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  • 1.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, ECE, Sch Educ & Commun Engn Sci, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Colliander, Cristian
    Umeå Univ, Dept Sociol, Inforsk, Umeå, Sweden; Umeå Univ, Univ Lib, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sjögårde, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM. KTH Royal Inst Technol, ECE, Sch Educ & Commun Engn Sci, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Exploring the relation between referencing practices and citation impact: A large-scale study based on Web of Science data2018In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 69, no 5, p. 728-743Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this large-scale contribution, we deal with the relationship between properties of cited references of Web of Science articles and the field normalized citation rate of these articles. Using nearly 1 million articles, and three classification systems with different levels of granularity, we study the effects of number of cited references, share of references covered by Web of Science, mean age of references and mean citation rate of references on field normalized citation rate. To expose the relationship between the predictor variables and the response variable, we use quantile regression. We found that a higher number of references, a higher share of references to publications within Web of Science and references to more recent publications correlate with citation impact. A correlation was observed even when normalization was done with a finely grained classification system. The predictor variables affected citation impact to a larger extent at higher quantile levels. Regarding the relative importance of the predictor variables, citation impact of the cited references was in general the least important variable. Number of cited references carried most of the importance for both low and medium quantile levels, but this importance was lessened at the highest considered level.

  • 2.
    Alexandersson, Sandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Vad betyder läsfrämjande?: En kvalitativ studie över det läsfrämjande begreppets narrativa uppbyggnad på svenska folkbibliotek.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this master thesis is to examine the Swedish term for reading promotion, läsfrämjande, and gain a greater understanding for the meanings inherent in the word. To do this, narrative theory in the form if Harding's typology of six different types of narratives arranged on a scale from general to particular has been used for the analysis.The study focuses on librarians that work with children and young adults in public libraries and their rela-tionships with reading promotion. On the surface the Swedish word for reading promotion is simple, but exam-ined closely it becomes apparent that it is in fact multifaceted. The word consists of many different narratives that interact and in different ways change and affect each other. This study has identified five different types of collective narratives connected to the word läsfrämjande. These are the democratic narrative, the narrative of qualitative litterateur, reading for the soul, the enabling narrative and the literacy narrative. Together with the other types of narratives these form the basis of the personal narrative the librarians form around their reading promotion work and the word läsfrämjande.The personal narrative connected to the word will always be unique to the individual librarian, and it is be-cause of this that the word is so hard to define. The meaning will differ in small ways between different people, but because the personal narratives are built from the same collective narratives there will appear to be consensus in the meaning.This study has been produced as a two years master’s thesis in Library and Information Science.

  • 3.
    Ash, Iris
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Intresse för digitalisering?: en undersökning av hur samhällets digitalisering framställs i Biblioteksbladet 2012–20162018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine how interested the library sector is in digitalization. In an attempt to study this, I have studied the articles in Biblioteksbladet from 2012–2016. My starting point was that digitalization affects the Swedish libraries and that the subject therefore would have a prominent role in the library magazine.

    The aim of this thesis is also to generate knowledge about how digitalization affects the retail sector and the library sector to visualize similarities and differences between how operators from private and public sector are affected.

    Three text analytical surveys were conducted: a survey inspired by quantitative content analysis, a survey inspired by qualitative content analysis and a qualitative comparative survey. The agenda-setting theory was used as an analytic tool to analyze the interest in digitalization. Theories from the business field and previous research were used in order to compare how digitalization affects the retail sector and the library sector.

    The results of this thesis show that about eight per cent of the articles in the magazine from 2012–2016 is about digitalization. The subject is mentioned in all of the studied magazines except one. This shows that digitalization is treated to a considerable extent in Biblioteksbladet, which is in line with my hypothesis. My study also shows that digitalization is presented as a challenge to the libraries in the majority of the articles. This means that digitalization tends to be evaluated negatively in the material. It proved to be difficult to draw clear conclusions about the library sector’s interest in digitalization using these methods. The interest that appears in Biblioteksbladet doesn’t necessarily reflect the rest of the library sector’s interest.

    Another result is that there are several similarities between how digitalization affects the retail sector and the library sector.

    This is a two years master’s thesis in Library and Information Science.

  • 4.
    Björk, Moa-Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Fel eller rätt med upphovsrätt: En kritisk diskursanalys av den svenska debatten om upphovsrätten2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate how the view on copyright emerges in the media debate, and the overall research question is what possible explanations there might be for the view being different depending on whom the writer is and whom s/he represents. The theoretical framework is Fairclough's critical discourse analysis and the method used is the analytic model in three stages that he presents in his book Language and Power (2001).

    The empirical material was selected through an initial search in Media Retriever, followed by a manual se-lection process, which resulted in a final selection of eight articles, all published in Swedish daily newspapers between the years 2006 and 2014.

    In the analysis, two main discourses were identified – the producer discourse and the consumer discourse – in which all the texts could be placed. The producer discourse puts the interests of the author first, and holds the view that copyright law must be strong to protect the authors' rights. The consumer discourse on the other hand puts the interest of the consumer first, and their view is that the public has the right to access the world's collect-ed knowledge and culture. This paper also examines the members' resources that authors bring to the texts in the form of common sense, and also in the form of a motive for entering in the debate. Furthermore, this paper also looks at the fact that power relations between the participants in the texts are complicated as they form a com-plex web of formal and informal power relations.

    The conclusion is that the main explanation for the different ways of viewing copyright is the two afore-mentioned discourses, and that the members' resources the authors bring to the texts are very ideological. The ideological arguments and the complex power relations result in very rigid positions in the debate. This is a two years master's thesis in Archive, Library and Museum studies.

  • 5.
    Cederberg Lindholm, Jan Teodor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Andliga arkiv?: En undersökning av arkiv knutna till trossamfund i Sverige2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The archives of religious communities is a sparingly treated subject and christian community archives constitute the majority of the archives studied. The main purpose of this thesis is to investigate the relevance of James M. O'Toole's four characteristics of religious archives put forward in his article What’s different about religious archives? Another implicit purpose is to expand the knowledge of religious community archives and include archives from other world religions. The thesis's theoretical starting-point is O'Toole's characteristics which are also used as a basis for the questions that the thesis set out to answer. The main question is to what extent O'Toole's characteristics are relevant for studying archives linked to modern religious communities operating in Sweden. The method used is interviews. A total of seven people were interviewed who had knowledge of seven religious community archives. The archives were linked to the Mission Covenant Church of Sweden, the Catholic Bishopric, the Jewish Community in Stockholm, the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the Triratna Buddhist Community and the Baptist Union of Sweden. With the exception of interviews, the source material consisted of literature (books and articles), web pages, archive registers and email correspondence. The result is that O'Toole's characteristics are not particularly relevant for studying archives linked to modern religious communities operating in Sweden. Religion does not seem so important for religious archives as O'Toole claims. On a scale of 0–5, the relevance of O'Toole's characteristics is 1–2. For this reason, the characteristics need to be modified. There are good opportunities for future researchers to develop the subject and supplement this study. This is a two years master’s thesis in Archival Science.

  • 6.
    Edquist, Samuel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    De enskilda arkiven i historisk kontext2018In: Enskilda arkiv / [ed] Charlotte Hagström; Anna Ketola, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 1, p. 13-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Eriksson, Lina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Dagens "skräp", framtidens skatter: En undersökning om hur Kungliga biblioteket samlar in, ordnar och tillgängliggör sin samling av vardagstryck2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this two years master’s thesis in Archive, Library and Museum studies is to investigate how the National Library of Sweden collects, arranges and provides access to its collection of printed ephemera. As a comparison, the thesis also looks at how Lund University Library is working with the same tasks. The main sources of information in this thesis comes from participant observations and interviews conducted with informants within the two libraries mentioned above. Document studies of the library’s internal documents and the Swedish Legal Deposit Law has also been used to get additional information. The findings in this thesis has been analyzed with a model based on a practice theory and a knowledge organization theory.

