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  • 151.
    Abrahamsson, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Försäljning av statliga bolag. En jämförande studie av inställning till statligt ägande under två perioder.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats undersöks hur inställningen till statligt ägande förändrats från början av 1990-talet till mitten av 2000-talet. Genom att undersöka den borgerliga regeringens proposition om minskat statligt ägande från 1991/92 med den borgerliga regeringens proposition om minskat statligt ägande från 2006/07 skapas en förståelse om hur de båda förslagen liknar varandra och hur de skiljer sig åt. Till de båda propositionerna lägger oppositionspartierna fram sina åsikter i motioner. Motionerna undersöks och bidrar till att skapa en bredare förståelse för den ekonomiska och politiska förändring som analyseras.

    För att sätta undersökningen i en historisk kontext presenteras en historisk bakgrund. I den historiska bakgrunden diskuteras Sveriges ekonomiska och politiska förändring under 1980-talet fram till alliansregeringens tillträde 2006. Fokus ligger här på de nya ekonomiska idéer som växer fram och hur dessa idéer påverkar det politiska klimatet.

    Genomgånge av de två olika förslagen som undersökningen bygger på visar att det finns likheter men också vissa skillnader mellan de båda förslagen. Regeringen 1991/92 vill sälja av statliga företag för att skapa en mer dynamisk och effektiv marknad. Regeringen 2006/07 vill sälja av statliga företag för att skapa en mer dynamisk och effektiv marknad för att på så sätt skapa fler jobb och bryta utanförskapet.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att det finns skillnader i hur de två undersökta regeringarna förhåller sig till statligt ägande. De har olika mål med att sälja ut statliga bolag, den övergripande visionen är annorlunda. Anledningen till detta kan bero på flera olika faktorer. Beroende på hur resultatet tolkas i relation till den historiska kontexten kan flera olika förklaringar konstateras.

  • 152.
    Abrahamsson, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    "Bara jag ser till att göra mitt jobb": En hermeneutisk studie i uppfattningar kring tomt arbete2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 153.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Ahlund, Lovisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ahrin, Elsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Alfonsson, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Clinical Psychology in Healthcare.
    Video-based CBT-E improves eating patterns in obese patients with eating disorder: A single case multiple baseline study2018In: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, ISSN 0005-7916, E-ISSN 1873-7943, Vol. 61, p. 104-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

    Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is effective for treating eating disorders but it may be difficult to reach patients living far from urban centers. Mobile video-based psychotherapy may potentially improve service reach but has not yet been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of mobile video-based CBT for eating disorder and to explore the feasibility to use this technology in clinical care.

    METHODS:

    A controlled single case multiple baseline design was used which allowed for statistical analyses with randomization tests and non-overlap of all pairs (NAP). Five patients in the first stage of eating disorder treatment were included and the main outcome variable was daily meal frequency. Secondary outcome variables included eating disorder symptoms, psychological distress and treatment satisfaction.

    RESULTS:

    The treatment resulted in a significant (p < .01) increase in daily meal frequency with medium to large effect sizes (combined NAP = .89). Four participants reported reliable improvements in eating disorder symptoms and three reported improvements in mood. The participants reported high satisfaction with the treatment and with the mobile video-application despite some technical problems.

    LIMITATIONS:

    Self-reported data on eating behavior is prone to be biased and the results of single case studies may have limited generalizability.

    CONCLUSION:

    CBT can be delivered effectively via a mobile video application and, despite some technological issues, can be well received by patients. All participants in this study had previous low access to mental health services and reported high satisfaction with the treatment format.

  • 154.
    Abrahamsson, Per Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Information Science. Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Information Science.
    Adami, Hans Olov
    Taube, Adam
    Kim, KyungMann
    Zelen, Marvin
    Kulldorff, Martin
    Re: Long-term survival and mortality in prostate cancer treated with noncurative intent1995In: UROLGY, Vol. 154, p. 460-465Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    An actor network analysis of constipation and agency: Shit happens2014In: Subjectivity, ISSN 1755-6341, E-ISSN 1755-635X, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 111-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As of late, claims have been made in social and political theory that agency is neither a property of subjects nor of objects, but is instead an emergent effect of constellations or assemblages – that agency takes place ‘between’ various things. The question that follows is how to then account for what happens and what to make of the ‘betweenness’ of agency. The answer offered by this article is to trace and situate agency empirically through practices. Exploring the happening and non-happening of a particular object – shit – I show that for things to happen, a lot of work has to be done. By evoking three examples of constipated bodies, I show that while the work that has to be done is different, and that the actors involved are diverse, agency is located in practices.

