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  • 1.
    Hansson, Erik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Who’s afraid of the 'beggar'?: A psychoanalytic interpretation of the crises triggered by the begging of 'EU migrants' in Sweden2019Inngår i: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The presence of poor migrants from the EU countries of Romania and Bulgaria (mainly Roma subjects)  who beg in Swedish cities has since 2010 caused a collective crisis in Sweden, affecting Swedish identity and institutions such as the (local and national) welfare state. Employing a psychoanalytic framework, inspired primarily by Lacan and Žižek, we describe the various dimensions of this crisis and explain the socio-psychological processes that produce the experience of crisis. We argue that the reason the ‘EU migrant’/’beggar’ produces these crises is because this figure is a symptom of the Real. Encounters with ‘EU migrants’ in the Swedish landscape become ethical encounters with the Real within three main realms: intersubjective (individual), national identity (collective), and political economy (institutional). The individual experiences an ethical crisis where no action in the meeting with a ‘beggar’ provides a satisfactory solution to the problem. The presence of ‘EU migrants’ also threatens to undermine the hegemonic Swedish self-image as a moral superpower. And the ‘EU migrant’s’ presence interferes with the nation’s desire to believe in its political and economic institutions. Finally, the attempt to satisfactorily locate responsibility for solving the problem of the ‘EU migrant’ reveals contradictions within capitalism, nationalism, and liberalism as they operate in the Swedish context.

  • 2. Jansson, Dave
    Divided we stand, united we fall2006Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 3. Jansson, Dave
    Eulogy for the ABL1999Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 4.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    ‘A geography of racism’: internal orientalism and the construction of American national identity in the film Mississippi Burning2005Inngår i: National Identities, ISSN 1460-8944, E-ISSN 1469-9907, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 265-285Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the contribution of the film Mississippi Burning to theconstruction of American national identity within the context of the discourse of internal orientalism. This discourse consists of a tradition of representing the American South as fundamentally different from the rest of the United States, and an important strand of this tradition involves construing ‘the South’ as a region where racism, violence, intolerance, poverty and a group of other negative characteristics reign. In contrast, ‘America’ is understood as standing for the opposite of these vices. Mississippi Burning continues this tradition by creating a ‘geography of racism’, juxtaposing the brutality ofwhite Southerners with the morality of two FBI agents sent to Mississippi to investigate the disappearance of three civil rights workers. A variety of the film’s devices, includingthe comparison between the racist white Southerners and the FBI agents, reproduces anAmerican national identity that stands for tolerance, justice and peace.

  • 5.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    A “geography of racism”: Internal orientalism and the othering of the South in the film Mississippi Burning2001Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    American hegemony and the irony of C. Vann Woodward’s ‘The Irony of Southern History’2004Inngår i: Southeastern Geographer, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 90-114Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The noted historian C. Vann Woodward made an influential contribution to the understanding of Southern identity through his essays ‘‘The Search for Southern Identity’’ and ‘‘The Irony of SouthernHistory.’’ Woodward argued that what heconsidered to be the Southern experience of defeat,humiliation, and impotence in the face of intractable social problems set the South apartfrom the American national self-concept of a successful, prosperous, and victorious people. In the face of potentially dangerous entanglements abroad, Woodward concluded that the lessons of Southern history would be salutary if heeded by national leaders. The purpose of this article is toanalyze Woodward’s argument through the application of the framework of internal orientalism to reveal the ironies that underlie Woodward’s assumptions, particularly with regard to the influenceof the political hegemony of the United States and the cultural hegemony of the internal orientalist production of the South. Next, the parallels between the contemporary period and the time during which Woodward wrote his essays are assessed, revealing that Woodward’s description ofthe position of the U.S. in the world is remarkably similar to mainstream post 9-11 rhetoric. A content analysis of George W. Bush’s radio addresses shows that the national myths of innocence, virtue, success, and victory still have currency, followedby an examination of ‘‘Southern’’ critiquesof U.S. foreign policy. These critiques do not employthe vision of Southern identity set forthby Woodward, and the possible reasons for this divergence are discussed. Reading ‘‘The Irony of Southern History’’ through the lens of internalorientalism provides useful lessons for understandingthe connections between regional andnational histories.

