Logotyp: till Uppsala universitets webbplats

uu.sePublikationer från Uppsala universitet
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
1234567 101 - 150 av 767
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 101.
    Eriksson, Ove
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Lindholm, Karl-Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Claudius' Coin in the Forest: Niche Construction and Strategies by Early Colonizers of Boreal Inlands in Central Scandinavia2022Ingår i: Historical Ecology: Learning from the Past to Understand the Present and Forecast the Future of Ecosystems / [ed] Guillaume Decocq, London; Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2022, s. 207-219Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The colonization and establishment of agriculture and iron production in the boreal forest inland regions of central Scandinavia from the Iron Age onwards implied that people must have overcome great difficulties. Climate is harsh, and vast areas are covered with forest and mires initially unsuitable for farming. The authors suggests that a combination of a mind-set based on infield systems occurring in the regions from where the colonizers came, and constraints imposed by the environment, promoted human niche construction processes specific for these regions. The landscape was basically structured as infields and outland, but the constraints imposed by the poor productivity of the forests necessitated extending forest grazing spatially, promoted use of outland mires for harvest of winter fodder, and ultimately led to development of secondary farms, shielings, as an innovative strategy of a spatially structured domesticated landscape.

  • 102.
    Eriksson, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Kärl och social gestik: Keramik i Mälardalen 1500 BC-400 AD2009Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis aims to study the pottery of the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age societies in Eastern Central Sweden (Uppsala and Västmanlands counties). The basis of the thesis is the material from c. 70 sites in the region. The majority are rescue excavations. The focus is on the function of the pottery, both technically and socially. It is a long-term study where changes in the traditions of handicraft are important. The handicraft is studied by analysis of ware, surface treatments and vessel forms. Lipid analyses have been made to determine probable functions of different vessels. The vessels are regarded as parts of different services or assemblages. The composition of the service is considered to be a signifying the complexity of the table manners. The proportions and degree of the restrictedness of the vessels are seen as an indicator of the table manners were meant to be individual or collective.

    The Bronze Age tradition seems to have been a more collective way of feasting with a service with unrestricted vessels for drinking- and eating. This tradition, influenced by continental ideas, disappears on the transition to the Iron Age. The entire tradition of making and handling with pottery was undergone radical changes around 500 BC. The causes to this change and others are discussed. A multiple causal explanation is presented with ideological, social, economic and climatic causes. The tradition with feasting including more elaborate ceramic vessels reoccurs later on during the Roman Iron Age.  The different ideological backgrounds to the traditions of feasting are considered.

    External influences are considered. They are seen in terms of course of invention, implementation and finally the transformation to tradition. Influences from Central and Eastern Europe are discussed and dated. During some periods external influences are few or even lacks. This is discussed and also the problem with connections between morphological traits and pottery styles versus ethnicity.  Thin-section analyses of the pottery are used to investigate if imported vessels are to be seen.

    The pottery in the graves is studied. The analysis indicates that graves seldom contain remains of entire vessels. The causes behind this phenomenon are discussed. The occurrence of different types of vessels in the graves are studied and correlated to gender. Eschatological causes are argued to be an important reason for choice of material. Pottery in cremations versus inhumation graves are separated due to different conditions for performing rituals. Ceramic vessels in inhumation graves during the Roman Iron Age are rare compared to other regions. The use of drinking vessels seems to have been more exclusive during the period.

     

  • 103.
    Eriksson, Viktoria
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Samiska björngravar och dess återspegling av relationen mellan människa och djur.2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sami bear graves is an important source for archaeological research on the indigenous people of the Nordic countries. They bring stories of the past through the bones and through written sources from the 17th century. The mythological stories tell us about interactions between man and the holy creature that is the bear, and the buried bones have their own stories to tell. The aim of this study is to analyse the connection between the Sami and the bear and search for a thicker understanding about the reasons for this animal to be buried in own graves. By close readings of archaeological reports, analyses of the Sami culture and religious practices where the bear is present, and, not the least, thoughts about the fluid borders between human and animal agents, a bigger picture will emerge that explains why the bear were of such importance. This paper will thus be a contribution to the knowledge of the Sami culture and the archaeological research that has emerged over the last century.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 104.
    Falck, Anna-Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Seglets introduktion i Skandinavien: En undersökning kring indikationer för seglets uppkomst under bronsåldern2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den första avbilden av segel finns i Egypten och dateras till ca år 4000 f.Kr. Runt ca år 3000f.Kr. uppkommer segel i östra Medelhavsområdet, Persiska viken och möjligen Indien. I Skandinavien anser en del forskare att segel inte har existerat förrän ca 700 år e.Kr., då inga arkeologiska bevis för mast eller segel förekommer. Frågan som kan ställas är om det är rimligt att seglet har tagit omkring 3000-3500 år att nå Skandinavien från östra Medelhavsområdet? Syftet med studien är att undersöka och redogöra för vilka indikationer som finns för att seglet kan ha förekommit i Skandinavien under bronsåldern. Frågeställningarna har varit: Var Skandinavien i kontakt med områden som nyttjade segel eller hade kunskap om dem under bronsåldern? Vilka belägg finns för att kontakter med områden i Europa harförekommit? Kan hällbilderna från bronsåldern i Skandinavien tolkas ha mast och segel? Vad krävs i en båtkonstruktion för att den skall kunna segla? Har skandinaviska bronsåldersbåtar haft en båtkonstruktion som klarat av segling? Teorin som antagits i föreliggande uppsats har varit Bengtsson & Bengtssons (2011) som antar att segel kan ha uppkommit tidigare i Skandinavien, möjligtvis redan under bronsåldern. Studien utfördes genom en litteraturöversikt och metoden var empirisk och komperativ då forskares åsikter, antaganden och resultat från deras undersökningar jämfördes och presenterades utifrån frågeställningarnai analysen. En avgränsning har funnits genom att undersökningen främst berört områden därmast och segel kan tolkas ha förekommit samt på platser där tidigare forskning behandlat Skandinaviens hällristningar. Ytterligare avgränsning har funnits genom att en ingåendebeskrivning av hur båtkonstruktionen hos bronsåldersbåtarna såg ut, ej har angivits i detalj, utan i stället har de funktioner som ansetts viktiga för en möjlig introduktion av segel i Skandinavien främst undersökts. Resultatet visar utifrån analysen och diskussionen kring frågeställningarna att indikationerframkommer för att möjligheten finns för att segel förekom i Skandinavien under bronsåldern.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 105.
    Falck-Hornkullare, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Västerås fem sydostligast blägna fornborgar2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The five south-eastern archaeological sites in the Västerås district were probably built about 3000 years ago, thus during the younger Bronze Age. Building of fortresses was very resource-intensive, requiring large resources of materials, crew and food as well as a management and organization. The patrons should have had an important economic role in the village and, based on their location on the mountain slopes at Mälaren, should have had a trade to do. The probability is high that the citizens were trading venues where products from the east, south and west of Sweden / Scandinavian Peninsula were sold or exchanged for products from central Sweden. The products sold and purchased were, for example, leather and bronze products (Burenhult 1999: 54-58).

