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  • 101.
    Amal, Choumar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Att få rätt dörrar öppnade:Kvinnlig underrepresentation i Libanesisk politik2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 102.
    Amao, Shade
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Why is low wages the right way to integration?: A discourse analysis searching for perceptions of justice in Swedish parliamentary debates2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has centered on the proposal for decreasing the entrance rate in order to create more jobs and integrate the increasing asylum seekers in the Swedish society. Based on a discourse analysis on the parliamentary debates “The road to the labor market” and “Integration”, this thesis examines the discourses around ‘justice’. By applying Nancy Frasers theoretical framework of justice, the arguments were analyzed in order to understand if the constructed problems were built on the dimension of recognition or redistribution and to investigate if the solutions were based on an affirmative or transformative strategy.

    The analysis shows that the primary justice discourse in the debate of labor and integration is the distribution dimension. The injustices that are presented in these debates are concerned with maldistribution. Affirmative strategies are mostly suggested for solutions which indicates that the politicians in the Swedish parliament have an urge to solve problems in the present instead of focusing on the future and solving the underlying structure.

  • 103.
    Amnå, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Planhushållning i den offentliga sektorn?: budgetdialogen mellan regering och förvaltning under efterkrigstiden1981Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 104.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Holm, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    När staten ska förnya civilsamhället: Arvsfondens bidrag till föreningslivet2012Report (Other academic)
  • 105.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Youth & Society.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    A Political Science Perspective on Socialization Research: Young Nordic Citizens in a Comparative Light2010In: Handbook of Research on Civic Engagement in Youth / [ed] Lonnie R. Sherrod, Judith Torney-Purta, Constance A. Flanagan, Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 2010, p. 43-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 106.
    Anagrius, Arvid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Constructing the Rainbow Nation: Migration and national identity in Post-Apartheid South Africa2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Post-Apartheid South Africa has seen xenophobic sentiments towards migrants increase, culminating in several deadly riots. The words of equality and diversity, nurtured during the fight for independence seem to be far away. Building on Micheal Neocosmos theories on South African Xenophobia as a political discourse, this thesis examines how nationalist discourse creates and sustains negative perceptions of migrants. Using theories on national identity to undertake a critical discourse analysis of South African parliament proceedings, it illustrates how the perception of a civic and democratic nation, naturalizes a dichotomy between migrants and citizens. How the narrative of an equal and free South Africa, relies on the opposite perception of neighboring countries, as chaotic, undemocratic and un-free, resulting in a negative view of migrants. It argues that the opposing discourse of Pan-Africanism provides an opportunity in which a more inclusive identity can be built. Finally this thesis wishes to contribute to further research on national identity construction, by proposing a four-dimensional framework of exclusion that provides a reference point for contrasting national discourses 

  • 107.
    Andersson, Helen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Studies in Faith and Ideologies, Ethics.
    Refugees, rights and writing: An Arendtian Perspective2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ours is a time of global institutional change. It would perhaps be premature to refer to this situation as a condition of statelessness, but there is a sense in which the modern state has lost its privileged position in the exercise of democratic politics. Partly through its own act of outsourcing and outlawing, partly through pressure from global actors and economic structures, it has assisted in creating a growing call of ‘precarious’ people around the world: migrants, refugees, stateless persons. The number of people without rights or work in Europe is growing. In political life, this group is the subject of increasingly hostile discourse on ‘illegal immigrants’ and ‘international terrorism’. This paper explores how a rereading of the work Hannah Arendt can contribute to the analytical and political task of giving an alternative meaning to the presence of this group in our societies. She shows us the stateless person as a victim subjected to a very specific form of domination; as an emblematic figure whose status exposes the contradiction of state-centered citizenship and the discourse of human rights; and as an important political actor whose protests can become visible sites of active citizenship.

  • 108.
    Andersson, Helene
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Colonial Urban Legacies: An analysis of socio-spatial structures in Accra, Ghana2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 109.
    Andersson, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Yttrandefrihetens dilemman: Debatten om hetspropaganda, mediekoncentration samt personlig integritet mellan 1940- och 2000-tal2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on different types of value conflicts that have been actualized by proposals of legislation on freedom of speech. The thesis analyses three different debates which each relate to a different type of value conflict. An important objective of the study is to discern what fundamental values underlie the concern for upholding freedom of speech in a democratic society. Those fundamental values have been formulated as three type-arguments: the argument from democracy, the argument from truth, and the argument from autonomy respectively.

