I explore how

    the human-bee relationships have been developed throughout history. Based on

    interviews and using the narrative tool of storytelling we meet the different beekeeper’s

    thoughts and perceptions when it comes to their relations and motivations in keeping

    bees. Furthermore, this thesis also explores the challenges and opportunities described by

    the interviewed beekeepers, by comparing past historical changes and present-day

    debates around the bees. Landscape changes, loss of biodiversity and overuse of

    pesticides in agricultural crops have affected the wellbeing of the bees. The obstacles and

    organisations of beekeeper’s are also considered. Beekeeping is discussed as a way to

    create ecological awareness and is promoted as a way to increase not just bee’s wellbeing

    living in Rio Grande do Sul, but also create better dialogues among different actors.

  • 34.
    Ojala, Antti E. K.
    et al.
    Geol Survey Finland, Vuorimiehentie 5, FIN-02151 Espoo, Finland.
    Saarnisto, Matti
    Mikonkatu 22 D 46, FIN-00100 Helsinki, Finland.
    Jungner, Hogne
    Univ Helsinki, POB 64, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Snowball, Ian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Muscheler, Raimund
    Lund Univ, Dept Geol, Solvegatan 12, SE-22362 Lund, Sweden.
    Biases in radiocarbon dating of organic fractions in sediments from meromictic and seasonally hypoxic lakes2019Ingår i: Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, ISSN 0367-5211, Vol. 91, s. 221-235Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present here radiocarbon dating results from two boreal lakes in Finland, which are permanently (meromictic) or seasonally stratified and contain continuous sequences of annually laminated sediments that started to form in the early Holocene. The radiocarbon dating results of different organic components were compared with the varve-based sediment chronologies. The deviation between the Lake Valkiajarvi varve chronology (8400 varve years 2-3% error estimate) and 33 C-14 dates taken from insoluble and soluble organic phases vary inconsistently throughout the Holocene. In extreme cases mean calibrated radiocarbon dates with 95.4% confidence levels (2 sigma) are -2350 and +2040 years offset when compared with the varve chronology. On average, the radiocarbon dates are offset by ca. +550 years. The deviation between the Lake Nautajarvi varve chronology (9898 varve years +/- 1% error estimate) and 26 C-14 dates analyzed with conventional and AMS methods indicates that radiocarbon dates are systematically older by 500-1300 years (about 900 years on average). This significant offset mean that radiocarbon dates obtained from organic bulk sediment of meromictic and seasonally hypoxic lakes must be cautiously interpreted because of the reservoir effect and carbon cycling at the sediment-water interface. Direct evidence was obtained from the dating of soluble fraction and insoluble organic matter from near bottom water in the monimolimnion of Lake Valkiajarvi, which yielded C-14 ages of 560 +/- 80 BP and 2070 +/- 140 BP, respectively. Our study reinforces previous results that age-depth models based on bulk sediment radiocarbon dates obtained on sediments of stratified lakes are of limited value for accurate dating of changes in land use and especially the commence of agriculture.

  • 35.
    Ren, Kaipeng
    et al.
    China Univ Petr, Sch Econ & Management, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China.
    Tang, Xu
    China Univ Petr, Sch Econ & Management, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China;China Univ Petr, Res Ctr Chinas Oil & Gas Ind Dev, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China.
    Jin, Yi
    Leiden Univ, Inst Environm Sci, CML, Einsteinweg 2, NL-2333 CC Leiden, Netherlands.
    Wang, Jianliang
    China Univ Petr, Sch Econ & Management, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China;China Univ Petr, Res Ctr Chinas Oil & Gas Ind Dev, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China.
    Feng, Cuiyang
    China Univ Petr, Sch Econ & Management, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China.
    Höök, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Bi-objective optimization of water management in shale gas exploration with uncertainty: A case study from Sichuan, China2019Ingår i: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 143, s. 226-235Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Shale gas exploration relies heavily on freshwater inputs while generating large amounts of wastewater. With the quick development of shale gas, water management during exploration has increasingly become a hotspot from both environmental and economic perspectives. This study investigated all the key water-consuming phases in exploration and optimized the freshwater use and flowback water control using a bi-objective programming model with the consideration of uncertainties in each phase, aiming at the optimal trade-offs between economic and environmental objectives. The model conducted a case study of shale gas projects in Sichuan, China. The results show that (a) Tolerance of the uncertainty in water demand for hydraulic fracturing can effectively reduce both economic and environment cost, thereby reducing total system cost. (b) System costs depends on risk preferences of decision-makers. (c) Direct reuse is the best strategy to treat wastewater at the early phase of hydraulic fracturing; while more constraints other than onsite treatment costs should be considered when treating produced water during the production phase. (d) There exists an "economics of scale" in the water management during shale gas exploration.