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 106.
    Fallgren, Jan-Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Farm and village in the Viking Age2008Ingår i: The Viking World, London and New York: Routledge , 2008, s. 67-76Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 107.
    Fallgren, Jan-Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Fornborgar, bebyggelse och odlingslandskap2008Ingår i: Gråborg på Öland: om en borg, ett kapell och en by, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien , 2008, s. 119-136Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 108.
    Fallgren, Jan-Henrik
    et al.
    Univ Aberdeen, Kings Coll, Ctr Scandinavian Studies, Aberdeen AB9 1FX, Scotland.;Univ Aberdeen, Kings Coll, Dept Archaeol, Aberdeen AB9 1FX, Scotland..
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    The Ritual Use of Brooches in Early Medieval Forts on Öland, SwedenL'usage rituel des fibules dans les enceintes fortifiées de l’île d’Öland en Suède au haut moyen âgeDer rituelle Gebrauch von Fibeln in den frühmittelalterlichen Befestigungen auf der schwedischen Insel Öland2016Ingår i: European Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1461-9571, E-ISSN 1741-2722, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 681-703Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2010, the largest find of exquisite gilded silver brooches ever made in Scandinavia came to light during a metal detector survey in a small fort on oland in the Baltic Sea. It consisted of five hoards buried in five different houses within the fort. The brooches were of the Dreiknopfbugelfibeln/radiate-headed and relief types. Three of the hoards also contained large quantities of beads and pendants, some quite exclusive and rare. In addition, the upper part of another relief brooch probably belonged to a sixth hoard ploughed up in the late nineteenth century. In 2011, Kalmar County Museum excavations at the site of these hoard finds also revealed the traces of a massacre. Though a connection between the deposition of the hoards and the massacre is plausible, several elements suggest that the deposits are ritual in character and unrelated to the attack on the fort. The regular placing of the hoards in the right corner inside the entrance of the houses suggests ritual acts, and the composition of the hoards demonstrates that the deposits are symbolic. We conclude that the hoards and the brooches are props belonging to the interior of the forts and to activities conducted inside them; they may have been worn by some women during rituals. Why these hoards were left in the Sandby fort is, however, no doubt related to its destruction.

  • 109.
    Ferrara, Vincenza
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Wästfelt, Anders
    From landscape as heritage to biocultural heritage in a landscape: The ecological and cultural legacy of millennial land use practices for future natures2022Ingår i: Landscape as heritage: international critical perspectives / [ed] Giacomo Pettenati, Abingdon; New York: Routledge, 2022, s. 80-90Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In many landscapes today, biological diversity is the ecological and cultural legacy of millennial interactions between land use practices and always changing environmental conditions. Thus, landscapes must be seen as heterogeneous, shaped through interacting different temporal and spatial scales. In our contribution we conceptualise biocultural heritage as space-time heterarchies, the endless results of repeated feedback between land use as human ecological process and the response of the ecosystems themselves. We provide the example of the olive intercropping landscape from a rural area of inner Sicily (Cozzo del Lampo hill, Villarosa), and we explore the potential of our conceptualisation for landscape heritage management. The discussion is centred on the acknowledgement of the “ecological function” played by place-based communities, as a key grounding step for the re-appropriation of our ecological engagement with landscape and place.

  • 110.
    Ferrara, Vincenza
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Stockholm Univ, Dept Human Geog, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ingemark, Dominic
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    The Entangled Phenology of the Olive Tree: A Compiled Ecological Calendar of Olea Europaea L. Over the Last Three Millennia With Sicily as a Case Study2023Ingår i: GeoHealth, E-ISSN 2471-1403, Vol. 7, nr 3, artikel-id e2022GH000619Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Seasonal cycles in plants and animals drive key timings of human practices in an agrosystem like the best time for harvest, planting, or pruning. Within the framework of historical phenological studies, we attempt a reconstruction of the olive (Olea europaea L.) phenology along millennia. Thanks to its extraordinary longevity, the olive tree is a living proxy from the past and embodies a still uncollected long-term memory of ecological behaviors. A cultural keystone species, olive cultivation has more and more played a crucial role for biodiversity conservation, livelihood of rural communities and their enrooted cultural identity in the whole Mediterranean. By compiling traditional phenological knowledge from historical written sources and oral traditions, and using it as historical bio-indicator of the linkage between human ecological practices and seasonal changes of plant behavior, we compiled a monthly ecological calendar of the olive tree covering the last ∼2800 years. As a case study, we chose a special place: Sicily, unique for its position in the Mediterranean, geomorphology and legacies in the form of cross-temporal accumulated eco-cultures. Such a sui generis ecological calendar provides an additional case study to explore the intertwining of plant behavior and human adaptation strategies and the interplay between cultural diversity, ecological disturbance and phenological stability. All of this, in turn, can inform action for the present and future sustainable management of these millennial trees.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 111.
    Ferrara, Vincenza
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Stockholm Univ, Dept Human Geog, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sala, Giovanna
    Univ Palermo, Dept Agr Food & Forest Sci, Palermo, PA, Italy..
    Ingemark, Dominic
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    La Mantia, Tommaso
    Univ Palermo, Dept Agr Food & Forest Sci, Palermo, PA, Italy..
    The green granary of the Empire?: Insights into olive agroforestry in Sicily (Italy) from the Roman past and the present2023Ingår i: Italian Journal of Agronomy, ISSN 1125-4718, E-ISSN 2039-6805, Vol. 18, nr 1, artikel-id 2184Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Groves with ancient olive trees (Olea europaea L.) could be considered remnants of old agroforestry systems. Anything but static, these agro-ecosystems have undergone drastic transforma-tional processes in Mediterranean countries, where abandonment or intensification have been observed far more than continuity, expansion or renaissance, leading to environmental degradation of rural areas. Starting from this assumption and inspired by historical ecol-ogy and historical geography, we consider centuries-old olive trees as living archives of human-nature interactions and are thus proxies of past agroforestry. Our aim is to better understand what has driven dynamics of change and persistence, happening today as well as in the past. We first travel backward in time, looking at the ecology of land management systems during the Roman peri-od (ca 200 BC-400 AD) and late Antiquity (ca AD 400-700). The special focus is the island of Sicily, the granary of the Empire, well known as a region where cereal production increased around the latifundia economy. We reconstruct the diversity of land tenure and the ecology of such complex systems, by combining records from Roman agriculturalists and palaeoenvironmental evidence of the past. We then zoom out, to look at today's man-agement practices in olive groves, thus drawing a parallel between Antiquity and today. Our work provides valuable insights into the correlation between certain organisation models, ecolog-ical strategies and adaptation capacity over the long term, clearly showing that human and nature dimensions are interconnected. Such entanglement may be a key element for ensuring these agroecosystems resilience. All elements that may contribute to the re-invention of sustainable forms of their management, for the present and the future.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 112.
    Fischer, Svante
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Finsta i Skederid (U ATA3916/47)2013Ingår i: Futhark: International Journal of Runic Studies, ISSN 1892-0950, E-ISSN 1892-0950, Vol. 3, s. 125-134Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 113.
    Fischer, Svante
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Roman Imperialism and Runic Literacy: The Westernization of Northern Europe (150-800 AD)2005Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation discusses Roman imperialism and runic literacy. It employs an interdisciplinary terminology. By means of terms new to archaeology, the growth of a specialized language, a technolect, is traced until it enters the realm of literacy. The author argues that there is more than one way for literacy to appear in prehistoric cultures. The ’normal’ perception is that literacy grows out of a need to keep records of a growing economic surplus. The ’other’ way for a culture to become literate is that someone else forces literacy upon it. This has been the case in many parts of the world subject to Western imperialism. The onslaught of Roman imperialism caused the invention of runic literacy in Northern Europe during the Early Roman Iron Age. The invention of the runic script should thus be seen as a preemptive reaction to the threat of Westernization. A comparison is made with a number of Early Modern Period cases of newly invented scripts caused by the arrival of literate Westerners in West Africa. The invention and introduction of the runes may well have been a dictated shift in literacy, seeking to break away from Latin. A number of dictated shifts in literacy from Early Modern Period America and Modern Period Asia are studied in comparison. The interaction between Germanic and Roman affinities was accentuated by the Roman army’s recruitment of Germanic men. These came to dominate the Roman army. This gave rise to a Germanic kleptocracy, a criminal rule in the post-Roman world. The role of runic literacy changed in the post-Roman aftermath of the Migration and Vendel Periods as the kleptocratic elite found it increasingly difficult to support a lavish lifestyle that included runic literacy. As a result, there was a decline in runic literacy in Northern Europe until the economic revival of the Viking Period. By then, it was clear that the North was soon to be integrated into the Christian West.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 114.
    Fischer, Svante
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    The Late Roman and Early Byzantine Solidi of the Stiernstedt Ancient Coin Collection2020Ingår i: Journal of Archaeology and Ancient History (JAAH), E-ISSN 2001-1199, nr 28, s. 1-64Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of 33 Late Roman and Early Byzantine solidi from the period 394-565 that are kept in the Stiernstedt Ancient Coin Collection. The solidi were acquired in the late nineteenth century by the co-founding president of the Swedish Numismatic Society, August Wilhelm Stiernstedt. After his death, the solidi along with 2,434 other coins were published as a coherent assembly, the Stiernstedt Ancient Coin Collection (Heilborn 1882). The entire collection was acquired at a sale from the Bukowski auction house in Stockholm by the Swedish-Texan antebellum cattle baron and gilded age banker Swante Magnus Swenson the same year. Together with many other coins and various prehistoric objects acquired in Sweden, the Stiernstedt Ancient Coin Collection was donated by Swenson in 1891 to the State of Texas under the name of the Swenson Collection. The Stiernstedt Ancient Coin Collection is currently kept at the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History at the University of Texas at Austin. The study concludes with a catalogue of the 33 solidi. In the commentary, I have tried to identify and recontextualize the solidi by comparing them to recorded hoards from Scandinavia and the European Continent as well as unprovenanced solidi in Swedish and European collections.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    jaah28
  • 115.
    Fischer, Svante
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Lejdegård, Hans
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    Victor, Helena
    The Fall and Decline of the Roman Urban Mind2011Ingår i: The Urban Mind: Cultural and Environmental Dynamics / [ed] Paul Sinclair, Gullög Nordquist, Frands Herrschend & Christian Isendahl, Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia , 2011, s. 277-294Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 116.
    Fischer, Svante
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Lind, Lennart
    Stockholm University.
    The Coins in the Grave of King Childeric2015Ingår i: Journal of Archaeology and Ancient History (JAAH), E-ISSN 2001-1199, nr 14, s. 1-36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contextualizes some one hundred mid- to late 5th century solidi and two hundred silver coins found in the grave of King Childeric in Tournai, Belgium. We argue that the coins in the grave must have been assembled for the specific purpose of the burial rite and that some of the participants in the burial rite were allowed to look at the coins before the grave was sealed. We argue that they were capable of identifying the various coins because they were literate and familiar with Roman iconography. It follows that the solidus hoard together with the other coins is a meaningful composition that has been manipulated for ideological purposes by Clovis himself. The coins must hence be explained in a manner that considers Clovis’ ideological motives, as the grave and its contents run contrary to all usual explanations.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    JAAH14
  • 117.
    Fischer, Svante
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Lopez-Sanchez, Fernando
    Univ Oxford Wolfson Coll, Linton Rd, Oxford OX2 6UD, England..
    Subsidies for the Roman West?: The flow of Constantinopolitan solidi to the Western Empire and Barbaricum2016Ingår i: Opuscula: Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome, ISSN 2000-0898, Vol. 9, s. 249-269Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the presence of solidi struck in Constantinople found in 5th and early to mid-6th century solidus hoards in the Western Empire, Italy in particular. Some 112 different solidus hoards in eleven regions are compared and evaluated. It is suggested that solidi from Constantinople in most of these hoards may be interpreted as the evidence of subsidies for the Western Empire. A possible cause for the uneven but lengthy supply of gold from Constantinople to the Western emperor could have been the fear of Western insolvency and ultimately a state bankruptcy.