  • 7.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    American hegemony and the irony of Woodward’s “The Irony of Southern History.”2002Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    American national identity and the progress of the New South in National Geographic Magazine2003Inngår i: Geographical Review, ISSN 0016-7428, E-ISSN 1931-0846, Vol. 93, nr 3, s. 350-369Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how National Geographic Magazine’s coverage of the U.S.South contributed to the production of an exalted American national identity. The framework of internal orientalism is employed to explain the role of the South as an internal other in the national discourse and to show how even positive representations of the South are often implicated in this othering. In the pages of National Geographic, the New South’s progress is measured by the steps it takes away from the Old South. In highlighting the improvements made within the South, the articles provide subtle hints that the legacy of segregation, intolerance, racism, and poverty continues to haunt the region. The articles set up a spatial distinctionthat construes these evils as inherently southern problems, which implies that howeverfar the New South moves away from the problematic legacy of the Old South, it will neverquite reach the American ideal.

  • 9.
    Jansson, David
    Vassar College.
    American secessionist movements: The rejection of empire and the retreat to the local2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will analyze the rise of secessionist movements in the United States and the scalar nature of their agendas. The recent North American Secessionist Convention, held in Burlington, Vermont in November 2006, brought together dozens of secession activists from at least a dozen different secessionist groups such as the Second Vermont Republic, the Cascadian Independence Project, the Alaskan Independence Party, the League of the South, and Christian Exodus. In addition, there is now a secessionist “think tank” in the form of the Middlebury Institute, convener of the convention. This paper discusses the similarities and differences among these groups and considers the role of corporate globalization and U.S. imperialism in providing the impetus for these efforts. Secession as a strategy for creating more responsive and just political entities will be discussed, as well as the obstacles and pitfalls facing this movement.

  • 10.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    American Space/American Place: Geographies of the Contemporary United States, edited by John A. Agnew and Jonathan M. Smith. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 20022003Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 37, nr 8, s. 869-870Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Automobility and the folkhem: Collectivism, individualism and the car in 20th century Sweden2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The automobile is generally associated with individualism, as the car allows its driver to enjoy the “freedom of the open road.” The Swedish folkhem, on the other had, is understood as a collective social project emphasizing solidarity and group agency. Interestingly, the folkhem and the automobile system developed at around the same time in Sweden, such that today the individualistic car is the dominant form of transportation in what is thought to be a very collectivistic Sweden. This paper explores this apparent paradox between individualism and collectivism in the creation of modern Sweden. The historical development of both the folkhem and the automobile system is reviewed, and it can be concluded that rather than conceiving of the car/folkhem relationship as a tension between the individualistic car and the collectivistic folkhem, we can say that the tension between individualism and collectivism actually occurs within the folkhem itself. Theories of automobility are also discussed with the goal of developing a framework for the further study of the contribution of the automobile system to the building of the folkhem.

  • 12.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Branding Åland, branding Ålanders: Reflections on place, identity, and globalization in a Nordic archipelago2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this oral presentation I will discuss two aspects of “branding” in the context of the Åland Islands. First I will consider the possibilities for the branding of “Åland” in the marketplace. I will focus primarily on the passenger ferries, tourism, and agriculture and discuss the various meanings that could be conveyed by the concept of Åland to outsiders, and how these meanings might be mobilized to enhance the economic potential of these industries. Secondly, I will consider “branding” in its alternative sense of burning a mark on the flesh, an aspect of the concept of branding that is increasingly important in a globalized Scandinavia. The movement of people from non-European countries to Scandinavia presents a dilemma for people who see themselves as open, tolerant, and committed to human rights but who also conceive of racial identities in essentialist terms, which brands immigrants who do not look Scandinavian (or European) as Different, as outsiders even for the generations who are born in Scandinavia. I then consider this dynamic in the context of Åland and the discussion of what it means to be an Ålander, and who is a “true” Ålander, in the face of immigration to Åland from all over the world. I review some comments from the latest election campaign as well as interviews I have conducted with Ålanders at home and in Sweden to explore the various meanings that Åland has for its residents and how these meanings might support or hinder the integration of immigrants on Åland.

  • 13.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Branding Åland, branding Ålanders: reflections on place identity and globalization in a Nordic archipelago2012Inngår i: Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, ISSN 1751-8040, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 119-132Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The process commonly called globalization is associated with, among other things, an increasing economic connectedness and dependence between places, as well as the long-distance migration of people from and to all corners ofthe world. The analysis in this article considers these two ways in which economic globalization brings the world together by relating these processes to two different senses of the word brand: place branding (defined as ‘competitive identity’) and what we may call social branding, or the construction of social identities based on ethnic appearance. It does so by considering the case of the Åland Islands, a Swedish speaking, autonomous region belonging to Finland. The article attempts to offer insights into some of the ways in which competitive identity can be linked with a kind of social change (represented by the notion of ‘brand promise’) that increases tolerance and inclusiveness. Through its comprehensive nature (linking culture, identity and economy) and its focus on behavior, the notion of competitive identity allows us to see how ‘place branding’ might open up ‘possibilities for becoming’ that reflect evolutions in the ways in which Ålanders define themselves; the concept also ties such evolutions in identity to the broader economic activities that help to produce a place’s image and that set the stage for future economic activity.