  • 36.
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Smithers, Richard J.
    Ricardo Energy & Environment, Didcot, UK.
    Mikusinski, Grzegorz
    Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Riddarhyttan, Sweden.
    Rönnbäck, Patrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Harrison, Paula A.
    Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster, UK.
    Nilsson, Måns
    Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sutherland, William J.
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
    Biodiversity’s contributions to sustainable development2019Ingår i: Nature Sustainability, E-ISSN 2398-9629, Vol. 2, s. 1083-1093Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    International concern to develop sustainably challenges us to act upon the inherent links between our economy, society and environment, and is leading to increasing acknowledgement of biodiversity's importance. This Review discusses the breadth of ways in which biodiversity can support sustainable development. It uses the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a basis for exploring scientific evidence of the benefits delivered by biodiversity. It focuses on papers that provide examples of how biodiversity components (that is, ecosystems, species and genes) directly deliver benefits that may contribute to the achievement of individual SDGs. It also considers how biodiversity's direct contributions to fulfilling some SDGs may indirectly support the achievement of other SDGs to which biodiversity does not contribute directly. How the attributes (for example, diversity, abundance or composition) of biodiversity components influence the benefits delivered is also presented, where described by the papers reviewed. While acknowledging potential negative impacts and trade-offs between different benefits, the study concludes that biodiversity may contribute to fulfilment of all SDGs.

    Publikationen är tillgänglig i fulltext från 2020-05-25 16:46
  • 37.
    Gustafsson, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Broiler producers´ perspectives on bacterial resilience; evaluating a potential of hops2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    An interview study was undertaken to explore Swedish broiler producers´ views for the potential of hops (H. lupulus L.) to reduce reliance on ionophorous coccidiostats in broiler production. The design was a mixed methodology between grounded theory and case study with a semi structured interview method. Nine producers, four using ionophorous coccidiostats and five without reliance in production accepted interview. During interviews participants were presented to research conducted with hops in production and consequences from ionophores in production. All participants thought the risk from pathogen pressure was too great to cut reliance in intensive production owed to the lower efficacy of hops. Therefore owed to how actors in the Swedish food system behave only small producers with enough economical freedom for reduced stocking densities were regarded to be able to uphold animal health with hops. Six parameters within food systems were regarded as leverage points for a potential of hops in production on a larger societal scale if encouraging a more extensive nationwide production system. Those were: purchase will, small local production, increased responsibility within trade, law, elevated consumers and research. Law was seen as a necessity to enforce all other denominators since economical in food systems tend to override social and ecological dimensions. Consequences from power struggle in food systems disfavoring producers has although resulted in a great distrust towards other system actors such as consumers, legal institutions or wholesalers. That has created a reluctance to interact with other system actors even for common goals. A stronger position to other actors in food systems was regarded as increasing a meaningful outcome from interaction. Four parameters emerged as impacting power relations in a system the most: Purchase will, contracts, own designed production and law. Favorable purchase will and law would contribute the most for increasing adaptivity for alternatives in production by impacting on power relations. No producers had observed indicators of bacterial resistance from ionophorous coccidiostat usage. Lack of research for many years in the field was troublesome for how to develop the enterprise according to participants. Especially in relation to Norway that has abolished the static use of ionophorous coccidiostats in production. About half of the participants although regarded a shift in research towards consequences from intensive production as equally important as focusing on alternative antimicrobials.

  • 38.
    Uneram, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper.
    Bättre och bättre dag för dag: Införande av kvalitetsledningssystem och hållbar förändringsledning i offentlig verksamhet.2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förändringskrafter såsom klimatförändringar, ny teknik, globalisering, demografi och värderingar skapar utmaningar för den kommunala verksamheten i Sverige. Krav på förbättring och effektivisering av offentlig verksamhet ökar ständigt och kvalitetsfokus blir allt viktigare. Offensiv kvalitetsutveckling med principer, arbetssätt och verktyg som hjälper organisationer att ge kundtillfredsställelse i en snabbt föränderlig värld behöver genomföras.