  • 156.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Becoming stronger by becoming weaker: the hunger strike as a mode of doing politics2019In: Journal of International Relations and Development, ISSN 1408-6980, E-ISSN 1581-1980, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 882-898Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on Judith Butler’s work and a series of studies associated with actor–network theory (ANT), this paper engages with political agency through the concept of performativity. Based on the empirical analysis of a hunger strike that took place in Brussels in 2012 and involved 23 illegal immigrants, we aim to achieve three things. First, we foreground physical bodies as political entities caught up in multiple modes of doing politics. Second, we show how such modes relate to one another, reinforcing citizenship, activism and party politics as specific performances of agency associated with liberal democracy. Finally, we argue that the Brussels hunger strike also challenges these performances by failing to meet certain expectations about what it is to be political/act politically. As the European refugee crisis is generating louder and louder voices, hunger strikes sensitise us to modes of doing that work by becoming passive, silent, weak and vulnerable. Such processes, we suggest, expand the standard repertoire of modes of doing and may refigure our understanding of the interaction between transnational and liberal democratic politics—in International Relations, ANT and beyond.

  • 157.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Compost politics: experimenting with togetherness in vermicomposting2014In: Environmental humanities, ISSN 2201-1919, E-ISSN 2201-1919, no 1, p. 125-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emerging from the question of how to live together with our planet, more-than-human approaches to interspecies relations have often presented ‘cozy’ versions of conviviality (Whatmore 2002; Haraway 2008; Hinchliffe 2010). This was usually set against a (supposedly) exclusionary politics of nature, in a move that betrayed a still largely humanist ethics. From the focus on friendly companions, to the attention to practices of care or living-together, the notion of companion species and their entanglements with humans has been polarized towards a pleasant and ‘nice’ version of coexistence. But, dealing with composting, it becomes clear that relations with the environment are never so neat and clean. What are, then, the modes of being together with the ‘dirty’ side of the ‘green’? What practices emerge at the mundane interstices of the ‘big picture’ of a functional ecology? Wasting, eating, rotting, consuming, transforming and becoming-with are brought together in a variety of ways in practices of composting-with earthworms. Reporting on our own and others' attempts to ‘live-together’ with earthworms, this paper tracks the non-relations and asymmetries of the transformations of more-than-human materialities inside (and outside) domestic composting bins. We argue that the example of living-together with dung earthworms sheds light on the interplays between attachment and detachment (Candea 2010), shifting the notion of conviviality from a green and comfortable ‘democratic collective’ (Latour 2004) to a messy, yet constantly productive and on-going coexistence.

  • 158.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Cooking, eating and digesting: Notes on the emergent normativities of food and speeds2014In: Time & Society, ISSN 0961-463X, E-ISSN 1461-7463, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 287-308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses conflicting versions of speed and temporal work that are involved in engaging with food. The dominant discourses around fast and slow food are challenged and extended by juxtaposing three kinds of food-related activities: cooking, eating, and digesting. Drawing on a wide range of empirical and theoretical examples and dietary advice, I illustrate how modes of engaging with foods also produce and come with specific “goods” and “bads.” Problematizing these normativities, I use the Swedish word ‘lagom’ to denote a temporal and spatial normativity that is always located in a specific situation.

  • 159.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Empiricist interventions: Strategy and tactics on the ontopolitical battlefield2012In: Science & Technology Studies, E-ISSN 2243-4690, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 52-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent papers by prominent scholars in science and technology studies (notably John Law and Bruno Latour) have crystallized a fundamental disagreement about the scope and purpose of intervention in actor-network theory or what we here choose to bracket as empirical philosophy. While the precept of agnostic description is taken as a given, the desired eff ects of such descriptions are highly debated: Is the goal to interfere with the singularity of the real through the enactment of multiple and possibly confl icting ontologies? Or is it (also) to craft new and comprehensive common worlds supported by notions of due process and parliamentary procedure? In this paper we think about this disagreement as a question of research strategy (a normative discord about the desirable outcome of an intervention) in order to assess its implications for research tactics (a descriptive accord about the practical crafting of an adequate account). A key point here is to challenge the impermeability of such a division and show how the strategic dispute, if to be taken seriously, invariably spills over to swamp the level of tactics. To illustrate this point, we draw upon materials from our recent doctoral research projects and to facilitate the discussion we make two deliberate caricatures: Firstly, we operate with a simplifi ed history of actor-network theory in which a strategy of epistemological critique has been replaced by two contending agendas for ontological intervention. Secondly, we address these two contending agendas as distinct options which map on to the positions of our two main interlocutors. In doing so, it becomes possible to compare their respective tactical implications as we work through two examples of what might constitute an empiricist intervention.

