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  • 1.
    Andersson, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Bilder som informationsbärare: En jämförande studie av bilder i arkiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how images are used and evaluated in a Swedish archival context. Images as of today are very common in society. They are nearly everywhere, particularly in our phones and computers. Therefore the written word is slowly losing it's sovereignty as a carrier of information. With this background the study examines if the images role also have changed in an archival setting.

    The following work is a qualitative research study that examines three Swedish archives: the Regional State Archive in Uppsala, Swedish Labour Movement's Archives and Library in Stockholm and the Centre for Business History in Stockholm. Furthermore the study examines how the institutions organize images and how they make them accessible for the public. It also examines what role the image play as a carrier of information in the archive. In more general terms the study also investigates what function the image can have for people in society. The comparison of the archival institutions is a methodological foundation for this study. Semi- structured interviews were conducted with archivists from the three institutions and works as the main source. For the analysis this study uses document theory and a few concepts derived from Terry Cook's archival theory, namely evidence, memory, identity and community.

    In terms with the previous research made on the subject this study comes to the result that images have different terms for archiving than other materials, most specifically papers documents. The examined archival institutions are today using the same tools for organizing images as they use for other documents. This can have negative effects on the ability the image has as a carrier of information. In the long run this could cause the image to become a marginalized part of the archive as a whole.

    The conclusion this mater's thesis presents is that the image has a potential as a source of information. Especially for groups that aren't previously represented in the archive through traditional paper documents. The image may therefore contribute to the archival pluralism and diversity, as long as the images are treated with the terms they demand as an archival document.

    This is a two years master's thesis in Archival Science. 

  • 2.
    Andersson, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Arkivet- en resurs för skolan?: En arkivpedagogisk studie utifrån arkivens samarbete med skolan.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on the cooperation of the archive and the school. The theoretical framework is socio-cultural perspective. The main method used is qualitative interviews with employees at the archives. I have studied three different archives which, in cooperation with the school, conduct archival education. In addition to the interviews I have participated in two observations. The research found that there was a great interest in the school to participate in the archive's educational work. Factors such as stress for the teachers and too few archive educational resources adversely affect the archive education mission. The views look different, but the goal is to present archives to the students and provide a positive experience. The fact that archives are to be regarded as an obvious place of visit, was the democratic right of citizens, and that information is being discussed what the archives want to convey to archive education. The archival material used by the archives has a clear link with the curricula and places great emphasis on teaching source criticism.

  • 3.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kompisgängen samlas kring statliga köttgrytor2017In: tidskriftenrespons, no 5, p. 60-61Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Lars Anders Johansson visar tydligt riskerna med en alltför politiserad kultursfär. Om staten är den huvudsakliga finansieringskällan leder det till utarmning och likriktning eftersom alla som söker bidrag måste anpassa sig till dominerande trender. Johanssons läsvärda bok irriterar och biter sig fast.

  • 4.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM. IDEAS.
    The Imperfect Use of the Past in Resettlement2017In: EVALUATION FOR AGENDA 2030: Providing Evidence on Progress and Sustainability / [ed] Rob D. van den Berg, Indran Naidoo, Susan D. Tamondong, Exeter: IDEAS, UNDP , 2017, 1, p. 239-256Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the use of the past in the implementation, knowledge production, and evaluation of resettlement projects. It argues that heritage and memories are neglected resources, and necessary analytical elements of the sociocultural dimensions of resettled societies. Sociocultural dimensions are the tangible and intangible resources that constitute everyday routine culture, supported and molded by the social relations, memories, heritage, and emotions that are attached to the landscape and environment. These dimensions are the least studied and the least understood in resettlement. It is further argued that the present resettlement models are insufficient to grasp the longitudinal consequences of resettlement. A consideration of heritage and memory would improve the model. The use of the past from a longitudinal perspective is explored through the ethnography of the Zimapán resettlement project.

  • 5.
    Avraam, Elsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Knowledge Organisation and Contemporary Art: Cataloguing Practices in two Libraries in Sweden, Umeå universitetsbibliotek and Konstbiblioteket2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis examines the cataloguing practices of two art libraries in Sweden in relation to contemporary art. The aim of this study is to show how classification systems and other forms of controlled vocabulary correspond to contemporary art and reveal the factors that influence the everyday practice of cataloguing.

    The qualitative methods of semi-structured interviews and an analysis of bibliographic records have been used for the purposes of this study. The study is based on domain analysis as conceived by Hjørland and Albrechtsen and some concepts and principles of Knowledge Organisation in the field of Library and Information Science.

    A total of three interviews of cataloguers has proved that perceptions concerning classification and subject indexing differ among cataloguers and cataloguing practices depend on local policies concerning acquisition, shelving and user perspectives, but also each library’s resources and the institutional context (academic vs museum). Through the analysis of eleven bibliographic records, no consistent pattern has been detected, in relation to indexing and classification. The libraries do not use special systems for subject analysis. The classifications provided by universal systems have been considered insufficient to express all the concepts found in documents. The use of subject headings is, therefore, important and complements the process of subject analysis. The classification systems and subject headings lists analysed include the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), the Swedish Sveriges Allmänna Biblioteksförenings Klassifikationssystem (SAB) and the Svenska ämnesord (SAO). This is a two-year master’s thesis in Archive, Library and Museum studies.

  • 6.
    Bysell, Lina Emilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Det mångbottnade personmuseet: En studie av Gorkijmuseet i Moskva2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to study and analyse the Gorky Museum in Moscow, a house museum dedicated to the writer Maxim Gorky. The work explores the socio-political and cultural background for the museum, as well as what is conveyed there today, and how the museum approaches problems that house museums generally struggle with. The empirical part of the study is based on the fieldwork that the author conducted at the Gorky Museum during one month in the autumn of 2016, during which open and participant observation of the daily work at the museum was carried out. Attentive observations and systematic notes from guided tours constitute the basis for the description of the material and immaterial features of the museum. For the chapter on the historical and cultural context concerning the Gorky Museum, literary sources were used.

    The results of the study imply that there existed an authorised heritage discourse (AHD) in the Soviet Union that was directly governed by the authorities, that museums in the Soviet Union were politicised in a much more open manner than in the West, and that the young Soviet state needed to form a national identity for which Maxim Gorky and his literature came in handy. Further, they show that what is conveyed at the museum is something more than just Gorky himself, and that the complex relationship between Gorky and the house changes the impression that the visitors to the museum experience. Lastly, they demonstrate that the Gorky Museum is not exempt from dealing with questions regarding authenticity, representativeness, stereotypization and ”genius loci”, i. e. a sense of the lingering presence of the person commemorated. The conclusions to be drawn from this are that the complexity of the Gorky Museum lie in the fact that a collision between different values can be discerned at the museum, that a disharmony between Gorky and the house itself can be perceived, and that there exists more than one ”genius loci” at the Gorky House. This is a two-year master’s thesis in Museum and Cultural Heritage Studies. 