    Syftet med arbetet har varit att undersöka hur ett kvalitetsledningsarbete i en offentlig förvaltning kan utföras och Samhällsbyggnadsförvaltningen i Kinda kommun i södra Östergötland har varit föremål för fallstudien. I januari 2018 införde kommunen en ny organisation och Samhällsbyggnadsförvaltningen var den förvaltning som genomgick störst förändring då flera förvaltningar slogs samman till en gemensam. När verksamheten drog igång uppdagades brister och behov och det blev tydligt att rutiner som behövdes för den nya organisationen saknades. Det ansågs prioriterat att börja arbetet med att införa ett kvalitetsledningssystem som främjar utveckling inom områdena struktur, kultur och systematik och som dessutom integrerar hållbar utveckling.

    Uppsatsarbetet inleddes med en teoristudie och skapande av ett teoretiskt ramverk som bygger på en generell förbättringsprocess med input, förändringsprocess och output. Ramverket innehåller bland annat teorier om modellen PESTLE, Maslows behovstrappa, hållbar utveckling, Hörnstensmodellen, Total Quality Management/Offensiv kvalitetsutveckling, transaktionellt och situationsanpassat ledarskap, PAV-modellen, förändringsprocesser enligt Janssen, Lewin, Kotter, med flera samt organisationskultur och lärande organisation. Fallstudien genomfördes med hjälp av intervjuer, observationer, enkät och work-shops. Djupintervjuer genomfördes för att erhålla kunskap om hållbar förändringsledning och teleintervjuer och internetsökningar gav tips om arbetssätt, verktyg och införande. Analysen gjordes genom att resultatet applicerades och sorterades med utgångspunkt från indelningen i det teoretiska ramverket.

    Resultatet visar att vikten av ett engagerat ledarskap inte nog kan poängteras och behov av att skapa en känsla av angelägenhet, genom att säkerställa en tydlig bild över förbättringsbehov, är stor. Införandet av ett kvalitetsledningssystem är en förändringsprocess där nuläget och förbättringsbehov behöver kartläggas för att därefter ta fram en förändringsstrategi. Verksamheten behöver bestämma sig för vilka principer som ska ingå i deras ledningssystem och vilka arbetssätt och verktyg som ska stödja principerna. Hållbarhetsprinciperna bör integreras i kvalitetsledningssystemet för att säkerställa en hållbar kvalitetsutveckling. Det finns ett värde i att ha en n-stegsmodell att hålla sig till och få stöd av genom förändringsarbetet. En införandemodell föreslås där det inledningsvis handlar om att skapa strukturer och system. För att underlätta benchmarking och kunskapsuppbyggnad är det en fördel att bli medlem i SIQ (Swedish Institute for Quality) och delta i deras nätverk för att få stöd och hjälp. Att skapa en kvalitetskultur tar tid och det krävs uthållighet, ständigt lärande av misstag och ett kontinuerligt förbättringsarbete.

  • 39.
    Melander, Clara
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Carbon Budgets as a Climate Governance Tool - A Study of Five Swedish Municipalities and County Administrative Boards2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the recent case of using carbon budgets in present-day local and regional climate governance in Sweden as compliment to the national climate goals. Through the concept of governmentality and four analytics of government this paper looks at how the practice of budgeting carbon influences how the climate is perceived and problematized in local climate governance. The thesis follow an ongoing project where a few municipalities and county administrative boards commissioned estimated carbon budgets specific for their geographical area that were in turn based on the global carbon budget and associated research. As such, this thesis looks at how carbon budgeting, as an alternative way of representing the climate in comparison to the national climate targets, influences how climate issues are deliberated among municipal and county officials in these particular cases. Using empirical material based on interviews with six officials from five different municipalities and county administrative boards as well as one of the researchers involved in the project this paper explored the question of how carbon budgeting have bearing on local and regional climate governance. The thesis is positioned within literature that draws attention to the question of how the climate is rendered governable through practices of carbon accounting in contemporary climate governance. My results indicate that carbon budgeting is perceived among municipal and county officials primarily as a useful communication tool in their professional role to build awareness around climate issues. Moreover, the results reveal how accomplishment of the rapid transition pathways suggested by the carbon budget project is perceived as outside the scope of municipal authority. Nonetheless, the results also reveal how the notion of a finite amount of emissions have induced deliberations about what constitute an appropriate vision for local and regional climate targets and also around the accountability of different actors in relation to a finite territorial budget. Finally, this paper points towards suggestions for further research on carbon budgets in municipal and county climate governance in Sweden.

