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  • 151.
    Näsström, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Andersson, Oliver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Cloud Computing och entreprenörskap i svenska startups2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how Swedish startup companies look at Cloud Computing technology's ability to develop their entrepreneurship. To investigate this, semistructured interviews have been held with six Swedish startups in different industries. The interviews revolve around the theoretical basis that the essay has presented, mainly from Ross & Blumenstein's theory of how Cloud Computing leads startup companies to entrepreneurial benefits. The data has been analyzed thematically to find recurring themes that appeared during the interviews. Cloud computing can help Swedish entrepreneurs by reducing entry barriers and the opportunity costs, which can reduce risks and provide the opportunity to use the "easy failure" concept. Several Cloud computing providers offer funding for startups, which further strengthens these benefits. Several startups also see operational benefits like simplifications to a global workplace, international collaborations, and reaching a global marketplace. They also see risks associated with security, integrity laws and losing control. Although prominent, there is a great deal of confidence in suppliers' security solutions. There are also signs that many startups can initially adopt this new technology and avoid many of the risks associated with migration itself.

  • 152.
    Okhravi, Christopher
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Callegari, Simone
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    McKeever, Steve
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Kronlid, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Lindahl, Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Ciabuschi, Francesco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Simulating Market Entry Rewards for Antibiotics Development2018In: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, ISSN 1073-1105, E-ISSN 1748-720X, Vol. 46, p. 32-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We design an agent based Monte Carlo model of antibiotics research and development (R&D) to explore the effects of the policy intervention known as Market Entry Reward (MER) on the likelihood that an antibiotic entering pre-clinical development reaches the market. By means of sensitivity analysis we explore the interaction between the MER and four key parameters: projected net revenues, R&D costs, venture capitalists discount rates, and large pharmaceutical organizations' financial thresholds. We show that improving revenues may be more efficient than reducing costs, and thus confirm that this pull-based policy intervention effectively stimulates antibiotics R&D.

  • 153.
    Olausson, Erika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Kan själv!?: -vad är verksamhetsnyttan för att själv skapaunderlaget för en Chatbot?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is based on Design Science Research (DSR), in which it studies the businessbenefits that may be of creating a customized Chatbot. Design Science Research is within thisstudy the bridge between the creation and the theory studies. Within the study, an artifact iscreated in the form of a conceptual model, to provide a future solution for a model that can beimplemented within the business. Learning the chat boat automatically from the company'sown website has been shown as desirable. The artefact has been evaluated through anexperiment with Natural Language Processing (NLP) packages and algorithms, as well asmachine learning packages and methods. The authority studied in this study is theRiksantikvarieämbetet (RAÄ), where their data has been collected and processed with NLPand machine learning. The information collected in this study is approximately 70% ofRAÄ's material from the website. What emerged from the evaluation is that a moredomain-specific corpus is needed to create better clustering of data. The design from thedesign was estimated based on the fact that the benefit of learning would not only result in aChatbot that works for external users, but could also be a help for internal users, as aninternal tool for searching their own website.

  • 154.
    Olsson, Erik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Alfonsson, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Ander, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Brantnell, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Burell, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Grönqvist, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Hauffman, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Oncology and Radiation Science, Oncology.
    Held, Claes
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Johansson, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Oncology and Radiation Science, Oncology.
    Lindahl Norberg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Mattsson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Norlund, Fredrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Toft, Teolinda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    von Essen, Louise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    U-CARE – internet-based psychosocial care and psychological treatment in connection to somatic disease2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Olsson, Petter
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Ingvarsson, Albin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    En beskrivande fallstudie om mjukvarutestning på ett företag2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Software testing is becoming a more important part of the System Development Life Cycle(SDLC). At the same time the software becomes more complex, versions are released at anincreasing pace and the same time users demand on the quality of the software is increasing.This causes problems with regards to quality assurance for companies that have to spendmore time and resources on the testing process. The essay is a descriptive case study of thetest process at a Swedish company where the empiricism consists of semi-structuredinterviews, document analysis and a self made testsuite. The empiricism is then compared tolitterature where ISTQB is the underlying framework. The result of the study show that thetest process and literature is similar however it has been possible to identify flaws in the testprocess that can be linked to time pressure and thus affected the quality of the testning.

  • 156.
    Paris, Joel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Mohamed, Hani
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Användbarhet för barn: en undersökning av applikationer riktade till barn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På senare tid har smarta mobiler (smartphones) fått en allt större roll i våra liv. Att gå från vanliga hemtelefoner till “enklare” mobiltelefoner till smartphones, som mer eller mindre är självklart för gemene man idag, har gått relativt fort. Smartphonens framfart har lett till en applikationsboom som i sin tur fördelats i kategorier mellan gammal och ung. En stor kategori är barn. Med tanke på på den växande applikationsmarknaden vore det intressant att se om användbarheten hos applikationer - och då främst applikationer riktade för barn - håller sig till rådande användbarhetsteorier. För att underlätta och få en uppfattning om ovanstående har vi valt att skapa ett ramverk utifrån rådande teori. Detta ramverk riktar in sig på åtta kategorier: syn, symboler och ikoner, minne, motorik, text, ljud, fokus och navigation. Vidare applicerar vi vårt framtagna ramverk på de elva mest populära applikationerna på App Store och Play Store. Resultatet av vår studie påvisade att ramverkets centrala delar mycket väl appliceras i testapplikationerna. Vissa avvikelser förekom, men dessa upptäckte vi kompenserades för med andra medel i applikationen. Av den anledningen anser vi att de bör klassas som mycket användarvänliga, och rankas förmodligen av den anledningen högt i vardera topplista.

  • 157.
    Pasi, Niharika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Analysis of online news media through visualisation and text clustering2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Online news has grown in frequency and popularity as a convenient source of information for several years. A result of this drastic surge is the increased competition for viewer-ship and prolonged relevance of online news websites. Higher demands by internet audiences have led to the use of sensationalism such as ‘clickbait’ articles or ‘fake news’ to attract more viewers. The subsequent shift in the journalistic approach in new media opened new opportunities to study the behaviour and intent behind the news content. As news publications cater their news to a specific target audience, conclusions about said news outlets and their readers can be deduced from the content they wish to broadcast. In order to understand the nature behind the publication’s choice of producing content, this thesis uses automated text categorisation as a means to analyse the words and phrases used by most news outlets. The thesis acts as a case study for approximately 143,000 online news articles from 15 different publications focused on the United States between the years 2016 and 2017.

    The focus of this thesis is to create a framework that observes how news articles group themselves based on the most relevant terms in their corpora. Similarly, other forms of analyses were performed to find similar insights that may give an idea about the news structure over a certain period of time. For this thesis, a preliminary quantitative analysis was also conducted before data processing, followed by applying K-means clustering to these articles post-cleansing. The overall categorisation approach and visual analysis provided sufficient data to re-use this framework with further adjustments. The cluster groups deduced that the most common news categories or genres for the selected publications were either politics - with special focus on the U.S. presidential elections - or crime-related news within the U.S and around the world. The visual formations of these clusters heavily implied that the above two categories were distributed even within groups containing other genres like finance or infotainment. Moreover, the added factor of churning out multiple articles and stories per day suggest that mainstream online news websites continue to use broadcast journalism as their main form of communication with their audiences

  • 158.
    Paçacı, Görkem
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Representation of Compositional Relational Programs2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Usability aspects of programming languages are often overlooked, yet have a substantial effect on programmer productivity. These issues are even more acute in the field of Inductive Synthesis, where programs are automatically generated from sample expected input and output data, and the programmer needs to be able to comprehend, and confirm or reject the suggested programs.

    A promising method of Inductive Synthesis, CombInduce, which is particularly suitable for synthesizing recursive programs, is a candidate for improvements in usability as the target language Combilog is not user-friendly. The method requires the target language to be strictly compositional, hence devoid of variables, yet have the expressiveness of definite clause programs. This sets up a challenging problem for establishing a user-friendly but equally expressive target language.

    Alternatives to Combilog, such as Quine's Predicate-functor Logic and Schönfinkel and Curry's Combinatory Logic also do not offer a practical notation: finding a more usable representation is imperative. This thesis presents two distinct approaches towards more convenient representations which still maintain compositionality.

    The first is Visual Combilog (VC), a system for visualizing Combilog programs. In this approach Combilog remains as the target language for synthesis, but programs can be read and modified by interacting with the equivalent diagrams instead. VC is implemented as a split-view editor that maintains the equivalent Combilog and VC representations on-the-fly, automatically transforming them as necessary.

    The second approach is Combilog with Name Projection (CNP), a textual iteration of Combilog that replaces numeric argument positions with argument names. The result is a language where argument names make the notation more readable, yet compositionality is preserved by avoiding variables. Compositionality is demonstrated by implementing CombInduce with CNP as the target language, revealing that programs with the same level of recursive complexity can be synthesized in CNP equally well, and establishing the underlying method of synthesis can also work with CNP.

    Our evaluations of the user-friendliness of both representations are supported by a range of methods from Information Visualization, Cognitive Modelling, and Human-Computer Interaction. The increased usability of both representations are confirmed by empirical user studies: an often neglected aspect of language design.

  • 159.
    Paçacı, Görkem
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Hamfelt, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    A Visual System for Compositional Relational Programming2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Combilog is a compositional relational programming language that allows writing relational logic programs by functionally composing relational predicates. Higraphs, a diagram formalism is consulted to simplify some of the textual complexity of compositional relational programming to achieve a visual system that can represent these declarative meta-programs, with the final intention to design an intuitive and visually assisted complete development practice. As a proof of concept, an implementation of a two-way parser/visualizer is presented.

  • 160.
    Paçacı, Görkem
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Hamfelt, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Towards a visual compositional relational programming methodology2012In: Diagrams 2012: Graduate Student Symposium, 2012, p. 17-19Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a new visual programming method, based on Combilog, a compositional relational programming language. In this paper we focus on the compositional aspect of Combilog, the make operator, visually implementing it via a modification of Higraph diagrams, in an attempt to overcome the obscurity and complexity in the textual representation of this operator.

