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  • 1.
    Gardell, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Moskéers och muslimska församlingars utsatthet och säkerhet i Sverige 20182018Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Gardell, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    "Pop-up Vigilantism and Fascist Patrols in Sweden"2019In: Vigilantism against Migrants and Minorities / [ed] Tore Bjørgå & Miroslav Mareš, London and New York: Routledge, 2019, p. 286-304Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the so-called “refugee crisis” in 2015–2016 there was a surge of vigilanteactivities in Europe as well as in North America, taking the form of street patrols,border patrols and militias. Vigilantes claimed they would do what the police andother authorities were either unable or unwilling to: maintaining public safety andsecure streets and borders against alleged threats from illegal refugees or crimeproneminorities. These vigilante activities were usually intimidating rather thandirectly violent, but there were also cases of violence, and even small-scale terroristattacks and pogrom-like events in the name of protecting the locals against allegedcriminals.This “new” vigilantism caused considerable media attention and public concerns.However, such vigilantism directed specifically against migrants and minorities iscertainly not a new phenomenon, having long traditions in many countries. Asscholars in the field, we realized that although there have been some studies ofvigilantism as a global phenomenon, we were not aware of any systematic comparativestudy of vigilantism against migrants and minorities, based on collectingcomparable data of vigilante activities across countries and contexts. Such a studycould enable us to develop typologies of varieties of vigilantism against migrantsand minorities, and explore the circumstances under which these diverse forms ofvigilante activities emerge, flourish or fail.

  • 3.
    Gardell, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism. Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    The Barbarian in Rome and the Cultural Relativism Debate2018In: Relativism and Post-Truth in Contemporary Society:: Possibilities and Challenges / [ed] Mikael Stenmark; Steve Fuller; Ulf Zackariasson, Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The motivation for this multidisciplinary approach is that relativism and post-truth are multifaceted phenomena with complex histories that have played out differently in different areas of society and different academic disciplines.

  • 4.
    Gardell, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Urban Terror: The Case of Lone Wolf Peter Mangs2018In: Terrorism and Political Violence, ISSN 0954-6553, E-ISSN 1556-1836, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 793-811Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    White racist serial killer Peter Mangs is the most politically conscious lone wolf terrorist Sweden has seen thus far. Adopting the tactics of Joseph Paul Franklin to the city of Malmö, Mangs committed at least three murders and twelve murder attempts between 2003 and 2010. Well-versed in white power literature and leaderless resistance tactics, Mangs aimed at “igniting a race war” by shooting Black, Muslim, and Roma citizens to amplify racialized tensions, grievances, and anxieties in the increasingly segregated city. Yet, Mangs is not included in any database of single-actor terrorism, as these depend on how a perpetrator or incident is defined by the police, the courts, and the media. In this case, Mangs’ political motives were ignored by everyone, except by people in the targeted communities and the white racist milieu. This fact highlights the importance of ethnographic methods to terrorism studies. Based on ten three-hour interviews with Mangs, an analysis of his own political writings, previously not known to the public, interviews with Mangs’ victims, their friends and relatives, and extensive fieldwork in Malmö among activists across the political spectrum, including people who hailed Mangs’ deeds as heroic, this essay explores the impact of urban lone wolf terrorism.

  • 5.
    Gardell, Mattias
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism. CEMFOR.
    Lööw, Heléne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Dahlberg-Grundberg, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Den ensamme terroristen?: Om lone wolves, näthat och brinnande flyktingförläggningar2017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hotet från ensamagerande terrorister ökar. Även i Sverige. Vad drev Rakhmat Akilov, Anton Lundin Pettersson, Peter Mangs och Taimour Abdulwahab att döda för att nå politiska mål? Vad får en människa att attackera ett flyktingboende, en moské, en synagoga eller en romsk boplats?

    Heléne Lööw, Mattias Gardell och Michael Dahlberg-Grundberg har, på uppdrag av den Nationella samordnaren mot våldsbejakande extremism, kartlagt attackerna mot asylboenden, bedömt hotet från ”ensamvargar” och undersökt sociala medier som politiskt verktyg för våldspredikanter i Sverige. Det övergripande syftet har varit att belysa symbiosen mellan organiserad och oorganiserad politisk våldsbrottslighet.

    Den ensamme terroristen? är en skakande och grundligt underbyggd redogörelse för den våg av dödligt politiskt våld som skruvat upp oron i landet. Hur ska vi förstå utvecklingen? Och är den ensamme terroristen verkligen ensam?

  • 6.
    Lorenzoni, Patricia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    'The One Who Should Die Is the One Who Should Live': Prophetic Temporalities in Contemporary Colonial Brazil2018In: The Ethos of History: Time and Responsibility / [ed] Stefan Helgesson; Jayne Svenungsson, New York & London: Berghahn Books, 2018, p. 126-143Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Lorenzoni, Patricia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    What’s in a Landscape?: Indigenous Art and the Coevalness of Colonial Expansion2018In: PARSE Journal, ISSN 1611-1052, E-ISSN 2002-0953, no 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking as a point of departure the ambiguity of notions of center and periphery, this article discusses the place of the landscape in contemporary Amazonian indigenous art. Jaider Esbell’s gallery in Boa Vista, Brazilian state of Roraima, has since its opening in 2013 become a hub in a growing movement of indigenous art in Brazil. In a context where a mythology of racial miscegenation has symbolically placed indigenous people at the very heart of national formation, but where indigenous people became full citizens only in 1988, indigenous artists break through an imposed invisibility traditionally relegating them to a past doomed to disappear with the coming of modernity. Discussing the work of three artists – Carmézia Emiliano, Jaider Esbell and Amazoner Okaba – I argue that the coevalness of territorial colonial expansion in Brazil brings a special meaning to the ways in which indigenous art work with and through the landscape. Where there is no “post-“ to colonialism, and where colonial territorial expansion is a dynamic shaping the present, representations of the landscape cannot escape its disputed character. Art, in this context, becomes a site of both healing and resistance, taking the form of a claim: “we are still here, and we are still indigenous”.

  • 8.
    Lorenzoni, Patricia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    “With admirable precision they exercise Swedish gymnastics ...": Nation-building and production of innocence in early Brazilian state indigenism2019In: Educação em Revista, ISSN 0102-4698, E-ISSN 1982-6621, Vol. 35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An early 20th century photograph in the collections of Museo do índio in Rio de Janeiro shows Paresí children in Mato Grosso exercising “Swedish gymnastics”. The program for physical education codified by Swedish educator Pehr Henrik Ling was practiced in the schools of several SPI indigenous stations in the period, as part of the state indigenist project of “nationalizing” the indigenous populations. With the photo as a starting-point, this article explores the relation between a positivist nation-building project in Brazilian indigenism, and Ling gymnastics as a project directed towards the population and the nation. Applying Mary Louise Pratt’s concepts of colonial contact zone and strategies of “anti-conquest”, as well as Antonio Carlos de Souza Lima’s analysis of state indigenism as a continuation of the war of conquest with other means, I argue that Ling gymnastics resonated particularly well with positivist indigenism. Perceived of as a method of physical education not tainted by chauvinistic militarism, it could find its place in a colonial nation-building project resting on denial of its own inherent violence.

  • 9.
    Molina, Irene
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Czischke, Darinka
    Delft Univ Technol, Fac Architecture & Built Environm, Delft, Netherlands.
    Rolnik, Raquel
    Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Architecture & Urbanism, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Housing policy issues in contemporary South America: an introduction2019In: International journal of housing policy, ISSN 1461-6718, E-ISSN 1473-3269, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 277-287Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the introduction to this special issue on Latin American housing policies, we address the common elements evident in this collection of papers with the aim of enabling a better knowledge exchange between the 'global North' and the 'global South' on potentially common issues. These include the changing relationship between state and capital, with special emphasis on the new role adopted by the State as a facilitator for financial private capital in an increasingly privatised housing sector; the need to address precarious housing conditions among vast sectors of the population, including international migrants; and the various innovative roles played by civil society in housing provision. Notwithstanding these similarities between world regions, our editorial introduction highlights a number of particularities in housing research in the Latin American region, underscoring the need to reflect critically on the applicability of concepts and models created in different geographical contexts with different historical, social and political realities. Within this editorial, we also introduce the main themes discussed in the specific articles and attempt to place them within the more general scope of earlier research on housing policies in the region. We conclude by acknowledging that a solution to long lasting housing inequality in Latin America remains an unfulfilled promise.

  • 10.
    Molina, Irene
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Raña Villacura, Karina
    Una perspectivainterseccional para abordar la globalidad del racismo2017In: Actuel Marx Intervenciones, ISSN 0718-0179, no 22Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Nilsson, Per-Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Burka Songs 2.0: The Discourse on Islamic Terrorism and the Politics of Extremization in Sweden2019In: Journal of Religion and Violence, E-ISSN 2159-6808Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Nilsson, Per-Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    French Populism and Discourses on Secularism2019Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Per-Erik Nilsson takes a religious studies approach to analyse French contemporary populism, and uses the discourse on secularism as a lens to do so. This book provides insight into the French and European far-right and radical-nationalist ideology and activism, and contributes to our understanding of the complex relationship between religion and the state in contemporary Europe and beyond. Marine Le Pen stated that secularism was a core value of the National Front, which signaled a significant shift in the far-right's rhetorical strategies and previous opposition to secularism. Nilsson argues that this conspicuous appropriation first came about as a logical result of the obsession of the established main-stream political parties and news media with questions of secularism, national identity, and Islam. He argues that a key player in understanding the National Front's change is the web-based journal Riposte Laïque, which has become a central actor in French radical-nationalist and anti-Islamic web and street based activism. For the first time, this source is examined in order to understand the French far-right's recent appropriation of secularism, as well as debates on secularism, national identity and Islam in France more broadly"--

  • 13.
    Nilsson, Per-Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Fuck Autonomy: Neo-Orientalism and Abjection in Michel Houellebecq’s Soumission2019In: European Review, ISSN 1062-7987, E-ISSN 1474-0575, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 600-614, article id PII S1062798719000206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the author critically analyses Michel Houellebecq’s novel Soumission (Flammarion, 2017). The analysis uses post-structural theories of discourse, gender, and post-colonialism. The author argues that the novel employs neo-orientalist modes of identification where abjection is a fundamental theme. A neo-orientalist mode of identification refers to how knowledge about Muslims as an abject other is produced through various discursive techniques of differentiation, and how this performative practice is articulated through contingent conceptions of race, religion, and gender. Abjection refers to a symbolic castration, namely the central theme of how Western masculinity and European civilization has been de-masculinized by social democracy, liberalism, globalization, and feminism. Finally, the analysis of the novel is contrasted and compared with Houellebecq’s earlier writings.

  • 14.
    Nilsson, Per-Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Open Source Jihad: problematizing the Academic Discourse on Islamic Terrorism in Contemporary Europe2018Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Open Source Jihad, Per-Erik Nilsson provides a unique overview of the academic research and political legislation concerning 'Islamic terrorism' in Europe. He scrutinises in detail how the concepts 'terrorism', 'radicalisation', and 'counter-terrorism' have developed as academic objects of study and political objects of governance. In the Element, Nilsson brings to the fore systemic problems of the field of terrorism studies as well as the various anti-terrorist apparatuses developed by EU member states. Open Source Jihad should be required reading for anyone interested in current European political and social events.

  • 15.
    Nilsson, Per-Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Unveiling the French Republic2019 (ed. 2)Book (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Nilsson, Per-Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Unveiling the French Republic: National Identity, Secularism, and Islam in Contemporary France2017Book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Nilsson, Per-Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Where's Charlie?: The Discourse of Religious Violence in France Post-7/1/20152017In: The Cambridge Companion to Religion and Terrorism / [ed] James R. Lewis, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017, p. 191-202Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18. Wolgast, Sima
    et al.
    Molina, Irene
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Gardell, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Antisvart rasism och diskriminering på arbetsmarknaden: Skillnader mellan afrosvenskar och den övriga befolkningen i bruttolön, disponibel inkomst och möjlighet att göra karriär på den svenska arbetsmarknaden2018Report (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism. LTU history.
    Flooding Luleå city: Perspectives on hydropower, mining, dam safety and flood risk governance2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Luleå city is located downstream of 18 hydropower dams of which the majority are classified as high consequence, meaning that if there is a dam failure, there will be severe consequences downstream. The highest risk for dam failure is when the dams are full, October to about end January each year, i.e. the coldest part of the year. In a worst case scenario water (and ice) levels may rise up to 5-6 meters in the central parts, within less than 48 hours.  Dam safety work entered the international dam sector agenda in the 1970s, after the Teton dam failure in the US. In Sweden, attention to and work with the risk of dam failure began the 1980s, as the hydropower construction era ended.

    The recent tailing dam failure in Brasil has drawn public attention to the risks with the dams used to store waste from mines. While a major tailing dam failed in Finland (Talvivaara) in 2013, so far Sweden has been spared from major disasters.

    What is so far unknown of in Sweden, and rarely discussed, is the combination of the two systems; tailing dams and hydropower dams in the same river, as well as and the risks and governance complexities thereto associated. Yet this is of importance to Luleå, as since 2011 there are plans for a mine within the Lule River, at Kallak/Gállok. This would bring two high consequence systems together, with two different main responsible actors – Vattenfall on the one hand, and the owner of the mine on the other. The public and decision makers have so far had little knowledge/understanding of the risks of such combination. Based on interviews and participatory observations within four research projects funded by the Swedish research council (VR) and FORMAS (since 2008) I will discuss the complexities for flood governance.

     

  • 20.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism. LTU history.
    Land Based Knowledge and Indigenous Feminist Technoscience promoting actual innovative technical designs2019In: NORA conference 2019, May 22-24: Border Regimes, Territorial Discourses and Feminist Politics, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The growing call for countering climate change along with increasing demands for so called “environmentally friendly” – “renewable” - energy production modes continues and increases the dispossession of Indigenous (including Sámi) peoples from our traditional lands and waters.

    What is commonly referred to as “environmental friendly” technoscientific language and imagery continue to shape and reflect racist power relations which favor the colonial nation states and dis-favor/abuses/displaces Indigenous rights and peoples. While challenging this rhetoric is important, another important task is to enter into the very technologies and propose solutions regarding design and development.

    I will elaborate on the potentials and possibilities of Sámi land based knowledge as a basis for innovative designs of energy production technologies, in collaboration with the field of fluid mechanics.

    Current “renewable” energy productions modes are in fact actually major environmental destructors and are outdated designs: Nuclear power plants are but steam engines, a billion times more environmentally hazardous systems. Design of the current windpower plants gigantic windmills, demanding immense natural resources for their construction while claiming massive areas to be erected and cause the death of whales, insects, bats and birds. Current designs of hydropower kill fish and destroy entire bio systems.

    Departing from Sámi /Indigenous Feminist Technoscience, this paper engages with the socio-material, innovative thoughts within fluid mechanics and discusses Sámi perspectives and proposals for sustainable and non-colonial non-racist energy production and consumption - for a good life for all, humans and non-humans and forms part of a research proposal to the Swedish research council.

  • 21.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism. Luleå tekniska universitet, ETS, historia .
    Helsdotter, Eva Charlotta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Aira, Gun
    Sirges sámi village.
    Aira, Anna Kajsa
    Sirges Sámi Village.
    Burnett, Scott
    Nilsen, Liz-Marie
    Acosta, Ignacio
    Sámi Perspectives on Climate Change, Green Colonialism, Forest Firest, Industrial Exploitations and Food Sovereignty2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Native American and Indigenous Studies Association Annual Meeting, June 26-29 2019, Waikato University, Aotearo (New Zealand)

    Panel 2019

    Title: Sámi Perspectives on Climate Change, Green Colonialism, Forest Fires, Industrial Exploitations and Food Sovereignty.

    Addressing and analysing climate change leading to forest fires and burnt reindeer grazing lands in summer, as well as “locked in” reindeer food in winter, the whiteness and coloniality of "green" political campaigning, the consequences of industrial exploitations of Sémi territories — and the Sámi resistance and struggles to find solutions and challenge a colonial destructive knowledge paradigm - this panel is ultimately addressing Indigenous Food Sovereignty and thereby future survival for Indigenous peoples in general and Sami in particular. Organised by a Sámi scholar at Uppsala University, the panel brings together community, scholars and non-Sámi/ non-Indigenous scholars from Sweden, Chile/UK, South Africa approaching the theme from multiple angles and aims at setting up a network for continued collaboration among ourselves and interested NAISA participants. The panel is partly financed by a research project led by Dr May-Britt Öhman on Indigenous Climate Change Studies (FORMAS 2019- 2021), within the Swedish National Research Programme on Climate. Film and drone technology as a means for research, communication and dissemination is used. Case studies are from Jåhkåmåhkke and Ljusdal on the Swedish side of Sébme, and from the Talvivaara tin mine, Finland, where a tailing darn failure occurred in 2012-2013.

     

    Chair and organiser:  Dr May-Britt Öhman, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism, Uppsala University and guest researcher at Luleå University of Technology, division of history.

     

    1. Gun Aira and Anna Kajsa Aira,  Sirges Sámi Village, Jåhkåmåhkke (Jokkmokk)

    Sámi perspectives on climate change and imposed flexibility: experiences from reindeer herding in the Lule River valley

    This is a presentation of a documentation project regarding climate changes – from our sijdda reindeer herding group, consisting of myself, my two children and a cousin’s child. On the one hand, we document climate changes, and on the other hand we show how industrial exploitation and forestry impact on our ability to be “resilient”: an imposed flexibility.

    We work and live along the Lule River, moving between winter and summer lands, stretching from the mountains in the west, to 100 km east of Jåhkåmåkke. Fifty years ago, the conditions were totally different from today. The reindeer were tamer and didn’t fear humans. We worked on skis, humans and reindeer lived together under the same conditions. There were few forestry roads, and no snowmobiles with their tracks. Lichen on the trees was plentiful. The lichen on the ground was not destroyed by forestry machines. We rarely had to transport reindeer by trucks, and rarely had to support-feed them. The reindeer could support themselves most of the time.

    Today, due to exploitation and climate changes combined, we have to support-feed the reindeer every year. Because of rapid temperature changes, snow falls, turns to water, and then freezes, “locking in” the ground lichen. The trees are also cut down, and so no tree lichen is available.

    Our project departs from our perspectives, defining the problems and the solutions. The ambition is to communicate our findings and recommendations to the public and decision makers, with a view to protect our future, our Sámi culture.

     

    2. Eva Charlotta Helsdotter, Uppsala University

    Under the surface: Water, pollution, and threats against Sámi food security – learning from the Talvivaara tailings dam failure

     

    Clean and safe water is the key to food security and food sovereignty. How can Sámi/Indigenous waters be protected from the destructive mining policies in the era of climate change mitigation and the scramble for metals needed for electrical cars, batteries, solar cells, and wind-power plants? How can awareness of the toxic pollution of tailings dams be raised among the public and decision-makers? This presentation is part of a film project about the Talvivaara tin mine in Finland, and the disastrous tailings dam failures in 2012-2013. A research group consisting of myself, May-Britt Öhman, and the independent filmmaker Storlöpare visited the site in 2017, conducting video interviews and documenting  the area. The failure caused massive problems. Leakage from the tailings dam is still ongoing, polluting waters all the way to the city of Oulu, and into the Baltic Sea. On the opposite side of the Baltic Sea, in Sweden, several mines are located in Sámi territories, and more mines are planned. In 2013, the Swedish government adopted a Mineral Strategy in which they claim to exploit mineral assets in a “long-term sustainable way, with consideration shown for ecological, social and cultural dimensions...”. Yet, respect for Sámi people is still lacking. The aim of the project is to reach a wider audience, and to support ongoing struggles to protect Sámi lands and waters. At NAISA, the ambition is to show an example of how to join film and scientific research, and to receive suggestions on how to proceed.

     

    3.  Liz-Marie Nilsen and Ignacio Acosta

    Fighting climate change and forest fires – from a Sámi perspective

    We present a research project documenting experiences from forest fires in two municipalities within Sámi territories.

    The summer of 2018 was extremely hot and dry in Sweden, with up to 50 forest fires raging simultaneously. In Jåhkåmåkke – which has 5000 inhabitants, and an area of 19 477 km2 – as many as four fires raged simultaneously during July. With the support of volunteers, and building on experiences from a major fire in 2006, disaster was avoided. In Ljusdal – which has 19000 inhabitants, and an area of 5288 km2 – the fires spread out of control, and people had to be evacuated.  Understanding what went well in Jåhkåmåkke and what went wrong in Ljusdal may provide lessons to be learned: it is not only about climate change, it is also about firefighting competence. Another aspect, highlighted from the Sámi perspective, concerns disaster relief: while forest owners resort to insurance, there is no such relief for reindeer herders, as they don’t own the grazing lands. According to the Sámi Parliament’s application for disaster relief to the Swedish government, 31 out of 51 Sámi reindeer herding villages and 21 500 hectare of grazing lands burned.

    Due to climate change we can expect more of the same in the future. Thus the consequences of forest fires for reindeer grazing need to be addressed and mitigated, at the same time as it is of major importance to reclaim local and traditional knowledge on firefighting, demanding that the actors involved are prepared and ready when it happens again.

     

    4. Scott Burnett, Wits Centre for Diversity Studies, University of the Witwatersrand (Johannesburg)

    The whiteness of green ideology: Swedish environmentalism as colonial vanguard

    The violent occupation and appropriation of land in Sápmi for Swedish hydro- and wind-power projects has been opposed by Sámi scholars and activists for over a century. Yet Sweden has maintained its reputation on the world stage both as a humanitarian and green “superpower”. The narrative of “good Sweden” has worked to (re)produce the nation as a space where whiteness is the unquestioned norm, and settler colonialism passes as common sense. Environmentalist communication in this context shapes ethical subjectivity, and legitimises the colonial base of the modern welfare state.

    This paper presents a discourse-theoretical analysis of the construction of “renewable” energy around the 2018 elections. It investigates closely the Swedish Green Party’s election platform at a national level, and also zooms in to Jåhkåmåkke municipality, and Sámi candidate Henrik Blind’s successful campaign for office. While Sámi issues remain “unspeakable” at a national level, local political texts reveal complex accommodations and contestations. I argue that mainstream Swedish environmentalism constructs the argument for renewable energy as a series of impossible choices.

    While this research has been pursued in conversation with Sámi scholars, I do not speak for or from a Sámi position. I am a descendant of the European settler colonialists of South Africa, and I have recently relocated to Sweden. My approach to critical “race” and indigenous studies research is to problematise the colonial centre and the “whiteness” it reproduces, in the tradition of critical whiteness and settler colonial studies.

     

  • 22.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism. Luleå tekniska universitet, ETS, historia .
    Larsson, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Wajstedt, Liselotte
    Vaja filmproductions.
    Kuhmunen, Lars-Ánte
    Berättelser, kunskap, jojkar och röster från Giron, Kieruna, Kiruna: -  och andra utforskningar av rasbiologin, rasism, gruvor, exploateringar,  urfolkskamp och vardagsliv.2019In: Teknik- och vetenskapshistoriska dagar 2019: Space and Frontiers, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Berättelser, kunskap, jojkar och röster från Giron, Kieruna, Kiruna -  och andra utforskningar av rasbiologin, rasism, gruvor, exploateringar,  urfolkskamp och vardagsliv.  

     

    Format: Detta är en session med fyra presentationer som alla hänger ihop med fokus på Kiruna, kolonisation, rasism, rasbiologi, urfolkskamp, vardagsliv, utmanande av akademisk kunskapsproduktion och  främjande av kunskapsproduktion utanför de akademiska normerna. Vi som presenterar är konstnär, teknikhistoriker, renskötare/jojkare och arkeolog. Det som presenteras är arbete knutet till tre olika forskningsprojekt, ett konstnärligt forskningsprojekt om Kiruna som är en ansökan till Vetenskapsrådet Konstnärlig forskning, ett om urfolksperspektiv på klimat (finansierat av FORMAS 2017-2019), samt ett om samiska perspektiv på rasbiologi (”Åvdåsvásstadus”, finansierat av Sametingets Kulturnämnd och Rådet för lika villkor, Uppsala universitet).

     

     

    Organisatör May-Britt Öhman, Fil.Dr., Teknikhistoria, Centrum för mångvetenskaplig forskning om rasism, CEMFOR, Uppsala universitet och LTU, ETS - historia

     

     

    1.

    Liselotte Wajstedt, Konstnär, Fil.Kand Gestaltning i konvergerande medier.

     

    Titel: Ruotnas Várri: berättelser från renskötare i Kirunaområdet med filmvisning

     

    Detta är en presentation av en del av ett filmdokumentationsprojekt om flytten av Kiruna. Här fokuserar jag på de samiska renskötarnas situation i Kirunaområdet. Deras situation blir allt svårare. Jag har pratat med många som känner sig ledsna och uppgivna. De trycks undan allt mer för de olika gruvorna som det prospekteras för och de nya som öppnas. På den platsen där Kiruna ligger idag var det ett höstbetesland för renarna. Renskötarna har inte längre någon plan D. Jag följer samebyn Gábna sameby och en renskötare; Lars-Ánte Kuhmunen, i hans vardagliga arbete. Han är även jojkare, och en musikvideo är del av dokumentären. Det är svårt att föra arvet vidare i en familj, det är hård press på barnen som måste ta över en stor renhjord efter sina föräldrar. Till det ska de kämpa med växande miljöproblem, ekonomin etc... En annan aspekt som kommer in i detta är rasbiologins kategoriseringar och dess effekter på de som lever idag; Kväner, Lantalaiset, Samer och Svenskar - de olika motsättningarna som uppstår och hur det påverkar klimatet i Kiruna. Denna fråga lyfts inte fram ordentligt, det är så infekterat och därför viktigt. Det handlar om urfolkstatus och rättigheter till land och vatten. Hur påverkar det staden, arbetet, mentaliteten och gruvan - och den lilla människan. Hur har rasbiologin och den statliga politiken som delat upp människor i olika grupperingar bidragit till detta? Det är många frågor som söker sina svar och berörs i forskningsprojektet. Jag kommer visa några klipp från pågående filmdokumentation.

     

     

    2.

    Lars-Ánte Kuhmunen, renskötare, jojkare

     

    Titel: Jojken -  samisk glädje och motstånd och framtidstro

     

    Detta är en presentation av jojk som tradition och som en möjlighet till helande i en sårig värld. Jojken är en urgammal och oerhört viktig men tyvärr idag för många samer tystad tradition. Jojken var en självklarhet i samiska familjer, man jojkade ensam, man jojkade när man träffades. Jojken förmedlar kunskap, minne, historia och tradition och känslor. Med kristendomen och kolonisationen tystades jojken och i många släkter tystnade den. I ett samiskt samhälle som utsätts för ett växande kolonialt förtryck, rasism, och av miljöproblem från den ökande industriella exploateringen, är jojken en väg att hitta tillbaka till glädje och välmående. Jag kommer här berätta om hur jojken kan användas för just detta välmående och återtagande och stärkande av samisk kultur. Och på sikt, förhoppningsvis del av det som kan sätta stopp för miljöförstörande och djur- och människoförstörande industriella exploateringar, genom att åter bygga upp relationerna till omgivande samhälle, natur, djur, medmänniskor på ett hållbart sätt. Jag kommer även låta deltagarna själva prova på jojk.

     

     

    3.

    May-Britt Öhman, FD Teknikhistoria, LTU, Historia och Uppsala universitet, Centrum för mångvetenskaplig forskning om rasism, CEMFOR.

     

    Åvdåsvásstadus: Om ansvar, avkolonialisering, helande,  rasbiologi, rasism, avbildade samer, samiska kvarlevor och vägar till upprättelse och självförtroende

     

    Frågan om rasbiologi och dess påverkan på de som mätts och hamnat på bilder i rasbiologiska institutets kataloger i Uppsala universitet, de döda som grävts upp ur sina gravar och vars kroppar hamnat i statliga institutioners lådor har alltmer uppmärksammats de senaste åren. En växande opinion från samiskt håll, sverigefinskt och tornedalskt håll börjar nu allt mer ifrågasätta. Vilket ansvar har svenska staten? Vad ska göras med samlingarna – kropparna  - bilderna? Vad har rasbiologin och rasismen haft för påverkan på de utsatta? Och inte minst – frågan om varför har man hållit på med detta, och kallat det vetenskap, till att börja med? Varför fortsätter man behålla och använda stulna kvarlevor för forskning?

    21-23 januari  2015 hölls ett symposium vid Uppsala universitet, som jag var initiativtagare till och huvudsaklig organisatör för, ”Åvdåsvásstadus: ansvar, avkolonialisering, helande,  Ett symposium om rasbiologi, rasism, avbildade samer, samiska kvarlevor och vägar till upprättelse och självförtroende”. I samband med symposiet påbörjades arbetet med en supradisciplinär antologi, dvs för både akademiska forskare och forskare inom det samiska samhället som inte nödvändigtvis är verksamma inom akademin, som bjöd in alla intresserade. Nu vid slutet av 2018 är vi nästan klara. Det har varit ett tungt och smärtsamt men även stärkande arbete. Jag kommer ta upp aspekter ur antologin, påpekanden, nya insikter och även mina egna bidrag. En betydelsefull aspekt är trots allt att rasismen, rasbiologin, hade och har än idag, ett syfte – att kunna kontrollera människor och territorium med rika naturresurser. Detta framgår i bidragen till antologin.

     

     

    4.

    Gunilla Larsson , FD Arkeologi, Uppsala universitet, Centrum för mångvetenskaplig forskning om rasism, CEMFOR.

     

    Titel: ”Man får aldrig ro”: Arkeologiska och historiska perspektiv på Kirunas stigar

     

    Det finns berättelser om stigar och platser som måste lämnas i fred, annars uppstår problem. I Jokkmokk är det ett av mest omtalade exemplen vattenkraftsdammen Seitevare, som enligt muntlig tradition är byggd på en helig plats, vilket ska ha medfört de problem som statliga företaget Vattenfall  än idag har med dammen.  Sådana berättelser – sådan kunskap – finns även i Kirunområdet. Wajstedt konstnärliga forskningsprojekt har denna aspekt som en viktig del. Wajstedt skriver: ”Stigarna har särskild betydelse för mig både minnet och andligt. Det finns en massa berättelser kring dessa stigar. Både när de använts och i eftertid då de fortfarande är ’beträdda’ av andar. De berättas helt utan skam. Till exempel får man aldrig bygga hus sådan stig. Då får man aldrig ro. ” I presentationen kommer jag att redogöra för möjliga arkeologiska och historiska ingångar på stigar, flyttleder och lämningar inom det som idag är Gábna och Laevas samebyars områden. Jag kommer att belysa relationen mellan människorna och landskapet i ett långtidsperspektiv genom att analysera de lämningar och minnen som är kopplade till platser i landskapet. I de arkeologiska lämningarna här finns spåren efter den osynliggjorda samiska historien i Kirunaområdet. De lämningar som finns och de minnen som finns knutna till dessa platser är länken mellan de människor som har levt här och landskapet, men även vittnesbörd om rättigheter till land och vatten. Med hjälp av arkeologiskt och historiskt källmaterial, och utifrån ett  samiskt perspektiv, kan livet i samebyarna i Kirunaområdet förändras, och kolonisationen har förändrat det samiska landskapet belysas.

     

  • 23.
    Helsdotter, Eva Charlotta (Director, Translator, Narrator, Producer)
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism.
    Öhman, May-Britt (Contributor, Producer)
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism. Luleå tekniska universitet, ETS, historia .
    Storlöpare, Petri (Videographer, Producer, Translator)
    Slowlife Film.
    The Talvivaara Mine: Water consequences2019Artistic output (Unrefereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A film about the Talvivaara mine in Sotkamo, Finland. Produced within the research project Dálkke: Indigenous Climate Change Studies.

    "Don't be afraid, we come in peace and offer jobs!"  The mine was not going to have any harmful effects on the surrounding areas according to the CEO. However, this soon turned out to be false. The impacts of the mine in terms of pollution of water courses and lakes is enormous. Both due to a failure of the tailing dam, and also of the constantly ongoing pollution.

    This is a filmpresentation of a research project, within the Dálkke: Indigenous Climate Change Studies, FORMAS Dnr 2017-01923, led by Dr May-Britt Öhman, Uppsala University, within the Swedish National research programme on climate.

    Please reference as: Helsdotter, Eva Charlotta; Öhman, May-Britt, and Storlöpare, Petri, 2019. The Talvivaara Mine - Water consequences. Film 12.41'. Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism (CEMFOR), Uppsala University, Uppsala.

    Project leader and Research: Dr May-Britt Öhman and Associate Professor, Dr. Eva Charlotta Helsdotter

    Project leader movie: Associate Professor, Dr. Eva Charlotta Helsdotter

    Photo, editing, subtitles and translation from Finnish: Petri Storlöpare, Slowlife Film

    Translation to English: Associate Professor, Dr. Eva Charlotta Helsdotter

    Drone photo: Sotkamo Naturskyddsförening

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