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  • 1.
    Andersson, Emy
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Invandrade kvinnors upplevelser av informationssamhället - spelar biblioteket någon roll?: En kvalitativ studie om informationsbehov, användning och sökning2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master´s thesis presents a study of female immigrants. Using a qualitative method I sought knowledge and understanding of these women´s information behaviour.  The purpose of this paper was to study the user group´s information need, use and seek. It was an interesting aspect to see what barriers they felt themselves struggle against in situations of seeking information. Another aspect was to find out their likenesses and differences in terms of need, use and seek. Finally I wanted to explore what experiences the user group had of the library and how it can develop it´s activity to better suit the immigrants. The theoretical procedure has taken support from the theories and work of Pierre Bourdieu. Among other things it was possible to state that the social sphere of the women played a big part in their information seeking behaviour. The circle of friends and family were in fact the biggest source of information. The study shows that the govenment has been absent and that the immigrants lacked a lot of information since the arrival to Sweden. It has also been proved that a few of these women live in absence of vital information. A fact which is related to Chatman´s small world theory. It means that these women are locked in a situation without access to information and that the information that they do seek and find is only what they need the most. They never find out more than they really need and thereby can´t explore the options they could have had. In the group there were variations in terms of use of libraries. The libraries need above all to introduce themselves and their activity better to these immigrants. Parts of the study group struggle with the Swedish language every day, they lack an outcome for their interests and wishes to gain more computer skills. The libraries need to present fields in which the group has interests but don´t access of participate in. If the libraries do provide this, that could lead to finding new meeting points where more people could be included and thereby expand the target group of the library.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Maj-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Machiavelli utmanar Foucault med renässansmålaren Sebastiano del Piombo som vapendragare.2009In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 25-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Spring 2008 Sebastiano del Piombo (1485-1547) was dedicated an exhibition in Rome, where he was introduced from Venice by the banker Agostino Chigi in Villa Farnesina 1511. The painting L´uomo in armi (1511-1512) was the poster for the exhibition and most probably a self-portrait. It is similar to the unidentified portrait Testa di giovane by Peruzzi in grisaille in the Villa Farnesina. With a queer perspective it proposes Sebastiano del Piombo as a lover of Agostino Chigi parallell with the young spouse Francesca Ordeaschi portrayed as Dorotea (1511-1512). After the death of Rafael in 1520 Sebastiano del Piombo was considered the most skilful painter in Rome. His many majestic homoerotic portraits with virtù correspond to the results of Guido Ruggiero in Machiavelli in love, sex, self and society in he Italian Renaissance (2007) about sexual identities and selfrepresentation in different consensusrealities. Ruggiero is inspired by Foucault and discusses masculinity rereading private letters by the Florentine politician Niccolò Machiavelli and contemporary literature. The exhibition of Sebastiano del Piombo was esthetically impressive but did not answer questions from a modern visitor. The catalogue is imposing but fatally prim avoiding the sex, self and society in Renaissance Rome and Venice so obvious in the art of Sebastaino del Piombo.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Maj-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Why world cultural heritage?: Democracy, local participation and knowledge production in the world culture nomination of Farms in Hälsingland, Sweden2009In: The 16th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES), Kunming, China, 27 - 31 July, 2009. Humanity, Development and Cultural Diversity: Session: Indigenous Knowledge and Sustainable Development Organizers: Dr. BILLINGS Dorothy and Dr. RUDNEV Viatcheslav, 2009, p. 1-9Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Around the world there is a rush in nominating tangible and intangible sites for UNESCO’s World Culture Heritage List. The requirements for nomination are that the sites have "universal value for mankind", that they are unique and authentic, and there is a need to secure the sites’ sustainable development by opening them up for the tourist industry. Sweden has a total of fourteen natural and cultural heritage sites on the list, one of which is a natural site, twelve are cultural sites, and one is a mixed site. It was anticipated that the large timbered red-painted farmhouses of Hälsingland in the north of Sweden would be listed in June 2009. ICOMOS, however, came to another conclusion and deferred the nomination.

    The nomination process has lasted for over ten years and has been a painstaking process involving the local communities and the county administration board in the county town of Gävle. The local people are partly thrilled, because they assume that there is money to earn when they open up their homes for tourists; an income that for some is badly needed because of the deterioration of the buildings due to the high costs of renovation. But some are openly critical to the entire enterprise, which is seen as a status project for some politicians and threat to the landscape by disturbing the harmony between the built environment, people and the natural landscape. In a cultural heritage nomination process, a complicated interaction arises between expert knowledge and local knowledge, which generates insights that are crucial to capture and dress in words to be able to formulate a successful world heritage proposal and not the least to make it operational.

  • 4.
    Appell, Malena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    En kvalitativ analys av den pedagogiska verksamheten på Göteborgs stadsmuseum2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This masters thesis is about the educational activities at Göteborg City museum. It is a qualitative analysis of the new plan for the educational work wich has been written by two of the museum teachers at the museum. The educational work in museums has traditionally been based on tacit knowledge and very little has been written about it. This new plan is one step in a development process to a more structured work in this field at museums. The aim is to discuss the new pedagogic and the new type of museum lesson in comparison with the old method and to discuss if the purposes of the newly developed educational plan reaches its goals.

    The questions at issue are:

    - How do they work with museum education at Göteborg City museum?

    - What has the transition to the new teaching plan meant for the museum teachers´ operation?

    - How do they work to satisfy children’s different condition to absorb knowledge at a museum?

    The empirical materials consists of interviews with two museum teachers, a questionnaire to a teacher who booked a lesson at the museum for her pupils and my one observation of the same lesson.

    The main conclusion is that the educational work is characterized by flexibility and dialogue with the pupils. The so-called new plan is not entirely new, the big difference is that it is written down and more structured. The more dialogue-based lession makes the pupil think critically and more actively seek fore knowledge. Because the method is based on dialogue it is the children them self that set the level at the lession. The museum teachers stimulate the pupils different senses so that the individual pupil has a chance to absorb some knowledge in, regardless of what level of cultural capital it has.

  • 5.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Heritage: A Conceptual Paper Toward a Theory of Cultural Heritage in Humanitarian Action2009In: Papers World Conference Humanitarian Studies (WCHS), Groningen: University of Groningen , 2009, p. 1-19Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual paper deals with definitions of and approaches to cultural and natural heritage and discusses functions of heritage and culture as elements of sustainable peace-building. The paper assumes the necessity of a longer-term strategic thinking. A fundamental question occupying heritage research is why some parts of the human Lebensraum are singled out and marked as a cultural heritage and why this need for preserving, protecting and capturing in time and space is escalating globally. Some researchers argue that this is a consequence of that we seem to be living in a fragmented, post, post-modern society where no coherent story is told and people and places are regarded as texts and isolated narratives open for interpretations and re-interpretations. Some others argue that the Drang for heritage is based on economic interests and connected to the booming tourist industry, while others refer to the politicizing of place.

    The conceptual discussion will be exemplified with the ethnographic case of The Museum of Terror/ Terror Haza in Budapest in order to show the complexity of heritage as elements of reconciliation and transition.

  • 6.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Paradox with Local Participation in Development-Caused Forced Displacement and Resettlement2009In: Revista Romana de Sociologie, ISSN 1224-9262, Vol. XX, no 1-2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is an inquiry into the theoretical and empirical concept of local participation as it used within the field of development-caused forced displacement and resettlement (DFDR). Local participation has repeatedly proved its relevance for mitigating negative impacts caused by DFDR project by involving the people in the process. Paradoxically the people contributing with their very main asset of their culture and livelihood - the land - often end up in chronic poverty despite the use of local participation. It seems that the concept that was developed to protect and support the affected people to overcome poverty at the same time contributes to the undermining of the local culture, which shows signs of “falling-apart from within”. Several questions arise from this: Is it the concept per se that is misleading or misused? Or is it the way the project is constructed, processed and executed with its crucial elements of identified risks and compensations that needs to be reinterpreted and rethought?

    In this article, I will argue, that we have to come to a deeper understanding of what is happening on the ground by focusing on the value domains that are created between the main parties during the negotiations. I see this approach as a way to avoid deadlocks and to avoid viewing the negotiations as an inflexible, hierarchical, one-way relationship between two main parties locked in an asymmetrical power game with no possibility to escape. The Zimapán hydroelectric dam project in Mexico will be used as the ethnographic jumping-off point for discussions.

  • 7.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Gumucio, Juan Carlos
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    In search for a common ground in the encounter between technical expertise andindigenous knowledge2009In: Papers World Conference Humanitarian Studies (WCHS), Groningen: University of Groningen , 2009, p. 1-17Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of repeated efforts of conciliation, the relation between expert and indigenous knowledge remains a deeply ambivalent arena. This ambivalence puts obstacles to a crucial factor in Humanitarian Action - the effective alliances between these as perceived as two different cognitive forms. Coordinated programs should of course proceed from a fundament of established mutual trust, a precondition that often gets bogged down in a muddled discourse on issues such as inspiration from original conservationists, respect of natural harmonies, the precedence of instrumental precision before traditional approximations, not to mention mystifications and delusions.

  • 8.
    Asker, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    "En nation som man bör visa tänderna.": Svensk syn på Ryssland under Peter den store2009In: Poltava: Krigsfångar och kulturutbyte [Lena Jonson och Tamara Torstendahl Salytjeva], Stockholm: Atlantis , 2009, p. 311-326Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Asker, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Karl X Gustav: en biografi2009 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Backman, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Den falska nyckeln: Stångbett för skolridning - historia, terminologi, katalogisering2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The art of riding is a fugitive art, which signifies that the means available for documentation of performances are insufficient, and that the equipment used by the old masters are important clues for the understanding of their art. The most specialized tool used for riding is the bit, in particular the curb. As museum catalogues become accessible to the public through the internet, riders will look for information about bits. It is then important that the information provided in the catalogues is valid not just for the curator, archaeologist or art historian, but also for the rider.In this paper, I add context to the bits by explaining two opposing philosophies of bitting, and how they affect the design of the bits. This is followed by a brief history of the art of riding and how the bits have evolved since the 16’th century. I then proceed to describe the function of the bit, and suggest a terminology in Swedish to use when describing bits in museum catalogues. The paper ends with some reflections on writing catalogue texts and photographing bits.

  • 11.
    Brelin, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Folkbibliotek, internet och offentligheten studie av folkbibliotekens användning av internet och annan nyteknik ur ett offentlighetsperspektiv: Libraries, the Internet and the Public Sphere: a Study of Library use of the Internet and other newTechnologies from a Public Sphere Perspective.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the use of internet and other new technologies by Swedish public librariesfrom a public sphere perspective as well as the discussion surrounding this use by libraries,librarians and others. The theoretical framework is thus the habermasian theories about the publicsphere and communicative action. The public sphere strengthening use of internet and other newtechnologies would be use consistent with the ideas of community informatics and library 2.0.With an interpretative, qualitative method this paper examines public libraries web pages andtheir blogs but also other kinds on internet material not created by libraries but by librarians orothers which discuss the use of new technologies in libraries. Those sources consist of more blogs,communities and wikis.The findings are that library use of the internet and other new technologies mostly benefit theaccessibility of the libraries “old” services as well as making them more visible to the users. Theyare also used to provide other kinds of local information and helping users to use computers andthe internet. A new portal, biblioteket.se, provides the users with many options for interacting witheach other but few other library pages provide much services of that kind. The overall use of newtechnologies by libraries is high as shown by that several, even rather small, libraries use blogs,RSS and SMS to provide their users with information about current events in the library and otherlocal information. The discussion surrounding these new phenomena is mostly positive, that ismost agree that the libraries should use new technologies in a user centered way. The term “library2.0” however is not very popular and is causing problems and misunderstandings and some peoplesuggest changing it to something else. The paper also finds that there are not only very activediscussions about the topics but also new projects, web pages and library systems on their way.

  • 12.
    Bruno, Clara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    (O)lika användare. En uppsats om framställningen av användare på folkbibliotek och forskningsbibliotek2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master’s thesis examines the description of users in the journal Biblioteksbladet. The aim is to compare thedescription of users in articles related to public libraries and those related to academic libraries. Questions posedin this study are: what discourses can be found in the articles and what characterises them? How are userscategorised and what does this categorisation imply?The theoretical and methodological background is discourse theory, as presented by Ernesto Laclau andChantal Mouffe.The survey consists of two parts. The first one explores the themes that are prominent in the articles, andwhat can be said about the user based on what is said within these themes. The second part examines thedifferent categories of users.In the articles concerning public libraries I have identified the discourse of the (help)needing user, thediscourse of the change-prone user, and the discourse of the independent user, in the articles concerningacademic libraries I have identified the market economic user-discourse, the discourse of the change-prone user,the discourse of the conservative user and the discourse of the reluctant user.Common to articles concerning public libraries is an almost overly positive description of both the library ingeneral and its users. Articles relating to academic libraries have a much more negative description of the users.There is also a discussion about possible explanations behind these different discourses, which mainlyconcerns the relationship between librarians and users, and the library's status in society. Public libraries may beperceived as a relatively endangered social institution with decreasing number of visitors. This may be a reasonbehind the almost excessively unproblematic way to present the relationship with their users, with the function tooperate as a self-fulfilling prophecy.For academic libraries the descriptions of the users are often more negative, and more often are theypresented as students or researchers, than as users more generally. In these descriptions the relationship betweenthe librarian and the user can be said to be prominent, and to some extent explained by a more vulnerableprofessional identity for the librarian when many of the users of academic libraries are experts in their ownfields.

  • 13.
    Dahlbäck, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Att bygga ett bibliotek: En studie av funktion och rörelse i tre nyinrättade biblioteksbyggnader - Kungliga tekniska högskolans bibliotek, Sambiblioteket i Härnösand och Vitterhetsakademiens bibliotek2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A large part of research about libraries and library buildings in Sweden has been focused on how the building looks not how it functions with the library. The aim with this master’s thesis is to study how a library building is functioning and how its users are experiencing it. This is studied in three libraries, Kungliga tekniska högskolans bibliotek, Sambiblioteket in Härnösand and Vitterhetsakademiens bibliotek. With the questions of how they were planed, what did the libraries want from the new building and which of these demands were realized. The theory and method will are inspired from Daniel Koch and Inger Bergström.I have visited these libraries and also have read the few published articles about them. I have, too, interviewed librarians and users in the libraries. These libraries have all established a new library building in the 2100th century. The study shows that is not always easy to build a new library. There are a lot of actors involved in the planning, and that effects how the library will function in the building as well how the users move within and experience the room.

  • 14.
    Edlund, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Mot en vetande organisation. En jämförande studie av Kungl. biblioteket och Riksarkivet kunskapsorganisationoch metadatahantering: 2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate the knowledge creating aspects of two of Sweden’s largest memory institutions – the National Library and the National Archives – when it comes to digitalization and metadata. The chosen theory is Chun Wei Choo’s model the knowing organization, which enables a study of a specific organization’s different processes of knowledge. This perspective is examined through a survey of the differences and similarities between the National Library and the National Archives, when it comes to how they approach metadata and digitalization. The survey is divided into three questions: firstly, regarding the organization of knowledge: secondly, what kind of vision for digitalization and handling of metadata the memory institutions have and thirdly, what kind of specifications for metadata they demand of digital deliveries. In accordance with Geoffrey Bowker I have argued that the act of remembering is manifested in specific memory practice, in subsequence the specific organization of knowledge and information are connected to a specific memory practice. In this thesis metadata is regarded as one of many tools, yet one of the most current, of a specific memory practice.

  • 15.
    Eriksson, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Etnografiska museets tillfälliga utställningar 1878-1972– en dokumentation2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about the documentation process at Bildarkivet (picture archive) at the Museum of Ethnography in Stockholm concerning their temporary exhibitions between the years 1878-1972. The purpose with this essay was to describe how the processes in documentation are being handled but also to point to the fact of the lack of literature written about this subject. I have studied 1569 photographs and put them in order by year. A difficult task since many of the photographs does not have any information about exhibitions or what year the photograph is taken. For my research I have used, among other, David Dean, Eilean Hooper-Greenhill and Igor Kopytoff to get a wide perspective about objects and collections. The result of my essay is that a documentation of photographs is an important task and very time consuming but important work.

  • 16.
    Forsberg, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    EU-information: Studenters behov och sökning, EU:s informationsresurser2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this master thesis was to examine the European Commission's information resources from a user perspective in order to clarify the needs and circumstances of the search of EU-information among students at Örebro University. 41 students participated in a survey, and four of them was interviewed. On the basis of Pendelton- and Chatmans theories of information behaviour in small worlds, it were assumed that the students' education and citizenship in the European Union affected their needs and the search of EU information.

    The study showed that the students needs for EU-related information has increased, with the current education, but also been linked to earlier educations. The students Citizens need were mainly associated with elections such as the EMU-election, but also in some cases to a need of the general knowledge.

    A review of the European Commission's information resources were made with an emphasis on European Documentation Centre, EDC. The survey showed that most students used the EDC and the EU-databases that was made available by the European Commission through the EDC and the university library but were not aware that they used EDC.

    The survey also showed that students made use of familiar sources and resources when they searched the EU-information, such as the library's regular database list, the library catalogue and search engine on the internet are not requested of other resources. In line with Pendelton and Chatmans's theory the students did not seek information if it was not consider necessary.

  • 17.
    Furtenbach, Petra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Priskuranten - en resa i tiden: Priskuranter i Kungl. biblioteket, Uppsala universitetsbibliotek och Nordiska museets bibliotek2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of my master’s thesis has been to examine the situation of the price lists in the National Library of Sweden, in Uppsala University Library and in the Nordiska Museet Library. The starting point was that the institutes have been operating within different institutional practices. These operational differences between the institutes have affected the collecting, the organizing and the accessibility to the information of the price lists. My master‘s thesis is based on Birger Hjørlands theories of domains and knowledge organization. The main sources of the information in the thesis are interviews conducted with informants within these three institutes. The findings of the study show that the main differences in how the institutes have been organizing the price lists, results from the different assignments the institutes have in collecting the material. Based upon the facts that have emerged in the interviews, some general and some specific problem areas have been highlighted. These problem areas have been discussed in the thesis and possible solutions in how to proceed have been presented.

  • 18.
    Grut, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    "Din sökning gav tyvärr inga träffar": en kvalitativ enkätstudie om användares svårigheter med att söka noter i Statens musikbiblioteks onlinekatalog2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this Master’s thesis is to study how well the online catalogue of The Music Library of Sweden works when ordinary users are searching for sheet music. The issues studied are: Why do the users fail to find the sheet music they are looking for? Do the users take advantage of the possibilities that the classification codes of the SAB system offer? If not, why?

    The source material of the study is 144 comments from a user questionnaire about the online catalogue and, in addition, the search log for one day (513 queries). The comments were sorted into seven groups depending on the type of information need, for example searches for certain instrumentation or genres and problems with spelling. Each analysis ends with suggestions for improvements of the catalogue and its instructions.

    The thesis show, according to the Zipf’s principle of least effort, that sheet music searching in the online catalogue is demanding too much effort and knowledge of the users. Searching with SAB classification codes is too complicated which may be the explanation why only 2 percent of the queries in the log are code searches. In 51 of the 76 cases where users failed to find sheet music the queries would have succeeded if the patrons had used classification codes. The SAB system is thus not used as often as it deserves.

    The variety and amount of failed queries in the material show that sheet music is difficult to search, for several reasons, for example the complex construction of uniform titles of musical works and that the searchable vocabulary of the online catalogue often differ from the users’ own.

  • 19.
    Hedemark, Åse
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    BiS betydelse i mediedebatten under 1970-talet2009In: "En ny förening är nödvändig": BiS 1969-2009, Stockholm: Föreningen Bibliotek i Samhälle , 2009, p. 47-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Hedemark, Åse
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Det föreställda folkbiblioteket: En diskursanalytisk studie av biblioteksdebatter i svenska medier 1970-20062009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyze debates and discourses about the public library in Swedish media from the 1970s up to and including 2006. The empirical material is derived from TV, radio and the daily press and by using discourse theory and methodology a number of debates are problematized. The result of the analysis showed similarities but also differences between dominant discourses during different decades. One discourse, termed the book discourse, recurs during all the decades of the study. The book discourse is primarily associated with concepts such as printed books, good quality fiction and popular education. The 1970s is dominated by a discourse called the community centre discourse. It called for public libraries to become community centers for various kinds of cultural and political activities. The information mediation discourse appeared first in the 1980s and was present during the 1990s and the following decade. This discourse argues that public libraries should prioritize new technology and engage primarily in mediating information, irrespective of the format in which it is presented. The analysis as a whole also revealed that authors often had a prominent position in and exerted substantial influence over the content of the debates. Librarians, however, did not participate to any great extent in the debates.

    In the conclusion I argue that there are important aspects of the public library that does not appear in the material. The role of the library as a meeting place is one such absent theme. Another is the importance of the library to ensure integration. I argue that this invisibility is a result of the book discourse dominating the debate. If the public image of the library is defined from the viewpoint of the book discourse, the result can well be that the institution is equated with a specific media format - printed books. Because of significant changes in media consumption and the ongoing digitization of information, this focus could in the long run mean that the library risks loss of legitimacy. Describing the library as a cultural institution, as a community centre or as an information centre depends on different discourses that aim to further different wills and interests. By highlighting the political, professional and institutional interests articulated in dominant discourses on the public library in Swedish media during a period of almost 40 years, this study suggests that the media debates must be widened and opened up for more actors.

  • 21.
    Hedemark, Åse
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Föreställningar om folkbibliotek: En studie av biblioteksdebatterna i svenska medier 1970-20062009In: Årsbok om folkbildning. Forskning & utveckling 2008, ISSN 1104-5094, p. 20-32Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Hemmungs Wirtén, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Translation and Copyright: the Transmission of the Law2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Hemmungs Wirtén, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Ryman, MariaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Mashing-up Culture: the Rise of User-generated Content: Proceedings from the COUNTER workshop Mashing-up Culture, Uppsala University, May 13-14, 20092009Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    These are the proceedings of the first COUNTER workshop "Mashing-up Culture: The Rise of User-generated Content", Uppsala University, May 13-14, 2009. COUNTER is a European research project exploring the consumption of counterfeit and pirated goods. Sampling, remixing, mash-ups and appropriation are part of the digital creative milieu of the twenty-first century. Sites such as YouTube and deviantART have offered new outlets for creativity and become hubs for innovative forms of collaboration, thus playing their part in challenging modernist notions of what it means to be a creator as well as a consumer. Drawing on this general background, the ten papers presented in these proceedings are examining areas such as: Sampling, mash-ups, and appropriation; Creativity and collaborative practices; Creative Industries and intellectual property; Copyright, Cultural Heritage and Cultural Policy; and Formal and informal regulations of intellectual property. The ten authors are all contributing to an international and interdisciplinary scientific discussion on the mash-up. Mash-ups and user-generated content are social and cultural phenomena which in these papers are put into various contexts, from legal ones, over technology, to the nation as a framework.

  • 24.
    Hillblom, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    ABM-samarbete inom tre musei- och arkivanknutna bibliotek: En undersökning av Nordiska museets, Statens musiksamlingars och Postmuseets bibliotek2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Archives, Libraries and Museums cooperations (ALM-cooperations) have been debated from 1990. ALM-cooperation has often been connected to organisation of documentationsystems and methods for making data accessible on the World Wibe Web but also with how institutions can cooperate within there services to the community. Important earlier studies have been done on opinions to ALM-cooperations on special collections at libraries and on the services and on the services to the public at libraries of museums. The theory used in the study is from Nyinstitutionalism. The study is conducted with the purpose to discover the nature of the ALM-cooperations inside three organisations. The study is also interested in the obstacles to the ALM-cooperation and in their futures. The metods used are qualitative interviews with the staff at the institutions. The result shows that the ALM-insitutions cooperate about the questions from the public in different ways in different organisations. The libraries also have different importance in their lendings of books to the employees at the organisations. The results also shows that ALM-cooperation can bee conducted in different forms and that you have different views about ALM-cooperations in the different organisations. The institutions are also cooperate with digitalizations of objects and with exhibitions. There are also some obstructions to the ALM-cooperations between the institutions from for example different traditions to contacts with the other institutions. The analysis shows that the institutions have different ideologies but the most importance is how the difference collaborate to isolate the institutions from the one other or to shape different roles to the institutions in the organisations which connect the insitutions firmer together.

     

     

  • 25. Holmberg, Kim
    et al.
    Hellqvist, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Nordic Landscape of LIS Research: A New Approach for Co-Word Analysis of Research in Three Nordic Countries2009In: PROCEEDINGS OF ISSI 2009: 12TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR SCIENTOMETRICS AND INFORMETRICS / [ed] B. Larsen & J. Leta, 2009, p. 942-943Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Holmberg, Kim
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kronqvist-Berg, Maria
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Nivakoski, Outi
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Widén-Wulff, Gunilla
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Kirjasto 2.0: Muuttuva osallistumisen kulttuuri2009Book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Holmberg, Kim
    et al.
    Information Studies, Åbo Akademi University.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kronqvist-Berg, Maria
    Information Studies, Åbo Akademi University.
    Widén-Wulff, Gunilla
    Information Studies, Åbo Akademi University.
    What is Library 2.0?2009In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 65, no 4, p. 668-681Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of this paper is to define both theoretically and empirically the concept of Library 2.0. Design/methodology/approach – Written answers to the question “What is Library 2.0?” given by practitioners and researchers (n=29) interested in Library 2.0 issues were analyzed by using co-word analysis to map the underlying elements of the concept. Findings – The study resulted in a model of Library 2.0, containing seven building-blocks of the phenomenon: interactivity, users, participation, libraries and library services, web and web 2.0, social aspects, and technology and tools. Research limitations/implications – The model provides a basis for framing Library 2.0 as a research object and to map central themes of future research. Practical implications – A comprehensive model enables both researchers and practitioners to frame the phenomenon more clearly, evaluate existing and planned services and their proximity to what is Library 2.0. Originality/value – Unlike earlier proposals for a definition of the notion Library 2.0, the present study presents an empirical and consensual crowd-sourcing approach of defining the concept Library 2.0 and provides basis for discussing the future evolution of the notion and its implications for library and information science research and library practices.

  • 28.
    Holmqvist, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Ett öppet fönster mellan Gotland och Stockholm. En undersökning av hur kulturarv presenteras och upplevs med hjälp av virtuell teknik.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In my thesis, I have studied the use of virtual technology in museums and how virtual technology can be used to present cultural heritage. During spring 2010, the Hallwyl Museum in Stockholm plans to present an exhibition on Ellen Roosval (born von Hallwyl), in which the visitors in Stockholm will be given the opportunity to visit the Roosvals’ summerhouse, Muramaris, on Gotland Island. The visit will be made possible by means of virtual technology.

    The aim of this thesis is to present different approaches on how to use virtual technology for this specific exhibition by using theories of learning processes in museums as well as in virtual and mediated rooms. My theoretical approach has mainly been constructivist theories on learning processes in museums, but also theories on how participation in the exhibition stimulates learning. I also present examples of previous virtual exhibitions. By discussing the examples and theories, I will present approaches on how the exhibition could be carried out.

  • 29.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Analytical information horizon maps2009In: Library and information Science Research, ISSN 0740-8188, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 18-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sonnenwald, D.H. (1999) introduced information horizons as a theoretical framework for information behavior. Later, she and her colleagues developed a data-gathering method based on information horizons theory and user-drawn information horizon maps. The method provides a good basis for in-depth discussions and complements interviewing as a way to gather data. Based on interview records of Finnish and Swedish archaeology professionals, researchers drew diagrams called analytical information horizon maps with the purpose of structuring, describing and analyzing typical information behaviors related to the work roles of the interviewed individuals. The findings indicate that the analytical information horizon maps provide a practicable and qualitatively valid means to visualize, communicate, and structure individual and shared patterns of use of the information resources and the organization of information activity.

  • 30.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Ecological Framework of Information Interactions and Information Infrastructures2009In: Journal of information science, ISSN 0165-5515, E-ISSN 1741-6485, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 695-708Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been notably little convergence between information organisation and information use studies. A framework for explicating the contextual interplay of information interactions and infrastructures of information, and more specifically the interface of information work and knowledge organisation systems is proposed. The theoretical foundations of the framework are based on systems theory and ecological approach. It is suggested that the interplay of information use and information infrastructures may be conceptualised as a systemic interaction, which is driven by the simultaneous influence of human activity related warrants and infrastructural affordances and constraints. The model provides an instrument that explicates the interplay of human information use and information infrastructures.

  • 31.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Semantiska wiki som digitala arkivsystem: samlingar, ärendehantering och deltagande2009In: Informaatiotutkimus, ISSN 0024-2519, Vol. 28, no 3/4, p. 66-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Archives and records management presents a series of requirements to information systems that distinguishes them from content and document management systems. In spite of the often fundamental differences, some of the approaches and functions implemented in the content and document management systems could be useful in archival and records management contexts. This article discusses the usability of semantic wikis in the management of archival information. The discussion is based on a series of development projects conducted in Finland. It appears that a semantic wiki has potential especially in the management and use of digital surrogates. There are some technical and especially major theoretical issues related to the use of semantic wikis in records management. It is concluded, however, that the principles of wiki approach could serve as a useful reference in discussions related to usability, access and rights and practices of participation in the context of archives and records management.

  • 32.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Steps towards a participatory digital library and data archive for archaeological information2009In: Proceedings of the 10th Libraries in the Digital Age (LIDA) 2009 Conference. Dubrovnik and Zadar, Croatia, Zadar: University of Zadar , 2009, p. 149-159Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The e-Science related literature sees digital libraries, digital archives and databanks as central collaborative infrastructures for scientific and scholarly research. The present paper discusses preliminary findings and observations from an action research study on a participatory digital library and data archive for archaeological and archaeology related data. The project aims to develop a combined digital repository and collaboratory for archaeological research with a special emphasis on participation and semantically rich relations between individual digital artifacts. The discussed digital library is based on semantic wiki technology and developed together with archaeologists from a small Nordic archaeology consultancy. The findings of the study indicate that the principal challenges associated with the life- cycle approach relate to the paradox of formality and informality of documentation and to the implications the system has on the customary procedures of archaeological information work.

  • 33.
    Ivarsson, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Definition and prospects of the Virtual museum2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Virtual museums are becoming increasingly frequent online but the definition of the virtual museum does not seem to be properly set. This thesis discuss the definition of the virtual museum and takes it a step further to see if it is possible for the virtual museum to be regarded a museum in its own right. Through literature studies, and by studying current virtual museums, the definition of the virtual museum is set as a source of information, generally on the Internet, and accessible to all. A virtual museum presents information through multimedia, and with the help of an interface that is based on a concept of rooms that the user navigate to experience the virtual museum. Information is as essential to the virtual museum as objects are for a physical museum.

    By comparing the collect, preserve and display principles of the museum with current applications used in the virtual museum, I found it possible to apply these principles even to the virtual museum, but other sides such as educative and social aspects are currently not being translated, however, by implementing Web 2.0, educative resources and personalization, the virtual museum could be seen as a museum in its own right.

  • 34.
    Karlsson, Bente
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Offentlighetsprincipens osäkra framtid. Om de arkivjuridiska konsekvenserna av vårdprivatisering2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to understand what happens with the Swedish principle of public access to officialrecords when healthcare is put under private ownership. Will there be any insight and what will be theconsequences for the archives? The Swedish principle of public access to official records indeed appear to bethreatned. With all this restricitions and privatizations something has happend. Are perhaps these privatizationsjust one more restriction that will end up in a closed community?Both public and private healtcare use case records as an instrument of work. The difference is that records inpublic healthcare also become official records wich means that they will be preserved for eternity. Private recordson the contrary will only be kept for ten years after the last note.It is obvious that the question about public access has not been top priority when the privatizations started.For example did no one of the politicians the author of this thesis asked have a good answer to what happens.Most of them did not even seem to understand the question. Some did not even understand the law. It is alsomissing in the agreements that are being signed after a public procurement. Unfortunately does the principle ofaccess not seem to be prioritized at all.The Swedish archival law states that the archives exists to give access to the records, for the administrationand jurisdiction, and last but not least for the needs of researchers. This thesis shows that none of this purposeswill be fulfilled in healthcare under private ownership. The consequenses for the archives will be less recordswich means that insight in the administration is made impossible. Patients may also have problems when theirrecords cease to exist. How can they prove they where mistreated and what happens if the doctors do not see theirhypersensitivity to penicillin? Even the researchers may experience problems since many records no longer willbe preserved. They will problably have considerably less material to examine.The Swedish law states that insight and acces are important because it means all-round information and freeopinions. But is that really what symbolize today’s society? More work and more discussions is of crucialimportance to solve this problem. This thesis pinpoints problems and fears but it is not in any respect the onlyanswer. It will only show the reader what is the fact and why we need to take this seriously. Without discussionand debate the principle of public access to official records could be gone in no time.

  • 35.
    Kjellman, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Digitalisering som standardisering: Verktyg i konciperingen av kulturarv2009In: Digital formidling af kulturarv: Fra samling til sampling / [ed] Niels D. Lund, Köpenhamn: Multivers, 2009, p. 219-237Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Kjellman, Ulrika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Hansson, Joakim
    Växjö universitet.
    Dahlström, Mats
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Documents reconstructed: digitization and institutional practice as mediation2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Kviselius, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Rätten till språk: En studie av hur folkbibliotek arbetar med inköp av barnböcker på andra språk än svenska2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine how public libraries work with children's books, in other languages thanSwedish, regarding acquisitions. The purpose is also to describe what the libraries assignments are in regard tochildren with non-Swedish backgrounds. This is then put in a relation to the libraries democratic assignment.The main questions are: What are the libraries' assignments, as described in the libraries regulations? How do thelibraries work to fulfil their assignments?

    To answer these questions a survey in two parts has been carried out. The first is a study of the libraries'regulations, and various handbooks that serve as an inspiration for librarians. The other is a qualitative interviewsurvey which took place at three libraries in Uppsala and one in Märsta.

    The survey of the documents shows that the libraries are expected to give special attention to the needs ofchildren with non-Swedish backgrounds. Among other things, this means keeping a varied book stock of goodquality, on all the different languages represented in the area. In Sweden, the leading supplier of media servicesserving libraries, are BTJ. The libraries in the survey turn to BTJ's selection when acquiring books. The librarians however find BTJ's selection of books limited and non-satisfactory when it comes to children's booksin other languages than Swedish. On account of this, the librarians are forced to turn to alternative solutions. The alternative channels for acquisitions they mention are the children's bookshop Bokspindeln in Stockholm,retailers who visit the libraries, and acquisitions during their own travels abroad. The International Library in Stockholm is a valuable resource, in administering book deposits to the local libraries and aiding them withadvice regarding acqusitions.

    The essay's theoretical frames are built upon three main concepts: identity, ethnicity and language. The theories discussed, suggest that a person's language and ethnicity is of great importance when it comes to theperson's process of forming an identity. The identity is continuously constructed in the interaction and dialoguewith others. The libraries can play an important role for this process, as a source of language and culture.

    Furthermore, the survey notices the libraries' role as a democratic force in society. The libraries areexpected to act in order to maintain the human rights. The libraries can serve as an open room for democraticdiscussions. The libraries should offer everyone free and unlimited access to knowledge, thoughts, culture andinformation. They can also contribute to increasing the status of minority languages and stress the value ofmultilingualism. The libraries are also seen as a place where cultural exchange is possible, which is meant tohelp create a base for greater understanding and openness towards different cultures in the minds of the people.

    The main conclusion in this essay regards whether the libraries can or cannot do enough to fulfill theirassignments. The main source for acquisitions mentioned, BTJ, being the leading supplier of media services tolibraries, does not seem to have enough resources to serve the libraries in a satisfying way, when it comes tochildren's books on other languages than Swedish. Whether the libraries can meet the special needs ofmultilingual children, is therefore a question of the librarians own resourcefulness and networking.

  • 38.
    Langvik, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Konsten att vara tydlig. En studie av den terminologiska kvaliteten på innehållet i Wikipedia, Nationalencyklopedin och fem ämnesspecifika ordlistor2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My master’s thesis is a study of the terminological quality of definitions and concept descriptions in two encyclopedias and five dictionaries. The idea of the study came to life during my intern ship at Terminologicentrum TNC where I could notice an interest for a study like this to be imple-mented. In order to delimit my investigation five specific subject areas were picked out in which defi-nitions of six concepts within each subject area were the actual objects of study. The subject areas were linguistics, library and information science, medicine, information technology and econom-ics. The two chosen encyclopedias were Wikipedia and Nationalencyklopedin and the five subject specific dictionaries were Termlexikon i språkvetenskap, Bibliotekstermer, Medicinska ord – det medicinska språket: begrepp, definitioner, termer, Nya dataordboken och Juridiska begrepp för ekonomer. My purpose with the study was, by using conceptual analysis theory, to contrast each defini-tion and concept description. I did this partly by examining the linguistic structure and possible deficiencies and partly by trying to construct conceptual systems of each definition and concept description. Also I attempted to establish whether any target group matching had taken place. In addition to this, throughout the whole study, I tried to analyse the subject areas in order to hopeful-ly being able to identify a pattern. My result shows that there are some differences in quality between the terminological content of the seven different sources, however it is not that prominent. Wikipedia which happened to be the most informally written source also had most texts of which conceptual systems could be con-structed. Regarding target group matching all search sources appeared to be generally well matched to their intended users, with a few exceptions. When it came to the five subject areas it was clear that linguistics and library- and information science were the subject areas that had most texts of which conceptual systems could not be constructed. Medicine and economics appeared to be the subject areas which had the most texts of which conceptual systems could be constructed. Due to my non-existent prior knowledge in these subjects, this clearly shows that prior knowledge has not much to do with whether definitions are comprehensible or not. Instead the most important thing is that definitions and concept descriptions are explicitly constructed in which relations to adjacent concepts are clearly detectable.

  • 39.
    Lordh, Anneli
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Gymnasieelevers informationskompetens: En studie i sju klasser i gymnasiets år 32009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master's thesis examines information literacy and students in secondary education. The study is framed within a sociocultural perspective of learning and the method used is questionnaires. The major question posed is how and where students seek information. Other questions are if the students critically evaluate and analyse in­formation sources and if teachers and school librarians cooperate with each other in order to help the students with their assignments.

    The findings indicate that most students regard information seeking as fact-finding or finding the right an­swers to the question. Only one third of students experienced information seeking as seeking and using informa­tion for understanding a topic. The first place the students look for information is the Internet. Half of the stu­dents think they have been trained in information seeking. More boys than girls believe they have been trained. Three quarters of the students do not think they need more training in information seeking. Two thirds of the students think they have been sufficiently trained in source evaluation and more boys than girls believe they have been sufficiently trained. Just over half of the students do not think they need more training in source evaluation.

    A good half of the students think the school library is quite important and almost half of the girls and one third of the boys visit the library once or twice per month. The cooperation between the teachers and the librari­ans does not work as well in the schools as the teachers and librarians wish but is improving. The majority of the teachers and librarians think their cooperation needs to be improved. The majority of the teachers think there is a correlation between information seeking and learning outcomes. All the librarians think the library is a resource that ought to be integrated in the students' education.

    My conclusion is that the majority of the students are not information literate. To be information literate, the students need to have the ability to locate and evaluate the required information. Information seeking as scruti­nizing and analysing is a pre-requisite for lifelong learning.

  • 40.
    Måbrink, Lynn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Mellan lag och moral i den digitala världen: internetföretagens ansvar beträffande informationsfrihet och integritet2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this master thesis is to explore the social corporate responsibilities regarding information freedom and privacy, held by the internet service providers.

    In 2005 Shi Tao was sentenced to ten years in prison for leaking state secrets abroad. Yahoo! provided the Chinese Security Bureau with information about Shi Taos user data. This case highlights the challenge internet service providers meet when they are operating in countries with domestic laws and regulations that violates the users rights of privacy and information freedom.

    With the theory and method of socialconstructionism, discourseanalysis and Manuel Castells thoughts I examine the debate wich followed after the publishing of the news about Shi Tao by Reporters Without Borders. The main question for this part of the analysis is ” What is the relationship between the corporate social responsibility and the internet service providers reputation”.

    The thesis shows that corporate social responsibility is very important for the companies reputation. It is however unclear whether the corporate principles and values will be effective in preventing further violation of users´ privacy and right to information freedom. The corporate view is that the responsibilty mainly lies on a government to government level.

    The second part of the analysis examines the concept of ”privacy” I also study how internet service providers new technology has forged advertisment and information into the same system. The main question for this part of the analysis is ”How does the internet service providers access to user data affect users privacy?” The thesis shows that it can have an great impact on users privacy and that this is an important question that would need more attention in today debate, in Sweden as well in other countries.

  • 41.
    Nakano Hylander, Aiko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Bibliotekariers syn på Open access: Enkätundersökning bland bibliotek med inriktning teknik, naturvetenskap, medicin och farmaci2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Open access to scientific literature on Internet is a concept which is supposed to change librarians' work. The aim of the thesis was to examine librarians' perception of Open access. A questionnaire survey was conducted among librarians at libraries with specialisation in technique, natural sciences, medicine and pharmacy in Sweden. Even though Open access can be regarded as an alarming for librarians' work, the results of the survey showed that the future of the librarians' profession can be positive if they flexibly adopt their work routines according to changes in publication forms and library users' needs.

  • 42.
    Nesterud, Isabelle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Tradition och kreativitet: Programverksamhet för barn och unga2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis aims to explore how librarians work with cultural programs towards children and youth. The study is based on qualitative interviews with five librarians on three different libraries, located in the same county. The theoretical outline is based on a model that presents four roles for the public libraries: cultural centre, knowledge centre, information centre and social centre, which are interconnected with each other. The aim is to study what kind of cultural programs that the researched libraries offer, with the assistance of these roles. The aim is also to see how the librarians problematize different age groups. The study shows that most of the cultural programs, not surprisingly, can fit in to the role as cultural centre, with programs like story-time, performances of theater and music and different kinds of creative workshops. It also shows that the programs to some extent can function as a knowledge centre with science clubs and help with homework. The librarians state that one of the purposes with cultural programs – except for presenting and inspiring to cultural activities for children – is to show that the library is a place that you can visit without a mission. This statement shows that the cultural programs also help to visualize the role as social centre. One of the hardest age groups to reach are older teenagers. The librarians have different approaches to tackle this problem. Some of them think that they do not have to reach out to every single age group, especially if the group does not seem to enjoy the library service at that time of their lives. Other librarians do not think that it is appropriate to let go of some age groups. The study shows that, regardless of attitude, the libraries do not have that much cultural programs to attract this age group, most of the programs are for children in pre-school up to junior high. There is of high importance that the librarians get to know the visitors, i.e. the children and youths, to get them involved in the library activities and to make them feel at home in the library, which all of the librarians in this study are aware of, and work hard with. What they do not do is to evaluate the cultural programs. Evaluation of the work is a key to both success and to sustain it, and should be something that the librarians do more often. The conclusion is that cultural programs are very valuable and highly appreciated, both for the participants and for the librarians. The cultural programs connect the different roles of the library to each other, and can therefore be seen as a nave for the public libraries connection to the society.

  • 43.
    Norblad, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Mot en beskrivning av miljömedvetna konsumenters informationsbehov2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The aim of this Master thesis is to explore why some Swedes want to consume”eco-friendly” and whether this fact gives rise to articulated information needs. Two possible explanations for this ”eco conscious” consumption are being tested, either if it is based on a normative belief that it is the right thing to do if you, as a consumer, want to do something about the environmental degradation, or that it is a reaction to a perceived risk, due to the environmental degradation. The method chosen by the author in this thesis is a qualitative text analysis of five Swedish journals. The author also tries to find articulated expressions for information needs based on the will to consume ”eco friendly” that could either be a result of a perceived risk or a feeling of normative rightness. The findings of this thesis are the following: the opinion among Swedish consumers that it is normatively right to select products perceived to be good for the environment, is the most commonly expressed in the  material examined followed by the view that they (the consumers) need more information as to what products to chose if the they are to satisfy their “environmental ambitions”.

     

  • 44.
    Nygård, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Vissa böcker hittar ju sina läsare ändå. Om HBT-litteratur för ungdomar på folkbiblioteken2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This two years master's thesis investigates how GLBT fiction for young people is treated and looked upon at Swedish public libraries. Three librarians have been interviewed. The theory and method is based on Norman Fairclough's critical discourse analysis. Three discourses in the Swedish public library field are revealed, of which one is the democratic discours. GLBT is not necessarily included in the democratic discourse by the interviewed librarians. This thesis declares that since there is no consensus about GLBT in the Swedish public library field. The discourses used by the individual librarians about GLBT, becomes deciding for how they apporach GLBT literature in their profession.

  • 45.
    Persson, Karolina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Marknadsföringen biblioteket: En fallstudie av Broby bibliotek2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this master thesis is to use marketing theory on the library’s activities. The marketing theory used is the 4Ps; product, price, promotion and place, as it's presented by Philip Kotler. Because the library can be seen as a service oriented organization Christian Gronroos theory of marketing in the service industry also has been used. A case study of the public library in Broby was made to illustrate how the public libraries’ activities can appear in the light of marketing theory. The library went through a dynamic development during the case study, due to the fact that the library moved to a new location.

    The staff and their manager are aware of that they work in a certain context. Their target groups have special needs and the groups get their information from certain places which the library take advantage of. They also use the institutional channels in the public sector such as the public schools to get their message out. According to marketing theory the context is essential to be able to adapt the products you promote and how you do it. Price has long not been an issue for the libraries’ services but price can also be non-monetary. Its important to know what this price consist of to be able to lower it. It might also depend on the context. The staff believes in the importance of the services that the library provide to the community and promote it to their users. But the employees feel that there is a misconceptions of the  library as a collection of books, which they want to change. Because the library offer intangible goods, services, it is hard to change, because the most tangible the library offers are the books. To be able to grasp the service the user therefore focus on these. To get away from this the library can materialize the library’s services in other ways which takes the focus away from the books.

  • 46.
    Riddar Johnson, Matilda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kungliga bibliotekets fotografiska förvärv: En undersökning av Kungliga bibliotekets förvärv av fotografier under 1958‒20082009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My master’s thesis is a study of acquisition of photographies during 1958-2008. The questions I proceed from is what patterns lies behind the Royal library's acquisition of photography and how the process of acquisition looks like. The theoretical base which I lean on consists partly of a problematization of the process of cultural heritage and partly of organizational theory. The problematization of the process of cultural heritage is my foundation of this essay. My starting point is that the Royal library make a choice when they collect material to be a cultural heritage and the memories gathered for future generations. I used organizational theory to find answer to how the collection been gathered through studies of the organizations interaction with the members of the organization, the process in the organizations, like goals and policy, and the organizations interaction with other organizations. I used case-study as my method. I interviewed most of the chiefs who were in charge of the unit during the period 1958-2008 and worked through journals of acquisition, annual reports, letters of regulation, exchange of letters and other in-house material. My results are that the acquisition of photography follows the Royal library's acquisition of picture at large. The culture heritage that the library collect for future generations is based on the content rather than the form of the material. This aspect was founded early in the creation of the library and has kept its status as a guiding line ever since. The main categories of collection are based on the motif of the photography and are the following; portrait, topography and events. Events is a new category but a sequel of an old category, historical wall chart. The material that the photographies are made of has varied but the majority have been photographies on paper. Gifts and purchases have been the most common ways for the library to collect photographies. Gifts have been treated differently through the years, from the beginning all gifts were received and the library asked actively for special gifts, later the library decided whether or not they should accept a gift. The policy from both the library and from the government have been vague, but lately they have been working on a new and more detailed policy from 2008.

  • 47.
    Rodéhn, Cecilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Transforming Collections : Socio-political discourses of heritage2009Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Before and after the South African democratic election in 1994 South African museums had in earnest started to reconsider the production of heritage. This is referred to as Transformation and entails a transition from apartheids racial and unjust society to democracy. Transformation in terms of museums led to a body of negotiations concerning laws, regulations and policy documents aimed to change the outcome of heritage production and find new ways to represent a multicultural South Africa. This paper aims to address Transformation in collections based on field research (2004-2007) carried out in ‘Msunduzi Museum Incorporating the Voortrekker Complex’ and the ‘Natal Museum’ both located in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The museums represent an Afrikaner respectively an anglophile institutions that has become multicultural institutions. I will exemplify how Transformation in collections was brought about, what was changed and what remained and how the museums negotiated acts and policy documents to alter heritage productions. Coupled with Transformation is the critique of museums as eurocentric, colonial and apartheid productions given negative association. This is employed to polarise Transformation against past eras to locate the political position from where Transformation is argued. However the critique only reflects a simplified version of a complex heritage landscape and I will explain the many similarities in the articulation and consistency of collections in past and present times to highlight the multivocal and complex socio-political transition of South African museums.

  • 48.
    Rydbeck, Kerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Folkets hus som lokal litterär arbetaroffentlighet2009In: Mimer: nationellt program för folkbildningsforskning, no maj, p. 3-Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Rydbeck, Kerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Forskningscirkeln - en nygammal företeelse: något om rötterna, metoden och hur vi arbetade i vår skolbibliotekscirkel2009In: Spelar skolbibliotek en roll?: en presentation av fem projekt från en forskningscirkel om skolbibliotek, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för ABM , 2009, p. 7-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Rydbeck, Kerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Läsningens cirklar – på gränsen mellan privat och offentligt: En studie av bokcirklars funktioner i ett nutida svenskt folkbildningssammanhang: Paper till Norlit 2009 Codex and Code: Aesthetics, Language and Politics in an Age of Digital Media, sessionen "Publics of Literature"2009Conference paper (Other academic)
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