    The first type of free speech dilemma is represented by the debate around a legal clause on the prohibition of racist hate speech. The second type of free speech dilemma is illustrated by the debate on the concentration of the Swedish media. The third type of dilemma concerns the conflict between the law against the spreading of information regarding the individual on the Internet, and the constitutional right of information.

    The findings of the thesis includes that the argument from democracy has been the most prominently invoked in the debates. However, most often the argument from democracy is used in a rather unprecise manner, and there occurs a quite frequent conflation of the concept of democracy with several other values considered important, e.g. the right not to be discriminated against. The prospects of finding a “unified” free speech theory in which all the type-arguments for free speech can be brought together does not seem good. The arguments for free speech are interdependent and can be ultimately assessed only in the context of a broader theory of the democratic system. Here it is argued that the theory of “deliberative democracy” in comparison with rival conceptions of democracy offers some valuable tools for a better interpretation of the conception of the right to free speech in a democratic system.

  • 110.
    Andersson, Jan Joel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. European Union Inst Secur Studies, Paris, France.;Old Dominion Univ, Grad Program Int Studies, Norfolk, VA USA.;Univ Stockholm, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Swedish Natl Def Coll, Stockholm, Sweden..
    The Race To The Bottom: Submarine Proliferation and International Security2015In: NAVAL WAR COLLEGE REVIEW, ISSN 0028-1484, Vol. 68, no 1, p. 13-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 111.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Hagberg, Jeannette
    Weidner, Helmut
    Social Science Research Center, Berlin.
    Jänicke, Martin
    Social Science Research Center, Berlin.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Semeniene, Daiva
    Ministry of Environment, Vilnius, Lithuania.
    22. Making and Implementing Environmental Policy2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 662-689Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 112.
    Andersson, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Miljöpartiet de grönas inflytande i regeringen: En jämförande analys över Miljöpartiet de grönas vallöften och finansplanerna för 2014/15, 2015/16, 2016/17 och 2017/182018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study seek to understand the influence of the Swedish Green Party in the government's joint agenda. This is done through the comparison of the Swedish Green Party's election pledges and the government's financial plan, which is a part of the government's budget, regarding the following financial years: 2014/15, 2015/16, 2016/17 and 2017/18. The election pledges presented in the Swedish Green Party's election manifesto for the period 2014 - 2018 are distinguished, counted and compared regarding whether or not they are represented in the financial plan during the mandate period. 227 election pledges are found in the election manifesto, of which 61 % are specific and 39 % are vague. An average of 42 % of the 227 election pledges are represented at least partially in the government's financial plans throughout the four financial years studied. 35 % of the election pledges are not represented in any of the financial plans and 65 % of the election pledges are represented at least partially in at least one of the financial plans. The Swedish Green Party's influence in the government's joint agenda is established.

  • 113.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Philosophy.
    Svenska dagbladet och det politiska livet 1897-19181952Book (Other academic)
  • 114.
    Andersson, Sofie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Målkonflikter inom hållbar utveckling: En studie om målkonflikter inom diskursen "hållbar utveckling" i regeringens skrivelser mellan 1996-2006.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den politiska diskursen om hållbar utveckling porträtteras ofta som konfliktfri, så som Brundtlandsrapportens definition där ekonomi, ekologi och social utveckling antas vara möjliga att förena med varandra. Detta verkar dock inte alltid stämma överens med verkligheten eftersom hållbarhetsvärdena pekar åt olika håll och därmed skapas motsättningar både mellan ekonomisk tillväxt och social rättvisa, ekonomisk tillväxt och miljöbevaring samt mellan miljöbevaring och social rättvisa.  