    The starting point in the investigation was to look at how these two libraries receives printed ephemera through legal deposits, if there are any problems connected to the legal deposits and if that possibly has an influence on the printed ephemera collections. The next part of the investigation focuses on how these collections has been organized with various classification systems over the years. In addition to this the survey wanted to find out if- and in what way these different systems have had an effect on the availability of this material and what tools the libraries uses to make it easier to find specific material within the collections and make it available for users. The results of the investigation show that National Library of Sweden and Lund University Library resave a wide range of material throw legal deposits but not nearly as much as they should get. One big problem is that many producers print their material outside of Sweden and are not aware that they are obligated to give copies of this to the Swedish Legal Deposit Library’s. The survey also reached the conclusion that the way the material is arranged and stored has a big impact on how accessible it is. However, by using cataloguing and digitalization the libraries can make this material more visible, and thus also more accessible.

  • 8.
    Eriksson-Backa, Kristina
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Enwald, Heidi
    Åbo Akademi University and University of Oulu.
    Hirvonen, Noora
    Åbo Akademi University and University of Oulu.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Health information seeking, beliefs about abilities, and health behaviour among Finnish seniors2018In: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, ISSN 0961-0006, E-ISSN 1741-6477, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 284-295Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents a study that examines older Finnish adults? self-perceived capability to access, evaluate, understand and use health-related information, and their perceived ability to influence their health themselves, and the relationship between these factors and their current health, health behaviour and information seeking. Questionnaires were mailed by post to 1000 Finns aged 65?79 years, and a total of 281 completed questionnaires (28%) were returned. Of these, 273 were included in the study. Cross-tabulation and chi-square tests were used for the analysis. Results showed that both a stronger belief in one?s capability to master health information and to act in a healthy manner were positively linked to better health and health behaviour as well as more active information behaviour. These beliefs can be important factors for influencing certain health behaviours and even behaviour change.

  • 9.
    Groye, Ida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kön och klass på biblioteket: En kritisk analys av framställningen av biblioteksanvändare i tre biblioteksplaner från Uppsala län2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this master’s thesis, tools from discourse analysis together with an intersectional approach, have been used in an analysis of the description of the library user according to gender and class in three Uppsala-based library plans. The analysis has been aimed at investigating expectations of who the library user is according to gender and class, and in the ways it becomes obvious in relation to the library plans’ perception of the ordinary user. The theoretical foundation of this thesis is made up by discourse theories of Michel Foucault, as well as a combination of various constructivist philosophies, such as gender-research and Pierre Bordieu’s theory of class which stresses the importance of social, economic and cultural capital. The main questions this thesis seeks to answer are: how is the library user described according to gender and class? What kind of intersections are there between gender and class in the descriptions of the library user? The analysis also seeks to answer whether or not the descriptions of the library user reproduce certain norms according to the thesis’ definitions of class and gender. The methodological approach consist of tools from discourse analysis, textanalysis, deconstruction and queer- and performative reading. To be able to answer the questions, an investigation of user categorization according to gender and class has been conducted. Secondly, the most prominent user discourses found in the library plans has been subjected to further examination, where certain intersections between the categories has been discovered. The thesis’ critical and constructivist  aim has also been to create an understanding of how the library user is described according to the hidden meanings that exist between what is said and what is not said. This has been done to be able to connect the different patterns in user discourses with prior research connected to gender and class. The result of the study shows there are two discourses that relates to gender, where the first one describes the general and ordinary library user as a girl. The second discourse, on the other hand, describes the desirable and potential library user as a boy. Accordning to class, connetions to digital alienation and information competencies where found, which potrays the library user as a klient. The intersection between gender and class showed a koherens between the amounts of cultural capital, reading habits and gender.

  • 10.
    Harju, Jenna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Bevarandet av bibliotekssamlingar: Samlingsförvaltning på några svenska universitetsbibliotek under 2000-talet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis in Library and Information Science (LIS) is to examine how five Swedish university libraries work with collection management using a critical discourse analysis (CDA). University libraries hold large, valuable and often unique materials in the collections. Making decisions on what to preserve has for centuries been a task that libraries have been relied on to perform.

    The thesis aims to discuss how the university libraries through policy documents work with collection management and preservation of library materials and if there is a need of a national preservation policy. The method used in this thesis is Norman Faircloughs critical discourse analysis (CDA) with its three dimensional analytical framework that focuses on the text, the discourse practice and the social practice. The qualitative methods used are interviews and a textanalysis of policy documents.

    The result of the analysis revealed that the majority of the libraries lack substantial policies in collection management. The focus has instead been on a more user-oriented approach regarding access and acquisition of library materials. A central conclusion is that there is a need of a national collection policy regarding preservation of library collections.

  • 11.
    Hedemark, Åse
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Bevara eller förändra?: En analys av debatter om folkbibliotek i dagspress 2007-20172018In: Bibliotekarier i teori och praktik: Utbildningsperspektiv på en unik profession / [ed] Joacim Hansson; Per Wisselgren, Lund: BTJ Förlag , 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Hedemark, Åse
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Hampson Lundh, Anna
    O´Donell, Maria
    Att göra läsning möjlig för alla: Samarbete mellan bibliotekssektor och biblioteks- och informationsvetenskaplig forskning2018In: Bibliotekarier i teori och praktik: Utbildningsperspektiv på en unik profession / [ed] Joacim Hansson; Per Wisselgren, Lund: BTJ Förlag , 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Hedemark, Åse
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Kjellman, Ulrika
    Lindberg, Jenny
    Nolin, Jan
    Sundin, Olof
    Wisselgren, Per
    Profession, Utbildning, Forskning: Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap för en stärkt bibliotekarieprofession2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Hedemark, Åse
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Lindberg, Jenny
    Babies, Bodies and Books: Librarians´ Work for Early Literacy2018In: Library Trends, ISSN 0024-2594, E-ISSN 1559-0682, Vol. 66, no 4, p. 422-441Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Hillberg, Julia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Att navigera ett högskolebibliotek i samtiden: En fallstudie av Chalmers biblioteks lärandetorg och dess placering i bibliotekets organisationsutveckling2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As information becomes more widely available, the library finds itself in a position where new paths need to be explored on which to reach out to users. Learning Commons have developed internationally as a way to stimulate active learning and to prioritise social interaction over the material collection. By using Chalmers University of Technology as a case study, the aim of this study has been to clarify the concept of Learning Commons from a Swedish perspective and to contribute to the representation of diverse interpretations worldwide by so doing. Chalmers was the first Swedish library to institute a Learning Commons in 2016 and so the study has come to focus on organizational factors driving its establishment and on how the term is used locally. The library’s perspective has been point of departure with a rich material found in business plans, project plans and other officially drafted documents concerning its coming into existence and evaluation thereof. Complementary information was gathered from e-mail conversations with the prefect and a more informal perspective added through the library’s blog and some newspaper articles on the topic. All documents have been studied using a qualitative content-based analysis with a concept analytical angle. Theoretical premises were found in materiality and constructivism as concepts, in combination with an overarching starting point in organization theory. The analysis showed that the library and the Learning Commons were seen as two distinct concepts, where the main distinguishing characteristic was found in the focus on the collection and user respectively. The Learning Commons further functions as a testing ground for new ideas, which fit more easily in a new context. Related to these questions of organizational development, the physical structure has shown to be an efficient mediator of change, imprinted as it is with symbolism prompting certain behaviour. A closer collaboration with Chalmers University and a more perceptive way in relation to users has, together with adjustments to prevalent pedagogy, environmental thinking and strengthening of the profile internationally as well as socially formed the Learning Commons of Chalmers. It has shown to be an appreciated part of the present and future library.

  • 16.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Ajankohtainen johdatus valheen, vihapuheen ja vaihtoehtoisten totuuksien maailmaan. Review of Haasio, Ari, Ojaranta, Anu, Mattila, Markku: Valheen jäljillä. Avain, 2018. 155 sivua. ISBN 978-952-304-166-02018Other (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Alternatives to Being Information Literate2018In: Information Literacy in the Workplace / [ed] Serap Kurbanoğlu, Joumana Boustany, Sonja Špiranec, Esther Grassian, Diane Mizrachi, Loriene Roy, Springer, 2018, p. 813-821Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In contrast to the relative abundance of conceptualisations of information literacy, the earlier research has placed considerably less attention on its alternatives. The findings show that there are shades of being less and non-literate beyond a mere lack of necessary skills or engagement in inappropriate practices. Information illiteracy can be experienced as a problem but it can also represent a conscious choice for delimiting and organising information practices. From a theoretical and practical perspective, this study suggests that both information literacies and information illiteracies should be taken into account in information literacy research and education, and when developing and deploying information systems and services to compensate for the lack of literacies.

  • 18.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Bibliotekarien, biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap och digital humaniora2018In: Bibliotekarier i teori och praktik - Utbildningsperspektiv på en unik profession / [ed] Hansson, Joacim; Wisselgren, Per, Lund: BTJ , 2018, p. 166-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Putting to (information) work: A Stengersian perspective on how information technologies and people influence information practices2018In: The Information Society, ISSN 0197-2243, E-ISSN 1087-6537, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 229-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Instead of merely subscribing to an unspecific inseparability in the co-constitution or mangle of information technologies and human-actors, there is a need for conceptual tools to describe and explicate the mechanics of how the enmeshment of technologies and human-beings is occurring in information contexts: how information technologies are both setting standards of the social conduct of information practices, and how people are using information technologies to regulate the social process. Building on an empirical study of human-technology relations in the context of archaeological information work, this article discusses how the imaginary of putting Stengers to work can make a contribution to such an end. Stengers describes an ideal system of human-actors and technology working seamlessly World-as-Clockthat is unattainable but can serve as a benchmark and a lens for understanding frictions and discrepancies in the cohesion of the two.

  • 20.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Taking excavation to a virtual world: Importing archaeological spatial data to Second Life and OpenSim2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The benefits of analysing and presenting archaeological spatial data in an interactive 3D environment have been discussed extensively in the literature. This paper reports of a R&D project that explored the possibilities of presenting archaeological information in virtual worlds with a specific focus on presenting and using actual documentation data captured by total stations and laser scanners directly in virtual worlds. Field trials were conducted in Second Life and OpenSim environments. The findings indicated that Second Life was a preferred environment because of the relatively large existing ecology of individual and institutional users. The proprietary nature of the environment and the consequent limitations to data transfer and the control of the world did, however, make the importing, linkage and manipulation of data problematic. OpenSim allowed a total control of the environment, but lacked certain technical features implemented in Second Life together with a comparable, large population of users. 

  • 21.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Ahmad, Farhan
    Abo Akad Univ, Fac Social Sci Business & Econ, Tuomiokirkontori 3, FI-20500 Turku, Finland.
    Holistic information behavior and the perceived success of work in organizations2018In: Library & Information Science Research, ISSN 0740-8188, E-ISSN 1873-1848, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 18-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Surprisingly little is known about the relationship between perceived work success and information behavior. This study shows that holistic (versus organization-centric) information behavioral preferences are related to interaction and exchange oriented perceptions of the success of work. The findings were drawn from a partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) based analysis of the survey data (N = 305) collected from employees of a large multinational corporation. The findings suggest that holistic information behavior is more strongly related to social measures of success, whereas their association with quantitative measures tends to be lower. From the perspective of information behavior research, the findings suggest that holism seems to be a similar factor to, for instance, task complexity or personality, which influences human information behavior and, for instance, perceptions of relevance. From a practical perspective, the study suggests that the promotion of specific facets of measuring success and patterns of information behavior can be used to influence the orientation of working between centrifugality and openness.

  • 22.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM. Abo Akad Univ, Informat Studies, Turku, Finland.
    Enwald, Heidi
    Univ Oulu, Informat Studies, Oulu, Finland;Abo Akad Univ, Turku, Finland.
    Eriksson-Backa, Kristina
    Hirvonen, Noora
    Univ Oulu, Informat Studies, Oulu, Finland;Abo Akad Univ, Turku, Finland.
    Nguyen, Hai
    Abo Akad Univ, Turku, Finland.
    Scandurra, Isabella
    Orebro Univ, Orebro, Sweden.
    Anticipating ageing: Older adults reading their medical records2018In: Information Processing & Management, ISSN 0306-4573, E-ISSN 1873-5371, Vol. 54, no 3, p. 394-407Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of the general interest in health information behaviour, there is little earlier research on how older adults, who are still active in working life but approaching retirement, differ from other age groups. A survey with Swedish patients who had ordered and read their medical record was conducted to map the preferences and motivations of older adults (born 1946-1960) ordering a copy of their medical record, and using medical records based e-health and information services in the future. The results do not indicate an obvious linear relationship between age and motivation to use online health information but show several differences between the age groups. Older adults were less interested in communication with their medical doctor by e-mail. Yet, they had searched health information in the Internet during the last week more likely than young. They were more inclined to read medical record to get an overview of their health than young, but less confident that they understood most of the content or turn to their family and friends to seek help than the elderly. When compared to younger adults and elderly people, older adults are the least confident and least motivated to use online health information. It is suggested that older adulthood can be seen as a transitory stage of life when the need of health information increases and engagement with health changes. The results agree with prior research on the potential usefulness of (online) medical records as a way to inform citizens. However, specific provision strategies may be necessary to match the needs and motivations of different age groups.

  • 23.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Huggett, Jeremy
    University of Glasgow.
    Archaeological Practices, Knowledge Work and Digitalisation2018In: Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 88-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Defining what constitute archaeological practices is a prerequisite for understanding where and how archaeological and archaeologically relevant information and knowledge are made, what counts as archaeological information, and where the limits are situated. The aim of this position paper, developed as a part of the COST action Archaeological practices and knowledge work in the digital environment (www.arkwork.eu), is to highlight the need for at least a relative consensus on the extents of archaeological practices in order to be able to understand and develop archaeological practices and knowledge work in the contemporary digital context. The text discusses approaches to study archaeological practices and knowledge work including Nicolinis notions of zooming in and zooming out, and proposes that a distinction between archaeological and archaeology-related practices could provide a way to negotiate the archaeologicality of diverse practices.

  • 24.
    Jansson, Camilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    "Alla pratar om UX nu...": En kvalitativ studie av UX på två högskolebibliotek2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine how library employees view and work with UX or User Experience. It also examines how they view library users, the library and their own professional roles and how these views are connected with the concepts of documentality, legitimacy and identity. The concept of power is also used. The study was carried out thorough a series of ten semi-structured qualitative interviews with employees at Karolinska Institutet University Library and Linköping University Library and is based on a social constructivist perspective. The results show that UX is viewed as a mindset where one tries to look at the library from the users’ perspectives and adapt the library after their needs. This was seen as a new perspective where the library aims to stand in the users’ shoes. Through the use of methods like interviews, observations and usability tests the informants try to understand their users and their needs. However, there was a strong emphasis on balancing the users’ wishes with the aims and conditions of the library which indicate a strong internal legitimacy. It also shows that UX does not indicate a loss of power in the informants’ minds. The study shows that an emphasis on the users’ perspective can also be linked to the core of librarianship further strengthening the internal legitimacy. The results also show that arguments can be made for the importance of both constitutive and performative documentality in academic libraries today. Among the informants there was a strong emphasis on a communicatively oriented professional identity with its focus om dialogue and cooperation with library users. In conclusion, the study shows that UX can be viewed as a way for academic libraries to cope with the many changes the last decades have brought and continue to be relevant in years to come. This is a two years master’s thesis in Library and Information Science.

  • 25.
    Jepsen, Ellenor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Cyborgbibliotekarien: Donna Haraways cyborgteori ur ett biblioteks- och informationsvetenskapligt perspektiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is exploring Donna Haraways cyborg theory, in a perspective of Library- and Information Science. The investigation aims to better understand the occupation of librarians, and their position within knowledge creation through a digital and cyber technologically evolving society. The cyborg figuration, is making it possible to look at the librarian’s occupation in a postmodern-, posthuman-, and cyberfeminist perspective. The cyborg figure is a posthuman figure, a fusion between human and technology. Because of its interdisciplinary composition, the cyborg is cross-bordering and diversified in its nature. In a combination with Library- and Information Science the cyborg theory can produce new perspectives on our knowledge production.

          The empirical investigation is made within the context of academic library research support, and Open Science. Throughout this development it becomes clear that the librarian is working in a coexistence between human and technology. This paper then demonstrates, that there is an analogy between the librarian and the cyborg figure, and especially in the context of the academic library. In this analogy, the cyborg librarian is constituted as a central phenomenon in a line of several developmental events – concerning the accessibility and dissemination of scientific knowledge creation, through the digital environment.

          The cyborg librarian is then able to use the cyborg theory in this context, to cross over borders and create new perspectives. It can also create pedagogic tools for information instructions, that contribute to a deeper and more complex insight in knowledge production, as reality production. By evolving a critical, multimodal and reflective information literacy, and thereby also supporting the library institution in adopting to a postmodern society. Haraways cyborg feminism is also applying a perspective of social justice into the context of literacy instructions, whilst working in the same spirit as the democratic mission of the library institution.

     

  • 26.
    Jerkert, Kajsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Uppfattningar om SwePub: En enkätstudie om svenska lärosätens bild av SwePub som analysverktyg2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has examined a selection of Swedish universities’ views on the Swedish national publication database SwePub. The study has phenomenography as its methodology, and by means of the survey it has asked questions about the universities’ local publication databases, the national guidelines on documenting a scientific publication and how the universities regard the whole SwePub analysis project.

     The purpose was to find out how the universities perceive the whole SwePub phenomenon. For selecting participants in the survey, the selection criteria were size of the university, the subjects offered there and the publishing system used. Regarding the local publication databases, the answers have focused on the difficulties and opportunities with the registration of scientific work using the own publications database. In the section on guidelines, I discuss how the universities relate to two documents on SwePub guidelines and recommendations. The analysis deals with the national guidelines related to the local practice of the universities, where national guidelines may sometimes collide with the institution's own needs and wishes. The section of the analysis that deals with the institutions' views on the SwePub analysis project at large, relates the SwePub project to the terms function and relevance. In conclusion, I discuss to what extent I have found some patterns in the answers, linked to my selection criteria for the size of the university, subject area and type of publishing system.

  • 27.
    Jonsson Sandström, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    "Det vi gör är på något sätt ändå att berätta en slags story om hur världen ser ut": Kategoriskapande och marginalisering på svenskspråkiga Wikipedia2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to explore how categorisation of marginalised groups is done on Swedish Wikipedia. Taking its starting point in social constructionism and critical knowledge organisation research, classic knowledge organization is seen as inherently flawed. In its quest for universal knowledge organisation systems, the fact that knowledge is contingent (emerging and constructed), is obscured. This runs the risk of marginalising marginalised groups further. Instead it is claimed that knowledge organization systems ought to strive for transparency by inviting its users to witness and take part in the knowledge process.

    A discourse analysis was made on two source materials: an interview study with three editors of Swedish Wikipedia and openly available discussion threads from Swedish Wikipedia. The result of the discourse analysis shows that the wider to write at Wikipedia discourse contains two nodal points: neutrality and consensus. The neutrality nodal point is a floating signifier in the sense that two different discourses try to give it two different meanings. In one of the discourses neutrality is seen as possible to achieve when describing reality. Categorisation is uncomplicated, it is simply a case of reflecting the categories that already exist ”out there”. In another discourse neutrality is seen as something impossible to achieve when describing reality because it is ever-changing and many-faceted. Categorisation is hard and complicated. Between these two discourses there is a discursive struggle which is mitigated by the nodal point consensus. Through discussions leading to consensus a ”neutral enough” way of describing the world is achieved. Categorisation on Wikipedia can thus be seen to achieve the transparency that critical knowledge organization research requests: the categories are results of discussions that all reading users can access. But there is doubt as to how many of the reading users of Wikipedia actually find and read the discussion pages. If there are only a few who ever finds the discussions, the transparency remains low and the constructed nature of Wikipedias knowledge organization system remains obscured.

    This is a two years Master’s thesis in Library and Information Science.

  • 28.
    Karlsson, Kristin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Det friska på sjukhuset: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om användares och bibliotekariers syn på patientbibliotek2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim for this master’s thesis is to clarify users’ and librarians’ views on patient libraries today. This aim is achieved by answering the following research questions: Which are the most important functions and tasks of the patient library, according to users and librarians? Which views on the patient library’s activity come with these functions and tasks? How does the connection to different cultural institutions, such as the library and the hospital, affect users’ and librarians’ views on the patient library? In what ways is the patient library regarded as an asset for health care? As a background for my study, and to give a context to the results, a historical background on the evolvement of hospital libraries in general, and of the case of S:t Görans patient library in particular, is given. Previous research on the subject of hospital libraries from different perspectives is presented and discussed. Aspects such as the hospital library as a bearer of cultural activity, hospital libraries as information centers and collaboration between library and hospital are discussed. Studies from the field of culture and health, about how cultural activity can improve patients’ health and about how health professionals can benefit from reading fiction, are included in the background of the thesis. The theoretical framework is a sociocultural perspective based on the works of Roger Säljö, with the concept of cultural institutions as a tool to analyze the views on the patient library. The method used is qualitative semistructured interviews with library users and librarians.  One of the tasks and functions that arise from the interview is to make literature available for more people. Another is to be a calm room within the hospital. The conclusion is that the patient library has a strong connection to the public library as well as to the hospital. Users connect the patient library more to the public library, but the function of being a part of the hospital is important too. The librarians connect the patient library strongly to the public library. At the same time, they express loyalty towards the hospital.

  • 29.
    Kjellman, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Bilden och biblioteket2018In: Bibliotekarier i teori och praktik: utbildningsperspektiv på en unik profession / [ed] Joacim Hansson och Per Wisselgren, Lund: BTJ , 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Kjellman, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Hdemark, Åse (Contributor)
    Lindberg, Jenny
    Nolin, Jan (Contributor)
    Sundin, Olof (Contributor)
    Wisselgren, Per (Contributor)
    Profession, utbildning, forskning: biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap för en stärkt bibliotekarieprofession2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sekretariatet för nationell biblioteksstrategi vid Kungliga Biblioteket har givit de fem biblioteks- och informationsvetenskapliga utbildningarna vid Högskolan i Borås, Linnéuniversitetet, Lunds univeritet, Umeå universitet och Uppsala universitet uppdraget att utreda och formulera förslag kring utbildning och forskning för en stärkt bibliotekarieprofession. Syftet med föreliggande rapport är, att visa situationen för svensk biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap, tydliggöra relationen till bibliotekarieprofessionen och lämna strategiska förslag på hur ämnet kan förstärkas till förmån för en stärkt professionsutvecklig. En omvärldsanalys med riktning mot bibliotekssektorn görs samt en beskrivning av nuläget för biblioteks- och informationsvetenskaplig utbildning och forskning. 

    Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskapens centrala betydelse för bibliotekarieprofessionen lyfts fram. Utbildingsprogrammen i ämnet attraherar gott om studenter och som svar på bibliotekens konstaterade behov av biblioteks- och informationsvetenskapligt utbildad personal argumenterar rapportförfattarna för möjligheten att expandera utbildningarna på kandidat- och masternivå vid samtliga fem lärosäten. Inom forskningen konstateras, att trots att ämnet idag i grunden fungerar väl finns ännu svårigheter att erhålla finansiering för professionsinriktad biblioteksforskning. Omvärldsanalysen visar upp ett behov av en tydligare struktur för kontinuerlig kompetensutveckling inom bibliotekarieprofessionen. Rapporten mynnar ut i fem strategiska förslag rörande grundutbildning, forskning och kontinuerlig kompetensutveckling:

    -       En ökning av antalet studieplatser på program på kandidat- och masternivå i biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap.

    -       Nationell forskarskola för biblioteksforskning.

    -       Inrättande av en externfinansierad professur med inriktning mot biblioteksforskning.

    -       Stärkt finansieringsstruktur för biblioteksforskning.

    -       Etablerande av en samlad nationell struktur för kontinuerlig kompetensutveckling.

  • 31.
    Lauzikas, Rimvydas
    et al.
    Vilnius University.
    Dallas, Costis
    University of Toronto.
    Thomas, Suzie
    University of Helsinki.
    Kelpšiene, Ingrida
    Vilnius University .
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Luengo, Pedro
    University of Sevilla.
    Nobre, Helena
    University of Aveiro.
    Toumpouri, Marina
    Church of Cyprus.
    Vaitkevičius, Vykintas
    Vilnius University.
    Archaeological Knowledge Production and Global Communities: Boundaries and Structure of the Field2018In: Open Archaeology, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 350-364Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Archaeology and material cultural heritage enjoys a particular status as a form of heritage that, capturing the public imagination, has become the locus for the expression and negotiation of regional, national, and intra-national cultural identities. One important question is: why and how do contemporary people engage with archaeological heritage objects, artefacts, information or knowledge outside the realm of an professional, academically-based archaeology? This question is investigated here from the perspective of theoretical considerations based on Yuri Lotmans semiosphere theory, which helps to describe the connections between the centre and peripheries of professional archaeology as sign structures. The centre may be defined according to prevalent scientific paradigms, while periphery in the space of creolisation in which, through interactions with other culturally more distant sign structures, archaeology-related nonprofessional communities emerge. On the basis of these considerations, we use collocation analysis on representative English language corpora to outline the structure of the field of archaeology-related nonprofessional communities, identify salient creolised peripheral spaces and archaeology-related practices, and develop a framework for further investigation of archaeological knowledge production and reuse in the context of global archaeology.

  • 32.
    Martin, Meijer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Arkiven och allmänheten: En undersökning av marknadsföring inom arkivsektorn2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper constitutes an investigative analysis of how marketing is utilized in public archives in the municipality of Uppsala. By studying and contrasting two local archives and putting these findings in a wider marketing context this paper hopes to answer several questions about how archives market themselves: How important marketing is considered as an aspect of archival work, How highly marketing is prioritized in regards to archive resources and funding, how traditional and social media impacts the marketing landscape and effort of the archives, what differences in methodology occur between the two archives and what constitutes the basis of these differences, and how the economic terminology of marketing is used in archives as cultural institutions. The conclusion is that marketing is becoming an increasingly important aspect of the archival business model and that several channels for marketing archives, both digital and analogue, are seeing greater utilization. Archives are in the process of departing their role as passive conveyors of information and are adopting models for a significantly more active interactions with the public.

  • 33.
    Naischtein, Katja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Vem är Alma?: Ett aktör-nätverksperspektiv på bibliotekens IT-system.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     Today’s library acquisition, circulation, metadata management, cataloging and administration of all kind of resources are too laborious and cannot be performed manually. These tasks are run by or with the help of an IT-system. This master thesis aims to start an analytical discussion of the modern library's central tool, library IT-systems, a discussion much missing in Library and Infor-mation Science.

    The data on two library IT-systems Alma and Sierra was collected by partici-pant observations, interviews and document studies at Karolinska institute university library and Södertörns university college library.The data was analyzed through actor-network theory perspective. The study’s main questions are how the library IT-system actor-network is assembled and function, and what role does the technology play in library’s practices.The study shows that a complex actor-network emerges in order to automate and computerize library tasks. In this actor-network library IT-systems vendors, the library community, KIB’s and SHB’s practices and the technology are actors who actively impact and affect each other. They are associated with each other through negotiations, a process in ANT referred to as translation. The study also shows that as the actors are not completely in agreement with each other, the library IT-system actor-network has not yet transformed into a fully convergent actor-network which ANT compares to a black box. The study shows that nonhumans, the IT-systems, are not neutral tools. They mediate, organize and document library practices. But they are also a product of modern library knowledge.The study concludes that the fully functioning solution for libraries automated and computer-ized services is the joined production of human and nonhuman actor-network where IT technology play a mediating role.

  • 34.
    Nordengren, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Musikbiblioteken i kulturpolitiken: En diskursanalytisk studie av musikpolicy i två statliga myndigheters biblioteksverksamhet i förhållande till rådande kulturpolitik2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the way music in libraries is described in the current state cultural policy as laid out mainly in two government bills which form the basis for Swedish cultural policy. By using discourse analysis as its research method, it examines the way music and libraries are described in current cultural policy and the role music libraries are given as a part of this policy. It then looks at the way this discourse is reflected in Swedish libraries by examining the way two state owned cultural institutions treat music in their library activities as stated by them through their publicly accessible policy documents and information given on their web pages. Official cultural policy is compared to how the two institutions speak about their music library work in order to deter-mine whether or not the discourse on music libraries in the examined documents is one and the same. The re-sults of this two-part analysis were compared to a couple of common cultural discourses using a method inspired by discourse analysist Norman Fairclough with the goal of determining whether the discourses on music in cul-tural policy and in the libraries are indicative of or influenced by other common discourses in society.Results showed that there is no explicit policy concerning music libraries in Swedish cultural policy. In so far as the state is willing to actively support music, this involvement is largely concentrated in one single institution, Statens musikverk, which is also one of the two state owned cultural institutions examined in this paper. The goals of this institution as stated both in one of the government bills examined and in their own policy docu-ments are two-fold, and concerns music as a part of the Swedish cultural heritage and the uplifting and support of Swedish musical life. Overall the state is quite reluctant to interfere in the cultural sphere, an attitude which stems from an established tradition in Swedish politics and a Western view of culture and art as an autonomous region in society. There are however certain attitudes towards libraries, music and culture in general present in current cultural policy, one of the more important for this investigation being that libraries and music are treated as belonging to different areas of cultural policy. Where libraries are associated with learning, democratic values and literature, music is treated as part of a group of other expressive or scenic arts such as theatre and dancing.

  • 35.
    Pettersson, My
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Arkeologers användning av utgrävningsdokumentation: en studie av användningen av forskningsdokumentation från Labraunda2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with the use of archival excavations documents among archeologists, with the focus on the Swedish excavation in Labraunda, Turkey. The purpose with this study was to facili- tate the work at archival institutions with excavation documents, and to create more knowledge about the use of archival excavation documents. This study can also help the archival institutions to preserve and mediate this type of documentation. In addition, this study also adds more knowledge about what type of archival documentation the users prefer to use. Method that have been used are interviews, which six persons that have or are working with documentation from Labraunda. In addition with, document studies are used as a complement, where publications, based on archival document from Labraunda, written by the interviewed individuals have been studied. Con- cluding of this study is that the archeologists using archived excavation documentation needs to process the documents before any contemporary analysis can be made. Moreover, it seems that it is a patchwork between using their own and others documentation, to fill in the information gaps or find similarities. Furthermore, some of the most used document types is, according to this study, photographs and drawings of ceramics. 

  • 36.
    Phan, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Museets moderna postmoderna digitalisering: Hur digitaliseringen av museers kulturarv uppfattas och varför2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a critical analysis of the various opinions of why museums should digitize their heritage collections. The aim of the study is to break these opinions down and critically analyse them in order to increase our understanding of why digitization is a desirable activity in museums. The purpose is to contribute to sustainable digitization works in the future.

    The opinions analysed in this study have been identified from three main sources: previous research; official policies and guidelines; and through interviews with the staff at Nationalmuseum in Stockholm, Sweden.  An argument analysis was conducted to identify the main positive and negative opinions of digitization. A theoretical perspective based on the societal development from modernity to postmodernity was incorporated into the analysis to uncover why these particular opinions exist.

    The study shows that while several issues with digitizing the cultural heritage of museums were acknowledged, the attitude towards digitization was predominantly positive. The negative opinions and fears of digitization, such as the potential loss of the physical experience turned out to be either unwarranted or solvable. The positive effects of digitization, such as increased accessibility, outweighed the negative issues. The opinions found in the previous research and the official policies reflected those of the staff who had been working with digitization in recent years at Nationalmuseum.

    Analysing the opinions showed that digitization is essentially a postmodern activity that caters to the needs and aims of the postmodern society. The reason why museums, that are traditionally modern would resort to a postmodern activity such as digitization is because digitization does not in fact undermine the authority of the museum, but rather helps this institution to fulfil its role and stay relevant in a postmodern society.

    This study is a two-year master’s thesis in Museum and Cultural Heritage Studies.

  • 37.
    Ramstedt, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    När filologerna refererar: En referensanalys av svenska doktorsavhandlingar i ämnet latin2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents a citation analysis of 20 doctoral dissertations in the subject field of Latin which is part of the broader field of classical philology. The dissertations were all written at Swedish universities and were published during two measurement periods between 1979-2017.

    The aim of the study is to provide a basis for decision-making for librarians who are responsible for collections of books and journals on classical philology at Swedish university libraries.

    The study takes as its starting point and theoretical background a citation analysis made by Gregory A. Crawford and published in an article in 2013. That citation analysis was made with a philological journal as empirical object and found a remarkable stability over time in citation practices by scholars involved in classical philology especially regarding the language, age and type of material cited. With Crawfords results as background this present study finds similar patterns of stability in citation practices in the Swedish dissertations analysed.

    The conclusion of this study is that Swedish university libraries should retain their older books on classical philology as well as continue to develop their collections with books as well as journals written in the English, German, French, and Italian languages.

    This is a two years master´s thesis in Library and Information Science.

  • 38.
    Reimann, Andi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Röster från marginalen: Perspektiv på bibliotekets tillgänglighet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this master’s thesis is to examine the definition of ”accessibility” in regulatory documents for libraries and to study the actual accessibility at Malmö main public library through surveys and a group interview. The study is based on theoretical perspectives like postmodernism, disability studies, queer- and crip theory. The method for this master’s thesis is to study regulatory documents for libraries and to compare the goals in them with results from paper- and webbased surveys and a group interview with five participants. They study the accessibility at Malmö main public library from their point of view. The study shows that the library’s main focus today lies on physical accessibility, whereas results show that this focus needs to be widened to include psychological, cognitive, and sensory accessibility. This could improve accessibility not only for people with disabilities but for all library users. The study also shows that the library environment and services are formed according to a narrowing ableist norm that makes the library accessible for only a minority of library users. The goals set in regulatory documents and the actual accessibility at Malmö main public library are found to differ widely. A lot of measures have to be undertaken to guarantee fundamental rights for people with disabilities and to make the library “accessible for all”, as it says in the Swedish library law. This study is a two years master’s thesis in Library and Information Science.

  • 39.
    Rexhepi, Hanife
    et al.
    Univ Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Åhlfeldt, Rose-Mharie
    Univ Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Cajander, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Cancer patients' attitudes and experiences of online access to their electronic medical records: A qualitative study2018In: Health Informatics Journal, ISSN 1460-4582, E-ISSN 1741-2811, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 115-124Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Rodéhn, Cecilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Vetenskap, religion och ursprung. Valencias museer2018In: Medusa. Svensk tidsskrift för antiken, ISSN 0349-456X, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 18-25Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Rosen, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Bernhard Schmidts kvarlåtenskap och det globala kulturarvet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis is about the Estonian-Swedish astro-optician Bernhard Schmidt (1879-1935) and his legacy. He was born on the island of Nargö outside Tallinn in Estonia. In 1930 he invented a special optical system for telescopes called the Schmidt telescope or Schmidt camera. At that time Bernhard Schmidt was working as a freelance at the Bergedorf observatory outside Hamburg in Germany. His invention contributed to astronomical research which changed our view of the sky and of the universe. The time he was living in was politically turbulent and science was flourishing. The written sources about Bernhard Schmidt and his telescope are mainly published in German, Russian, Estonian and English. Almost nothing is published in Swedish. The sources to his personal history and the archive material concerning him are partly scattered and it is difficult to assemble a complete picture.

    The purpose is to find and to map out what kind of archive material is preserved about him. The aim is also to find out who is in charge of it and how accessible it is. Is there global access to the material? Observatories, museums and archives in Sweden, Germany and Estonia were visited to map his legacy. The theories of James Cuno (2008) and the triad or three principles of management: preservation, knowledge and access were used in the analysis of the findings. Most material is kept and preserved at the Hamburg Bergedorf observatory, University of Hamburg. This is also the place where Bernhard Schmidt spent the last years of his life and it is here we can find his burial site. At the Hamburg Bergedorf observatory today there is a Bernhard Schmidt archive, a Schmidt museum with the first prototype of his telescope and an archive of photographic plates with photographic pictures of the stars and other astronomical objects. The two archives are in a digitalizing process and when completed they will be globally accessible and a part of our global heritage.

  • 42.
    Rydbeck, Kerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Folkbildningen – en heteronormativ historia eller...?2018In: Folkbildningens och ABFs idéhistoria / [ed] Stellan Boozon och Jörgen Hammarin, Stockholm: Arbetarnas bildningsförbund , 2018, 1, p. 44-84Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Rydén, Reine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Extreme long-term preservation of information – who cares?: Swedish opinions about nuclear waste information2018In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 23, no 1, article id paper 782Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. Information concerning a planned repository for nuclear waste in Sweden needs to be preserved for future generations in ways that make it available and comprehensible up to 100,000 years from now. This paper examines current planning for information preservation and opinions on the issue expressed by a variety of interested parties.

    Method. A literature overview outlines the major strategies for preservation of information related to nuclear waste forwarded in international research. Documents concerning the industry’s plans for information preservation were collected. Consultation responses concerning the application submitted by universities, government agencies and environmental organizations were also collected and examined.

    Analysis. The first document study elucidates the industry’s application and plans for information preservation in relation to current research in the field. The second document study clarifies opinions on the issue expressed by the various participants in the consultation process.

    Results. The Swedish nuclear industry has a relatively high awareness of strategies for information preservation forwarded by researchers. Planning is however limited to maintaining a readiness for later decisions. With a few exceptions, other interested parties keep a low profile and comment only on technical matters.

    Conclusions. Societal interest in the issue of long-term information preservation is generally low. A tentative explanation is that the extreme time-scale involved makes the problem difficult to grasp. The equally long-term technological and geological problems are easier to discuss since they do not demand knowledge of the future development of human society.

  • 44.
    Rydén, Reine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Berglund, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Gallringen av Statens utlänningskommissions lägerarkiv2018In: Arkiv, samhälle och forskning, ISSN 0349-0505, Vol. 2, p. 48-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    De läger för flyktingar och andra utlänningar som fanns i Sverige under andra världskriget är ett ämne som har diskuterats flitigt i historieskrivningen. Möjligheterna till forskning påverkas i hög grad av tillgången till arkivmaterial och arkiven från lägren är delvis hårt gallrade. Artikeln granskar det gallringsbeslut som utfärdades 1960 och hur det genomfördes.

  • 45.
    Rössle, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Är en bild värd mer än tusen ord?: - En studie i metadataanvändning i Kringlas och Stockholms digitala stadsmuseums bilddatabaser2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study looks at two Swedish image databases of vastly different scale and how they have decided to apply metadata in relation to gender. The databases in question are Kringla, which is a massive database containing more than 2 million photographs from all over Sweden. The second database is Stockholms digitala stadsmusuem’s (Stockholm’s digital museum) database and it is much smaller and contains mostly images from, and around, the city of Stockholm. As a theoretical base I have used Yvonne Hirdman’s theory of men as a social norm (man-lighetsnorm) and applied it on the type of metadata that was applied to images containing men and women. The study also contains a quantitative element where I documented the amount of hits certain gendered, and non-gendered, search terms generated and then discussed them through a Terry Cook and Joan Schwartz inspired lens of power dynamics and archives.

  • 46.
    Schill, Emma
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Ruckstuhl, Angelica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Motstridiga motprestationer: En studie om museers finansiella möjligheter och utmaningar2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction This master ́s thesis focuses on the financial situation in a number of museums located in Stockholm, Sweden. In particular the study focuses on external financing and sponsorship and which means that are given to meet the conditions surrounding financial support. The aim of the study is to increase the knowledge of how the financial situation for museums looks like and how the interaction between cultural and economic capital shows.

    Theory The theoretical framework for the study is based on the theory of cultural economics and Pierre Bourdieu's theory of cultural / economic capital and his concept of space. The study used Bruno Freys terms Superstar Museumsand thetotal experience.

    Method The main method for the study was a comparative method, but a mixture of quantitative and qualitative methods were also applied in the study. Interviews were conducted with informants from a number of the museums and data from all the selected museums was collected and compared. The material also consisted of a variety of written material, mostly annual reports, but also news articles, reports and official documents.

    Analysis & Results The material shows a wide range of factors defining the economic situation of museums in Stockholm. A large part of the income comes from public fundings for the public museums. The private museums are more dependent on incomes from admission fees and external financing. For many of the public museums the market based rents for the building is an issue that causes economic distress.

    Conclusions Many museums work with sponsorships and have a positive view on external collaborations, at the same time the majority of the museums report a low revenue from sponsorships. The legal framework makes it more difficult for public museums to work with external financing and the taxation system aggravates sponsoring in museums. The free admission reform was both criticized and applauded and divided the private and public museums.

  • 47.
    Sjögårde, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM. Karolinska Inst, Univ Lib, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ahlgren, Per
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch Educ & Commun Engn Sci ECE, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Granularity of algorithmically constructed publication-level classifications of research publications: Identification of topics2018In: Journal of Informetrics, ISSN 1751-1577, E-ISSN 1875-5879, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 133-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find a theoretically grounded, practically applicable and useful granularity level of an algorithmically constructed publication-level classification of research publications (ACPLC). The level addressed is the level of research topics. The methodology we propose uses synthesis papers and their reference articles to construct a baseline classification. A dataset of about 31 million publications, and their mutual citations relations, is used to obtain several ACPLCs of different granularity. Each ACPLC is compared to the baseline classification and the best performing ACPLC is identified. The results of two case studies show that the topics of the cases are closely associated with different classes of the identified ACPLC, and that these classes tend to treat only one topic. Further, the class size variation is moderate, and only a small proportion of the publications belong to very small classes. For these reasons, we conclude that the proposed methodology is suitable to determine the topic granularity level of an ACPLC and that the ACPLC identified by this methodology is useful for bibliometric analyses. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 48.
    Sköld, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Documenting Videogame Communities: A Study of Community Production of Information in Social-Media Environments and its Implications for Videogame Preservation2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on the disciplines of library and information studies and archival studies, this study seeks to explore the production of information in online videogame communities and to elucidate how such insights can offer practical and conceptual support to the knotty issue of how to preserve those sociocultural aspects of videogames that exist 'beyond' the code and audiovisual data resources of the videogame itself. This is accomplished in two principal moves: (i) by delving into the current state of socioculturally-focused videogame preservation and; (ii) by inquiring into the production of information carried out by videogame communities in what arguably is one of their most important interfaces of interaction—discussion forums, wikis, and other social-media services. The study is based on four papers (I–IV). Paper I develops the theoretical framework of the study on the basis of practice theory and document theory. Papers II and III report on field-studies of videogame-community information production in the context of two processes of importance in community social life: memory-making (II) and knowledge production (III). Paper IV offers a qualitative systematic review of videogame-archiving literature, allowing Papers I–III to be situated in an archival context. The study employs multiple methods and encompasses several empirical sites of inquiry and was inspired by the framework of exploratory research and of 'bricolage' research strategies.

    The results of the study add to the present state of knowledge on how information in the social-media environments of the large and influential present-day videogaming domain emerges as a result of community practices of production, and how videogame-community social life is entangled with information production in such spaces. The study also furthers archival inquiry on the topic of videogame preservation by providing a description and analysis of what information objects videogame-related social media plausibly hold, and by what communal practices and processes they have been brought into existence. Furthermore, the study examines the consequences of collecting community-produced social media and framing it as documentation of the sociocultural aspects of videogames—a key issue in videogames preservation.

    List of papers
    1. Tracing Traces: A Document-Centred Approach to the Preservation of Virtual World Communities
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tracing Traces: A Document-Centred Approach to the Preservation of Virtual World Communities
    2013 (English)In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 18, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. The aim of this paper is to form a framework capable of theorizing how virtual communities are entangled with their new media environments, thereby contributing to the understanding of present-day virtual communities and how to preserve them.

    Method. An extensive bibliography on virtual worlds, virtual world preservation, document- and practice theory, and virtual communities forms the conceptual basis of the paper.

    Analysis. The proposed framework was formed by the way of qualitative and synthetic conceptual analysis of the collected literature. Results. Virtual world communities can be fruitfully conceptualized as distinct domains with specialized documentary practices. In each domain of practice, the virtual world’s related new media ecology functions as a central hub where the configuration of shared routinized sayings, doings, and knowings specific to that virtual world are negotiated. 

    Conclusion. By theorizing the activities of virtual communities in new media environments as documentary practices, and blog posts, comments, and tweets as documents, the framework accentuates new media as infrastructures that do not solely carry informative traces of the activities of virtual communities, but in effect are an active and formative part of them. As such, they merit high preservational priority.

    Keywords
    Documents, Practices, New Media, Digital cultural heritage preservation, Virtual worlds
    National Category
    Information Studies
    Research subject
    Library and Information Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-213410 (URN)000329310400018 ()
    Conference
    Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Science, Copenhagen, Denmark, 19-22 August, 2013
    Available from: 2013-12-20 Created: 2013-12-20 Last updated: 2018-01-14
    2. Documenting Virtual World Cultures: Memory-Making and Documentary Practices in the City of Heroes Community
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Documenting Virtual World Cultures: Memory-Making and Documentary Practices in the City of Heroes Community
    2015 (English)In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 71, no 2, p. 294-316Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to explore how virtual world communities employ new media as a repository to record information about their past.

    Design/methodology/approach. Using the notions of documentary practice and memory-making as a framework, a case study of MMORPGCity of Heroes’ (CoH) virtual community on Reddit discussion board “/r/cityofheroes” was conducted. The study consists of an interpretative analysis of posts, comments, images, and other materials submitted to /r/cityofheroes during a period of approximately seven months.

    Findings. The principal finding of the study is that the CoH community, with varying levels of intentionality, documented a range of pasts on /r/cityofheroes, relating to CoH as a game world, a site of personal experience, a product, a nexus of narratives, and a game. The analysis also lays bare the community’s memory-making processes, in which the documented conceptions of CoH’s past were put to work in the present, informing community action and viewpoints.

    Originality/value. Games and gaming practices are increasingly prevalent in leisure and professional settings. This trend, which makes virtual environments and online media proxies for or augmentations of “real life”, makes it necessary for information scholars to understand how the full range of human information behaviours, including documenting, and memory-making, emerge or are replicated online. Additionally, few studies have examined the interplay between new media affordances, documentary practices, and memory-making in the context of virtual world communities.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015
    National Category
    Information Studies
    Research subject
    Library and Information Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-247471 (URN)10.1108/JD-11-2013-0146 (DOI)000352716700007 ()
    Available from: 2015-03-18 Created: 2015-03-18 Last updated: 2018-01-14
    3. Getting-to-Know: Inquiries, Sources, Methods, and the Production of Knowledge on a Videogame Wiki
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Getting-to-Know: Inquiries, Sources, Methods, and the Production of Knowledge on a Videogame Wiki
    2017 (English)In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 73, no 6, p. 1299-1321Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the sociocultural underpinnings of wiki-based knowledge production in the videogame domain, and to elucidate how these underpinnings relate to the formation of wikis as resources of videogame documentation.

    Design/methodology/approach. The paper is based on a three-month ethnographic investigation of knowledge practices on the Dark Souls Wiki (DSW). In focus of the analysis were the boundaries and knowledge aims of the DSW, together with how its contributors organized inquiries and used various sources, methods of investigation, and ways of warranting knowledge claims.

    Findings. The principal result of the paper is an empirical account of how the DSW functions as a culture of knowledge production, and how the content and structure of the wiki connects to the knowledge practices of its contributors. Four major factors that influenced knowledge practices on the wiki were identified: the structures and practices established by the community’s earlier wiki efforts; principles and priorities that informed wiki knowledge practices; the characteristics of the videogame in focus of the site’s knowledge-building work; the extent and types of relevant documentation provided by videogame industry, the videogaming press included.

    Originality/value. Previous research has shown interest in investigating the mechanisms by which community-created knowledge and online resources of documentation emerge, and how these are utilized in play. There is, however, little research seeking to elucidate the sociocultural structures and practices that determine and sustain collaborative online videogame knowledge production.

    Keywords
    Wikis, Knowledge production, Ethnography, Social media, Practices, Videogames
    National Category
    Information Studies
    Research subject
    Library and Information Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336745 (URN)10.1108/JD-11-2016-0145 (DOI)
    Available from: 2017-12-16 Created: 2017-12-16 Last updated: 2018-01-14
    4. Understanding the “Expanded Notion” of Videogames as Archival Objects: A Review of Priorities, Methods, and Conceptions
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding the “Expanded Notion” of Videogames as Archival Objects: A Review of Priorities, Methods, and Conceptions
    2018 (English)In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 69, no 1, p. 134-145Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to show how videogames are construed as archival objects in the videogame-preservation literature by investigating drivers and motivations, selection of material, and methods of preservation. The review focuses on the expanded notion of videogames (“the EN”), a concept this paper introduces to collectively refer to the cultural and social aspects of videogames—for example, game culture, experiences, play, and community life and activity. The study's research aims are pursued on the basis of a critical systematic literature review of 42 publications originating from academic research and videogame-archiving projects. The study's main finding is that the archiving literature construes the EN of videogames in three principal ways: i) as an essential part of the videogame as an archival object; ii) as a useful resource in archiving videogames, able to provide documentation of game culture and social context; and iii) as a useful resource in inquiries focused on the current state and recent history of society and culture from a sociotechnical viewpoint. The study suggests videogame community dynamics, videogame ontology, the development of archival theory, and videogame-archive studies as rewarding directions for further research.

    National Category
    Information Studies
    Research subject
    Library and Information Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336747 (URN)10.1002/asi.23875 (DOI)000418157900012 ()
    Available from: 2017-12-16 Created: 2017-12-16 Last updated: 2018-04-06Bibliographically approved
  • 49.
    Sköld, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Understanding the “Expanded Notion” of Videogames as Archival Objects: A Review of Priorities, Methods, and Conceptions2018In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 69, no 1, p. 134-145Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to show how videogames are construed as archival objects in the videogame-preservation literature by investigating drivers and motivations, selection of material, and methods of preservation. The review focuses on the expanded notion of videogames (“the EN”), a concept this paper introduces to collectively refer to the cultural and social aspects of videogames—for example, game culture, experiences, play, and community life and activity. The study's research aims are pursued on the basis of a critical systematic literature review of 42 publications originating from academic research and videogame-archiving projects. The study's main finding is that the archiving literature construes the EN of videogames in three principal ways: i) as an essential part of the videogame as an archival object; ii) as a useful resource in archiving videogames, able to provide documentation of game culture and social context; and iii) as a useful resource in inquiries focused on the current state and recent history of society and culture from a sociotechnical viewpoint. The study suggests videogame community dynamics, videogame ontology, the development of archival theory, and videogame-archive studies as rewarding directions for further research.

  • 50.
    Sonnek, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Matematikens tredje dimension: En jämförande studie av två universitetssamlingar2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to compare how the mathematics departments at Uppsala University and Alvar Aalto University relate to and manage their collections of mathematical models. In the thesis the importance of individuals in relation to this type cultural heritage and the situation for university collections will be discussed. Therefore the individuals’ interpretations of the approach are a major part of the study. Questions regarding the collections condition, placement, role, the knowledge about them and the responsibility for them are discussed and analysed.

    The methods used in the study were qualitative and taped interviews were done with three informants. The method of observation was also used to study the condition and placement of the collections and data was also collected from e-mail and conversations. The theories chosen for this study are phenomenology, cultural heritage and ideas of objects containing social ideas.

    The result from the study shows that the universities relate to and manage their collections differently. The collection at Aalto University has been cared for, been made available and used in teaching, which has resulted in that the awareness of it is high. At Uppsala University the majority of the collection is in poor condition and it is almost considered forgotten by the department. A few of the objects have been used in teaching. The collection has not been made available to students or employees. The study has also found that university collections could be considered museum objects as well tools for teaching and research. Universities are not museums, their main goal is not to care for huge collections and this affects their values and the management of them. Individuals have a significant impact on how university collections are managed and made available although this varies depending on the responsibility taken by the department itself. If the individuals’ knowledge about the collections is recorded, the collections are managed better.

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