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  • 1.
    Arro Förberger, Linnea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Arkiv, ålder och exkludering: En studie av åldersrelaterade normer inom tillgängliggörandeverksamheten vid statliga arkivinstitutioner2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to reveal the age-related norms which control the process of making public archives accessible. It focuses on physical access and visitors at the physical archival institutions. More specifically, it examines which groups are not included in the archival institutions’ target groups and why this is the case, the archival employees’ views on visitors’ needs and the archival institutions’ action space regarding the process of making archives accessible.

    The theoretical framework for this thesis is a combination of a norm critical and an intersectional perspective. The main method used is qualitative interviews with employees at archival institutions. Two different archival institutions have been examined, which are both departments of public authorities.

    The main result of the thesis is that there exist normative systems within the archival institutions which favour elderly people and people within the academic world. Age also matters less for people within the academic world. Accordingly, people outside of these groups can be regarded as non-target groups. Factors which can contribute to exclusion are also non-western origin and to be occupied at daytime. The explanations to why some groups are excluded are lack of resources and knowledge, a reactive approach, and the institutions’ opening hours. Regarding visitors’ needs, many visitors need help searching for material and formulating their needs, which they can also expect to be helped with. Needs which the archival employees can not satisfy are extensive reading of handwriting or carrying out research for the visitor. In general, it seems that people within the archival institutions’ target groups are more likely to get the exact help they need. The archival employees have a relatively great action space when it comes to making archives accessible, as the policy documents don’t mention this activity in detail.

    This is a two years master’s thesis in Archive, Library and Museum studies.

  • 2.
    Frida, Bergman
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Läsningens imperativ: Konstruktionen av läsandets praktik i Barnbokskatalogen 2013-20152016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis’s in Library and Information Science examines texts from “Barnbokskatalogen”, a catalogue that primely presents children's books but also contains texts promoting reading. The aim is to critically examine reading as a social practice in these texts, where the aspect of power is the foundation of the analysis. This master’s thesis draws upon the theories of Norman Fairclough and uses Fairclough’s methods of critical discourse analysis. The reading practices constructed in the analyzed texts are mostly associated with idealistic values, expressed with an authoritarian voice where the author of the text is positioned as an initiator of the reading practice. This makes a closed and excluding reading practice in the texts. This is unfortunate when the library should undermine its power in the cultural field to include as many groups as possible in its practices, and not only those social groups where a cultural capital is an important part of the group’s identity. The most open practice, which is found in the texts, is reading as a personal experience.

  • 3.
    Juth, Pontus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    ”En strukturerad soptunna”: samordning av digitala kataloger och system på svenska bibliotek2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ever since digital library catalogues were first introduced in the late sixties and early seventies, there have been two separate metadata repositories for libraries in Sweden. On the one hand there is the Libris catalogue, developed and used mainly by the national library and the university libraries, and on the other hand there is the Burk catalogue for the local public libraries. For almost as long, attempts have been made to create a single, national catalogue for all Swedish libraries, but despite all efforts, including several government bills explicitly stating that this need to happen, the dual catalogue system prevails to this day.

    This interview study aims to find the opinions of people from different sectors of the library field on this matter. Views on integrated library systems are also debated. There seems to be great consensus among the interviewees that there is, in fact, a problem with lack of coordination of catalogues, but there is less agreement as to what should be done about it, and by whom. The study is analyzed and contextualized utilizing the debate on digital copyright in general and the theories of Tarleton Gillespie in particular.

    It is concluded that cooperation would be facilitated if libraries made use of open data and open source, which would suggest Libris as metadata repository and open source library systems such as Koha for ILS. Libraries assigned with interlibrary coordination, i.e. the regional and the national libraries, would have to take on a greater responsibility than the local libraries to implement these cooperations. Vendors serving libraries would have to adjust their business models if these proposals were to become reality to offer data under open licenses.

  • 4.
    Jönsson, Anna-Lena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Licensierade digitala informationsresurser: En fallstudie om Författarlexikonet Alex på skol- och folkbibliotek.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. I report an investigation designed to identify the contemporary role of digital resources for information retrieval, such as Alex Author-dictionary. This study proposes that it is essential to see digital resources and their specific place within contemporary structures for information retrieval, that digital resources relate to a broader context. My focus is facts beyond giving patrons access to a specific type of information about authors.

    Method. This case study uses integration of qualitative content analysis from interviewees with data analysis. A pre-search interview and data-analysis along with follow-up interviews established some interesting perspectives on Alex Author-dictionary as well as aspects on digital resources for information retrieval. Transcripts of the interviews formed the data for analysis.

    Analysis. Qualitative analyses were carried out from two preparatory email-interviews, one with the editor and one with a person who writes for Alex. Another pre-search interview and two following interview sessions, one with a school librarian and another with a public librarian, were conducted.

    Results. It proved possible to demonstrate that Alex Author-dictionary as such has its benefits compared to sources from the internet. The results derive from and agree with some previous studies, especially that there is a where, when and how to use different resources. The web for example could advantageously give patrons access to other formats such as video interviews etc. that the library doesn’t hold.

    Conclusion. I identify a need to enlarge the scope of how patrons teach users. Users of all ages would be benefited from knowing when to use Google and when benefited using other digital resources of information retrieval. This sound awareness is directly related to users need to develop skills, and then interpret their own actual information literacy. This could take place either in sessions of user education at the library, or from teachers in a school environment.

  • 5.
    Käck, Camilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Pop-up-bibliotek: På gränsen mellan uppsökande verksamhet och PR2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master’s thesis in Library and Information Science examines the phenomenon ”pop up library” and how public libraries are working with projects within this area. The method to collecting data is qualitative interviews with represents from five libraries in Sweden. The theoretical framework mainly consists of theories from mar- keting management especially adapted for non-profit organizations and libraries. The main results of the study shows that the purpose of why the libraries are using this method is to attract new users, make the library more available, marketing the library, work with reading promotion, start up and/or develop cooperation’s with other organizations or units within the municipality. One desire with the pop up libraries is to attract people to also visit the physical main library but there is also a fear among the informants that some people will think that the pop up library is the only library in the community. Common factors seen in my informants view of pop-up library are: temporary, unexpected and adapted for the target audience and the environment. Pop up libraries is much about relationships, to build and develop relationships with both partners and prospective users. Pop up libraries can be seen as buzz marketing, an effective way to advertise with small means. By making them into "a hot topic" it generates a buzz and publicity in local media. The pop up libraries in this study are primarily implemented as projects, funded by external project funding. They do not require as much resources to implement but is more difficult to engage in regular activities. The opportunities that libraries see with the pop up library concept is to continue to reach out to new audiences by using new creative ways. This is a two years master’s thesis in Archive, Library and Museum studies. 

  • 6.
    Lundqvist, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Representationer av kvinnor: En undersökning om hur kvinnor representeras i utställningar på Museum Gustavianum och Uppsala universitets Myntkabinett2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay studies how women are represented in three museum exhibitions. The exhibitions are the Museum Gustavianum exhibition of the history of the University from the 1800s to the present day, the viking exhibition Valsgärde and the Uppsala University Coin Cabinet. The methods used in the study are Thick Description and Wera Grahn’s analyticcal tool, Five Questions to an Exhibition. As the theoretical foundations of my study I have used Hirdman's gender system and Butler’s concepts of performance and the heterosexual matrix.

     

    The results of the study show that women and men are displayed in different places in the exhibitions. The language and the way of speaking about women in the exhibitions often differed from how the men were presented. It also became clear that there were few items related to women in the exhibitions. Based on how women are represented in the exhibitions, one can conclude that museums are part of the gender system as maintainers and co-creators.

  • 7.
    Mörkberg, Isabella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Förskolebiblioteken i Lund: En kvalitativ studie av ett läsfrämjande projekt2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Författare/Author

    Isabella Mörkberg

    Svensk titel

    ”Förskolebiblioteken i Lund” – En kvalitativ studie av ett läsfrämjande projekt

    English Title

    ”Förskolebiblioteken i Lund” – A qualitative study of a reading promotion project

    Handledare/Supervisor

    Anne-Christine Norlén

    Abstract

    This master thesis is written in the scientific field of library – and information science. The purpose of the study is to investigate how the project Förskolebiblioteken i Lund helps promote reading among preschool children. The project is a collaboration between pedagogues in the preschool, children’s librariens and the children’s perents. The preschools that I invested are located in different socioeconomic areas in Lund. The idea of the essay is based on the falling figures in reading comprehension and how to get children in the preschool interested in literature.The theoretical framework is based om Aidan Chambers circle of reading and the three different approches of reading. The methods used are qualtative interwievs with pedagogues and children's librarians and cause studies with observations of preschool libraries. The project Förskolebiblioteken i Lund is working to promote reading through reading literature, dramatization and storytelling. The pedagogues and children’s librarians think it is important to let the children read for pleasure and not for constraint. Promoting literature reading should be a given part in the preschool and the literature needs to be available. The pedagogues have noticed that the children more often asks about reading books after the library established in the preschool.

    Ämnesord

    läsfrämjande, bibliotek och förskola, språkutveckling, barnbibliotekarier, förskollärare  

    Key words

    Reading promotion, Libraries and preschool children, Language development, Children's librarians, Preschool teachers

  • 8.
    Nyström, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Personlitterära sällskap, varför?: Medverkar ni på bokmässan??? Men författaren är ju död!2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The object of this master´s thesis is to investigate how the Swedish person literary society movement acts. The Swedish history contains the well-known popular movements with their 19:th century roots. Today, some of them have turned into factors of power. Does the literary society movement have the chance to take over as such en established popular movement? What is their entire aim? My hypothesis is that the person literary societies bring the literature forward through collective memory making.

    As a theoretical background, I studied research upon literary tourism and collective memory. Heroic worship and person adoration often have been considered naive from a scientific point of view.

    For my field survey, I interviewed members of societies associated with Ester Ringnér-Lundgren, Carl Johan Love Almqvist, Carl Michael Bellman, Birger Sjöberg and Per Anders Fogelström. I found out that the person literary society movement might be a factor of power in creating discourses from different aspects of their respective authors. The Bellman society aspires to change people´s opinions upon Bellman, while the other ones principally want to make their authors visible. The person literary societies exist in an intermediate position between the academic comparative literature and the biographical. Their other main tasks are publishing, socializing and being responsible for places related to their authors. Foucault´s notion heterotopia (a place between reality and utopia) is applicable to the experience of participating in a person literary society meeting, according to my investigation. The person literary societies also create and maintain les Lieux de Mémoire. According to Nora, this notion signifies turning points where history meets memory.

    From one of my informants, I perceived a tension between the traditional popular movement society and the computer age. The relationship towards social media and internet differs among the person literary societies in my study. A possible explanation might be the average age of thier members. The society of the youth novelist Ringnér-Lundgren measures an average age of 50, while the other ones mostly consist of people reaching their retirement age. The Fogelström society stands out in attracting immigrants and in working towards the public. Taking part in the Book and Library Fair is the most common collaboration between the societies and the ALM sector.

    This is a two years master´s thesis in Archive, Library and Museum studies.       

  • 9.
    Soldal, Johannes
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Lämna mig ifred: Digital övervakning och personlig integritet på svenska bibliotek2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. Libraries have traditionally protected the privacy of their users. It is an ambition that is becoming increasingly difficult, with the introduction of new information technologies in libraries. This thesis consists of an examination of an incipient interest in digital security among Swedish libraries and librarians. It also consists of an examination to what degree Swedish municipality libraries are using social plugins, an information practice with potential privacy concerns, on their websites.

    Method. Key actors were interviewed to shed light on why issues on privacy and digital security have moved into the foreground. 59 municipality libraries were randomly selected, and their websites surveyed.

    Analysis. Contextual integrity (CI), a privacy concept developed by Helen Nissenbaum, was used as a theoreti-cal framework. According to the concept, privacy is linked to information norms in a specific context. The con-cept has both a descriptive and a prescriptive aspect. In this thesis I used CI to evaluate libraries’ information practice of using social plugins on their websites.

    Results. The study showed that one out of three municipality libraries in Sweden are using social plugins on their website. The interest in digital security among Swedish libraries is linked to privacy concerns for groups of people with the need of high digital protection. The interest was sparked by Edward Snowden revelations of mass surveillance and the refugee crisis in 2015.

    Conclusion. Contextual integrity was used to evaluate libraries’ practice of using social plugins on their web-sites. The evaluation showed that the practice encroaches on information norms normally taken for granted in the library. The use of social plugins should be cancelled. Libraries have a responsibility to secure the privacy of their users, and CI is a useful concept to evaluate different information practices.This is a two years master’s thesis in library and information science.

  • 10.
    Steinrud, Jonna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Hur hittar jag rätt information?: En undersökning om användarens dynamiska kunskapsläge2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis strives to explore the PhD students’ information behavior (information needs, information search strat-egies and information management) to see how information literacy (use of information services and resources as

    well asinformation accessibility and intermediation) can evolve through increased access to information, resources

    and ideas.

    The theoretical foundation of the study is Carol C. Kuhlthau’s model of the information search process (ISP-model). Two different surveys were used, first a participant observation and then interviews, with a user group

    consisting of six postgraduates. The postgraduates were all from different disciplines within the same collage, in

    the middle of their dissertation and highly motivated by regular information seeking sessions.