  • 160.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Food repair: An analysis of the tensions between preventing waste and assuring safety2019In: Ephemera : Theory and Politics in Organization, ISSN 2052-1499, E-ISSN 1473-2866, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 283-301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research into food waste has shown that around one third of the food that is produced for human consumption ends up going to waste. The reasons for this are many but in reports and campaigns the role of the consumer, their careless behavior and anxieties related to food are often raised as two of the main causes for food going to waste. By way of contrast, this article asks what practices of saving, experimenting with, growing and eating food – what is here conceptualized as ‘food repair’ – may tell us in terms of the specific materialities of foods, and the work involved in repairing it. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork with dumpster divers, a studio for the experimental arts, and urban gardeners, I suggest firstly that the actual work of food repair is mundane, small-scale and often remains largely invisible. Secondly, food repair is caught in the tension between avoiding waste and assuring safety. This tension, and the work of living with it in practice, is analyzed in terms of caring: caring for the food, for sustainable consumption, for the eater. As such, this text articulates the concept of food repair as a conceptual contrast to the notion of careless consumers and throw-away societies in order to map alternative stories and practices. Rather than offering a critique of known food wasting practices, then, this text is intended both to articulate and strengthen marginal food repair practices.

  • 161.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Foods2014In: The Routledge Handbook of Mobilities / [ed] Peter Adey, David Bissell, Kevin Hannam, Peter Merriman, Mimi Sheller, London: Routledge, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a book that explores global transportations and mobilities, food definitely deserves to be included.1 Over the last few decades, the total mileage that food travels across the globe – difficult to imagine, let alone calculate – has not just risen, but also become increasingly contested ( Jackson et al., 2006). Many decry that all in all food travels far too far. But how does it do so? How does it move across the globe? The answer is: in many different ways. It moves out and it moves in. It moves fresh and it moves cooked. It moves as ingredients and as a recipe. The implication is that, more often than not, on any single plate many places come together. Here, we will illustrate the topological complexity of ordinary meals by presenting a mundane but intricate case: that of Pizza Hawaii.

  • 162.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Peter, Jackson (Contributor)
    Hayes-Conroy, Allison (Contributor)
    Sandover, Rebecca (Contributor)
    Sheller, Mimi (Contributor)
    Henderson, Heike (Contributor)
    Hallet, Lucius (Contributor)
    Imai, Shoko (Contributor)
    Maye, Damian (Contributor)
    Hill, Ann (Contributor)
    Food's cultural geographies: Texture, creativity and publics2013In: The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Cultural Geography / [ed] Johnson, N., Schein, R. & Winders, J., Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013, p. 343-354Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 163.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    In conversation with the body conveniently known as Stelarc2007In: Cultural Geographies, ISSN 1474-4740, E-ISSN 1477-0881, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 293-308Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 164.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Bertoni, Filippo (Contributor)
    Ibáñez Martín, Rebeca (Contributor)
    Living with Omega-3: New Materialism and Enduring Concerns2015In: Environment & Planning. D, Society and Space, ISSN 0263-7758, E-ISSN 1472-3433, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 4-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the early 21st century quite a few social scientists and scholars in the humanities are arguing that we should pay more attention to things material. For, as they say, not only humans act but so, too, do materials. Joining this discussion, in this paper we will use the case of omega-3 fatty acids to address the questions of how materials may act; in which ways this is relevant; and what is linked up with it. Hence, we will come to speak about research in prisons where inmates were badly nourished; fish being caught in the Global South for Scandinavian fish pills; and the urgency of shifting from the verb ‘to act’ to a differentiated list of modes of doing. Learning from the natural sciences, we will argue, requires that their methods and concerns be carefully attended to. Taking matters seriously comes with the obligation of tracing where such matters come from and where they go. And talking about ‘action’, finally, demands that, beyond liberal notions of isolated individual actors, it be creatively retheorised.

