uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 101 - 150 of 3558
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 101.
    Albrecht, James W.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Edin, Per-Anders
    Vroman, Susan B.
    A cross-country comparison of attitudes towards mothers working and their actual labor market experience2000In: Labour, ISSN 0284-2904, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 102.
    Alestad, Linda
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Bergqvist, Catrine
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    A natural economic experiment: An analysis of the macroeconomic consequenses of the Indian Ocean tsunami in Sri Lanka2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis we analyze the macroeconomic impact of the tsunami in 2004 on the Sri Lankan economy. The theoretical framework we use, the Australian model of a developing economy, gives direct or indirect predictions for the development of a number of variables after a natural disaster. In our case, we believe that the main reason for developments of the output variables and the exchange rate is the extraordinary large and rapid inflow of foreign aid money. In summary, we find the overall impact of the tsunami on the Sri Lankan economy to be minor.

  • 103.
    Alexius, Annika
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Can endogenous monetary policy explain the deviations from UIP2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The co-movements of nominal exchange rates and short-term interest rates as the economy is hit by shocks is a potential source of ex post deviations from uncovered interest rate parity. This paper investigates whether an established model of endogenous monetary policy in an open economy is capable of explaning the exchange rate risk premium puzzle. Time series on interest differentials and exchange rate changes are generated from the Svensson (2000) model. Uncovered interest rate parity is tested on the simulated data and the b-coefficients are investigated. For most realistic choices of parameter values, the b-coefficients are positive but much smaller than the unity value expected from UIP. It is however also possible to obtain large, negative b-coefficients if the central bank is engaged in interest rate smoothing.

  • 104.
    Alexius, Annika
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Can Endogenous Monetary Policy Explain the Deviations from UIP?2002Report (Other scientific)
  • 105.
    Alexius, Annika
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Far Out on the Yield Curve2004Report (Other scientific)
  • 106.
    Alexius, Annika
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Productitvity Shocks and Real Exchange Rates2005In: Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 52, p. 555-566Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 107.
    Alexius, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Carlsson, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Measures of Technology and the Business Cycle2005In: Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 87, p. 299-307Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 108.
    Alexius, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Carlsson, Mikael
    Measures of Technology and the Business Cycle2002Report (Other scientific)
  • 109.
    Alexius, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Carlsson, Mikael
    Research Department, Sveriges Riksbank, Sweden.
    Production function residuals, VAR technology shocks, and hours worked: Evidence from industry data2007In: Economics Letters, ISSN 0165-1765, E-ISSN 1873-7374, Vol. 96, no 2, p. 259-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using disaggregate U.S. industry data, we analyze three different production function residuals and the technology shocks obtained from the Galí [Galí, J., 1999. Technology, employment, and the business cycle: Do technology shocks explain aggregate fluctuations? American Economic Review 89, 249–271.] structural VAR model. The different methods produce technology shocks that are highly correlated and negatively related to hours worked.

  • 110.
    Alexius, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Holmlund, Bertil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Monetary Policy and Swedish Unemployment Fluctuations2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A widely spread belief among economists is that monetary policy has relatively short-lived effects on real variables such as unemployment. Previous studies indicate that monetary policy affects the output gap only at business cycle frequencies, but the effects on unemployment may well be more persistent in countries with highly regulated labor markets. We study the Swedish experience of unemployment and monetary policy. Using a structural VAR we find that around 30 percent of the fluctuations in unemployment are caused by shocks to monetary policy. The effects are also quite persistent. In the preferred model, almost 30 percent of the maximum effect of a shock still remains after ten years.

