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  • 1. Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Var dag en kamp för skogssamisk framtid: Ett (drygt) år med Henrik Andersson,renskötare i Gällivare skogssameby2017In: Uppsala mitt i Sápmi – Sábme – Saepmie II.: En supradisciplinär antologi härrörande från vårsymposium organiserat av Uppsam –Föreningen for samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala, Uppsala universitet, 28–29 april 2014 / [ed] May-Britt Öhman, Cecilia Hedlund, Gunilla Larsson, Uppsala: Uppsam - föreningen för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala , 2017, p. 51-62Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Every day struggles for Forest Sámi futures: A year with Henrik Andersson, reindeer herder in GällivareForest Sámi villageAt the UPPSAM spring symposium 2014 Henrik Andersson, reindeer herder in Gällivare Forest Sámi village(sameby), participated and presented along with film maker Petri Storlöpare the documentary “The LastGeneration?”. The film follows Henrik during a year 2012–2013, when he decided to live according to oldertradition. Henrik Andersson is besides working for the maintaining of Forest Sámi tradition and handicraftalso a frequent writer on Facebook and he is actively pursuing different issues of importance for the preservationof Sámi lands and waters for current reindeer herding and for future generations. May-Britt Öhmanhas with the approval of Henrik selected among his many Facebook updates over a year, starting fromJuly 7, 2014 until September 4, 2015. [facebook.com/henrik.andersson.982] The content in the updates isall from every day reflections, happy moments, to critique against the destructive exploitations of Sámi landsand waters. One recurrent theme is the struggle to safeguard reindeer grazing, calving and migration landsagainst wind power exploitations, at the moment pursued by the company Vasavind and also the state powercompany Vattenfall, on the lands of Gällivare forest Sámi village. The updates are most of the time written oncellphone and some smaller editing has been made for enhanced legibility. However, most of the text is thesame version as is available on Henrik’s open Facebook wall. The updates follows Facebook chronology,meaning that the latest are the first.

  • 2.
    Elovaara, Pirjo
    et al.
    BTH.
    Sefyrin, JohannaMittuniversitetet, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.Öhman, May-BrittUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.Björkman, Christina
    Travelling thoughtfulness: feminist technoscience stories2010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 3. Gärdebo, Johan
    et al.
    Öhman, May-BrittUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.Maruyama, HiroshiUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Re: Mindings: Co-Constituting Indigenous, Academic, Artistic Knowledges2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    RE: Mindings brings together indigenous scholars, artists and activists, and indigenous allies to speak of whose positions, contexts and experiences it is that inform the construction of knowledges, histories and sciences. In short, whose experience counts? The purpose of RE:Mindings is to encourage its authors and readers to investigate what it means to resist exploitation of humans, non-humans and nature within the frames of modern nation states. Examples are provided from communities within or across the borders of existing nation states: Sámi and Saepmie/Sábme/Sápmi in Fenno-Scandinavia; Aboriginal-Martu in Australia; Ainu people in Japan, Dakota-Native Americans in USA and Mapuche in Chile. This publication originates from the supradisciplinary symposium RE: Mindings; Co-Constituting Indigenous/Academic/Artistic Knowledges and Understandings of Land-, Water-, Body-, and Lab-scapes, held at Uppsala University, 10-12 October 2012.

    The RE:Mindings publication has been funded through research projects financed by the Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet) and Formas - the Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning.

  • 4.
    Hammarström, Gunhild
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Berg, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Holmberg, Tora
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Malmberg, Denise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Wahlström, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Verksamheten vid Centrum för Genusvetenskap: Framtidsgruppens överväganden och förslag2009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5. Hoag, Heather J.
    et al.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    KTH, Teknik- och vetenskapshistoria.
    Turning water into power - Debates over the development of Tanzania's Rufiji River Basin, 1945-19852008In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 624-651Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Idenfors, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå Universitet.
    Hanberger, Anders
    Umeå Universitet.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    KTH, Centrum för hälsa och byggande, CHB.
    När det brister: En studie av dammsäkehet och säkerhetsarbete mot översvämningar längs Skellefte- och Umeälven2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport sammanfattar resultat från en studie om dammsäkerhet och säkerhetsarbete mot översvämningar längs två reglerade älvar i Västerbotten. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur dammsäkerhetsarbetet, när det gäller dammbrott, säkerhetsarbete mot översvämningar och incidenter relaterade till nyttjandet av älvarna, är organiserat och fungerar längs Skellefte- och Umeälven. Övriga älvar i länet samt gruvdammar ingår inte i undersökningen. Det ansvar som Statens geotekniska institut (SGI), Sveriges meteorologiska och hydrologiska institut (SMHI), försvarsmakten, Boverket, Vägverket och polisen har för att förebygga och agera i samband med översvämningar behandlas inte heller i studien.

    Rapporten baseras på en litteraturöversikt rörande den senaste forskningen på området, dokumentstudier, intervjuer med säkerhetsansvariga vid Länsstyrelsen Västerbotten, Umeå, Vännäs, Lycksele och Skellefteå kommun, samt två vattenregleringsföretag.

    Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i begreppet mänsklig säkerhet och analyserar dammsäkerhet och säkerhetsarbete utifrån ett sociotekniskt perspektiv. Det innebär att varje teknisk konstruktion, varje tekniskt system, såsom vattenkraftverk och dammar, där olika tekniska instrument används för att kontrollera och reglera vattenflöden och producera elektricitet, också utgör sociala system. Det innebär att rapporten uppmärksammar deltagande och delaktighet som en central aspekt av säkerhetsarbetet.

    Utifrån resultaten drar studien följande slutsatser:

    • Dammsäkerhetsarbetet och säkerhetsarbetet mot översvämningar längs Skellefte- och Umeälven uppvisar brister ifråga om resurser, kompetens och insyn.
    • Dammsäkerhetsarbetet inkluderar inte allmänhetens säkerhet vid och på dammar (public safety around dams).
    • Det finns oklarheter rörande vem som har ansvar för dammsäkerhet och för säkerhetsarbete mot översvämningar.
    • Dammsäkerhetsarbetet i Västerbotten inkluderar endast i begränsad omfattning sociala aspekter, lokal kunskap tas inte tillvara, och allmänhet och rättighetsinnehavare ignoreras i stor utsträckning i säkerhetsarbetet.
    • Det är generellt svårt att bedöma effekter av säkerhetsarbetet kring dammar och längs älvarna, men klart är att pågående säkerhetsarbete, i form av till exempel enskilda projekt och övningar, ökar kunskaperna om risker och ansvar, samt stärker samverkan mellan olika aktörer.
    • Dammsäkerhet uppfattas främst handla om tekniska konstruktioner medan människa-maskin- natur och mellanmänskliga och organisatoriska säkerhetsaspekter hamnar i skymundan.
  • 7.
    Larsson, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research. Sámi Land Free University.
    Hög tid att rädda den samiska kulturhistorien från att skövlas och sprängas bort: Fallstudie från Kallak - Gállok2017In: Uppsala mitt i Sápmi – Sábme – Saepmie II: En supradisciplinär antologi härrörande från vårsymposium organiserat av Uppsam – Föreningen for samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala, Uppsala universitet, 28–29 april 2014 / [ed] May-Britt Öhman, Cecilia Hedlund, Gunilla Larsson, Uppsala: Uppsam/VulkanMedia , 2017, p. 37-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is discusses the problem concerning the lack of knowledge about Sámi archaeology and history.  One important base for our knowledge, the ancient monuments, have not been sufficiently surveyed, documented and analysed. This situation is a consequence of old Social Darwinist ideas of the Sámi as a people without history, as well as a remaining nationalistic bias where Swedish archaeology is the norm.

    The article deals with the threats to the Sámi cultural heritage, which, if not surveyed and registered, is likely to be destroyed by current forestry practices as well as other types of exploitations.

    While most of southern Sweden has been subject for both primary and secondary survey for ancient monuments by the National Board of Antiquities until it was mainly finished 1996 (2001), most of Sámi territories have not been surveyed at all.

     A case study from Gállok outside Jokkmokk, where a mine is planned in an earlier Forest Sámi ”skatteland” (‘ Lap/Sami tax land’ ), threatening the cultural heritage, illustrates the problems mentioned in detail. 

  • 8. Persson, Marie
    et al.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Visions for a Future at the Source: The Battle against the Rönnbäck Nickel Mining Project2014In: Re: Mindings: Co-Constituting Indigenous, Academic, Artistic Knowledges / [ed] Gördebo, Johan; Öhman, May-Britt; Maruyama, Hiroshi, Uppsala: The Hugo Valentin Centre , 2014, p. 103-119Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Silversparf, Agneta
    Silbonah Sámesijdda.
    Samisk släktforskning som motstånd och verktyg: mot etnisk rensning och för att återta vårt minne, vår historia och kultur2017In: Uppsala mitt i Sápmi – Sábme – Saepmie II: En supradisciplinär antologi härrörande från vårsymposium organiserat av Uppsam –Föreningen for samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala, Uppsala universitet, 28–29 april 2014 / [ed] May-Britt Öhman, Cecilia Hedlund, Gunilla Larsson, Uppsala: Uppsam - föreningen för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala , 2017, p. 16-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article accounts for the history of Swedish state regulations against the Sami people in terms of numbers, heritage and decision-making. For instance, currently it is not the Sami People as People that are considered to be Sami. The current official number of Sami often referred to in official documents are based on Sami working in the profession of reindeer herding. The actual number of Sami persons is hidden by State-based regulations and categorizations. This is due to a century long racist policy called “Lap should be Lap” aiming at reducing the official number of Sami individuals, and thereby erasing the Sami cultures. The article discusses the work by Sami genealogist to counter this categorization. By doing the genealogy work and publishing it four times per year to the members of the Sami association Silbonah Sámesijdda, the genealogy work becomes both an act of resistance as well as an act of reclaiming Sami history and memory. The author also shares memories of her own family history, and how this is linked with her work to do genealogy and reclaim heritage of the Sami in general. Lastly, some reflections regarding the future of Sami genealogy are presented.

    The work with this article has partly been financed through the research project "Rivers, Resistance, Resilience: Sustainable Futures in Sápmi" led by Dr. May-Britt Öhman, and financed by Formas, 2012-2015.

  • 10.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Investigating Bombshells Contaminations of the Waters of the Lule River Catchment Area: Some Conclusions from a Pilot Study made with Supradisciplinary Research Methodologies (Nausta, Udtja and Neat)2014In: Re: Mindings: Co-Constituting Indigenous, Academic, Artistic Knowledges / [ed] Johan Gärdebo, May-Britt Öhman, Hiroshi Maruyama, Uppsala: Uppsala University, 2014, p. 193-199Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This articel is based on the presentation made at the RE-Mindings symposium 2012 with the aim to raise the understanding of the importance of the cumulative effects of industrial activities and military activities on water quality in Sápmi. The investigations which it is based upon were made in a supradisciplinary collaboration with local inhabitants in Udtja, Vidsel and Jokkmokk.

  • 11. Tunón, Håkan
    et al.
    Frändén, MäritUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.Ojala, Carl-GöstaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.Öhman, May-BrittUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Uppsala mitt i Sápmi: Rapport från ett symposium arrangerat av Föreningen för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala, Upplandsmuseet 4-5 maj 20112012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Tuorda, Tor L.
    Sámi Land Free University.
    Uppsala universitet och ärkebiskopens rikedomar: Laxfisket vid Luossamuorkke, Edeforsen2017In: Uppsala mitt i Sápmi – Sábme – Saepmie: En supradisciplinär antologi härrörande från vårsymposium organiserat av Uppsam –Föreningen for samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala, Uppsala universitet, 28–29 april 2014 / [ed] May-Britt Öhman, Cecilia Hedlund, Gunilla Larsson, Vulkanmedia , 2017, p. 120-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is combining historical facts with fiction to tell the history of salmon fishing and natural resources in the land of the Indigenous Sámi, Sábme. Sábme was and still is the core territory for the natural resource extractions providing the wealth of the colonial Swedish state since the establishment of the state in the 16th century. The silver, iron ore, the forest, hydropower, taken from here has made the state and its elites rich and wealthy. It is a colonial process, as much as any colonial project elsewhere in the world, yet the word “colonisation” has until recently seldom been used for analysing the relationships between the Swedish state and the Sámi territories.  Salmon fishing was an important source of livelihood for the Sámi in the area. The fishing rights was as early as in the 14th century transferred to colonialist from the south and came to play a major importance in the creation of the wealth of Swedish noblemen, as well as of Uppsala University and the Church of Sweden. In 1960 the salmon fishing ended with the hydropower exploitations. Today there are no more any salmon here, they are stopped at the first hydropower station at Boden, close to the coast.   

    Photo archival research work has been made by May-Britt Öhman. Work with the article has been supported by the research project Rivers, Resistance, Resilience: Sustainable Futures in Sápmi and in Other Indigenous Peoples’ Territories, led by Dr. May-Britt Öhman and financed by Formas, 2012-2015.

  • 13. Öhberg, Emilia
    Becoming An Ally: Beginning to Decolonise My Mind2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this project is to investigate howdecolonial research can be conducted in practice whenthe researcher is a member of the majority population.I ask: what does it mean to be an ally as well as anacademic? Through autoethnography and ParticipatoryAction Research (PAR) I am attempting to “decolonisemy mind” in order to unlearn oppressive systems ofknowledge and I am using academic disobedience asan intentional strategy to disrupt colonial epistemichegemonies. Following feminist and other criticaltheory traditions and using decolonial and indigenousresearch ethics I am criticising the remnants of positivistresearch structures that exists within the social sciencesand the colonising, racialised, gendered and classed wayin which knowledge is traditionally constructed.I am also attempting to position PAR as adecolonising research methodology. Because a PARanimator does not have an automatic right to writeup and disseminate the knowledge that has beencollectively constructed by the co-researchers, however,I am inserting myself into the narrative in order toAbstractdisrupt the traditional academic voice. I attempt toquestion critically how I (auto) act in relation to myown culture and Sámi culture (ethno) through theprocess of reflective writing and analysis (graphy) – inother words, autoethnograpy.I set out to conduct a PAR project within a Sámiorganisation in Stockholm but despite my efforts theproject never really got off the ground. So apart fromexploring my own positionality relative to the Sámi,and apart from constructing an argument for decolonialresearch and allyship, this essay also offers my thoughtson why the project didn’t happen and my journey intolearning how to be a better academic ally.

  • 14.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Being May-Britt Öhman: Or, Reflections on my own Colonized Mind Regarding Hydropower Constructions in Sápmi2010In: Travelling thoughtfulness: Feminist technoscience stories / [ed] Pirjo Elovaara, Johanna Sefyrin, May-Britt Öhman, Christina Björkman Elovaara, Umeå: Umeå University Department of Informatics , 2010, p. 269-292Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Confronted by new knowledge of her own past, her own family history and a Sámi heritage, the author in this essay navigates on a familiar but now suddenly at the same time unknown Lule River, through familiar land- and waterscapes, now altering before her eyes. The essay is a postcolonial feminist search for the past, attempting at translating it to the present, and pondering on who the author, with this new knowledge, her self actually is. Or want to be. It is a reflection over what parts of her past that has been hidden to her, why it was concealed, and what those acts, by other people – contributing to hiding her past - means to her, today, for her academic research on large scale hydropower exploitations in Sápmi, Sweden.

  • 15.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Bortom gruvTäringen:: Hållbara framtider i Jokkmokk genom samverkan mellan forskning, kultur, näringsliv, samiska traditioner och kunskap2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och syfte: Jokkmokk är en kommun där man har en stark framåtanda inom näringar som anknyter till samiska traditioner och kunskap. Trots detta återkommer beskrivningar av Jokkmokk som en döende ort och gruvindustri framhålls som något av en ”sista utväg” för att orten inte ska dö ut. Detta seminarium/workshop tar avstamp i utgångspunkten att Jokkmokks kommun är en högst levande kommun med livskraftig småskaliga näringar vilka har fast förankring i samisk kultur och tradition. Det finns 193 rennäringsföretag, ett flertal hantverksföretag, Ájtte fjäll och samemuseum , samisk slöjd och konst - duodji, Samernas utbildningscentrum  med utbildning inom samisk kultur och näring, turism och ekoturism och inte minst världskulturarvet Laponia.  Återkommande omfattande kultur- och näringsevenemang är Jokkmokks vintermarknad, en samisk utomhusmarknad sedan drygt 400 år förlagd till början av februari. Denna lockar mellan 30-40 000 besökare till en kommun som har drygt 5000 invånare.

    Kommunen inrymmer dessutom ett flertal storskaliga vattenkraftverk och producerar elkraft för hela Sverige. De prospekteringar för gruvindustri som genomförts av främst utländska bolag de senaste åren har inneburit att konflikter uppstått lokalt mellan motståndare och förespråkare samt att osäkerhet uppstått vad gäller framtiden för de existerande näringarna. Rennäringen – en av de viktigaste grunderna i samisk kultur och tradition i området – riskerar att helt slås ut i kommunen. Ekoturismen likaså, liksom att Laponia riskerar att förlora sin världsarvsstatus.

    Dessutom innebär etablerande av gruvindustri –beräknad livslängd på 30 år - med självklarhet giftiga utsläpp i marker och vatten samt stora risker för dammhaverier i existerande vattenkraftdammar och magasin där konsekvenserna blir katastrof i hela Lule älvdal med såväl tusentals dödsoffer som långtidsevakuering av både Boden och Luleå.

     

    Vid seminariet är syftet därför att dels visa på styrkorna i Jokkmokks kommun i de olika nu existerande sektorerna, dels visualisera och presentera faktiska konsekvenser av gruvetableringar inom kommunen – med hjälp av existerande forskning – samt att diskutera möjligheter för existerande hållbara näringar och verksamheter inom kommunen att stärkas genom samverkan med forskning.

    Målet är att under dagen, genom mötet och presentationerna, så frön till möjliga samverkansprojekt och att inleda diskussioner om nödvändigt arbete för att söka finansiering för dessa.

    Långsiktigt mål

    På sikt hoppas vi kunna bidra till stärka det lokala småskaliga och hållbara företagandet i Jokkmokks kommun, och använda denna samverkan som en modell för liknande satsningar i andra glesbygdskommuner i Sápmi - Sameland, där de samiska traditionerna och kunskaperna kan stärkas och synliggöras på olika sätt.

    Med olika visualiseringsmetoder som exempelvis GIS kan de omfattande negativa konsekvenser av stora miljöförstörande industriella ingrepp göras synliga för lokala invånare och beslutsfattare, så väl som på nationell nivå. Tanken är även att lägga grunden för en samisk forskningspolicy, för samisk medverkan och ökat antal samer som forskar om samiska angelägenheter. Samt att utveckla etiska riktlinjer för forskning om och med samer och samiska traditioner och kunskap.

     

  • 16.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Building a Sami Academy of Sciences: Science, Research, and Education for Decolonization2015In: Indigenous Knowledge Sovereignties and Scientific Research / [ed] Sandra Harding/Kyle Powys Whyte, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    May-Britt Öhman, Uppsala University (may-britt.ohman@gender.uu.se)

     

    Building a Sami Academy of Sciences: Science, Research, and Education for Decolonization

     

    The production of technological modern identities within Scandinavia rests on the dispossession of Sámi people from our traditional lands, and thus our identities related to land and water. Technoscientific language and imagery continue to shape and reflect power relations which favor the modern nation states and dis-favor Sámi rights. Meanwhile there is currently a void of Sámi research platforms available, especially within Sweden. The vast majority of scholars doing research on Sámi territory and Sámi people are themselves non-Sámi. The current situation is highly problematic. It contributes to the creation of epistemological contexts which support increasing colonial exploitation and destruction of Sámi traditional territories. This paper describes an ongoing project to establish important structures and platforms to accommodate research initiated and led by Sámi in order to promote decolonization of technoscience for the benefit of the Sámi and Sámi society. The project includes a Sámi academy of sciences and a Sámi university. The presentation discusses collaborations with Sámi organisations, the Sámi parliament, individual reindeer herders, Sámi artists and film makers and other Sámi scholars. Important points of departure are to enable Sami peoples' continuance, healing and regeneration and to apply Sami knowledges and experiences as a basis for them to develop ecological innovations and technologies to facilitate the everyday life of reindeer herding.

     

     

  • 17.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Dammsäkerhet: Hur länge lever en damm och vad får den att brista?2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Desires, obedient and disobedient bodies in conflict: The struggle to preserve or exploit Gállok (Kallak) and the human bodies involved2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Desires, Obedient and Disobedient bodies in conflict: The struggle to preserve or exploit Gállok (Kallak) and the human bodies involved

    This presentation discusses a contemporary  conflict or rebellion at Gállok (Kallak), Jokkmokk, Sápmi-the land of the indigenous Sámi, Sweden. In 2006 the British prospecting company Beowulf Mining Plc. was granted rights to prospect for iron ore in the area. Worried local inhabitants started following the process, and by 2011, a local resistance group started its work to question the project. The resistance was fuelled by the prospecting company CEO describing the area as without inhabitants, without human bodies, as he showed an image of an empty (of human bodies) landscape answering the question – of what does the local inhabitants say, with the rhetoric question “ I ask ‘what local inhabitants?!’. The local resistance responded by a manifestation showing their faces on a wall at the annual Jokkmokk Winter Market of 2012.

    Summer 2013, a test mining on the by the prospecting company and its shareholders desired iron ore body was scheduled. From June, different persons travelled here to protest on location, to provide support to the local inhabitants. Activists that had been protecting the Ojnare forest at Gotland (an island south east of Stockholm) in 2012, came on the invitation by the Gállok local resistance and offered their own bodies to protect the Gállok. They climbed machines and erected blockades. Although the prospecting company, JIMAB, had been reported to the police for illegal actions since 2012, the police forces came only on the request by the very same prospecting company to evict the protesters. There are numerous films and photos from those five police interventions, where human bodies – as well as animals (dogs) are involved. I have followed these events, both on site, through direct more or less live reporting on social media (mainly Facebook) and also by collaboration with some of the activists who have reported to me through diaries and notes. This presentation is a first attempt to formulate an analysis of the conflicting bodies involved, human and non-human, postures, voices, fear and desires involved. 

  • 19.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Embodied Vulnerability in Large-Scale Technical Systems: Vulnerable Dam Bodies, Water Bodies, and Human Bodies2016In: Bodies, Boundaries and Vulnerabilities: Interrogating Social, Cultural and Political Aspects of Embodiment / [ed] Folkmarson Käll, Lisa, Switzerland: Springer, 2016, p. 47-79Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Challenging the modern ideal of human bodies as being in control both of bodies of nature and of the bodies of technology made to control nature, this chapter considers the vulnerability of large-scale hydropower dams and the intimate interdependencies between dam bodies, water bodies, and human bodies. It proposes a water-centered, rather than human-centered, reading of rivers and in particular of dammed rivers, through an understanding of hydropower dams as vulnerable bodies. Once constructed by human beings, hydropower dams take on a life of their own and become living organisms as they age, interact with land and rivers, and withstand and react to changing environmental conditions. This chapter also discusses processes of knowledge production in which different bodies of knowledge come to be perceived as embodied or disembodied and are granted status as primitive or scientific. Taking her point of departure in her own embodied history, the author seeks to retrace indigenous Sámi understandings of human cultural interconnectedness with nature. With a focus on the specific river Julevädno running through Sápmi in the north of Sweden, the chapter draws attention to the unpredictable agency of water and the porosity of human bodies, emphasizing risk and vulnerability as essential elements of their interrelation.

  • 20.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Erinran angående Jokkmokk Iron Mines AB:s  Miljökonsekvensbeskrivning Umeå 2013-04-24 revidering 2014-04-152016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Erinran angående Jokkmokk Iron Mines AB:s  Miljökonsekvensbeskrivning Umeå 2013-04-24 revidering 2014-04-15, här omnämnd som MKB, inlämnad som bilaga till samma bolags ansökan om bearbetningskoncession för området Kallak K nr 1.

     

    Erinran bygger på observationer och forskning utförd inom forskningsprojekt placerade vid Uppsala universitet och finansierad av de statliga forskningsfinansiärerna Vetenskapsrådet och FORMAS. Forskningsprojekten är Dammed: Security, risk and resilience around the dams in Sub-Arctica, Vetenskapsrådet 2010-2012; Rivers resistance resilience, FORMAS 2012-2015. Jag är forskningsledare för båda projekten.

  • 21.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    "Grön el" och kolonisationen av Sápmi2009In: Genus i norrsken, ISSN 1654-7640, Vol. 2, p. 3-8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Julevädno ja mån: Lule älv och jag - tystnad, minnesförlust och jojka älven som samisk-svensk vattenkraftshistoria2015In: Med varm hand: texter tillägnade Arne Kaijser / [ed] Kaiserfeld, Thomas och Wormbs, Nina, Stockholm: Kungliga Tekniska högskolan, 2015, p. 105-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Kautokeino - Alta - Gállok: Civil disobedience and indigenous peoples struggle for ‘human security’ and the right to a sustainable future2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Summer of 2012, attention was drawn to the protests against mining on the island Gotland – near Stockholm -, where a large number of people protected the Ojnare forest with their bodies. The summer of 2013, protests against another mining project started on site in Gállok (Kallak) , Jokkmokk–  which is traditional Sámi territory and reindeer  grazing lands.  Protesters from Ojnare came to support the local Sámi reindeer herders as well as other local Sámi and non-Sámi inhabitants  who had fought without much  success through legal procedures and manifestations. Since then the protests have continued, in different forms and different actions. It is likely that more protests will take place, as the current mineral policies in Sweden (as well as Norway and Finland) is challenged by an increasing number of organizations.

    The common denominator of  Ojnare and Gállok is a struggle for the protection of lands and water against destructive mining exploitations  and also are intimately linked through its actors involved. The case of Gállok also continues a tradition of Sámi agency and resistance against colonization. This tradition has come to the forefront in different ways, where rebellions form one important part of Sámi history and memory. I will discuss the Kautokeino rebellion in 1852, via the protests against hydropower exploitation in Alta in the 1970s and 80s, to Gállok. I argue that these rebellions – where civil disobedience is an important ingredient – is a strategy for the creation of  ‘human security’ and enables the vision of sustainable futures in Sábme – the land of Sámi.

  • 24. Öhman, May-Britt
    Kidatu vattenkraftverk i Tanzania: vatten och elektricitet från kolonialtid till biståndsepok2003Book (Other academic)
  • 25. Öhman, May-Britt
    Kidatu vattenkraftverk i Tanzania: vatten och elektricitet från kolonialtid till biståndsepok2004In: Artefakter: industrin, vetenskapen och de tekniska nätverken / [ed] Sven Widmalm, Hjalmar Fors, Hedemora: Gidlunds förlag, 2004, Vol. S. 61-116 : ill., p. 61-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research. Samelands fria universitet.
    Kolonisationen, rasismen och intergenerationella trauman: Analys, reflektioner och förslag utifrån ett skriande behov av samiskLEDD forskning och undervisning2017In: Uppsala mitt i Sápmi – Sábme – Saepmie II: En supradisciplinär antologi härrörande från vårsymposium organiserat av Uppsam –Föreningen for samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala, Uppsala universitet, 28–29 april 2014 / [ed] May-Britt Öhman, Cecilia Hedlund, Gunilla Larsson, Uppsala: Uppsam - föreningen för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala , 2017, p. 99-113Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I argue that there is a desperate need of Sámi LED research and education. I discuss Swedenand Swedish academia from a decolonial perspective. The question regarding Sámi representationin academia – in research and education – or rather the void of representation and its consequences isdiscussed along with the colonial scientific paradigm of continued exploitation. The article ends with a sketchof a Manifesto for Sámi related and Sámi led research. The article is based on my own experiences andconversations with others in Swedish and international academia, Indigenous scholars and activists, as wellas interviews and conversations from 2004 and until today. Methodological and theoretical approaches aretaken from Indigenous Methodologies/Theories/Studies, Feminist Technoscience and a historical researchtradition called “ego-histoire”.

  • 27. Öhman, May-Britt
    On visible places and invisible peoples in Sweden and in Tanzania2005In: African water histories: transdisciplinary discourses / [ed] Tempelhoff, Johann W. N., Vanderbijlpark, South Africa: Vaal Triangle Faculty, North-West University , 2005, p. 185-224Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Places and peoples: Sámi feminist technoscience andsupradisciplinary research methods2017In: Sources and Methods inIndigenous Studies: (Routledge Guides to Using Historical Sources) / [ed] Jean M O'Brien ; Chris Andersen, New York: Routledge , 2017, p. 152-159Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Remissvar avseende Vattenverksamhetsutredningens slutbetänkande”I vått och torrt – förslag till ändrade vattenrättsliga regler” SOU 2014:35, Remiss 2014-06-16, M2014/1451/Nm2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Some perspectives from Sápmi as a Sámi and a scholar: Opening Plenary Panel Session at COCE 20132013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Supradisciplinary conversations on security, safety and resilience in the river valleys of Sábme – land of the Sámi2015In: Community-based Science in the Arctic: UCI Program on Arctic Governance with session on Community-Based Science in the Arctic- 1/30 and 1/31 2015, UC Irvine: Youtube , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Video link of presentation January 31st, 2015. Photos and videos are approved of those that are on the images/videos. All rights reserved! For any kind of publishing beyond this link, please contact may-britt.ohman@gender.uu.se.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZsLK6Avr0FY

    Conference link: http://newkirkcenter.uci.edu/2015/01/

    Supradisciplinary conversations on security, safety and resilience in the river valleys of Sábme – land of the Sámi

     

    Since 2008 I combine the study of the (perceived) control of rivers through hydropower and the impacts of the hydropower exploitations during the 20th century within Sábme, the land of the indigenous Sámi people.

    I apply a methodology which I refer to as supradisciplinarity. My own academic field being History of Science and Technology, the method involves collaboration with different academic disciplines, inviting co-researchers from other academic disciplines; amongst other water resource management, political science, and archeology. Furthermore, I integrate knowledges and people outside academia. This approach goes along with the argument by scholar Haraway, about “situated knowledges” and “partial perspectives” in regard to the production of scientific knowledge.[1]  In my interpretation, it also includes the necessity for me as a researcher, and Sámi, to take a stance and not pretend to be “neutral” in front of colonial destructive natural resource exploitation of Indigenous Peoples water- and landscapes. I will describe parts of this work, and the challenges it involves, along with the important work of healing that I find equally important.

    [1] Donna Haraway, ”Situated knowledges: The Science question in Feminism and the privilege of partial perspective”, Haraway Simians, Cyborgs and Women: The reinvention of Nature (New York, Routledge, 1991), 183-201.

     

  • 32.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Institut d' Études Politiques de Paris .
    Suède1998In: Les Partis Politiques En Europe de L'Ouest / [ed] Guy Hermet, Julian Thomas Hottinger, Daniel-Louis Seiler, Paris: Economica , 1998, p. 427-445Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    "Sverige hjälper": att fostra svenska folket till medvetenhet om sin egen storhet och andras litenhet2008In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 2008:1, s. 59-76Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    ‘Sweden Helps’: Efforts to Formulate the White Man’s Burden for the Wealthy and Modern Swede2010In: Kult 7 - Special Issue. Nordic Colonial Mind, ISSN 1904-1594, Vol. 7, p. 122-142Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Dept. of History of Science and Technology, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Taming exotic beauties: Swedish hydropower constructions in Tanzania in the era of development assistance, 1960s-1990s2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the history of a large hydroelectric scheme – the Great Ruaha power project in Tanzania. The objective is to establish why and how this specific scheme came about, and as part of this to identify the key actors involved in the decision-making process, including the ideological contexts within which they acted. Although the Tanzanian actors and the World Bank (IBRD) are discussed, main focus is on the Swedish actors on project level.Kidatu, the first phase of the Great Ruaha power project (constructed between1970-1975), became the first large-scale hydropower station in Tanzania. As such, it paved the way for Tanzanian entrance into the Big Dam Era and significant changes within the Tanzanian landscape. As well as the dry river bed at Kidatu, and the small reservoir that precedes it, the Great Ruaha power project also involved the creation of a huge artificial lake, the Mtera reservoir. The Kidatu hydropower station was the first large undertaking within Swedish bilateral aid, and implied the takeover of control of hydropower construction in Tanzania by Swedish enterprises, replacing the enterprises of the former colonial power. A hydropower plant is a complex technoscientific artefact. The construction of a hydropower plant is preceded by a large number of technological choices, scientific prestudies and estimations of costs and revenues. A hydropower plant is also a complex social creation, and is as such filled with social actors engaged in conflicts, compromises and power structures. The decision to construct Kidatu hydropower station was a result of negotiations and activities within what is called “development assistance”. This brings in yet another dimension, the political one, involving export and import of technology, foreign capital, and foreign influence in decision-making processes, as well as ideas about how to bring development and progress to a people supposed to be living in “poverty and misery”. The study is divided into three main parts. The first part analyses the context of Swedish development assistance in the support to the construction of hydropower plants. This part discusses Swedish state-supported hydropower exploitation of indigenous people’s territory within Sweden’s borders in the 20th century and the background of Swedish development assistance, from the 1950s to the early 1960s. The second part analyses the event of Swedish development assistance entering Tanzania and the Great Ruaha power project, with the main focus being on the period 1965 – 1970. The third part is an analysis of the technoscientific basis for the decisions taken to implement the Great Ruaha hydropower scheme. Main focus is on the period 1969-1974, discussed against the backdrop of precolonial and colonial studies. While focus is on the 1960s and 1970s, in both part two and three events in the 1980s and 1990s are discussed. The study shows that although Sweden was not a colonial power in Tanzania, colonial imagery, and relations to the colonial era, as well as Sweden’s background of internal colonialisation, exerted an influence on the decision-making process and the actors involved in the Great Ruaha power project.The study is mainly based on archival sources, complemented with oral sources from Tanzania and Sweden. Recognizing the complexity of large-scale hydropower and the attempts to control watercourses that large scale hydropower necessitates, in the specific context of decolonisation and development assistance that the decision-making process behind the Great Ruaha hydropower scheme reveals, the analysis of the actors involved is based on feminist and postcolonial perspectives.

  • 36.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Techno fantasies of a Sámi cyborg: re-claiming Sámi body-, land- and waterscapes after a century of colonial exploitations in Sápmi2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Techno fantasies of a Sámi cyborg: re-claiming Sámi body-, land- and waterscapes after a century of colonial exploitations in Sápmi

    The state-led hydropower constructions, along with other natural resource exploitations, conducted during the last century within the Sámi traditional territory – Sápmi – in Sweden have seriously disrupted culture, economy and internal relations between inhabitants.  Departing from ongoing research and earlier literature, this paper presents a critical analysis of the designs of modern large scale technical systems leading to the displacement of indigenous traditional practices, knowledges and cultures. It draws particularly on feminist technoscience approaches, including Donna Haraway and Sandra Harding’s notions of feminist objectivity that seek to make objectivity non-synonymous with neutrality and distance. Rather both scholars and their followers suggest clear analyses of how knowledge production is situated within particular histories and in closer relation to the needs and desires of some in our societies, often western men. In addition, methods of feminist objectivity would suggest increasing the array of standpoints from which knowledge is produced in order to maximize or produce “strong objectivity.” In this paper the author, herself being Sámi, discusses how her own heritage – in terms of situated knowledges and understandings -  form part of her academic research in regard to these designs and their impacts on Sámi culture and contexts. The paper is based on research within the project “Situated perspectives on the hydropower exploitation in Sápmi: Swedish technological expansion in the 20th century and its impact on the indigenous population” (Swedish Research Council, 2009-2010) and is to be published within the forthcoming anthology “Ill-disciplined Gender: Nature/Culture Transgressive encounters”, the Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University.

  • 37.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    TechnoVisions of a Sámi cyborg: Re-claiming Sámi body-, land- and waterscapes after a century of colonial exploitations in Sábme2016In: Illdisciplined Gender: Engaging Questions of Nature/Culture and Transgressive Encounters / [ed] Bull, Jacob; Fahlgren, Margaretha, Rotterdam: Springer , 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Válkav: Färdvägar för att vända blicken och skapa alternativ2015In: Vardagens antirasism : om rörelsens villkor och framväxt i Sverige / [ed] Groglopo, Adrián; Allelin, Majsa; Mulinari, Diana; Diaz, Carlos, Stockholm: Antirasistiska akademin , 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Writing and teaching to re-claim and heal my own Sámi body and our Sámi history, culture, traditions and rights to live2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Writing and teaching to re-claim and heal my own Sámi body and our Sámi history, culture, traditions and rights to live

     

     

    Sábme, the land of the Sámi, stretches across the borders of the nation states of Sweden, Norway, Finland and Russia. Sábme has been inhabited by the Sámi people for as long as any human can remember. There are major Sámi languages which are totally different to those of the Nation states, nine different major Sámi languages. Until early 16th century, the Sámi was part of the Swedish elite, and Swedish regional chiefs – kings – would be proud to claim Sámi heritage. With the establishment of the modern Swedish nation state in the 1520s Sábme became a territory to conquer and control, as the Sámi people. However, the major and most extensive industrial colonization started from late 19th century. From this point racism, amongst other racial biology projects with skull and body measurements  - went hand in hand with aggressive industrial colonization.

    The colonization and racist projects have caused severe traumas in the Sámi community. Furthermore our Sámi history, culture and tradition being completely invisibilised within Swedish – and Nordic – education systems. We as Sámi deal with the consequences of this earlier and ongoing situation, both as a community and individuals.

    The paper deals with all these aspects, the traumas of racism and colonization in the past as well as the current reinforced industrial colonization through amongst other mining projects – as they cannot be separated from how I today, as Sámi and academic and feminist activist, work with healing and reclaiming my, our, rights to live as Sámi, within our traditional territories. Placing myself and my family history at the center of the study, the paper draws upon feminist technoscience approaches, epistemology and methodologies as well as Indigenous, Sámi, methodologies and thinking.

    .

  • 40.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research. History, Dept of economics, technology and social sciences, Luleå university of technology.
    Yttrande: Remiss av promemoria vattenmiljö och vattenkraft Diarienummer: M2017/01639/R Sammanfattning2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Jag instämmer i stort i promemorians förslag om uppdatering till moderna miljövillkor för vattenkraftselproduktion och dess genomförande.Dock saknas vissa aspekter som behöver täckas in bättre genom att särskilt uppmärksammas, förslagsvis genom den föreslagna nationella planen och genom att berörda grupper, och inte enbart myndigheter här ges tillfälle att yttra sig samt att det bör anslås medel till organisationer och forskningsinsatser för förstärkt uppföljning.Däribland bör samiska organisationer och Sametinget, samt bygdeföreningar och andra berörda föreningar vid reglerade vattendrag och nedströms dammar ges anslag för att kunna bevaka frågeställningarna på ett kontinuerligt sätt.

    Myndigheter – kommuner och länsstyrelser – saknar i stor utsträckning resurser för nödvändig uppföljning, vilket behöver ses över. Dessutom är det nödvändigt att bygga upp stärkt kompetens i dessa frågor genom såväl forskning som kontinuerlig informationsförmedling och uppdatering. För detta krävs särskilda anslag och insatser, med samhällsvetenskapliga och sociotekniska perspektiv som bygger på redan genomförd forskning samt fortsatta forskningsinsatser.Yttrandet bygger på ett flertal forskningsprojekt (se uppställning i slutet av dokumentet) utförda vid Uppsala universitet, Umeå universitet och Luleå tekniska universitet om dammsäkerhet – såväl allmänhetens säkerhet vid dammar, som säkerhetsfrågor i förhållande till dammbrott – dess förebyggande samt förberedelser för situationer med dammbrott. Aspekterna ifråga som ytterligare behöver uppmärksammas är följande:

    1. Människors hälsa och säkerhet vid normal drift, dvs ej vid dammbrott eller risk för dammbrott – även kallat ”allmänhetens säkerhet vid dammar” – ”public safety around dams”.

    2. Djurs hälsa och säkerhet vid normal drift, dvs ej vid dammbrott eller risk för dammbrott.

    3. Avsaknad av perspektiv på ansvarsfördelning för och säkerhetsåtgärder när två aktörer som båda använder sig samma älv och har dammar som innebär risker för människors hälsa samt miljön, dvs vattenkraftsföretag och gruvföretag i samma älvsystem.

    4. Avsaknad av perspektiv på nedströms konsekvenser och förberedelser för dammbrott i stora dammar utifrån sociotekniska hänsynstaganden.

  • 41.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Åvdåsvásstádus: Ansvar, avkolonialisering, helande: Ett symposium om rasbiologi, rasism, avbildade samer, samiskakvarlevor och vägar till upprättelse och självförtroende 21- 23 januari 2015, Uppsala2015Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Videofilmade föredrag och diskussioner vid symposiet "Åvdåsvásstádus: Ansvar, avkolonialisering, helande. Ett symposium om rasbiologi, rasism, avbildade samer, samiskakvarlevor och vägar till upprättelse och självförtroende 21- 23 januari 2015, Uppsala (den 22a januari).

    Förmiddagssession: Moderator: Gunilla Larsson, Teknovetenskapliga forskargruppen, Centrum för Genusvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.

    09.00 Öppningsjojk, Ylva Gustafsson 09.05 Stefan Mikaelsson, Sametingets ordförande och Teknovetenskapliga forskargruppen, Centrum för Genusvetenskap (CfG): Öppnande och inledningsanförande ”Rahpat, Báze dearvan - Mana Dearvan: Bli kvar med hälsan och gå med hälsan: Perspektiv på försoningsprocesser för två folk i samma nationalstat där stigarna blivit trängre 09.20 Välkomnanden o öppningsanföranden: Malin Ah-King, Centrum för Genusvetenskap; Satu Gröndahl, NAMIS, Hugo Valentin Centrum; NAPTEK, Agneta Silversparf, Silbonah Samesijdda, Carola Grahn, Sameföreningen i Stockholm 09.30 Peter Rodhe, SameÄtnam

    09.40 May-Britt Öhman Tuohea Rim, UPPSAM, Teknovetenskapliga forskargruppen, CfG, och Mind and Nature ” Rievsak sjläsjkoj ja Biekkaid Biellocizáš” Dalripans skratt, stormsparven och örnen på lugna uppåtvindar : Feministiska teknovetenskapliga och kritiska urfolksstudie- perspektiv på den samiska Förintelsen, dekolonisering och helande” 09.50-09.55 Jojkpaus.

    09.55-11.05 Maja Hagerman, historiker, vetenskapsjournalist och filmmakare: ” Filmen och boken om Herman Lundborg, chef för Rasbiologiska institutet: Etik, möjligheter och nödvändigheter” (Presentation och diskussion)

    11.05- 11.10 Introduktion – samiska markrättigheter och rasbiologi (May-Britt Öhman - Lars-Anders Baer, jurist, Sametingspolitiker och ordförande Luokta Mavas sameby) skulle ha medverkat men kan ej delta pga renskiljning.

    11.10-11.30 Bertil Bengtsson, Professor i civilrätt, ”Skattefjällsmålet och diskrimineringsfrågan”

    13.10-15.00 Eftermiddagssession del 1: Moderator: Malin Ah-King, Centrum för Genusvetenskap, Uppsala universitet 13.10- 13.15 Öppen jojkscen. 13.15-15.00 Torsdagsseminarium öppet för allmänheten, arr. Centrum för Genusvetenskap, Aulan, Universitetshuset, Biskopsgatan 3. Katarina Pirak Sikku, konstnär ” Vi var generade över att vara lappar. Det var fult.”: Elsas vittnesmål om Rasbiologiska Institutets undersökningar av samiska barn vid nomadskolan i Vaikijaur, Jokkmokk” Kommentator: Ylva Gustafsson Torsdagsseminariets upplägg är presentation ca 30 minuter, därefter kommentators frågor med diskussion ca 15 minuter, och slutligen allmän diskussion ca 45 minuter.

    15.30-17.30 Eftermiddagssession del två: Moderator/Samtalsledare: Stefan Mikaelsson, Sametingets ordförande och Teknovetenskapliga forskargruppen, Centrum för Genusvetenskap, Uppsala universitet 15.30-16.00 Gunnar Hauk Gjengset "Med skjeletter i skapet", en kort oversikt over hvordan norsk medisinsk forskning etter press i mer enn 150 år, endelig måtte gi fra seg skjelettrester etter forskning på samefolket, og især hodeskallene etter lederne av Kautokeino-opprøret i 1852” 16.00-16.10 Astri Dankert; ”En samisk dekoloniseringsprosess: Melankoli, tap og forsoning” 16.10-16.20 Anne Heith, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper, Umeå universitet ”EN ANNAN HISTORIA: Åtta samiska konstnärer på Bildmuseet i Umeå under kulturhuvudstadsåret” 16.20-16.45 Korta presentationer - reflektioner och funderingar: Lilian Mikaelsson, SameÄtnam; Lena Kroik, Svenska Samernas Riksförbund (SSR) o Glesbygdsmedicinskt centrum i Storuman; Nils-Axel Heikka (medlem i QueerSámit); Tomas Cramér; Rikard Engblom 16.45 -17.30 Paneldiskussion och allmän diskussion med deltagarna Företrädare för medarrangörer, Sametinget, samiska organisationer, Uppsala universitet mfl

  • 42.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Blomqvist, Åsa
    Colbengtson, Tomas
    Dankertsen, Astri
    Forsgren, Eva
    Tuorda, Tor L.
    Gustafsson, Ylva
    Kristoffersson, Mathias
    Larsson, Gunilla
    Lindström, Li
    Marakatt, Moa-Sara
    Mikaelsson, Stefan
    Rodhe, Peter
    Sandberg McGuinne, Johan
    Aslaksen Somby, Niillas
    Storfjell, Troy
    Silversparf, Agneta
    Lundberg Tuorda, Tor
    Wajstedt, Liselotte
    Samer talar för sig själva -behovet av strategiska satsningar för inkludering av och satsning på samiska röster, erfarenheter och vetenskaplig kompetens: synpunkter inför arbetet med forskningspropositionen2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research. Uppsam - föreningen för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala.
    Hedlund, CeciliaUppsam - föreningen för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala.Larsson, GunillaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research. Uppsam - föreningen för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala.
    Uppsala mitt i Sápmi – Sábme – Saepmie II: En supradisciplinär antologi härrörande från vårsymposium organiserat av Uppsam –Föreningen for samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala, Uppsala universitet, 28–29 april 20142017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Preface

    In June 2009, Uppsam, the research network for Sámi related research was founded in Uppsala byresearchers interested in or having their own research focus on Sámi related issues. The networkwas initiated by Märit Frändén and Carl-Gösta Ojala. Through the establishment of Uppsam animportant space for collaboration was created. In March 2011 the network became an associationwith the formal name Uppsam – the Association for Sámi related research in Uppsala.The basis for the activities consists of lunch seminars, alternately at Uppsala University and at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SLU as well as an email list.The first Uppsam symposium in 2011 resulted in the anthology Uppsala mitt i Sápmi: rapportfrån ett symposium arrangerat av Föreningen för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala, Upplandsmuseet4–5 maj 2011, Tunón et al. (red.) 2012., translated to Uppsala in middle of Sápmi: Proceedings from a symposium organised by Uppsam.

    This anthology is based on the second symposium by Uppsam, held April 27–28, 2014 and theseminar HUKSO! which took place in connection to the symposium.Furthermore co-researchers who are linked to research projects at Uppsala University have beeninvited.Uppsala is a centre for research and education since several hundred years with archives andcollections as well as a tradition of research on Sámi as “the Others” – those to be studied and explained.This situation comes to the fore in the archives with racial biology photographs and also the Sámi human remains that still are kept at the university. These sensitive issues have been discussedwithin Uppsam with the aim to challenge the current status. Amongst other Uppsam participated asco-organiser of Åvdåsvásstadus: Responsibility, decolonization, healing. A symposium on Racial biology,racism, photographed Sámi, Sámi human remains and paths to restoration and self confidence, January21–23, 2015, at Uppsala University. The presentations of January 22nd are recorded and available athttp://media.medfarm.uu.se/play/kanal/237Geographically Uppsala is outside of what is today commonly counted as traditional Sámi territories,but Uppsala and the surrounding areas have a long history of Sámi presence. Through thecenturies, many Sámi students and researchers have been and still are active in Uppsala.At Uppsala University we have a solid educational tradition, a scientific width and, in addition,many opportunities to contribute to the research by colleagues who are not familiar with Sámi relatedissues.The support which Uppsam has received from the universities in Uppsala shows that there is amajor interest in these issues and our hope is that Uppsala University and SLU will further strengthentheir support to Sámi related research and education. We also have an ambition to open more spacesfor Indigenous – Sámi – epistemologies and ontologies within academia.Uppsam has also established a close collaboration with the Stockholm Sámi Association and hasexchange with Sámi organization and the Sámi parliament.In Uppsala, Sámi related issues are at home. The work of Uppsam has drawn even more attentionto the field.We who have worked with the anthology come from different disciplinary backgrounds.The supradisciplinary methodology and collaborations on which the anthology is based is inspiredby Indigenous methodologies. The emphasis is on research as part of the society and the inclusion of7researchers who not necessarily are active within academia, and to bring representatives active withinthe Sámi society.The authors have been encouraged to write in a style both grounded in research and at the sametime accessible to a wide audience. The articles have been peer reviewed, both by scholars withinacademia as well as by researchers of the Sámi community. We wish to thank all the contributors!We also wish to especially name and send a heartfelt thank you to Åsa Blomqvist, Eva Forsgren, IngeFrisk, Sara Leoni, Stefan Mikaelsson och Agneta Silversparf for reviews and comments.An editorial committee was established by the Uppsam board in September 2014 when the workbegan. However, the final committee has changed over time and the main editors are May-BrittÖhman and Cecilia Hedlund with support by Gunilla Larsson.Editorial and other important contributions to the anthology have been made byHåkan Tunón, Swedish Biodiversity Centre at SLU and Uppsala University, Märit Frändén, Institutefor Language and Folklore, Carl-Gösta Ojala, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, UppsalaUniversity, Satu Gröndahl and Leena Huss, both at the Hugo Valentin Centre, Uppsala University.Language check and editing in Swedish has been made by Yvonne Gunnarsdotter, Departmentof Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and Torbjörn Söder,Department of Modern Languages.Translation of the preface to North Sámi has been made by Miliana Baer, to South Sámi by SaraMariana Åström and to Lule Sámi by Per-Eric Kuoljok.The anthology has received support by Göran Gustafsson’s Foundation. The work has also beenfinanced by the contributors own research funds. For the editorial work we wish to mention theresearch project Rivers, Resistance, Resilience: Sustainable Futures in Sápmi and in other IndigenousPeoples’ territories, Formas 2012–2015, led by May-Britt Öhman, as well the research node Science,Validation, Partial Perspectives: Knowledge production beyond the norms, financed by the DisciplinaryDomain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Centre for Gender Research, Department of Literature& Hugo Valentin Center (Department of History), Uppsala University, and led by Satu Gröndahl,Ann-Sofie Lönngren and May-Britt Öhman.Uppsala, November 8, 2016May-Britt Öhman, PhDTechnoscience research group,Centre for Gender Research,Uppsala University, Sámi land Free University*,member of board of Uppsam, Lule- and Forest Sámi.Cecilia Hedlund, PhDmember of board of Uppsam, Uppsala.Gunilla Larsson, PhDpresident of Uppsam, affiliated, Technoscienceresearch group, Centre for Gender Research,Uppsala University, Sámi land Free University,and Forest Sámi.

  • 44.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Maruyama, Hiroshi
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Preface2014In: RE: Mindings : co-constituting indigenous / academic / artistic knowledges,, Uppsala: Hugo Valentin Centre, Uppsala University , 2014, p. 9-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Mikaelsson, Lilian
    When the land became a testing range: Nausta, Udtja and NEAT2014In: Re: Mindings: Co-Constituting Indigenous, Academic, Artistic Knowledges / [ed] Gärdebo, Johan; Öhman, May-Britt; Maruyama, Hiroshi, Uppsala: The Hugo Valentin Centre , 2014, p. 245-254Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Palo, Mirja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Public participation, Human Security and Public Safety around Dams in Sweden: A case study of the regulated Ume and Lule Rivers2016In: Safety Science Monitor, ISSN 1443-8844, Vol. 19, no 2, article id 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents findings from an empirical study of the current situation with geographical focus on two rivers in the north of Sweden, encompassing parts of the indigenous territory Sápmi. The major focus in Sweden with regards to “dam safety” is on the prevention of dam failure, and emergency preparedness. The issue of “public safety around dams” is left aside to the detriment of “human security”. While a major dam failure may cause the death of hundreds up to thousands of people, the current rate of human deaths caused by dam failure in the last 40 years is one person. The number of fatalities that may be referred to as having been caused by a lack of “public safety around dams” on the Lule River only amounts to 1-2 individuals per year. The risks and dangers involved also cause stress, anxiety, and difficulties on an everyday basis for residents along the regulated rivers and water courses. From a study of literature, available statistics, interviews and newspaper reports we discuss the accidents and incidents over the last decade (2002-12), how these may be defined as “public safety around dams”, the void of work to prevent such accidents and how the surrounding societal contexts play in, such as the lack of availability to fast and efficient emergency rescue services to be able to save lives in the event of a major disaster.

    Finally, we discuss the current void of public participation and make recommendations to enhance public participation and thereby possibilities to an enhanced public safety around dams in Sweden.

  • 47. Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Sapmi’s vita kol: en exposé över tillämpbara perspektiv på kraft, konflikt och kulturella kuriositeter längs Norrlands älvar2004In: Kvinnoforskningsnytt, ISSN 1401-5390, no 2, p. 14-20Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Dept of Political Science.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Designing dam safeties: perspectives on large scale dams within the intra-actions of technology, nature and human decision making2013In: International Commission of Large Dams, ICOLD, Seattle, 2013: International Symposium, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Analyzing the intra-actions between the actors involved, this paper presents results from interviews and participatory observations with local authorities, local inhabitants, power companies representatives as well as dam operators. We argue that the Swedish model for dam safety currently is suffering from a major deficiency as the expertise and understanding of the technical constructions remain among the dam owners and that the societal authority in charge of supervising the dam owners work have no capability of achieving the same level of understanding and thus to take informed and relevant decisions. Furthermore we argue that the lack of technical understanding of dams and hydropower outside of the dam sector has become a huge threat to dam safety as state representatives and political decision makers currently allow and even encourage mining exploitation both next to high risk classified hydropower dams and even within existing hydropower reservoirs.

    We argue that the actual challenge to safeguard an increased dam safety is by bridging the gap between the multitude of different actors– engineers/operators, users, political decision makers -   in order to generate new understandings and new methodologies to deal with risk, safety and security. It is necessary to bridge the gaps between the sectors and actors involved, and that this should be done through investment in close collaboration between the dam sector and engineering research on the one hand and social sciences and humanities on the other – to ensure understandings of political decision making as well as of technical artifacts and water flows.

    The geographical focus is on two rivers – the Ume River and the Lule River in the north of Sweden. Both rivers are of major importance for national production of electricity, and the rivers are water suppliers for a large amount of inhabitants.

     

  • 49.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen..
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm.
    Designing Dam Safeties: Perspectives on Large Scale Dams within the Intra-actions of Technology, Nature and Human Decision-Making2016In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, ISSN 2212-4209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Analyzing the intra-actions between the actors involved, this paper presents results from interviews and participatory observations with local authorities, local inhabitants, power companies representatives as well as dam operators. We argue that the Swedish model for dam safety currently is suffering from a major deficiency as the expertise and understanding of the technical constructions remain among the dam owners and that the societal authority in charge of supervising the dam owners work have no capability of achieving the same level of understanding and thus to take informed and relevant decisions. Furthermore we argue that the lack of technical understanding of dams and hydropower outside of the dam sector has become a huge threat to dam safety as state representatives and political decision makers currently allow and even encourage mining exploitation both next to high risk classified hydropower dams and even within existing hydropower reservoirs.

    We argue that the actual challenge to safeguard an increased dam safety is by bridging the gap between the multitude of different actors– engineers/operators, users, political decision makers -   in order to generate new understandings and new methodologies to deal with risk, safety and security. It is necessary to bridge the gaps between the sectors and actors involved, and that this should be done through investment in close collaboration between the dam sector and engineering research on the one hand and social sciences and humanities on the other – to ensure understandings of political decision making as well as of technical artifacts and water flows.

    The geographical focus is on two rivers – the Ume River and the Lule River in the north of Sweden. Both rivers are of major importance for national production of electricity, and the rivers are water suppliers for a large amount of inhabitants.

  • 50.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Silversparf, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Re-voicing Sámi resistance against hydropower exploitation in early 20th century:: Erik Olofsson Rim2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    Erik Abraham Olofsson Rim, 1844-1920, was a Sámi, commonly remembered for allegedly having sold his land and water rights to the State Power Company, Vattenfall, for the first large scale hydropower plant, Porjus – on the Lule River in Sapmi, Sweden. When Erik is mentioned in historical books and PR-brochures about Porjus, his Sámi name “Rim” has most of the time been taken away, as well as his Sámi identity. He is instead referred to as the “old man” of Porjus.

    At the time when the Vattenfall started showing interest for Porjus, Erik lived with his family off self-subsistence agriculture and from guiding tourists in the area. Erik disapproved of the selling, and claimed he had been deceived by Vattenfall.

    When the Porjus power station was inaugurated on February 8th, 1915, Erik was invited to the inauguration lunch along with several prominent guests. However, Erik opted to not attend, and to move from Porjus on this very day. In the contemporary media, referred to as the King of Porjus, he was accused of being greedy, doing this silent protest just to get more money out of the deal.

    So far very little work in regard to Sámi resistance against hydropower exploitations in the early 20th century has been made. It has proved difficult to find examples. The intention of this paper is to revoice Erik’s story, as part of revoicing Sámi resistance against the hydropower exploitations in Sapmi.

    The study is based on archival documents, contemporary newspaper articles and earlier literature.

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