    Denna studie undersöker hur hållbarhetsdiskursen har förändrat med tiden genom att specifikt fokusera på diskursens inbegripande konflikter och hur dessa har utvecklats. Studien utgår från hypotesen om att konflikterna har blivit ambitiösare under tidens gång vilket förväntas göra konflikterna mellan värdena mer påtagliga. Utifrån valet av den socialdemokratiska regeringens skrivelser mellan 1996 till 2006 gjordes ett urval av tre fall, varav två specifika områden, energipolitiken och transportpolitiken samt de övergripande målen för hållbar utveckling. Resultatet visade på olika svar för alla tre fallen. Inom transportpolitiken har konflikterna varit synliga redan från början, däremot har nyanserna av de olika konflikterna tilltagit med tiden. För energipolitiken har det motsatta förhållandet ägt rum där konflikternas synlighet har varit låga under hela tidsperioden. Inom övergripande mål försvagades konflikterna något. Konflikternas synlighet berodde dels på målformuleringarnas tydlighet där tydligare målformuleringar medgav större möjlighet att upptäcka konflikter mellan målen och hållbarhetsvärdena. En annan orsak var om målformuleringarna sammankopplade hållbarhetsvärdena med varandra eller om de redovisades för sig. Med tiden gick det att finna ett mönster hos samtliga fall där målformuleringarna blev mer ambitiösa genom sin beskrivning av hur hållbarhetsvärdena förenades med varandra. Detta bidrog delvis till att konflikterna blev mindre synliga. Men det kunde också medföra att konflikterna kunde upptäckas lättare eftersom risken blev större att målen blev motsägelsefulla. 

  • 115.
    Andreasson, Helen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Training military and United Nations peacekeepers in the protection of children in armed conflict: The changing approach of Save the Children Sweden in training military personnel relating to developments in the United Nations child protection discourse2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this paper is to study the developments in the UN discourse on child protection in armed conflict during the period 2000-2011, and whether changes in this discourse has affected Save the Children Sweden’s approach to training military and UN peacekeepers. The developments in the UN discourse have been studied based on relevant UN resolutions and decisions, and a comparative analysis has been made of two Save the Children Sweden trainings from 2000 and 2011 respectively. The theoretical framework for analysis of the UN discourse and content of the trainings is based on the UN identified Six Grave Violations Against Children in Armed Conflict. The main findings include that in particular the UN Resolutions establishing a Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism on crimes against children in armed conflict, and its demands on UN entities to monitor and report on these violations, have had an impact on Save the Children Sweden’s approach to training. The Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism and related UN Resolutions have also had an impact on the set-up of UN peacekeeping missions and their obligations and in extension ECOWAS military entities. As such the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism has had a key influence on the international discourse on child protection in armed conflict.

  • 116.
    Andrén, Georg
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Den unge Churchill1972Book (Other academic)
  • 117.
    Andrén, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Philosophy.
    Den klassiska parlamentarismens genombrott i England1947Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 118.
    Ankar, Elsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Man behöver helt enkelt kärlek.: En studie om olika uppfattningar kring mottagandet av ensamkommande flyktingbarn och unga.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 119.
    Annerberg, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Påverkar fördomar om muslimer ungdomars attityder kring hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck?: - En kvantitativ enkätundersökning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 120.
    Ansell, Christopher
    et al.
    University of California, Berkeley.
    Lundin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    How Learning Aggregates: A Social Network Analysis of Learning between Swedish municipalities2017In: Local Government Studies, ISSN 0300-3930, E-ISSN 1743-9388, Vol. 43, no 7, p. 903-926Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a unique data set of learning among all 290 Swedish municipalities, we use social network analysis to analyze how learning networks aggregate nationally. To facilitate this analysis, we describe five ideal-typical patterns of aggregation—core-periphery, small world, top-down regionalism, bottom-up regionalism, and urban hierarchy. Each of these ideal types has important implications for how ideas, information, and innovation will circulate among municipalities. Social network analysis allows us to both isolate these patterns and to appreciate composite patterns. The analysis indicates that Swedish municipalities are a small world network with clear regional and hierarchical elements. County seats serve an important role as network hubs.