  • 165.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stillness re-animated: experiencing Body Worlds and the work of art2010In: Stillness in a mobile world / [ed] David Bissell, Gillian Fuller, London: Routledge, 2010, p. 155-171Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The limits of the body: boundaries, capacities, thresholds2011In: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 331-338Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 167.
    Abrahamsson Söderberg, Sofie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Rällfors, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Upplysningskrav vid värdering till verkligt värde: En studie om hur företag har anpassat sig till upplysningskraven kring verkligt värde och revisorns roll vid granskningen av dess efterlevnad2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste åren har värderingsmetoden värdering till verkligt värde blivit mycket kritiserad. Bland annat anses värderingsmetoden ge allt för stort utrymme för en företagsledning att manipulera de finansiella rapporterna. Uppsatsen behandlar därför hur väl företag följer upplysningskraven som de ska följa när de värderar tillgångar och skulder till verkligt värde enligt den internationella redovisningsstandarden IFRS 13 (International Financial Reporting Standard) samt revisorns uttalande i revisionsberättelsen gällande företagens efterlevnad av upplysningskraven. Detta görs för att studera om upplysningskraven efterföljs och i de fall då företagen inte följer upplysningskraven huruvida revisorn gör ett modifierat uttalande i revisionsberättelsen. Urvalet för studien är samtliga företag noterade på Stockholmsbörsen, Nasdaq OMX Stockholm, inom skogs-, fastighets- och banksektorn år 2012 och år 2013. Data har insamlats genom bearbetning och analyser av respektive företags årsredovisning. Av studien följer att företagen inte efterlever upplysningskraven fullt ut och att respektive företags revisor inte väljer att göra ett modifierat uttalande trots att ISA (International Standards on Auditing) uppmanar till det. Fastighetsbolagen visar högst efterlevnad av upplysningar, därefter kommer skogsbolagen och sist bankerna.

  • 168.
    Abrahamsson Söderberg, Sofie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Tunstig, Sanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    En studie av storbankers finansiella ställning: I finanskrisens spår2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Finansiella institutioner har en stor samhällspåverkan, något som inte minst tydliggjordes genom den senaste finanskrisen då bankers finansiella ställning ifrågasattes. Studien syftar därför till att skapa en överblick hur bankers finansiella ställning sett ut i samband med finanskrisen år 2008. Undersökningen har genomförts genom att använda en övergripande modell baserad på nyckeltal som anses mäta bankers finansiella ställning, samt en kompletterande information i form av icke-numerisk data. Utifrån resultatet kunde det observeras att den genomsnittliga finansiella ställningen under perioden år 2007-2012 varit svag, samt att den var något svagare år 2012 än år 2007. Slutsatsen som kunde dras var att de europeiska bankerna haft en svag finansiell ställning och att tillgångskvaliteten ofta haft en betydelse för den finansiella ställningen. Studien fann dock några fall då banker haft en låg tillgångskvalitet men hög kapitaltäckning och/eller likviditet.

  • 169.
    Abramian, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Wedholm, Joel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    BYOD och Cloud Computing: En vägledande studie för hur BYOD bör bedrivas säkert tillsammans med cloud computing2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to gain a richer insight into how information security is affected by Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) in combination with cloud computing. This study has come to its conclusion by performing interviews and sending out questionaries that has later been analyzed using current theory. A specification has been established out of this and will serve as a guiding contribution for organisations.

  • 170.
    Abramowicz, Sara
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Rydman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Projektverksamhet med samhällsnyttan i fokus: införandeprocessen av SMS-biljetten vid Upplands Lokaltrafik2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore possible differences between public and private companies’ way to manage projects. In order to analyze the managerial aspects, we have studied the project of a new payment system implemented at the public-transport organization Upplands Lokaltrafik (UL). The project enables mobile payment by text message (SMS). Most theory concerning the management of projects is developed for private companies. It is therefore of great interest to explore whether that theory is applicable to the SMS-project conducted by a public company. Within the theory of project management, we have chosen to focus on the concept of process orientation in order to describe the project and the parties involved. To specify the different stages of the work process we have used Deming’s cycle. The cycle describes the iterative workflow of a project by the four stages; Plan (Planning the project), Do (Implementing the project), Study(Study the effects of the implementation) and Act (Act upon the results of the feedback). The model’s four stages are represented by equally large shares in the optimal cycle, however, the most common situation for private companies is that the Do part is larger than the other parts and the Study and Act parts are seldom employed. The decision-making process in public companies is more complex due to their organizational structure, which in UL’s case implies that the project process is different to that of private companies. With this in mind, the process of evaluation is more difficult to conduct. The finding of this study is that the public and private companies have somewhat different management techniques, which we have observed in particular while studying the SMS-project. Nevertheless, the SMS-project is run with some similar characteristics to a private company, which we have seen has affected the outcome of the project negatively in the sense that they have failed to use the process orientation fully. UL would therefore benefit from using process-orientation techniques such as evaluation and feedback in a greater extent in upcoming projects.

