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  • 1.
    Andersson, Maj-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Why world cultural heritage?: Democracy, local participation and knowledge production in the world culture nomination of Farms in Hälsingland, Sweden2009In: The 16th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES), Kunming, China, 27 - 31 July, 2009. Humanity, Development and Cultural Diversity: Session: Indigenous Knowledge and Sustainable Development Organizers: Dr. BILLINGS Dorothy and Dr. RUDNEV Viatcheslav, 2009, p. 1-9Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Around the world there is a rush in nominating tangible and intangible sites for UNESCO’s World Culture Heritage List. The requirements for nomination are that the sites have "universal value for mankind", that they are unique and authentic, and there is a need to secure the sites’ sustainable development by opening them up for the tourist industry. Sweden has a total of fourteen natural and cultural heritage sites on the list, one of which is a natural site, twelve are cultural sites, and one is a mixed site. It was anticipated that the large timbered red-painted farmhouses of Hälsingland in the north of Sweden would be listed in June 2009. ICOMOS, however, came to another conclusion and deferred the nomination.

    The nomination process has lasted for over ten years and has been a painstaking process involving the local communities and the county administration board in the county town of Gävle. The local people are partly thrilled, because they assume that there is money to earn when they open up their homes for tourists; an income that for some is badly needed because of the deterioration of the buildings due to the high costs of renovation. But some are openly critical to the entire enterprise, which is seen as a status project for some politicians and threat to the landscape by disturbing the harmony between the built environment, people and the natural landscape. In a cultural heritage nomination process, a complicated interaction arises between expert knowledge and local knowledge, which generates insights that are crucial to capture and dress in words to be able to formulate a successful world heritage proposal and not the least to make it operational.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Maj-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Why World Culture Heritage? Democracy, local participation and knowledge production in the world culture nomination of Farms in Halsingland, Sweden2011In: Indigenous Knowledge and Sustainable Development / [ed] Dorothy Billings, Viatcheslav Rudnev, Beijing, China: The Intellectual House , 2011, p. 21-33Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the nomination process of the Swedish heritage site Farms and Villages in Hiilsingland (2007) for UNESCO's World Heritage List. It was anticipated that the large timbered red-painted farmhouses of Halsingland in the north of Sweden would be listed in June 2009, but ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites) came to another conclusion,  deferred  the  nomination  and  returned  it  to  the  Swedish  authorities  for improvements.

    The  nomination  process  lasted  for  over  10  years  and  has  been  a  painstaking  process involving the local communities and the county administration board in the county town of Gavle. The costs were estimated to be 15 million Swedish Crowns (1.6 million EURO) which did not trickle down to the owners of the farmhouses. The local people were nonetheless thrilled because they assumed that a nomination would benefit them economically, especially if they were prepared to join the tourist circus and make their homes accessible for visitors. The extra income was badly needed since the restoration costs for these large houses in most cases can only with difficulties be carried by the individual house owner. But some were openly critical to the entire enterprise and they saw it as a status project for some politicians and a threat to the perceived harmony between the traditionally built environment and the landscape. A nomination would cause a disruption between old and new ways of living instead of continuity. In a cultural heritage nomination process a complicated interaction arises between expert knowledge and local knowledge, which generates insights that need to be formulated in the final product. Cultural sensitivity and local participation must be pillars in such a project to make it sustainable.

  • 3.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Closing panel: Sharing wisdom and reflections on the enduring questions2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a written contribution to the concluding session of the conference on displacement and resettlement at the University of Oxford. Parts of this text has been incorporated in the final paper "Concluding Session: Reflections on the Enduring Questions in Development-Induced Displacement and Resettlement" chaired by Susan Tamondong (main author).

