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  • 1151.
    Wagner, Ben
    et al.
    European University Viadrina.
    Mindus, Patricia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Multistakeholder Governance and Nodal Authority – Understanding Internet Exchange Points2015Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study considers Internet exchange points (IXPs) as an example of governance processes in action. Internet exchange points are the points of connection between different Internet networks, which enable different networks to exchange traffic at a shared facility without cost to either party through a process known as “peering”. Three different IXP governance models representing large and influential IXPs are compared: the DE-CIX in Frankfurt, CAIX in Cairo, and KIXP in Nairobi. DE-CIX, the largest IXP in the world, is a subsidiary of the German Internet trade association eco, and is thus “owned” by the Internet industry in Germany. Though well functioning, this has meant that key stakeholder groups such as civil society, and the academic and technical communities are excluded from participating in discussions over policy decisions. In contrast, the Cairo Internet Exchange Point (CAIX) is run by a public authority, the Egyptian Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. Though it is governed by a broad set of stakeholders including private sector, government, and civil society representatives, its decision-making processes are somewhat opaque. Lastly, KIXP was founded by a Kenyan network engineer and is governed by a local trade association. While set up with multistakeholder coordination under the leadership of the private sector, its dayto-day operations and governance fall under private sector control. By tracing out the plurality of models used for IXP governance and comparing the processes of developing peering relationships, this case provides unique lessons for the governance process, particularly surrounding trade-offs between inclusiveness and effectiveness.

  • 1152.
    Waluszewski, Alexandra
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Hasselberg, Ylva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Rider, Sharon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    De stora björntjänsterna2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1153.
    Waluszewski, Alexandra
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Hasselberg, Ylva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Rider, Sharon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Vetenskapens guld till salu2008In: Svenska dagbladet, no 10 novemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vetenskapliga insikter lyser med sin frånvaro i den nya forskningspolitiken, grundad på ideologisk spekulation i den ekonomiska nyttan av att gifta samman forskning och industri. Politiken präglas av en närmast religiös tilltro till kvantitativa mått, skriver Alexandra Waluszewski, Ylva Hasselberg och Sharon Rider, forskare vid Uppsala universitet.

  • 1154.
    Wennersten, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Logic and Metaphysics.
    Back to the Woods or Into Ourselves?: Kant, Rousseau and the Search for the Essence of Human Nature2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contributes to a field of Kant’s practical philosophy that has received renewed attention, namely his moral anthropology. While it is true that Kant, in some of his best-known writings, literally says that the fundamental ground of morality must be pure and thus entirely free from admixture with anthropological principles, he nevertheless admits that these “subjective conditions” in human nature that “either hinder or help people in fulfilling the laws of the metaphysics of morals” make up the foundation of all applied ethics. In other words, in order to know if and to which extent human beings are susceptible to moral commands, we need to know our abilities as well as our limitations.

    Kant wrote several works about these topics and his long-term teaching of anthropology shows that he had a continuing interest in the theory of man. Moreover, it is widely acknowledged that Kant, during the mid-1760s was highly influenced by Rousseau. It is hardly a coincidence that Kant’s first reference to the “unchanging nature of human beings” appeared at the same time as Rousseau proclaimed the need of finding the true nature of man – the unmasked being who has not been damaged by social prejudice. In order to understand man and his moral capacities we need to find his true essence or what really constitutes humanity.

    Accordingly, a careful examination of the multifaceted characteristics of human nature is needed in order to understand the very concept of a moral being and to account for his moral progress. I will argue that Kant’s early insights about this need runs like a thread through his entire course of philosophy and that Rousseauian ideas actually affect also his critical ethics. They agree that man is sociable, but also suspicious. He has good predispositions but is likewise susceptible to corruption. My analysis will shed light on man’s eternal balance between conflicting forces and on the means needed for the progress towards the vocation of humankind. This reveals the need of knowing oneself and explains why the question: “what is the human being?” ought to be taken seriously.    

