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  • 101.
    Davidsson, Simon
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Natural resources and sustainable energy: Growth rates and resource flows for low-carbon systems2016Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Large-scale deployment of low-carbon energy technologies is important for counteracting anthropogenic climate change and achieving universal energy access. This thesis explores potential growth rates of technologies necessary to reach a more sustainable global energy system, the material and energy flows required to commission these technologies, and potential future availability of the required resources.

    These issues are investigated in five papers. Potential future growth rates of wind energy and solar photovoltaics, and the associated material requirements are explored, taking the expected service life of these technologies into account. Methodology for assessing net energy return and natural resource use for wind energy systems are analyzed. Potential future availability of lithium and phosphate rock are also investigated.

    Estimates of energy and materials required for technologies such as wind energy and photovoltaics vary, and depend on the assumptions made and methods used. Still, it is clear that commissioning of low-carbon technologies on the scale required to reach and sustain a low-carbon energy system in coming decades requires significant quantities of both bulk materials and scarcer resources. For some technologies, such as thin film solar cells and electric vehicles with lithium-ion batteries, availability of materials could become an issue for potential growth rates. Future phosphate rock production could become highly dependent on few countries, and potential political, social and environmental aspects of this should be investigated in more detail.

    Material and energy flows should be considered when analyzing growth rates of low-carbon technologies. Their estimated service life can indicate sustainable growth rates of technologies, as well as when materials are available for end-of-life recycling. Resource constrained growth curve models can be used to explore future production of natural resources. A higher disaggregation of these models can enable more detailed analysis of potential constraints. This thesis contributes to the discussion on how to create a more sustainable global energy system, but the methods to assess current and future energy and material flows, and availability of natural resources, should be further developed in the future.

    Delarbeid
    1. Growth curves and sustained commissioning modelling of renewable energy: Investigating resource constraints for wind energy
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Growth curves and sustained commissioning modelling of renewable energy: Investigating resource constraints for wind energy
    2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 73, s. 767-776Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Several recent studies have proposed fast transitions to energy systems based on renewable energy technology. Many of them dismiss potential physical constraints and issues with natural resource supply, and do not consider the growth rates of the individual technologies needed or how the energy systems are to be sustained over longer time frames. A case study is presented modelling potential growth rates of the wind energy required to reach installed capacities proposed in other studies, taking into account the expected service life of wind turbines. A sustained commissioning model is proposed as a theoretical foundation for analysing reasonable growth patterns for technologies that can be sustained in the future. The annual installation and related resource requirements to reach proposed wind capacity are quantified and it is concluded that these factors should be considered when assessing the feasibility, and even the sustainability, of fast energy transitions. Even a sustained commissioning scenario would require significant resource flows, for the transition as well as for sustaining the system, indefinitely. Recent studies that claim there are no potential natural resource barriers or other physical constraints to fast transitions to renewable energy appear inadequate in ruling out these concerns.

    Emneord
    Growth curves, Natural resources, Renewable energy, Wind energy, Sustainability, Energy systems
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot globala energiresurser
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-225554 (URN)10.1016/j.enpol.2014.05.003 (DOI)000341474100072 ()
    Forskningsfinansiär
    StandUp
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-06-04 Laget: 2014-06-04 Sist oppdatert: 2022-01-28bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Material requirements and availability for multi-terawatt deployment of photovoltaics
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Material requirements and availability for multi-terawatt deployment of photovoltaics
    (engelsk)Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Submitted
    Emneord
    solar energy, photovoltaics, critical materials, energy metals, renewable energy, recycling
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-301946 (URN)
    Eksternt samarbeid:
    Forskningsfinansiär
    StandUp
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-08-26 Laget: 2016-08-26 Sist oppdatert: 2018-05-08
    3. A review of life cycle assessments on wind energy systems
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A review of life cycle assessments on wind energy systems
    2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, ISSN 0948-3349, E-ISSN 1614-7502, Vol. 17, nr 6, s. 729-742Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Several life cycle assessments (LCA) of wind energy published in recent years are reviewed to identify methodological differences and underlying assumptions.

    Methods

    A full comparative analysis of 12 studies were undertaken (10 peer-reviewed papers, 1 conference paper, 1 industry report) regarding six fundamental factors (methods used, energy use accounting, quantification of energy production, energy performance and primary energy,  natural resources, and recycling). Each factor is discussed in detail to highlight strengths and shortcomings of various approaches.

    Results

    Several potential issues are found concerning the way LCA methods are used for assessing energy performance and environmental impact of wind energy, as well as dealing with natural resource use and depletion. The potential to evaluate natural resource use and depletion impacts from wind energy appears to be poorly exploited or elaborated on in the reviewed studies. Estimations of energy performance and environmental impacts are critically analyzed and found to differ significantly.

    Conclusions and recommendations

    A continued discussion and development of LCA methodology for wind energy and other energy resources are encouraged. Efforts should be made to standardize methods and calculations. Inconsistent use of terminology and concepts among the analyzed studies are found and should be remedied. Different methods are generally used and the results are presented in diverse ways, making it hard to compare studies with each other, but also with other renewable energy sources.

    Emneord
    life cycle assessment, wind energy, wind power, natural resource use, primary energy conversion, energy accounting
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Fysik med inriktning mot globala energiresurser
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168922 (URN)10.1007/s11367-012-0397-8 (DOI)000304879800008 ()
    Prosjekter
    StandUp for Energy
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-02-20 Laget: 2012-02-19 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-07bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. Lithium availability and future production outlooks
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Lithium availability and future production outlooks
    2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 110, nr 10, s. 252-266Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Lithium is a highly interesting metal, in part due to the increasing interest in lithium-ion batteries. Several recent studies have used different methods to estimate whether the lithium production can meet an increasing demand, especially from the transport sector, where lithium-ion batteries are the most likely technology for electric cars. The reserve and resource estimates of lithium vary greatly between different studies and the question whether the annual production rates of lithium can meet a growing demand is seldom adequately explained. This study presents a review and compilation of recent estimates of quantities of lithium available for exploitation and discusses the uncertainty and differences between these estimates. Also, mathematical curve fitting models are used to estimate possible future annual production rates. This estimation of possible production rates are compared to a potential increased demand of lithium if the International Energy Agency’s Blue Map Scenarios are fulfilled regarding electrification of the car fleet. We find that the availability of lithium could in fact be a problem for fulfilling this scenario if lithium-ion batteries are to be used. This indicates that other battery technologies might have to be implemented for enabling an electrification of road transports.

    Emneord
    Peak lithium, Electric vehicles, Lithium production, Lithium supply, Resource-constrained modelling, Lithium battery cars
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Fysik med inriktning mot globala energiresurser
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-199784 (URN)10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.04.005 (DOI)000321601900024 ()
    Prosjekter
    Stand
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-05-14 Laget: 2013-05-14 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-06bibliografisk kontrollert
    5. Phosphate rock production and depletion: Regional disaggregated modeling and global implications
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Phosphate rock production and depletion: Regional disaggregated modeling and global implications
    2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 93, s. 178-187Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Numerous recent studies discuss phosphate rock extraction, and some even propose that a peak in production could be reached in coming decades. This would have great consequences as phosphate rock based fertilizers are irreplaceable in modern agriculture. Studies suggesting an impending peak commonly use curve fitting models where mathematical functions are fitted to historical world production data, while studies using other methods reach completely different results. Also, a sudden increase in global reserve estimates is commonly used to dismiss these warnings, and has somewhat altered the debate. The recent multiplication of estimated reserves is mostly based on an increase of the Moroccan reserve estimate, leading to Morocco currently making up most of the global reserves. This study models global phosphate rock production using a disaggregated curve fitting model based on the production in individual major producing countries, providing a somewhat different view than most studies, and show that the global trade of phosphate rock could be completely dependent on Morocco in the future. There are several different factors that can potentially limit global production and these factors should be considered for the individual producing countries. Society’s total dependence on phosphate rock should be further investigated despite claims of large resource occurrences.

    Emneord
    Phosphorus, Phosphate rock, Peak minerals, Resource depletion, Fertilizer, Curve fitting modeling
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-238213 (URN)10.1016/j.resconrec.2014.10.011 (DOI)000347594000017 ()
    Forskningsfinansiär
    StandUp
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-12-10 Laget: 2014-12-10 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-05bibliografisk kontrollert
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  • 102.
    Davidsson, Simon
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Grandell, Leena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Wachtmeister, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Höök, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Growth curves and sustained commissioning modelling of renewable energy: Investigating resource constraints for wind energy2014Inngår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 73, s. 767-776Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Several recent studies have proposed fast transitions to energy systems based on renewable energy technology. Many of them dismiss potential physical constraints and issues with natural resource supply, and do not consider the growth rates of the individual technologies needed or how the energy systems are to be sustained over longer time frames. A case study is presented modelling potential growth rates of the wind energy required to reach installed capacities proposed in other studies, taking into account the expected service life of wind turbines. A sustained commissioning model is proposed as a theoretical foundation for analysing reasonable growth patterns for technologies that can be sustained in the future. The annual installation and related resource requirements to reach proposed wind capacity are quantified and it is concluded that these factors should be considered when assessing the feasibility, and even the sustainability, of fast energy transitions. Even a sustained commissioning scenario would require significant resource flows, for the transition as well as for sustaining the system, indefinitely. Recent studies that claim there are no potential natural resource barriers or other physical constraints to fast transitions to renewable energy appear inadequate in ruling out these concerns.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 103.
    Davidsson, Simon
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Höök, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Material requirements and availability for multi-terawatt deployment of photovoltaicsArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 104.
    Davidsson, Simon
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Höök, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Material requirements and availability for multi-terawatt deployment of photovoltaics2017Inngår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 108, s. 574-582Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates growth rates and material flows required to reach and sustain multi-terawatt installed capacity of photovoltaics (PV). The dynamics of material flows over time are captured, taking account for the life expectancy of PV technology. Requirements of solar grade silicon and silver for crystalline silicon (c-Si) technology, as well as indium, gallium, selenium, tellurium, and cadmium for currently commercial thin film (TF) technology are explored, accounting for different technology choices and potential improvements in material intensities. Future availability of these materials from primary resources, as well as secondary resources from end-of-life recycling, is also analyzed. Rapid deployment of c-Si technologies would require a major expansion of solar grade silicon production, and significant quantities of silver. Availability of materials such as indium and tellurium could become problematic for major implementation of TF technology, unless production can be scaled up significantly, or material intensities radically decreased. Availability of secondary resources from end-of-life recycling have little impact on material availability during the growth phase, but could be important for sustaining a low-carbon energy system over longer time perspectives. Material availability could cause problems for rapid PV growth, but does not necessarily limit total PV deployment, especially if material intensities are decreased.

  • 105.
    Day, James M. D.
    et al.
    Univ Calif San Diego, Scripps Inst Oceanog, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA..
    Troll, Valentin R.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Uppsala Univ, Dept Earth Sci, Nat Uppsala Univ, Ctr Nat Hazard & Disaster Sci CNDS, S-75236 Uppsala, Sweden.;Inst Estudios Ambientales & Recursos Nat I UNAT, Univ Palmas Gran Canaria ULPGC, Las Palmas Gran Canaria 35017, Spain..
    Aulinas, Meritxell
    Univ Barcelona, Dept Mineral, Petrol Geol Aplicada I, Marti Franques S N, Barcelona 08028, Spain.;Univ Barcelona, Geomodels Res Inst, Marti Franques S N, Barcelona 08028, Spain..
    Deegan, Frances
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Uppsala Univ, Ctr Nat Hazard & Disaster Sci CNDS, S-75236 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Geiger, Harri
    Univ Freiburg, Inst Earth & Environm Sci, D-79104 Freiburg Im Breisgau, Germany..
    Carracedo, Juan Carlos
    Inst Estudios Ambientales & Recursos Nat I UNAT, Univ Palmas Gran Canaria ULPGC, Las Palmas Gran Canaria 35017, Spain..
    Pinto, Guillem Gisbert
    Univ Barcelona, Dept Mineral, Petrol Geol Aplicada I, Marti Franques S N, Barcelona 08028, Spain..
    Perez-Torrado, Francisco J.
    Inst Estudios Ambientales & Recursos Nat I UNAT, Univ Palmas Gran Canaria ULPGC, Las Palmas Gran Canaria 35017, Spain..
    Mantle source characteristics and magmatic processes during the 2021 La Palma eruption2022Inngår i: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, ISSN 0012-821X, E-ISSN 1385-013X, Vol. 597, artikkel-id 117793Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2021 eruption of La Palma (September 19-December 13) was the first subaerial eruption in the Canary Islands in 50 years. Approximately 0.2 km3 of lava erupted from a newly formed, broadly basaltic composite volcanic edifice on the northwestern flank of the Cumbre Vieja volcanic ridge. Comprehensive sampling of the olivine-and clinopyroxene-phyric lavas over the eruption period reveals temporal changes in mineralogy and bulk rock geochemistry from tephrite to basanite. Initial tephrite lavas have low MgO (-6 wt.%) and elevated TiO2 (-4 wt.%) and contain amphibole crystals and gabbroic micro -xenoliths. In contrast, lavas with progressively more mafic compositions erupted to approximately day 20 of the eruption and thereafter remained as basanite (-8 wt.% MgO; 3.7 wt.% TiO2) until eruption termination. Temporal changes in lava chemistry reflect initial eruption of fractionated magmas that crystallized 5-10% olivine and clinopyroxene, as well as minor spinel, sulfide, and magnetite, followed by later eruption of deeper-sourced and more primitive magma. Vanadium-in-olivine oxybarometry indicates parental magmas were oxidized (fO2 = +1.5 to +2 FMQ) with 8.2 +/- 0.8 wt.% MgO and were generated from between 2.5-3% partial melting of a mantle source potentially containing a pyroxenite component (Xpx = 0.31 +/- 0.12). Day 1-20 tephrites have more radiogenic 187Os/188Os (0.143-0.148) and lower Pd, Pt, Ir and Os contents than post day 20 basanites (187Os/188Os = 0.141-0.145). Combined with available seismic data, the lavas provide a high-resolution record of eruptive evolution. Initial fractionated tephrite magma was stored in the upper lithosphere up to four years prior to eruption, consistent with pre-cursor seismicity and the presence of partially reacted amphibole and micro-xenoliths. The later lavas of the eruption were fed by more primitive basanitic parental magmas that were likely sourced from the deeper portion of the magma storage system that is underplating the island. Precursor events to the 2021 La Palma eruption involved seismicity and magma emplacement, storage and differentiation, which was followed by mobilisation, eruption, and eventual exhaustion of stored magma and partial melts. This magmatic progression is similar to that documented from the 1949 and 1971 Cumbre Vieja eruptions. Ocean islands with limited basaltic magma supply show similarities to the magmatic evolution observed in large silicic systems, where initial magma emplacement and differentiation is followed by later magma remobilisation that induces volcanic activity.

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  • 106.
    Dayton, Kyle
    et al.
    Cornell Univ, Dept Earth & Atmospher Sci, Ithaca, NY 14850 USA..
    Gazel, Esteban
    Cornell Univ, Dept Earth & Atmospher Sci, Ithaca, NY 14850 USA..
    Wieser, Penny
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Earth & Planetary Sci, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Troll, Valentin R.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Uppsala Univ, Ctr Nat Hazards & Disaster Sci CNDS, Uppsala, Sweden.;Univ Las Palmas de Gran Canaria ULPGC, Inst Estudios Ambientales & Recursos Nat i UNAT, Las Palmas Gran Canaria, Spain..
    Carracedo, Juan Carlos
    Univ Las Palmas de Gran Canaria ULPGC, Inst Estudios Ambientales & Recursos Nat i UNAT, Las Palmas Gran Canaria, Spain..
    La Madrid, Hector
    Univ Missouri, Dept Geol Sci, Columbia, MO 65211 USA..
    Roman, Diana C.
    Carnegie Inst Sci, Earth & Planets Lab, Washington, DC 20015 USA..
    Ward, Jamison
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Aulinas, Meritxell
    Univ Barcelona, Fac Ciencies Terra, Dept Mineral Petrol & Geol Aplicada, Barcelona 08007, Spain.;Univ Barcelona, Geomodels Res Inst, Marti Franques S-N, Barcelona 08028, Spain..
    Geiger, Harri
    Univ Freiburg, Inst Earth & Environm Sci, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany..
    Deegan, Frances
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Uppsala Univ, Ctr Nat Hazards & Disaster Sci CNDS, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Gisbert, Guillem
    Univ Barcelona, Fac Ciencies Terra, Dept Mineral Petrol & Geol Aplicada, Barcelona 08007, Spain..
    Perez-Torrado, Francisco J.
    Univ Las Palmas de Gran Canaria ULPGC, Inst Estudios Ambientales & Recursos Nat i UNAT, Las Palmas Gran Canaria, Spain..
    Deep magma storage during the 2021 La Palma eruption2023Inngår i: Science Advances, E-ISSN 2375-2548, Vol. 9, nr 6, artikkel-id eade7641Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2021 La Palma eruption provided an unpreceded opportunity to test the relationship between earthquake hypocenters and the location of magma reservoirs. We performed density measurements on CO2-rich fluid in-clusions (FIs) hosted in olivine crystals that are highly sensitive to pressure via calibrated Raman spectroscopy. This technique can revolutionize our knowledge of magma storage and transport during an ongoing eruption, given that it can produce precise magma storage depth constraints in near real time with minimal sample prep-aration. Our FIs have CO2 recorded densities from 0.73 to 0.98 g/cm3, translating into depths of 15 to 27 km, which falls within the reported deep seismic zone recording the main melt storage reservoir.

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  • 107.
    Deegan, Frances
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Ist Nazil Geofisica & Vulcanol INGV, Via Vigna Murata 605, I-00143 Rome, Italy..
    Bedard, Jean H.
    Geol Survey Canada GSC Quebec, 490 Rue Couronne, Quebec City, PQ G1K 9A9, Canada..
    Grasby, Stephen E.
    Geol Survey Canada GSC Calgary, 3303-33 St NW, Calgary, AB T2L 2A7, Canada..
    Dewing, Keith
    Geol Survey Canada GSC Calgary, 3303-33 St NW, Calgary, AB T2L 2A7, Canada..
    Geiger, Harri
    Univ Freiburg, Inst Earth & Environm Sci, Albertsr 23B, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany..
    Misiti, Valeria
    Capriolo, Manfredo
    Univ Oslo, Ctr Earth Evolut & Dynam, Sem Saelands Vei 2A, N-0371 Oslo, Norway..
    Callegaro, Sara
    Univ Oslo, Ctr Earth Evolut & Dynam, Sem Saelands Vei 2A, N-0371 Oslo, Norway..
    Svensen, Henrik H.
    Univ Oslo, Ctr Earth Evolut & Dynam, Sem Saelands Vei 2A, N-0371 Oslo, Norway..
    Yakymchuk, Chris
    Univ Waterloo, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, 200 Univ Ave West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada..
    Aradi, Laszlo E.
    Eotvos Lorand Univ, Inst Geog & Earth Sci, Lithosphere Fluid Res Lab, Pazmany Peterstny 1C, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary..
    Freda, Carmela
    Ist Nazil Geofisica & Vulcanol INGV, Via Vigna Murata 605, I-00143 Rome, Italy.;European Res Infrastruct Consortium ERIC, European Plate Observing Syst EPOS, Via Vigna Murata 605, I-00143 Rome, Italy..
    Troll, Valentin R.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Ist Nazil Geofisica & Vulcanol INGV, Via Vigna Murata 605, I-00143 Rome, Italy..
    Magma-Shale Interaction in Large Igneous Provinces: Implications for Climate Warming and Sulfide Genesis2022Inngår i: Journal of Petrology, ISSN 0022-3530, E-ISSN 1460-2415, Vol. 63, nr 9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Large igneous provinces (LIPs) whose magma plumbing systems intersect sedimentary basins are linked to upheavals of Earths carbon and sulfur cycles and thus climate and life history. However, the underlying mechanistic links between these phenomena are elusive. We address this knowledge gap through short time-scale petrological experiments (1200 degrees C and 150 MPa) that explore interaction between basaltic melt and carbonaceous shale (mudstone) using starting materials from the Canadian High Arctic LIP and the Sverdrup Basin in which it intrudes. Here we show that entrainment of shale xenoliths in basaltic melt causes shale to shatter due to incipient thermal stress and devolatilization, which accelerates assimilation by increasing reactive surface area. Shale assimilation therefore facilitates transfer of sediment-derived volatile elements to LIP magma plumbing systems, whereupon carbon dominates the vapor phase while sulfur is partitioned into sulfide melt droplets. This study reveals that although carbon and sulfur are efficiently mobilized as a consequence of shale assimilation, sulfides can sequester sulfuran important climate cooling agentthus enhancing net emissions of climate warming greenhouse gases by shale-intersecting LIPs.

  • 108.
    Deegan, Frances
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Mineralogi, petrologi och tektonik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Callegaro, Sara
    Univ Oslo, Ctr Planetary Habitabil, Dept Geosci, Oslo, Norway.;Univ Oslo, Dept Geosci, Oslo, Norway..
    Davies, Joshua H. F. L.
    Univ Quebec Montreal Geotop, Dept Sci Terre & Atmosphere, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Svensen, Henrik H.
    Univ Oslo, Ctr Planetary Habitabil, Dept Geosci, Oslo, Norway..
    Driving Global Change One LIP at a Time2023Inngår i: Elements, ISSN 1811-5209, E-ISSN 1811-5217, Vol. 19, nr 5, s. 269-275Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Earth's history has been punctuated by extraordinary magmatic events that produced large igneous provinces (LIPs). Many LIPs induced global changes, including millennial-scale warming, terrestrial and oceanic mass extinctions, oceanic anoxic events, and even glaciations. Research over the past 20 years has shown that shallow crustal degassing is an important factor contributing to the environmental impact of LIPs. Contact metamorphism in sedimentary basins can generate huge gas volumes, and operates as a function of magma volume and the architecture of LIP plumbing systems. Numerous open questions remain concerning the role of LIPs in triggering rapid and lasting changes, whose answers require collaboration across geoscientific disciplines. In this issue, we present the status of five key research themes and discuss potential ways forward to better understanding these large-scale phenomena.

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  • 109.
    Deegan, Frances
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Pease, V.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Geol Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nobre Silva, I. G.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Geol Sci, Stockholm, Sweden.;Mem Univ Newfoundland, St John, NF, Canada..
    Bedard, J. H.
    Geol Survey Canada, CGC Quebec, Quebec City, PQ, Canada..
    Morris, G.
    Geol Survey Sweden, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Age and Geochemistry of High Arctic Large Igneous Province Tholeiitic Magmatism in NW Axel Heiberg Island, Canada2023Inngår i: Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, E-ISSN 1525-2027, Vol. 24, nr 11, artikkel-id e2023GC011083Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Cretaceous High Arctic Large Igneous Province (HALIP) in Canada involved extrusion of continental flood basalts (CFBs) at 130-120 Ma and 100-95 Ma and emplacement of an extensive sill and dike network that intersected the Carboniferous to Paleogene Sverdrup Basin. In this paper, we present new 40Ar/39Ar ages, major and trace elements, and Sr-Nd-Pb isotope ratios for HALIP lava, dikes, and sills from Bukken Fiord, NW Axel Heiberg Island, Canadian Arctic Islands. Our best constrained 40Ar/39Ar ages yield a weighted average of 124.1 ± 1 (2σ) Ma, coincident with the first pulse of tholeiitic CFB magmatism in the Arctic-wide HALIP as exemplified by Isachsen Formation flood basalts on Axel Heiberg Island. The Bukken Fiord samples are plagioclase and clinopyroxene-phyric tholeiitic basalts, are relatively evolved (3.2-6.5 wt% MgO), and share similar major and trace element compositions to typical HALIP tholeiites. Initial 143Nd/144Nd ranges from 0.51260 to 0.51291 and initial 87Sr/86Sr ranges from 0.70362 to 0.70776, while measured 206Pb/204Pb, 207Pb/204Pb, and 208Pb/204Pb range from 18.614 to 19.199, 15.534 to 15.630, and 38.404 to 39.054, respectively. The most primitive sample in this study has Sr-Nd-Pb isotope signatures that suggest an enriched plume-derived mantle source for HALIP tholeiites. Most samples, however, possess relatively radiogenic isotope signatures that can be explained by moderate degrees of assimilation of Sverdrup Basin sedimentary rocks. Magma-crust interaction in the HALIP plumbing system was likely widespread and may have increased the environmental impact of the HALIP, particularly if crustal carbon was volatilized.

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  • 110.
    Deegan, Frances
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Whitehouse, Martin J.
    Swedish Museum Nat Hist, Dept Geosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Troll, Valentin R.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Univ Padjajaran UNPAD, Fac Geol Engn, Bandung, Indonesia..
    Geiger, Harri
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Univ Freiburg, Inst Earth & Environm Sci, Freiburg, Germany..
    Jeon, Heejin
    Swedish Museum Nat Hist, Dept Geosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    le Roux, Petrus
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Geol Sci, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Harris, Chris
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Geol Sci, Cape Town, South Africa..
    van Helden, Marcel
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Earth Sci, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Gonzalez-Maurel, Osvaldo
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Geol Sci, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Sunda arc mantle source delta O-18 value revealed by intracrystal isotope analysis2021Inngår i: Nature Communications, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 12, artikkel-id 3930Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Magma plumbing systems underlying subduction zone volcanoes extend from the mantle through the overlying crust and facilitate protracted fractional crystallisation, assimilation, and mixing, which frequently obscures a clear view of mantle source compositions. In order to see through this crustal noise, we present intracrystal Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) delta O-18 values in clinopyroxene from Merapi, Kelut, Batur, and Agung volcanoes in the Sunda arc, Indonesia, under which the thickness of the crust decreases from ca. 30km at Merapi to <= 20km at Agung. Here we show that mean clinopyroxene delta O-18 values decrease concomitantly with crustal thickness and that lavas from Agung possess mantle-like He-Sr-Nd-Pb isotope ratios and clinopyroxene mean equilibrium melt delta O-18 values of 5.7 (+/- 0.2 1SD) indistinguishable from the delta O-18 range for Mid Ocean Ridge Basalt (MORB). The oxygen isotope composition of the mantle underlying the East Sunda Arc is therefore largely unaffected by subduction-driven metasomatism and may thus represent a sediment-poor arc end-member. Subduction zone volcanoes are underlain by extensive magma plumbing systems, which can obscure original mantle source signals. Here, the authors show that intra-crystal oxygen isotope analysis of clinopyroxenes from the Sunda arc (Indonesia) reveal the delta 18 O value of the sub-arc mantle.

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  • 111.
    Delannoy, Louis
    et al.
    Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Inria, LJK,STEEP, F-38000 Grenoble, France.;Petr Anal Ctr, Staball Hill, Ballydehob, West Cork, Ireland..
    Auzanneau, Matthieu
    Shift Project, 16-18 Rue Budapest, F-75009 Paris, France..
    Andrieu, Baptiste
    Shift Project, 16-18 Rue Budapest, F-75009 Paris, France.;Univ Grenoble Alpes, Univ Savoie Mt Blanc, Univ Gustave Eiffel, CNRS,IRD,ISTerre, F-38000 Grenoble, France..
    Vidal, Olivier
    Univ Grenoble Alpes, Univ Savoie Mt Blanc, Univ Gustave Eiffel, CNRS,IRD,ISTerre, F-38000 Grenoble, France..
    Longaretti, Pierre-Yves
    Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Inria, LJK,STEEP, F-38000 Grenoble, France.;Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, INSU, CS 40700, F-38052 Grenoble, France..
    Prados, Emmanuel
    Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Inria, LJK,STEEP, F-38000 Grenoble, France..
    Murphy, David J.
    St Lawrence Univ, Dept Environm Studies, 205 Mem Hall,23 Romoda Dr, Canton, NY 13617 USA..
    Bentley, Roger W.
    Petr Anal Ctr, Staball Hill, Ballydehob, West Cork, Ireland..
    Carbajales-Dale, Michael
    Clemson Univ, Environm Engn & Earth Sci, Clemson, SC 29634 USA..
    Raugei, Marco
    Oxford Brookes Univ, Sch Engn Comp & Math, Oxford OX33 1HX, England.;Columbia Univ, Ctr Life Cycle Assessment, New York, NY 10027 USA..
    Höök, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Court, Victor
    IFP Energies Nouvelles, IFP Sch, 1 & 4 Ave Bois Preau, F-92852 Rueil Malmaison, France.;Inst Louis Bachelier, Chair Energy & Prosper, 28 Pl Bourse, F-75002 Paris, France.;Univ Paris Cite, Lab Interdisciplinaire Energies Demain, 35 Rue Helene Br, F-75013 Paris, France..
    King, Carey W.
    Univ Texas Austin, Energy Inst, Austin, TX USA..
    Fizaine, Florian
    Univ Savoie Mt Blanc, IREGE, Annecy Le Vieux, France..
    Jacques, Pierre
    Catholic Univ Louvain, IMMC Inst Mech Mat & Civil Engn, B-1348 Louvain La Neuve, Belgium..
    Heun, Matthew Kuperus
    Calvin Univ, Engn Dept, 3201 Burton St SE, Grand Rapids, MI 49546 USA..
    Jackson, Andrew
    Univ Surrey, Guildford, England..
    Guay-Boutet, Charles
    McGill Univ, Dept Nat Resource Sci, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Aramendia, Emmanuel
    Univ Leeds, Sustainabil Res Inst, Sch Earth & Environm, Leeds LS2 9JT, England..
    Wang, Jianliang
    China Univ Petr, Sch Econ & Management, Beijing, Peoples R China.;China Univ Petr, Res Ctr Chinas Oil & Gas Ind Dev, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Le Boulzec, Hugo
    Univ Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble Appl Econ Lab GAEL, CNRS, INRAE,Grenoble INP, F-38000 Grenoble, France..
    Hall, Charles A. S.
    State Univ New York, SUNY Coll Environm Sci & Forestry, Syracuse, NY 13210 USA..
    Emerging consensus on net energy paves the way for improved integrated assessment modeling2024Inngår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 11-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Extracting, processing, and delivering energy requires energy itself, which reduces the net energy available to society and yields considerable socioeconomic implications. Yet, most mitigation pathways and transition models overlook net energy feedbacks, specifically related to the decline in the quality of fossil fuel deposits, as well as energy requirements of the energy transition. Here, we summarize our position across 8 key points that converge to form a prevailing understanding regarding EROI (Energy Return on Investment), identify areas of investigation for the Net Energy Analysis community, discuss the consequences of net energy in the context of the energy transition, and underline the issues of disregarding it. Particularly, we argue that reductions in net energy can hinder the transition if demand-side measures are not implemented and adopted to limit energy consumption. We also point out the risks posed for the energy transition in the Global South, which, while being the least responsible for climate change, may be amongst the most impacted by both the climate crisis and net energy contraction. Last, we present practical avenues to consider net energy in mitigation pathways and Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs), emphasizing the necessity of fostering collaborative efforts among our different research communities.

  • 112. Demidova, S. , I
    et al.
    Whitehouse, M. J.
    Swedish Museum Nat Hist, Dept Geosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Merle, Renaud E.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Nemchin, A. A.
    Swedish Museum Nat Hist, Dept Geosci, Stockholm, Sweden.;Curtin Univ, Dept Appl Geol, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Kenny, G. G.
    Swedish Museum Nat Hist, Dept Geosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Brandstatter, F.
    Nat Hist Museum, Dept Mineral & Petrog, Vienna, Austria..
    Ntaflos, Th
    Univ Vienna, Dept Lithospher Res, Vienna, Austria..
    Dobryden, I
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden..
    A micrometeorite from a stony asteroid identified in Luna 16 soil2022Inngår i: Nature Astronomy, E-ISSN 2397-3366, Vol. 6, nr 5, s. 560-567Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the intense cratering history of the Moon, very few traces of meteoritic material have been identified in the more than 380 kg of samples returned to Earth by the Apollo and Luna missions. Here we show that an similar to 200-mu m-sized fragment collected by the Luna 16 mission has extra-lunar origins and probably originates from an LL chondrite with similar properties to near-Earth stony asteroids. The fragment has not experienced temperatures higher than 400 degrees C since its protolith formed early in the history of the Solar System. It arrived on the Moon, either as a micrometeorite or as the result of the break-up of a bigger impact, no earlier than 3.4 Gyr ago and possibly around 1Gyr ago, an age that would be consistent with impact ages inferred from basaltic fragments in the Luna 16 sample and of a known dynamic upheaval in the Flora asteroid family, which is thought to be the source of L and LL chondrite meteorites. These results highlight the importance of extra-lunar fragments in constraining the impact history of the Earth-Moon system and suggest that material from LL chondrite asteroids may be an important component.

  • 113. Dong, Xiucheng
    et al.
    Guo, Jie
    Höök, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Pi, Guanglin
    Sustainability Assessment of the Natural Gas Industry in China Using Principal Component Analysis2015Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 7, nr 5, s. 6102-6118Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Under pressure toward carbon emission reduction and air protection, China has accelerated energy restructuring by greatly improving the supply and consumption of natural gas in recent years. However, several issues with the sustainable development of the natural gas industry in China still need in-depth discussion. Therefore, based on the fundamental ideas of sustainable development, industrial development theories and features of the natural gas industry, a sustainable development theory is proposed in this thesis. The theory consists of five parts: resource, market, enterprise, technology and policy. The five parts, which unite for mutual connection and promotion, push the gas industry's development forward together. Furthermore, based on the theoretical structure, the Natural Gas Industry Sustainability Index in China is established and evaluated via the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method. Finally, a conclusion is reached: that the sustainability of the natural gas industry in China kept rising from 2008 to 2013, mainly benefiting from increasing supply and demand, the enhancement of enterprise profits, technological innovation, policy support and the optimization and reformation of the gas market.

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  • 114.
    Dornelles, Andre Z.
    et al.
    Univ Reading, Sch Biol Sci, Reading, Berks, England.;Univ Reading, Henley Business Sch, Dept Real Estate & Planning, Reading, Berks, England..
    Boyd, Emily
    Lund Univ, Ctr Sustainabil Studies LUCSUS, Lund, Sweden..
    Nunes, Richard J.
    Univ Reading, Henley Business Sch, Dept Real Estate & Planning, Reading, Berks, England..
    Asquith, Mike
    European Environm Agcy EEA, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Boonstra, Wiebren J.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Delabre, Izabela
    Univ Sussex, Sussex Sustainabil Res Programme, Brighton, E Sussex, England.;Zool Soc London ZSL, London, England..
    Denney, J. Michael
    Univ Massachusetts, Ctr Governance & Sustainabil, Boston, MA 02125 USA..
    Grimm, Volker
    UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Ecol Modelling, Leipzig, Germany.;Univ Potsdam, Plant Ecol & Nat Conservat, Potsdam, Germany..
    Jentsch, Anke
    Univ Bayreuth, Bayreuth Ctr Ecol & Environm Res BayCEER, Bayreuth, Germany..
    Nicholas, Kimberly A.
    Lund Univ, Ctr Sustainabil Studies LUCSUS, Lund, Sweden..
    Schroter, Matthias
    UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Computat Landscape Ecol, Leipzig, Germany..
    Seppelt, Ralf
    UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Computat Landscape Ecol, Leipzig, Germany.;Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Geosci & Geog, Halle, Saale, Germany.;German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany..
    Settele, Josef
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.;UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Community Ecol, Leipzig, Germany.;Univ Philippines, Coll Arts & Sci, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines..
    Shackelford, Nancy
    Univ Colorado, Inst Arctic & Alpine Res, Boulder, CO 80309 USA..
    Standish, Rachel J.
    Murdoch Univ, Environm & Conservat Sci, Murdoch, WA, Australia..
    Yengoh, Genesis Tambang
    Lund Univ, Ctr Sustainabil Studies LUCSUS, Lund, Sweden..
    Oliver, Tom H.
    Univ Reading, Sch Biol Sci, Reading, Berks, England..
    Towards a bridging concept for undesirable resilience in social-ecological systems2020Inngår i: Global Sustainability, E-ISSN 2059-4798, Vol. 3, artikkel-id e20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Non-technical summary Resilience is a cross-disciplinary concept that is relevant for understanding the sustainability of the social and environmental conditions in which we live. Most research normatively focuses on building or strengthening resilience, despite growing recognition of the importance of breaking the resilience of, and thus transforming, unsustainable social-ecological systems. Undesirable resilience (cf. lock-ins, social-ecological traps), however, is not only less explored in the academic literature, but its understanding is also more fragmented across different disciplines. This disparity can inhibit collaboration among researchers exploring interdependent challenges in sustainability sciences. In this article, we propose that the term lock-in may contribute to a common understanding of undesirable resilience across scientific fields. Technical summary Resilience is an extendable concept that bridges the social and life sciences. Studies increasingly interpret resilience normatively as a desirable property of social-ecological systems, despite growing awareness of resilient properties leading to social and ecological degradation, vulnerability or barriers that hinder sustainability transformations (i.e., 'undesirable' resilience). This is the first study to qualify, quantify and compare the conceptualization of 'desirable' and 'undesirable' resilience across academic disciplines. Our literature analysis found that various synonyms are used to denote undesirable resilience (e.g., path dependency, social-ecological traps, institutional inertia). Compared to resilience as a desirable property, research on undesirable resilience is substantially less frequent and scattered across distinct scientific fields. Amongst synonyms for undesirable resilience, the term lock-in is more frequently and evenly used across academic disciplines. We propose that lock-in therefore has the potential to reconcile diverse interpretations of the mechanisms that constrain system transformation - explicitly and coherently addressing characteristics of reversibility and plausibility - and thus enabling integrative understanding of social-ecological system dynamics. Social media summary 'Lock-in' as a bridging concept for interdisciplinary understanding of barriers to desirable sustainability transitions.

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  • 115.
    Dornelles, Andre Zuanazzi
    et al.
    Univ Reading, Sch Biol Sci, Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Hlth & Life Sci Bldg, Reading RG6 6AS, Berks, England.;Univ Reading, Henley Business Sch, Dept Real Estate & Planning, Reading, Berks, England..
    Boonstra, Wiebren J.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Delabre, Izabela
    Birkbeck Univ London, Dept Geog, London, England..
    Denney, J. Michael
    Univ Massachusetts, Ctr Governance & Sustainabil, Boston, MA USA..
    Nunes, Richard J.
    Univ Reading, Henley Business Sch, Dept Real Estate & Planning, Reading, Berks, England..
    Jentsch, Anke
    Univ Bayreuth, Bayreuth Ctr Ecol & Environm Res BayCEER, Disturbance Ecol & Vegetat Dynam, Bayreuth, Germany..
    Nicholas, Kimberly A.
    Lund Univ Ctr Sustainabil Studies LUCSUS, Lund, Sweden..
    Schröter, Matthias
    Leuphana Univ Luneburg, Fac Sustainabil, Social Ecol Syst Inst, Univ Allee 1, D-21335 Luneburg, Germany.;UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Computat Landscape Ecol, Leipzig, Germany..
    Seppelt, Ralf
    UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Computat Landscape Ecol, Leipzig, Germany.;Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Geosci & Geog, Halle, Saale, Germany.;German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany..
    Settele, Josef
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.;UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Conservat Biol, Halle, Germany.;Univ Philippines, Coll Arts & Sci, Inst Biol Sci, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines..
    Shackelford, Nancy
    Univ Colorado, Inst Arctic & Alpine Res, Boulder, CO 80309 USA..
    Standish, Rachel J.
    Murdoch Univ, Environm & Conservat Sci, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Oliver, Tom H.
    Univ Reading, Sch Biol Sci, Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Hlth & Life Sci Bldg, Reading RG6 6AS, Berks, England..
    Transformation archetypes in global food systems2022Inngår i: Sustainability Science, ISSN 1862-4065, E-ISSN 1862-4057, Vol. 17, nr 5, s. 1827-1840Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Food systems are primary drivers of human and environmental health, but the understanding of their diverse and dynamic co-transformation remains limited. We use a data-driven approach to disentangle different development pathways of national food systems (i.e. 'transformation archetypes') based on historical, intertwined trends of food system structure (agricultural inputs and outputs and food trade), and social and environmental outcomes (malnutrition, biosphere integrity, and greenhouse gases emissions) for 161 countries, from 1995 to 2015. We found that whilst agricultural total factor productivity has consistently increased globally, a closer analysis suggests a typology of three transformation archetypes across countries: rapidly expansionist, expansionist, and consolidative. Expansionist and rapidly expansionist archetypes increased in agricultural area, synthetic fertilizer use, and gross agricultural output, which was accompanied by malnutrition, environmental pressures, and lasting socioeconomic disadvantages. The lowest rates of change in key structure metrics were found in the consolidative archetype. Across all transformation archetypes, agricultural greenhouse gases emissions, synthetic fertilizer use, and ecological footprint of consumption increased faster than the expansion of agricultural area, and obesity levels increased more rapidly than undernourishment decreased. The persistence of these unsustainable trajectories occurred independently of improvements in productivity. Our results underscore the importance of quantifying the multiple human and environmental dimensions of food systems transformations and can serve as a starting point to identify potential leverage points for sustainability transformations. More attention is thus warranted to alternative development pathways able of delivering equitable benefits to both productivity and to human and environmental health.

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  • 116.
    Duffy, J. Emmett
    et al.
    Smithsonian Inst, Edgewater, MD 21037 USA.
    Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro
    Univ Pisa, Dept Biol, Pisa, Italy;CoNISMa, Pisa, Italy.
    Trinanes, Joaquin
    Univ Santiago de Compostela, Inst Invest Tecnolox, Santiago, Spain;NOAA, Phys Oceanog Div, Atlantic Oceanog & Meteorol Lab, Miami, FL USA;Univ Miami, Rosenstiel Sch Marine & Atmospher Sci, Cooperat Inst Marine & Atmospher Studies, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL 33149 USA.
    Muller-Karger, Frank E.
    Univ S Florida, Coll Marine Sci, St Petersburg, FL USA.
    Ambo-Rappe, Rohani
    Hasanuddin Univ, Dept Marine Sci, Makassar, Indonesia.
    Boström, Christoffer
    Abo Akad Univ, Fac Sci & Engn, Environm & Marine Biol, Turku, Finland.
    Buschmann, Alejandro H.
    Univ Los Lagos, Ctr I Mar, Puerto Montt, Chile;Univ Los Lagos, Ctr Biotecnol & Bioingn CeBiB, Puerto Montt, Chile.
    Byrnes, Jarrett
    Univ Massachusetts, Dept Biol, Boston, MA 02125 USA.
    Coles, Robert G.
    James Cook Univ, Ctr Trop Water & Aquat Ecosyst Res, Douglas, Qld, Australia.
    Creed, Joel
    Univ Estado Rio de Janeiro, Dept Ecol, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.
    Cullen-Unsworth, Leanne C.
    Cardiff Univ, Sustainable Pl Res Inst, Cardiff, S Glam, Wales.
    Diaz-Pulido, Guillermo
    Griffith Univ, Sch Environm & Sci, Brisbane, Qld, Australia;Griffith Univ, Australian Rivers Inst Coast & Estuaries, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
    Duarte, Carlos M.
    King Abdullah Univ Sci & Technol, Red Sea Res Ctr, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.
    Edgar, Graham J.
    Univ Tasmania, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
    Fortes, Miguel
    Univ Philippines, Marine Sci Inst CS, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Goni, Gustavo
    NOAA, Atlantic Oceanog & Meteorol Lab, Miami, FL 33149 USA.
    Hu, Chuanmin
    Univ S Florida, Coll Marine Sci, St Petersburg, FL USA.
    Huang, Xiaoping
    Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
    Hurd, Catriona L.
    Univ Tasmania, Inst Marine & Antarctic Studies, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
    Johnson, Craig
    Univ Tasmania, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
    Konar, Brenda
    Univ Alaska Fairbanks, Coll Fisheries & Ocean Sci, Fairbanks, AK USA.
    Krause-Jensen, Dorte
    Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Silkeborg, Denmark;Aarhus Univ, Arctic Res Ctr, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Krumhansl, Kira
    Bedford Inst Oceanog, Dartmouth, NS, Canada.
    Macreadie, Peter
    Deakin Univ, Ctr Integrat Ecol, Burwood, Vic, Australia.
    Marsh, Helene
    James Cook Univ, Div Trop Environm & Soc, Townsville, Qld, Australia.
    McKenzie, Len J.
    James Cook Univ, Ctr Trop Water & Aquat Ecosyst Res, Douglas, Qld, Australia.
    Mieszkowska, Nova
    Marine Biol Assoc UK, Plymouth, Devon, England.
    Miloslavich, Patricia
    Univ Tasmania, Inst Marine & Antarctic Studies, Hobart, Tas, Australia;Univ Simon Bolivar, Dept Estudios Ambientales, Caracas, Venezuela.
    Montes, Enrique
    Univ S Florida, Coll Marine Sci, St Petersburg, FL USA.
    Nakaoka, Masahiro
    Hokkaido Univ, Akkeshi Marine Stn, Field Sci Ctr Northern Biosphere, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.
    Norderhaug, Kjell Magnus
    IMR, Bergen, Norway.
    Nordlund, Lina M.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Orth, Robert J.
    Virginia Inst Marine Sci, Coll William & Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062 USA.
    Prathep, Anchana
    Pince Songkla Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Biol, Hat Yai, Thailand.
    Putman, Nathan F.
    LGL Ecol Res Associates, Bryan, TX USA.
    Samper-Villarreal, Jimena
    Univ Costa Rica, Ctr Invest Ciencias Mar & Limnol, San Jose, CA USA.
    Serrao, Ester A.
    Univ Algarve, Ctr Marine Sci CCMAR, Interdisciplinary Ctr Marine & Environm Res CIMAR, Faro, Portugal.
    Short, Frederick
    Univ New Hampshire, Nat Resources & Environm, Durham, NH 03824 USA.
    Pinto, Isabel Sousa
    Univ Porto, Fac Sci, Interdisciplinary Ctr Marine & Environm Res CIIMA, Porto, Portugal.
    Steinberg, Peter
    Sydney Inst Marine Sci, Mosman, NSW, Australia.
    Stuart-Smith, Rick
    Univ Tasmania, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
    Unsworth, Richard K. F.
    Swansea Univ, Seagrass Ecosyst Res Grp, Swansea, W Glam, Wales.
    van Keulen, Mike
    Murdoch Univ, Ctr Sustainable Aquat Ecosyst Environm & Conserva, Murdoch, WA, Australia.
    van Tussenbroek, Brigitta, I
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, ICML, Puerto Morelos, Mexico.
    Wang, Mengqiu
    Univ S Florida, Coll Marine Sci, St Petersburg, FL USA.
    Waycott, Michelle
    Univ Adelaide, Dept Environm & Water, Adelaide, SA, Australia;State Herbarium South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
    Weatherdon, Lauren, V
    UN Environm World Conservat Monitoring Ctr, Cambridge, England.
    Wernberg, Thomas
    Univ Western Australia, Oceans Inst, Perth, WA, Australia;Univ Western Australia, Sch Biol Sci, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Yaakub, Siti Maryam
    DHI Water & Environm, Ecol Habitats & Proc Dept, Singapore, Singapore.
    Toward a Coordinated Global Observing System for Seagrasses and Marine Macroalgae2019Inngår i: Frontiers in Marine Science, E-ISSN 2296-7745, Vol. 6, artikkel-id 317Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In coastal waters around the world, the dominant primary producers are benthic macrophytes, including seagrasses and macroalgae, that provide habitat structure and food for diverse and abundant biological communities and drive ecosystem processes. Seagrass meadows and macroalgal forests play key roles for coastal societies, contributing to fishery yields, storm protection, biogeochemical cycling and storage, and important cultural values. These socio-economically valuable services are threatened worldwide by human activities, with substantial areas of seagrass and macroalgal forests lost over the last half-century. Tracking the status and trends in marine macrophyte cover and quality is an emerging priority for ocean and coastal management, but doing so has been challenged by limited coordination across the numerous efforts to monitor macrophytes, which vary widely in goals, methodologies, scales, capacity, governance approaches, and data availability. Here, we present a consensus assessment and recommendations on the current state of and opportunities for advancing global marine macrophyte observations, integrating contributions from a community of researchers with broad geographic and disciplinary expertise. With the increasing scale of human impacts, the time is ripe to harmonize marine macrophyte observations by building on existing networks and identifying a core set of common metrics and approaches in sampling design, field measurements, governance, capacity building, and data management. We recommend a tiered observation system, with improvement of remote sensing and remote underwater imaging to expand capacity to capture broad-scale extent at intervals of several years, coordinated with strati fied in situ sampling annually to characterize the key variables of cover and taxonomic or functional group composition, and to provide ground-truth. A robust networked system of macrophyte observations will be facilitated by establishing best practices, including standard protocols, documentation, and sharing of resources at all stages of work flow, and secure archiving of open-access data. Because such a network is necessarily distributed, sustaining it depends on close engagement of local stakeholders and focusing on building and long-term maintenance of local capacity, particularly in the developing world. Realizing these recommendations will producemore effective, efficient, and responsive observing, a more accurate global picture of change in vegetated coastal systems, and stronger international capacity for sustaining observations.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 117.
    Dymek, Jakub
    et al.
    Jagiellonian Univ, Fac Biol, Inst Zool & Biomed Res, Dept Comparat Anat, Gronostajowa 9, PL-30387 Krakow, Poland.
    Rosenqvist, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Kuciel, Michal
    Jagiellonian Univ, Fac Med, Poison Informat Ctr, Dept Toxicol & Environm Dis, Krakow, Poland.
    Lauriano, Eugenia Rita
    Univ Messina, Dept Chem Biol Pharmaceut & Environm Sci, Messina, Italy.
    Capillo, Gioele
    Univ Messina, Dept Vet Sci, Messina, Italy.
    Zaccone, Giacomo
    Univ Messina, Dept Biomed & Dent Sci & Morphofunct Imaging, Messina, Italy.
    Zuwala, Krystyna
    Jagiellonian Univ, Fac Biol, Inst Zool & Biomed Res, Dept Comparat Anat, Gronostajowa 9, PL-30387 Krakow, Poland.
    Micro- and macro-morphology of the olfactory organ of Syngnathus typhle (Syngnathidae, Actinopterygii)2021Inngår i: Acta Zoologica, ISSN 0001-7272, E-ISSN 1463-6395, Vol. 102, nr 2, s. 206-219Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Herein, we describe the micro- and macro-morphology of the olfactory organ in broad-nosed pipefish (Syngnathus typhle) with a comparison of this organ between males and females during breeding season. With 8 adult males, 8 females, and 7 pregnant males collected during the breeding season from the Baltic sea as our samples, our research was conducted using light and electron (TEM, SEM) microscopes and immunohistochemistry methods to distinguish the olfactory sensory neurons. The interior of the olfactory chamber lacked an olfactory rosette. Instead, olfactory receptor epithelium covered the inner walls of the olfactory chamber and, to varying degrees, the inside of the anterior and posterior nostrils. All types of olfactory sensory neurons (ciliated, microvillus, and crypt) were present within the olfactory sensory epithelium, although the crypt sensory neurons were limited to the pregnant and non-pregnant males). The olfactory sensory neurons were present in the areas where the density of the non-sensory epithelium cells was reduced. No significant differences in morphology of the olfactory organ between sexes were found. Nevertheless, only in males crypt sensory neurons were presented in olfactory epithelium, which indicates that sense of smell could play a little role during mating.

  • 118.
    Eadson, Will
    et al.
    Sheffield Hallam Univ, Ctr Reg Econ & Social Res CRESR, Howard St, Sheffield S1 1WB, S Yorkshire, England..
    van Veelen, Bregje
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Assemblage-democracy: Reconceptualising democracy through material resource governance2021Inngår i: Political Geography, ISSN 0962-6298, E-ISSN 1873-5096, Vol. 88, artikkel-id 102403Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article furthers political geographic thinking on democracy by generating and employing a conceptualisation of & lsquo;assemblage-democracy & rsquo;. Bringing an assemblage perspective to democratic thinking brings to the fore three key dimensions: the co-constitution of material and non-material connections; connectivity and associations, in particular engagement with multiple heterogeneous & lsquo;minoritarian & rsquo; publics; and the (re)construction of spatial configurations such as scale. We employ these three dimensions of materiality, publics, and scale, in combination with the concept of (de)territorialisation to produce a geographic conceptualisation of democracy as emergent, precarious, and plural. We operationalise and refine the concept of assemblage-democracy through an empirical analysis of democratic experiments with energy resources. Specifically, we analyse negotiations involved in emergent democratic energy experiments through in-depth qualitative empirical study of community-owned energy projects in the UK, asking what kind of democracy emerges with new technologies and how? In answering this question, we demonstrate the fragile, contingent, and contested nature of democratic practices and connections produced in the (re)enactment of energy infrastructures. In doing so, this article also shows how an assemblage lens can offer a renewed understanding of how democratic politics is configured through material resource governance.

  • 119.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Shoemaker, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Gillson, Lindsey
    Univ Cape Town, Plant Conservat Unit, Bot Dept, Private Bag X3, ZA-7701 Rondebosch, South Africa.
    Lane, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi. Univ Cambridge, Dept Archaeol, Downing St, Cambridge CB2 3DZ, England;Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Geog Archaeol & Environm Studies, ZA-2000 Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Lindholm, Karl-Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Conservation through Biocultural Heritage-Examples from Sub-Saharan Africa2019Inngår i: Land, E-ISSN 2073-445X, Vol. 8, nr 1, artikkel-id 5Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we review the potential of biocultural heritage in biodiversity protection and agricultural innovation in sub-Saharan Africa. We begin by defining the concept of biocultural heritage into four interlinked elements that are revealed through integrated landscape analysis. This concerns the transdisciplinary methods whereby biocultural heritage must be explored, and here we emphasise that reconstructing landscape histories and documenting local heritage values needs to be an integral part of the process. Ecosystem memories relate to the structuring of landscape heterogeneity through such activities as agroforestry and fire management. The positive linkages between living practices, biodiversity and soil nutrients examined here are demonstrative of the concept of ecosystem memories. Landscape memories refer to built or enhanced landscapes linked to specific land-use systems and property rights. Place memories signify practices of protection or use related to a specific place. Customary protection of burial sites and/or abandoned settlements, for example, is a common occurrence across Africa with beneficial outcomes for biodiversity and forest protection. Finally, we discuss stewardship and change. Building on local traditions, inclusivity and equity are essential to promoting the continuation and innovation of practices crucial for local sustainability and biodiversity protection, and also offer new avenues for collaboration in landscape management and conservation.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 120. Ekström, Hanna
    et al.
    Danley, Brian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Clough, Yann
    Droste, Nils
    Barking up the wrong tree?: A guide to forest owner typology methods2024Inngår i: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 163, artikkel-id 103208Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Creating typologies of forest owners is a common approach for analyzing and understanding heterogeneity in responses to forest policies and management practice uptake. While many forest owner typologies have been developed, only a few quantitative methods dominate the field with little information on how methodological choice affects outcomes. In this study we compare five methods for quantitative typology formation and ask what type of information each method provides, and to which degree the methods complement each other. Empirically we use data from a survey conducted in 2014–2015 about Swedish forest owner's objectives, attitudes, and factors of decision-making. The results show that individual forest owners are assigned to different clusters by the compared methods, and how each method highlights different aspects of forest owner characteristics. The study shows the importance of method selection as it influences how we can describe and interpret forest owners in connection to policy adoption, uptake of practices, and environmental awareness. We conclude by providing basis for a methodological guidance on how to make judgments when selecting method(s) to typology formation based on research purpose and approach. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 121.
    Eriksson, Björn
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Johansson, Frank
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för ekologi och genetik, Zooekologi.
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Socio-economic impacts of marine conservation efforts in three Indonesian fishing communities2019Inngår i: Marine Policy, ISSN 0308-597X, E-ISSN 1872-9460, Vol. 103, s. 59-67Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Numerous conservation initiatives have been undertaken to protect large marine animals by legal protection and implementing marine protected areas (MPAs). Despite these efforts, many marine animals are still threatened, partly due to lack of compliance with conservation regulations. Meanwhile, research suggests that conservation efforts which also take socio-economic factors such as fishermen's livelihoods into account during planning and implementation are more likely to succeed. This study examined the compliance and socio-economic situation of local fishing communities at three sites in Indonesia (Nusa Penida, Tanjung Luar and Komodo National Park) where shark and manta ray conservation efforts have been implemented. 59 local residents were interviewed. The results showed that 49% of those residents had experienced a deterioration and 37% an improvement in their economic situation since conservation efforts in the form of species protection or MPAs were implemented in their area. The economic situation of the residents was associated with their access to alternative livelihoods, access to information on conservation rules, and relationship with conservation authorities. Particularly, interviewees with easier access to alternative income and a positive relationship with conservation authorities also experienced an increase in their economy. In addition, compliance with conservation efforts was positively related to improved economic situation, access to alternative livelihoods and information on conservation rules. These factors all differed among the three study sites, leading to different compliance levels between sites. The results of this study indicate the importance of considering socio-economic factors and of involving local communities when planning and implementing conservation efforts.

  • 122.
    Ermgassen, Philine S. E. Zu
    et al.
    Univ Edinburgh, Sch Geosci, Grant Inst, Changing Oceans Grp, Kings Bldg, Edinburgh EH9 3FE, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Mukherjee, Nibedita
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, David Attenborough Bldg,Pembroke St, Cambridge CB2 3QZ, England..
    Worthington, Thomas A.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, David Attenborough Bldg,Pembroke St, Cambridge CB2 3QZ, England..
    Acosta, Alejandro
    Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservat Commiss, Fish & Wildlife Res Inst, 2796 Overseas Hwy, Marathon, FL 33050 USA..
    da Rocha Araujo, Ana Rosa
    Univ Fed Sergipe, Dept Fishery Engn & Aquaculture, Sao Cristovao, SE, Brazil..
    Beitl, Christine M.
    Univ Maine, Dept Anthropol, 5773 S Stevens Hall,228A, Orono, ME 04469 USA..
    Castellanos-Galindo, Gustavo A.
    Smithsonian Trop Res Inst STRI, Panama City, Panama.;Leibniz Ctr Trop Marine Res ZMT, Bremen, Germany.;Ctr Trop Marine Res ZMT, Fahrenheitstr 6, D-28358 Bremen, Germany..
    Cunha-Lignon, Marilia
    Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Fishery Engn, UNESP, Campus Registro, BR-1190000 Registro, SP, Brazil..
    Dahdouh-Guebas, Farid
    Univ Libre Bruxelles ULB, Dept Biol Organismes, Lab Syst Ecol & Resource Management, Av FD Roosevelt 50,CPi 264-1, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.;Vrije Univ Brussel VUB, Biol Dept, Lab Plant Biol & Nat Management, VUB APNA WE,Ecol & Biodivers, Pl Laan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..
    Diele, Karen
    Edinburgh Napier Univ, Sch Appl Sci, Edinburgh EH11 4BN, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Parrett, Cara L.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Engn, Cambridge, England..
    Dwyer, Patrick G.
    DPI Fisheries, Coastal Syst, 1243 Bruxner Hwy, Wollongbar, NSW 2477, Australia..
    Gair, Jonathan R.
    Univ Edinburgh, Sch Math, Kings Bldg,Peter Guthrie Tait Rd, Edinburgh EH9 3FD, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Johnson, Andrew Frederick
    MarFishEco Fisheries Consultants, 3 F9 Antigua St, Edinburgh EH1 3NH, Midlothian, Scotland.;Heriot Watt Univ, Lyell Ctr, Sch Energy Geosci Infrastruct & Soc, Inst Life & Earth Sci, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Kuguru, Baraka
    Tanzania Fisheries Res Inst, POB 9750, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania..
    Lobo, Aaron Savio
    IUCN SSC Marine Conservat Comm, Colombo, Sri Lanka..
    Loneragan, Neil R.
    Murdoch Univ, Coll SHEE, Environm & Conservat Sci, South St, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia.;Murdoch Univ, Harry Butler Inst, South St, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia..
    Longley-Wood, Kate
    Nature Conservancy, 1815 N Lynn St, Arlington, VA USA..
    Mendonca, Jocemar Tomasino
    Inst Pesca, Nucleo Pesquisa Litoral, Av Besnard S-N, BR-11990000 Cananeia, SP, Brazil..
    Meynecke, Jan-Olaf
    Griffith Univ, Griffith Ctr Coastal Management & Australian Rive, Gold Coast, Qld 4222, Australia..
    Mandal, Roland Nathan
    Ctr Environm & Geog Informat Serv, Agr & Fisheries Div, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Munga, Cosmas Nzaka
    Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Geog, Dept Geog & Environm Studies, ZA-2050 Johannesburg, South Africa.;Tech Univ Mombasa, Dept Environm & Hlth Sci, Marine & Fisheries Program, POB 90420-80100, Mombasa, Kenya..
    Reguero, Borja G.
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Inst Marine Sci, 115 McAllister Way, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
    Rönnbäck, Patrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Thorley, Julia
    GIS Consultant, Penzance, Cornwall, England..
    Wolff, Matthias
    Ctr Trop Marine Res ZMT, Fahrenheitstr 6, D-28358 Bremen, Germany..
    Spalding, Mark
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, David Attenborough Bldg,Pembroke St, Cambridge CB2 3QZ, England.;Univ Siena, Dept Phys Earth & Environm Sci, Nat Conservancy, I-53100 Siena, Italy..
    Fishers who rely on mangroves: Modelling and mapping the global intensity of mangrove-associated fisheries2021Inngår i: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, ISSN 0272-7714, E-ISSN 1096-0015, Vol. 248, artikkel-id 107159Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mangroves are critical nursery habitats for fish and invertebrates, providing livelihoods for many coastal communities. Despite their importance, there is currently no estimate of the number of fishers engaged in mangrove associated fisheries, nor of the fishing intensity associated with mangroves at a global scale. We address these gaps by developing a global model of mangrove associated fisher numbers and mangrove fishing intensity. To develop the model, we undertook a three-round Delphi process with mangrove fisheries experts to identify the key drivers of mangrove fishing intensity. We then developed a conceptual model of intensity of mangrove fishing using those factors identified both as being important and for which appropriate global data could be found or developed. These factors were non-urban population, distance to market, distance to mangroves and other fishing grounds, and storm events. By projecting this conceptual model using geospatial datasets, we were able to estimate the number and distribution of mangrove associated fishers and the intensity of fishing in mangroves. We estimate there are 4.1 million mangrove associated fishers globally, with the highest number of mangrove fishers found in Indonesia, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Brazil. Mangrove fishing intensity was greatest throughout Asia, and to a lesser extent West and Central Africa, and Central and South America.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 123.
    Evans, Katy
    et al.
    Curtin Univ, Sch Earth & Planetary Sci, GPO Box U1985, Perth, WA 6845, Australia..
    Reddy, Steven M.
    Curtin Univ, Sch Earth & Planetary Sci, GPO Box U1985, Perth, WA 6845, Australia..
    Merle, Renaud
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Fougerouse, Denis
    Curtin Univ, Sch Earth & Planetary Sci, GPO Box U1985, Perth, WA 6845, Australia..
    Rickard, William D. A.
    Curtin Univ, John Laeter Ctr, GPO Box U1985, Perth, WA 6845, Australia..
    Saxey, David W.
    Curtin Univ, John Laeter Ctr, GPO Box U1985, Perth, WA 6845, Australia..
    Park, Jung-Woo
    Seoul Natl Univ, Sch Earth & Environm Sci, Seoul 08826, South Korea..
    Doucet, Luc
    Curtin Univ, Sch Earth & Planetary Sci, GPO Box U1985, Perth, WA 6845, Australia..
    Jourdan, Fred
    Curtin Univ, Sch Earth & Planetary Sci, GPO Box U1985, Perth, WA 6845, Australia..
    The origin of platinum group minerals in oceanic crust2023Inngår i: Geology, ISSN 0091-7613, E-ISSN 1943-2682, Vol. 51, nr 6, s. 554-558Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Highly siderophile elements (HSEs), including Re and Os, are used extensively as geochemical tracers and geochronometers to investigate the formation and evolution of Earth's crust and mantle. Mantle rocks are commonly serpentinized, but the effect of serpentinization on the distribution of HSEs is controversial because HSEs are commonly hosted by rare, micrometer to sub-micrometer-scale grains of platinum group minerals (PGMs) of ambiguous origin that are challenging to identify, characterize, and interpret. In this study, atom probe tomography (APT) is used to characterize two spatially close PGM grains hosted by a partially serpentinized harzburgite from Macquarie Island, Australia. The APT data reveal an extraordinary level of detail that provides insights into the origin of a complex Cu-Pt alloy grain (average composition similar to Cu4Pt). The grain hosts Fe-, Ni-, and Pt-rich sub-grains associated with Rh, variably overlapping networks of Pd-and Cd-enrichment, and OH-rich volumes identified as fluid inclusions. Osmium and Ru are hosted by an idioblastic laurite (RuS2) grain. Compositional, textural, and phase-diagram constraints are consistent with a modified pre-serpentinization origin for the PGMs, and a comparison between observed and calculated grain distributions indicate that while Os isotope ratios were probably unaffected by serpentinization, whole-rock and grain-scale HSE and isotopic ratios may have been decoupled during serpentinization.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 124.
    Facer, Keri
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Nomi Claire Lazar, Out of Joint: Power, Crisis and the Rhetoric of Time2020Inngår i: Time & Society, ISSN 0961-463X, E-ISSN 1461-7463, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 916-919, artikkel-id 0961463X20908746Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 125.
    Facer, Keri
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. University of Bristol.
    Holmberg, John
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Granjou, Celine
    University of Grenoble.
    Siebers, Johan
    Middlesex University.
    Barrineau, Susanna
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Mandy, Laila
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Peters, Anne-Kathrin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Datavetenskapens didaktik.
    How should universities care for the future?: Universities encouraging and supporting students to care for the future – vision or reality2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities promote themselves to students, to funders and to society as playing a distinctive role in anticipating, shaping and caring for the future. Universities are described variously as ‘crucibles’ for forming the future (Rhodes, 2001), as addressing the ‘grand challenges’ of the 21st century, and as preparing students for the future. As such the self-image and the social identity of the university can be understood as fundamentally anticipatory – imagining, making and acting upon the future. That such a self-image exists is not surprising; universities have since medieval times, sought to claim a distinctive role in producing knowledge about the future (Burrow & Wei, 2000), the Enlightenment was characterised by the production of western science as a unique tool for producing human progress (Dussel, 1993; Wellmon, 2015; Facer & Wei, 2019), while more recently, the call to develop a Science of Anticipation makes a case for the distinctive contribution of universities in the development of foresight (Poli, 2018). Assumptions about the anticipatory capacity of universities, therefore, are lodged firmly in their institutional narratives.

    And yet, such claims are increasingly difficult to sustain when we consider the relationship between universities and one of the fundamental failures of contemporary anticipation: namely, the significant warming of the climate, and its consequent material, social and ecological disasters. Indeed, while academics have been one of many important groups producing knowledge of ecological damage and climate science, the university as an institution stands accused of complicity in the production of climate change (Wright, 2018; Slaughter, 2012); of acting ‘ecocidally’ (Ainley, 2008); of failing to act to address the most basic sustainability challenges on campuses (Soini et al., 2018); of producing students who are more likely to harm the planet than to protect it (Bonnett, 2013); of developing academic identities that are premised upon internationalisation, travel and exploitation of resources (Tannock, 2010); of sustaining a colonial hierarchy of knowledge that obscures and denigrates the forms of knowledge necessary to developing sustainable modes of life (Pashby and Andreotti, 2016)); and of maintaining disciplinary forms of knowledge that obscure and prevent engagement with the complexity of the entangled social, ecological, political and material phenomenon of climate change.

    This curated session seeks to name and explore the tensions that constitute the contemporary university and its anticipatory capacity specifically in relation to climate change and to ask what form the university might need to take if it is, in fact, to be capable of caring for the future. In so doing, it addresses two of the core conference themes: caring for the future and anticipatory learning.

    This interdisciplinary session will comprise a series of six short papers from speakers who draw on backgrounds in philosophy, communication, sustainable development, education, urban studies, computer science, cultural studies and physics and who work in fields ranging from futures studies and sustainable development to education and philosophy. Following these interventions, we will open up a creative discussion, mediated by arts practice, with the wider community of Anticipation Conference delegates. This activity will begin to explore what form a university capable of caring for the future might take. The session will draw on diverse theoretical and empirical resources, but will be particularly informed by thepossibility of the university as a site for convening publics around matters of concern (Latour, 2004) (Simons and Masschelein, 2009) and matters of care (de la Bellacasa, 2011).

    Drawing on empirical and theoretical studies, the papers will explore a set of key tensions in the development of the anticipatory capacity of the university, specifically in relation to its capacity to care for the future:

    The politics of knowledge: how can the university build knowledge of and for the future in partnership with other knowledge communities, including those who have previously been disavowed by western science? How might disciplines and knowledge hierarchies need to evolve and adapt, or be radically disrupted, to enable appropriate knowledge and action in relation to the complex futures promised by climate change? How can universities come to reflect, in what they do, the complex nature of anticipation as on one hand related to what might be expected and prepared for now, and on the other as committed to keeping the future open for the unexpected and the new, as an intrinsic component of future-oriented knowledge that resists the colonization of the future in the name of human flourishing?

    The public roles of the university: some universities are beginning to innovate in anticipatory public pedagogy and public research that positions the university, its staff and students, as social actors in and alongside communities, working to support the development of ‘everyday futures’ and to engage in challenge-led activities. Such a role brings advocates of these activities into tension with those who would see the university as an autonomous site of intellectual production. How do these practices change the anticipatory capabilities of the university? What new collaboration arenas for anticipation can and should be forged between universities and publics? What new institutional structures are adequate to addressing emerging futures?

    The intergenerational contract: the last six months have seen a growth in student movements, sit-ins and strikes with the 16-year-old climate activist Greta Thunberg a highly visible critique of the failure of older generations to anticipate and address global warming. At the same time, younger climate activists are increasingly reporting burn-out, anxiety and the absence of elders to support them in their struggle. In a context in which youth mistrusts age, and established wisdom is seen as having failed, how will and should the intergenerational relationships of the university evolve?

    Stewardship and invention: universities are torn between their role as stewards of the past and their potential to invent and create new futures. The narrative of ‘progress’ that has constituted the university since the enlightenment and which is premised upon a linear temporality may now be in question. Drawing on the Adrinka symbol of Sankofa, we will ask how the university’s engagement with the heritage of the past might support imagination and care for the future, how might a synchronous and how might a multi-layered conception of temporality better support the university in its anticipatory practice?

  • 126.
    Feng, Cuiyang
    et al.
    China Univ Petr, Sch Business Adm, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China.
    Tang, Xu
    China Univ Petr, Sch Business Adm, Beijing 102249, Peoples R China.
    Jin, Yi
    Leiden Univ, CML, Inst Environm Sci, Einsteinweg 2, NL-2333 CC Leiden, Netherlands.
    Höök, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    The role of energy-water nexus in water conservation at regional levels in China2019Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 210, s. 298-308Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy and water resources are drawing increasing attention in China as indispensable elements of economic development and social stability. Energy production has led to widely debated issues such as water shortage and water pollution. Studies on their interrelation - i.e. the energy-water nexus - indicate that energy conservation impacts water resources. Energy conservation can bring synergy on water resources, but it is an unsettle issue to what degree energy conservation could indirectly protect water resources. In this work, we built an accounting framework to assess the synergy of energy conservation on both water quantity and quality at regional levels. Multiregional input-output (MRIO) analysis and economic parameters such as water price and treatment costs of water resources are applied to evaluate the value of synergy. The results show that Jiangsu saved the largest quantity of water with a volume of63.7 x 10(8)m(3), while Hunan achieved the largest reduction of wastewater with a volume of 3.2 x 10(8)m(3) during 2007-2012. The total synergy was divided into two aspects: internal and external. The former was generally larger in most regions except Qinghai, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Hainan, Shaanxi, Anhui and Inner Mongolia. The results of an economic assessment show that China achieved 1.1 x 10(12) yuan of economic benefit through the synergy benefits from a holistic perspective. Jiangsu, Shanghai, Fujian, Shandong and Heilongjiang were primary beneficiaries due to their significant synergistic water saving and high shadow price of water resources. The proposed assessment framework may help understand the situation of regional resources conservation from both synergistic and economic perspectives. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 127.
    Fennell, David A.
    et al.
    Department of Geography and Tourism Studies, Brock University, St. Catharines, Canada.
    Kline, Carol
    Hospitality &amp; Tourism Management, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, USA.
    Mkono, Mucha
    Business School, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
    Grimwood, Bryan S. R.
    Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
    Sheppard, Valerie A.
    Justice Institute of British Columbia, New Westminster, BC, Canada.
    Dashper, Katherine
    School of Events, Tourism and Hospitality Management, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, UK.
    Rickly, Jillian
    Business School, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
    Burns, Georgette Leah
    School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Nathan, Australia.
    Bertella, Giovanna
    School of Business and Economics, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
    von Essen, Erica
    Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm, Sweden.
    García-Rosell, José-Carlos
    Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland.
    Guo, Yulei
    Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, Research Department, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China.
    Hoarau-Heemstra, Hin
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    López López, Álvaro
    Instituto de Geografía, National Autonomous University of Mexico.
    Quintero Venegas, Gino Jafet
    Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Coyoacán, México.
    Holladay, Patrick J.
    Hospitality, Tourism &amp; Event Management, Troy University, USA.
    Cavaliere, Christina T.
    Cavaliere Tourism and Conservation Lab, Human Dimensions of Natural Resources Colorado State University, Colorado, USA;School of Tourism and Hospitality, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Copeland, Kellen
    Lewis &amp; Clark College, Portland, OR, USA.
    Danley, Brian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Bell Rizzolo, Jessica
    Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Sciences at Oregon State University, Oregon USA.
    Hurst, Chris E.
    Tourism and Hospitality, Newcastle Business School, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK.
    Usui, Rie
    College of Sustainability and Tourism, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Beppu, Japan.
    Äijälä, Mikko
    Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland.
    Crossley, Émilie
    Center for Advanced Tourism Studies (CATS), Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.
    Hill, Kristine
    University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.
    Szydlowski, Michelle
    Anthrozoology as International Practice Working Group.
    Bisgrove, Daniel
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.
    Blyth, Samuel
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Fennell, Samuel R.
    Department of Anthropology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA.
    Oxley Heaney, Sarah
    University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.
    Schuhmacher, Caroline
    Oxford Brookes Business School, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
    Tully, Paul
    Department of Tourism, Otago Business School, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    Coose, Sarah
    Department of Biology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
    Hooper, Jes
    Department of Anthrozoology, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.
    Madrid, Rebecca
    University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.
    Tourism, animals & the vacant niche: a scoping review and pedagogical agenda2024Inngår i: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, s. 1-29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of animal ethics has advanced in tourism studies since its inception in 2000, based on a diverse range of studies on species involvement, types of uses and contexts, level of engagement, states of animals, and theoretical perspectives. While there is still considerable scope to amplify research on animal-based tourism, a gap exists in tourism pedagogy amidst the field’s emphasis on a new expanding consciousness platform. We review the depth of existing scholarship on animal ethics in tourism and develop an agenda for advancing animal ethics pedagogy for the future. Our intent is to issue a call to action for curriculum committees, programme administrators, and educators to recognise and act on this critical moral domain in tourism education.

  • 128.
    Filho, Walter Leal
    et al.
    Hamburg Univ Appl Sci, European Sch Sustainabil Sci & Res, Ulmenliet 20, D-21033 Hamburg, Germany.;Manchester Metropolitan Univ, Dept Nat Sci, Chester St, Manchester M1 5GD, Lancs, England..
    Coronado-Marin, Alfonso
    Univ Nacl Educ Distancia, UNESCO Chair Environm Educ & Sustainable Dev, Madrid 28015, Spain..
    Lange Salvia, Amanda
    Univ Passo Fundo, Grad Program Civil & Environm Engn, Campus 1,BR 285, BR-99052900 Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil..
    Silva, Fernanda Frankenberger
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Parana, Business Sch PUCPR, BR-80215901 Curitiba, Parana, Brazil.;Posit Univ, Brazil Business Sch, BR-81280330 Curitiba, Parana, Brazil..
    Wolf, Franziska
    Hamburg Univ Appl Sci, European Sch Sustainabil Sci & Res, Ulmenliet 20, D-21033 Hamburg, Germany..
    LeVasseur, Todd
    Coll Charleston, Sustainabil Literacy Inst, Charleston, SC 29424 USA..
    Kirrane, Maria J.
    Univ Coll Cork, Environm Res Inst ERI, Cork T23 XE10, Ireland..
    Doni, Federica
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Dept Business & Law, I-20126 Milan, Italy..
    Paco, Arminda
    Univ Beira Interior, NECE UBI Res Ctr Business Sci, Rua Marques DAvila & Bolama, P-6201001 Covilha, Portugal..
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Schmitz, Marina
    IEDC Bled Sch Management, Coca Cola Chair Sustainable Dev, Bled 4260, Slovenia..
    Grahl, Anselm T.
    Students Organizing Sustainabil Int, DK-1608 Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Moggi, Sara
    Univ Verona, Dept Business Adm, I-37129 Verona, Italy..
    International Trends and Practices on Sustainability Reporting in Higher Education Institutions2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 19, artikkel-id 12238Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability reports are regarded as important tools in offering information about the environmental, social, economic, and institutional performance of an institution, and in demonstrating a commitment to matters related to sustainable development. But even though sustainability reporting has been used by a variety of higher education institutions to date, it is not as widely practiced as it should be. To further investigate this topic, a twofold approach was used: a study focusing on sustainability reporting approaches deployed in a sample of 30 universities across a set of countries; and a survey with a sample of 72 universities from different global regions to assess the extent to which they are deploying sustainability reporting as part of their activities. The scientific value of the paper resides in the fact that it offers a comprehensive overview of the subject matter of sustainability reporting, and how higher education institutions handle it. It also outlines the efforts in developing these documents which may catalyse further progress in this key area.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 129.
    Fitzpatrick, Nick
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, CEMUS. Univ NOVA Lisboa, CENSE Ctr Environm & Sustainabil Res, Dept Environm Sci & Engn, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Vrettos, Chris
    Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Manero Ruz, Alejandro
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, CEMUS.
    Mendy, Laila
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, CEMUS.
    Tuckey, Aaron
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, CEMUS.
    Ishihara, Sachiko
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling, CEMUS Research Forum, CEFO. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Sowing the Seeds of Degrowth Futures: Reporting back from Degrowth Vienna 20202022Inngår i: Journal of Futures Studies, ISSN 1027-6084, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 99-111Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Excessive global resource use is a major driver of ecological breakdown and biodiversity loss. To start envisioning democratic and sustainable futures we must question the assumptions behind endless economic growth. This article reflects on the use of a novel seed pathways methodology during a workshop in the Degrowth Vienna 2020 conference. The framework is applied to five ‘degrowth seeds’ (small initiatives that embody degrowth values) to identify the obstacles and enabling conditions needed to empower communities to imagine, create and experiment with degrowth-inspired futures.

  • 130.
    Forell, Lukas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Harvesting Uncertainty: Navigating Future Risks in Swedish Wheat Availability2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Food availability is central to humans' survival. Even though Sweden has a reasonably low self-sufficiency rate of only 50%, it has a high level of domestic wheat production and exports a lot of wheat yearly. Wheat is a good source of essential nutrients and is a cornerstone in Swedish agriculture and food production. Even though Sweden has a considerable domestic production of wheat, several risks pose a threat to domestic wheat availability in the future, which could endanger Swedish food security. Therefore, this essay evaluates three considerable risks to Swedish wheat availability: climate change, population growth, and trade disturbances. These risks have been assessed based on previous research and statistical analysis of the historical wheat production, consumption, and trade data. In addition, stochastic models have also been created to simulate the risk of a domestic shortage of wheat. Future opportunities in Swedish wheat availability are also discussed to give a nuanced picture of future wheat availability in Sweden. Among other things, ARIMA modeling has been used to predict Swedish wheat production's efficiency. The results indicate that there are positive trends in wheat production. However, wheat production is also an object of increased volatility, threatening wheat availability. This increased volatility can be linked to extreme weather caused by global warming. These extreme weather events are predicted to occur more in the future, risking volatility in wheat production to grow even further. The stochastic model implies that there is an inherent risk of wheat shortage in the future. However, when the stochastic model considers both population growth and increased efficiency in wheat production, the risk of wheat shortage decreases. The results show that population growth, trade disturbances, and especially climate change are risks that need to be considered, and resilience against these risks needs to be built up. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Harvesting Uncertainty: Navigating Future Risks in Swedish Wheat Availability
  • 131.
    Fornstedt, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling, CEMUS Research Forum, CEFO.
    A shift in analytical starting point: From economic growth to a good life for all within the planetary boundaries2021Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 132.
    Fornstedt, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling, CEMUS Research Forum, CEFO.
    Den akademiskafriheten är under attack2021Inngår i: Örnsköldsviks Allehanda, Vol. 16, nr Juli, s. 19-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 133.
    Fornstedt, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling, CEMUS Research Forum, CEFO.
    Det nyttiga blå guldet i de norrländska skogarna2021Inngår i: Örnsköldsviks Allehanda, Vol. 6, nr AugArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 134.
    Fornstedt, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling, CEMUS Research Forum, CEFO.
    Innovation resistance - a key concept in post-growth innovation imaginaries2022Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 135.
    Fornstedt, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling, CEMUS Research Forum, CEFO.
    Löser innovation all världens problem?2021Inngår i: Örnsköldsviks Allehanda, Vol. 9, nr OctArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 136.
    Fornstedt, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling, CEMUS Research Forum, CEFO.
    Sluta göra saker svårlagade– vi bör få rätt att reparera2021Inngår i: Örnsköldsviks AllehandaArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 137.
    Fornstedt, Helena
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling, CEMUS Research Forum, CEFO.
    Fornstedt, Rickard
    The history of emissions - a graphic energy narrative2021Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 138.
    Fornstedt, Helena
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling, CEMUS Research Forum, CEFO.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Innovation diffusion through the development of a user network: -Insights from the journey of a medical device2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study of o physical firm-created user network used by an Italian firm to develop and diffuse a high-tech medical innovation. The study benchmarks the paper by Harrison and Waluszewski (2008) and complement their findings by showing that the use of a physical firm-created user network can be favourable when developing and diffusing a product that target potential researchers and that an important role of a user-network can be to overcome user-resistance. Furthermore, the study illustrates that users can play different roles within different business settings, they do not only contribute to the development of the technology, they also learn how to push the innovation journey forward and become opinion leader within the field.

  • 139.
    Forsén, Emil
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    The environmental Kuznets curve: Investigating the relationship between renewable energy and economic growth2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis describes the relationship between economic growth and environmental degradation through an inverted U-shape where environmental degradation first increases with economic growth, to later stagnate and decline as economic growth reaches specific threshold limits. The aim of this study is to investigate the EKC hypothesis when environmental degradation is measured through a country’s renewable energy implementation. This is achieved through multiple scatterplots and a Granger causality test, and the key finding are (1) that a consensus regarding the relationship between economic growth and energy consumption is missing, (2) that countries seems to significantly increase their consumption of renewable energy between US$ 30 000 - 50 000 when measured in real GDP per capita, (3) that the theoretical shape of the EKC holds for most countries, (4) a unidirectional causality running from economic growth to fossil fuel consumption for a panel of developing countries, and (5) a unidirectional causality running from economic growth to both fossil fuel and renewable energy consumption as well as a unidirectional causality running from renewable energy consumption to fossil fuel consumption for a panel of developed countries. When the EKC is measured though a country’s renewable energy implementation the hypothesis seems to hold for most countries. However, the decrease in environmental degradation is so far limited to developed countries with smaller economies and populations. These countries also need to ensure that decreases in environmental degradation is a result of underlying mechanisms like energy efficiency improvements and not other more counterproductive behaviors like outsourcing and deindustrialization.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 140.
    Friman, Jenny
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Contested firewood collection in Burkina Faso: Governance, perceptions, and practices2024Inngår i: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 175, artikkel-id 106495Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study explores how forest governance is perceived and embodied in everyday firewood practices in two rural villages in Burkina Faso. The study specifically looks into women's and forest guard's perceptions of firewood collection, access to wood, and the state regulations in place. Such exploration is helpful for showing how women who rely on firewood for their livelihoods respond to and perceive regulations, the synthesizing efforts, and the environmental impacts of firewood collection. To situate the interrelations of forest institutions, perceptions, and practices, the study draws on a critical institutional and feminist political ecology approach. Such an approach sheds light on how firewood governance in Burkina Faso excludes women from deciding over a resource they rely on for everyday life. Moreover, the approach helped illuminate how management by control, monitoring, and sensitizing efforts have a questionable impact on deforestation in forest commons.The study departs from that firewood practices as shaped by institutional complexity and historical, cultural, and taken-for-granted ways of doing, and this impacts how forest governance plays out on the ground. By exploring the discursive and the actual practices, the study contributes insights into the discrepancies between forest law enforcement and women's perceptions of firewood collection. Such analysis advances understanding of how forest governance in Burkina Faso is embodied and internalized in how people relate to and use firewood and the complex and varying ways firewood practices are formed. The findings suggest that women should be included in forest management, receive technical training in forest practices, and that attention should be directed toward decreasing firewood dependence.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 141.
    Frogner-Kockum, Paul
    et al.
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute, SE-211 22 Malmö, Sweden.
    Kononets, Mikhail
    Department of Marine Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Box 461, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Apler, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Geological Survey of Sweden, Department of marine environment & planning, Box 670, SE-751 28 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hall, Per O.J.
    Department of Marine Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Box 461, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Snowball, Ian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Less metal fluxes than expected from fibrous marine sediments2020Inngår i: Marine Pollution Bulletin, ISSN 0025-326X, E-ISSN 1879-3363, Vol. 150, artikkel-id 110750Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Deposits of fibrous sediment, which include fiberbanks and fiber-rich sediments, are known to exist on the Swedish seafloor adjacent to coastally located former pulp and paper industries. These deposits contain concentrations of hazardous substances that exceed national background levels and contravene national environmental quality objectives (EQOs). In this study of metal fluxes from fibrous sediments using benthic flux chamber measurements (BFC) in situ we obtained detected fluxes of Co, Mo, Ni and Zn, but no fluxes of Pb, Hg and Cr. The absence of fluxes of some of the analyzed metals indicates particle bound transport of Pb, Cr and Hg from fiberbanks even though Hg might become methylated under anoxic conditions and, in that case, may enter the food chain. We found less metal fluxes than expected and thus emphasize the importance of in-situ flux measurements as a compliment to sediment metal concentrations within risk assessments of contaminated sediments.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 142.
    Garavito-Bermudez, Diana
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Swedish Biodivers Ctr, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Boonstra, Wiebren J.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Knowing through fishing: exploring the connection between fishers' ecological knowledge and fishing styles2023Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 66, nr 9, s. 1841-1860Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    That fishers' ecological knowledge (FEK) can contribute to the sustainability and legitimacy of environmental planning and management is widely accepted. Nevertheless, despite this broad consensus about its importance, there is uncertainty about the ways in which FEK can be captured methodologically. Here, we present the results of a methodological inquiry aimed to connect FEK to the diversity of work practices within fisheries. Using a sample from a qualitative study of Swedish small-scale fishers, we test to what extent a new combination of concept and method - Fishing Style analysis and the Structure-Dynamic-Function framework - can produce insights into the partiality and diversity of FEK, as well as its embodied and tacit aspects. Results demonstrate how different work practices generate a variety of FEKs. We use this finding to discuss the implications of our work for future study of FEK, and how attention to FEK can inform environmental planning and management.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 143.
    Gars, Johan
    et al.
    Royal Swedish Acad Sci, Beijer Inst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Spiro, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Wachtmeister, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    European fuel tax cuts increase Russian oil profits2022Inngår i: Nature Energy, E-ISSN 2058-7546, Vol. 7, nr 10, s. 912-913Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    European fuel tax cuts will lead to significant income transfers to Russia, thus undermining the Union’s sanction efforts against the country. EU politicians should instead consider alternative policies, such as direct income transfers to households, if they want to shield citizens from increased fuel prices without benefiting Russia.

  • 144.
    Gars, Johan
    et al.
    Royal Swedish Acad Sci, Beijer Inst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Spiro, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Wachtmeister, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    The effect of European fuel-tax cuts on the oil income of Russia2022Inngår i: Nature Energy, E-ISSN 2058-7546, Vol. 7, nr 10, s. 989-997Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Following Russia's invasion of Ukraine, there has been a surge in transport fuel prices. Consequently, many European Union (EU) countries are cutting taxes on petrol and diesel to shield consumers. Using standard theory and empirical estimates, here we assess how such tax cuts influence the oil income in Russia. We find that an EU-wide tax cut of (sic)0.20 l(-1) increases Russia's oil profits by around (sic)8 million per day in the short and long term. This is equivalent to (sic)3,100 million per year, 0.2% of Russia's gross domestic product or 5% of its military spending. We show that a cash transfer to EU citizens-with a fiscal burden equivalent to the tax cut-reduces these side effects to a fraction.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 145.
    Gars, Johan
    et al.
    Beijer Institute, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
    Spiro, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Wachtmeister, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    What is the effect of EU's fuel-tax cuts on Russia's oil income?Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the oil-price surge in the wake of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, many countries in the EU are proposing to cut taxes on petrol and diesel. Using standard theory and empirical estimates, we assess how such tax cuts will influence the oil income in Russia. We find that a tax cut of 20 euro cents per liter would increase Russia's oil profits by around 11-17 million Euros per day in the short run and long run. This is equivalent to 4100-6300 million Euros in a year, 0.3-0.5% of Russia's GDP or 7-11% of its military spending. We show that a cash transfer to EU citizens, with an equivalent fiscal burden as the tax cut, reduces these side effects to a fraction.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Gars et al 2022 Preprint
  • 146.
    Ghaderidosst, Joanna
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Site Study of Fibrous Sediments in Sandviken, Ångermanälven River Estuary, Sweden2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Pulp and paper industries in Sweden have since the end of the 19th century until late 70s been active in dumping wastewater into adjacent water bodies that have created fibrous sediments called fiberbank and fiber-rich sediment. Fiberbanks are large banks of predominantly organic material while fiber-rich sediment is fibrous sediment that has been mixed with bottom sediment. The fiberbanks comprise of high levels of processed wood fibres and contaminants such as heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs). It also produces carbon dioxide and methane gas by microbial activity and leaves the sediment with exit holes called pockmarks. These sediments have been proven to cause environmental harm to the benthic biological environment around it, also causing it to become anoxic/hypoxic. Some of the POPs bioaccumulate which also affect humans through fishing. If the fiberbanks are disturbed through e.g. mass movement, toxic contaminants could be released into the aquatic environment. Fiberbanks need to be remediated and more research is needed to characterise it. In-situ capping is a remediation technique that is being tested at the laboratory scale for its application to fiberbanks. It involves placing a layer of clean material on top of the sediment, in order to stabilize it and to limit contaminant release.Because of their high organic content and low density, these sediments might behave differently than typical natural sediments. Therefore, laboratory experiments are necessary to understand their key properties. This thesis focuses on the Sandviken site, for which the bearing capacity of fiberbanks, their thickness, and the compression rate of fiber-rich sediments are studied. The bearing capacity is the capacity for a sediment to hold a weight, and in the case of in-situ capping it is an important parameter to study. The thickness was interpreted from physical data collected by a fluid mud penetrometer (FluMu), from the University of Bremen to assess the fiberbank volume. Fiber-rich sediment is examined to expand the knowledge on its physical properties by testing consolidation and potential gas production.Bearing capacity was tested by placing sediment in a tank and placing a cap on top of it. The site thicknesses were interpolated in ArcMap into a visual topography where the volume could be calculated. Fiber-rich sediment consolidation was tested by placing the sediment in columns with different capping thicknesses. By monitoring bubbles and pockmarks, gas production was confirmed.Results show that the tank sediment construction kept its shape without collapsing or failing at the edges. Sediment/cap interface was sharp, it means little to no mixing between the layers. This proves that Sandviken fiberbank has enough bearing capacity to hold up a cap and that it contains contaminants well. FluMu interpretation resulted in a fiberbank volume of 51885 m3. The fiberbank thickest layer was interpreted as being in front of the sulphate factory which is a credible result. The fiberbank volume is not conclusive since the FluMu has not measured complete thicknesses of the layers. This can be said since thicknesses have been measured at a minimum of 6 m and the thickest point interpreted was 1,11 m. The fiber-rich sediment consolidation showed that a cap that is very thick will cause most consolidation and more rapid dissipation of pore water. Bubbles and pockmarks were observed and confirm gas production.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 147.
    Gisbert, Guillem
    et al.
    Univ Barcelona, Dept Mineral Petrol & Appl Geol, Barcelona, Spain..
    Troll, Valentin R.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Inst Estudios Ambientales & Recursos Nat, Univ Las Palmas De Gran Canaria, Las Palmas Gran Canaria, Spain.;Uppsala Univ, Ctr Nat Hazard & Disaster Sci, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Day, James M. D.
    Univ Calif San Diego, Scripps Inst Oceanog, La Jolla, CA USA..
    Geiger, Harri
    Univ Freiburg, Inst Earth & Environm Sci, Freiburg, Germany..
    Perez-Torrado, Francisco J.
    Inst Estudios Ambientales & Recursos Nat, Univ Las Palmas De Gran Canaria, Las Palmas Gran Canaria, Spain..
    Aulinas, Meritxell
    Univ Barcelona, Dept Mineral Petrol & Appl Geol, Barcelona, Spain..
    Deegan, Frances
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Uppsala Univ, Ctr Nat Hazard & Disaster Sci, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Albert, Helena
    Univ Barcelona, Dept Mineral Petrol & Appl Geol, Barcelona, Spain..
    Carracedo, Juan Carlos
    Inst Estudios Ambientales & Recursos Nat, Univ Las Palmas De Gran Canaria, Las Palmas Gran Canaria, Spain..
    Reported ultra-low lava viscosities from the 2021 La Palma eruption are potentially biased2023Inngår i: Nature Communications, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 14, artikkel-id 6453Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 148.
    Glaser, Marion
    et al.
    Leibniz Ctr Trop Marine Res ZMT, Bremen, Germany.;Univ Bremen, Inst Geog, Bremen, Germany..
    Selim, Samiya Ahmed
    Leibniz Ctr Trop Marine Res ZMT, Bremen, Germany.;Univ Liberal Arts Bangladesh ULAB, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    de la Cruz-Modino, Raquel
    Univ La Laguna, Inst Univ Invest Social & Turismo, San Cristobal la Laguna 38200, Tenerife, Spain..
    van Putten, Ingrid
    CSIRO, Oceans & Atmosphere, Hobart, Tas, Australia..
    Canela, Shankar Aswani
    Rhodes Univ, Dept Ichthyol & Fisheries Sci, Dept Anthropol, ZA-6140 Grahamstown, South Africa..
    Paytan, Adina
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Inst Marine Sci, 1156 High St, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
    Dutra, Leo X. C.
    CSIRO, Oceans & Atmosphere, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia.;Univ Tasmania, Ctr Marine Socioecol, Private Bag 129, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia..
    Heck, Nadine
    East Carolina Univ, Dept Coastal Studies, Campus Way, 850 NC-345, Coastal, NC 27981 USA..
    Narayan, Siddharth
    East Carolina Univ, Dept Coastal Studies, Campus Way, 850 NC-345, Coastal, NC 27981 USA..
    Sauer, Warwick
    Rhodes Univ, Dept Ichthyol & Fisheries Sci, Dept Anthropol, ZA-6140 Grahamstown, South Africa..
    Boonstra, Wiebren Johannes
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Snow, Bernadette
    Scottish Assoc Marine Sci, Oban, Argyll, Scotland.;Univ Strathclyde, Law Sch, Glasgow City, Scotland.;Nelson Mandela Univ, Inst Coastal & Marine Res, Gqeberha, South Africa..
    Analysis across case-based global sustainability projects: an emerging challenge for ocean conflict research in the Anthropocene2023Inngår i: Maritime Studies, ISSN 1872-7859, E-ISSN 2212-9790, Vol. 22, nr 4, artikkel-id 48Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing number of global ocean conflict studies over the last decade have set out to advance sustainability in the Anthropocene. Many of these research projects use multiple case studies to extract lessons for wider contexts. The methods used by these studies, and the extent to which their results have validity beyond the individual case study, often remain unclear. This paper explores the challenges in performing cross-case analysis within what we denote as case-based globally focussed sustainability projects (CB-GSPs) and indicates solutions by combining information from semi-structured interviews with leading scientists from eight CB-GSPs. We identify six distinct challenges that are common across these studies with regard to generating actionable knowledge through cross-case analysis. Based on these findings, we propose a set of best practice recommendations for scientists, project partners, and funders to co-produce actionable knowledge for global projects on ocean conflict.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 149.
    Glass, Jayne
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling.
    Understanding sustainability in Scotland’s uplands2018Inngår i: New Approaches for Rural Environmentalists / [ed] Mansfield, Lois, Whittles Publishing , 2018, s. 191-217Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many traditional approaches to rural land management are strictly sectoral, with a rigid introspective focus. Consequently the impact of silo-driven change on other land users they can often be overlooked or not appreciated. This book critically reviews why there has yet to be a clear route to upland resource management and provides insight and options for integrated transdisciplinary land management solutions for rural areas, specifically uplands. It considers the problem in order to derive appropriate solutions enhanced by a number of in-depth case studies by resource management professionals and the use of many examples of contemporary good practice from different uplands, organisations, projects and programmes.The overarching approach of the book is to provide a tool kit for those individuals, groups or organisations looking to manage the upland resource for the benefit of all. Readers are provided with a range of practical options to develop their own solutions. The book is written in such a way that readers can dip in and out of sections to plug knowledge gaps or read in its entirety for those experiencing a first foray into the complexities of upland resource management.

    Increasingly, rural areas are becoming recognised as a wider resource beyond traditional food, fibre and water, leading to inevitable management tensions. Goal setting, vision and strategy development, management planning, aims, objectives and prescription (actions) are considered and some of the new agendas for resource use in uplands which may be worth consideration for individual projects are explored. This comprehensive book deals with the implementation, advantages and disadvantages of a range of traditional and contemporary resource management approaches which are then expanded upon by a range of resource management professionals based on their own experiences. These case studies demonstrate the development of more effective projects and the book concludes by considering how work can be monitored and evaluated before ideas are synthesised for best practice.

  • 150.
    Glass, Jayne
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling. Scotland’s Rural College, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.
    Atterton, Jane
    Shucksmith, Mark D.
    Learning from European Rural Movements: Research to inform a Scottish approach2022Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    To inform the development of a rural movement in Scotland, this report explores the key characteristics, roles and methods of engagement employed by established rural movements in other European countries.

    We studied rural movements in 10 countries (Albania, England, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Sweden). We collected information via a desk-based review of relevant literature, interviews with representatives from each of the movements, and an online seminar to discuss the initial findings (hosted by the EuropeanRural Communities Alliance).

    We identified six overarching themes with associated learning points for Scotland. The themes relate to the structure of the organisation, collaboration, purpose, activities, relationship with government, and place-based action.

    The findings demonstrate how rural movements represent an organised approach to providing a network and voice for rural areas, their people and those working to support rural development. An important role for the movements is advocacy to shape local, regional and national policy, while another important role is enabling shared learning and knowledge exchange. The character of each movement reflects and responds to the national context in which it operates, including the system of administration and culture.

    Three insights can be put forward from this research to inform the Scottish approach. We suggest that these are used as a basis for ongoing discussions between Scottish Government, Scottish Rural Action and others seeking to develop an effective and impactful Scottish rural movement:

    1. A Scottish rural movement should bring together diverse actors to inform and influence policy.
    2. A Scottish rural movement needs a clear identity and clarity of purpose related to networking and knowledge sharing.
    3. A Scottish rural movement should be supported to develop constructive relationships with LEADER LAGs and staff to ensure that the movement represents local issues and needs effectively.
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
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