  • 40.
    Matern, Jan
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Chances and Limitations of Women’s Entrepreneurship as a Means of Women’s Empowerment in Northeast India2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 80 poäng / 120 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender inequality and oppression of women are pressing issues in all countries around the world. Thus the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations declares gender equality as one of the Sustainable Development Goals. Many international organisations have developed projects that aim at supporting women’s entrepreneurship to empower women. Several scholars have written about the relationship of women’s entrepreneurship and women’s empowerment with mixed results regarding its potential for empowering women. In the Northeast Indian context the current academic literature is clearly favouring women’s entrepreneurship as a means of women’s empowerment, often without precisely conceptualising women’s empowerment. This study aims at shedding some light on whether entrepreneurship is beneficial for women empowerment. Next to a review of the current academic literature, qualitative interviews with women entrepreneurs in Northeast India as well as a focus group interview and expert interviews have been undertaken to gain further insights in this complex relationship. The findings show that there are indeed empowering elements in women’s entrepreneurship, but also that the complexity of women’s empowerment cannot sufficiently be addressed by solely focusing on supporting women entrepreneurs. Hence this study contributes to the ongoing discourse about the relationship of entrepreneurship and women empowerment in general and specifically questions the often very positive stance of scholars towards entrepreneurship as a means of women empowerment in the Northeast Indian context.

  • 41.
    Small, Michael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    China's Social Credit System and Pro-Environmental Behaviour2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is an enormous challenge which, if not addressed will have detrimental impacts across the globe. This problem is largely produced by human behaviour. Therefore, strategies aimed at influencing behaviour are necessary in addressing this issue. Governments are currently utilising informational campaigns, rewards, penalties, nudging and structural changes to influence pro-environmental behaviour. Although these methods are creating change, it is far from sufficient to address the massive and urgent issue of climate change. Therefore, alternative strategies should be considered. As such, this thesis aims to explore the effectiveness and the extent to which the Social Credit System, as it is being developed in China, can be considered an alternative strategy for producing pro-environmental behaviour. A framework to analyse and describe the SCS was developed by executing a literature review of key environmental behaviour models and intervention strategies aimed at producing pro-environmental behaviour. It concludes that the Social Credit System utilises a variety of methods similar to the behaviour models and interventions reviewed in this thesis, especially as far as rewards and punishments are concerned. However, surveillance stands out as a distinct means of intervention that is not utilised outside China to produce pro-environmental behaviour. The discussion suggests that this aspect of the system might be effective in contributing to address the challenge of climate change due to its coercive nature.

  • 42.
    Allen, Connor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Community-Based Social Marketing: an investigation of sustainable behavioral change strategies at the municipality level in Sweden2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The new Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C by the International Panel on Climate Change presents the drastic need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for the security and sustainable development of human kind. In Sweden, household consumption related carbon emissions needs to be radically reduced in order to meet the international climate goals set in this report. Changing individual behavior has proven over time to be a challenging task for many initiatives. Community-Based Social Marking is a behavior method that has been proven to be effective in creating sustainable behavior change at the community level. A case study is conducted at Avesta kommun in Sweden in order to discover what behavior is best to change to reduce the carbon footprint per person at this municipality, what strategy is best to achieve this goal and what effect this strategy will have. The results from the Community-Based Social Marketing case study show that a vegan diet as a behavior has the highest positive impact on the environment to promote in Avesta, but the behavior with the second highest impact, a vegetarian diet, is chosen due to its higher probability to implement and external health factors associated with a vegan diet. The strategy chosen is a Facebook page designed to provide weekly vegetarian recipes to families in Avesta with the goal of increasing their consumption of vegetarian food. The strategy is tested on a pilot group to determine its effectiveness. The conclusion of this study shows that the strategy is overall effective on the pilot group for increasing their knowledge and consumption of vegetarian meals.