  • 14.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Bridges over the Åland Sea: Identity and transnationalism among Sweden’s Ålanders2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Åland Islands are an archipelago in the Baltic Sea between Sweden and Finland that belongs to Finland but has a significant degree of autonomy (e.g. its own legislature) and is officially monolingual Swedish. Ålanders have a unique identity within Finland, separate even from the finlandssvenskar (Swedish Finns) on the mainland. Because of the shared language, Ålanders have always migrated to Sweden in search of work, education, or a new life (and sometimes all three). While statistical data is available that reveals the numbers of Ålanders who have moved to Sweden historically, little is known about their experiences in Sweden and the extent to which their identities as Ålanders change over time. To what extent do they attempt to preserve their connections to Åland and their sense of themselves as Ålanders? To what extent do they actively seek to assimilate into Swedish society and minimize their cultural differences from native-born Swedes? This study investigates the experiences of Ålanders who have moved to Sweden and live in three areas: Stockholm/Uppsala, Göteborg (Gothenburg), and Norrland (northern Sweden). In depth interviews with Ålanders in these three regions explore questions of identity, culture, feelings about and connections to Åland, and assimilation or adaptation. The study pays particular attention to gender differences in the experiences of these migrants and their attachment to their “homeland.” This study contributes to the literatures on migration, transnationalism,  and hybridity, and also facilitates a consideration of the appropriateness of the framework of “whiteness” in this context.

  • 15.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    “Car-terrorism” and other horrors: Sweden confronts automobility, 1906-19392015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the emergence of automobility in early twentieth-century Sweden. In today’s Sweden the automobile has a taken-for-granted dominance, though the rule of the car is increasingly being questioned. By reviewing archival materials, including protocols from debates in the Swedish parliament, official government reports, and newsreel films, I try to recover the sense of impending disaster, as well as the sense of impending freedom and progress, that government leaders were confronted with as the automobile gradually moved beyond being a plaything for wealthy men to becoming a form of transportation accessible to wage-laborers. Some Swedish politicians happily retold stories of horses keeling over dead when confronted by automobiles on relatively narrow dirt roads, and warned of the threat of “car-terrorism”, while others welcomed the automobile as a sign of modernity, freedom, and progress. The analysis grapples with the political nature of historical geographical research, as well as the problem of the limits presented by the materiality of these particular sources and to what extent they allow faithful historical interpretation.

  • 16.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Crazy wisdom and recovering the human in Olsson’s method of cartographic critique2012Inngår i: GO: On the Geographies of Gunnar Olsson / [ed] Abrahamsson, Christian and Gren, Martin, Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2012, s. 169-187Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Deadly exceptionalisms, or, would you rather be crushed by a moral superpower or a military superpower?2018Inngår i: Political Geography, ISSN 0962-6298, E-ISSN 1873-5096, Vol. 64, s. 83-91Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, I consider the ways in which nationalism in both the U.S. and Sweden relies on notions of exceptionalism, and I discuss what this means materially for their own populations and for the world. The analysis consists of two lines of attack against both these assumptions of exceptionalism – one focusing on psychological processes and the other political economy processes. I examine the historical development of the ideas of U.S. and Swedish exceptionalism, and consider the roles of ignorance, denial, and projection in maintaining these problematic ideas. Through the use of a materialist definition of racism, I show how the nationalist ideology of exceptionalism in these two cases harms the well-being of their own citizens as well as citizens of other states. I argue that a combination of the psychological and political economy approaches are necessary if we are to both understand the power and impact of exceptionalism as a nationalist ideology and to be able to effectively work against their tendency to “crush” marginalized groups.

  • 18.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    Dodgshon, Robert A. Society in time and space: a geographical perspective on change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 19982003Inngår i: Political Geography, ISSN 0962-6298, E-ISSN 1873-5096, Vol. 22, nr 5, s. 587-590Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    “Give truth a chance”: Internal orientalism and the League of the South’s discourses of truth2005Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the aspects of Edward Said’s theorization of Orientalism that was most criticized was his inattention to the role of contestation in the development of Orientalist discourses. The framework of internal orientalism is useful for analyzing the spatial construction of national identity through the othering of a region within the state. In the case of the U.S., internal orientalism involves the production of a privileged national identity through the othering of the South. In this paper I consider the contestation of internal orientalism by a Southern nationalist organization called the League of the South. An analysis of interview data collected during the League’s annual week-long “summer school” shows that the dominant themes in the interviews are truth, resistance, and moral geography. In reaction to the epistemology of internal orientalism, League members advance their own truths that are presented as recovering the authentic Southern history that has been ignored or suppressed by mainstream America. The individual and institutional strategies of resistance of the League and its members are discussed and are related to the conceptions of the imagined moral geographies of “the South” and “America”. The primary conclusion is that the discourse of internal orientalism shapes the very contours of the resistance of the League of the South, and this resistance takes the form of a derivative discourse that reinforces the internal orientalist paradigm more than it undermines it.

