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  • 1.
    Lougheed, Bryan C.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Univ Paris Saclay, Lab CNRS CEA UVSQ, IPSL, LSCE, Gif Sur Yvette, France.
    Obrochta, S. P.
    Akita Univ, Grad Sch Int Resource Sci, Akita, Japan.
    A Rapid, Deterministic Age-Depth Modeling Routine for Geological Sequences With Inherent Depth Uncertainty2019Ingår i: PALEOCEANOGRAPHY AND PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, ISSN 2572-4517, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 122-133Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional approaches to age-depth modeling typically assume no uncertainty for the depth value of dated intervals. However, such an assumption may not be fully valid in the case of poor coring recovery or significant sediment deformation, as well as in the case of a large subsampling interval. In consideration of these issues, we present a new age-depth modeling routine, Undatable, which includes uncertainty in both age and depth. Undatable uses Bayesian radiocarbon (C-14) calibration software (MatCal) and a deterministic approach with a positive sediment accumulation rate assumed a priori which, combined with efficient programming practices, allows for the rapid production (in a matter of seconds in many cases) of age-depth models for multiple types of geological archives. Undatable has so far been successfully applied to coral archives, as well as sediment archives from estuarine, lacustrine, and deep-sea environments. Through the inclusion of a bootstrapping option, the software performs particularly well in the case of a large scatter in age-depth constraints by expanding the uncertainty envelope of the age-depth model. Unlike other deterministic models, increasing the density of age-depth constraints results in increased precision in Undatable, even at centennial scale, thus emulating the results of probabilistic models. In addition to the code itself, we also provide an interactive graphical user interface (GUI) that allows users to experiment with multiple age-depth model settings to investigate the sensitivity of a given data set to multiple parameters.

  • 2.
    Do, Thao
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    A Review of Scaling Concepts: ReSolve Scaling Workshops Project2019Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 3.
    Friedl, Stella
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Actors' Perspectives on Circular Economy: A Case Study of Uppsala City2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Circular Economy was developed as a response to the prevailing linear model of material use. The goal of the concept is to eliminate waste and mitigate environmental impacts by transforming the economic system into one that pursues a circular flow of materials and resources, in contrast to the current make-use-waste paradigm. While the concept has gained some momentum in the past years, there is still no definition that is agreed upon by scholars and practitioners. While the goal of the Circular Economy is clear, the perspectives on how this can be achieved differ. This study focuses on the Circular Economy at the city level via a case study of Uppsala, Sweden. The aim of this study is to gather the perspectives of actors active in circularity and to determine whether they agree on how the Circular Economy can be achieved. While there are a large number of actors involved in Circular Economy in Uppsala, this study focuses on two actor groups: the municipality and businesses. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and the actors' responses were analysed in regard to the actor's underlying ideology, their role within Circular Economy and their perception on how a transition to a circular system should occur. The study's results reveal that the actors in Uppsala lack an overall consensus on how the Circular Economy should be achieved, even though they tend to agree on some aspects. Furthermore, the interviewed actors do not take into account the systemic perspective of the transition. In response to this finding, the waste hierarchy was updated with the aim to draw attention to this notion. Additionally, it is found that most of the interviewed actors mention co-operation among different organisations as being the key to achieving the Circular Economy, which could help to promote the Circular Economy in the future.

  • 4.
    Freduah, George
    et al.
    Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Sippy Downs, Qld, Australia.
    Fidelman, Pedro
    Univ Queensland, Ctr Policy Futures, St Lucia, Qld, Australia.
    Smith, Timothy F.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling. Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Sippy Downs, Qld, Australia;Brock Univ, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, St Catharines, ON, Canada.
    Adaptive capacity of small-scale coastal fishers to climate and non-climate stressors in the Western region of Ghana2019Ingår i: Geographical Journal, ISSN 0016-7398, E-ISSN 1475-4959, Vol. 185, nr 1, s. 96-110Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Small-scale coastal fisheries (SSCF) in the Western region of Ghana are affected by a combination of climate and non-climate stressors. Coastal communities are particularly vulnerable to these stressors because of their proximity to the sea and high dependence on small-scale fisheries for their livelihoods. A better understanding of how fishing communities, particularly SSCF, respond to climate and non-climate stressors is paramount to improve planning and implementation of effective adaptation action. Drawing on the capitals framework, this study examines the adaptive capacity of SSCF to the combined effects of climate-related (increasing coastal erosion, and wave and storm frequency) and non-climate-related stressors (declining catches; scarcity and prohibitive cost of fuel; inconsiderate implementation of fisheries laws and policies; competition from the oil and gas industry; sand mining; and algal blooms). The findings show how fishers mobilise and use adaptive capacity through exploitation of various forms of capital, including cultural capital (e.g., local innovation); political capital (e.g., lobbying government and local authorities); social capital (e.g., collective action); human capital (e.g., local leadership); and natural capital (e.g., utilising beach sand) to respond to multiple stressors. Nevertheless, in many cases, fishers' responses were reactive and led to negative (maladaptive) outcomes. Furthermore, this study underscores the importance of critically considering the interactive nature of capitals and how they collectively influence adaptive capacity in the planning and implementation of adaptation research, policy and practice.

  • 5.
    Hoigt, Julia
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Adoption and sustained use of energy efficient stoves in rural Uganda2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2011, Energy saving (mud) stoves were introduced in villages around the Kachung Forestplantation in rural Uganda as part of an effort to support local sustainable development. Initial fieldwork showedthat the stoves had not been adopted as much as the apparent benefits would suggest. This has been a commonissue with improved cooking stove projects around the world. In order to find out why the stoves are notadopted, 67 women in charge of the cooking were interviewed additionally participant observations of cooking,other daily work routines and building stoves conducted, as well as interviews with other relevant stakeholders.Results show that women struggle to find enough firewood and are bothered by the smoke produced whencooking, which makes them generally very interested in improved mud stoves. Indeed many women hadadopted a local version of the mud stove in order to ease the burden of firewood collection. The reason for notadopting a mud stove in general can be mainly attributed to work burden in constructing it. As for the moresophisticated energy saving mud stoves introduced, additional factors were that the implementation strategyshows weaknesses in how the knowledge on how to build the stove is supposed to spread. Further, the stoveintroduced is rather complex in the way it is supposed to be built, which makes it difficult to spread theknowledge of how to build it. The implementation strategy needs to be revised under consideration of the localcircumstances in order to achieve a higher adoption rate.

  • 6.
    Baltruschat, Anne
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Adoption of high-technology products in emerging markets: The ACE-1 advanced biomass cookstove in rural Cambodia2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the adoption of clean cooking technologies in developing countries with a focus on the ACE-1 advanced biomass stove (ABS). Marginalized communities in rural environments are often exposed to high levels of Household Air Pollution (HAP) due to the common use of traditional cookstoves. The United Nations (UN) has recognized the adoption of clean cooking technology like the ABS as a key driver and high-impact opportunity in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Nonetheless, the context for adoption is complex. Adoption depends on numerous variables, that can enable or hinder the uptake of modern cookstoves. This study is based on the assumption, that adoption starts with the decision-making process and acquisition of the stove. Based on a field study in rural Cambodia, this research focuses on users at the initial stage of adoption. By means of questionnaire-based interviews, this study identifies how variables related to ‘fuel and technology’ and ‘household and setting’ affect the likeliness of adoption and what opportunities can be identified to facilitate the process of adoption. The study finds, that ABS-suitable biomass fuels are available and accessible in rural Cambodia. Besides, the production of renewable biomass fuels like pellets is growing, which provides opportunities for collaboration with stove distributors. The study confirms the common practice of stove stacking and points out the strong market presence of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) stoves. Market activities need to consider these factors and highlight the competitive advantages of AB, namely fuel efficiency and cost savings. Finally, the impact of social influence and peer relations should be further researched and taken into consideration for sales and marketing activities. 

  • 7.
    Ramaaker, Esmée
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Airport expansion in times of climate crises – examining the discrepancy.: A discursive exercise on the rationale of the Royal Schiphol Group expansion2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study tries to increase the understanding on how expansionist aviation policies are rationalized against the background of climate change politics. The study executes a case study on the Netherlands, focusing on the Royal Schiphol Group aviation expansion project.

    In order to aid the understanding of the rationale justifying the expansion project, a discourse analysis inspired by environmental discourse theory, is employed. The methodological framework is grounded in John S. Dryzek’s literature on environmental discourses and supported by Fairclough’s school of critical discourse analysis. This framework allows the study to touch upon elements of knowledge and power and incorporates elements of explanatory critique. The results of the discourse analysis uncover that the Royal Schiphol Group expansion project is justified by two dominant narratives. The first is a rather practical argument that excludes the aviation sector from the countries national emission reduction pledges, based on the notion of economic competition. The second and most dominant narrative appears to be a reproduction of the discourse of ecological modernization, promoting the idea that ecological conservation and economic growth have a harmonized and even empowering relationship.

    Yet, the discussion uncovers that these discursive elements are largely grounded in false claims. It furthermore explains that, even though the knowledge claims appear to be flawed, they still prevail as alternative knowledge is neglected from the debate. Supported by literature of Geels, it argues that the dominance of these narratives is largely motivated by an attempt to resist structural change to low-carbon futures. 

  • 8.
    Barrineau, Sanna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    Engström, Alexis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, Cemus.
    Schnaas, Ulrike
    Uppsala universitet, Universitetsförvaltningen, Avdelningen för kvalitetsutveckling.
    An Active Student Participation Companion2019Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Active Student Participation imagines learning as a shared venture between educators and students. It invites students to support, empower, and challenge each other’s learning, as well as helping them to be co-creators in planning, facilitating, and evaluating courses within higher education.

