uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 151 - 200 of 355
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 151.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    ICT and sustainability: skills and methods for dialogue and policy making2015In: Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, ISSN 1477-996X, E-ISSN 1758-8871, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 13-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present an overview and to discuss the following issues: most often, discussions about Information and communication technology (ICT) sustainability focus on environmental issues; however, there are other aspects referring to ICT internal sustainability and to its role as a tool in managing general sustainability issues. The way to handle ICT sustainability issues is also significant.

    Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses and investigates various aspects of ICT sustainability, and of methods to handle these issues and make decisions.

    Findings: Classical philosophy and psychological empirical research on decision-making demonstrate the way to take care of ICT sustainability issues. This way is philosophizing, which has to be trained and supported for people and organizations involved to acquire the necessary skills and to use suitable methods.

    Originality/value: The paper highlights other significant aspects of ICT sustainability rather than the environmental impact alone. It also proposes focus on the way ICT sustainability issues are handled rather than focus on normative or ideological aspects of it.

  • 152.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    ICT as a horsefly2012In: Critique, Democracy and Philosophy in 21st Century Information Society: Towards Critical Theories of Social Media / [ed] Christian Fuchs, 2012, p. 38-38Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The way we solve problems and make decisions has been at the focus of philosophy. Since ancient times the issue has been how to think in the right way. Skills, abilities, methods and processes have been investigated. According to Platon philosophers do not have the right answers but they can find the right answers. They have the skills and they can use the right tools to discard false ideas (aporia). Philosophers think and act in a democratic way among themselves. But anybody who has the ability to philosophize, to think self-critically, systematically, scientifically, i.e. has the Aristotelian virtue of phronesis or the Kantian skill of autonomy, and acts according to this, belongs to a democracy together with other like people. Unfortunately, this is not the only definition of democracy. Although democracy itself is a process, the common sense definition is either result oriented or focused on formalistic aspects, or a combination of both. The first means that societies providing high living standards, security, tolerance, good environment and other goods are called democratic. The second definition is based on the existence of certain procedures, institutions, roles and processes, like elections. The presence of formal procedures is sufficient for a democracy definition. But if democracy is a process neither the result of it nor its formal surface characteristics should have the highest significance. Maintaining and running the democratic process is the important aspect as well as the conditions supporting it. By saying this we are back to the philosophical discussion. In essence democracy is dialog between people. That means that people search for solutions to their problems by thinking together with others. But that presupposes that each person has a dialog with himself and that each person starts with the position that own ideas and beliefs need to be better (aporia). This makes it possible to listen to others. Each participant in a democratic process, or a dialog, feels always the need of other participants because he is expecting them to help him and together with other able people find a better idea (phronesis, autonomy).ICT can contribute to this process by making information accessible and therefore facilitating citizens’ participation in political decision making. It can support openness and by that invite people to be more aware and active. Furthermore, it can support horizontal communication among citizens. Issues that are of interest to few people or to people that for some reason have difficulties to contact each other by traditional means may be neglected in the political process even though they are important. ICT can easily overcome such difficulties and provide a powerful tool to connect, inform and coordinate people’s actions. Most important, ICT can support self-critical and systematic thinking, which is the base for successful democratic dialog. ICT systems are currently used to create aporia and to stimulate autonomy during a process of problem solving and decision making. Advanced games simulate the complexity of reality in micro worlds, broadening the spectrum of opportunities and possibilities to support dialog.

  • 153.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    ICT as ethical competence2017In: Research, Ethics and Societal Impact: Responsible research: How to deal with animals and ICT in science - An ethical approach / [ed] Abdul H. Mohammed, Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet , 2017, p. 12-12Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Technology gives us new possibilities for diagnosis and therapy, but also for the organization of care, such as patient records and distance care. However, this involves risks in the form of wrong diagnoses, injuries in care, intrusion into patient privacy, etc. It is important that medicine technology works as intended and that healthcare professionals, patients and the public trust and accept this technology. Otherwise, we cannot take advantage of what technology has to offer.

    It is also important that healthcare professionals and all users of medicine technology understand how it works and what effects it may have. They need the ability to handle problems that may arise during use, including non-technical ones. Ethics is therefore a very important aspect in medicine technology development and use. It is necessary to integrate ethical aspects in the design of technology, and to develop and apply methods and tools to support ethical decision making of healthcare professionals, patients and all involved stakeholders.

  • 154.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Independent agents and ethics2014In: ICT and society, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014, p. 39-46Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of Information Technology, systems, robots, etc., that are capable of processing information and acting independently of their human operators, has been accelerated as well as the hopes, and the fears, of the impact of those artifacts on environment, market, society, on human life generally. Many ethical issues are raised because of these systems being today, or in the future, capable of independent decision making and acting. In the present paper it is discussed how ethical decision support pro-grams can be integrated into robots and other relatively independent decision making systems to secure that decisions are made according to the basic theories of philosophy and to the findings of psychological research.

  • 155.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Information and Communication Technology for ethical leadership in business2019In: Journal of Information and Management, ISSN 1882-2614, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 6-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethical leadership in business is very important. The way ethical issues are handled affect profits, work environment, customers and society. It is crucial for the survival and the well-being of any organization. Business leaders have to be supported in this, and to acquire the ability and the skills to handle ethical issues in a satisfying way for all stakeholders involved. They need ethical competence. Information and Communication Technology can contribute to the education and to the support of business leaders.  ICT tools can be developed according to philosophical theory and to psychological empirical research on ethical decision-making. Properly used in education programs, these tools can stimulate the acquisition of ethical competence.

  • 156.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Learning Adaptive Methods in Solving Moral Conflicts: Ethics Simulation in a Computer Micro-World1988In: SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES IN MORAL EDUCATION: PARTNERS OR ADVERSARIES? / [ed] Raymond Hummel, Lynn Katz, Kathleen Kowalski, Pittsburgh: THE UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, SCHOOL OF EDUCATION , 1988, p. 18-18Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper describes a computer simulation developed for the study of decision-making andproblem-solving in ethics. The simulation allows the experimental control of the feedback ofan individual's use of moral problem-solving methods. The hypothesis is that the individualadopts adaptive problems-solving methods.

  • 157.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Linguistic aspects in teaching and learning ethical skills2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Making ethical competence possible2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 159.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Philosophizing as a usability method2013In: Ambiguous Technologies: Philosophical Issues, Practical Solutions, Human Nature / [ed] E. Buchanan, P. B. de Laat, H. T. Tavani and J. Klucarich, Lisbon: The International Society of Ethics and Information Technology , 2013, p. 194-201Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ways of handling problems of IT systems usability and problems of ethics are similar to each other. Working with usability leads most often to the need of discussing problems of ethics, and today’s issues of ethics are mostly related to IT. The nature of IT and ethics seems to be very close to each other. Ready-made answers cannot be found and any solution proposed is easily contested. IT design and use have a strong connection to values. With classical and modern philosophy as a foundation, and based on psychological research on ethical decision making, it is suggested to focus on the way to take care of issues rather than on normative aspects or on the construction and application of usability standards and guidelines. It appears that the method used to handle problems in these areas is of crucial importance; and this is also common to both of them.

  • 160.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Philosophy and philosophology2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 161.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Storebror vs lillebror2014In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1403-296, Vol. 124, no 77, p. A5-A5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 162.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Human-Computer Interaction.
    The concept of education in the Piagetian theory of moral development1989In: Psychologika Themata, ISSN 1106-1634, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 11-17Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 163.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Vi behöver etikstudier som uppfyller mål på flera nivåer2014In: Etikstudier – En del av den framtida ekonomutbildningen!, Stockholm: S.E.R.O. , 2014, p. 20-20Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningen bekräftar det de flesta redan vet: att etik är viktigt i all ekonomisk verksamhet. Alla som är berörda måste ha hög etisk kompetens för att kunna lösa etiska problem och fatta beslut på rätt sätt, men också för att kunna stödja medarbetare och styra företaget och organisationen på rätt sätt för att uppnå önskade mål och viktiga värden.

  • 164.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Βιοηθική δεοντολογία, παιδιά και νοσηλευτικό προσωπικό2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [el]

    Τα ηθικά προβλήματα που προκύπτουν στις σχέσεις μεταξύ των ανθρώπων είναι σημαντικά. Σημαντικότερα είναι όμως τα προβλήματα σε σχέση με άτομα που βρίσκονται σε κάποια σχέση εξάρτησης, και ειδικότερα σε σχέση με παιδιά. Η ευθύνη σε αυτή την περίπτωση βαραίνει αποκλειστικά τους ενήλικες είτε αυτοί είναι νοσηλευτικό προσωπικό είτε γονείς είτε άλλοι εμπλεκόμενοι ενήλικες.

    Τα ηθικά προβλήματα που προκύπτουν σε αυτές τις περιπτώσεις απαιτούν άψογους χειρισμούς ειδάλλως ελλοχεύει ο κίνδυνος αποτυχίας της θεραπευτικής προσπάθειας, δημιουργία αντιπαραθέσεων και συγκρούσεων, πρόκληση συναισθηματικών τραυμάτων, κ.α.

    Ένας κλασσικός τρόπος αντιμετώπισης αυτών των κινδύνων είναι η διατύπωση ηθικών αρχών και κανόνων. Πράγματι, στον χώρο της βιοηθικής βρίσκουμε έναν μεγάλο αριθμό κωδίκων δεοντολογίας που καλύπτουν διαφορετικές δραστηριότητες και περιπτώσεις.

    Η συνήθης αντίληψη είναι ότι η ύπαρξη τέτοιων κωδίκων είναι αρκετή για τη σωστή εφαρμογή τους. Δεν είναι όμως έτσι απλά. Οι κανόνες δεν εφαρμόζονται αυτόματα. Πρέπει να ερμηνευθούν και να προσαρμοστούν στη συγκεκριμένη πραγματικότητα. Αυτό σημαίνει ότι τα υπεύθυνα άτομα ή οι ομάδες ατόμων πρέπει να διαθέτουν τις απαραίτητες  δεξιότητες για να μπορούν να εφαρμόσουν τους κανόνες με επιτυχία.  Δηλαδή, ο τρόπος σκέψης και δράσης τους απαιτεί εμπειρία ή προηγούμενη  εξάσκηση καθώς και διαρκή υποστήριξη και εξέλιξη.

    Για να αντιμετωπισθεί αυτό το πρόβλημα, και με βάση την ηθική φιλοσοφία και την έρευνα στη λήψη ηθικών αποφάσεων, έχουν αναπτυχθεί ειδικές εκπαιδευτικοί μέθοδοι και εργαλεία με στόχο την υποστήριξη της ηθικής δεξιότητας στην εφαρμογή των κανόνων δεοντολογίας. Είναι πρακτικά εφαρμόσιμοι και έχουν ήδη δοκιμαστεί σε πολλά και διαφορετικά ιδρύματα για την εκπαίδευση και ανάπτυξη ηθικών δεξιοτήτων υπεύθυνων ατόμων και ομάδων προσωπικού.

  • 165.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Can machines make ethical decisions?2013In: Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, p. 693-699Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Judging the complexity of privacy, openness and loyalty issues2015In: Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP / [ed] Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick; Vaibhav Garg and Dee Weikle, ACM Digital Library, 2015, p. 416-419Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Privacy protection and whistle-blowing are controversial issues. Privacy has to be protected but it hinders access to correct information. Whistle-blowing is necessary for correct decision-making, neutralizing wrong beliefs and preventing crime but it may destabilize groups, institutions and societies, and cause conicts. The question investigated here was whether people judging the controversial issues of privacy and whistle-blowing take a moralistic or a philosophical approach. The hypothesis was that homogeneous responses point to a philosophical approach whereas responses correlated with cultural background point to a moralistic approach. Participants' responses to a questionnaire on Manning and Snowden cases did not produce an unambiguous picture, and this result did not lead to a decisive answer to our hypothesis question.

  • 167.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Methods for IT security and privacy2013In: ICT, society and human beings / [ed] P. Kommers and C. Gauzente, Prague: IADIS Press, 2013, p. 155-158Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The similar nature of IT security, privacy and ethics, and the difficulty to find ready-made answers, put the focus on theway one handles the problems in these areas. Philosophy has analyzed this issue in depth and it has given us thephilosophical method as the means to find satisfying solutions. Psychology has shown in empirical research what skillsare necessary for this purpose. Since the issues of IT security, privacy and ethics are very important for us today, we needto create and use tools and methods to take care of them.

  • 168.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Philosophical method and the conflict liberty-security2014In: Proceedings ETHICOMP 2014Li: berty and security in an age of ICTs, Paris: UPMC - Sorbonne Universités , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ICT both supports and controls our lives, but today it is necessary and unavoidable for our way of living. In the present paper different ways to approach security are critically examined. The main question is how we may able to handle these issues in real life and how to create suitable and working system designs and policies. We need to consider the controversial nature of security, and base our efforts on classical philosophical theory and psychological research. By that we can develop suitable skills, methods and tools to be adopted in a democratic and deliberative process in order to create, revise and apply policies, guidelines, designs, rules and principles.

  • 169.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Philosophy as the Road to Good ICT2018In: This Changes Everything – ICT and Climate Change: What Can We Do? / [ed] David Kreps, Charles Ess, Louise Leenen, Kai Kimppa, Springer, 2018, p. 293-298Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Handling satisfactorily ICT ethics issues in the design as well as in the use of systems, demands continuous adjustment to relevant values. In privacy, robotics and sustainability, this can be achieved through the development of personal thinking skills and the establishment and running of suitable group processes. In ethical decision making it is important to make a distinction between thinking as a process, and value-content as the result of this process. By focusing on the process, i.e. philosophizing, the philosophical method of deliberative thinking, we can construct and apply tools to support ethical decision making during the development and the use of ICT systems.

  • 170.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction.
    Adams, Andrew A.
    Meiji University, Centre for Business Ethics.
    Murata, Kiyoshi
    Meiji University, School of Commerce.
    Snowden’s revelations and the attitudes of students at Swedish universities2017In: Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, ISSN 1477-996X, E-ISSN 1758-8871, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 247-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This study aims to map Swedish students’ attitudes towards Snowden’s revelations and their effects in the political and socio-cultural environment of Sweden.

    Design/methodology/approach – A questionnaire was answered by 190 Swedish university students. The quantitative responses to the survey and qualitative considerations of free text answers were statistically analysed.

    Findings – Swedish students had a high level of knowledge about the Snowden revelations; they actively searched for information, gave a positive judgement of Snowden’s actions and were willing to follow his example in Sweden, although not in the USA. They trusted their country and most of its institutions and authorities except for secret service agencies and the internet and computer software companies.

    Practical implications – This study could be used as a design of education for university students, especially in information technology programmes.

    Social implications – The study can be used for developing and applying policies on privacy, surveillance and whistle-blowing.

    Originality/value – This study is part of a bigger international study to map students’ attitudes towards Snowden’s revelations and their opinions about privacy, surveillance and whistle-blowing opening up for cross-cultural analyses.

  • 171.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Laaksoharju, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Tools and methods for security: Stimulating the skill to philosophize2013In: European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference: 2013, IEEE Computer Society, 2013, p. 163-165Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Finding optimal solutions to security issues is verydifficult or impossible. Conflicting interests and values decidewhat has to be done. Every thinkable answer contains both risksand possibilities. I our effort to find solutions we have always tonegotiate and make compromises. A dialectic process is necessaryin security in order to identify significant interests and values,and to formulate principles and policies. Handling security issuesand working for secure IT systems demand continuousadjustment to relevant values as well as the necessary personalskills and suitable group processes. Focusing on the method andmaking sure that the right way of proceeding has been adopted isthe way to get satisfactory answers to the problems of IT security.The philosophical method of deliberative thinking seems to be thebasis of such methods.

  • 172.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Björk, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    How ethical robots process information, communicate and act2015In: 1st TRANSOR Workshop: Methodological Problems of Social Robotics, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Robots can be of great help to obtain optimal solutions to problems in situations where humans have difficulties to perceive and process information, or make decisions and implement actions because of the quantity, variation and complexity of information.

     

    However, if they do not act in accordance to our ethical values they will not be used or will cause harm. Classical philosophical theory and psychological research on problem solving and decision making gives us a concrete definition of ethics and opens up the way for the construction of robots that can support handling of moral problems. Linguistic research focusing on language use as realization of meaning during the communication between humans and robots gives us the tools for investigating how particular linguistic features such as words and grammar may be related to ethical thinking.

     

    In such research work we can focus on three different kinds of robots: The first one is already programmed to act in certain ways, and the focus is on designers using ethical tools to identify moral problems and formulate solutions. The second is an integrated system which is also pre-programmed but also contains an ethical tool to gather information, to present it to the operators and to communicate with them. The third is trained autonomous systems in which we will implement automatic judgment. Such research will help us to clarify theoretical issues, to formulate working methods, and to develop technical solutions that will support ethical decision making of automated IT systems.

  • 173.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Coghill, Ken
    Mohash University.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Supporting politicians’ skill to handle moral issues2014In: Proceedings of IPSA 23rd Congress on Political Science, 2014: Challenges of contemporay governance, Montreal: The International Political Science Association , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In politics it is necessary, for leaders as well as for political parties, to have the ability to handle all kinds of moral problems that may arise during any political activity. Failure to address moral issues properly has significant impact on a political organization’s influence on society, affecting election results, image, and public relations as well as internal processes. It may have a detrimental effect on the morality of citizens and society. Competence in handling moral problems in a satisfying way is therefore very important for any political leader and political organization. Education in ethics should equip politicians for difficult decisions, and ethical competence is therefore the most important goal of training programs. We need reliable and effective methods to stimulate and support political leaders’ ethical competence. In order to achieve ethical competence for political leaders we need to describe and assess psychological processes aimed at the handling of moral problems: How political leaders reason in front of moral problems, how they solve these problems, and how they make their decisions. Ethical skill in psychology, and in accordance to the classical philosophical position, is understood as the basis and the aim of ethical competence of leaders. Politicians’ ethical competence and confidence is defined as the use of a problem-solving and decision-making cognitive ability, independent of particular political, ideological or moral values. Based on that, we can construct valid assessment tools and training programs that support the acquisition and use of ethical competence and skills.

  • 174.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Kostrzewa, Agata
    Berg, Karin
    Assessing the ethical competence of organizations2017In: EBEN Annual Conference / [ed] Anna-Maija Lämsä, Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a fast changing world and with increasing demands on organizations and institutions for ethical actions and behavior there is a great need for satisfactory handling of moral issues. It is therefore very important for employees as well as for organizations to show a high level of ethical competence in handling moral problems. Ethical competence is defined as a problem-handling skill for the person, and as special processes for the organization. Based on this theoretical position a questionnaire was constructed and tested in two different organizationswith the aim to assess ethical competence on personal and organizational levels. The instrument had satisfactory reliability and validity, and the results showed that it assessed differences between organizations and between employees in accordance with our hypotheses.It is, however, necessary to further develop the questionnaire and test it in a bigger and more variable sample of organizations.

  • 175.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Laaksoharju, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Etik och medicinteknik2015In: Medicinteknikdagarna 2015 / [ed] Fredrik Nikolajeff, Uppsala: Svensk Förening för Medicinsk Teknik och Fysik (MTF), Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala universitet , 2015, p. 94-94Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    De nya metoder för att diagnostisera och behandla sjukdomar och de nya möjligheter som den medicinska teknologin och då inte minst informationsteknologin erbjuder, ställer beslutsfattarna inom vården inför nya typer av etiska beslutssituationer. Förbättrade metoder för diagnosticering ger information som inte alltid har önskvärda konsekvenser, exempelvis abort av barn av oönskat kön. De nya möjligheterna att behandla sjukdomstillstånd som tidigare uppfattats som hopplösa innebär allvarliga och svåra val då liv kan komma att vägas mot samhällskostnad. Ny medicinteknik kan kräva snabbt beslutsfattande där eftertanke inte hinns med vilket ställer frågan om teknikleverantörens ansvar på sin spets. Den nya internetsjukvården, dvs. de nya möjligheter till medicinsk konsultation och information som skapats genom Internet ger upphov till nya relationer mellan vårdgivare och patient och aktualiserar därmed också frågor om ansvar och etik.

    Tekniken ger oss nya möjligheter för diagnos och terapi men även för organiseringen av vården, t ex patientjournaler och distansvård, men tekniken innebär också risker i form av feldiagnoser, skador i vården, intrång på patientintegritet, etc. Dialysolyckan i Linköping och konflikten om elektroniska patientjournaler är talande exempel. Det är viktigt att medicinteknik fungerar så som det är tänkt och att vårdpersonal, patienter och allmänhet litar på och accepterar tekniken. Annars kan vi inte dra nytta av det tekniken har att erbjuda.

    Det är också viktigt att vårdpersonal och alla användare av medicinteknik förstår hur den fungerar och vilka effekter den kan ha, och att de har kompetensen att hantera problem som kan uppstå vid användning, även icke tekniska sådana. Etiken är därför en mycket viktig aspekt i medicinteknikutvecklingen. Det är nödvändigt att integrera etiska bedömningar i utformningen av medicinsk teknik och förbereda vårdpersonal, patienter och alla berörda för en etisk användning.

    Om etiken är viktig för medicinsk teknik blir den intressanta frågan hur ska vi lyckas integrera etiken i forskning, utveckling, design, och användning av medicinteknik. Det vanligaste angreppsättet är att försöka anpassa tekniken till viktiga moraliska principer och regler. Om det fungerar är detta det snabbaste och enklaste sättet att bygga etisk medicinteknik. Det finns dock flera frågor med detta angreppsätt, t ex vilken princip som ska gälla och vilken tolkning som ska tillämpas i designen av medicinteknik. Det kan också upplevas som att etiken fungerar enbart begränsande i utvecklingsarbetet.

    Vi föreslår ett angreppsätt baserat på klassisk etikfilosofi. Vi skiftar fokus från det normativa innehållet till utvecklings- och användningsprocessen. Det viktiga blir att fokusera på hur vi skapar den kunskap vi behöver och hur ansvar kan fördelas när vi designar etisk medicinsk teknik. Detta öppnar upp för skapande av olika metoder och verktyg samt stöd för användares etiska kompetensutveckling.

  • 176.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Laaksoharju, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Training and supporting education in sustainability by the use of an ICT tool2012In: New technologies, education for sustainable development and critical pedagogy / [ed] Vassilios Makrakis and Nelly Kostoulas-Makrakis, Rethymnon, Greece: ICTeESD, University of Crete , 2012, p. 225-231Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we will present ColLab, a collaborative computerized tool to facilitate dialogue about concrete issues in sustainability. The tool is powerful in stimulating the inquiry in complex issues by constantly forcing the user to shift focus between the particular and the holistic. The design of the tool is theoretically founded in philosophy and knowledge about the psychological mechanisms, like cognitive biases, that are involved in decision making. It is based on the assumption that people are not making judgments in isolation, but rather in social settings. The main advantage with such a tool is that it supplies a shared platform in which an analysis can evolve organically, even in collaboration with competing parties. It is suitable for using in learning environments and for educational purposes as well as for formulation of sustainability policies.

  • 177.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Lennerfors, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Laaksoharju, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Björk, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Etikutbildning för ingenjörer: Övningar, verktyg, metoder2015In: 5:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges Ingenjörsutbildningar / [ed] Stefan Pålsson, Uppsala universitet, 2015, p. 30-31Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    En utbildning i etik som ska träna studenter att själva hantera etiska problem måste utgå ifrån klassisk filosofi och från etikpsykologisk forskning i problemlösning och beslutsfattande. Utbildningen ska koncentrera sig på praktiskt arbete och seminarier med egna verkliga etiska dilemman. Målet är utveckling av förmågan att lösa etiska problem, tolka och tillämpa viktiga principer och regler, och delta aktivt i dialog med andra intressenter. I workshopen kommer vi att visa metoder, verktyg och övningar som vi använder i våra etikkurser för ingenjörer och teknologer.

  • 178.
    Kejs, Lisette
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Studies in Faith and Ideologies, Ethics.
    Vargens värde ur kristen synvinkel: En studie av två skilda kristna sätt att se på vargjakten och vargens värde2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The wolf is an animal that was an endangered species in the swedish woods. But since a couple of years, the wolf has become more and more aggressive towards humans, animals of the forest and farm-animals. Some people think that its acceptable to hunt and kill the wolf, to prevent attacks on other species - while other people think that the wolf should be left alone, and that the humans must move and take their animals with them, if they can not accept the precence of the wolf among them.

    But how come some animals are more acceptable to hunt than others? Why are some lives more worth protecting than others? And how can we decide what to hunt and kill? Is it acceptable to kill someone, just because we do not think it has any feelings? Is it aceptable to kill someone or something just because it lacks a certain amount of reason? Is it thereby acceptable to test make-up on newborn babies, as we do on dogs and monkeys?

    In this essay I have tried to give answers to these questions. I have found out that an antropologic christian vision on animalhunting, will accept the hunt of the wolf – if the purpose of the hunt – human satisfaction – is fullfilled.

    A more modern christian vision will not accept the hunt of the wolf – due to the fact that all forms of life has the same value. Therefore, is it not acceptable to kill others, by any other means than self defence.

    The antropologic christian vision is more interested in the human, than in other animals. If you compare this to the more modern christian vision, they are complete opponents to each other. In the modern christian vision, you must see to the living being, and not only to the human satisfation.

  • 179.
    Knuters, Simon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Political Buddhism and the Exclusion of Rohingya in Myanmar: Exploring targeted religious nationalism using Myanmar's Muslim Rohingya minority as a case study2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Rohingya Muslim minority, originally living in Rakhine state in western Myanmar, has been marginalized and harassed for decades. The Rohingya minority has been stateless since 1982 and they strive to become Burmese citizens. Many Rohingya have been displaced and live in refugee camps in Bangladesh with UNHCR calling them one of the most vulnerable refugee groups in the world. The military junta in Myanmar did not look kindly at rebellious minority groups in the country, brutally beating down all minority opposition. Despite Myanmar is now in a process of democratization, the State-Councilor and President in all but name, Aung San Suu Kyi has refused to address the ongoing violence suffered by Rohingya. Although Myanmar has 135 recognized minority groups, the country is far from being a pluralistic society. Ethnicity and religion have played an important role in creating a national identity in Myanmar; a national identity which systematically excludes Rohingya. This thesis argues that the reason for Rohingya’s exclusion is the so called political Buddhism in Myanmar. Political Buddhism is when excluding Buddhism, the Burmese ethnicity and aggressive nationalism are used to exclude and persecute minority groups perceived as non-Burman. This thesis explores, through an ideology analysis, how political Buddhism can be used to understand the exclusion of Rohingya in Myanmar. Finally, the conclusion is that political Buddhism has been an important element to Rohingya’s exclusion in Myanmar. However, it is not the sole explanation and other factors such as poverty and underdevelopment are also considerable aspects.

  • 180.
    Knutsson, Simon
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Munthe, Christian
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Philosophy Linguist & Theory Sci, Box 200, S-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    A Virtue of Precaution Regarding the Moral Status of Animals with Uncertain Sentience2017In: Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, ISSN 1187-7863, E-ISSN 1573-322X, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 213-224Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We address the moral importance of fish, invertebrates such as crustaceans, snails and insects, and other animals about which there is qualified scientific uncertainty about their sentience. We argue that, on a sentientist basis, one can at least say that how such animals fare make ethically significant claims on our character. It is a requirement of a morally decent (or virtuous) person that she at least pays attention to and is cautious regarding the possibly morally relevant aspects of such animals. This involves having a moral stance, in the sense of patterns of perception, such that one notices such animals as being morally relevant in various situations. For the person who does not already consider these animals in this way, this could be a big change in moral psychology, and can be assumed to have behavioural consequences, albeit indeterminate. Character has been largely neglected in the literature, which focuses on act-centred approaches (i.e. that the evidence on sentience supports, or does not support, taking some specific action). We see our character-centred approach as complementary to, not superior to, act-centred approaches. Our approach has the advantage of allowing us to make ethically interesting and practically relevant claims about a wider range of cases, but it has the drawback of providing less specific action guidance.

  • 181.
    Kronlid, David
    Uppsala University, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Curriculum Studies.
    Mobility as Capability2008In: Gendered mobilities, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper approaches gender and mobility from the perspective of the capability approach. It suggests that the question of whether mobility should be regarded as a distinct capability is a matter of theoretical and practical reasoning and offeres several theoretical reasons for why it is reasonable to add mobility to a list of capabilities.

    It is suggested that mobility should be regarded as intrinsic to human well-being and that spatial/social/existential mobility should, although interrelated to other capabilities on a given list, be separated from them.

    One reason for this is that spatial mobility has already been presented as a distinct capability, and social and existential mobility are implicated in various capability lists. This, taken together with the multidimensional nature of mobility presented in various aspects of mobility research, is perhaps the strongest argument for why mobility, in all its aspects, should be considered a fundamental distinct capability for a life of dignity; to be mobile is intrinsic to human well-being.

    A second reason is that what is refered to as existential mobility (the capability of being emotionally, mentally, and intellectually moveable) is suggested in several of the capability lists and that because being spatially mobile always also means being socially and existentially mobile, the case for mobility as a distinct capability is strengthened.

    Finally is is concluded that if it is reasonable to regard social/spatial/existential mobility as a distinct capability, this will have important consequences for research concerning justice and gender in a number of suggested research areas.

  • 182.
    Kronlid, David O.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, SWEDESD - The Swedish International Centre of Education for Sustainable Development.
    Climate Change Adaptation and Human Capabilities: Justice and Ethics in Research and Policy2014 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate Change Adaptation and Human Capabilities explores learning, health, mobility, and play as climate capabilities and produces new insights into the depth of climate change impact on social life.

  • 183.
    Kronlid, David O.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, SWEDESD - The Swedish International Centre of Education for Sustainable Development. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. Swedish International Centre of Education for Sustainable Development/Uppsala universitet.
    Skolans värdegrund 2.0: Etik för en osäker tid2017 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 184.
    Kronlid, David O
    Uppsala University, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Curriculum Studies.
    What Modes of Moving Do to Me: Reflections about Technogenic Processes of Identification2008In: Spaces of Mobility: essays on the planning, ethics, engineering and religion of human motion / [ed] Sigurd Bergmann, Thomas Hoff and Tore Sager, London: Equinox , 2008, p. 125-154Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with an overlooked issue in the discourse of mobility and environmental ethics: what modes of moving do to me. I suggest that this issue makes more sense with regard to current research on ecopsychology, environmental psychology, postmodern theories, ecological feminism, ecotheology and the mobility discourse than the more common question: what are the best environmental consequences of our use of mobile machines? Starting from a social construction of technology or technosocial point of view (Bauchspies et al. 2006), according to which ‘technology is neither autonomous nor neutral, but dependent on particular social origins’ (Deane-Drummond 2004: 90), I suggest that discussions of the environmental ethical significance of mobile machines cannot be limited to their effects on the environment.The main aim of this essay is to introduce the concept of technogenic and impure identification processes and to suggest that this concept can generate new important questions for environmental mobility ethics. I suggest that the idea of technogenic and impure identifications might serve as a starting point for a new critical ethical endeavour that includes developing an understanding of a sustainable culture of automobility, along with generating new environmental awareness in this context, and a concept of environmental ethics that does not exclude relationships with machines.

    Accordingly, the main questions are: what does it mean to engage in identification processes with mobile machines; how are technogenic and impure identification proc- esses connected to mobility; what kinds of questions would the concept of technogenic and impure identification processes pose for environmental mobility ethics?

    The essay is interdisciplinary in so far as I use selected material from sociology, theoretical and empirical ecopsychology, ecotheology, ecological feminism, transport and planning research, postmodern theories and robotics. To some extent this is also a transdisciplinary work, since I shall also draw on my own experiences of having relationships with mobile machines.I shall discuss different concepts or views of the relationships between self, nature and machines. That is, I presuppose that individual and cultural views of the self and of machines have a bearing on our understandings of what constitutes a moral issue and how moral issues can be dealt with in the context of sustainable development.

    I suggest that if we (may) engage in technogenic identification processes, this implies that we may see ourselves as impure mobile moral agents. Furthermore, I argue that the idea of mobile moral agents as impure can help develop our environmental ethical reflections on mobility in the context of sustainable development.The essay consists of eight sections. First, I introduce the main aims and questions of the essay. I then present the theoretical background for my reflections, and discuss the concept of mobility. I suggest that mobility as potential movement allows for the discussion of three modes and spaces of mobility: internal and external embodied space, geographical space and existential space. Additionally, I suggest that potential mobility in existential space (motility) is a prerequisite for identification proc- esses. In the following sections I introduce a typology of anthropogenic, ecogenic and technogenic identification processes. Following research in empirical environ- mental psychology, I suggest that identification with mobile machines (may) involve the same or similar aspects as identification with non-human organisms. I go on to discuss ideas of impure identification processes and the cyborg as an environmental ethical ideal and impure border dweller. Finally, I conclude with a discussion of what modes of moving may do to us and suggest some implications for environmental mobility ethics that follow from the idea of an individual being an impure mobile agent.

  • 185. Kronlid, David O.
    et al.
    Molin, Lena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Designing children’s environmental moral outlooks through outdoor education2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an environmental ethical analysis of two Swedish out door education practices; I Ur och Skur and Naturskolan. The main aim of the analysis is to clarify whether it is possible to detect certain environmental ethical orientations in the particular out door education practices. The results of an in-depth reading of key texts from the selected out door education practices are presented using environmental ethical positions from the well-known intrinsic value discourse in environmental ethics, key positions in radical ecology and a theoretical framework from environmental psychology. The study shows a strong tendency towards instrumental transformative values of nature and ecogenic identifications with nature-others such as animals and rocks, which includes an anthropomorph and physiomorph circle of interpretation of nature experiences. Finally, based on the results we suggest a number of analytic questions that can be further developed into environmental content analysis of empirical data and text.

  • 186.
    Laaksoharju, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Democracy, human fallibility and ICT2013In: The possibilities of ethical ICT, Kolding: University of Southern Denmark , 2013, p. 295-301Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation of citizens in matters of policy is important for a well-functioning democracy. Many scholars have suggested deliberative democracy as a suitable model for this. However, concern for groups with weak interest in participating raise some doubt whether this really will be more democratic in the end. In this essay we outline a theoretical model for designing ICT systems so that they stimulate and train democratic dialogue. The model is based on psychological research on decision making and a definition of democracy as a dialectic process, and can be applied to practically any forum where ideas are exchanged.

  • 187.
    Landtblom, Nina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Swedish Arms Export: An Evaluation from an Ethical and Human Rights Point of View2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As an arms-exporting state, Sweden has certain legal responsibilities to ensure that licences authorizing arms exports are in line with existing laws, policies and guidelines. Apart from that, the government has an ethical responsibility to ensure that arms are not exported to countries where they are used to oppress the population and commit human rights abuses. Despite this, questionable and unethical deals are authorized without any accountability being demanded. The main purpose of the essay is to perform a critical ethical analysis of the Swedish arms trade policy, to develop the application of policies in relation to arms trade, and to suggest additional criteria to make this trade more ethically justifiable. Among other things, it is asked whether different goals and principles come into conflict, and if they do, does the “right” goal or principle win? Also, which criteria are necessary to make arms trade ethically justifiable? The essay outlines some additional criteria which could be useful in making the trade ethically justifiable and performs a text analysis on selected documents relating to the arms trade in order to delineate where the inherent issues lie. The conclusion reached is that the different policies, mostly, harmonize, although security and human rights concerns sometimes conflict, which leads to potential serious outcomes. The existing legal and policy framework provides for a robust foundation, although inadequate as contentious arms exports are authorized. However, the imposition of the suggested criteria, especially criteria pertaining to establishing responsibility and accountability in the existing structures, should prove useful. 

  • 188.
    Langby, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Studies in Faith and Ideologies, Ethics.
    Reflexive Toleration: A Critical Inquiry into Rainer Forst’s Theory of Toleration2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master’s thesis provides a critical inquiry into Rainer Forst’s theory of toleration, including a descriptive section and a normative critical stance of said theory. Being placed in the tradition of critical theory, also applied as the theoretical framework, and using a hermeneutics methodology when approaching the material, the aim is to provide a close reading of Forst’s texts. The research question of the thesis is What are the possibilities and limits of Forst’s theory of toleration when applied to a democratic political community? The descriptive section of Forst's theory of toleration includes sections comprising of what constitutes the domain of toleration, the components and foundation of toleration, and toleration in relation to virtue and politics. In essence, Forst proposes a principle of justification as the foundation of toleration, mainly derived from his political theory of justification, practiced in a reciprocal and universal manner of the participants in a system combined with a reflexive component. The critique includes components of toleration in relation to the need of tradition, ambivalence in relation to the claims of the intolerants, and how spontaneity is needed in contrast to the mechanistic view mainly proposed by Forst. Other sections of the critique include the relation of toleration and whom can participate in the domain of it, inter- and intra-group deviances regarding power and perspective, but also a discussion of toleration and religious minorities – mainly focused on bodily integrity. The critique includes the suggestion that one should approach the question of toleration from a discursive virtue ethics position, a stance that should be developed further during future research. The discussion at the end of the thesis includes a section of the future of toleration and a self-reflexive discussion of theory in relation to the thesis.

  • 189.
    Larsson, Erika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Studies in Faith and Ideologies.
    Margin of Appreciation: en kulturrelativistisk doktrin?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the 9/11 attacks, the landscape of the freedom of religion has changed. The issues now facing freedom of religion varies greatly from the issues that the drafters of the universal declaration of human rights faced after World War II.

    In the light of the new issues that States face in the intersection of religion and societal interest, scholars have criticized the European Court of Human Rights to give too much leeway to the States in determining how the human rights should be implemented, by using the doctrine of margin of appreciation. Critics of the margin of appreciation claim that it is based on culture relativism and that the doctrine undermines the universality of the human rights. In order to decide if the margin of appreciation has indeed led to a relativization of the human rights I compared it to the jurisprudence of the UN Human Rights Committee and its use of the Syracusa principles. My conclusion is that the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights cannot be considered to be based on culture relativism. The jurisprudence of the UN Human Rights Committee is not entirely universal given that the contracting states can make reservation to articles in the ICCPR, which excludes the UN Committee’s jurisdiction of that specific provision in the treaty. Both the European Court and the UN Comittee has to balance their jurisdiction with sovereignty of the its member states and therefore it is inevitable that some leeway must be given to the member states,

    First of all, to decide whether the margin of appreciation is a sympton of culture relativity in a specific case, the Europan Court has to improve their way of describing and justifying how the margin of appreciation is used. Secondly, I will discuss the necessity to review the relationship between universalism and culture relativism in order to better understand international human rights law. 

  • 190.
    Lebedeva, Alexandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Deconstruction of the UN Discourse on Transitional Justice: An Understanding of Justice and Reconciliation through Derrida’s Concepts2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis seeks to problematize the UN discourse within transitional justice. Many scholars have pointed out that the discourse has been normalised and that is why it is in need for deconstruction. The study aims to critically analyse how justice and reconciliation are understood in the field. For the purpose of the study Derrida’s concepts on justice and forgiveness have been chosen as theoretical frameworks. The method of study is a deconstructive analysis, based on Derrida’s notion of deconstruction. The method implies analysis of language of the research material, i.e. four UN reports regarding transitional justice from 2004, 2009, 2010 and 2011.

    The study has shown, firstly, that the rule of law concept is closely connected with the idea of justice and, secondly, justice is often reduced to accountability. That in turn explains the dominance of the juridical instruments in transitional justice processes. Apart from this, based on Derrida’s concept of forgiveness, reconciliation and mechanisms applied represent a conditional forgiveness, seeking to re-establish normality. Another problem is that reconciliation is not sufficiently approached in the reports. Nevertheless, the history of the transitional justice development has shown that there is a potential for further changes and that is why it necessary to continue question the established norms.  

    Finally, deconstruction analysis has proved to be an adequate method for analysing transitional justice discourses and contributed to a nuanced analysis. The use of two languages, English and Russian versions of the reports allowed to identify and visualise some conceptual constructions that could otherwise have been missing.

  • 191.
    Leibetseder, Doris
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Contesting Reproduction: Trans and Queer People & Assisted Reproductive Technologies2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 192.
    Leibetseder, Doris
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Mobilized Reproduction: Queer and Transgender People’s Use of Assisted Reproductive Technologies2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I shall present a part of an allied queer-feminist and transgender ethics of reproduction. I look at Assisted Reproductive Technologies and how they raise challenges for transgender and queer people. My focus lies on the ways in which these technologies confront queer and people with normative expectations concerning their biological sex, gender, sexuality, kinship relations and their right to procreate and how this leads to medical migration. This presentation gives an overview of current legislation and policies of LGBTQI rights and access to Assisted Reproductive Technologies in various European countries, and therefore the challenges LGBTQI people have to face and how migration plays an important role in their use of Assisted Reproductive Technologies.

  • 193.
    Leibetseder, Doris
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Pushing the boundaries: Trans and queer people & assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs)2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 194.
    Leibetseder, Doris
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    QT Reproduction: Queer and Transgender Use of ARTs2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 195.
    Leibetseder, Doris
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Queer and Transgender Reproduction with the Use of Assisted Reproductive Technologies2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 196.
    Leibetseder, Doris
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Queer Reproduction Revisited & Why Race, Class and Citizenship Still Matters: A Response to Cristina Richie2018In: Bioethics, ISSN 0269-9702, E-ISSN 1467-8519, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 138-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the dialogue between Timothy F. Murphy and Cristina Richie about queer bioethics and queer reproduction in this journal, significant points of the emergent and extremely important discussions on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) and queer bioethics are raised. Richie specifies correctly that queer bioethics can either complement or contradict LGBT bioethics and the queer standpoint against heteroconformity and heterofuturity is decisive here. As the field of queer bioethics is such a recent and essential part of consideration for bioethics and as it is still evolving, the objective of this intervention is to provide both an overview of important milestones of queer bioethics and to highlight that queer bioethics is not mono-logic and monolithic. To exemplify queer bioethic's ‘many-headed monsters’, queer reproduction is revisited and complemented by a European viewpoint. It is central to my argument and here I disagree with Richie that to be against heterofuturity does not necessarily mean to be against queer reproduction. However, I also argue that there are other reasons why queer reproduction should not be pursued at all costs. Finally, I discuss the most recent debates on race, class and citizenship, for example, queer necropolitics. These points still need to be addressed in queer bioethical agendas.

  • 197. Leibetseder, Doris
    Reproductive Ethics: An Example of an Allied Dis/Ability-Queer-Feminist Justice.2016In: Queering Paradigms VI: Interventions, Ethics, and Glocalities. / [ed] Bee Scherer, Oxford: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, p. 131-147Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 198.
    Leibetseder, Doris
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Reproductive Ethics: An Example of an Allied Dis/Ability-Queer-Feminist Justice.2016In: Queering Paradigms VI: Interventions, Ethics, and Glocalities. / [ed] Bee Scherer, Oxford: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, p. 131-147Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 199.
    Leibetseder, Doris
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Reproductive Justice: An Example of an Allied Queer-feminist Ethics.2016In: Yearbook 2015 of the Institute for Advanced Studies of Science, Technology, and Society. / [ed] Arno Bamme, Guenter Getzinger, Thomas Berger., Munich: Profil Verlag, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 200.
    Lennerfors, Thomas Taro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    A Buddhist Future for Capitalism?: Revising Buddhist Economics for the Era of Light Capitalism2015In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses Buddhist economics as a potential future for capitalism. In the 1970s, EF Schumacher proposed a form of Buddhist economics aimed at smallness, simplicity and non-violence. The major contribution of the present paper is to revise and update Schumacher’s and others’ work on Buddhist economics, first because of the changing spirit of capitalism from heavy to light capitalism and, second, because Schumacher’s critical perspective of Buddhism has not been sustained to the present day. Rather, Buddhism has been received in the West as a way of coping and as a harmonious philosophy. In order to face the future, the paper proposes a critical development of a Buddhist economics based on the principles of The Four Noble Truths and The Eightfold Path. Apart from revising and updating Buddhist economics, the paper engages in a discussion with the organizational spirituality literature, which contributes to the analysis, and to which contributions are made, first by dividing the field into critical–negative and critical–constructive approaches; and second, by proposing a turn to principles for critical–constructive approaches. 

1234567 151 - 200 of 355
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf