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  • 1.
    Aggestam, Karin
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Where Are the Women in Peace Mediation?2018Ingår i: Gendering Diplomacy and International Negotiation / [ed] Karin Aggestam & Ann E. Towns, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, s. 149-168Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 2.
    Bobekova, Elvira
    et al.
    University of Otago, New Zealand .
    Pearce Smith, Scott
    University of Otago, New Zealand .
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning. University of Otago, New Zealand.
    Rivers of Peace: Institutionalized Mekong River Cooperation and The East Asian Peace2013Ingår i: European Journal of East Asian Studies, ISSN 1568-0584, E-ISSN 1570-0615, Vol. 12, s. 7-34Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    East Asia represents a remarkable example of a region that has transformed from one of the most violent in the world, in terms of interstate wars and internationalised intrastate conflicts, towards a relatively peaceful region. What explains East Asian peace? This study adopts an institutional perspective, arguing that a crucial role in the creation and development of East Asia’s peace, and in the Mekong region in particular, has been the emergence of transnational river cooperation in the Mekong Basin. It examines the nature and drivers of such institutional cooperation. Explanations can be found in a combination of external support from third parties, and an internal economic growth imperative held by the Mekong states themselves. It provides useful policy lessons for the creation and development of peace and cooperation through institution-building.

  • 3.
    Brosché, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Brounéus, Karen
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Fjelde, Hanne
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Forsberg, Erika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Hegre, Håvard
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Hultman, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Lindgren, Mathilda
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Melander, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Nio punkter för global fred (Nine Points for Global Peace)2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Insatserna för global fred måste stärkas skriver tolv företrädare för institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning apropå att världens ledare samlas i dag i New York för att anta 17 nya globala mål för en bättre värld och mer hållbar utveckling.

  • 4.
    Butcher, Charles
    et al.
    University of Otago.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning. University of Otago, National Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    Manufacturing Dissent: Modernization and the Onset of Major Nonviolent Resistance Campaigns2016Ingår i: Journal of Conflict Resolution, ISSN 0022-0027, E-ISSN 1552-8766, Vol. 60, nr 2, s. 311-339Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing research field examines the conditions under which major nonviolent resistance campaigns—that is, popular nonviolent uprisings for regime or territorial change—are successful. Why these campaigns emerge in the first place is less well understood. We argue that extensive social networks that are economically interdependent with the state make strategic nonviolence more feasible. These networks are larger and more powerful in states whose economies rely upon organized labor. Global quantitative analysis of the onset of violent and nonviolent campaigns from 1960 to 2006 (NAVCO), and major protest events in Africa from 1990 to 2009 (SCAD) shows that the likelihood of nonviolent conflict onset increases with the proportion of manufacturing to gross domestic product. This study points to a link between modernization and social conflict, a link that has been often hypothesized, but, hitherto, unsupported by empirical studies.

  • 5.
    Duursma, Allard
    et al.
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, CSS, Haldeneggsteig 4, CH-8006 Zurich, Switzerland.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Introducing an Agenda-based Measurement of Mediation Success: The Divergent Effects of the Manipulation Strategy in African Civil Wars2019Ingår i: International Negotiation, ISSN 1382-340X, E-ISSN 1571-8069, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 296-323Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous quantitative mediation research has relied on generalized measurements of "mediation success," such as agreements, ceasefires or peace durability. However, these measurements of success do not take into account what mediators were mandated to achieve. We propose benchmarking outcomes against the explicit mandates of the interventions, a novel way of conceptualizing mediation success. Utilizing data on the agendas of mediated negotiations in intrastate armed conflicts in Africa between 1990 and 2010 as a proxy for mediation mandates, we examine the relative effectiveness of manipulation as a mediation strategy. The study shows, in contrast to previous research, that third party manipulation does not have a significant effect on whether the goal of a given round of negotiations is achieved and, that under some circumstances, may decrease the likelihood of mediation success. We discuss the opportunities as well as limitations of a mandate-based approach to the study of mediation success.