  • 7.
    Börjesson, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Resources for scholarly documentation in professional service organizations: A study of Swedish development-led archaeology report writing2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This information studies dissertation deals with the problem that results from research outside academia risk to receive little or no attention if communicated through reports, instead of in mainstream academic genres like research journal articles. The case in focus is Swedish development-led (DL) archaeology, i.e. state regulated archaeology preceding land development. Swedish DL archaeology is organized as a semi-regulated market. The organizations competing on the market are professional service organizations selling research services to land developers. Regional government departments, county administrative boards, function as intermediaries setting up procurement-like processes.

    In previous research on archaeological documentation, the problem with non-use of reports has been described as depending on cultural issues of access, possible to solve if individuals make efforts to communicate and use extra-academic results. This dissertation offers an alternative definition of the problem, highlighting a different set of solutions. The aim is to further the understanding of how the distribution of research duties to professional service organizations affects the scholarly documentation in Swedish archaeology. The aim is met through identification, operationalization and analysis of resources available to report writing DL archaeology practitioners, and an analysis of how practitioners draw on these resources. The results further the understanding of how reports are shaped within the DL archaeology institution. In view of these results, efforts to solve issues of access should target the organization of research in the archaeology discipline, and specifically how scholarly documentation is governed on the archaeology market.

    The dissertation draws on science and technology studies, practice theory, and document theory for the design of the study of documentation resources and contexts in extra-academic research. A mixed methods approach is applied to capture regulative, institutional, and infrastructural resources, and practitioners’ use thereof. Dissertation papers I-III contain analyses of concrete instantiations of the resources: information policy, documentation ideals, and information source use. The fourth paper presents an analysis of how practitioners draw on these resources in their everyday report writing. The dissertation concerns archaeology specifically, but serves as grounds to inquire into the premises for scholarly documentation in other areas of extra-academic research and knowledge-making as well.

    List of papers
    1. Information Policy for (Digital) Information in Archaeology: current state and suggestions for development
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information Policy for (Digital) Information in Archaeology: current state and suggestions for development
    2015 (English)In: Internet Archaeology, ISSN 1363-5387, E-ISSN 1363-5387, no 40Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction of digital data capturing and management technologies has transformed information practices in archaeology. Digital documentation and digital infrastructures are integrated in archaeologists' daily work now more than ever. International and national institutions and projects have contributed to the development of digital archiving and curation practices. Because knowledge production in archaeology depends heavily on documentation and information dissemination, and on retrieval of past documentation, the question of how information is managed is profoundly intertwined with the possibilities for knowledge production. Regulations at different levels articulate demands and expectations from the emerging digital information practices, but how are these different regulations coordinated, and do they support archaeological knowledge production?

    In this article we look into the state of information policy - the sum of principles guiding decisions about information - in archaeology and related areas. The aim of the article is to shed light on how information policy directs practice in archaeology, and to show that analysis of such policies is therefore vital. Information policy in legislation and guidelines in Swedish archaeology serves as a case study, and examples from development-led archaeology and the museum sector illustrate how information policies have varied roles across different heritage sectors. There are historical and local trajectories in the policy documents specific to Sweden, but the discussion shows that the emergence of Swedish policies have many parallels with processes in other countries. The article provides recommendations for information policy development for archaeology and related areas.

    Keyword
    Digital humanities; cultural heritage sector; digital heritage; digital archaeology; digital museums; information policy; digital agendas; digitization
    National Category
    Information Studies Archaeology
    Research subject
    Library and Information Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-275630 (URN)10.11141/ia.40.4 (DOI)
    Projects
    ARKDIS
    Funder
    Swedish Research Council, 340-2012-5751
    Available from: 2016-02-04 Created: 2016-02-04 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
    2. Beyond information policy: Conflicting documentation ideals in extra-academic knowledge making practices
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond information policy: Conflicting documentation ideals in extra-academic knowledge making practices
    2016 (English)In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 72, no 4, p. 674-695Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore and explicate documentation ideals parallel to information policy, and by means of this analysis demonstrate how the concept “documentation ideals” is an analytical tool for engaging with political and institutional contexts of information practices.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper is based on a case study of documentation ideals in a debate about quality in archaeological documentation. The methodology draws on idea analysis, and on the science and technology studies’ controversy studies approach.

    Findings – The paper explicates three documentation ideals, how these ideals allocate responsibility for documentation to different actors, how the ideals assign roles to practitioners, and how the ideals point to different beneficiaries of the documentation. Furthermore, the analysis highlights ideas about two different means to reach the documentation ideals.

    Research limitations/implications – The case’s debate reflects opinions of Northern European professionals.

    Social implications – The paper illuminates how documentation ideals tweak and even contest formal information policy in claims on the documentation and on the practitioners doing documentation.

    Originality/value – Documentation ideal analysis is crucial as a complement to formal information policy analysis and to analysis guided by practice theory in attempts to understand the contexts of information practices and documentation, insights central for developing information literacies.

    Keyword
    Archaeology, Information practices, Information policy, Controversy studies, Documentation ideals, Idea analysis, Knowledge making practices
    National Category
    Information Studies
    Research subject
    Library and Information Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-277190 (URN)10.1108/JDOC-10-2015-0134 (DOI)000379787000004 ()
    Projects
    ARKDIS
    Funder
    Swedish Research Council, 340-2012-5751
    Available from: 2016-02-17 Created: 2016-02-17 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
    3. Grey literature – grey sources?: Nuancing the view on professional documentation: the case of Swedish archaeology
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Grey literature – grey sources?: Nuancing the view on professional documentation: the case of Swedish archaeology
    2015 (Swedish)In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 71, no 6, p. 1158-1182Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This study aims at nuancing the perception about professional documentation (a.k.a. ‘grey literature’), assuming perception of documentation being a cultural aspect of accessibility.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The study explores variations within the archaeological report genre through a bibliometric analysis of source use. Source characteristics are explored as well as correlations between report authors and source originators. Statistical frequency distribution is complemented by a correspondence analysis and a k-Means cluster analysis to explore patterns. The patterns are interpreted as ‘frames of references’ and related to circumstances for archaeological work. The study also discusses source representations.

    Findings

    The source use patterns reveal a latent variation, not visible in the general analysis: a professional/academic frame of reference (mainly among authors affiliated with incorporated businesses and sole proprietorships) and an administrative frame of reference (mainly among authors affiliated with government agencies, foundations and member associations) emerge.

    Research limitations/implications

    The study focuses on Swedish field evaluation reports. Future research could 1) test the results in relation to other types of reports, and 2) go beyond the document perspective to explore source use in documentation practices.

    Social implications

    The results on variations in frames of references among report writers have implication for report readers and user. The results should also be considered in archaeology management and policy-making. On the level of source representation the results call for clarifications of vague representations and possibly omitted sources.

    Originality/value

    This study contextualises archaeological information use and focuses on variations in professional archaeology which has received little previous research attention. The bibliometric approach complements previous qualitative studies of archaeological information.

    Keyword
    Documentation; Reports; Grey literature; Information sources; Information use: Referencing; Bibliometrics; Sociology of professions; Archaeology
    National Category
    Information Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-246514 (URN)10.1108/JD-09-2014-0137 (DOI)000369171600003 ()
    Funder
    Swedish Research Council, 340-2012-5751
    Available from: 2015-03-08 Created: 2015-03-08 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
    4. Research outside academia?: An analysis of resources in extra-academic report writing
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Research outside academia?: An analysis of resources in extra-academic report writing
    2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A significant part of all research takes place in extra-academic organizations. Practitioner researchers often present their results in publications different from those in academia, e.g. in reports, sometimes (and here) referred to as “gray literature”. Gray literature is increasingly available online. However, availability does not mean that reports are exploited to their full potential in research. Disciplines like archaeology have substantial problems with the scholarly communication and knowledge sharing between extra-academic and academic research. This paper approaches this problem from a report-user perspective. For the benefit of potential report users’ gray literature literacies, report-writing practices are analyzed by means of practice theory. Qualitative interviews with six practitioner researchers in Swedish archaeology firms make up the material. The analysis focuses on how report writers draw on regulative, institutional, and infrastructural resources in their practices. Based on the findings about the practices in which reports are written and become informative, the paper presents seven suggestions supporting report users’ potential to critically analyze and use report content. The results contribute to the information science field with insights into extra-academic information practices, and as input in a wider critical discussion of the information-related conditions for research outside academia.

    Keyword
    Scholarly communication; Practitioner researchers; Grey literature; Archaeology; Practice theory
    National Category
    Information Studies
    Research subject
    Library and Information Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-303766 (URN)
    Conference
    Annual Meeting of the Association for Information Science and Technology, Copenhagen, Denmark Oct. 14-18, 2016
    Projects
    ARKDIS
    Funder
    Swedish Research Council, 340-2012-5751
    Available from: 2016-09-23 Created: 2016-09-23 Last updated: 2017-10-20
  • 8.
    Centeno, Elina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Skildringen av det svåra arvet: En studie av utställningarna på Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos i Santiago, Chile2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos (MMDH) in Santiago, Chile is dedicated to the depiction of a difficult heritage. This museum of memory and human rights narrates the military dictatorship in Chile 1973–1990, a time when thousands of people were subjected to unthinkable human rights violations committed by the Government Junta of Chile.

    Memorial museums exist worldwide and aim to depict a specific historical event when people have been victimized by the state. By showcasing the crimes committed by the junta, MMDH seeks to contribute to the culture of human rights to prevent human rights violations from reoccurring in the future; a culture of Nunca Más (Never Again). In this thesis, the permanent exhibitions of MMDH have been studied through the lenses of representation and discourse theory. The purpose has been to understand the way in which the museum depicts the dictatorship and whether the goal of contributing to a human rights culture was visible in the material that is presented in the exhibitions. The results show that MMDH depicts a story using different themes primarily relating to the crimes committed by the Chilean state and the civilian population’s fight for human rights.

    In the exhibitions, several themes evoke emotions and can generate a real impact on the visitors. However, the museum presents its material without analysis or interpretation and it disclaims placing the dictatorship in a historical and political context, which can inhibit the educational purpose of the museum. In addition, since the exhibitions lack educational material on human rights and democracy, the categorization of being a museum of human rights with the goal of contributing to a culture of human rights, is insufficient. In the discourse of the exhibitions present at MMDH there is an apparent inclusion and exclusion of narratives which can be explained by the museum’s political link in a country that to this day is undergoing a process of dealing with its past.

    This is a two-year master’s thesis in Museum and Cultural Heritage Studies.

  • 9.
    Charapan, Nadzeya
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM. The Faculty of Communication of Vilnius University, Lithuania.
    When in Sweden, do as Swedes do: Deconstructing the cultural metaphor of “the Swedish stuga” during a trip to Ramhäll2017In: Tidskrift för ABM, ISSN 2002-4614, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 27-38Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Dahlqvist, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Arkiv och kulturarv i Sarajevo: Rapport från en praktik- och forskningsresa2017In: Tidskrift för ABM, ISSN 2002-4614, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 15-19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Dahlqvist, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Stimulating Engagement and Learning Through Gamified Crowdsourcing: Development and Evaluation of a Digital Platform2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to develop a gamified crowdsourcing platform for transcription and metadata tagging of digitised text documents, and further to examine whether the platform can stimulate engagement in archives and be used as an educational resource. The case, around which the thesis project is conducted, is the governmental Archives of Bosnia and Herzegovina and its historical documents which were damaged in a fire in 2014. 

    Theories about engagement, archival pedagogy, and gamification guided the development of the platform. Bosnian-Herzegovinian school children, History teachers, and staff of the Archives of Bosnia and Herzegovina tested the platform and shared their thoughts of it in focus group discussions and interviews.

    The developed platform consists of a game interface, a database, and an interface for results viewing and searching. It is web-based, and coded in HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and PHP. The platform stimulated engagement among the school children who tested it. They expressed interest in reading and learning more about archival documents, in long-term preservation of information, and in the archive’s mission and future. Judging from the discussions and interviews, the platform could well serve as an educational resource. The History teachers showed interest in using the platform in their teaching, and found support for it in the curriculum for the History subject.

    A gamified crowdsourcing platform has been developed, and the perception among school children, History teachers, and archive staff was overall very positive. Crowdsourcing is not just about sourcing out tasks to the crowd. Co-creation of content could furthermore stimulate learning and engagement, and thereby tie a bound between the public and the archive. Gamification can successfully make the overarching goal of crowdsourcing understandable and concrete for the platform users.

  • 12.
    Duke, Petrus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kulturfrämjande eller läsfrämjande?: En studie i läsfrämjande aktiviteter på två folkbibliotek2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     The purpose of this master’s thesis is to examine how two libraries, Sundbyberg bibliotek and Rinkeby bibliotek,

    work with activities that promote and stimulate reading among children and youths. The main purpose behind

    this study is to examine what kind of activities the libraries offer, how they are received by the children and

    youths participating in them and lastly how the libraries deal with children and youths who are disinterested in

    reading.

    The theoretical base for this study is discourse analysis, which is used to distinguish a structure in the interviews

    with the librarians from the two libraries. Furthermore, research results in the field of activities that promote

    reading among children and youths form a backdrop for the study as well as a framework onto which the

    empirical results are hung.

    The methods used in this study are qualitative interviews and text analysis. One librarian from Sundbyberg

    bibliotek has been interviewed and two librarians from Rinkeby bibliotek. The text analysis was based on policy

    documents, the websites of the respective libraries and lastly the social media where the libraries are active.

    The main results show that the libraries have similar attitudes regarding the importance of reading for children

    and youths. Furthermore, the librarians all showed a wide variety of activities that are intended to stimulate

    reading for children and youths. These activities can be divided into either direct or indirect reading stimulating

    activities. The direct activities deal with reading in a literal sense and books are a clear topic. The indirect activities,

    however, are a way to mediate between the child and the youth, and reading. Instead of having books as a

    topic, these activities are overtly about something else, such as films or playtime for toddlers. Reading is implied

    but never mentioned directly. This division is in place because children and youths are less inclined to participate

    in activities that are overtly about reading since there are a large number of children and youths who do not appreciate

    reading.

