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  • 1.
    Heffermehl, Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Atheismus Iwan Karamazows2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Heffermehl, Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Bildet sett fra innsiden: Ikonoklastiske og matematiske konsepter i Florenskijs omvendte perspektiv2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For the Armenian-Russian mathematician, theologian and art-theoretician Pavel Florensky (1882–1937), the so-called reverse perspective of the Byzantine cult-image (in Greek: eikon) functioned not only as a phenomenon within painting, but also as an expression of a world-view that should ultimately define a cultural distinction between Russia and Europe. Florensky argued in various ways that the Russian-Orthodox reverse perspective represents ethical and aesthetical values that are superior to the Western linear perspective. He saw the lack of an exact definition of depth in the icon as an expression of true religious orientation towards a spiritual realm, which cannot be described within frames of our earthly – or Euclidean – categories of space and time. In other words, the reverse perspective became regarded as a real reversal of Western painting, requesting a different space, a different observer, and a different concept of reality.

    This dissertation is an “archeological excavation” in the 20th century Russian-Orthodox icon theology. By analyzing theories of Florensky in the first line, and also a number of his contemporaries and predecessors, I identify a complex of different layers similar to a palimpsest. In this palimpsest, archaism, paganism, patristic theology, and romanticism interact with a modern re-conceptualization of the medieval Orthodox icon. However, in a usual palimpsest the old letters shine through the new ones; Florensky, on the contrary, seems to project paradigms of his contemporary culture and science into his description of the medieval icon. In this case, would the reverse perspective not instead be a reverse palimpsest, where new texts become visible in the old texts? With this question, my dissertation introduces an approach to Florensky and the icon that is more complex than what has been the case in earlier research. A usual explanation of the formal aesthetics of the icon is that the icon painter directs his/her spirit towards Heaven and, consequently – and in contrast to the Renaissance painter – does not try to make a mimesis of the earthly things. However, I argue that this dichotomy between a profane and spiritual mentality should be regarded both as a condition for Florensky’s world view and, at the same time, as a construction produced by his thinking.

  • 3. Heffermehl, Fabian
    Demoniserer Florenskij: Replikk til Magnus Ljunggren2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Heffermehl, Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Der Kuss des Zyklopen: Oscar Wulff und die Russische Ikonentheologie2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Heffermehl, Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Från cyklopens kyss till ikonens blick: Optiska experiment och omväntperspektiv i rysk modernism2013In: Arche - tidskrift för psykoanalys, humaniora och arkitektur, ISSN 2000-7817, no 42-43, p. 27-37Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Heffermehl, Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Pavel Florenskij mellom geometriske utopier og ikonkosmologi2012In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 26, no 3-4, p. 287-306Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On the occasion of the 130th anniversary of the birth of Pavel Florensky, the aim of this article is to analyse the connection between Florensky’s mathematical approach to the physical space in the book Imaginations in Geometry and his influence on new theories of the space of the icon. The 19th and early 20th centuries witnessed a revolution in mathematics through the development of non-Euclidean geometry and the fourth dimension, which Florensky interpreted as rehabilitation of the philosophy of the Middle Ages. In Imaginations in Geometry he conceptualized a «Ptolemeic–Dantic view of the world» where by means of the Special Theory of Relativity he made an exact approach to the physical characteristics of objects in the border between Heaven and Earth. Although Florensky did not introduce any «divine geometry» when it came to the icon, the concurrent art theorist Nikolay Tarabukin was influenced by Imaginations in Geometry. Tarabukin interpreted the so-called «inverse perspective» as a non-Euclidean geometrical visualization of the metaphysical worldview of the Middle Ages that got lost in Europe in the Renaissance, and in Russia under Peter the Great, but is reborn in the 20th century, inspired by the experiments in mathematics.

  • 7.
    Heffermehl, Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Resensjon av Sigurd Sverre Stangelands bok "Die Rolle Deutschlands im Völkermord an den Armeniern 1915-16"2013In: Segl - Katolsk årsskrift for religion og samfunn, ISSN 1893-8728Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Heffermehl, Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Wi-Fi in Plato's Cave: The Digital Icon and the Phenomenology of Surveillance2015In: Digital Icons: Studies in Russian, Eurasian and Central European New Media, ISSN 2043-7633, no 14, p. 27-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The following article takes the negative attitude of the Orthodox Church to the internet as a phenomenon, which derives from a complex development of theories of the icon-medium. I argue that the internet can be interpreted within the patterns of a false icon – or idol. That means a medium, which is diametrically different from an icon in substance, but appears with the icon's phenomenological attributes, i.e. an imagined gaze, watching the human being. I continue with a discussion of the meaning of the notion of virtual reality in relation to patristic and modern versions of icon theology.

  • 9.
    Heffermehl, Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Достоевский и не-эвклидовая геометрия2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Heffermehl, Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Иван Карамазов как математик2013In: Достоевский и мировая культура, ISSN 978-5-85735-246-5, no 30Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Heffermehl, Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Обратное в эстетике Павла Флоренского2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Heffermehl, Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Раздробленная суть иложный тезис – почему математика погубила Ивана?2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Heffermehl, Fredrik Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Studies in Faith and Ideologies, Systematic Theology and Studies in World Views.
    Dostoyevskys Imperialism2011In: Scando-Slavica, ISSN 0080-6765, E-ISSN 1600-082X, 1600-082X e-issn, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 88-109Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 13 of 13
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