  • 111.
    Alexius, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Post, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Cointegration And The Stabilizing Role Of Exchange Rates2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that empirical results concerning the behavior of áoating exchange rates di§er between otherwise identical cointegrated and non-cointegrated VAR models. In particular, virtually all ten-year movements in nominal exchange rates are due to fundamental supply and demand shocks when long run equilibrium relationships between the levels of the variables are included in the empirical speciÖcation. Another major di§erence between the models with the opposite im- plication for the shock creation versus shock absorption debate is that non-fundamental exchange rate shocks have much larger e§ects on output and ináation in the cointegrated models. Finally, impulse re- sponse functions in the Örst di§erence speciÖcation die out within a year whereas adjustment to long run equilibrium continues for up to ten years in the cointegrated models. Hence a correct speciÖcation of the long-run equilibrium dynamics of exchange rates is essential for capturing also short-run behavior of exchange rates.

  • 112.
    Alexius, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Post, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Exchange Rates and Asymmetric Shocks in Small Open Economies2005Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    If floating exchange rates stabilize shocks rather than create shocks, a country that joins a monetary union or fixes its exchange rate looses a stabilizing mechanism. We use a first difference structural VAR on trade weighted macroeconomic data to study the role of floating ex- change rates for five "small open economies" with inflation targets. By including both domestic and foreign variables and using a combination of long and short-run restrictions, we identify asymmetric shocks more carefully than previous studies. Only in Sweden and Canada does the nominal exchange rate appreciate significantly in response to asym- metric demand shocks and depreciate to asymmetric supply shocks. Most exchange rate movements are caused by speculation and are not responses to fundamental shocks. However, these exchange rate shocks have negligible effects on output and inflation. Our findings indicate that exchange rates are neither stabilizing nor destabilizing but may be loosely characterized as disconnected from the rest of the economy.

  • 113.
    Alexius, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Post, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Exchange rates and asymmetric shocks in small open economies2008In: Empirical Economics, ISSN 0377-7332, E-ISSN 1435-8921, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 527-541Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the stabilizing properties of exchange rates in five small open economies during to periods of floating exchange rates and inflation targeting. In the cases of Sweden and Canada, the nominal exchange rates behave in a stabilizing manner. Most exchange rate movements emanate from the exchange rate itself and are hence not responses to fundamental shocks. However, these non-fundamental shocks have only negligible effects on output and inflation. Our findings indicate that exchange rates display some stabilizing properties but can mainly be characterized as disconnected from the rest of the economy.

  • 114.
    Alexius, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sellin, Peter
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Exchange rates and long-term bonds2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Tentative evidence suggests that the empirical failure of uncovered interest parity (UIP) is confined to short-term interest rates. Tests of UIP for long-term interest rates are however hampered by various data problems. By focusing on short investments in long-term bonds, these data problems can be avoided. We study the relationship between the US dollar - Deutsch Mark exchange rate and German and American bond rates. The hypothesis that expected returns to investments in bonds denominated in the two currencies are equal cannot be rejected. This result is not simply due to low power as the ß-coefficients are close to unity. For the corresponding short-term interest rates, the typical finding of a large and significantly negative ß-coefficient is confirmed.

  • 115.
    Alexius, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sellin, Peter
    Exchange Rates and Long-Term Bonds.2002Report (Other scientific)
  • 116.
    Alexius, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Welz, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Can a time-varying equilibrium real interest rate explain the excess sensitivity puzzle?2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The strong response of long-term interest rates to macroeconomic shocks has typically been explained in terms of informational asymme- tries between the central bank and private agents. The standard mod- els assume that the equilibrium real interest rate is constant over time and independent of structural shocks. We incorporate time-variation in the equilibrium real interest rate as function of structural shocks to e.g. productivity and demand. This extended model implies that forward interest rates at long horizons move about 40 basis points as the short-term interest rate increases one percentage point. In terms of regressions of changes in long-term interest rates on changes in the short-term interest rate, including a time-varying equilibrium real in- terest rate explains about half of the puzzle.

