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  • 32301.
    Östholm, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas. Avdelningen för vetenskapshistoria.
    Gyneceum: Biografisk uppslagsbok2006In: Feminismens idéer, Studentlitteratur, Lund , 2006, p. 342-361Chapter in book (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Biographical dictionary over persons mentioned in the introduction (also by the editor) to the texts.

    Anthology containing historical texts (1761-2000), presenting Western feminism och women's movement, in seven themes: Enlightenment and liberalism, Socialist feminism, The discussion on double standards, Psychoanalysis, Feminism and welfare Sweden, Historiography of women's history, and Sexual liberation.

    Texts by: Hedvig Charlotta Nordenflycht, Marie Gouze, Anna Maria Lenngren, Fredrika Bremer, Carl Jonas Love Almquist, Harriet Taylor Mill, John Stuart Mill, Mary Wollstonecraft, K. A. Wieth-Knudsen, August Bebel, J. J. Bachofen, Kata Dalström, Charles Fourier, Emma Goldman, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Clara Zetkin, Aleksandra Kollontaj, August Strindberg, Mathilda Malling, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Elisabeth Grundtvig, Frida Steenhoff, Hinke Bergegren, Elin Wägner, Sigmund Freud, C. G. Jung, Wilhelm Reich, Clara Thompson, Karin Boye, Melanie Klein, Juliet Mitchell, Mathilda Betham, Fortunée de Briquet, Wilhelmina Stålberg & Per G. Berg, Ellen Fries, Virginia Woolf, Alice Lyttkens, Simone de Beauvoir, Karin Westman Berg, Elise Ottesen-Jensen, Alva Myrdal, Viola Klein, Barbro Alving, Anna Lenah Elgström, Monica Boëthius, Alfred C. Kinsey, Betty Friedan, Lars Ullerstam, Kate Millett, Kristina Ahlmark Michanek, Leif Silbersky & Carlösten Nordmark, Shere Hite, Sonja Åkesson, Göran Palm, Märta Tikkanen

  • 32302.
    Östholm, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas. Avdelningen för vetenskapshistoria.
    Hur har läsandet utvecklats över seklen?: (Tema läsning: www.forskning.se)2006Other (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 32303.
    Östholm, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas. Avdelningen för vetenskapshistoria.
    Introduktion: till Feminismens idéer2006In: Feminismens idéer, Studentlitteratur, Lund , 2006, p. 7-50Chapter in book (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction (50 pp) to anthology containing historical texts (1761-2000), presenting Western feminism och women's movement, in seven themes: Enlightenment and liberalism, Socialist feminism, The discussion on double standards, Psychoanalysis, Feminism and welfare Sweden, Historiography of women's history, and Sexual liberation.

    Texts by: Hedvig Charlotta Nordenflycht, Marie Gouze, Anna Maria Lenngren, Fredrika Bremer, Carl Jonas Love Almquist, Harriet Taylor Mill, John Stuart Mill, Mary Wollstonecraft, K. A. Wieth-Knudsen, August Bebel, J. J. Bachofen, Kata Dalström, Charles Fourier, Emma Goldman, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Clara Zetkin, Aleksandra Kollontaj, August Strindberg, Mathilda Malling, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Elisabeth Grundtvig, Frida Steenhoff, Hinke Bergegren, Elin Wägner, Sigmund Freud, C. G. Jung, Wilhelm Reich, Clara Thompson, Karin Boye, Melanie Klein, Juliet Mitchell, Mathilda Betham, Fortunée de Briquet, Wilhelmina Stålberg & Per G. Berg, Ellen Fries, Virginia Woolf, Alice Lyttkens, Simone de Beauvoir, Karin Westman Berg, Elise Ottesen-Jensen, Alva Myrdal, Viola Klein, Barbro Alving, Anna Lenah Elgström, Monica Boëthius, Alfred C. Kinsey, Betty Friedan, Lars Ullerstam, Kate Millett, Kristina Ahlmark Michanek, Leif Silbersky & Carlösten Nordmark, Shere Hite, Sonja Åkesson, Göran Palm, Märta Tikkanen

  • 32304.
    Östholm, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas, History of Science.
    Kampen om fakulteterna2008In: Kunskapens kretsar: Essäer om kunskap, bildning och vetenskap genom tiderna / [ed] Charlotte Christensen-Nugues, Gunnar Broberg & Svante Nordin, Stockholm: Signum , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32305.
    Östholm, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas, History of Science.
    Linnéminnet2007In: Linnéfest och doktorspromotion i Uppsala den 23 och 26 maj 2007, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2007, p. 10-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Carl Linnaeus is the best-known Uppsala University scientist of all time and the celebration of his memory has been far from a matter for Uppsala alone, or even Sweden. On May 25 and 26, 1807, the centenary of the birth of Linnaeus was celebrated in Uppsala and Växjö. The marking of anniversaries had previously been purely a sacred phenomenon, which made the 1807 Linnaeus festivities a pioneering jubilee, focusing on science. In connection with these celebrations, the Linneanum building was opened in the Botanical Garden and speeches were held by two of Linnaeus’ disciples, the professor of botany, Carl Peter Thunberg, and the botany teacher, Adam Afzelius. The foundation of the edifice had been laid in the presence of king Gustaf III as early as 1787, and even the name marks its monumental purpose. In Växjö a speech was given by yet another disciple, physician Sven A. Hedin, whose speech also was read in Uppsala the same day by a Smolandish student named Pehr Sjöbring, later professor in Orientalistics. Hedin had initiated the celebration in the landscape of Småland, by collecting means for a Linnaeus bust by Jonas Forsslund.

    The planning of the festivities were marked by disagreeances on several points. The correct date of Linnaeus' birthday was not yet agreed upon. Adam Afzelius did not approve of the celebration in Småland, but also used the occasion to promote his own academic career. The Smolandish student nation in Uppsala felt abused by Sven Hedin and the Uppsala professors, when their participation was demanded and not asked for. And Carl Peter Thunberg was not altogether sure that his former teacher diserved the attention, since Linnaeus had not donated his collections to to the University.

    On October 12, 1829, a statue of Linnaeus by Johan Niclas Byström, donated by the Uppsala students, was unveiled to complement the Linneanum. The historian and poet Erik Gustaf Geijer spoke on the solemn occasion. In 1829 exactly one century had passed since Linnaeus, then a student, met Professor Olof Celsius in the University’s Botanical Garden and thereby found a patron who would enable his early career. This 100th anniversary offered Geijer a pretext to invoke associations to the key relationship between students and their leaders, which he likened to plants flourishing at the foot of an ancient oak. The Student Choir sang about Linnaeus' unveiling of the mysteries of nature. This celebration was initiated by the soon-to-be founded Student Corps of Uppsala.

    In 1841 the conferment ceremony for medical doctors became a celebration of the centenary of Linnaeus recieving the chair. Israel Hwasser, also professor of medicine, spoke of Linnaeus as a romantic philosopher of nature, a "seer", well aware of the powers of nature. During the course of the 19th century Linnaeus became a Swedish national monument, the ideal picture of a pious, truth-seeking scientist, more and more frequently supplied with the epithet “the prince of flowers”, coined by the Swedish nationalist poet Carl Snoilsky who, in his Linnean poems, depicted Linnaeus as the young child touched by floral genius.

    Great pains were taken to cherish the memory of Linnaeus on the 100th anniversary of his death, in both Uppsala and the rest of Sweden. On January 10, 1878, the University arranged a memorial service for Linnaeus on the centenary of his decease. Two other Linnaeus celebrations took place in Uppsala in 1878. Småland student nation celebrated Linneaus for being its inspektor of many years, and the Student Science Society arranged an academic symposium about the subject of their celebration. Not long after this centenary, the State and the University purchased Linnaeus' summer home, Hammarby, which soon became a museum.

    In May 1907 the bicentenary of the birth of Linnaeus was marked in a great many Swedish towns. The 1907 anniversary can be regarded as a culmination, not only of the Linnaeus cult, but also of what the author August Strindberg likened to the “era of assassinations and jubilees.” This time as well, Uppsala was the centre of attention, with its University celebrating its great alumnus on May 23–24. The town was adorned with flags, flowers, and plants, and several members of the royal family were in attendance. The University’s ceremony was carried out in the Grand Auditorium at University Hall, which was filled with guests from near and far. The following day a special Linnaeus conferment ceremony was held in the Cathedral for all four of the University’s faculties. The list of honorary doctors included the English botanist Francis Darwin (son of Charles); the secretary of the Royal Society, Archibald Geikie; the secretary of the Linnean Society of London, Benjamin Daydon Jackson; and its former president, William Carruthers, although the Swedish doctors h.c. outnumbered the foreign ones. Among those receiving honorary doctorates was the Swedish prince and artist Eugen and author Selma Lagerlöf. It was the first time Uppsala University paid tribute to a woman in this way.

    During the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s, Linnaeus was portrayed on chocolate bars, bottled water and stamps, and in 1965 he became the first non-royal person to appear on a bank-note. When the Swedish Linnean Society, formed in 1917, celebrated its 50th anniversary, they presented Linnaeus in an exhibition on his international qualities. By then, jubilant celebrations in the spirit of romantic nationalism were hardly the ideal. However, this did not prevent the memory of Linnaeus from being celebrated on January 10, 1978, on the bicentenary of his death. In Uppsala Cathedral a commemorative service was held, followed by a Linnaeus concert. The president of the Swedish Linnaeus Society, Carl-Johan Clemedson, dissociated himself from the panegyrics of the past, stressing in his celebratory lecture that Linnaeus was not an infallible prince of flowers, but “in all his academic greatness” was, on the contrary, a human being with flaws and shortcomings. During the 1978 anniversary an international symposium was held, commencing at the Linnean Society of London and continuing a few days later in Uppsala, at Linnaeus’ Hammarby, and at the Royal Academy of Sciences in Stockholm.

    By pondering the forms, proportions, and expressions of the celebration of Linnaeus, it is possible to trace shifts in the image of Linnaeus over time. The Linnaean tradition itself has become an object of study, as has the celebration and description of other scientists such as Darwin, Newton etc. Various ages have highlighted different aspects, aspects which are important for the historical and social understanding of science in its respective time.

  • 32306.
    Östholm, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Litteraturens uppodling: Läsesällskap och litteraturkritik som politisk strategi kring sekelskiftet 18002000Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the dissertation is to study the distribution of literature as a means to disseminate knowledge in the context of two reading societies and three critical journals based in Uppsala and Åbo. This dissemination, regarded as a strategy towards social and political reform, took place in these societies and journals, which were geographically, biographically, intentionally and functionally connected.

    I argue that the distribution of literature was part of a cultivation scheme in which intellectuals engaged towards the end of the 18th century, including both commonly held reform eorts and controversial enlightenment thought. The belief in progress, the power of knowledge and the possibilities to improve society, industry, religion and the sciences, were the basis of the cultivation scheme. The immediate target group for the cultivation scheme was "the educated classes" - the social elite inuencing the larger public through schools, churches, newspapers and by setting examples in their immediate surroundings as well as through legal, political and economic decisions.

    The reading societies were founded in Uppsala 1797 and Åbo 1798. Their collections of books and periodicals have been examined from the foundation and 15-20 years onwards. The reviews in Litteratur-Tidning (Uppsala, 1795-1797), Journal för Svensk Litteratur (Uppsala & Stockholm, 1797-1812) and Allmän Litteratur-Tidning (Åbo, 1803) were written and edited by members and/or initiators of the reading societies Pehr Afzelius (1760-1843), Anders Gustaf Ekeberg (1767-1813), Frans Michael Franzén (1772-1847), Johan Gadolin (1760-1852), Benjamin Höijer (1767-1812), Henrik Gabriel Porthan (1739-1804), Gustaf Abraham Silverstolpe (1772-1824) and Jacob Tengström (1755-1832).

  • 32307.
    Östholm, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas. Avd för vetenskapshistoria.
    Making memorials: Early Celebrations of Linnaeus2008In: The Linnean: Newsletter and proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, ISSN 0950-1096, Vol. The Linnaean Legacy: Three Centurys after his birth, no Special Issue 8, p. 35-44Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 32308.
    Östholm, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas, History of Science.
    Myntkabinettets kammmmare2009In: Opus mixtum: Uppsatser kring Uppsala universitets myntkabinett / [ed] Harald Nilsson, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2009, 1, p. 157-169Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the early decades of the 19th century, there were people wishing to let the new university building, Carolina Rediviva, house a number of the collections visitorscame to see. Plans were made for special coin and medallion rooms and Chief Librarian Johan Henric Schröder (1791-1857) envisioned a museum of antiquities, but in the end the numismatic collection remained in the Senate’s House, where it had been moved in 1787, and only the books were moved.

  • 32309.
    Östholm, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Nordiska tidskrifter och språk i Nordens universitetsstäder: Den nordiska mosaiken: Humanistdagarna 15-16 mars 19971997In: Den nordiska mosaiken: Humanistdagarna 15-16 mars 1997, 1997, p. 379-Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 32310.
    Östholm, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas. Avdelningen för vetenskapshistoria.
    Snillekommittén och teknologin: 1820-talets diskussion om universitet och tillämpningsskolor2004In: Med hammare och fackla: Sancte Örjens gilles årsbok, ISSN 0543-2162, no 38, p. 205-250Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 32311.
    Östholm, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas. Avdelningen för vetenskapshistoria.
    Spexets historia2005In: 21 år av NoNSEns: : Norrlands nations spexensemble 1984-2005 i fickformat (för stora fickor): Festskrift till NoNSEns 21-årsjubileum den 16 april 2005, Staffan Westerlund, Uppsala , 2005, p. 170-Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 32312.
    Östholm, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas, History of Science.
    Stenius d. y., Jacob, Svenskt biografiskt lexikon, H. 1622008Other (Other academic)
  • 32313.
    Östholm, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas. Avdelningen för vetenskapshistoria.
    Syndafloden från tryckpressarna: ’Skräpkulturens’ tidlösa farlighet2000In: Tvärsnitt: humanistisk och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning, no 2, p. 14-27Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 32314.
    Östholm, Hanna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas, History of Science. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Ethnology.
    Frängsmyr, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas, History of Science.
    Linné som festföremål, symbol och monument: En hoppets fest för vetenskaplig odling2007In: Låt inte råttor eller mal fördärva-: Linnésamlingar i Uppsala : Uppsala universitets jubileumsbok, Uppsala: Hallgren & Fallgren , 2007, p. 179-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Carl Linnaeus is the best-known Uppsala University scientist of all time. It follows that the celebration of his memory has been far from a matter for Uppsala alone, or even Sweden. As early as 1788 the Linnean Society was established in London, and two years later his bust was erected in Jardin des Plantes in Paris. On May 25 and 26, 1807, the centenary of the birth of Linnaeus was celebrated. The marking of anniversaries had previously been purely a sacred phenomenon, which made the 1807 Linnaeus festivities a pioneering jubilee, focusing on science. In connection with these celebrations, the Linneanum building was opened in the Botanical Garden and speeches were held by two of Linnaeus’ disciples, the professor of botany, Carl Peter Thunberg, and the botany teacher, Adam Afzelius. The foundation of the edifice had been laid in the presence of Gustaf III as early as 1787, and even the name marks its monumental purpose.

    On October 12, 1829, the Linneanum was complemented by a statue of Linnaeus by Johan Niclas Byström, which was unveiled on that date. The historian and poet Erik Gustaf Geijer spoke on the solemn occasion, which was attended by Linnaeus’ daughters. In 1829 exactly one century had passed since Linnaeus met Professor Olof Celsius in the University’s Botanical Garden and thereby found a patron who would enable his early career. This 100th anniversary offered Geijer a pretext to invoke associations to the key relationship between students and their leaders, which he likened to plants flourishing at the foot of an ancient oak. Celebrating Linnaeus, Geijer stressed, was not merely a festival of commemoration but also a “festival of hope for the cultivation of knowledge.”

    During the course of the 19th century Linnaeus became a Swedish national monument, the ideal picture of a pious, truth-seeking scientist, more and more frequently supplied with the epithet “the prince of flowers”. It is thus no surprise that great pains were taken to cherish the memory of Linnaeus on the 100th anniversary of his death, in both Uppsala and the rest of Sweden. On January 10, 1878, the University arranged a memorial service for Linnaeus on the centenary of his decease. The ceremony was carried out in the grand auditorium at the upper secondary school, and the new professor of botany, Thore Magnus Fries, was the main speaker. His colleague from the Faculty of Medicine, Frithiof Holmgren, had penned a cantata for the same occasion, which was used again at the 1907 bicentenary. Two other Linnaeus celebrations took place in Uppsala in 1878. Småland student nation celebrated Linneaus for being its inspektor of many years, and the Student Science Society arranged an academic symposium about the subject of their celebration.

    In May 1907 the bicentenary of the birth of Linnaeus was marked in a great many Swedish towns. Without doubt, the 1907 anniversary can be regarded as a culmination, not only of the Linnaeus cult, but also of what the author August Strindberg somewhat hyperbolically likened to the “era of assassinations and jubilees.” This time as well, Uppsala was the center of attention, with its University celebrating its great alumnus on May 23–24. The entire city was adorned with flags, flowers, and plants, and several members of the royal family were in attendance. The University’s ceremony was carried out in the Grand Auditorium at University Hall, which was filled with guests from near and far. The following day a special Linnaeus conferment ceremony was held in the Cathedral for all four of the University’s faculties. The list of honorary doctors included the English botanist Francis Darwin (son of Charles); the secretary of the Royal Society, Archibald Geikie; the secretary of the Linnean Society of London, Benjamin Daydon Jackson; and its former president, William Carruthers. The Swedish prince and artist Eugen was among those receiving honorary doctorates, as was the author Selma Lagerlöf. It was the first time Uppsala University paid tribute to a woman in this way. The conferment ceremony was followed by a stately gala banquet in the Grand Auditorium, University Hall.

    By the late 1970s the times had changed, and jubilant celebrations in the spirit of romantic nationalism were hardly the ideal. However, this did not prevent the memory of Linnaeus from being celebrated on January 10, 1978, on the bicentenary of his death. In Uppsala Cathedral a commemorative service was held, followed by a Linnaeus concert, where works by Ralph Vaughan Williams and Karl-Erik Welin were featured. The president of the Swedish Linnaeus Society, Carl-Johan Clemedson, dissociated himself from the panegyrics of the past, stressing in his celebratory lecture that Linnaeus was not an infallible prince of flowers, but “in all his academic greatness” was, on the contrary, a human being with flaws and shortcomings. During the 1978 anniversary an international symposium was held, commencing at the Linnean Society of London and continuing a few days later in Uppsala, at Linnaeus’ Hammarby, and at the Royal Academy of Sciences in Stockholm.

    By pondering the forms, proportions, and expressions of the celebration of Linnaeus, it is possible to trace a shift in the image of Linnaeus over time. The Linnaean tradition itself has indeed become an object of study. Various ages have been moved to highlight different aspects, but few people would deny that the commemoration of Linnaeus today, just as in 1829, is “a festival of hope for the cultivation of knowledge.”

  • 32315.
    Östholm, Hanna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Prytz, Cristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Less than Ideal?: Making a Living Before and Outside Marriage2016In: Making a Living, Making a Difference: Making a Living Before and Outside Marriage / [ed] Maria Ågren, New York: Oxford University Press, 2016, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 32316.
    Östling Andersson, Annette
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages.
    L'identification automatique des lexèmes du français contemporain1987Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 32317.
    Östling, Johan
    Lunds universitet.
    Ett gravtal över tysk kultur: Thomas Mann och valfrändskapens växlingar under tidig efterkrigstid2011In: Kulturtransfer och kulturpolitik: Sverige och Tyskland under det tjugonde århundradet / [ed] Andreas Åkerlund, Uppsala: Historiska institutionen , 2011, p. 39-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32318.
    Östling, Johan
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Lund Univ, Sweden..
    The Swansong Of The Mandarins: Humboldt's Idea Of The University In Early Post-War Germany2016In: Modern Intellectual History, ISSN 1479-2443, E-ISSN 1479-2451, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 387-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of the Second World War, Germany saw an intensive debate about the idea of the university and its future role in society. All were agreed that the country's universities had to be revitalized after the ravages of Nazism, but the question was what weight should be given to the classical German heritage, and the Humboldtian tradition in particular. The mandarins, the older humanist scholars, dominated the public debate about the fundamental principles of research and higher education, and this essay focuses on the contribution made by three of themKarl Jaspers, Gerhard Ritter, and Werner Richter. In making their points, they all revealed a strong historical orientation, but equally very different views on the Humboldtian legacy. This essay argues that their ideas about the German university must be seen against the background of the specific experiences of their generation. In the event, the immediate post-war period was the last time their academic ideals were to gain much of a hearing. The university debate proved to be the swansong for Germany's intellectual elite.

  • 32319. Östling, Johan
    et al.
    Josephson, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Karlsohn, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    The Humboldtian tradition and its transformations2014In: The Humboldtian tradition: origins and legacies / [ed] Peter Josephson, Thomas Karlsohn & Johan Östling, Leiden, Boston, Tokyo: Brill Academic Publishers, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 32320.
    Östling, Per-Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Ethnology.
    Blåkulla, magi och trolldomsprocesser: En folkloristisk studie av folkliga trosföreställningar och av trolldomsprocesserna inom Svea Hovrätts jurisdiktion 1597–17202002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with, magic, popular beliefs in the Witches Sabbath (in Sweden called Blåkulla), the witchcraft trials within the jurisdiction of Svea Circuit Court 1597–1720 and some aspects of the Great Northern Witch Craze of 1668–1677. The study examines the meanings of popular beliefs (folklore) in magic and Blåkulla and the actions, causes and events that actualised these beliefs. The thesis also deals with how people thought in the 17th century, how magic was thought to be operative, the accusations that were made, how and for what purposes and in which contexts magic was used, popular beliefs about Blåkulla, how people protected themselves from witches and witchcraft, witchcraft accusations and honour, how accusations were used to destroy another persons honour, social conflicts, other emotions and actions (such as envy) and causes of events that resulted in accusations, who was accused, who made an accusation, why more women than men were accused, the legal framework, evidence, how the court worked and reasoned, and the sentences imposed. The dissertation also examines the Witchcraft Craze of 1668–1677 and deals with aspects such as the great wave of rumours concerning witchcraft i.e. that the witches were taking small children and teenagers to the Witches Sabbath, how the trials spread throughout the country and the hysteria that haunted some areas inthe north of Sweden.

  • 32321.
    Östlund, Elfrida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Lika inför Gud, eller?: En osteologisk analys av nio individer från medeltida S:t Hans kyrkoruin i Visby2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis deals with the correlation between social status and health at the medieval church ruin S:t Hans in Visby. Osteological analysis has been performed on nine adult individuals from the site of S:t Hans. The material was obtained at Gotlands Museum and has diary number 7498/89. The main question was if it is possible to indicate some kind of correlation between social status, in other words the placing of the graves, and the pathological differences in the material. Age, sex, stature and pathological differences has been documented during the osteological analysis to get an understanding of the individuals health status. To understand social status at the site spatial analysis was performed. A grave was explained as ”high status” or ”low status” depending on where at the grave site these were situated. Graves in the church is considered to be of high status while the ones at the older church yard is considered to be of lower status because of its distance from the church. A hypothesis was that individuals in the high status graves would show less pathological differences than the ones in the low status graves. The results obtained from the study tells two different, but interesting, stories. Yes, social status and health status does correlate in some cases, while in other cases they don’t.

  • 32322.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    1655 års konstitutioner: Text och översättning av 1655 års konstitutioner för Uppsala universitet2005In: Promotionsfesten i Uppsala den 27 maj 2005 / [ed] Per Ström, Uppsala universitet, 2005, p. 29-145Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32323.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Akademiskt tryck i Uppsala i äldre tider2010In: Tryckt i Uppsala under 500 år / [ed] Kristina Wootz, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2010, p. 18-23Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32324.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Den akademiska världens teater: Universitetslivet speglat i några 1700-talsprofessorers vältalighet2001In: Språkets gränser och gränslöshet: då tankar, tal och traditioner möts: Humanistdagarna vid Uppsala Universitet 2001, Uppsala universitet, 2001, p. 261-266Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32325.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Erik Wallers autografsamling: En återerövrad skatt i Uppsala universitetsbibliotek2009In: Biblis, ISSN 1403-3313, no 48, p. 18-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32326.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Erik Waller's Collection of Off-Prints2008Other (Other academic)
  • 32327.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Erik Wallers medicinhistoriska samlingar i digital form2010In: Uppsala medicinhistoriska förening, årsskrift, p. 52-56Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32328.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Fallet med den stulna Harveyboken2009In: Biblis, ISSN 1403-3313, no 48, p. 32-35Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32329.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Förteckning över Uppsala universitetsbiblioteks utländska dissertationssamling (-1799)2013Other (Other academic)
  • 32330.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    I lag med böcker: Festskrift till Ulf Göranson2012Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna samling av uppsatser och studier överlämnas till överbibliotekarien vid Uppsala universitetsbibliotek Ulf Göranson vid hans pensionsavgång. Ett brett spektrum av olika aktuella och intressanta ämnen speglar Ulf Göransons intressen och verksamhet som professor vid Juridiska institutionen och som överbibliotekarie vid universitetsbiblioteket.

  • 32331.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Classical Philology.
    Johan Ihre on the origins and history of the runes: Three Latin dissertations from the mid 18th century2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Johan Ihre (1707-80),professor Skytteanus, i.e. professor of eloquence and politics, at Uppsala University for 42 years, is considered the most prominent Swedish humanist and philologistof the 18th century. Under his presidency more than 450 dissertations were submitted on a variety of subjects. In this thesis his three Latin dissertations on the origin and history of the runes are presented in a critical edition with translation and a commentary. These texts, De runarum in Svecia antiquitate 1769; De runarum patria et origine 1770 and De runarum in Svecia occasu I-II, 177l-73, were epoch making in the respect that they meant the full emergence of the rational era in the field of runology and dealt a deathblow to the old and fabulous ideas on the origin of the runes. In the introduction, the position of the Latin language in 18th century Sweden and the system of examinations (disputationes) at the Swedish universities of the period is discussed. This is followed by short surveys of the life of Johan Ihre and the earlier history of runology. In the chapter on language and style a number of orthographical, morphological and syntactical phenomena of later Neo-Latin, as they appear in the texts under discussion, are treated, and through a comparison with a great number of other dissertations from the same period the characteristic features of scientific Latin prose, of which the Latin dissertations formed a part, are analysed.

  • 32332.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Johan Ihre, Tal om den lärda världens framtida ställning. Översättning, text och bearbetning2002In: Promotionsfesten i Uppsala den 31 maj 2002, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2002, p. 12-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32333.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Johan Ihres kritik mot den franska encyklopedin: reaktion mot en påstådd kulturell urartning2005In: Sjuttonhundratal, ISSN 1652-4772, p. 30-37Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 32334.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Några nedslag i disputationsväsendet under 1700-talet: exemplet Johan Ihre2007In: Sjuttonhundratal, ISSN 1652-4772, p. 151-167Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 32335.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Recension av: Rut Boström, Anders Sparrmans brev till Carl von Linné. En kulturhistorisk och språklig undersökning med naturvetenskapliga inslag2011In: Svenska Linnésällskapets årsskrift, ISSN 0375-2038, p. 145-149Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32336.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Recension av: Tormod Torfaeus: Norges historie. Bd. 1-32009In: Collegium Medievale, ISSN 0801-9282, E-ISSN 2387-6700, Vol. 22, no 22, p. 203-208Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 32337.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Samlingen av äldre utländska dissertationer i Uppsala universitetsbibliotek2012In: I lag med böcker: Festskrift till Ullf Göranson / [ed] Krister Östlund, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2012, p. 411-416Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32338.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    The Catalogue of the Waller Manuscript Collection: A presentation of an ongoing project2002In: Lias (Print), ISSN 0304-0003, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 289-293Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 32339.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    The Waller Project: a pilot project for the digitisation of autograph collections2008In: Script, print and the internet: the early modern book and its readers / [ed] David J. Shaw, London: Consortium of European Research Libraries , 2008, p. 15-20Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32340.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Two Pre-Modern Etymologists: The Connections between Johann Georg Wachter (1663-1757) and Johan Ihre (1707-1780)2010In: Language & History, ISSN 1759-7536, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 127-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1737 the German philologist Johann Georg Wachter published an etymological dictionary of the German language,Glossarium Germanicum.This book had a great influence on the most prominent Swedish philologist of the eighteenth century, Johan Ihre, professor at Uppsala University. In 1769 Ihre published, along the same lines as Wachter's work, a Swedish etymological dictionary. The article aims at tracing Wachter's influence on Ihre.

  • 32341.
    Östlund, Krister
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Översättning av: Bengt Lidner, De jure revolutionis Americanorum: Bengt Lidner, Om det rättfärdiga i amerikanernas revolution2009In: Poetens monopolium: Bengt Lidner 250 år / [ed] Anna Cullhed (huvudredaktör). Otto Fischer, Roland Lysell, Ann Öhrberg, Lund: Ellerströms förlag, 2009, p. 358-374Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32342.
    Östlund, Krister
    et al.
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Frängsmyr, Carl
    Uppsala University, University Administration.
    Neikter, Jacob Fredrik, Om människans historia: Avhandlingar Om klimatets inverkan & Om den urgamla trollnationen2013Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32343.
    Östlund, Krister
    et al.
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Örneholm, Urban
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Classical Philology.
    Avhandlingsspråk vid Uppsala Universitet 1600-18552000In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, Vol. 2000, p. 180-182Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32344.
    Östlund, Krister
    et al.
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Örneholm, Urban
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    De linguis dissertationum academiarum Suecicarum annis 1600-1855 prelo mandatarum schediasma2013Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 32345.
    Östlund-Stjärnegårdh, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Att förmedla egna och andras tankar: Om gymnasisters källhantering i det nationella provets skrivuppgift2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The material for this report consists of 55 student texts written in the national test of Swedish during the last compulsory course in the upper secondary school (18–19 year-olds). The task was to argue for more literature and reading for children in order to develop the children’s language, reasoning skills and fantasy. The student texts are to be seen as contributions to the debate in a local newspaper. Consideration is also given to the test material, that is texts both fiction and non-fiction, and the written instruction.

    The aim of the study is to investigate how the students handle the demand to use ideas and thoughts from the texts they have read before the actual writing test. Teachers sometimes find this part of the task hard to assess and ask for strict guidelines in the assessment material.

    The texts show that the students generally know that they are supposed to use facts and thoughts from the texts, and most of them also know that they are supposed to give references to the texts they quote from or refer to. Chapter 3 lists different ways of referring, from the elegant or neat to very circumstantial references or no reference at all. Using some part of a text without a reference is called “theft” for pedagogical reasons. A frequent pattern is to give a reference the first time a text is used but not the second or third time.

    Chapter 4 goes deeper into what the students choose to refer to or quote, that is how the content of the texts is made use of. The majority of the students get facts from two of seveal possible sources and build their argumentation on those. Only one shows a critical approach towards the texts in question.

    The student texts are also compared with published contributions to the debate in a local newspaper. First the question of voice in the two text materials is studied. The students speak more as an “I” and the published debaters as a “we” Then references in the newspaper texts are compared to those in the school texts.

    The recommendation to teachers is to keep on working with references but not at an academic level. The ideal for the students is to reach a control of different references for different text types and genres. Most important it is a question of honesty, not to steal but to announce loans from other sources.

  • 32346.
    Östlund-Stjärnegårdh, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Att läsa och sedan skriva2012In: Skriv! Les! 1: Artikler fra den förste nordiske konferansen om skriving, lesing og literacy / [ed] Synnöve Matre og Atle Skaftun, Trondheim: Akademika forlag, 2012, p. 157-172Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In national tests in Swedish conducted in Swedish upper secondary schools, students write essays on a topic presented in a booklet containing texts (fiction and non-fiction). Students are given this booklet in advance so that they can read and prepare for the writing task. Each essay task requires students to read the booklet and use information and standpoints from the texts. To study how students’ reading is reflected in their essays, I have used Langer’s model which presents four stances that a reader moves in and out of while reading. Two argumentative tasks are studied and the results show different reading patterns depending on what the instruction asks students to do. In the first task students read and comment on an article, which leads them to step ‘outside’ the article and rethink their own experiences (stance 3), and to objectify the article and the viewpoints contained within it (stance 4). The second task requires students to give examples from various articles and to present their own views on the matter in question. This leads to more reporting (stance 2) and less stepping outside the reading. The context of a test leads students to engage in discursive reading rather than literary reading, to use Langer’s terms. Meaningful reading involves all four stances, but students’ essays do not fully reveal which stances they have moved through while reading and preparing for the test. When assessing such texts, teachers can gain useful information about students’ reading strategies by simultaneously contemplating the use of Langer’s four stances.

  • 32347.
    Östlund-Stjärnegårdh, Eva
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Att vilja, våga - och kunna?2005In: Språk i tid: Studier tillägnade Mats Thelander på 60-årsdagen, Institutionen för nordiska språk, Uppsala , 2005Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 32348.
    Östlund-Stjärnegårdh, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Debattinlägg i skolan och i lokaltidningen: Jämförande studie av källor och sändarröst2005In: Svenskans beskrivning 27: Förhandlingar vid Tjugosjunde sammankomsten för svenskans beskrivning, Växjö den 14 och 15 maj 2004., Växjö: University Press , 2005, p. 411-422Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32349.
    Östlund-Stjärnegårdh, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Egna texter och andras : hur gymnasister hanterar källanvändning2004In: Andra nationella konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning.: Göteborg 8-9 januari 2004, Göteborg: Nationella nätverket för svenska med didaktisk inriktning , 2004, p. 15-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32350.
    Östlund-Stjärnegårdh, Eva
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Flickan på balkongen: Om gymnasieelevers berättande texter2004In: Saga & sanning: Berättandets konst och berättelsens budskap. Humanistdagarna vid Uppsala universitet 2003, 2004, p. 12-Conference paper (Other scientific)
644645646647648649650 32301 - 32350 of 32458
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