    The study shows that postgraduate students’ knowledge of information behavior and information literacy is

    inadequate, something that graduate students are largely aware of and wish to change. In conclusion, PhD students

    need support to maintain, adapt and expand their knowledge. The study indicates that there are many areas where

    postgraduates’ information literacy can be developed and that there is much to be gained by enhancing the

    knowledge transfer between information specialists (librarians) and users.

    This thesis is a two years’ Master’s thesis in Archive, Library and Museum studies.

  • 11.
    Sylvan, Robin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Hur söker de?: En kvalitativ studie av informationssökningsbeteende hos masterstudenter vid Uppsala universitet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate the information seeking behaviour of graduate students at Uppsala University, Sweden. Using a qualitative method I gain deeper knowledge of the students’ information behaviour.

    Method – I interview four master students concerning their information seeking. Two of the students are from the social sciences and two from the medical sciences.

    Findings – The findings show that students primarily use electronic information resources. The students prefer to access scientific articles electronically, and they rarely use printed books in their studies. The students prefer to use library databases over Google Scholar. The reason for this is not only the access to material, but also that they prefer the more advanced search options provided by the library. Further results show that the students tend to avoid interaction with librarians.

    Paper type – Two years master’s thesis in Archive, Library and Museum studies.

  • 12.
    Szalay, Judit
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Att fylla luckor i samlingarna?: Dokumentations- och insamlingsprojekt på svenska arkiv2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally archives have been regarded as repositories where documents naturally generated in the different processes of organisations are stored, the emphasis being on “naturally generated”. Responsible for the long-term preservation of these records is the always objective and neutral archivist whose task is to make sure that the records will not get corrupted and can be used as evidence. In the past few decades, however, the archival community has become more and more aware of the fact that certain groups, voices and histories – mainly those of ordinary people – are missing from the archives. The purpose of this thesis was to examine how archives in Sweden approach this issue and what efforts they make to fill these gaps in their collections.

    I examined three kinds of archival institutions: city archives, private archives and museum archives. By analysing their survey response and project documentation (when not available, interviews), I aimed to find out what arguments they had for and against documenting society and what groups, events or places they documented. The research showed that most public archives did not engage in such activities as most of them did not even think it was their task to collect and/or create new documents. The few institutions that have or have had documentation projects focused mainly on local people and the history of the town they were located in. When it comes to private archives, the attitude was completely different and they regard these projects as a significant part of their work. Almost all of the private institutions I contacted have an active outreach programme where they either create new primary source documents themselves or inform organisations in the private sector about the importance of documenting their activities and preserving the documentation. Museum archives were a special case: since the museums I studied document different places, phenomena and groups the documents created automatically fill certain gaps in their archives. Filling the gaps is, however, seldom the main goal of their projects and they focus more on how the new primary sources can be used in the future, for instance in exhibitions.

    The argumentation behind these projects varied, some institutions argued that certain experiences and memories had to be documented before it is too late while others emphasised the importance of documenting our time for future generations. Other arguments occur too, such as gaps in the collections that need to be filled or helping a certain group integrate who, by contributing their stories, can participate in writing the town’s history.  

  • 13.
    Wahl, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Fängsla(n)de levnadsöden: Tre fallstudier på Sveriges Fängelsemuseum2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 14.
    Wiktorin, Lena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Läsfrämjande insatser för socialt utsatta barn: Ett foucauldianskt perspektiv2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master’s thesis focuses on educational discourse as it appears in texts about reading promotion interventions directed towards children in public care and children in families with long-term financial assistance. Three case studies of interventions are presented: Skolfam, Paired Reading and Letterbox Club Sweden. The aim of the thesis is to investigate how the interventions are related to the Foucauldian concepts of governmentality, pastoral power, normalization and technologies of the self. The method used is based on the ideas and concepts of Michel Foucault, who deals with the different modes by which we as human beings perform our subjectivity in relation to discourses and institutions. The case studies analyse how reading and math activities are directed towards socially vulnerable children for the prevention of adverse outcomes and social exclusion in adulthood. The relationship between social problems and literacy are of central importance to the analysis.

    The results of the analysis reveal that the interventions are linked to liberal governmentality. The reading promotion activities are expected to change the children’s reading behavior and attitudes toward education. It is hoped that the interventions will achieve a self-regulating capacity among the children, in order to make them improve their school achievements. The underlying ambition is to form and shape subjects to become independent, democratic citizens who are capable of maintaining a life without long-termed social assistance.  The interventions are especially focused on supporting the foster parents to best meet the needs of the children in accordance with liberal governmentality.

    This is a two years master’s thesis in Archive, Library and Museum studies. 

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