  • 20.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Humor as pedagogy: A geographical perspective2016Inngår i: För Pedagogisk Utveckling Tillsammans: Lärare och Studenter som Medskapare av Utbildningen / [ed] K. Andreasen, M. Magnusson, Uppsala: Uppsala University , 2016, s. 45-52Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Humor in the classroom: A geographic perspective on the rewards and risks of a pedagogy of laughter2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Hur ska vi få tid att göra alla val?2013Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 23.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    Internal orientalism in America: W.J. Cash’s The Mind of the South and the spatial construction of American national identity2003Inngår i: Political Geography, ISSN 0962-6298, E-ISSN 1873-5096, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 293-316Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is an attempt to establish a framework for investigating the spatial constructionof national identity, using the case of the US. The concept of internal orientalism is used toanalyze representations of the South as an internal spatial “other” in the US and to suggest a link between these representations and the construction of a privileged national identity. While scholars have explored the role of internal othering in the production of national identities, these studies have either ignored space or treated it as a subordinate component. I argue forthe utility of considering the primacy of space (in the sense of the imagined space of a region within the state) in the construction of national identity. Through an analysis of the influentialbook The Mind of the South I attempt to discern the relationship between the identity of the South and that of America. Portrayals of the South such as Cash’s denote the South as the repository of a set of negative characteristics (such as poverty, racism, violence, and backwardness), and I argue that as a result, these undesirable traits are excised from the national identity. According to this argument, the geographic ideas “America” and “the South”are opposite poles of a binary, and the identity of one cannot be understood except as linkedto the identity of the other; therefore, representations of a degenerate South inform an exalted national identity.

  • 24.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    Internal orientalism: The construction of American national identity through the othering of the South2001Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Edward Said’s construct of Orientalism describes and explains how an external “othering” of the Orient contributed to the development of the national identity of the imperialist Western European states within the context of unequal power relations between the Occident and the Orient.  This paper explores the existence of “internal Orientalism,” whereby an ongoing internal othering of the South contributes to the development of an American national identity that reflects and reinforces the superior power position of the non-South vis-à-vis the South.  I analyze W.J. Cash’s influential book The Mind of the South as an exemplar of the internal Orientalist discourse.  The negative Southern characteristics that Cash enumerates stand in direct opposition to the traits of the archetypal American, and I explore this contrapuntal relationship in other popular and scholarly works in order to demonstrate the hegemonic status of this discourse.  The American identity thus created is related to nationalism in the United States, for casting the South as backward and intolerant enables the view of the American nationalist project as a force of modernity and enlightenment.  The American case illustrates the role of regions in the formation of a national identity and shows that the power relations between the regions is an important factor in determining in what manner the regions contribute to national identity construction.  I also consider the applicability of this theoretical framework to other countries and discuss the possibility that internal Orientalism is a general phenomenon with particular manifestations.

  • 25.
    Jansson, David
    Vassar College.
    Magnolias without moonlight : the American south from regional confederacy to national integration. By Sheldon Hackney. New Brunswick, N.J. : Transaction Publishers, 2005.2007Inngår i: Geographical Review, ISSN 0016-7428, E-ISSN 1931-0846, Vol. 97, nr 1, s. 137-138Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    National Geographic2008Inngår i: International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences: Volume 5 / [ed] William A. Darity, Jr., Detroit: Macmillan Publishers Ltd., 2008, 2, s. 394-Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Orientalism and Geography2018Inngår i: Oxford bibliographies: Geography, New York: Oxford University Press, 2018Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 28.
    Jansson, David
    Vassar College.
    Race, power, and internal orientalism in the U.S.: reflections on Edward Said and the responsibilities of intellectuals2005Inngår i: The Arab World Geographer, Vol. 8, nr 1-2, s. 34-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Edward Said advocated an activist role for intellectualsand argued for their responsibility to speaktruth to power and to ally with the “weak andunrepresented.” This article examines the ethics ofresponsibility on the part of the intellectual from ageographic perspective. It uses the example ofinternal orientalism in the United States to showthe usefulness of considerations of scale to themoral calculus of the politically engaged intellectual.It begins with a brief review of the issue ofpower within Orientalism, as described by Said,and the responsibility of the intellectual in thatcontext. It then examines these issues in thecontext of internal orientalism in the United States.“The South” is considered as an internal spatialother in the United States, but within this otheringthere are two others, African-Americans and white“Southerners.” The responsibility of the intellectualto each is discussed, and the appropriate stanceof the intellectual on the U.S. Civil War is examinedin this light. The explicit use of scale revealsthe possibility that one may judge the injustice atthe regional scale (slavery) as outweighing anyinjustice created by the power imbalance at thenational scale. In addition, the responsibility of theintellectual to the others of internal orientalisminvolves illuminating the process through whichthe spatial identities are constructed.

  • 29.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Racialization and “Southern” identities of resistance: A psychogeography of internal orientalism in the U.S.2010Inngår i: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, ISSN 0004-5608, E-ISSN 1467-8306, Vol. 100, nr 1, s. 202-221Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the “voices of the Others” of internal orientalism in the United States. Internal orientalismcreates a binary of the imagined spaces of “America” and “the South,” simultaneously racializing both spaces aswhite spaces. The article explores the extent to which this discourse informs a “Southern” resistance identityamong members of the white “Southern” nationalist organization the League of the South, and African Americanresidents of Lynchburg, Virginia. An analysis of interviews shows that for the League members, internalorientalism produces a psychogeography wherein “Southerners” feel that they are considered an inferior partof the “American” nation, which they might experience as hatred and demonization. To combat a colonialmentality, the League advances a positive notion of “Southern” identity that emphasizes the theme of resistance.The essentialist version of “Southern” identity they espouse is ultimately a derivative discourse in that it doesnot unsettle the internal orientalist assumption that “the South” is fundamentally different from “the North”and “America.” Those African Americans in the study who embrace “Southern” identity resist the internal orientalistracialization of “Southern” as referring to white people, although to the extent they associate “Southern”identity with racism and segregation they partly reinforce the discourse. Some who do not embrace “Southern”identity cannot overcome its negative connotations. The study shows that articulations of “the South” and“Southern” identity are best understood from an interscalar perspective and not by considering “Southernness”as something produced solely in “the South.”

  • 30.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Reaching a State of Hope: Refugees, Immigrants and the Swedish Welfare State, 1930-20002015Inngår i: The international migration review, ISSN 0197-9183, E-ISSN 1747-7379, Vol. 49, nr 3, s. E23-E24, artikkel-id IMRE12218Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 31.
    Jansson, David
    Vassar College.
    Rehder, John B., Appalachian folkways, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 20042005Inngår i: Journal of Historical Geography, ISSN 0305-7488, E-ISSN 1095-8614, Vol. 31, nr 4, s. 814-816Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Review of New Geographies of Race and Racism, edited by Dwyer, Claire and Bressey, Caroline. Ashgate, Aldershot 2008.2009Inngår i: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 91, nr 4, s. 388-390Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Review of The World Says No to War: Demonstrations against the War on Iraq, Stefaan Walgrave and Dieter Rucht (eds.), Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 20102011Inngår i: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197, Vol. 12, nr 8, s. 968-970Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    Schulten, Susan. The Geographical Imagination in America, 1880-1950. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 20012004Inngår i: National Identities, ISSN 1460-8944, E-ISSN 1469-9907, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 82-83Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    Sharp, Joanne P., Condensing the Cold War : Reader's digest and American identity, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 20002002Inngår i: Professional Geographer, ISSN 0033-0124, E-ISSN 1467-9272, Vol. 54, nr 2, s. 284-286Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Spatial projection and internal orientalism in the U.S.2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the spatiality of the psychoanalytic notion of projection in the context of internal orientalism in the U.S. According to the latter idea, “the [US] South” represents an internal Other in the national discourse, whereby this region is thought to be, in a sense, simultaneously within the political boundaries of the state and outside the cultural boundaries of the nation. “The South” in national discourse represents an abject location of racism, poverty, violence, and ignorance, in opposition to the “American” values of tolerance, prosperity, peace and enlightenment. The Freudian notion of projection describes the process by which certain (psychological, social, bodily) characteristics are “projected” from one person onto another. This projection thus says more about the nature of the Self than it can ever say about the Other. The paper considers the ramifications of spatializing the notion of projection such that individuals and groups of people project certain (inferior) characteristics on to a place (and in this case, region). After a theoretical discussion, the paper considers the role of spatial projection in the discussion of the historical legacy of slavery in the US outside the southeastern states.

  • 37.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The car and the folkhem: Automobility and the making of modern Sweden2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this paper is inspired by an apparent paradox. In a country known for its folkhem, a philosophy and social project based in values of collective action and solidarity, the primary mode of transportation is that icon of individualism, the automobile. Indeed, the folkhem (literally, “people’s home,” referring to the welfare state and its complementary ideology) and the automobile system were established simultaneously during the 20th century. Given this coincidence, it is curious that the potential symbiotic relationship between the automobile system (and “automobility”) and the folkhem has not been studied previously. These systems have profoundly shaped the relationship between the individual and the state as well as the (social and spatial) mobility of Swedish citizens. The paper discusses the potential roles of the individualistic mobility provided by the car in the construction of the collective project of the folkhem, and indeed in the construction of a modern Swedish national identity. The paper reviews the development of the folkhem and automobile system, focusing on their potential connections, and then considers what the literature on automobility has to contribute to the study of the car and the folkhem.

  • 38.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The evil empire within: Southern nationalism and the Washington problem2014Inngår i: Nation Within A Nation: The American South and the Federal Government / [ed] Glenn Feldman, Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 2014, s. 205-226Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Human geographer David R. Jansson takes for his task the examination of contemporary attitudes of southern nationalists towards the central government, both from a critique of American “empire” by groups such as the neo-Confederate League of the South and the role that Latin American, particularly Mexican, immigration has played in antagonizing southern nationalists. The presence of dark-skinned people who speak Spanish in the local cultural landscape is interpreted, Jansson tells us, as a betrayal by the federal government of the South's largely homogenous and culturally cohesive communities. This fascinating chapter is based on interviews with League of the South members and leaders as well as email correspondence and materials from the League and other southern nationalist groups such as the Southern National Congress.

  • 39.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The future of Åland?: Language, culture and secession in Swedish Finland2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Ålands framtid (Åland's Future) is a new political party on the Åland Islands seeking independence from Finland. Åland is a Swedish-speaking province of Finland, located in the Baltic Sea between Sweden and Finland. Ålands framtid is trying to mobilize the population on Åland to support secession of the islands. The party notes the dwindling numbers of Swedish-speakers on the Finnish mainland and fears the “Finnicization” of the islands. Åland, which has a substantial amount of autonomy and its own legislature, has had an uneasy relationship with the Finnish government over the years, and many Ålanders are frustrated with the lack of services from the Finnish government that are provided in Swedish. This paper analyzes interviews conducted with the leadership of the party as well as some of its members to explore the production of geographic identity on Åland and the extent to which the support of this secessionist movement is grounded in a particular view of Åland’s culture and identity. Ålanders talk, write, and read about their identity a great deal, and I will compare the views of the supporters of Ålands framtid with other conceptualizations of Ålandish identity. Åland is, in a sense, a place of in-betweenness: geographically, culturally, economically, and this unique location helps shape the views and strategy of the secessionist party.

  • 40.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The haunting of the South: American geopolitical identity and the burden of Southern history2007Inngår i: Geopolitics, ISSN 1465-0045, E-ISSN 1557-3028, Vol. 12, nr 3, s. 400-425Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The evocative figure of a South haunted by its troubled past is a staple of representations of the region, and such representations not only create a problematic identity for the region but simultaneously produce a privileged national identity through the process of internal orientalism. This article connects internal orientalism with the notion of the double Janus to explain the similarities between America's attitude toward Southern history and its assertion that Japan and Germany bear historical burdens of their own. The inward-looking face of the double Janus is informed by the discourse of internal orientalism and gives Americans an opportunity to judge an internal spatial Other (the South), particularly with regard to the region's history (as a result American geopolitical identity is cleansed from the historical burdens that are construed as Southern). This practice as a righteous judge of the Other serves the US hegemon and its outward-looking face of the double Janus in that the rhetorical practices deployed to discuss Japanese and German history have been honed through the assessment of the burdens of Southern history.

  • 41.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    The haunting of the South: American national identity and the unique burden of Southern history2002Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    It is virtually a truism in American public discourse that the South is haunted by its past.  Embedded in representations of the South in film, popular magazines, academic scholarship, and other forms of public commentary on the region, is the assumption and active construction of the idea that the South’s racist, violent, xenophobic, and economically depressed past continues to bedevil its halting steps toward joining American modernity.  I argue in this paper that such representations assist in removing the burden of the American national history from the country’s shoulders as it marches onward in its self-appointed role as the world’s moral leader.  The dynamic of internal Orientalism in the U.S. results in the othering of the South, such that the South is represented as the exclusive location of a set of negative characteristics (including poverty, intolerance, bigotry, violence, etc.), and as these undesirable traits are safely contained in the South, America can stand for prosperity, enlightenment, tolerance, peace, and so on.  One of the techniques through which the othering of the South is achieved is through representations of the South as a region unable to shake its uniquely problematic past.  Through an analysis of portrayals of the South in National Geographic, in films such as “Mississippi Burning”, in the writings of observers such as W.J. Cash, author of the seminal The Mind of the South, and in other popular and scholarly works, I show how in each of these works reproduces and relies on the notion of the South as the American region still haunted by its past.  The application of the framework of internal Orientalism leads us to see that this portrayal of the South is inextricably linked to the production of the American present as unburdened by past crimes and failures.

  • 42.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The head vs. the gut: emotions, positionality, and the challenges of fieldwork with a Southern nationalist movement2010Inngår i: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 19-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores the inner process of researching a group that is proudly white, conservative, fundamentalist Christian, and Southern. The recent attention to emotions in scholarship has not extended to the subject of fieldwork with right wing movements. I discuss my experience interviewing members of the League of the South and explore the extent to which my positionality shaped the interactions that I had with League members and informed my emotional response to the fieldwork.

  • 43.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The Other Vietnam Syndrome: The Cultural Politics of Corporeal Patriotism and Visual Resistance2016Inngår i: ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies, ISSN 1492-9732, E-ISSN 1492-9732, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 418-439Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that the emergence of the U.S. counterculture contemporaneously with the Vietnam antiwar movement produced a visual coding of antiwar thought and action as dirty, messy, and most of all ‘hippie’, as a result of the visual differences between the most visible elements of the movement and the U.S. mainstream. This coding of antiwar sentiment as visually Other was seized upon by the right as part of the process of remembering this era of U.S. history, and this visual coding has over time evolved into a ‘regime of visuality’ that delegitimizes opposition to war and introduces a kind of corporeal patriotism where one’s loyalty to the state can be measured by an evaluation of one’s appearance. Whereas the Vietnam syndrome was an expression of elite disdain for public opposition to ‘the use of force’ (i.e. military invasions), the other Vietnam syndrome (OVS) constitutes a regime of visuality that links visual deviance to opposition to war, with the intention of delegitimizing both and placing deviant-looking protesters outside the body of the ‘legitimate’ public. The article provides historical and theoretical overviews of the OVS and discusses implications for contemporary protest movements.

  • 44.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The other Vietnam Syndrome: Visuality, corporeal patriotism, and US military dissent and resistance in Iraq2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    I argue that an important “regime of visuality” was given birth in reaction to the countercultural movements of the 1960s and their articulation in the efforts to end the Vietnam War. This regime of visuality associates antiwar activism with a particular kind of visual expression, and this visual coding we consider to be the “other” Vietnam syndrome. This syndrome represents an attempt to delegitimize antiwar activism and brand it as deviant through visual references to the Vietnam era, and it demands a kind of corporeal patriotism in which U.S. citizens must not only behave patriotically but also “look patriotic.” By reviewing the contemporary examples of the Appeal for Redress and the refusal of Ehren Watada to serve in Iraq, I show how this regime of visuality is relevant even for today’s antiwar activism in the US.

  • 45.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The Problem South: Region, Empire and the New Liberal State, 1880-1930, by Natalie J. Ring (University of Georgia Press, 2012).2013Inngår i: Southeastern Geographer, ISSN 0038-366X, Vol. 53, nr 4, s. 455-457Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 46.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The work of southering: Internal orientalism in the U.S. and the moral landscape of uneven racism2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars have long noted the role of the U.S. South as an internal Other in national discourse. Representations of the South have been understood as contributing to a privileged national identity. For about a decade I have considered the othering of the South as a case of internal orientalism, an analysis that has been inspired by Edward Said’s work on Orientalism. In the nearly 35 years since Said published Orientalism, scholars have introduced a bewildering array of new orientalisms, many of which have at best a tenuous link to Said’s conceptualization of Orientalism. This is perhaps at least in part Said’s own fault, as he was less than clear in defining “Orientalism.” In some cases, today’s orientalisms seem to equate to stereotyping and discrimination, a way of thinking of Orientalism that misses some of the key elements of this phenomenon. In response to this ambiguity regarding what orientalisms are, I use the example of the othering of the South to explore the limits of Orientalism. I introduce the term “southering” to represent the tradition of representing the southeastern states as an inferior region within the United States. Southering, then, contributes to internal orientalism but is not identical with it. Internal orientalism (“internal” because it occurs within the boundaries of a state) in the U.S. consists of the tradition of southering in the service of institutional power relations (especially in the realms of politics, economics, and culture), that are themselves grounded in orientalist knowledge-production. With this distinction between southering and internal orientalism in mind, we can see that southering (the othering of the South) has existed since before the founding of the United States as an independent state. I trace the beginnings of internal orientalism to the Civil War and Reconstruction and follow its evolution through the 20th century. Based on my research and that of others, it is safe to say that southering is still an important part of the discursive landscape in the U.S. The question that remains is whether we can rightly say that the power relations of internal orientalism are still extant.

  • 47.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The work of southering: "Southern justice" and the moral landscape of uneven racism2017Inngår i: Southeastern Geographer, ISSN 0038-366X, Vol. 57, nr 2, s. 131-150Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article seeks to stimulate a discussion about the ways in which scholars may reproduce the identity discourse of internal orientalism (here called “southering”) and the moral landscape of uneven racism in the process of critiquing injustice in the southeastern states. It points to the problems with making explicit and unsubstantiated comparisons on issues such as racism between the “South” and “North” and highlights discursive forms that risk triggering reader interpretations (such as the idea of “Southern distinctiveness”) that may be inconsistent with the intentions of the author. It ends by considering a few strategies for minimizing the communication of unintended messages, including more precision with regard to temporal and spatial boundaries, using a form of the “contrapuntal method” where generalizations about “the South” are accompanied by statements describing the status of the problem in question in the rest of the country, employing a materialist definition of racism as well as a dialectical analysis that focuses on process and relation.

  • 48.
    Jansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Theorizing internal orientalism in the U.S.: Southering, reconstruction, and internal colonialism2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to clarify both the usefulness and the limitations of applying the framework of Orientalism to the spatial dynamics within a state, using the othering of the U.S. South an example. Inspired by the seminal work of Edward Said, scholars have, in the 35 years since Said published Orientalism, applied this analytical perspective to a wide range of social phenomena, while at the same time often ignoring their spatialities. By exploring the relationship between the South and the rest of the U.S., this paper contributes to the literature on various orientalisms by recovering the spatiality of orientalisms and by elaborating upon the primary elements of internal orientalism in the U.S. These elements are identified as southering (the discursive othering of the South), reconstruction (the attempt to restructure the political and social fields of the South), and internal colonialism (the domination of the region by external capital). This tripartite perspective enables a more nuanced understanding of the development and eventual disappearance of internal orientalism in the U.S. Also discussed are the limitations of this particular analytical framework.

  • 49.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    To be or not to be Southern: African Americans and Southern identity in Lynchburg, Virginia2004Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    For many years the term “Southerner” was understood to refer to white residents of the South, with the region’s African-Americans present in Southern identity only as a backdrop to the actions of white Southerners. With the reverse migration of many African-Americans back to the South, and with the successful attack on racism in many parts of the South, the tradition of equating “Southern” with “white” has begun to collapse. Polls show that an increasing number of African-Americans in the South embrace the term Southerner and do not hesitate to apply it to themselves. This paper investigates the prevalence of a Southern identity among middle-class African-Americans in Lynchburg, Virginia. Through semi-structured interviews, participants were asked about their identification with geographic and racial identities. The paper will discuss the factors involved in participants’ identification (or lack thereof) with the identities in question, and will address the debates about identity, including the notions of nested identities and the assumptions scholars and the general public make about the extent to which members of a group embrace the identity assigned by the prevailing discourse to that group.

  • 50.
    Jansson, David
    Pennsylvania State University.
    Truth, gender, and the Southern way: Femininity, masculinity, and Southern identity in the U.S.2004Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    As part of a larger research project investigating the relationship between American national identity and Southern identity, I conducted interviews with black Southerners in Lynchburg, Virginia, and members of a Southern nationalist organization called the League of the South. This paper explores the gendered aspect of the approach of each group to the question of Southern identity. The majority of the people associated with the Legacy Museum of African American History in Lynchburg are women, and I will discuss the extent to which this is a reflection of the lessons black women have historically learned regarding the importance of contributing to their communities and making a difference. For the League of the South members, the fight to preserve their vision of Southern identity involves specific roles for men and women – women must pass on “Southern values” through their domestic activities, while men must fight for the cause in the public arena. Some women activists within the organization are therefore conflicted about their roles, as they yearn to join the fight but are fighting for a cause that would confine them to the home. I will discuss these and other gendered contradictions within the Southern nationalist ideology.

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