  • 117. Algers, Staffan
    et al.
    Bergström, Pål
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Dahlberg, Matz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lindqvist Dillén, Johanna
    Mixed logit estimation of the value of travel time1998Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we use mixed logit specifications to allow parameters to vary in the population when estimating the value of time for long-distance car travel. Our main conclusion is that the estimated value of time is very sensitive to how the model is specified: we find that it is significantly lower when the coefficients are assumed to be normally distributed in the population, as compared to the traditional case when they are treated as fixed. In our most richly parameterised model, we find a median value of time of 57 SEK per hour, with the major part of the mass of the value of time distribution closely centred around the median value. The corresponding figure when the parameters are treated as fixed is 89 SEK per hour. Furthermore, our finding that the ratio of coefficients in a mixed logit specification differ significantly from the ones in a traditional logit specification is contrary to the results obtained by Brownstone & Train (1996) and Train (1997). Whether the ratios will differ or not depends on the model and the data generating process at hand.

  • 118.
    Algotsson, Tomas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Öhman, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hur påverkar inkomstchocker det colombianska inbördeskriget?: En replikationsstudie med heroinindustrin i fokus2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Exogena prischocker på kaffe intensifierar konflikterna i det colombianska inbördeskriget dåfler ansluter sig till de stridande grupperna när kaffepriset sjunker. Det visar enuppmärksammad artikel av Dube och Vargas (2012) som även kontrollerar för alternativamekanismer och utesluter att sambandet mellan kaffepris och konflikt går genom ökadkokaodling . Vi menar att studien har en stor svaghet då den 1 inte undersökersubstitutionseffekter mer ingående. Vi argumenterar för att ökad vallmoproduktion2 är denalternativa mekanism som mest sannolikt kan påverka sambandet och således är mest centralatt kontrollera för. Vår studie replikerar Dube och Vargas resultat och kompletterar det meden grundlig kontroll för vallmo. Vi finner ett positivt samband mellan kaffepris ochvallmoodling vilket bäst förklaras med en generell inkomsteffekt där det odlas mer av allt dåkaffepriset stiger. Omvänt innebär resultatet att det odlas mindre vallmo då kaffeprisetsjunker vilket ger stöd åt Dube och Vargas artikel. Vi kan således med större säkerhet säga attexogena prischocker på kaffe påverkar konfliktnivåerna därför att fler ansluter sig till destridande grupperna då kaffepriset sjunker.

  • 119.
    Allansson, Henrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jöngren, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Inflationsskillnader inom EMU-området: orsaker och konsekvenser2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 120.
    Allerup, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Evaluation of the Swedish Trade Council’s Business Opportunity Projects2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of the Business Opportunity Projects (BOPs) that the Swedish Trade Council uses when promoting export for small enterprises. The Business Opportunity Projects have the same type of setup for all offices where the Swedish Trade Council is established and are subsidized by 60 percent from the government. A dataset on firms’ financial state on a ten year basis is used and survey interviews conducted in 2005/06 and 2007/08. From this data three types of methods are used; a calculations on expected values of return; a panel data model and a probit model.The results show that the expected return of one project is around 250 000 SEK and if the project is successful the average return is around 1 000 000 SEK. The governmental return is around 22 times the invested money. The probability of creating business volume directly or indirectly is around 45 percent. It is also shown that the projects have an impact on the export turnover of the participating firms. The effect comes after two years and it increases until four years after the BOP. The interpretation of the exact effect should be made with caution due to estimation issues. The result also indicates that the BOP generates around 1.5 employees on averages.The results show that the participating firms do not have advantage being larger, or being from the middle region of Sweden nor in a specific branch in order to have a successful project. Firms from north part of Sweden that have a slightly smaller chance of having a successful project, if the project is made in Western European offices, the firms have a higher probability to succeed compared to other offices.

  • 121.
    Allerup, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Strömbäck, Anton
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Vad styr den etiska fondefterfrågan?: Om vilka faktorer som som påvekar den etiska fondförmögenheten.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines what affects the demand for five Swedish ethical funds between the years 1997-2007. The purpose of this study is to examine if there is a relation between fund value and other values than just financial. This study examines if the number of conflicts in the world and the media’s coverage of the climate change debate could have an impact on the demand for ethical fund. A multiple linear regression shows that we don’t have a significant result from the examined variables except for household wealth. The regression results indicate that only household wealth is significant to explain the demand for ethical funds. It’s interesting to see that risk premium isn’t significant for the decision to invest in the ethical funds we studied. The study shows that statics inferens cannot be used to show these correlations for conflict and climate.

