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  • 151.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Lagrådets politiska betydelse2009In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, no 2, p. 165-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 152.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Sveriges författning efter EU-anslutningen2000Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken är en systematisk genomgång av de idéer och politiska krafter som format vår nuvarande grundlag. Författaren analyserar den författningspolitiska debatten och granskar det rättsläge som uppstått efter vårt lands anslutning till EU. Den stora frågan är hur Sverige har lyckats tillgodose kraven på konstitutionalism, demokrati och effektivitet.

  • 153.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Äganderätt och demokrati: Svensk grundlagsdebatt under 1990-talet2001Book (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Ali Akbar, Avin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Förverkligandet av Barnkonventionen: En jämförande analys av två kommuners mål och medel för implementeringen av barnets rätt till delaktighet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the light of the Convention on the Rights of the Child gaining legal status in Sweden this thesis examines the implementation of the convention on a municipal level, specifically the implementation of Article 12 and children’s right to participate in all matters affecting them. With this purpose objectives and means are examined and compared between two municipalities: the municipality of Uppsala and the municipality of Örebro. By creating a frame of analysis based on previous research and theory on children’s participation, a text analysis has been conducted on key municipal policy documents and a case study has been conducted of municipal channels for participation. In conclusion the implementation of Article 12 differs between the municipalities where the responsibility to realize children’s right to participate is a shared responsibility in Örebro municipality in comparison to Uppsala municipality where the responsibility lies with some departments. In Örebro municipality children’s participation is often defined as a right while it in Uppsala municipality often is defined as an instrument to reach other goals. The case study emphasizes the importance of critically examining who actually participates in initiatives for children’s participation, who has power over the agenda and with what effects. For the realization of children’s right to participate initiatives must be inclusive, important and with clear intentions and effects.

  • 155.
    Allar, Piirsoo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hur ska vi få äpplet att falla långt ifrån trädet?: En ecperimentell studie av hur elever väljer gymnasieprogram2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Social snedrekytering är ett stort samhällsproblem, och en av orsakerna till klassbildningen i samhället idag. För två decennier har universitet och högskolor i Sverige aktivt arbetat med att bredda rekryteringen av elever från icke-akademisk bakgrund, men detta utan framgång. Denna studie försöker ta ett första steg i att hitta effektiva metoder som univeristeten kan använda sig av. Det teoretiska ramverket utgörs av nudging-teorin som går ut på att "knuffa" elever mot rätt riktingt genom att exponera dem för högskolealternativet, något som elever med akadeiska bakgrund får naturligt hemifrån. Det är en experimentell studie där eleverna har delats in två gruppern där den ena gruppen för behandling, och den andra gruppen används som kontrollgrupp. Studien utgår från hypotesen att en ökad närvaro av universitetet i utsatta områden kommer påverka målgruppen positivt. Resultaten ger stöd åt denna hypotes. Trots att den misslyckade randomiseringen gjorde det svårt för hypotesen förblev sambandet positivt. Alltså elever som hade fått behandlingen var mer benägna att ange högskoleförberedande program som sitt först val på gymnasiet än kontrollgruppen. 

  • 156.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Palme, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Avslutning: Framtidsstudier på agendan2012In: Att utforska framtiden: Valda perspektiv / [ed] Susanne Alm, Joakim Palme och Erik Westholm, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2012, p. 235-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Institutet för Framtidsstudier.
    Palme, JoakimUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Fjorton perspektiv på framtiden: Samhälls- och humanvetenskapliga framtidsstudier2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Palme, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Westholm, Erik
    Statens lantbruksuniversitet.
    Att utforska framtiden: Valda perspektiv2012Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Visst går det att forska om framtiden! Boken ger en god bild av det mångafacetterade framtidsforskningen. Med egna förhållningssätt i varje kapitel vill författarna stimulera läsaren till eftertanke och debatt, inte bara om framtiden utan också om vår egen tid. Framtiden är en helt central del av vår tillvaro och föremål för ständig reflektion där människor fattar beslut. Självklart bör vi söka kunskap om framtiden också på vetenskaplig grund. Men samtidigt måste vi gardera oss: som forskningsobjekt är framtiden mycket speciell, eftersom den ännu inte existerar och det mycket få saker som vi kan veta med någon större säkerhet.Framtidsstudier kan förekomma inom de flesta vetenskapliga discipliner men är också ett eget, om än löst sammanhållet, vetenskapligt fält rikt på diskussioner om perspektiv, teorier och metoder.

