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  • 1.
    Albertsson, Daniel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Åkesson Kågedal, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Publiceringsmönster inom humaniora och bibliometriska indikatorer för resursfördelning: Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Uppsala universitet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The scope of this master thesis is the scientific publishing at Uppsala University's Faculty of Arts. The aim of the thesis is to investigate publication patterns and publishing strategies. To investigate how the publication patterns of the faculty is structured and what priorities and considerations the researchers have regarding scientific publishing. 

    Furthermore, the aim is to compare these publishing strategies and publication patterns to incentives and selection principles of the bibliometric indicators in the performance based research funding systems on the national and local scale.

    The thesis is based on the theories of disciplinary differences developed by Richard Whitley and Tony Becher and Paul R. Trowler. These theories suggest a framework based on organizational and sociological perspectives, that offers ways to explain differences in publication patterns between different scientific fields.

    The study is based on two empirical studies of the faculty. A survey of the researchers publication patterns has been conducted, and publications that are registered in the local publication database has been analyzed.

    Results from the study show that scientific journal articles, book chapters and monographs, are the most important publishing forms and occur at all departments at the faculty. Many respondents remarked that publication patterns are changing toward more international publishing and increased article publishing in scientific journals, which corresponds with the analysis of the actual publications.

    Overall, the respondents rank their knowledge of the bibliometric indicators in the lower scale, while the respondents' publication strategies are in fact consistent with the incentives in the allocation models.

    The selection principle of the local allocation model captures a larger share of the faculty’s publications in comparison to the national allocation model. However, results from the survey shows that there are significant differences at an institutional level, in how the local bibliometric quality indicator assess the respondents' most central and most respected publishing channels. The publishing channels of the Department of Literature have the lowest correlation and the highest correlations are found among respondents from the Department of Philosophy. The study also finds a correlation between the quality indicators’ assessment of the departments’ central publishing channels and the assessment of the departments' actual publications.

  • 2.
    Almström, Vera Henrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Hen på bibliotek: En diskursanalys av genusintresserade bibliotekariers tal om begreppet hen2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master’s thesis looks at discourses that use the pronoun ”hen”. The media debate in Sweden over this pronoun in 2012 started in connection with the publishing of a children’s picture book: Kivi och monsterhund, by Jesper Lundqvist and Bettina Jansson. The essay investigates how eight librarians, who take an interest in and work with gender issues, talk about the pronoun hen and about this picture book and other books that have characters which are not named as a sex/gender.

    The essay takes a discursive perspective on reality and on the construction of knowledge and carries out a discourse analysis of the librarians’ talk in the qualitative interviews that were made for this study. In the analysis of these interviews Yvonne Hirdman’s theory of the gender system takes a central part.

    The result of the analysis is seven discourses that are central to the librarians talk about books and gender and where the pronoun hen is a focus or a related issue. The essay argues that gender categorization is a dominant discourse in our western society and that certain uses of the pronoun hen, especially the discourse named as the Human-discourse, challenges this domination. The discourses that most librarians used were within the reasoning of the dominant discourse of gender categorization. A conclusion is that the meaning of the pronoun hen is not determined by any one discourse but that there may be a political intervention working towards integrating the pronoun hen into the dominant discourse of gender categorization and thereby neutralising the pronoun. 

  • 3.
    Aparac-Jelusic, Tatjana
    et al.
    University of Zadar.
    Ma, Lai
    University College Dublin.
    Ibekwe-SanJuan, Fidelia
    Université d'Aix-Marseille.
    Ortiz-Repiso Jimenez, Virginia
    University of Madrid.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Warner, Julian
    Queen's University Belfast.
    Crossing the Boundaries in Information Science: Perspectives on Interdisciplinarity2013In: ASIS&T 2013 Proceedings of the 76th ASIS&T Annual Meeting Volume 50 2013 Beyond the Cloud: Rethinking Information Boundaries, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information science has often been recognized as an interdisciplinary field. The marriage between librarianship/documentation and computer science was a natural development in the United States in the post-War period (Farkas-Conn, 1991; Hahn & Barlow, 2012), while the development of information science in Europe has largely stayed close to the humanities and the social sciences, in particular, in relation to communication and media (Ibekwe-SanJuan, et al., 2010). For many years, the interdisciplinary nature of information science has been applauded; until recently, we are warned that interdisciplinarinity may be harmful to the identity of the field. Buckland (2012) states that the claim of being "interdisciplinary" is to choose a position of weakness because "in times of economic crisis political power tends to reside in well-established disciplines." Cronin (2012) comments that "the field’s sense of identity, arguably fragile at the best of times, is likely to be further weakened" for its "epistemic promiscuity."

  • 4.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Closing panel: Sharing wisdom and reflections on the enduring questions2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a written contribution to the concluding session of the conference on displacement and resettlement at the University of Oxford. Parts of this text has been incorporated in the final paper "Concluding Session: Reflections on the Enduring Questions in Development-Induced Displacement and Resettlement" chaired by Susan Tamondong (main author).

  • 5.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Det ambivalenta kulturarvet: Fallet Terror Haza i Budapest2013In: Dragomanen: Årsskrift utgiven av Svenska Forskningsinstitutet i Istanbul, ISSN 1402-358X, Vol. 15, p. 89-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kulturarvet är alltmer framträdande i våra samhällen oavsett om vi befinner oss i det lugna Hälsingland med dess Hälsingegårdar som världsarv, eller i ett krigshärjat Syrien där unika kulturarv förstörs i konflikten. Samtidigt tycks kulturarvet tillhöra allt och alla och skärskådas utifrån olika perspektiv medförande att det blir till något omtvistat där olika värden gör anspråk på platsen och kräver tolkningsföreträde. Kulturarvet och dess begreppsapparat har blivit till något ambivalent, globalt och lokalt i ständig rörelse.  Hand i hand med denna närvaro ifrågasätts kulturarvsbegreppet och är kanske på väg att fasas ut ur kulturdiskursen för att ersättas med kulturmiljö i mångfald. Det finns en utmaning i detta som kulturarvsforskare bör ta sig an för att bemöta med de djupa kunskaper som finns inom fältet. Artikeln diskuterar denna ambivalens och avslutar med en fallstudie av Terror Haza i Budapest.    

  • 6.
    Astrén, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Talande ord: En jämförande studie av taggar och kontrollerade ämnesord för indexering av skönlitteratur2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How do you summarize the content of a fictional work, let’s say

    Lord of the Rings, into a few "telling" words that may represent it? This master’s thesis is a comparative study of how library users’ freely chosen tags/keywords deviate from controlled vocabulary made by professional indexers when representing fiction. The thesis answers four main questions:

     Do the tags that the library users give fictional works correspond to the categories used in professional indexing in Sweden?

     Do the tags follow the standards for vocabulary, semantics and syntax used when indexing professionally?

     Do the tags add something to document representations?

     Are there differences between the tags used for adult fiction and the tags used for children’s literature?

    With a starting point in indexing theories of Frederick W. Lancaster, Annelise Pejtersen, and the semiotic theory of the indexing process of Jens-Erik Mai, 383 tags from totally 70 fictional works are analyzed. The tags come from the online catalogue of Umeå public library, accessible through the website www.minabibliotek.se.

    The results show tendencies of the tags corresponding to a great extent with categories used in the controlled vocabulary

    Att indexera skönlitteratur (Indexing fictional works). However, some tags form a separate category, which may be described as a Reading experience- category. The tags also add abstract terms to the online catalogue.

  • 7.
    Börjesson, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Biblioteksplaner i praktiken2013In: Biblioteksbladet, ISSN 0006-1867, no 1, p. 27-28Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Börjesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Alsbjer, Peter
    Biblioteken som lärandeorganisationer - hur skapas och bibehålls de?2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Düzer, Gözde
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Embracing Twitter: Marketing the Public Library on Social Media2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this master's thesis is to study public libraries' marketing on the social media site Twitter. To achieve this goal, the Twitter accounts of four Swedish public libraries were studied for several months. The four libraries that were studied consist of Stockholm library, Lidingö library, Malmö library, and Gothenburg library. The marketing theory that inspired me is called the seven Ps of marketing, which is a marketing mix that is specifically developed for service industries. My main sources in the application of the theory have been the works of Ned Potter and Eileen Elliott de Sáez, which combine marketing with the field of library and information science. Netnography, a qualitative method that studies online communities, has been applied as methodology. The methods that have been used consist of online observations and e-mail interviews.

    It was seen that the libraries use Twitter as a marketing tool to attain more users and to strengthen their ties with the existing users. Through Twitter, libraries promote their products to users. The communication between the library and its users becomes an important factor in marketing the library on Twitter. It was observed that users play an active role in marketing the library on Twitter. Users not only shape the marketing of the library through their responses but they also contribute to the marketing of the library by retweeting libraries' tweets or "mentioning" the libraries on Twitter.

    This is a two years master's thesis in Archive, Library and Museum studies.

  • 10.
    Edquist, Samuel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Nykterhetsrörelsen, folkkulturen och nationalismen2013In: Mellan nation av tradition: Idéströmningar i 1800-talets insamlingar av folklore. Föredrag från ett symposium i Visby 27–28 september 2011 / [ed] Ulf Palmenfelt, Uppsala: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs akademien för svensk folkkultur , 2013, p. 113-124Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Lagen om pliktexemplar av elektroniska dokument: En analys av diskussionen kring ett lagförslag2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master’s thesis examines the discussions about the new Swedish legal deposit legislation for electronicdocuments, related to Jürgen Habermas’ theories around the public sphere.

    In 2009, a draft of the law proposal was sent out to various authorities and organizations who were asked tocontribute their views on this matter. This study looks at who has responded of those asked, and what commonviews are apparent within these responses. The responses from two different categories are focused on –universities and other authorities, examining if any similarities or differences can be noticed in the arguments inthe different categories’ responses to the proposed law change.

    This information has been first analyzed through content analysis, providing an overview to the respondentsof the draft, and the different views which have arisen. Argumentation analysis has then been used to examinehow specific respondents have argued their views, focusing on the National Library of Sweden and the NationalArchives of Sweden.

    The most common views and arguments revolve around the definitions suggested in the proposal, regardingwhich documents are to be collected and who is responsible for their delivery. Many respondents also mentionedtheir desire to be able to fulfill their legal deposit obligations by delivering documents through networks.

    Habermas’ theories on the public sphere, which he claims to exist in today’s society, are very similar to thetheories of the public sphere addressed within this study. The authorities and organizations which have beenasked to contribute opinions towards this proposal are the same one who will be directly involved with the legaldeposit itself; while the future users of these collected electronic documents, namely scholars and the public,have been excluded from this discussion. Some respondents remarked upon the importance of the documentsbeing available to those to which they will be of use. However, the discussion has primarily concentrated on howthe delivery of these documents can be affected in the easiest possible manner for those involved.

  • 12. Eriksson Lindvall, Karin
    et al.
    Rydbeck, KerstinUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.Rügheimer, LouiseUppsala University, University Administration, Planning Division.
    Skor är huvudsaken: sjutton kvinnliga forskares funderingar om skor ; en essäsamling2013Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Frank, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    ”Pengarna finns i systemet”: Digitalt bevarande i Sveriges nationella strategi för arbetet med digitalisering och elektroniskt bevarande av kulturarvet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this two year master thesis is to analyze how digital preservation is presented as a problem in the Swedish national strategy for the digitization and digital preservation of the Swedish cultural heritage. In order to study which assumptions about digital preservation exists within the strategy I apply the discourse oriented methodological tools presented by Carol Lee Bacchi, which focuses on discerning what problem or, rather, representation of a problem exists within a specific policy. This study is a post-structuralist discourse analysis. The main focus of the study is on what assumptions and prerequisites the dominating representation of the problem is based upon and how the representation has evolved. The main material of the study consists of public investigations conducted by the Swedish state, governmental propositions and replies as well as other public documents upon which Bacci's methodological tools are applied.

    Results show that digital preservation is primarily interpreted as a financial problem as the national strategy and its surrounding documents stress the need of cost-efficient solutions. The discourse of cost-efficiency is based upon instrumental political ideals, and results show that there is a specific kind of terminology within the documents which strengthens the dominance of this discourse. The consequence of the dominating representation of the problem as being of a financial kind marginalizes other vital aspects of digital preservation.

  • 14.
    Granholm, Kris
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Open access och spridning: En kvantitativ analys av hur open access-publicerade artiklar citeras och sprids på webben2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To publish research articles by the means of open access is to provide them for free to the reader. An increasing number of universities around the world have begun to institute open access policies regarding their researchers academic output, requiring them to primarily publish in open access journals and / or archive their pre- or post- prints in institutional archives.

    The aim of this this thesis is to explore how the adoption of the open access policy at the Swedish Universi- ty of Agricultural Sciences in 2008 has affected how their researchers publish and if this has had any effect on how their academic output are cited and distributed online. To reach this goal a combination of bibliometric and altmetric methods were used as well as cross-referencing between Scopus, Altmetric.com, Google Scholar and the SHERPA/RoMEO database.

    The results points towards a mostly open access positive trend with an increase in articles published in jour- nals that allow archiving of both pre- and post-prints. There also seems to be a correlation between these journals and which kind of articles gets the most mentions in social media.

  • 15.
    Gällman, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Tillgång till skolbibliotek i glesbygd2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    This is a two years master’s thesis in Archive, Library and Museum studies, which purpose is to find out what ideas there are about school libraries and to get an idea of how informants interpret the new Education Act, which requires all students to have access to school libraries. Another intention of this paper is to highlight the potential rural-related attitudes of the responents. The study includes the sparsely populated municipality of Krokom and is based on interviews with librarians, the school director, principals and politicians who work there. The theoretical basis for this paper is Loertscher’s model för school libraries and a centerperiphery perspective. Study results show that there are different conceptions of what a school library is and that there are some tendences related to the informant’s professions. All in all the school library is the hub of the school, a knowledge base or a room with a wide range of books, many different kinds of texts and access to online resources. The school librarian is important for the school library, as well as collaboration and integration with other school activities. Access to the school library is about longer opening hours, opportunity to visit a physical room with literature and access to use qualified librarians. The new Education Act is interpreted as indistinct and needs to be clarified. It is considered to be directed to schools in larger cities. There is an awareness of the specific rural conditions prevailing and the informants take their arguments into account and some of them give suggestions on rural alternatives such as a mobile library, a digital library or school libraries in each school district instead of at each school.

  • 16.
    Halla Baldvinsdottir, Kristin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Process of Accessioning of ArchaeologicalMaterial in the Nordic Countries2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Disposal and deaccessioning are difficult subjects in the museum and archaeological field. Archaeological materialin museums grows only with time and increased number of excavations. Therefore problems are rising in themuseum field. In this thesis disposal and deaccessioning of archaeological material in the Nordic countries isstudied. The main question is: How is the disposal of archaeological material in the Nordic countries handled?Legislations of the countries and museum policies were studied with disposal or deaccessioning in mind. Questionswere sent to a museum in each country to get first hand information about the subject. Disposal of archaeologicalmaterial is not handled in the same way in the five countries. Two of them, Denmark and Norway havesimilar systems. But the other three have another process in these matters. The word disposal seems not to havethe exact same meaning in all of the countries. In this thesis it is argued that there is no theory that has a clearsolution about what disposal of archaeological material is. I have come to the conclusion that this is an issue thathas to be handled in the museums and the first step is to have a clear policy on disposal and deaccessioning inthe archeological field

  • 17.
    Hammarfelt, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    An examination of the possibilities that altmetric methods offer in the case of the humanities2013In: Proceedings of the ISSI 2013 – 14th International Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics / [ed] Juan Gorraiz, Edgar Schiebel, Christian Gumpenberger, Marianne Hörlesberger & Henk Moed, 2013, p. 721-727Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The advantages of altmetrics — the diversity of dissemination channels analysed, the speed of getting data, the openness of methods, and the ability to measure impact beyond the ‘scholarly realm’— could be seen as especially promising for fields that currently are difficult to study using established bibliometric methods and data sources. This paper reviews the benefits of using altmetric methods to analyse the impact of research in the humanities and tests some of the most common altmetric tools on a small sample of publications and authors. The findings indicate that many of the problems identified in research on the use of bibliometrics on the humanities are also relevant for altmetric approaches. The importance of non-journal publications, the reliance on print as well the limited availability of open access publishers are characteristics that hinder altmetric analysis. However, this study provides only a few examples and further studies are needed in order to examine the possibilities that altmetric methods offer.

  • 18.
    Hedemark, Åse
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Projekt Sagostunden - en förstudie2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Hedemark, Åse
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Synen på barn och barns literacy - en studie av folkbiblioteksplaner2013In: Libraries, Black Metal and Corporate Finance: Current Research in Nordic Library and Information Science / [ed] Anders Frenander & Skans Kersti Nilsson, Borås: Högskolan i Borås , 2013, p. 69-85Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Hedman, Lina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Allt som finns kvar: Om personarkiv hos föräldrar som förlorat små barn2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The object of this two years master's thesis has been to study a specific genre of personal archives by examiningthe archives of nine parents who have lost one or several infants. Using internet-based methods, (e-mail, Skypeand digital photographs), I have conducted qualitative research using a general interview guide technique. Usingresearch from archival theory as well as other fields, my material has been arranged and analysed according tothemes and recurring thoughts picked up from my informants during the interviews.My main theoretical aid has been that the role of parent who has lost a child is the starting point for the creationof the personal archives. Another important theory is my definition of the term “document” as not dependent onmedium and format, but on usage: if an object has been used as a part of an archive, it is a document. I also claimthat study of personal archives is a way to help the archival profession and Swedish archival theory to becomemore democratic and inclusive, since especially the former is mandated to reflect all of society's many manifestationsof culture and memory. The results show that the archives contain a large selection of documents in differentformats and mediums, but that they also have many similarities. This is an effect of the fact that the parentshave all had roughly the same document-creating contacts with their relatives and friends, the authorities and theother parts of society often involved in the events proceeding the child's birth and death (or sickness and death).The reasons to create and maintain a personal archive are to preserve the memories of events, people, places,thoughts and feelings associated with the child and whatever time the parents got to spend with him or her. By remembering,the parents are also confirming the child's existence and place within the family, and helping themselvesconfirm their newly acquired role as parents who have lost a child. The archives and their constituent partsare used as physical and psychological “linking objects”, to help the parents feel (at least temporary) closer totheir child by watching, touching or talking about the most important documents. These are often the ones displayedon special memory shelves, on family photo walls or in memory boxes. It follows that arrangement of thedocuments is based mostly on the emotional attachment of the parent to the individual document, and that destructionof records are extremely rare in the studied archives. Their growth diminished with time, but does notstop completely since the parents, other relatives and friends still create new documents, mostly to observe holidaysand anniversaries. Furthermore, the way the parents use their archives and its constituent parts change astime passes. Individual documents may also change their emotional and cultural significance to the parent, orgain additional ones. Some of the underlying factors behind these findings are my informants views on creating,keeping and destroying documents. They all express a need to “save everything”, and most also want to “documenteverything”. The latter, their wish to create new documents to complement the ones created primarily byothers and as a result of specific events and processes, comes from a feeling of not having enough documents inthe archives. It can also be the result of dissatisfaction with those that do exist. Finally, as is commonplace amongpersonal archives, the archives in my study have multiple record creators within the immediate family and outsideit, even though my informants are usually the main creators. This is a two years master’s thesis in Archive,Library and Museum studies.

  • 21.
    Hemmungs Wirtén, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    ”Passé et présent des biens communs. De l’utilisation des terres au partage d’informations.".2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Hemmungs Wirtén, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    "The Commons, Old and New: From Land Use to Information Sharing."2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    ASIS&T European Workshop 2013: Proceedings of the Second Association for Information Science and Technology ASIS&T European Workshop 2013 June 5-6, Åbo/Turku, Finland2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    DOME - Deployment of Online Medical Records and e-Health services2013In: ASIS&T European Workshop 2013: Proceedings of the Second Association for Information Science and Technology ASIS&T European Workshop 2013 June 5-6, Åbo/Turku, Finland / [ed] Huvila, Isto, 2013, Vol. 2, p. 209-215Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Engagement has its consequences: the emergence of the representations of archaeology in social media2013In: Archäologische Informationen, ISSN 2197-7429, Vol. 36, p. 21-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Even if social media is often seen mainly as an instrument for outreach from the archaeologists to the public, it is a two- way channel of communication and a context for participation and negotiation that consists of an information infrastructure, content and participants. This article discusses the consequences and implications of the bidirectionality of social media. The discussion is based on an empirical study of the representations and reappropriations of archaeology in four different social media services (Facebook, Twitter, Second Life, Pinterest). The analysis shows how the popular and scholarly archaeological information is appropriated in the social media services and how the efforts to engage people lead to a double bind of engagement. People engage archaeologists but also other members of the public to participate in an exchange of knowledge and negotiation of the nature and relevance of archaeology. The findings of the study shed light on the emerging patterns of how the use of social media can affect not only the popular ideas of archaeology and the contexts of its relevance, but also archaeological knowledge (i.e. what is known and what is desirable to be known), its documentary representations and the essence of the archaeological work itself.

  • 26.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    How a Museum Knows?: Structures, Work Roles, and Infrastructures of Information Work2013In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and technology, Vol. 64, no 7, p. 1375-1387Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Even if knowledge is a commodity that a museum offers as Hooper-Greenhill () has argued, the mechanisms of how a museum comes to know what it mediates are not well understood. Using a case study approach, the aim of this study is to investigate what types of sources and channels, with a special emphasis on social processes and structures of information, support collaborative information work, and the emergence of knowledge in a museum environment. The empirical study was conducted using a combination of ethnographic observation of and interviews with staff members at a medium-sized museum in a Nordic country. The study shows that much of the daily information work is routinized and infrastructuralized in social information exchange and reproduction of documented information and museum collections.

  • 27.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    How a museum knows?: Structures, work roles, and infrastructures of information work2013In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 64, no 7, p. 1375-1387Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Even if knowledge is a commodity that a museum offers as Hooper-Greenhill (1992) has argued, the mechanisms of how a museum comes to know what it mediates are not well understood. Using a case study approach, the aim of this study is to investigate what types of sources and channels, with a special emphasis on social processes and structures of information, support collaborative information work, and the emergence of knowledge in a museum environment. The empirical study was conducted using a combination of ethnographic observation of and interviews with staff members at a medium-sized museum in a Nordic country. The study shows that much of the daily information work is routinized and infrastructuralized in social information exchange and reproduction of documented information and museum collections.

  • 28.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    In Web search we trust?: Articulation of the cognitive authorities of Web searching2013In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 567-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. People search for information on different search engines billions of times day all over the developed world. Not all Web resources are, however, equally authoritative and not all searches return equally authoritative results. Earlier studies have demonstrated the complexity of credibility assessments, but also simultaneously the existence of strong tendencies to uncritically accept the credibility of the information retrieved by a search engine. The success of a search is related, but not the same notion as the authority of the results. The aim of this paper is to analyse the articulated role of 'searching' as a possible source of cognitive authority in Web searching. <p>Method. A qualitative exploratory study based on the analysis of 805 search-related utterances harvested from the Web using Webometric Analyst. <p>Analysis. The data was analysed using constant comparative method.<p>Results. Three types of cognitive authorities were identified: 1) people, 2) search (as an approach), and 3) search as an activity.<p>Conclusions. The findings indicate that searching incorporates cognitive authorities that are abstract, exercised and situational rather than static and nameable.

  • 29.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    "Library users come to a library to find books": The structuration of the library as a soft information system2013In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 69, no 5, p. 715-735Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Considering the perceived significance of librarians and information experts as professional information seekers and information seeking educators and of the institutional setting of information work, very little is known about the information practices of librarians and information professionals, their contexts and implications for libraries and their users. The aim of this study is to explore the information interactions of library professionals within and in relation to the context of the setting of the library.Design/methodology/approach - The analysis is based on a qualitative case study of a large North European city library. Material was collected using information seeking diaries, interviews and ethnographic observation in the library space. Findings - The information practices of librarians are contextual to the setting of the library within which the meeting of the assumptions of library users of the use of that particular system play a significant role. The systemic interplay of librarians, library users and other parts of the system constrains the breadth of the available information at libraries, but at the same time, keeping to a particular set of shared norms and practices of library use also facilitates the use of the system.Research limitations/implications - The generalisability of the findings is limited by the fact that they are based on an individual case study.Practical implications - The systemic nature of library and its reproduction in a process of structuration underlines the need to develop information services in libraries from a holistic perspective that takes into account the practical implications of the shared norms and assumptions of how a library should work.Originality/value - There is little earlier research on the information practices of library and information professionals, particularly with specific reference to its implications for libraries and their users.

  • 30.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Meta-games in information work2013In: Information Research, Vol. 18, no 3, p. paperC01-paperC01Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. Meta-games and meta-gaming refer to various second-order conceptions of games and gaming. The present article discusses the applicability of the notions of meta-game and meta-gaming in understanding the patterns of how people use, misuse, work and work-around information and information infrastructures. <p>Method. Twenty-two qualitative interviews of archives, library and museum professionals conducted in two Nordic countries in 2009-2011. The interviews were semi-structured and based on the thematic interview approach of Hirsjärvi and Hurme as a part of a larger study of the information work of such professionals.<p>Analysis. An exploratory qualitative analysis based on constant comparative method was carried out on the interview data.<p>Results. The analysis shows that the information work of the interviewed professionals contained a large number of examples of different types of meta-gaming.<p>Conclusions. The analysis suggests that the notions of meta-games and meta-gaming can be used to explain peripheral and second-order information activities and to analyse the aspects of work that relate to gameplay and playfulness.

  • 31.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Preferences for formal and informal sources in corporate finance2013In: Libraries, Black Metal and Corporate Finance: Current Research in Nordic Library and Information Science / [ed] Anders Frenander and Skans Kersti Nilsson, Borås: Högskolan i Borås , 2013, p. 153-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the work of corporate finance professionals is information intensive, their practices and choice of information sources have been very little researched. The aim of the present study is to examine the patterns of information source preferences of corporate finance professionals with a special focus on the respective roles of formal and informal sources of information and the implications of source preferences for the information work of professionals. The study is based on a web survey of 92 Finnish professionals working with corporate finance related duties in their organisations. The findings of the study reveal that corporate finance professionals use a wide array of information sources and have a strong preference for less formal and social sources of information even if they are not necessarily consulted on a daily basis. Major financial information and news providers are significant sources of primary data, but the success of corporate finance specialists lies more on their ability to combine formal information with informal cues and earlier experiences than on possessing or lacking a relevant piece of information.

  • 32.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Sorting the metaverse out and how metaverse is sorting us out2013In: The Immersive Internet: Reflections on the Entangling of the Virtual with Society, Politics and the Economy / [ed] Robin Teigland and Dominic Power, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 192-203Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Holmberg, Kim
    Åbo Akademi.
    Kronqvist-Berg, Maria
    Åbo Akademi.
    Nivakoski, Outi
    Åbo Akademi.
    Widén, Gunilla
    Åbo Akademi.
    What is Librarian 2.0?2013In: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 198-205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Library 2.0 is a change in the way libraries interact with their users. Technological developments on the Web have had a major influence on these changes. The change also places new requirements on librarians’ competencies and skills. This research investigates how librarians themselves see this change in terms of their work identity and working knowledge. The research shows what kinds of qualities and characteristics are expected from a ‘Librarian 2.0’, according to a group of professional librarians. The results associate ‘Librarian 2.0’ firmly with the Web, although some of the more traditional characteristics of librarianship have retained their relevance. This research also shows that the change towards a ‘Librarian 2.0’ can be seen as intimidating by some librarians, a fact that has to be taken into account when libraries develop their future strategies.

  • 34.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Larsson, Carolina
    Lund University.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Petersson, Bodil
    Linnaeus University.
    Stenborg, Per
    University of Gothenburg.
    dell’Unto, Nicoló
    Lund University.
    Archaeological information in the digital society2013In: ASIS&T European Workshop 2013: Proceedings of the Second Association for Information Science and Technology ASIS&T European Workshop 2013 June 5-6, Åbo/Turku, Finland / [ed] Huvila, Isto, 2013, Vol. 2, p. 189-192Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Myreteg, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Cajander, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Empowerment or anxiety?: Research on deployment of online medical e-health services in Sweden2013In: Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 1931-6550, E-ISSN 1550-8366, Vol. 39, no 5, p. 30-33Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Jansson, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Pox-rättegången, Mangafallet och Tintin-gate: en diskursanalys av debatter och nyhetsrapportering i svensk media om tecknade serier och censur2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to examine how censorship and comics have been discussed in three debates. The aim is also to identify discourses and the orders and relations of power constructed in the debates, and to examine how librarians should handle debates about censorship and comics. Selected sources are articles from Swedish newspapers and tabloids about the debates on the Pox-trial, the manga case and the debate about Tintin in Kulturhuset. The results from the analysis indicates that the debates have been dominated by two main discourses: a discourse on freedom of speech and a discourse on social responsibility. Within the discourse of freedom of speech there is a range of perspectives that emphasize: artistic freedom, the need for open and free conversations, a discussion about how the comics are assessed in comparison with other media formats as well as a discussion about moral and moralism. The discourse of social responsibility results in a feminist and anti-porn discourse, a post-colonial and anti-racist discourse and a discourse on the protection of children and young people. Based on these results, the discourses can be analysed in relation to the laws, values and ethical guidelines for libraries. The analysis indicates that libraries and librarians should keep a balance between freeedom of speech and social responsibility. They could keep up to date with research about censorship, comics and various genres in order to make informed decisions about how to handle comics in the libraries. The librarian should also assess the comics on the same bases as literature, music, film and other cultural expressions.

  • 37.
    Johansson, Cecilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Bibliotekarien som detektiv: Representationer av bibliotekarier i detektivromaner2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master's thesis is a study of how librarians are depicted in crime fiction. 12 American and English mysterynovels featuring librarians in a central role were studied and analysed using character theory. Recurring traitswere identified and organised into themes. A number of prominent traits and themes emerged that show librariansas orderly and organised bibliophiles, but with a taste for adventure and excitement. They are keen problem solverswho enjoy a challenge, at work, or in the form of crime detection. These traits show fairly different sides ofthe characters, and hint of librarians having something of a dubble nature.

    Some of the traits resonate with findings in earlier studies in the field, but the old stereotype was only parti -ally confirmed. In general the image of librarians presented in the mystery novels is a positive one, which inmany respects also rings true against the background of actual librarians and library work.

    This is a two years master's thesis in Archive, Library and Museum studies.

  • 38.
    Johansson, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Informationsöverflödets dystopi: En intertextuell diskursanalys från Future Shock till The Shallows2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today it is common to state that we are living in an information overloaded society. But there are many different definitions of what can be said to constitute Information Overload and there is a lack of substantial research on the subject. Conclusions in the available literature on Information Overload are often drawn on anecdotal evidence and carries a dramatized picture of the causes and effects of the phenomenon.

    With the tools of discursive analysis this two years master’s thesis explores how the phenomenon Information Overload is portrayed in six popular science books that deals with the subject: Alvin Toffler (1970) Future Shock, Orrin Klapp (1986) Overload and Boredom, Richard Wurman (1989) Information Anixety, Andrew Keen (2007) The cult of the amateur, Maggie Jackson (2008), Distracted and Nicholas Carr (2010) The Shallows. The result of the analysis shows that there is a common discourse of how the subject of Information Overload is represented, which stretches in and between the books intertextually. In this study that discourse is called the dystopian discourse of Information Overload. It is structured by a unified use of narratives, concepts, themes, metaphors and statements and by its separation from the opposite utopian discourse of Information Overload.

    In the final discussion the results of the analysis are compared to postmodern theory, a problematisation of the concept of distraction and to the Swedish government’s 2012 investigation of reading habits of young people in the country. The conclusion of the study is that the two binary discourses discovered in the analysis – the dystopian and the utopian – should be avoided in the debate and research on Information Overload. Instead the discussion should be influenced by pluralism, complexity and awareness.

  • 39.
    Kjellman, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    A Whiter Shade of Pale: Visuality and race in the work of the Swedish State Institute for Race Biology2013In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 180-201Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1922 the Swedish State Institute for Race Biology (SIRB) was founded in Uppsala, with the purpose being to survey and classify the Swedish people according to their race. To make this categorization, both measurements and visual analysis of bodies and faces were used and documented in charts and photographs. The data collected was then intended to make a foundation for a rational population policy aiming at improving the Nordic (Swedish) race. The charts registering body characteristics, the photographic collection brought together by the institute, and the images illustrating the published results all testify to the importance of visuality in this eugenic project: how people looked was crucial when classifying them into different race types. In this study the works of the institute are analysed to see in what way race was constructed through this visuality. The results show how the institute followed a scientific and pictorial rhetoric founded centuries earlier, in which the human species was organized in different subgroups according to their visual appearance. The results also show how race, with time, became more and more differentiated and that white, in the work of the SIRB, came in many shades.

  • 40.
    Lopez Ortega, Ruben
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Ryssland, Kina och deras nationella klassifikationssystem: En komparativ analys av BBK och CLC med DDC2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this two years masters thesis in Library and Information Studies, the Russian Library-Bibliographical Classification (LBC/BBK) and the Chinese Library Classification (CLC) are analyzed with regard to their historical and ideological backgrounds and their respective evolutions. The structure of these classifications is compared with the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), as well as three chosen subjects (History, Politics and Religion). A qualitative comparative textual method is used.The study shows that these classification schemes, created at different times, different parts of the world, and different political systems, have different biases but give priority to the European before other foreign views. Otherwise, they often use a proximity principle. The CLC and the LBC were originally based on Marxist materialist principles but built in totally different ways. The CLC is closer to the DDC in the idealistic outline of the main groups of classes. The Chinese scheme, influenced by Maoism, shows the clearest ideological purpose, while the current LBC shows less bias than the others in the studied subjects. The dramatic political changes that Russia experienced after the fall of the Soviet Union necessitated the renewal of the scheme, which was not the case with the other two schemes. Despite this, the original structure of the LBC and also the Chinese Library Classification has been, with a few exceptions, retained, but the subdivisions have changed much more substantially. The LBC has lost its original Marxist content and the CLC has followed the regimes official guidelines which do not really acknowledge the major changes in Chinese society over the last few decades properly. History can explain many aspects of library classification schemes.

  • 41.
    Lundqvist, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Att undersöka informationskompetenser: Analys av en bedömningsmodell2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents the results from a two-year master thesis project. It is an analytical and empirical study of a model that will be used to assess and evaluate texts written by students for searching for and acquiring information. Our investigation covers the model’s criteria and properties in a sociocultural perspective.The basis is earlier research by Bruce (1997) but most of all it is founded on a still on-going research project at the Karolinska Institute’s library in Sweden (KI) which has now been carried out for one year. Whilst the latter work is indeed still in progress, the aim is to establish and develop an assessment model for information literacy. Contrary to previous research, including the mentioned project, this master thesis project contributes with a new analysis together with revised and new data. A sociocultural perspective has been applied and with this we obtain some new insights that we hope can improve our understanding of what is an appropriate assessment model of this kind including also in a more general environment.

    The model from the KI project is considered here as a mediating tool that both affects the context to which is applied while also being dependent on that context. The model in question is usable in many other contexts than that of the mentioned project where it is used simply to assess student information literacy. An example is an application to increase the understanding of information literacy and pedagogical methods for university studies for librarians. We expect that these insights, as detailed in the report, will help in the future to enable more general applicability and hence giving us a more valuable tool. Our work anchors these results in an analytical study supported by aggregated new and previous empirical data.Furthermore, we show that parts of the model in question depend on the models function inside the organization. One result is the actual identification of the properties that have such dependencies. Previous research, on which this study is founded, uses a variety of methodological approaches. Occasionally, this is done with an assumption that the underlying concepts are interchangeable. However, our study shows that the assessment model is in fact more complex. To this end, we demonstrate that the previously made assumptions cannot be made in general.The sociocultural perspective that we apply furthers our understanding of the model from Bruce and the KI pro-ject. The overall conclusion of this master thesis project is that a model of information literacy must always be contextual and, furthermore, that a sociocultural perspective should be applied since it improves the applicability and generality of such a model.The model from the KI project is considered here as a mediating tool that both affects the context to which is applied while also being dependent on that context. The model in question is usable in many other contexts than that of the mentioned project where it is used simply to assess student information literacy. An example is an application to increase the understanding of information literacy and pedagogical methods for university studies for librarians. We expect that these insights, as detailed in the report, will help in the future to enable more general applicability and hence giving us a more valuable tool. Our work anchors these results in an analytical study supported by aggregated new and previous empirical data.Furthermore, we show that parts of the model in question depend on the models function inside the organization. One result is the actual identification of the properties that have such dependencies. Previous research, on which this study is founded, uses a variety of methodological approaches. Occasionally, this is done with an assumption that the underlying concepts are interchangeable. However, our study shows that the assessment model is in fact more complex. To this end, we demonstrate that the previously made assumptions cannot be made in general. The sociocultural perspective that we apply furthers our understanding of the model from Bruce and the KI project. The overall conclusion of this master thesis project is that a model of information literacy must always be contextual and, furthermore, that a sociocultural perspective should be applied since it improves the applicability and generality of such a model.

  • 42.
    Nagorsen Kastlander, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Döende böcker och levande texter: En kvalitativ studie om barns syn på läsning, text och bibliotek2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis is based on the sociocultural perspective. A qualitative research study was conducted to investigate children's attitudes towards reading, texts and libraries.

    The theoretical background is constituted by ideas from the new sociology of childhood, literacy-studies and reader-response theory.

    The study was conducted with 23 children, 13 girls and 10 boys, participating in focus groups.

    The results of the study reveal that children's literacy-activities in school are strongly influenced and limited by adults. Children's interest in pictures and non-fiction-reading do not correspond to the school institution that favors traditional media and fiction. The study also reveals a gender division between children's literacy-activities that tends to grow with age. All the children in the study regard libraries as book-houses and wished for libraries that combine activity and serenity.

    The thesis shows the importance of being aware of, and engage in, children's reading-interests and reading-practices if the reading stimulating activities in schools and libraries are to be successful. The study also shows that an integration of new media in the school and in the library is necessary if children's reading skills are to be improved.

  • 43.
    Negussie, Caroline
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Folkbibliotekets nya roll i det digitala bibliotekets epok:: om e-böcker, Internetbaserade ljud- och talböcker och förbättrad tillgänglighet till folkbiblioteken i Stockholms län2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The digital era has led to technical advances that have transformed the role of the public library from being a place that is used only through physical visits and material, into also being a virtual space that can be accessed by users from outside the library through Internet-based access to e-media such as e-books and streamed or downloadable audiobooks.

    The aim of this study is to examine how the role of public libraries in Stockholm County has changed in the process of developing into digital libraries: how this has affected their organisation, work methods and strate- gies, as well as their accessibility. The theoretical framework of the study draws on Michael K. Bucklands theory of information accessibility, which is based on six factors of access that are determined by different types of barriers. The methodology is based on a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. Primary data was gathered through an empirical survey, which consisted of a structured questionnaire distributed to most of the public libraries in Stockholm County and semi-structured interviews with selected librarians and experts for further in-depth understanding. Secondary data in the form of literature and documents were used to inform the study conceptually and theoretically.

    The results indicate that the digital library has led to increased accessibility of public libraries in Stockholm County supported by the existence of a broad range of e-media types for different types of user such as e-books and streamed or downloadable audiobooks. The use of digital resources has increased significantly amongst users in recent years, which has also resulted in new work methods concerning information- and knowledge mediation in order to make these available. While the digital library has resulted in improved accessibility, the research also confirmed various types of barriers, such as technical difficulties and varying levels of resources to respond changing demands.

    The research was undertaken for a two-year master’s thesis in Library and Information Science. 

  • 44.
    Rayner, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Om unga kulturkonsumenter och icke-linjära texter på bibliotek.: En fallstudie av bibliotekarierna i Unggruppen och deras arbete med ett vidgat textbegrepp.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction of this two years master´s thesis points out the influence of various media on society, and subsequent effects on human behavior and self-awareness. The modern day librarian needs to take this into account when developing new tools, which correspond to society’s view of text. The purpose of this study is to investigate how librarians engage in promoting reading in the changing textual landscape of today’s society. The result is a qualitative case study examining the views of the workgroup Unggruppen at Uppsala Public Library on this topic. In the chapter “Background and prior research” a presentation of research on contemporary text, the promotion of reading among children and teenagers and public library outreach towards the young is presented.

    A sociocultural perspective as described by Roger Säljö supports the theoretical framework. These theories highlight the idea of human subjectivity and communication within a social context by means of cultural tools. In order to be able to analyze the featured cultural tools, notions of theories by Colin Lankshear and Michele Knobels in the field of New Literacies are used.

    The material of the analysis consists of six qualitative interviews, one observation and an analysis of a document. This study approaches questions of how an “expanded concept of text” is perceived, how Unggruppen mediates its cultural tools and how the context of the library affects the development of tools employed by Unggruppen.

    The final discussion indicates that Unggruppen considers that the “expanded concept of text” might increase the rate of reading and self-confidence of young people.  The conclusion is explained trough a metaphor depicting the “expanded concept of text” as a cycle benefitting both individual and media. An institutionalization of the ”expanded concept of text” is put in relation to Uppsala Public Library’s role as a non-profit zone of contemporary text. The result of the study also shows that Unggruppen mainly mediates new cultural tools through the competence of others. Thus the effect of a secondary or a direct mediation is discussed. Finally, the importance of considering the content of young people’s literacy activities while preparing a space for this within the physical context of the public library is emphasized.  The overall conclusion, looking at the case of Unggruppen, is the democratic empowerment of young people within the library. This is made possible by the librarians’ continuous notion of emerging cultural tools within and outside the context of the library. 

  • 45.
    Rodéhn, Cecilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Museum education, practical pedagogy and performance2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research within informal science education has focused on mainly on learners. This paper, however, seeks to explore the educators’ situation. I specifically seek to explore informal science education in museum contexts and I focus on how museum educators mediated science in exhibitions during guided tours. To exemplify this I present material from an archaeological museum, the Historical Museum (Stockholm, Sweden). The research is based on participant observation at the said museum during the fall of 2011. I filmed and followed the educators and also conducted unstructured qualitative interviews. This paper focuses on museum educators because research has previously mainly analyzed narratives, visitors learning or the outcome and evaluation of education. This text, however, seeks to explore the embodied practical pedagogy of museum education and it centers on how museum educators perform and express the practical pedagogical situation. I also seek to connect the practical pedagogy and its performance to the museum educators’ negotiation of cultural and educational policies and to their position in the work-place hierarchy. Thus, I explore practical pedagogy as ‘as performances’ - actions coded by political and institutional agendas and as ‘restored behaviors’ – learned and repeated actions performed over a long period of time. I argue that the practical pedagogy is highly affected, but also limited, by the position that the educator occupies in the work hierarchy and how educators negotiate political policies discourses. This paper attempts to re-describe and reconsider informal science education in museum contexts. Furthermore it attempts to produce a re-description of museum education that acknowledge and draws on the practical pedagogy and the articulation thereof by practitioners. This will create a theory of practical museum pedagogy that is not only about museums but also from the museum educators’ experience and perspective.

  • 46.
    Rohlfs, Fiona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Att komma ut till ingenting: Informationspraktiker hos frigivna interner2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this two-years masters thesis the information practices of former interns are examined in relation to a possible lack of certain kinds of information in the prison environment. The essay is positioned in the research field of information practices which means its looking at all kinds of information, formal and informal. Since the essay is in the field of information practices it means the focus lies in how information is taught whithin contexts and groups. Information is not looked at solely as an individual process but is seen as a collective experience.

    The method of the essay is that of the qualitative research interview. Besides taking an interest in information practices i investigate whether access of information in prisons could be improved and whether the library organisations could be a part of those improvements.

    The result of my research shows that information in the prison coming from the correctional institution is not perceived as well functioning. Some exceptions where found but these where described by the informants as instances where staff had been extra helpful, as opposed to there being a functioning system of information practices in place in the organisation of the prison.

    Several of the informants thought information within groups of inmates could be motivating. A reason for this could be that groups of inmates are in the same situation, the power differences of the situated identities inmate and prison guard does not exist among inmates. In order of accessing relevant information from prison staff the inmates had to be driven and determined.

    The result of this essay further shows that it is too late to plan the release after the release has taken place. Several of the informants recounted increased difficulties in adjustment to the new social situation, having gone through psychological breakdown subsequent to their release. Many practical problems like for example homelessness also occurred.

    The research points to the prison libraries as a place where steps in coping with the release could successfully have been taken. This being so because the libraries are a place where the situated prisoner identity can be dissolved. Where one can remember ones interests and which books one used to read. in which sense there is already in the library room, an opening to the outside world. During the prison stay many find it difficult thinking about the world outside. It can be explained in terms of an adjustment to the social practices in the institution having taken place and in that the contrasts between the correctional institution and the world outside being to wide.

  • 47.
    Rydbeck, Kerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Det sociala läsandet förr och nu2013In: Lärandets mångfald: om vuxenpedagogik och folkbildning / [ed] Andreas Fejes, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1, p. 37-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Rydbeck, Kerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Läsargemenskapernas komplexa landskap: om bokcirkelbegreppet och utvecklingen av svensk bokcirkelverksamhet, med speciellt fokus på folkbibliotekens och studieförbundens cirklar2013In: Libraries, black metal and corporate finance: Current research in Nordic Library and Information Science: Selected articles from the 40th anniversary conference of the Swedish School of Library and Information Science / [ed] Anders Fenander & Skans Kersti Nilsson, Borås: Högskolan i Borås , 2013, 1, p. 112-135Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Rydbeck, Kerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Om bokcirklar och folkbibliotek2013In: Länsnytt: mötesplats för biblioteken i Stockholms län, no 2, p. 5-6Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Rydbeck, Kerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Popular Education and the Empowerment of Women: A Historical Perspective2013In: Popular Education, Power and Democracy: Swedish Experiences and Contributions / [ed] A-M. Laginder, H. Nordwall & J. Crowder, Leicester (UK): National Institute of Adult Continuing Education (NIACE) , 2013, 1, p. 50-71Chapter in book (Refereed)
12 1 - 50 of 61
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