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  • 101.
    Anderberg, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Wittgensteins labyrint: Om förnyat försök att fridlysa trons pastorat1999Ingår i: Filosofisk tidskrift, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 52-65Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 102.
    Anderberg, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Är smaken manipulerbar?2005Ingår i: Visslingar och rop: Tidskrift för teater och teori, nr 18, s. 13-24Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 103.
    Andersson, Emil
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för praktisk filosofi.
    Lena Andersson Om falsk och äkta liberalism2019Ingår i: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 49-56Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 104.
    Andersson, Emil
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för praktisk filosofi.
    Political Liberalism and the Interests of Children: A Reply to Timothy Michael Fowler2011Ingår i: Res Publica, ISSN 1356-4765, E-ISSN 1572-8692, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 291-296Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 105.
    Andersson, Emil
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för praktisk filosofi.
    Reinterpreting Liberal Legitimacy2019Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is an inquiry into the Liberal Principle of Legitimacy, formulated by John Rawls in his later writings. According to this principle, the exercise of political power is legitimate only if it is justifiable to all citizens. This view can be interpreted in different ways, and I argue that the presently most popular way of doing so faces serious problems. The aim is to identify and defend a more plausible version of the principle, which overcomes these problems, and yet preserves the most essential and appealing features of the approach. Among the most central issues for how to interpret the principle are how to understand the notion of justifiability to a person, and who should be included in the group of persons referred to as "all citizens". On the currently received view, only justifiability to those who count as "reasonable" matter, and justifiability to these persons is understood in non-moral terms, as being determined by what is accessible to them, given the beliefs that they happen to hold. I argue that we have good reasons to reject both of these suggestions. We should instead spell out justifiability to a person in terms of what could be reasonably accepted in a moral sense, which allows us to retain the appealing idea that legitimacy is dependent on justifiability to all citizens over whom political power is exercised. I further suggest that we can use the original position – Rawls’s version of the social contract – to determine what is justifiable to all in this sense. I defend this suggestion against the expected objection that it will not be able to take reasonable pluralism – the assumption of deep disagreement between citizens – into account, by explaining why we should sharply distinguish this principle of political legitimacy from the theory of Political Liberalism. This distinction also contributes to my response to the objection, raised against this principle, that it is self-defeating. That my suggested interpretation allows us to convincingly respond to this line of criticism is yet another reason as to why it is preferable to the standard view.

  • 106.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för teoretisk filosofi. Södertörn University.
    Language and Tradition in Merleau-Ponty’s Reading of Husserl and Saussure2018Ingår i: Studia Phænomenologica, ISSN 1582-5647, E-ISSN 2069-0061, Vol. XVIII, s. 183-205Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I examine how Merleau-Ponty develops Husserl’s genetic phenomenology through an elaboration of language, largely influenced by Saussure’s linguistics. Specifically, my focus will be on the unpublished notes to the course Sur le problème de la parole (On the Problem of Speech). I show how Merleau-Ponty recasts Husserl’s notion of the historicity of truth by means of an inquiry into the relation between truth and its linguistic expression. The account that Merleau-Ponty offers differs from Husserl’s in two important respects. Firstly, whereas Husserl describes a regressive inquiry of truth, Merleau-Ponty describes a regressive movement of truth, where every acquired truth seizes the tradition that precedes it. Secondly, this new notion of truth, and its dependency on its proper expression, opens up for a new understanding of literature.

  • 107.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Litteratur och erfarenhet i Merleau-Pontys läsning av Proust, Valéry och Stendhal2017Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore the relation between literary expression and experience in Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy. The principal focus is Merleau-Ponty’s investigations into literature, in two of his first courses at Collège de France, 1953- 1954: Sur le problème de la parole (On the Problem of Speech) and Recherches sur l’usage littéraire du langage (Research on the Literary Use of Language). While the former remains unpublished, the latter was finally published in 2013. At the time of his premature death, Merleau-Ponty left thousands of pages of working notes. They were supposed to contribute to a major philosophical work, the planned title of which was Être et monde (Being and world). Merleau-Ponty had planned to undertake an extensive examination of language in the last part of the work. However, in the absence of this text, the courses on literary language afford us the possibility of sketching the direction that this research might have taken.

    The examination of literary language use is, for Merleau-Ponty, made possible by an understanding of language found in Ferdinand de Saussure’s linguistics. Merleau-Ponty’s interpretation of Saussurean linguistics anticipates the structuralist reading that was later to dominate the intellectual scene. Instead of reading the linguistics of Saussure in opposition to phenomenology, he finds in the former an ally that allows him to think Husserlian phenomenology further.

    In the course notes, Merleau-Ponty explores the relation between sensible experience and linguistic expressions through close readings of Proust, Valéry and Stendhal. In the writing of Marcel Proust, he finds a writer that perpetually examines his experience, searching for expressions that are capable of bringing it forth. In Stendhal’s writing, Merleau-Ponty finds a literary method that makes the world appear through the “small true facts” that describe it. Finally, in Paul Valéry’s poetic writing he finds a writer superimposing words over other words, in order to create new significations. In their literary writing he finds a capacity to seize the world anew, beyond our habitual preconceptions of it, thus bringing us closer to the experience we already perceive.

  • 108.
    Anfindsen, Jens Tomas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Aristotle on Contrariety as a Principle of First Philosophy2006Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation aims to reconstruct Aristotle’s theory of contrariety as a principle of first philosophy. According to Aristotle, any genus has one contrary opposition. It is the task of any science to study whatever contraries there are within the generic domain with which the science in question is concerned. First philosophy is conceived as the science of being. It has for its generic domain the existing things universally, that which is, and it studies the existing with respect to being. It will thus be a task of first philosophy to study whatever contraries there are within the domain of the existing, with respect to being. According to Aristotle, the primary contraries of the existing are that which is and that which is not, being and non-being.

    Contraries are principles; they are starting points of explanations. Contraries are factors in explanations of why there are intermediates between contraries. For example, hot and cold will be used to explain why there are intermediate temperatures, temperatures consisting of some ratio of (absolute) hot to (absolute) cold. Likewise in the domain of existing things, the contraries of being and non-being are supposed to explain how there are things which neither (absolutely) exist nor (absolutely) exist not, but which come to be, change while being, and pass away; in a word: change.

    Any principle must inhere essentially in some nature; there are no principles in abstracta. So in which natures do the principles of being and non-being essentially inhere? – This is the lead questions of the present dissertation. In attempting to answer it, I first situate the study of contrariety within the framework of a science that studies being (chap. 1-3), then explore Aristotle’s theory on the nature of contrariety (chap. 4), before finally venturing to identify the primary contraries of being (chap. 5).

  • 109.
    Anna-Lena, Carlsson
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen. Estetik.
    Efterskrift till Så talade Zarathustra2007Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 110.
    Arketeg, Åsa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    An Aesthetics of Resistance:: The Open-Ended Practice of Language Writing2007Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the relation between poetry and theory in the poetic practice of language writing. The topic is approached from the idea that language writing takes place in the tension of an open-ended state. In Chapter 1 it is argued that language writing is constituted in relation to a poetic context, and that it reactivates traits intrinsic to the avant-garde discourse, which corresponds to some characteristics in poststructuralism and critical theory. These perspectives appear in the poetic practice of language writing in terms of a rejection of transparency and separation. The stress on construction in language and writing eliminates the distinction between theory and poetry. It is argued that language writing cannot be seen as a movement in the traditional sense of the word since the poetic work resists aesthetic coherence. The heterogeneity of language writing confirms theory's contribution to the poetic practice but without creating a separation between the two. The first section of Chapter 2 addresses the l=a=n=g=u=a=g=e journal with a focus on a poetological context, avant-garde discourse, theory and criticism. The texts in this journal activate the open-ended state by acknowledging context and theory while they simultaneously reject the conventional style of the essay or the review. In the second section of this chapter, in the analysis of four language writers, Bruce Andrews, Charles Bernstein, Lyn Hejinian and Ron Silliman, it is argued that their poetic practice eliminates the distinction between poetry and poetics since poetry emerges as a critical study in itself, where self-reflexivity prevents the creation of poetry in a conventional sense and prevents a separation from poetics. Although poetry is connected with society, the autonomy of poetry, form and poetic language is stressed as a critical, transgressive potential in relation to conventional distinctions between poetry, theory, poetics and criticism.

  • 111.
    Arrhenius, Gustaf
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    An Impossibility Theorem for Welfarist Axiologies2000Ingår i: Economics & Philosophy, October, 2000., nr 16, s. 247-266Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A search is under way for a theory that can accommodate our intuitions in population axiology. The object of this search has proved elusive. This is not surprising since, as we shall show, any welfarist axiology that satisfies three reasonable conditions

  • 112.
    Arrhenius, Gustaf
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    An Impossibility Theorem in Population Axiology with Weak Ordering Assumptions1999Ingår i: Philosophical Crumbs, Uppsala: Department of Philosophy, Uppsala University , 1999, Vol. 49, s. 11-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 113.
    Arrhenius, Gustaf
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Future generations: A challenge for moral theory2000Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    For the last thirty years or so, there has been a search underway for a theory that canaccommodate our intuitions in regard to moral duties to future generations. The object ofthis search has proved surprisingly elusive. The classical moral theories in the literature allhave perplexing implications in this area. Classical Utilitarianism, for instance, implies thatit could be better to expand a population even if everyone in the resulting populationwould be much worse off than in the original.

    The main problem has been to find an adequate population theory, that is, a theoryabout the moral value of states of affairs where the number of people, the quality of theirlives, and their identities may vary. Since, arguably, any reasonable moral theory has totake these aspects of possible states of affairs into account when determining the normativestatus of actions, the study of population theory is of general import for moral theory.

    A number of theories have been proposed in the literature that purport to avoidcounter-intuitive implications such as the one mentioned above. The suggestions arediverse: introducing novel ways of aggregating welfare into a measure of value, revising thenotion of a, life worth living, questioning the way we can compare and measure welfare,counting people's welfare differently depending on the temporal location or the modalfeatures of their lives, and challenging the logic of axiological and normative concepts. Weinvestigate the concepts and assumptions involved in these theories as well as theirimplications for population theory.

    In our discussion, we propose a number of intuitively appealing and logically weakadequacy conditions for an acceptable population theory. Finally, we consider whether it ispossible to find a theory that satisfies all of these conditions. We prove that no such theory exists.

  • 114.
    Arrhenius, Gustaf
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Mutual Advantage Contractarianism and Future Generations1999Ingår i: Theoria, Vol. LXV, part 1, s. 14-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 115.
    Arrhenius, Gustaf
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    What Österberg's Population Theory has in Common with Plato's2001Ingår i: Omnium-gatherum, 2001, s. 16-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 116.
    Arrhenius, Gustaf
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Bykvist, Krister
    Future Generations and Interpersonal Compensations: Moral Aspects of Energy Use1995Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 117.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    A Realized Disposition: Shaftesbury on the Natural Affections and Taste2014Ingår i: New Ages, New Opinions: Shaftesbury in his World and Today / [ed] Patrick Müller, Frankfurt: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2014, s. 27-44Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 118.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    De brittiska moralisterna: Konsten att bilda ett smakomdöme och förnedra en slav2012Ingår i: Subaltern, ISSN 1652-7046, nr 4, s. 60-63Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 119.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Den (o)föränderliga naturen: Smakomdöme och bildning i The Tatler, The Spectator och The Guardian i början av 1700-talet2011Ingår i: Sjuttonhundratal, ISSN 1652-4772, s. 72-92Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 120.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Drömmandet som politisk närvaro2007Ingår i: Stockholms fria tidning, ISSN 1650-4674Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 121.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Estetik, historia, kontext2008Ingår i: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, nr 2, s. 94-98Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 122.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Från idé till fantasi: om modernitet och modernism2003Ingår i: Valör, ISSN 0283-751X, nr 2-3, s. 7-21Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 123.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Hyllning till osäkerhetens skönhetsvärde2007Ingår i: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 124.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Höjd över livets medelmåttiga stunder2005Ingår i: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 125.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Joseph Addison and General Education: Moral Didactics in Early Eighteenth-Century Britain2009Ingår i: Estetika, ISSN 0014-1291, Vol. 46, nr 2, s. 144-166Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Joseph Addison's (1672-1719) essays in The Spectator occupy contradictory positions in the history of aesthetics. While they are generally considered central to the institution of aesthetics as a scholarly discipline, their reception has throughout history entailed a strong questioning of their philosophical and scholarly importance. In the following paper, I consider this dual feature as regards reception, and set out to clarify how this has come about. A re-examination of the arguments advanced by Addison makes clear that his role is not that of a philosopher, but that of a public educator. As such he aims to raise the standard of general education of the British 'middling orders' in the early eighteenth century, and by using art for didactic purposes he seeks to contribute to the shaping of morally accomplished individuals.

  • 126.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Joseph Addison och The Spectator: Borgerlighetens folkbildare2008Ingår i: Noesis, ISSN 1651-4920, nr 4, s. 5-13Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 127.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Konst och moral i 1700-talets Storbritannien: folkbildande publicist lade grunden till dagskritiken2009Ingår i: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, nr 3, s. 35-38Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 128.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Könsspecifika erfarenheter och transpersonen i akademin2009Ingår i: Tidningen kulturen, ISSN 2000-7086Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 129.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Mannen i upplösningstillstånd2007Ingår i: Stockholms fria tidning, ISSN 1650-4674Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 130.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Mellan känslor och normer: Hume om smakomdömet och kritikern2011Ingår i: Förnuft, känsla och moral: perspektiv på David Hume / [ed] Robert Callergård, Stockholm: Thales, 2011, s. 13-33Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 131.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Någonstans vid världens kant2007Ingår i: Stockholms fria tidning, ISSN 1650-4674Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 132.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Queer på film: förr eller senare tar mainstreamfilmen över det undergroundscenen skapar2001Ingår i: Upsala Nya Tidning (UNT)Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 133.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Recension av Davidson, Jenny: Breeding: A Partial History of the Eighteenth Century2012Ingår i: English Studies: A Journal of English Language, ISSN 0013-838X, E-ISSN 1744-4217, Vol. 93, nr 4, s. 493-495Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 134.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Recension av Music as a Science of Mankind in Eighteenth-Century Britain (förf. Maria Semi)2013Ingår i: Eighteenth-Century Music, ISSN 1478-5706, E-ISSN 1478-5714, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 134-136Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 135.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Shaftesbury auf Deutsch: Estetik, Bildung och ett intresselöst intresse2013Ingår i: Biblis, ISSN 1403-3313, nr 63Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 136.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Litteraturvetenskapliga institutionen. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Shaftesbury om poetisk sanning och det naturliga samhället2017Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 11-26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most original voices in British post-revolutionary philosophy belongs to the third Earl of Shaftesbury (1671–1713). Rather than supporting the Hobbesian and Lockean idea of modern political society as an artificially formed creation, Shaftesbury perceives society as a beneficial outcome of nature and natural rationality. Shaftes­bury’s understanding of natural society is furthermore entwined with aesthetic mat­ters. The aim of the following article is twofold. First, due to the fact that Shaftesbury’s ideas rarely are analysed in any detail by Swedish scholars, it offers an introduction to Shaftesbury’s take on the complex relation between society and poetry to readers of eighteenth-century intellectual history in general, and readers of the history of literature in particular. Second, given that Shaftesbury is frequently regarded as the first modern advocate of aesthetic autonomy, I wish to problematize such an account by showing how Shaftesbury opposes the idea that poetry holds an instrumental value for society, while he simultaneously maintains the inseparability of poetical truth, artistic whole, and political naturalism. As this article shows, the Promethean myth of creativity is central for Shaftesbury’s understanding of the relation between society and poetry.

  • 137.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    "Taste is not to conform to the art, but the art to the taste": aesthetic instrumentalism and the British body politic in the neoclassical age2013Ingår i: Journal of Aesthetics and Culture, ISSN 2000-4214, E-ISSN 2000-4214, Vol. 5, s. 1-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The eighteenth century witnessed the historical change from aesthetic instrumentalism to aesthetic autonomy. Aesthetic research has often attempted to capture this change in teleological terms, wherein British aesthetic instrumentalism appears to contain the seeds of its own decline. The purpose of this article is to restore a balance between these two major historical modes of appreciating art, and to display the uniqueness of British aesthetic instrumentalism. During especially the first half of the eighteenth century, aesthetic instrumentalism was revitalised due to a new rationale for art in the reinforcement of a national body politic and in the strengthening of a British identity. In order to recognise the distinctiveness of aesthetic instrumentalism, as well as to acknowledge by what means it operated, I make essentially two claims: (1) aesthetic instrumentalism rediscovered its effective interaction with a national body politic by exploring a possible nexus between Britain and classical antiquity, and (2) although the philosophy of art advanced by Joseph Addison (1672-1719) frequently is held as a possible commencement of aesthetic autonomy, it was, first and foremost, characterised by a systematic aesthetic instrumentalism intended to reinforce the British body politic.

  • 138.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    The Sublime: Precursors and British Eighteenth-Century Conceptions2007Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation studies the attraction of the sublime in British criticism during the eighteenth century, with particular emphasis on the arguments that served as precursors to the interest in the experience of the sublime.

    The first part explores Samuel H. Monk’s standard work on the British eighteenth-century sublime, along with more recent studies. In order to expand the contextual features of Monk’s established account, and to be able to connect the sublime with the impact of the criticism of intellectual literature during the second half of the seventeenth century, this study needs to begin by considering the arguments put forth by Longinus in his treatise Peri Hupsous, a work that exerted considerable influence on eighteenth-century critics.

    Thus, the second part addresses the relevance of the arguments made by Longinus, who reflected on the significance of the concentrated exercise of the imagination and drew attention to the inner carriage required to bring about the experience of the sublime. The third part, then, demonstrates the importance assigned by critics of the sublime to the intense exercise of the imagination. However, to fully understand the attraction of the Longinian sublime, this demonstration also needs to take into account the attention given to the exercise of the imagination in criticism of intellectual literature during the second half of the seventeenth century. Finally, I illustrate the relevance of including such criticism in the interpretation of the attraction of the sublime during the eighteenth century by considering Thomas Hobbes’ claims on the subject of the imagination.

  • 139.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Var är ovanlighetens politiker?2010Ingår i: Fria Tidningen, ISSN 1654-9449Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 140.
    Axelsson, Karl
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Flodin, Camilla
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för estetik.
    Onödig: kulturindustrin klarar sig utmärkt utan Johan Staël von Holstein2008Ingår i: Dagens NyheterArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 141.
    Beckman, Emelie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    A critique of Lewis' claim that responsibility belongs to the individual2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 142.
    Bengtsson, Gisela
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen. Universitetet i Oslo, Filosofisk institutt.
    Are You Serious, Wittgenstein?: Criticism of Cora Diamond's The Realistic Spirit2008Ingår i: Backwards and Forward: Questions of Method / [ed] Nordic Network for Wittgenstein Research, Norwich, 2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 143.
    Bengtsson, Gisela
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för teoretisk filosofi.
    On the Austere Conception of Nonsense2002Ingår i: Persons. An interdisciplinary dialogue: Papers of the 25th International Wittgenstein Symposium / [ed] Christian Kanzian, Josef Quitterer and Edmund Runggaldier, Kirchberg am Wechsel: ALWS , 2002, Vol. 10, nr 37, s. 25-27Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I criticize James Conant’s account of the ”austere conception of nonsense”. 1) Conant tells us that no distinctions are made within nonsense, according to the “austere conception of nonsense”. I argue that this is not the case. 2) Conant claims that there can be no fixed answers to whether a remark is nonsensical or not. He also provides a list of remarks that must be understood as meaningful. 3) I argue that it follows from Conant’s account that the success of the philosophical project of the Tractatus depends on the reader undergoing a certain psychological process. It is however crucial for Wittgenstein, according to Conant, to follow Frege in the separation between philosophy and psychology.

  • 144.
    Bengtsson, Gisela
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen. Universitetet i Oslo, Filosofisk institutt.
    Trivialities and What is Trivial2005Ingår i: Wittgenstein, Philosophy and Language / [ed] Wittgensteinforskergruppen ved UiB, 2005Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 145.
    Bengtsson, Gisela Susanna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för teoretisk filosofi.
    Frege on Dichtung and Elucidation2018Ingår i: NEW ESSAYS ON FREGE: BETWEEN SCIENCE AND LITERATURE / [ed] Bengtsson, G; Saatela, S; Pichler, A, Dordrecht: Springer-Verlag New York, 2018, s. 101-117Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I identify an assumption at play in anti-semantic interpretative approaches to Frege: the notion that translatability to Frege’s concept script functions as a criterion for deciding whether a thought is expressed in a sentence or utterance. I question the viability of this assumption by pointing to Frege’s accounts of the aim and character of his logical language and scientific discourse more generally, and by looking at his remarks on poetic forms of language, literature and fiction (Dichtung). Since it seems clear that the sentences used in poetic and literary forms of language that Frege discusses, have Sinn and are possible to understand, in his view, I argue that the translatability criterion for thoughts is flawed. A discussion of Frege’s appeal to an approach of willingness to understand in a reader, and the relation between Frege’s use of elucidatory discourse and his conception of Dichtung is central to my exposition in this paper.

  • 146.
    Bengtsson, Gisela Susanna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för teoretisk filosofi.
    Frontmatter2016Ingår i: The Nordic Wittgenstein Review, ISSN 2194-6825, Vol. 6, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 147.
    Bengtsson, Gisela Susanna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för teoretisk filosofi.
    Introduction: Zwischen Dichtung und Wissenschaft2018Ingår i: NEW ESSAYS ON FREGE: BETWEEN SCIENCE AND LITERATURE / [ed] Bengtsson, G; Saatela, S; Pichler, A, Dordrecht: Springer Publishing Company, 2018, s. 1-7Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    “Simple, forceful, strict” are the words Georg Henrik von Wright uses to describe Gottlob Frege’s style of writing (von Wright 1993, 60). He adds that it often contains an element of ice-cold irony, and this description seems to capture well the style that had such a great impact on Ludwig Wittgenstein’s sentences (cf. Wittgenstein 1981, § 712). In a later essay, von Wright (1994) borrows a distinction between two different human intellectual approaches from Friedrich Waismann (1940), and gives it a central role in an outline of the origin and development of analytic philosophy. The distinction is between a scientific approach that has the search for knowledge and true propositions as a primary guideline, and a philosophical approach that views clarity as the ultimate goal. Those guided by a philosophical approach seek to make clear what propositions mean. Characteristic of this approach is the conception that philosophy is distinct from science, as it neither is directed at the construction of theories, nor guided by a search for knowledge in the form of true proposition. The scientific approach, on the other hand, is characterized by a unified view of science according to which philosophy forms a part of it. Interaction and conflict between these two approaches characterize the development of analytic philosophy, according to the picture von Wright presents. Without hesitation, von Wright lets Bertrand Russell represent the first approach and G. E. Moore the second. Frege is spoken of much more cautiously. It is as if von Wright does not quite know what to say or where to place Frege with regard to the distinction between the two different intellectual approaches.

  • 148.
    Bengtsson, Gisela Susanna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för teoretisk filosofi.
    On Saying Nothing: Wittgenstein's conception of the right method in philosophy2014Ingår i: Analytical and Continental Philosophy:: Methods and Perspectives, Kirchberg am Wechsel: Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society , 2014, Vol. 22, s. 18-20Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 149.
    Bengtsson, Gisela Susanna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för teoretisk filosofi.
    På jakt efter det triviala2008Ingår i: Tankar: Tillägnade Sören Stenlund / [ed] Niklas Forsberg; Sharon Rider; Per Segerdahl, Uppsala: Uppsala Universitet , 2008, 54, s. 109-125-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 150.
    Bengtsson, Gisela Susanna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen, Avdelningen för teoretisk filosofi.
    På jakt efter det triviala.2008Ingår i: Tankar: Tillägnade Sören Stenlund / [ed] Niklas Forsberg; Sharon Rider; Pär Segerdahl, Uppsala: Uppsala Universitet , 2008, 109-125Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
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