  • 159.
    Almberg, Josefin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Vem bär ansvaret?: En diskursanalytisk policystudie av jämställdhetspolitiken på den svenska arbetsmarknaden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study builds on the gender equality in the Swedish labor market and critical

    voices in research stating that the gender policies implemented are "missing the

    target." The purpose of this essay is to examine and compare how the Swedish

    political parties, the Moderates and the Social Democrats, problematize the unequal

    labor market. It also aims to examine what these problematisations says about

    women's and men's responsibilities in the promotion of gender equality. To achieve

    my chosen purposes, I have used the inductive method of analysis "What's the

    problem represented to be?" I have also used a feministic approach of institutions as

    an analytical tool. The study results show that the parties represents the problem of

    inequality as a problem of "women". Thus, it is women who are assigned

    responsibility for gender equality in the labor market. The study results also show that

    the gender equality policies implemented are based on a male-centered perspective.

  • 160.
    Almgren, Ellen
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Att fostra demokrater: Om skolan i demokratin och demokratin i skolan2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A central task for the Swedish school is to foster democratic citizens. The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate some aspects of the fostering of democrats in Swedish schools, focusing on the political knowledge of young people. For more than a decade the Swedish educational policy has considered a democratic school environment to be a fundamental right for the students. Furthermore, the school democracy is assumed to have a positive effect on the students' development of democratic competence. This assumption of a causal relationship between school democracy and political knowledge, inspired by integrative theories of democracy, is tested in this study. Another important goal for the Swedish educational policy is the equivalence of education for all students. This can be interpreted in more or less ambitious terms regarding the equality of the students' education. School segregation, however, poses a threat to any form of equivalent education. The effects of school segregation on the students' political knowledge is therefore also tested in this thesis.

    Using multi-level analysis on a sample of over 6000 Swedish students between 14 and 15 years of age, this study shows that a deliberative open classroom-climate has a positive effect on the students' political knowledge while the direct student influence, surprisingly, has a negative effect. Both ethnic and socioeconomic segregation have negative effects on the students political knowledge. Even more troubling, though, is the fact that the different dimensions of school democracy are related to the segregational factors. The favourable open classroom-climate is more frequent in schools where the students' parents have higher education. The counter-productive direct student influence is, on the other hand, more frequent in schools with a high number of immigrants and in schools where the students' parents have lower education. It is therefore argued that even though student influence is construed as a fundamental right, the Swedish government needs to appreciate the conflict between the goals of the educational policy: Student influence and the fostering of democrats. This conflict is especially serious since student influence in fact has a negative effect not only on the fostering of democrats but also on the equality of citizenship education.

  • 161.
    Almén, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Kinas politiska utveckling – mer röst till folket, mer makt till partiet2012In: Kinarapport, ISSN 0345-5807, no 4, p. 23-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 162.
    Almén, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Local participatory innovations and experts as political entrepreneurs:: The case of China’s democracy consultants2016In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 478-497Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is concerned with understanding the dynamic behind participatory innovations in China. The case of China provides a contrast to the literature on participatory innovations in democracies. While participatory innovations in democratic countries are seen as a way to deepen and improve democracy, in China these innovations are to some extent developed in order to provide an alternative to electoral democracy. In this article I introduce the concept democracy consultant to describe expert political entrepreneurs involved in the development of participatory innovations. Research on local participatory innovation in China is abundant but the role that experts play in this process has previously not been analysed. Based on in-depth interviews with democracy consultants and local officials, the study finds that democracy consultants frequently act as bridges between central and local levels of government by providing expertise, information, legitimacy, and connections. This is especially true in localities where local leaders want to gain the attention of the central level but lack the required expertise and connections.

  • 163.
    Almén, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Only the Party Manages Cadres: Limits of Local People’s Congress supervisionand reform in China2013In: Journal of Contemporary China, ISSN 1067-0564, E-ISSN 1469-9400, Vol. 22, no 80, p. 237-254Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article joins the debate on the increasingly consultative nature of Chinese politics by adding the role of the Local People's Congress (LPC). In contrast to previous research on LPCs that emphasizes their increasing importance and improved capacity, this article shows that the central Party leadership, in order to uphold its monopoly of the cadre management system, has reduced LPC standing committees' (LPCSC) influence over cadres. The article analyses the consequences of the People's Congress Standing Committee Supervision Law passed in 2006 and the policy of appointing the first Party secretary as LPCSC chairperson. A case study of the changes over a ten-year period (1998–2009) in a county People's Congress (PC) in Zhejiang illustrates how the change in leadership and the implementation of the Supervision Law effectively stopped previously initiated reforms to strengthen the LPC and crippled the LPCSCs' capacity to supervise government cadres. The article concludes that the policies adopted in order to strengthen Party control over LPCSCs have resulted in a decrease of horizontal accountability and confirm the image of an emerging consultative authoritarian political system.

  • 164.
    Almén, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Participatory Innovations Under Authoritarianism: Accountability and Responsiveness in Hangzhou’s Social Assessment of Government Performance2018In: Journal of Contemporary China, ISSN 1067-0564, E-ISSN 1469-9400, Vol. 27, no 110, p. 165-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the role of participatory governance innovations in China. The purpose is twofold. First, it seeks to explore the logic and dynamics behind participatory innovations in China. Second, it examines in what way a participatory innovation in Hangzhou can lead to increased accountability and responsiveness of the local government. Participatory innovations in China are used as a way to improve the Party-state’s governing capability and thereby strengthen the legitimacy and power of the Communist Party. Despite some limitations related to the evaluation of politically powerful Party and government departments, social assessment of government performance in Hangzhou serves as an input channel from society that put pressure on many government departments. The study finds that by allowing limited and controlled political participation, transparency and accountability to develop, the reform in Hangzhou improves the responsiveness of the political system.

  • 165.
    Almén, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    People's Congresses Involvement in Law Implementation: The Case of Environmental Protection Laws2011In: Making Law Work: Chinese Laws in Context / [ed] Mattias Burell och Marina Svensson, New York: Cornell East Asia Program , 2011, p. 143-186Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Almén, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Review: Information for Autocrats: Representation in Chinese Local Congresses. MELANIE MANION2016In: China Quarterly, ISSN 0305-7410, E-ISSN 1468-2648, Vol. 227, p. 812-813Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 167.
    Almén, Oscar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Teets, Jessica
    Advocacy under Xi: NPO Strategies to Influence Policy Change2018In: Nonprofit Policy Forum, ISSN 1799-3954, E-ISSN 1892-2686Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Under the Hu-Wen administration, scholars analyzed how political opportunity structures (POS) affect the policy influence of NPOs in China, and found that the opportunity structure was relatively more open, especially for NPOs using personal connections. In this article, we focus on changes in the opportunity structure since Xi Jinping came to power after 2012, and find that the more closed political climate has had important consequences for NPO policy advocacy. We identify three strategies that NPOs have used to advocate, such as using the law, media framing, and establishing expert status. While these strategies are not novel, we argue that the weighting has shifted in terms of what leads to success.

  • 168.
    Amao, Shade
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Why is low wages the right way to integration?: A discourse analysis searching for perceptions of justice in Swedish parliamentary debates2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has centered on the proposal for decreasing the entrance rate in order to create more jobs and integrate the increasing asylum seekers in the Swedish society. Based on a discourse analysis on the parliamentary debates “The road to the labor market” and “Integration”, this thesis examines the discourses around ‘justice’. By applying Nancy Frasers theoretical framework of justice, the arguments were analyzed in order to understand if the constructed problems were built on the dimension of recognition or redistribution and to investigate if the solutions were based on an affirmative or transformative strategy.

    The analysis shows that the primary justice discourse in the debate of labor and integration is the distribution dimension. The injustices that are presented in these debates are concerned with maldistribution. Affirmative strategies are mostly suggested for solutions which indicates that the politicians in the Swedish parliament have an urge to solve problems in the present instead of focusing on the future and solving the underlying structure.

  • 169.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Holm, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    När staten ska förnya civilsamhället: Arvsfondens bidrag till föreningslivet2012Report (Other academic)
  • 170.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Youth & Society.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    A Political Science Perspective on Socialization Research: Young Nordic Citizens in a Comparative Light2010In: Handbook of Research on Civic Engagement in Youth / [ed] Lonnie R. Sherrod, Judith Torney-Purta, Constance A. Flanagan, Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 2010, p. 43-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 171.
    Anagrius, Arvid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Constructing the Rainbow Nation: Migration and national identity in Post-Apartheid South Africa2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Post-Apartheid South Africa has seen xenophobic sentiments towards migrants increase, culminating in several deadly riots. The words of equality and diversity, nurtured during the fight for independence seem to be far away. Building on Micheal Neocosmos theories on South African Xenophobia as a political discourse, this thesis examines how nationalist discourse creates and sustains negative perceptions of migrants. Using theories on national identity to undertake a critical discourse analysis of South African parliament proceedings, it illustrates how the perception of a civic and democratic nation, naturalizes a dichotomy between migrants and citizens. How the narrative of an equal and free South Africa, relies on the opposite perception of neighboring countries, as chaotic, undemocratic and un-free, resulting in a negative view of migrants. It argues that the opposing discourse of Pan-Africanism provides an opportunity in which a more inclusive identity can be built. Finally this thesis wishes to contribute to further research on national identity construction, by proposing a four-dimensional framework of exclusion that provides a reference point for contrasting national discourses 

  • 172. Anderson, Karen
    et al.
    Blomqvist, Paula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Immergut, Ellen
      Sweden: Markets within Politics2008In: Public and private social policy: health and pension policies in a new era, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Andersson, Helene
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Colonial Urban Legacies: An analysis of socio-spatial structures in Accra, Ghana2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 174.
    Andersson, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Yttrandefrihetens dilemman: Debatten om hetspropaganda, mediekoncentration samt personlig integritet mellan 1940- och 2000-tal2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on different types of value conflicts that have been actualized by proposals of legislation on freedom of speech. The thesis analyses three different debates which each relate to a different type of value conflict. An important objective of the study is to discern what fundamental values underlie the concern for upholding freedom of speech in a democratic society. Those fundamental values have been formulated as three type-arguments: the argument from democracy, the argument from truth, and the argument from autonomy respectively.

    The first type of free speech dilemma is represented by the debate around a legal clause on the prohibition of racist hate speech. The second type of free speech dilemma is illustrated by the debate on the concentration of the Swedish media. The third type of dilemma concerns the conflict between the law against the spreading of information regarding the individual on the Internet, and the constitutional right of information.

    The findings of the thesis includes that the argument from democracy has been the most prominently invoked in the debates. However, most often the argument from democracy is used in a rather unprecise manner, and there occurs a quite frequent conflation of the concept of democracy with several other values considered important, e.g. the right not to be discriminated against. The prospects of finding a “unified” free speech theory in which all the type-arguments for free speech can be brought together does not seem good. The arguments for free speech are interdependent and can be ultimately assessed only in the context of a broader theory of the democratic system. Here it is argued that the theory of “deliberative democracy” in comparison with rival conceptions of democracy offers some valuable tools for a better interpretation of the conception of the right to free speech in a democratic system.

  • 175.
    Andersson, Jan Joel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. European Union Inst Secur Studies, Paris, France.;Old Dominion Univ, Grad Program Int Studies, Norfolk, VA USA.;Univ Stockholm, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Swedish Natl Def Coll, Stockholm, Sweden..
    The Race To The Bottom: Submarine Proliferation and International Security2015In: NAVAL WAR COLLEGE REVIEW, ISSN 0028-1484, Vol. 68, no 1, p. 13-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Andersson, Jens
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Att vara och bli sedd: En studie om ungdomars föreställningar om medborgarskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 177.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    et al.
    Department of Thematic Studies Linköping University.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Department of Thematic Studies Linköping University.
    Mediated Communications of Violence: The example of "Happy Slapping"2011In: Journal of Children and Media, ISSN 1748-2798, E-ISSN 1748-2801, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 230-234Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 178.
    Andersson, Linus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Sveriges och EU:s gemensamma försvarspolitik: - En kvalitativ textanalytisk kartläggning av Sveriges försvarspolitik från 1995 fram till 2014.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Säkerhets- och försvarspolitik är två betydelsefulla områden för att säkra staters trygghet och fred. Sverige har varit medlem i den Europeiska unionen sedan 1 januari år 1995 och stegvis deltagit i en gemensam säkerhets- och försvarspolitik med de övriga medlemsstaterna. Den här studien är en kvalitativ textanalytisk argumentationsanalys som undersöker hur Sveriges regeringar argumenterat kring EU:s solidaritetsklausul i sju stycken försvarspropositioner mellan åren 1995-2014.  Syftet med studien är att kartlägga huruvida den svenska försvars- och säkerhetspolitiken har yttrat sig gentemot solidaritetsinspirerade säkerhetspolitiska förändringar i EU. För att kunna beskriva eventuella förändringar så används tre olika teoretiska perspektiv som är förknippade med EU-integration. De är tre stycken integrationsteorier och betecknas som supranationalism, intergovernmentalism och europeisering. Studien finner några förändringar i argumentationen som exempelvis förändrat språkbruk kring det svenska försvarets syfte, förändrad inriktning för Försvarsmakten och Sveriges inställning till att bistå med militära resurser till EU. 

  • 179.
    Andersson, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Miljöpartiet de grönas inflytande i regeringen: En jämförande analys över Miljöpartiet de grönas vallöften och finansplanerna för 2014/15, 2015/16, 2016/17 och 2017/182018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study seek to understand the influence of the Swedish Green Party in the government's joint agenda. This is done through the comparison of the Swedish Green Party's election pledges and the government's financial plan, which is a part of the government's budget, regarding the following financial years: 2014/15, 2015/16, 2016/17 and 2017/18. The election pledges presented in the Swedish Green Party's election manifesto for the period 2014 - 2018 are distinguished, counted and compared regarding whether or not they are represented in the financial plan during the mandate period. 227 election pledges are found in the election manifesto, of which 61 % are specific and 39 % are vague. An average of 42 % of the 227 election pledges are represented at least partially in the government's financial plans throughout the four financial years studied. 35 % of the election pledges are not represented in any of the financial plans and 65 % of the election pledges are represented at least partially in at least one of the financial plans. The Swedish Green Party's influence in the government's joint agenda is established.

  • 180.
    Andersson, Sofie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Målkonflikter inom hållbar utveckling: En studie om målkonflikter inom diskursen "hållbar utveckling" i regeringens skrivelser mellan 1996-2006.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den politiska diskursen om hållbar utveckling porträtteras ofta som konfliktfri, så som Brundtlandsrapportens definition där ekonomi, ekologi och social utveckling antas vara möjliga att förena med varandra. Detta verkar dock inte alltid stämma överens med verkligheten eftersom hållbarhetsvärdena pekar åt olika håll och därmed skapas motsättningar både mellan ekonomisk tillväxt och social rättvisa, ekonomisk tillväxt och miljöbevaring samt mellan miljöbevaring och social rättvisa.  

    Denna studie undersöker hur hållbarhetsdiskursen har förändrat med tiden genom att specifikt fokusera på diskursens inbegripande konflikter och hur dessa har utvecklats. Studien utgår från hypotesen om att konflikterna har blivit ambitiösare under tidens gång vilket förväntas göra konflikterna mellan värdena mer påtagliga. Utifrån valet av den socialdemokratiska regeringens skrivelser mellan 1996 till 2006 gjordes ett urval av tre fall, varav två specifika områden, energipolitiken och transportpolitiken samt de övergripande målen för hållbar utveckling. Resultatet visade på olika svar för alla tre fallen. Inom transportpolitiken har konflikterna varit synliga redan från början, däremot har nyanserna av de olika konflikterna tilltagit med tiden. För energipolitiken har det motsatta förhållandet ägt rum där konflikternas synlighet har varit låga under hela tidsperioden. Inom övergripande mål försvagades konflikterna något. Konflikternas synlighet berodde dels på målformuleringarnas tydlighet där tydligare målformuleringar medgav större möjlighet att upptäcka konflikter mellan målen och hållbarhetsvärdena. En annan orsak var om målformuleringarna sammankopplade hållbarhetsvärdena med varandra eller om de redovisades för sig. Med tiden gick det att finna ett mönster hos samtliga fall där målformuleringarna blev mer ambitiösa genom sin beskrivning av hur hållbarhetsvärdena förenades med varandra. Detta bidrog delvis till att konflikterna blev mindre synliga. Men det kunde också medföra att konflikterna kunde upptäckas lättare eftersom risken blev större att målen blev motsägelsefulla. 

  • 181.
    Ankar, Elsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Man behöver helt enkelt kärlek.: En studie om olika uppfattningar kring mottagandet av ensamkommande flyktingbarn och unga.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 182.
    Ansell, Christopher
    et al.
    University of California, Berkeley.
    Lundin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    How Learning Aggregates: A Social Network Analysis of Learning between Swedish municipalities2017In: Local Government Studies, ISSN 0300-3930, E-ISSN 1743-9388, Vol. 43, no 7, p. 903-926Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a unique data set of learning among all 290 Swedish municipalities, we use social network analysis to analyze how learning networks aggregate nationally. To facilitate this analysis, we describe five ideal-typical patterns of aggregation—core-periphery, small world, top-down regionalism, bottom-up regionalism, and urban hierarchy. Each of these ideal types has important implications for how ideas, information, and innovation will circulate among municipalities. Social network analysis allows us to both isolate these patterns and to appreciate composite patterns. The analysis indicates that Swedish municipalities are a small world network with clear regional and hierarchical elements. County seats serve an important role as network hubs.

  • 183.
    Ansell, Christopher
    et al.
    University of California, Berkeley.
    Lundin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Learning Networks Among Swedish Municipalities: Is Sweden a Small World?2017In: Knowledge and Networks / [ed] Johannes Glückler, Emmanuel Lazega & Ingmar Hammer, Springer International Publishing , 2017, p. 315-336Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Distributed, networked learning processes are widely touted as a basis for superior performance. Yet we know relatively little about how learning networks operate in the aggregate. We explore this issue by utilizing a unique data set on learning among Swedish municipalities. The data indicate that geographic proximity and county are the basic structuring properties of the global network. Municipalities learn from their near neighbors, especially from neighbors in the same county, and these two principles produce a high degree of local clustering in the municipal learning networks. At the same time, we also find evidence that Swedish municipalities are a small world linked together on a national basis. Two mechanisms knit the Swedish municipalities together. First, county seats serve as hubs that link local clusters together. Second, local clusters aggregate into regional clusters. Despite a high degree of local clustering, hubs and regions provide a structural basis for the national diffusion of policy ideas and practices among Swedish municipalities.

  • 184.
    Ansved, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Heartbeats of the Great Dragon: The Space for Political Expression in the Music Scene of Beijing2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will explore the space for political expression in the music scene of Beijing; as perceived by local musicians. The study tries to answer the question on what the space is for expressing views in music that contradict the Chinese government. Through the accounts of musicians in Beijing, what the perceived political space is and what aspects of musicians’ reality that affect this perception of space are investigated. It does this through a qualitative case study of the Beijing music scene consisting of interviews with musicians as well as related music professionals, conducted during the 15th of May until the 15th of July in 2015. Through relating to previous research on political censorship in authoritarian regimes, it aims to contribute to the research field as well as to put censorship of music in a theoretical context. The study concludes that there is a perceived “indirect” space in Beijing music for non-conforming political views to be expressed, as well as finding and outlining four main factors that contribute to this perception; namely 1. The censorship apparatus; 2. New freedoms: the economy and the Internet; 3. (Music) Career prospects and 4. The politics of Beijing. Conclusively, the argument is made for further analysis of written material in Chinese music (e.g. lyrics and song titles) to enrich these findings.

  • 185.
    Arai, Kazuhiro
    et al.
    Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
    Oskarsson, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Yamauchi, Isamu
    Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hirano, Shigemi
    Department of Economics, Kanagawa University.
    The Structure and Determinants of Trust: The Cases of Japan and Sweden2005In: Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, ISSN 0018-280X, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 183-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The structure and determinants of trust are analyzed using questionnaire data from a sample of Japanese and Swedish university students. A salient characteristic of this analysis is that it considers various dimensions of trust. There are similarities and differences between the two countries in the relative magnitude of trust belonging to those dimensions. Family trust does not reduce various kinds of trust. It can be inferred from the responses of economics students that education and culture are important determinants of trust. Those who rely heavily on signals for trust decisions are less cooperative and less trustworthy. Some interpretations are given.

  • 186.
    Arksand, Algot
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Fakta och offentligt beslutsfattande: Användning av expertkunskaper i budgetpropositioner från tre år2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 187.
    Aro, Emilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    I säkerhetens namn: Den svenska liberalismen och FRA-lagen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 188.
    Asperholm Hedlund, Laura
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The discrepancy between the decreased support for women as political leaders and the increased percentage of women in parliament in post-coup d’état Madagascar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 189.
    Asplund, Ella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensk vapenexport till diktaturer: En fallstudie om Saudiaffären och rollkonflikt i svensk utrikespolitik2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 190.
    Assadi, Sam
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Beyond the turning point of activation: Describing the characteristics and changes of Active Labour Market Policy in Sweden between 1991-2017.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper tries to contribute to the collective knowledge on Bonoli’s (2010) concept “The Activation Turn “, both as a phenomenon and a turning point for ALMP in Sweden. It is argued that the Activation Turn has been legitimized in four phases in Sweden (Identification, First organisation, Second organisation and Stabilisation phase, between years of 1991-2017). This thesis argues that the blueprint for understanding and exploring the Activation Turn as a phenomonenon is to capture and compare the discourse and how it has developed within the state during these four phases. Using two guiding research questions: How can we describe the characteristics of ALMP during each phase? And how have ALMP have changed in Sweden since the beginning of the 90’s?

    This paper has tried to answer these two questions by doing a content analysis that captures the dominating characteristics of ALMP during each phase and how they have changed. The analysis has been done with a help of a coding scheme, which is derived from a theoretical framework on the three elements of institutional legitimacy: regulative, normative, and cognitive element. After counting the number of coded references from 38 state documents, and then analysing and discussing the results, we came to two overall conclusions. First, there has not been an Activation Turn, shift or transformation of ALMP, since the beginning of the 90’s within the state discourse. Second, the development of ALMP in Sweden can be characterized as fairly stable and resilient against changes.

  • 191.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    19. The historical breakthrough of democracy2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 285-289Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 192.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    22. The civil society: parties and associations2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 300-307Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 193.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Järve, Priit
    Estonian Academy of Science, Tallinn, Estonia.
    21. Territorial power distribution2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 296-299Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 194.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Nousiainen, Jaakko
    Turku University, Finland.
    20. The structures of representative government2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 290-295Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 195.
    Auyeh, Mose
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Comparing No-Party Participatory Regimes: Why Uganda Succeeded and Others Failed2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this dissertation is to evaluate the performance of the no-party participatory regime (NPPR) model in a few selected countries. Such a regime, it was claimed, would give rise to a real and true democracy, would serve the people better, and would protect them against what many leaders saw as divisive party politics.

    This study investigates the extent to which these no-party participatory regimes were able, through mass institutions of mobilisation and participation, to involve people in public affairs, to capture the popular will, to promote people’s power, and to serve the population in at least a fairly efficient and effective way. More precisely, the study seeks to evaluate how responsive and effective the rule of regimes in Uganda, Pakistan, Libya and Ghana actually was, and to elucidate how the performance of said regimes was linked to a measure of legitimacy and stability. With regard to the main case, that of Uganda, the purpose of the book is to assess—by examining the performance of the Movement Regime Project (i.e., the system of reformed local government based on local councils)—the degree to which the stated goal of responsive and effective rule was achieved. The regimes in the historical cases (Pakistan, Libya, and Ghana) varied in how they performed against this model, but all of them chalked up a history of failed projects. The regimes in question simply became dictatorial; indeed, it is to such an outcome that the model has historically gravitated. Uganda, however, is a unique exception. The Movement project managed fairly well, at least up to 2005, to achieve responsiveness, a degree of effectiveness, legitimacy, and stability. To become fully democratic, however, it needs to take radical steps—above and beyond what it does today—in the furtherance of political freedom.

  • 196.
    Avenäs, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Why the bear kicked the hornet’s nest: Causal processes of Russian foreign policy on Syria2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines causal mechanisms of the process leading up to the Russian military intervention in Syria that began in September 2015. It aims to concretize the causal processes of three different hypotheses that are based on commonplace assumptions of Russian foreign policy on Syria. It thoroughly explores three different causal paths, mapping events that may have had implications to the apparent change of heart within the Russian leadership. The paper analyses the relevance of these processes through a rational choice theory framework. 

  • 197.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Att välja rätt1995In: Tiden, no 2Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 198.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Den teoretiska rättvisan - Teoretisk elegans och empirisk relevans1990In: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, Vol. 93, no 1Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 199.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Fyra länkar till frågan om EU:s legitimitet1999In: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, Vol. 102, no 3Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 200.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Lycka - pillret och maskinen1996In: Filosofisk tidskrift, no 3Article, book review (Other scientific)
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