     

  • 171.
    Abramsson, Marianne & Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Välfärd i förändring. Den allmännyttiga bostadsmarknaden i några välfärdsstater (Changing of welfare. The municipal housing market in a number of welfare states)1996Report (Other scientific)
  • 172.
    Abramsson, Marianne & Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Välstånd i förändring. Om skilda förutsättningar för olika hushållsgruppers boendekarriär under perioden 1975-1995. (Changing welfare - different conditions for households housing career during the period 1975-1995)1996Report (Other scientific)
  • 173. Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Andersson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Residential mobility patterns of older people2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    Changing welfare states and social housing: Consequences for spatial segregation - reviewed1998In: Scandinavian Housing & Planning Research, ISSN 0281-5737, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 149-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most western countries have reached a peak of welfare and are facing cuts to their welfare programmes. Housing policies and the housing market are similarly going through changes with regard to ownership, rent levels and market prices. The process can be

  • 175.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    Fransson, Urban
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Boendekarriär - att välja bostad (Housing career - a choice of housing)2000In: Bostadsrätten i ett nytt millennium (Cooperative housing in a new millennium), 2000, p. 33-55Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    Fransson, Urban
    Housing Careers: Immigrants in Local Swedish Housing Markets2002In: Housing Studies, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 445-464Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 177.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Fransson, Urban
    Housing Careers of Young Households2002Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 178.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Fransson, Urban
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Medelålders och äldres boende (Housing for middle-aged and elderly people)2000In: Bostadsrätten i ett nytt millennium (Cooperative housing in a new millennium), Gävle: Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning , 2000, p. 113-143Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 179.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    Fransson, Urban
    Seniors as actors on the Swedish housing marke2001Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 180. Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Fransson, Urban
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    The first years as independent actors in the housing market: Young households in a Swedish municipality2004In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 145-168Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 181. Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Borggård, Lars-Erik
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Fransson, Urban
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Medelålders och äldres boende2000In: Bostadsrätten i ett nytt millenium, 2000Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    ISV Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Linköpings universitet.
    Sandstedt, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Bostadsmarknad och bostadsformer för andra halvan av livet2012In: Äldres boende: forskningsperspektiv i Norden / [ed] Catharina Nord & Marianne Abramsson, Stockholm: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 157-168Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna antologi diskuteras äldres boendeförhållanden utifrån ett samhälls- och individperspektiv. Äldres boende inkluderar såväl kvarboende i vanliga bostäder som boende i bostäder särskilt avsedda för äldre. I boken behandlas fysiska och sociala aspekter på boendet, äldres bostadsmarknad och boendepreferenser. De olika kapitlen exemplifierar olika sätt att studera äldre och deras boendesituation och visar på den variation av områden inom vilka forskning om äldres boende bedrivs. Tillsammans ger de en bred bild av äldres boendesituation och lyfter fram de frågor som särskilt berör äldre, alltifrån de friska och mer rörliga äldre med stora valmöjligheter till de multisjuka äldre som lever längre med sina sjukdomar. Denna heterogenitet ställer stora krav på äldres bostäder och boendemiljöer.

    Antologin är avsedd att utgöra ett underlag för kurser om äldres boende ur ett samhällsvetenskapligt perspektiv. Den vänder sig också till aktörer i kommunal produktion av bostäder och omsorg samt andra med intresse för  äldres bostadsfrågor.

    Alla författare är medlemmar i Nordiska nätverket för forskning om äldres boende.

  • 183.
    Abramsson-Zetterberg, Lilianne
    et al.
    National Food Administration, Uppsala.
    Durling, Louise J.K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology, Environmental Toxicology.
    Yang-Wallentin, Fan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Information Science.
    Rytter, Elisabet
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vessby, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    The impact of folate status and folic acid supplementation on the micronucleus frequency in human erythrocytes2006In: Mutation Research, ISSN 1383-5742, E-ISSN 1388-2139, Vol. 603, no 1, p. 33-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Folic acid has a well-documented stabilising effect on chromosomes. A correlation between folate status and chromosome stability in humans has been reported in studies that were restricted to certain subpopulations, e.g., folate-deficient persons. The goal of the present investigation was to clarify if there also is a correlation between folate status and chromosome stability among individuals without any folate deficiency.

    The method used here is the recently developed flow cytometry-based micronucleus assay in human transferrin-positive reticulocytes (MN-Trf-Ret). In a blood sample, separation of the very young reticulocytes from the mature erythrocytes makes this micronucleus assay possible.

    This investigation comprises three studies (cross-sectional, giving baseline data), two of which are connected to an intervention study. In the three cross-sectional studies (total number of subjects, 99) the frequency of MN-Trf-Ret (fMN-Trf-Ret) was measured and compared with the serum folate status. In two of the studies also serum homocysteine and Vitamin B12 were measured and compared with the baseline fMN-Trf-Ret. Combining the results from the three cross-sectional studies, a negative correlation between folate status and fMN-Trf-Ret was obtained (p < 0.05).