  • 121. Ansell, Nicola
    et al.
    Robson, Elsbeth
    Hajdu, Flora
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, För teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten gemensamma enheter, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development.
    van Blerk, Lorraine
    Chipeta, Lucy
    The new variant famine hypothesis: moving beyond the household in exploring links between AIDS and food insecurity in southern Africa2009In: Progress in Development Studies, ISSN 1464-9934, E-ISSN 1477-027X, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 187-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of southern African countries have experienced food crises during recent years. The fact that the scale of these crises has been disproportionate to the apparent triggers of climatic adversity or production decline has led to the suggestion that they are more closely related to the AIDS pandemic, which is at its most extreme in many of the same countries. This hypothesis, developed by de Waal and Whiteside (2003), has been termed 'New Variant Famine'(NVF). The New Variant Famine hypothesis is helpful in drawing attention to the effects of AIDS in diminishing both food production and capacity to purchase food, but it focuses more intensely on the household level than many other theories that seek to explain food insecurity, which tend to emphasise the integration of peasants into a capitalist market economy, and the functioning of markets and institutions. The household level focus also characterises much research on the impacts of AIDS. In this article we argue that the effects of AIDS on food security are not confined to the household level, and that an NVF analysis should also consider processes operating within and beyond the household including social relationships, relations of age and gender, colonial inheritance and contemporary national and international political economy. Recognition of these processes and how they interact with AIDS may offer greater scope for political mobilisation rather than technocratic responses.

  • 122.
    Ansved, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Heartbeats of the Great Dragon: The Space for Political Expression in the Music Scene of Beijing2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will explore the space for political expression in the music scene of Beijing; as perceived by local musicians. The study tries to answer the question on what the space is for expressing views in music that contradict the Chinese government. Through the accounts of musicians in Beijing, what the perceived political space is and what aspects of musicians’ reality that affect this perception of space are investigated. It does this through a qualitative case study of the Beijing music scene consisting of interviews with musicians as well as related music professionals, conducted during the 15th of May until the 15th of July in 2015. Through relating to previous research on political censorship in authoritarian regimes, it aims to contribute to the research field as well as to put censorship of music in a theoretical context. The study concludes that there is a perceived “indirect” space in Beijing music for non-conforming political views to be expressed, as well as finding and outlining four main factors that contribute to this perception; namely 1. The censorship apparatus; 2. New freedoms: the economy and the Internet; 3. (Music) Career prospects and 4. The politics of Beijing. Conclusively, the argument is made for further analysis of written material in Chinese music (e.g. lyrics and song titles) to enrich these findings.

  • 123.
    Aranki Nassar, Adéle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Events of the Tunisian Revolution: The Three First Years2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report highlights the episodes, which led to the commonly called “Arab Spring” that originated in Tunisia. It describes the chain of events that took place and their geographical spread all over the country. It is well known that these events started a reaction throughout the Arab World, in some cases with success while in other countries it caused a reversal that can be discussed and might be the goal of further research.

    Three main areas are included and studied in this report. The first introduces the sequence of events. The second analyses the trends and the spread of these events. The final part discusses the differences between Tunisia and other countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

  • 124.
    Arksand, Algot
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Fakta och offentligt beslutsfattande: Användning av expertkunskaper i budgetpropositioner från tre år2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 125.
    Arnfred, Signe
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hammar, Amanda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kamete, Amin Y.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Lourenco-Lindell, Ilda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Myhre, Knut Christian
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ngangjoh Hodu, Yenkong
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Oinas, Elina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Palmberg, Mai
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Thorsen, Dorte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Re-thinking Africa: A Contribution to the Swedish Government White Paper on Africa2007Report (Other academic)
  • 126.
    Aro, Emilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    I säkerhetens namn: Den svenska liberalismen och FRA-lagen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 127.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    New form of social ties through communicating in social media (Sosharu media ga tukuru atarashii kizuna no katachi)2012In: Information and Management  64th Conferenceedings Spring / [ed] Japan Society for Information and Management, 2012, p. 141-144Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 128.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Social Influence on Cooperation and Coordination2013In: ICT-ethics: Sweden and Japan, Linköping: LiU Tryck , 2013, p. 24-30Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) creates novel products and services and promotes innovation in the whole of global society, and the amount of data, which we can gather and use, or even just see, is increasing dramatically. Searching and checking information on the Internet is our ordinary way of doing, people enjoy online shopping commonly and sometime look for their partners through the Internet. Internet, mobile networks and social media have flourished greatly in our daily lives, ICT has developed and deployed very dynamic and diverse as well. Particulary our communication patterns are greatly affected by permeation of social media into our daily life.