  • 43. Hagedorn, Gregor
    et al.
    Kalmus, Peter
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Joint Inst Reg Earth Syst Sci & Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA.
    Mann, Michael
    Penn State Univ, Ctr Earth Syst Sci, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.
    Vicca, Sara
    Univ Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Van den Berge, Joke
    Univ Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
    van Ypersele, Jean-Pascal
    Catholic Univ Louvain, B-1348 Louvain La Neuve, Belgium.
    Bourg, Dominique
    Univ Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Rotmans, Jan
    Erasmus Univ, NL-3000 DR Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Kaaronen, Roope
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki Inst Sustainabil Sci, Fac Social Sci, Helsinki 00014, Finland.
    Rahmstorf, Stefan
    Potsdam Inst Climate Impact Res, D-14473 Potsdam, Germany.
    Kromp-Kolb, Helga
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Ctr Global Change & Sustainabil, A-1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Kirchengast, Gottfried
    Karl Franzens Univ Graz, Wegener Ctr Climate & Global Change, A-8010 Graz, Austria.
    Knutti, Reto
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Atmospher & Climate Sci, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland.
    Seneviratne, Sonia I.
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Atmospher & Climate Sci, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland.
    Thalmann, Philippe
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Cretney, Raven
    Univ Waikato, Dept Polit Sci & Publ Policy, Hamilton, Waikato, New Zealand.
    Green, Alison
    Scientists Warning UK, Cambridge, England.
    Anderson, Kevin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Univ Manchester, Manchester, Lancs, England.
    Hedberg, Martin
    Polyfuture Inst SWC, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Douglas
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Environm Sci & Analyt Chem, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kuttner, Amita
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.
    Hayhoe, Katharine
    Texas Tech Univ, Climate Ctr, Lubbock, TX 79409 USA.
    Concerns of young protesters are justified2019Ingår i: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 364, nr 6436, s. 139-140Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 44.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Shoemaker, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Gillson, Lindsey
    Univ Cape Town, Plant Conservat Unit, Bot Dept, Private Bag X3, ZA-7701 Rondebosch, South Africa.
    Lane, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi. Univ Cambridge, Dept Archaeol, Downing St, Cambridge CB2 3DZ, England;Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Geog Archaeol & Environm Studies, ZA-2000 Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Lindholm, Karl-Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Conservation through Biocultural Heritage-Examples from Sub-Saharan Africa2019Ingår i: Land, ISSN 2073-445X, E-ISSN 2073-445X, Vol. 8, nr 1, artikel-id 5Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we review the potential of biocultural heritage in biodiversity protection and agricultural innovation in sub-Saharan Africa. We begin by defining the concept of biocultural heritage into four interlinked elements that are revealed through integrated landscape analysis. This concerns the transdisciplinary methods whereby biocultural heritage must be explored, and here we emphasise that reconstructing landscape histories and documenting local heritage values needs to be an integral part of the process. Ecosystem memories relate to the structuring of landscape heterogeneity through such activities as agroforestry and fire management. The positive linkages between living practices, biodiversity and soil nutrients examined here are demonstrative of the concept of ecosystem memories. Landscape memories refer to built or enhanced landscapes linked to specific land-use systems and property rights. Place memories signify practices of protection or use related to a specific place. Customary protection of burial sites and/or abandoned settlements, for example, is a common occurrence across Africa with beneficial outcomes for biodiversity and forest protection. Finally, we discuss stewardship and change. Building on local traditions, inclusivity and equity are essential to promoting the continuation and innovation of practices crucial for local sustainability and biodiversity protection, and also offer new avenues for collaboration in landscape management and conservation.

  • 45.
    Mickelsson, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    Kronlid, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Lotz-Sisitka, Heila
    Rhodes Univ, Environm Learning & Res Ctr, Grahamstown, South Africa.
    Consider the Unexpected: Scaling ESD as a matter of learning2019Ingår i: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 135-150Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to introduce a view of scaling as a learning process. In the article we discuss the concept of ‘scaling up’ or ‘scaling’ of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) activities on the basis of how ‘scaling up’ ESD is highlighted in the UNESCO Global Action Programme (GAP) on ESD. Drawing on a Deweyan theory of learning as processes of transactional encounters, the article presents a conceptual framework of scaling-ESD- activities-as-learning. This conceptual framework is intended to have implications for ESD policy and ESE research. The theoretical specications and practical implications presented are results of data collected using a participatory research approach (Re-Solve) and an abductive analysis. In this article, we argue that viewing scaling as a learning process enables a nuanced notion of scaling ESD-activities. This should be seen in relation to (a) complex sustainability challenges, (b) ethical aspects, (c) a more attentive and strict approach to scaling in ESD policy and (d) addressing questions of signicant importance to scaling research.

  • 46.
    McCreesh, Johnny
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Conspicuous Sustainability: Harnessing the potential of the social economy in order to acheive sustainability goals2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Conspicuous consumption is a form of economic behaviour in which social pressure influences consumption decisions. Considering the current understanding of the detrimental ecological impact of excessive consumption practices, this paper overviews the potential to lessen wasteful consumption trends by utilising conspicuous consumption. This paper overviews research into this phenomenon, commencing with Thorstein Veblen’s work at the end of the nineteenth century. Combining this with research from sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, this paper suggests potential indicators of sustainable consumption tendencies, including personality traits and group dynamics. The empirical aspect of this study successfully replicates the findings of a recent investigation into conspicuous consumption; that is, that consumption increases when conducted in public and income is linked to status. This study has been updated to include various aspects of sustainability behaviour and knowledge and has found trends associated with students of sustainability in Uppsala, Sweden. Furthermore, this paper suggests that the encouragement of conspicuous forms of sustainability could inspire sustainable consumption trends, or potentially lead to a reduction of overall consumption. Finally, this paper makes recommendations for policy makers in order to encourage social sustainability practices, building upon nascent movements such as 'Flygskam' ('Flight Shame') and successful anti-smoking strategies.

  • 47.
    Snowball, Ian
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Almqvist, Bjarne
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Geofysik.
    Lougheed, Bryan C.
    Wiers, Steffen
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Obrochta, Stephen
    Herrero-Bervera, Emilio
    Coring induced sediment fabrics at IODP Expedition 347 Sites M0061 and M0062 identified by anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS): criteria for accepting palaeomagnetic data2019Ingår i: Geophysical Journal International, ISSN 0956-540X, E-ISSN 1365-246X, Vol. 217, nr 2, s. 1089-1107Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility data obtained from discrete subsamples recovered from two Integrated Ocean Drilling Program sites (Expedition 347 sites M0061 and M0062 in the Baltic Sea) by an Advanced Piston Corer are compared to results obtained on subsamples recovered by replicate 6-m-long Kullenberg piston cores. Characteristic natural remanence directions were obtained from the total of 1097 subsamples using principal component analyses. The three principal anisotropy axes of subsamples taken from Advanced Piston Core liners align to the subsample axes, with the maximum axis (K1) parallel to the split core surfaces, possibly caused by outwards relaxation of the core-liners after splitting. A second anomalous anisotropy fabric is characterized by steep values of the angular difference between the inclination of the minimum anisotropy axes (K3) and that expected for horizontal bedding (90°). This fabric is confined to the upper 1–2 m of the Kullenberg cores and specific sections of the advanced piston cores, and we attribute it to conical deformation caused by either excessive penetration speeds and downwards dragging of sediment along the edge of the liner or stretching caused by undersampling. By using our data in an example, we present a protocol to accept palaeomagnetic secular variation data that uses (i) a threshold 90-K3 value of 15°, combined with a modelled, locally applicable minimum inclination of 65° and (ii) an A95 cone of confidence based on Fisher statistics applied to virtual geomagnetic pole distributions.

  • 48.
    Langholf, Lucas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Creating democratic technology for societal change: How Open Source practices can influence the negotiation of technology among activists.2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As the digital transformation and the technological development progresses, the tools, methods and practices of activistsare changing and a unification of engineers and social reformers can be witnessed in contemporary forms of activism.This thesis presents a case study research that explores how practices from the Free and Open Source softwaremovement can lead to a democratisation of technology in the environmental activism project Precious Plastic.Furthermore it analysis the broader societal implications of this democratisation with a focus on human well-being andthe natural environment. By discussing Kelty’s (2008) concept of recursive publics and Haff’s (2018) work on OpenSource as a development model in the context of Feenberg’s (1992) critical theory of technology, central Open Sourcepractices were identified that have the potential to foster a democratisation of technology. This guided a qualitative textanalysis of the development discussions of two phases of Precious Plastic. Two major factors could be identified thatdetermine the extent to which the democratisation of technology through Open Source practices is possible. Theopportunity to contribute to a project and the power of a central gatekeeper. Other aspects, like an increased sense ofbelonging, the discussion of the own infrastructure and the projects future, or the efforts to involve as many actors as pos-sible in the technology, were found to have fostered a deeper and broader discussion among the participants. This studysuggests to extend the term Open Source activism (Aitchison and Peters, 2011), to describe a form of activismthat has the creation of technology at its core and brings together a variety of actors with similar practices who negotiateand shape the aim and the purpose of technology, leading to an increased compatibility of the technology with ournatural and human limits. However, this concept needs to be refined and improved with further studies before it can begenerally applicable.

  • 49. Lysgaard, Jonas
    Laugensen, Martin
    Dark Pedagogy: Education, Horror and the Anthropocene2019Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 50.
    Bengtsson, Stefan L.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    Lysgaard, Jonas
    Dark Pedagogy, Environmental Melancholia and an Eco-social Philosophy of Education.2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
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