    This companion aims to inspire those who want to approach new ways of learning in order to create a better course, as well as those who are out to challenge conventional forms of teaching and learning norms. It summarises a range of experiences in Swedish higher education and provides concrete examples of how students and educators can learn together. By reading this companion, you will meet a variety of voices and perspectives - from students and educators - both via text and through links to a rich collection of media.

    Together, these voices tell us about a significant shift in roles within higher education that creates teaching and learning spaces with the opportunity to do things differently. In essence, Active Student Participation is about transformative learning, succinctly exemplified by one of the student contributors to this companion: “To experience any other form of education now would feel like nothing less than a fundamental step into the past.”

  • 9.
    Mulenga, Mukuka Mpundu
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Assessing the awareness, adoptability and sustainability of improved pellet cook stoves of low income households in Lusaks, Zambia.2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 80 poäng / 120 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to attain sustainable development, there is need for clean and reliable energy. Woodfuel (charcoal and firewood) make up over 70 percent of the national energy consumption in Zambia as only about 25 percent of the population has access to electricity. It is among the most important domestic fuels for low income households in Zambia. The country’s low income are continuously affected by the low availability of sustainable, clean and reliable energy. Cooking with solid fuels and inefficient cook stoves has adverse effects for human wellbeing, health and the environment. One initiative for sustainable energy provision in urban Zambia has been the introduction of improved cook stoves (ICS) based on sawdust pellets to replace traditional cooking on charcoal braziers that have dominated usage in homes since the 1930s.

    One of the main motivations for improved cook stove interventions has been to reduce household demand for woodfuel thus to reduce pressures on deforestation. However, adoption of improved cook stoves designed to reduce these impacts remain relatively low while the demand for woodfuel remains predominantly high. Using a user centred approach, the study investigated the awareness, adoptability and sustainability of improved pellet cook stoves in view of government policies of Matero- George compound, Lusaka low income households. It sought the factors influencing households’ preference of traditional or modern cook stoves, the knowledge of available energy options, the challenges households had relating to their current cooking solutions and the options available to them and the appropriateness and effectiveness of government policies promoting the use of improved cooking technologies.

    The study employed a qualitative approach using semi structured interview questionnaires. The study involved thirty (30) respondents comprising ten (10) key informants from Departments of Energy (3) and Forestry (2) and the Lusaka City Council (5), and 20 households from Matero-George Compound. The study revealed three main types of energy used by different households,’ woodfuel, electricity and the pellet cook stoves and four major determinants of energy choice; in/convenience, economic, health, and risks factors. It also revealed that the expense of the pellet cook stove could be the reason for its slow adoption. Further, the study revealed that the awareness levels of the pellet cook stoves and new technologies was low except for the people involved in the projects. It was clearly pointed out that the government had no policy instruments with regard to dissemination, sensitization and communication strategies on the new cook stoves although they were in the process of developing energy efficient strategies on new cook stoves.

  • 10.
    Berglund, Knut-Erland
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Att undervisa i hållbar utveckling: Samarbeten, ämnesdidaktik och geografi2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how teachers use collaboration, didactics and geography to teach sustainable development to upper secondary pupils in Swedish schools. A qualitative and interview method was chosen in order to catch the strategies amongst teachers and their perceptions in these matters. Five in depth interviews were held with experienced teachers in four different schools. These interviews were selected by different strategies such as the Possibility Principle and the understanding of gatekeepers’ roles’. A narrative material was collected. Four theoretical areas were developed for analysing the retrieved material. A school with a clear sustainability profile has both resources and the developed didactical methods, to enhance the understanding of sustainable development. However, the investigated schools have their own varieties of tackling lacking time and resources which have developed competencies’ in different ways. These are complementary didactical methods in order to enhance sustainable development. For further research a historical perspective was suggested.

  • 11.
    Gustafsson, Mikaela
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Mattsson, Alice
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Barriärer som hindrar hållbar utveckling från att implementeras i ekonomiutbildningar2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 12.
    Cecconi, Carla
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Beach clean-up as a practical implementation of ESD: effects in students’ knowledge, awareness and behavioural intentions2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of the critical sustainability problem of marine plastic pollution, the present paper presents a quasiexperimental research that explores the effects that participating on beach clean-up has on students’ knowledge,awareness and behavioural intentions. Considering this intervention as an outside of school practical implementation of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), this research aims to determine if the addition of direct experiences with nature within ESD programs can lead to a behavioural change in favour of the environment.

    Analysing the factors that influence pro-environmental behaviour and the role that ESD has on transforming society towards a more sustainable one, a one-time pre-test post-test research with non-equivalent groups was performed. A questionnaire on beach litter and self-reported behaviour, implemented in two schools of the Amalfi Coast, Italy, indicate that in comparison to a group which only received a lecture, a group that participated in a beach clean-up increased their knowledge and awareness towards marine plastic pollution, in addition to their willingness to participate in another beach clean-up. This supports the theory that learning in nature can have a higher influence in shaping pro-environmental behaviour, and therefore the inclusion of this type of activities within ESD programs can help beat marine plastic pollution.

  • 13.
    Onsten, Sara
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    (Bee)coming Revolution: an environmental study with local beekeepers in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I study how the relationships between beekeepers and bees have evolved

    over time in the region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil and how the beekeepers have

    experienced the environmental changes in this region over time. Bees and beekeeping

    practices generate important incomes for rural communities in Rio Grande do Sul, but

    also, they support agricultural systems through pollinating crops and increasing plants

    nutritional value. Inspired by historical ecology and multispecies narratives I explore how

    the human-bee relationships have been developed throughout history. Based on

    interviews and using the narrative tool of storytelling we meet the different beekeeper’s

    thoughts and perceptions when it comes to their relations and motivations in keeping

    bees. Furthermore, this thesis also explores the challenges and opportunities described by

    the interviewed beekeepers, by comparing past historical changes and present-day

    debates around the bees. Landscape changes, loss of biodiversity and overuse of

    pesticides in agricultural crops have affected the wellbeing of the bees. The obstacles and

    organisations of beekeeper’s are also considered. Beekeeping is discussed as a way to

    create ecological awareness and is promoted as a way to increase not just bee’s wellbeing

    living in Rio Grande do Sul, but also create better dialogues among different actors.

  • 14.
    Ren, Kaipeng
    et al.
    China Univ Petr, Sch Econ & Management, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China.
    Tang, Xu
    China Univ Petr, Sch Econ & Management, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China;China Univ Petr, Res Ctr Chinas Oil & Gas Ind Dev, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China.
    Jin, Yi
    Leiden Univ, Inst Environm Sci, CML, Einsteinweg 2, NL-2333 CC Leiden, Netherlands.
    Wang, Jianliang
    China Univ Petr, Sch Econ & Management, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China;China Univ Petr, Res Ctr Chinas Oil & Gas Ind Dev, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China.
    Feng, Cuiyang
    China Univ Petr, Sch Econ & Management, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China.
    Höök, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Bi-objective optimization of water management in shale gas exploration with uncertainty: A case study from Sichuan, China2019Ingår i: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 143, s. 226-235Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Shale gas exploration relies heavily on freshwater inputs while generating large amounts of wastewater. With the quick development of shale gas, water management during exploration has increasingly become a hotspot from both environmental and economic perspectives. This study investigated all the key water-consuming phases in exploration and optimized the freshwater use and flowback water control using a bi-objective programming model with the consideration of uncertainties in each phase, aiming at the optimal trade-offs between economic and environmental objectives. The model conducted a case study of shale gas projects in Sichuan, China. The results show that (a) Tolerance of the uncertainty in water demand for hydraulic fracturing can effectively reduce both economic and environment cost, thereby reducing total system cost. (b) System costs depends on risk preferences of decision-makers. (c) Direct reuse is the best strategy to treat wastewater at the early phase of hydraulic fracturing; while more constraints other than onsite treatment costs should be considered when treating produced water during the production phase. (d) There exists an "economics of scale" in the water management during shale gas exploration.

  • 15.
    Gustafsson, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Broiler producers´ perspectives on bacterial resilience; evaluating a potential of hops2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    An interview study was undertaken to explore Swedish broiler producers´ views for the potential of hops (H. lupulus L.) to reduce reliance on ionophorous coccidiostats in broiler production. The design was a mixed methodology between grounded theory and case study with a semi structured interview method. Nine producers, four using ionophorous coccidiostats and five without reliance in production accepted interview. During interviews participants were presented to research conducted with hops in production and consequences from ionophores in production. All participants thought the risk from pathogen pressure was too great to cut reliance in intensive production owed to the lower efficacy of hops. Therefore owed to how actors in the Swedish food system behave only small producers with enough economical freedom for reduced stocking densities were regarded to be able to uphold animal health with hops. Six parameters within food systems were regarded as leverage points for a potential of hops in production on a larger societal scale if encouraging a more extensive nationwide production system. Those were: purchase will, small local production, increased responsibility within trade, law, elevated consumers and research. Law was seen as a necessity to enforce all other denominators since economical in food systems tend to override social and ecological dimensions. Consequences from power struggle in food systems disfavoring producers has although resulted in a great distrust towards other system actors such as consumers, legal institutions or wholesalers. That has created a reluctance to interact with other system actors even for common goals. A stronger position to other actors in food systems was regarded as increasing a meaningful outcome from interaction. Four parameters emerged as impacting power relations in a system the most: Purchase will, contracts, own designed production and law. Favorable purchase will and law would contribute the most for increasing adaptivity for alternatives in production by impacting on power relations. No producers had observed indicators of bacterial resistance from ionophorous coccidiostat usage. Lack of research for many years in the field was troublesome for how to develop the enterprise according to participants. Especially in relation to Norway that has abolished the static use of ionophorous coccidiostats in production. About half of the participants although regarded a shift in research towards consequences from intensive production as equally important as focusing on alternative antimicrobials.

  • 16.
    Uneram, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper.
    Bättre och bättre dag för dag: Införande av kvalitetsledningssystem och hållbar förändringsledning i offentlig verksamhet.2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förändringskrafter såsom klimatförändringar, ny teknik, globalisering, demografi och värderingar skapar utmaningar för den kommunala verksamheten i Sverige. Krav på förbättring och effektivisering av offentlig verksamhet ökar ständigt och kvalitetsfokus blir allt viktigare. Offensiv kvalitetsutveckling med principer, arbetssätt och verktyg som hjälper organisationer att ge kundtillfredsställelse i en snabbt föränderlig värld behöver genomföras.

    Syftet med arbetet har varit att undersöka hur ett kvalitetsledningsarbete i en offentlig förvaltning kan utföras och Samhällsbyggnadsförvaltningen i Kinda kommun i södra Östergötland har varit föremål för fallstudien. I januari 2018 införde kommunen en ny organisation och Samhällsbyggnadsförvaltningen var den förvaltning som genomgick störst förändring då flera förvaltningar slogs samman till en gemensam. När verksamheten drog igång uppdagades brister och behov och det blev tydligt att rutiner som behövdes för den nya organisationen saknades. Det ansågs prioriterat att börja arbetet med att införa ett kvalitetsledningssystem som främjar utveckling inom områdena struktur, kultur och systematik och som dessutom integrerar hållbar utveckling.

    Uppsatsarbetet inleddes med en teoristudie och skapande av ett teoretiskt ramverk som bygger på en generell förbättringsprocess med input, förändringsprocess och output. Ramverket innehåller bland annat teorier om modellen PESTLE, Maslows behovstrappa, hållbar utveckling, Hörnstensmodellen, Total Quality Management/Offensiv kvalitetsutveckling, transaktionellt och situationsanpassat ledarskap, PAV-modellen, förändringsprocesser enligt Janssen, Lewin, Kotter, med flera samt organisationskultur och lärande organisation. Fallstudien genomfördes med hjälp av intervjuer, observationer, enkät och work-shops. Djupintervjuer genomfördes för att erhålla kunskap om hållbar förändringsledning och teleintervjuer och internetsökningar gav tips om arbetssätt, verktyg och införande. Analysen gjordes genom att resultatet applicerades och sorterades med utgångspunkt från indelningen i det teoretiska ramverket.

    Resultatet visar att vikten av ett engagerat ledarskap inte nog kan poängteras och behov av att skapa en känsla av angelägenhet, genom att säkerställa en tydlig bild över förbättringsbehov, är stor. Införandet av ett kvalitetsledningssystem är en förändringsprocess där nuläget och förbättringsbehov behöver kartläggas för att därefter ta fram en förändringsstrategi. Verksamheten behöver bestämma sig för vilka principer som ska ingå i deras ledningssystem och vilka arbetssätt och verktyg som ska stödja principerna. Hållbarhetsprinciperna bör integreras i kvalitetsledningssystemet för att säkerställa en hållbar kvalitetsutveckling. Det finns ett värde i att ha en n-stegsmodell att hålla sig till och få stöd av genom förändringsarbetet. En införandemodell föreslås där det inledningsvis handlar om att skapa strukturer och system. För att underlätta benchmarking och kunskapsuppbyggnad är det en fördel att bli medlem i SIQ (Swedish Institute for Quality) och delta i deras nätverk för att få stöd och hjälp. Att skapa en kvalitetskultur tar tid och det krävs uthållighet, ständigt lärande av misstag och ett kontinuerligt förbättringsarbete.

  • 17.
    Melander, Clara
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Carbon Budgets as a Climate Governance Tool - A Study of Five Swedish Municipalities and County Administrative Boards2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the recent case of using carbon budgets in present-day local and regional climate governance in Sweden as compliment to the national climate goals. Through the concept of governmentality and four analytics of government this paper looks at how the practice of budgeting carbon influences how the climate is perceived and problematized in local climate governance. The thesis follow an ongoing project where a few municipalities and county administrative boards commissioned estimated carbon budgets specific for their geographical area that were in turn based on the global carbon budget and associated research. As such, this thesis looks at how carbon budgeting, as an alternative way of representing the climate in comparison to the national climate targets, influences how climate issues are deliberated among municipal and county officials in these particular cases. Using empirical material based on interviews with six officials from five different municipalities and county administrative boards as well as one of the researchers involved in the project this paper explored the question of how carbon budgeting have bearing on local and regional climate governance. The thesis is positioned within literature that draws attention to the question of how the climate is rendered governable through practices of carbon accounting in contemporary climate governance. My results indicate that carbon budgeting is perceived among municipal and county officials primarily as a useful communication tool in their professional role to build awareness around climate issues. Moreover, the results reveal how accomplishment of the rapid transition pathways suggested by the carbon budget project is perceived as outside the scope of municipal authority. Nonetheless, the results also reveal how the notion of a finite amount of emissions have induced deliberations about what constitute an appropriate vision for local and regional climate targets and also around the accountability of different actors in relation to a finite territorial budget. Finally, this paper points towards suggestions for further research on carbon budgets in municipal and county climate governance in Sweden.

  • 18.
    Allen, Connor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Community-Based Social Marketing: an investigation of sustainable behavioral change strategies at the municipality level in Sweden2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The new Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C by the International Panel on Climate Change presents the drastic need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for the security and sustainable development of human kind. In Sweden, household consumption related carbon emissions needs to be radically reduced in order to meet the international climate goals set in this report. Changing individual behavior has proven over time to be a challenging task for many initiatives. Community-Based Social Marking is a behavior method that has been proven to be effective in creating sustainable behavior change at the community level. A case study is conducted at Avesta kommun in Sweden in order to discover what behavior is best to change to reduce the carbon footprint per person at this municipality, what strategy is best to achieve this goal and what effect this strategy will have. The results from the Community-Based Social Marketing case study show that a vegan diet as a behavior has the highest positive impact on the environment to promote in Avesta, but the behavior with the second highest impact, a vegetarian diet, is chosen due to its higher probability to implement and external health factors associated with a vegan diet. The strategy chosen is a Facebook page designed to provide weekly vegetarian recipes to families in Avesta with the goal of increasing their consumption of vegetarian food. The strategy is tested on a pilot group to determine its effectiveness. The conclusion of this study shows that the strategy is overall effective on the pilot group for increasing their knowledge and consumption of vegetarian meals.

  • 19. Hagedorn, Gregor
    et al.
    Kalmus, Peter
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Joint Inst Reg Earth Syst Sci & Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA.
    Mann, Michael
    Penn State Univ, Ctr Earth Syst Sci, University Pk, PA 16802 USA.
    Vicca, Sara
    Univ Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Van den Berge, Joke
    Univ Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
    van Ypersele, Jean-Pascal
    Catholic Univ Louvain, B-1348 Louvain La Neuve, Belgium.
    Bourg, Dominique
    Univ Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Rotmans, Jan
    Erasmus Univ, NL-3000 DR Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Kaaronen, Roope
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki Inst Sustainabil Sci, Fac Social Sci, Helsinki 00014, Finland.
    Rahmstorf, Stefan
    Potsdam Inst Climate Impact Res, D-14473 Potsdam, Germany.
    Kromp-Kolb, Helga
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Ctr Global Change & Sustainabil, A-1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Kirchengast, Gottfried
    Karl Franzens Univ Graz, Wegener Ctr Climate & Global Change, A-8010 Graz, Austria.
    Knutti, Reto
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Atmospher & Climate Sci, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland.
    Seneviratne, Sonia I.
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Atmospher & Climate Sci, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland.
    Thalmann, Philippe
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Cretney, Raven
    Univ Waikato, Dept Polit Sci & Publ Policy, Hamilton, Waikato, New Zealand.
    Green, Alison
    Scientists Warning UK, Cambridge, England.
    Anderson, Kevin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Univ Manchester, Manchester, Lancs, England.
    Hedberg, Martin
    Polyfuture Inst SWC, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Douglas
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Environm Sci & Analyt Chem, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kuttner, Amita
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.
    Hayhoe, Katharine
    Texas Tech Univ, Climate Ctr, Lubbock, TX 79409 USA.
    Concerns of young protesters are justified2019Ingår i: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 364, nr 6436, s. 139-140Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Shoemaker, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Gillson, Lindsey
    Univ Cape Town, Plant Conservat Unit, Bot Dept, Private Bag X3, ZA-7701 Rondebosch, South Africa.
    Lane, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi. Univ Cambridge, Dept Archaeol, Downing St, Cambridge CB2 3DZ, England;Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Geog Archaeol & Environm Studies, ZA-2000 Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Lindholm, Karl-Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Conservation through Biocultural Heritage-Examples from Sub-Saharan Africa2019Ingår i: Land, ISSN 2073-445X, E-ISSN 2073-445X, Vol. 8, nr 1, artikel-id 5Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we review the potential of biocultural heritage in biodiversity protection and agricultural innovation in sub-Saharan Africa. We begin by defining the concept of biocultural heritage into four interlinked elements that are revealed through integrated landscape analysis. This concerns the transdisciplinary methods whereby biocultural heritage must be explored, and here we emphasise that reconstructing landscape histories and documenting local heritage values needs to be an integral part of the process. Ecosystem memories relate to the structuring of landscape heterogeneity through such activities as agroforestry and fire management. The positive linkages between living practices, biodiversity and soil nutrients examined here are demonstrative of the concept of ecosystem memories. Landscape memories refer to built or enhanced landscapes linked to specific land-use systems and property rights. Place memories signify practices of protection or use related to a specific place. Customary protection of burial sites and/or abandoned settlements, for example, is a common occurrence across Africa with beneficial outcomes for biodiversity and forest protection. Finally, we discuss stewardship and change. Building on local traditions, inclusivity and equity are essential to promoting the continuation and innovation of practices crucial for local sustainability and biodiversity protection, and also offer new avenues for collaboration in landscape management and conservation.

  • 21.
    Mickelsson, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    Kronlid, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Lotz-Sisitka, Heila
    Rhodes Univ, Environm Learning & Res Ctr, Grahamstown, South Africa.
    Consider the Unexpected: Scaling ESD as a matter of learning2019Ingår i: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 135-150Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to introduce a view of scaling as a learning process. In the article we discuss the concept of ‘scaling up’ or ‘scaling’ of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) activities on the basis of how ‘scaling up’ ESD is highlighted in the UNESCO Global Action Programme (GAP) on ESD. Drawing on a Deweyan theory of learning as processes of transactional encounters, the article presents a conceptual framework of scaling-ESD- activities-as-learning. This conceptual framework is intended to have implications for ESD policy and ESE research. The theoretical specications and practical implications presented are results of data collected using a participatory research approach (Re-Solve) and an abductive analysis. In this article, we argue that viewing scaling as a learning process enables a nuanced notion of scaling ESD-activities. This should be seen in relation to (a) complex sustainability challenges, (b) ethical aspects, (c) a more attentive and strict approach to scaling in ESD policy and (d) addressing questions of signicant importance to scaling research.

  • 22.
    Snowball, Ian
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Almqvist, Bjarne
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Geofysik.
    Lougheed, Bryan C.
    Wiers, Steffen
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Obrochta, Stephen
    Herrero-Bervera, Emilio
    Coring induced sediment fabrics at IODP Expedition 347 Sites M0061 and M0062 identified by anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS): criteria for accepting palaeomagnetic data2019Ingår i: Geophysical Journal International, ISSN 0956-540X, E-ISSN 1365-246X, Vol. 217, nr 2, s. 1089-1107Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility data obtained from discrete subsamples recovered from two Integrated Ocean Drilling Program sites (Expedition 347 sites M0061 and M0062 in the Baltic Sea) by an Advanced Piston Corer are compared to results obtained on subsamples recovered by replicate 6-m-long Kullenberg piston cores. Characteristic natural remanence directions were obtained from the total of 1097 subsamples using principal component analyses. The three principal anisotropy axes of subsamples taken from Advanced Piston Core liners align to the subsample axes, with the maximum axis (K1) parallel to the split core surfaces, possibly caused by outwards relaxation of the core-liners after splitting. A second anomalous anisotropy fabric is characterized by steep values of the angular difference between the inclination of the minimum anisotropy axes (K3) and that expected for horizontal bedding (90°). This fabric is confined to the upper 1–2 m of the Kullenberg cores and specific sections of the advanced piston cores, and we attribute it to conical deformation caused by either excessive penetration speeds and downwards dragging of sediment along the edge of the liner or stretching caused by undersampling. By using our data in an example, we present a protocol to accept palaeomagnetic secular variation data that uses (i) a threshold 90-K3 value of 15°, combined with a modelled, locally applicable minimum inclination of 65° and (ii) an A95 cone of confidence based on Fisher statistics applied to virtual geomagnetic pole distributions.

  • 23.
    Langholf, Lucas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Creating democratic technology for societal change: How Open Source practices can influence the negotiation of technology among activists.2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As the digital transformation and the technological development progresses, the tools, methods and practices of activistsare changing and a unification of engineers and social reformers can be witnessed in contemporary forms of activism.This thesis presents a case study research that explores how practices from the Free and Open Source softwaremovement can lead to a democratisation of technology in the environmental activism project Precious Plastic.Furthermore it analysis the broader societal implications of this democratisation with a focus on human well-being andthe natural environment. By discussing Kelty’s (2008) concept of recursive publics and Haff’s (2018) work on OpenSource as a development model in the context of Feenberg’s (1992) critical theory of technology, central Open Sourcepractices were identified that have the potential to foster a democratisation of technology. This guided a qualitative textanalysis of the development discussions of two phases of Precious Plastic. Two major factors could be identified thatdetermine the extent to which the democratisation of technology through Open Source practices is possible. Theopportunity to contribute to a project and the power of a central gatekeeper. Other aspects, like an increased sense ofbelonging, the discussion of the own infrastructure and the projects future, or the efforts to involve as many actors as pos-sible in the technology, were found to have fostered a deeper and broader discussion among the participants. This studysuggests to extend the term Open Source activism (Aitchison and Peters, 2011), to describe a form of activismthat has the creation of technology at its core and brings together a variety of actors with similar practices who negotiateand shape the aim and the purpose of technology, leading to an increased compatibility of the technology with ournatural and human limits. However, this concept needs to be refined and improved with further studies before it can begenerally applicable.

  • 24.
    Schaum, Valerie Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Decision-making in shared leadership: overcoming the conflict between profit and ethical value goals2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies’ entrepreneurial actions entail all sorts of conquences among these ethical consequences. While the media reports on unethical activities and blames companies for those actions, the global market economy, with few exceptions, does not value ethical behavior. Consequently, businesses continue to prioritize the pursuit of profits over the consideration of ethical issues. Research suggests that this situation together with traditionally vertical leadership structures produces conflicts in decision-making processes between profit and ethical value goals. New styles of leadership and decision-making are needed to overcome this conflict. Thus, the aim of this project is to identify the characteristics of shared leadership that are perceived as positively influencing corporate decision-making processes with regards to the integration of ethical considerations. A case study approach is chosen to study the phenomenon in a real-life context. A German small-size company practicing shared leadership funcions as the case study. The report presents a framework to analyze various factors regarding. Empirical data from interviews and on-site observations are analyzed using a framework created based on previous research, highlighting inputs, processes and outputs of the decision-making processes in shared leadership. The findings show that individuals’ personalities, intra-team relations, organizational culture, rules and the use of a decision-making tool aiming at consent are important influencing factors of decision-making in shared leadership.

  • 25.
    Kalla, Christelle
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Dekomponeringsanalys av personbilstrafikens CO2-utsläpp i Sverige 1990–20152019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    År 2045 ska Sverige uppnå territoriella nettonollutsläpp och till år 2030 ska utsläppen från transportsektorn ha minskat med 70 % jämfört med år 2010. Sveriges vägtrafik står för en tredjedel av de totala växthusgasutsläppen. För att uppnå klimatmålen bör de mest lämpade styrmedlen och åtgärderna prioriteras. En systematisk undersökning av de faktorer som påverkat utsläppsutvecklingen kan vägleda beslutsfattare att fördela resurserna där de gör mest nytta. Dekomponeringsanalys är en potentiell metod för detta syfte då flera olika faktorers effekter kan särskiljs och mätas. Fem additiva LMDI-I dekomponeringsanalyser genomfördes på utsläppsutvecklingen av fossilt CO2 inom personbilstrafiken mellan åren 1990–2015. De faktorer som undersöktes var befolkning, bil per capita, bränsleteknologier, motorstorlekar, trafikarbete per bil, emissioner och biobränsle. Data från emissionsmodellen HBEFA, Trafikverket och SCB användes i analyserna. Under hela perioden 1990–2015 minskade CO2-utsläppen och dekomponeringsanalyserna visade att alla de ingående faktorerna påverkat utvecklingen. Sett över hela tidsperioden 1990–2015 hade faktorerna påverkat utvecklingen mest i storleksordningen trafikarbete per bil (35 %), bränsleteknologier (15 %), befolkning (15 %), bil per capita (13 %), emissioner (11 %), biobränsle (7 %) samt motorstorlekar (5 %). Procenten anger andelen som faktorn utgjorde av effekternas absoluta summa. Trafikarbete per bil, emissioner, biobränsle och motorstorlekar minskade utsläppen. Bränsleteknologier, befolkning och bil per capita ökade utsläppen. Resultaten kan användas som en indikation för vilka faktorer som kan påverka den framtida utsläppsutvecklingen mest och för vilka åtgärder bör vidtas. Åtgärderförslag är incitament för att välja mer hållbara transportsätt, öka andelen av bilar med lägre utsläpp i fordonsflottan och använda mer biobränsle.

  • 26.
    Apler, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Geological Survey of Sweden.
    Snowball, Ian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Frogner-Kockum, Paul
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute.
    Josefsson, Sarah
    Geological Survey of Sweden.
    Distribution and dispersal of metals in contaminated fibrous sediments of industrial origin2019Ingår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 215, s. 470-481Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial emissions can impact aquatic environments and unregulated discharges from pulp and paper factories have resulted in deposits of cellulose fiber along the Swedish coast. These deposits are contaminated by metals, but due to their unique fibrous character the extent of sorption and dispersal of the metals is unclear. Fibrous sediments were sampled at two sites in the Ångermanälven river estuary, Sweden. The partitioning of metals between the sediment, pore water and bottom water was investigated and the degree of bioavailability was evaluated. The levels of metals in the sediment were high in fibrous or offshore samples, depending on the metal, whereas the levels of dissolved metals in pore water were low or below the limit of quantification. Partition coefficients (KD) showed that sorption to the sediment was stronger at one of the fibrous sites, possibly related to the type and size of organic matter. Undisturbed bottom water samples contained low levels of both dissolved and particle bound metals, but when comparing measured metal concentrations to threshold values of ecological status and ecotoxicological assessment criteria, both sediments and bottom water may be detrimental to living organisms. In-situ re-suspension experiments showed that the concentrations of particle bound metals increased whereas the dissolved concentrations decreased. The analyzed metals are probably retained by the solid phases of the fibrous sediment or adsorbed to particles in the water, reducing their bioavailability.

  • 27.
    Larsson, Petter I.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Dåtid för framtid: En granskning av naturums relation till de kulturella aspekterna inom landskap och natur2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Nature and culture are closely connected and in constant change in relation to each other. Although this is well known by now the cultural aspects rarely are concidered when it comes to conserving of nature (in Sweden). This paper examines naturums (Swedish visiting centres) relationship to the cultural aspects of landscapes and nature. It also examines how the Swedish nature (Naturvårdsverket) and culture (Riksantikvarieämbetet) conservation agencies work together. Beyond this the paper looks in to why it is important to include the cultural aspects within nature conservation and in what way archaeology could be a rewarding factor in reaching this knowledge. This paper points out why a more holistic picture is needed if we want to take care of the nature in the best possible way for future generations, also why a working ecosystem and landscapes with high natural values are important. This paper focuses on naturum because it´s the biggest museum of nature in Sweden - with great power comes great responsibility. Naturum often works with and for children and youngsters. Therfore it is most important that naturum teaches and inform about all aspects within landscapes, nature and the role humans play within the ecosystem. This to give future generations a holistic picture from the beginning. Naturum will be assessed from a theoretical frame based on the concept of biocultural heritage, which suggests a holistic view of a landscape within research and stewardship concerning landscapes and to transform knowledge in to policy. In the end of the paper, I discuss possible improvements within nature and culture conservation work in Sweden to reach a better cooperation between the two government agencies Naturvårdsverket and Riksantikvarieämbetet. In conclusion I argue that there is knowledge in both Naturvårdsverket and Riksantikvarieämbetet about the importance of including cultural aspects to optimize the conservation of nature. The same seems to go for most naturum, although there is a need of more concrete guidelines from Naturvårdsverket to help naturum to include the aspects in a clearer way. This is important if naturum are gonna be able to inform their visitors about the cultural aspekts within landscapes. I argue that the best thing to do for nature and culture conservation in Sweden is to merge the two agencies into one. I believe this would result in an easier and more natural cooperation between the two.

  • 28.
    Lagerblad, Anastasia
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper.
    Verngren, Amanda
    En förbättring av ledarskap och gruppdynamik: Med utgångspunkt i offensiv kvalitetsutveckling2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ishockey AB är ett ishockeylag som verkar i Hockeyallsvenskan och de förbättringsområdena som behandlas i det här arbetet är: ledarskap och gruppdynamik. En fungerande gruppdynamik och ett gott ledarskap är grundläggande för att en grupp ska kunna prestera. Den valda organisationen, Ishockey AB, har tidigare genomfört åtgärder för att förbättra både ledarskapet och gruppdynamiken, men ändå anses båda vara av dålig kvalitet när spelarna får uttala sig. Examensarbetet grundar sig på data insamlad genom skriftliga och muntliga intervjuer med spelare och på en intervju genomförd med företaget, Utveckling AB, som redan arbetat med laget för att utveckla deras ledarskap och gruppdynamik.

    Syftet med examensarbetet är att identifiera och ta fram förbättringsförslag för att utveckla ledarskapet och förbättra gruppdynamiken inom den valda organisationen: Ishockey AB. Det här kommer att göras genom tillämpningen av offensiv kvalitetsutveckling för att kunna öka kvaliteten inom laget, det vill säga: öka samhörigheten, spelnivån, kommunikationen samt prestationerna.

    För studien används teorier inom kvalitetsutveckling och flera kvalitetsverktyg tillämpas under såväl insamlingsfasen av studien som vid analys av data. Kvalitativa intervjuer har genomförts och resultaten har sammanfattats för att skapa en överblick av nuläget och det önskade läget. Kvalitetsverktyg som tillämpats för att illustrera de svar som framkom, är: Paretodiagram och Ishikawadiagram. För att skapa en förståelse för gruppdynamiken och för att tydligt illustrera hur laget ska uppnå optimal gruppdynamik har FIRO modellen tillämpats. Modellen visar även hur ledaren påverkar gruppdynamiken och ledarens roll för att uppnå optimal gruppdynamik.

    Resultatet visar hur spelarna upplever sin situation på arbetsplatsen baserat på föregående säsong. Vidare visar resultatet vad spelarna motiveras av, hur tränaren kan motivera spelarna, hur prestationer kan variera från vecka till vecka samt hur spelarna anser att negativ energi sprider sig. Baserat på intervjun med Utveckling AB samt tidigare datainsamling visar resultatet hur organisationen kan arbeta med FIRO och PDSA för att uppnå en fungerande samt hållbar gruppdynamik. Analysens resultat vägdes samman med omfattningen av det arbetet som skulle krävas för att kunna redogöra förbättringar samt den studerade organisationens önskemål om att implementera förbättringsförslagen så snart som möjligt. De huvudsakliga slutsatserna som kunnat dras utifrån arbetet är att: ledarskapet spelar en vital roll för gruppdynamiken, medarbetarna själva vill ha motiverande ledare och det är viktigt att förstå att arbetet med förbättring och ständig utveckling är ett ständigt pågående arbete som behöver ges tid och utrymme.

  • 29.
    Wänlund, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper.
    En utvecklad laboratorieverksamhet: Väg från kostnadsbesparande analyslabb till utvecklingsskapande kunskapscenter2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att klara planetens utmaningar är cirkulär ekonomi ett förhållningsätt som med ett kretsloppstänk som minskar behovet av att ta mer av jordens resurser. Utveckling och möjligheter för tester och försök i laboratoriemiljö är en av nycklarna till framgång. En rätt utformad laboratorieverksamhet, för en verksamhet och dess kunder, bidrar till att en organisation och ett företag kan vara en viktig del av lösningen för en hållbarare värld. I denna fallstudie undersöks hur Ragn-Sells laboratorieverksamhet kan utformas för att möta företagets behov och framtida utmaningar. Med utgångpunkt i grundprinciperna i offensiv kvalitetsutveckling och genom intervju, workshops, enkät och tillämpning av ett flertal kvalitetsverktyg har förslag till vision, uppdrag, roll, mål och strategi tagits fram. Resultatet utgör grunden för hur laboratorieverksamheten kan utvecklas från ett kostnadsbesparande analyslabb till ett utvecklingsskapande kunskapscentrum. Med visionen ”T&D:s verksamhetsnära kunskapscentrum för tryggande av kemiskt och fysiskt kunnande och som genom materialfokus, kreativitet, nytänkande och engagemang bidrar till utveckling, cirkulära lösningar och bra affärer” som framtidsbild kan verksamheten ta sig an uppgiften som utrednings- och utvecklingslaboratorium med ett kunskapsnav. Utöver utrednings- och utvecklingsuppdrag behöver den nya laboratorieverksamheten även kunna hantera och arkivera prover, dokumentera och rapportera resultat med spårbarhet och proaktivt arbeta med både rådgivning, informationsspridning och nätverkande. Ansvar och roll behöver spegla uppdraget och för att nå visionen krävs både långsiktiga mål för utvecklingen och operativa mål för löpande verksamhet. Lösningsförslagen har analyserats baserat på teorier om identitet, vision, mission, mål och strategi, process, kompetens, kunskap, lärande och kunskapsorganisationer. Genom att fånga synergier med koncernens forsknings- och innovationslaboratorium, kan ytterligare mervärden skapas genom att dela både idéer, kompetens och utrustning. En rekommendation är att vidga perspektivet och även fånga in synergier med koncernens R&D-verksamhet. Vidare behöver verksamheten effektiva processer och rätt kompetens. Processer har kartlagts på en övergripande nivå. Kompetensprofiler har identifierats för fyra roller: utförare, utvecklare, kunskapsspridare och expert. Därtill behövs funktionella lokaler för fin-, grov- och pilotlabb, arkiv för både kort- och långvarig förvaring av prover samt ytor som möjliggör samarbete och samverkan. Studien har dock inte tagit fram någon detaljerad kravspecifikation vilket behöver göras i ett kommande steg. Alla nödvändiga steg för att gå från studie till förverkligat laboratorium finns sammanfattade i en implementeringsplan. Sammantaget har studien visat hur principer i offensiv kvalitetsutveckling och tillämning av kvalitetsverktyg kan vara till stöd för att driva förbättring och även mer långtgående utvecklingen av en verksamhetsdel där förflyttning av identitet går från analyslabb till kunskapscentrum, för att skapa lösningar för en hållbar framtid.

  • 30.
    Roséen, Jakob
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Enabling Circular Economy with Digital Technology: A case study On the Swedish Online Secondhand Business Sellpy.2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Recognizing the responsibility businesses has in sustainable development, a rising number of entrepreneurs are attempting to innovate business models together with digital technology to address environmental and societal needs. Circular business models is an example of how businesses can become more sustainable. However, there is a growing phenomenon of entrepreneurs suggesting digital platforms as a supportive element in an enterprise to enable circular features. This research aims to investigate the role of a single entrepreneur as a transition intermediary to sustainable development by using digital platforms. Additionally, this research aims to explore the success factors and challenges this entrepreneur can uncover. Contrary to most studies, this thesis adopts the entrepreneur's perspective as being a key actor in sustainable development but also as an innovative force in a socio-technical system. A case study was conducted on the Swedish online secondhand store Sellpy. The qualitative data were collected using semi-structured interviews. Given the thesis' exploratory research design, the finding can be used in further research as artifacts for more conclusive and generalizing research. The entrepreneur, as a transition intermediary, can establish valuable partnerships and networks to accelerate circulation and sustainability awareness. Additionally, the entrepreneur can influence others by spreading knowledge to engage other entrepreneurs to innovate businesses towards sustainability. The main success factors found in this case study is the approach to develop with the user community, digital ownership, skilled and diverse workforce, and partnerships with similar businesses. The challenges discovered was to maintain and find new users to enter the circular system and the external skepticism towards sustainability-oriented businesses.

  • 31.
    Ehrling, Axel
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Energy sources of the future – an explorative scenario analysis of Sweden’s energy security in regard to present energy policy2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy has always been an essential commodity, vital for a well-functioning society. Since, the industrialization has fossil fuels been used as man’s main energy source. Consequently, vast amounts of emissions have spread into earth’s atmosphere and lead to an unprecedently quick global warming. Governments are today reacting to climate change, and energy policies to limit the effects are developed. Sweden has since year 2008 established energy policy targets to reduce its emissions. This report looks into outcomes of Swedish energy policy by forecasting scenarios to measure target achievement and effects on Swedish energy security. Energy security has historically been dominated by geopolitical issues and oil, however, today the term has grown to encompass secure access to energy services at a sufficiently low and stable price, in a way that is socially and environmentally acceptable compared to other energy options. Thus, energy security in this report is understood as ‘Ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all’. From this definition are forecasted scenarios developed and analyzed towards an energy security framework consisting of three subcategorize, affordability, reliability and sustainability. The scenarios are made by linear, exponential and logistic trendlines, to cover different expansion patterns. The general outcome of the scenarios suggests that energy security as defined will become more sustainable and reliable at the cost of affordability for energy consumers. However, even though sustainability is increasing are some of the energy policy targets not likely to succeed if business continues as usual.

  • 32.
    Bengtsson, Stefan L.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling.
    Engaging with the Beyond-Diffracting Conceptions of T-Learning2019Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 12, artikel-id 3430Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper develops a theory of transgressive learning (t-learning) as it was experimented with in the International Science Council t-learning network. The method applied is a diffractive reading of conceptions of transgression in academic publications emerging from different cases. The results show that there can be no definite conduct to or understanding of transgression, as transgression itself entails a subversion of rules, contexts, and borders. Instead, the results document several overarching categorical positions and axiomatic understandings of transgression that emerge from the background of context-specific wicked sustainability issues. Transgressive learning can be understood as a set of contextually diverse techniques and practices that attempt to bring about change through and in learning. Transgressive learning can result in experiential learning excesses where the excess is the very source of difference and makes change possible. The diversity of conceptions of transgressive learning open up new entry points for engaging with sustainability-oriented learning and education that is open to change rather than to reproducing unsustainable social structures and dynamics.

  • 33.
    Bayoumi, Moustafa
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Evaluating the inclusion of sanitation and wastewater in climate policy and finance2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Sanitation is critical for sustainable development. However, the current systems in place are vulnerable to future risks. One of the main risks expected to have severe effects on the earth systems and our societies is climate change. If not dealt with, it threats to hinder or even reverse the progress done in sanitation access so far. On the other hand, countries are lacking the financial capabilities to achieve the sustainable development goals related to sanitation, not to mention the additional costs needed to increase its resilience towards climate variability and extreme weather conditions. Nevertheless, sanitation is not only vulnerable to climate change, it is also a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions which drive climate change. It is therefore important to better understand the linkages between sanitation and climate change. The aim of this study is to evaluate the inclusion of sanitation in climate policy and finance. A secondary content analysis is used to identify interest in sanitation in countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris agreement. Climate-related official development assistance flows and financial elements of approved project proposals by the Green Climate Fund board are analyzed to quantify climate finance flows supporting sanitation projects. The results indicate that sanitation is largely ignored in countries’ climate agendas constituting only 1% of all countries’ activities with very scarce mitigation activities for the sector. Furthermore, sanitation is marginalized in the international climate finance landscape. Very limited climate-related finance from official development assistance was found allocated to projects with the main focus on sanitation. As for the GCF approved project proposals, only 7 projects out of 99 had sanitation or wastewater-related components and only one project of the 7 received GCF funding. These results indicate a knowledge gap of sanitation’s potential contribution to emissions reduction and the risks from climate change towards sanitation systems. Furthermore, it points out the need for better coordination between development and climate finance in order to reduce the finance gap and help achieve the sustainable development goals and the Paris agreement simultaneously.

  • 34.
    Feinberg, Marc
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper. SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Exploring an emerging land use conflict: GIS based site selection for expanding forests in Denmark2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The predominant land use in Denmark is agriculture, which has had negative effects on the aquatic environment, bothmarine and freshwater, due to excess nutrient runoff and resulting eutrophication. The current condition does not fullfillthe European Water Framework Directive’s goal of ‘Good ecological condition’ in all aquatic environments. InDenmark, forests only account for a small proportion of the land use, and despite an increase over the past twocenturies, the currently small forested area has had negative consequences for biodiversity since a majority of thespecies in Denmark are dependent on forests for habitat. The current efforts do not meet Denmark’s commitment tofulfill the United Nations Convention on Biological diversity. Similar to other countries, Denmark is obligated to reduceits carbon dioxide emissions according to the Paris agreement, with reduction goals of 40 % in 2030 and 80-95% in2050. The aim of the present thesis, is to assess whether reforestation on agricultural land can ensure that Denmarkreaches the international obligations for water quality and biodiversity at the same time as reducing climate impact byincreasing carbon sequestration, without significant land use conflict between agriculture and forest.This aim is pursued through an analysis of spatial data using a Geographical Information System, where threescenarios are created to assess differences in policy priorities.Based on the result of the spatial analysis, carbon sequestration estimates are calculated to assess the extent towhich forests could contribute to reducing the Danish climate impact, by increasing carbon sequestration. Theparameters used in the spatial analysis were found through a literature review, and the data for the spatial analysis wereaccessed in official and university databases.The main findings of the spatial analysis suggest that the areas with the highest potential agricultural value andthe areas with the highest potential for forest ecosystem services are not overlapping to a significant degree. Thisimplies that the areas that would have the highest levels of trade-offs between these goals when transitioning to forest,can continue the current land use without being needed for reforestation. The areas where agricultural value is low, andwhere reforestation would provide high levels of forest ecosystem services, are best suited for land use change. Theseareas were found to cover a substantial part of the study area, varying depending on three different scenarios, and areestimated to have the potential to contribute greatly to Denmark’s international commitments for water quality andbiodiversity. The carbon sequestration estimates show that if an area of approximately 7 % of Zealand was reforested,the sequestered amounts of carbon dioxide would correspond to a large portion of the emissions reductions necessary tofulfill Denmark’s obligations in the Paris Agreement.

  • 35.
    Jang, Jiwon
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Fair Wage in the Fashion Industry: A stakeholder perspective2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the socio-economic phenomenon surrounding social sustainability in the fashion industry with a focus on the remuneration of garment production workers of the global fashion value chain. The aim of this study is to explain the interaction between different stakeholders of the global fashion value chain in their perspectives in driving social sustainability, including the implementation of fair wage and to propose a suitable way to achieve economic and social sustainability within the three pillars of Triple Bottom Line. Research questions in focus to suit the purpose of this study are: Through a review of perspectives of key actors of a typical global fashion value chain; what are the business drivers of the stakeholders in implementing social sustainability initiatives?; how can stakeholder pressure facilitate the increase in remuneration level of garment production workers in the fashion industry? Through an analysis of peer-reviewed articles and a review of empirical reports along with qualitative analysis on primary interview data the following conclusions can be made: Although the perspectives on what a decent level of wage is was different, all of the stakeholders of the global value chain either vaguely or explicitly, expressed a need for increase in the remuneration level of garment production workers in a societal perspective. However, it was observed that all the stakeholders had different business drivers that were situated in a different transitional period in drivers of the Triple Bottom Line. Another analysis made was that global fashion value chain being rather linearly connected, the pressure that the higher end actors perceive from their stakeholders were not delivered all the way to the lower end actors. There are many practical implications to this study. Many fashion brands are using social sustainability standards as a way of managing the integration of social initiatives within their global value chain, including the implementation of a living wage. However, it was difficult to make a clear conclusion on the effectiveness of the social sustainability standards on driving positive change in the remuneration level of the garment production workers. Moreover, although the consumers are willing to pay a higher price for an ethical product and there have been attempts from fashion brand level to increase the level of remuneration of garment production workers through their own expense, it was observed through a review of the perspectives of stakeholders that it can be difficult to facilitate due to complexity in purchasing practices and wage formation is the result of market-driven processes with various degrees of market imperfections and government intervention. Therefore, a recommendation to the practitioners of the global fashion value chain can be engendering strategic partnership for social dialogue.

  • 36.
    van Slyke, Torry
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Fields of Dreams: Scenarios to Produce Selected Biomass and Renewable Jet Fuels that Fulfill European Union Sustainability Criteria2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Aviation greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have risen faster than any other transport sector to double between 1990 and 2005. Such emissions from aviation could increase another 700 percent globally, and at least 150 percent in the European Union (EU), by 2050 due to continuously increasing consumer demand. To reverse the trend of rising emissions writ large, the EU has set 2030 climate goals of reducing its GHG emissions by 40 percent (relative to 2005) and having 32 percent of gross final energy consumption from renewables. The EU’s recast Renewable Energy Directive (RED-II) calls for 14 percent of transport energy from renewables, gives multipliers to advanced biofuels, and restricts biomass that is from ecologically valuable lands or that causes land use change. Energy security and energy independence are also long-term EU goals. Many of these goals and targets have also been adopted by the European Free Trade Area (EFTA). Despite these efforts, options are limited to reduce aviation emissions compared to other transport sectors, leaving aviation biofuels, also known as renewable jet fuels (RJFs), as currently the only commercialized option. Against this backdrop, in this thesis scenario analyses were conducted to produce biomass from EU+EFTA lands, project RJF yields from this biomass, and estimate emissions savings of these RJFs compared to petroleum jet fuel. Particular effort was devoted to identifying biomass, biofuels, and EU+EFTA lands that comply with RED-II criteria. The two RJF pathways selected were hydroprocessed esters and fatty acid (HEFA) conversion of Camelina sativa vegetable oil and Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis of forestry residue lignocellulosic biomass.

    Over 117 million hectares in the EU+EFTA was identified as available for Camelina sativa cultivation, which could yield over 64 Mt of RJF each year, or 113 percent of the total jet fuel consumed in the EU+EFTA in 2017. Conversely, if 50 percent of the forestry residues generated as by-products from EU+EFTA roundwood harvesting operations in 2017 were extracted from harvest sites, 40 Mt of forestry residues would be available as biomass, which would yield almost 7.6 Mt of RJF annually (13% of 2017 jet fuel consumption). If all 144 million hectares of EU+EFTA forest lands deemed available for wood supply were logged, 1,772 Mt of forestry residues would be produced in total (at 50 percent extraction), which could result in almost 337 Mt of RJF, or 590% of the jet fuel consumed in the region in 2017. Hence, RJF can be feasibly produced from biomass from EU+EFTA lands, in amounts that meet or exceed the annual jet fuel consumption of the EU+EFTA, and in ways that meet or exceed RED-II sustainability criteria. However, the proportion of these RJF yields to total annual EU+EFTA jet fuel consumption will decrease over time as the number of flights and their resulting emissions increase. The two RJFs also emit 67 percent and 91 percent fewer GHG emissions, respectively, than petroleum-based jet fuel, showing them to be important tools for the EU to meet its 2030 renewables and emissions reductions targets. Producing the biomass feedstocks and RJFs in these quantities will require the EU to make serious decisions on land use trade-offs, such as whether livestock production is more important than biofuel production.

  • 37.
    Berkström, Charlotte
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Ecol Environm & Plant Sci, Stockholm, Sweden;Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Aquat Resources, Inst Coastal Res, Oregrund, Sweden.
    Papadopoulos, Myron
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Ecol Environm & Plant Sci, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jiddawi, Narriman Saleh
    State Univ Zanzibar, Trop Ctr Oceanog Environm Sci & Nat Resources, Zanzibar, Sweden.
    Nordlund, Lina M.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Fishers' Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK) on Connectivity and Seascape Management2019Ingår i: Frontiers in Marine Science, E-ISSN 2296-7745, Vol. 6, artikel-id 130Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In developing countries where data and resources are lacking, the practical relevance of local ecological knowledge (LEK) to expand our understanding of the environment, has been highlighted. The potential roles of the LEK varies from direct applications such as gathering environmental information to a more participative involvement of the community in the management of resources they depend on. Fishers' LEK could therefore be useful in order to obtain information on how to advance management of coastal fisheries. Many targeted fish species migrate between habitats to feed, spawn or recruit, connecting important habitats within the seascape. LEK could help provide answers to questions related to this connectivity and the identification of fish habitat use, and migrations for species and areas where such knowledge is scarce. Here we assess fishers' LEK on connectivity between multiple habitats within a tropical seascape, investigate the differences in LEK among fisher groups and the coherence between LEK and conventional scientific knowledge (CSK). The study was conducted in 2017 in Zanzibar, Tanzania, a tropical developing country. One hundred and thirty-five semi-structured interviews were conducted in six different locations focusing on fish migrations, and matching photos of fish and habitats. Differences between fisher groups were found, where fishers traveling further, exposed to multiple habitats, and who fish with multiple gears had a greater knowledge of connectivity patterns within the seascape than those that fish locally, in single habitats and with just one type of gear. A high degree of overlap in LEK and CSK was found, highlighting the potential benefits of a collaboration between scientists and fishers, and the use of LEK as complementary information in the management of small-scale fisheries.

  • 38.
    Höglund, Linda
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Biverstedt Engström, Martina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Frivillig hållbarhetsredovisning – utifrån legitimitet2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ämnet hållbar utveckling har varit aktuellt de senaste decennierna, ur det har olika regelverk och krav uppkommit. Därav ett lagkrav på hållbarhetsredovisning som trädde i kraft i Sverige år 2016. Alla företag och organisationer berörs dock inte av lagkravet, men en del väljer att upprätta en hållbarhetsredovisning ändå. Varför en del företag väljer att frivilligt upprätta en hållbarhetsredovisning samt vilka incitament som ligger bakom är syftet med undersökningen.

    För att ta reda på varför företag frivilligt väljer att upprätta en hållbarhetsredovisning har en teori utifrån företagets legitimitet arbetats fram. Teorin utgår från att företag väljer att genomföra en rad olika aktiviteter för att skapa, bibehålla eller reparera legitimiteten. Legitimitet skapas och existerar i det sociala kontrakt som är kollektivt accepterat för samtiden. Företag behöver därför anpassa sig till och följa de regler som råder just i den kontext där företaget verkar. Legitimiteten anses ständigt hotad och företaget behöver därför ständigt omförhandla och bevaka företagets ageranden, så de inte påverkar legitimiteten negativt. Utan legitimitet kan inget företag fortsätta existera, det är därför existentiellt att bevaka.

    Utifrån teorin om legitimitet ämnar uppsatsen få svar på varför företag upprättar en hållbarhetsredovisning när lagkravet inte finns. En enkätundersökning har genomförts för att besvara frågeställningen. Urvalet består av företag som bedriver verksamhet på Gotland, främst på grund av att det är geografiskt avgränsat och därför erbjuder en unik förutsättning.

    Av resultaten går det att utläsa att företagen i undersökningen är mindre företag, där en del upprättar en hållbarhetsredovisning frivilligt. Främsta anledningen till upprättandet var för företagets egen skull, därav är en del hållbarhetsredovisningar inte heller offentliga. Resultatet påvisade även att samtliga av företagen anser det viktigt att leverantörer och samarbetspartners har samma syn på hållbarhetsarbete som det egna företaget, dock läser få av dem andra företags hållbarhetsredovisning.

  • 39. Unsworth, Richard K. F.
    et al.
    McKenzie, Len J.
    Collier, Catherine J.
    Cullen-Unsworth, Leanne C.
    Duarte, Carlos M.
    Eklöf, Johan S.
    Jarvis, Jessie C.
    Jones, Benjamin L.
    Nordlund, Lina M.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Global challenges for seagrass conservation2019Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 48, nr 8, s. 801-815Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Seagrasses, flowering marine plants that form underwater meadows, play a significant global role in supporting food security, mitigating climate change and supporting biodiversity. Although progress is being made to conserve seagrass meadows in select areas, most meadows remain under significant pressure resulting in a decline in meadow condition and loss of function. Effective management strategies need to be implemented to reverse seagrass loss and enhance their fundamental role in coastal ocean habitats. Here we propose that seagrass meadows globally face a series of significant common challenges that must be addressed from a multifaceted and interdisciplinary perspective in order to achieve global conservation of seagrass meadows. The six main global challenges to seagrass conservation are (1) a lack of awareness of what seagrasses are and a limited societal recognition of the importance of seagrasses in coastal systems; (2) the status of many seagrass meadows are unknown, and up-to-date information on status and condition is essential; (3) understanding threatening activities at local scales is required to target management actions accordingly; (4) expanding our understanding of interactions between the socio-economic and ecological elements of seagrass systems is essential to balance the needs of people and the planet; (5) seagrass research should be expanded to generate scientific inquiries that support conservation actions; (6) increased understanding of the linkages between seagrass and climate change is required to adapt conservation accordingly. We also explicitly outline a series of proposed policy actions that will enable the scientific and conservation community to rise to these challenges. We urge the seagrass conservation community to engage stakeholders from local resource users to international policy-makers to address the challenges outlined here, in order to secure the future of the world’s seagrass ecosystems and maintain the vital services which they supply.

  • 40.
    Mattsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Mineralogi, petrologi och tektonik.
    Burchardt, Steffi
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Mineralogi, petrologi och tektonik.
    Almqvist, Bjarne
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Geofysik.
    Ronchin, Erika
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Mineralogi, petrologi och tektonik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala.
    Palma, J. Octavio
    Y-tec, Conicet.
    Galland, Olivier
    The Njord Centre, University of Oslo.
    Growth stages of cryptodomes: Examples from Iceland and Argentina2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 41.
    Wener, Sofia
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Ragnhäll, Rebecka
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Havredryckens gröna värde: En studie om samskapande av värde mellan Oatly och deras konsumenter2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Många konsumenter strävar idag efter en mer hållbar konsumtion och företag vill därför förmedla sina gröna arbetssätt för att attrahera kunder. Frågan är om företags hållbarhetsarbete och kommunikation av detta verkligen får människor att konsumera deras varor och tjänster, eller om konsumenter samtidigt behöver inneha viss kunskap för att värdesätta företagets hållbarhetsarbete. Studien syftar till att undersöka hur kunskap om hållbarhet leder till samskapande av värde mellan producent och konsument genom tre värdeskapande aktiviteter. Studien har särskilt granskat det svenska företaget Oatly och dess konsumenter. Det empiriska underlaget har samlats in genom en webbenkät som besvarades av 994 respondenter. Resultatet visar att kunskap om hållbarhet hos respondenterna har en positiv signifikant effekt på samskapande av värde med Oatly. Värdesamskapande sker främst genom en sammanslagning av de värdeskapande aktiviteterna kunskapsförnyelse, relationsutveckling och kommunikation. Studien bidrar till en bättre förståelse kring hur konsumenter och producenter samskapar värde genom gemensamma värderingar om hållbarhet.

  • 42.
    YANG, XIPENG
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Haze in Beijing (2008-2018) Control Measures, Thinking and Living in Haze2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses the formation of haze by taking the case of severer haze in Beijing in the winter of 2015, which was caused by the collective effect of human activities, topography and meteorological. Among these causes, anthropogenic emissions contributed most, such as coal-fired emissions and vehicle emissions. The haze not only brings direct harm to health, but also slowly changes the way people live in the haze. Beijing has issued the Clean Air Action Plan to mitigate haze. Additionally, a series of stringent control measures were adopted during Beijing Olympics and APEC summit. These measures, such as vehicle emissions reduction and coal-free programme effectively reduced the PM concentration but failed to reduce GHG emissions. Hence, the causes for the lack of sustainability of air pollution control measures are included in thesis.

  • 43.
    Bartke, Jonas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Hegemonic Masculinity, Food and Identity – Uncovering the Relationship between Dominant Discourses and Future Diets2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Food consumption plays an important role for future sustainable livelihoods and, in particular, the vegan diet is becoming increasingly popular among consumers of different societies. Understanding how people change their food habits is a major research quest and there is growing interest in the role of social media sites since these are important platforms for visual presentation online where individuals can influence others. This article investigates how vegan ‘men’ present themselves on the social media network Instagram. Drawing on the analytical framework of ‘hegemonic masculinity’, the study examines what values these individuals visually portray online. By conducting a content analysis of 600 top-posts that appear under the hashtag #veganmen, narratives are examined for what they convey and how certain ‘masculine’ perceptions are re-shaped or reinforced. The findings reveal the visual significance of ‘masculine’ self-presentation by vegan ‘men’ over other narratives that portray values of sustainability, compassion and empathy. Nonetheless, this narrative of ‘masculine’ self-presentation can still be understood as an attempt to motivate other individuals to embrace a plant-based diet and thereby contribute to change towards more ‘sustainable’ food consumption habits.

  • 44.
    Marriott Webb, Holly
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Histories of Value: Following Deer Populations Through the English Landscape from 1800 to the Present Day2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 40 poäng / 60 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Imagining the English landscape as an assemblage entangling deer and people throughout history, this thesis explores how changes in deer population connect to the ways deer have been valued from 1800 to the present day. Its methods are mixed, its sources are conversations – human voices in the ongoing historical negotiations of the multispecies body politic, the moot of people, animals, plants and things which shapes and orders the landscape assemblage. These conversations include interviews with people whose lives revolve around deer, correspondence with the organisations that hold sway over deer lives, analysis of modern media discourse around deer issues and exchanges with the history books. It finds that a non-linear increase in deer populations over the time period has been accompanied by multiple changes in the way deer are valued as part of the English landscape. Ending with a reflection on how this history of value fits in to wider debates about the proper representation of animals, the nature of non-human agency, and trajectories of the Anthropocene, this thesis seeks to open up new ways of exploring questions about human-animal relationships in environmental history.

  • 45.
    Fernandez Garcia, Mariana
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    How to transform foreign aid in Latin America through ecological economics2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study mainly argues the role that neoliberalism and neoclassical economics (mainstream economics) have had through foreign aid in Latin America and its effects over the years. The mere ideology of a market-centered society has been detrimental for many already. What this study aims to do is to portray that it has had the same effect on our environment as well. From poverty to environmental destruction, the neglect of social and environmental factors in our political socio-economic system has had its toll worldwide. The constant aim forgrowth and neoliberal approach in politics cannot be simply reversed by applying SDG’s political strategies.The definition of sustainable development has been vague enough already to rely on it as a fix. Ecological Economics on the other hand may imply a factual solution within aid and politics in Latin America and around the world, as it would be environmental and humanitarian-based. Some of the finding of this study include a comparison between ecological economics and neoclassical economics and practical applications for ecological economics within foreign aid.

  • 46.
    Elfström, Elin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Hållbar planering av offentliga rum: Kattvikskajen i Hudiksvall2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fler och fler flyttar in till städerna, och medan städerna växer behöver de även utvecklas hållbart. De tre perspektiven; ekologiskt, ekonomiskt och social måste balanseras. Parallellt med urbaniseringstrenden förekommer också en trend av att få in naturen och grönområden i staden. I den här studien undersöks det hur hållbar planering uttrycks och praktiseras i en svensk stadsdelsplaneringsprocess. Det har gjorts genom granskning av plandokument och interjuver med planerare i ett projekt i Hudiksvall, där den nya stadsdel Kattvikskajen planeras. Där ligger stort fokus på offentliga rum och de utformas främst utifrån ett socialt perspektiv, men också utifrån det ekologiska perspektivet. Agenda 2030, de globala hållbarhetsmålen, är ett verktyg som tagits fram för att underlätta genomförandet hållbar utveckling, dock är de målen inget som diskuterats eller hänvisats till i det här projektet. Men det har inte funnits några större konflikter mellan det ekologiska, ekonomiska och sociala och det har gjorts val gjorts som i efterhand går att koppla till de olika målen på ett eller annat sätt.

  • 47.
    Sydén, Elin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Lönnerholm, Kajsa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Hållbar utveckling: En kvalitativ studie angående relationerna mellan de tre dimensionerna inom hållbar utveckling, utifrån läroplansanalys, läromedelsanalys samt enkätanalys i årskurs 32019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 240 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 48.
    Böhlmark Mehlin, Martin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Hållbart träbyggande i Sverige: Kan ett ökat träbyggande bidra till en mer hållbar byggbransch?2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att, utifrån det svenska dagsläget (våren 2019), undersöka ett ökat

    träbyggande inom bostadssektorn som åtgärd för en mer hållbar byggsektor ur ett ekologiskt,

    socialt och ekonomiskt hållbarhetsperspektiv. Vidare ämnar uppsatsen undersöka incitament

    och hinder för träbyggandet idag, och slutligen vad som krävs för att träbyggandet i sig skall

    bli mer hållbart längs med hela produktionskedjan, ur ett cirkulärt perspektiv. De stora

    klimatförändringar planeten står inför gör ämnet i högsta grad aktuellt utifrån ett

    samhällsplaneringsperspektiv. Studien har utgått ifrån teorier om cirkulär ekonomi kopplat till

    hållbart bostadsbyggande. För att undersöka detta har 33 intervjuer med olika aktörer längs med

    produktionskedjan genomförts och kompletterats med en genomgång av forskningsfältet.

    Resultatet visar på tydliga argument varför trä kan vara en avgörande åtgärd. Samtidigt

    redovisas en rad med hinder som verkar ligga till grund för att trä som byggnadsmaterial inte

    tagit större marknadsandelar trots dessa argument. Studier visar också att ett ökat träbyggande

    i sig oavsett behöver bli mer hållbart, inte minst utifrån konsekvenserna av dagens storskaliga

    skogsbruk. Sammanfattningsvis framkommer ett behov av tydligare och mer krävande

    lagstiftning.

  • 49. Svedberg, Elin
    Impact on yield and water productivity of wheat by access to irrigation scheduling technologies in Koga Irrigation Scheme, Ethiopia2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    En förbättrad effektivitet i vattenanvändningen ingår i Förenta nationernas Globala mål för hållbar utveckling. Etiopien är ett utvecklingsland med utmaningar i såväl matproduktion som vattenbrist. Denna studie presenterar resultaten av en statistisk analys av förändringar i vattenproduktivitet (dvs skörd per vattenmängd), skörd och bevattningmängd genom implementering av verktyg för bevattningsplanering i Koga bevattningsområde, nordvästra Etiopien. Högsta vattenförbrukning (570 mm), lägsta vattenproduktivitet (0,5 kg m-3) och lägsta skörd (2800 kg ha-1) erhölls för kontrollgruppen. Alla grupper som infört någon typ av bevattningsplanering visade högre vattenproduktivitet än kontrollgruppen (dvs traditionell bevattningsplanering baserad på erfarenhet). Den högsta vattenproduktiviteten och skörden uppnåddes med en vattenfuktsmätare (Chameleon), med ökningar på 58 % respektive 32 % jämfört med kontrollgruppen. Kväve hade en positiv effekt på både skörd och vattenproduktivitet, men interaktionseffekterna mellan kväve och de implementerade bevattningsplaneringarna ansågs försumbara. Denna studie drar slutsatsen att införandet av någon typ av bevattningsplanering bör vara ett framgångsrikt tillvägagångssätt för att förbättra skörd samt vattenproduktivitet i Koga.

  • 50.
    Gaál, Bettina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Implementation of Sutainability Reporting in the EU - A Comparative Case Study2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union has since the 1970s shifted their focus towards environmental policies and today they aim at the adequate implementation of environmental sustainability initiatives across all member states. The process of the implementation of sustainability reporting and corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the achievement of the SDGs require a multilevel governance paradigm-shift, provides a framework for all involved parties to act and perform accordingly. The Directive 2014/95/EU on non-financial and diversity reporting is an incentive to achieve higher environmental, social and economic sustainability and transparency amongst European corporations. However, deriving from the nature of a directive, it does not offer a clear guideline to follow nor actual legislative guidance. Even though directives are mandatory to be implemented in national legislation, the way and form of it may vary to a great extent due to the fact that it is sufficient for the EU if the directive is translated into the countries’ law. This, however, results in different levels of efficiency and performance in different countries.This research contributes to the understanding of the implementation of environmental EU directives with the goal of achieving sustainable development within the EU member states. Throughout a multilevel governance and deductive approach, the comparative case study highlights the differences and identifies leverage points for policy makers and future research to develop common best practices for such purposes.In order to answer the research question Why do countries perform in significantly different ways within the field of sustainability, given they are all following the same directives issued by the EU?, the comparison of the two selected countries, Hungary and Sweden was conducted through two sub-questions, which aimed at identifying the differences and similarities in their governance framework to reach the SDGs and legislation following the Directive 2014/94/EU. In conclusion, clear differences can be identified between the countries’ political commitment, integrational and holistic approach of sustainability into policy-making and; and the “extra mile” and commitment that Sweden manifested to improving the sustainability and transparency level of corporations in applying stricter measures in national legislation following the Directive 2014/95/EU and handling sustainability as a concept as a crucial, essential and integrated part of life.

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