    The goal of the intervention studies was to clarify if different nutritional supplementations had any effect on the fMN-Trf-Ret and the cell proliferation (percentage polychromatic erythrocytes, PCE). Each of the two studies involved two groups, one placebo and one supplemented group. In one of the studies the supplementation was folic acid, 1000 μg/day during 1 week (n = 30, both sexes); in the other intervention study, folic acid (800 μg/day), B12 (20 μg/day) and B6 (4 mg/day) were taken during 1 week (n = 29, both sexes). No significant difference in %PCE or fMN-Trf-Ret between the two groups was found in either of the two intervention studies.

  • 184.
    Abrha, Seble
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Kvinnor och idrott i idrottsföreningen Thor.2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 185.
    Absetz, Pilvikki
    et al.
    Univ Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland;Collaborat Care Syst Finland, Helsinki, Finland.
    Van Olmen, Josefien
    Inst Trop Med, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Alvesson, Helle
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Delobelle, Peter
    Univ Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa.
    Kasujja, Francis
    Makerere Univ, Kampala, Uganda.
    Guwatudde, David
    Makerere Univ, Kampala, Uganda.
    Puoane, Thandi
    Univ Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa.
    Daivadanam, Meena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics. Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    SMART2D: a self-management approach linking health care and community in prevention and management of type 2 diabetes2018In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 25, p. S113-S114Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Abu Hashim, Mohammed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Enforcement of intra-EU ICSID arbitration: Recent development and possible outcomes2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 187.
    Abusabib, Mohamed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Art, politics, and cultural identification in Sudan2004Book (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Abusabib, Mohamed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM, Aesthetics and Cultural Studies.
    Back to Mangu Zambiri: Art, Politics and Identity in Northern Sudan2001In: New Political Sciences, Vol. 23, no 1Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 189.
    Abusabib, Mohamed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM, Aesthetics and Cultural Studies.
    Political Islam and the Arts: the Sudanese Experience2001In: ISIM Newsletter, no 8Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 190.
    Abusabib, Mohamed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM, Aesthetics and Cultural Studies.
    The Concept of Sudanism in Ahmed A. Zein Alabdin's Thought,2000In: Kitabat Sudaniyya, no 12Article in journal (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The article reflects, in a critical mode, on the cultural basis of modern Sudanese visual art as perceived by Zein Alabdin, the late Sudanese art historian.

  • 191.
    Abusabib, Mohamed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM, Aesthetics and Cultural Studies.
    The Impact of Islam on African Art: The Sudanese Example1995In: Islamic Art and Culture in Sub-Saharan AfricaArticle in journal (Other scientific)
  • 192.
    Abusabib, Mohamed A.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM, Aesthetics and Cultural Studies.
    African art: an aesthetic inquiry1995Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 193.
    Abu-Said, Abdullatif
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Ekonomisk-historiska problemställningar hos Ibn Khaldoun1974Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 194.
    Abushaqfa, Marwa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology, Centre for Social Work - CESAR.
    Sörum, Alma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology, Centre for Social Work - CESAR.
    Rätten till goda levnadsvillkor: En kvalitativ studie av förvaltningsrättens domar kring rätten till LSS insats2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning:

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka hur funktionshindradepersonersrättigheter enligt SFS 1993:387 Lagen om stöd och service till vissa funktionshindrade (LSS) befästs eller eventuellt urholkas inom ramen för beslut som fattasinom offentlig förvaltning. Det empiriska materialet i denna studie bestod av tolv rättsfall från förvaltningsrätten. En kvalitativ abduktiv ansats användes, där en socialkonstruktionistisk grundsyn och Nancy Frasers kritiska perspektiv på kampen om behoven i ett senkapitalistiskt välfärdssamhälle utgjorde förståelseramen genom analysprocessen, vilken utgjordes av en kombination av kritisk diskursanalys och tematisk analysprocess. Detta tillvägagångssättbedömdes användbart för attidentifiera diskurser som kom till uttryck genom resonemangen förda kring innebörden av begreppet “goda levnadsvillkor”, vilket var centralt för undersökningen.Forskningsansatsen möjliggjorde även ett synliggörande avojämlika sociala maktrelationer och maktordningar som kan anses framträda inom LSS domar. Genom att relatera undersökningensfynd till tidigare forskning kring problemområdet har fynden kunnattolkas och förståsur ett större sammanhangoch på så sätt har rimliga slutsatser kunnat dras utifrån frågeställningen. Resultatet av studienhar formulerats genom följande diskurser: diskursen om definitionen och tolkningen av behoven, diskursen om behovet av social gemenskap och att “komma ut i samhället”, fritidsaktivitetsdiskurs & normal livsföringsdiskurs, juridisk diskurs, anhörig-och familjediskurs, samt diskursen om frigörelse, självständighet och normal livsföring.Dessa diskurser anses vara möjliga tolkningar avstudiensempiri samt möjliga exempel på vad en större forskning som omfattar ett större material skulle kunna komma fram till.Undersökningen har lett till ett konstaterande om att ett grundläggande antagande hos beslutsfattare tycks vara att LSS ska tolkas restriktivt. I denna studie relateras denna restriktiva tillämpning till en nyliberalistisk politisk syn vilken anses gradvis ha bidragit till att konstruera om politikers och beslutsfattares förståelse av syftet med LSS åt det restriktiva hållet, vilket kan anses urholka det ursprungliga syftet med LSS, som det beskrevs då lagen först infördes.

  • 195.
    Abyaneh, Morteza Y
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Logic and Metaphysics.
    Electrocrystallization: Modelling and Its Applications2014In: Development in Electrochemistry: Science Inspired by Martin Fleischmann / [ed] Derek Pletcher, Zhong-Qun Tian and David E. Williams, John Wiley & Sons, 2014, 1, p. 49-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mathematical modeling of the electrocrystallization processes and its applications has long been a subject dear to Martin Fleischmann. The study of nucleation is fundamental to the understanding of crystallization. In the context of electrocrystallization, the terms can be applied to phase formation at preferred sites on the electrode surface and phase formation at surfaces without such sites. Two models of nucleation are presented: a heterogeneous model (nucleation on an indent); and a spherical-cap model representing homogeneous nucleation. The transients are recorded by applying a two-step potential profile to the working electrode. This procedure ensures the reduction of the initial falling background/charging current, so that the magnitude of this initial current cannot mask the very early stages of electrocrystallization. Martin sought to establish an approach to nucleation based on quantum electrodynamics.

  • 196.
    Abyaneh, Morteza Y
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Nucleation in ElectrocrystallizationIn: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 1873-3859Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The belief amongst most electrochemists that the appropriate models, representing “homogeneous” and “heterogeneous” nucleation in the context of electrocrystallization, are spherical and spherical-cap shapes, respectively, is challenged. A proper foundation for modelling heterogeneous nucleation is introduced. The free energy required for the formation of a nucleus within an indent is derived and compared with that required for the formation of a nucleus onto a flat surface of an electrode. It is shown for the first time, using the classical theory of nucleation, that a much smaller free energy is required for nucleating within an indent on the surface of an electrode than nucleating onto a flat electrode surface. The applicability of the model, with the corresponding equations, to nucleation in the context of electrocrystallization is established. 

  • 197.
    Acar, Dilber
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Bengtsson, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    E-handel: En jämförande studie om upplevda risker mellan män och kvinnor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Risker vid handel på nätet är större än vid handel i fysiska butiker och är ett stort hinder till varför konsumenter väljer att inte handla på nätet. Ett sätt att minska upplevd risk vid e- handel är genom tillit till återförsäljare. Dock är det svårt för en konsument att avgöra om en återförsäljare på nätet är pålitlig eller ej. Då e-handel blir alltmer utbrett och många företag erbjuder varor som är riktade enbart till män eller kvinnor blir vår frågeställning: Hur skiljer sig upplevd risk med e-handel mellan män och kvinnor, och vilken betydelse har tillit till återförsäljare för hantering av dessa risker? För att besvara vår frågeställning diskuterades begreppen upplevd risk och tillit i en manlig och kvinnlig fokusgrupp där olika dimensioner av upplevd risk och påverkande faktorer till tillit togs upp. Dimensionerna av upplevd risk som undersöktes var finansiell-, produkt-, leverans-, social och tidsrisk samt risk med informationssäkerhet. Tillitsfaktorerna som undersöktes var återförsäljar- och hemsideegenskaper, erfarenhet med återförsäljare, tredje part och opportunistiskt beteende. Resultaten från vår studie pekar på att det finns små skillnader mellan män och kvinnor gällande upplevd risk, och att produktrisk är den mest betydande för kvinnorna och den enda risken som männen upplevde. Vidare visade det sig att alla tillitsfaktorer var av betydelse för respondenternas upplevda risk och att erfarenhet var den viktigaste för båda grupperna, men att tredje part var viktigare för kvinnorna än för männen. 

  • 198.
    Acaralp, Can
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Fröjdhammar, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    FODMAP i praktiken: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om dietisters uppfattning och erfarenheter av FODMAP2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND FODMAP är en behandlingsmetod för IBS som kommer från Australien och som är relativt ny i Sverige. FODMAP betyder Fermentable Oligo-, Di- and Monosacharides and Polyols och går ut på att begränsa mängden fermenterbara kolhydrater i kosten. Dessa kolhydrater har i studier visat sig kunna orsaka många av de symptom som IBS-patienter lider av och att så många som 3 av 4 av de patienter som testar behandlingen får reducerade symptom.

    SYFTE Syftet med studien var att undersöka och belysa dietisters erfarenheter, uppfattning och hantering av FODMAP.

    METOD Kvalitativa intervjuer baserade på en semistrukturerad frågeguide genomfördes. Totalt 12 dietister intervjuades och samtalen skedde via personliga besök eller telefon. Intervjuerna spelades in för att sedan transkriberas. Samtalen analyserades genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    RESULTAT Dietisterna hade olika lång erfarenhet av att jobba med FODMAP. Metoden beskrevs som strukturerad och tydlig och kan ge goda resultat. De flesta hade kommit i kontakt med metoden via praktik, jobb eller föreläsningar. Dietisterna jobbar antingen med enskilda samtal eller med grupper. Problem kan uppstå med att metoden kan uppfattas som krånglig för patienten, att den endast fokuserar på kolhydrater och inte på andra möjliga orsaker såsom stress och andra näringsämnen som kan ge symptom samt med att dietisterna själva inte kallar patienten utan får dem remitterade från läkare. Inga problem ses med näringsintag så länge strikt behandling enbart sker på kort sikt. Få dietister tittade på ett vidare hälsoperspektiv. Den viktigaste faktorn för en lyckad behandling var motivation och följsamhet från patienten.

    SLUTSATS Vid arbete med FODMAP behövs goda kunskaper och erfarenhet samt god tillgång till fungerande rutiner och resurser. För att kunna utföra en adekvat behandling krävs även en stark motivation och följsamhet hos patienten. En lyckad behandling ökar motivationen hos dietister att arbeta med behandlingen. Vår studie ger indikationer om att de dietister som har goda kunskaper, hög motivation samt erfarenhet av FODMAP är positiva till behandlingen och har lättare för att hitta lösningar på de problem som uppstår. Övergripande hälsoaspekter och probiotika behöver lyftas fram och tillföras som en del av behandlingen. Mer forskning och utbildning behövs för en klarare bild av hur FODMAP bäst ska tillämpas som behandlingsmetod.

  • 199. Achard, B.
    et al.
    von Hofsten, Claes
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Development of the infant's ability to retrieve food through a slit2002In: Infant and Child Development, ISSN 1522-7227, E-ISSN 1522-7219, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 43-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of the present study is to explore infants' ability to comprehend task manipulation, and whether they can feed themselves with a spoon when food has to be retrieved through a slit in a lid placed over a plate. To access the food, the infant has to align the bowl of the spoon with the slit. The orientation of the slit is manipulated, and certain orientations require more elaborate modifications of the feeding action than others. The infants are observed at monthly intervals, from 12 to 17 months of age. The presence of the lid affects the behaviour of the infants at all ages. Some behaviours become more immature. The infants grasp the spoon with more primitive grasp configurations, they grasp the spoon less consistently at the top of the handle, and they orient the spoon less consistently, with its bowl facing upwards. These differences decrease with age. The infants also make attempts to adjust to the constraints of the task, mainly by inclining the spoon more vertically, and rotating the hand in such a way as to align the spoon with the orientation of the slit. These adjustments improve with age.

  • 200. Achard, Benedicte
    et al.
    von Hofsten, Claes
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Development of the Infant’sAbility to Retrieve Food Througha Slit2002In: Infant and Child Development, ISSN 1522-7227, E-ISSN 1522-7219, Vol. 11, p. 43-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of the present study is to explore infants’ability to comprehend task manipulation, and whether they canfeed themselves with a spoon when food has to be retrievedthrough a slit in a lid placed over a plate. To access the food, theinfant has to align the bowl of the spoon with the slit. Theorientation of the slit is manipulated, and certain orientationsrequire more elaborate modifications of the feeding action thanothers. The infants are observed at monthly intervals, from 12 to17 months of age. The presence of the lid affects the behaviourof the infants at all ages. Some behaviours become more immature.The infants grasp the spoon with more primitive graspconfigurations, they grasp the spoon less consistently at the topof the handle, and they orient the spoon less consistently, withits bowl facing upwards. These differences decrease with age.The infants also make attempts to adjust to the constraints of thetask, mainly by inclining the spoon more vertically, and rotatingthe hand in such a way as to align the spoon with the orientationof the slit. These adjustments improve with age.

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