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  • 1.
    Arakelian, Erebouni
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper.
    Laurssen, Emma
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Older Patients' Worries in Connection With General Anesthesia and Surgery - A Qualitative Study2018Inngår i: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, ISSN 1089-9472, E-ISSN 1532-8473, Vol. 33, nr 6, s. 822-833Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To examine anxiety and what older patients worry about related to anesthesia and colorectal surgery, and their perceptions regarding nurses' ability to ease preoperative worry.

    Design: Qualitative individual face-to-face interviews.

    Methods: The study included 18 patients aged between 62 and 91 years with lower abdominal tumors. The study was conducted in two day-surgery wards in Sweden. Interview data were analyzed with Malterud's systematic text condensation.

    Findings: Four themes were identified: (1) losing control of one's body, leaving one's life in someone else's hands, and the feeling that there is no going back, (2) claustrophobia and anticipated pain in an unknown environment, (3) unknown and frightening vocabulary concerning the surgery, and (4) what can happen if something goes wrong.

    Conclusions: Patients worry about a number of things. If preoperative worry could be identified, actions taken to reduce worry could be personalized and patients' own strategies to reduce worries may be helpful for them.

  • 2.
    Arakelian, Erebouni
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper.
    Nyholm, Lena
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Enblad: Neurokirurgi.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Ekselius: Psykiatri.
    How Anesthesiologists and Nurse Anesthetists Assess and Handle Patients' Perioperative Worries Without a Validated Instrument2019Inngår i: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, ISSN 1089-9472, E-ISSN 1532-8473, Vol. 34, nr 4, s. 810-819Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: To study how nurse anesthetists and anesthesiologists assess and handle patients' perioperative anxiety without using a validated instrument.

    DESIGN: Qualitative study.

    METHODS: Individual in-depth face-to-face interviews were conducted with nurse anesthetists (n = 9) and anesthesiologists (n = 5) from a university hospital in Sweden. Data were analyzed with thematic analysis according to Braun and Clark.

    FINDINGS: Two themes were identified: (1) I ask about anxiety, look for visual signs, and observe communication and (2) I handle patients' anxieties individually. In addition to subthemes describing assessment and handling of adults, it appeared that parents played an important role in children's perioperative anxiety.

    CONCLUSIONS: When not using a validated instrument, assessing perioperative anxiety is commonly based on the anesthesiologist's and nurse anesthetist's experience, knowledge, views, and attitudes. The evaluator's capability of using different strategies in the assessment and handling of perioperative anxiety is important.

  • 3.
    Bäckström, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Ekselius: Psykiatri. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Div Nursing, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Willebrand, Mimmie
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Ekselius: Psykiatri.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Ekselius: Psykiatri.
    Identifying the Needs of Family Members in Burn Care: Nurses' Different Approaches2019Inngår i: Journal of Burn Care & Research, ISSN 1559-047X, E-ISSN 1559-0488, Vol. 40, nr 3, s. 336-340Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore how nurses in burn care identify family members' needs of support and what support the nurses offer. Family members are an important source of short- and long-term support for burn survivors. Being a family member in burn specific as well as general care can be challenging in several ways. Nurses are recognized as well as positioned in the team for assessing and providing such support; however, little is known about how this is done. This is an explorative study with a qualitative descriptive design. Fourteen semistructured interviews with registered nurses working in national burn centers were recorded digitally, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using Systematic text condensation. The analysis resulted in four themes reflecting different approaches to assess the needs of family members: Active, Emotional, Passive, and Rejective Approach. Nurses in this study demonstrated different approaches to assessing needs in family members; it is possible that these differences may affect what support family members receive. Therefore, the importance of theoretical education, professional views, and local ward culture should be highlighted in ongoing work in improving care within burn care as well as similar health care contexts.

  • 4.
    Bäckström, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Gerdin, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Plastikkirurgi.
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Willebrand, Mimmie
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Health-related quality of life in family members of patients with burns2014Inngår i: Journal of Burn Care & Research, ISSN 1559-047X, E-ISSN 1559-0488, Vol. 35, nr 3, s. 243-250Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A severe burn not only affects the patients, but may also have a great impact on the lives of family members. It is known that family members of patients with burns experience psychological distress, but health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has not been studied in this group. The aim was to study predictors of HRQoL in family members of patients with burns. Forty-four family members of adult patients treated in a burn center, between 2000 and 2007, completed questionnaires during care, and at 3, 6, and 12 months after injury. HRQoL was assessed with the EuroQol 5D (EQ-5D), which consists of the dimensions: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain, and anxiety/depression. The questionnaire generates an EQ-5D index and a visual analog scale (VAS) score. Overall, the EQ-5D index was similar to that of the general population. A slight improvement in HRQoL was found in the VAS scores and in the anxiety/depression dimension over time. In regression models, HRQoL was primarily predicted by earlier life events, symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, and HRQoL, assessed during the patients’ hospitalization. In summary, HRQoL assessed with VAS scores increased slightly during the first year postburn, and early screening for life events and psychological symptoms, and HRQoL might be useful in identifying family members in need of support.

  • 5.
    Ekeblad, Frida
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Gerdin, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Plastikkirurgi.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Impact of personality disorders on health-related quality of life one year after burn injury2015Inngår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 37, nr 6, s. 534-540Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Personality disorders (PDs) are associated with significant distress, disability, and cause great difficulties in life. PDs have been suggested to influence adaptation after major burns, but the potential relationship has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of PDs in 107 patients with major burn injury, and to identify the impact of PDs on perceived patient outcome assessed as health-related quality of life (HRQoL) one year after burn. Methods: One burn-specific instrument (Burn Specific Health Scale-Brief (BSHS-B)) and two generic instruments (EuroQol Five Dimensions and Short Form 36 Health Survey) were used, and Psychiatric Axis I and II disorders were assessed one year post burn. Results: This study identified an above normal prevalence of PDs among individuals afflicted by burn, and participants with PD had a significantly larger lifetime burden of Axis I disorders compared to participants without PD. Participants with PDs scored significantly lower than those without PD in the BSHS-B domain Skin involvement, and the effect of having a PD was related to the subscale Treatment regimens. There was no relationship between the presence of PD and generic HRQoL. Conclusions: An implication of these observations is that special rehabilitation efforts including more tailored interventions must be offered to these patients to ensure that the obstacles they perceive to caring for themselves in this respect are eliminated.

  • 6.
    Gauffin, Emelie
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap.
    Willebrand, Mimmie
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Stability in personality after physical traumaManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Although personality traits are considered stable during adult life, the clinical impression is that some persons exposed to severe physical trauma report that they feel different than before the injury. Our aim was therefore to assess the extent of stability in personality in burn patients the first year after injury. 

    Method: Eighty-four former burn patients, admitted to a national burn center, were assessed with the Swedish universities Scales of Personality (SSP) during acute care and at 12 months post-burn. Psychiatric disorders were assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I).  

    Results: Burn patients scored lower on the trait Stress Susceptibility during the acute care and higher on the traits Somatic Trait AnxietyEmbittermentImpulsiveness and Social Desirability at 12 months post-burn, compared with norm values. While personality domain scores remained stable between acute care and 12 months post-burn, on the trait level there was an increase, and normalization, of Stress Susceptibility scores. 

    Conclusion: Personality traits remained relatively stable the first year after trauma. The multidisciplinary burn care during hospitalization might exert a potential stress reducing effect. This effect may however fade with time and the long, stressful load after a physical trauma can have a persisting effect on an individual’s susceptibility to stress.

  • 7.
    Gauffin, Emelie
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Patient perception of long-term burn-specific health and congruence with the Burn Specific Health Scale-BriefInngår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This qualitative study aims to explore former burn patients’ perception of burn-specific health and investigate how these experiences correspond to the subscales in the Burn Specific Health Scale-Brief (BSHS-B).