    This is a two years master’s thesis in Archive, Library and Museum studies.

  • 13.
    Edin, Elisabet
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Exploring creative spaces in Australian libraries2017In: Tidskrift för ABM, ISSN 2002-4614, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 39-43Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Edquist, Samuel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Ethical Destruction?: Privacy concerns regarding Swedish social services records2017In: The Right of Access to Information and the Right to Privacy: A Democratic Balancing Act / [ed] Patricia Jonason & Anna Rosengren, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017, p. 11-39Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Edquist, Samuel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Studiecirkeln – en demokratisk revolution?2017In: Utbildningens revolutioner: Till studiet av utbildningshistorisk förändring / [ed] Berg, Anne et al., Uppsala: Uppsala Studies of History and Education (SHED) , 2017, p. 139-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Edquist, Samuel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Berg, Anne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    The Capitalist State and the Construction of Civil Society: Public Funding and the Regulation of Popular Education in Sweden, 1870–19912017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book challenges the idea that a sharp boundary should be drawn between the state and civil society. Although this idea is extremely common in modern capitalist societies, here it is turned on its head through a study of the ways in which public funding from the 1870s to the 1990s has enabled and shaped collective action in Swedish popular education. Popular education has generally been seen as independent of government control, with strong connections to popular and labour movements; in this volume, Berg and Edquist narrate a new story of its rise by analysing how a government grant system was constructed to drive its development. A key element in this government policy was to create and protect popular education as an autonomous phenomenon, yet making it perform state functions by regulating its bureaucratic make-up and ideological content. The book will appeal to scholars and students of history, education, and sociology, particularly those with an interest in the workings of the capitalist state as well as the history of education.

  • 17.
    Ekström, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Dataset2017Data set
  • 18.
    Ekström, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Performativa tendenser i svenska och brittiska open access-nätverk: En aktör-nätverk-teoretisk studie av forskningsfinansiärers policydokument för öppen tillgång till vetenskaplig information2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Emanating in a Swedish and British context, this study seeks to map and discuss contemporary performative tendencies within the countries’ respective open access movements. This is done through a Posthumanist and Material-Semiotic analysis of nine research funders policy documents for open access to scientific results. Using an actor-network-theoretical apparatus of concepts, the study seeks to assess actors, actants, intermediaries, mediators, agencies, connections and networks in the policy documents of the respective research funders. The study therefore aspires to illuminate the complexities of these networks, similarities and differences between the two countries’ networks and what these networks can say about contemporary tendencies within the Swedish and British open access movements respectively.

    Actors with their associated agencies and performative connections are analysed and compiled in tables according to the respective research funders. The output is thereafter visualised in a schematic network model and the performative tendencies are assessed. While Swedish council Vetenskapsrådet is defined as a ”spider in the web” of the research funder network, the British network is more fragmentary. As for Bioscientific networks, the Swedish network is of a more peripheral sort while the British consists of sprawling nodes. Within Health Science, there is for both countries a clear direction towards the fortification of infrastructures for data deposition. This can also be said regarding the deposition of monographs in Social Science and the Humanities. These tendencies are discussed in light of international open access research. It is proposed that research funders, libraries and other professionals active within the open access movements considers these tendencies in the forming of service activities. It is also emphasized that similar studies ought to be done in order to further map open access-networks.

    Two years master’s thesis in Library and Information Science.

  • 19.
    Ekström, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Publiceringsvariationer: en jämförelse mellan DigitaltMuseum och UbuWeb2017In: Tidskrift för ABM, ISSN 2002-4614, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 4-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the digitalization continuum of art and artefacts, the questions how and through which mediations artistic material ought to be presented are vital ones. This debate is here discussed with two such initiatives, namely the pan-Nordic museum portal DigitaltMuseum and the avant-garde repository UbuWeb. The initiatives are explained in an information scientific context, followed by a discussion of the repositories’ knowledge organization and user perspectives. Technological as well as juridical issues are thereafter brought up in order to illuminate the presentational differences between DigitaltMuseum and UbuWeb respectively. The arts council-funded DigitaltMuseum is viewed as a publication tool for Norwegian and Swedish museums to bring out various artefacts into the public web-sphere. UbuWeb is in turn defined as a rhizomatic guerilla-initiative for ensuring the digital prolonging for avant-garde material. The two repositories are in different ways concluded as significant platforms for the web-based display of digitized artistic objects and concepts.

  • 20.
    Ekström, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Illicit Information Community: Information - Practical Reflections on the Shadow Library AAARG2017In: Improving Quality of Life Through Information: Proceedings of the XXV Bobcatsss Symposium, Tampere Finland, January 2017 / [ed] Paavo Arvola, Tanja Hintsanen, Serafia Kari, Soile Kolehma, Shan Luolin, Jasmiina Sillanpää, Tampere, 2017, p. 121-125Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a netnographic analysis of information needs and practices related to the shadow library AAARG. AAARG is regarded as a portal and community for the sharing and distribution of academic and artistic texts, books and articles. The portal in question is defined as an actor within the guerrilla open access movement, a radical node within the larger open access movement, which is analysed as a cultural field using the theoretical framework of Sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. AAARG is thereafter discussed in an information-practical sense with re- gards to social interaction between individual users’ needs as well as discursive and constructional origins of such needs. These needs and the practices they create are then examined with regards to the order that the platform itself creates, tied to the cultural field which it is a part of. The conclusion is that alternative knowledge organizational platforms such as AAARG have had and will continue to have a big influence on the discussion of today’s open access models, since they clearly fill a certain demand. The discrepancy between such initiatives and institutional open access activities will therefore need further analysis in a library and information scientific context.

  • 21.
    Erixon, Emil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Tillgängligt för alla: Folkbiblioteken, de papperslösa och medborgarskapets exklusivitet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When applying for a library card you normally need to show a valid ID and register your contact information. Some people cannot meet these requirements, e.g. undocumented immigrants, and this thesis examines how pub- lic libraries in Sweden act towards this group. The purpose of the study has been to examine which arguments have been used in the discussion regarding undocumented immigrants’ right to become library patrons, and to examine how the public libraries interpret the Swedish Library Act, which states that public libraries should be accessible to everyone. To examine how Swedish public libraries presently handles this question, a survey was sent out to public libraries in all of Sweden’s municipalities, and in three of them interviews were conducted and the public debate analysed. The thesis’ theoretical framework consists of recent year’s discussion in citizenship theory that challenges the notion of citizenship and suggests that presence and acts of citizenship grant even non- citizens certain civic rights in the modern welfare state.

    The results of the study show that some public libraries in Sweden have discussed how to act towards un- documented immigrants and have adapted their policies to meet the needs of this user group. The argument ana- lysis shows that the discussion regarding the undocumented immigrants’ right to become library patrons consists of a practical as well as an ideological discussion. The libraries want to be able to identify their users, but it is not a question of principle. In the political discussion, however, the opinion is expressed that individuals without permission to be in the country should not be granted access to public institutions such as public libraries. For the libraries, presence is more important than citizenship, and the Swedish Library Act, if somewhat vague when it comes to the rights of undocumented immigrants, supports these policy changes.

    This is a two years master’s thesis in Library and Information Science.

  • 22.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Människor, miljöer och resurser: En studie av arkivariens roll som konsult.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to examine how archivists work as consultants and how they perceive their professional role.  The research emanates from the notion of resources and how these relate to aspects like environment and roles. The resources that the consultant can use in their work are dependent on which environment they are located in. The resources and the environment in turn effect the archivist’s role and the exertion of their profession.

    The study focuses on three Swedish archivists that are employed at the city archive of Stockholm and work as consultants to businesses of the city. The empirical study is based first on observations and then interviews.

    Grounded theory is used as a method, initially in the purpose of finding a theory that originates from the viewpoint of the informants. The results from this analysis highlight the way the consultants use resources in their everyday work. Theories concerning roles and environment are used to show how the insufficiency or availability of resources effect the roles and work of the consultants, as described here above.

    The result of the analysis show that the consultant’s role changes depending on which environment they are located in and whether or not they have access to certain resources. For example, time can both be an asset and a limitation. When the consultants work in an environment for a short period of time, their role are seen as an expert and they also advance in the hierarchy of the customer’s company. Simultaneously, the shortage of time can also pressure the consultant to make a less sufficient job. This in turn effects the role that the consultants have within their own establishment, in this case the city archive. Because of the shortage of time the consultants are, occasionally, instead seen as “sloppy” or not even considered to be real archivists. 

    The study also shows that the role as a consultant might enable the archivist to better market their knowledge and become a more significant part of companies’ and businesses’ everyday work, and furthermore that additional research is needed. 

  • 23.
    Hammarström, Alva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Vem möter du i biblioteket?: En diskursanalytisk studie av folkbibliotekarieyrket i DIK:s facktidning 1974–20142017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study articles in DIK’s librarian labor union newspaper over a time period of 40 years, 1974–2014, to obtain knowledge about depictions of public librarians. The aim is also to examine which discourses that can be identified in these depictions. Discourse analysis believes that the language contributes to realizing reality and by studying articles in DIK’s newspaper an understanding of the public librarian profession can be provided. This essay may contribute to increased understanding, new perspectives and deeper knowledge of the public librarian profession.

    The thesis' theoretical and methodological framework is discourse analysis, more specific Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe's discourse theory. Relevant discourse theoretical concepts are applied in a text analysis of the empirical material, articles in DIK’s newspaper. In the analysis, the public librarian profession were studied from four angles: knowledge and skills, tasks, characteristic features and the profession. The results of the analysis reveal that the public librarians have knowledge and skills in several subjects, for example in service, literature and information. It has also shown that there is a breadth and variety in librarian tasks. The analysis has also shown that there are positive and negative statements about the characteristic features of librarians and that the profession for a number of reasons, such as female dominance and low pay, has a low status. Four discourses were identified in the material, and with that four ways to understand librarians were identified: The Literature Discourse, The Information Discourse, The Service Discourse and The Status Discourse. This is a two years master’s thesis in Library and Information Science.

  • 24.
    Hedemark, Åse
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Sagostunders samtal. Om läspraktiker och barnsyn i folkbibliotekets sagostund2017In: Unga läser. Läsning, normer och demokrati / [ed] Hedemark, Åse & Karlsson, Maria, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2017, p. 233-248Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Hedemark, Åse
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Telling Tales. An Observational Study of Storytelling for Children in Swedish Public Libraries.2017In: New Review of Children´s Literature and Librarianship, ISSN 1361-4541, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 106-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An ethnographic observational study of storytelling for children in Swedish public libraries explored participants’ interactions with each other and with other artifacts used in storytelling. Findings suggest that librarians interact with children by asking rhetorical questions, but the use of reflective questions is rarer. Results show that librarians and educators limit children’s participation but children express resistance to activities. Storytime sessions are organized around the spoken and written story, although children show the greatest interest in pictures and artifacts. Interactions between participants and different materials are complex and storytelling practices today are affected by the historical and institutional practices of yesterday.

  • 26.
    Hedemark, Åse
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Karlsson, Maria
    Unga läser. Läsning, normer och demokrati2017Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Hedemark, Åse
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Lindberg, Jenny
    Stories of storytime: the discursive shaping of professional identity among Swedish children’s librarians2017In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 22, no 1, article id 1612Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. This paper reports an empirical study on Swedish children’s librarians’ shaping of professional identity, as it emerges from the participants’ statements about their work with storytime activities and the competences required. Method. The empirical material consists of a transcript from one focus group interview with eight children’s librarians. Analysis. A discursively oriented text analysis was conducted. The transcript was initially examined in terms of the explicit contents of the participants’ statements. It was then interpreted further with an analytical focus on the concepts of professional identity and key narratives. Results. The analysis indicates both shared and conflicting ideas concerning work methods and competencies that define and legitimise librarians’ storytime sessions. In discussing competences, the librarians’ point out inter-professional relations, especially to teachers, as important aspects of identity shaping. A key narrative unfolds, with the library presented as an enclosed, magical space. Conclusions. Storytime is a debated object of professional expertise. There is a lack of a specialist terminology for storytime activities, which may counteract the professional knowledge claims of this female-intensive group. The professional identity of children’s librarians appears multifaceted and somewhat vague and thus calls for further investigation.

  • 28.
    Hjelm, Annica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Att knyta näven i fickan? : En studie av socialdemokratiska och kommunistiska 1 maj-affischer 1922-1948 utifrån begreppet vredeskultur 2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is intended to illustrate how the reformist and revolutionary directions in the labor movement are manifested and visualized in the empirical material with regard to angry culture, thus contributing to an understanding of the informative importance of the image. It is clear that the investigated material in the form of social democratic and communist 1 May posters from the period 1922-1948 reflects its time (the interwar period to the post-war era) with regard to angry culture.  It is not the aesthetic aspect that is central, but the historical and political perspective in terms of information transmission. This study focuses on how to understand a historical period through an image material. The study aims to answer the question of what kind of information is communicated built on an analysis based on a combination of semiotics and hegemony analysis of the empirical material.

    Using the semiotic concepts denotation and connotation, the posters are analyzed in detail in the image analysis in combination with Stuart Hall's three hypothetical positions (codes), Antonio Gramsci’s hegemony concept, primarily in the form of “war of position” and “historic blocs”, is used to understand the historical period investigated. This method triangulation increases the credibility of the results.

    As far as the study and its results are concerned, it can be noted that the social democratic 1 May posters before 1936 (Social Democrats’ power access) with regard to “sublimed wrath” mainly represent consensus across class boundaries. The communist 1 May posters from that period, however, primarily represent “class war” and stand for “open anger”. After the Social Democrats’ access to power, it is clear that they constitute a historic bloc and that the communists are forced to adopt a more defensive approach, pronounced in drained paroles with a vague content.

