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  • 1.
    Andersson, Roger
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Flyktingmottagandets geografi: En flernivåanalys av integrationsutfallet för tio årskohorter av invandrade från Somalia, Irak och Iran2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Boendesegregation och områdespolitik / [ed] Roger Andersson, Bo Bengtsson & Gunnar Myrberg, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, 39-73 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Roger
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Myrberg, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Boendesegregation och områdespolitik – en introduktion2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Boendesegregation och områdespolitik / [ed] Roger Andersson, Bo Bengtsson & Gunnar Myrberg, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, 7-13 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Asai, Ryoko
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Human-Computer Interaction.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Human-Computer Interaction.
    Diversity in the construction of organization value2010In: Which values for which organisations / [ed] Rusconi et al., G., 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörns högskola .
    Mångfaldens vägskäl: Om integrationspolitikens stigberoende2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Medborgarskap och integrationspolitik / [ed] Bo Bengtsson, Roger Andersson & Gunnar Myrberg, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, 17-40 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Hertting, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Makten i den etnifierade staden: Invandrarföreningar och lokal politik i Botkyrka2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Medborgarskap och integrationspolitik / [ed] Bo Bengtsson, Roger Andersson & Gunnar Myrberg, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, 121-141 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Borders and Belonging: Nation-Building in Georgia's Armenian and Azerbaijani Ethno-Regions, 2004–20122016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the fall of the Soviet Union, scholars researching ethnic politics have approached the South Caucasus as a testing ground for theories of separatism and conflict. But the 2003 Rose Revolution brought a new generation of politicians to power in Georgia. President Mikheil Saakashvili distanced himself from the ethnic nationalism of the past, which had poisoned relations between Georgians and their Armenian and Azerbaijani compatriots. The incoming authorities instead sought to foster an inclusive nationalism, wherein belonging hinged on speaking the state language and all Georgian-speakers, regardless of origin, were to be equals.

    This thesis investigates this nation-building project and its influence on the integration of Georgia's Armenian and Azerbaijani borderlands. I first examine the mode through which these peripheries were incorporated into post-Soviet Georgia. Since Armenians controlled "their own" domain to a greater extent than the Azerbaijanis, I infer that the former were absorbed along integralist and the latter along colonial lines. Moving to the time-period after the Rose Revolution, I next explore if Georgian officials and Georgian adolescents were tolerant towards Georgian-speaking minorities. With the help of elite interviews and a socio-linguistic experiment (n = 792), I reveal that officials and adolescents were open to integrated Armenians and Azerbaijanis alike. I then proceed to inspect the centre's nationalising agencies and their efforts to incentivise minorities to interact with Georgians, and to use the state language during these contacts. Last but not least, I turn to the reactions this nation-building project elicited in the borderlands. On the basis of interviews with local elites and a socio-linguistic experiment involving Armenian and Azerbaijani adolescents (n = 434; n = 483), I discovered sharp differences: Armenians reacted with defiance and Azerbaijanis with compliance.

    These findings augment our knowledge of ethno-linguistic stereotypes in the Caucasus. They also demonstrate that inclusive nation-building projects can inspire minorities to integrate – despite adverse circumstances – but hint at one condition conducive to this end. Armenians perceived the state language as a battering ram against "their own" domain, while Azerbaijanis saw it as a tool to escape their isolation. This within-country comparison suggests that similar nation-building projects can trigger different reactions in integralist and colonial borderlands.

  • 7.
    Blanck, Dag
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English, The Swedish Institute for North American Studies.
    "A Mixture of People with Different Roots": Swedish Immigrants in the American Ethno-Racial Hierarchies2014In: Journal of American Ethnic History, ISSN 0278-5927, E-ISSN 1936-4695, Vol. 33, no 3, 37-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Blind, Ina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Dahlberg, Matz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Mack, Jennifer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Böneutrop och det offentliga svenska rummet2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: boendesegregation och områdespolitik / [ed] R. Andersson, B. Bengtsson & G. Myrberg, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 135-148 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Cano Diaz, Silvia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The Road to Resilience: Challenges, vulnerabilities and risks in the protection and empowerment of Palestinian refugee children2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to study what are the current protection challenges faced by Palestinian

    refugee children and their families in the context of the protracted crisis in the occupied

    territories of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Furthermore, this study will also look at

    how different factors influence on children's well-being, enabling or impeding to build

    their resilience under the ongoing adversarial circumstances. In addition, it will also

    analyse what mechanisms and strategies ensure the inclusive participation of Palestinian

    refugee children in their communities.

    Therefore, this thesis will use a mixed method approach, combining the outcomes of

    interviews that have been conducted with UNRWA personnel and the review of

    secondary sources. Two main theories will be used for the analysis of the research

    findings: Transactional-Ecological model and Social Ecology of Protection. The aim is

    to gain a better insight into how supportive environments and factors can be

    strengthened. As a consequence, it encourages Palestinian refugee children's ability to

    build resilience towards their social integration, which allows them to become actors of

    their own protection and be empowered.

  • 10.
    Centrum för multietnisk forskning,
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Kunskap för egenmakt: Minoritetskvinnor och folkbildningen2010Report (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Linköpings universitet.
    Trumberg, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Towards a New Education Regime: The Neo-Liberal Turn in Swedish Education Policy2016In: Reimagineering the Nation: Essays on 21 Century Sweden / [ed] Ålund, Aleksandra m.fl., Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Danielsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Hertting, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Vem vinner på medborgardialog?: Deltagande och politisk integration i den segregerade staden2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Medborgarskap och integrationspolitik / [ed] Bo Bengtsson, Gunnar Myrberg och Roger Andersson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, 143-165 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Ekstrand, Moa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Ord men inga visor: En jämförande masterstudie om humanitära organisationers policy kring dialog och mänskliga rättigheter i relation till praktiskt genomförande av flyktingläger2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The average time for an individual to be located in a refugee situation is 17 years. That people are fleeing for such a long period of their life means that a large part of their human rights can easily be neglected. This study examines the humanitarian organizations MSB’s and UN- HCR's implementation of refugee camps and how they allow refugees to play a part in this process. This essay intends to examine the policy the organizations adhere to, namely the in- ternationally recognized handbooks Handbook of Emergencies and The Sphere Project. Em- pirical material is based on a qualitative interview method where a comparison between poli- cy and practice is investigated. Employees of organizations and experts on refugee camp de- sign, management and urban planning have served as respondents in this study. The city planning theory collaborative rationality is used to examine the empirical data to answer how organizations work with refugee camps, if a dialogue processes occur between organizations and refugees, and what benefits the theory can provide. This is followed by a discussion re- garding the human rights of the refugees and whether these are considered in the implementa- tion of the camp. A question raised in the discussion is whether a clarification of the concept could help the organizations' employees to meet the human rights of the refugees. The aim of this thesis is to create an interdisciplinary understanding across disciplinary boundaries. The idea is that the amalgamation of disciplines can improve the humanitarian organizations’ work and aid refugees living conditions. This study highlights a discrepancy in the relation- ship between policy and practice in relation to the procedure manuals, but also in relation to refugees and the satisfaction of human rights. A majority of the respondents testify a wish that a dialogue should be conducted between the organization and the recipients of humanitar- ian aid but that issues such as time pressure, ignorance and power relations complicates this process. What is needed for an improvement of dialogue processes is that the organizations need to take clearer positions on how the practical implementation should play out which would more easily control their employees to execute their work. States need to review their approach to refugees and to take responsibility for the people who need help. Last but not least, the concept of human rights and Nussbaum's definition of it is offered as a suggestion as to how UNHCR and MSB could simplify their work to accommodate that the refugees are treated within the realms of the human rights legislation. 

  • 14.
    Eliasson, Tove
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Bankanställdas ursprungsland och egenföretagande bland utrikesfödda2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Medborgarskap och integrationspolitik / [ed] Bo Bengtsson, Gunnar Myrberg och Roger Andersson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, 167-180 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Engdahl, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Invandringens arbetsmarknadseffekter: Lärdomar från den internationella litteraturen och svenska resultat2016Report (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Engdahl, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Medborgarskap och arbetsmarknaden2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Medborgarskap och integrationspolitik / [ed] Bo Bengtsson, Gunnar Myrberg och Roger Andersson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, 65-79 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Georgieva, Radostina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology. Strasbourg University.
    How Media Portrayal Affects Perceptions of Minorities: The case of Bulgaria2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A connection is often drawn between the way the media represent ethnic minorities and the way majorities perceive them. This paper seeks to investigate further this link by drawing parallels between media portrayal of ethnic minorities in Bulgaria and the majority's attitude towards them. In addition it introduces the results of an online survey in which 250 people took part that directly studies the effects of negative media portrayal on the subject's attitude towards ethnic minorities in Bulgaria.

  • 18.
    Grubbström, Ann
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Estonian Swedish Ethnic Survival - Examples from Nuckö in the Interwar Period2007In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, Vol. 24, no 2, 162-175 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A long-term perspective is important in studies of ethnic groups and their opportunities for survival. This case study deals with the Swedish population in Nuckö (Noarootsi), Estonia, during the interwar period. Even though the Swedish population declined as a whole, some villages succeeded in maintaining their Swedish affiliation. Settlement patterns and varying opportunities to own land are important factors behind these differences. The Estonian-Swedish cultural awakening in the interwar period made it easier for people to show their Swedish ethnic identity more openly. Inhabitants in villages that already at the end of the nineteenth century had a large proportion of Estonians in their population, reacted more positively to the state’s request that people change their surname as part of the assimilation policy of the 1930s. Even though people in some villages chose to register a change of ethnic status, a change of surname, and even changed their use of language, they may nonetheless have remained committed to their former Swedish ethnicity on a private level. It is crucial to combine different kinds of data such as church records, censuses and interviews in order to illustrate the complexities of ethnic identity from a variety of different angles.

  • 19.
    Haumesser-Savio, Valentin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The Importance of Minority Rights for the European Union in the EU Accession Process of Kosovo.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Hedman, Lina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Andersson, Roger
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Etnisk segregation och inkomstsegregation i Sveriges tio största arbetsmarknadsregioner 1990–20102015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Boendesegregation och områdespolitik / [ed] Roger Andersson, Bo Bengtsson & Gunnar Myrberg, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, 15-38 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Hope, Kristen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Noxious Fumes of Nationalism2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is an investigation into the psychosociological causes of ethnic war through the lens of contact theory. Using group identity salience, perceptions of inequality, perception of threat and negative outgroup attitudes (NOAs) including prejudice and nationalism, this study introduces a supra-theory called the negative contact spiral to explain a gap in contact theory, namely the rare but powerful negative effects of intergroup contact.  The study predicts that salience of ethnic identity leads to NOAs, both directly and via either perception of outgroups as threat or via perception of intergroup inequalities, but finds weak and mixed support for all predictions.    A comparative case study of Yugoslavia from 1978-1982 and from 1987-1991 was used. Strongest support shows that a perception of inequalities leads to NOAs, and unexpectedly, strong support was also found for perception of inequality leading to perception of threat and for perception of threat for one group to lead to perception of threat for another.  Support for the predictions of the negative contact spiral in general are weak and mixed.  Further study is recommended to parse out the actual relationships between the variables studied in the spiral. 

  • 22. Hosseini-Kaladjahi, Hassan
    et al.
    Kelly, Melissa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Sweden IV: Iranian Community2012Other (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Jansson, Kenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Miljonprogramsförorten och den kreativa stadens framtid2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Boendesegregation och områdespolitik / [ed] Roger Andersson, Bo Bengtsson & Gunnar Myrberg, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, 117-134 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Jansson, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Läkarförbundet, Vårdförbundet och professionernas internationella mobilitet2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att studera om, och i så fall hur, de arbetstagar-organisationer som företräder läkare (Läkarförbundet) och sjuksköterskor (SHSTF/Vårdförbundet) har försökt inverka på de regleringar som på olika sätt påverkar i utlandet utbildade läkare och sjuksköterskors möjligheter att få legitimation och arbeta i Sverige. Utgångspunkten är att förbunden förväntas försöka påverka regleringar av yrket och förändringar av kraven på i utlandet utbildade yrkesutövare på ett sådant sätt att det minskar (eller håller tillbaka ökningen av) utbudskonkurrensen på deras segment av arbetsmarknaden. Rapportens slutsats är att förbundens politik endast delvis verkar i denna rikt-ning. Det långsiktiga målet att säkerställa yrkets status och ställning tycks i de flesta fall vara viktigare för förbunden, än att på kortare sikt försöka motverka den utbudskonkurrens som invandring och invandrare utgör.

  • 25.
    Jansson, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Organized interests and foreign-educated professionals: The case of the associations for physicians and nurses in Swedem2017Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role and importance of employee organizations (i.e., unions) on policies concerning international migration have been studied extensively for decades. However, we know very little about the strategies of the organized interests of health care professionals. This paper will contribute to previous research, both internationally and in the Swedish context, on issues concerning the (re-)action of professional organizations towards migration reforms that might endanger the profession's control over their segment of the labor market. Through a study of the associations representing the two largest licensed health care professions in Sweden – physicians and nurses – the study investigates if, and how, they try to limit the competition in the labor market against reforms that are promoting increased mobility and international migration. The conclusions are mixed, suggesting that the long-term goals of professional associations are more important than strategies that might reduce the competition of foreign-educated practitioners in the short run.

  • 26.
    Kelly, Melissa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Negotiating a Gujarati identity in Vancouver2007In: Gujaratis in the West: evolving identities in contemporary society / [ed] Anjoom A. Mukadam and Sharmina Mawani, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2007, 42-58 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27. Klinthäll, Martin
    et al.
    Mitchell, Craig
    Schölin, Tobias
    Slavnić, Zoran
    Urban, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Invandring och företagande: Kunskapsöversikt 2016:72016Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle.
    Urban, Susanne
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle.
    Köksingång till den svenska arbetsmarknaden?: Om företagande bland personer med utländsk bakgrund2010In: Lyckad invandring: Tio svenska forskare om hur man når framgångar / [ed] Ådahl, Martin, Stockholm: Fores , 2010, 99-118 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Urban, Susanne
    Linköpings universitet.
    Second-Generation Immigrants in the Small-Business Sector in Sweden2014In: Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, ISSN 1556-2948, E-ISSN 1556-2956, Vol. 12, no 3, 210-232 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the importance of co-ethnic employment for second-generation immigrants using data on the total population of Sweden. The analyses show that employment by parents comprises a substantial part of co-ethnic employment among young people. However, youth of Swedish origin in the small business sector are employed by parents to the same extent as second-generation immigrants. Furthermore, youth of Swedish origin are much more often employed by Swedish-born employers. Therefore, we argue that mobilization of family resources and social networks is not specific to immigrants in 'ethnic economies' but is rather part of a general small-business class strategy.

  • 30.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Urban, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. LInköping University.
    The strength of ethnic ties: Routes into the labour market in spaces of segregation2016In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 53, no 1, 3-16 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses whether ethnic segregation leads to social isolation and lack of access to valuable informal channels into the labour market. We use a survey of Swedish-born young adults in Stockholm, whose parents were born either in Turkey (Stratum T) or in Sweden (Stratum S). Stratum T was randomly sampled, whereas Stratum S was sampled according to the residential distribution of Stratum T. Our results show that persons in Stratum T use informal contacts in order to find employment more often than Stratum S. Living in immigrant-dense areas increases the likelihood of finding employment through informal contacts. For Stratum T, co-ethnic contacts are more important than other contacts, in particular if they are neighbours. Access to ethnic networks and the use of ethnic contacts in the labour market differ between persons of Turkish, Kurdish and Assyrian/Syriac backgrounds. In contrast to the isolation thesis, this study shows that young adults in immigrant-dense neighbourhoods have access to and benefit more from informal channels in order to find ways into labour market.

  • 31.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Exploring Trends in Transnational Practices of Conflict-Generated Migrants: Bosnians in Sweden and Their Activities Towards Bosnia and Herzegovina2013In: Migrations from Bosnia and Herzegovina / [ed] Mirza Emirhafizovic, Emina Cosic, Amer Osmic, Valida Repovac-Pasic, Sarajevo: University of Sarajevo and Ministry for Human Rights and Refugees , 2013, 1st, 35-44 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Kott, Matthew
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Multiethnic Research.
    Forskare måste tänka nytt kring romer2009In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 4, 20-21 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Kott, Matthew
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    It is in their DNA: Swedish Police, Structural Antiziganism and the Registration of Romanis2014In: When Stereotype Meets Prejudice: Antiziganism in European Societies / [ed] Timofey Agarin, Stuttgart: Ibidem-Verlag, 2014, 43-74 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    León Rosales, René
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    REMESO, Linköpings universitet.
    "Arga unga män": orten, aktivismen och de kontrollerande bilderna2016In: Bang, ISSN 1102-4593, no 2, 14-18 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    René León Rosales och Aleksandra Ålunds reportage ”Arga unga män” analyserar hur majoritetsshällets schablonbilder av den ”unga kriminelle förortskillen” villkorar det politiska motståndet i orten.

  • 35.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    People take for granted that you can dance Salsa and Merengue: Transnational Diasporas, Visual Discourses, and Racialized Knowledge in the Contemporary Latin Music Boom in Sweden2008In: Internationell migration - utmaningar och möjligheter: ett interdisciplinärt samtal, Stockholm: Stockholms universitet , 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During recent years US based Latin popular culture has gained worldwide popularity through artists such as Jennifer Lopez, Shakira and Ricky Martin. Taking the national context as an emerging vantage point from which to consider globalization processes, the paper explores the growing popularity of the Latin music boom as a specific contemporary expression of global popular culture and its impact on young Latina women's everyday lives and identity work in Sweden. Based on interviews and focus group discussions with twenty-nine high school Latina girls, 14-20 years of age, born and/or raised in Sweden, it is examined how music arenas and its appeal to hybrid identities are to be construed when we reflect critically upon the contemporary articulations of commodity cultures and representations. In the particular context of Sweden, the paper inquires into how young Latina women's negotiate popular representations of Latinidad through intentional as well as unintentional embodiment of these images. It is argued that while visual discourses and representations in popular culture tend to fix young women in preconceived ideas of ethnicity and race, the young women themselves find myriad ways to reconstruct stereotyping ideas and build diasporic links to other Latino/a diasporas, especially in the US.

  • 36.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Svenskhetens utsida2007In: I & M, ISSN 1404-6857, Vol. 34, no 6, 5-8 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Mindus, Patricia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Ancora sulla teoria funzionale della cittadinanza. Risposta ai critici: More on the Functional Theory of Citizenship. Reply to critics2015In: Materiali per una storia della cultura giuridica, ISSN 1120-9607, no 2, 521-544 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper defends the functional theory of citizenship on the grounds of the conceptual map of contemporary models of citizenship that I have developed elsewhere. I address three different types of criticisms. First, the focus is on the arguments of those who believe the legal model of citizenship needs to be abandoned or rejected all together. Several reasons against this suggestion are highlighted. Second, a short discussion follows of some points made by those contributors to this volume who instead think that the legal model should be not be rejected, but that it still needs to be amended or requires development to fit contemporary migration patterns. Finally, I address the criticisms of those who believe the whole enterprise of developing a general theory of citizenship is flawed since there would be no concept of citizenship independently of political contingencies.

  • 38.
    Mindus, Patricia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Cittadini e no. Forme e funzioni dell'inclusione e dell'esclusione2014Book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Molina, Irene
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Kvalitativ praktikprövning och rasdiskriminering på bostadsmarknaden: Metodologiska reflektioner2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Boendesegregation och områdespolitik / [ed] Roger Andersson, Bo Bengtsson & Gunnar Myrberg, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, 159-181 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Myrberg, Gunnar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Andersson, Roger
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Medborgarskap och integrationspolitik – en introduktion2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Medborgarskap och integrationspolitik / [ed] Bo Bengtsson, Roger Andersson & Gunnar Myrberg, Maömö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, 7-15 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Myrberg, Gunnar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Westin, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Bostadsbrist som problem vid bosättning av flyktingar: hur ser kommunerna på frågan?2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Medborgarskap och integrationspolitik / [ed] Bo Bengtsson, Gunnar Myrberg och Roger Andersson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, 81-100 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 42. Persson, Marie
    et al.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Visions for a Future at the Source: The Battle against the Rönnbäck Nickel Mining Project2014In: Re: Mindings: Co-Constituting Indigenous, Academic, Artistic Knowledges / [ed] Gördebo, Johan; Öhman, May-Britt; Maruyama, Hiroshi, Uppsala: The Hugo Valentin Centre , 2014, 103-119 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Piechl, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Syrian Community Schools in Cairo: The characteristics of self-organised education of Syrian refugees in the urban context of 6th of October, Cairo2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Six years into the Syrian conflict, the crisis still figures prominently in international media, partly due to the increasingly dire situation of Syrian refugees. Education is one of the fields that has been highly impacted by the Syrian crisis and the risk of a “lost Syrian generation” is well known.

    The five main recipients of Syrian refugees are Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. Egypt is the only one of this group that does not share a border with Syria, but still faces substantial challenges from the influx of Syrian refugees. In terms of education, the country ranks higher than the others, with a reported school enrolment rate of Syrian refugees at 100 per cent. Nonetheless, this figure can be misleading.

    Since approximately 2012, a new phenomenon has been identified in Egypt, which is the founding of Syrian community schools. While those schools are not officially recognised under Egyptian law, Syrian students attend them regularly and only register in Egyptian public schools to take the state-recognised final exams.

    This thesis investigates this new system of self-organised schools in order to explore how and why they developed as well as to specify their characteristics, potentials and challenges in the Egyptian context. In order to answer these questions, Giddens’ structuration theory was chosen as the analytical method because it allows the investigation of the relationship between the agency of Syrian communities and the structure of the Egyptian context. Additionally, existing research material regarding education as a coping strategy and education in emergencies (EiE) was reviewed and included in order to offer a comprehensive understanding of the state of education in the field of humanitarian action.

    By conducting semi-structured interviews with Syrian community schools and combining them with the previous desk study, this thesis found seven reasons that led to the foundation of the schools: bureaucracy, economic opportunities for Syrians, humanity, Syrian drop-outs, the teaching environment in Egyptian schools, transmitting Syrian culture, and traumatised children. Apart from those reasons, common characteristics include the inability to get licensed as a school and subsequent challenges like the difficulty to obtain funding or the uncertain legal situation.

    Overall it was found that much depends on the Egyptian structural context, although the Syrian community, as an agent, still has a certain degree of freedom to act. Thanks to this freedom, community schools have developed as a way to cope with the Egyptian context, thus creating complimentary structures to the pre-existing ones. It remains to be seen, however, the way this develops in the future.

    Nonetheless, one challenge that stands out and that is well known in the field of education in emergencies is the general underfunding of Syrian community schools. This needs to be addressed properly by both the Egyptian government and by international donors.

  • 44.
    Pirot, Soma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Ett migrationssamarbete för vem?: En analys av migrationsöverenskommelsen mellan EU och Turkiet med särskild fokus på flyktingrätten och statssuveräniteten2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As European governments rapidly turn their attention to the implementation of the EU-Turkey agreement, this thesis raises significant questions regarding refugees’ access to international protection. At its core, the agreement aims to address the flow of irregular migrants and asylum seekers traveling across the Mediterranean from Turkey to Greece, by allowing returns of “all irregular migrants”. The aim of this thesis has been to examine if these actions limit two fundamental refugee rights; the right to seek asylum and the principle of non-refoulement. If so, are these restrictions legitimate according to Seyla Benhabib’s and Joseph Carens’ theory? These two theoreticians have been chosen because they problematize the conflicting view of state sovereignty in relation to refugees’ rights. This is significant when the state maintains border control and is responsible to prevent refugees from entering the state. This thesis shows that the EU-Turkey agreement is not compatible with the practical obligations of states under international law and the European Union asylum policy, simply because Turkey is not a safe third country for refugees to be sent back to. Thus, the actions within the agreement does restrict refugees’ right to seek asylum and the principle of non-refoulement. These restrictions cannot be considered legitimate, based on the thesis’ theoretical approach. To study the EU-Turkey agreement involves addressing one of the most urgent topics in international law and political theory, as well as providing normative grounds for future migration agreements between states. 

  • 45. Poljarevic, Emin
    Malik al-Shabazz’s Practice of Self-Liberation2016In: Malcolm X: From Political Eschatology to Religious Revolutionary / [ed] Dustin Byrd and Seyed Javad Miri, Leiden: Brill , 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the year 2015 we remembered the 50th anniversary of Malcolm X’s assassination in Harlem, New York. Spurned by the commitment to continue the critical work that Malcolm X began, the scholars represented in the book have analysed the enduring significance of Malcolm X’s life, work and religious philosophy. Edited by Dustin J. Byrd and Seyed Javad Miri, Malcolm X: From Political Eschatology to Religious Revolutionary, represents an important investigation into the religious and political philosophy of one of the most important African-American and Muslim thinkers of the 20th century. Thirteen different scholars from six different countries and various academic disciplines have contributed to our understanding of why Malcolm X is still important fifty years after his death. Contributors are: Syed Farid Alatas, Dustin J. Byrd, Bethany Beyyette, Louis A. DeCaro, Stephen C. Ferguson, William David Hart, John H. McClendon, Seyed Javad Miri, John Andrew Morrow, Emin Poljarevic, Rudolf J. Siebert, Nuri Tinaz and Yolanda Van Tilborgh.

  • 46.
    Puthoopparambil, Soorej Jose
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    Life in Immigration Detention Centers: An exploration of health of immigrant detainees in Sweden and three other EU member states2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Governments around the world use immigration detention to detain and deport irregular immigrants, which negatively affects their health. The aim of this thesis was to explore, describe and identify factors that could mitigate the effect of immigration detention on the health of detainees. This was a mixed method study using qualitative methods (Papers I and II), quantitative methods (Paper III) and descriptive case comparison (Paper IV) comparing the Swedish system to the system in the Benelux countries (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg). The study design was strengthened by triangulation of methods and data sources.

    Detainees experienced lack of control over their own lives due to lack of information in a language they can understand, inadequate responses from detention staff and restrictions within detention centers further limiting their liberty. Duration of detention was negatively associated with satisfaction of services provided in detention and the detainees’ Quality of Life (QOL). Detainees had low QOL domain scores with the psychological domain having the lowest score (41.9/100). The most significant factor positively associated with the QOL of detainees was the support received from detention staff. A sense of fear was present among detainees and staff. Detainees’ fear was due to their inadequate interaction with authorities, perceiving it as threatening, and due to their worry of facing repercussions of being involved in incidents caused by others. The potential for physical threat from detainees created a sense of fear among the staff. The detention staff expressed the need for more support to manage their emotional dilemma and role conflict of being a civil servant, simultaneously enabling the deportation process while providing humane care to detainees as fellow human beings. Detention centers in the Benelux countries had more categories of staff providing different services to detainees. Compared to the Benelux countries, healthcare services at the Swedish detention centers were limited. Detainees were offered no medical screening on arrival and no regular access to mental healthcare professionals.

    Detaining authorities have the obligation to safeguard the health of detainees. Challenges faced by the detention staff and detainees must be addressed to create a supportive environment and fulfill that obligation.

    List of papers
    1. €œA prison with extra flavours : Experiences of immigrants in Swedish immigration detention centres
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>€œA prison with extra flavours : Experiences of immigrants in Swedish immigration detention centres
    2015 (English)In: International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, ISSN 1747-9894, E-ISSN 2042-8650, Vol. 11, no 2, 73-85 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    National Category
    Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology International Migration and Ethnic Relations
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267558 (URN)10.1108/IJMHSC-10-2014-0042 (DOI)
    Available from: 2015-11-24 Created: 2015-11-24 Last updated: 2016-01-15Bibliographically approved
    2. "It is a thin line to walk on": challenges of staff working at Swedish immigration detention centres
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>"It is a thin line to walk on": challenges of staff working at Swedish immigration detention centres
    2015 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, 25196- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Detention of irregular migrants awaiting deportation is widely practiced in many countries and has been shown to have profound negative impact on health and well-being of detainees. Detention staff, an integral part of the detention environment, affect and are affected by detainees' health and well-being. The objective of the study was to explore experiences of staff working at Swedish immigration detention centres. Fifteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with staff in three Swedish detention centres and were analysed using thematic analysis. The results indicate that the main challenge for the staff was to manage the emotional dilemma entailed in working as migration officers and simultaneously fellow human beings whose task was to implement deportation decisions while being expected to provide humane service to detainees. They tried to manage their dilemma by balancing the two roles, but still found it challenging. Among the staff, there was a high perception of fear of physical threat from detainees that made detention a stressful environment. Limited interaction between the staff and detainees was a reason for this. There is thus a need to support detention staff to improve their interaction with detainees in order to decrease their fear, manage their emotional dilemma, and provide better service to detainees. It is important to address staff challenges in order to ensure better health and well-being for both staff and detainees.

    National Category
    Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-251601 (URN)10.3402/qhw.v10.25196 (DOI)000352425900001 ()25833827 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2015-04-21 Created: 2015-04-21 Last updated: 2015-05-04Bibliographically approved
    3. Quality of life among immigrants in Swedish immigration detention centres: a cross-sectional questionnaire study
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality of life among immigrants in Swedish immigration detention centres: a cross-sectional questionnaire study
    2015 (English)In: Global health action, ISSN 1654-9880, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 8, 28321Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Detention of immigrants negatively affects their health and well-being. Quality of life (QOL) is a broad concept incorporating the self-evaluation of one's own health and well-being that can provide an understanding of the health and well-being of immigrant detainees. The aim of this study was to estimate QOL among immigrant detainees in Sweden and to assess its relationship with the services provided in detention centres and with the duration of detention. Design: All immigrants in all five existing Swedish detention centres (N = 193) were invited to participate in the study (n = 127). In this cross-sectional study, QOL was measured using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire, which was administered by the first author. The questionnaire contained four additional questions measuring participants' satisfaction with the services provided in detention. Associations between QOL domain scores and service satisfaction scores were assessed using regression analysis. The Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was calculated to measure the degree of association between the duration of detention and QOL scores. Results: The mean QOL domain scores (out of 100) were 47.0, 57.5, 41.9, and 60.5 for the environmental, physical, psychological, and social domains, respectively. The level of support detainees received from detention staff was significantly positively associated with detainees' physical (beta adjusted 3.93, confidence interval [CI] 0.06-7.80) and psychological (beta(adjusted) 5.72, CI 1.77-9.66) domain scores. There was also significant positive association between detainees' satisfaction with the care they received from detention staff and the domain scores. The general health score in the WHOQOL-BREF was significantly associated with the detainees' ability to understand the Swedish or English languages. Although not statistically significant, a longer duration of detention was negatively correlated with QOL scores. Conclusion: Immigrant detainees report low QOL. Services provided at the centres, especially the support received from detention staff, is positively associated with their QOL. A review of detention guidelines addressing language barriers, staff training, and duration of detention is highly recommended.

    Keyword
    quality of life, QOL, immigration detention, immigrant detainee, refused asylum seekers, Sweden
    National Category
    Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-260739 (URN)10.3402/gha.v8.28321 (DOI)000358181000001 ()26193898 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2015-08-24 Created: 2015-08-24 Last updated: 2015-08-24Bibliographically approved
    4. Detainees, staff and healthcare services in immigration detention centers: A descriptive comparison of detention systems in Sweden and the Benelux countries
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Detainees, staff and healthcare services in immigration detention centers: A descriptive comparison of detention systems in Sweden and the Benelux countries
    2016 (English)In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 9, 30358Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Immigration detention has been shown to negatively affect the health and well-being of detainees. The aim of the study was to describe and compare policies and practices that could affect the health and well-being of immigrant detainees in the Benelux countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg) to those in Sweden.

    Design:

    This was a case study. Data were collected in two phases using a questionnaire developed particularly for this study. In the first phase, authorities in the Benelux countries responded to the questionnaire via email. During the second phase, a research team visited detention centres in the Benelux countries to observe and further explore, strengthening findings through triangulation. Data on Swedish detention centres were collected in previous studies.

    Results:

    Compared to the Benelux countries, Sweden has limited health care provision available in the detention centres. Swedish detention centres did not have mental health care professionals working at the centres and had fewer restrictions within the centres with regard to access to mobile phone, internet, and various recreational activities. Compared to Sweden, the detention centres in the Benelux countries have more staff categories providing services to the detainees that are provided with relevant and timely on-the-job training. All the countries, except Belgium, provide subsistence allowances to detainees.

    Conclusion:

    Despite the Common European Asylum System framework, differences exist among the four European Union member states in providing services to immigrant detainees. This study highlights these differences, thereby providing a window on how these diverse approaches may serve as a learning tool for improving services offered to immigrant detainees. In Sweden, the health care available to detainees and training and recruitment of staff should be improved, while the Benelux countries should strive to reduce restrictions within detention centres.

    Keyword
    health care, detention staff, immigrant detainee, Common European Asylum System, European Union
    National Category
    International Migration and Ethnic Relations Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-274971 (URN)10.3402/gha.v9.30358 (DOI)000376073700001 ()26950568 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2016-01-27 Created: 2016-01-27 Last updated: 2016-07-01Bibliographically approved
  • 47.
    Puthoopparambil, Soorej Jose
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH). Uppsala university.
    Ahlberg, Beth Maina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    Bjerneld, Magdalena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    €œA prison with extra flavours : Experiences of immigrants in Swedish immigration detention centres2015In: International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, ISSN 1747-9894, E-ISSN 2042-8650, Vol. 11, no 2, 73-85 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Puthoopparambil, Soorej Jose
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    Bjerneld, Magdalena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    Detainees, staff and healthcare services in immigration detention centers: A descriptive comparison of detention systems in Sweden and the Benelux countries2016In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 9, 30358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Immigration detention has been shown to negatively affect the health and well-being of detainees. The aim of the study was to describe and compare policies and practices that could affect the health and well-being of immigrant detainees in the Benelux countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg) to those in Sweden.

    Design:

    This was a case study. Data were collected in two phases using a questionnaire developed particularly for this study. In the first phase, authorities in the Benelux countries responded to the questionnaire via email. During the second phase, a research team visited detention centres in the Benelux countries to observe and further explore, strengthening findings through triangulation. Data on Swedish detention centres were collected in previous studies.

    Results:

    Compared to the Benelux countries, Sweden has limited health care provision available in the detention centres. Swedish detention centres did not have mental health care professionals working at the centres and had fewer restrictions within the centres with regard to access to mobile phone, internet, and various recreational activities. Compared to Sweden, the detention centres in the Benelux countries have more staff categories providing services to the detainees that are provided with relevant and timely on-the-job training. All the countries, except Belgium, provide subsistence allowances to detainees.

    Conclusion:

    Despite the Common European Asylum System framework, differences exist among the four European Union member states in providing services to immigrant detainees. This study highlights these differences, thereby providing a window on how these diverse approaches may serve as a learning tool for improving services offered to immigrant detainees. In Sweden, the health care available to detainees and training and recruitment of staff should be improved, while the Benelux countries should strive to reduce restrictions within detention centres.

  • 49.
    Racic, David
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Zdrnja, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Att finnas eller inte finnas: En läromedelsanalys i svenska som andraspråk och engelska med fokus på bias och porträttering av minoriteter2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The content of teaching materials considerably affects pupils’ attitudes and worldview. This paper is an analysis of textbooks used in 7th through 9th grade of the Swedish School system in Swedish as a Second Language (SSL) and English as a Foreign Language (EFL). The purpose of this paper is to look at which minority groups, the five official national minorities as well as other minorities, are included and portrayed in the textbook series Tre gånger svenska and Wings Mini as well as to see if there is any bias in their portrayal. The seven types of bias investigated; invisibility, stereotyping and generalizations, unreality, imbalance and selectivity, fragmentation and isolation, linguistic bias and cosmetic bias are an adaption of the framework to detect bias in curriculum materials presented by Sadker and Zittleman (2002/2003). An explanation of the term bias is presented and the paper also discusses ethnicity due to the necessity of making groups to be studied.

    The study shows that neither of the textbooks examined adhere to the curriculum of the Swedish compulsory school system’s demand for objectivity and that the goal that all children should have knowledge about the five national minorities and their cultures, languages, religion and history is not fulfilled by these books. All seven forms of bias are present in both textbook series with stereotyping being the most frequent form in the SSL material. In the EFL material all forms except cosmetic bias and unreality are found throughout the textbooks. The language in the EFL material contributes to a Eurocentric colonial tone and in countries outside of Great Britain minorities are given little space and are portrayed in mainly stereotypically historical contexts and not as present in a modern society.

    Although the SSL material frequents many names and pictures of minorities many of them are cosmetic. The concept of ethnocentrism is explicitly brought up to discussion by the same authors/editors who let the language in these textbooks draw up a dichotomy between majority and minority groups which is not present in the EFL material. The need for different perspectives is brought up and colonialism is presented as an invasion with negative effects for the native peoples in countries outside of Sweden.

    Both textbook series make the new world economical order almost invisible by generally presenting countries in Asia, Africa and South- and Central America in only a rural perspective focused on poverty. The need for didactic text competency for teachers is discussed and a question is posed on politicians’ responsibility to provide financial possibilities for schools to buy new textbooks as the curriculum and the Swedish school system are being changed this year.

  • 50.
    Rahman, M. Mizanur
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Understanding the determinants of forced migration, post-migration challenges and coping mechanism of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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