  • 118.
    Fischer, Svante
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Soulat, Jean
    Fischer, Teodora Linton
    Sword parts and their depositional contexts - Symbols in Migration and Merovingian Period martial society2013Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 108, nr 2, s. 109-122Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A key feature of swords from the Migration and Merovingian Periods is that they consist of many different parts, as recently highlighted by the discovery of the Staffordshire hoard. This paper seeks to understand sword parts and their depositional contexts by interpreting them as symbols of kleptocracy, animated by their object biographies in a martial society. This is done by evaluating four important finds from Sweden: a stray intact sword from Scania, a cremation grave from Heberg in Halland, a wetland deposit from Snosback in Vastergotland, and the settlement finds from Uppakra in Scania. The presence of the various different parts varies substantially in the different kinds of contexts. In particular, the Uppakra settlement is missing hundreds of sword parts that ought to have been there given the professional excavations and systematic metal-detecting over many years there. This allows for the interpretation of the Uppakra sword parts as the remains of a battlefield of about AD 600 where most of the sword parts were removed from the site shortly after the battle.

  • 119.
    Fleischer, Rebecka
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ryttargravar från Vendel och Valsgärde: En studie om skillnader och kontraster i hästutrustning mellan vendel- och vikingatid.2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    What specifically characterizes an equestrian grave and what equipment do the equestrian graves from the Vendel period and early Viking Age contain? This study deals with the differences and contrasts that exist in horse equipment between Vendel period and early Viking Age times in Vendel and Valsgärde and how the horse equipment changes over time. The study deals with what are called equestrian graves and this is also where the differences in the grave material are the biggest. The contrasts that have been read shows a change in the grave material between the Vendel period and Viking Age, it goes from being an equestrian and warrior ideal where horse and riding have been a large part of the social structure with among other things like stirrups, spurs, and saddles to turn into what could be likened to a development of agriculture and the need for horses as draft and working animals. The latter grave material contains equipment such as towhooks, “rangles” and driving equipment. This material also contains other points of departure that are relevant to this thesis, including the role of the horse in human history, looting of boat graves and its disturbed context, and how it has affected the boat graves of this study and the deposition of horse equipment. The horse was of great importance in the lives of the living and in the land of the dead, but it also received both its riding equipment and working equipment in order to continue to have a centered role, even in the afterlife.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 120.
    Flygare, Åke
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Den norrländska jakt- och fångstkulturens hällmålningar och deras lokalisation.2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The rock paintings of the hunter-gatherers in the province of Norrland, and their localisation.

    The aim of this thesis is to find a couple of distinguishing features for the localisation of the rock paintings of the hunter-gatherers in Norrland. This will be done through studies of Swedish and international literature, about ancient rock-art and the belief system of the hunter-gatherers. I will make comparisons  with other groups of hunter-gatherers and try to find analogies. My belief is that there must be a large number of undetected rock paintings in Norrland. They are hard to find because of overgrowth by lichen and damages due to wethering. Theretoo I feel that there hasn´t been enough of structured surveys. I hope that my resulting short list of practical clues of where to find them will help:

    • seek for them in the boreal forest area from 200 meters above the sea level to the present alpine tree line zone
    • in close vicinity to neolithic winter dwellings
    • in close vicinity to pitfall traps
    • on vertical rock walls of cliffs or boulders
    • in close vicinity to standing water/ alternatively in a hillside in the forest
    • the rock faces to the south
    • on imposing natural formations
    • try to find them in cloudy, humid weather

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 121. Forsberg, Lars
    et al.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Converging conclusions from different archaeological perspectives: The early settlement of northern Sweden1999Ingår i: L'Europe des dernier chasseurs: Èpipaléolithique et `Mesolithique / [ed] André Thévenin, 1999, s. 313-319Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The startingpoint for this paper is two separate but contemporaneous investigations dealing with the Early Stone Age of Northern Sweden. In the first study, Forsberg attempted to study the economic and social aspect of the Mesolithic in Northern Sweden on a macrolevel. In the other, Knutsson on a microlevel, started his research by a source critical evalustaion of a stratified site with early mesolithic components in the same area. The two studies were initiated independently at roughly the same time some years agoand, although different in scope and source material, they shared among other things a chronological interest.

    The separate analyses showed that the previously anticipated cultural and chronological framework of the Norrland Mesolithic had to be abandoned. The two phase periodization with the handle core tradition as the initial phase had to be changed int a three period structure with the handle core tradition in the middle. The fact that this discovery came as a total surprise to the authors, that it was made contemporaneous, independently and with different means, promoted an epistemological discussion on the current opposition between an objectivist and relativist position. In the paper, the authors want to reach beyond this constructed opposition. It is stated that, without having to turn to a passive reflection of how it once was, a meningful study of the past is possible and that the archaeological material itself does not allow that all interpretations are seen as equivalent.

  • 122.
    Fraser, Magdalena
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    People of the Dolmens and Stone Cists: An archaeogenetic Investigation of Megalithic Graves from the Neolithic Period on Gotland2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The study of ancient genomics of pre-historic human remains has in recent years offered unprecedented knowledge regarding pre-historic migration and population structure on the European continent which has fundamentally altered the current views in the archaeological community. However, the merging of the two fields, archaeology and genetics, is still in its infancy and much work is still needed in order for these fields to integrate. In this thesis I explore how genetic analyses, in combination with contextual radiocarbon dating and isotopic analyses for diet and mobility can be used to investigate demographic events on a local and regional level. This is done through the investigation of people buried in five previously excavated megalithic tombs on the Island of Gotland dated to the Neolithic period. I present the genomic population structure and archaeological background for the pre-historic European reference data and show how this is used to investigate population continuity, demographic shifts, cultural duality, and admixture for local and regional contexts. I present new data and explore the Strontium-baseline for the Gotland biosphere which is used for the mobility analyses. I show that mitochondrial haplogroup data is especially useful in combination with isotopic data, and radiocarbon dating for investigation of demographic shifts on a larger scale. I also show that genomic data gives unique insights into the individuals’ life history which, together with the established demographic background allows for fine scale investigation of population demographic events within and between different archaeological contexts. Finally I show that the different Neolithic contexts on Gotland to a large extent involves immigration of new groups to the island, and that the contextual breaks seen in the archaeological record during the Neolithic period are connected with cultural and population demographic shifts. This dissertation demonstrates that genomic analyses, in combination with archaeology and isotopic analyses, as well as contextual osteological analyses and radiocarbon dating, present unique insights into the life history of the actual people who lived the lives we try to understand.

    Delarbeten
    1. New insights on cultural dualism and population structure in the MiddleNeolithic Funnel Beaker culture on the island of Gotland
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>New insights on cultural dualism and population structure in the MiddleNeolithic Funnel Beaker culture on the island of Gotland
    Visa övriga...
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2352-4103, Vol. 17, s. 325-334Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years it has been shown that the Neolithization of Europe was partly driven by migration of farming groups admixing with local hunter-gatherer groups as they dispersed across the continent. However, little research has been done on the cultural duality of contemporaneous foragers and farming populations in the same region. Here we investigate the demographic history of the Funnel Beaker culture [Trichterbecherkultur or TRB, c. 4000–2800 cal BCE], and the sub-Neolithic Pitted Ware culture complex [PWC, c. 3300–2300 cal BCE] during the Nordic Middle Neolithic period on the island of Gotland, Sweden. We use a multidisciplinary approach to investigate individuals buried in the Ansarve dolmen, the only confirmed TRB burial on the island. We present new radiocarbon dating, isotopic analyses for diet and mobility, and mitochondrial DNA haplogroup data to infer maternal inheritance. We also present a new Sr-baseline of 0.71208 ± 0.0016 for the local isotope variation. We compare and discuss our findings together with that of contemporaneous populations in Sweden and the North European mainland.

    The radiocarbon dating and Strontium isotopic ratios show that the dolmen was used between c. 3300–2700 cal BCE by a population which displayed local Sr-signals. Mitochondrial data show that the individuals buried in the Ansarve dolmen had maternal genetic affinity to that of other Early and Middle Neolithic farming cultures in Europe, distinct from that of the contemporaneous PWC on the island. Furthermore, they exhibited a strict terrestrial and/or slightly varied diet in contrast to the strict marine diet of the PWC. The findings indicate that two different contemporary groups coexisted on the same island for several hundred years with separate cultural identity, lifestyles, as well as dietary patterns.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Elsevier, 2018
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Arkeologi
    Forskningsämne
    Molekylär genetik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343835 (URN)10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.09.002 (DOI)000429561000031 ()
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Berit Wallenbergs StiftelseGunvor och Josef Anérs stiftelseHelge Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-03-01 Skapad: 2018-03-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-06-05Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. The Stone Cist Conundrum: A multidisciplinary approach to investigate Late Neolithic/ Early Bronze Age population demography on the Island of Gotland
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Stone Cist Conundrum: A multidisciplinary approach to investigate Late Neolithic/ Early Bronze Age population demography on the Island of Gotland
    Visa övriga...
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2352-4103, Vol. 20, s. 324-337Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The Late Neolithic period in Scandinavia [LN, c. 2350-1700 cal BCE] marks a time of considerable changes in settlement patterns, economy, and material culture. This shift also lays the foundation for the demographic developments in the Early Bronze Age [EBA, c. 1700-1100 cal BCE]. However, little is presently known regarding the developments from these time-periods on the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea. During the Middle Neolithic period [MN, c. 3300-2350 cal BCE], Gotland was inhabited by groups associated with the Funnel Beaker culture [TRB, c. 4000-2700 cal BCE], and the sub-Neolithic Pitted Ware culture [PWC, c. 3300-2300 cal BCE]. Some indications of connections with the Bathe Axe/Corded Ware cultures [BAC/CWC, c. 2800-2300 cal BCE] have also been found, but no typical BAC/CWC burials have been located on the island to date. Here, we investigate the chronological and internal relationship of twenty-three individuals buried in four LN/EBA stone cist burials; Haffinds, Hagur, Suderkvie, and Utalskog on Gotland. We present eleven mitochondrial genomes [from 23 X to 1271 X coverage], and twenty-three new radiocarbon dates, as well as stable isotope data for diet. We examine the local Sr-baseline range for Gotland, and present new Sr-data to discuss mobility patterns of the individuals. The genetic results are compared and discussed in light of earlier cultural periods from Gotland [TRB and PWC], and CWC from the European continent, as well as contemporaneous LN secondary burials in the MN Ansarve dolmen. We find that all burials were used into the EBA, but only two of the cists showed activity already during the LN. We also see some mobility to Gotland during the LN/EBA period based on Strontium and mitochondrial data. We see a shift in the dietary pattern compared to the preceding period on the island [TRB and PWC], and the two LN individuals from the Ansarve dolmen exhibited different dietary and mobility patterns compared to the individuals from the LN/EBA stone cist burials. We find that most of the cist burials were used by individuals local to the area of the burials, with the exception of the large LN/EBA Haffinds cist burial which showed higher levels of mobility. Our modeling of ancestral mitochondrial contribution from chronologically older individuals recovered in the cultural contexts of TRB, PWC and CWC show that the best model is a 55/45 mix of CWC and TRB individuals. A 3-way model with a slight influx from PWC [5%] also had a good fit. This is difficult to reconcile with the current archaeological evidence on the island. We suggest that the maternal CWC/TRB contribution we see in the local LN/EBA individuals derives from migrants after the Scandinavian MN period, which possible also admixed with smaller local groups connected with the PWC. Further genomic analyses of these groups on Gotland will help to clarify the demographic history during the MN to EBA time periods.

    Nationell ämneskategori
    Arkeologi
    Forskningsämne
    Molekylär genetik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343836 (URN)10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.02.045 (DOI)000444281500030 ()
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Berit Wallenbergs Stiftelse, BWS 2011.0090Gunvor och Josef Anérs stiftelseHelge Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, RJ M13-0904:1
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-03-01 Skapad: 2018-03-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-06-05Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. The genetic history of the people buried in the Ansarve Dolmen on Gotland and the northeastern most expansion of the Funnel Beaker Culture
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The genetic history of the people buried in the Ansarve Dolmen on Gotland and the northeastern most expansion of the Funnel Beaker Culture
    Visa övriga...
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Arkeologi
    Forskningsämne
    Molekylär genetik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-347066 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-03-25 Skapad: 2018-03-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-04-08
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
    Ladda ner (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 123.
    Fraser, Magdalena
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Sanchez-Quinto, Federico
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Evans, Jane
    Natural Environment Research Council, Isotope Geosciences Laboratory, British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, UK.
    Storå, Jan
    Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Götherström, Anders
    Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    New insights on cultural dualism and population structure in the MiddleNeolithic Funnel Beaker culture on the island of Gotland2018Ingår i: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2352-4103, Vol. 17, s. 325-334Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years it has been shown that the Neolithization of Europe was partly driven by migration of farming groups admixing with local hunter-gatherer groups as they dispersed across the continent. However, little research has been done on the cultural duality of contemporaneous foragers and farming populations in the same region. Here we investigate the demographic history of the Funnel Beaker culture [Trichterbecherkultur or TRB, c. 4000–2800 cal BCE], and the sub-Neolithic Pitted Ware culture complex [PWC, c. 3300–2300 cal BCE] during the Nordic Middle Neolithic period on the island of Gotland, Sweden. We use a multidisciplinary approach to investigate individuals buried in the Ansarve dolmen, the only confirmed TRB burial on the island. We present new radiocarbon dating, isotopic analyses for diet and mobility, and mitochondrial DNA haplogroup data to infer maternal inheritance. We also present a new Sr-baseline of 0.71208 ± 0.0016 for the local isotope variation. We compare and discuss our findings together with that of contemporaneous populations in Sweden and the North European mainland.

    The radiocarbon dating and Strontium isotopic ratios show that the dolmen was used between c. 3300–2700 cal BCE by a population which displayed local Sr-signals. Mitochondrial data show that the individuals buried in the Ansarve dolmen had maternal genetic affinity to that of other Early and Middle Neolithic farming cultures in Europe, distinct from that of the contemporaneous PWC on the island. Furthermore, they exhibited a strict terrestrial and/or slightly varied diet in contrast to the strict marine diet of the PWC. The findings indicate that two different contemporary groups coexisted on the same island for several hundred years with separate cultural identity, lifestyles, as well as dietary patterns.

  • 124.
    Fraser, Magdalena
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Sjödin, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Sanchez-Quinto, Federico
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Evans, Jane
    Natural Environment Research Council, Isotope Geosciences Laboratory, British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, UK.
    Svedjemo, Gustaf
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Götherström, Anders
    Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Storå, Jan
    Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    The Stone Cist Conundrum: A multidisciplinary approach to investigate Late Neolithic/ Early Bronze Age population demography on the Island of Gotland2018Ingår i: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2352-4103, Vol. 20, s. 324-337Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Late Neolithic period in Scandinavia [LN, c. 2350-1700 cal BCE] marks a time of considerable changes in settlement patterns, economy, and material culture. This shift also lays the foundation for the demographic developments in the Early Bronze Age [EBA, c. 1700-1100 cal BCE]. However, little is presently known regarding the developments from these time-periods on the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea. During the Middle Neolithic period [MN, c. 3300-2350 cal BCE], Gotland was inhabited by groups associated with the Funnel Beaker culture [TRB, c. 4000-2700 cal BCE], and the sub-Neolithic Pitted Ware culture [PWC, c. 3300-2300 cal BCE]. Some indications of connections with the Bathe Axe/Corded Ware cultures [BAC/CWC, c. 2800-2300 cal BCE] have also been found, but no typical BAC/CWC burials have been located on the island to date. Here, we investigate the chronological and internal relationship of twenty-three individuals buried in four LN/EBA stone cist burials; Haffinds, Hagur, Suderkvie, and Utalskog on Gotland. We present eleven mitochondrial genomes [from 23 X to 1271 X coverage], and twenty-three new radiocarbon dates, as well as stable isotope data for diet. We examine the local Sr-baseline range for Gotland, and present new Sr-data to discuss mobility patterns of the individuals. The genetic results are compared and discussed in light of earlier cultural periods from Gotland [TRB and PWC], and CWC from the European continent, as well as contemporaneous LN secondary burials in the MN Ansarve dolmen. We find that all burials were used into the EBA, but only two of the cists showed activity already during the LN. We also see some mobility to Gotland during the LN/EBA period based on Strontium and mitochondrial data. We see a shift in the dietary pattern compared to the preceding period on the island [TRB and PWC], and the two LN individuals from the Ansarve dolmen exhibited different dietary and mobility patterns compared to the individuals from the LN/EBA stone cist burials. We find that most of the cist burials were used by individuals local to the area of the burials, with the exception of the large LN/EBA Haffinds cist burial which showed higher levels of mobility. Our modeling of ancestral mitochondrial contribution from chronologically older individuals recovered in the cultural contexts of TRB, PWC and CWC show that the best model is a 55/45 mix of CWC and TRB individuals. A 3-way model with a slight influx from PWC [5%] also had a good fit. This is difficult to reconcile with the current archaeological evidence on the island. We suggest that the maternal CWC/TRB contribution we see in the local LN/EBA individuals derives from migrants after the Scandinavian MN period, which possible also admixed with smaller local groups connected with the PWC. Further genomic analyses of these groups on Gotland will help to clarify the demographic history during the MN to EBA time periods.

  • 125.
    Fraser, Magdalena
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Sánchez-Quinto, Federico
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi.
    Svensson, Emma
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi.
    Malmström, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi.
    Šumberová, Radka
    Institute of Archaeology of Czech Academy of Sciences, Letenská 4, CZ-11801 Prague, Czech Republic.
    Hana, Brzobohatá
    Institute of Archaeology of Czech Academy of Sciences, Letenská 4, CZ-11801 Prague, Czech Republic.
    Götherström, Anders
    Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Storå, Jan
    Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi.
    The genetic history of the people buried in the Ansarve Dolmen on Gotland and the northeastern most expansion of the Funnel Beaker CultureManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 126.
    Fredriksson, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik och filologi.
    Monié Nordin, Jonas (Författare till förord, introducerande material, etc.)
    Om anledningar till att anlägga kolonier: En dissertation framlagd 1668 av Johannes Schefferus och Johan Hoffman. Översättning och kommentar Anna Fredriksson. Inledning Anna Fredriksson, Jonas Monié Nordin och Carl-Gösta Ojala.2019Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 127.
    Fredriksson, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Monié Nordin, Jonas
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ojala, Carl-Gösta
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    The Deductionis coloniarum rationes & causae (1668): Building Arguments for Swedish Colonisation2021Ingår i: Lias: Journal of Early Modern Intellectual Culture and its Sources, ISSN 2033-4753, E-ISSN 2033-5016, Vol. 48, nr 1, s. 123-193Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation Deductionis coloniarum rationes & causae, submitted at Uppsala University in 1668 under the presidency of Johannes Schefferus, appears to be the first contribution to the Swedish discourse on the subject of colonisation and colonialism. In this paper, a translation of the text is presented with a commentary and a list of sources. In an introduction to the translation, which discusses the text against the background of academic, political, and cultural contexts, we suggest that the dissertation relates to Swedish seventeenth-century colonial experiences in general, and, more specifically, to the colonial endeavour in Sápmi (i.e. the land of the Sámi) in the northern parts of Fennoscandia. Johannes Schefferus was one of the leading intellectuals of seventeenth-century Sweden, known for important contributions to archaeology, history, and philology. The writing of Deductionis coloniarum rationes & causae is put in relation to Schefferus’ influential Lapponia (Frankfurt 1673), a work dealing with Sámi culture, economy, religion and history, which was published during a period of intensive Swedish colonial expansion in Sápmi.

  • 128.
    Frigård, Kevin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Försvaret som glömdes bort: en studie av Per-Albin linjen/Skånelinjen och potentialen i modern arkeologi.2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish memory is often strong about things that happened during the Second World War where the Atlantic Wall is often an remembered example. But many parts of our own history surrounding this conflict is more or less forgotten. One such part is the Per-Albin line in Skåne and Blekinge that was Swedens first line of defence against the Third Reich. The remains of these fortifications have today can still be found in the Swedish terrain. But when the Per-Albin line have been described it has been out of a historical perspective but not from an archaeological perspective. Because of this we miss the information that the remains of these once important structures made of concrete meant for Sweden during a dark time of the 20th-century. Remains from the Per-Albin line will be analyzed with archaeological methods and maps to find removed and forgotten defensives made of concrete and other materials to see the preservation conditions of the defensive line today. The background material consists of the history of the defensive line and the men and women that inhabited places in the Per-Albin linje and. The material that is presented in the text is from different places in Blekinge,Vägga Udde,Boön and Kärringaberget. The text attempts to incorporate the use of using maps to find the remnants of the the constructions. This work also takes up the methods that the government uses to preserve parts the line for the future and also the methods the government uses to handle the structures in other ways. The main point of this paper is to bring the practices of battlefield archaeology into light by showing how it can be used and the gains of using it on modern remnants of war.

  • 129.
    Frigård, Kevin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Keramiken på Sillnäs udde i Blekinge och jämförelser med Siretorpsplatsen : Från Ertebölle till Gropkeramik  2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Listerlandet in southwestern Blekinge houses the unique settlement Siretorps with a rich material of Stone age ceramics. Further south of Siretorp lies Sillnäs udde, that has been studied by analyses of the ceramics found there. The purpose was to compare the ceramics of the two sites to see possible connections of difference. But also find out the origin of the clay that the ceramics was made of. After preforming an analysis of the pottery ornamentation, I arrive at the conclusion that the ceramics mainly was Pitted Ware with a lot of different kinds of ornaments made to decorate the ceramic pieces. 

    An ICP-analysis concluded that the clay probably did not originate from the local area but rather from Småland. Which is a conclusion that I have been questioning. This led me to conducting a landscape analysis with GIS arriving at another possible conclusion. Because during this period in time, the people living there, had close access to clayey resource areas which they could use for pottery. However, more studies of this area needs to be conducted in order to strengthen my hypothesis. This could be done by looking at a larger area of Siretorp.

  • 130.
    Gallego-Sala, Angela V.
    et al.
    Geography Department, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.
    Charman, Dan J.
    Geography Department, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.
    Brewer, Simon
    Page, Susan E.
    Prentice, I. Colin
    Friedlingstein, Pierre
    Moreton, Steve
    Amesbury, Matthew J.
    Beilman, David W.
    Björck, Svante
    Blyakharchuk, Tatiana
    Bochicchio, Christopher
    Booth, Robert K.
    Bunbury, Joan
    Camill, Philip
    Carless, Donna
    Chimner, Rodney A.
    Clifford, Michael
    Cressey, Elizabeth
    Courtney Mustaphi, Colin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Environment Department, University of York, York, UK.
    De Vleeschouwer, François
    de Jong, Rixt
    Fialkiewicz-Koziel, Barbara
    Finkelstein, Sarah A.
    Garneau, Michelle
    Githumbi, Esther
    Hribjlan, John
    Holmquist, James
    Hughes, Paul D. M.
    Jones, Chris
    Jones, Miriam C.
    Karofeld, Edgar
    Klein, Eric S.
    Kokfelt, Ulla
    Korhola, Atte
    Lacourse, Terri
    Le Roux, Gael
    Lamentowicz, Mariusz
    Large, David
    Lavoie, Martin
    Loisel, Julie
    Mackay, Helen
    MacDonald, Glen M.
    Makila, Markku
    Magnan, Gabriel
    Marchant, Robert
    Marcisz, Katarzyna
    Martínez Cortizas, Antonio
    Massa, Charly
    Mathijssen, Paul
    Mauquoy, Dmitri
    Mighall, Timothy
    Mitchell, Fraser J. G.
    Moss, Patrick
    Nichols, Jonathan
    Oksanen, Pirita O.
    Orme, Lisa
    Packalen, Maara S.
    Robinson, Stephen
    Roland, Thomas P.
    Sanderson, Nicole K.
    Sannel, A. Britta K.
    Silva-Sánchez, Noemí
    Steinberg, Natascha
    Swindles, Graeme T.
    Turner, T. Edward
    Uglow, Joanna
    Väliranta, Minna
    van Bellen, Simon
    van der Linden, Marjolein
    van Geel, Bas
    Wang, Guoping
    Yu, Zicheng
    Zaragoza-Castells, Joana
    Zhao, Yan
    Institute of Geographical Science and Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China.
    Latitudinal limits to the predicted increase of the peatland carbon sink with warming2018Ingår i: Nature Climate Change, ISSN 1758-678X, E-ISSN 1758-6798, Vol. 8, nr 10, s. 907-913Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The carbon sink potential of peatlands depends on the balance of carbon uptake by plants and microbial decomposition. The rates of both these processes will increase with warming but it remains unclear which will dominate the global peatland response. Here we examine the global relationship between peatland carbon accumulation rates during the last millennium and planetary-scale climate space. A positive relationship is found between carbon accumulation and cumulative photosynthetically active radiation during the growing season for mid- to high-latitude peatlands in both hemispheres. However, this relationship reverses at lower latitudes, suggesting that carbon accumulation is lower under the warmest climate regimes. Projections under Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP)2.6 and RCP8.5 scenarios indicate that the present-day global sink will increase slightly until around ad 2100 but decline thereafter. Peatlands will remain a carbon sink in the future, but their response to warming switches from a negative to a positive climate feedback (decreased carbon sink with warming) at the end of the twenty-first century.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 131.
    Geber, Jonny
    et al.
    Univ Edinburgh, Sch Hist Class & Archaeol, William Robertson Wing,Teviot Pl, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, Scotland..
    Pickard, Catriona
    Univ Edinburgh, Sch Hist Class & Archaeol, William Robertson Wing,Teviot Pl, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, Scotland..
    Macaud, Sarah
    Univ Edinburgh, Sch Hist Class & Archaeol, William Robertson Wing,Teviot Pl, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, Scotland..
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Carlsson, Dan
    Arendus, Visby, Sweden..
    King Olaf's men?: Contextualizing Viking burials at S:t Olofsholm, Gotland, Sweden2023Ingår i: International journal of osteoarchaeology, ISSN 1047-482X, E-ISSN 1099-1212, Vol. 33, nr 5, s. 802-815Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The discovery of burials at S:t Olofsholm, a site associated with the Saint Olaf cult on Gotland in Sweden, has enabled a bioarchaeological contextualization of medieval legends and sagas in conjunction with the archaelogical record. This study seeks to illuminate who were buried at S:t Olofsholm, through a biocultural lens, and whether these burials can be linked to folklore and sagas associated with the site. Five burials of possibly six individuals (cal. AD 980-1270) were assessed macroscopically and through stable isotope analysis (delta C-13, delta N-15, delta S-34, Sr-87/Sr-86, and delta O-18) of incremental dentine, bulk enamel, and bone samples. Sagas and legends associated with S:t Olofsholm mention episodes of conflict and contact involving King Olaf Haraldsson of Norway (later canonized as Saint Olaf), Gutes and Icelanders, and travels between Norway and Kyiv Rus. Two (or three) burials show signs of violent deaths, including evidence of sharp force trauma and burning. Isotope analyses indicate local and non-local signals, with possible links to southern Scandinavia, Britain, Iceland, the Baltics, and Kyiv Rus. In general, the evidence neither challenges nor confirms the legends and sagas associated with S:t Olofsholm. Instead, the findings illustrate the site's function as an early Christian place of worship within a wider Viking world that was characterized by travel and contact across the Baltic Sea, Scandinavia, and beyond. The burials at S:t Olofsholm are likely to be non-normative as indicated by their place of interment and the violent cause of death of most individuals.

  • 132.
    Gillson, Lindsey
    et al.
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Biol Sci, Plant Conservat Unit, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Using palaeoecology to explore the resilience of southern African savannas2020Ingår i: Koedoe: African Protected Area Conservation and Science, ISSN 0075-6458, E-ISSN 2071-0771, Vol. 62, nr 1, artikel-id a1576Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Savannas are dynamic and heterogeneous environments with highly variable vegetation that responds to a multitude of interacting drivers. Rainfall, soils, herbivory, fire and land use all effect land cover in savannas. In addition, savannas have a long history of human use. Setting management goals is therefore complex. Understanding long-term variability in savannas using palaeoecology provides a context for interpretation of recent changes in vegetation and can help to inform management based on acceptable or historical ranges of variability. In this article, we review and synthesise palaeoecological data from southern African savannas and use resilience theory as a framework for structuring and understanding of vegetation dynamics in savannas. We identify thresholds between alternate stable states, which have different ecological properties, suites of species and ecosystem services. Multi-proxy palaeoecological records can assist in identifying alternate states in savanna vegetation, as well as showing how different drivers (fire, herbivory, nutrients and climate) interact to drive transitions between states. Conservation implications: The ecological thresholds identified from palaeoecological data can be used to inform the development of management thresholds, known as thresholds of potential concern. Thresholds of potential concern are designed to facilitate or impede transitions between states by manipulation of those variables (e.g. fire and herbivory) that can be controlled at the landscape scale.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 133.
    Gillson, Lindsey
    et al.
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Biol Sci, Plant Conservat Unit, Cape Town, South Africa.;Univ York, Leverhulme Ctr Anthropocene Biodivers, York YO10 5DD, England..
    Hoffman, M. Timm
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Biol Sci, Plant Conservat Unit, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Gell, Peter A.
    Federat Univ, Future Reg Res Ctr, Ballarat, Australia..
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Bond, William J.
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Biol Sci, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Trees, carbon, and the psychology of landscapes2024Ingår i: Trends in Ecology & Evolution, ISSN 0169-5347, E-ISSN 1872-8383, Vol. 39, nr 4, s. 359-367Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mitigating climate change while safeguarding biodiversity and livelihoods is a major challenge. However, rampant afforestation threatens biodiversity and livelihoods, with questionable benefits to carbon storage. The narrative of landscape degradation is often applied without considering the history of the landscape. While some landscapes are undoubtedly deforested, others existed in open or mosaic states before human intervention, or have been deliberately maintained as such. In psychology, a 'fundamental attribution error' is made when characteristics are attributed without consideration of context or circumstances. We apply this concept to landscapes, and then propose a process that avoids attribution errors by testing a null hypothesis regarding past forest extent, using palaeoecology and other long-term data, alongside ecological and stakeholder knowledge.

  • 134.
    Gillson, Lindsey
    et al.
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Biol Sci, Plant Conservat Unit, Rondebosch, South Africa..
    Razanatsoa, Estelle
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Biol Sci, Plant Conservat Unit, Rondebosch, South Africa..
    Razafimanantsoa, Andriantsilavo Hery Isandratana
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Biol Sci, Plant Conservat Unit, Rondebosch, South Africa..
    Virah-Sawmy, Malika
    Sensemakers Collect, Berlin, Germany..
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    The role of palaeoecology in reconciling biodiversity conservation, livelihoods and carbon storage in Madagascar2023Ingår i: Frontiers in Conservation Science, E-ISSN 2673-611X, Vol. 4, artikel-id 1286459Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Planting trees is proposed as an important climate mitigation tool, but can be detrimental to biodiversity and livelihoods if not carefully planned and managed, with landscape history and livelihoods in mind. In Madagascar, deforestation is of concern, and a threat to forest-adapted biota. However, much of Madagascar's landscape harbours ancient mosaic and open ecosystems that are home to unique suites of flora and fauna and provide a wide range of ecosystem services. Though guidelines for ecologically and socially responsible reforestation are emerging, the potential role of landscape history and palaeoecology has been generally underemphasised. Here, using Madagascar as a case study, we argue that forest restoration projects need a sound understanding of landscape history that includes a greater integration of palaeoecological data. This would help establish the former composition and extent of forests and also investigate the antiquity of open and mosaic ecosystems. When economic interests are strong, information from palaeoecology and environmental history can help reduce biases when identifying appropriate locations and suites of species for forestation. Furthermore, a reflective approach to landscape history can contribute to restoration projects that integrate cultural and livelihood considerations. A transdisciplinary approach that considers local needs and cultural context can facilitate the design and implementation of restoration projects that share benefits equitably. Underpinning this ambition is a more comprehensive consideration of ecosystem service benefits in a changing climate that includes accurate carbon storage calculations, as well as other ecosystem services including water provision, soil formation and erosion prevention, grazing resources, medicine and cultural components.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 135.
    Gota, Pascoal
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Mapping Spatiotemporal Changes of Evergreen Forest Patches that are Heritage Sites in Southern Mozambique using Google Earth Engine2023Ingår i: GI_Forum, E-ISSN 2308-1708, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 69-82Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using forests as burial and ceremonial places is a long-standing cultural practice in Mozambique. However, this information is still not translated into land-cover and land-use maps. Thus the locations of these forests and their descriptions remain unknown. To address this gap in the knowledge, this paper presents the results of mapping 52 local heritage sites in Inhambane, and analysing land-cover changes of two locally protected forest patches. Results from spatiotemporal change analysis show that these patches experienced fewer disturbances in comparison to other areas of vegetation.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 136.
    Gota, Pascoal
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Negotiations of heritage in and around locally protected forests in Inhambane province, southern Mozambique2024Ingår i: International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), ISSN 1352-7258, E-ISSN 1470-3610Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I explore negotiations of heritage in heritage forests from three case studies in southern Mozambique using oral history, field walking, video documentation and conversations. I argue that at local level there are processes of negotiation, authorisation, and legitimacy of heritage in forests. Such local forms of heritage negotiation and heritage discourse are authoritative and need to be recognised in both the planning of heritage conservation, and also in nature conservation. This recognition can strengthen local custodians to safeguard forest patches as locally protected areas, and opening room for heritage practitioners to be engaged by local people in the process of cultural heritage management.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 137.
    Gota, Pascoal
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Locally protected forests: status, character and challenges a case study of Inhambane Province, southern Mozambique2024Ingår i: Biodiversity and Conservation, ISSN 0960-3115, E-ISSN 1572-9710Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mozambique has undocumented forest patches that are cultural landscapes and locally protected as heritage sites. Using the case of Inhambane Province, in this paper, we present the status and purposes of forest patches protected by local communities and discuss threats working against local protection. Findings point out that these heritage forests are reservoirs for biodiversity conservation and the local system of conservation is effective, but there are challenges local custodians face to safeguard heritage forests, ranging from illegal logging, misrecognition of customary protection and lack of legislation enforcement. We argue that the existence of heritage forests requires collaboration between entities dealing with forests, heritage and conservation. We suggest strategies to increase protection in the Inhambane Province and the Mozambique context. This will support local institutions in the protection of heritage forests, as biodiversity reservoirs and in keeping heritage practices and the customary protection of heritage forests alive.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 138.
    Gottberg, Victoria
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Challenging Old Truths: Viewing Cultural Hybridity from the Perspective of the Tarand-Graves2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    A phenomenon during the late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age which in its simplest form could be called ‘a culture of the Baltic Sea’ is an idea which many archaeologists have favoured. However, the term ‘a culture of the Baltic Sea’ is not the most ideal to use when discussing the Baltic Sea during this time in prehistory, as the term is rather simplifying from what would be the more diverse truth. The term entails that there should have been a cultural homogeneity across the Baltic Sea as it most certainly was not.

    This thesis complicates this otherwise simplified term and calls the cultural phenomenon ‘a cultural hybrid of the northern Baltic Sea area’ (i.e. the northern part of the Baltic Sea including its neighbouring gulfs). A cultural hybrid, in this sense, allows there to be cultural differences within an area. These differences are accepted by the people within the cultural hybrid which in turn allow people to live among each other, rather than to become a social obstacle making the people separate into smaller and more homogenous cultural groups. This assumed existence of a cultural hybrid is put to the test as a hypothesis. To answer the hypothesis, the cultural hybrid is studied from the perspective of the tarand-graves (an Estonian originating grave type erected and used around the shores of the northern Baltic Sea area during 500 BC–500 AD) which in turn is interpreted according to ritual practice theory.

    The hypothesis is proven to be true which makes it possible to apply the concept of cultural hybridity, and its connection with tarand-graves in the northern Baltic Sea area, to the Åland Islands. Although the islands have a very promising geographical position in the middle of the northern Baltic Sea area, interestingly, no tarand-graves have been registered there. Grave field Ec 6.6 on the western side of the Åland Islands becomes the object of study mainly due to grave 14, which placed on that particular grave field, carries a high tarand-grave potential. The material is partly collected from two field visits to Ec 6.6 and partly from an excavational report from 1949 of the same grave field. The result shows that the Åland Islands, as well as Ec 6.6, have a very high likeliness of being hosts for tarand-graves.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Gottberg 2020 Challenging Old Truths
  • 139.
    Gottberg, Victoria
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Djurens kulturella betydelse i den gropkeramiska kulturen2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As humans we function with a biological side and a psychological side. Both of these sides have their needs. We need to put food in our stomach to stop feeling hungry and we need to give things meaning. In a Human Behavioral Archaeological perspective, which focuses a lot on the economical aspect of the animal and the human, the animal was killed for food. But, how was the animal perceived in a cultural perspective, what was the meaning of this animal? This is the question that will have its answer in this thesis. The animal handling of the Pitted Ware culture  will be analyzed from an animistic point of view - meaning, that human, animals and object can have a soul or a personality. This makes the world seem more fluent. The sharp lines between culture and nature, life and death, human and animal get wiped out and we see a world view the modern Western human is not used to. As much as the animal was a prey, it also was a being with a purpose in the Pitted Ware culture. On the Pitted Ware sites at Jettböle on the Aland Island and at Ajvide on Gotland, the seal was the most prominent animal in both the economic and cultural sphere. The clay figurines of Jettböle show some sort of worship of the seal. Among many of the anatomical parts of the animal and human body, the head seems to be of most importance. Even differences within the same culture appear. At Ajvide, there is a clear burial tradition of the deceased humans, whereas at Jettböle, there is not. And as much as the seal is of dominance at Ajvide, the swine comes in at a close second, whereas at Jettböle, there is almost no swine at all.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Gottberg 2018 Djurens kulturella betydelse i den gropkeramiska kulturen
  • 140.
    Graham, Angus
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Bunbury, Judith M.
    University of Cambridge.
    Migrating Nile: Augering in Egypt2016Ingår i: Science in the Study of Ancient Egypt / [ed] S. Zakrzewski, A. Shortland, and J. Rowland, New York and London: Routledge, 2016, s. 93-97Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 141.
    Graham, Angus
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Strutt, Kristian D.
    Univ Southampton, Southampton, Hants, England..
    Peeters, Jan
    Univ Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Toonen, Willem H. J.
    Aberystwyth Univ, Aberystwyth, Dyfed, Wales..
    Pennington, Benjamin T.
    Univ Southampton, Southampton, Hants, England..
    Emery, Virginia L.
    Barker, Dominic S.
    Johansson, Carolin
    Medelhavsmuseet Natl Museums World Culture, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Theban Harbours And Waterscapes Survey, Spring 20162016Ingår i: Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, ISSN 0307-5133, Vol. 102, nr 1, s. 13-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Report on the 2016 spring season of the Theban Harbours and Waterscapes Survey (THaWS). The article discusses the geoarchaeological and geophysical survey along a 3.2 km-long transect starting close to the front of the Temple of Millions of Years of Ay and Horemheb and stretching to the village of Geziret el-Bairat on the West Bank of the Nile.

  • 142.
    Graham, Angus
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Strutt, Kristian David
    University of Southampton.
    Hunter, Morag Ann
    University of Cambridge.
    Pennington, Benjamin Thomas
    University of Southampton.
    Toonen, Willem H. J.
    Aberystwyth University.
    Barker, Dominic S.
    University of Southampton.
    Theban Harbours and Waterscapes Survey, 20142015Ingår i: Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, ISSN 0307-5133, Vol. 100, s. 41-53Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 143.
    Graham, Angus
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Strutt, Kristian David
    University of Southampton.
    Toonen, Willem H. J.
    Aberystwyth University.
    Pennington, Benjamin T.
    University of Southampton.
    Löwenborg, Daniel J.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Masson-Berghoff, Aurélia
    British Museum.
    Emery, Virginia L.
    American University in Dubai.
    Barker, Dominic S.
    University of Southampton.
    Hunter, Morag A.
    University of Cambridge.
    Lindholm, Karl-Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Johansson, Carolin
    Medelhavsmuseet, Museums of World Culture, Stockholm.
    Theban Harbours and Waterscapes Survey, 20152015Ingår i: Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, ISSN 0307-5133, Vol. 101, nr 1, s. 37-49Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Report on the 2015 season of the Theban Harbours and Waterscapes Survey (THaWS). The paper discusses the extension of geoarchaeological and geophysical investigations to the east of the Ramesseum, the continuing work in and around the Temple of Millions of Years of Amenhotep III, and the topographic survey and geophysical survey of the western mounds of the Birket Habu.

  • 144.
    Granholm, Tim
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gravhögarna på Långön: ett metodtest av statistisk prediktionsmodellering i Norrlands inland2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In an attempt to improve archaeological predictive modeling, two predictive models were developed through QGIS, Excel, GeoDa and R. These models were then tested with statistical quality tests. The first model was a linear regression model similar to that used by the default predictive models used in GIS software. The second model was a custom exponential model built through R. The two models were compared using MAE and the exponential model yielded slightly improved results. Various problems and opportunities regarding statistics in archaeological work were discovered, and discussed based on this papers findings.The concept of using the econometric methods of spatial predictive modeling was explored and discussed, although deemed unfit for this paper. Although the spatial model was never developed, it was deemed innessecary considering the success of the other models, in particular the exponential model. A few areas could with relative statistical significance be pointed out as likely former settlements, in particular an area to the immidiate west of Långön. The high probability area contains a smaller area previously reported by a civilian to contain rock fragments. Although that report is uncertain, in combination with the model results it is deemed the most promising area discovered during this project.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 145.
    Gräslund, Anne-Sofie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Christian or Pagan?: Some Reflections on the Iconography of U 4482021Ingår i: Reading Runes: Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Runes and Runic Inscriptions, Nyköping, Sweden, 2–6 September 2014 / [ed] MacLeod, Mindy, Marco Bianchi and Henrik Williams, Uppsala: Institutionen för nordiska språk vid Uppsala universitet , 2021, s. 177-192Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    ’The iconography of the rune-stone U 448, a peacock and a rider, forms the basis of this paper. The inscription is a normal memorial one and has no explicitly Christian element. The ornament- ation does not include a cross. However, I will argue that the peacock and probably also the rider may be interpreted as images loaded with Christian meaning. The peacock, originally a sun symbol in India, was taken up by early Christianity in the Mediterranean area as a symbol of immortality. At the same time the fondness for representations of domestic fowl may show continuity with Old Norse mythology and Viking-Age burials, where unburnt skeletons of domestic fowl are found in cremation graves. The rider may be regarded as an image of a holy rider and is compared with riders on Pictish symbol stones. My conclusion is that many of the images on rune-stones may be interpreted as a kind of syncretism, in fact Christian but understood as having a background in Old Norse religion.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 146.
    Gräslund, Anne-Sofie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Försvunnen värld framträder: Rec. av Maja Hagerman Försvunnen värld. Om den stärsta arkeologiska utgrävningen någonsin i Sverige.2011Ingår i: Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, ISSN 0347-0423, ISSN 0347-0423, Vol. sept, nr 5, s. 48-51Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 147.
    Gräslund, Anne-Sofie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Goats in Swedish prehistory and early Middle Ages2017Ingår i: Tiere und Tierdarstellungen in der Archäologie: Beiträge zum Kolloquium in Gedenken an Torsten Capelle, 30.-31. Oktober in Herne / [ed] Vera Brieske, Aurelia Dickers, Michael M. Rind, Münster: Aschendorff Verlag , 2017, s. 201-212Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 148.
    Gräslund, Anne-Sofie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Les chiens de la Tapisserie de Bayeux: Quelques éléments de réflection2009Ingår i: La Tapisserie de Bayeux: Une cronique des temps vikings? / [ed] Sylvette Lemagnen, Bayeux: Editions Point de Vues Bonsecours , 2009, s. 132-145Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 149.
    Gräslund, Anne-Sofie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Missionat the Ends of the World: Was Old Uppsala Really an Outpost of Paganism in the Late 11th century?2017Ingår i: Life on the Edge: social, Political and Religious Frontiers in Early Medieval Europe / [ed] Sarah Semple, Celia Orsini, Sian Mui, Wendeburg: Verlag Uwe Krebs , 2017, s. 345-351Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 150.
    Gräslund, Anne-Sofie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ornamentation2019Ingår i: The Handbook of Pre-Modern Nordic Memory Studies: Interdisciplinary Approaches / [ed] Jürg Glauser, Pernille Hermann, and Stephen A. Mitchell, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2019, s. 463-470Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
1234567 101 - 150 av 767
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf