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  • 1.
    A. Hedqvist, Anja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kommuner & Facebook: Hur hanteras regelverket kring allmänna handlingar?2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this one-year master thesis in archival science was to examine how municipalities take regulations concerning public records into account when they use Facebook. Another aim was to examine the involvement of archivists, registrars or similar staff in the management of the regulations. Since Swedish archival theory and practice has a close connection to the application of these regulations, such an examination was hopefully going to reveal tendencies of importance for archival science. The method used to collect information was a web questionnaire and the result was based on answers from 21 municipalities with an official Facebook page. The questionnaire showed that six of the municipalities regarded documents originating from their Facebook page as public records. Three did not, and a large group had not yet decided how to treat these documents. Only three municipalities did archive documents from Facebook. The involvement of archivists, registrars and similar personnel was generally very small, even though regulations concerning public records had more often been taken into account in the municipalities that had informed this personnel about the use of an official Facebook page. The difference in management between the municipalities was together with the demand for national guiding principles indicating difficulties in applying the regulations to social medias like Facebook. The fact that most of the municipalities that had taken the regulations into account had come to the conclusion that Facebook generated public records, together with the fact that national guiding principles presented during the work with this thesis had the same interpretation, indicated that documents originating from Facebook will be a part of Swedish public records in the future. The difference in management and the demand for guidance also indicated a need for better division of responsibilities and a more active approach in the future, to ensure that the regulations concerning public records are taken into account early and correctly when authorities starts to use new medias.

  • 2.
    Agerberg, Camilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Arkivförteckning: Hans Ljunggrens samling2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Aho, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Upphovsrättens effekter på biblioteken: En diskussion kring bibliotekens position, verksamhet och framtid2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis examines the copyright law with the purpose of sorting out the consequences and the effects of the law impacted on libraries. The theories used are mainly discourse analysis and public domain theory. At the centre of the examination is the effects that copyright law bring to libraries and their ability to perform their work. A major part of this thesis is gathered around the analysis of the presumptive key words that give the structures of copyright law the possibility to claim rightfulness. This is an outspoken strategy to illustrate the discourse of copyright law. Through the whole working process the author is trying to keep a critical point of view. The literature that is used consists to the biggest parts of texts written as an examination of the copyright law and the effects of the law. The author also uses legislations and laws regulating libraries work in society. The goal of the examination is to point out and discuss the friction that appears when one system of intellectual property is institutionalized in society. With this comes the mission of opening a discussion concerning the possibilities for libraries to “keep going strong” in a time deeply influenced and regulated by copyright law.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Centrum för lättläst: Ur ett domänanalytiskt perspektiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this two years master thesis in Library and information science is to study the foundation Centrum för lättläst and its work regarding information use with focus on information structures and information needs. The aim is also to examine how Centrum för lättläst cooperate with Swedish libraries to promote the work concerning people with reading disabilities. This master thesis applies a domain analytic theory and method inspired by Birger Hjørland. The domain analysis is confined to examine ontology, epistemology, sociology, empirical user studies, document and genre studies and studies of structures and institutions in scientific communication. The main source material consists of information from the homepage of Centrum för lättläst. The result of the domain analysis describes the ontology which implies to produce easy-to-read texts. The epistemology constitutes of regulations from the Swedish government regarding the work with easy-to-read literacy. The sociology represents several organizations and authorities connected to easy-to-read literacy. The domain analysis has also identified Centrum för lättläst’s target groups and their information needs which are varying. The study present numerous of strategies composed by Centrum för lättläst to satisfy the information needs of the target groups. Furthermore; the domain analysis has distinguished the information resources Centrum för lättläst use to distribute and make information accessible which are represented by documents within the domain. The result also shows that Centrum för lättläst’s work with information use includes important operators in the domain which contributes to endorse the information needs of the targets groups. Finally the domain analysis has examined the collaboration between Centrum för lättläst and libraries in Sweden, where the result illustrate procedures made by Centrum för lättläst in order to assist libraries in their work with easy-to-read literacy and the target groups.

  • 5.
    Apelqvist, Niklas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Svenska Konstnärernas Förenings arkiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    This paper is an account of the work around the arrangement and registration of the archive of the Swedish Art-ists’ Association’s archive. The Swedish Artists’ Association is an association of artists that both makes exhibi-tions for their members’ works and handles the Artists’ House, called Konstnärshuset in Swedish. During the work with the archive the author faced a number of challenges and problems. These took the form of both how to structure the material of the archive into an easily accessible structure, and how to handle the occasions when accessibility and the original order of the archive would not co-exists. In the few cases where this happened the author made the choice of accessibility over the original order. Discussions of literature and the possibility of removal of extra material from the archive are discussed in the first part of the paper while the second half con-sist of a discussion of the different parts of the archive, what material was put there and why. In the end the au-thor makes some reflections upon his work and discusses what could have been done better. The work with the archive started in early April and went on to the middle of June, although the writing of the paper continued until the end of August.

  • 6.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Local Landscape - an arena of knowledge exchange: natural heritage, tourism and business  2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the multitude of relations between local people and their environment and the demands of the tourists for authentic experiences in their encounter with people and landscape. The argument is that their is a need to bridge the gap between theory and practice in the academic view on the topic.  

  • 7.
    Backman, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    När autenticiteten utmanas: En föremålsundersökning och dess tänkbara konsekvenser för museiobjektet2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with an object donated by a group of members of the public to the Royal Armoury in Stockholm, Sweden. The donators claimed to own a horse bit that had been used by King Gustav II Adolf's mount in the battle of Lützen, where the King was killed. The bit was a gift to the donators' ancestor, the farmer and politician Petter Jönsson, from the King of Sweden, Oscar I, in the 1850's. In this paper, the donated bit is examined and found unlikely to be the bit used at Lützen. The examination also revealed that the bit now worn by the horse in its display is a prop, included in the group of objects in the 19th century, and that the original bit probably was lost in a fire in 1648. The examination also raises questions on why this bit was considered a valuable gift, what consequences the gift transaction of the bit had for giver and reviever. It ends with a discussion about the donated bit and the bit in the display, and their roles at the museum in the future.

  • 8.
    Bergeå, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    ”The digital beast is out of its box”: Om inställningar till digital teknik inom filmarkiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this two years master's thesis is to examine the attitudes amongst archivists of moving images towards the digital transition in the field of film/moving images. The attitudes within the field of film archivists towards digital technology and the digital transition have consequences for the ways in which digital technology is used for access, preservation, restoration and projection of film within archives of film or moving images.

    The theoretical and methodological foundation is inspired by Norman Fairclough’s critical discourse theory. A number of articles from the film/moving image archival journals Journal of Film Preservation and The Moving Image are analysed.

    The field of archives of film and moving images is proposed to form an order of discourse, as used in the theory of critical discourse. This order is challenged by the advent of the digital. Structures and typical patterns of the discourses within the film archive world are described and restructuring tendencies are stressed. Giovanna Fossati’s From grain to pixel is used as a valuable source, above all for its background on film theory and archival practice. Like the work of Fossati this analysis illustrates how different ontological assumptions on film are reflected in different attitudes towards digital technology.

    The study also makes clear how the archival order of discourse is based on the materiality of the film artefact. Concepts like originality and authenticity are tied to this material artefact. A paradigm shift from artefact to disembodied content is proposed in the articles and is even seen as inevitable, but the digital transition is also described as forming a threat to the existing activities in the field of film archiving and to the analogue film.

    The digital transition leads to a discussion of the identity of the film archive and attempts to define the core of it. The museum, the library and the archive are used in the articles as concepts to advocate mediation, access or preservation. Digital technology is associated with broader and increased access to collections held in film archives and is seen as a possibility to facilitate the access to the collections for scholars and the public and contributing to an enriched film culture. This view is contrasted to a more sceptical standpoint that advocates the authentic film experience defined by the dark room, the group experience and the projection of analogue film or a presentation mediated by the film museum.

  • 9.
    Bergkvist, Moa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Lönner, Pernilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Dokumentationsprocessen. En dokumentering av föremål på Smålands Nation2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to report on the process of our documentation of art objects in the care of Smålands nation in Uppsala as a part of our education in museology and cultural heritage studies. The nation has a long history and our documentation shows many valuable objects reflecting this. The care of these objects is substandard and in great need of change. Our work process has involved photography and research about each object, the information has then been registered in our catalogue. The documentation has, besides the catalogue, generated a plan for future management and storage of the collection. We hope that this documentation has, besides the catalogue, generated a plan for future management and storage of the collection. We hope that this documentation, in addition to knowledge about preventive conservation, will result in a change of attitude towards the cultural heritage of the nation.

  • 10.
    Bjurman, Jens
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Elektronmusikstudion: : ett förteckningsarbete2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The electronic music studio ”Elektronmusikstudion” (EMS) inStockholm was initiated in 1963. It has had several different managers throughout the years. EMS soon became a rather costly project. Furthermore there have been several conflicts among staff and users wich has contributed to EMS fairly turbulent history. One main conflict concerns the issue wether EMS should be a research facility or a studio for composers. The many different managers of EMS have contributed to a rather unstructured filing of records. To facilitate the understanding of the documents in this archive, and because there is very little written about EMS history, I’ve included a rather comprehensive description of EMS organizational history.

    The subject of this one year master’s thesis is to describe and examine difficulties I’ve encountered in the archival process. My main issues comprise the organization and separation of some of the documents, especially those concerning the conception and organization of EMS and also the abundant technical documentation. Also the question of office of origin has been a concern.

  • 11.
    Bolin, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Att sätta Stockholm på kartan: en diskursanalytisk undersökning av debatten kring tillbyggnaden av Stockholms stadsbibliotek2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to investigate the status of the public library field in contemporary society. This is realized through an analysis of the debate concerning the addition to the Stockholm city library as it unfolded in two morning papers.Critical discourse analysis is used as theoretical basis, combined with social field theory. The status of the public library field is elaborated on in relation to the field of architecture.41 texts, either debate articles or columns, constitute the source material. The critical discourse analytic approach is methodologically complemented with a method inspired by Paul Ricoeur's ”Hermeneutics of Suspicion”, in order to allow analysis of a wider source material.The analysis indicates that the public library field enjoys relatively low status compared to other social fields. Voices from the field are largely missing in the debate, and identities attributed to actors within the public library field by actors from other fields are negative. Notions, viewpoints and perspectives originating from the field of architecture predominates in the debate, discriminating those of the public library field, which are sparsely occurring and unelaborated. No significant impact on language usage, and consequently ideas and representations, across field borders is discernible, leading to the conclusion that no change in field relationships is imminent. It is argued that the absence of participation partly can be seen as a consequence of a better predisposition among actors within the architecture field to act in a mass media environment. A suggestion is made that the education relevant to actors within the public library field should convey an orientation to mass media environments, thus promoting the ability to participate in public debates. If the failure to appear in the public debate among public library field actors persists, there is risk that the field’s status will be further undermined.The thesis is a two years master's thesis.

  • 12.
    Chatfield, Memme
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Det ska böjas i tid det som krokigt skall bli – Om reproduktion av kön på bibliotek2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master's Thesis studies the attitude that library employees have regarding a sex and gender-neutral treatment

    of their clients. The analysis is based upon replies to a questionnaire which was submitted though channels directed

    at library employees, like BIBLIST and BiblFeed. The respondent’s replies contained a number of welldeveloped

    comments making the resultant analysis both quantitative and qualitative in nature.

    In performing the analysis a theoretical framework combining Hirdman’s gender system with symbolic interactionism

    has been used together with literature about gender roles.

    The questionnaire showed that gender neutrality is a complex concept that can be interpreted in many different

    ways and is therefore easily misunderstood. It is obvious that sex is an important category when respondents are

    dealing with their clients, but also that sex and gender are problematic concepts which respondents find difficult

    to know exactly how to relate to. A lot of the respondents see a need to address gender issues, but a lot of them

    also state that gender is a biological concept and therefore impossible or unnecessary to have to relate to. In general,

    in the replies to the questionnaire availability tops the list over important questions to be addressed in the

    library while sex and gender have very low priority.

    My belief is that gender norms are possible to change and that sex and gender issues should be prioritized by virtue

    of being recognised as an availability issue. It is everybody’s individual fundamental values that together form

    society’s common fundamental values. If we all put on our gender glasses and are prepared to alter how we treat

    one another we can, eventually, make sex and gender less important categories and begin to see our clients as individuals.

  • 13.
    Dahlén, Marianne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    Copyright, Cultural Heritage and Education2010Report (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Ekelund, Bodil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Biografier om gangsters och åldrande rockstjärnor som snortar myror: en diskursanalytisk undersökning av litteraturförmedling i livsstilsmagasin för män2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    The aim of this thesis is to examine men's attitudes towards literature, and how social norms affect their book reading, in order to contribute to the knowledge of why men's book reading is decreasing. This is realized through a discourse analysis of literature recommendations in men's lifestyle magazines.

    Two magazines, King of Sweden and Magazine Café, are examined through critical discourse analysis. Theories of discourse are combined with theories of gender to explore how gender stereotypes affect men's reading habits.

    The analysis shows that ideals of masculinity have a great influence on the book recommendations. Social norms, associated with gender, also seem to have significance to whether or not a book is considered suitable for men to read. These are, inter alia, norms of heterosexuality and violence. In addition to that, a homosocial structure is found in the magazines, regarding the authors of the recommended books. The majority of the authors are men, and women are rarely mentioned at all in the book recommendations. Also, non-fiction books are much more frequent than fiction in the recommendations.

    Not much prior research has been done in the field. The research, that however has been done, correspond with the results of the analysis in this thesis. Therefore the conclusion is drawn that the results of the analysis show structures of social norms that are valid even outside the examined material. Knowledge of men's reading habits is concluded to be very important, in order to increase men's book reading.

    This is a two years master's thesis in library and information science.

  • 15.
    Elenton, Ivona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Governor Ralph Carr: An Archival Research Handbook to a Colorado Governor's Collection2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The governor collections at the Colorado State Archives are a rich source for research and information about social science and the history of the state, but they are not always easy to research due to their differences in taxonomy through different eras. In my work with creating an archival research handbook for a governor collection I chose governor Ralph Carr to both illustrate the challenges as well as the thrills with historical research in a collection from the office of the governor.

    Ralph Carr's collection takes patience to research. Some series will have inconsistent taxonomy and other series lack sub-series, and if a researcher is not familiar with the terminology of state affairs, many documents can pose a challenge. It is my hope that this handbook will be of use for both amateur researchers as well as provide a few short-cuts for more seasoned scholars. Governor Carr's collection covers some of the most dramatic years in Colorado history, the first part of WWII, and it is frequently requested for research, but many researchers get stuck between the vast amount of documents only sorted by dates, for instance in the series marked "Council of Defense", which contains many interesting documents about the Japanese-Americans who were to be deported to the Granada Relocation camp, or Camp Amache, as it was popularly called. It is my hope that the guide will not only provide such researchers some relief, but also to get the reader a sense for Colorado History, The Colorado State Archives and for the Governor collections in general.

  • 16.
    Engström, Tony
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Hans Alséns arkiv 1986 - 1992: Att ordna och förteckna en landshövdings handlingar2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hans Olof Alsén, born 16 august 1926, is a Swedish Social Democrat politician who served as the County Governor of Uppsala from 1986 to 1992. During the 1960s, -70s and -80s he had several political commissions including Member of Parliament and government Undersecretary. In addition he had numerous Board of Directors assignments in different business corporations as well as in non commercial associations both prior to, during and after the County Governor period.

    This paper describes the organizing and cataloguing of Hans Alsén's personal archives. The documents at hand were deposited at the regional state archives (Landsarkivet) in Uppsala in 2008 and 2009 by Alsén himself. The documents almost exclusively cover the County Governor years 1986-1992. At a previous occasion Alsén deposited another set of personal documents at the archival institution Folkrörelsearkivet in Uppsala. The Alsén personal archives at Folkrörelsearkivet cover the years 1955-1989 which chronologically corresponds to his political career and activity prior to the County Governor post. The four years of chronological overlapping by the two archives is worth noting.

    This paper addresses some of the principal problems and consequences concerning the mix up of governmental documents in personal archives, for example when it comes to searchability, accountability and secrecy. Furthermore the issue of archives, from one and the same person of origin, split up on several archival institutions is treated as well as some of the more practical problems encountered during the organizing process.

    The Hans Alsén archives 1986-1992 was organized and catalogued by Tony Engström as part of the Master Programme in Archival Science at the University of Uppsala.

  • 17.
    Ericsson, Urban
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Dealing with Youths Alienation: The Swedish Experience2010In: National Conference on Youth Alienation in Nigeria: Breaking the Cycle, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Fagerlind, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    I svenska bryggares sällskap: Förtecknandet av Svenska Bryggareföreningens arkiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a description and discussion of my one year master's thesis assignment, the practical cataloguing of the archives of Svenska Bryggareföreningen (the Swedish Brewers' Association). The assignment resulted in the archival inventory and this essay. The archive I arranged is kept at the centre for business archives in Stockholm, Centrum för Näringslivshistoria. The focus of my essay is the question of objects in archives, on cataloguing of objects and how objects differ from standard records. I also discuss the concept of business archives as part of the cultural heritage.

  • 19.
    Fjellström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Mot en museologisk värdeteori: Varför vi ger och varför vi samlar2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The foundation for a museum is the collection. To collect, preserve and display is what constitutes a museum. But the process of deciding which object´s should be saved, and which objects should not, are based on values. It is also values that make people inclined to donate objects to museums. How and why we value a museum determine if and why we donate.

    Objects themselves could be said to have a biography just like people. Depending on the objects biography and the context, the value of the object differs.

    My aim is to try and give an explanation to how we value the material heritage we collect, and to explain why people want to donate to museums; despite the fact they don’t get paid.

    I will also try and explain how value theory is used in economics and in philosophy, and how those value theories might differ from a museological theory of value.

  • 20.
    Flodin, Rebecca
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Julius Swanlunds farmacihistoriska samling. Dokumentation av samling:  2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During my internship at Museum Gustavianum I got the chance to participate in the Uppsala University Auditing project, led by John Worley and Urban Josefsson. In collaboration with Uppsala University they are making an inventory of all the university departments collections. Together with my colleague Hedvig Gottberg we first documented the collection of the Department of Materials chemistry at Ångströmlaboratoriet. I then decided to continue working with the project and got the assignment to document Julius Swandlunds (1875 – 1952) History of Pharmacy collection located in the Scheele room that belongs to the Faculty of Pharmacy.

    Eventually I registered, gathered information and photographed about 189 items. This information will hopefully later be used in Museum Gustavianums database.

    Besides describing and discussing my documentation work, this thesis will account for all the information I discovered about the collection. Furthermore I have analysed the different questions and problems I experienced when working with this collection. I have also pointed out the difficulties with having a collection without further information.

  • 21.
    Forsberg, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    För biblioteket i tiden: En diskursanalytisk studie av föreställningar om biblioteket i texter producerade runt utmärkelsen "Årets bibliotek" 1986-20062010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this one year’s master thesis the aim is to examine discourses and representations within the library field in texts connected to the Swedish award “Library of the Year” between 1986–2006. The questions posted to analyze are: what discourses can be found and what characterises them? Furthermore does the library intentionally or unintentionally mediate representations to the surrounding world? Does the library want to be portrayed in a specific way? The theoretical and methodological approaches in the study is the critical discourse analysis, developed by Norman Fairclough.

    On the basis of a three-dimensional framework for critical discourse analysis, arguments and articles connected to the Swedish award “Library of the Year”, are examined. The results of the analysis reveal six discourses: a market economy discourse, an information technology discourse, an education discourse, an occupational discourse, a user discourse and an experience orientated discourse. The study also reveal that the discourses are due to the surrounding society and that the period between the years 1986–2006 characterizes by a striving for change, improvement and development. The library is portrayed in very positive terms throughout the material. The book is given very little room in the material. The award “Library of the Year” appears to be a forum, which give the libraries the opportunity to mediate their activities. Therefore the forum can be assumed to mediate intentional representations. Finally it is a multifacetted image of the library that is portrayed.

  • 22.
    Genel, Derya
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Det Öbergska släktarkivet. Ordnande och förtecknande av ett släktarkiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is part of a one year Master´s degree in archival science. It concerns the work with listing and arrangingof a family archive at the Regional Archives in Uppsala. The family archive I worked with is called theÖberg family archive. It consists of archival documents which belonged to Holger Öberg (1898-1998), but alsoof documents from family members. As ingoing records creators are family members consisting of Gösta Öberg(1866-1998), Hilda Öberg (1866-1944), Vera Öberg (1895-1980) and one unidentified family relative namedLovisa Öberg. The archive also contains documents after Karin Thoreson, secretary in Gösta Öberg´s dentalpractice.The delivery of archive material to the Regional Archives in Uppsala was made by Julie White. The informationon the archive is therefore obtained through the tasks that are orally narrated by Julie White and of mywork. The archive is arranged after an archive schedule created by Martin Grass. The schedule consists of sixmain sections that are adapted and arranged to fit arranging and listing of personal archives. The main problem Iencountered in arranging the documents was determining the provenance of several of the archival documents.My conclusion is that the Martin Grass´s archive schedule is a well suited method for arranging and listing of theÖberg family archive.

  • 23.
    Genel, Derya
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Det Öbergska släktarkivet: Ordnande och förtecknande av ett släktarkiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is part of a one year Master´s degree in archival science. It concerns the work with listing and arranging of a family archive at the Regional Archives in Uppsala. The family archive I worked with is called the Öberg family archive. It consists of archival documents which belonged to Holger Öberg (1898-1998), but also of documents from family members.  As ingoing records creators are family members consisting of Gösta Öberg (1866-1998), Hilda Öberg (1866-1944), Vera Öberg (1895-1980) and one unidentified family relative named Lovisa Öberg. The archive also contains documents after Karin Thoreson, secretary in Gösta Öberg´s dental practice. The delivery of archive material to the Regional Archives in Uppsala was made by Julie White. The information on the archive is therefore obtained through the tasks that are orally narrated by Julie White and of my work. The archive is arranged after an archive schedule created by Martin Grass. The schedule consists of six main sections that are adapted and arranged to fit arranging and listing of personal archives. The main problem I encountered in arranging the documents was determining the provenance of several of the archival documents. My conclusion is that the Martin Grass´s archive schedule is a well suited method for arranging and listing of the Öberg family archive.

  • 24.
    Gerhardsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Tillgängliggörandets och omvandlingens problematik: en diskussion om problematiken kring det musealiserade föremålet i det museala rummet2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper/Master thesis is to discuss the problems arising when an object is removed from an original site, place or context and is museialized and placed in an exhibition room.  This is done by examining an 1800-century hat, which is displayed in an exhibition shown at the Nobelmuseum called Alfred Nobel: Networks of Innovation, by analyzing the hat through five theoretical perspectives develop by Christopher Tilley, Igor Kopytoff, Paul Ricoeur, Donald Preziosi and Ivo Maroevic. These theories are drawn from anthropology, philosophy, art history and museology.

    The study is divided into four parts. In the first the exhibition Alfred Nobel: Networks of Innovations is presented in detail and of course also the hat, which is the primary subject of the investigation.  The second part focus on how the hat is made available to audience, how its meaning and significance is created by interaction with other objects, with texts, photographs, illustrations and copies and replicas of different sorts. Together with these other objects and texts, photography’s and illustrations the hat symbolizes and tells about the Alfred Nobel who lived in Paris at the close of the 1800th century. It also tells about his social, economical and cultural status, and bears witness of his networks, his membership of a social class, the Parisian upper class.  It is argued that the exhibition which the hat is a part of is to be understood as something separate from other forms of media like theatre, film or litterateur, because the exhibition not just something that can read or watched, but also something that the audience are moving in. Therefore it is argued that the exhibition as a whole should be understood as a spatial and material narrative.  The function of the within this spatial and material narrative is just not to tell the audience about Alfred Nobel, because the narrative that is presented by the Nobel museum is not primary dependent on the display of authentic objects but the primary value of the hat, or any of the other authentic objects, then, is not primarily to be a “true” documentary, although it is important. Instead it is argued that the primary significance of the hat is to give the narrative about Alfred Nobel life and drama. In this way the hat placed in an exhibition can be compared to a religious or ritual object, because, in capacity of being an authentic hat from the 1800th century it creates a sense of  physical closeness Alfred Nobel. The third part of the study focuses on the problem of transformation, since when a object is removed from its original context it is also transformed in something else and acquires new functions, abilities, values and meanings. The problem discussed here is whether or not it is possible to say something true about the history of an object that has been museialized, like the hat in Alfred Nobel: Network of Innovations. Here the hat is analyzed through two opposed theoretical viewpoints develop by Donald Preziosi and Ivo Maroevic respectively.  This generates two complete different understandings of the displayed hat: One where everything that is said about it can be understood as a construction, where the meanings and values of the hat are dependent on contemporary ideological structures. Here the hat is also understood as a means for the formation of a national self-identity and the fostering of citizens. The other one creates an understanding where the hat is a time document that bears witness about the objects original context as a carrier of information both in its psychical and semantic structure. In the exhibition, different aspects of the hats information are made readable and understandable, with the help of other objects, texts, photographs and illustrations. The exhibition is a communication system, where the object sends information to the public or audience. What is said about the object in Alfred Nobel: Networks of Innovations should therefore be considered as a truth.

       In fourth and last part of the study these two opposed understandings of the hat is discussed criticized. It is argued that while a critical point of view is necessary it cannot be allowed to take over and that any true understanding of an objects history in a museum exhibition must remain perspectival and incomplete. The original site, situation or context of the object can never be reconstructed in its entirety, but only aspects of it.

  • 25.
    Hedström Mace, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Bibliotekariers syn på användare: En fenomenografisk studie om bibliotekariers uppfattningar om användarevid högskole- och universitetsbibliotek.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this master’s thesis is to investigate how academic librarians perceive and experience library users. The following research questions are treated: How are library users perceived, and how do librarians classify and categorize them? How do librarians experience their personal contact with the library users? In what way are users being talked about, and is there any distinction between how users are being described and how they behave in reality? The material consists of nine qualitative interviews performed with academic librarians in the Stockholm area. The study uses a phenomenographic approach, where the goal is to discover and describe different ways of experiencing users. Based upon similarities and differences these perceptions are merged into categories. The results show considerable variation in the ways users are being perceived. From these variations it is however possible to deduct certain common attributes. There is an apparent diversity in how users are classified and categorized. An apparent complexity of the problem is connected to that the library has few comprehensive priorities about whom they want to- and should serve. As a result, there is a significant difference in the way the informants experience the different groups of users, how these relate to each other and what level of service they should receive. Regarding the personal contact with users there are two opposing perceptions that contest each other. Either all users are perceived as individuals and thus equal, or some users are perceived as more important than others and therefore should get a higher degree of service. The individual perspective is also something, which clearly permeates throughout the study. A third important perception considers the professional role of librarians. On the subject of how librarians talk about users, there is a distinction between how the informants describe users and how librarians informally talk about them between themselves. Concerning the first aspect users are mostly described in a negative way, where they are seen as uninformed, uncaring or demanding. The one positive is that users are seen as technically competent. There is also a discrepancy between the rhetorical and practical when librarians talk between themselves, where they perceive that they can talk negatively about users as a way of letting of steam. In contrast, the actual meeting with the users is instead seen as something very positive.

  • 26.
    Helldal, Anja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Förteckning av leverans från Gävle Hamn AB: Gävle Hamn AB, Gävle hamnstyrelse, Gävle Lagerhus AB samt AB Bergrummet2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This PM recounts the arrangement of 20 shelf meters worth of records from the harbor management company of Gävle, Gävle Hamn AB, to the municipality archive of Gävle. The records belonged to four separate archives. First, the municipal Gävle harbor management, which already was represented in the municipal archives. Second, Gävle Hamn AB, a company created from the harbor management organization in 2001. The third archive was Gävle Lagerhus AB, another municipal-owned company started in 1971, which took care of the various buildings in the harbor, and merged with Gävle Hamn AB in 2009. Finally there was AB Bergrummet, a company created in 1976 by a group of other companies to oversee an oil storing facility built by Gävle Lagerhus AB, to be used by those companies. AB Bergrummet merged with Gävle Lagerhus AB in 1987.

    This project has involved sorting out the records to decide what belongs to which archive, as well as ap-praising which records can be put aside to be destroyed at a later date. In the case of the harbor management, since the archive already existed, records were simply added to the already existing series, though in some cases new series had to be created. For the other three archives, wholly new archive descriptions were created.

  • 27.
    Hellqvist, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Referencing in the humanities and its implications for citation analysis2010In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 310-318Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article studies citation practices in the arts andhumanities from a theoretical and conceptual viewpoint,drawing on studies from fields like linguistics, history,library & information science, and the sociology of science.The use of references in the humanities is discussedin connection with the growing interest in thepossibilities of applying citation analysis to humanisticdisciplines. The study shows how the use of referenceswithin the humanities is connected to concepts of originality,to intellectual organization, and to searching andwriting. Finally, it is acknowledged that the use of referencesis connected to stylistic, epistemological, andorganizational differences, and these differences mustbe taken into account when applying citation analysis tohumanistic disciplines.

  • 28.
    Hemmungs Wirtén, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Colonial Copyright, Postcolonial Publics: the Berne Convention and the 1967 Stockholm Diplomatic Conference Revisited2010In: SCRIPTed: A Journal of Law, Technology & Society, ISSN 1744-2567, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 532-550Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Hemmungs Wirtén, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Inventing F. David: Author(ing) Translation2010In: The History of the Book in the West: 1914-2000 / [ed] Alexis Weedon, Farnham: Ashgate Publishing , 2010, p. 38-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Hemmungs Wirtén, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kulturell mjukvara: om globaliseringens sociala teknologier2010In: Mediesverige 2010, Nordicom , 2010Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Hemmungs Wirtén, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Borghi, Maurizio
    Bocconi University, Milan.
    Gupta, Indranath
    Brunel University.
    Reusing Copyrighted Material in User-Generated Content2010Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Henriksson, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    1600-talets urvalsprocesser för tryckta verk: Produktion och distribution av böcker och dissertationer i Stockholm och Uppsala2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the 17th century the production and distribution of printed works increased in Stockholm and Uppsala. However, all works that the publisher wanted to print, did not reach the reader. This thesis aimed to show when, where and how printed books and dissertations did not reach the reader. To achieve this aim, aspects of several well known models showing systems of book production and distribution were combined and adapted to suit Swedish conditions in the 17th century. This combined model focused on processes of selection and was presented and used as a theoretical approach. Processes of selection in this paper are processes in which often a conscious choice was made of which books people produced and distributed. By using literature that had already been written about the chosen subject the paper examines what this material tells us about processes of selection during the selected period. Six processes of selection have been identified and discussed, three belonging to the production of works and three belonging to the distribution of works. During the production publishers’ motives and conditions for publishing and how this affected what they chose and did not choose to publish were discussed. Publishers with economical motives might publish fewer books which contained new ideas as reprinting popular books probably resulted in a higher profit. If a publisher wanted to use the publishing of a book as a way to further his career that probably could lead to fewer books containing offensive material being published. The state of the printing material and the economy of the printer and publisher were things that could affect which books that were printed. Books that came to Stockholm and Uppsala from other countries could be lost while being transported. The increase and decrease of the book collection at the university library in Uppsala affected the reader’s range of books to choose from. This is a two years master’s thesis in library and information science.

  • 33.
    Hultman, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Hovjuvelerare W. A. Bolins AB företagsarkiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This examination paper is an account for the author’s work to arrange and registrate the business archive and business records of court jeweller W. A. Bolin AB from 1916 until present day, and a part of the one-year Masters Programme in Archival Science at the University of Uppsala. Problems that have been encountered are treated, as well as motivations of the decisions made during the process. The author also discusses the lack of literature on the subject of business records and business archives.

  • 34.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Aesthetic judgments in folksonomies as a criteria for organising knowledge2010In: Paradigms and conceptual systems in knowledge organization.: Proceedings of the 11th International ISKO Conference 23-26 February, Rome, Italy / [ed] Claudio Gnoli & Fulvio Mazzocchi, Würzburg: Ergon Verlag , 2010, Vol. 12, p. 308-315Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most central challenges of knowledge organisation research and practice is the question of organising principles. Bliss proposed a consensus of experts as a criteria for knowledge organisation. Thereafter the complexity and ambiguity of criteria has become a subject of discussion, especially influenced by relativist philosophical theories. Hulme introduced already in 1911-1912 the notion of (literary) warrant to denote the (literary) criteria of organising knowledge. Hjørland has written about the limits of consensus and proposed (together with Albrechtsen) domain analysis as an approach for reaching pragmatic criteria. Even though the problems have been acknowledged, in practice, the veritable criteria are articulated only seldom. Feinberg [4] calls for a more explicit argumentation of criteria from the part of the designers of knowledge organisation systems, a view with which Hjørland concurs. The significance of the challenge is underlined by Gnoli who lists the problems related to ’viewpoint warrant’ (viewpoint as a criteria for organising knowledge) as a central challenge of future knowledge organisation research.The present study refers to aesthetics as exemplary of the problems related to viewpoints and knowledge organisation. Aesthetic judgments are essentially cultural and subjective, but same time people tend to expect others to concur with their own judgments [12]. In order to improve the explicity of the warranting factors (as [4] suggests) of aesthetic organisation of knowledge, the present study explores the possibilities to ground organisatory criteria on an empirical investigation of explicit aesthetic judgments of a group of people. This study discusses folksonomies as a source of aesthetic judgments and those judgments as a warrant for controlled organisation of knowledge. The question is whether folksonomies can be used as a source for aesthetic statements which can be used to warrant organisation of knowledge. Photosharing service Flickr is used as an example.

     

  • 35.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Information sources and perceived success in corporate finance2010In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 61, no 11, p. 2219-2229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The work of corporate finance professionals is information-intensive, despite the fact that the practices and motivations of their information preferences have been researched very little. The present study investigates perceived success and how it is related to corporate finance professionals’ information source use behavior based on a Web survey of 92 Finnish corporate finance professionals. The principal finding of the statistical analysis of the data is that perceptions of work success and specific types of information sources contributing to the success are related. The correlations are complex, and very different types of information sources contribute to individual types of success, and vice versa. The findings indicate that information sources function as measures of success and serve an instrumental purpose. Besides functional relations, the correlation of the variables suggests more comprehensive success and information source use related dependencies and preferences. The findings imply that by studying existing perceptions of success, it is possible to make inferences about preferred information sources. The study also suggests that both personal and organizational perceptions of success should be taken into account when planning information services and information literacy education for corporate finance professionals to increase their effectiveness and relevance for the professionals.

  • 36.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Information Sources and Perceived Success in Corporate Finance2010In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 61, no 11, p. 2219-2229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The work of corporate finance professionals is information-intensive, despite the fact that the practices and motivations of their information preferences have been researched very little. The present study investigates perceived success and how it is related to corporate finance professionals' information source use behavior based on a Web survey of 92 Finnish corporate finance professionals. The principal finding of the statistical analysis of the data is that perceptions of work success and specific types of information sources contributing to the success are related. The correlations are complex, and very different types of information sources contribute to individual types of success, and vice versa. The findings indicate that information sources function as measures of success and serve an instrumental purpose. Besides functional relations, the correlation of the variables suggests more comprehensive success and information source use related dependencies and preferences. The findings imply that by studying existing perceptions of success, it is possible to make inferences about preferred information sources. The study also suggests that both personal and organizational perceptions of success should be taken into account when planning information services and information literacy education for corporate finance professionals to increase their effectiveness and relevance for the professionals.

  • 37.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kuka muistuttaisi muistiorganisaatiota?: Museotyön muistikäytännöt ja muistaminen käytännössä2010In: Informaatiotutkimus, ISSN 1239-3614, Vol. 29, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Cool and Belkin Faceted Classification of Information Interactions Revisited2010In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 15, no 4, p. colis724-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. The complexity of human information activity is a challenge for both practice and research in information sciences and information management. Literature presents a wealth of approaches to analytically structure and make sense of human information activity including a faceted classification model of information interactions published by Cool and Belkin in 2002, which is discussed in this paper. Method. The Cool and Belkin classification scheme and the version adopted by Huvila in 2006 for a study of archaeologists are compared and new qualitative empirical interview material is analysed by using the latter version of the scheme. Analysis. Literature studies and qualitative analysis of interview material was carried out. Results. The discussed revisions proposed in the present study and earlier by Huvila broaden the scope of the classification system from information seeking to the broad scope of information activity and from description of interaction instances to their contexts. Conclusions. It is important to consider the consequences of classifying information interactions, to balance between complexity and simplicity and to consider when it is significant to strive for complexity of classifications and when a generic level of description is enough.

  • 39.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    What about creating and organizing?2010Report (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Where does the information come from?: Information source use patterns in Wikipedia2010In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 433-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. Little is known about Wikipedia contributors information behaviour and from where and how the information in the encyclopaedia originated. Even though a large number of texts in Wikipedia cite external sources according to the intentions of the verifiability policy, many articles lack references and in many others the references have been added afterwards. Method. This article reports the results of a Web survey of information source use patterns, answered by 108 Wikipedia contributors in spring 2008. Analysis. The qualitative questions were analysed using a close reading and grounded theory approach. The multiple-choice questions were analysed using descriptive statistics and bi-variate correlation analysis. Results. The results indicate that there are several distinct groups of contributors using different information sources. The results also indicate a preference for sources available online. However, in spite of the popularity of online material a significant proportion of the original information is based on printed literature, personal expertise and other non-digital sources of information. The information source use of Wikipedia contributors is also illustrative of the complexity and life-world scope of human information behaviour. Conclusions. Understanding the information source use of contributors helps us to understand how new Wikipedia articles emerge, how edits are motivated, where the information actually comes from and more generally, what kind of information may be expected to be found in Wikipedia.

  • 41.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Holmberg, Kim
    Ek, Stefan
    Widén-Wulff, Gunilla
    Social Capital in Second Life2010In: Online information review (Print), ISSN 1468-4527, E-ISSN 1468-4535, Online Information Review, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 295-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Second Life is a user-created online virtual world, which is a place where people with shared interests can meet and be together and share information. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether Second Life communities foster and nurture social capital, whether social capital within Second Life is related to social capital outside the virtual world, whether some characteristics affect the likelihood of users having social capital, and whether some existing measure of social capital can be modified and used to study social capital in Second Life. Design/methodology/approach: Study is based on a statistical analysis of data gathered in a web survey of a convenience sample (N=67) of Second Life residents. The social capital measure used was based on Bullen and Onyx, 1998. Findings: Second Life is an environment that fosters the emergence of social capital. Residents, who consider themselves as producers, have higher levels of social capital than those, who consider themselves as non-producers. Having social capital within Second Life is unrelated to having social capital outside the virtual world. Consistency of the instrument proved to be excellent for measuring social capital within Second Life and good outside the virtual world. Research limitations/implications: Small sample size and the composition of the research population limit the possibilities to generalise the findings. Practical implications: Second Life is a potent environment for community building and collective action. Communities and collective action within Second Life cannot be based, however, on the social activity outside the virtual world. Originality/value: The present study is the first systematic investigation of social capital in Second Life.

  • 42.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Holmberg, Kim
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Ek, Stefan
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Widén-Wulff, Gunilla
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Social Capital in Second Life2010In: Online information review (Print), ISSN 1468-4527, E-ISSN 1468-4535, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 295-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Second Life is a user-created online virtual world, which is a place where people with shared interests can meet and be together and share information. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether Second Life communities foster and nurture social capital, whether social capital within Second Life is related to social capital outside the virtual world, whether some characteristics affect the likelihood of users having social capital, and whether some existing measure of social capital can be modified and used to study social capital in Second Life. Design/methodology/approach: Study is based on a statistical analysis of data gathered in a web survey of a convenience sample (N=67) of Second Life residents. The social capital measure used was based on Bullen and Onyx, 1998. Findings: Second Life is an environment that fosters the emergence of social capital. Residents, who consider themselves as producers, have higher levels of social capital than those, who consider themselves as non-producers. Having social capital within Second Life is unrelated to having social capital outside the virtual world. Consistency of the instrument proved to be excellent for measuring social capital within Second Life and good outside the virtual world. Research limitations/implications: Small sample size and the composition of the research population limit the possibilities to generalise the findings. Practical implications: Second Life is a potent environment for community building and collective action. Communities and collective action within Second Life cannot be based, however, on the social activity outside the virtual world. Originality/value: The present study is the first systematic investigation of social capital in Second Life.

  • 43.
    Hällgren, Jill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Mai Zetterlings samling2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is about arranging and describing the personal archive of Mai Zetterling, which is preserved at the Swedish Film Institute in Stockholm. Mai Zetterling (1925 – 1994) was a Swedish actress and director, a pioneer as a female director in Swedish cinema in the ‘1960s. The author of this paper has arranged and described her records in 28 volumes. In this present paper it is discussed which archive scheme is the most appropriate for a film personal archive with the final proposal of an arrangement of the archives mainly based on film projects. The discussion takes as starting point the well-established personal archive scheme of Martin Grass, which is not specially adapted to cinema, and it continues with some examples of personal archives of film directors, both Swedish and international. At the end of the paper there is a description of the whole process of arranging and describing the records of Mai Zetterling.

  • 44.
    Högman, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Hur arkiverar Sveriges byggföretag?: Ett försök att finna arkiveringspraxis i en för kulturarvet viktig företagsbransch2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What traces of their actions are the Building Corporations in Sweden leaving in their archives and are they followingsome archival policies? This thesis is trying to answer that question. For that reason 25 archives fromSwedish Building Corporations have been investigated concerning their size, contents and age. Furthermore apoll performed by the Swedish National Archives in cooperation with the Swedish Employers’ Confederationhas been analyzed. As a complement to these investigations some people responsible for the archives at SwedishBuilding corporations have been interviewed about their companies’ archival policies.The result of this study is, sadly enough, that the Swedish Building Corporations are neglecting their archives.Most of the archives that were studied are very small, less than half a running metre. A few builders of thegeneration born in the late nineteenth century have left more or less extensive archives, but they were very poorlyorganized. But generally the will to build up archives for the need of the future researchers and for the culturalheritage seems to be very poor in the Building Corporations, even poorer than in the Swedish companies in general.Almost no archival strategies could be discerned, other than that most companies preserve their record onlyfor that time the law and their own immediate needs prescribe. That is a shame, concerning the Building Corporations’importance for the cultural heritage in that that the buildings they are making are forming our culturalenvironment.This is a two years master’s thesis in Archival Science.

  • 45.
    Jansson, Janna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Forslund, Linnéa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Bemötande sett ur sex bibliotekariers perspektiv.: Möjligheter och förutsättningar för personal och verksamhet att arbeta med bemötandefrågor på bibliotek.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Attitudes towards the reference situation and the meetings between library users and librarians have become the subject of much debate in the library setting today. The aim of this two years master´s thesis has been to examine six librarian’s attitudes and apprehensions concerning the interactions between the librarian and the users in the library setting. We were also interested in knowing how a library can work to become more service oriented and customer centred. We conducted six interviews with librarians located at three different libraries in Sweden. We used three theories to explain our aim. These are Jürgen Habermas theory of social communication, theory about professions and Christian Grönroos theory of Service Management.

    We found that our informants both see the physical meeting with the library and the social exchanges with the librarians as important parts of the user’s experience of the library.

    The three libraries that we visited work in different ways to improve their customer service. One library has developed a policy for concrete ways to improve the social exchange with the library user. Another library is working with a policy and the third library handle attitude questions more implicit in the daily work and in a specialised group. We could see that the informants who worked at the library which had a policy and an under-standing of the importance of customer service as a central part of the organisation regarded those questions as being very important. Some informants could not see how customer service could get improved in another way than just discussing these issues in groups, meetings or in connection to seminars.

    The changing of attitudes of members of the staff can be complicated however because it, at some level, is about individual changes. We believe that a person has to be motivated to make these changes. To improve this motivation the organisation has to create opportunities for the staff to critically reflect upon their working situa-tion. In that way we believe that the staff can experience security and motivation to do a good job which then has a positive impact on the customer service provided. The acknowledgement of the importance of customer service within an organization has to engage everybody and the whole organisation at all its levels.

    We think that customer service in the library setting will become more important in the future as a response to the technical evolution and all the automated elements in our society. The importance of actual meetings in-crease as our society increasingly communicates via digital means.

  • 46.
    Johannesson, Kristin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Intersectional perspectives on Knowledge Organisation Systems2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This poster shows some thoughts on how knowledge organisation systems (KOS), with a focus on the example of collaborative tagging, can be analyzed from an intersectional perspective. The perspective which is proposed includes ideas and influences from intersectionality, gender, and queer theories. Some reasonings on what may prove to be interesting approaches in analyzing and comparing different KOS are also made.

    A selection of earlier research, what critical studies of KOS have shown so far, the author's own reflections on them and a couple of examples of tagging are presented. Some suggestions and conclusions are put forward on how intersectional/gender theories in LIS have been used and mightbe used in future research.

    An intersectional perspective in looking at KOS appears as both needed in terms of not having used much in KO(S)-research, and so it can be further developed, and relevant in that constructions of gender and other social categories, as well as KO and KOS, have to do with with categorisations, structures, hierarchies and vocabulary or language. Critical research in KO, taking the for this study relevant example of gender focussed studies, has developed and changed. From being influenced byand performing women's studies, broader approaches are now used where newer theories and perspectives such as social constructionist influences, queer theories and intersectionality are incorporated. Still, these are used to a quite small extent in LIS research and in studies of KOS. This can be done to a larger and more diverse degree.

    KOS, both traditional and new ones, are pertinent to analyze and compare from an intersectional perspective because the systems and their ways of organizing knowledge can tell us important and interesting things about society, our knowledge of it and our views on these things. Writings on collaborative tagging do not often seem to include a critical approach, which makes it especially relevant and interesting to do so.

  • 47.
    Jonsson, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Författarskapet digitalt förevigat: En studie av Nordens nationalbiblioteks digitalisering av det skönlitterära kulturarvet2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis examines the digitization of the literary heritage at the nordic national libraries. The aim of the study is to give an insight into how these national libraries, by digitizing certain collections of literature, shape an institutional identity in its role as a national institution. An additional aim is to investigate the national cultural policy discourse centering on cultural heritage in relation to digitization, that can be found in cultural policy documents, and with the effects these might have on institutional practices. The theories employed in the analysis are for these purposes drawn mainly from social constructionist theory, which includes a problematization of the process of cultural heritage in its relation to political intention and the subsequent institutional interpretation of that stated intention. Through a qualitative analysis of relevant official documents, centering on cultural heritage and digitization, the different aspects of the national cultural policy discourses will be revealed. By also examining specific digitization projects it will be shown how this discourse is later interpreted on the actual implementation level.

    The main findings drawn from this analysis, once made, is that these examined libraries are all much influenced by the discourses found on a national political level. This may be most effectively exemplified by showing how the democracy aspect is expressed on both levels, as made apparent by the argument for availability, stressed firmly by all participants. Another important conclusion is that the national libraries, as influential institutions in their field, has the power to create an image of the nation, by choosing specific authors and works that purport a shared language and history. Through these choices and by the effectiveness of employed distribution, the institutions themselves contribute to the founding of a shared cultural heritage within the nation. In addition to this, the choices made by the institutions handling the digitization will result in chosen authors being incorporated in the national cultural canon.

  • 48.
    Jonsson, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Författarskapet digitalt förevigat; En studie av Nordens nationalbiblioteks digitalisering av det skönlitterärakulturarvet.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis examines the digitization of the literary heritage at the nordic national libraries. The aim of the study is to give an insight into how these national libraries, by digitizing certain collections of literature, shape an institutional identity in its role as a national institution. An additional aim is to investigate the national cultural policy discourse centering on cultural heritage in relation to digitization, that can be found in cultural policy documents, and with the effects these might have on institutional practices. The theories employed in the analysis are for these purposes drawn mainly from social constructionist theory, which includes a problematization of the process of cultural heritage in its relation to political intention and the subsequent institutional interpretation of that stated intention. Through a qualitative analysis of relevant official documents, centering on cultural heritage and digitization, the different aspects of the national cultural policy discourses will be revealed. By also examining specific digitization projects it will be shown how this discourse is later interpreted on the actual implementation level. The main findings drawn from this analysis, once made, is that these examined libraries are all much influenced by the discourses found on a national political level. This may be most effectively exemplified by showing how the democracy aspect is expressed on both levels, as made apparent by the argument for availability, stressed firmly by all participants. Another important conclusion is that the national libraries, as influential institutions in their field, has the power to create an image of the nation, by choosing specific authors and works that purport a shared language and history. Through these choices and by the effectiveness of employed distribution, the institutions themselves contribute to the founding of a shared cultural heritage within the nation. In addition to this, the choices made by the institutions handling the digitization will result in chosen authors being incorporated in the national cultural canon

  • 49.
    Kamienski, Per-Jakob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Förändringar i synen på bokprat för barn och unga. En diskursiv läsning av artiklar i Biblioteksbladet 1930-20072010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My thesis is a study of how the perception of booktalk aimed at kids and youngsters in the Swedish educational system has changed between 1932 and 2007. A discursive reading of articles in the magazine Biblioteksbladet provides the basis for my investigation. The thesis argues that an older "authoritaritan" and "traditional" discourse has given way for a more modern, "anti-authoritaritan" and "lust"-directed discourse. The older discourse was designed to make sure that young people were provided with a certain well-defined quantity of "approved" literature. The new discourse stresses the importance of fostering kids and youngsters with a positive and enthusiastic attitude towards reading in general. However the new discoruse is not without conflicts of its own, som e of which are addressed in this thesis. In order to provide for a basis of method concerning the making of a discursive reading of the articles of Biblioteksbladet included in the investigation are several discourse analytical perspectives such as amongst others that of Michel Foucault discussed in the thesis.

  • 50.
    Karabay, Joanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Musana och Sundi-Lutete missionsstationer: - Ett ordnings- och förteckningsarbete2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I have for my one year master's thesis worked on arranging and cataloging the archives from the missions stations of Musana, Congo-Brazzaville and Sundi-Lutete, Congo-Kinshasa, belonging to the Swedish Missions Church (Svenska Missionskyrkan). The archives contained records written in Swedish, French and Kikongo, from primarily the years 1910 until 1961. Records have though been found that adhere from both prior to and after these years. These archives are deposited at the Swedish National Archive and it was therefore important to take the opinions and regulations of both parties into consideration, as well as relying onto archival theory.

    The archives were initially scattered and had in some parts been organized by an archivist without formal schooling. The major difficulties in this work has therefore been to establish the provenance – to which creator the documents belonged to, and also to decide to which degree the principle of the original order should play a part. After considering different theories, I decided to respect the secondary order for the correspondence, since rearranging it would disrupt the concordance in the work already done by researchers.

    To still make the archives accessible for the users in its existing order it required me to be aware of whom the user of the archive is, probable areas of research and how these archives are used. This information was then used when writing the archival description and the scope notes in the inventory. I have also taken decisions based on what is practically possible; it has because of regulations not been possible to physically bring the archive to one unit. Also, the circumstances of a shared custody of the archives also determined, in practice, how the inventory could be written.

    This is a one year master's thesis in Archival Science, at the university of Uppsala, Spring semester of 2010.

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