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  • 151.
    Amer, Ramses
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Vietnam. Anatomy of Peace - Kolko,G1999In: Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 146-148Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 152.
    Amer, Ramses
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Vietnam and its Chinese Minority: From Socialist Transformation and Exodus to Economic Renovation and Reintegration1998In: Journal of the South Seas Society, Vol. 53, p. 101-127Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 153.
    Amer, Ramses
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Vietnam and Its Neighbours: The Border Dispute Dimension1995In: CONTEMPORARY SOUTHEAST ASIA, Vol. 17, no 3Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 154.
    Amer, Ramses
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Vietnam joins the world - Morley,J.W and Nishihara,M1999In: JOURNAL OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN STUDIES, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 204-205Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 155.
    Amer, Ramses
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Vietnam's Policies and the Ethnic Chinise since 19751996In: SOJOURN: JOURNAL OF SOCIAL ISSUES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, Vol. 11, no 1Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 156.
    Amer, Ramses
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Vietnam's Policy on Territorial Conflicts1997In: Vietnam Reform and Transformation. Conference Proceedings, Stockholm: Centre for Pacific Asia Studies , 1997, p. 215-236Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 157.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Eliasson, Margareta
    Fox, Mary-Jane
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Hansson, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jakobsson, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Nordquist, Kjell-Åke
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Ohlson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Schnell, Anna
    Sollenberg, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Åsberg, Carl Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    States in Armed Conflict 19951996Report (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Heldt, Birger
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jakobsson, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Nordquist, Kjell-Åke
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Ohlson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Schnell, Anna
    Sollenberg, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Åsberg, Carl Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    States in Armed Conflict 19941995Report (Other academic)
  • 159.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Heldt, Birger
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jakobsson, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sollenberg, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Åsberg, Carl Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    States in Armed Conflict 19961997Report (Other academic)
  • 160.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of East European Studies.
    Heldt, Birger
    Landgren, Signe
    Magnusson, Kjell
    Melander, Erik
    Nordquist, Kjell-Åke
    Ohlson, Thomas
    Wallensteen, Peter.
    Major Armed Conflicts1993In: SIPRI Yearbook 1993: World Armaments and Disarament, Oxford University Press: Oxford , 1993Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 161.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Hughes, David
    The Asian Crisis and Economic Cooperation: Implications for an Expanded ASEAN1999In: Southeast Asian-Centred Economies or Economics?, Copenhagen: Nordic Institute of Asian Studies , 1999, no 39, p. 113-136Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 162.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jakobsson, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jato, Andrés
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sollenberg, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Åsberg, Carl Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    States in Armed Conflict 19971998Report (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Johan, Saravanamuttu
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The Cambodian conflict 1979-1991 : from intervention to resolution1996Other (Other scientific)
  • 164.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Institutionen för orientaliska språk, Stockholms universitet.
    Swain, Ashok
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Öjendal, Joakim
    Institutionen för globala studier, Göteborgs universitet.
    Researching the Security-Development Nexus through a Multi-Disciplinary Approach2012In: The Security-Development Nexus: Peace, Conflict and Development / [ed] Ramses Amer, Ashok Swain and Joakim Öjendal, London: Anthem Press, 2012, p. 1-12Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 165.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för orientaliska språk.
    Swain, AshokUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.Öjendal, JoakimGöteborgs universitet, Institutionen för globala studier.
    The Security-Development Nexus: Peace, Conflict and Development2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Attention to the ‘security-development nexus’ has become commonplace in national and global policy-making, and yet the exact nature of the term remains undefined. This study approaches the subjects of development and security from a variety of different perspectives, offering an array of interpretations of the nexus along with an analysis of its potentially related issues. Particular attention is paid to studies of conflict and peace, with a focus upon the linkage between these subjects and the topic of the nexus itself.

    Specific areas of investigation include the role of diasporas in peace building, the relationship between the nexus and challenges to liberal state-building, and the part played by external parties in the peace processes of the Aceh and Sri Lankan conflicts. The inclusion of case studies from Africa, Asia and Europe provides the text with a strong geographical focus, and constructs a panoramic view of the nexus that encompasses the globe. Further country-based chapters – focusing on China, the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Africa – underline this worldwide perspective.

    The volume’s collected essays thus provide a detailed and comprehensive view of this fluid, contemporaneous topic, both theoretically and empirically. ‘The Security-Development Nexus’ is a vital appraisal of both the present issues and current thought concerning conflict, security and development

  • 166.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Swanström, Niklas
    Konflikter och samarbete i Stillahavsasien (Conflicts and Co-operation in Pacific Asia)1996In: Internationella studier, no 3, p. 52-71Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 167.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Thayer, Carlyle A.
    Conclusion1999In: Vietnamese Foreign Policy in Transition, Singapore: Institute fore Southeast Asian Studies; and, New York: St Martin's Press , 1999, p. 215-232Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 168.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Thayer, Carlyle A.
    Introduction1999In: Vietnamese Foreign Policy in Transition, Singapore: Institute fore Southeast Asian Studies; and, New York: St Martin's Press , 1999, p. vii-ixChapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 169.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Thayer, Carlyle A.
    Select Bibliography1999In: Vietnamese Foreign Policy in Transition, Singapore: Institute fore Southeast Asian Studies; and, New York: St Martin's Press , 1999, p. 233-271Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 170.
    Anaya Jiménez, Lani Mireya
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Membership matters, peace achievement matters the most… A test of complex social identities and attitudes toward peace with youth leaders from Kosovo.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The recent United Nations Security Council Resolution 2250 on Youth, Peace, and Security highlights the importance of 18-29 years old people as positive leaders in peace and security. For a long time, research and media featured youth in conflicts either as victims, or perpetrators. Recently, some studies began promoting a better narrative based on positive-peace structural factors, e.g. development. Notwithstanding these valuable contributions, little research has empirically explored psychosocial divers of youth within conflicts. This paper studies the links between complex self-categorization processes and attitudes towards peace.

     

    Using a mixed-methods design of randomized surveys and semi-structured interviews, the research aimed to evaluate the hypothesis that youth with superordinate complex social identities (SCSI) will be more likely to have positive attitudes towards peace. The study does not find support for the hypothesis. Youth have a complex identity in which they simultaneously recognize their superordinate and in-group belonging; however, the prioritize in-group self-categorization. Young people have contact with other groups, but their empathy and trust levels are still low. Despite SCSI may not be the main driver of youth positive attitudes toward peace, rather complex identities. 

  • 171.
    Anderbrant, Marcus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    ”I NEVER GIVE UP ON PEOPLE”: Community Leaders’ Belief in Returnee Redeemability2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Following the onset of the Syrian Civil War, the issue of foreign fighters has gained substantial attention, not least as thousands of Europeans travelled to align themselves with armed groups in the conflict. Although not a new phenomenon historically speaking, this caused widespread concern, particularly when some of these travelers began to return to their home countries. Consequently, this caused some practitioners to advocate for reintegration measures. This study focuses on the latter by combining DDR and criminology literature to explore the role of community leaders in reintegration processes. Belief in Redeemability among community leaders is identified as a favorable condition for reintegration. By exploring Belief in Redeemability among community leaders in Vivalla and Varberga/Oxhagen, the study attempts to further develop theoretical approaches within the field, as well as contribute with further insight to peacebuilding in non-conflict settings. The data consists of 9 in-depth interviews which were analyzed through a focused, structured comparison of discursive themes. The findings display discursive themes which may indicate that encounters between community leaders and Returnees affect how leaders legitimize attitudes associated with a Belief in Redeemability.

  • 172.
    Andersson, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Cutting the head off the snake: Leadership decapitations against transnational and domestic terrorist organizations2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 173.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Evaluating Rivalling Interpretations of Asymmetric War and Warfare2011In: Conceptualising modern war / [ed] Karl Erik Haug and Ole Jørgen Maaø, London: Hurst , 2011, p. 29-48Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 174.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Försvarsmaktens internationella insatser: I den svenska säkerhetens eller identitetens tjänst?2010In: Svensk säkerhetspolitik i Europa och världen / [ed] Jan Angstrom och Kjell Engelbrekt, Stockholm: Norstedts juridik , 2010, p. 169-202Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 175.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    International Relations Theory and the Problem of Internal Order after the Cold War2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 176.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Introduction: Exploring the Utility of Armed Force in Modern Conflict2008In: Small Wars & Insurgencies, ISSN 0959-2318, E-ISSN 1743-9558, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 297-302Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 177.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Inviting the Leviathan: External Forces, War and State-Building in Afghanistan2010In: Modern War and the Utility of Force: challenges, methods and strategy / [ed] Jan Angstrom & Isabelle Duyvesteyn, London: Routledge , 2010, p. 208-230Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Inviting the Leviathan: External Forces, War, and State-Building in Afghanistan2008In: Small Wars & Insurgencies, ISSN 0959-2318, E-ISSN 1743-9558, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 374-396Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 179.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Puzzles and Propositions in the Iraq War2005In: The Iraq War: European Perspectives on Politics, Strategy, and Operations / [ed] Jan Hallenberg and Håkan Karlsson, New York: Routledge , 2005, 1, p. 1-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 180.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The International Dimensions of Ethnic Conflict2001In: Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, ISSN 1057-610X, E-ISSN 1521-0731, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 59-69Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 181.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The sociology of Studies of Ethnic Conflict2000In: Civil Wars, ISSN 1369-8249, E-ISSN 1743-968X, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 23-44Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Towards a Typology of Internal Armed Conflict2001In: Civil Wars, ISSN 1369-8249, E-ISSN 1743-968X, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 93-116Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 183.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Transformative Learning through Globalization of World Politics2009In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 231-240Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 184.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Är 11 september och kriget mot terrorism bevis för en civilisationernas kamp?2008In: Kungliga krigsvetenskapsakademiens handlingar och tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, Vol. 212, no 3, p. 18-39Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 185.
    Angstrom, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Duyvesteyn, Isabelle
    Utrecht University.
    Evaluating Realist Explanations of Internal Conflict: The Case of Liberia2001In: Security Studies, ISSN 0963-6412, E-ISSN 1556-1852, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 187-220Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 186.
    Angstrom, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Duyvesteyn, IsabelleUtrecht University.
    Modern war and the utility of force: challenges, methods and strategy2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Angstrom, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Duyvesteyn, Isabelle
    Utrecht University.
    War, What is it Good for?2010In: Modern War and the Utility of Force: challenges, methods and strategy / [ed] Jan Angstrom & Isabelle Duyvesteyn, London: Routledge , 2010, p. 1-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Angstrom, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Widén, Jerker
    Militärteorins grunder2005 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Antonsson, Linnea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    GENDER TRAINING IN UN PEACEKEEPING MISSIONS: A qualitative study of how gender training affect the unintended consequence of UN peacekeeping mission: sexual exploitation and abuse.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 190.
    Anwar, Deka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Path to Dominance - Disaggregating Intra-rebel Conflict between Parent and Splinter Group in Separatist Insurgency: Case Study of Moro National Liberation Front - Moro Islamic Liberation Front in the Philippines, and Karen National Union - Democratic Karen Buddhist Army in Burma2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Common beliefs posit that rebel fragmentation and the emergence of splinter groups are often associated with intra-rebel violence. However, empirical evidence suggests that it is not always the case: there are cases of non-lethal competition between parent and splinter groups across time and terrain. This study explores the cause of lethal and non-lethal conflict between parent and splinter group that represent ethno-nationalist identity. By using theories of rational choice and outbidding strategy, I argue that lethal intra-rebel conflict are less likely when there is a balanced distribution of power between parent and splinter groups, subsequent to organizational fragmentation. This is because intra-rebel conflict against formidable opponents is costly. Further, it presents an existential threat in the event of counterinsurgency or retaliation. Thus, it is expected that rebel groups are more likely to employ non-lethal outbidding strategy in order to become the sole representation of their ethnic group. Using the method of structured focused comparison, this hypothesis is tested by comparing Moro insurgencies in Philippines and Karen insurgencies in Burma. The main finding demonstrates partial support to the causality of distribution power to the lethality of outbidding strategies. In addition, the empirical analysis also shows state intervention and social ties as influencing lethal intra-rebel conflict.

  • 191.
    Aranki Nassar, Adéle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Events of the Tunisian Revolution: The Three First Years2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report highlights the episodes, which led to the commonly called “Arab Spring” that originated in Tunisia. It describes the chain of events that took place and their geographical spread all over the country. It is well known that these events started a reaction throughout the Arab World, in some cases with success while in other countries it caused a reversal that can be discussed and might be the goal of further research.

    Three main areas are included and studied in this report. The first introduces the sequence of events. The second analyses the trends and the spread of these events. The final part discusses the differences between Tunisia and other countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

  • 192.
    Aranki Nassar, Adéle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Peace Research in the Arab World: An Inventory 20112012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study locates the universities in the Arab countries that teach or house a research milieu dealing with peace and conflict research. It also identifies the level of teaching and presents information on course descriptions. 

    There are more than 450 universities with different approaches, for instance, in political science and multidisciplinary programs such as diplomacy, international relations, strategic studies, law and related fields in humanities. In total, 73 universities and institutions are specifically identified in this report. 

  • 193.
    Arendt, Fanny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Securing the society - a woman's risk to take?: A field study on how women’s perception of safety is impacted by engaging in prevention of violent extremism2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how women’s perceptions of safety is impacted by participating in a program aimed at preventing violent extremism (PVE). The theoretical framework mainly draws on literature on women and conflict prevention, sacred values and human security studies. In combining theoretical arguments from these fields, I hypothesize that women’s perception of safety will be negatively impacted by participating in PVE-programs. That is because their participation will challenge sacred gender norms by taking up leadership roles in the community that usually belong to men. As a result, hostile reactions from community members will follow, i.e. from those whose sacred values are challenged, which in turn is expected to impact women’s perception of safety negatively. This thesis applies qualitative methods and to compare between two groups of women who participate in a PVE-program through different roles, and one group of non-PVE-participating women. Semi-structured interviews were held with two PVE-participating groups (female religious leaders and female economic leaders) as well as with non-PVE-participating women in Indonesia. The purpose of this case selection is twofold. First, to examine whether the PVE-participation in itself has an effect on women’s perceptions of safety. Second, to explore whether to explore whether certain roles that women take in a PVE-program challenge sacred gender norms more than others, and as such, leads to more negative perceptions of safety. The results indicate that PVE-participants challenge sacred norms, however, these norms do not always have a gendered underpinning, but are more religious in nature than anticipated. Contrary to my hypotheses, women’s perception of safety is not necessarily negatively impacted by participating in PVE-programs. The results rather indicate that women’s perception of safety can be both positively and negatively impacted by their participation, mainly depending on how their participation is understood by others. Additionally, PVE-participating women mainly challenge gender norms before they begin their participation, instead of during its active phase. As such, the results suggest that time aspects are important to fully understand women’s perception of safety.

  • 194.
    Arnicāns, Olafs
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Is Winter Coming?: The Effect of Consistent Patron-States on Territorial Conflicts Becoming Frozen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Of the territorial intra-state conflicts around the world, there are some that live in the ‘no war, no peace’ environment. The so-called frozen conflicts have attracted significant scholarly and policy attention to explain their durability over time, and sustainability of the de facto regimes that live within such environment. This study shifts the focus from looking at the frozen state of the conflict to improving the understanding of how they become frozen in the first place. My question: ‘why do some territorial conflicts become frozen while others do not?’ sheds light on consistent-patron action during wartime to explain how, through the establishment of trade, territorial conflicts become frozen. Additional novel contributions are provided by conceptualizing patron-state support and focusing on trade as part of state-building mechanisms. A structured, focused comparison with a most-similar case design compares Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Republika Srpska Krajina conflicts. My findings show partial support to the tested hypotheses that indicate a consistent patron-state’s trade establishment with de facto regime leads to frozen conflict. Empirical limitations within the cases limit the ability to draw stronger conclusions.

    Of the territorial intra-state conflicts around the world, there are some that live in the ‘no war, no peace’ environment. The so-called frozen conflicts have attracted significant scholarly and policy attention to explain their durability over time, and sustainability of the de facto regimes that live within such environment. This study shifts the focus from looking at the frozen state of the conflict to improving the understanding of how they become frozen in the first place. My question: ‘why do some territorial conflicts become frozen while others do not?’ sheds light on consistent-patron action during wartime to explain how, through the establishment of trade, territorial conflicts become frozen. Additional novel contributions are provided by conceptualizing patron-state support and focusing on trade as part of state-building mechanisms. A structured, focused comparison with a most-similar case design compares Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Republika Srpska Krajina conflicts. My findings show partial support to the tested hypotheses that indicate a consistent patron-state’s trade establishment with de facto regime leads to frozen conflict. Empirical limitations within the cases limit the ability to draw stronger conclusions.

  • 195.
    Arvastson, Camilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The Impact of Security Forces’ Behavior on Levels of Organized Violence after Security Sector Reform: A qualitative study of rural provinces in Burundi2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis explores the understudied subject of provincial variations in outcomes after

    Security Sector Reform, by examining how security forces’ behavior affect organized

    violence provincially. By contributing to research on organized violence and peacebuilding

    focusing on SSR with a regional focus, the thesis seeks an answer to why there is organized

    violence in some provincial areas but not others, after the initiation of a SSR program? Based

    on theories of state repression, it is hypothesized that security forces’ abusive behavior leads

    to higher levels of organized violence. Further, based in counterinsurgency literature, I

    theoretically develop that security forces’ participation in post-conflict reconstruction

    decreases levels of organized violence. The study tests these hypotheses by employing

    structured focus comparisons and process tracing of four provinces in Burundi during 2004-

    2014. The study finds partial support for both hypotheses. In some cases abusive behavior

    have escalated organized violence, and in some cases reconciling behavior decrease organized

    violence. The causal path suggests, beyond the level of trust and distrusts in society and

    towards security forces, other factors to correlate and perhaps condition the relationships.

  • 196. Arı, Barış
    et al.
    Skrede Gleditsch, Kristian
    Hegre, Håvard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wig, Tore
    Democratization and civil conflict2016In: APSA-CD, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 4-7Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Asklöf, Lovisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Gender Training of Peace Support Operation Personnel: An Effective Tool to Reach Increased Knowledge Levels and Attitudinal Change?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

      This study aims to answer the question of how pre-deployment gender training affects knowledge and attitudes regarding gender in the mission area among military personnel in peace support operations (PSOs). A common explanation to why attitude change occurs is through the introduction of new information. It is hypothesized that gender training leads to increased knowledge levels and more positive attitudes towards gender mainstreaming in PSOs. Unique longitudinal data is collected through a survey conducted among participants of a gender training session in the Swedish Armed Forces. The theory is tested through difference in means test of the participants test scores on knowledge and attitudes as well as a list experiment included in the survey. The study finds a substantial effect on change in knowledge levels and marginal support for attitude change due to the training. However, the result of the list experiment questions suggests that the marginal support on attitude change could in part be due to social desirability bias. The study concludes that increased attention needs to be placed on integration of gender perspectives into the general training and everyday service of peace support operation personnel. 

  • 198.
    Axell, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Heldt, Birger
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Melander, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Nordquist, Kjell-Åke
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Ohlson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Åsberg, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    States in Armed Conflict 19931994Report (Other academic)
  • 199.
    Axell, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Heldt, Birger
    Melander, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Nordquist, Kjell-Åke
    Ohlson, Thomas
    Åsberg, Carl
    Major armed conflicts, 1993 (Appendix)1994In: SIPRI Yearbook 1994, Oxford University Press: Oxford , 1994, p. 86-96Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Axell, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Major Armed Conflicts (1993)1994In: SIPRI Yearbook 1994, 1994, p. 81-85Chapter in book (Refereed)
1234567 151 - 200 of 2029
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