  • 161.
    Paçacı, Görkem
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Johnson, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    McKeever, Steve
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Hamfelt, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    "Why did you do that?": Explaining black box models with Inductive Synthesis2019In: International Conference on Computational Science (ICCS), 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By their nature, the composition of black box models is opaque. This makes the ability to generate explanations for the response to stimuli challenging. The importance of explaining black box models has become increasingly important given the prevalence of AI and ML systems and the need to build legal and regulatory frameworks around them. Such explanations can also increase trust in these uncertain systems. In our paper we present RICE, a method for generating explanations of the behaviour of black box models by (1) probing a model to extract model output examples using sensitivity analysis; (2) applying CNPInduce, a method for inductive logic program synthesis, to generate logic programs based on critical input-output pairs; and (3) interpreting the target program as a human-readable explanation. We demonstrate the application of our method by generating explanations of an artificial neural network trained to follow simple traffic rules in a hypothetical self-driving car simulation. We conclude with a discussion on the scalability and usability of our approach and its potential applications to explanation-critical scenarios.

  • 162.
    Paçacı, Görkem
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    McKeever, Steve
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Hamfelt, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Compositional Relational Programming with Name Projection and Compositional Synthesis2018In: Perspectives of System Informatics: 11th International Andrei P. Ershov Informatics Conference, PSI 2017, Moscow, Russia, June 26-29, 2017, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, 2018, Vol. 10742, p. 306-321Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    CombInduce is a methodology for inductive synthesis of logic programs, which employs a reversible meta-interpreter for synthesis, and uses a compositional relational target language for ecient synthesis of recursive predicates.

    The target language, Combilog, has reduced usability due to the lack of variables, a feature enforced by the principle of compositionality, which is at the core of the synthesis process. We present a revision of Combilog, namely, Combilog with Name Projection (CNP), which brings improved usability by using argument names, whilst still staying devoid of variables, preserving the compositionality.

  • 163.
    Pärsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Forsberg, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Öppen källkod: Avgörande produktfaktorer och systemutvecklarens roll2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen ämnar till att undersöka vilka produktfaktorer som är avgörande när företag/organisationer väljer en öppen källkods-mjukvara. Uppsatsen undersöker även hur involverad utvecklare inom företag/organisationer är vid beslutsfattande och implementation kring ny mjukvara. För att undersöka detta skapades ett ramverk baserat på tidigare forskning som innehåller fem faktorer. Ramverket lade grunden till intervjuer som genomförts på anställda inom ledning och utveckling hos en stor statlig myndighet samt ett mindre ITföretag. Resultatet av dessa intervjuer jämfördes mot ramverket, vilket visade på att de olika organisationerna prioriterar olika produktfaktorer. Den största likheten mellan organisationerna var produktfaktorn användarvänlighet. Skillnaden i prioriteringar av produktfaktorer kan bero på skillnaden i storlek av organisationerna, eller deras olika arbetsuppgifter. Utvecklare inom båda organisationer visade sig ha inflytande vid införskaffningen av ny mjukvara, men skilde sig i det att utvecklare på det mindre ITföretaget har större inflytande än hos den statliga myndigheten. Återigen kan detta bero på storleken hos de två organisationerna.

  • 164.
    Qian, Mao
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Prediction of the Type for Web Page: A Practical Application in Classification2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As more and more data are generated in daily life, traditional data analysis methods reach their bottoms and often fail to discover unknown factors deep inside the data, which cause the adoption of data mining. Classification means mapping data into known groups, and it is one of primary tasks of data mining. The study in this thesis is about finding an automated solution to predict whether the value of the web page doesn’t decrease as time goes on, in other words evergreen or not. When recommending web pages to users according to their interests, it is valuable to know which pages are evergreen. There is no doubt this study belongs to the area of classification. In order to solve this problem, the knowledge and techniques involved in machine learning and web text mining are required to implement the solution. A number of models or classifiers are built during the implementation based on different features and optimizations, and they are evaluated by a method called cross validation. The best solution in this thesis is an ensemble of some simple models, which achieves highest accuracy in prediction. Moreover, limitations of solution are also presented and future improvements are suggested.

  • 165.
    Rafiq, Asma
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Ågerfalk, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Boundary Resources Dependency in Third-Party Development from the Developer's Perspective2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to explore issues pertaining to the devel- opment of third-party applications aimed to be hosted at software platforms. While prior research has addressed design challenges in platform design, and suggested a boundary resources model to understand such design, we argue that the application developers’ perspective has not yet been scrutinized. Drawing on design experiences from application development for the Facebook platform, we suggest further elaboration of the boundary resources model for software platforms. Our results show that the developers and applications are highly af- fected by the unpredictability of software platforms. Based on an empirically justified account of experience with boundary resources dependencies, we pro- pose a set of implications for third-party development as well as platform development and maintenance. The study should be helpful in determining the influence of boundary resources on third-party developers and applications whilst planning for application development on such platforms. It should also be useful to platform owners involved in the development and maintenance of boundary resources for third-party development.

  • 166.
    Rahman, Shahbaaz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    The Impact of Adopting “Business Intelligence (BI)” in Organizations2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In economically turbulent times, Business Intelligence (BI) is increasingly being used to mitigate risk and increase certainty. The evolution of BI from a series of technologies to a platform for supporting strategies is analyzed in this thesis. The concentration is on how BI can streamline manufacturing, quality assurance, marketing and customer service are evaluated, as are the potential payoffs of increasing the level of insight an organization has. The thesis also includes analysis of how the more complex value chain processes including build-to-order, configure-to-order and quote-to-order can be made more efficient and profitable through the inclusion of BI and its associated analytics and technologies. The inclusion of the Delphi research technique makes this paper unique and strong in its content as well. The role of BI has shifted from being used in specific functional areas of an organization to being strategic in scope. The intent of this thesis is to evaluate its contributions to the customer-facing processes that are the most complex and most challenging to sustain, making BI an indispensible platform for their successful execution on the base of theories and practical experience of the BI experts.

  • 167.
    Rangevik, Alexander
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Software Development across Time Zones: A Study of Globally Distributed Software Development in Small Enterprises2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Globally distributed software development has become an important topic for small and medium enterprises. However, the distinct requirements of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are still not fullyunderstood. To contribute to this growing discussion, I will present an ethnographical field study of a Swedish software company engaged in a distributed development practice with its American branch. By applying a theoretical view based on communication, coordination and control over time, space and socio/cultural difference, I show to what extent a distributed software development model affects SMEs. Whereproblems related to formal and informal communication, knowledge sharing, articulation work and programming methodologies are discussed. My findings suggest that organizational adjustments are needed for SMEs in order to take advantage of distributed software development (DSD), that specialized tools supporting coordination and articulation work is not so common in practice and that certain adjustment to agile methodologies could be made in order to better support DSD.

  • 168.
    Riedberg, Sanni
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    MyLikes: utveckling av ett rekommendationssystem med utgångspunkt i informationen från sociala medier2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As the Internet becomes more and more available, and that the amount of information on theInternet is constantly increasing, a need for recommendation systems has emerged. A problemon the Internet is knowing who and what you can trust. One way to get around this trust issue isto use social media. Meanwhile, social media have consistently increased in popularity in recentyears. The purpose of this paper is to examine how recommendation systems and SNS canbenefit from each other while the practical problem of getting recommendations from one’s(online) friends are solved. This is achieved by using the research strategy design science anddeveloping an IT artifact. The IT artifact is a prototype of a new online service. Based on asurvey of the prototype and the main concept, conclusions are drawn about how a generalpersonal recommendation system can be created. The research shows that it is possible tocreate such a system and that there is a need for a general personal recommendation systembased on the information stored in social media. This essay is written in Swedish.

  • 169.
    Rizk, Raya
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Big Data Validation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the explosion in usage of big data, stakes are high for companies to develop workflows that translate the data into business value. Those data transformations are continuously updated and refined in order to meet the evolving business needs, and it is imperative to ensure that a new version of a workflow still produces the correct output. This study focuses on the validation of big data in a real-world scenario, and implements a validation tool that compares two databases that hold the results produced by different versions of a workflow in order to detect and prevent potential unwanted alterations, with row-based and column-based statistics being used to validate the two versions. The tool was shown to provide accurate results in test scenarios, providing leverage to companies that need to validate the outputs of the workflows. In addition, by automating this process, the risk of human error is eliminated, and it has the added benefit of improved speed compared to the more labour-intensive manual alternative. All this allows for a more agile way of performing updates on the data transformation workflows by improving on the turnaround time of the validation process.

  • 170.
    Rodling, Joakim
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Tibblin, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Mobila Applikationer: En utvärderande studie om hur mobila applikationer påverkar webbtjänster2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The technological advancements in the mobile technology industry have enabled people to perform tasks regardless of time or place. For companies that provide web services, mobile applications can boost service usage. In this thesis we examine if the usage of a service tends to increase in general, by using mobile applications.For companies it is important to know how mobile applications can be integrated with an existing web service. It is also relevant to know about the mobile applications’ effects on the usage of the initial web service.In this study a mobile application is developed from scratch in order to explore potential difficulties that companies can run into while developing a mobile application. Interviews are made with companies that provide web services to their customers, in order to get answers on how mobile applications have affected usage of their respective web services.Results show that the launch of a mobile application is often done towards more than one mobile platform. In the study, we investigate which requirements that has to be met to ease integration of a mobile application to an existing web service. By implementing flexible back-end system architecture, companies can save resources for future development. Furthermore, results show that services in general tend to see increased usage after a mobile application has been launched. Service-specific functionality also tends to get split up between the mobile application and the initial web service.

  • 171.
    Rosenberg, William
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Engh, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Inloggning på internetbank, för synskadade2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 172.
    Roychowdhury, Amrita
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    NON-USE OF STREAMING MUSIC TECHNOLOGIES2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Technology non-use or active resistance towards technology is a pertinent issue in Human Computer Interaction, especially when we contemplate the ongoing changes regarding the concept of usability. By combining Theory of Practice and Theory of Materiality with Theory of Affect this thesis explores the resistance towards online streaming music technology among music enthusiasts devoted to vintage Vinyl music culture and also takes an effort to understand any possible effect of this voluntary non-use on the digital music industry. Qualitative research analysis is employed on ten in-depth semi structured interviews showing that material aspects and nostalgia, create an individualistic image and passion for record collection; furthermore, these aspects play a role behind the choice of non-use of online music technology.

  • 173.
    Rusu, Horea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    IT Governance Implementation of a Public Organization: A Case Study of a Swedish Municipality2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Information Technology (IT) is a part of the business strategy and plays a very important role

    in private organizations, but has a lot to offer to public organizations as well. In fact, public

    organizations can benefit by using IT to achieve their organizational strategies and improve

    their services. Moreover, to have a better return on IT investments an organization needs to

    have an effective IT governance (ITG) implementation in place. A municipality unlike a

    private organization has a large diversity of operations, including healthcare, school, laws and

    regulations and monopoly. Therefore, effective IT governance implementation is of great

    importance for a municipality. In this perspective, the study looks to answer the following

    research question: How is IT governance implemented in a Swedish municipality? The

    research strategy used was case study research and the data was collected through interviews

    and internal documents from Södertälje municipality. The purpose of this research was to

    identify the IT governance practices: structures, processes and relational mechanisms, and the

    IT decision authority at Södertälje. The case study has shown the complexity of the

    organizational structure, the controlled processes and the weak existing relational mechanisms

    that are a barrier for achieving effective ITG. This study has identified a big problem that this

    municipality has faced, being locked in the hands of the IT service providers. This thesis

    contributes to research area of IT Governance with a focus on Swedish municipalities.

  • 174.
    Sandström, Evelina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Törnlund, Caroline
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Användares attityder till att använda bilder i en sökmotor2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More and more people are getting access to smartphones and the internet. This is enabling more opportunities to search for information in new ways. To search with images is a relatively new way of searching for information and there are a few apps on the market that uses image search. The aim of this study is to explore young adult users attitudes towards image search. In order to research this we are using Google Lens, which is a search engine application that uses images instead of text as search input. The data was collected with interviews where the participants tried the app in different scenarios. The technology acceptance model was used as a framework to analyze the data. The results showed that the users thought image search was easy to use and useful, which made them have a positive attitude towards using image search in the future. The users didn’t think image search can replace text based search completely, but that it is useful in certain situations like translating signs abroad.

  • 175.
    Sannerud, Filip
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Axelsson, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Spela ditt Facebookflöde: Personalisering av spel med data från din Facebook2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the ever-changing digital landscape, the study investigates how a game and its components can be personalized to the player. The study explored this through the Design and Creation research strategy by the creation of a game which components are personalized with data from the player's Facebook feed. The game was designed based on the player-centric game design framework by Earnest Adams and the various personalized components were designed based on the MDA(Mechanics, Dynamics and Aesthetics) design and analysis framework by Hunicke, Leblanc & Zubeck . The game was evaluated using a focus group where the participants tested the game and discussed it. The collected data was analyzed based on the MDA(Mechanics, Dynamics and Aesthetics) framework to relate a certain experience in the game to a certain personalized component. The result shows that properly designed and implemented personalization can contribute to a better gaming experience. The evaluation also indicates that a poorly designed component can adversely affect the experience.

  • 176.
    Schulze, Henrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Brandberg, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Logghantering med mjukvara2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    By applying principles of conducting design science research, we have developed eight guide-lines for log management. By comparing with the literature on log management, we haveinvestigated the quality and relevance of the guidelines. We also investigated whether six of theeight guidelines are relevant in the sense that they can be supported by software.

  • 177.
    Sebastian, Holmgren
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Spehar, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Den nya dataskyddsförordningens påverkan på företag: En flerfallsstudie om förändringsarbetet i samband med införandet av GDPR2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On May 25th in 2018, the old EU directive that has been used as a guideline for data protection since 1995 was replaced. The new regulation, General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) was implemented with a primary purpose to strengthen the rights of individuals and to give them greater control over their personal data. In general, the law involves changes for those who process personal data and strengthened rights of every individual's privacy. Change is a recurring element in every organization and how it's handled is crucial to the future of the company. This paper intends to investigate how change management can be applied in connection with the introduction of the new data protection regulation and how oganizations ensure compliance with changes. The interviews conducted in this paper has generated qualitative data and the result shows that there is a comprehensive conversion for companies of any size. Companies have an iterative approach regarding change managment and several changes have been required to reach full compliance with the law. To ensure compliance, companies have created an awareness of the law, educated all employees within their organization, and helped their employees apply the gained knowledge to their everyday work. However there are flaws companies may need to work on, which includes motivating employees to follow the newly implemented changes and use reinforcement to avoid returning to old habits.

  • 178.
    Shen, Bin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Agile Methods (Scrum, XP) Applying into Small (Micro) Enterprise Brusiness Website Development: A case study of Dalsland Travel AB website development project2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 179.
    SHRESTHA, JAYESH
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Static Program Analysis2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 180.
    Shrivastava, Akash
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Exploring the smartwatch as a tool for medical adherence2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Adherence to medication is generally described as a huge problem in the health care system. The term adherence is generally preferred by many health care providers as the word 'compliance' describes a patient who is passively taking medication as advised/ordered by the doctor. This thesis goes in depth in identifying the problems faced to achieve maximum adherence to medication and the important factors contributing to it. The objective is to come up with an alternative approach to help improve medical adherence using a smart watch based application that reminds patients to consume their medicines in a timely fashion. It addresses precisely which medication to take and in what quantity. This form of reporting and alerting is believed to achieve higher levels of adherence based on grounded theory. Shedding light on the methodologies used while clearly identifies the assumptions and limitations such a system can have.

  • 181.
    Sjöström, Amanda
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Olsson, Calle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    ”Vill du verkligen dela det där?”: En studie om integritetsmedvetenhetsökande funktionalitet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s largest social medias lack functionality aimed at helping users make a conscious decision when disclosing private information. To avoid that the users share more information than they’re comfortable with, supporting functionality needs to be put in place. This study develops and evaluates how functionality aimed at increasing privacy awareness could look like. Pötzsch’s (2008) seven requirements on tools to support privacy awareness through reminders of intentions were used to develop prototypes. A user study was then carried out in which the participants were asked to answer questions regarding which of the requirements each prototype filled, as well as providing their subjective feelings about the prototypes. The two prototypes, one for collection of intentions and one for reminders of ditto, that met the most requirements and were most appreciated by the respondents are presented in this paper. These prototypes are not fully developed; they need improvements, suggestions for this are included. One possible problem was revealed regarding Pötzsch’s requirements; how can it be guaranteed that the user is reminded before disclosure of information if the reminder isn’t allowed to interrupt the user?

  • 182.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    A Critical Perspective on Interaction Design Patterns as Theory Representation2010In: ECIS 2010 Proceedings, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides an interpretation of interaction design patterns from the perspective of design-oriented research in information systems. It is concluded that interaction design patterns do not meet certain ideals for contemporary information systems design theory: Rigor, practical utility, novelty/innovation, acknowledgement of the social setting, and cumulative research. The lack of explicit ideals governing the formulation of interaction design patterns is discussed, and implications for research are drawn. 

  • 183.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Alfonsson, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Supporting the Therapist in Online Therapy2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decade, eSupport (Internet-reliant therapy) has gained substantial attention, both in research and practice. Several studies in psychology show that structured eSupport (e.g. Computerized Cognitive Behavioural Therapy), is promising both with regard to therapeutic efficacy and cost-effectiveness. However, the transition from face-to-face therapy to eSupport creates new challenges for therapists, such as lack of (traditional) structure and access to secondary information (e.g. body language) about their patients. In this paper, a design science research approach has been employed in the context of eSupport. Drawing on the knowledge base of face-to-face conversations, face-to-face therapy, and pragmatic IS theory, a framework for patient indicators has been designed. The design has been justified through both (i) descriptive evaluations based on the selected knowledge base, and (ii) experiences collected in a stakeholder-centric design process, including experimental evaluation of an eSupport platform that implement the indicator framework. The framework was designed to allow new indicators to be ‘plugged in’ dynamically and inserted into tailorable lists. New indicators can be created either through specialization of an indicator base class, or by configuring metadata for generic indicators that tap into an action log. Indicator values are cached, both to boost performance and to support trend analysis of patient indicators. We conclude that the indicator framework serves to improve support for therapists: It offers structure and access to both primary and secondary information in new ways. In doing so, it meets some of the key challenges that therapists encounter in the transition to eSupport.

  • 184.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Olsson, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Alfonsson, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    U-CARE: A research program on psychosocial care via the internet2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 185.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Rahman, Mohammad Hafijur
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Rafiq, Asma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Lochan, Ruth
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Ågerfalk, Pär J
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Respondent Behavior Logging: An Opportunity for Online Survey Design2013In: Design Science at the Intersection of Physical and Virtual Design: 8th International Conference, DESRIST 2013, Helsinki, Finland, June 11-12, 2013. Proceedings. / [ed] J vom Brocke et al., Springer, 2013, p. 511-518Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work-in-progress paper introduces the concept of Respondent Behavior Logging (RBL), consisting of static and dynamic models that conceptualize respondent behavior when filling in online questionnaires. It is argued that web-based survey design may benefit from logging as a technique for evaluation, since such data may prove useful during re-design of questionnaires. Although other aspects of online surveys have attracted considerable attention both in industry and in literature, how the Web may leverage new and innovative techniques to support survey design is still underexplored. Some preliminary results are reported in the paper, and issues are raised regarding how to appropriately evaluate and demonstrate the qualities of the RBL concept as a means for survey re-design.

  • 186.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    von Essen, Louise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Grönqvist, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    The Origin and Impact of Ideals in eHealth Research: Experiences from the U-CARE Research Environment2014In: JMIR Research Protocols, ISSN 1929-0748, E-ISSN 1929-0748, Vol. 3, no 2, p. e28-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The prevalence of information technology (IT) in society is a foundation for new modes of interaction between patients and health specialists. IT plays an important role in the renewal of care. Several countries have incorporated eHealth plans into their national health strategies. Part of the eHealth evolution concerns Internet psychological treatment and psychosocial care. These interventions are complex to design and evaluate due to legal, ethical, organizational, technical, and methodological challenges.

    Objective: The objective of our study was to seek to make explicit contributions to the understanding of ideals in eHealth research, and illuminate their implications for establishing an effective research environment. Our analysis draws from three years of experience in establishing an eHealth research environment, and the literature.

    Methods: We worked inductively to characterize challenging research ideals, and their origins, in our environment. Thereafter, we made a selective search of the literature to scrutinize and illuminate each ideal and it’s implications.

    Results: In this work, we propose a structured approach to address ideals in eHealth research. The scrutinized ideals are accountability, innovation, rigor, relevance, and sustainability. The approach supports researchers to systematically understand the ideals, their origin, and to manage their implications within an eHealth research environment.

    Conclusions: The complexity of eHealth research causes a need for sustainable, multi-disciplinary research environments. There is a need for a structured approach to organize eHealth research. The proposed approach helps to systematically scrutinize ideals, thus promoting high quality research.

  • 187.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Ågerfalk, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    An Analytic Framework for Design-oriented Research Concepts2009In: AMCIS 2009: Proceedings, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last few decades, the field of information systems has shown a steadily increasing interest in design-oriented research. This is manifested through the emergence of different ontological and epistemological positions among IS researchers. Some challenges arise from this development, such as (a) a need to understand design-oriented IS research in relation to design-oriented approaches in other disciplines, and (b) a need for design theory representation that targets and is useful to stakeholders in both research and practice. This paper proposes a conceptual framework for understanding designoriented research, and its implications for research with a focus on meeting the two challenges mentioned above.

  • 188.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Ågerfalk, Pär J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Hevner, Alan R.
    Univ S Florida, Informat Syst & Decis Sci Dept, USA.
    Scrutinizing Privacy and Accountability in Online Psychosocial Care2017In: IT Professional Magazine, ISSN 1520-9202, E-ISSN 1941-045X, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 45-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors' scrutiny-management technique supports managers and IT developers to systematically address privacy and accountability issues when designing software for the online delivery of health servicesspecifically, psychosocial care.

  • 189.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care.
    Ågerfalk, Pär Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Hevner, Alan
    University of South Florida.
    The Design of a Multi-layer Scrutiny Protocol to Support Online Privacy and Accountability2014In: Advancing the Impact of Design Science: Moving from Theory to Practice / [ed] Tremblay, M. C., VanderMeer, D., Rothenberger, M., Gupta, A., Yoon, V., Springer International Publishing , 2014, p. 85-98Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information systems design must balance requirements of privacy and accountability for the good of individuals and society. Drawing from an evolving theory of scrutiny, we propose a multi-layer protocol to support the rigorous application of privacy rules and accountability rules in sensitive online applications. We ground our study in the context of the design and development of an eHealth system for psychosocial care. Privacy protections are balanced with the need to provide for accountable interventions in well-defined critical care situations.

  • 190.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Ågerfalk, Pär Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Lochan, Ruth
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Mutability Matters: Baselining the Consequences of Design2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Artefact mutability has been proposed as an important component of design theory in information systems. Although initial work on establishing a solid foundation for discussing mutability has been reported, conceptual as well as practical uncertainty still prevails. This paper draws on empirical work in a design science research project in the health sector to explore the notion of mutability and provides a novel conceptualization based on four different types of mutability. The study shows that in order to embrace mutability, IS researchers need to establish a sound philosophy of mutability and be open to incorporate theory and best practices from neighbouring fields, perhaps primarily from software engineering.

  • 191.
    Skagersten, Karl
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Jobs, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Gamification in a sales context: Designing for motivation and commitment2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For a long time developers have fought in ever growing competition, to differentiate and spread their applications through creative implemetations of groundbreaking technology.One of the newest trends in trying to produce an increase of commitment and performance in users is gamification. This means the process of introducing game-like elements to applications, in an effort to increase their interactivity and enabling motivation to develop in the user. Successful examples of gamified applications have quickly surpassed their competitors in both user loyalty and popularity, which has made many think about new fields of applications for this thechnology. In this work we want to answer questions about how gamification can be used to increase users commitment, knowledge and performance in one of these new areas, sales. Through an empiric collection of data and analysis of the case Sponsra.se as well as theories from gamification, psychology and sales, we present and give grounds for three guidelines used to design gamified applications in a sales context: “social context”, “intrinsic motivation” and “behavioral change”.

  • 192.
    Skiöld, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Näslund Eriksson, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Ljudövervakningssystem för smarta städer: Designriktlinjer i enlighet med svensk lagstiftning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates how audio monitoring systems should be designed, in the context of smart cities and in accordance with Swedish legislation. Audio monitoring for smart cities is promising and have previously shown great potential. However its opportunities are still relatively unexplored. ShotSpotter is one of several examples of audio monitoring in the context of smart cities. In the US only, the system has successfully been used to alert and locate shootings in over 90 cities. However, the technology is surrounded by controversies and there has been debate whether audio monitoring systems are compatible with law. Compatibility is critical since incompatibility could result in severe sanctions. Research related to this paper has been conducted according to the Design Science research strategy. The research resulted in design guidelines for audio monitoring systems, for law enforcement purposes, in accordance with Swedish law. The design guidelines are based upon existing audio monitoring systems, previous research and empirical data. The empirical data consists of 12 interviews with experts in law, phonetics and digital forensics. Additionally, the design guidelines have been evaluated by an expert in a criteria-based evaluation interview. Results of the research shows that it is, in fact, possible to design audio monitoring systems, in the context of smart cities, in accordance with Swedish legislation. The design guidelines can be applied in the development of audio monitoring systems with law enforcement purposes. With some modification, they can also be used for audio monitoring systems with other purposes. 

  • 193.
    Skoog, Christian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Eriksson, Patrik
    Övergången till molntjänster: Vad man bör ha i åtanke2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focus on organizations transfer to cloud computing. Today many companies are shifting their attention towards cloud computing and the possibilities that it offers, with more flexibility and lower costs. Different kinds of cloud services, both for use by the individual and the large enterprise, are getting more popular. More and more organizations therefore decide to do the move to the cloud. There are several different strategies and many pieces of advice for these organizations to follow, but there’s not much research that have been conducted on this subject. In this study we give a presentation of what the cloud is, what its advantages and disadvantages are, what kind of problems organizations might run into while moving into the cloud and we analyze the gathered material to produce guiding knowledge within the subject. The study have mainly consisted of literature research, but we have also performed an interview with a company that made the move into the cloud to further confirm the results. As results of our study we present general pieces of advice for organizations to follow when they plan to make the move to the cloud. This essay is written in Swedish.

  • 194.
    Spross, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Analytics i en post ”mad men” era: En explorativ ansats för att undersöka problematiken vid dataintegration för analytics-system som stöd för flerkanalig digital marknadsföring i större organisationer2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker problematiken runt att integrera datakällor då analytics används för flerkanalig digital marknadsföring i större organisationer. Ansatsen är kritiskt och går emot bilden av analytics som både enkelt att implementera och använda för flerkanalig digital marknadsföring inom större organisationer. Uppsatsen visar på hur strukturer i större organisationer gör övergripande analytics för fler digitala kanaler problematiskt.

    Uppsatsen bygger på resultat från en observationsstudie som gjordes inom en större multinationell organisation och fokuserar på problematik som återfanns i två huvudsakliga projekt som genomfördes under tiden för studien.

  • 195.
    Stibe, Agnis
    et al.
    Paris ESLSCA Business School , France.
    Kjær Christensen, Anne-Kathrine
    Specifii, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Nyström, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Transforming Sociotech Design (TSD)2018In: Adjunct Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Persuasive Technology (2018) / [ed] Ham J., Karapanos E., Morita P., Burns C., 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transforming Sociotech Design (TSD) uncovers conceptual frameworks for designing and evaluating Persuasive Technology (PT) aimed at achieving sustainable transformations of our lives towards wellbeing. TSD explains ways how PT research can be extended beyond limitations of traditional behavioral change designs. TSD embodies fundamental understanding of the essentials for designing successful transformations, known as Socially Influencing Systems, Computer-Supported Influence, Persuasive Cities, Persuasive Backfiring, and Persuasive Design for Sustainability. TSD empowers researchers and designers to create PT that makes behavioral and attitudinal changes last. Moreover, TSD also shares the knowledge about strategies from rhetoric, psychology, and neuroscience that lead to attitudinal transformations. By definition, TSD expands the way how researchers and professionals see the potential of PT in attaining long-term permanent behavioral changes at all scales, be it an individual, group, or societal levels. Everyone interested in creating innovations that successfully transform human behavior and attitude is welcome to explore more, especially PT researchers and practitioners, including designers, developers, user experience experts, psychologists, gamifyers, and nudging enthusiasts.

  • 196.
    Stibe, Agnis
    et al.
    Paris ESLSCA Business School, France.
    Röderer, Kathrin
    Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria.
    Reisinger, Michaela
    Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria.
    Nyström, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Empowering Sustainable Change: Emergence of Transforming Wellbeing Theory2019In: Adjunct Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Persuasive Technology (2019) / [ed] Kyza E.A., Karppinen P., Karapanos E., Win K.T., Oinas-Kukkonen H., 2019, p. 51-55Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Majority of global problems and business challenges are byproducts of poor human attitude and behavior. Communities, societies, businesses, and organizations, basically everyone needs help with transformations. People often tend to perceive changes as something difficult, impossible, and mystical, thus are willing to avoid them. That attitude naturally leads to poorer decisions and consequent behavioral outcomes. This science-driven tutorial demystifies transformation by introducing Transforming Wellbeing Theory that explains the essentials of and inevitable necessity for transformation, Typology of Change that clarifies the variety of different changes, and Transforming Framework that provides 8 (eight) applicable tools for bending technological innovations with human nature to empower sustainable changes at scale. Due to its scientific richness and practical nature, this transforming tutorial is applicable in many essential contexts, including wellbeing, health, innovation, leadership, autonomy, commercialization, education, diversity, culture, sustainability, dwelling, equality, social cha