    The conclusion with regard to the visual transmission of political and historical information and messages regarding social democratic and communistic 1 May posters from 1922-1948, based on socialist angry cultures is that the period between the wars was characterized by class struggle versus consensus, World War ll reduced everything to “hold together” and post-war time represents the starting point for the welfare state, as a successful consequence of the social democratic “dignity project”.

     

  • 29.
    Hultin Bäckersten, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Memories of Life and Death: Three Practices of Remembering in Post-Dictatorial Argentina2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to discuss some of the memory-practices in post-dictatorial Argentina regarding the collective memory of the Dirty War and the people who were objects of forced disappearances. The practices studied are Madres de Plaza de Mayo, sites of memory established in former centres of detention and Parque de la Memoria. The thesis draws upon the theoretical framework of collective memory and collective trauma, memorial museums and material culture.

    The study was formed as a case study. The materials are observations, interviews and photographs, and were gathered through field work in Argentina in 2017.

    The Madres de Plaza de Mayo were analysed using theories on lieux de mémoire brought forward by Pierre Nora and commemoration ceremonies brought forward by Paul Connerton. The sites of memory were studied out of the perspective on memorial museums by Paul Williams. Parque de la Memoria was studied with theories on war memorials by Jay Winter.

    The Madres de Plaza de Mayo can be interpreted as lieu de mémoire due to their material, symbolic and functional dimensions. Through them, the disappeared are alive. The sites of memory present an ambivalent narrative. The narrative of the disappeared is that of a state of limbo. Parque de la Memoria is a park of mourning, placing the disappeared in a narrative of death.

    The situation of memory-practices in post-dictatorial Argentina is complex and the practices articulates three different narratives of the disappeared, ranging from life to death.

    This is a two-year master’s thesis in Museum and Cultural Heritage Studies

  • 30.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Archiv2017In: Digitalisierung / [ed] Koch, Gertraud, Konstanz: UVK , 2017, p. 89-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Archiv2017In: Digitalisierung / [ed] Koch, Gertraud, Konstanz: UVK , 2017, p. 89-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Distrust, mistrust, untrust and information practices2017In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 22, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. We report the results of an investigation of the role and implications of the shortage of trust (untrust), mistrust and distrust in the context of information work. Whereas trust has been discussed extensively in information studies literature, its dark side has been largely omitted before. Method. The conceptual discussion is based on empirical material gathered using thematic interviews of (N=17) Swedish archaeology professionals with special interest in the management of archaeological information. Analysis. The analysis of the interviews was based on a method drawing from the constant comparative method and close reading of the transcripts. Results. The analysis shows that it is possible to distinguish systemic factors related to components, systemic processes and environment that contribute to the emergence and persistence of trust, distrust, mistrust and untrust, and shifts between the different modes of (un)confidence. Conclusion. Distrust, mistrust and untrust have related but distinct influence on information work, they coexist with trust and can have similarly positive implications for the information activities. Finally, similarly to distrust and trust, also untrust and mistrust can be conceptualised following Luhmann as strategies of reducing uncertainty.

  • 33.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Anderson, Theresa Dirndorfer
    University of Technology Sydney.
    Jansen, Eva Hourihan
    University of Toronto.
    McKenzie, Pam
    University of Western Ontario.
    Worrall, Adam
    Univrersity of Alberta.
    Boundary objects in Information Science2017In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 68, no 8, p. 1807-1822Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Boundary objects are abstract or physical artefacts that exist in the liminal spaces between adjacent communities of people. The theory of BOs was originally introduced by Star and Griesemer in a study on information practices at the Berkeley Museum of Vertebrate Zoology but has since been adapted in a broad range of research contexts in a large number of disciplines including the various branches of information science. The aim of this review article is to present an overview of the state of the art of information science research informed by the theory of BOs, critically discuss the notion, and propose a structured overview of how the notion has been applied in the study of information.

  • 34.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Enqvist, Johanna
    Helsingfors universitet.
    Thomas, Suzie
    Helsingfors universitet.
    Uotila, Kari
    Muuritutkimus ky.
    Eurooppalainen COST-ARKWORK -verkosto tutkii arkeologista työtä ja tiedontuotantoa2017In: Muinaistutkija, ISSN 0781-6790, no 4, p. 57-59Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Olsson, Michael
    University of Technology Sydney.
    Faniel, Ixchel M.
    OCLC Research.
    Dalbello, Marija
    Rutgers State University of New Jersey.
    Dallas, Costis
    University of Toronto.
    Archaeological perspectives in information science2017In: Proceedings of the ASIS annual meeting, ISSN 0044-7870, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 570-573Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Archaeology is a domain that has intersections with information science and technology research both as an empirical domain of investigation and as a perspective to inquire into how people interact with information. The aim of this panel is to highlight this interdisciplinary nexus of diverse engagements and to explicate how archaeology has informed and could inform information science research and practice in the future, and how empirical information science research on archaeological practices has enhanced our understanding of both archaeological work and human information behavior and practices in general.

    The full text will be freely available from 2018-10-25 11:24
  • 36.
    Jansdotter, Evelina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Genus i arkiv: En fallstudie om kvinnors arkivmaterial i Sveriges Pressarkiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to study the archiving of Womens archival documents in the Swedish Archive of Press. Through a case study three aspects of archival practice will be studied: collecting, description and availability. The study also aims to shed light on the issues of gender and archives and to emphasize the possibilities that gender perspectives offer to make women visible in archives.

    The theoretical framework consists of gender theory, intersectional perspectives and archival theory. The method used is a case study in which text studies, interviews and analysis of the historical background and con- text together form a triangulation witch aims to strengthen the analysis. The source material consists of archival inventories of the women’s personal archives, archival documents, transcripted interviews and historical literature.

    The results of this study shows that women have been made both visible and unvisable in the archival hold- ings. It also shows how structures based on gender, in society and within archival practice, has through unreflect- ing practices led to women being made visible and unvisable in archival holdings. The results also show how the archival practice partly rests on a basis of the notion of archives and archivists as neutral and objective. To im- plement gender perspectives in archival practice this notion needs to be replaced by an awareness of the power relations that exists within the archival profession and archival institutions. 

  • 37.
    Jansson, Ina-Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Organization of User-Generated Information in Image Collections and Impact of Rhetorical Mechanisms2017In: Knowledge organization, ISSN 0943-7444, Vol. 44, no 7, p. 515-528Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To collect information with crowdsourcing is a popular method for cultural heritage institutions. User comments in free-text format are especially propagated as empowering users and their influence on cultural heritage. However, in adjusting user-created information to suit the collection management system in use, rhetorical mechanisms of the system have impact on the moderation of the information. This article investigates how rhetorical mechanisms of information systems influence user-generated information and users’ possibilities of impacting heritage collections. The results are based on 12 interviews with professionals working with administration of user-comments in cultural-heritage image collections, covering six different systems. Several rhetorical mechanisms of the systems were identified based on professionals’ statements about how systems affected decisions made in the moderation process. This article shows that the design of collection management systems can cause user-generated information to be discriminated and lead to decreased data reliability, searchability and even loss of crowdsourced data. In particular, personal memories and perspectives are among the types of information that are most negatively affected. To conclude, collecting user comments is a problematic method to use in adding multiple perspectives to cultural heritage collections and demands carefully designed collection management systems in order to avoid distortion of user-created information.

  • 38.
    Jansson, Ina-Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Förord2017In: Tidskrift för ABM, ISSN 2002-4614, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 1-3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Jansson, Ina-Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Förord2017In: Tidskrift för ABM, ISSN 2002-4614, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 1-4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Johannesson, Elsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Klassiker på barn- och ungdomsbiblioteket: Bibliotekariens arbete med barn- och ungdomslitteraturens klassiker2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. This empirical study investigates the attitudes of Swedish public librarians who work in the children’s and/or young adult departments, towards children’s literary classics. This is achieved by examining work with the Classics shelf, a genre classification located in the children’s or young adult section.

    Method. The empirical material consists of transcripts from interviews with seven children’s and young adult public librarians in four Swedish municipalities, the Classics shelves and the libraries’ policy documents.

    Analysis. The Classics shelves’ genre definition, target group and location were investigated and compared to the libraries’ policy documents. Interview transcripts were examined in regard to the explicit contents of the participants’ statements and divided in themes by perceptions of value, function and use of the literature in a library context. Magnus Persson’s concept of myths describing naturalised perceptions of literature was used to interpret attitudes. A concluding analysis was conducted using the discourse theories of Michel Foucault, Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe.

    Results. The analysis indicated both shared and conflicting attitudes to children’s and young adult literary classics, with perceptions predominantly taken for granted. Three coexisting discourses were identified: the Reading experience discourse, the Durability discourse and the Fresh discourse. These are mainly tied to different tasks and influenced by the librarians’ preconceived notions, workplace management and external influences such as media debates, with the user perspective as a prerequisite.

    Conclusion. The results show that the librarian accommodates contradictory and ambivalent views of children’s and young adult literary classics in the library. Literature is mediated indirectly and directly, and expresses the librarian’s personal experience rather than a professional identity.

    This is a two years master’s thesis in Library and Information Science.

  • 41.
    Jonsson, Julia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Dokumenthantering inom den medicintekniska branschen: En fallstudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine the records management in an enterprise in the private sector. The thesis dis-cuss the process construction within the core business and how the employee interpreters its construction. Also the goals in the processes are discussed by their Quality Management System and what the employees sees as their goals in the processes. To understand how people manage their records the information culture is studied in different variations, for example in observations and in records management systems.The case study which has been examined is a multinational enterprise in the medical technology industry. The industry is characterized by regulations, such as Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and International Organi-zation of Standardization (ISO). To put the findings in the thesis in a perspective the Swedish process oriented archival description is used as a counterpoint, to highlight similarities and contradictions with the aim of develop-ing the different perspective in both private and public sector from an archival science point of view. The position-ing is organization theory with the aim of process orientation and different ways to perform a process description. As a method to understand the organization and how the core business is assembled, a process description was created based on both the enterprise's Quality Management System and the interviews performed. To overview the general records management in the enterprise, the employees were asked to perform a survey about their hab-its and point of views about records management.The result of the analysis shows that the enterprise's Quality Management System mainly describes their pro-cesses in a way to achieve quality, requirements and efficiency. And not in a way that helps the employee to pre-form records management in a sustainable and long-term way. A long-term storage is in this case study about 10 years after the product has been out of production and in some few cases more. The thesis has shown that in many cases, only adequate solutions occur in records management in the enterprise, and this attitude is part of the in-formation culture. Adequate solutions means that the enterprise still fulfills the regulations that FDA and ISO require. But the records management that's part of their daily work routines can improve to prevent human errors and to ensure the quality of long-term storage. This is a two years master's thesis in Archive studies.

  • 42.
    Jonsson, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Folkbibliotekets identitet: Med avseende på dess roller, värden och bibliotekarierollen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to study how librarians perceive the identity of the public library. This is done by focusing on how librarians perceive the library’s roles, values, and the role of the librarian. One of the analytical tools used to illustrate this complexity is theories on underlying values and identity perceptions in organizations. The method is semi structured qualitative interviews with public librarians. An initial method to structure the empirical data consists of a phenomenographic approach.

    The findings show that the overall purpose of the library is to promote a democratic society where all citizens are equally valued. In order to do this the library needs to fulfill three main roles and some values. The main roles of the public library are to promote the availability of information, literature, and to be an open room for meetings. The values are to promote participation, critical thinking, and empathy among library users as well as to confirm users socially. The library’s resourses and services are valued for providng quality, variety, non-comersial intrests, and new perspectives. Furthermore, two basic values are to enrich people, eliminate inequalities, and by doing so promote human equality. The role of the librarian is to make sure that the resources and services of the library meet the criteria of all these roles and values. The librarian thus acts as an intermediary between these roles and values and the needs of the users and is therefore an important part of the library’s identity. The roles, values and the role of the librarian that make up this identity are presented in a model.

    The study shows that any activity, meeting or recourse that goes against any of the roles or values might be seen as a threat against the library. Another finding is that perceptions of a limitless role of the librarian could also be considered a threat against the library’s identity.

    This is a two year master’s thesis in Library and Information Sciense.

  • 43.
    Karlsson, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kunskapsorganisation i syriska handskriftskataloger2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the present thesis, the knowledge organisation of twelve Syriac manuscript catalogues, published between 1658 and 2014, is studied from a genre theory perspective. The following questions are addressed: a) what knowledge about the manuscripts has been aggregated in each catalogue, and how has it been organized?, b) is it possible to discern any diachronic developments?, and c) what research practises are promoted by the knowledge organisation structure of the Syriac manuscript catalogue as a genre? To address the last question, the concept of genre as conceived of within rhetorical genre theory is utilized. It emphasizes the connection between text and social action, which in the context of Syriac manuscript catalogues is understood as the activities that Syrologists engage in when using the manuscript catalogues.

    The twelve catalogues are chosen to give a representative image of the Syriac manuscript catalogue as a genre. Apart from the diachronical aspect, an additional factor in deciding which catalogues to choose has been a wish to include catalogues covering the most important collections of Syriac manuscripts (e.g., British Library, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Bibliothèque nationale de France, etc.).

    The catalogues are analysed with regard to the principle by which the individual catalogue entries are ordered, the information included in a standard catalogue entry, and the types of indices present. It is concluded that the Syriac manuscript catalogues generally focus on the intellectual contents of the manuscripts. This focus is apparent both when it comes to the information about the single manuscripts aggregated in the catalogues and in how this information is structured by the means of indices. Codicology and other features of manuscript study, such as analyses of their linguistic and artistic contents, have generally been little represented. It is argued that these observations can be seen as characteristic of the Syriac manuscript catalogue as a genre. According to genre theory, this implicates that the catalogues primarily engage with social activities connected to a need for these particular pieces of information. It is suggested that the typical Syrological activity based on this information need is the production of critical text editions.

  • 44.
    Kjellman, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Fysionomi och fotografi – den rasbiologiska konstruktionen av den nordiska rasen som vit2017In: Ras och vithet: Svenska rasrelationer i går och i dag / [ed] Tobias Hübinette, Stockholm: Studentlitteratur, 2017, in print, p. 47-67Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Kjellman, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Images as scientific documents in Swedish race biology: two practices2017In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 22, no 1, article id 1655Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. During the early period of Swedish ‘race biology’, photography was extensively used in the practice of this pseudoscience. Later on, photographs were discarded and other pictorial techniques applied. This change in pictorial technique coincided with changes in the disciplinary practice of ‘race biology’. Method. Comparative image analysis. Analysis. Two pictures, exemplifying the two periods, are compared and analysed with reference to functional theories of scientific images as instrumental in institutional practices. Results. Swedish ‘race biology’ was a project ostensibly aimed at recording physiognomic traits of Swedish ‘racial types’. But the photographs of the early period depict much more. Redundant information was used to bias data to reflect ideological assumptions: irrelevant aspects like lighting, surroundings, props and clothes were used to portray Nordic ‘racial types’ as superior. When ‘race biology’ changed direction and the existence of racial differences began to be denied, pictorial rhetoric and techniques also changed and photographs depicting human ‘racial types’ were no longer in demand. Conclusion. Shifting theories and objectives of scientific practice affect tools and methods. When images are part of scientific practice, imaging techniques and rhetoric change as disciplines develop.

  • 46.
    Larsson, Camilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Nyanländ i skolbiblioteket: En kvalitativ studie av hur skolbibliotek kan utforma sin verksamhet för nyanlända elever2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how school libraries can adapt their programme to new arrival immigrant students. The purpose is to survey the regulatory documents for school libraries to investigate how they adapt their programme based on the documents; how new arrival students regard their information needs and if the regulatory documents and practice cover those needs; and finally, if the regulatory documents and practice can lead to integration.

    The theoretical framework consists of integration theory, discourse analysis and SWOT-analysis. The methods used to collect data were semi-structured interviews, conducted with five librarians at four high school libraries, in addition to two student interviews, observations, and 26 questionnaires that were collected from students.

    Important findings are that the regulatory documents advocate an adaption to the new arrival students, and thereby interpellate them with certain needs, such as literature in their native language as well as easy reader books in Swedish. The school libraries adapt their programme based on these needs. From the students' perspective, the requirements specified in the regulatory documents align with the new arrivals’ needs to a certain extent. There are, however, additional needs, which the students expressed that are not yet being met by the regulatory documents or library programme. Based on the empirical material it is recommended to do an inventory of the newcomer students’ needs before adapting the library programme.

    Finally, the results suggest that the regulatory documents and the library programme make integration in the library context possible when it comes to the communicative dimension. However, more could be done regarding social integration, which is one of the needs the students express, but that does not have sufficient support in the regulatory documents. These additional needs should be met in order to improve integration for new arrivals into the library programme.

    This is a two year master’s thesis in Library and Information Science.

  • 47.
    Lotz, Silvana
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    More than just Rodent Control: A Transdisciplinary Study on Library Cats and their Impact on the Library as Third Place2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. The traditional purpose of library cats has been to keep rodents away. Today most resident library cats can be found in the United States where they even seem to serve other purposes. The aim of this study is to analyze how library cats affect the library’s role as third place in its local community.

    Theory. Oldenburg’s third place theory was used as a theoretical framework in conjunction with two theories from the field of Human–Animal Studies. Enders-Slegers applied Weiss’s theory on ‘social provisions’ on a human–animal relationship. Her adjusted theory was in this study applied on the patron–library cat relationship. Finally, concepts on the so called ‘communication link’ were used to analyze how a library cat influences communication and social interaction.                                                                        

    Method. A content analysis was conducted on two types of documents. 44 newsletters which were published by the Library Cat Society were used as historical sources. The second group of documents were the Facebook-pages of four current library cats and thus cover a more recent time period.                  

    Analysis and Results. Cats in libraries create a playful and relaxing atmosphere. The majority of the library patrons enjoy the cat’s presence and participate in its care through regular visits and donations. Conversation between patrons and library employees increases and social integration is positively affected. The most common reasons for complaints are allergies as well as fear and dislike of cats.              

    Conclusion. Library cats strenghten five of Oldenburg’s eight third place criteria and thus positively affect the library’s role as a meeting place. The cats even function as, what Oldenburg calls ‘regulars’, and the patrons were found to develop an emotional bond as well as a bond of trust towards the resident cat.  

    Paper type. This is a two years Master’s thesis in Library and Information Science.

  • 48.
    Lund, Arwid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    A Critical Political Economic Framework for Peer Production’s Relation to Capitalism2017In: Journal of Peer Production, ISSN 2213-5316, no 10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Lund, Arwid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Wikipedia, Work and Capitalism: A Realm of Freedom?2017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about voluntary productive activities in digital networks and on digital platforms that often are described as pleasur­able. The aim of the study is to relate the peer producers’ perceptions of their activities on a micro level in terms of play, game, work and labour, to their views on Wikipedia’s relation to capitalism on a macro level, to compare the identified ideological formations on both levels and how they relate to each other, and finally compare the identi­fied ideological formations with contemporary Marxist theory on cognitive capitalism. The intention is to perform a critical evaluation of the economic role of peer production in society.Qualitative and semi-structured interviews with eight Wikipedians active within the Swedish language version of Wikipedia con­stitute the empirical base of the study together with one public lecture by a Wikipedian on the encyclopaedia and a selection of pages in the encyclopaedia that are text analysed. The transcribed interviews have been analysed using a version of ideological analysis as it has been developed by the Gothenburg School. The views on the peer producing activities on the micro level has been analysed in a dialecti­cal way but is also grounded in a specific field model.Six ideological formations are identified in the empirical material. On the micro level: the peripheral, bottom-up- and top-down-formation, on the macro level: the Californian alikeness ideology, communism of capital and capitalism of communism. Communism of capital has two sides to it: one stresses the synergies and the other the conflicts between the two phenomena. The formations on the macro level conform broadly to contemporary Marxist theory, but there are important differ­ences as well. The study results in a hypothesis that the critical side of communism of capital and the peripheral and bottom-up-formation could help to further a more sustainable capitalism of communism, and counteract a deeper integra­tion of the top-down-formation with Californian alikeness ideology. The latter is the main risk of capitalist co-optation of the peer produc­tion that is underway as the manifestly dominant formations on the macro level are Californian alikeness ideology and communism of capital

  • 50.
    Lundberg, Inger
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    American museums – an experience2017In: Tidskrift för ABM, ISSN 2002-4614, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 20-26Article in journal (Other academic)
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