  • 1155.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Aesthetic Matters: Essays Presented to Göran Sörbom on His 60th Birthday1994Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1156.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy. Estetik.
    Art, Literature and Value2005In: From Text to Literature: New Analytic and Pragmatic Approaches, Basingstoke: Palgrave/Macmillan , 2005, p. 52-81Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1157.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Aspects of Postmodernism in Art and Philosophy1990In: The Subject in Postmodernism, vol. 2 / [ed] Ales Erjavec, Ljubljana: Slovenian Society for Aesthetics , 1990, p. 1-21Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1158.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Concepts and Conceptions of Art1993In: Nordisk Estetisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0284-7698, no 10, p. 127-155Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1159.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Convergence and Conflict in Contemporary Aesthetics: Anti-Essentialism and Anti-Foundationalism1994In: Aesthetic Matters: Essays Presented to Göran Sörbom on His 60th Birthday / [ed] Lars-Olof Åhlberg och Tommie Zaine, Uppsala: Enheten för kulturstudier, Univ. , 1994, p. 172-182Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1160.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy. Estetik.
    "Det estetiska mönstret. Att varsebli verkligheten"2006In: Konsterna och själen: Estetik ur ett humanvetenskapligt perspektiv, 2006, p. 151-161Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1161.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Form and Content Revisited1991In: Filozofski vestnik (Tiskana izd.), ISSN 0353-4510, E-ISSN 1581-1239, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 9-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1162.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    "Form und Gehalt. Warum Eduard Hanslicks Musikphilosophie zeitgemäss ist"2016In: Geschichte-Gesellschaft-Geltung: XXIII. Deutscher Kongress für Philosophie / [ed] Michael Quante, Hamburg, 2016, p. 975-991Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1163.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Formalism in Music: Eduard Hanslick's Aesthetics of Music1992In: Formalism: International Colloquium / [ed] Ales Erjavec, 1992, p. 5-20Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1164.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Gunnar Bucht, Pythagoras' sträng2005In: Nordisk estetisk tidskrift, ISSN 0284-7698, no 32, p. 99-108Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 1165.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Heidegger's Van Gogh: Reflections on Heideger's Philosophy of Art1993In: Nordisk Estetisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0284-7698, no 8, p. 109-131Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1166.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Norman Bryson och "The New Art History". En kritisk presentation1992In: Nordisk Estetisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0284-7698, Vol. 5, no 7, p. 19-31Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1167.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy. Estetik.
    Notions of the Aesthetic and of Aesthetics2008In: Tankar: Tillägnade Sören Stenlund, Uppsala Universitet 2008 , 2008, p. 325-345Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 1168.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Notions of the Aesthetic and of Aesthetics: Essays on Art, Aesthetics, and Culture2014Book (Refereed)
  • 1169.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Om relativism eller omöjligheten att lyfta sig i håret1994In: Nordisk Estetisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0284-7698, Vol. 7, no 11, p. 59-71Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1170.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy. Estetik.
    Postmodernism, History, and "The Linguistic Turn"2004In: Essays on Fiction and Perspective, Peter Lang (Bern,Berlin,Bruxelles,Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2004, p. 313-349Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1171.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Representation och realism i Goodman kognitivistiska estetik1992In: Norsk filosofisk tidskrift, ISSN 0029-1943, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 27-42Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1172.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Ristiriita ja konvergenssi nykyajan estetiikassa1993In: Synteesi, ISSN 0359-5254, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 86-94Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1173.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Susanne Langer on Representation and Emotion in Music1994In: The British Journal of Aesthetics, ISSN 0007-0904, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 69-80Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1174.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    The Analogy between Ornament and Music1994In: Nordisk Estetisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0284-7698, no 12, p. 95-110Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1175.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    The Nature and Limits of Analytic Aesthetics1993In: The British Journal of Aesthetics, ISSN 0007-0904, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 5-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1176.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof/
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    The Power of the "isms" over thought: on terrorism, fundamentalism and "Perpetual Peace"2004In: Culture, Security and Sustainable Social Development after September 11, The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation & Gidlund Publishers , 2004, p. 59-89Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 1177.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Understanding and appreciating art: The relevance of experience1999In: The Journal of Aesthetic Education, ISSN 0021-8510, E-ISSN 1543-7809, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 11-23Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1178.
    Åhlberg, Lars-Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Aesthetics.
    Vad är analytisk estetik?1990Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1179.
    Åhlfeldt, Lina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    A Dangerous or Necessary Style?: An examination of the relevance of style in philosophy2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    No form of philosophy is without literary style. This is not always appreciated and opponents of style within philosophy often seem to be unaware of the role of style. Arguments that style is bad, good, or that diversity of styles is good needs to be investigated so that the underlying presuppositions and the meaning of different literary styles becomes clear.

    This thesis examines three arguments for and against style within philosophy and the relevance of literary style for the philosophical method. I investigate what arguments and fundamental assumptions about language that underlies the judgments that literary style in philosophy is either 1.) bad, 2.) good or, 3.) both bad and good (a diversity position).

    An analysis of three different positions to the question of the relevance of style will be performed. The analysis focuses on the basic understandings of what language is and does and reveals the underlying presuppositions of the attitudes towards style in philosophy. Only then can the different positions and attitudes towards style be defended and examined in an interesting and relevant way. The debate about philosophical style often misses a significant point because many are unaware of the philosophical presuppositions behind the arguments, and the argumentation risks to be flawed in relation to this.

    Firstly, a presentation of three different attitudes towards the relevance of style to the philosophical method is outlined. The approaches are represented by a reading of philosophers who either describe the relevance of literary style as 1.) bad, or not important for the method, 2.) important/necessary for the method, or 3.) that diversity is good for philosophy. Secondly, I examine how these three approaches are affected by the underlying philosophy of language with a focus on theories of metaphor. Depending on how one believes that language is related to reality and ourselves, one will assess style as a more, or less, relevant and contributing aspect of the philosophical work and method. The analysis shows that metaphors and other literary stylistic tools might sometimes be necessary and mediate something that cannot be expressed in another way: language can never capture the full potential of reality.

  • 1180.
    Åkerlund, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Logic and Metaphysics.
    Forms and Universals in the Philosophy of Francisco Suárez2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1181.
    Åkerlund, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Logic and Metaphysics.
    'Nisi temere agat': Francisco Suárez on Final Causes and Final Causation2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main thesis of this dissertation is that final causes are beings of reason (‘entia rationis’) in the philosophy of Francisco Suárez (1547-1617).

    The rejection of final causes is often seen as one of the hallmarks of Early Modern philosophy, marking the transition from an earlier Aristotelian tradition. However, in this dissertation it is shown that final causes had a problematic position already within the Aristotelian tradition. Although other examples of this can be found, this dissertation centers around the thinking of the philosopher and theologian Francisco Suárez and his treatment of final causes in his Disputationes Metaphysicae from 1597.

    Suárez counts final causes as one of the four kinds of causes, in line with the Aristotelian tradition. However, what these are and how they cause is, at closer inspection, not at all clear, as Suárez shapes his notion of final causation against the background of a definition of causation where efficient causation is the principal kind of causation. Due to this basic view on causes, he is faced with a host of problems when it comes to “salvaging” final causes.

    Though at first sight seemingly real, in a final analysis final causes are shown to belong to the class of “beings of reason,” ‘entia rationis,’ which are not real beings at all. However, it is also argued that this does not in itself preclude counting final causes as causes; something can really be a cause without being real.

    Chapter one presents Suárez’ general view on causes and causation. Chapter two presents his view on final causation. Chapter three examines the close link between final causation and moral psychology. Chapter four relates the question of final causation to God’s concurrence with the world. Finally, chapter five argues for the thesis that final causes are beings of reason.

  • 1182.
    Åkerlund, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Logic and Metaphysics.
    Suárez on Forms, Universals and Understanding2009In: Studia Neoaristotelica, ISSN 1214-8407, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 159-182Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The interpretation in the secondary literature on Suárez' position in the "classical" debate on the status of universals vary considerably. In this article, the problem is looked at from at slightly different angle: that of Suárez' basic metaphysics of substantial forms and his views concerning understanding and knowledge. These areas of Suárez' thought are thoroughly analysed and related to each other. Regarding the question of the status of universals it is argued that Suárez' thought in the areas of substantial forms and of understanding generally supports the reading of Suárez as a "moderate nominalist".

  • 1183.
    Åkerlund, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Logic and Metaphysics.
    Suárez's Ideas on Natural Law in the Light of His Philosophical Anthropology and Moral Psychology2010In: The Nature of Rights: Moral and Political Aspects of Rights in Late Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy / [ed] Virpi Mäkinen, Helsinki: Acta Philosophica Fennica, The Philosophical Society of Finland , 2010, p. 165-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Natural law and rights, on the one hand, and human nature and reason, on the other, are intimately connected in the philosophy of Francisco Suárez. By connecting different areas of his philosophy where these are treated, a better view of each of them is acquired. Especially, Suárez' philosophical anthropology illuminates Suárez' doctrine of natural law; by bearing in mind Suárez' use of the word "nature" as not always implying universality when reading his 'De legibus', the place of the singular comes out as more prominent in Suárez' system of natural law than a first look might give at hand.

  • 1184.
    Öberg, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Hilary Putnam on Meaning and Necessity2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this dissertation on Hilary Putnam's philosophy, I investigate his development regarding meaning and necessity, in particular mathematical necessity. Putnam has been a leading American philosopher since the end of the 1950s, becoming famous in the 1960s within the school of analytic philosophy, associated in particular with the philosophy of science and the philosophy of language. Under the influence of W.V. Quine, Putnam challenged the logical positivism/empiricism that had become strong in America after World War II, with influential exponents such as Rudolf Carnap and Hans Reichenbach. Putnam agreed with Quine that there are no absolute a priori truths. In particular, he was critical of the notion of truth by convention. Instead he developed a notion of relative a priori truth, that is, a notion of necessary truth with respect to a body of knowledge, or a conceptual scheme. Putnam's position on necessity has developed over the years and has always been connected to his important contributions to the philosophy of meaning. I study Hilary Putnam's development through an early phase of scientific realism, a middle phase of internal realism, and his later position of a natural or commonsense realism. I challenge some of Putnam’s ideas on mathematical necessity, although I have largely defended his views against some other contemporary major philosophers; for instance, I defend his conceptual relativism, his conceptual pluralism, as well as his analysis of the realism/anti-realism debate.

  • 1185.
    Öberg, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Zoopolis, vilda djurs suveränitet och predationsproblemet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Författarna av Zoopolis – A Political Theory of Animal Rights, Sue Donaldson och Will Kymlicka, anser att djurrättsrörelsen idag har stagnerat till följd av den bristfälliga utformningen av traditionell djurrättsteori. Även om vissa framgångar har uppnåtts så är avsaknaden av offentlig opinion och verkliga politiska förändringar ett avgörande problem för djurrättsrörelsen. De anser att djurrättsteorin har misslyckats med att identifiera de mest allvarliga etiska utmaningarna när det gäller våra relationer till icke-mänskliga djur. Donaldsons och Kymlickas avsikt med Zoopolis är att vidareutveckla och utvidga traditionell djurrättsteori genom att utforma ett nytt ramverk som ska kunna svara på de utmaningar som vi står inför när det gäller icke-mänskliga djurs välfärd. Genom att utgå från modern politisk teori så delar författarna in icke-mänskliga djur, härefter refererade till som ”djur” för enkelhetens skull, i tre övergripande kategorier. Dessa är baserade på djurens relationella förhållande till människor, grundat på geografiska och historiska faktorer som har påverkat hur olika grupper av människor och djur samverkar. De visar hur de olika grupperna ger upphov till olika moraliska förpliktelser och ger sedan förslag på vilken politisk status vi bör ge respektive grupp och vad denna status kan komma att betyda för oss människor och vårt politiska system. De tre kategorierna är: domesticerade djur, liminala djur (sådana djur som delar livsmiljö med människan men som lever oberoende av dessa, till exempel duvor och råttor) och vilda djur. Den sista gruppen, vilda djur, är sådana djur som flyr mänsklig kontakt och som lever utanför människans bosättningar. Dessa kan själva tillfredsställa sina behov av föda, skydd, och social struktur, de skyr människans bosättningar och upprätthåller en oberoende existens. Denna uppsats kommer att fokusera på denna kategori samt Donaldsons och Kymlickas förslag om hur vi bör förhålla oss till denna grupp. Deras förslag är att vi bör anta en generell princip om icke-ingripande för att måna om vilda djurs välfärd och att vi bäst gör detta genom att utvidga suveränitetsbegreppet och erkänna vilda djur suveränitet. Jag kommer att undersöka Donaldsons och Kymlickas suveränitetsmodell i ljuset av kritik som har formulerats av Andrée-Anne Cormier och Mauro Rossis i deras artikel ”The Problem of Predation in Zoopolis”. De anser också att vi bör följa en generell princip för icke-ingripande när det gäller vilda djur, men att denna inte kan legitimeras med hjälp av en suveränitetsmodell. De anser att Donaldsons och Kymlickas teori faller offer för vad de kallar predationsproblemet. De menar att fenomenet predation, alltså företeelsen att rovdjur måste döda andra djur för att överleva, visar att vilda djur inte har tillräcklig kompetens för att inneha suveränitet. På grund av avsaknaden av denna kompetens så kan inte en suveränitetsmodell användas som belägg för en generell princip om icke-ingripande i vilda djurs livsmiljö. Jag vill undersöka om predationsproblemet utgör ett allvarligt problem för Donaldson och Kymlickas teori om en suveränitetsmodell för vilda djur och huruvida dessa skulle kunna svara på kritiken. Detta leder oss fram till frågeställningen: Är Cormiers och Rossis kritik, att vilda djur inte kan utgöra suveräna samhällen på grund av avsaknad av kompetens, mot Donaldsons och Kymlickas teori om vilda djurs suveränitet, övertygande? Min tes är att kritiken är övertygande. Donaldson och Kymlicka verkar inte kunna svara på kritiken på ett tillfredställande sätt och samtidigt vara konsekventa mot sin teori. Det verkar som att de bedömer människan och djur olika, trots att deras teori gör anspråk på att inte göra detta.

  • 1186.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    A Problem for Consequentialism1998In: Not Without a Cause, p. 278-283Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 1187.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Does Justice Pay?: Plato on Justice and Happiness2009In: Logic, Ethics and All That Jazz: Essays in Honour of Jordan Howard Sobel / [ed] Lars-Göran Johansson, Jan Österberg, Rysiek Sliwinski, Uppsala: Department of Philosophy, Uppsala University , 2009, 300Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1188.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Hur många tolkningar har 'Macbeth'?1997In: Filosofisk tidskrift, Vol. 4/95, p. 97-110Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 1189.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    "Intention and Literary Interpretation"1992In: Understanding the Arts: Contemporary Scandinavian Aesthetics, Lund University Press, Lund , 1992, p. 95-114Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is claimed that the question whether the author's intentions is relevant to the interpretation of literary works is a normative question, but there are good grounds for thinking that information about the intentions sometimes helps to give a better interpretation.

  • 1190.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    "Is Morality Irrational?"2003In: A philosophical smorgasbord, Department of Philosophy, Uppsala University: Uppsala , 2003, p. 313-324Chapter in book (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    In certain situations - which I call lawn-crossers' situations (LD-situations) - if all follow a certain strategy X, all are better of than if they follow strategy -X. Still, for each agent it is better for him and better overall to follow -X. It is claimed, against Jonathan Glover and Derek Parfit, that consequentialism cannot prescribe that all follow X, whereas common-sense morality can - at the price of making people act irrationally.

  • 1191.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    "konsekventialism och handlingsvägledning"2005In: Filosofisk tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 22-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    En invändning mot konsekventialismen(K) är att den nästan aldrig ger handlingsvägledning. Mot detta anförs ibland att detta inte visar att det är något fel på K; det visar bara att våra epistemiska förmågor är begränsade. Jag argumenterar för att inte ens en epistemiskt ideal agent, en agent som kände till allt som (enligt konsekventialismen) är moraliskt relevant, kan använda konsekventialismen för att finna ut vad han bör göra.

  • 1192.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    "One More Turn on the Lawn"1989In: In So Many words, 1989Chapter in book (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    An attempt to show, by means of the "Lawn-Crossing situation", that the relation "better than" is not transitive.

  • 1193.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Sidgwick's Harmony Postulate1997In: For Good Measure, p. 277-289Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 1194.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Smak eller värde1999In: Filosofisk tidskrift, Vol. 4/99, no 4, p. 27-34Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 1195.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Svar till Juan Wilhelmi1999In: Filosofisk tidskrift, Vol. 4/99, no 4, p. 44-47Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 1196.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    The Structure of Common-Sense Morality2003In: Logic, law, morality, Department of Philosophy, Uppsala University: Uppsala , 2003, p. 197-211Chapter in book (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    it is claimed that the different deontological theories are best seen as attempts to state, explicate, and defend common-sense morality (CSM) against consequentialist ethics. The basic structural features of CSM are identified and explained as depending on the contractual nature of CSM.

  • 1197.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    The Virtues of Virtue Ethics1999In: Philosophical CrumbsArticle in journal (Other scientific)
  • 1198.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    "Value and Existence": "The Problem of Future Generations"1996In: Odds and Ends, Department of Philosophy, Uppsala University: Uppsala , 1996, p. 94-107Chapter in book (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The question discussed is this: Given that happiness and unhappiness are intrinsically good and bad, respectively, is it intrinsically better that the world contains a greater rather than a lesser number of happy people, and a lesser rather than a greater number of unhappy people? My answer to the first question is No and to the second Yes.

  • 1199.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Var Platon feminist?1997In: Vidgade perspektiv, p. 13-35Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 1200.
    Österberg, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    "Was Bentham an Ethical Egoist?"1986In: Changing Positions, Filosofiska institutionen. Uppsala , 1986, p. 278-Chapter in book (Other scientific)
2122232425 1151 - 1200 of 1218
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