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  • 151.
    Anders, Klevmarken
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Färe, Rolf
    In Memoriam: Sten Malmquist2005In: Journal of Productivity Analysis, ISSN 0895-562X, E-ISSN 1573-0441, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 141-142Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 152.
    Andersson, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Spatial Dependence in Swedish Multi-Dwelling Markets2002Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 153.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Konjunkturinstitutet, Stockholm, National Institute of Economic Research, Stockholm.
    Österholm, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Forecasting Real Exchange Rate Trends Using Age Structure Data – The Case of Sweden2005In: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 267-272Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Theory predicts that life cycle saving and consumption behaviour could cause real exchange rate variations as the age structure varies. Time series regressions show that the Swedish demographic structure has significant explanatory power on the real exchange rate during 1960 to 2002. A model using age shares as regressors is used for medium-term out-of-sample forecasts, which perform well both compared to na ve forecasts and forecasts based on an autoregressive model.

     

  • 154. Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Österholm, Pär
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Population Age Structure and Real Exchange Rates in the OECD2006In: International Economic Journal, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Österholm, Pär
    The Impact of Demography on the Real Exchange Rate2001Report (Other scientific)
  • 156.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Österholm, Pär
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The impact of demography on the real exchange rate2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Theory predicts that life cycle saving mechanisms will cause real exchange rate variations as the age structure varies. We investigate the impact of demography on the Swedish real exchange rate, measured as the real TCW index, during 1960 to 2000. Time series regressions show that the Swedish demographic structure has significant explanatory power on the real exchange rate. A model using age shares alone as regressors is used for medium term out-of-sample forecasts, outperforming both a naive forecast and forecasts based on an autoregressive model. Finally we use the estimated model in order to make forecasts of the Swedish real exchange rate up to 2015. The model predicts that the Swedish age structure will have a depreciating effect on the real exchange rate up to 2007 followed by an appreciating effect in the end of the forecasting period.

  • 157.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Bostäder och förmögenhetsbildning: En studie av betydelsen av egnahem för svenska hushålls förmögenheter.2000In: Prisbildning och värdering av fastigheter. Var står svensk forskning inför 2000-talet? En antologi om svensk bostadsekonomisk forskning., Uppsala: Institute for Housing and Urban Research , 2000Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 158.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Growth, saving, and demography2000Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of three self-contained essays.

    Essay 1 investigates the relationship between economic growth and the age composition of the population. The age distribution is seldom taken into consideration in macro-econometric papers in spite of the fact that established economic theories predict that demographic factors will affect the aggregate economy. This essay investigates empirically the influence of age variables on growth. Unlike recent papers on the subject, the focus here is on investigating the relationship on annual data for individual Scandinavian countries. Estimations of a typical growth specification, augmented with age variables, are run and the results indicate that economic growth is indeed affected by the age distribution, where the demographic structure catches the medium-run trend in the growth rate. The robustness of this finding is first checked by instrumental-variable regressions to control for the potential endogeneity of the economic variables, and then by running ridge regressions to mitigate the collinearity between the age variables.

    Essay 2 focuses on the causality between saving and growth. The temporal interdependence between saving and output has been in focus in a number of recent empirical studies. Results from these studies have compelled some authors to question the traditional notion of a causal chain where saving leads growth through capital accumulation. This paper contributes to this literature. As opposed to the previous studies, which have mainly utilised panel-estimation methods, the tests of causal chains here are carried out in time-series settings. Saving and GDP are estimated in bivariate vector autoregressive or vector error-correction models for Sweden, the UK, and USA, and tests of Granger non-causality are performed within the estimated systems. The main results show that the causal chains linking saving and output differ across countries, and also that causality associated with adjustments to long-run relations might go in different directions than causality associated with short-term disturbances.

    Essay 3 investigates life-cycle patterns in the asset allocation of Swedish households. Data on household portfolio allocation are collected from the HINK surveys for the period 1982-1992, and portfolio shares of different asset categories are regressed on age, period, and cohort dummies, as well as socio-economic and demographic variables. There are evident differences in the age profiles for the demand of different assets. The fraction of "risky" financial assets follows a hump-shaped age profile, as does the share of total real assets. While the probability of ownership of "safe" financial assets increases over life, the weight in the portfolio has a U-shaped age pattern. This is also true for the fraction of total financial assets. Furthermore, there are differences in the asset allocation of different birth cohorts; the portfolio weight of real assets is relatively higher for the "baby-boom" generation, while younger generations are more prone to invest in "risky" financial assets. Such differences in cohort behaviour are quite important to recognise in analyses of wealth accumulation and portfolio choice.

  • 159.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    On the causality between saving and growth : long and short-run dynamics and country heterogeneity1999Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The temporal interdependence between saving and output has been in focus in a number of recent empirical studies. Results from these studies have compelled some authors to question the traditional notion of a causal chain where saving leads growth through capital accumulation. This paper contributes to this literature. As opposed to the previous studies, which have mainly utilised panel-estimation methods, the tests of causal chains here are carried out in time-series settings. Saving and GDP are estimated in bivariate vector autoregressive or vector error-correction models for Sweden, UK, and USA, and tests of Granger non-causality are performed within the estimated systems. The main results show that the causal chains linking saving and output differ across countries, and also that causality associated with adjustments to long-run relations might go in different directions than causality associated with short-term disturbances.

  • 160.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    On the causality between saving and growth : long and short-run dynamics and country heterogeneity1999Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The temporal interdependence between saving and output has been in focus in a number of recent empirical studies. Results from these studies have compelled some authors to question the traditional notion of a causal chain where saving leads growth through

  • 161.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Portfolio allocation over the life cycle : evidence from Swedish household data2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides empirical evidence on life-cycle patterns in the asset allocation of Swedish households. Data on household portfolio allocation are collected from the HINK surveys for the period 1982-1992, and portfolio shares of different asset categories are regressed on age, period, and cohort dummies as well as socio-economic and demographic variables. There are evident differences in the age profiles for the demand of different assets. The fraction of “risky” financial assets follows a hump-shaped age profile, as does the share of total real assets. While the probability of ownership of “safe” financial assets increases over life, the weight in the portfolio has a U-shaped age pattern. This is also true for the fraction of total financial assets. Furthermore, there are differences in the asset allocation of different birth cohorts; the portfolio weight of real assets is relatively higher for the “baby-boom” generation, while younger generations are more prone to invest in “risky” financial assets.

  • 162.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Portfolio allocation over the life cycle: Evidence from Swedish household data2001Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides empirical evidence on life-cycle patterns in the asset allocation of Swedish households. Data on household portfolio allocation are collected from the HINK surveys for the period 1982-1992, and portfolio shares of different asset categ

  • 163.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Scandinavian Evidence on Growth and Age Structure.1997Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 164.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Scandinavian Evidence on Growth and Age Structure2001In: Regional Studies, Vol. 35, p. 377-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The age distribution is seldom taken into consideration in macroeconometric papers in spite of the fact that established economic theories predict that demographic factors will affect the aggregate economy. This paper investigates empirically the influenc

  • 165.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Scandinavian evidence on growth and age structure1998Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The age distribution is seldom taken into consideration in macroeconomic, and macro-econometric papers. This in spite of the fact that established economic theories predict that demographic factors will affect the aggregate economy. This paper focuses on economic growth and investigates empirically the influence of age variables on growth. Unlike other recent papers on the subject, the focus here is on annual data and individual countries, namely Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. Estimations of a typical growth specification, augmented with age variables and other, more volatile, economic variables, are carried out, and results from these regressions seem to indicate that economic growth is indeed affected by the age distribution. The effect does not disappear when the specification is reestimated using an instrumental variable estimator in order to correct for the potential endogeneity of the economic variables. Since the age variables are highly correlated with each other, experiments with ridge regressions are also made in order to mitigate the collinearity which obscures the results when all of the age variables are included in the regressions.

  • 166.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Scandinavian evidence on growth and age structure1998Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The age distribution is seldom taken into consideration in macroeconomic, and macro-econometric papers. This in spite of the fact that established economic theories predict that demographic factors will affect the aggregate economy. This paper focuses on

  • 167.
    Andersson, Björn
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Berg, Lennart
    Klevmarken, Anders
    Inkomst- och förmögenhetsfördelningen för dagens och morgondagens äldre2002In: SOU 2002:29 Bilagedel BOther (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This report summarizes the changes in the distributions of income and wealth for the Swedish population aged 50+ in the 1990s and discusses potential future developments.

  • 168.
    Andersson, Björn
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Berg, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Klevmarken, Anders
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Inkomst- och förmögenhetsfördelningen för morgondagens äldre2001Report (Other scientific)
  • 169.
    Andersson, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Teacher density and student achievement in Swedish compulsory schools2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how student achievement is affected by resource increases in the Swedish compulsory school due to a special government grant that was enforced in the academic year of 2001/02. The analysis is based on register data that contains all students that completed compulsory schooling (ninth grade) between 1998 and 2005. The results show that socio- economic variables explain a great deal of the variation in student achievement. The study also shows that the increased resources have not had a statistical significant positive effect on the average student’s achievement. This conclusion holds true when different measures of student achievement are used. Increased resources have however improved student achievement for students with low educated parents. If teacher density is increased with 10 percent students with low educated parents are expected to increase their grade point average ranking with about 0.4 percentile units.

  • 170.
    Andersson, Christian
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Teachers and Student Outcomes: Evidence using Swedish Data2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay 1 analyzes how student achievement is affected by resource increases in the Swedish compulsory school, due to a special government grant. The analysis is based on register data between 1998 and 2005. The study shows that the increased resources have not had a statistically significant positive effect on the average student’s achievement. Increased resources have, however, improved student achievement for students with low educated parents. If teacher density is increased with 10 percent, students with low educated parents are expected to increase their grade point average ranking with about 0.4 percentile units.

    Essay 2 finds that the share of non-certified teachers in Swedish compulsory public schools has grown considerably during the last decade and studies whether this pattern may be explained by restrictions in the supply of certified teachers. This is done using a targeted government grant as an exogenous teacher demand shock. Our results show that the grant decreased the share of non-certified teachers more in areas characterized by relatively high unemployment rates among certified teachers. These findings suggest that teacher supply restrictions do indeed matter for the composition of the teaching staff.

    Essay 3 examines how the teaching staff composition, with respect to certification, affects student achievement in compulsory Swedish schools. We apply an instrumental variable approach to estimate the causal effect of non-certified teachers on student achievement. We find that a one percentage point increase in the share of non-certified teachers, is expected to decrease the average student’s GDP ranking with about 0.6 units, a substantial effect considering the large differences in certification rate that do exist between schools and municipalities. The effect also appears to be stronger for students with highly educated parents.

    Essay 4 estimates the effects of early age tutoring on grades, educational attainment, earnings, early retirement and death. We use data on boarding home students in the 1940s. At these boarding homes, students had daily scheduled time for doing their homework and a directress was employed to help with the students’ homework. The placement at the boarding homes had no direct connection to students’ skills, which enables us to study the effects of the pedagogical stimuli at the boarding homes. We find that tutoring at an early age in life is important as a way of equalizing skills upon leaving school.

  • 171.
    Andersson, Christian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Häkkinen, Iida
    En utvärdering av personalförstärkningar i grundskolan2005Report (Other scientific)
  • 172.
    Andersson, Christian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Johansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Social stratification and out-of-school learning2013In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), ISSN 0964-1998, E-ISSN 1467-985X, Vol. 176, no 3, p. 679-701Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To study the effects of out-of-school learning we use data on children who stayed in boarding houses while attending public elementary schools in Sweden in the 1940s. The out-of-school environment at the boarding houses could be considered as being more conducive to learning than the home environment: the pupils at the boarding houses had daily scheduled time for doing their homework with the assistance of a junior school teacher and, in addition, they had access to a small library. The placement at boarding houses was based on the distance from their place of residence to the nearest school and thus had no direct connection to the pupils' skills, which simplifies the empirical analysis based on register data. We find that the more conducive learning environment equalized skills at school leaving age, and the effect was greater for children with poor initial ability.

  • 173. Andersson, Christian
    et al.
    Johansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Waldenström, Nina
    Do you want your child to have a certified teacher?2011In: Economics of Education Review, ISSN 0272-7757, E-ISSN 1873-7382, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 65-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the teaching staff composition with respect to certification affects student achievement in compulsory Swedish schools. We apply an instrumental variable to estimate the effect of the share of non-certified teachers on student achievement (measured by grade point average, GPA). We find statistically significant negative effects on the GPA. The effect is stronger for students with highly educated parents. A one percentage point increase in the share of non-certified teachers is expected to decrease student's GPA by, on average, 1.8 standard deviations per year. This is a substantial effect considering the large differences in the shares of non-certified teachers across schools and municipalities.

  • 174.
    Andersson, David E.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Karadja, Mounir
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Prawitz, Erik
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mass Migration, Cheap Labor, and Innovation2018In: Journal of Economic History, ISSN 0022-0507, E-ISSN 1471-6372, Vol. 78, no 2, p. 623-623Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 175.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Causes and Labor Market Consequences of Producer Heterogeneity2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay I studies establishment-level employment changes in the Swedish Manufacturing sector over the 1972-96 period. The results show that modest changes in the aggregated employment record have been the resulting sum of rather large gross flows of jobs and that this constant reshuffling of jobs has important implications for the workforce and is closely related to process of economic growth. Shifts in employment across industries or other observable characteristic of establishments cannot explain the different employment outcomes across establishments.

    Essay II (with Altin Vejsiu) studies the determinants of plant closures in Swedish Manufacturing. From our theoretical framework we derive and empirically test hypotheses regarding the linkages between the probability of plant failure and industry-specific characteristics; local labor market conditions; and plant-specific sources of heterogeneity, including insider mechanisms in wage determination, plant specific human capital, selection mechanisms and technology vintage effects. Our results suggest that all these factors matter in ways that by and large conform to the a priori hypotheses.

    Essay III investigates the importance of access to product markets in explaining the spatial wage distribution by estimating the parameters of a spatial labor demand model. The model takes into account the effects of sorting of heterogeneous labor and heterogeneity in transportation costs. The results are consistent with the idea that increasing returns to scale together with transportation costs is an important driving force behind urban agglomeration and sizeable spatial wage differentials.

    Essay IV (with Harry Holzer and Julia Lane) presents a dynamic analysis of workers who persistently have low earnings over a period of three or more years. Some of these workers manage to escape from this low-earning status over subsequent years, while many do not. We analyze the characteristics of persons and especially of their firms and jobs that enable some to improve their earnings status over time.

  • 176.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Job Flows in Swedish Manufacturing2000Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 177. Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    Friberg, Richard
    Johansson-Stenman, Olof
    Kolm, Ann-Sofie
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Den första nationella konferensen i nationalekonomi i Sverige2011In: Ekonomisk Debatt, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 67-73Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den 1–2 oktober 2010 hölls en nationell konferens i nationalekonomi i Lund. Konferensen samlade 140 deltagare och innehöll en plenarföreläsning, en paneldebatt, en postersession samt parallella sessioner där nästan 60 uppsatser presenterades. En andra konferens i samma format äger rum i Uppsala den 16–17 september 2011. I denna artikel redogör personerna i arrangörskommittén för sina erfarenheter och tankar kring framtida former för möten mellan svenska nationalekonomer.

  • 178.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Vejsiu, Altin
    Determinants of Plant Closures in Swedish Manufacturing2001In: Essays on Labor Market Dynamics, Department of Economics, Uppsala University , 2001Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 179.
    Andersson, Gustaf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Are Preliminary Estimates Rational?: A Study of the Arbitration Process in the Swedish Quarterly National Accounts2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines whether preliminary estimates of real growth of GDP and the major user side components in the Swedish quarterly national accounts are unbiased forecasts of revised estimates, and whether available information from the process of reconciling GDP from the production and user side is used efficiently to minimise revisions. Regression analysis is performed to find that preliminary GDP growth estimates are rational forecasts of revised estimates. The results are mixed for the user side components. Preliminary estimates of growth of investments and exports are rational forecasts whereas revisions of growth of government spending could be minimised by more efficiently using information about preliminary estimate values. Moreover, information about the statistical discrepancy between the GDP growth estimates from the production and user side could be used to minimise revisions of growth of consumer spending and imports, but these conclusions are sensitive to the period of volatile economic development 2008-2010. 

  • 180.
    Andersson, Hanna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Nygren, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Vad bidrar mest till länders tillväxt? En regressionsstudie över FDI och bistånd2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien ämnar undersöka huruvida Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) eller bistånd har störst påverkan på ekonomisk tillväxt. Då bistånd kan ges som bidrag till sektorer som inte kan förväntas öka tillväxten har vi disaggregerat bistånd till två mått, utöver totalt bistånd, där enbart de sektorer som förväntas vara tillväxtgivande inkluderas. Eftersom vi inte har funnit data på sektorsnivå för FDI antar vi i uppsatsen att FDI alltid går till sektorer som förväntas att ge tillväxt. Vi begränsar studien till 80 länder som hör till kategorierna låginkomstländer och lägre medelinkomstländer. Genom metoderna Ordinary Least Squares och Arellano-Bond Generalized Method of Moments visar våra resultat att det är svårt att avgöra vilken av FDI och bistånd som ger störst effekt på tillväxten när vi tittar på samtliga länder. När vi korrigerar för extremvärden får vi däremot resultat med starka signifikansnivåer som visar att FDI har en mer positiv påverkan på tillväxt än bistånd.

  • 181.
    Andersson, Helen
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sparande med flytväst på torra land?: En utvärdering av Aktieindexobligationer som kapitalplacering2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 182.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Ethnic Enclaves, Self-Employment and the Economic Performance of Refugees2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I estimate the causal effect of ethnic enclaves on the probability of self-employment. To account for neighborhood selection I make use of a refugee dispersal program. Results indicate that larger ethnic enclaves, measured as the share of self-employed coethnics in the municipality immigrants first arrive into, effects the probability of self-employment positively, while the share of all other coethnics has a negative effect. Results however also indicate that there is a long term economic penalty to being placed with a larger share of self-employed coethnics, an effect which is partly mediated through the choice of selfemployment.

  • 183.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Immigration and the Neighborhood: Essays on the Causes and Consequences of International Migration2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay 1 (with Kristoffer Jutvik): This paper uses quasi-experimental evidence to understand how changes in migration policy affect the number of asylum seekers. We look specifically at a sudden, regulatory change in the Swedish reception of Syrian asylum seekers. The change took place in September 2013, and implied that all Syrian asylum seekers would be granted permanent, instead of temporary residence permits. Using high frequency data and an interrupted time series set-up, we study the extent to which this change caused more Syrian citizens to apply for asylum in Sweden, and how the change affected the distribution of asylum seekers in Europe. Results show that the change in policy almost doubled the number of asylum seekers from Syria within 2013, with a significant jump in numbers already within the first week after the implementation of the policy. While this also decreased the share of asylum seekers to other large recipient countries (Germany), the effects were highly temporary.

    Essay 2: In this paper I estimate the causal effect of ethnic enclaves on the probability of self-employment. To account for neighborhood selection I make use of a refugee dispersal program. Results indicate that larger ethnic enclaves, measured as the share of self-employed coethnics in the municipality immigrants first arrive into, affect the probability of self-employment positively, while the share of all other coethnics has a negative effect. Results however also indicate that there is a long term economic penalty to being placed with a larger share of self-employed coethnics, an effect which is partly mediated through the choice of self-employment.

    Essay 3 (with Heléne Berg and Matz Dahlberg): In this paper we investigate the migration behavior of the native population following foreign (refugee) immigration, with a particular focus on examining whether there is any support for an ethnically based migration response. If ethnicity is the mechanism driving the change in natives' migration behavior, our maintained hypothesis is that native-born individuals who are more ethnically similar to arriving refugees should not change their migration behavior to the same extent as native-born individuals with native-born parents (who are ethnically quite different from refugees). Using rich geo-coded register data from Sweden, spanning over 20 consecutive years, we account for possible endogeneity problems  with an improved so-called ``shift-share" instrumental variable approach; in particular, our strategy combines policy-induced initial immigrant settlements with exogenous contemporaneous immigration as captured by refugee shocks. We find no evidence of neither native flight nor native avoidance when studying the full population. We do, however, find native flight among individuals who are expected to be more mobile, and within this group, we find that all natives, irrespective of their parents' foreign background, react similarly to increased immigration. Our results therefore indicate that preferences for ethnically homogeneous neighborhoods may not be the dominant channel inducing flight. Instead our estimates indicate that immigration leads to more socio-economically segregated neighborhoods. This conclusion can have important implications for the ethnically based tipping point literature.

    Essay 4 (with Matz Dahlberg): In this paper we examine the short-run housing market effects of refugee immigration to Sweden. Given that Sweden is a major refugee receiving country, it constitutes an interesting and important case to study. To deal with the endogeneity resulting from the refugees' location choices, we use an econometric specification that includes neighborhood fixed effects and an instrumental variable that is based on a historical settlement pattern mainly determined by a refugee placement policy. We find that refugee immigration to small neighborhoods has no average effect on changes in housing prices in that neighborhood. We find a positive effect on increased housing supply, measured as the number of objects on sale. The zero effect of immigration on housing prices stands in contrast to the negative results found in earlier studies. We hypothesize that the reason is due to different preferences for homogeneity in Sweden, and/or to institutional features in the Swedish rental sector.

  • 184.
    Andersson, Irina
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The macroeconomic effects of aid in Kenya2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The macroeconomic rationale for external aid to developing countries is to positively influence savings, exports, foreign exchange and government revenue. In this paper, the macroeconomic impact of aid on Kenya over the period 1984-1996 has been studied with the help of the accounting framework model. No positive relationship was found between aid and exports, while aid and imports have shown to be clearly related. The Dutch disease theory of foreign aid inflows leading to the appreciation of the real exchange is not supported by the finfings of the paper: the real exchange rate depreciated for the longer period of the studied time frame. Aid is postitively correlated with public investments while the relationsship is weak with private investments. There was found some evidence of aid fungibility as the study showed that the government might have used aid as a substitute for taxation.

  • 185.
    Andersson, Johan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Reala växelkursens påverkan på Sveriges handelsbalans under fast och rörlig växelkurs2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 186.
    Andersson, Josefine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Insurances against job loss and disability: Private and public interventions and their effects on job search and labor supply2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay I: Employment Security Agreements, which are elements of Swedish collective agreements, offer a unique opportunity to study very early job search counselling of displaced workers. These agreements provide individual job search assistance to workers who are dismissed due to redundancy, often as early as during the period of notice. Compared to traditional labor market policies, the assistance provided is earlier and more responsive to the needs of the individual worker. In this study, I investigate the effects of the individual counseling and job search assistance provided through the Employment Security Agreement for Swedish blue-collar workers on job finding and subsequent job quality. The empirical strategy is based on the rules of eligibility in a regression discontinuity framework. I estimate the effect for workers with short tenure, who are dismissed through mass-layoffs. My results do not suggest that the program has an effect on the probability of becoming unemployed, the duration of unemployment, or income. However, the results indicate that the program has a positive effect on the duration of the next job.

    Essay II: The well-known positive relationship between the unemployment benefit level and unemployment duration can be separated into two potential sources; a moral hazard effect, and a liquidity effect pertaining to the increased ability to smooth consumption. The latter is a socially optimal response due to credit and insurance market failures. These two effects are difficult to separate empirically, but the social optimality of an unemployment insurance policy can be evaluated by studying the effect of a non-distortionary lump-sum severance grant on unemployment durations. In this study, I evaluate the effects on unemployment duration and subsequent job quality of a lump-sum severance grant provided to displaced workers, by means of a Swedish collective agreement. I use a regression discontinuity design, based on the strict age requirement to be eligible for the grant. I find that the lump-sum grant has a positive effect on the probability of becoming unemployed and the length of the completed unemployment duration, but no effect on subsequent job quality. My analysis also indicates that spousal income is important for the consumption smoothing abilities of displaced workers, and that the grant may have a greater effect in times of more favorable labor market conditions.

    Essay III: Evidence from around the world suggest that individuals who are awarded disability benefits in some cases still have residual working capacity, while disability insurance systems typically involve strong disincentives for benefit recipients to work. Some countries have introduced policies to incentivize disability insurance recipients to use their residual working capacities on the labor market. One such policy is the continuous deduction program in Sweden, introduced in 2009. In this study, I investigate whether the financial incentives provided by this program induce disability insurance recipients to increase their labor supply or education level. Retroactively determined eligibility to the program with respect to time of benefit award provides a setting resembling a natural experiment, which could be used to estimate the effects of the program using a regression discontinuity design. However, a simultaneous regime change of disability insurance eligibility causes covariate differences between treated and controls, which I adjust for using a matching strategy. My results suggest that the financial incentives provided by the program have not had any effect on labor supply or educational attainment.

  • 187.
    Andersson, K.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kanniainen, V.
    Södersten, J.
    Sörensen, P.B.
    Corporate Tax Policy in the Nordic Countries1998In: Tax Policy in the Nordic Countries, MacMillan Press , 1998Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Andersson, Karin
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Housing Investments and Economic Growth2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the relationship between housing investments and economic growth. Through a literature review five different hypotheses are analysed to examine the effects of housing investments on economic growth. The studied effects include; direct effects, counter-cyclical effects, price effects and productivity effects through reduced mismatch between housing and labour markets, and finally effects on the productivity of workers. The conclusion is that the direct effects are only short term and the existence of counter-cyclical effects is doubtful. For the price effects and the effects on productivity there are less empirical evidence, but the effects are still considered significant. Keywords: housing investments, new construction, economic growth, effects 2

  • 189.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Skansfors, Elin
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sveriges dyraste lägenheter: Hur vakanser uppstår och hanteras2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 190.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    von Essen, Emma
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Turner, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Bostadspolitiska förändringar i Europa2005Report (Other academic)
  • 191.
    Andersson, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Labour Migration and Network Effects in Moldova2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the impact of migration networks on the decision to migrate in Moldova. Using a recent cross-sectional household survey with extensive migration information I am able to disaggregate the migration networks according to kinship and further investigate the impact of different kinds of networks. The results show that migration networks have a significant positive impact on the decision to migrate, whereas the results do not reveal any conclusive evidence that certain kinships have stronger or different influence on the decision to migrate than others. The most influential determinants of migration when it comes to networks are ex-household members who migrated abroad and no longer make part of the household, and other individuals outside the household (i.e. friends, neighbours etc.) who migrated.

  • 192.
    Andersson, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Är euron en internationell valuta?2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syfte är att ta reda på om euron är en internationell valuta och om

    euron kan konkurrera med dollarn om titeln som världens ledande valuta. Teori om

    valutamarknaden, en valutas uppgifter och vad som avgör vilken valuta som används

    internationellt behandlas och för att kunna svara på uppsatsens frågeställningar (syfte)

    redogörs siffror på eurons internationella användning. Sådana siffror visar att euron är

    en internationell valuta då den används i valutans funktioner internationellt, men att

    dollarn fortfarande är den världsledande valutan utan att vara särsklit hotad i sin

    ställning av euron.

  • 193.
    Andersson, Michael K.
    et al.
    Finansinspektionen, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Aranki, Ted
    Finansinspektionen, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Reslow, André
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Sveriges Riksbank, Monetary Policy Dept, SE-10337 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Adjusting for information content when comparing forecast performance2017In: Journal of Forecasting, ISSN 0277-6693, E-ISSN 1099-131X, Vol. 36, no 7, p. 784-794Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cross-institutional forecast evaluations may be severely distorted by the fact that forecasts are made at different points in time and therefore with different amounts of information. This paper proposes a method to account for these differences when analyzing an unbalanced panel of forecasts. The method computes the timing effect and the forecaster's ability simultaneously. Monte Carlo simulation demonstrates that evaluations that do not adjust for the differences in information content may be misleading. In addition, the method is applied to a real-world dataset of 10 Swedish forecasters for the period 1999-2015. The results show that the ranking of the forecasters is affected by the proposed adjustment.

  • 194.
    Andersson, Niklas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Läcker företag information?: En studie om aktiehandlarnas förmåga att förutspå kvartalsrapporter2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Huruvida företag läcker information eller om marknaden på annat vis kan förutspå kvartalsrapporters inverkan på aktiepriset är studiens syfte att undersöka. Detta är av intresse för aktieägare då det finns stora vinstmöjligheter i att ha tillgång till informationen eller att kunna förutspå den i förväg. Tio stycken svenska storföretags aktier, under tio års tid, har använts för att finna dessa mönster. Rent praktiskt har eventstudiemetoden, tillsammans med den så kallade marknadsmodellen, använts för studera dessa tio aktier. Resultaten av genomförda t-test och ackumuleringar av företagens avkastningar talar inte för att marknaden systematiskt har kunnat förutspå hur kvartalsrapporter kommer att påverka ett företags akties pris. På samma vis har studien inte kunnat påvisa någon form av systematiskt informationsläckage. 

  • 195.
    Andersson, Ola
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Res Inst Ind Econ, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Argenton, Cedric
    Tilburg Univ, CentER, Tilburg, Netherlands.;Tilburg Univ, TILEC, Tilburg, Netherlands..
    Weibull, Jorgen W.
    Stockholm Sch Econ, Stockholm, Sweden.;Inst Adv Study Toulouse, Toulouse, France.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Robustness to strategic uncertainty in the Nash demand game2018In: Mathematical Social Sciences, ISSN 0165-4896, E-ISSN 1879-3118, Vol. 91, p. 1-5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the role of strategic uncertainty in the Nash demand game. A player's uncertainty about another player's strategy is modeled as an atomless probability distribution over that player's strategy set. A strategy profile is robust to strategic uncertainty if it is the limit, as uncertainty vanishes, of some sequence of strategy profiles in which every player's strategy is optimal under his or her uncertainty about the others (Andersson et al., 2014). In the context of the Nash demand game, we show that robustness to symmetric (asymmetric) strategic uncertainty singles out the (generalized) Nash bargaining solution. The least uncertain party obtains the bigger share. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 196.
    Andersson, Oliver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Utländskt kapital i Afrika: En regressionsstudie över drivande faktorer av utländska direktinvesteringar i Subsahariska Afrika.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Subsahariska Afrika (SSA) lider av väldigt låg ekonomisk utveckling, utländska direktinvesteringar (FDI) tillför kapital och kunskap för att ändra detta. Uppsatsen undersöker genom en regressionsanalys 10 faktorers attraktionskraft på FDI i SSA. Naturresurser verkar vara den mest attraherande faktorn som i vissa fall verkar kunna överväga övriga hinder till FDI. Uppsatsen ger stöd för att handel korrelerar positivt med FDI när det är en resurssökande investerare av vertikal karaktär medans det för marknadssökande investerare snarare skulle kunna ha en negativ korrelation. Uppsatsen ger också stöd till att instabil makroekonomi avskräcker investerare och att marknadsstorleken positivt påverkar FDI i SSA.

  • 197.
    Andersson, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The Internal Rates of Return to Tertiary education for Swedish born males and females in 2005: With and without taxes, with respect to the current earned income tax credit.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Combining the mincer equation with economic theories and prior studies has enabled the essay to shed additional light of the profitability to invest in four years of academic studies, which has been collected through a well-representative database of the Swedish population: LINDA1. The results show that the internal rate of a tertiary degree equivalent to four years in 2005 witnessed a rise when taxes are included compared to without taxes. It also indicates that the current earned income tax credit decreases the rate levels. By referring to prior studies the main conclusion could be drawn toward an accelerated demand for higher educated individuals.

  • 198.
    Andersson, Oskar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Carlsson, Christoffer
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Är utbildning lönsamt?: En komparativ studie mellan män och kvinnors avkastning på vidareutbildning2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På bara några decennier har kravet på utbildning vuxit markant och därmed också antalet universitetsstuderande. Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att undersöka huruvida det lönar sig att vidareutbilda sig på universitetsnivå och i vilken utsträckning det finns skillnader för män respektive kvinnor inom en mans och en kvinnodominerad utbildning. Fyra regressioner har genomförts. Därefter har en jämförelse skett mellan de olika livsinkomsternas nuvärden. Livsinkomsten har räknats fram genom att subtrahera nuvärdet av alternativkostnaderna från nuvärdet av livsinkomsterna. Vi har funnit att man gör en avkastning på att utbilda sig samt att det finns påtagliga skillnader mellan män och kvinnor både inom den mans- och den kvinnodominerade utbildningen.

  • 199.
    Andersson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Decreaseing turnout - a blessing or a curse?2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay presents empirical tests of one of the conclusions from Bryan Caplan's 2007 book The Myth of the Rational Voter. Caplan claims that voters suffer from systematic biases about economic policy that through elections affects economic policy negatively. I derive three hypotheses from Caplan's theory and test them on a cross-country panel of 19 countries covering the time 1973 to 2009. The hypotheses stipulate that increased turnout lead to lower economic freedom, lower levels of foreign aid and higher inflation. After controlling for country specific effects turnout does not seem to have the effect stipulated in the three hypotheses.

  • 200.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Bergman, Susanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Höga skatter eller fria val?: - En uppsats om sambandet mellan demokrati, skatter och inkomstfördelning2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen studerar sambanden mellan de tre variablerna demokrati, inkomstfördelning och skatter. Utifrån olika tidigare teorier och forskning skapas två hypoteser vars motsättning ligger i det kausala sambandet mellan demokrati och skatter. Eftersom båda hypoteserna utgår från ett samband mellan demokratigrad och skattekvot å ena sida och inkomstfördelning å andra sidan undersöks detta först. Sedan testas det kausala sambandet mellan demokrati och skatter genom ett test inspirerat av Grangers kausalitetstest. Hypoteserna testas genom statistiska undersökningar på paneldata ifrån 52 olika länder. Vi kommer i uppsatsen fram till att en ökad grad av demokrati orsakar högre inkomstskatter, och inte tvärtom.

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