    Method: Respondents were former burn patients, admitted to the Uppsala Burn Centre between 2000 and 2007. A total of 20 respondents with a Total Body Surface Area (TBSA) of 20% or larger, were approached at 10 to 17 years post-burn and interviewed using a semi-structured guide. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis.

    Results: Despite extensive burn injuries, respondents said they led a close-to-normal life. Their descriptions validated the significance of the existing themes of BSHS-B. Additional themes of importance for post-burn health were skin related problems, morphine de-escalation, the importance of work, stress and avoidance, mentality and the healthcare system.

    Conclusion: The BSHS-B alone may not be sufficient in providing a comprehensive picture of former burn patients’ self-perceived health in the long-term perspective. Investigating supplementary areas reflecting former patients’ sociocultural and attitudinal environment, as well as personal factors, may be of great importance. 

  • 8.
    Gauffin, Emelie
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Gerdin, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Plastikkirurgi.
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Prevalence and prediction of prolonged pruritus after severe burns2015Inngår i: Journal of Burn Care & Research, ISSN 1559-047X, E-ISSN 1559-0488, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 405-413Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Years after injury, pruritus is a common and severe problem for many burn patients. However, its characteristics and consequences are often only partially described. The authors therefore performed a prospective detailed examination of burn- and individual-related factors and considered those in relation to pruritus severity. Sixty-seven consecutive burn patients were assessed during acute care, and at 3 and 12 months postburn regarding preburn psychiatric disorders, health-related quality of life, post traumatic stress disorder, and personality traits. Postburn pruritus was subsequently assessed 2 to 7 years postburn using the Questionnaire for Pruritus Assessment. Fifty-one individuals, 76% of the participants, reported burn pruritus any time after the burn. Thirty-three individuals, 49% of the participants, reported ongoing pruritus the last 2 months. Information on the characteristics of pruritus was obtained from 32 of these individuals. Most perceived pruritus as bothersome or annoying and as present every day, 16 (50 %) were considered to have severe pruritus, and 11 (34 %) scratched themselves to the point of bleeding. In logistic regressions, this was independently related to TBSA full-thickness burn and health-related quality of life at 3 months, and to TBSA full thickness burn and the personality trait impulsiveness, respectively. About half of the previous burn patients experienced ongoing pruritus on an average of 4.5 years after injury, and half of them had severe pruritus. Scratching oneself to the point of bleeding is linked both to a certain personality and to pruritus. It is suspected that many patients are left without access to the best available treatment.

  • 9.
    Gauffin, Emelie
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset. Linkoping Univ, Burn Ctr, Dept Hand Plast & Intens, S-58185 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linkoping Univ, Burn Ctr, Dept Hand Plast & Intens, S-58185 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Gerdin, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Plastikkirurgi.
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Health-related quality of life (EQ-5D) early after injury predicts long-term pain after burn2016Inngår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 42, nr 8, s. 1781-1788Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Chronic pain after burn can have severe physical and psychological effects on former patients years after the initial injury. Although the issue of pain after burn has gained increased attention over the past years, prospective, longitudinal studies are scarce. Our aim was to prospectively investigate consecutive burn patients for pain severity over time and to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of post-burn pain to 2-7 years after the burn. As an additional aim, the effects of burn and individual-related factors, especially health related Quality of Life (HRQoL), were investigated.

    Method: Sixty-seven consecutive burn patients were assessed during acute care at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months, as well as at 2-7 years post-burn. HRQoL, symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other psychiatric disorders were investigated. During the interviews that took place 2-7 years after the injury (mean 4.6 1.9 years), current chronic post-burn pain was assessed using the Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF).

    Results: One-third of the patients still reported pain 2-7 years after the injury. Pain severity and interference with daily life were mainly mild to moderate though they were found to be associated with significantly lower HRQoL. Chronic pain after bum was associated with both burn- and individual-related factors. In logistic regression analysis HRQoL at 3 and 12 months and symptoms of PTSD at 12 months were independent factors in predicting chronic pain after burn.

    Conclusion: Pain after burn becomes a chronic burden for many former burn patients and decreases HRQoL. A novel finding in this study was that HRQoL assessed early after burn was a predictor for the development of chronic pain. This finding may help to predict future pain problems and serve as an indicator for pain preventive measures.

  • 10.
    Hammarberg, Anders
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Riddargatan 1, S-11435 Stockholm, Sweden.; Stockholm Cty Council, Stockholm Hlth Care Serv, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Nehlin, Christina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Drinking motives of adult patients seeking treatment for problematic alcohol use2017Inngår i: Journal of Addictive Diseases, ISSN 1055-0887, E-ISSN 1545-0848, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 127-135Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Drinking Motives Questionnaire measures motives for alcohol consumption on four subscales. Coping with negative affect and enhancement of positive affect have been shown to be associated with high levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Few studies exist concerning drinking motives among treatment-seeking patients. The aims of the study were to investigate the factor structure of the shortened-form of the revised Drinking Motives Questionnaire, map main drinking motives, explore group differences in motives due to sex, age, level of drinking problems, and symptoms of depression/anxiety and to investigate whether different drinking motives predict alcohol-related problems in this group. There were 274 treatment-seeking patients recruited from four addiction treatment clinics in Sweden. The shortened-form of the revised Drinking Motives Questionnaire was administered in conjunction with a regular visit to the clinics together with measures of degree of alcohol-related problems, psychiatric symptoms, and demographic factors. Main drinking motives were identified. A confirmatory factor analysis was run to confirm the factor structure of the shortened-form of the revised Drinking Motives Questionnaire. A logistic regression using the Enter method was performed to investigate associations between predictors and Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test scores. The results confirmed the four-factor structure reported in studies on non-treatment-seeking individuals. Coping was the most commonly expressed motive. Not previously found in a clinical sample, the results showed that coping motives, together with being male and having elevated anxiety scores, were associated to Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test scores indicative of alcohol dependence. The shortened-form of the revised Drinking Motives Questionnaire is a brief and valid instrument that holds potential for clinical use in mapping drinking motives among treatment seekers.

  • 11.
    Nehlin, Christina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Carlsson, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Patients' Experiences of Using a Cellular Photo Digital Breathalyzer for Treatment Purposes2018Inngår i: Journal of addiction medicine, ISSN 1932-0620, E-ISSN 1935-3227, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 107-112Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The field of eHealth systems is rapidly developing and is now expanding into alcohol treatment settings. Despite a growing public and professional interest, cellular photo digital breathalyzers (CPDBs) have not been investigated in a clinical context so far. In this study, we aimed to investigate the experiences of patients in alcohol treatment who had been using a CPDB—TripleA- for a minimum of three months. What are their personal experiences of using the CPDB? Do the patients think it supports them to change their drinking habits, and if so, in what way?

    Methods: A qualitative interview study with individuals who had been using the CPDB TripleA, for at least 3 months as complement to treatment (12-step program or hospital-based outpatient care). A thematic analysis with an inductive approach was used to identify, analyze, and interpret patterns within data.

    Results: In all, 12 interviews were conducted with 8 men and 4 women. Participants were generally enthusiastic about the CPDB and found it convenient and useful, even though it created a need for privacy when using the device. Although technical problems were substantial, participants were tolerant to those. The system was perceived to support self-control and to restore relations, but did not replace the need for close contact with caregivers. Self-motivation to change drinking habits was essential, and could not be reached by solely using the CPDB.

    Conclusions: Participants perceived the CPDB as a convenient and useful tool that was supportive under the circumstances that it was used in a context that included personal contact with a caregiver; and the user felt more than just a minimum of motivation to reduce drinking. Technical stability needs to be achieved to secure long-term use.

  • 12.
    Nehlin, Christina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset. Uppsala Univ Hosp, Div Psychiat, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Wennberg, Margareta
    Uppsala Univ Hosp, Div Psychiat, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset. Uppsala Univ Hosp, Div Psychiat, Uppsala, Sweden..
    How do people with mood and anxiety disorders perceive and interpret the Drinking Motives Questionnaire?: A think-aloud study in a clinical setting2018Inngår i: Addiction science & clinical practice, ISSN 1940-0632, E-ISSN 1940-0640, Vol. 13, artikkel-id 7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research has identified drinking motives as the final common pathway to alcohol use, and associations between specific drinking motives and drinking patterns have consistently been demonstrated. Data on drinking motives can be used for research, in the planning of prevention strategies and for treatment purposes. The Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R) has become the most used measure of drinking motives. So far, the questionnaire has not been investigated with qualitative methods. The aim of this study was to investigate acceptability, accuracy and usability of the DMQ-R among persons receiving outpatient psychiatric care by studying how responders perceive and interpret the questionnaire.

    Method: A cognitive interviewing technique, the think-aloud method, was used to collect data from 16 non-alcohol dependent patients seeking outpatient psychiatric care (12 women, 4 men). To analyse data, Qualitative Content Analysis was applied in which themes were formed from data only and not from predetermined areas of interest.

    Results: Overall, acceptability of the DMQ-R was high although answers were sometimes given with low accuracy. Responders pointed out that they perceived the questionnaire as non-confrontational and exhaustive. Further, the DMQ-R seemed to launch processes of self-reflection.

    Conclusions: Taken together, the results suggest a support for the use of DMQ-R also in the group of psychiatric outpatients. Still, when interpreting the DMQ-R, a certain insecurity of the exactness of answers should be considered. The graphic design should be particularly clear in this group of patients.

  • 13.
    Nehlin Gordh, Christina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Fredriksson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Young female psychiatric patients' reasons for excessive alcohol use: a qualitative interview study2013Inngår i: Mental Health and Substance Use, ISSN 1752-3281, E-ISSN 1752-3273, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 315-324Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a strong and multidirectional link between excessive alcohol use and psychiatric disorders. A large proportion (46.6%) of young female psychiatric outpatients report drinking above hazardous levels. This study explores high risk-drinking young female psychiatric patients' view of the role of alcohol in their lives. A further aim was to identify factors that may facilitate changes in drinking habits. Semi-structured interviews with open-ended questions were performed. The main areas of interest were: positive/negative aspects of alcohol use, risk situations for excessive drinking and factors facilitating change in drinking habits. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis, a process that includes identifying, coding and categorizing components of the interviews. Nine female high risk-drinking psychiatric patients (mean age 22.2 ± 3.5 years) were interviewed. The reasons for excessive alcohol use were either external, in which case the young females wanted to live up to social expectations, or internal, in which case alcohol was used as an escape from negative feelings or for the purpose of self-harm. The participants requested help from psychiatric care-givers to focus on reasons for drinking and help with addressing underlying needs more functionally. To help avoid the development of complicated comorbidity, psychiatric providers must be aware of the role of alcohol in the patient's life. The categories identified in this study can be used by psychiatric health-care professionals in an interview scheme or checklist when meeting young female patients with excessive drinking.

  • 14.
    Nehlin Gordh, Christina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Nyberg, Fred
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmaceutisk biovetenskap.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    The patient´s perspective on the link between ADHD and substance use: A qualitative interview study2015Inngår i: Journal of Attention Disorders, ISSN 1087-0547, E-ISSN 1557-1246, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 343-350Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Object

    The primary aim of this study was to investigate how adult individuals with ADHD perceive the role of alcohol and drugs in their lives. A secondary aim was to identify factors that those individuals consider useful in the treatment and prevention of co-occurring ADHD and substance use disorders.

    Method

    A qualitative interview study with ADHD outpatients (n=14) at a psychiatric clinic. Data were analyzed based on pre-defined areas of interest using a deductive content analysis method.

    Results

    The yearning for belongingness was identified as an important driving force underlying substance use. The participants felt that alcohol/drugs helped them being normal and thus respected and accepted. Early diagnosis of ADHD was perceived essential to avoid SUD.

    Conclusion

    Adults with ADHD may have strong rational and emotional reasons for the use of alcohol and drugs. When planning for the treatment of adult ADHD, investigation of personal reasons for alcohol/drug use deserves a place.

  • 15.
    Salberg, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Folke, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset. Clin Res Ctr, Dalarna, Falun, Sweden.
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Nursing staff-led behavioural group intervention in psychiatric in-patient care: Patient and staff experiences2018Inngår i: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1445-8330, E-ISSN 1447-0349, Vol. 27, nr 5, s. 1401-1410Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A promising intervention in mental health in-patient care is behavioural activation (BA). Interventions based on BA can be used by mental health nurses and other staff members. The aim of this study was to evaluate patients' and staff members' experiences of a nursing staff-led behavioural group intervention in mental health in-patient care. The intervention was implemented at three adult acute general mental health in-patient wards in a public hospital setting in Sweden. A self-administrated questionnaire, completed by 84 patients and 34 nurses and nurse assistants, was administered, and nonparametric data analysed using descriptive statistics. Our findings revealed that both patients and nursing staff ranked nursing care and care environment as important aspects in the recovery process. Patients and staff members reported overall positive experiences of the group sessions. Patients with higher frequencies of attendance and patients satisfied with overall care had a more positive attitude towards the intervention. A more positive experience of being a group leader was reported by staff members who had been leading groups more than ten times. The most common impeding factor during implementation, reported by staff members, was a negative attitude to change. Conducive factors were having support from a psychologist and the perception that patients were showing interest. These positive experiences reported by patients and nursing staff, combined with previous research in this field, are taking us one step further in evaluating group sessions based on BA as a meaningful nursing intervention in mental health in-patient care.

  • 16.
    Sveen, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Sjöberg, F
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Health-related quality of life in Swedish pediatric burn patients and associations with burn and family characteristics2014Inngår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 40, nr 5, s. 987-994Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although many children with burns recover well and have a satisfying quality of life after the burn, some children do not adjust as well. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) focuses on the impact health status has on quality of life. The aim of this study was to assess HRQoL with the American Burn Association/Shriners Hospitals for Children Burn Outcomes Questionnaire (BOQ) in a nationwide Swedish sample of children with burns 0.3-9.0 years after injury. Participants were parents (n=109) of children aged up to 18 years at the time of investigation who were treated at the Linköping or Uppsala Burn Center between 2000 and 2008. The majority of children did not have limitations in physical function and they did not seem to experience much pain. However, there were indications of psychosocial problems. Parents of preschool children reported most problems with the children's behavior and family disruption, whereas parents of children aged 5-18 years reported most problems with appearance and emotional health. There were mainly burn-related variables associated with suboptimal HRQoL in children aged 5-18 years, while family-related variables did not contribute as much.

  • 17.
    Sveen, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Sjöberg, F
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Response to Letter to the Editor: 'Sleep quality implicates in life quality: an analysis about children who suffered burns'2014Inngår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 40, nr 4, s. 775-776Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Sveen, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Alcohol Consumption After Severe Burn: A Prospective Study2015Inngår i: Psychosomatics, ISSN 0033-3182, E-ISSN 1545-7206, Vol. 56, nr 4, s. 390-396Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The number of patients with alcohol-related burns admitted to burn units has increased. It has been reported previously that alcohol-related burns are an indicator of alcohol dependence, but there are few studies addressing alcohol use several years after burn injury.

    Objective

    To investigate alcohol consumption 2–7 years after burn injury and to examine possible contributing factors.

    Methods

    Consecutive adult patients with burns (n = 67) were included during hospitalization, and an interview was performed at 2–7 (mean = 4.6) years after burn. Data assessed at baseline were injury characteristics, sociodemographic variables, coping, and psychiatric disorders. At follow-up, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test was used to identify at-risk drinking.

    Results

    Overall, 22% of the burns were alcohol-related; however, this was not associated with at-risk drinking at follow-up. Of the former patients with burns, 17 (25%) were identified as having an at-risk drinking pattern at follow-up. One item in the Coping With Burns Questionnaire used in acute care, “I use alcohol, tobacco or other drugs to be able to handle my problems”, was the only factor found to predict an at-risk drinking pattern several years after injury.

    Conclusion

    There were more at-risk drinkers in this burn population as compared with in the general population. The results indicate that an avoidant coping pattern, including the use of alcohol to handle problems, can be considered a potentially modifiable factor.

  • 19.
    Öster, Caisa
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset. Uppsala Univ Hosp, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Arinell, Hans
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Nehlin, Christina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset. Uppsala Univ Hosp, Uppsala, Sweden.
    The Drinking Motives Questionnaire among Swedish psychiatric patients: An exploration of the four-factor structure2017Inngår i: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 400-407Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction and Aims: Alcohol use above hazardous limits is common among persons with psychiatric disorders, and there is limited knowledge about motives for drinking. The objective of this study was to explore the adequacy of the four-factor structure of drinking motives in an adult psychiatric outpatient population in Sweden by confirming the factor structure in the Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ-R) and in alternative models.

    Design and Methods: In total, 371 patients responded to the DMQ-R along with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). AUDIT was used to assess frequency of alcohol consumption, number of drinks consumed on a typical occasion and binge drinking frequency. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the construct validity of the DMQ-R and alternative models, including the short form, DMQ-R SF.

    Results: Fit statistics suggested that the original four-factor model had questionable fit (root mean square error of approximation [RMSEA]=0.10, comparative fit index [CFI]=0.89, standardised root mean square residual [SRMR]=0.08). The model with the best fit indices was the DMQ-R SF (RMSEA=0.07, CFI=0.97, SRMR=0.04). When using DMQ-R SF in further analyses enhancement, the most strongly endorsed motives were related to quantity and AUDIT sum score. Coping motives were most strongly related to AUDIT sum score, frequency and binge drinking. Social motives were only related to binge drinking, whereas conformity motives were not statistically associated with any motives.

    Discussion and Conclusions: The study implies that the 12-item short form, DMQ-R SF, could be more appropriate than the original DMQ-R in this group.

  • 20.
    Öster, Caisa
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Bäckström, Susan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Lantz, Ingrid
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Ramklint, Mia
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Psychiatric patients' perspectives of student involvement in their care2015Inngår i: BMC Medical Education, ISSN 1472-6920, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 15, artikkel-id 69Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the education of professionals in psychiatry, one challenge is to provide clinical placements with opportunities for students to interact and have direct contact with patients. The aim of this study was to explore Swedish psychiatric patients' perspectives on student participation in their care. Method: In a cross-sectional survey design, 655 adult psychiatric patients at a university hospital completed questionnaires. These questionnaires included statements about student involvement, student gender, attitudes towards student participation as well as two open-ended questions. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. Results: The majority of the patients were comfortable with student participation. There were no differences between patients in wards compared to outpatients but patients who previously had students involved in their care reported higher comfort levels and a more positive attitude. Female patients were less comfortable with male students and very young students. Patients stressed the importance of being informed about the opportunity to refuse student participation. More detailed information given before the consultation as well as the importance of the student showing a professional attitude was conditions that could enable more patients to endorse student participation. Conclusion: The psychiatric patients' overall positive attitudes are in line with previous findings from other specialties and countries. The results support both altruistic motives and experience of personal gains by student involvement. More detailed information given beforehand would enable more patients to consider student participation.

  • 21.
    Öster, Caisa
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Return to work after burn: a prospective study2011Inngår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 37, nr 7, s. 1117-1124Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Return to work (RTW) is one of the most important objectives to strive for in burn rehabilitation. Most individuals do return to work after burn but there is a subgroup that does not. Prospective long-time follow-up studies focusing on RTW after burn are scarce. Consecutive adult burn patients employed before injury (n = 58) were included in the present study during hospitalization and subsequently followed up for 12 months. In addition, a structured interview was performed at 2-7 years after burn. At that time; mean 4.5 years (SD 2.0) after burn; 67% of the participants had returned to their work. Predictive variables for time to RTW were length of stay (LOS) at the burn center and fulfilling criteria for Any personality disorder. No RTW was predicted by LOS and having Any anxiety disorder or Any substance use disorder prior to the burn. The non-working group reported lower generic (EQ-5D) and burn-specific (BSHS-B) HRQoL than the working group at every time point. Identification of risk factors associated with difficulties in RTW is required in order to execute individualized vocational rehabilitation.

  • 22.
    Öster, Caisa
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Hensing, Ida
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Löjdström, Therese
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Sjoberg, Folke
    Willebrand, Mimmie
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Parents' perceptions of adaptation and family life after burn injuries in children2014Inngår i: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 29, nr 6, s. 606-613Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore parents' experiences after their child's burn injury, focusing on how the burn had influenced family life and child adjustment. Six semi-structured interviews with parents of children treated at burn centers 2 to 7years previously revealed the theme, "Feeling quite alone in striving to regain family wellbeing". Identification of difficulties perceived by the parents during rehabilitation and up until the present is useful when developing pediatric burn care and support for parents of children with burns.

  • 23.
    Öster, Caisa
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Kildal, Morten
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Plastikkirurgi.
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Return to Work After Burn Injury: Burn-Injured Individuals' Perception of Barriers and Facilitators2010Inngår i: Journal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association, ISSN 1559-0488, Vol. 31, nr 4, s. 540-550Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore burn-injured individuals' perception of factors seen as facilitators or barriers in the process of returning to work after a severe burn injury. Semistructured interviews were prospectively conducted with 39 former burn injury patients, admitted to the Uppsala Burn Center between March 2000 and March 2007. The participants were employed or studying at the time of injury and were interviewed on average 4.6 years after the burn. The interview data were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Factors acknowledged by the participants as facilitators and barriers to return to work (RTW) were identified and sorted into five categories: the Individual, Social Life, Health Care and Rehabilitation, the Workplace, and Social Welfare Agencies. Facilitators were perceived to a great extent as individual characteristics, such as own ability to take action, setting up goals in rehabilitation, having willpower, being persistent, and learning to live with impairments. The possibility of getting modified work tasks or a change of workplace, when having physical or psychological impairments, was also seen as facilitating factors. Some barriers experienced as delaying RTW were difficulties when ceasing pain medication, limited knowledge of wound care at primary health care facilities, lack of individualized rehabilitation plans, and lack of psychological support during rehabilitation. Former burn injury patients emphasized psychological resources and capabilities as facilitators in the RTW process. The need in rehabilitation for a coordinator and for assessment of work capacity, and not solely a focus on impairments, is discussed.

  • 24.
    Öster, Caisa
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Kildal, Morten
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper.
    Willebrand, Mimmie
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Dyster-Aas, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Validation of the EQ-5D questionnaire in burn injured adults2009Inngår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 35, nr 5, s. 723-732Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important aspect of adaptation after burn. The EQ-5D is a standardized generic instrument for assessing HRQoL. Its psychometric properties in a group of burn injured individuals are, however, not known.

    METHODS: Seventy-eight consecutive patients admitted to a burn unit were included in a prospective longitudinal study. The participants completed the EQ-5D during acute care, and at 3, 6, and 12 months after the burn. At 6 and 12 months after the burn they also completed the Short-Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) and the Burn Specific Health Scale-Brief (BSHS-B).

    RESULTS: High feasibility of the EQ-5D was demonstrated through a high response rate and a low proportion of missing or invalid answers. The floor and ceiling effects were small. Construct validity was demonstrated through good differentiation between health states and good discrimination of health states over time. The EQ-5D was associated with burn severity and discriminated between clinical subgroups in an expected manner. Criterion validity was demonstrated through significant correlations between the EQ-5D and subscales of the SF-36 and the BSHS-B.

    CONCLUSIONS: The EQ-5D has good psychometric properties, it is short and easy to administer and thus useful in assessment of HRQoL after burn.

  • 25.
    Öster, Caisa