  • 122.
    Alm, Johan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Röstdifferentiering och ägaromvandling: - en empirisk studie2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 123.
    Almbladh, Eric
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Leder folkomröstningar till bra beslut? En jämförelse av forskning inom puclic choice och ekonomisk psykologi2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 124.
    Almbladh, Eric
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Ericsson, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Regionala skillnader i bankers kreditgivning - finns det en rationell förklaring2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 125.
    Almgren, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Exchange rates, production, firm dynamics and productivity2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Krona is getting increasingly much attention from economists and in the media. The Riksbank is monitoring its development closely and is prepared to act if it appreciates to a level which is too high. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how the value of the Krona affects Swedish producers of goods. A static model is set up and shows that the effects depend on several factors. Most important seem to be the degree of international competition and how much materials and capital that is imported. A partial adjustment process is assumed to capture that labor and capital do not immediately adjust to optimal levels. Empirical results indicate that the exchange rate's effects differ substantially between industries. There exist considerable difficulties in measuring the effects empirically. One of the more robust results is that capital stocks seem to be positively affected by an appreciation.

  • 126.
    Almgren, Mattias
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Enlund, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    UTBILDNINGSNIVÅER OCH ÅLDERSSTRUKTURER I SVERIGE: En jämförelse av utbildningsnivåer och åldersstrukturer i Sverige år 2011 och år 2040 samt uppskattningar av dess effekter på BNP per capita2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen försöker besvara frågan vad åldersstrukturen hos Sveriges befolkning kan få för effekt på BNP per capita fram till år 2040 och i vilken grad denna kan matchas av effekten från en ökad utbildningsnivå. Tidigare studier tyder på att avkastningen på utbildning minskar i takt med att individer får mer erfarenhet. Det är därför viktigt att ta hänsyn till individers ålder vid beräkning av humankapital. Genom befolkningsstatistik från Svenska Statistiska Centralbyrån och lönedata från Levnadsundersökningarna försöker vi estimera vad de två förändringarna kan få för effekt. Resultaten tyder på att den negativa effekten på BNP per capita som följer av en äldre befolkning i Sverige troligtvis inte kommer kunna matchas av den positiva effekt som följer av en mer utbildad befolkning.

  • 127.
    Almgren, Märta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kan en Phillipskurva med förankrade inflationsförväntningar och korttidsarbetslöshet förklara inflationen i Sverige?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under senare år har såväl forskare som centralbanker observerat att sambandet mellan inflation och arbetslöshet förfaller försvagat. Två uppmärksammade förklaringar till det försvagade sambandet är att inflationsförväntningar blivit förankrade vid centralbankers inflationsmål samt att korttidsarbetslöshet har en större betydelse för lönebildning än total arbetslöshet. Ball och Mazumder (2014) kombinerar dessa förklaringar och finner att en Phillipskurva med förankrade inflationsförväntningar och korttidsarbetslöshet bättre förklarar inflationen i amerikansk ekonomi än en traditionell Phillipskurva mellan 2000K1-2014K3. På basis av data för viktad medianinflation från Riksbanken och arbetslöshet från Statistiska centralbyrån visar denna studie att Ball och Mazumders (2014) resultat inte kan replikeras på svensk ekonomi. Resultatet indikerar att inflationsförväntningarna i Sverige inte är helt förankrade samtidigt som gruppen korttidsarbetslösa endast har en marginellt större betydelse än total arbetslöshet för inflationen. Detta kan tänkas bero på att förtroendet för Riksbankens inflationsmål minskat och på att arbetsmarknadspolitiska åtgärder gör att även gruppen långtidsarbetslösa har betydelse för lönebildningen i Sverige.

