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  • 1.
    Brosché, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Kreutz, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    Kulturarv i skottgluggen2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    ANALYS Den Islamiska staten attacker mot Palmyra och andra kulturarv i Syrien och Irak har fått stor uppmärksamhet i internationella medier. Men attacker mot kulturarv i väpnade konflikter är inte unikt för IS, och dessa attacker kan ha en rad olika syften. Det skriver Johan Brosché, Joakim Kreutz och Mattias Legner utifrån ett nytt tvärvetenskapligt forskningsprojekt.

  • 2.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    Attacker mot kulturarv i väpnade konflikter: En forskningsöversikt2016In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, p. 131-160Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    Behandlingen av kulturminnen under första världskriget: dokumentation, debatt, propaganda2016In: Gutilandorum Universitas Scholarium et Magistrorum: Tidskrift för Högskolan på Gotlands historiska förening / [ed] Gunilla Jonsson & Torsten Daun, Visby: Historiska föreningen på Gotland. Alumnerna , 2016, p. 9-48Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Treatment of Historical Monuments in World War I: Documentation, Debate, Propaganda

    Mattias Legnér

     

    The purpose of this article is to investigate why historical monuments such as churches, monasteries, libraries and museums were attacked and damaged in World War I. These kinds of buildings were targeted by both sides throughout the war despite their lack of strategic importance for the war, and despite a relative consensus among the European countries that cultural institutions should be protected from the ravages of war. Several blatant attacks on churches, museums and libraries were publicly criticised and debated both during the war and after its end. The theoretical basis of our days' conventions on the protection of cultural heritage developed during the war and later in the twentieth century. The article begins by explaining the development of laws on war in the later part of the nineteenth century. A review of previous interpretations and views on the destruction of cultural heritage in World War I follows. It becomes apparent that the view of older research, that historical monuments were targeted to a very limited extent needs to be modified. Empirical research of recent years has shown that destruction was more widespread and intentional than previously recognized. The article then goes on to treat the beginnings of the war and the German and Austrian invasion of Belgium and France. The infamous German attacks on the towns of Leuven and Rheims are analysed. These attacks were followed by vicious propaganda in France and the United Kingdom, and by counter-propaganda produced in Germany. War on the eastern front was more brutal than fighting in Belgium and France, with looting of churches and the persecution of ethnic minority groups conducted primarily by Russian troops. Cultural heritage was targeted for several reasons throughout the war on both fronts: to weaken the moral of the enemy, to take revenge by destroying visible traces of enemy culture, but also to loot for economic purposes. Even in the Versailles peace treaty national heritage became an asset as Germany had to surrender valuable works of art to Belgium.

  • 4.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    Cultural Heritage and the Promotion of Peace: Cultural Heritage without Borders in Kosovo, 2001–20112016In: ACHS 2016 - What does heritage change?: Association of Critical Heritage Studies. Third Biennial Conference, Montreal, Canada, 3-8 June, 2016., 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural Heritage and the Promotion of Peace: Cultural Heritage without Borders in Kosovo, 2001–2011 

    Mattias Legnér

     

    This paper will deal with approaches to cultural heritage used in the Balkans, specifically Kosovo, in the first decade of the 21st century. Built cultural heritage was at the centre of the Kosovo conflict of the 1990s, symbolising either Serbian or Albanian ethnicity. As they had become heavily politicised, Orthodox churches, mosques and historic dwellings became targets for attacks before, during and after the Kosovo War 1998-99. That the war ended did not mean that the destruction of buildings stopped. In 2004 violence broke out again and was aimed against the Serbian minority and its cultural heritage. Furthermore, there has been extensive demolition of historic buildings after the war due to unchecked urban development.

    A theoretical point of departure is the idea that cultural heritage should be understood as a choice of perspective, rather than as a mass of buildings and objects existing regardless of users or observers. Depending on the perspective used cultural heritage perspectives may be used in the wake of armed conflict to make social and economic development possible, and to foster dialogue, human rights and democracy in communities plagued by violent conflict. General aims of using cultural heritage in post-conflict reconstruction have been to promote peaceful coexistence or reconciliation, economic improvements such as the creation of jobs through tourism or handicrafts, or democratic institutions and social equality.

    An overall aim of the paper is to analyse the approaches to cultural heritage in post-conflict reconstruction by the Swedish non-governmental organization Cultural Heritage without Borders (CHwB) in the period 2001-11.

    Cultural heritage remains ethnically defined in Kosovo, even if CHwB has worked to promote heritage as a "common value for all". What does this mean in practice and how was this approach practiced in the early 2000s? I argue that during the period in question there was a gradual shift in CHwB's aims from promoting a common Kosovar heritage by way of conserving buildings, to the use of cultural heritage for promoting local ownership and economic development.

  • 5.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    Kulturarvsbruk i väpnade konflikter2016In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 4, p. 658-672Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    När krig raderar ­historiens spår2016In: Svenska DagbladetArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I krig som syftar till etnisk rensning utplånas samtidigt ofta byggnader och andra kulturarv som vittnar om ett multikulturellt förflutet. En ny bok kartlägger den systematiska förstörelsen av moskéer och ­monument ­under Balkankrigen på 1990-talet.

  • 7.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    Recension av Ove Bring, Parthenonsyndromet. Kampen om kulturskatterna2016In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 3, p. 549-551Article, book review (Other academic)
1 - 7 of 7
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