  • 6.
    Finnbogason, Daniel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Larsson, Göran
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Literature Hist Ideas & Relig, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Is Shia-Sunni Violence on the Rise?: Exploring New Data on Intra-Muslim Organised Violence 1989-20172019Ingår i: Civil Wars, ISSN 1369-8249, E-ISSN 1743-968X, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 25-53Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This data study provides the first comprehensive empirical overview of organised violence across the Shia and Sunni Muslim divide, 1989-2017. We present a conceptual framework of sectarian dimensions of armed conflicts: sectarian identities; sectarian ideologies; and sectarian alliances. Our analysis demonstrates the extent to which organised violence has been fought across the Shia-Sunni divide. We also explore the sectarian identity dimension in non-state armed conflicts and one-sided violence. Overall, our study shows that most of the organised violence across the Shia-Sunni divide is driven by states, rebel groups, and militias, rather than communities.

  • 7.
    Finnbogason, Daniel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    The missing jihad: Why have there been no jihadist civil wars in Southeast Asia?2018Ingår i: The Pacific Review, ISSN 0951-2748, E-ISSN 1470-1332, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 96-115Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Why has there been no jihadist civil war in Southeast Asia? Although there has been a global surge in armed conflicts where at least one side fights for self-proclaimed Islamist aspirations, the region of Southeast Asia stands out by not having experienced a single jihadist civil war after 1975. Yet, so far, there have been no systematic comparisons of the frequency and nature of the Islamist violence in Southeast Asia and the rest of the world. This study therefore contributes by exploring the empirical trajectories in the region and situating Southeast Asia to global developments, utilizing new and unique data on religiously defined armed conflicts 1975-2015. We find that whereas the number of people killed in Islamist violence has increased in the rest of the world, it has decreased in Southeast Asia. We argue that Southeast Asia has prevented outbreaks of jihadist civil wars, and contained and partially resolved ongoing Islamist conflicts before they have escalated, due to three interrelated factors: the lack of internationalization of Islamist conflicts in the region, the openness of political channels for voicing Islamist aspirations, and government repression. This article suggests insights from the region that can be valuable from a global perspective.

  • 8.
    Hoffman, Evan
    et al.
    The Canadian International Institute of Applied Negotiation (CIIAN).
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Pinning Down Peace: Towards a Multi-Dimensional, Clustered Measure of Mediation Success2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Fallacies of the Peace Ownership Approach: Exploring Norwegian Mediation in Sri Lanka2011Ingår i: Liberal Peace in Question: Politics of State and Market Reform in Sri Lanka / [ed] Kristian Stokke, Jayadeva Uyangoda, New York: Anthem Press, 2011, s. 63-76Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 10.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Should I Stay or Should I Go?: Termination as a Tactic and Norwegian Mediation in Sri Lanka2011Ingår i: Negotiation and Conflict Management Research, ISSN 1750-4708, E-ISSN 1750-4716, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 12-32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    What explains a mediator’s choice of tactic when faced with a situation of crisis? This article focuses on mediation in internal armed conflicts and on one particular mediation tactic: the use of the exit option as a means to pressure the parties to enter into negotiations and make concessions to end the war. We examine the conditions under which the exit option—here referred to as the termination tactic—is likely to be used. Utilizing a cost–benefit approach, we develop a theoretical framework for understanding when mediators will employ the termination tactic. The framework is applied to four crises in the Sri Lankan peace process (2000–2006), during which Norway acted as a mediator. The analysis indicates that the termination tactic is employed when mediators (a) expect few rewards from involvement in the process, (b) deem other tactics as being ineffective, and (c) perceive that the parties have incentives for mediation.

  • 11.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    "Sticking one's neck out": Reducing mistrust in Sri Lanka's peace negotiations2006Ingår i: Negotiation journal, ISSN 0748-4526, E-ISSN 1571-9979, Vol. 22, nr 4, s. 367-387Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Lack of trust has been widely used as an explanation for the failure of peace negotiations. However, we know little about how mistrust can be reduced between belligerents involved in negotiating peace. Why are some confidence-building strategies more successful than others? For theory-building purposes, this article explores how a party can send conciliatory signals to the other party that increase trust by exposing itself to three different kinds of political risks. More specifically, it compares the variables that reduced mistrust - or failed to reduce mistrust - during two peace negotiations in Sri Lanka: in 1994-1995 and in 2002. Using a theoretical framework that combines social psychology and rational choice approaches, this article examines the communicative signaling process between the parties.

    In addition, by drawing out the implications from this argument, we offer some insight into why the peace process in Sri Lanka became politically stalemated in 2003. We also use our comparison of Sri Lanka's peace processes to develop general propositions about the dynamics that can reduce mistrust. The main proposition that remains to be tested empirically is whether obstacles to peace can be transformed into important catalysts for the reduction of mistrust.

  • 12.
    Johnstone, Naomi
    et al.
    University of Otago.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Believers and Belligerents: Exploring Faith-Based Mediation in Internal Armed Conflicts2013Ingår i: Politics, Religion & Ideology, ISSN 2156-7689, E-ISSN 2156-7697, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 556-577Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores faith-based mediation in armed conflict, that is, diplomatic initiatives taken by explicitly religious organisations in order to settle or manage armed conflicts through some process of dialogue with the warring parties. Whereas previous research on religious peacemaking in general, and on faith-based mediation in particular, have been dominated by case analysis, anecdotal evidence and conceptual work, this study presents the first global cross-country dataset on faith-based mediations in armed conflicts. In this descriptive analysis, we map the empirical landscape of faith-based mediation in armed conflicts around the world, during the time period 1989–2008. Utilising and developing a typology from Cynthia Sampson [‘Religion and Peacebuilding’ in I.W. Zartman and L.J. Rasmussen (eds) Peacemaking in International Conflict (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2002)], this study generates three major findings, (1) faith-based mediation primarily occurs in situations where religion is not part of the conflict itself; (2) the organisation of faith-based mediation are significantly different in the Christian and the Islamic contexts; and (3) there is decrease in frequency of faith-based mediation over the studied time period, which could indicate a trend of decreasing international peacemaking engagement from the faith-based communities. Our descriptive analysis opens up new avenues for future empirical work on the occurrence, dynamics and effects of faith-based mediation.

  • 13. Karakus, Dogukan Cansin
    et al.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Between the Bombs: Exploring Partial Ceasefires in the Syrian Civil War, 2011–20172017Ingår i: Terrorism and Political Violence, ISSN 0954-6553, E-ISSN 1556-1836Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on ceasefires in armed conflicts has primarily focused on the aggregated country-level of analysis. By contrast, this article contributes by examining the local-level dynamics of local ceasefire arrangements. In particular, this study examines a novel set of 106 local-level ceasefire arrangements in the Syrian Civil War, reached between the years 2011 to 2017. Most (72 percent), but not all, of the ceasefire arrangements were respected during the stipulated time period. We argue that informal and domestic peacemaking should outperform formal and external approaches in managing conflicts with multiple rebel groups, ongoing violence, and different fronts such as in Syria. We find that the presence of insider mediators (“insider-partial”) as well as confidence-building measures between the belligerents are positively associated with successful ceasefire arrangements, whereas explanations emphasized by previous research—external third-party mediation as well as various indicators of quality of agreement—fail to explain outcomes of ceasefires. Yet, we also find some evidence indicative of a selection effect in that external mediators are associated with more difficult conflict situations. The study of local ceasefires in the Syrian Civil War can stimulate further examinations of the micro-dynamics of peacemaking in civil wars, including the causes and consequences of local ceasefires.

  • 14.
    Kreutz, Joakim
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Bjarnegård, Elin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Eck, Kristine
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Guthrey, Holly L.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Melander, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Tønnesson, Stein
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    The East Asian Peace: will it last?2017Ingår i: Debating the East Asian Peace: What it is, How it came about, Will it last? / [ed] Elin Bjarnegård, Joakim Kreutz, Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2017, s. 281-296Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 15.
    Lundgren, Magnus
    et al.
    Department of Political Science, Stockholm University.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Leanings and Dealings: Exploring Bias and Trade Leverage in Civil War Mediation by International Organizations2014Ingår i: International Negotiation, ISSN 1382-340X, E-ISSN 1571-8069, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 315-342Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Two characteristics of mediators – bias and leverage – are discussed intensively in the research on international mediation. However, whereas bias and leverage have been examined in mediation by states, relatively little is known about their role in mediation by international organizations (ios). This study provides new ways of conceptualizing io bias and leverage and utilizes unique data to measure the impact of io bias and leverage on mediation outcomes. Exploring all cases of civil war mediation by ios in the period 1975–2004, we find that ios where member states provide support to both sides in a conflict outperform ios whose member states remain disinterested. ios with significant trade leverage also increase the likelihood of mediation success. The study demonstrates that ios rarely have a neutral relationship to civil war combatants, that mediation by ios is laden with member state interests, and that such interests shape outcomes.

  • 16.
    Melander, Erik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    A reversal of peace? The role of foreign involvement in armed conflict: a case study on East Asia2016Ingår i: SIPRI Yearbook 2016, Oxford University Press , 2016, s. 220-235Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Nilsson, Desirée
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Mapping armed conflicts over Islamist claims: exploring regional variations2017Ingår i: SIPRI Yearbook 2017: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, London: Oxford University Press, 2017, s. 58-65Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 18.
    O'Dochartaigh, Niall
    et al.
    School of Political Science and Sociology, National University of Ireland.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    The Exit Option: Mediation and the Termination of Negotiations in the Northern Ireland Conflict2013Ingår i: International Journal of Conflict Management, ISSN 1044-4068, E-ISSN 1758-8545, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 40-55Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the mediation exit option, which is one of the most important tactics available to any third party mediator.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper analyzes a crucial intermediary channel between the Irish Republican Army (hereafter IRA) and the British Government utilizing unique material from the private papers of the intermediary, Brendan Duddy, including diaries that cover periods of intensive communication, extensive interviews with the intermediary and with participants in this communication on both the British Government and Irish Republican sides as well as recently released official papers from the UK National Archives relating to this communication.

    Findings – The study reveals how the intermediary channel was used in order to get information, how the third party and the primary parties traded in asymmetries of information, and how the intermediary utilized the information advantage to increase the credibility of his threats of termination.

    Research limitations/implications – The study outlines an avenue for further research on the termination dynamics of mediation.

    Practical implications – Understanding the conditions for successfully using the exit-option is vital for policy-makers, in particular for peace diplomacy efforts in other contexts than the Northern Ireland one.

    Originality/value – The paper challenges previous explanations for why threats by mediators to call off further mediation attempts are successful and argues that a mediator can use the parties' informational dependency on him in order to increase his leverage and push the parties towards settlement.

  • 19.
    Sutton, Jonathan
    et al.
    University of Otago.
    Butcher, Charles
    University of Otago.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Explaining Political Jujitsu: Communications Infrastructure and the Outcomes of Regime Violence against Unarmed Protests2014Ingår i: Journal of Peace Research, ISSN 0022-3433, E-ISSN 1460-3578, Vol. 51, nr 5, s. 559-573Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of violent coercion to repress unarmed protests, such as that seen during the Arab Spring, sometimes backfires on the government – an outcome called ‘political jiu-jitsu’. Examining unique global data covering extreme violence used by governments against unarmed protests from 1989 to 2011 (drawn from UCDP) and the Nonviolent and Violent Campaigns and Outcomes (NAVCO) data, this study aims to explain the conditions under which this outcome occurs. This study contributes to both the nonviolent action and one-sided violence literatures by further disaggregating this effect into both domestic and international outcomes, a distinction that has not previously been made in empirical studies. We find evidence that a pre-existing campaign infrastructure increases the likelihood of increased domestic mobilization and security defections after violent repression, but is unrelated to international backlash. Within ongoing NAVCO campaigns we find that parallel media institutions increase the likelihood of increased domestic mobilization and international repercussions after repression, and that this effect holds true for both traditional media and ‘new’ (i.e. internet-based) media. One of the novel contributions of this study is that we identify an important selection effect in the NAVCO data and the critical role of organizational infrastructure, especially communications infrastructure, in generating preference changes that create the conditions where killing unarmed civilians becomes costly for repressive governments. We conclude with a discussion of the potential implications of this study and avenues for future research.

  • 20.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Biased mediation2019Ingår i: Research Handbook on Mediating International Crises / [ed] Jonathan Wilkenfeld, Kyle Beardsley, and David Quinn, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 21.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Civil Resistance and Conflict Transformation: Transitions from armed to nonviolent struggle2016Ingår i: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 51, nr 4, s. 560-562Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 22.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Conceptualizing the Religious Dimensions of Armed Conflicts: A Response to "Shrouded: Islam, War, and Holy War in Southeast Asia"2016Ingår i: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, ISSN 0021-8294, E-ISSN 1468-5906, Vol. 55, nr 1, s. 185-189Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Here I react to an article published in Volume 53 of the Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion by Ian Barter and Zatkin-Osburn. My principal disagreement with Barter and Zatkin-Osburn concerns their operational and methodological critiques of my work. However, the exchange also speaks to larger questions of how to conceptualize and measure religious dimensions of armed conflicts. It also highlights the importance of methodological pluralism in the study of religion and conflict.

  • 23.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Conflict Mediation, in  2015Ingår i: Elsevier’s International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (IESBS) / [ed] James D. Wright, Elsevier, 2015Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 24.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Conflict resolution and religious dimensions of armed conflicts2012Ingår i: The Ashgate Research Companion to Religion and Conflict Resolution / [ed] Lee Marsden, Farnham: Ashgate, 2012, s. 119-136Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 25.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Conflict Resolution in Civil Wars2014Ingår i: Routledge Handbook of Civil Wars, LONDON: Routledge, 2014, s. 363-375Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 26.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Crowded with Conciliators: Exploring Multiparty Mediation in Civil Wars2011Ingår i: Peace and Policy, Vol. 16, s. 63-71Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 27.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Democracies, Disengagement and Deals: Exploring the Effect of Different Types of Mediators in Internal Armed Conflicts2008Ingår i: Resources, Governance and Civil Conflict, Routledge , 2008Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 28.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Divine Disputes?: Divine Disputes? Exploring the Religious Dimensions of Armed Conflicts2008Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 29.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Do Mediators Go Where They Are Needed the Most? Mediation Selection in Civil Wars: paper presented at the 2nd National Conference on Peace Research, Göteborg, September 7-8, 20062006Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 30.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    East Asian Peacemaking: Exploring the patterns of conflict management and conflict settlement in East Asia2011Ingår i: Asian Perspective, ISSN 0258-9184, E-ISSN 2288-2871, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 163-185Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an emerging academic debate on what has been called the “East Asian Peace”—the relative peacefulness of the East Asian region since 1979. In this study I develop a critical argument that aspires to clarify what the “peace” in East Asia is. Distinguishing conflict management from conflict settlement I argue that the East Asian Peace has played out quite differently in different types of conflicts. What has changed, I contend, is not the frequency of armed conflicts but rather how the armed conflict has been managed. Military interventions have substantially decreased, whereas internal armed conflicts have actually slightly increased since 1979. Peace agreements have become less common, while conflict termination through cease-fires and low activity has increased. Internal armed conflicts with low-level foreign involvement remain an acute security problem in East Asia. This article describes the empirical trends and discusses the implications for further research.

  • 31.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    East Asian Peacemaking? Some Empirical Observations on Patterns of Conflict Management and Termination Stipulations in Civil Wars2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 32.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Ending Holy Wars: Religion and Conflict Resolution in Civil Wars2012Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ending Holy Wars: Religion and Conflict Resolution in Internal Armed Conflicts explores how religious dimensions affect the possibilities for conflict resolution in civil war. This is the first book that systematically tries to map out the religious dimensions of internal armed conflicts and explain the conditions under which religious dimensions impede peaceful settlement. It draws upon empirical work on global data, based on the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP), and complements this quantitative data with several smaller case studies (Sri Lanka, Philippines and Indonesia).

    The book shows how religious identities and incompatibilities influence the likelihood of agreements and the mechanisms through which parties and third-party mediators have been able to overcome religious obstacles to negotiated settlements.  These findings pave the way for a discussion on how conflict theory can better incorporate religious dimensions, as well as how policy can be designed to manage religious dimensions in armed conflicts.

  • 33.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Etniskt delat Syrien ingen väg till fred2013Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 2013-12-05, s. 40-40Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 34.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Fredsavtal och fredsprocesser – 20 år efter Dayton2015Ingår i: Internationella Studier, ISSN 0020-952XArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 35.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    "Heliga" krig kan nå fredslösning, Uppsala Nya Tidning, 2012-12-282012Ingår i: AB Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173, nr 2012-12-28Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 36.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    International Mediation2013Ingår i: Journal of Peace Research, ISSN 0022-3433, E-ISSN 1460-3578, Vol. 50, nr 4, s. 535-535Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 37.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    International mediation bias and peacemaking: Taking sides in civil wars2014Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines the effect of biased and neutral mediators in civil wars.

    Based on analysis of both global data and case studies of contemporary peace processes, including India and Norway in Sri Lanka, China in Cambodia, US in Israel/Palestine, and Russia in Georgia, the book makes two main contributions. First, it explores the role of biased mediators in contemporary peace processes. The author develops a theory explaining why biased mediators are more effective than their neutral counterparts and the book identifies four different mechanisms through which biased mediators can be effective peace-brokers. By developing a comprehensive set of mechanisms to explain bias mediation, the work deepens understanding of biased mediators in general, and their role in resolving civil conflict in particular.

    The second contribution offered is a novel way of measuring mediation success. Previous research has concentrated on settlement, behavior, or implementation. While these conceptualisations of mediation success all have merit, they fail to address how the basic incompatible positions are regulated. This book focuses on mediators’ ability to regulate core compatibilities by crafting institutional peace arrangements that generally are considered to enhance the prospect for durable peace. This approach has wider implications for peace and conflict research by bringing together research on durability of peace and studies on international mediation, two fields of research which hitherto have been kept apart.

    This book will be of much interest to students of international mediation, conflict management, civil wars, security studies and IR in general.

  • 38.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    International Mediation, by J Michael Greig & Paul F Diehl, Polity 2012, , 50:12 (2013)2013Ingår i: Uppdrag Mission: en tidskrift från Lunds Missionssällskap, ISSN 2001-0087, Vol. 50, nr 12Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 39.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Lack of spiritual depth in Israel-Palestine peace process2013Ingår i: New Routes, ISSN 1403-3755, E-ISSN 2000-8082, nr 1, s. 33-34Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 40.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Mediating Closure: Timing2018Ingår i: How Negotiations End: Negotiating Behavior in the Endgame / [ed] William I. Zartman, Cambridge University Press, 2018Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 41.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Medling och förhandling2012Ingår i: Om krig och fred: En introduktion till freds- och konfliktstudier / [ed] Karin Aggestam & Kristine Höglund, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, s. 177-191Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 42.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    One God, Many Wars: Religious dimensions of armed conflict in the Middle East and North Africa2013Ingår i: Civil Wars, ISSN 1369-8249, E-ISSN 1743-968X, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 411-430Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the religious dimensions of armed conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), a region where the monotheistic religions of Judaism, Islam, and Christianity traditionally dominate. Applying a regional perspective, this study finds that about half of the armed conflicts in the MENA region were between parties, where at least one side had made explicit reference to religion in their basic demands, and this category of conflicts has increased substantially over time. Why are religious civil wars becoming relatively more common over time in the MENA region? I argue that the relatively high frequency of religious armed intrastate conflicts in the region can be explained by three major empirical regularities: (1) the intractability of interreligious conflicts; (2) the spread of several but relatively shorter intrareligious disputes; and (3) the increasingly transnational aspect of religious disputes in the MENA region. Although these trends have been countered by the emergence of institutional settlements of some of the armed conflicts, these types of conflict management and conflict resolution attempts have, so far, been too few to generate a general shift in the basic empirical patterns. This paper provides an empirical overview over the main patterns and ends by identifying some important avenues for future research.

  • 43.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Partial Peacemakers: Explaining Mediation Success in African Armed Conflicts2012Ingår i: From Intra-State War to Durable Peace: Conflict and its Resolution in Africa after the Cold War / [ed] Thomas Ohlson, Dordrecht: Republic of Letters Publishing, 2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 44.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Peace agreements – 
learning from past experiences2013Ingår i: New Routes, ISSN 1403-3755, E-ISSN 2000-8082, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 3-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various articles within the issue on topics including examples of peace agreements in internal armed conflicts, methods for conflict resolutions, and third-party security guarantees.

  • 45.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Peacemakers, Partiality, and Pacts: The Effect of Biased Mediation on Peace Agreement Stipulations in Civil WarsKonferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 46.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Protecting Protégés?: Rebel-biased Mediation and the Case of Malaysian Mediation in the Philippines2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 47.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Randomized Intervention: New Approaches to Impact Assessment2008Ingår i: New Routes, ISSN 1403-3755, Vol. 13, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 48.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Religion and Civil War: an overview2018Ingår i: Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics & Religion / [ed] Gunes Tezcur & Paul A. Djupe, Oxford University Press, 2018Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 49.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Religion in Peace Agreements 2019Ingår i: International law and peace settlements / [ed] Marc Weller, Mark Retter, Andrea Varga, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 50.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Religion och konflikt: Några antaganden och empiriska reflektioner2014Ingår i: Religion: konflikt och försoning / [ed] Lars Söderholm, Henrik Friber-Fernros, Erik Lundgren, Hanna Stenström, Lund: Förbundet Kristen Humanism , 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
12 1 - 50 av 80
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