  • 128.
    Almqvist, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sjukvårdens organisation och finansiering2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 129.
    Al-Saffar, Fuad
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lönnqvist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    En studie av öppen ränteparitet mellan Sverige och USA2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 130.
    Alsbo, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Påverkas företagens beslut att hedga sig mot balansexponering av en mer volatil valuta?2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 131.
    Alswait, Aloush
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lejon, Viktoria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Förändrade bosättningslagen fördelningen av nyanlända i Sveriges kommuner?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fler människor än någonsin är på flykt från krig och förföljelse. I Sverige såväl som i Europa diskuteras det nu hur strömmen av människor skall hanteras trots bostadsbrist, arbetslöshet och integrationsproblematik. Den första mars 2016 trädde den nya bosättningslagen (SFS 2016:38) i kraft i Sverige. Detta gjorde landets kommuner skyldiga att ta emot och bosätta personer som fått uppehållstillstånd. I den här uppsatsen undersöker vi huruvida det går att utläsa en skillnad i hur nyanlända blir fördelade mellan landets kommuner före och efter det att lagen trätt i kraft. Vi använder oss av en regressionsanalys för att se eventuella samband mellan fördelningen av mottagandet av nyanlända mellan landets kommuner och införandet av bosättningslagen. Studien visar på att det är de befolkningsmässigt mindre kommunerna med en hög arbetslöshet som tar emot flest nyanlända i förhållande till folkmängd. Vi finner ingen indikation på att det positiva samband som finns mellan tidigare mottagande av nyanlända, ensamkommande barn och asylsökande och andelen mottagna nyanlända i förhållande till folkmängd har minskat efter införandet av lagen. 

  • 132.
    Al-Tai, Milad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The Macroeconomic Effects of Monetary Policy in Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the identification strategy introduced by Romer and Romer (2004) is used to derive more accurate estimates of the effects of monetary policy in Sweden. By constructing a new real-time data set and then matching this data to each of the Riksbank’s repo rate decisions between 1999 and 2016, an exogenous monetary policy shock measure is obtained from the estimated residuals of the first-stage regression. The results from the VAR model show that a one percentage point innovation in the shock reduces output by 8 per cent and inflation by more than 1.4 percentage points. The results also indicate that the macroeconomic effects are protracted and that using the new measure for monetary policy shocks solves the ”price puzzle”.

  • 133.
    Altvater, Christoph
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Does looking at Vehicle Currency Volatilities and their Effects on Sectoral Trade Flows solve the Exchange Rate Volatility Puzzle ? : An Empirical Analysis of the Swedish Case 2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the impact of the volatility of vehicle currencies- namely the US-Dollar and the Euro- on sectoral trade flows is investigated. It is hypothesized that vehicle currency volatilities have relatively more important effects in sectors that use vehicle currencies more frequently. However, this hypothesis finds no systematic support when investigating the Swedish case using an Error Correction Model for the different sectors of the one digit level of the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC). The data that is used is monthly data for the time period January 2000 until December 2010 and the sample includes ten different trading partners. It is found that the long-run effects of vehicle currency volatilities are significant in a large amount of different cases with a greater number of positive signs. However, in the case of Swedish exports the sectors, in which vehicle currencies are expected to be used to a rather low degree, are associated with a high number of significant vehicle currency volatilities. Only the cases of exports of Crude Materials and imports of Beverages and Tobacco support the tested hypothesis. Vehicle currency volatility seems to be more important in trade with relatively less industrialized countries.

  • 134.
    Alvarez Jr, Luis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kanniainen, Vesa
    Södersten, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Why is the Corporation Tax not Neutral? Anticipated Tax Reform, Investment Spurts and Corporate Borrowing1999In: Finanzarchiv, Vol. 56, no 3/3, p. 285-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper shows that a corporate tax policy which is thought to be neutral may have significant incentive effects. This result is established in a model with tax advantage to debt and expectations about a forthcoming tax reform. Investment spurt effects a

  • 135.
    Alvarez, L., Kanniainen, V. and Södersten, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Tax Policy Uncertainty and Corporate Investment1998In: Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 69, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 136.
    Alvarez, L., Kanniainen, V. and Södersten, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Why is the Corporation Tax Not Neutral?1999Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 137.
    Alvarez, LHR
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kanniainen, V
    Sodersten, J
    Tax policy uncertainty and corporate investment - A theory of tax-induced investment spurts1998In: JOURNAL OF PUBLIC ECONOMICS, ISSN 0047-2727, Vol. 69, no 1, p. 17-48Article in journal (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The anticipatory effects of a corporate tax reform of the tax-cut cum base-broadening variety are analyzed in a dynamic stochastic adjustment model of firm behavior, focusing on the case where the firm is uncertain both about the timing and the contents o

  • 138.
    Alvarez, L.,Kanniainen, V. and Jan Södersten
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Tax Reform Uncertainty, Investment Spurts and Capital Markets1995Report (Other scientific)
  • 139.
    Alvarez, Luis H. R.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kanniainen, Vesa
    Södersten, Jan
    Tax policy uncertainty and the corporation: theory of tax-induced investment spurts1997Report (Other scientific)
  • 140.
    Alvarez, Luis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    jr., Kanniainen
    Vesa, Södersten
    Jan,
    Theory of tax-induced investment spurts1995Report (Other scientific)
  • 141.
    Alvarez, Luis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kanniainen, Vesa
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Södersten, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Why is the corporation tax not neutral? 2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper shows that a corporate tax policy which is thought to be neutral may have significant incentive effects. This result is established in a model with tax advantage to debt and expectations about a forthcoming tax reform. Investment spurt effects are established and compared to those of a firm with equity finance. A tax-cut cum base-broadening tax reform which leaves the long-run investment incentives of an all-equity firm unaffected is shown to cause a substantial short run investment hike. The findings are illustrated by numerical simulations indicating the magnitudes of the spurt effects.

  • 142.
    Alvden, Martina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Do employers adjust their requirements in response to regional labor market conditions?: Evidence from Swedish vacancy postings2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate whether Swedish employers change their requirements for experience depending on the situation of the labor market. Using vacancy postings data from Platsbanken, and a labor shortage index by occupations, produced by the Swedish Public Employment Service, I assess whether the probability of posting an experience requirement changes in a tight or a slack labor market, in the timeperiod 2007-2017. To do this, a linear probability model with fixed effects is used. Utilizing the regional and occupational variation in the shortage index and the unique firm identifiers, allows the study to estimate both effects within an occupation and within a firm-occupation unit. The study shows a significant negative effect on the probability of an employer posting an experience requirement when a market in balance moves to a significant shortage of workers. This effect is robust across several specifications and robustness checks, including a nonlinear test of the functional form. There is no conclusive evidence for a slack labor market when workers are plentiful. However, the study shows some indications of heterogeneous effects across broad skill level groups, which points to that employers in low-skilled occupations are more responsive to changes in the labor supply than employers in high-skilled occupations.

  • 143.
    Alvtegen, Marcus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Utbildningssituationen i Tanzania: En studie om hur avskaffandet av den allmänna skolavgiften har påverkat närvarograden i Kagera2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tanzania har länge strävat efter att uppnå så kallad universal grundskoleutbildning, men

    haft blandad framgång, år 2001 genomfördes ett nationstäckande projekt för att försöka

    uppnå detta (BEMP). Som en del av projektet avskaffades skolavgiften i landets statliga

    grundskolor vilket förväntas öka närvaron i skolorna. I denna uppsats kommer en

    utbildningsmodell användas för att analysera hur situationen har utvecklats från år 1994

    till 2004 samt effekterna av projektet. En aning förvånande så visade det sig att

    närvarograden har sjunkit mellan de undersökta åren. Slutsatsen som kan dras av det är

    att skolavgiften endast utgör en liten del av kostnaden som förknippas med

    grundskoleutbildningen och att det krävs fer åtgärder än att endast ta bort ekonomiska

    inträdeshinder för att uppnå universal grundskoleutbildning.