  • 129.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Social Media Supporting Democratic Dialogue2013In: Ambiguous Technologies: Philosophical Issues, Practical Solutions, Human Nature, Lisbon: Autónoma University , 2013, p. 36-43Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The term of “social media” appears in newspapers and magazines everyday and the huge number of people use social media actively in daily life. Nowadays, in the highly Information and Communication Technology (ICT) developed country Japan, Japanese people enroll in social media and evolve a new way of communicating with others based on the “virtual” social distance between them. Among social media, Twitter has been focusing on its strong power as the tool for political change recent years. While Twitter has of-expressed problems as well as the “traditional” social media, it is characterized by the limited number of characters, strong propagation and optional reciprocity. Those characteristics stimulate people’s communication online and bring about opportunities for social interaction and democratic dialogue. On the other hand, in the deluge of information, we need to nurture skills to utilize critical and rational way of thinking through dialogue not only between others also between themselves internally. This study explores characteristics of social media and differences between “traditional” social media and Twitter, and how the difference affects people’s information behavior in Japan.

  • 130.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    男女共同参画社会って何だろう? (What is "gender equal society"?): 日本とスウェーデンの現状から 考える私たちの「ライフスタイル」 (Think about our life-style together)2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [ja]

    世界有数の福祉国家として知られ、また、ワーク・ライフ・バランスの実現度が高い国としても知られているスウェーデン。セミナー講師が住むスウェーデンでは、育児休業中の所得保障を受けるため、両親がともに育児休業を取らなければならないといった制度が整っています。福祉を実現するため高い税金が課税されていることは有名な話ですが、その税金によって全ての福祉施策 を充実させているわけではないことなど、さまざまな日本との違いを学びます。

  • 131.
    Asai, Ryoko
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Regulation of potentially harmful contents on minors2012In: Equity, integrity and beauty in information law and ethics / [ed] Maria Botti, Kerkyra, Greece: Ionian Academy , 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In democratic societies, freedom of expression is the indispensable right and duty of citizens. Although there are a few exceptions, it is generally considered that governments should not intervene and regulate this right. Both in digital and analog environments, sexual and violent descriptions are usually regulated by self-censorship of participants. However, trying to protect minors from potentially harmful contents by controlling and regulating them is very difficult. The definition of what is “potentially harmful contents on minors” varies depending on the values and on the culture of each social group. Moreover, along with the rapid spread of mobile phones and smartphones, it becomes more difficult for parents and teachers to control children’s access to harmful contents; something that might have been easier regarding the use of personal computers. Access to the Internet provides huge opportunities not only of visiting websites but also of participating in online communication such as Social Networking Service (SNS). An incredible surge of SNS evokes some issues in considering juvenile access to SNS, categorized roughly into three types. One is the very old and new problem in accessing the Internet, which is how to shield minors from harmful contents. Second is how to block inappropriate contact with a pedophile. Third is cyber bullying. SNS is a very new medium and its market and technology are evolving drastically and are constantly changing. Thus the agent of taking the lead in making and enforcing rules or self-regulation is still absent. Additionally, SNS services utilize the function of social graph actively, and third parties can provide contents and applications using open API. In response to these situations, European Commission implemented Safer Social Networking Principle for the EU, and United States released the guideline for SNS users and worked on SNS companies and users to promote voluntary efforts for using SNS properly. In Japan, mobile contents companies built the Content Evaluation and Monitoring Association (EMA) as a voluntary reviewing entity. However those measures don’t include any severe legal penalty. Those remain self-regulation relying on voluntary activities of private sectors. On the other hand, self-regulation itself is regulated by laws, social norms, market conditions and technological architectures. In this paper we discuss the conditions of regulation and self-regulation, and we explore some ideas about what would be the best way to regulate SNS.

  • 132.
    Asai, Ryoko
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Responsibility and Competence in Political Ethics2014In: Proceedings International Political Science Association, 23rd World Congress of Political Science, 2014: Challenges of contemporay governance, Montreal, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At present, our society is globalized, chaotic, changing, and also highly affected by individualization. That is, it is more difficult for out society to reach goals or conclusions collectively as one nation or one society. Under the situation, society needs political leaders to gather individual values, interests and opinions, and to take a lead in making collective decisions in the proper manner. Political leaders are required to have ability of making decisions and acting in the best way for society. Their responsibility is high even for future generations. According to Weber there are two categories of ethics pertaining to politics and to political leaders. One is the "ethic of ultimate ends" and the other is the "ethic of responsibility". "Ethic of responsibility" of political leaders is considered as a critical element. It is perceived as a kind of ability to consider possible social options and their impact, and also to take responsibility of their consequences in the future. In this context, it is very well compatible to the idea of ethical competence. It binds together philosophy and modern empirical research on ethical decision making, opening up for interventions like training and education for political leaders. 

  • 133.
    Asperholm Hedlund, Laura
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The discrepancy between the decreased support for women as political leaders and the increased percentage of women in parliament in post-coup d’état Madagascar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 134.
    Asplund, Ella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensk vapenexport till diktaturer: En fallstudie om Saudiaffären och rollkonflikt i svensk utrikespolitik2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 135.
    Asplund, Ida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Kampen om kvinnans kropp: En analys av det amerikanska republikanska partiets politik på området för sexuell och reproduktiv hälsa2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine the Republican Party’s view on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) as well as the Party’s rhetoric towards women and the female body. This study is based on the following questions: 1) What is the Republican Party's ideology in regard to sexual and reproductive health and rights; and 2) how is the rhetoric of the Party’s representatives towards women and the female body? The theory on which this study is based is a radical-feminist theory that seeks to investigate power structures between the sexes. The method consists of a qualitative critical content analysis because the material being analysed consists of official political statements by the White House and statements made by representatives of the Party in the media. This study finds that, in regard to SRHR, the Republican ideology is based on a traditional family constellation and religion, which keep the woman in a subordinated position. Republicans use theseviews as an explanation for their legislation on matters related to SRHR. The Trump ad-ministration identifies itself as pro-life and "family first", which implies restrictions on abortion and a fortification of the woman as mother and caregiver for family and home. Women’s self-determination is limited, and they do not have full access to healthcare and reproductive rights.

  • 136.
    Assadi, Sam
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Beyond the turning point of activation: Describing the characteristics and changes of Active Labour Market Policy in Sweden between 1991-2017.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper tries to contribute to the collective knowledge on Bonoli’s (2010) concept “The Activation Turn “, both as a phenomenon and a turning point for ALMP in Sweden. It is argued that the Activation Turn has been legitimized in four phases in Sweden (Identification, First organisation, Second organisation and Stabilisation phase, between years of 1991-2017). This thesis argues that the blueprint for understanding and exploring the Activation Turn as a phenomonenon is to capture and compare the discourse and how it has developed within the state during these four phases. Using two guiding research questions: How can we describe the characteristics of ALMP during each phase? And how have ALMP have changed in Sweden since the beginning of the 90’s?

    This paper has tried to answer these two questions by doing a content analysis that captures the dominating characteristics of ALMP during each phase and how they have changed. The analysis has been done with a help of a coding scheme, which is derived from a theoretical framework on the three elements of institutional legitimacy: regulative, normative, and cognitive element. After counting the number of coded references from 38 state documents, and then analysing and discussing the results, we came to two overall conclusions. First, there has not been an Activation Turn, shift or transformation of ALMP, since the beginning of the 90’s within the state discourse. Second, the development of ALMP in Sweden can be characterized as fairly stable and resilient against changes.

  • 137.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    19. The historical breakthrough of democracy2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 285-289Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 138.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    22. The civil society: parties and associations2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 300-307Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 139.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Järve, Priit
    Estonian Academy of Science, Tallinn, Estonia.
    21. Territorial power distribution2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 296-299Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 140.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Nousiainen, Jaakko
    Turku University, Finland.
    20. The structures of representative government2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 290-295Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 141. Atkinson, Rowland
    et al.
    Burrows, Roger
    Glucksberg, Luna
    Ho, Hang Kei
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Knowles, Caroline
    Rhodes, David
    Webber, Richard
    International Capital Flows into London Property2016Report (Other academic)
  • 142. Auth, Diana
    et al.
    Martinek, Hanne
    Social Investment or Gender Equality?: Aims, Instruments and Outcomes of Parental Leave Regulations in Germany and Sweden2016In: Gender and Family in European Economic Policy: Developments in the New Millenium / [ed] Auth, Diana/Hergenhan, Jutta/Holland-Cunz Barbara, Houndmills/Basingstoke/Hampshire/New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 143.
    Auyeh, Mose
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Comparing No-Party Participatory Regimes: Why Uganda Succeeded and Others Failed2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this dissertation is to evaluate the performance of the no-party participatory regime (NPPR) model in a few selected countries. Such a regime, it was claimed, would give rise to a real and true democracy, would serve the people better, and would protect them against what many leaders saw as divisive party politics.

    This study investigates the extent to which these no-party participatory regimes were able, through mass institutions of mobilisation and participation, to involve people in public affairs, to capture the popular will, to promote people’s power, and to serve the population in at least a fairly efficient and effective way. More precisely, the study seeks to evaluate how responsive and effective the rule of regimes in Uganda, Pakistan, Libya and Ghana actually was, and to elucidate how the performance of said regimes was linked to a measure of legitimacy and stability. With regard to the main case, that of Uganda, the purpose of the book is to assess—by examining the performance of the Movement Regime Project (i.e., the system of reformed local government based on local councils)—the degree to which the stated goal of responsive and effective rule was achieved. The regimes in the historical cases (Pakistan, Libya, and Ghana) varied in how they performed against this model, but all of them chalked up a history of failed projects. The regimes in question simply became dictatorial; indeed, it is to such an outcome that the model has historically gravitated. Uganda, however, is a unique exception. The Movement project managed fairly well, at least up to 2005, to achieve responsiveness, a degree of effectiveness, legitimacy, and stability. To become fully democratic, however, it needs to take radical steps—above and beyond what it does today—in the furtherance of political freedom.

  • 144.
    Avenäs, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Why the bear kicked the hornet’s nest: Causal processes of Russian foreign policy on Syria2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines causal mechanisms of the process leading up to the Russian military intervention in Syria that began in September 2015. It aims to concretize the causal processes of three different hypotheses that are based on commonplace assumptions of Russian foreign policy on Syria. It thoroughly explores three different causal paths, mapping events that may have had implications to the apparent change of heart within the Russian leadership. The paper analyses the relevance of these processes through a rational choice theory framework. 

  • 145.
    Avetisova, Anastasia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Brexit, Donald Trump and the Populist Upsurge: A comparative analysis of Brexit Leave Campaign & Trump’s Presidential Campaign based on Mudde’s Minimal Definition of Populism.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The recent upsurge of electoral success from the Brexit Leave campaign and Donald Trump’s presidential campaign 2016, confirm that populist politics has taken a greater role in Europe and in the U.S. The purpose of this research is to see to what extent each of the two campaigns are populist, and whether their statements are similar to each other. This will increase further knowledge about the populist phenomenon and its complexity. Hence, comparative analyses of six speeches from Brexit’s Leave campaign and Trump’s presidential campaign have been conducted through the framework of Mudde’s minimal definition of populism. The results show that both campaigns have populist features and that they have some commonalities, but still vary in the details, due to the countries’ historical, social and economic backgrounds. The two campaigns’ representatives are using similar populist strategies in order to reach their audiences. It is further recommended to expand this research and examine Trump’s presidency and its impacts with the UK’s process of leaving and its outcomes, which will provide a further understanding of the populist upsurge as well as its consequences.

  • 146.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Rättvisa och demokrati: Om prioriteringar i sjukvården : [rationing health care resources]1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation focuses on the growing problem of allocating scarce health care resources inmodem societies. There are several factors which have contributed to the aggravation of thisproblem. The most important is the success. of medical science and technology combined withthe increased longevity of the population, Two issues are raised by these concomitant developments: How should scarce health care resources be allocated? Who should have the authority to do so? These question arc analysed in terms of the core philosophical concepts of justice and democracy.

    Should we be held responsible for our life styles, and is age a justifiable criterion in theselective allocation of health care? These are seen as the two most important aspects when theissue of justice is addressed, particularly in view of the fact that the official Swedish standpoint is that these are not legitimate criteria in this context, whereas both ordinary citizens,politicians and health care personnel on the whole tend to think that they are. At the same time age and personal responsibility are two of the most problematic issues within the current politico-philosophical debate on justice.

    Three fundamental theories of justice are discussed: utilitarianism, Rawlsian rights theories and perfectionism (the latter also including communitarianism). It is shown in the study that the criteria of both age and of personal responsibility can be justified `irrespective of the theory chosen. What are the consequences of this?

    Even though there is no indisputable answer to the question of justice, the possibility ofreasoned argumentation remains. What is needed within this context are institutions supporting the intersubjectivity of both medical and normative discourses of knowledge. Finally, it isargued that only medical doctors can decide on the allocation of scarce health care resources.This responsibility cannot be evaded by introducing randomness to the decision-making process or otherwise rejecting the possibility of reasoned argumentation.

  • 147.
    Axenborg, Ellen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Gendered Comments on Social Media: A Study of the Instagram profiles of Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 148. Baeck, Hanna
    et al.
    Dumont, Patrick
    Meier, Henk Erik
    Persson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Vernby, Kåre
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Does European Integration Lead to a 'Presidentialization' of Executive Politics?: Ministerial Selection in Swedish Postwar Cabinets2009In: European Union Politics, ISSN 1465-1165, E-ISSN 1741-2757, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 226-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we address recent claims that executive legislative relations in parliamentary democracies are undergoing important changes owing to either a 'presidentialization' or a 'Europeanization' of domestic political systems. Therefore, we test empirically whether parliamentary democracies are indeed experiencing changes in executive-legislative relations and whether these developments can, in part, be explained by an increase in European integration. Using data on ministerial selection in Swedish cabinets during the years 1952-2006, we find that there appears to be a slight tendency towards 'presidentialization', which is indicated by a decrease in ministers with a parliamentary background being appointed, and that there exists some support for the notion that Sweden's political and economic integration into the European Union is part of the explanation for this change.

  • 149.
    Baekkeskov, Erik
    et al.
    Melbourne University, Australia.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Freezing deliberation through public expert advice2017In: Journal of European Public Policy, ISSN 1350-1763, E-ISSN 1466-4429, Vol. 24, no 7, p. 1006-1026Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When important public issues are debated, many options for government action should be subjected to serious reflection. Constrained discussions over policy options may hamper democratic legitimacy and accountability, and produce decisions that ignore relevant reasons and facts. Hence, constrained deliberation has important consequences for knowledge construction and utilization. We advance theory on ‘epistemic policy learning’ by showing mechanisms that promote expert consensus in external arenas, and that these can hamper deliberation on public policy. Government-appointed experts, in combination with mass media, can ‘freeze’ deliberation by presenting one unified front. Comparison of national print media coverage in Sweden and Denmark during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic offers support. The similar polities enacted different policies: Sweden sought to vaccinate its full population while neighbouring Denmark targeted small groups. Yet experts dominated both public discourses and echoed each other’s support of national policy. In turn, public policy debates were scant in both contexts.

  • 150.
    Baev, Pavel K.
    et al.
    Peace Research Institute Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Tønnesson, Stein
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Peace Research Institute Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    The Troubled Russia-China Partnership as a Challenge to the East Asian Peace2017In: Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, ISSN 1674-0750, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 209-225Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the annexation of the Crimea and the engagement in confrontation with the West, Russia has embarked on a course of making the military force into a useful instrument of policy. Moscow has effectively sacrificed the goals of modernization and development for the sake of geopolitical ambitions. The question about the price of Russia's revisionist enterprise is relevant for many states that are not satisfied with the unfair and often discriminating rules of the world order, first of all China. Russia hopes to inspire other states dissatisfied with the "unipolar'' world order to challenge the West more boldly, but the result of its assault on the principles of nonintervention and territorial integrity might work in the opposite way. The states of East Asia could take a good measure of the risk inherent to embarking on the course of projecting power at the expense of modernization and become even more committed than before to upholding their unique prosperity-producing peace. China has a vested interest in Russian internal stability and must be worried by the prospect of a post-Putin crisis.

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