  • 4.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Det ambivalenta kulturarvet: Fallet Terror Haza i Budapest2013In: Dragomanen: Årsskrift utgiven av Svenska Forskningsinstitutet i Istanbul, ISSN 1402-358X, Vol. 15, p. 89-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kulturarvet är alltmer framträdande i våra samhällen oavsett om vi befinner oss i det lugna Hälsingland med dess Hälsingegårdar som världsarv, eller i ett krigshärjat Syrien där unika kulturarv förstörs i konflikten. Samtidigt tycks kulturarvet tillhöra allt och alla och skärskådas utifrån olika perspektiv medförande att det blir till något omtvistat där olika värden gör anspråk på platsen och kräver tolkningsföreträde. Kulturarvet och dess begreppsapparat har blivit till något ambivalent, globalt och lokalt i ständig rörelse.  Hand i hand med denna närvaro ifrågasätts kulturarvsbegreppet och är kanske på väg att fasas ut ur kulturdiskursen för att ersättas med kulturmiljö i mångfald. Det finns en utmaning i detta som kulturarvsforskare bör ta sig an för att bemöta med de djupa kunskaper som finns inom fältet. Artikeln diskuterar denna ambivalens och avslutar med en fallstudie av Terror Haza i Budapest.    

  • 5.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Heritage: A Conceptual Paper Toward a Theory of Cultural Heritage in Humanitarian Action2009In: Papers World Conference Humanitarian Studies (WCHS), Groningen: University of Groningen , 2009, p. 1-19Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual paper deals with definitions of and approaches to cultural and natural heritage and discusses functions of heritage and culture as elements of sustainable peace-building. The paper assumes the necessity of a longer-term strategic thinking. A fundamental question occupying heritage research is why some parts of the human Lebensraum are singled out and marked as a cultural heritage and why this need for preserving, protecting and capturing in time and space is escalating globally. Some researchers argue that this is a consequence of that we seem to be living in a fragmented, post, post-modern society where no coherent story is told and people and places are regarded as texts and isolated narratives open for interpretations and re-interpretations. Some others argue that the Drang for heritage is based on economic interests and connected to the booming tourist industry, while others refer to the politicizing of place.

    The conceptual discussion will be exemplified with the ethnographic case of The Museum of Terror/ Terror Haza in Budapest in order to show the complexity of heritage as elements of reconciliation and transition.

  • 6.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kompisgängen samlas kring statliga köttgrytor2017In: tidskriftenrespons, no 5, p. 60-61Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Lars Anders Johansson visar tydligt riskerna med en alltför politiserad kultursfär. Om staten är den huvudsakliga finansieringskällan leder det till utarmning och likriktning eftersom alla som söker bidrag måste anpassa sig till dominerande trender. Johanssons läsvärda bok irriterar och biter sig fast.

  • 7.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Museiföremålen är oss kära och binära1983In: Minimusen: Personaltidning för Göteborgs museer, Vol. 3, p. 1-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Artikeln är en sammanfattning av författarens examensarbete på kulturvetarlinjen i Uppsala. Artikeln beskriver kortfattat de första försöken och problemen med att datorisera museernas föremålssamlingar. Praktik gjordes på Etnografiska museet i Göteborg.

  • 8.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM. IDEAS.
    The Imperfect Use of the Past in Resettlement2017In: EVALUATION FOR AGENDA 2030: Providing Evidence on Progress and Sustainability / [ed] Rob D. van den Berg, Indran Naidoo, Susan D. Tamondong, Exeter: IDEAS, UNDP , 2017, 1, p. 239-256Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the use of the past in the implementation, knowledge production, and evaluation of resettlement projects. It argues that heritage and memories are neglected resources, and necessary analytical elements of the sociocultural dimensions of resettled societies. Sociocultural dimensions are the tangible and intangible resources that constitute everyday routine culture, supported and molded by the social relations, memories, heritage, and emotions that are attached to the landscape and environment. These dimensions are the least studied and the least understood in resettlement. It is further argued that the present resettlement models are insufficient to grasp the longitudinal consequences of resettlement. A consideration of heritage and memory would improve the model. The use of the past from a longitudinal perspective is explored through the ethnography of the Zimapán resettlement project.

  • 9.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Local Landscape - an arena of knowledge exchange: natural heritage, tourism and business  2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the multitude of relations between local people and their environment and the demands of the tourists for authentic experiences in their encounter with people and landscape. The argument is that their is a need to bridge the gap between theory and practice in the academic view on the topic.  

  • 10.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Paradox with Local Participation in Development-Caused Forced Displacement and Resettlement2009In: Revista Romana de Sociologie, ISSN 1224-9262, Vol. XX, no 1-2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is an inquiry into the theoretical and empirical concept of local participation as it used within the field of development-caused forced displacement and resettlement (DFDR). Local participation has repeatedly proved its relevance for mitigating negative impacts caused by DFDR project by involving the people in the process. Paradoxically the people contributing with their very main asset of their culture and livelihood - the land - often end up in chronic poverty despite the use of local participation. It seems that the concept that was developed to protect and support the affected people to overcome poverty at the same time contributes to the undermining of the local culture, which shows signs of “falling-apart from within”. Several questions arise from this: Is it the concept per se that is misleading or misused? Or is it the way the project is constructed, processed and executed with its crucial elements of identified risks and compensations that needs to be reinterpreted and rethought?

    In this article, I will argue, that we have to come to a deeper understanding of what is happening on the ground by focusing on the value domains that are created between the main parties during the negotiations. I see this approach as a way to avoid deadlocks and to avoid viewing the negotiations as an inflexible, hierarchical, one-way relationship between two main parties locked in an asymmetrical power game with no possibility to escape. The Zimapán hydroelectric dam project in Mexico will be used as the ethnographic jumping-off point for discussions.

  • 11.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Paradox with Local Participation in Development-Induced Resettlement2004In: Paper presented at the International Conference GRAPPLING WITH POVERTY. Institute of Latin American Studies. University of Stockholm. September 23-24th 2004, 2004Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Local participation has repeatedly proved its relevance for mitigating negative consequences in development-induced displacement and resettlement projects. Despite its verified strengths, we seem to encounter a paradox here.

  • 12.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Reestablishment of Routine Cultures in Displaced Societies2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to contribute to the longitudinal studies of DFDR by presenting ethnographic material from the Zimapán resettlement project in Mexico. The data is analyzed through a lens of anthropological and heritage theories. The role of anthropology in contested projects is also discussed.

  • 13.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Setting of Negotiation Agendas in Involuntary Resettlement2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    International polices on involuntary resettlement have been developed for the last 30 years following the ground breaking World Bank guidelines from the 1980s.  The World Bank is now reviewing their safeguards on involuntary resettlement presented in The Environmental and Social Safeguards Frame (ESF) (2014).These policies partially set the agenda for the protracted and conflictive on-the ground negotiations between the main stakeholders (lender, client (government or private) and the people to be displaced. In these policies, the participatory model has been in focus in order to empower and strengthening the community engagement. This paper argues that it is not about participation per se, but about negotiations. 

  • 14.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Turkey - past and present: Turkiet, Europa och EU2006Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Bakom de enkla kategorier som man normalt tillskriver Turkiet, t ex sekulariserad muslimsk stat, döljer sig ett mångfasetterat panorama. Att Turkiet är ett mångfasetterat och ambivalent land, med oräkneliga verkliga och imaginära gränser blir tidigt klart för besökaren. Man möts av en multivokalitet som ljuder tydligt och klart. Detta land, med sin kulturella rikedom och sin socio-politiska och ekonomiska komplexitet söker nu inträde i EU. I uppsatsen diskuteras nyckelbegrepp som "tillit" och argumentet som framförs är att Turkiet har en självklar plats i Europa och EU.

  • 15.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Asker, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Rydbeck, Kerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    ABM, utbildningarna och vetenskapen2005In: ABM: En antologi om samverkan mellan arkiv, bibliotek och museer, Härnösand: ABM Resurs , 2005, p. 71-86Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Downing, Theodore E
    University of Arizona.
    Five Sides of the Same Coin: The Place of Global Policy Frameworks in the Setting of Negotiation Agendas of Involuntary Resettlement2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the discussion of the role of policy guidelines in involuntary resettlement projects in the light of the World Bank´s revision of its safeguards Environmental and Social Safeguards (2014). The paper concludes that the present and proposed guidelines do not take into consideration the complexity on the ground in these kinds of stressful projects.  The authors have a unique possibility to compare "inside and outside" events and decisions as one of the author was embedded in the local culture while the other one was the assigned resettlement expert of the lenders.

  • 17.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Gumucio, Juan Carlos
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    In search for a common ground in the encounter between technical expertise andindigenous knowledge2009In: Papers World Conference Humanitarian Studies (WCHS), Groningen: University of Groningen , 2009, p. 1-17Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of repeated efforts of conciliation, the relation between expert and indigenous knowledge remains a deeply ambivalent arena. This ambivalence puts obstacles to a crucial factor in Humanitarian Action - the effective alliances between these as perceived as two different cognitive forms. Coordinated programs should of course proceed from a fundament of established mutual trust, a precondition that often gets bogged down in a muddled discourse on issues such as inspiration from original conservationists, respect of natural harmonies, the precedence of instrumental precision before traditional approximations, not to mention mystifications and delusions.

  • 18.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Förord2016In: Tidskrift för ABM, ISSN 2002-4614, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Josefsson, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Heritage as Life-values: A Critical Investigation of the Cultural Heritage Concept2016In: Current Science, ISSN 1 Vol 110(11):2091-2098., Vol. 110, no 1, p. 2091-2098Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For a long time now, the world has been facing a heritage stampede with an array of stakeholders – nations, global heritage organizations, NGOs, terrorists and ordinary people – all claiming their rights to heritage and the past. Hence, there is a great need to understand what heritage does, or what we do with heritage in an everyday context. This article aims to contribute to the discussion through investigation of the heritage concept from a theoretical and analytical perspective, starting from a Swedish and European view on heritage; how it came into being, established itself and developed, and finally found itself called into question and at risk of being discarded. Our argument is that the present heritage concept would benefit from the introduction of the concept of life-values, not in order to replace it, but to enrich and take heritage into the 21st century. The article is based on field workd in Albania.   

  • 20.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kallings Nilsson, Katarina
    Meurling, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology. Etnologiska avdelningen.
    Att beköna ett fängelse: Samtal om ett museum2005In: Det bekönade museet: Genusperspektiv i museologi och museiverksamhet, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2005, p. 223-243Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Artikeln diskuterar glädjeämnen och svårigheter med att skapa ett museum i Sverige på 2000-talet. Fokus är på utställningar med genusperspektiv, men texten behandlar även andra aspekter av museiverksamhet.

  • 21.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Meurling, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology. Etnologiska avdelningen.
    Bibliografi med fokus på genus, museer och kulturarv2005In: Det bekönade museet: Genusperspektiv i museologi och museiverksamhet, Uppsala: Institutionen för ABM vid Uppsala Universitet , 2005, p. 247-257Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Meurling, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Det bekönade museet2003In: Samtid & museer, ISSN 1402-3512, no 3-4, p. 13-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Meurling, BirgittaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Ethnology.
    Det bekönade museet: Genusperspektiv i museologi och museiverksamhet2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Vad finns i museets dolda vrår, på vindar och i magasin? Och vad avslöjar samlingarna om olika epokers insamlingspraxis och ideologier? Vilka normer och värderingar blottläggs? Sådana frågor diskuteras i denna antologi med genusperspektiv som en självklar utgångspunkt. Museiarbetets teori och praktik, kulturella produktion och institutionella ramverk granskas med könsmedveten blick. I fokus för diskussionen står museernas olika verksamheter: utställningar, förvärv, samlingar, organisation och museipedagogik. Här finns artiklar av mer teoretisk karaktär liksom texter som förmedlar en personlig erfarenhet av museivärlden.

    Det bekönade museet är en introduktion till området museer och genus.

  • 24.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Meurling, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology. Etnologiska avdelningen.
    I museets dolda vrår.: Inledande reflexioner2005In: Det bekönade museet: Genusperspektiv i museologi och museiverksamhet, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2005, p. 11-49Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM, Aesthetics and Cultural Studies.
    Meurling, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM. Etnologiska avdelningen.
    Nätverk över gränserna: Strategisk satsning på kvinnliga forskare inom Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten2004Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Utan, Ûnal
    Who Owns the Local Landscape?: Local Peoples' Rights and Tourism2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The presence of a rich intangible and tangible cultural heritage is closely connected to the tourist industry and its economic potentials. But who earns? Who develops? And what is the dynamics between the external and local agents? The purpose ot this paper is to explore these complex and dialectic relations between local and foreign adventure enterprises that operate in the tourist industry.

  • 27.
    Josefsson, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Heritage as life-values: a study of the cultural heritage concept2016In: Current Science, ISSN 0011-3891, Vol. 110, no 11, p. 2091-2098Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For a long time now, the world has been facing a heritage stampede with an array of stakeholders - nations, global heritage organizations, NGOs, terrorists and ordinary people - all claiming their rights to heritage and the past. Hence, there is a great need to understand what heritage does, or what we do with heritage in an everyday context. This article aims to contribute to the discussion through studies of the heritage concept from a theoretical and analytical perspective, starting from a Swedish and European view on heritage; how it came into being, established itself and developed, and finally found itself called into question and at risk of being discarded. Our argument is that the present heritage concept would benefit from the introduction of the concept of life-values, not in order to replace it, but to enrich and take heritage into the 21st century. The article is based on field work in Albania.

  • 28.
    Tamondong, Susan
    et al.
    Indernational Development Evaluation Association (IDEAS).
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Cernea, Michael
    Brookings Institutet, Washington.
    Downing, Theodore E
    University of Arizona.
    Giraud, Patrick C
    African Development Bank (AfDB) (former) & Independent.
    Oliver-Smith, Anthony
    University of Florida.
    Scudder, Thayer
    CalTech, California.
    de Wet, Chris
    Rhodes University, South Africa.
    Closing panel: Sharing wisdom and reflections on the enduring questions2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper summarizes the discussion during the Closing Plenary Panel of the DIDR Conference. It revolves around three main themes: (i) Experiences and Views about Resettlement, (ii) Reflections on the DIDR Conference, and (iii) Suggestions for Future Work and Collaboration.   The main author (Susan Tamondong) organized the Panel and facilitated the closing session.  The Panelists considered to be “pioneers” in DIDR research and practice, shared their views on resettlement’s enduring questions, such as:  What is adequate compensation? Can socio-cultural disruption be compensated? How do we deal with socio-cultural changes, damage and re-organization of communities? Can we compensate memories of life in the old community?  Or, can a lost view of a community landscape and habitual prayer area by the mountain side be replaced? Do displaced people have the right to protest, or occupy a piece of public land? How do we deal with non-compensated public goods? In addition to these, specific questions were posed to the panel by the conference organizers which addressed the three themes (Themes 1, 2 and 3) of DIDR’s broader themes. Under these three themes, fifteen questions in total were divided and discussed by the panelists.  Their views, including those from the audience are summarized in this paper, with some direct quotes from the speakers, as transcribed from video tapes. Contributions from Panel members who could not physically attend were read during the session.

    As a conclusion, DIDR is a broad and diverse social phenomenon that affects not only the lives and livelihoods of people but also the global environment exacerbated by climate change. There are no clear answers to date, but an urgent need to address the enduring questions, and more inclusive fora involving all stakeholders from affected peoples, civil society, to those causing and financing projects causing development displacement.  DIDR needs more longitudinal studies to gain deeper understanding of displaced people, the role of social networks during reconstruction and the impact on their lives after displacement. These will provide academics and practitioners, not only insights whether human development also takes place, but also shape better ways of doing things, ideally without displacement and hopefully, to have answers to the enduring questions of resettlement .

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