  • 144.
    Alzén, Tilda
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Westerdahl, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kvalitetsskillnader i välfärden: En studie av privata och offentliga aktörer på marknaden för hemtjänst2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Privatiseringen av välfärdssektorn är ett omdebatterat ämne. Idag finns både privata och offentliga aktörer inom hemtjänsten i många kommuner, något som skapar diskussion om likvärdigheten av tjänsten. Skillnader mellan hemtjänster kan exempelvis uppstå i och med privata företags möjlighet att vinstmaximera på bekostnad av kvaliteten. Med data från 2016 års undersökning av äldres upplevelser av hemtjänsten studerar vi om det finns skillnader i kvalitet beroende på aktörens regiform genom linjära OLS-regressioner. Vi finner att privat hemtjänst upplevs ha bättre kvalitet än offentlig, även om skillnaderna är små. Vid undersökning av bakomliggande faktorer framkommer det att konkurrens och valfrihet är två viktiga förklaringar till uppvisat samband. Det visar sig dessutom att offentliga aktörer agerar på samma sätt som privata när det kommer till att utnyttja kommunens ersättningssystem för att få högre ersättning.   

  • 145.
    Amid, Javad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Land Reform in Post-Revolutionary Iran Revisited2009In: Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies, ISSN 1066-9922, E-ISSN 1473-9666, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 73-87Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 146.
    Amid, Javad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The dilemma of cheap food and self-sufficiency: The case of wheat in Iran2007In: Food Policy, ISSN 0306-9192, E-ISSN 1873-5657, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 537-552Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-sufficiency in wheat has been one of the major goals of Iranian agricultural policies since the Revolution of 1979. Even so, the country failed to achieve this goal by the early 2000s, despite a satisfactory growth in wheat production. This paper addresses this failure and the political difficulties in introducing reforms that would reduce the need for import. First, the production and consumption of wheat are examined. The conclusion is that the cheap-bread policy has mainly been responsible for the imbalances between domestic supply and demand, and the continued reliance on wheat imports. Moreover, the paper argues that the subsidy program is an expensive safety net for the needy and shows that the Iranian government has intended to reform the program since the early 1990s. However, subsidy reforms are politically sensitive, especially in developing countries where subsidies are considered very important, both for supporting the poor and for political stability. An analysis of the Iranian attempts at subsidy reform suggests that they have not yet succeeded, mainly due to such political considerations.

  • 147.
    Amid, Javad
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hadjikhani, Amjad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The State, Technological Capacities and Technical Exchange in Iran: An Interdisciplinary Approach2005In: The Role of State in West Asia, Tauris, London , 2005, p. 194-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Amid, Javad
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hadjikhani, Amjad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Trade, Industrialization, and the Firm in Iran: The impact of government on Business2005Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book seeks to find out how government interventions affect the performance of an economy. It develops notions on trade, industrial sector, and firms and examines them for the case of Iran. The analyses suggest that the excessive interventions of the Iranian government in trade and industrial sectors resulted in small benefits at high costs. Government interventions, for example, reduced the incentives of firms to undertake technological investments. They rather invested to increase their political competencies and aimed at short-term profits. Low technological investment is argued to have been one of the major reasons behind the poor performance of industrial sector in Iran.

  • 149.
    Anbo, Johan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kan Sveriges löneökning vara högre än genomsnittet i EMU?2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 150.
    Anderhamn, Göran
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hur påverkas den disponibla inkomsten med Hicks inkomstbegrepp?: en empirisk undersökning av hushållens inkomster och inkomstfördelning för år 20002003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the income and income inequality for Swedish households were measured using the current definition of disposable income and Hicks income definition. The purpose has been to investigate how the porposed income definition will affect the income levels and income inequalities using Swedish equalized households. The study shows that for the year 2000 income and income inequality grow with Hicks income definition. In addition some potential problems with using the new income definition has been discussed. These problems are referred to as the gauging problems and the end result problems.

1234567 101 - 150 of 3558
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf